Thermal conductivity is the quantity of heat transmitted through a unit thickness in a direction normal to a surface of unit area, due

to a unit temperature gradient under steady state conditions. Thermal conductivity of some common materials and products are indicated in the table below.

1 W/(m.K) = 1 W/(m.oC) = 0.85984 kcal/(hr.m.oC) = 0.5779 Btu/(ft.hr.oF)

Thermal Conductivity - k - W/(m.K) Temperature - oC Material/Substance 25 Acetone Acetylene (gas) Acrylic Air, athmosphere (gas) Alcohol Aluminum Aluminium Brass Aluminum Oxide Ammonia (gas) Antimony Apple (85.6% moisture) 0.16 0.018 0.2 0.024 0.17 205 121 30 0.022 18.5 0.39 215 250 125 225

9 % moisture) Benzene Beryllium Bitumen 0. lean (78.5 0.15 0.K) Temperature .Thermal Conductivity .016 0.17 125 225 .744 0.oC Material/Substance 25 Argon (gas) Asbestos-cement board Asbestos-cement sheets Asbestos-cement Asbestos.75 0.07 0. loosely packed Asbestos mill board Asphalt Balsa wood Bitumen Bitumen/felt layers Beef.048 0.0.16 218 0.48 0.W/(m.17 0.43 .166 2.14 0.k .

K) Temperature .6 -1.10 .29 1.6 0.73 0. mortar Chalk 0.05 1.20 92 0.20 1.31 0. 09 125 225 .0.W/(m.02 109 0.0 1.0146 0.7 0. dense Butter (15% moisture content) Cadmium Calcium silicate Carbon Carbon dioxide (gas) Cement.Thermal Conductivity .k .oC Material/Substance 25 Blast furnace gas (gas) Brass Breeze block Brick dense Brickwork. common Brickwork. portland Cement.

15 . dense Concrete.3 0. lightweight Concrete. 8 % Ni) Clay.6 .5 69 0.54 0.06 0.Thermal Conductivity .7 1.0 .1 .oC Material/Substance 25 Chlorine (gas) Chrome Nickel Steel (18% Cr.8 0.K) Temperature .0.2. dry to moist Clay.0081 16.3 0.k .8 1. saturated Cobalt Cod (83% moisture content) Concrete. medium Concrete. stone Constantan Copper Corian (ceramic filled) Corkboard 0.W/(m.043 400 398 125 225 .4 .1.1.7 22 401 1.0.

029 54 0.W/(m.oC Material/Substance 25 Cork.06 0.k . dry Engine Oil Ether Ethylene (gas) Epoxy Ethylene glycol Felt insulation 0.14 0.017 0.K) Temperature .04 51 47 125 225 .07 0.Thermal Conductivity .25 0.15 0.12 1.029 0.35 0. regranulated Cork Cotton wool Carbon Steel Cotton Wool insulation Diatomaceous earth (Sil-o-cel) Diatomite Earth.044 0.5 0.

045 0.W/(m.05 0.04 0.96 0.K) Temperature .007 0.2 1.048 0.18 0. Pearls.4 0. window Glass. wool Insulation Glycerol 0. dry Glass.oC Material/Substance 25 Fibreglass Fibre insulating board Fibre hardboard Fireclay brick 500oC Foam glass Freon 12 (gas) Freon 12 (liquid) Gasoline Glass Glass.15 1.28 125 225 . saturated Glass.Thermal Conductivity .76 0.09 0.k . Pearls.04 0.

17 0.15 0.7 .k .0.168 0.142 0.) Helium (gas) Honey (12.16 0.05 0.K) Temperature ..Thermal Conductivity .18 0. 32oF) Insulation materials 310 1.035 .7 0.5 0.6% moisture content) Hydrochlor acid (gas) Hydrogen (gas) Hydrogen sulfide (gas) Ice (0oC.oC Material/Substance 25 Gold Granite Gravel Gypsum board Hairfelt Hardboard high density Hardwoods (oak.013 0.013 2.4.16 125 312 225 310 .0 0. maple.W/(m.

07 4.034 0.15 0.1.15 156 2.33 0.Thermal Conductivity .oC Material/Substance 25 Iridium Iron Iron.26 .0088 35 0.K) Temperature .94 68 60 125 225 . dry Limestone Magnesia insulation (85%) Magnesite Magnesium Marble 147 80 59 55 0.14 1.W/(m. wrought Iron.k . cast Kapok insulation Kerosene Krypton (gas) Lead Pb Leather.08 .2.

21 0.K) Temperature .. Molybdenum Monel Neon (gas) Nickel Nitrogen (gas) Nylon 6 Oil. wool blankets .25 0.17 .oC Material/Substance 25 Mercury Methane (gas) Methanol Mica Milk Mineral wool insulation materials.W/(m.Thermal Conductivity .030 0.024 0.k .15 0.53 125 225 0.046 91 0. machine lubricating SAE 50 Olive oil 8 0.04 138 26 0.71 0.

05 0.024 0. atmospheric pressure Perlite. wood lath Plastics.22 71 72 125 225 .47 0.2 0.71 0. sand Plaster.00137 0.oC Material/Substance 25 Oxygen (gas) Paper Paraffin Wax Perlite.0.Thermal Conductivity .031 0.1 .28 0.K) Temperature .51 0.42 .13 0.03 70 0.k . vacuum Plaster light Plaster.W/(m.25 0. metal lath Plaster. foamed (insulation materials) Platinum Plywood Polyethylene HD Polypropylene 0.0.

03 1.K) Temperature .W/(m.13 125 225 .25 0.5 0.k .2.03 0.015 0.005 3 2-7 0.045 0.Thermal Conductivity .oC Material/Substance 25 Polystyrene. raw flesh Propane (gas) PTFE PVC Pyrex glass Quartz mineral Rock. solid Rock.5 0. expanded Polystyrol Polyurethane foam Porcelain Potato. porous volcanic (Tuff) Rock Wool insulation Rubber.043 0.55 0. natural 0.5 .19 1.

2 2-4 1.K) Temperature .oC Material/Substance 25 Salmon (73% moisture content) Sand.0.1 429 0. dry Sand.0.042 2.25 .15 . moist Sand.25 84 125 225 .25 0.Thermal Conductivity .W/(m.08 0.k . saturated Sandstone Sawdust Sheeps wool Silica aerogel Silicone oil Silver Slag wool Slate Snow (temp < 0oC) Sodium 0.7 0.02 0.01 0.039 0.05 .50 0.

oC Material/Substance 25 Softwoods (fir.14 67 116 0.021 0.15 .058 17 19 125 225 .) Soil.2 0. Carbon 1% Stainless Steel Straw slab insulation.6 .087 .K) Temperature .k . pine .4 43 16 0.W/(m.Thermal Conductivity . with organic matter Soil.0.0086 0.09 0.12 0. compressed Styrofoam Sulfur dioxide (gas) Sugars Timber Tin Sn Zinc Zn Urethane foam Vermiculite 0..033 0. saturated Steel.22 0.

Conductive Heat Transfer through a Aluminum versus Stainless Steel Pot The conductive heat transfer through a pot wall can be calculated as .1 .k .5779 Btu/(ft.W/(m. yellow pine.15 0.m. oak Wool.12 0.Thermal Conductivity .oF) = 0.147 0.45 0. slab Xenon (gas)  125 225 0.048 Btu/(in.oC) = 0.oF) What is conductive heat transfer?  Example .oC) = 0.25 0.055 0.K) = 1 W/(m.K) Temperature .0.h.oC Material/Substance 25 Vinyl ester Water Water.17 0.85984 kcal/(h.07 0. timber Wood. felt Wood wool.0051 1 W/(m. balsa Wood across the grain. vapor (steam) Wheat flour Wood across the grain. white pine Wood across the grain.016 0.h.58 0.

q / A = k dT / s where q / A = heat transfer per unit area (W/m2) k = thermal conductivity (W/mK) dT = temperature difference (oC) s = wall thickness (m) Conductive Heat Transfer through Aluminum Pot Wall with thickness 2 mm and temperature difference 200oC q / A = 250 (W/mK) 200 (oC) / 2 10-3 (m) = 25000 (kW/m2) Conductive Heat Transfer through Stainless Steel Pot Wall with thickness 2 mm and temperature difference 200oC q / A = 16 (W/mK) 200 (oC) / 2 10-3 (m) = 1600 (kW/m2) .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful