A Critical Analysis of Education system In Pakistan

1. Current literacy rate of Pakistan 2. Education level i. primary education ii. Middle education iii.high (ix to x) IV. Intermediate (xi to xii) v .Higher education 3. Excessive role of private schooling & higher education 4. Uncontrolled madarsa schooling 5. Above three unparalleled education sytem's output 6.Flaw of successive education policies. 7. Feudal politician and bureaucrat’s role in education. 8. Less education budget. 9. Obsolete examination system 10.priority to higher education 11.neglecting gross root education 12.no significance on technical education. 13. untrained teachers 14.No effective mechanism of teachers training. 15.pressure group of associations of teachers. 16.no check and balance system. 17.no financial assistance to poor students. 18. lack of awareness of importance of education in remote areas.19.dissolution of HEC 20.unparalleled education policies of provinces. Remedies or panacea 1. good governance 2.increasing education budget 3.one sound education policy for all gov private and madarsas schooling 4.chek and balance system. 5. conclusion A critical analysis of education system in Pakistan

Education is a systematic process of establishing the pillar of society. It brings up an empty mind with discourse tongue of awareness. The literal meaning of education and supplementary definition particularly on the ground of Pakistan poses an alarming condition. Sine the birth of newly independent state Pakistan, education lagged behind due to deliberate negligence of parochial feudal and state politician in particularly and bureaucracy in generally. From the emergence of Pakistan there has been centered censure by conscious group of common people and civil society, finally both influence over the government to think over seriously on their discussing point In the dilemma of authoritarian long regime and fragile civil government, education has been neglected because elite group from ruling class whether in military or so called civil representative, did not seriously boost the level of education through sound education policies. Instead of, political uncertainty, nepotism culture, thirst of power perpetuated the level of education in dregs of glass.

Unfortunately. Despite. a bulk of incompetent students are being produced for upcoming level of education. Moreover. Female literacy rate was 57 per cent in 2008-09. such huge numbers of middle schools and teachers have not improved the quality of education. lack of good governance. feudal system. Result as. high schooling. it shows overall figures on education. a country with heavy population along with expanding rate of unemployment with lack of education is threat even to democracy. having no furniture. In contrast. primary. because. an independent body of Higher Education Commission ( HEC) was established to look after overall universities education through code of conduct and various allocations of budgeting the universities including foreign scholarships in various programs. after the passing of middle education the students are required to pass national exam under the divisional control of Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE). Therefore. It was also estimated to decrease the enrolment of middle school to (0. Although the primary level of education do have a founding role of developing the nation in every walk of life. male literacy stood 68 per cent and female 58 per cent in 2009-10. Some Asian and almost every Western developed countries hold the reign of education and developed their economies from the utilization of modern education. All efforts to increase the quality of higher education on negating the gross root education have produced anarchy in education system of Pakistan.426 million in 2007-08to 5. There are 154000 primary schools with 420000 teachers do exist in both the urban and rural areas of Pakistan. primary education has been ignored since the independence of Pakistan. no effectual procedure of poverty scholarships demoralized the already shabby society to reluctant on educating their children when above problems knock the door of poor families. literacy rate rose to 67 pr cent in 2009-10 than it was 57 per cent at the period of 1998-99. The reason of expired middle education system is followed by the primary education. the policy maker of education has been determined and focused only on higher education. Secondary education. extreme poverty.6 %) during 2009-10. Middle school (vi-viii) is too reflects as the primary one with out guided steps by the government of Pakistan. the literacy rate have become less than the regional countries which got independence abreast of Pakistan. One can assume the running of such schools in squeezed class. One side the education condition is like that and on other side the schools with out teachers. . middle. Consequently. country like Pakistan’s education witnesses of dilapidated condition by terms of structural and management problems. Through such policy. Majority of them are two or three classes of school buildings where nursery to five class education is given. a slight one per cent increase was recorded during the period of 2009-10. schools are being used as guest house by landlords are other factors to mar the quality of education. Consequently. intermediate and university education. There are five education levels are operating in Pakistan. To improve the quality of higher education.Pakistan inherited the system of education from British but after that no significant changes has been brought in education system of Pakistan. There are 24322 schools with 439316 teacher are functional. Literacy rate is measured from the prevailing level of education in the country. According to the Education Report 2009.414 million in 2008-09.2 %) in middle school from 5. Out of literacy rate. a sharp decrease of enrolment (0.

One side the illiteracy rate in Pakistan is enlarging day by day in account of rapid growth of population. Srilanka 3. Same the case is being contested by Pakistani Government since its independence.319 million despite pivotal of education policy. The current education budget of Pakistanis just 2. because lasing mind set of politician and bureaucracy. 01 million figures shows the backwardness of country men. The 8b per cent of graduates are subdivided to age cohort between 57-67. a country with multi-educational policies procures chaos in a country. constitutional guarantee in the constitution in Pakistan. private education system came on gloomy horizon in providing the qualitative education only those strata who afford high fee structure. To remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period. Such heavy fee structure badly hit the poor strata. 47-57. Male contribution is (6. Comparatively. a unanimous and monotones education policy is prerequisite to achieve satisfactory literacy rate. Comparatively. despite it seems impracticable. Certainly. mostly propagated by religious clergy. In result of. Outdated examination system is another point of discussing the standard of education in Pakistan.3%) and (3%) of female. Madaresah schools only provide religious education according to their cult and creed on expulsion of western education. 37-47 and 21-37. A ten or more than ten years time period is allocated to overcome hurdles with good governance. Every successive government comes up with new education policy on expulsion of previous. The third system responsible for aggravating education system of Pakistan is Madarsah school system.5 % of GDP whilst Nepal 2. result as they could not equip modern education to their children. repercussion of each government is Pakistan have marred the structure of education since 1947.There are 8 per cent of Pakistanis are graduates. Remember. Such religious schools are being operated by religious scholars on their creative way of teaching having no interference or directions from government. In Pakistan. Although the features of education policy 2009’s are remarkable but.7%. Thereupon. In 1882 Deoband school under the leadership of Muhammed Qasim Nanativi openly negated Sir Syed Ahmed khan’s Ali Garh college. The current coalition Government led by PPP brought new education Policy 2009. In spite of. Hence the university enrolment is recorded 10.2%. The factors responsible for reinforce the class conflict. The primary to middle examination system is splendid for increasing the role of . there has been a problem of good governance. education is the foremost contributor.5%. Pakistan is a land of such chronic diseases. India 3. Therefore poor become more poor and rich become more richer. Article 38 (b)….5% and Bangladesh is 3. Although article of 38(d) in Constitution of Pakistan guarantees of free education is a right of every citizen and respected government is bound to take measures to provide basic education to intermediate. the government is openly violating the constitution. But a rift between two important institutions devised the Muslim Umma in groups. and on other side the gulf between poor and rich is also increasing. private leaner lag behind public learner in competitive exams and avail of high official jobs. A country with 180 million people. the education budget of Pakistan in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is less than the regional countries. which is not against Islam. The low education budget shows the negligence of education. Later unprecedented events proved Sir Syed’s doctrine correct to acquire western education.\ Ideally. 95 per cent of education budget is incurred on salaries and maintenance.

Such associations have started politics in their affairs. Basically. The Education department is not taking stern measures against these elements due to political reconciliations. No modernization in exam system are the keywords found in the current exam system. One side in advanced countries. philosophy. all importance has given to standardize higher education or university education. Irrespective of primary-middle examination. Basically. the level of illiteracy further increased. technical education play vital role to decrease the rate of unemployment on immediate basis. but inefficiencies almost succumb to outstanding process. II. education department can not . An independent body Higher Education Commission (HEC) was formed to regulate the universities of Pakistan. HEC was dissolved and to be made the education a provincial subject. government itself provided an opportunity to teachers to gather on one plate form and form teachers union to protect the rights of teacher if any official matter may arise to his/her. Political or absent teacher in regular classes have further spoil the examination process IV. they are now are the champions of modern civilization in science. In contrast. Consequently. from last two decades. The following are the flaws in examination system. the respected government has described the system of teachers training as to equip modern techniques of teaching method to their teachers. III. Ineffective communication between school/college authority and BISE board. In result of present scenario. for this purpose. secondary and universities. Pakistan too launched same pattern for training their teachers. ignoring the primary education. The Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education (BISE). Such school teachers are responsible to seek exam from the course they cover in class. Hence the quality and standard of examination vulnerable for students. There are numbers of technical institutions are in ready position to provide technical education but due to mismanagement these liable no beneficial since their structural presence. middle. and keep right to form a exam paper in its own supervision. teachers too have failed to attend regular classes on available old culture of teaching method from primary to college level in rural and urban areas. Therefore. another two universities are established from 132 to 134. Along with primary education. primary. This rationale of conducting exam is excellent but lack of communication system between school and college authority and concern officers of board have created uncertainty among students about the extracting paper for the exam. such as.teacher in its class. the teacher union has appeared a resisting force in front of government machinery. a divisional board has a significant role to rule out the syllabus for IV to Xii respectively. In quest of to boost the higher education. literature. the HEC has succeeded in towards it purpose. Eventually. Thus. I. art. Millennium Goal for 2015 in education policy 2009 seems impracticable. but after the 18th amendment. It is seen that teacher do not complete the assigned course to its students. the gross root or primary education was entirely ignored which provides the foundation of quality education. In these days. There are many unions of teacher according to its level. IV to XII examination process has been enlarged from class teacher to board’s selective teachers. Hence students are acquainting of how to prepare for exam. On some extent. But it is obligation of the board to form exam paper according to the course. On other side. technical education of woman vocation and poly technical education has been set aside of no importance.

Asian Development Bank and United Nation’s agencies. There are number of international agencies providing education funding to provinces of Pakistan as to eradicate illiteracy from the country. . and having regard to the modern conditions and vast developments that have tken place all over the World.economic position.5 % of GDP to 8% of GDP. No proper mechanism of scholarship program to deserved students and financial assistance to poor students is another factor responsible to limiting the education only accessible to affordable families. Nov. The forth needed step of implementation is of government’s regulation in education. According to the education Policy 2009. Through administrative strictness it could be ensure that the writ of state is accessible.5 million from 01 million. there have been gaps towards attainment of qualitative education in account of weak administration. instead of. speedy and substantial progress. If we are to make any real. Remedies Good governance is a first pre-requisite factor to embark on the every essence of policy to build up society through key education.Azam rightly emphasized the acquirement of education on addressing in” All educational Conference at Karachi. The Quaid-e. To increase education budget it means the government will have no constraint of financing but.1947. The third required step to improve education. a sound and unanimous education policy is indispensable. no considerable achievement carried out. education ministry ultimately became a provincial subject. but due to corruption in education department. Further says that university enrollment will be brought to 1. we must earnestly tackle this question ad bring our educational policy and programme on the lines suited to the genius of our people. Hence it is necessary to re-shape administrative machinery as to rightly deliver the founding education to its people. the Government of Pakistan declares that it will ensure education for all and will increase literacy rate from 67 to 87% till the end of 2015. 27.” The importance of education and the right type of education can not be over emphasized. The province needs to call on joint meeting of MoE to draft and agree upon one education policy as to bring all systems of education under strict check.” Good governance leads ruling class or chosen representatives to take very steps that have far reaching impact on the socio.regulate with out consultation associations of teachers. The second very step after good governance is to increase education budget from 2. The fifth element is to implementation of education Policy 2009. It too has deteriorated the education. government will be able to meet cope education matters according to its need. Such agencies are World Bank. therefore no compromised can be tolerated in case of inefficiencies in regard to implementation. Though. after passing of 18th Amendment Bill in the Constitution of Pakistan. consonant with our history and culture. said. In Pakistan.

It is time that the current Government of Pakistan must tackle education problem because illiteracy is even threat to democracy. . Pakistan experiences a country of religious intolerance and much more multi-crisis land. War on terror since 2001.Conclusion All constraints in education system in Pakistan require sincere efforts to resolve administrative and management problems by the effectiveness of the government of Pakistan. have revealed the administrative flaws in the administrative machinery of Pakistan.

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