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**Battles Royal of the Chessboard
**

Collected and presented by R. N. Coles

Cadogan Books

London

SW11 4NQ ISBN 1 85744 182 6 Printed and bound in Finland by Werner Söderström Oy . London House. Coles 1948 This edition published 1995 by Cadogan Books pic.© R.N. London. Parkgate Road.

........ 78th match ... 1896.............. 5.. 8................... London...... Petersburg tournament........... Paris....... Brussels................ •• .. 13.......... .......... 9. French Defence *M a c k e n z i e — B l a c k b u r n e ........... M ason — * Z u k e r t o r t .. 1866... Hastings tournament. 16.. 1896.. 1853 . 1895 52 Pillsbury Attack St.. 1851 Ruy Lopez L a s a — "'St a u n t o n .... ........... 4th Queen’s Pawn Game * T a r r a s c h — G u n s b e r g . London...................... ......... 2nd match game..... 2nd match game........ 1858 Ruy Lopez A n d e r s se n — *S t e in it z ......... ix A n asterisk signifies the winner.... 1888... 3............... 2...... London.CONTENTS PAGE INTRODUCTION GAMES * ... Paris. *S t e i n i t z — P i l l s b u r y ....... Queen’s Gambit Giuoco Piano B o n c o u r t — * S a i n t -A m a n t .... . .. . London.. 12...... 54 Petroff Defence P i l l s b u r y — T c h ig o r in ...... 1889................ 17. Z u k e r t o r t — *S t e in it z ............ von d e r London tournament.. London... 1843. match game. 1883 . 2nd match game....... 10..... W e i s s — T c h ig o r in .. New York tournament....... 1834 47th match .....49 Ruy Lopez * P il l sb u r y — T a r rasch .................... 1... .. ...... 1834 game...... Bradford tournament..... ... Frankfort tournament.... 1839 S t a u n t o n — S a i n t -A m a n t ...... . King's Bishop's Opening .... McD o n n ell— *de L a b o u r d o n n a is ...... 4................... game...... 1872.... 1886 1887 37 41 44 46 Queen's Gambit Declined B u r n — *M a c k e n z i e . London............ 31 Evans Gambit ist match game......... No asterisk signifies a drawn game.......... 11 x4 18 20 23 26 28 King's Bishop's Opening * d e L a b o u r d o n n a is — M c D o n n e l l .......... 15.... * B ir d — H o r w it z .. 57 Tchigorin Defence ... 3rd match game......... Queen's Pawn Game ist tie-match game............... 6. St....... 11....... .... Petersburg tournament............ 34 Giuoco Piano London tournament... 14.... King's Bishop's Opening A n d erssen — M o r ph y.. 7................................

......... Berlin.... Carlsbad tournament. 78 81 84 87 90 93 95 Ruy Lopes ""Ru b i n s t e i n — L a s k e r ....... Exhibition game. ........ St...... Paris tournament.* •» PiUsbury Attach Spielmann— ♦ S toltz............ 1929 .. 1904 Scotch Gambit 1904 Cambridge Springs tournament.. 33. 1906 •• •• •• •• .. 35...... 1896....... London tournament....... 32........ 1900 Ruy Lopes ^M a r s h a l l — M a r c o ... baden... 23... Ostend tournament..... •• IQOQ 26......................... 28.... 98 100 102 105 109 112 114 116 120 Z n o sk o -B o r o v sk y — A l e k h in e ............. Falkbeer Counter-Gambit 60 63 65 67 70 75 St e in it z — L a s k e r ..... J a n o w s k i— B urn... A l e k h in e — B o g o l y u b o v .......... 20............ 1929 Queen's Pawn Game 38... 5th match game... London tournament...... 37.......... Kissingen tournament........ Nuremburg tournament. York... Alekhine Defence * T artakow er— B o go lyubov.......... 1899 Ruy Lopez Paris tournament.. ............ 7th match game........ 1927 1928 E uw e— .... 1909 27. 22... 34. 1896. Sch lech ter— L a sk er .... 1910 Berlin 1913 PUlsbury Attack Sicilian Defence M i e s e s — ♦Ca p a b l a n c a ... 22nd match game............ 19....... •• •• •• •• •• •• Ponsiani Opening A l e k h in e — Ca p a b l a n c a .......... * L a sk e r — N a p ie r ...... Weis•* •* ....... Sicilian Defence ♦Du r a s — T e i c h m a n n ..... Pillsbury Attack L asker— *B lack bu r n e... 39.. Nimso-Indian Defence B ogolyubov. 1931 Queen's Gambit . Bled tournament.. Centre Game *C apa b la n ca — Mar sh all....... C h a r o u se k — P il l s b u r y . Ruy Lopes Slav Defence * A l e k h i n e ......... 29... 11th match game... 1928 PUlsbury Attack *V idmar— E uwe . 24.. 36.. Pillsbury Attack C a p a b l a n c a — N i m z o w it c h ... Reti System ♦Re t i — B e c k e r ...... 30...... 25.... 8th match game. Buenos . Moscow.......... 1922 Vienna tournament.............. 1918 R u b in s t e in — New York tournament......CONTENTS 18..... Monte Carlo tournament.......... .... 31. London tournament. •• Tarrasch Defence Marsh all— *C a p a b l a n c a ... n th match game............... New .. Petersburg tournament. 1923 ........... 21..... 1925 IQ27 Aires...

...... S p ie l m a n n — L a s k e r . 1931 Colle System 123 ............... . 1938 Ruy Lopez *B o t v in n ik — A lexander. E F uw e— in e — .. French Defence e n in g s Op ........... Eindhoven 1937 46...................... Colle— * K ash d an..... 1938 Dutch Defence "“ K Avro tournament.. 41.. 1935 Scotch Game E uwe— A l e k h i n e ............. Moscow-Prague match........... E uw e— Bled tournament......155 .... K eres.... 1938 Avro tournament. 43... 1932... Nimzo-Indian Defence Katetov...... 48.... 50....... Queen's Pawn Game Moscow tournament.... 47... ment.... 1931 Alekhine Defence Kings Indian Defence 126 128 131 136 138 141 143 145 149 152 Y ates. Hastings tournament. Stoltz— *C o lle .. 19th match game.. match... eres....CONTENTS 40...... Bled tournament........ Avro tournament...... 49.. 1946 Sm y slo v — Index of Anglo-Russian radio ................. 1933 44..... Nimzo-Indian Defence Nimzo-Indian Defence R e s h e v s k y — B o t v in n ik . 42. 45. 1946...... Folkestone team tourna S u lt a n K h a n — * A le k h in e ....

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and especially if it is complicated and exciting. We watch the defeated master in the ineluctable toils. Many collections of games have been made in which the bril liancies which are beyond the average player are beautifully dis played.” said White. so with chess.INTRODUCTION I can do no better in giving my reasons for making the presen collection of games than to tell the story of an incident which occulted at a British Chess Federation congress. We admire them but cannot relate them to our own play over the board. The artist is a being apart. Two moderate players were engaged in a very complicated and exciting game and a well-known master was looking on. yes. but it was the most enjoyable game I’ve had for months.” said Black. with a queen sacrifice and a knight sacrifice. we seek to attain supremacy only to find our opponent securing the ascendancy on some other part of the board. It was a really good game. . “ it was not good. but you did not see it.” " Good ? ” interposed the master.” " Then the game is not good? ” “ All right. A look of puzzled exasperation came over the master’s face.” “ No. that game is enjoyable and good enough for most of us. As with art.” agreed Black. the rest of us can admire works of art but we cannot create them. This is chess as we know it and as we have to play it. and if we occasionally miss a brilliancy because our imagination will not rise to it we probably get greater pleasure from a greater number of games than the artist does who cannot appreciate anything less than perfection. the difference being that we do not leave the playing of the game to the experts. that is good. we continue to extract the utmost pleasure from the humble rough-and-tumble chess of which we are capable. So long as a game is hard fought. “ The mate in six. “ and I never shall see things like that though I study master brilliancies till the cows come home. When the game finished in a draw White said to Black. and Black three moves later missed a forced mate in six ! ” The pieces were set up again and the correctness of the master’s analysis was established. “ I enjoyed that. searching ever after perfection . “ But White could have won a piece nine moves ago. “ All the same it was a rattling good game. but our own opponents wriggle out of our best laid schemes and as like as not we then have to struggle to avoid defeat our selves .” With a helpless shrug of his expressive shoulders the master left them.

and these have frequently passed through so many hands that it has not been possible to acknowledge the original except in a few cases . such are Nos. well and good. 15 and 20.N. R. 1948 . The notes are indebted to many sources for analyses. nor to allow master technique to win a won game by copybook methods . fighting chess. which could not well be omitted from a collection of this nature . here is complicated. here may be seen how the masters react when a combination goes wrong or when their opponents fight back . A few of the games will be old favourites.C. As for the title— the contes tants are all of the blood royal of chess aristocracy and the games ate in all senses Battles Royal. Harrow. the few original notes are designed to throw into relief the up-anddown nature of the various battles. in these games neither player is content to be smothered by the brilliant imagination of the other. but if their presence serves to whet the appetite for more like them.INTRODUCTION The present collection consists of master examples of the sort of game which White and Black enjoyed so much at the congress . Many of the others will be less well known.

de Labourdonnais (1795-1840) was the greatest chessmaster of the first half of the nineteenth century. Kt— B2 QKt— Q2 And now if Kt x P . K P x P P-Q4 1. P x Q . 11 P x K t . 9 B— Q5. 17 X X 9 .. 9 B— Q5. The Frenchman won the majority because of his greater versatility and position judgment. K x R . 8. Kt— R3 Q -K 2 P— Q3 B— Kt3 Kt— KB3 B— Kt5 An alternative was B x P . when he came to London and played A. B i s h o p ’s O p e n i n g 910.. 12. 10. .Q— Q3 . 3. K t x Q . Black is now able to take advantage of the queen’s position with a beautiful pawn sacrifice which opens a phase of absorbing in terest and complexity. 14. Kt— B3 5* O— O 6. at once. not 15 . Even now White must play with the greatest exactness to avoid losing a piece. McDonnell (1798-1835) in a series of games which still bears comparison with those of any later age. P— K5 Q— Q2 PxKt R— K i Kt— K5 Q— B4 P— KB4 PxP [Diagram 1] P— Kt4 If K t x P . 1834. Q . K in g ’s Better was B— KKt5. 2. P— Q4 7. no rival worthy of him being found until 1834. 3. The premature death of both players was an irreparable loss and it is fitting that they lie now in adjacent graves at Kensal Green. win ning a piece. 1 2 PXQ. 11. M. London. . GAME 1 MCDONNELL-DE LABOURDONNAIS 1st game of the 4th match and 47th of the series. 4. P— KB4 . 14. but not QPx P. 13. C. P x B .K 3 If Qx Kt P. 16 RxQch. 8 R— K i. 15. P x K t .L. P— K4 P— K4 B— B4 B— B4 P— QB3 Q— Kt4 was a later fashion.

21 Q— B i. 20 P— B3. If at once 19 Q x Pch. P— B3 PxB Black’s P— Kt5 cannot be long prevented. Q— Kt2ch„ and 24 . and 18 P x B with two pieces for the rook. K t— B4 30. 32. Q— K2 19. Qx Q. 27. 25. Not 30 R x P . 18 PxP. If P x B . retaining the piece. 17. Q x Pch. K tx K tP Black must proceed with care. but 15 • • •. P x K t 21. 23 B x P .. 28. Kt x P ch . B x BP . 22. 27. B x Kt PxB P— R5 QR— Qi P . Now the bishop cannot cross to the de fence of the king. K — B i . 16.12 (b l a c k ) de BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD l a b o u r d o n n a is 18. 16. winning back one of the knights with the better game. 3334. K t— R3 29. 15. P— B5 B — Qi 25. This holds the extra pawn. 23. K t— K4 . Kt— K4 A fine continuation threaten ing both Kt X B and Kt x Pch. P— B3 Px B Now it is White who must be careful. 16 BxQ. Kt— Q3 .. Kt (K)— B2 . P x P . QR— K i 24. P— Kt4 R— B i P— B5 KR— B i B xK tch . P— B6 K t— K5ch.. QxQch. B— Kt2 30. K— R i P— R6 . B— Ktsch. P— KR4 B— B3 P— Kts Not 17 P x P. P— B4 (w h i t e ) M CD ON NELL Kt (Kt)— B3 K tx K P Q— Q2 K xQ Position before Black's 14th move. . P -Q 6 Better was B— K3. 20. (D ia g r a m i ) A new phase begins. 23. 22 P— B4. re taining the piece. 17. B xP ch. but B— K2 was probably sounder.. with advantage to Black. each player endeavouring to use the passed pawns. . but the rook will be needed here whether it is or not.B 7ch. 26. 31. 19.

is a serious threat. R— Q4 37.. R— Kt8ch.. R— K t7ch. 46 R— KB4.. after which White has to avoid both 36 ... . R x Q . . and White’s pawns compensate for the loss of the exchange. P— R7 Threatening to win by 4 1 . R— B4 . 40. 39 RxP. 46 K x P . Kt— Kt4ch. then the combination of R(6)— Kt3 with the mating threat forces White to play his pawns as in the actual game. 42 K x P .. 43 K — R3.. .. 44 P— Q8=Qch. P— K6ch. R— Q3 36.. 41 R— B4CI1. .. White can play R x K t for then 40 . . . P x P . 42 R x K t... leads to no more than a draw after 39 R x R . R x R .. P— Kt5 R— K K ti P— Kt6 (BLACK) DE LABOURDONNAIS while 38 . . Clearly the rook cannot be taken. R (1)— K t7ch.. 45 P -Q 7 . with Black winning the exchange.. 40.. 45 B x Rch. 41 K x Q . 40 R xK tch. 44 K — R4. 43 B x K t . (WHITE) MCDONNELL Position before White's 37th move ( D ia g r a m 2) RxKtP Stronger than Kt X Pch... 39 P— B6ch.. P— K t6 .. K— K3 (or R— K K t i . K x P .. R— Kt8ch.MCDONNELL— DE LABOURDONNAIS 13 Now 35 . K t x R . 38 RxKt. and the pawns will be too strong. R— Kt8ch. P x R = Q c h . P x P R (K)— KKti White’s last move has brought Black’s attack to a standstill. P— K t3 . 43 P— Q7ch. K — Qi Not K x P . If White replies 4 1K x P. . K x P . K x B . 46 B x P. 47 K x P . K— B 5 . 41 R— K 5ch. . 42 R x P . and Black’s last hope of attack is broken.K t — Kt6ch. R— K K t i . 35. R x R (threatening R— R8ch.. 40K— R2.. 45 P x Pch. K— B2 .. 41 K— R2. . Kt X Pch. . R (4)— Qi In spite of the threat on K K ti. R— R7 Mate. 44 P— B6. Insufficient would be 38 . 43 ..). 38. 39. 44 P— B6ch.. 40 P xPch. 42 B— B6ch„ K— B i . 39.. R x P . K — Q4 . for example. R x P ) . To prevent a Black rook going to K R i. . .. K t— K 7ch. but he hopes now for more. 42 K— R2. P— Kt7 Mate and 36 P x P. P x P .

49. 0 —0 10. 10. R x R 50. P— k 4 P— Q5 Kt— QB3 Bx P K t— B3 p—k 4 P— KB4 K t— K B3 B— B4 PxP A very famous game. . nothing better than P x P . 19 Q x R P . 46 P— Q8=Q. K t— KKt5 O— O More decisive than K x P . Black has R (K)— K K t3 . R— Bich. .. 7. P— B6ch. If 45 P— Q7. 47. R— R i . 11 R— Qi. K — Q i . P— K t4. London. . K— R i . and Black won magni ficently. 8 B— Kts. 49 B — Kt7. Q u e e n ’s G a m b it 1. P— Q4 p . 49 R— KB8. etc. K — Kt4 3. 20 Q— Kt6. P— R4ch. R x Q 45. K x P 44. 11. K— B i Resigns. R (K) — K K t i . K — Q4 . 13 Kt — Q5. 47 KR— Qich. P— K8=Qch. P— K7Ch. is then considerable.K x P Sooner or later he must take the pawn. 11 B x R . R x K t . Q— K2 . Daring. B — K t s . 48 K x P. 1516. 1834. and wins.. B x Pch. 13. 14 B X Q . 14. 12 P— Q6. 53. 6. 5. However. Black’s reply to the text move also decides the game. P xP ch . B— Kt3 . 48. — B7CI1. 18 B— K t3. 10 Q— K2..Q K ti. K t x K t . 47 R x R. P x P .. It is the virtual though his pressure in the centre end of a very great struggle. K— Kts Rx B K xR R— Q3 R xP K — Q6 K— K6 9. P— QB4 P x P Sacrificing a pawn on the Q side in order to force White to give up his KP. K— Kt2 52. P— B3 . P x P 43. 12. for after 9 P— Q6 dis. P— B5 . 48 R ch. K R — Q K t i. The threat is 17 . R x Q .14 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 41. B— B3ch. 50 R . K — K i .q4 2. K— Q2 42. 10 K t— B7CI1. R— Kt8ch. R— K3 46. 4.. 9 K— B i. PxB B— KKt5 Kt x P K— R i Q— R4 B— Q5 B x Kt K— R i Kt— B3 Q— K2 QR— Qi P— QR3 Kt— Q5 GAME 2 DE LABOURDONNAIS-MCDONNELL 2nd game of the 6th match and 78th of the series.. K t— K 6ch. win ning the queen. P— Q7 51. R X R . continued 7 . Kt— K6 B— Q3 Kt( 5) x KP leads to an equal game. 8. White finds that a pawn on K6 exerts less pressure than one on Q5.. K — K2 . 45. . the 50th of the series. R— Bich. .

Now R— K3 was essential. and mates). K t— B6 Threatening Q x Kt. White is lost. 24 R3. 22. P—• K5 ). Better was B— R3. . Q— R5ch. with a strong K — K ti. 25 P x position. and mates. After K t— B6. 28. R— R5ch. 27. 23 R— K3 (P x Kt. B x P QxP 19. With the text move White be 19. 20 K tx 23. Kt. 27 K— Kti. R— B2 Rx P 30. (BLACK) MCDONNELL (WHITE) DE LABOURDONNAIS Position before Black's 22nd move. 28. If 19 Q x P . R— K2 R— K K ts 31. 28 BxP. R— Kt2 If Q— K3 (to prevent the Clever but not best. K xB R— Q5 attack on his king is stronger 26. 20. . win ning. Q— B4 P— K 5 He cannot prevent the bishop returning to the defence of the king. R— K3 B. R x B c h . Q— R5 .DE LABOURDONNAIS— MCDONNELL 15 17.. Kt— B7 . P— K5 . R x K t . B x K t PxB 18. 29 K — K ti (B— R3. 21. QR— K i 22. . BxP Reluctant to accept the offer. and if R— R5 . for Q or R — R sch . P— KB4 gins to fight his way out.. with a solid position. Q— B5 PxP than is at first apparent. R x K t P x R Better was R — K3. B x P R— K K ti Threatening 28 . R— K t i . 21 Q— R4 (not Q— Not 23 K x B. R— K tic h . P— B4 This loses the pawn. . 30 Q— Q5. Q x P 0324.. Q— B3 the attack. K t— B6ch. but better was B— 21.. nor Q— Q3. B— R3 R— KB5 32. ( D ia g r a m 3) . Q— K4). R— K5 . P— KB4 . K t— B3 23. Q— Kt2 29. Q— Kt2 .. for the 25. 29 Q— k 3. The only move to continue 20.

White could not hope to win. . P— R4 36. but actually continuing the plan made the previous move to bring the knight to QR3 or QR5. B— Kt2 34- P— B5 K— Kt2 Now Black seems to have succeeded in his plan to halt the QRP. Both players are still scheming to win. R x P . R— R8 35. B— Kt7 39. Kt— B4 cannot be prevented. but he is one move too late. Kt— K3 R— B3 Envisaging the advance and possible queening of the QRP. . By this sudden counter attack (threatening R— KKt3 and R— R4 Mate. Apparently accepting the bait. R— R3 R— R8ch. 36. Black’s reply prepares a subtle counter to this plan.i6 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD threatened checks on K ti and Kt3). R x Q 34. ending the threat on the QR file. 37. K— K ti 41. P— R6 R— K B i R— Q3 R— B4 P— B6 (BLACK) MCDONNELL ( w h it e ) d e l a b o u r d o n n a i s Position before White's 40th move. 44. R— KB2 After 34 B x P.K— Q3 This unassuming move is a necessary preparation for yet another plan to advance the QRP. 32. R X Rch. K — Q2 R— Kt3ch. and later another mate on KR8) Black hopes to force 40 B x P . whereas if only 47 K t— B2 had been avail . ( D ia g r a m 4) The purpose of White’s 44th move is now clear. K— K i 43. and is in a position to advance his own pawns.QxQch. P— R5 38. K— B i 42. R— Q7ch. Q— O5 33. Q— Q5 would lead to positions similar to those in the text. 40. 45. K t— Qsch. K -K t4 46. 35 K x R . 45. cutting off the Black rook. 44 K -B 3 Hoping to induce White to waste time capturing the QBP while he mobilises his K side.

49 R x P . with the K on Q2. 57.. 52. Kt— Q2 P— Kt4 P— R5 Finding the correct method just in time. B x R White is now two pieces ahead but Black’s pawns are becoming increasingly dan gerous. Black could now play R— R7CI1. B— R i R— K ti P— Kt6 P— R6 P— R7 K— Kt6 R— QKt3 R— K ti Resigns.. K— Kt6 53. 63. K— R6 . though he stood a better chance of drawing by R x P . Black therefore proceeds with his own plans. Kt— B4 P— R4 If R— R5 . R— B i K— Kt7 54. Black could have replied 47. 55. P— R4.R . R— R5 (aiming to get rid of both White’s Q-side pawns for his rook) . 58. . P— Kt5 B x Pch.. 48. and only then Kt— R5. 50 K— B3. R x B ...DE LABOURDONNAIS— MCDONNELL 17 able. K3ch. with a draw. 49* K— B2 R— Qx 50. B— Kt7 Kt— B4 P— B7 R-K3 57 Kt— Not P— B 8 = Q . 59.Q i p -b 3 Cutting off the bishop and threatening P— B7. 65 R— Kt3ch. 47. 49 P — Kt4. Kt— R3 R— Q8ch.). which is to reopen the diagonal. White is now in difficulties and his next move suggests that the best plan he can find is to play B— B8 and then sacrifice the bishop for the RP. P— R7 K— Kt5 51. For after 64 Kt— Bich. R— R8 (more point to White’s 44th. P— R8=Q R x Q 52. 56. 58. 48 P— Kt3. R(8)— R4 or R5. 61. 48 B x R . 62. 60. the pawns begin to fall.

14 14 Kt x B. 19. B— KKt5 P— Q3 8. 18. 20 P x B . P— QKt4 The advance of the Q side pawns in this opening was later strongly commended by Bird. B xB Or 18 R P x P . 0 — 0 0— 0 7. . RPxP PxP Kt— B4 PxB RxP PxP Kt— Kt6ch. Giuoco P ia n o 1. Kt X KP. He won a short match against Staunton early in 1843 but in the big return match later in the year. 12. GAME 3 BON COURT—SAINT-AMANT 11. 17. 18.Q 3 P— K4 Kt— KB3 While White prepares an at tack in the centre with P— Q4. If White replies 18 P— Q5. 8. 21. 3. B— B4 Kt— K B 3K t— B3 P— B3 B— Kt3 6. 20.. P— K4 2. he was decisively defeated. F. B— B4 3.. 1839. B— K3 QKt— Q2 P— KR3 B— R4 K— R2 The game has suddenly be come exceedingly critical. Black gets a very strong attack by P x K t . which was virtually for the world championship. 10. 4. B x R P . with variations similar to those in the actual game. B x B . 5. i g K t x P . 9. B— KKt3 P— R 3 B— KR2 P— Q4 P— Kt4 P— KR4 P— R 5 Kt— KR4 P— Kt5 The normal gambit continua tion of the King s Bishop's Opening is P— Q4. An un successful appearance at the Birmingham tournament of 1858 was his only other incursion into competitive play. threatening Kt— Kt6ch.i8 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD P. Preparing to support a K side attack with R— K K ti. Boncourt was a strong French master who drew a match with Szen in 1835. B x B . 21 Q— K2. . C. 13. Kt — K2 . 19 Kt XB. 1516.P . which would at present be answered by 13 . de Saint-Amant (1800-1873) became the leader of French chess after the departure of de Labourdonnais from France. Q— B3. Q— B2 Played in Paris. 14. R x P . Now the game transposes into a quiet version of the Giuoco Piano. P— R4 K— R i P— R3 R— K K ti 13.

Kt x K t . (D ia g r a m 5) If 33 K t x P . 26 Q— QB2. 29. R(Kt)— R5. The best line was 23 K t x B . PxQ ch. QR— Qi Now the form of Black’s attack is clear. 24. 25 Kt— B3. K txB R— R5 Of course not 25 P x Kt. 28. Black brings all his pieces on to good squares before recovering the piece. 34 Qx Q . 25 K— K ti. 22. P x K t . 30.K t— B3 (WHITE) BONCOURT Position before Black's 24th move. R— R8ch. P x K t . 25 Q— Q2 (not R— Q3>R . 25. P x P 30. 27. 28. Q— K2 Kt— B5 32. 28 K x R . . Kt X R Now 28 P x Kt does not win a piece because R— R3 in reply followed by the capture on his KB2 leaves him the exchange down. P— Kt5 (b l a c k ) White also plays to win . 26. . K t— K6ch. Q— B4ch. . Q— R5ch.R i . he is a piece ahead and hopes to capture another while Black goes after the condemned bishop.BONCOURT— SAINT-AMANT 19 A splendid continuation. 29P x K t . 24. ignoring the threatened loss of the K P and continuing the attack at all costs. 26 Kt X R. K t— Ktsch. while if 23 Kt (3) x P . If 23 Kt(4) x P. 24 QR— Qi. brings Black’s attack to one of its successful conclu sions. 24 K t x B .. He must therefore take the rook while it is still there. K — K ti R— B2 RxBch. with a winning game. K— K t3 . QxRch. Nevertheless 24 Kt x B still gave him better chances. when R xB ch.. . R— Q i . R— R5. 35 K— B i. . Q— R5 . . . R x Bch. Q— K2. R x B c h . 26 R(B)— Qx. 24 Kt x Kt. P x Kt Not P xR ch. K t— R4 31. K — K t 3 33. R— R5 . 25. 28 K— K ti. 23. 27 R— Q7. R— R5 . . R x R . Kt— B3 PxP R— K B i 0— K2 s a in t -a m a n t And now not 30 P x K t . R x B c h . P x K t PxP 23. winning. 26 K x R .

P— K5 . for if 39 R— Qi. 0— 0 B -K 3 BxB 12. R P x B 14. 41 Kt— •K6.b 5 Kt— K4 13. R -Q 3 QxP KxQ R-Q7 R xP R— B5 PxRch. 42 Kt— Q8. B— B4 3 . R— B2 . P x P P— K4 Resigns. the editor of the first successful chess magazine and a great pioneer. . A weak heart limited his capacity for strenuous play after 1849. actually loses shows how carefully Black has calculated the whole of the pre ceding play. Staunton (1810-1874) was the only British player to become world champion. 39. 43 K— B2. White can hardly save the ending. GAME 4 STAUNTON—SAINT-AMANT 2nd match game.20 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 33 34 35 36 . His record in match play is unequalled by any other British player. Cochrane. 40 K— Kt4. Harrwitz and Jaenisch. p . which looks perfectly good.P— Q4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Q— K2 Kt— K4 P— b 3 8. On the other hand after the better 38 K— Kt3. As a result of Black’s in- .R x P Q -k3 4 . 40 Kt— Q4. 38. . author of a number of books. K— Kt3 P— K5 PxKt A brilliant conclusion to a tremendous game. 7 .B— Kt3 co & 1 & Better was P x P at once. R— Q2 . H. 44 K— Ktx. P— K4. P -K R 3 P . K x R . P— K4 2. among his other conquests being Popert. R— Kt2ch. P— K7 . organising the first game by telegraph and the first international tournament. or 39 R x R . 37 38. 40. P— B4 11.Q xP 6. 1843. K— B4 . RxP R— B5 That this move. London.Q 3 9 KKt— K2 P— KR3 10. K— B3 . He was a profound theorist. 43 R— K i.Kt— QB3 P x P Kt— B3 5. a position he was generally considered to have attained after his victory over Saint-Amant in Paris in 1843. K in g ’s B is h o p ’ s O p e n i n g 1. threaten ing Kt— Q3. QxQch. P— K6ch. Horwitz.

R— K B i P— Q5 K txK t B— Qi B— Kt4 If B— B2 . P— B3 26. but if 24 R— K i. X --. K t x K t . Black cannot reply 37 . B— R5 Q— B i 20. 16.XJ-----------. The line chosen is less decisive but good enough. 23. show ing that he should have played B — Kt4 a move earlier. Q x B P . B x B Not 18 B— R5. 15. 28 P— B4. Q -K B 3 P— Q6 36. It is now Black who calls the tune. Q -Ö 3 P . 18. QR— B i . A/. 33 B— B4. 18. P— B6 PxB P— Kt3 N ow 19. P— Q4. White returns to the attack with a splendid fighting com bination which all but secures the draw. . 28. P— Kt5 P— Q4 KR— K i (WHITE) STAUNTON Forced by the threat of P— Q Kt3. 20. 14. 25 P— B4. Black could safely con tinue Q X P . 21. B— K t 4 . 22. 26 K t x B . 2425. 20 Kt— KB3 first was better. and Black is able to counter the flank attack with a thrust in the centre which recovers the pawn. 35 Q— B5Black threatens R— K6. K x R .STAUNTON— SAINT-AMANT 21 different opening White has now much the better game.. and Black controls the K file. 0—0 34. B — K i 30..Q K t3 .U j Position before White's 37th move. 27 B— B7. 17. 24KtxKt BxKt P— B4 K t— B3 Q— B3 B— R5 K txP P— QKt4 If P x P . 38 Q— Q7ch. Kt— B3. Kt— Q2 31. Q— Kt4 (b l a c k ) Q— K4 s a i n t -a m a n t Losing a pawn. 33. R— Q K ti B— Q2 Kt(4)— Q2 KR— R i Q— Qi Kt— R4 B— K2 K t— Q4 29. ( D i a g r a m 6) 37* R x P Just as Black appears to be consolidating his advantage. B x K t 32. . 29 R x P.P— QKt3. 35. K t— Kt6 But now White rushes matters too fast.

R -Q 5 K -K 3 R— K ts K — B2 R— Q5 R— QKt5 R . Q x Rch. K — Kt4 K — Q3 R X P K— B4 R— Ktsch.K 4 . 57. K . P— R4 70.. K x R Q— Q7ch. ch.K . K — R3 K — B2. 66. to hold the QKtP. 40 Q— Q8ch. P x P R— Kt6 R— Kt6 . P— B6 dis. ( D ia g r a m 7) 68. 69. Q xQ 43. 53. R— Q5. 61. R— Q i. 47 K— K ti. 4 i42. 71 R x R . K x P .. (b l a c k ) s a i n t -a m a n t Of course if now 42 PxRdis. 48 K — B2. R— B 7 R—Kt6 R—KR7 R— Kts R— QB7 P— B5 K— Q4 P— Kt4 R— B5ch.. K — K 6 . . K— Kts. 39 P x R dis.22 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R — K2 . K— R3 . 39. PxQdis. 70 K x P . 49.Q 7 < * . is correct. K x P 44.. P— R5 71. K — B i R— B7ch. 49 K— K i. P x R .. K — K ti If 44 R— Qi. 63. 52. K— R5 . 58.K 3 R— QB7 K — B4 R— B7ch. K— R2 . 42. 62. 65.ch. winning. 54 55. 69 R— B6. K— R i Q— K7 R— Kt7ch. K— K5 . R— B5ch. 67. 47. as he discovers. 73 P— Kts. 48. with advantage. 51. K — K t i .. 50. . 46 P —QKt3. 59. K — K 3 . 45 R— Q2. 64. R— K2 QxRch.ch.. K— Q5 R— Kt7 P— Kt4 R— Kt5 Up to this point Black has played with exemplary pre cision and has foiled all White’s efforts to ensure the draw. Q— K6ch. 68. 3738. R— Qi P -Q K t3 K — B2 K — K2 RxP R— Q5 RxKtP R— Q i R— Q5 P— Q7 R— Q6 RxKtP R— QB6 R x BP K— B3 (WHITE) STAUNTON Position before Black's 68th move. 60.K— R5 R—B6 K—Kt4 R—B5ch. but now he errs in allowing White to obtain a passed pawn. 56. 72 K x P . 41 R— B^ch. The win ning line was 68 .ch. 42 Q— B8ch.. 40. 44 45 46.

GAME 5 BIRD—HORWITZ R uy L opez 2nd game. against Steinitz in 1866. London tournament. 86. B— Kts Kt— B3 4. 71 72 73 74 75 K— B3 K— Q4 K— K4 K— B5 R x Pch.-K6 K . He met both Morphy and Anderssen. P— Q4 KtxQP . 1. known as the Pleiades. R— B4 K— B 5 R— B3 K— B4 K— Kt3 K -B 3 K— K4 K— B4 K— K5 K— B5 Drawn. 76. R— B8ch. 1885. his best results being 1st at London. RxKtP R -Q B 5 K -Q 5 K— B6 P— B6 R— QB8 P -B 7 Now the draw is certain. . he only lost by the odd game in 17. He resided in England after 1845 and it was during this latter part of his career that he was associated with Kling in the compilation of their famous book of end-game studies. 83.-K6 K . equal 2nd at Hereford. 87. 1851. 88. B. RxPch. 1st round. R— Q6ch. P x P. which flourished between 1836 and 1846. Horwitz was one of the most eminent of the famous and brilliant school of seven German masters. R— Kt6ch. Bird (1830-1908). So magnificent a struggle in an off hand match made a later set match a virtual certainty. R— QKt6 82. 77 78. 75 - K . A player of dashing originality. R— K8ch. H. his success was limited by a predilection for risky and unusual openings.-b 7 K . 85. and contested matches with Steinitz and Lasker . Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 3. 85.STAUNTON— SAINT-AMANT 23 Better than 71 Rx Kt P. R— QKt8 R— B8ch. played regularly in international tournaments between 1851 and 1899. 1877. 72 K— B3. 90. and 3rd at Philadelphia.-b 7 K . just after that player had become world champion. 81. K xP The way White now shuffles down the file without allowing Black a' check is amusing. 84.-K6 R— Kt8 R— B8ch. 79 80. 1879 and 1889. P— K4 P— K4 2. a genial and popular British master.-B6 K . E. 89.

The rook is to be forced off the KKt file. 5. Q— K2 Pinning the BP on the queen. Kt x B *3. Kt— B3 17. 10. but he cannot put it into opera . 26QxBch. recovering the piece with a winning game. 7. 18. is answered by Q . Black defends skilfully after his initial weak play. so that the queen will be left undefended and a further pin made possible on the diag onal. 27. for which he has an ingenious defence pre pared. B— QB4 B— B4 8. winning the queen. 18 R moves. 6. KtxKt P— K5 O— O PxKt Kt— Q4 16.B— Kt5 Q x P 15.R 5.Q—r 5 P— Q3 Beautifully conceived. K t x Q . 22.QR— K i Kt— Q4 By sacrificing another pawn White has developed a danger ous attack and threatens Kt— B6ch.Q— R4 If 17 R x Q . 9. 16. R -K B 3 Q -Q 7 P— KR4 P— B3 Now Kt— B6ch. 26.. P x K t . 25 Q— Kt5. Black finds a brilliant defence. The likely looking KR— K i only gives a draw after 23 P— B4. A waiting move. 17. 24 Q— R6. P x P was better. K— R i 25 . Q— K2 (not P— KR3. 21. B— Kt3 KtxP Kt— K4 Kt— Kt3 PxP O— O Satisfied that he can hold the threat to his bishop.34 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Allowing White too much scope. P-QB3 P-QR3 B— K2. White cannot reply R— K K ti because of R— K8. Q— B i . 12. ). 7. 23. which also hinges upon the pin of the KBP.. 20. Q— K2 . P— B4 Q— Q5ch. BxKt R— K3 Q xP R— Kt3 Q— R4 QxKt PxB B— B4 B— Kt3 Q— K4 Q xP An unnecessary gambit. would lose a piece. He has another pretty defence against the ad vance of the RP. Q x P was strong and took full advantage of Black’s 4th move. 11. playing to win the centre pawn. Now and in the following moves White plays for attack at all costs . 19.Q— Kt 5 QR— K i Q— B7 14. the more solid R— K i does not achieve all it might because of his failure to take the pawn on the 7th move. 12. 24. but K— Kt2 was better. 9.

K x Q 32. 34. P x B QPxP A graver error. K x R . R— B7ch. and strange coming from a famous end game composer. if not quite sound.K— Kt3 37. in playing to win he loses. P— R5 R— K4 An error. 34 P x P (not R— B6ch. K— R2 If K— R4 . method of keeping his flag flying. 45. and 32 Qx Q . 31 P x R dis. 35 R(i)— Bsch..K — R3 39. 33. But White’s task even now presents difficulties.ch. QxRch. R— R3ch. 31 Q— B6 Mate). Now the king will be entirely exposed. R P x P . R— Kt3ch. K— K t i . 28. K— R2 P— K 5 36. Q x R . 43. K— Kt5 . 31.BIRD— HORWITZ 25 tion until P— R5 leaves the queen undefended again. Q— Q8ch.. wins). Correct was K x P . 35 R— B7ch. After K — K2 . Black should not hope after his pre vious move for more than a per petual check. 42. R x B Forced. 40. 41.. 30 P— R 6 c h . But though both pawn advances are held White finds another gallant. . 33 P x B . 36 R— B4ch. K x B ( K — R i . K — Kt5 R xQ K— B5 R— B8ch. If K — Kt2 . 31 P x R. K— Kt2 . Q xR R— R3ch. 34 PxPch. and not by K— Kt4 . K— R4 If K— R2 . 38 P x P . win ning the exchange. R— B i Not K — Kt2 . R— B8 Q— Q5 41. 37 RxQch. Q x P . P x Rdis. R— B6ch. BxPch. 40 R(6)— Kt6. K — K6 K— Kt3 (BLACK) HORWITZ (WHITE) BIRD Position before White's 29th move. which is answered by K— Kt2 .. 44. 38... 38 R— B8.. RxPch. threatening R(6)— Kty. R— R8ch. threatening R— R8 Mate. P x P KxP 35. ( D i a g r a m 8) Apparently turning the tables entirely for if the queen moves. Prettily destroying Black’s position. 29. Black’s extra pawns should win.ch. 30.

. 56 R— R i Mate.26 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K — K ti was much stronger. R x K t 58. 4P— Q4 5. P— K8=Ktch. 1853. P— Kt4 K— B7 If P— B7 . P— Kt5 59. He always retained an interest in the game. Kt— K2 P— QB4 7. P— B4 R— QKt8P— Kt4 R— Kt6 P— B5 R x R P P— B6 R -Q B 6 K .. 46. B— K t3 Kt— K5 6. 55. 57. R— KR6 P— K7 54. the most brilliant and the strongest of the German “ Pleiades/’ was prevented after 1840 from participating in competition play by his duties as an Ambassador of the Prussian court. O— O Kt — QB3 8. K— B8 55. Brussels. 4- P— K 4 P— K4 P— Q4 P x P B— QB4 K t— KB3 P -K 5 .K . 50. If now P— K 8=Q or P— B7 . 48. K— K7 53. 57 R— Rich. K t— B4 P— B5 10. 52. . and 50 K— B i. B— R4 B— QB4 11. A cut and thrust game of exceptional bril liance all through. P— KB3 Kt— Kt4 9. when 52 K — K2. K— K3 Kt— Kt7ch. 45.B 3 The saving clause and a pretty one. Now Black comes almost within reach of victory again. K— B7 . K i n g ’ s B is h o p ’ s O p e n i n g 1. Black would have been forced into 51 . 51. 2. K— R i Kt— K3 12. K— Q3 KxR P— Kts Resigns. wins. GAME 6 VON DER LASA-STAUNTON Modem practice is Kt— KB3. von Heydebrandt und der Lasa (1819-1899).Q 7 K— B4 P— K6 R— Q6ch. 58 R x Kt. White’s method of play is an swered by Staunton with crush ing logic. but an unfinished series against Staunton in 1853 was his only play of a competitive nature. 56. R— R2ch. If White had played 45 K— K ti. 49. 47. 3. K — Kt2 . . P— QKt4 B— Kt3 2nd match game.

20 P x P. and 31 R x K t by.B 7. and now if 33 Q x K B P . R— K i. R(3)xP In a difficult position White produces a magnificent move to make a fight of it. B — Q5 > 22 R— QKti. ( D ia g r a m 9) now threatens 29 P x Pch. 19 Q x B . If B— Kt3 . 31 P— B5 would now be answered by R— K6. K x P > 30 Q— Bsch.. B x B . R— Kt4 Kt x P Q— B2 Q x Kt would allow mate. 26. P— Kt5 Kt— K2 Safe enough. Q x B .B xK t. B— B2 BxP R— K i BXB (BLACK) STAUNTON (WHITE) VON DER LASA Position before Black's 28th move. K— R i . Q— B3 30. P x P 19. I4Q xP. Moreover. White in turn The saving clause and a splen did one. 18.. 13. and Black’s Kt x P would now be answered by 29 PxPch. R— Qi Kt— Kt3 Q— B i 28. Kt— B2 32. 18 B x P. 31. 18 B x R .. 29. . K t x K t B x K t 14. P x P . R— Kt3 R— Q3 P— B3 K t x P was threatened. 23. K t— Q5 . 24. . 27. but better was von der Lasa’s suggestion 17 . 21 B— Qi.Q — Kt8ch. 32 R x Pch. 28. R— B3 20. K t— Q2 P— Q6 17. His brave effort is now over and Staunton winds up powerfully. P x P . B— R3 O— O 16. P— B4 B— KB4 15. Q— R6. Kt— Q6. 19 Q— K i.i3 K txK t. the beautiful move 0 . 21. 20 Q— Qi. 25. K t— B5 . 30 R x Ktch. 2 1P — Kt4. 31 R— K t3.VON DER LASA— STAUNTON 27 IfB xP . Staunton even recom mended the sacrificial line 17 . Q x B 22. Kt — K7 (threatening Q— R5 and Kt— K t6 ). 30. Kt— Q5 . K x P . Clearly the pawn cannot be captured with out loss of a piece. Q— B3 33.. B— Kt2 K t— K ti K t— R3 R— R3 R— K B 1 P— K6 Q— QB4 QR—=Qi Q— K2 P— KR3 Q— B4 If 30 P— B5.

Resigns. After a meteoric career he retired completely. B— R4 5 . 1858. and Baden-Baden. 35. Q— Kt4ch. 1870. the greatest master of the open game. R uy L opez Lines involving P— B3 and P— Q4 were only developed later. . Q x P QxKt 39. Paris. P. Lowenthal and Harrwitz. 8. being afflicted with a form of melancholia. 1862. A.28 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 33 34. Morphy (1837-1884). but then rapidly became known as the most brilliant combinative player of his time. 6. 2. B x P Q— Ksch. 3. 5. P— B3 B— B2 B— B4 P— QKt4 1. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 P— QR3 Better was B— Kt3 to hinder Black’s P— Q4. His career was limited almost entirely to the years 1857 to 1859. K— B2 38. P— Kt3 RxKt QxRP p— Kt4 P— KR4 PxR Q— R2 37.P— Q3 Kt— B3 2nd match game. has claims to be regarded as the greatest player of all time. *n which time he defeated every player he met including Anderssen. 7. Anderssen (1818-1879) did not become prominent until he was 30 years of age. In style he was sound and deep but capable of exceptional brilliance when opportunity offered. 7. 36. P— Q4 PxP KtxP P— KR3 O— O Introducing for the first time the defence now named after him. and was regarded as the world champion from his victory at the London tournament of 1851 until his loss of a match to Steinitz in 1866 . 9. GAME 7 ANDERSSEN-MORPHY 4. the only break in this period of supremacy was when Morphy was playing. Among his other great tournament victories were London.

17 Q— B2. Kt— O4. 16 Q— B3.B i PxB B xP Morphy has now manoeuvred himself into a position where the isolated pawn can be captured What was good a move earlier is now inferior.. 17 P— R3. The only alternative was B— Q3. but the pawn is a bait in Anderssen’s plan. PxP 12. B— Kt3 . and White has a very dangerous attack.B 3 Kt(Q)— Kt5 14. 12 P— Q4. P— R3 16. K t . 16 P— R3. B x P. 18 R— Q i). If 14. A simple and good reply was 23 . Kt— Kt3 B— B5 [Diagram 10] 19. B— K 3 . Kt— B5 The counter-attack begins to gather weight. The alternative 16 Kt x P would be answered by Kt— B3 .. White therefore takes his courage in both hands and sacrifices the exchange. Kt x K t . 23. for if 19 R— K i. Kt x P . 11. and on such small nuances do success and failure so often depend. 20 Kt x Kt. The diag onal could be opened without allowing an isolated pawn by 11 Kt x P. 15 Kt— K 2. Kt— Q4 . but over the board it would be a danger ous venture. Kt— R2 . Kt— B3 17. 20. 2324. O— O 11. 16 Q— B3. (D ia g r a m 10) with impunity. BxR Q xB Kt— K2 Kt(3)— R4 Kt x Kt Kt x Kt Q— Q2 BxP Threatening Q— B2.. wins). Zukertort has shown that Black can prob ably just weather it. Q . B— K3 R— K i 18. . . . P— Q4 P— R3 (&LACK) MORPHY Anderssen prepares to attack along the diagonal. Q x B . B x Kt (Q x K t . . 17 Kt— B3 > KtxP. 25 Q x .ANDERSSEN— MORPHY 29 10. B— K ti B— K3 Refusing to be tempted. B— K 3 . 19. 22 Q xR . 17 Q— K4. given by Zukertort was 24 . 21. 22. B x K t . R x R c h . Kt— K2 Kt— Q4 (WHITE) AN D ER SSEN Position before White's 19th move. P x P B— Kt3 13.. 15. The correct line. . 16. 15 Kt x Kt. 21 B x B . K t x Q P ( B x P .

Q x K t . 28 B x R .. Q— R6ch. Black has no target for his rooks and he cannot play K — R 3 because of Kt— Bsch. K— R i . 30 B x R . Q— Kt5ch.. 4 i42. R— K8ch. Even so Morphy’s line is not obviously inferior by any means. Q x RP 26. Now if 27 . 3334 3536. only to find that White can nevertheless hold everything. K t x B And once again White finds a surprise move to keep his game alive. PxQ K— B i And it is only this brilliant continuation which shows up the weakness of Black’s 24th move.. 26 B— R2ch. White can force a draw by 28 K t— K7ch. Q x Kt ( R x K t . . K x B . 31 Q— B6ch. K— R2 27. B x K t R— K8ch. Q— Q3ch. 32 Q xQR. 29 B— R7ch. 4344R -Q 2 R(R)— K i P— KKt4 R(i)— K4 P— b 3 R— K8 P— KR4 R -Q 4 K — K t3 P— R4 P— R 5 K— K ti K— B2 R— K i K— K t3 K— R2 K— B4 R— K2 K— K t3 p — b 3 K — B4 R— K i K — K t3 R— K2 Drawn. Equally White can do nothing with his K side pawns so long as Black sits tight.. Black has fought his way through all White’s brilliancies into an ending where he is the exchange ahead. P— KB3 . If now 30 . 25. 27 Kt— R4.. P x Q . 27. . Once again the simple text move seems to leave White no future. .30 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD RP. with a probable draw. Q x Q 32. R x B). K — K i 30. 3738. 39 40. . 31. R— Qi Q— Q3ch. R xB 28. (Kt— R4.. 29 Qx Q . Kt— K5 wins). 31 R— Kich. R x R . or he can play an ending with two minor pieces against a rook after 28 Kt x B.. K — K2 . . 27 K— R2.. 30. .K— B i 29. R— K K ti .

His tournament record. 7. 8. E v a n s G a m b it 1. 8. a form of development which seems essential if White is to get up a good attack. hindering Black’s cast ling. two against Zukertort. and 2nd prizes at Dundee. 6. 1314P -Q 3 B— KKts K K t— K2 QKt— Q2 P— k r 3 B— R4 0— 0 Kt— Kt3 B— K t 3 P— KR3 B— k 3 Q R -Q i 3rd match game. and St. and the first great master of position play. The text move has the advan tage that White is denied the square QB3 for his knight. GAME 8 ANDERSSEN—STEINITZ Q— Kt3 or K t— Kt5 was pre ferable. 1718. 11. one against Mackenzie and one against Gunsberg. 1883. Q x P But this makes even less of the position than usual. Vienna. Baden-Baden. 1870. leads to too difficult a game for over-the-board play. . 20. 4. 910. Either White has slightly the better development for his pawn and now starts an ingenious attack which turns a material disad vantage to a material ad vantage. 5. a Bohemian Jew. 12. 1896. included 1st prizes at London. 1882. was world champion from 1866 to 1894. 3. . 2. an equal 1st at Vienna. 1866. though slightly less impressive.K i P— B4 BxB KPxB QKt— K 4 K txK t KtxKt Q -Q B 3 Kt— Kt3 [Diagram n ] P— b 5 The Compromised Defence by 7 . 1871. and besides winning against Anderssen he won among others three matches against Blackbume. Steinitz (1836-1900). London. 141516. London. 1867. . . Q -Q 2 Kt— Kt3 B -Q 5 B— K t3 Q R . P x P.ANDERSSEN— STEINITZ 31 W. 19. 1873. He was an outstanding match player. 21. P— K4 P— K4 Kt— K B 3 K t— QB3 B— B4 B— B4 P— Q K t 4 B x P P— B3 B— B4 P— Q4 P xP P— Q6 0 —0 Preventing P—-Q4 . though possibly playable. Petersburg. he was finally beaten by Lasker. two against Tchigorin. and New York. 1894.

32 Q— Q3) . . P x P . but now White has a chance of utili sing his pawn which he seizes in splendid style.. 37 K— R i. R x K t ) . or R x K t . 33 Q— Q3 (Kt x B . 35 Qx B) .. 39 Q— K t5 . 34 K X R. Q x K t . P— R5 B— B4 [Diagram 12] 34 - 21. though the alternative 31 Q— Q5ch. R— QB3 . 28. 31. P x P . 34 P— KKt3. with advantage. 31. Q— Q6ch. 33 R x B . K txP PxP Q— B4 If 22 .b 5 QxRP B— R2 Q— K t7 R— Q4 p—b4 P— B5 K t— R5 Q— K t3 P -R 6 The position is extremely Black is not to be drawn.32 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) s t b in it z (w h i t e ) a n derssen Position before White's 21st move. 32 Kt— B7ch. Black allows White to win a pawn on the Q side rather than indulge in difficult and elaborate defensive measures. R— K5 .. P— QR4 . 25 B x P ) . K t— B6ch. 24. R(4)— Qi R — Kt4 would allow B x Pch. (D i a g r a m ii ) critical now owing to Black’s mating threat. 22. R— B 3 . B— K2 ( Px Pe . (not P— B6 . 29. 35 K — B i. B— Kt3 32. R— B i (R— K2 . 27. 24QXRP. 24 P— Q6. P— Q6 PxP 25.P — K R 4. Q— B7ch. B x K t . Kt— K4 . . QxBch. The text proves to be merely loss of time which puts his knight in chancery. 36 K— K ti. K— R2 . 34 P— Kt4. q. P— QR4 B— Qi If 26 . 27 K t— Kt5.. K txP R— K7 Both players go all out for attack .. threatening 28 R— Q6. . 35 B x P . 23. 35 B x P.. R— K3 Now White’s troubles are severe. . for White’s extra pawn is of less value than Black’s attacking chances. . K— R i (K— R2 . 23 Q x B . . 36 Q x B . .. 32. R x R . 38 Q— Q7. K t x P Q— K3 26. for if 33 K t— Kt5. White there fore offers the QRP to draw the Black bishop off the dangerous diagonal.. 36 R— Kt2).p . B x K t . 33. 30. If in reply . is not entirely satis factory after 31 . 35 K t— Q6.

K— Kt2 K t X Rch.. Q x P ch . 36 P— R8=Q. as P. . Q— K4 R— B3 40. B x K t . He therefore sacrifices the QRP in order to break out of Black’s grip36.Q— Q5ch. 46. The play on both sides is most brilliant. K t x B RxPch. K t— R5 . K t— Kt5 R— K3 The point. K — B4 K t-Q 3 (WHITE) ANDERSSEN Position before White's 34th move. White being always hampered by the neces sity of keeping his queen on the long diagonal. K— R i 36. forcing the queen off the diagonal. 37 KR— K i . W. 39. 41 R— Q8.. 35 P— R7. 38 R— K6. the im mediate threat of R— Qi is only subsidiary to his real plan. R— K2 34 The thrusts and counter thrusts are most exciting.QxQch. .ANDERSSEN— STEINITZ (BLACK) STEINITZ 33 K t . ( D ia g r a m 12) 3 4 . Ser geant has shown. KR— K i RxRch. K t x Q . winning. temporarily giving up the bishop. K— B i Kt— Q6 K t— B6 47 Now follows a difficult knight end-game in which it is doubt ful whether Black’s extra pawn is sufficient to win.K x R 45 . BxP I f R x P . . R x Q 42. B x 50 51 A serious error. . 43Kt— B6ch 44 . He sees that the forced exchange of queens is imminent and evolves a plan to continue the attack without the queen . R— Q 2 . for the knight is soon reduced to abject help lessness. 40 R(6)xB. Black delays the capture of the knight until he has attended to the threat of P— R7. 4 i. 37. . 47 48 49 K — K t3 K— K2 K t— B4 K — B3 K t— K 3 K t— K5ch. whereas after K t— B4 . R— K2 . R x R K — R2 A move as subtle as White’s defence has been fine. 38. and the threat to Black’s BP enables White to draw. 39 Q x Q . 35. K — R i RxBch. P— R7 White still cannot rescue his knight because of the answer 36 .

.K t 5 PxP PxP K— K ti better was 62 K t— Kt4ch. K t— K 6 . P— Kt6 . 68 P— Kt5. K t . 65 K— K ti. 66 K t— R3 (Kt— B3. winning. K — B6 . K — k 7. 66 P x P. 58. K— K7 . K— K8 . 63 K t— Q5.. 5960. Zukertort (1842-1888) was a Pole who lived in England from 1871. winning. Kt— Kt6).. K t— K B 3 K t— QB3 3. K— Q6 62. He scored quite remarkable wins in tournament play. 1872.BATTLES-ROYAL OF 34 it would retain its freedom of action. P— K t3 K t— Qsch. J. 63. in 1872 and 1886. K— Q7 . and London.K— Ktx 56. 1877. K t— B2ch. 68 Kt— R3. 62 K— K ti. 64 Kt— B4ch„ K— K8 . including 1st prizes at the great tournament at Paris. 60. K t— B4 . K tx P). K t— Kts . 1878. P— Kt6 63. 62.K t 5 Of course not 63 P x P . Kt— K i 53. He was for a long time regarded as Steinitz’s only great rival but in their two matches. 65 Kt— Kt2ch„ P x K t . K t— Kt5 . K— Q6 .K t 3 Kt— B4ch. 69 P— Kt6. 67 P— Kt4. 69 K t— B2ch. K— K7.). Kt— Kt6 preventing K t— K4). and equal 2nd at Leipzig. H.K — Bx 55. Kt X P . London. P— Kt7 and wins. GAME 9 ZUKERTORT—STEINITZ Giuoco P ia n o I. B— B4 B— B4 1st match game. K— Kt2 54 . for if 60 K t— B2. his stamina proved insufficient. Even now the White knight cannot come back into play. K -Q 5 61. 68 Kt— B3. 1881. be cause of K — K7 . 61 Kt— Kt4ch. 67 K t— K ti (Kt— Kt 5.. He was a very gifted and very brilliant player but of a nervous temperament and indifferent stamina. K t— R3 Atkins has shown that no For after 64 K— R2 (Kt— R3. THE CHESSBOARD 52. 2nd prize at Berlin. though he never understood why he failed to win. From this moment White’s chances of saving the game vanish. P— K t6. K t— K6 (preventing K t— B2ch. K— R2 Si- 57. 1883. winning. K — R2 P .P ^4 P— K4 2. K— K7 . K -K 5 P— B6 P— Kt4 P— R4 K .

R— B2 . Q— K i .ZUKERTORT— STEINITZ 35 4. P x P K t-B 3 Px P B— Kt3 White’s attack to continue in the belief that the pressure can not be maintained. ( D ia g r a m 13) Less favourable would be P— Q4 . 17. QxKt Now not 18 R— K8ch. 9. P— Q6 Continuing the attack with unabated energy. RxKt P— Q4 BxP Q xB K t— B3 Q— Qi P— Q5 K t— K2 B— K t5 P— KB3 Q— Kt3 16. . 15 P— Q6 dis. 14. 20 Q x Kt. 16 P x Kt.. with advantage. 7. R— B2 QR— K i K — B i (BLACK) STEINITZ Less aggressivethan the usual B— Kt5ch. avoiding all complications on the dangerous diagonal. B— Q2 . Q x R . 19 K t x R . . . 19 R xQ ch. 0— 0 Preferring to precipitate an immediate crisis in the centre rather than follow orthodox lines. P x B . . . 16. P— B3 5. threatening R— Q8 Mate.) . B— Ktsch. 18 R x Kt. 7. 12. If 1 4 . K— R i . 17 Kt x P . but Black allows If now 1 7 . 8. .. 20 K t x P . 17 R— Qi.ch. R x R (against R— K8ch. The simplest reply is 14 .Q x B . and Black has two rooks and a minor piece for the queen. . P x B . .. 18. . If 1 6 . had not yet been invented.. as the Black king is then still in the centre. 18 R— K s. . . 14.w ith advantage. . R— K i KtxKP 0 —0 (WHITE) ZUKERTORT Position before White's 16th move. 11. 9 B x P . 13. Q x P . K t— Q5 PxP K txK t The force of White’s attack begins to be revealed. P— Q4 6. 15. 10 K t— B3. preventing Black’s P— Q4 even after 6 . P x B . . K x R . . . 10. It should be remembered that the Moller Attack.. as White can now play 7 K t— B3 and Black must give up all hope of playing the QP forward two squares. B— KB4.

for 18 . or if 35 . B— B2 by 19 R — K8ch. If 34 .B 3 34 . 19. 25. threatening B— Q6 Mate.b3 P— KR4 In a technically lost position White is not prepared to allow Black to proceed along known lines. Q X B . 35 K— B4. Black’s king has therefore ad vanced one rank as a result of the manoeuvre of the last three moves. . B— QB4 is answered by 19 Kt— K5. . . K— Kt3 R— Q6ch. K— Kt3 The key move of Black’s de fence.ch. 18. 20. K— Bi would fail against 24 B— B4. R— B i . R— KR4 P— R6 K— Kt4 . 21 B— B4.. K x R . allowing Black to win another pawn or force the bishops off. 22 K— K ti. winning. 39. 27 R x Q. PxP K— Kt4 R— Qsch. After the text move White threatens 19 QxPch. 26.. for if 35 . Q xQ B— K3 R xQ R— Q4 R— Q4 The bishop has been en prise for 12 moves. K x B 33 . R xB B— B3 K — B2 BxP 32 . 37.36 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Moreover. White cannot con tinue 21 K t x P because of R x P. 20 RxQch. 36 R— Kt2. If in reply 21 K x B. K— R i B xR 22. 29.. 21. P— Kt 5ch. . 20 R— K8 Mate.K 3 .. . and 18 ... Q x Q . ... An exchange of rooks would be a surrender of his last thin chance of winning. R— K4. but the time has come to withdraw it at last. . and sure enough White makes an error on his very next move. 38. 38. R— B8ch. . . Instead he throws every possible complication in Black’s way. Kt— K5 K— K ti BxPch. . 26QXB. and if Q x Q . 24. with severe pressure on Black’s position. P x Kt dis. . A counter-attack just in time and a very pretty one. 34. K— B4 But here Black misses the best line. B— Q2 the bishops of opposite colours indicate a probable draw. K . or if 35 • • . 23 . 36. . P x B could at last be played for if 25 R— Qi. K— Kt 3 ... .. and Black's progress is barred. 36 K— Kt5.P— KR4 30. . QxPch. Si- BxP PxB k. Kt x R K x Kt 23 .Q— Q5ch. 36 R— Q5. 28. Black has emerged from his hammering a pawn ahead but Now if R— Qsch. 35. 27. Q x R . 26. K— K ti R— K2 R— Q2 K— B2 P— KKt4 P— QR3 R— K i Black has nothing better than to sacrifice the QP.K . R— K K ti .

bom in Ireland but taken to America in infancy. J. 3rd at Vienna. He won matches against Bird. K— R3 R— Kt6ch. his best results being 2nd at London.MASON— ZUKERTORT 37 40. His style was simple and elegant and on his day he was the equal of the strongest players. K— R2 K — R3 R— Kt3 K— B4 The only move to get the rook back into play. 44. R— Kt3ch.K . and equal 3rd at Bradford. K— K5 54. 51. 42 K — Successfully and elegantly forcing the issue at last. 46. 1892. for if 41 R— R2 then R— Bich. R— K4ch. K— R5 R— K3 53.. K— Q5 .Q K t3 PxP B— Kt2 P— B4 A better development is by P— QKt3 and B— Kt2. Resigns. K x P R— Kt3 52. R x QRP R x Pch. PxP 45. K— Kts. 54. equal 2nd at Hamburg. P -Q 4 K t— B3 B -Q 3 PxP K t— K5 0— 0 B -Q 2 B— K2 0— 0 P . sprang into prominence when he won the American championship in 1877. . 58 K— K4. how ever. 41. K t— KB3 P— Q4 456.K t 5 A blunder. K— R2 R— QKt8 47. GAME 10 MASON-ZUKERTORT London tournament. 1885. 42. R— QB3 . 57 K— B4. His play was. R— Kt3 K— K ti R— B i R— B7ch P— Kt4 44. 48. R— Kt4 R— B8ch. Mackenzie and Blackbume. 43. K— B2 P— R5 49. 78. He was an extremely popular chess author. R— R3 was a much slower process. 1888. K— B5. 1882. P— OB4 P— K3 2. 910. P— K3 K t— KB3 3. P— R4. R x P 41. R— Rsch. 55 K— R5. 56 K— Kt4. 50. . 1883. Mason (1849-1905). P R 4 The second rook’s pawn to be sacrificed. Q u e e n ’ s G a m b it D e c l i n e d 1. Kt2. 59 R— R i. but the result is inevitable after 54 K— Kt4. K— Kt5 . u n ev e n .

26 K t x Q . r2. 12. P x Q . P— K t3 . K t— Kt2. 11. leading in one move more to the position reached in the actual game. 24 Q— B5.. P -Q R 3 . K t— Kt3 16. 21 Q— Kt4. 18. P— K5 K t— K i 20 . as for instance K t— K 5 . B x B BxR R—R3 Deciding after all that dis cretion is the better part of valour. 18. winning. The text is the only knight move to win the ex change. R— K i P— B5 P— QKt4 P— Kt5 P— QR4 B xB . B x R 25. 19. P— Kt3 . Q— B5 P— Kt3 [Diagram 14] 27. 25 K txP ch . B x R . 13 R— B i. and wins. B— K ti 14. he plays for a K side attack. R— B i BxKt B— Kt5 will not delay Black. The natural reaction to Black’s Q side push is to play P— K4 as soon as possible.38 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 10. He plays to return the exchange in order to break up White’s dangerous attack. 24 Better would be P— B4. R x P . P— B 6 .. He can not play B— Q2 because of P— Kt6. 20. 22 B— R6. 16. Much better was Q— K2. 23. K B x B . Q xP 26. 28 B— R6.. Q — Kt4 22. R— K B i Q— R4 Loss of material being in evitable. The text merely helps Black to mo bilise his Q side by enabling him to dispense with the usual P— QR3 on his 13th move. R x K t He would be better off play ing to hold his material ad vantage by K — R i . but the text surprisingly loses the exchange by preventing the QR from going to K i later. 27 K t— Kt7. P x B . . 25. K — K t 1. P— B5 . would merely be a transposition of moves. although other moves still give Black an advantage. 14 B— Q3. .Q— Q7 In this apparently desperate predicament White still finds Not 18 P x P . K t x K t K t— B3 White’s 16th move comes home to roost at last. 17P— R 5 K t— B5 Kt— R6ch. 26 BxQ. 17. 11. 23 B xR . 21 BxB. P— K4 P— R6 White is forced back. 24. 13. K t— K2 15. B x R . for then B— Kt2 . 21. RxP. R— B2 RPxP B— R5 .

P— Kt4 cutting off the bishop and threatening P— B8=Qch. K— B2 . P— K6 P— K t8=Q Kt— Kt2 (WHITE) MASON Position before White’s 27th move. QKt3. 34 B— K 3. . . makes a slip and probably only draws after 32 loses. . 35.). Q xP PxB Forced. R— K t i . But White is out of the wood now and actually a pawn ahead. Kt— B2 . K t— B2 . Kt— K3 . K t— K3 . 44 B— K 3. Q— B5 . Q— Q4 . R— 33 P— Kt3. 41 R— K i. as so He finds after all that P x B often happens. Q x B 29. 34 B— QBi . for if B— R5 . Q— B7 PxP Q— Kt6 Pretty play. 32. 43 Q— answer R— K ti with Q x Rch. By rights the analyst should be able to draw a line and write “ Drawn. Q— B5 P— B7 sists tediously in trying to pur 31. 46 K 3. He therefore tries another tack. 32QXBP. 40 P— KR4. P x P 38. B— K ti P— Kt6 K t— Kt2 P— B6 But this attempt to exploit his advantage is premature and loses the pawn at once.P— Q5 If R— K ti. Q x Q R— K ti 34. 47 Q— . 36 R— Q K ti. White cannot answer 30 B x Q because of P X B . to which White finds another neat answer. R— Q i . then 34 . 33 R— K ti. .. 37. 34. ( D ia g r a m 14) means of attack. R— K i . Q— B4 36. QxRch. B x P Kt— K3 sue the vanished win and. .. Some thing like R— B i first is in dicated. 27. The game continued 39 Q x B P . 28. Q— K7. Kt Q— B3ch. if he is not to remain a piece down. Q— B3 . 28 P— Kt3.MASON— ZUKERTORT (BLACK) ZUKERTORT 39 — Kt4. 31 Q— Kt4. K — K t i . 29 B— Kti.” but White with stubborn obstinacy per 30. In addition the rook is attacked. P— R 8 = Q . 33. 45 B— B i. P— K t6 . Now Black recovers his bishop at least. KtxP A violent battle has ended in equality. Black cannot save his bishop. or 32 . 35 B— B i. 36. 35 K — Kt2. R— R i (to 42 Q— R3.

Q— K ti. Q— Ktsch. 67. and wins). K— Kt2 Q— Ktsch.Q i . 53 Q— K5. K— Kt2 K— R2 Q— R3ch. And here is the slip 64. K— Kt2 73. 52 Q— Q4. Q— B4. Q— Kt6 72. K— R2 . K— R i If K— B i. 62. Q— B5ch. though it is not necessarily 65. R— B2 66. P— R4 . 51 Q— If K— R2.. K— Kt2 Kt— Rsch. . Now if K— Kt2. 64. After this. 70 K moves. R— B2ch. R— K2 . . 65 K— Q3 . 62. Q— B i 61. R . 50 R— QBi. which breaks White’s mating threat. Q -B 6 . Q— R7ch. 49 Q— Q4. Kt— Rsch. Kt— B4 . 63. 70. 58. 57 P— Kt3.40 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD KB6. Q— Q3ch. K— R2 57. Q— Ktsch.. 60.. K— Bi Resigns. 58. 68. 71. winning. with the same posi tion as after the 65th move in the game. . Q— Kt8 White is still fighting and now threatens mate. posi tional and material superiority must tell. 67 Q— Kt6. 69 K— B i (K x Kt. K— R i Q— KB2 . Kt— B4 . Now White must lose a second pawn. B2 . 55 Q -K B 3 . 48 B— K t2 . 56 Q— K2. Q— B2 . R— K2ch. Kt— B6ch. fatal. Q X B . R— QBi . Kt— Q7ch. 66. K— K ti K— B i Kt— B6ch. 61. 69. Kt— B4 Q— K4 Q— QB5 Q— Kt7ch. Best was P x Kt. 66 K— Kt2. 59 K— Kt2. Q x Pch. Kt— Kt2. and Black can hardly hope to win. KtxKtP Q -Q 3 Playing the king to the 3rd rank would allow mate in two.. Kt— Kt2 . 68. 59. 63 K— Kt2. winning. Q— Q8ch. then Q— Q8ch. 54 R— B2 . Q— Kt3ch..

B— K B i 16.Q K t 4 K t— K t3 14.b 5 13.0— 0 0— 0 10.BURN— MACKENZIE 41 G. QKt— Q2 P x P B -Q 3 7.P .P -Q R 4 K t— B5 In view of White’s decision to play on his Q side majority. K t— KB3 P— 04 K t— KB3 2. 1898. Afterwards competing abroad also he was strikingly successful.Q K t3 P— B4 Kt— B3 5 . Black seeks to provoke a target for his own attack on the other wing. P— Kts P— Kt3 P— KR3 K t— R2 4th match game. A. K t— B3 20. R— K i B— K ti 12. P— B4 [Diagram 15] 21. 18. 17. B— Q3 B— Q2 R -Q B i 9 . Bum (1848-1925) was one of the finest of all British masters.P— k 3 4. Mackenzie (1837-1891) was a Scotsman who in 1863 emigrated to New York and became an American citizen. London. He was an exceptionally brilliant player and besides being American champion for many years. 1887 and 2nd at Bradford. p . 17. He has no objection to falling in with Black’s plan since his white squares can be protected by his bishop. 19. H js best results were 1st at Frankfort. B— Q3 19. 1886. GAME 11 b u r n . Kt— K i Kt— K5 21. R— K2 K t— K t3 P— B4 In order to play P— B4. though his quiet unobtrusive style caused him to be overshadowed in the public imagination. BxBP So far White has had de cidedly the best of it and is now ready to resume his Q side operations. and 2nd at Breslau. 1889.P . but scored a continuous run of first prizes.m a c k e n z ie 15. 1888.B— Kt2 6. and Cologne. P— B4 Kt— K2 11.P x P 8. H. and the Black knight’s retreat will allow White to enforce a weakened Black KP. Q u e e n ’s P aw n G am e I. P— 04 P— k 3 3 . his best results being 1st prizes at Amsterdam. frequently played in European master tournaments. Black must there- . Between 1870 and 1887 he only played in England. 1889.

K— K ti 32. and though some preparatory moves to strength en Black's game may be pre ferable first.. 39. 25 R— B3. R— R6 Even better was 36 Q— B i. Kt— Kt2 30. K— R i 38. 27. After 39 Q X Kt. K t— K 3 K— R2 R —KKtx R— Kt2 P— KR4 P— R5 (WHITE) BURN Position before Black's 21st move. 23. B— B2 29. 1 B x Just in time. K t— B7 Mate). 24.P x P Kt— Kt4 35 . The game now becomes most exci ting. threatening Kt xQ P. P -K t5 33 .. 37. Q— Kt2 Not Q— Q i .42 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) MACKENZIE Kt. Q x P (threatening Q— R8 Mate) . B x Q . Black cannot play Kt— B5. P x P . then 34 RxP. Kt— B5 K txB To prevent Q— Kt4ch. B— Bx KtxRch. 41 Kt x Qch.. the mere possi bility of such a variation in dicates the value of this move by White.B— Q3 36. R x P . 40 R— Q6. Kt(2)— B3 If R— K3. Q— R 5. in reply to his intended Kt— K5. Q— Kt4ch. B— K i So that if 33 P—R6. R— R3 P— Kt4 Q— B3 A possible line for Black is 27 • • • > K t B 6 . 40 K t x Q P . with a tre mendous attack. 24 K — B i (K— R i. Q x K t . B x P . Q— Q2 39. K — K t2 . B— . K t x Q P K t— R6ch. 30 K t— Kt2. (D i a g r a m 15) fore adopt fighting tactics if he is to have any counter-chances. Q x K t 25. K t— K 7ch.. 25. In addition it is the easiest way of bringing the rook to the defence of the other wing if it is required.P— R6 RxKtP 34 . 29 P x R . 26. P x B KtxKBP 23. and after K t— R6ch. B— Kt2 3 1.R 5 32. K x K t . 22. 28 Q— QB2. 28. 26 B x K t . B P x B . P . Q X R . Black gets a good game. 42 Kt x B. K t— K5 27.. 36.

(B L A C K ) M ACK EN ZIE sidered. P x R can now be played for if Q— K6 . RxKP Another fine move. Or else 46 . Q x K t .. K — Q2 (K— Q i . (W HITE) BURN Position before White's 40th move. 42. . Q—05 44. B— R3ch Missing his chance. 52. 50 K— B2. and counter-attack is his only chance. B x P . ( D ia g r a m 16) 40. 47 K — K t 2 . P— B6 K— Bi Q— Kt4 Defence is no longer to be con 45 R xR 46. . K — B3 . R—B8ch.. 44 Q— Q5.. P x R Q— K6 Black has taken a long chance and it has come off. P—Bsch. R— K8ch.). 41.ch. 48 PxQch. QxBch. K— K2 ... for if 49 Q— Kt2. K — B2 If K— B i .. 49 Kt X Q. 51. 40. 50 Q— K ti. 46 K — Kt2 (BxR. Q— B5CI1. K — B i. R — K 7ch .. R x K t (PxKt. 50 Kt X Q. Kt x Kt Kt— B6ch.. B x P is now prevented by the threat of R— KKt6. 45 Q x R .. 47 Q— Kt8ch. 48 K— Kt2. B— B3ch. 47 K — Kt3. 49 Q— B7ch.. R— K 7ch. 42 K t— B6ch.. A grand fight. 42 R x R . K — Kt 2 . 46. . 47 B— R3ch. Q— B8 Mate).BURN— MACKENZIE 43 Q2.. R— K8ch. Q x R . giving up a piece to carry on the attack.. 43 . K t x B Q— Kt8 Resigns. Not 45 PxR. drawing. P— R6ch. P x K t BxP Not K x R ... 44 QxRch. The text move threatens Q— K6— K8ch. even if Black was lucky. R x Q . BxQch. K — Kt2 47.) . or 47 K —B2. fol lowed by P— R6 Mate. 43 Q— Q6ch. 50 P— Kt8=Qch. 41 K t x B . 49 K — B i. K— B2 . Q— K8ch. 43 Q— Q5ch. K — K 2 .. White's reply is forced. R— K4 dis. 49. B— B5 Q— B8ch. wins easily. 43 K t— B6ch. but not 47 P x Q. 50. transposing back into the game.. 45. K t— B6 He has no time now to queen his pawn. winning. KtxRch. . 48 K t— Q5ch. 42 P x K t . K— R i 48. B— K ti B— B3 51. .

. and though an immediate P— QKt3 would have been answered by 9 Q— B3. 3. if less imaginative. 1887. he concentrated on chess journalism and practically retired from serious play. . B— K2.. P— B3 P— QKt4 The best development of this bishop is on QKt2. secured his recognition as a contender for Steinitz’s world title. 1885. 1888. . 12.44 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD I. B— K3 7. S. while his crystallisation of Steinitz’s theories into precise dogmas made him one of the greatest of chess teachers and profoundly influenced the strategical appreciation of later players. 5. . based on that of Steinitz. B— K2 . 5- P— K4 P— Q4 Kt— QB3 K txP B -Q 3 P— K3 P— Q4 PxP Kt— KB3 A premature attempt to create weaknesses in White's position. GAME 12 TARRASCH-GUNSBERG 9 Kt— B3. and at London. B— Q3 Q K t-Q 2 KtxKt Kt— B3 B -Q 2 Threatening P— B5. Gunsberg (1845-1930). a Hungarian. F rench D e fe n ce 1. Now the bishop is condemned to a de fensive role at best. 9. Unsuccess ful in this. 13. 14. for 15 . remains one of the greatest of all chessplayers. 15. B x K t 8. O— O would be answered by 16 B x . O—0 B— Q3 K t— Kt5 Frankfort tournament. His tournament successes. His style. for all his failure to win the world title from his compatriot Lasker. Now he is in a position to attack Black on whichever side he castles. . 4. . spent almost all his chessplaying life in England. . After White’s reply he had nothing better than 1 1 . Kt— B3 10. P— QKt3. he would have been better advised to try 8 . Tarrasch (1862-1934). 11. His tournament record from 1884 to 1914 is studded with prizes and even to an advanced age he remained a dangerous competitor in International tournaments. 2. was simpler and more logical.. which included firsts at Hamburg. 14. B— K K ts P— KB3 B— Q2 Q— K2 P— KR3 Kt— R3 P— B4 More usual is Kt x Ktch. 6.

.. B x P P— K5 Q— K ti B— B4 The culmination of Black’s counter-play. would still be fatal B x B .. K t— B4. Q— R8ch. R— R6 Attack and counter-attack continue in delicate balance. 24 Q— Rsch. 21. .TARRASCH— GUNSBERG 45 Kt. 20.. 16.through in the centre.. Q— R5 27. 23 P x P .. 28 Kt— K i. . 18 R x P .. B— B i . winning. Q4. 28. R(i)— Kt4 KR— K i Beginning counter-action in the centre just in time . Q— Q3. Less strong was 22 B— R6. R— Q8ch. rasch gives the answer as 16 P x R . R— 08 ch. . Q x B 0— 0— 0 BxP BxB K — K ti So as to defend the QKtP with the bishop. to which Tar. and it now be comes a race between White's 25. 19 Q— 25 R— R4ch. R— QR4 26. P— B5 . 23 . all his pieces come to life and White cannot move the bishop because of 28 . B x P . 23 Q— R5. 27 Q— Rsch. P— K4 23... R— K ti 18.. 22 24.. . R— Q2 . R(8) x Ktch. P x P PxP Q— B i. . (b l a c k ) g u n s b e r g 25 R x B . K— K t i . 24 P— Kt3. 26 R x P . 0 —0 . . If now 22 . 24 R— K i. for he cannot play the wing and Black’s to break 15 . and Black must give up his queen to prevent mate on his QKti. 17 R— K ti. Q— B5 . better was 27 . . P— B5 B— B i R— Kt3 Q— QB2 KR— K ti K— R i R— Kt6 (WHITE) TARRASCH Position before White's 25th move. 29 Kt— K i... R— K i 17. the threat is P— K5. . 26 R— B2. 20 P— B5. Q3 . P x R . 20 R x P . 22. Black must castle into attempts to break through on trouble. Q— Kt3 . 19. (D ia g r a m 17) The attack becomes fierce and brilliant. 15. Q— K 5. P x B . A long but convincing analysis. 22. 21 B— B4. . Q— because of 24 P x P. Nevertheless. Q— Q3 . Q x B . the threat otherwise being 19 Q— Kt2. P— K B 4 .. K x R . 23 R— QB7. Q R x R . and mates. but not 22 . . B — K i .

34 Q— Rsch. 34* 35.. Weisbaden. Nuremburg. Q -Q 7 Q— Kt8ch.” No great player ever had a career at once so successful and so long. 33 P— B3. Q x R . would leave him very problematical drawing chances. 4. London. 6. but White is not finished yet. P— B7 Kt— B4 Resigns. 29 BxPch. P x R . 1872. R— Q8ch. 39. ingenious style was unsuited to match play . 28. 1862. 1883. J. 31 R x Pch. 3.46 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Now White threatens mate in two and if 28 . Apparently turning the tide in his favour. . 7. 1880. 5. Blackbume (1841-1924) was the greatest of all British tournament players. 1876. 36. Q— K8ch. Q— QB2 37. 32 RxQch. and 2nd prizes at London. K x R . K— R2 40. 33. Hereford. and Manchester. at St. among his best tournament results were 1st prizes at London.. B— Kt3 . 1888. Petersburg in 1914. Berlin. Kt— KB3 P— Q4 2. Kt— K i R x Ktch.. 1890. equal 1st prizes at Vienna. R x B The saving clause. Q— K ti 38. Q u e e n ’s P a w n G am e 1. P— B6 R xR PxR Q— Kt2 Q— K ti Q— Kt2 The key to his 31st move. 30. The text gives up a piece but wins the game. GAME 13 MACKENZIE—BLACKBURNE Irregular but playable. Q xR Q x Pch. 32. B -R 4 . His brilliant. 1886. There is nothing for White in 3 K t— K 5. P— Q4 B— Kt5 . 1881. he won a brilliancy prize. Q— K4ch. H. 36. Q x R BxB 31. 29. There is no longer any de fence to the threat of P— B7. his first International tournament was London. and in his last. 31. 1885. P— K 3 B— K2 P— QKt3 B— Kt2 QKt— Q2 P— k 3 Kt— KB3 P— B4 Kt— B3 R— B i Bradford tournament. and so dangerous that he was known as “ The Black Death. 1873. Q— K8ch.

MACKENZIE— BLACKBURNE 47 Now Black is playing the Pillsbury Attack with the colours reversed. R— R i Kt— Q3 Black threatened 22 . P— KR3 But here he loses time. Now he returns to his K side attack with the idea ultimately of posting a knight on his K5. Kt— K7ch. 20. 33 R x Kt. R— B6). 16. 19 Kt— Q2. 28. espe cially in Blackbume’s hands. wins). But though the attack. 28 K t x R . K— Kt2 KtxB Kt— K ti P— Kts R— K ti Q— Kt2 PxKt P— B4 Kt— Qi Black now wants to force White to play P— B6. P— Kt7ch. . 32 B— B2. it blocks the Q side to any activity by the pieces. 31. Kt— Bsch. 31 Q x Pch.. 29 K— K ti (K— Ri. 32. 16. . 17. threatening Kt xBch. 10. P— QR3 P— B5 P— Kt4 Kt— Q2 B— B5 P— KKt4 The point of his n th move. 12. P— B3 KtxP Kt— R4 B— Q3 Kt— Kt6 Kt— KB3 P x Pch. 19. P— Kts P— B5 Kt— R4 P— B6ch... for if in reply 18 K t x B then P x K t . 8. may become dangerous. 24. K x K t . P— Kt7ch. 30 K— Kti. PxP P— B4 R— K i PxP B -Q 3 0— 0 22. Kt— K3 B— K ti P— KR4 An ingenious continuation. as for example 28 Q x P (PxP. 21. 30 K— Kt2. B— R 4 . 22. or Kt— B6ch... 18. . . 33. it creates a serious weakness on his K side. 29 K— Ri. Q xB. Kt x P . Black is not content to force the draw by 27 . 11. 17 Kt (3) — R2. Better was Q— K2. K t x Q P . 26. Kt— B i P— Kt3 Q— B3 The position is now most complicated and both players are going all out to win. Kt— B^ch. O— O 9. Simpler was 16 P— R3. Kt xB . 25. Any attempt by White to side track this variation fails. .. and White remains with a solid Q side pawn majority once the attack is broken. 30 K— Kti. Q— R3 . 15.. Kt— R 6ch. . QxPch. QR— Qi P— B6 B— QBi P— QR4 B— Q3 Kt— B2 R— B2 B— Kts Preventing P— R5 and so keeping the Q side blocked. 13. 23 P xKt . for though this will give him a strong passed pawn.. P x P . 23. 30. 27. 34. K— B2 Q— B2 R— KB3 P— Kt3 This leads him into a very involved defence. 14. 29.. Kt— Bsch.

. 43 R x Kt. 40. Now if 46 P x R. P— KR5 R— KKt2 Now White fights back against the dangerous passed pawns by threatening to force the rook off the Kt file.48 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 35. . 44 45.. for now after 42 . ( D ia g r a m 18) The persistence with which Black keeps up his attack is as remarkable as it is brilliant. 47 K x B . holding everything. 39 K— B i. 45 Q x B. P— K t6ch. R x P .. K— K3 44. 36. 36. . . . B— B4 39. . . 43 R x K t . 46 K t x Q . Q— R 3 . Q— B4ch. . 48 K— K3. Kt— K5 BxKt Kt— B4 Virtually forced.. P x Q dbl. . . 37 P x K t . then K t— R5 . 48 Q— K2. 44 Q— Kt6. Q— R2 Though this threatens 40 . B x B P ch. P— R6 B— Q3 B x Kt (WHITE) M ACKENZIE Position before Black's 39th move.. 4 1K— K ti. 42 K— K ti. Q— Kt2 . R x P . K tx Making a last determined effort to win.. 43.ch. R— R5 P— Kt6 39. 43 K x Q . R— B7ch. Q— Kt4 Mate.. or 43 . 46. 44 Q— Kt3 (P— B7. 44 K— K3. P— K t6. 41 P— R4. 40 P x R .B i RxB Kt— B3 Kt— Ksch. Q x B P . P x R 41.. Q P x B R— KB2 Now the threat is Q— B4.Q— Q3 38. 49 Q— K t . K— B2 R xB Kt— Kt6ch. P x R = Q c h . . 47. Q— Kt7ch. Q— R6ch. 44 Kt x Q. Q— Kt7 Mate.. 41 Q x Q. P— R4 41. K . . . Q x P c h . Kt x Rch. 40 P— B7. 42 K— B2. 45 Q— Kt6ch„ Q x Q . Q x Q . Kt— Kt6ch. R x B . he has nothing better than 43 . R— KKt2 .. for if 36 B— Kt2. . (b l a c k ) b l a c k b u r n e He has sacrificed the ex change one move too late. whereas after the more natural P— B7 he could hardly lose. Kt— Ksch. P— Kt6ch... Rch.. winning. 37 . the square KR3 would be even stronger for the queen. winning. 38 P x P . . R— K Kt2 . and a better line was 39 . for example. B— B 6 . wins). .

50 R(i)— R4. 50 R— QBi. 49 R (Q )-K R i. . 49. R— B4. K— R i QxBP Q— B4ch. GAME 14 WEISS— t c h ig o r in R u y L opez 1. Tie Match. 53 Q— Q8ch. was one of the most noteworthy. K x P KtxQch. Q— K t3 . P Kt6 . Weiss (1857-1927). 48. K— R2. 56. The point of his previous move. If in reply 49 K x R . R— B6 52. Black had no better reply than 51 ..WEISS— TCHIGORIN 49 4ch. M. His biggest success was in his last tournament when he tied for 1st prize at New York. R— R4 Now White R— B7ch. Q x Q 57. 1889. K— Kt2 58. K txR Resigns. K— K ti 51. Q— Ksch. Q— KB2 threatens to break the whole attack by 52 R x K t . P— R7ch. wins. 52 K — Q2. 1889.. Kt — B3. 51 K x P . I. P— B8 = K tc h . 50 K — Kt4 (K— K3.P— B7 The passed pawn now comes in with devastating effect. 51. 54 R x Kt. He unsuccess fully contested two matches with Steinitz for the world title. P— K4 P— K4 2 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 ^ B— R4 5. . His aggressive un orthodoxy secured him many prizes. Q— B7 Mate). 1889. K— R i 53.. . P— K t7. K t x Q . K— R2 . As it turns out. K xP RxPch. K t— B3 Kt— B3 B— Kt5 New York tournament. K — R i . He was a Hungarian. 53 P— B7. win ning. P x R. of which his tie for 1st prize at New York. 53 54. Tchigorin (1850-1908) was the greatest Russian master of the second half of the nineteenth century. then Q— B2ch. . K— Kt2 50. P x R = K t c h . but the game is past saving now. during the few years in which he partici pated in master chess was a frequent prizewinner. 51 P x K t . after which 52 R xK t. Kt— B7ch.. Q— KB7 Fighting to the bitter end. the safer P— B 7 was a better line. P x R .. or 48 Q— K2.. 54 P— B7. Q x R 55. M. 1st game. 53 QxPch.

21. threatening B— Kt 5: 13. Kt— Q5 B— K2 15.. R— R8ch. 30. P— KKt4 P— Q3 QxKt P— R3 If 19 K— Kti. Kt— KR2 Threatening 24 . and in what appears to be a solid position he pro duces a series of tactical threats in order to reinforce and in crease his advantage. 22. 31 B— R4. B x P . If 11. 23. . . 7. K t x K t P . P— KKt4 . 6. 16 B— R6. is only possible because he has reserved the option of castling on the Q side. 29. 11. securing open files against Black’s king. R x B Mate. he finds next move that he has to revert to the Ruy Lopez after all. PxP B— Qi Kt— K3 R xR R— R6 B— Kt4 K— B i Forced at last. B x P . 14. White’s position is now seen to be exceedingly precari ous . he gains a pawn which is of little value and loses the K R file. 7 Q— K2. .50 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preferring to try for a trans position to the Four Knights Game rather than defend against the Ruy Lopez by P— QKt4 or P— Q3. B— K3CI1. For if K t x P . . 25. K t x B 9. P— Q3 8. Kt — B3 . but White is now unable to derive any ad vantage from it. R— K K ti Kt— Qi B— K3 26 . Black has now managed to obtain the initiative.. 19. 12. 0— 0—0 Kt— B5 B x Kt Kt— Q2 Q x Bch. However. 20. 16. 28. 14 P— Kt6. . 13 P x P . Px. indicating a determination to play for a win at all costs. 25 P x Kt. 19. B x R .P Q -K 2 PxP Q -B 3 Preventing White from play ing Q— B i— R3 17. 15 R x P . Kt— K3 . 24. 29 K x R. 30 K— R2. P— KR3 11. P— R4 Kt— K3 P— KKt4 Not 28 P x P . 12 P— R4. R— R ich . Q— B8ch. with a good game. . 27. 13. . P— B3 B— Kt3 R— R i K— K ti K— Kt2 B— K3 R— R i Kt— B3 B— Q2 0 —0 This advance. 18. 26 Q— Kt2. 32 P— Kt3. . R(Q)— K ti P— Kt4 Kt— Bi P— R4 P— R3 P— Kt5 BP x P PxP R xR To prevent P— Kt5. which would at present be answered by 25 BxB. Not so good now would be 13 P— Kt5..P— KR4. 8 Kt x P. B x P . 28. PxP. B x P . 31. P— B3 10.

. 39 P x Kt. 36 K— Kt3 (QxP. 42.). K — K t2 . If now 35 P x P. 44 Q x P . and wins. R— B2 B— B3 B— Kt2 (W HITE) W EISS Position before Black's 40th move. R— Kt8 38. 41. 48. 33 B P x K t . which would at present be answered by 33 K t— Bsch.. Q -Q 2 Q— Kt6 39. QxBP QxKtP Now White had a threat of Q— Q8ch. Q x Ktch. Q— B8ch. 38 R— B2. with a dangerous attack. 47. R xB A magnificent counter-attack which comes within an ace of winning. . QP x P [Diagram 19] 40. 44. K t x KP). 37 P xB. 53. 45. (D ia g r a m 19) The threat now was 37 . . P x P .. Kt— K6ch. 43 Q . 52. since he must come out a pawn down. Q x Pch. 33.Q 8ch. 43. P— Kt5 37. B x R . K t— B4 R— Kt2 K— B2 K t— R3 R— R7 R— R8 P— Q4 (BLACK) TCHIGORIN Black is fighting all the time to establish an advantage.P x Q Q xQ K — Kt2 . Kt x P . If in reply 41 K x R then Q x Pch.WEISS— TCHIGORIN 51 Threatening 32 . Q— B8ch. 41.. White cannot quite force a win. The text move is a fine attempt to force the win. 35. 3 8 Q P x P . 37. . winning. Kt— B2 K— Q2 P— Kt4 Q— Q8ch. Even with the queens off. R— R8ch. 43 Q— Qi. Q x Q . K t x K P ... 44 R— Q2. QxKtP B— R3 K— R2 Q— Q6ch. 41 Q x B . 32. R x B . 40 K — K t3. 51. Q— K Bsch.. R x B . K tx K P . 49 50. . 34. R— R2 PxP 40. K x R K — Kt2 KxR K— K ti Q— B7 It is Black now who must fight for a draw. 52. Kt— K6. R x K t . K t x P . 46. followed by Q— R 8ch. 35 * 36. B x K t c h . B x P ch. B x P . 42 R— K2 (K— B i. Q xP K— B i QxP Q— B5ch. 3 7 K t x Q .

Black has now managed to obtain the initiative. 19. 24. 7 Q— K2. 8 Kt x P. R— R i 23. 12 P— R4. If n . he gains a pawn which is of little value and loses the KR file.. 31. Kt— Q5 B— K2 15. . K— K ti K— Kt2 B— K3 R— R i Kt— B3 B— Q2 0 —0 This advance. Px.. 25 P x Kt. . 13.P Q -K 2 PxP Q -B 3 Preventing White from play ing Q— B i— R3 17. Kt— K3 . with a good game. P— Q3 KtxB P— B3 P— KR3 P— KKt4 P— Q3 QxKt P— R3 If 19 K— K ti. 30 K— R2. he finds next move that he has to revert to the Ruy Lopez after all. indicating a determination to play for a win at all costs. B x P . R— K K ti Kt— Qi B -K 3 Not so good now would be 13 P— Kt5. R— R ich . 30. 14P— Kt6. threatening B— Kt 5. 9. 8. 11.. 29. R— R8ch. is only possible because he has reserved the option of castling on the Q side. 25. 16. 13. 12. Kt— Q2 For if Kt x P .. 13 P x P . 16 B— R6. 29 K x R. White’s position is now seen to be exceedingly precari ous . 18. B x P . 31 B— R4. P— B3 21. B x P . 27. . P— KKt4 . 26 Q— Kt2. 14. which would at present be answered by 25 BxB. and in what appears to be a solid position he pro duces a series of tactical threats in order to reinforce and in crease his advantage.50 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preferring to try for a trans position to the Four Knights Game rather than defend against the Ruy Lopez by P— QKt4 or P— Q3. 20. but White is now unable to derive any ad vantage from it. Kt — B3 . B— K3ch. 28. PxP B— Qi Kt— K3 RxR R— R6 B— Kt4 K— B i Forced at last. O— O— O Kt— B5 B x Kt Q x Bch. 11. 15 R x P . 6.. 7. B x P . However. Kt x KtP .. R x B Mate. . B— Kt3 22. B x R . Q— B8ch. R(Q)— K ti P— Kt4 Kt— B i P— R4 P— R3 P— Kt5 BP x P PxP RxR To prevent P— Kt5.P— KR4.. Kt— KR2 Threatening 24 . 10. securing open files against Black’s king. 32 P— Kt3. P— R4 Kt— K3 P— KKt4 Not 28 P x P. 28. PxP. 26. 19.

B x K t c h ... 44 Q x P . 47. Kt— K6ch. 35. 43 Q— Qi. K t x K P . which would at present be answered by 33 Kt— Bsch. . Q— B8ch. 53. If in reply 41 K x R then Q x P ch. 40 K — Kt3. The text move is a fine attempt to force the win. 46. White cannot quite force a win. 41 Q x B . Q x KtP B— R3 K— R2 Q— Q6ch. 44. 45. ( D ia g r a m 19) The threat now was 37 .. 49. 41. Q— KBsch ..). winning. R— Kt8 A magnificent counter-attack which comes within an ace of winning. Kt x K P . 39 P x Kt. 42. . R— R2 P xP 40. followed by Q— R 8ch. Q xP K— B i Q xP Q— Bsch. 52 . R xB It is Black now who must fight for a draw. Q x BP QxKtP Now White had a threat of Q— Q8ch. Kt— B2 K — Q2 P— Kt4 Q— Q8ch. since he must come out a pawn down. 41. with a dangerous attack. 34. QP x P [Diagram 19] 40. P x P . 35* 36. B x P . B x Pch. Q x Ktch. 37 P xB.. 51. K t x P . Kt x P . P— K ts 37. R x K t .WEISS— TCHIGORIN 51 (BLACK) TCHIGORIN Threatening 32 . Q x Q .. Kt— K 6. Q x Pch. Even with the queens off. 50. 37 Kt xQ. P x Q Q xQ K — Kt2 . and wins. 44 R— Q2. K— K t 2 . 52. R x B . . 48. Q— B8ch.. R— B2 B— B3 B— Kt2 (W HITE) W EISS Position before Black's 40th move.Q 8ch. . K x R K— Kt2 K xR K— K ti Q— B7 38. R— R8ch. 37. K t— B4 R— Kt2 K— B2 Kt— R3 R— R7 R— R8 P— Q4 Black is fighting all the time to establish an advantage. 38 R— B2. . 33 BP x Kt. 32. If now 35 P x P. B x R . 33. . K t x KP). 36 K— Kt3 (QxP. 42 R— K2 (K— B i . 4 3 Q . 43. 3 8 Q P x P . R x B . Q— Q2 Q— Kt6 39.

GAME 15 PILLSBURY-TARRASCH the advantage of which he was the first to propound as a theory. B— R i . 3456. B— Kti Kt— K5 P— B4 Q— B3 Kt— K2 BxB p. 18. A great game up to the very last situation. His chess was marked by the will to win on all possible occasions. A rather surprising move since it gives Black more free dom. an American.b 5 p. 2. 15. 1895. He sprang to fame by winning the Hastings tournament. 1895. 59 K— B5. 12. and the king is tied to the knight and the knight to the BP.52 54. 78 . but in return he secures the free use of his KKt3 and . 55. 11. White can only advance his pawn with the help of his king or his knight. P -Q 4 P-QB4 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 Kt— B3 R— Bi p. BxKt Both players are on familiar ground. H.k 3 P xP B— Q3 0— 0 P-. Pillsbury (1872-1907). R— K i Hastings tournament.q r 3 P— Kt4 R— K i Kt— B i Kt— K5 R xB With a view to doubling rooks. 14. Pillsbury playing the variation of the Queen’s Gam bit Declined (4 B—-Kts) named after him. 11. 56. and Tarrasch playing for a queen side pawn majority. ahead of almost all the world’s masters. 16. P il l s b u r y A tt a c k I. BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K— Q2 K —B3 Kt— Q4 K— K4 K— B3 P— B3 Drawn For after 57 P— Kt5. was one of the greatest players of his time and his premature death was a tragic loss. N. 910. B— Kt2 . 13. 17.Q 4 P— k 3 Kt— KB3 B— K2 QKt— Q2 0— 0 p — QKt3 P xP B— Kt2 P— b 4 The subsequent course of the game suggests that this is loss of time. B— Q4ch . 58 K— B4.

33 . But Black is still underestimating White’s chances. B— B2 . or again 33. with a winning game . 32 Kt— The correct line was to take the pawn with the rook. The drama begins to develop.. win ning easily). .. 31 QxPch. 31. 26. P— K t5 R— R6 38. K— K t i . 23. K — K t i .. since after the exchange the bishop could return to the defence whereas the rook cannot. 28. 33. R— B i K— R i Q— Q2 R— Qi 53 Kt6ch. 34. P— R3. 35 R x P . 19. 34K t x P . R— KKt2 A threat again at last. Q— Kt3 PxB P— B3 Safe enough now that White’s K B is gone. and at the same time both driving White from his outpost and forestalling any attack by P— B5— B6. which White only manages to delay for one move by threatening the KP. Against Black’s threats on the Q side... 32. 36 R— B4. P x K t (P— R3 . 24. and 37 R— R4. 39. QR— K i at once was better. 18. 33 P x B. Kt— B i P— B6 Now it is Black’s turn again and he forces a dangerous passed pawn. K t— B2 R— B i K t— K2 Q— B3 P— Kt5 Considering that he has only to win White’s QKtP to have an overwhelming game.PILLSBURY- blocks any frontal attack on his weak KP.. Kt— Kt4 [Diagram 20] 37. BxP Not yet Q X P because of 30 K t x P . Kt— B i . though it seems to have come almost too late. . 34 K t x R P (threatening mate in two). 35 QxPch. White must bring back this knight to cover his QBi. P x P Q— B3 P -Q R 4 P— R5 PxP R— R i Black loses a little time with this rook. yet there is such latent power in White’s attack that P— R3 would be safer.. 35 P— QKt3 P— K R 3 Kt— R2 P— Kt4 36. As he will soon have to defend his KP a third time. 27. Kt— Kt4 21. R— B4 Q -R 4 Kt— K t3 Q— Q3 R (Q )-K i B— Q4 Threatening P— Kt5. for example. 25. 30. 29. The intention is to . B x K t . 36 R— B7. P— B5 22. 28. K t— Kt4 Q— R5 Kt— Q2 38. winning. 20. P x K t . 35 K t X R. R(4)— B2 K— K ti And again not Q X P because of 31 Kt— B4. P x K t .

K t— R6 RxKt R— Kt2 St.. P— Q4. 45. introduced into master play for the first time in this game. 1896. Petersburg tournament.54 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) TARRASCH Now he must prevent 46 R— K K ti and 47 Q— R4 Mate. 6 P x P e. This famous game is unequalled for the breathless ness of its split-second timing. . 42 K t— Kt6ch. 41. P etro ff D efen ce The only move against R— Kt8 Mate. 45 Q— Kt8ch.K Ri Q— Q4 In another game against the same opponent in the same tournament Steinitz tried 5 Q x P . 44RxR K xR Q— Kt3ch K x K t 1. K— R4 P— B7 5 i. P— K5 5. Q— Kt4 PxR 49 . 46.R 4 48. R—KKti Q x B P 47 .Q xK t The last action of the hard won passed pawn is honourable hari-kari.. Black’s piece on his QKt6 is to be vir tually out of the game. 34. 42. Q— B4ch.Q— R4ch. (w h i t e ) P i l l s b u r y Position before Black's 38th move. K— K2 .R xQ 50. 3940. 43. Qx P M a te play 40 P x P . P x P K txP . P— K4 P— K4 2. 41 Kt— K5. 41. K txB The key to his plan. K t— KB3 K t— KB3 3 . 46 Q x R .p. Q . 43 Kt— B7 Mate. Q— Q6ch. K— R i PxP 41 GAME 16 STEXNITZ— PILLSBURY Not K t x P . KtxK tc h. (D i a g r a m 20) 52. for if R— K i .P— Q4 Steiriitz’s own method of treating the Petroff Defence. Q— K i . Q— K2 PxP K t— K 5 He cannot play K— B i .

. Trying to bring all his pieces to bear by B— Kt5. 7 B— Kt5. p . P xB = Q ch .K t 5c h . 17.. Hoping to exchange his knight on his Q7. 13 B x K t . 21 K — B i. B— K t4ch. Kt— B 3 . P x P dis. and the game becomes intensely exciting. 13 K— B3. 10. R x P . Kt(2)— B3 K t— Kts 18. i 9 Q x Q ( K x Kt.. Black has the better game. K t x K t . Q X B . Underestimating White’s re sources and hoping to force the issue by his own attack. K t— B3. Q— B8ch. 15 P— B3. . Q — B4CI1.. 15. 8. K t(7 )-K t5. ch. Correct was 19 .. K t— K ts P— Q4 P— KB4 fore accept the offer of the ex change as his best chance.. White being unable to play 6 P— B3 because of P x P . K tx K t ).. 6. . B— Ktsch. Steinitz had previously condemned it as leading to a lost game. . 20 K x K t . 9. 20 K— K ti. 18Q— K B 3 ( B x Kt. 13 B— K2. P x K t . Steinitz avoids this line by his veiled attack on the Black rook. 8. B P x Q . threatening Q— K6 Mate.STEINIT#—fclLLSBURY 55 K tx QP . K t— Q2 B— Q2 Kt— K4 0—0 K— Ri 10. 5. Kt— R6 dbl. Q x B). Q— K8ch. so he prepares a counter-attack. 16 R x R .. P x P e . Q xB A new discovery. 8 Q x B . 18. B— Q3 White has been forced to sub mit to the escape of the knight. 12. . for example. 14 R— K i. B— K2 Kt x Pch. Black must there Another attempt to extricate his knight by 17 . Kt— B7ch. and again ultimately won.. 11 Q x B . . Q— K8ch. B x R P Kt(8)— B7 B— Kt4ch. Q— R3 After 11 Q— K i. or K x Kt. . 11 K — K2. Q x B . 12 K x Kt. P x P 14. P— B5 Though this wins a piece by the threats of Q— B4 and P— KB3. 12 Q— Q2. K t x P c h . K txR Q— Kich. The best reply was 18 . Q— K6ch. . The more obvious alternatives to the text move fail. K t— QB3 11. K — Qi 7. 7 Q x K t . with advantage. R x B . P— KR3. K t— K ts > and if 18 B x K t .. . K— K i 13. Should White reply 15 P— R3. 11. B . the cornered knight gets out. 19. 12 P x P . 10 P x P. P x K t . . White cannot answer the text move with 17 K— K ti because of Kt— K ts . 20 B— B5. ch. Q x K 2ch. previously not considered because of the answer KtxPch. K — B i 16. Q— B3. or 10 K t x K t . Q— B3.

30.. R x B . R— Rsch. . 28. B x K t . K— K ti 31. .56 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 20. B— Q3 BxB The battle continues un abated. . 29. 30 Q— R8ch.. 29 P x R=Qch. 30 R— KKts. 29 Q— Q 2 . 26 32. 35 R— Kt8ch. 33. R— B 3 . ( D i a g r a m 21) 21. defending the KKtP and threatening Kt — Kt6Mate. position of the king on the edge . The text move threatens Q— B8 Mate. -B— B3 . B— Q2 (b l a c k ) p il l s b u r y K — K2 . 24 B x Kt. Q x B 24.. 32 Q— Q8ch.. 21. 33 P— B8 =Qch. K— K 3 . Kt(8)— K6 . R x Q . K— 28 Q— Kt6. 29 R— R5ch. K— B i . 34 R— Kt7ch. But the R7ch.. 25 R— K K ti. K x K t . If K— B2. Kt— Q8 Not quite sufficient is Kt— K6. but if 24 . K — K tl Q— K7 Threatening Q— Q8ch... 31 Q x R. R— K ti RxP R— Kt5 Kt— K6 KtxQP K t— B4 Kt— QR3 R— B3 (w h i t e ) s t e in it z Position before Black's 21st move. P x Q Q xQ KtxKtP This allows White to bring his rook to the support of his passed pawn. K — K t i . 31 R x Pch. 25 Kt— K6. Black must therefore simplify in order to try and establish his material superiority..ch. 36 R— Q8ch. 23. R— K8 Mate.. 28 Q— Q8ch. threatening K t— R6ch.. 32 K t x R. obtain ing at least material equality and a positional advantage. 30 K t— Kts Mate) . White is suddenly seen to have no small counter attack. 23 K— R i. R— KKt5 Which White avoids. Kt x K tP R— QBi Q— Q6. 26. Kt(3)xP R— K i R— QBi at once would have saved a move. The text move prepares a not very dangerous trap. Kt (8)— K6 . If KR — B i . and wins. K— R i R x Kt (not K — K t i . Q— B7ch. be cause of 22 Kt— R4. 22 . K— K i . 27 Kt— B7ch. . K t— K6 B . 27. K — K t i . 22. Kt— K6 dis. K t x 31. as the following variation shows: error would be 31 B x P. An The attack is held.. Kt— K 6... 25..

R x P . 58. 2. K— R2 . 56. 36.PILLSBURY— TCHIGORIN 57 of the board allows White to develop sharp mating threats. 40. 57. 51. 54. . K— Kt3 .. 44. 3.. R x R . 78. R— Kt6ch. R x K t . one of exceptional ferocity. K— R3 P— Kt3 R . 49. 37 R— R5ch. 38.. 40 Kt x R. After the text move he has to have recourse to a most eccentric development if he is to get any counter play. has a line to recover the exchange with a won ending. 34. Petersburg tournament. R— Q6ch. 39Kt x Rch. 9Kt— KB3 P— K3 Kt— B3 Q -K t3 PxB B— Q2 P— B4 B— Kts P— k 3 B— Kts BxKt KKt— K2 There is no need for further complications. 52. B— R5 Kt— K2 R— B2 R— B4 White was threatening 36 B— B3ch. K— K ti R— K7 R— Qi Kt— K6 R— B i P— KR4 Kt— B6 B x Kt GAME 17 PILLSBURY—TCHIGORIN St. The struggle. P— Q4 P— £B 4 P— Q4 Kt— QB3 The Tchigorin Defence. 53. P— Kt4ch. there follows 61 R— R6ch. 45. Getting rid of the objection able pawn at last. R x Kt R xR Kt— K i B— Q4 Kt— Q8 R— R5CI1. and wins because of the threats of R— B8 Mate and R— B5. 37. 49. K— R3 Kt(2)xP K t x B P 55. which has not been regarded with great favour.. for if now 39 R x Kt. 35. B— B3ch. 46.. K— K ti R— R8ch. 38 Kt(2)x Pch. K— B2 R— R7ch. R— QR8 RxP R— R4 K— R2 R xB K— B2 KxKt K— B4 R— B7 R— Q7 0 —0 If Black is allowed to play P— K4 he will have a very good game. 41. R x Ktch. 50. is now over. 47. R x K t . For after 60. 48. K— B2 .. P— K4. P— R4 R— R6ch. 1896.. however. 59. K— R2 R— Kt7ch.R 5ch. 456. 40 R— R7ch. R— QB6 K— Kt3 R— B5 K— R4 Resigns. winning. 42.. K— R2 Kt— Ktsch. 43. T c h ig o r in D e f e n c e 1. If 3 Kt— Q B3. 39. White. 60.

. K— B i (b l a c k ) TCHIGORIN In order to play K t— Q4. R— K tl 10. Black’s whole scheme of de velopment is strikingly irregu lar. 16. 13 R x B . R x RP. losing a piece either way. . 22. White is able to develop a counter-attack along his own open file without loss of time. But at the cost of ex changing pieces White can now win a pawn. K — B i . fol lowed by Q x B with a wellposted queen and a considerable reduction in White’s attacking chances. (D i a g r a m 22) . R— K ti 22. 28 R— Kt8ch. Equally 21 P— QR3 will allow Black to open the QKt file by 21 . 14. P— Kts. B— Q3 Not 12 B x KtP. Q x P(4) 21. 0 — O— O P x P 11. Q— Q3 White has emerged with the initiative. transposing into the actual game. . 12. 15. . 13. R— R 5 . P x P RP x P It is now a critical race be tween the two attacks. R(Q)— K ti P— K t3 24.. P— B5 P— Kts 25.58 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 9. B x B c h . Q— Kt3 PxB PxB R— QR3 The open QR file is good com pensation to Black for his pawn. then White breaks through with 27 R x Pch. P— Q R3 . P— QB3 23.. 26. Q B x K t 19. B x P P— QKt4 12. 18. 22 Q— Q2. White dare not open the QKt file as well by 21 Q x P because of R— K t i . R— K ts (w h i t e ) p il l s b u r y Position before White's 27th move. If Black replies R x P . 17 Q xB K— K ti KR— K ti B— K4 Q— B5 B x Kt R— Kt3 P— QR4 Kt— Kt5 Kt(2)— 64 Q -R i Owing to the weakness of Black’s QP.. 26. B x Kt 20. B x K t . but must first attend to his K side. nor 12 Kt x P. Black threatens R— R6. 13 B x B. 21. The threat now is K t— B6ch. P— QR3 . yet White has to treat it with the utmost respect. 22 Q— K2.

K— Q2 33. K— K2 . this fighting reply which by its threat of R— R8 Mate ensures recovery of the piece. P— B4 . however. for if he tries to lose the rook to his own advantage by 31 R— Kt 6ch.. R— Kt8ch. R xR 31.. P— B 3 . R— R6 . R— B8 . 48 K— Q4 (not 48 K— Kt6. 34 K— For some time White continues his efforts to win. 32 R— Kt7ch. 62 K— B3. but in vain. 47 K— B5. 37 - KxQ RxKtP R— Kt7 K -Q 3 QxQch. Black will now recover the pawn with a drawn ending. and mates. The game proceeded : 38 R— QB7. 53 R— Q4. 30 R— Kt8ch. . R— B8ch. 42 R— ¿2. K— Q3 . R— R 7ch. K x R . R— R2 (R x P . K— K4 . 30 Q— R7ch. Black still has a mate by R— R8ch. . R— R6ch. 33 34 35 36 . K— Q3 . R— B6 . Drawn. 54 R— KB4. 32 R x Pch. K— K 3. K— Q2 . 51 K— Q3. 55 K — Q2» R— B i . 43 K— Q4. 61 K— Q3. 29 Q— B6ch. R— QKt8 . He has. R— Kt7ch. 32 Q— Kt6 Mate). 44 R— B2. R— B6 . K— K3 . 57 K -Q 2 .. 46 R— B4. 29. R— Kt7 RxP RxPch. 50 K -Q 2 . 39 R— B7. K x P . Q— B2 .. 58 K— K2. having lost a whole rook. R— K K t7 . P— KB4 Black now seems to be in great trouble. 56 K— Q3. 29 Q— Kt8ch. 45 P— Kt4. 49 K — B3. 60 K— B3.. . K— K3 K— B i He has nothing better. 31 R— Kt 7ch. 28. R— R8 . R— Kt6.. R— R8ch. R— R5ch. R— B6). R— K7 . 41 R— B7ch. 40 P xPch. Black answers Q— R8 threatening both Q x Pch.. R— K8 . R— QR7 . Q2>Q—Q8 M ate. 59 K— Q3. 30. 32.. and Q— B8ch. K— K i . R— QR8 . K— K2 RxR Q— R5 K 33 Q— K2. 33 K— B i. 52 K— K2.PILLSBURY— TCHIGORIN 59 27. 31. and mates).. R— QR8. R x KtP RxP He dare not play P x R be cause of 28 Q x P .. 31 Q— R6ch„ K— Q2(K— B 4 ..

F a l k b e e r C o u n t e r -G a m b it 13. B— QB4.. Charousek is. . Charousek (1873-1899). 12. B— K 3 20. B— B4. was a Czech by birth but Hungarian by adoption. 11. Kt— K6 18. 9. 8. Kt— B3 at once was preferable. Kt x Kt Kt— B3 QxKBP KtxKt Q— B4 P— K4 P— K4 P . B— Q2 BxKt K— R i Q— q 3 P— B 3 Q— B2 6. 26.Q— R4 QR— K i B— Q3 R— K2 Kt— Q4 The usual line is 6 Kt— KB3. 31 Q x R . B— B4 . 1897 tournament. K— R i 14. 5- Had he omitted 12 .. pin ning the knight. B— QB3 25 . 29 Q— Kt4. . 10. Q— Kt3 21. Q— B4ch. 30 Q x R) .. Q— Kt3 24. 19. 1896.6o BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R.K 2 KtxK P In order to bring the queen over to the K side. K K t— Q4 16. QR— Qi 22. 7. Q x P PxB BxP An indifferent method of de fending the bishop. . . In a very brief career before he was overtaken by tuberculosis he showed himself a player of the very first rank. 17.. Q x P (not R— Kt4 . 23. 3o Q— R3(R x B . his most striking achievement being the winning of the Berlin. . Kt— B3. 13 K— R i. 7 Q— K2. to which the best answer is 8 . K t— Kt3 15. 22.K B 4 P -Ô 4 PxQP P— K5 P— Q3 Kt— KB3 PxP A variation rendered suspect later and replaced by 5 Kt— Q2. 6. . he could now play 16 . Kt— Q2 P— KKt4 B— Kt2 PxP Kt— B3 O— O Q xP P— KB4 B— K2 Q— R4 Kt— KB3 O— O Q— B4ch. Q— R5 28. leading to a new variation of his own on the 8th move. GAME 18 CHAROUSEK— PILLSBURY Nuremburg tournament. Q x Bch. 28 B— Kt4 is answered by R— K4 . Leading to situations of criti cal intensity in which he hopes to out-manceuvre his unknown opponent. Q x . however. R x R . Q . B x Kt 27.

R— Q8ch. 3 i. . 33 R— KR4... K x Q . 32 R— QB8ch. 39 B— K5. B— K 4. winning. Q— B i c h . 29.. but in the latter variation J. R— K6 . 30 Q— R3. R— Q4 R— K K ti B— K4 Sergeant gives a fuller analysis in his collection of Charousek’s games. 34 Q— K4 and 35 R— Q7. 33 RxPch. Position before White's 32nd move.. R— Qi (BLACK) P IL LSB U R Y Not B x P .. . R x Q .. 38 R— KKt4. 35 Q— R4ch. 36 K— R3. but apparently Black’s move is still insufficient. 31 Q -R 5 .. . B— K 4 . After the text move. holding every thing. or 29 Q— R4. Q— Q3. R— K t i . R(4)— B7 and R(4) — K4. Q— Q i . 31 QxRch. . Q— K ti R— K i In this critical situation Tarrasch suggested that White won by 3 1 R— K4. 30. for danger is imminent owing to the pin of his bishop. H. and there is no satisfactory answer to the four threats of B xPch. . K x R . as G. Baines pointed out. though there axe no absolutely immediate threats. 3 5 ^( 4)— K4. B— Kt6 .CHAROUSEK— PILLSBURY 6l Rch. . Q— K sch.. 32... R x K K t P . Black finds that his ingenuity may recoil upon him self. 30 R— KR4. K x R .). His main analysis con tinues 33 . and the only lines which prevent White capturing the bishop are B— Q3 . To this White can no longer reply 32 B x B because the bishop would then be pinned on the rook. 31 RxPch. . 32 R— KR4. 37 K— Kt3. W. P. to the pressure on the long dia gonal and to the possibility in some eventualities of mate on the first rank. White could now play 32 R x B . 34 Q —K4ch. so Charousek’s judgment appears to be upheld. K— R3 . R— Q7ch. R . W. 32 R— Qi.. B— B5 . R— QB4 (W HITE) CHAROUSEK Preventing the exchange of bishops and threatening if 30 . White suggested 33 . or R— K B i . 33 RxR(7). B— Q3 . R(B)— K i . 34 K— Kt2. 28. Q— B5 For. P— KtA. 31. ( D ia g r a m 23) 30. 32 Q— R5 Mate.Q i .

50. 38. K— R4 Drawn. Not 34 R xB . R— Kts Q— B6 47 . White’s attempts to get a rook onto the KR file with check are neatly foiled. BxQ R x KKtP Forestalling any chance of mate on his KKti. 40 R(7) x KKtP. For if 51 K x P. 4 i. R— Q8ch. 53K— R 3.ch. 33.K— K ti Q -K B 5 45 . RxR RxB Now the two rooks are in sufficient to win against the threat of perpetual check. BxBch.K— R2 48. R(3) . R— Q3 39.K— R3 Q— Ksch. P— KR3 Q— K B i Q -K 2 P— KR4 The right idea just too late. R— £ > 5 - 3435. B— Q5 The complications of defence with counter-attack on both sides constitute chess of the richest quality. Q— B5 . Q— R2ch.P— KR4 Q xP 44 . R(2)— Kt3 Q— K7ch. Q— R8ch. 40. 33 34. with a winning ending. 35 R x KKtP.P— b 3 Q— K6ch.. though Charousek tries hard still to force the issue. Q— Ksch. RxR B -Q 3 37 . 52 K— Kt4. R— K ti dis.. 49 .K K t 3 Q— Ksch. K— R2 Q -K 4 Q— B5 43 .62 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Q— B i . . 46. 37. 36.R(i)— Kt2 Q— K8ch. 42. Q— K3ch. 32 .

14 Kt x Bch.P— QR3 15. B— K ti The natural continuation after his n th move. for then Kt— B3. 15 B xB. he sought even at the cost of some temporary disadvantage to create a position where his skill could be given full play. Q— Q4 . Yet he had no definable style. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k 1. 78. 11. B— B3 P— KKt4 K t x K t The threat was winning a piece. Petersburg. 4. Lasker (1868-1941) was world champion from 1894 to 1921 and through the whole of his playing career no master was ever more dangerous or more difficult to defeat. Q x P . 5. 6. 13 Kt— K4. 2. looks more natural plans an attack diagonal. 17. His philosophy of the struggle to succeed by any means was applied by him to the chessboard as to life. 17 B x P. 6. 910. He achieved a wonderful succession of tournament and match victories. Q— B6ch. 13. which also has obvious weaknesses. Kt— Q4 A variation which has long since become obsolete. 3. 1914. P x K t .. while if Kt x B . among the greatest being his first prizes at St. Q— Kt3 . P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 B— Kts P— K3 Q— Kt3 P— Q4 p— k 3 Kt— KB3 B— K2 O— O Black cannot avoid the doub ling of the pawns. GAME 19 STEINITZ— LASKER 5th match game. 14 Qx Q. 18 P x B . 19 P x P . . BxKt Kt— QKt5 PxB After White’s last violent attacking move. 20 K— Ri. Black de cides to play for a win. although it shuts in the QR. winning a pawn. If B x B . 14 .STEINITZ— LASKER 63 Dr. Moscow. R— K i . B xP PxP Kt— B3 0— 0 B -Q 3 PxP P— B4 Q— R4 QxBP Kt— B3 Kt— QR4 11 B— K2 but White along the 13- R— Qi Kt— Q4 P— B4 Not P— KKt4 at once. Em. ii12. 16 Kt— B6ch. and at New York. P x Q . Q— B2 16. 16. 1896... 1924. There is a clear draw by B x K t . Q— Ktsch. 13 Kt— K4.

30 Q— Q3. . K— B i (K— K i .. R— B i . K tx Pch. R— QB i . with a pawn up and the better position. B— Kt2). suggested by some. 28 K t x Pch. 32 B— K t3. Q— K4 R— R i B— K4 Q— KR4 is answered by 25 Q— Kt2. K— K t3 (K— K4. with a winning attack. R— Kt 1 . P— B4 (BLACK) LASKER (WHITE) STEINITZ Position before White's 27th move.. Q— K ti (B x R . . QR— K i . 30 Q— K7ch. . The best reply is 29 . . K— B i . 29. . 31 Kt— Kt7 dis.B — R3CI1. does not seem to lead to such power ful continuations. 31 Kt— Q6. 31 Kt— Kt7. If then P x K t . 28 Q— Kt4ch„ K— K t 2 . ch. K— K2 Black misses the best move which is P— Kt3. 26. B— B2 24. 28.. R— Q B i . . 29 Kt x KP. QxBch. K— B2 . R x Pch. B— Kt6 R— Bx 22. 23. K t x KP K— B3 Threatening R— R i winning the queen. 30 R— Kt7 Mate. .. 30 R— Q7. If then 27 K t — B6ch. 30 R(i)— Q7. 20. Seizing the opportunity to reassume the initiative with a fine sacrificial attack. 2x.) . his QR is free for action before Black’s even now. R— R 3 . 29 R— Q8ch. 27. (D ia g r a m 24) And now White in turn misses the best move which was 29 Kt x BP. 32 Q— K4. 32 P— Q B4. 30 Q— B6ch. 27. 32 Q— B6 Mate. .. 29 Q— Q4ch. K— R3 . (not Q x R .. 29 Q x B leads to the actual game) . 28 Q— B6.64 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 18. 31 Q— R6. BxR If 27 . If 2 7 . 28 B— R4CI1. R x P .). Q— K ti . (B— Q3. B x K t . 29 Q x B and mates).. 31 R— Q7ch. . Q x R . QR— K ti Q— K K t4 Now Black prepares to turn the opening of the K side to his own ends. B— K4 PxP K— B i For all the constricting ap pearance of his 13th move.. Q— K t i . 33 Kt x R Mate) . . 25. B Kt2 . K— B3 .. K — K ti ( B x K t . 20. P— K 4 . Or if 29 . K R — Qi K— B i B x Pch. P x K t 19 Q x Pch. 33 Q x P.

B -Q 3 Kt— B3 Kt— K2 P— B4 Kt— Kt3 B— B2 Kt— K ti B— K2 Kt— KB3 p. K— B2 . K— B i Drawn. Q— B 5ch. B x Kt. and which was all the keener for the failure always to find absolutely the best continuations. 30. He therefore plays for material compensa tion for his sacrifice. which relieves the tension in the centre but gives him a certain space advantage. 1899. or after 30 Kt— B7. Q— Kt6ch. K— K4 .P x B Preferring to have the K file open before taking the checks. His next move is the necessary corollary. 33 . B— K4 R -Q i B— K4 London tournament. GAME 20 LASKER-BLACKBURNE 30. Q— B5ch. R u y L opez To free his queen from the need to guard his KRi. 32 Q— B7ch. K— K ti Q— Kt6ch. 39 R — B ich. 35QxQP 36.. 30 B— Kt3ch.B x P 32. but his pieces are not well posted for . 37. otherwise Black frees his game with P— KB4. K— K ti . 31 Kt— Q3... 36. 39. K -K 4 . a plan which Black immediately counters. 32.. K B3 .LASKER— BLACKBURNE 65 29. 41 R— Bich. K— B i A most unusual move.. K— B2 . White’s attack would die away after 30 Kt— B5. Q— K4 Q— Bsch. 31 Q-Q5ch. Now he has lost his material equality but again has sufficient positional compensation to se cure the draw.. Q xP BxKt P— K4 Kt— KB3 B -K t5 P—04 P -Q 5 P— K4 Kt— GES P -Q 3 B— Q2 35. 40 R — Ktich. Q— K ti Not K x K t . 3 i. A fair ending to a game which both players tried to win. .B—03 34. 33 Q— K6 Mate.b3 Kt— R3 Kt— B4 P -Q K t 4 With a view to breaking the grip of the White pawns. 5 6 7 8 9 10 h If K— Q2 White draws by 38 Q— K6ch. K— K2 R— Kich. Kt— Q4 38.

P— R3 B— K3 P— K ts R— B i K t— Q2 P— KR4 P— R4 R— QBi K t— B4 If 30 B x B . B— B7. 16. K t x B BxB If R— K2 (against Kt— B7 ch.. Had White appreciated the full force of the attack which Black has conjured out of a lost position he would have played P— B4. though even then B— R5 gave Black a powerful offensive. ( D i a g r a m 25) 31. K t x Pch.). 34 R x B (against Q— R5ch. 12.. 23. The brilliant culmination of a fighting recovery. 27. BxP BxP B— K K t3 R— K i K t— B i R— K ti R— K K ti B x RP B— K 3 Kt— Kt5 B— Kt4 (WHITE) LASKER Position before Black's 31st move. ai. and a Q side majority against him Black must try at all costs to get some sort of attack going. 20. R— R8ch. 35 K — . 13*4 15. .P— B3 Q— Kt4 Forced by the threat of Q— R4. P— Kt4 QPxP PxP P -Q R 4 O— O Kt— Kt2 BxP BxKtP B -Q 2 P— K t 3 28.). 24. 31 K x R . 28. Black plays Q— R5. . P— R5 22. The Black attack is now beginning to show in its true colours. 26. though he also has 30 . 17. (b l a c k ) BLACKBURNE Black was threatening P— R5 winning the KP. 18. K x R 33.66 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD supporting the manœuvre and it recoils upon him. 29. Kt x Rch. and Blackbume decides to sacrifice a pawn to hinder White’s attack and further his own. Kt— Q5 R— K R i B— KB5 With a weak QP. 19. 3°31. R— R8ch. 32. Now White threatens to open up new lines of attack by P— B4. Kt— B3 30. 25. Kt— K2 P— Kt4 Desperate situations call for desperate remedies. . 21.

.. R u y L opez 1.Kt— B5 36. K— B 3 . a wonderful achievement D. K— B4 (K— K t4 . 0 —0 5 . R— Q2 R— B8ch. 8 QxQch. P x B Kt— Bjch. 50 P— Kt3ch. 50 Kt— Kt4ch.. 49 R(R)— Kt8ch. Janowski (1868-1927). was with Marshall regarded as the rising star of the beginning of the twentieth century.P— Q4 6. 2. A great game. GAME 21 JANOWSKI—BURN 4. K— K2 R(i)— R8 33 34. Kt— B4. Q x P .. Q— Q5 Threatening mate on the move.K— K ti 35. B— R4 KtxP Kt— Q3 Paris tournament. Lasker’s only loss in the tournament. 1900. 49 Kt— K3ch„ K— B3 (K— B5. KtxQ BxKt(B) Q— Q7 The game appears to be abso lutely won. 40 4i 42 37 38 39 43 44 KRxKt Q R -B i Kt— Kt6 Kt— B4 Kt— K3 K— B2 R— B7 R— K R i QxB QxBP R— Qi Kt— Kt2 Q -B 5 Q xP Kt— B4 Making a last brave effort.).. The normal variations are either 6 B x K t . . 45. but it is White’s turn now to fight back. Kt x Q . P— K4 P— K4 Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 B— Kts Kt— B3 An unusual move to which the best reply is P— K5. but was heavily defeated. and one which earned Blackbume the bril liancy prize. K— Kt4 .). . Eventually he achieved a match with Lasker for the world title. after his hopeless position of eight moves earlier. with an advan tage even more marked than that obtained in the actual game. 51 R(R) — Kt8ch. 46.JANOWSKI— BURN 67 Kti. 44. 3. 46. Resigns.. White even now escapes with a draw by 47 R(B)— K8ch. 7 P X P . or 6 P x P . Q P x B . a Pole by birth but French by adop tion. If in reply 46 . 48 Kt— Kt4ch.

7 P— QR4. 7. 25 P— K R 3. 8 P— K6. . P— Kts . B-^K2 . 16. Kt— QB3 Again temporarily fixing Black’s KKt. R— K i With a few rapid strokes Black completes has develop ment but comes out with yet another indefensible QKtP. 9. (w h i t e ) jan ow ski Position before Black's 28th move. 27. If Black replies P x P then 8 Kt x P.. P x P B— K2 P— QKt4 Assuming the initiative. 0 . R— KR4 . Kt— Q3 Q— R5 PxB P— Q3 P— B5 A bold line by which he hopes to take advantage of the poor position of the Black knights. B— B2 B— Kt2 11. 14 K t x Kt. Kt x K t . i 3 Kt— R4. B x B P . If 12 . P— QR3 . 14. 25. io B— B4. P— R5 (BLACK) B— K3 BURN Threatening B— R3. 13. 23. 6. 12.. P— B3 24. P— KR3 27. P— QR4 Q— R3 R— KR4 R— K B i An elaborate but ultimately effective freeing manoeuvre. Q x P .B 3 PxP 19. B x B 21. K t x K t P 26. Kt(3)— B5 . Black pre fers to return one pawn. Q— K2 18. 28. B— Kt3 K t— R4 10. pinning the knight on the weak QBP. 9 Kt— 65.68 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD K t x B . (D i a g r a m 26) . wins. with a winning attack. P— Q3 . B— Q2 20. Q— Q2 22. P— QKt3 K txKtP Q -Q 3 QxKt Kt(4)— B5 Kt— Kt3 KtxK t P— KB4 P— QR4 B— Q4 B— Kt5 Threatening P— R5 winning a piece. 7. Q— B2 R— B4 And now not 24 K t x K t P . 15 Q— Q3. The move chosen by Black loses the QKtP and 12. was more solid. Kt— K5 0 —0 12. The threat of P— B6 prevents White from taking the QKtP. 26 P x B . 24. 17. P . 8.. 15.. . 27 Kt x B would not be good because the Black knight would settle on his K6.0 .

42 R(6)— R7. so he plays to get three pieces for it. R— K5 P— K t3 37.. 43. 31. P x K t . P x K t 30. . R x P . and wins. If now 29 P x B . 36 Kt — Kt6ch... K— B i . R— KR2 R— K6 K— R i P— KR4 R— B4 The queen cannot be saved. 50 R (KR)— Kt7. BxP Q xB B . 38 R— KR2. K— K t i . Kt— K7ch. R— R i . 36. 41. for example. K — R3 R— K8 Q— R5 R— KKt2 P— QKt4 (BLACK ) BU R N Black’s attack is over and now it is White'who has the initia tive again. 42. B— Q3 PxP Too late to defend his KKt2.. Q x Pch. R— B2 . 49 R— R7. 41 R— R6ch. R(R)— K2 K— R2 R— K7ch. 46 K— B i. He now threatens 35 Kt— K7ch„ K— R i . 48 R(Q)— Kt7ch. 45 R — Q7» Q— Kt4ch.JANOWSKI— BURN 69 28. P x (W HITE) JA N O W SK I Position before White s 46th move. but any attempt to continue this varia tion for a win leads nowhere.). K— K t i . Any less vigorous line to save the knight would allow White’s QRP to become a menace. K — R i . 38 B— B4CI1. Q— B3 Better than K — Kt2 or R2 . R— K7ch. 32. 36 B x P (threatening Kt— Kt6ch. 44 " 45. 43 R(K) x R . 29. 40.K— B2 Not K— R i . Black now threatens to break the attack byRxKt.. 44 R(B)— Kt7ch„ K— B i . 30. 39.. 34 P— Q4 35. R— R2 33.B— B4 Playing for a win. Q x K t . 31.. 40 RxPch. 37 K— R i . K— K ti 39. 42 R— KKt2. BxRP Getting in the first blow in a very critical position and threatening R— Kt4. He could force a draw by 39 B x P . (D i a g r a m 27) . K — K t i . 37 R— R 2ch. 47 K— B2. K t x Q P Q— Qi 38. K— K t i . Q— K i. R x R 34. Q— Kt4ch. Kt— B6 R— KKt4 RxQch.

Marshall (1877-1944) was the brilliant young American master who burst upon the chess world early in the twentieth century with great tournament victories such as those at Cam bridge Springs. 52 R— K 7ch. Marco was a prominent Austrian master. 2. . Q x Q P . R(8)— Kt7ch... K— B2 Drawn. and Nuremburg.. J..” In matches he was not successful. 1906. 51 R(2)— K t7ch. but White finds a brilliant continuation to the attack.. 49 KtxPch. A certain unsound ness was compensated by exceptional ingenuity and this earned him a reputation as the originator of the famous Marshall " swindles. K x R . K— B i 52. 52 R(6)— Kt7ch„ K— B3 . K— R3 . 50 R x P Mate. 49 K -R 2 . K— K 3 . For now 49 R(6)— Kt7ch.70 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Apparently succeeding at last in breaking up White’s game with advantage. After the text move White must take the draw. 1904. 49. K — B2 If R— B i . or K— K2 . . . K— Q2(K— B2.. ch. 1904.) . 47. 53 R - F. R— R8ch. R— Kt8ch. 50 R— Kt2. The point. Q8ch.Q 3 . G. or K— Q i .. because of 48 Kt— K7 dbl. R(2) x P K— B2 PxB Black dare not try 48 . fails because the king can take the knight. 54 R— B7 Mate. 52 K t— Q5ch. K — B4 . A tremendous game. R(8)— Kt7ch. 51 K t— B7CI1. 46. 49.. 51. GAME 22 m a r sh a ll . Q— K8ch. Black cannot reply 47 ..m arco t S co tch G a m b it p __ p ________ Monte Carlo tournament. 52 Kt— K6ch). or K — B i . K — R2 (K— Kt2 .. K — Kt2 R— Kt8ch. K t— KB3 K t— QB3 3. 53 R x R.. 49 B— Kt8ch. K— K i 50. P— Q4 P xP . 47. 48. R— Kt8ch.. Q B 7ch.. 49 KtxRch.. 52 R(8)— Kt7 Mate. K . being heavily defeated both by Lasker and by Capablanca.

6 Kt xP. 22 . K t x K t 13. was a consultation game SaintAmant and Horwitz— Staunton and Harrwitz. . . 15. 23 Q— B6. 25 RxPch. B— K3. Threatening P— KB4 covering the piece. P x B . P x R . to hinder Black’s castling came into consideration. B— K3 . The inferiority of his 10th move is now clear. Q— K2 . 7 O— O. 11. . Marshall probably wanted to retain the option of playing B— R3 and P— K5. a match game.Q— Kt 3 Kt— Kt5 Kt(5)— K4 KtxKt 19. with a fearful grip on Black’s game as for example after 21 . or 7 . Hull. For example. 17. 20 RxPch. K t x R . Q x R . 10. Q— B i . 1851. 10. nor can Black try 19 . 19 . B— K3 R(2)— K2 6. 1847. B— K3 . K— R i re 8. 17- Q— K2 P— KB4 Kt— Q6 [Diagram 28] P— B5 Better was 10 B— KKt5. B— B 7. 17 B— R6. B— K3 .. Compare Game 15. Kt— B3 P— QKt4 B— Kt3 P— QR4 P— QR3 R— K i The rapid doubling of the rooks has the surprise effect of recovering the piece. 20 R x K t (bad would be R x B . Kt— B3 . R— K K t i . 21 R x P .MARSHALL— MARCO 71 4. Qx B.. P x P . R— R2 12. B— Kt3 . . 5 ... . 8 Q— Kt3. 22 R— K2. P— Q3 . 9 Kt— Q5. Kt— Q 6. After the text move White cannot easily de velop the QKt. 0 —0 Q xP P—03 P— QKt4. then 13 . 20 R x K t . B— K3 . P— K5 is prevented and if 13 Q— K2. 17 B x R . . and mates. 10 B— K3. B— Kt3 . KtxP Better was P x P . 9.. . 14. K t x B . 16. . for he threatens P— KB4— B5 as well as 18 P— KB4. 19 RxBch. 7. Staunton— Jaenisch. Kt x B . . 9 Q— Kt3. 16. P x R . 16 R(2)— K2. PxP . . 24 P x B . Q— Q 2 . 16 Q x P. Marshall must there fore counter-attack at all costs. 8. 7. 8 B— KKts. B— QB4 P— B3 B— B4 P— Q6 change. 5. Q— K2. 14 Q x Kt. P— K5 It is not sufficient to get a rook for two bishops by 15 B— R6. 18. 13. . QxKtP KtxB R— B i P x P had been known for more than half a century to give White a dangerous attack. .. 8 B x B . 21 B— Kt5. winning the ex- A most interesting situation. . B x K t . 10 P x B .

threatening R— R8 Mate. 40 R— Q7ch. 29. 34. .. 41 with a slightly better game than R x P . with any effect.. He can however play 19 . K — B i . 21 B— Kts. R x B . K — Qi 21.. Kt— K4 19. 22 B x R .Kt— Q3 R— B4 P -Q R 4 40. B x K t P— B6 45 24. 36. R— B2 R— B2ch. 31. R— B8 Mate). but it costs him his QRP. but Marshall has other ideas and the complex developments which he conjures out of this simple position are an object lesson in fighting chess.72 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) MARCO Preventing R— Q2 by White. O— 0 —0 . 39 R— B7CI1. Q— Q2 . K— — O . P x P . The text move is not quite sound but the fact that it succeeds shows how effectively Marshall has brought the game into a state of crisis. R— Q i . K t x R . B— R6 Q xQ P— Kt6 43. K— Kt2 27. 37. he actually gets. R x Pch.R— R4 20. B x Q R— B4 KtxPch. Q i . and now O— O If R x P . R x P 28. 20 R x Kt. P— B4 P— B5 Kt— B4 Kt— K5 R— QB8 R— QR8 B— B8 R xP B— Kt7 P x Q.. B— B6 39. R x R PxR [Diagram 29] 25. (D i a g r a m 28) The only move if he is to play for a win. . R— K2 R— Qi R— Q6 K— B2 B— K6 Now White has landed him self in serious trouble and has no prospect of stopping the QKtP after R x Pch. 38. forces the rook back to the first rank.Kt— B4 22. 30. PxP 4 i. 2 3 P x B . 34. 33. 25 26. K— Bi 44R xB 23... . P— Kt3 The pawn cannot be defended and if R x P at once. 32. 35. 21 P x B . He is now content to draw. P x B PxP 42. 25. R— B3 R— B i R— B3 Kt— R3 B— R3 K — K2 R— Q8 R— Q6 R— Q8 (w h i t e ) M a r s h a l l Position before White's 19th move.

49 KtxRch.MARSHALL— MARCO (b l a c k ) m a r c o 73 48.. K — Kt4 . K— R3 . 56. 46... and a drawing line no longer suits him. 50 Kt xBch. K— R2 . draws. If 57 P— Kt4. 55. K x K t . 52 K x B . drawing. K — R2.... K— Kt5 . 4 9 K t x R . P— B4. 58 P— Kt5. P— K t 8 = Q . ( D ia g r a m 29) By covering White’s queen ing square Black seems to have assured the successful queening of his own pawn. K— K t3 R xR P— Kt8=Q P— Kt8=Qch. P— B 6 . K x K t . winning. R— K8 K — R2 P— B3 (w h i t e ) m a r s h a l l Position before Black's 45th move. . 57. 52. And now the end game starts all over again with White a pawn to the good. K x R . 51 Kt— K ti. The text move which looks secure enough gives Marshall just the chance for which he has been strug gling. 52 P— R4. For example. 59 Kt— Q3. 60 K t— K i (Kt— B i. K — Kt4 Kt x Q P— B4 K— Kt2 45. There was. K— Q4 . 53 Q x Q . and the Black king crosses in time to stop the pawns. 49. 5° P— R4» K — R3 . P— B5 K— B3 If 58 K t x P . 62 K— K4. K— R3 49. B— B5). 59 .). P— Kt7 . 53 54. by 48. K— K t i . .. had he seen it. P— B5 . P x P . K— K t3 . 47 R— Kt7ch. 50 K— B3. R— R8ch. 61 K— Kt4. K— Q4 .. K — K t3 . B— K4 Black sees that the QKtP is now brilliantly stopped after 45 . 60 P— R4.. 51 R— R8ch.. 51 K— K 4. 57. B— Q3 . however. K x K t . a win in the above variation. 61 K— B3. Q x R K t— R4ch. K R4. but White has worked out one of the brilliant combinations which became known as " Marshall’s swindles.. . K— K ti 47. 59 P— Kt4. 50.. B— Q5 (B— R i . but a great deal of equality still in the posi tion. 51 Kt— Bsch. 52 P— Kt8=Qch.” 51. 58. B x Q R— Kt2ch. P x Pch. K t— B5 R— R7CI1. . 46 RxPch. If in reply 49 . 50 R— K8ch. . R— K7 P— Kt7 A fine move. and the QKtP goes home. 48 K t— Bsch. B x P . K— B5 . K — K 3 . .

BATTLES-ROYAL OF 74 B— K 2 ; 63 P— Kt5, K— B2 ; 64 K— B5, K— Kt2 ; 65 P— R 5, B x P .

THE CHESSBOARD

58.

P— B6

59. Kt— Q3 60. K t— K i

K— B5

Not 60 K t— B i, B— Q3 ; with the threat of B— R6. 60. K— Q4 Now if 60 . . K — Kt6 ; 61 P— R4, P— B7 ; 62 K t x P , K x K t ; 63 P— Kt4, and the Black king is too far away. For example, 63..., K— Q6; 64 P— Kt5, K— Q5 ; 65 K — K t4, K— K4 ; 66 K— R5, K— K 3 ; 67 K— Kt6, B— K 4 ; 68 K — R7, K — B2 ; 69 P— Kt6ch., K— B i ; 70 P— R5, B— B3 ; 71 P— R6, B— K 4 ; 72 P— Kt7ch. 61. P— R4 B— Q3 62. P— Kt4 B— K2 63. P— Kt5 K— K4 64. K— Kt4 B— B i 65. K t— B2 K— K5 Even at this stage White, who has fought so hard to create a win, has not succeeded. Black draws by 65 . . ., K — K3 ; 66

P— R5, K— B2 ; 67 K— B5, K — K t i ; 68 P— R6, K— R2 ; 69 K — B6, B— Q3 ; 70 P— K t 6ch„ K x P ; 71 P— Kt7, B— K4ch. But even a master, given sufficient opportunities for going wrong, will frequently do so sooner or later. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. P— R5 Kt— R i P— R6 K— R5 K t— B2 K t— Q4ch. K— Q6 K— K5 K— K4 K— B4 B— Q3

An elegant knight manœuvre, allowing the Black Pawn for ward one square in order to free his own pawns from the atten tion of the Black king. 71. K — K5 72. Kt— K2 P— B7 73. P— Kt6 B— R6 74. P— Kt7 K —06 75. P— Kt8=Q Decisively creating the fifth queen to have appeared on the board in this superb game.

75.

76.

Q— R2

KxKt Resigns.

LASKER— NAPIER

75

W. E. Napier (b. 1881) was taken from England to America as a child and in 1908 assumed American nationality. He was known as a child prodigy and won the championship of the Brooklyn chess club at the age of fifteen. In 1904 he won the British cham pionship, but in the following year retired absolutely from the game.

GAME 23

LASKER—NAPIER

by this move he would secure the advantage. Correct was B— K t5. 13. K P x P

**Cambridge Springs tournament, 1904.
**

S ic i l i a n D e f e n c e

(BLACK)

N A PIER

1. 2. 3. 45. 6. 7. 8.

P— K4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 P — Q4 K txP B— K 3 P— KR3 P— KKt4

**P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P— K K t3
**

P xP

B— Kt2 P— Q3 K t— B3

An advance justified not by the position but by Lasker’s own ability. Black’s attempt to disprove the move leads to a game of enthralling com plexity. 9. 10. 11. 12.

**Position before Black's 13th move.
**

( D i a g r a m 30)

8.

P— Kt5 P— KR4 P— B4 Kt(4)— K2

0 —0

Kt— K i K t— B2 P— K4 P— Q4

1314.

Kt x Kt

K t— Q5

Overestimating his position, though the ensuing course of the game shows that Black had sound reasons for believing that

**If B x K t , P x B ; 15 K t x P , K t x P ; 16 Q— Q2, R— K i c h . ; 17 B— K2, and Black can re cover his pawn with the better game by K t x P.
**

14.

K txP

76

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

Beginning to force White’s hand. 15 K t x K t is no reply now as P x K t would win by 16 B x P, Q X K t ; 17 B x B, Q x R ; i 8 B x R , QxPch. 15. 16. K t— B5 QxQ KtxKt

vantage. The text move sud denly threatens a winning at tack by 19 R P x P , B P x P ; 20 Kt xPch. , K— K t i ; 21 B— B4ch., Kt— Q4; 22 BxKt ch. , R x B ; 23 K t— K7ch. 18. 19. B— B5 R— K i PxRP

If P x Kt, B x K t ; 17 P x P, B x K P ; 18 B— Q4, B— Kt6ch.; 19 B— B2 (K— Q2, Q— Q4 ; 20 R— K K ti, B— Bsch.), Q— B2 ; with the better game. 16. 17. R xQ K t— K7ch.

If K t x B, Kt— Q4 ; 18 O— O — O, B— Kt5 ; and White can not play 19 R— Q3, for then KtxB; 20 R x K t , R— Q8 Mate. Also if 17 P x K t , B x K t ; 18 P x P , B x P ; 19 B— Q2, B— K t6ch.; with advan tage. The shrewdness of Black’s calculation on his 12th move is becoming apparent, and White must find the very best move every time to escape defeat. But at the same time White is quietly preparing his own plans against the Black king, as will soon appear. 17. 18. K— R i P— R5

It is Black who must now take care not to lose a piece. If P x B P ; 20 P x P, P x P ; 21 B— B4, threatening both K t x P Mate and B— B7. While if 19 . . ., K t— K5 ; 20 R P x P , B P x P ; 21 B— Kt5, B— B4 (not R— Q i ; 22 B— B 4 ); 22 B x R , R x B (not K t x B ; 23 B x P ) ; 23 K t x B , K t x B ; 24 K t x B. The unlikely text move is the solution to his problem ; he will sacrifice the exchange to obtain a probable draw with his two bishops. 20. B— B4

If P x K t , B— B i ; 21 B— Kt5, R x K t ; 22 B x R , B x B ; with excellent drawing chances. White, who has throughout accepted all Black’s challenges, prefers to continue his threats to the Black king. 20. PxP

In his increasingly difficult position, White exercises every subtlety to elude disaster. P x Kt, so far from winning a piece, would actually lose by P x P ; 19 B— Q4, B x B ; 20 P x B , R — K i ; while if 18 K t x B, K t— Q4 ; retains for Black his material and positional ad

The alternative, giving chances of a draw, was B— K3 ; 21 B x B , P x B ; 22 P x K t , B— B i ; 23 R x P, B x K t ; 24 B x B , R x B ; 25 P x P , R — Q B i ; 26 O— O— O, R x P ; 27 P— Kt6, but Black has yet another surprise by which he hopes to win.

. White is now faced with no less than four threats. that White’s position is now superior. and the material is still level. 32. 28. R x B . one pawn. 29. . R— KR3 31. both with considerable justification.LASKER— NAPIER 77 21. BxP B xR R— Q K ti K— B i K t— K5 BxP B— B6ch. K x P K t— B 6 33. . 22. 31 . The key move of Black’s plan. 27. K t— Q7ch. K t x B . K txR (BLACK) NAPIER The complications are over. R— R3 SiKt— K 7ch. but more deadly to Black is the threat of P— Kt6. 25.B . K — B3 P— R4 B— Kt2 Kt— Kt6 (WHITE) LASKER Position before White's 25th move. He can only return his material advantage. B— K4 .K .. B— KKt5 simply create another threat in the advance of Black’s BP. KBxP RxB K— Kt2 RxP BxB Kt— Kt6ch. 35 .B 5 34. ( D ia g r a m 31) And now White secures his first material advantage. would . however. 26. It will soon be seen. P— R3 Kt— R5 Resigns.. 23. and K t — Kt6ch.K 3 It is rare indeed that two masters. is now answered by K t— Kt6ch. play to outcombine one another in the same combination. for a move like 25 K— Kt2. 28. R— K t3 30. 24.

19. and Vienna. He won tournaments against the strongest opposition. 1906. B y exchanging bishops and getting his queen off the K . or 21 K t— B3 and 22 P x P. 20 Q x B . 1882) was a brilliant Czech player of the first decade of the twentieth century. Q x K t . Duras (b.78 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD O. 1908. 21. a German who lived for many years in England. R uy L o p e z I. for then 1 5 P X P . he may be faced with either 21 P— B5. If he does not capture the pawn. 3456. promised at one time to become one of the world’s strongest masters. 15. After 1914 he retired from active play. notably sharing 1st prize at Prague. Kt x B . 2. Q x B .B— B2 Kt— R2 R— K ti P— B4 K t— Q i P— K t3 P -Q R 4 K— R2 K t— K ti PxP Black plays a restricted varia tion of the defence. 1908. BxP B— K4 The purpose of White’s last move would appear if Black played Kt— QR4 here.P —05 16. P— B4 17. In the latter case he would have to recapture on K4 with the pawn on Q3. His greatest success was winning the tourna ment at Carlsbad. 18 To permit 22 P— K5 would be to allow the full force of White’s attack to develop against his king. Teichmann (1868-1925). 10 9 11 12 13 14 P—04 QKt— Q2 Kt— B i K t— Kt3 B— K t3 B— K3 B— Q2 R— K i B— K B i P— K K t3 Q— K2 B— Kt2 After a typical Lopez period of preparation Black now has to make up his mind how to deal with White’s first aggressive ness. GAME 24 DURAS— TEICHMANN B— 04 » Q— K2 . and then White’s QR suddenly as sumes a much more menacing aspect after P— QR3. R. 19 B x K t . P x P . 1911. 78 P— K4 K t— K B3 B— Kt5 B— R4 0— 0 R— K i P— B3 p— k r 3 p— K4 K t— OB3 P -Q R 3 Kt— B3 B— K2 P -Q 3 0— 0 P -R 3 18. but eye trouble forced him to abandon the practice of the game. winning a pawn. i 6 K t x P . P— Q Kt4 and P— QB5. 17 P x K t . Ostend tournament. 20.

3o R x P . 48 B x Kt. K— R2 K— Kt2 35. R— B4 B -Q 2 42.. P— K5 (Kt . 42 Q x R . 44 K t x Pch.. Q x B .DURAS— TEICHMANN 79 file the threat is largely dimin ished. P x Kt 33. 29 K t— R5. the con tinuation given being 28 . P x K P . R— K2 P— Kt3 QR— K i B— K ti KtxKt K— R i K t— B3 Kt— R2 Kt— Kt4 The position is full of com plications. 49 R — Kt3ch. Q— K6ch. R x R . 47 R— B 6ch. P— Kts 39. 22. 45 K t x R(6). 30 R or Kt x P. K x K t . 46. 26. K t x K P .R— B5 Again frustrating White’s attempts to develop a combi native win. 31. In addition it gives Black an open file against the White king.. 37. 43 R— B6 (threatening xP.).Q— B3 Q— Q5ch. 32. P x R . P x K t . Very fine. 34. After White’s last move P— Kt5 would be answered by 39 Kt— Bsch.. He will now have to prevent Black’s P— Kt5 and this lets the queen take up a strong position on the Black squares.. 48 R— R5. .. 47. 30. QR— K i . 45. 46 Q— Rfch. 41 Q— Ktsch. Q— R i .. 47 R— B3. He forces the pace with a move Black had taken steps to prevent. 24. Q x Pch. K— Kt2 (Q— R 4 . B x K t . Q— B i . 25.. 29. . 28.B 2 B— K i 0 — B6 43.P— R 3 40. BxB Kt— K2 K t— KB3 K t— Kt3 Q— Q2 Q— B2 Q xB Q— Kt2 K t— Kt2 Kt— B4 R — K2 QR— K i 35* 36. beyond the fact that White’s position has been improved by the pawn advance.. R— Rich. 23. P x P BxP 41.. and mates. But at last White has succeeded in forcing P— K5 and getting his bishop into the attack. . 33 Qx P Ma t e . 32. Q— Kd R(K)— K B i R— K R i K— K ti R— R5 Q— K3 R— R3 It has been suggested that here 28 P— K5 must be pre vented not for positional but for combinative reasons. . 31 Kt— Kt 5ch. 49 K— R2. K— R 3 . 46. 38. 27. However. 40 R x B .. K— R2 . 36 P x P . Q . 32 Q x Pch. there seems no valid objection to 29 . P— Kts . P— K5 PxP R — K ts K — R2 [Diagram 32] Kt— B5 Double-edged. 44. K— B i . P x P . . If instead P x R . PxKt R— Kt3 Not K— R i . R— KB2 To give his king a flight square on K t i after 35 .

53 . and mates next move. 59. 48. P— B4ch. Q— R sch . 65 K — Kt6. R— Kt3ch. 51 R x R ) . R(5)xP 56. Q x R . Q— K 6ch. there is perpetual check by Q— K7ch. QxRch. 51 R(i)— B5. Q— B7ch. and there are no more checks. K — Kt3 R— B6ch. K— R2 P— K5 By stopping two of the threats his immediate loss is limited to the exchange. A fine example of attack and defence. 63. R— B2 If K — R2. 52 R(B)— Kt5. and R— R5 ch.. QxR(7)ch. P— Kt4 Q— K7ch. Q— Q8ch. 52 R— R 3 ). 56 K— B4 (K— K t3. 55 Q— Kt8 Mate. . 56... ( D i a g r a m 32) Of course not Q x R . The threat 53. White cannot play K— R4 because of Q— Kt6ch.8o (b l a c k ) BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD t e ic h m a n n Much stronger than Q x K tP ch. If Q— R7ch. — Q 2. K— R2 (K— K t i . If 55 K x P . K— Kt2 R— B7ch.. In this precarious position Black starts a vigorous counter attack. Q x R 52.. 57 K — R5. K— K ti K— R5 Threatening mate in two. 57 K— K 5. But his two rooks are in co operation and will still be strong enough to win. R— R3 Mate. Q— B6 With the triple threats of Q x R( 7). Q— K8 The climax of Black’s coun ter-attack.. K— K t3 R— R3ch. Q— Qsch. Q— Q7 . 49. 58. K xQ R— B6ch. K — K ti R— B8ch. 53 R— B3. puts both White rooks in jeopardy. 62. and his counter-attack continues. Resigns. 48. R — Q2 . 50... Q x R .. 57. Q— K t7ch. 64. 50 K — K ti. So he must give up queen for rook. K — Kt2 R(8)— B7ch. . Against the text move White must be careful. 49. (w h i t e ) duras Position before White's 46th move. Q— K6ch. 61.).Q x B 54. winning. 50 R— B3.. 60. 55. K — Kt4 Q— K6ch. K — Kt2 R(2)— B7ch. 63. BxRch. while if 55 R(2) x P . 51. 50 Q— B6ch. 51 RxRch. and mates.

B— Kt3. 12.. Rubinstein (b. 1907. 16 P x B . 15. 5. QBxKt KtxP PxB BxB BxKt Q— Kt4 1.. 6 K K t x P . with at least an equal game. 11. K— Q i . 1912. 13. . He retired in 1930 suffering with a mental break down from which he has never fully recovered. came rapidly into prominence early in the 1900’s. 10.). P x Q P . then 1 3 . B— Ktsch.. 14. He prefers to give up the pawn with the chance of a quick counter attack. IDs style was quiet and simple but always extremely effective and frequent tournament successes. 7. 4. Q— R 4ch. B— K5 . 17 Q— B i. o_o R— B i KR— K i . Q— K t4ch. R— Kich. 15 P— Q5 (Kt x R. 2. 18 K — B i. If White con tinues 13 Kt— B7CI1. Now White removes the pawn from the K file and he is left with a weak isolated pawn. K — Q i . in both cases with a difficult game. and Pistyan. GAME 25 RUBINSTEIN— LASKER St. or by Q— Q2 but then 10 Q— R4. 9. a Pole by birth. Petersburg. . 5 B— Kt5. P— K3 B— K ts B— K2 B— Q2 Somewhat better was B x P . 16 Q— Q2. such as his 1st prizes at Carlsbad. 11 K t x R . P— Q4 Kt— KB3 P— B4 B— Kt5 P— Q4 K t— KB3 P— K3 P— B4 An inferior move which comes better after 4 K t— B3.RUBINSTEIN— LASKER 8l A. K R — K ic h . P— K4. 14 B x K t ... K x K t . and his tie for first place with Lasker at St. brought him into consideration as a challenger for the world title but he never secured a match. T arrasch D e fen ce He could play to hold the pawn by Q— Q3 but then 10 B— KB4. Q x K t . 6. . BPxP Kt— B3 KKtxP KPxP PxP Kt— B3 The point. 1882). 9 K t x P . 16. Petersburg tournament. QR — Q i . 1909. 3. 8. and if 18 R x P. 17 K x Q. 1909. Q x B . Q x Qch. 15 R— K K ti. B x B . BxKt K t— K3 BxB O— 0 — O Inviting 8 B x K t . 10 Kt— B 7ch.. as he can then continue P— B 4 .

Q— Bx PxR 23 Q— K8ch. Q x Both players fight all the way. Now if R— Q8ch. and White will have great difficulty in preventing him from equalising. K — Q3 . (D i a g r a m 33) Not R— B2 . RxBch. Q— Q6ch. R— Q3 .. and the draw is almost inevitable.82 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (BLACK) L A SK E R P ch . 23 K— K i.. 20 R x P. 27 K— Kt4. was better. there are no more checks and White must continue 20 P x R . Q B4ch.. P x R But White has no intention of letting Black get the draw. 21 Q— R8ch. Q— Q7ch.. Q— B5 At last White establishes his advantage. 24 R x R . 22. 17. QxQch. Q— B sch . 19. Q— K2 . 18. Black cannot de fend the BP by P— Kt3 because of 23 Q— B8ch. Black has brought all his forces into play in the minimum of time. 26 R— B6 Mate.. R— Q2 K — Qi (W HITE) R U B IN STEIN Position before Black's 16th move.. R— Q7ch. The complications are considerable even though all the minor pieces are gone.. 21 K — R i. 22 K — B2. Q x P . R xP A splendid move. 26 K — B3. Q— Q6ch. Now after 19 QxPch. K — K3 . K — Kt3 . K — Q2 . K — K ti . R— B4 P— B4 Taking counter measures just in time.. R— Q8 . . but since White can do so 16 .. with much the better game. 24 R — B4ch. 22 R xPch. 28 K — R4. 22 R— K K ti (there are astonish ingly enough still no checks).. ... 20. Q x P c h . (R x R . iS.. K — R3 . K — K t i . 22. 25 Q— Q6ch. Now if 19 . 24 K— B i. 21.. recovering the rook with a prob able draw). If Black defends his QBP White takes the rook and remains a pawn ahead. 24 R— Q4-ch. so the QBP falls after all. 19. Q x Pch.. K — K2 . K — B2 . . 16. R x Kt Threatening Q x P Mate. winning. Q— K 7 . wins. 25 Q— Kt4ch. 23. 25 K— B2..

R — Q2 . 41 R— KKt8. 33343536. 26. .. . K— K2 . 39. 45 K x P. 37. 42 R — B8ch. There are. 45 P— K 6 ). . R x P ch . 24. 40 K x P. R— K t 5 . . RxQKtP If K — Kt6. R — Q7ch. 38. 40.R— QR5 He has come through a haras sing time into a won rook end ing. K— B i .RUBINSTEIN— LASKER 83 Removing the piece that is most likely to give Black draw ing chances in spite of a material inferiority. Rx P c h . 3i32. K— Q4 .. RxP K — B2 K— B3 K xQ R — Q8ch. 44 RxPch. K— K 3 . pre venting R— Kt5Now after 40 . 29.. 44 R— K8ch. 27. 41 K— Kt6. 40 R— Q8ch. 43 R— KKt8. 28. K— K2 . 30. Therefore— Resigns. 23. 38 P— K6. and if 39 K — Kt6. K— B2 . 39. with two united passed pawns. 39 K x P .. and there are still technical difficulties in White's way. K— B2 K— B i 27. however. K— K2 . so many positions in rook endings where the extra pawn does not win that he still has to be very careful how he forces the position. K— K i . 25. K — B2 P— R3 A delightful conclusion. R— Kt5 .. 40 R— KKt8. 37R— R6 P— K4 P— KR4 P— Kt4 K— B4 P— R 5 K— B5 P— K5 R -Q 6 R— R6 R — Kt2 K— B i R— B2 K— B2 K— B i K— K2 P— R3 K— B2 R— Kt2 K— B i R— Q6 R— B6 If R— Q8ch. R— Q5(K— K 3 ..

B x R . and it is White who is a pawn ahead.P— Q4 2. P— QB3 11. If at once B x R P . KR— Qi 17. Q— Kt3 Kt— B3 15. K t— R4. B x B 7. 20. P x K t PxP 9. 1909. Black already has the better position. fol lowed either by K t x K t . Kt— Q2 .84 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD J. 15 Q— Kt3. QR— Q i Sacrificing the RP to obtain open lines in the centre by P— K4 or P— Q5.B— Q3 P— Q4 P— K3 Kt— KB3 B — K2 Kt— K5 Q xB This allows Black to open the long diagonal for his bishop. K — R i . a Cuban. P— QR4. 9 Kt x Kt. 21 BxPch. P x K t . 23RXB. began playing as a child. 16. 20. and it was only after he lost the world title in 1927 that his infallibility was called into question. O— O O— O 13. p . Q— B3 He cannot hold the diagonal. 18. His style was simple and almost mechanical. Kt— QB3 4* B— Kt5 5. Q— Kt4 B— B3 P— B5 i. New York. P— QB4 14. GAME 26 MARSHALL-CAPABLANCA n th match game. 22 B x R . P— Q5 P— K4 first gives a more en during pressure. B x B P P— QKt3 10. KR— K i Kt— R4 18. of America at 21 and of the world at 33. The more normal line is Kt— B3. 9 P x Kt. P— K3 6. of an accuracy which reduced opponents to despair. 20 K t x P. Capablanca (1888-1942).P— QR4 To prevent P— QKt4. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k 10. P— B5 . K t— B4 OR— B i 16. Kt— K2 B— Kt2 12. P— QB4 3. 13. R. but this move leads to more combinative possibilities than the usual Kt— B3. K txK t 8. B— R2 If B— Kt3. 14B— Q3. was champion of Cuba at the age of 12. or by P— QB3 . P x K t . 19.. 8 Q— B2.Q B 4 . 16 B— B2. Q— Kt 5ch7. he won a series of tournament victories from 1910 to 1936. B x RP . 10 Q x P .

23QxRch. K t— B6 26. 22 R x B . Black still loses the exchange if he takes the queen. . P— R4 B — Qy would prevent Black’s next move. R x R 27. (D i a g r a m 34) 23. but White is two pawns down and therefore in haste to increase his pressure.. R— Q2 P— K4 Q x R . 25. K t— K4 31. .. R— Q i . Q— B6ch. R x R . 22. B— K ti R xP Q xR He must either submit to an attack on his king. 30.. 32. 36. . but White evolves still more surprises. and Black has no ad vantage. for if Q— B i . 25 R x R . K t— K ts K t— K ti 35. P x P [Diagram 35] (WHITE) MARSHALL Position before Black's 23rd move. If R— K B i . and mates. and P— Kt3 must fol low. or by playing P x P allow White freedom in the centre. 28. and the defence has to be a model of fighting carefulness. QxKPch. 21 K t x P .MARSHALL— CAPABLANCA 85 I f P x P . 23. Q— Kt5 Q— K3 K— R i The attack seems to have been beaten off. 34 Q x Rch. R— Bich. 27. Q— B i .P— Q6 (BLACK) CAPABLANCA P x B would permit 29 Q— R6. K— B i 34. K t— R5 P— Kt3 Q— R4 would be answered by K — Kt2. 33. winning the exchange. for 23 . R— K2 37. 33 Kt— Kt5. B— K ti. 26 Q— R6. 29. B— K6 Kt— K2 Q— B2 K— K ti PxB White continues to attack with ingenuity. . K — Kt2 If R x P at once. K x Q . P— B4 R— K i 36. B x K t . B— B5 Kt— B3 R— Qi He cannot avoid this weaken ing move. 35 KtxPch. 23. 27 Kt— B6ch. R— Q3 (preven ting Kt— B6ch. 21. P x B . 24.) is answered by 24 Kt x P. 29.

43 K t— B7 Mate. would have been stronger. 41.Q—0 4 The defence holds out against White's last brilliant fling. B x P . Fatal would be B x Q . P— R6ch. 42 R— B7.. K— Kt2 . A perfect dem onstration of the power even of an unsound attack and of the inexorable justice that must come if the defence is correct. 40. P— R5 B— K i 39. 41 P x Q . R x P . R— B7 BxQ Or R x Q . R x K t . And if 41 . . . 42 R— B8.. must be stopped. R x P . and if 41 Q xQ . R x P .. Q x Q (forced by the threat of R x B ) . B x R . 43. R xP (w h i t e ) m arsh all P— K6 dis. K— R i Not K x P . 43 R— B7. . (D ia g r a m 35) 38. 45 Kt— B7 Mate.. 40 Q— Kt4. 42 R— B8. 44 R x R . B x R . 43 R x B . the text move would have equally sufficed. 41 K t— K6ch.. Resigns. Q— Q6 Q— B4 The attack continues. Had White tried 42 R— B7. with good drawing chances. 42 R— B8 (not QxQch. 43 K P x Q .. wins. but if Q x P . B — B3. R— Q 2 ... but then 42 . K t x P . but not 44 . and Black wins. and the threat of K t— B7ch. 44 K t— B7ch. 42 P— Q7.. . 43Kt xBM ate . K t x P . R— K2).. nor Kt x P . 42. 40 Q— B6ch.. If now Q x Q . 43 K t— B7 Mate. P x Q . R x K t . 46 R x P . . Q— Q7 R— K2 Position before Black's 36th move.86 (b l a c k ) BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD capablanca W '-'v fy Black is threatening Q x Pch. .. 4 1. Kt x P . R x Q . . R— K 4 . ch. 43 R x B . If 41 . 45 R x R .

P— Q4. Q x B . B— Kt2. Q— Kt3 . 0 —0 P— KB4 B— KKt2 I f P — Q4. 11 P x P . 15. for if 14 Q— B3. P— Q 4. Kt— R4 14. O— O . 7. 5. 1910. allowing White to develop ingenious win ning chances by sacrificing his QB. 13 B x R . In 1910 he played and drew a match for the world title and oddly enough he only failed to win by not playing for a draw. 15 QxQ . 17. 4. Berlin. Better was either Kt— K4 or B— K4 blocking the bishop. Schlechter (1873-1918). n B x P . and Black gains a move on the variation actually played. P— K6 PxKt Kt— Kts The immediate exchange of queens is virtually forced. early earned the unenvi able title of “ drawing master. B— Q2 . 12. B— B4 .. B x Q P 19. S ic il ia n D e f e n c e 1. 10 Q— B3. when he shared 1st prize both at Vienna. 3. 10. 8. 16. B— QKt3 There is nothing in 12 Q— B3. but a later improvement is 9 . P— K5 9.Q x Q B— QR3 Q— Q5 7th match game. . P x P . 10 K t x P . 14 O— O.SCHLECHTER— LASKER 87 C. 11. 13 KR— K i. R x P P— Kt4 PxB . 11 K t x P . 2. B— K3 . he was recognised for the great player he was. 7. 14 P— KR3. then Q— K5 . O— O— O . KR— K i 18. 14.” though at his best he was as fine a stylist as any player of his time. 1908. Black is just able to evolve a satisfactory defence against the text. and Prague. . of Vienna. GAME 27 SCHLECHTER-LASKER 9. 16 P— B4.. However. An inaccuracy. 13. P— K4 Kt— KB3 P— Q4 K txP Kt— QB3 B— QB4 KtxKt P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P xP Kt— B3 P— K K t3 P— Q3 Introducing the sharp Mag nus Smith variation. 1908. 6. He died of under-nourishment in 1918. 12 0 — O. P x Q . P— B4 QR— Qi BxQ O— 0 B— B3 Magnus Smith’s own analysis continued 9 B— B4. 12 B— B6ch. B— B4 Q— Kt3 12. P x K t .

25. 24 P— KR3. B— K2 . Kt— B3. K — Kt2 . . P— Kt3 Now the subtlety of Black's defence in choosing 19 . Of course not 28 K — K2... .. R— K2 . K t— B6ch. 29. K— K2 K t— K4 30. P x K t . If 21 P— KR3. 21 P— K7 dis. . K t— K5 . . . B— B6ch. 28. . 21. . B x R . P— B5 B— K4 KR— K i If B— Q5 . ch. and the pawns are held. the reply is still 20 P— B5. K — Kt2 . ch. He has to let his QBP go in order to hold up the dangerous K P and whether he tries 1 9 . 20. 24 K t— B5 (the move not available to White in the previous note). P x B K t— K4 Black’s defence has been so far successful that the worst threats are over though the passed pawns remain. 28. 22 P xB . K t x P c h . ch.... R— Qi K— B i K— K i K t— B6ch. 22 K — R i. 26 R x KP. 29 R(4)— K t7. 26. B— K4 . 25 B— R4.88 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) LASKER K ti. Only the most determined and accurate resistance by Black can hold the game. B x P ch . 21. 22. 25 P x B .. B— K 4 . B x R . . B— K4 (BxK t. 25 B— Q7) . Not 20 . 23 P x B . 24 K — 27.. B x R . R(i)— Q7 . 19. K — K t2 . . K t— B3 . . 27 K— Kt2. is dear. B— R7ch. 23 P— Q7. K t x Pch. K t— B3 B— K5 B x Kt (w h i t e ) SCHLECHTER Position before Black's 19th move. 22 P— K7 dis. He is now able to interpolate a little attack of his own. 23 P x B . 23. K t— B3. B . 24 B xB. and of P— KR3 and P— K7 followed by R x B . winning. KR— K i .K 6 . R x P B— QKt2 Insufficient would be B —K t 4 . . 25 P— K7 dis. and Black is in zugswang. or 19 . ch. B— B i . 26 K t— B5. 23 R— Q6. (D ia g r a m 36) Now White has a powerful attacking position with the threats of P— B5 followed by P— K7 dis. R— B7 24. B— B3 Still not B x R . 28 R— QKt4. 25 K t x B .

R x P 48. P— K R 3 . 33. P— K7 41. 35 R— B7..R x K t P The point. K t x P . 30. 3738. Black's de fence still has to be extremely accurate. Although he has two pieces en prise Black can save both of them owing to the position of White's king. 32. .R 3 BxP Drawn.K— B i 44. threatening mate. . R— K8ch. . with a winning rook end ing. 3536. PxB B— B4 B— K 5 46. 47 . Now Black suddenly produces a threat to win the game him self.SCHLECHTER— LASKER 89 Recovering the pawn. P— B5 R— Kt7ch. 34.. B— B7 42. K— Q i PxP 43. K— R i RxKtP B— Q6ch. winning. B x Kt QR— B i Kt— Kt3 RxKP B— Ktsch. 39. White cannot play 34 R x K t because of P x P .K— Kt2 45. Both of White's advanced passed pawns have fallen and Black now threatens B— Kt4 followed by R x P Mate. Of course White cannot reply 33 K— Q2 because of Kt— B6ch. 3940. 32 R— R7. K— B i . The culmination of a magni ficently accurate defence. R— B6 R— Kt8ch. R x R. for if 30 .. . 40 . R— K B i . and in fact this enables him to save the game. 31 R— Kt 7ch. K . for if now 39 . White has nothing better than to take perpetual check. PxP R— Q5 R— Q6 B— Q5 P— B6 R— QKt7 K t— Kt3 B— K5 B— B4 QR— K ti Kt— B i Temporarily holding the KP. 31. He now succeeds in remaining a piece ahead.

P— Q 3. Kt— R3 12. R— K K t5 . Q x P ch. 1895. K 1 4 P — QB 3. P— Q5. and similarly prefers now to indulge in complications based upon the threat of K t— K7CI1.. R x B . 14 QR— K ti.. Kt x Kt 10. 1865) played in his first masters tournament at H astin gs. 1913. Correct wasR— Kt5 . B x P . 13B— Kt5 1. 17 Q— K3. 12 K— Ktx. 3. 8. R x R c h . 1946. B -K 3 Naturally not B x R . 11. Q— K8 . Also. is far too unenterprising.90 BATtLfiS-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Jacques Mieses (b. Kt— Kt5 White must exercise the ut most care.. 15 Q— B3. 7. i 4 B x K t .. B— KB4 K txP R x Kt Q— B3 Not liking P— Q3 which would allow White a strong attack for the pawn. R— K8. P— K4 P— Q4 Q xP Q— K 3 K t— QB3 B— Q2 0 — 0 —0 P— K4 P xP Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 B— Kt5 O— O R— K i By simple play against White’s risky opening Black has secured the win of a pawn. and White cannot play 15 P x B because of Q x P Mate. He did not like them then. C e n t r e G am e R— K i would lead to varia tions similar to those in the previous note. but frequent brilliancy prizes. B— Q3 P— Q3 K t— Q5 Overcomplicated. P— Q4 . B x B . 13. [Diagram 37] 14. for if 15 P x B . 13 B— K2.. winning the queen. R x B . Q— Kt3 9. . Q— K3 . 2. 14 P— KB3 only gives equality after R x B . which would allow sim plification without retreat. K t— K7ch. 15 P— QB3. Kt— K7ch. If now 8 P— B3. If now n B x P . and what may be his last at Hastings. 14 B x R. His style was extremely aggressive and he delighted in such risky gambits as the Danish. Kt— K 7ch. 5. This brought him uneven results in tourna ments. if P— QB3. 15 B x K t . K t— K 7ch. then B x P is a possible reply. 15QX B. 16 P x B . 16 . with the threat of Q -K 2 . GAME 28 MIESES-CAPABLANCA Exhibition game. 4. Berlin. and then if 9 B— Q3. i 4 B x K t . little success in matches. 6.

21. R x B . 17 Qx R . wins a piece.. B x K t 17. And finally if 14 B x K t . . He cannot force the K side and get a quick mate by weight of material. 1718. Black must now lose the ex change. Q— Q i . 20. B— B 4 . P— B5 Q— Q2 The only move. Q x B K t— K7ch. was not enticing. (the White queen was defending this on the previous move) . If White now takes the rook. 16 R x B . K t— K4 RxB A tactical finesse. any player might expect to win. 22. By his last move White has proved the whole combination to have been unsound after all. 17 R x K t . B x R . 19 Q x P. with a pawn ahead. R— Q2 25. Black plays B x R and still comes out a pawn ahead. . The alternative of B— B 4 . whose position still does not appear to hold any promise. Now that White has wasted two moves. Black could not reply Q— Kt5 be cause of 24 Q— K8ch. P— B4 P— B3 KR— K i R— Q5 Q— Kt4 B— B4 Q— B3 B x Kt. R — Kt5 Mate. K— B i . 16 B xPch. P x Q . With the exchange ahead in this simplified position. Qx R RxKt Q— Kt4ch. brings all his pieces to bear on White’s king with an economy of moves that is quite remarkable. 15. And here Q— K7 with the same idea was better. with a winning end-game. so the logical course was 22 Qx Q . 2324. ( D i a g r a m 37) 19. 15 P— QB3. (WHITE) MIESES Position before White's 14th move. Q x Pch. Q— B3 P— QB3 P— Q4 B— K2 and Preventing P— B6 threatening B— Kt4. Black’s combination is seen in all its ingenuity.MIESES— CAPABLANCA (b l a c k ) capablanca 91 16. 23. 17 K—-Kti. 14. R xB An error of judgment. 22. Black. for if R— K 2 . 23 R— K7. R x B . enabling him to capture on K4 instead of on K2.

the very move White has fought so long to prevent. R(2)— Q2 Q— Ksch. R— Q K t i. He has not only escaped defeat but has actually won a lost game. followed by P— B6. R(5)— Q2 [Diagram 38] 39. B— Q5 . 33. P— Q5 is 30.92 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 26. Not P— B 6. R(2)— K2 27.R— Q3 P -B 6 PxP Q— K5 White has battled hard to stave off the attack and just when he seems to have suc ceeded Black prevents R x R by the double threat of Q— K8ch.. R x P . Q— R5 28. 40. R— Qi R— QB6 And with this beautiful con clusion Black settles the matter. R x R . The way in which Black has seized the initiative is an object lesson in the correct use of material. (WHITE) MIESES Position before Black's 39th move. threatened. or even Q xRch. 35. R— Qi P— B4 31. Resigns For if 45 R— Q2. Q— K8ch. with varia tions similar to those in the actual game. R— QB2 43 . 46 R x R . Q— Kt3 R— Ktfx P -K t5 41. The text move. 35. Q -Q 6 42. and if 45 Q— Q2. makes de fence of the RP an urgent neces sity. P— KKt4 29. P x P Q xP 37 . P— B5 Much stronger than Q x RP. and R x R. 42 R x P. 41 Q x R . P x R . 34. Q— R5 38. R x P R— Q K ti 39. 38 r (5)— Q2» P— B5 . K— K ti B— B3 P— KR3 K— R2 R— Qi (b l a c k ) capablanca The first stage. 37. (D ia g r a m Q— Kt2 K— K ti Q— R5 38) Not R x P. Q— R3 Q— R5 32. .P— Qr 3 If now R x P . 36. 44. K— R i P— QKt4 And now the threat of P— Kt5 is worse still.

. in which a pawn is sacrificed for a strong attack. 16. B— R6ch.. 15 P— Kt3. 11. winning. was preferred as a defence... PxP K txP RxKt R— K i Kt x P K txK t K t— B3 I. Q— R7ch. QR— K ich .Q K t4 0— 0 P -Q 4 The Marshall Variation... 9. Q— R5 . 14. QR— Kich. B— Ktsch. Q xRch. 13. 19 R— Kt2. 20 K— K i. 10. Or 15 Q— B3. 2. 18 K— K2. QR— Kich. 13 R— K2. 16 K— Bi. 17 K— Bi. He said afterwards that as soon as Marshall allowed him to play the Ruy Lopez. 18 Q— B2 (R— K2.. Kt— Kt5 New York tournament. !5. was introduced to master play in this game. 17 Q xB . If in reply to the text move White plays 14 P x Kt. then Q— R5 . KB x P . 19 K— K2. 1918. Q— R8 ch. R u y L opez P— K4 Kt— QB3 P -Q R 3 Kt— B3 B— K2 P . 3456. he suspected a prepared variation was coming. B— Q3 . Kt— K t5 . P— K4 Kt— KB3 B— Kt5 B— R4 O— O R— K i B— K t3 p. for Marshall had never faced a Ruy Lopez from Capablanca since his unhappy experience against it in the match of 1909. B— R6ch. 13. (D i a g r a m 39) P -Q 4 . 20 K— Qi. B x P .. would merely be a transposition of moves.0—B3 P— Q4 (b l a c k ) Q— R5 m ar sh all Subsequently 12 P— Q4. P— K R 3 B— Q3 (w h i t e ) capablanca Position before Black's 15th move. QxPch.” 12. Capablanca anticipated that the attack would be “ terrific.CAPABLANCA— MARSHALL 93 GAME 29 CAPABLANCA-MARSHALL KR3. KtxP R— K2 .). 12. B x P . but Capablanca is out of the book and has to im provise.b 3 The attack begins and with it a period of intense crisis. 78. 16 P x B . 14 P - 15. 15 Q— B3.

94

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

If 16 Q x Kt, B— R7ch„ (B— Kt6 would allow the brilliant reply 17 QxPch. , R x Q ; 18 R — K8 Mate, showing how delicately the game is now balanced); 17 K— B i, B— K t 6 ; 18 Q— K2 (now if Q x Pch. the queen is captured with a check), B x P ; 19 P x B, QR— K i ; 20 Q x R , Q x P c h . ; win ning. After the text the attack must ease a little as Black loses a piece. 16. B— KKt5

A last attempt to revivify his flagging attack, but White is now poised for his counterthrust. The problem of Q side development is to be solved by the advance of the Q side pawns. 27. P x P 28. P— Kt4 29. P— R4 30. P x K t P 31- R— R6 32. K t x P 33- P— Kt6 BxP

B -Q 3

P -Q R 4 PxP PxP B— K ts

The attack is continued with the utmost ferocity. If instead 16 . . ., K t x P c h . ; 17 P x K t , B x P ; 18 R — K4, or 16 . . ., B x P ; 1 7 P X B , K t x P c h . ; 18 K — B i, K t— K t 4 ; 19 Q— Kt2, but 16 . . ., K t— Kt5 ; 17 B— KB4, B— Kt2 ; 18 P— Q5, K t — B3 ; was a playable alterna tive. 17. 18. 19. PxB K— B i R x Kt B— R7ch. B— Kt6

The picture has now changed completely, and Black is help less against the passed pawn, for the moment his rook leaves the first rank. White has Q x Pch., available again. 33. 34. 35. 36. BxB P— K t7 Bx Pc h . B x Kt P— R3 R— K6

White has fought his way into slightly calmer water. He obtains two pieces for the rook, but is still behindhand in de velopment. 19. 20. 21. 22. K— K2 B — Q2 Q— R8ch. BxR B— R5 QR— Kich. Q— B8ch. B— B7 Q— Kt8 P -Q B 4

Forcing the pawn home, for if in reply 36 . . ., K— R i ; 37 R — R8, R x Q ; 38 Rx Rc h. , K— R2 ; 39 R — R8ch., K x R ; 40 P— Kt8=Qch., or 36 . . ., K— R2; 37 Q— B5ch., K — R i; 38 Bx Pc h. , K x B ; 39 Q— Kt6ch., K— R i ; 40 Q x P Mate. 36. 37. 38. R xB P— Kt8=Qch. K— R2 RxPch. Resigns.

2324.

Q— R3 K— Q3

K — B2 Q— B 3

B— £5

2526.

It is mate in two after 38 . . . , K x R (P x R ; 39 Q x R Mate); 39 Q— R8ch., K — Kt3 or 4 ; 40 Q— R5 Mate.

RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE

95

A. Alekhine (1892-1946), Russian by birth and French by adop tion, was world champion from 1927 to 1946, except for the period I935-7* At his best he was perhaps the most completely equipped and gifted chessplayer of all time, at home in open and close posi tions, orthodox and experimental, sound in theory and fiery in imagination. In his early years overshadowed by Lasker and Capablanca he showed by his decisive victories in such tournaments as San Remo, 1930 and Bled, 1931, that in the fullness of maturity he was as great if not greater than they.

GAME 30

RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE

**London tournament, 1922.
**

Sl a v D e fe n c e

1. 2. 3. 4. 56. 7. 8. q.

Kt— KB3 P -Q 4 p- b 4 K t— B3 P— QR4 P -K 3 BxP O— O Kt— K2

P— Q4 K t— KB3 P— B3 PxP B— B4 P— K 3 B— QKts 0— 0

P— R 5 Continuing the attack on his K4 by threatening R— R4 at a suitable moment. 20. 21. B— Kt2 K R -Q i B— B6

II. 12. 13. 141516. 1718. 19. 20.

Kt— R4 KtxB PxP Q -K 2 KtxKt Q— Kt4 Q— B3 p — QK t3 R— Rz

P— B4 RPxKt KtxP KKt— K5 KtxKt Kt— B3 Q -B 2 Q -K 4 Kt— K5

The theme of this opening is control of White’s K4, and with the text move Rubinstein evolves an elaborate plan to get rid of Black's QB. The more usual play is Q— K2. From this point the battle for control of the vital square is fought out with all the intensity and per sistence of which the players are capable. 910. Kt— Kt3 QKt— Q2 B— Kt3

Not 2 1 . . . , Q— KB4 ; 22 R— R4» B— Q7 ; 23BXKP. 22. B x B 23- R— B2 KtxB P— QKt4

The threat is 24 KR— B i, K t — Q4; 25 P— K4, and White controls the key squares and comes out with the better game. 24. t x P e . p . 25. KR— B i PxP

Maroczy recommended Q— B4 here.

g6

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

25. 26. R— K i 27. B— B i 28. Q— B4

Kt— R7 P— QKt4 Kt— B6

(BLACK) ALEKHINE

If 28 P— K4, P— Kt5 ; and the first stage of the game ends in equality. White prefers a line which will allow him to use the open files in the centre later. 28. 29. 30. Si32 . 3334 3536. 37PxQ P— K t3 B— B4 K— Kt2 R— K5 R -O 2 R— B2 P— R4 R(2)— K2 0x0 P— K t 5 R— R6 K— B i K— K2 R— QB i R -Q i R -Q B i Kt —0 4

**Position before Black's 42nd move.
**

(D i a g r a m

40)

Threatening R— Q8 followed

by R(2)— Q7 Mate.

Now White has succeeded in developing a strong game in the centre. The immediate threat is 38 R x Kt and if 37 . . Kt — Kt3 ; 38 B x P , P x B ; 39 R x Pch., K— B2 ; 40 R x Kt, R x P ; 41 R— Kt7ch., K— B3 ; 42 R(2)— K7, with advantage.

37.

**42. R— R2 43. R— Q8 K t— K5 44. R(2)— 05 R— 03 Not Kt— Q3 ; 45 R — KKt 8, Kt x P ; 46 R(5) - 08 , K t - Q 3; 47 R— Kt 8. 45. R— K Kt 8 R— R7
**

White’s attack has reached its full force. He is certain to recover his pawn and he is threatening even worse things. Black swings to counter-attack just in time.

38. R— Q2 39. P— R5

Kt— B6 R— B3

Trying to increase his pres sure by sacrificing a pawn, the object of which is primarily to weaken Black's KP. A new in tensity comes into the game. 39 P— B3 40. R— K3 PxP 41. P— B5 P— K4 42 . R(3)—03

**46. RxKtPch. K— B i 47. R— Kt8ch.
**

Still neither player can tip the scales in his own favour. White must now adopt this very in genious method either to force a draw or to get back to intercept the attack.

56 B -B 7 ) .ch. R x R(2) R— Q7 50. K— Kt2 49. Correct is 6 2..R 3 .. 55 B x P .. . Kt— Kt4ch.. draws) . P— B4 P -K 5 Allowing White to bring his king across at last. 63 P— Kt5. and Black must now be careful for if 62 . 61 B x P. . K t x B . Kt— B8 . Kt— Q7ch. B— Q5 55. Kt — Qsch. 64 K — K i. 59. Much better was the line suggested by Bum : 52 P -K t4 . R x R K txR 51. P x P . 52. 62 P— Kt4. Kt— B4 . P— K6 A last effort to retain some chances by 59 . p . (KxP(4). 60 K— K2. 63 P . 56 B— B2. K— K 5 . K xR 48.. KxP(4) . B x P Resigns. winning. 54 P— Kt5 (B xP . B— B7 K -Q 5 But this is a serious error. The reply chosen by Black crashes any chances re maining for White. K— B3 59. Kt— B6. .K— K ti 54. K t— Q2 . 53 K . 64 P— Kt6. K— Kt4 . drawing.RUBINSTEIN— ALEKHINE 97 47.. P— R5 (K— R3 . 53. 5152.B— Kt8 56. P— Kt6 . P x P e . K -Q 6 K— Qy P— Kt6 P— K7 . but now the Black king is also in range. B x P K— Q3 K— B4 Kt x P A drawn ending has been reached after all. . K— B3 . 53 K— K t3. 57 K— Kt4. R— Q2 dis. 58. 55 PX P. for not only does it give Black a passed pawn but it enables him to keep the White king out of action in a comer.K t5 .). 54 P— B 4ch. Kt— Q7 . B— B7 57. wins. B x K t 61.. 58 B— Qi. 6 2 K X P .. K x B P . K — Kt2 K— B i K— K2 60. B— B4 62.

had not yet been developed. but the whole idea is somewhat specu lative and out of key.” The chief feature of their theory was that occupation of a square or squares was often less effective and certainly less flexible than remote control. Q— Q2 10. K t— KR4 Q— Q2 14. 15 Q x P . 13. P— R5 B— Kts PxP 456. Indicating his intention of forsaking the positional basis of the opening and of going in for a combinative attack. B— Kt3 . P — KKt3 P — K K t3 White’s first three moves constitute the Reti System which was introduced to master play at this time. with a strong game. which call for a high de gree of positional exactness on White's part. P— Q 4. Kt— KKt5.. Q— Q2 (preventing P — KKt4). A. B— R6 11. Becker was a prominent Austrian master who frequently figured in the prize list of continental tournaments. White can $lay 13 Kt— R2. was one of the most original masters of the twentieth century and a leader of the school which revolted against the dogmas of Tarrasch and was dubbed “ Hypermodem. 16 Kt — Kt4. Not yet Q— Q2 threatening . R e ti System 1. P— K Kt4 . .. . P— KR4 B— Qz R— K ti Kt— K i Vienna tournament. 11.98 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. Kt— KB3 Kt— KB3 2. B— Kt2 Kt— B 3 P -Q 3 B— K3 P— KR3 B— Kt2 Kt— B 3 0— 0 P -Q 3 If B x P . GAME 31 RETI—BECKER B— R6. 12. P— B4 P— B4 3 . . 14 P— B3. Black’s sym metrical defence causes White no trouble but the more aggres sive replies based on 1 .. 78. B— K4 K t— Q5 Threatening to break up White’s attack completely by 15 . a Czech.. . The excesses of the Hypermodems soon faded but their teachings left their mark and brought new vitality into a chess that was becoming too orthodox. 1923. Kt— B7ch. 8. Reti (1889-1929).. 9. . BxB. 16 Q x Kt. because of 8 . The KRP is to be given up to open the file for the rook.

The QKt file must therefore be kept closed. K— R i PxP Black has secured the re markable and very unusual bargain of six pawns for a minor piece. 19. Less good would be 23 . 23. or QxKt. . K t x P c h . .. 26 QR— K i. winning. Q— B3 . BxBch. 22.). K — B2 PxB P x Kt Kt— B5 K txP K txB Q— K3 A terrible position for White. 19 QR— Bi. 18. 21. He has to stake everything on his attack on Black's king. . for if in reply 18 Q x Kt. Q— R6ch. K t x Pch. (D ia g r a m 41) Black has now developed his own attack and White is in difficulties. and Black is two pawns ahead with a com fortable game. 25 QR— K Kti. 20. for if 27 QR— K K ti. 18 K— K ti (K— B2. ..). and after the fall of the QBP with a threat to the knight. . in two cases with check. 19 P x K t . and wins. (W HITE) R ETI Position before Black's 17th move.. inviting a direct attack on his king by 24 K t x B . 17. Q x P . 21. P— B3 P— Kt5 17. 18 P xB P .RETI— BECKER 99 15* O— O— O P— Kt4 16. faced as he is with a threat to his bishop. 27 Kt x Pch. B x B . Q— B7 Mate. P x K t . B x B KtxB After 24 .. R x K t . . P x K t . . R x P c h . K— K ti An error under time pressure. White must therefore allow Black to sacri fice his knight for the complete disruption of the White pawns. After K— R i White would have great difficulty in saving the game.. K t— B6ch. 19 Kt x Kt. while if 18 K — K ti. K t x K t . 26BxP.White with a rook for five somewhat loose pawns is better off. Q— K4 . Q— R5 (threatening Q— R6ch. Kt— Kt5 (BLACK) BE CK E R P x P . If 17 P x B. Or if 17 Kt— Q5. . 25 B x R . 25 B xB . 24. threats to three pawns. Kt x B . followed by Q— R5. nor is R x Kt satisfactory because of 24 Q— Kt5. Kt— B6ch. 25. B x Bch. A fine move. QxBPch. Q x K t . Q— Rsch.. 20 Q— Kt5. K— K ti QxKPch. K t x K t KxKt 26. 20 Q xB.

P— QR3 . 30 Q x QP. Superior weight must tell. he can achieve little. 910. 11. 34 Kt— B6. P x Kt A startling reply indicating that he is going all out to win. .. QR— K K ti K— R i 28. 13 B x B. P— K 3. K— B i . P— QR3 P x P 12. or 30 . and the simple 12 Kt x P was sounder. 78. . . E. K x R . Znosko-Borovsky (b. 29 Q— B6ch. P— Q R4. B— K2 . 15 Kt — Q6ch. 33 Q— R 4 . Kt— B3 . Q x Rch.. . As curious and re markable a game as any ever played.. though after 12 . . is best known for his lively and excellent treatises on various phases of the game and is perhaps the greatest teacher of elementary chess of all time. White has his initiative to de fend. R— K i . R— Q B i .100 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R— K t i . B— Kt5 No doubt hoping for 12 . 1884).. Q x Q 30. 33 Kt— Q5. with a good game. 12. a prominent Russian master in the years before the First World War. R— Kt2 . 31 Kt— B7. R x Rch. 32 K t— B7. As it is White is able to threaten R x Pch. 14 Kt— QKt5. 29. P x K t . R— K t2 . Q— Q2 .. with deadly effect.. As Tartakower has said . R— K ti Resigns. R x R . 3456. 31 K— K ti. 27. 2. 35 Q— R8 ch. Q x B . P— K4 P— K5 P -Q B 4 P— 0 4 P— B4 BPxP B— K 3 K t— KB3 Kt— B3 R— B i K t— KB3 K t— Q4 Kt— Kt3 P —03 PxP Kt— B3 B— B4 P— k 3 Kt— Kt5 P— B4 White’s formidable looking pawn advances in this opening. A l e k h in e D e f e n c e I. . 1925. R— QBi. 28. 32 Kt— Q5. GAME 32 ZNOSKO-BOROVSKY— ALEKHINE Paris tournament. 28 Kt x QP. . 34 Q x RP. The continuation might be 30 . . R x P The first pawn Black loses is fatal to him. and with this move Black begins undermining White’s centre. .

or 23 . R— QBi . K txP 20.P— B 5 The point. and O— O is still impossible because of 25 K t— B6. If 23 O— O. winning a piece. winning a piece.. Black has a choice of B x P . 19. ( D i a g r a m 42) B6.. Q— Kt3 15. 23 B— R4. B— K2 . . He prefers to retain a more com plicated position at some cost in development. 17 Q— K3. 21 P x P .. 22. 22 Qx B) . B— Ktsch. Kt— Q2 21. P x B . 20 B— Ktsch. B— QB4. but possibly a better line was 16 Q— Kt3. BxKtch. If in reply 19 . . 18. Kt— Q4 K t— B7ch. Kt x B c h . Q x P 16. but chances of a more rapid development than in the line selected. . K— K2 . 22 K t x Kt P. Q— R i PxP Kt— R5 (WHITE) Z N OSK O-B OR OV SK Y He cannot satisfactorily con tinue protecting his QB2. P— QKt4 . 20 P— . 20 Q -— Kt5. B— Kt3 [Diagram 42] 19. 16. but not 16 Q— KB2.. and Black. R x K t. P x R = Q .. 18 R x K t . has a rook and a minor piece for the queen. while if 19 . B x Q R xB (B L A C K ) A L E K H IN E The alternative line was P x P . P— Q R 3. R x B 23. . If 18 B — K2 (against R— Q8ch. 14. as in the text. P— QKt4 (if B— QB4 . BxR Position before White's 19th move. . 17. P— QR3 . 17 Q— Kt3. 16 K— B2. Q— B8ch. Q— B3 P— QR3 Now Black’s difficulties with his development become ap parent for if 2 1 . Preparing to give up a third piece to keep Black tied up. 22 Q'— B7 (preventing O— O). 18 B x K t . He now develops his bishop with good effect through the threat of B— Ktsch. . 14 B x K t .ZNOSKO-BOROVSKY— ALEKHINE IO I 13. B x R . Playing to bring his superior weight to bear. at once.. 19 K— K2.. B— B4 . 20 K— K2. 21 P— B7. 24 B— Qi. K t— B6 Mate. B x P . . Kt(5)— K6ch. Kt— B7ch. B x K t . threatening R— Q8ch. P— K t3 . Kt x Rch. .). . Kt— B7ch. K t— B4 .. B— B4 . 21 Kt— Kt3. . R x Kt 18. 24 Q x B . 15 QxQ.

27. 3. K — B i . in 1929 and 1934S. Black must now exert all his resources to save the game. B— B4ch. Bogolyubov (b. By 1929 he was regarded as a challenger for the world title. 0 —0 B— Q6 27. later took French nationality. 30. but was soundly defeated twice. He rapidly achieved prominence in the 1920’s and his vigorous and aggressive style won him a number of tournaments. as for example at Liege. he always seeks to escape from the book and this has perhaps cost him a number of prizes.. 42 Q x KRPch. An original and aggressive player. while Black cannot escape perpetual check in his exposed situation. K— K2 .. P o n zia n i O p e n in g P— K4 P— K4 London tournament.. however. 1930. Q— B6ch. (or P— QR4. 40 Q— Kt3ch. 28. 23. B— Kt4 R— K2 E. Q— K6ch. K— R i 29.). 36 P— QR4. 1887). K— K 3 . 1946.. B x P . RxRch. Q— B8ch. While if 23 Kt— B3. QxPch. He has. a Russian by birth.. R— Q2 26. B— B 2 .K i . also bom in Russia. 41 Q— Q3> K — K t2. K — K 2 . . B x R 31. and Black obtains a quick deployment of forces. K— Q2 . and at Hastings. R . won many tournaments.. 25 Q xP . 26 Q— B6ch. White can hope for no more now. Tartakower (b. B— Qi 32. B— Q6. B— B3 .. K — R2 . B— K2 Drawn. 43 Q— Kt ich. 35 Q— Kt4. 1927. some such line follows as 33 Q— B 5ch.102 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD threatening R x K t and B— Q B4. 37 Q— K t3. R x P The point of White’s 23rd and 24th moves. R— B i . adopted Ger many as his country after his internment there during the First World War.. P— B3 K t— B3 . 39 P— K6ch. D. R— B i . 1889). for if 32 . 44 P— K7.. 1925.. B x P . K — B2 . Q x P R x Kt 25. 38 Q— Kt3ch. notably Moscow. 34 Q— K t 5ch. R— Q i. K— B i . 35 Q x P . 36 Q— Kt4ch. R— Qi 24. GAME 33 TARTAKOWER-BOGOLYUBOV I. 2. 24 Q— B8ch.

K t— K4 12. His counterweight to White’s centre lies on the other wing. 15 Kt— Kts. B— Q2 14* B— K i O— 0— O Q— K2 If 14 . by the threat to the KP. K P x P 6. White now has time to work his QB round to the K side. 13 B x Kt. 27 K t x Bch. . and if instead 25 . 21. B— K2 P -Q 4 QxP P— K5 13.. . or n B— Kt2. P x P 9. 24. 11. 12. Q x Pch. 20. B— B3 17. 18. leaves Black reasonably safe. K— K i B— Rsch. . 26 P— Kts. Kt— K2 . B— Q2 He could retain some say in the centre by 12 . 27 R x P. for though White’s king side is broken up he secures control of the centre. B x K t 16. and if 14 . 22. 8. . P— Q4 5. B— Kt6ch. Of course if now 26 Q x B. Q— R6 .. Q x K t . K t x R P . for he was threatened with Kt — Kt2. which leads to positions akin to some in the Danish Gambit or the Goring Gambit. 19... . where White gets a strong though not decisive attack at the cost of a pawn. . Preventing 11 Q— Kt2. It is not altogether satisfactory. with ad vantage. Kt— Q2 QxKt Q— Kt3 P— B3 As a result of his choice on the 3rd move Black must now decide between this not very satisfactory move. K t— B4 B x RP [Diagram 43] A counter-attack just in time. P— B4 . The king comes under fire on the other flank. with good chances of a suc cessful storming attack. and 6 . 28 Q x B. K t— B3 25. Safer was K — B i. 23. B— K t3 R— K K ti B— B2 P— K4 B— K3 P— KR4 P— R5 Q— B2 B— Q3 K t— R4 A rather pointless move. how ever. B x K tP . .TARTAKOWER— BOGOLYUBOV IO3 Stronger and more usual is P— Q4 at once. R x K t . 13 Q—Kt2. . 7. Q— K2 QxKtP Q— R6 Kt— K K ts Preferring to hold his K4 rather than try and fight it out for his K5 by P— B4. .. 15 P— KR3. . 4. K — Qi Q— Rsch. while 26 R— Kt2. putting a keen edge on the game. 15. B— Q3 .. P— Kt4 24. K K t— Q2 P— K6 A sharp move. . Q— R 4 . If 12 Kt— Kt3. P x P . P x Kt. B— B3 10.

. Q— KB2 P— Kt5 34. Q— R8 Mate.)...104 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) b o g o l y u b o v of 33 B— Kt4ch. even at the cost of another piece. 37 Q— Kt2. 38 K— B2. Attack and counter attack now continue at a fast pace. while 36 Q— B4..B— B4 After 35 B x R. . when Black has little hope of saving the game. 35 B— B2. 38 K — K ti. B— K3 32. 38 K— K2 (K— K i . 35 . Q— R6ch. 38 K— R i. 37 Q— B2 (K— K ti. K t— Kt2 27.. .. (D ia g r a m 43) 26.. . The reply 36 B— B4. Black would threaten 3 6 . He must close one of the two bishops' diagonals. and White will have two bishops for rook and pawn. drawing. R— K7 . P— Kt6 . P x K t . 39 K— B i. K— B i KR— K i P— KB4 P— KKt4 The likely looking P— B5 will not win the piece because Thrill follows thrill now that Black is committed to an all out effort. 33. Q x Bch. his pawns should give him at least a draw. Q— R6ch. Q x Pch.. for if 27 . P— B5 .. R x B . P x K t 29.. 30 B— Kt4ch.. R— Bi). would allow 3 6 .. K— Q2. Q— R6 ch. B— Q2 . 28. 39 K— B3. K — K t i .. . 36 Q x R . or 37 K — K i..). B x B BxR KtxQP He must lose another piece. 35 B xPch .. P— Q5 B— B3 B xP He prefers a fighting line. threatening 31 B— R2. 34 B— K6. P x B 31. Q x Qch. 30 R— B i. 29 Q— R6ch. 38 K — K2.. B— R i If 34 B x K t P . 35 Q x P (B x P. Q— B3 . Q— B 6 . R— B i . but not the best move. would be answered by Q— R8 ch. 34 R xP A surprise. With 34 .. P— Q K t4. 37 Q— Q2» Q— R8ch. R— K tic h . Q— R8ch. rather than 29 . . 35 R -K 5 (w h i t e ) TA RTAK OW ER Position before White's 26th move. .. 37 B— K ti. 30. P— Kt6ch. 28 K t x B . Q— Kt4ch. threatening Q— R8ch. K — K t i . He must therefore stake every thing on his K side pawns. Q X R. . for a quiet move such as R(4)— Q i ... Q x B . Q x P . P— K t6 . 36 B x Q . .

GAME 34 ALEKHINE—CAPABLANCA Correct was 44 Q x Pch. defending the bishop.. 39. first. 46 K— K ti (K— R3. B x B 11... 50 Q— R5ch. I.ALEKHINE— CAPABLANCA 105 would allow 36 Q x QRP with a terrific attack. Q x P . 44. 22nd match game. . leads no where and now the Black pawns begin to fall. R— Kt4ch. B— 03 9. 1927. 36. Missing his opportunity..B x P 10. 46. 49. 39 R— Qi..P— K7. 48 K— Ri.. Now Black can get out of his diffi culties. Q— Kt6ch. Q xBch. R— Q3 Not 37 . 40. Q— K3 R— K ti Q— B3 R— KB4 Or 48 .. with very good chances. 51 Q—B7 Mate. . 44. P— K4. . B xR K— K ti PxB P— Kt6 B x R P . 49 R— B7ch. White can no longer answer 45 K— R2 be cause of 45 .. Kt— K4 2. Now it is easy for White. Q— K8ch. 47 K— Kti. 45. . how ever. 38 Q xQRP. 41 • 42. K— B4 . P— K6 For if 49. K — B3 K— K3 R xP P— R7 Q— B6ch. Q— B6ch. Q x Q . Q— R6ch. After 45 . 47. 49 Kt— B4. P— Kt7ch. and Black with his material inferiority cannot afford moves like P— Kt3. 47 K x P .. . K— K3. Kt— B3 7 .). . The text move. 345- Kt— KB3 p— k 3 P -Ö 4 B— K2 0— 0 QKt— Q2 p— b 3 PxP Kt— Q4 Q xB If 11 0 — O. R x B . K xP P— R6ch.. R— Kt 4ch. Resigns. QxRP Q— R8ch. Q xP K— R i R —QBi R— Q4 K— Q2 Q— Qsch. K— ¿2 . 48 P— 0 4 P -Q B 4 Kt— QB3 B — Kt5 P— k 3 6. A titanic struggle from start to finish. This attack. 48. White has consolidated his position. Q x B ch . P— B3 . R— R4 Mate or K— Bi. 12 R x Kt. Q— Ksch. 41 Q— Q8 Mate. K— Q4 . . 49 K— Kti. leads to a drawish position . 43. R— K B 4 . . . 47 B x R . 38.R— B i 8. Buenos Aires. Black frees his game with Kt x Kt ... 40 Q— R8ch. 37. however. P illsbury A ttack The point.

io 6

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

unless he can play O— O first because of the check on his QKty. 11. Kt(4)— B3

19. 20.

Kt— Kts P— KR3 Kt(5)— K 4 K — K2

If Kt(2)— B3 he not only reduces his chances of playing P— K4 or P— QB4 later but his advanced knight would be a target for the White KP. 12. 1314. 15. Kt— Kt3 Q— Q2 KxQ K R -Q i Q— Ktsch. QxQch. R— Qi

If 20 . . ., P— QB4; 21 P— B4, P x Pch.; 22 R x P, with by far the freer game. 21. 22. P— B4 Kt— B3 P— KB4 Kt— B2 be

Now P— QB4 would answered by 23 P— Q5. 23. 24.

Kt(Kt)— K2 P— KKt4 P— KR4 P— Kts

Better than 15 B— Q3, P— K 4; 16 P x P , Kt— K ts ; 17 P — K6, Kt(2)— K4 ; 18 K t x Kt, K t x K t ; 19 P x P ch ., K x P ; 20 R— B3, P— QKt4 ; as in the 20th game of the match. Now if 15 . . ., P— K 4 ; 16 K— K2, P x P (P— K 5 ; 17 K t— K t5 ); 17 R x P , with considerable pressure.

P x P would lead to a prob able draw after 25 R— KRi, R— K K t i ; 26 R x P , R x P ; 27 R xP, QR— K K t i ; but not 25 . . ., P— B 4 ; 26 R x P , B x P ; 27 R— KKti, R— K K t i ; 28 R x P , B— Kt2 ; 29 R— R7ch., winning a piece. 25. 26. Kt— Kt3 B— Kt3 P— QR4 QR— B i

1516. P— K4

P— QKt3

Here K— K2 would not be sufficiently aggressive, Black getting a solid position by 16 . . ., B— K t2 ; 17 R— Q2, K— B i ; 18 R(B)— Qi, K— K2; 19 P— K4, P— KR3. 16. 17. P— K5 B— Kt2 Kt— K i

If 26 . . ., P— K t4 ; 27 P— Q5 (P— R4, P— Kts ; 28 Kt (B)— K2, QR— B i ; 29 R— B2, Kt— Q4ch.; with equality), BP x P ( Kt xP ch . ; 28 B xKt, BP x B ; 29 Kt xKtP) ; 28 Kt(B) — K2, QR— B i ; 29 Kt— Q4, with positional compensation for the pawn, as in the 24th game of the match. 27. 28. 29. P— R3 R— B i R— Q2 B— R i R(2)— QB2 P— B4

Against Kt— K4— Q6. 18. K— K3 K— B i

Allowing White to get his knights on aggressive squares. Preferable was P— KR3.

Not 29 . . ., Kt— Q4ch.; 30 Kt x Kt, KP x Kt (forced); 31 B xP . Black now seeks to break out of his constricted position.

ALEKHINE— CAPABLANCA

IO7

30. P x P 31. Kt— R4

K tx P Kt(2)— R3

**Not 31 . . Kt x B ; 32 R xK tch., R x R ; 33 R xR ch., K— Q i ; 34 R— B3, Kt— R8 (Kt— B4 ; 35 K t x KtP, win ning) J 35 K t xK tP , B— Kt2 ; 36 Kt— Kz, R— B2 ; 37 K t— Q4 (threatening R— Bi), R— B 2 ; 38 K t x Pch., wins.
**

(BLACK) CAPA BLA N CA

attempt by White to make quick use of his rooks on the QB file leads to an ending in Black’s favour, as for example 35 P— Kt4, P x P ; 36 P x P , K t x P ; 37 R x Kt, R— R6ch.; 38 R (5 )-B 3 (K -B 2 , K t - Q 6ch.), R x R c h . ; 39 R x R , K t — Q4ch.; or35 R x K t , K t x R ; 36 R xK t, KR — B i ; 37 R x R , R x R . White must therefore play 35 R— Qi, a change of file which is less effective when Black can oppose rooks, as he can after 34 . . ., R xKt, than in the game as played when White controls the file. How ever, Alekhine suggested R x K t ; 35 K t— K2, by-passing the dangers. 35. R— B3 36. P x R 37. R— Qi RxRch. R x Kt R— K B i

(WHITE) A L EK H IN E

He must withdraw his king from the defence of the BP, for if K t— Kt2, the rook comes in at QKt6 after 38 R— Q Kti. 38. R— Q6ch. K— K2 39. R x P K t— B2 40. R— R7ch. Black threatens Kt— Kt4 or Kt— Q4, but now White is able to force the king back further, since if 40 . . . , R— B2 ; 41 K txP ch. 40. 41. P— B4 K— Qi K t(2 )-K 3

**Position before White's 32nd move.
**

( D ia g r a m 44)

32. B x P A brilliant effort to force a win. The likely looking 32 K t x KtP, loses a piece by R— Q K ti; 3 3 K tx B , R xB ch. 32. K xB 33. K t x KtP R— Q K ti White threatened P— Kt434. K t x B R— Kt6ch. Missing his best chance, which was R x K t , for any

Preparing the counter measure 42 . . ., K t x P ; 43 K x K t , Kt— K 3ch.; 44 K— K 3, P— B5CI1.; but White pre vents the manoeuvre by

io 8

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

threatening to exchange off the rooks by R— R8ch. Neverthe less, the best reply was 42 Kt— K2. 42. 43. 44. R— R7 RxP P— R5 Kt— B2 Kt(4) - K 3 K— Q2

Fighting for a win, but now the pawns begin to fall. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. K— K4 R— R7ch. R— R6ch. R— R7ch. R— R6ch. P— R4 R— R6 R x BP R— B8 K— B3 K— Q2 K— K3 K— K2 Kt— Q2

Still not Kt x P ; 45 K x Kt, Kt— K3ch.; 46 K— K3, P— Bsch.; 47 K— K4, P x K t ; 48 R— R8ch.

45 - P— R6

46. 47 48. 49. 50.

KxKt K— K3 K— B2 KxP R— Q5ch.

Kt x P Kt— K3ch. P— Bsch. PxKtch. R— K R i K— K2

After R— R5, to prevent Kt — B4CI1. and also the loss of the KP, Black can play K— K3. 67. 68. 69. 70. 7 i72. 73 74 K -Q 4 P— R 5 R— R7ch. P— R6 P— R7 R— QKt7 R— Kt2 R— K8ch. Kt x P Kt x P K -Q 3 R— QR8 Kt— B3 Kt— Q2

Not K— B3 ; 51 R— Q6ch. Black's defence against White's widely spread pawns has to be extremely exact. Fortunately for him each one is isolated. Si-

52 . 5354 5556. 57-

P -B 5 P— B6 R— B5 K xP K— B3 P— Kt4 R -Q 5

RxP Kt— B i K -Q i R— Kt3ch. K— B2 Kt— K3 Kt— B i

Bowing to the inevitable and admitting that he cannot win. Now, Black in turn tries to win, but his hope is a forlorn one for it must depend on a White blunder.

7475 - R -Q 2

Better than K x P ; 58 R— Q6ch., K— Kt4 ; 59 K— K3, and Black’s two pieces are com pletely tied up, since he dare not risk 59 . . ., Kt— B i ; 60 R x R, Kt x R ; and the pawns cannot be held. 58. 60. R— B5 R— R5

59* R— Q5

Kt— K3 Kt— B i

RxP Kt— B4 76. K— B4 dis. ch. K— B3 77- R— KR2 R— Rsch. R— KKt5 78. K— B3 R— Kt6 79 - K -Q 2 K— Kt4 80. R— R 5 K— B5 81. K— K2 82. R— R4ch. K— B6 R -Q 6 83. K— B2 84. R— KB4 K— Q7 R—Q4 85. K— Kt2 K -Q 6 86. K— B3 Drawn.

. 17 B— K4. but it remains without much future even so.CAPABLANCA— NIMZ0 W1TCH 109 A. Kt— B3 7. Q— B i Q— R6 O— O B x Kt Not P— K3 because he wants to take advantage of Black's weakness on the long diagonal. GAME 35 CAPABLAN CA— NIMZOWITCH Kissingen tournament. Q— K t3 . He was always highly placed in tournaments. and the White centre goes to pieces . P x K t .. B x K t . P x P . 9 P x P . as a result of which White’s bishop on the long diag onal will bite on thin air. N im zo . 14 Kt— K4. The text move frees the White knight from the defence of his QP. though Alekhine sub If now 16 P— K4. but never obtained the match for the world title to which he was generally regarded as entitled. 13.. 1929. 16 Kt— B6. P— K 4. 16. 3. Nimzowitch (1886-1935). Black’s play. 15 K t(3 )-K t5. 10. P— QR4 8. 9. 2. 5- P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Q— B2 B -K t5 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kts P— Q4 Beginning an unexpected manoeuvre. B— K2 . P— KKt3 P— QR3 1. PxB K— R i Kt— Q2 P— KB4 KR— K ti I f Q x B . holding the gambit pawn. but in fact he was an original thinker and iconoclast and became a great teacher. . his best result being the 1st prize at Carlsbad. 56. leads to a great battle. B x K t PxP P— Kt4 P— B3 12. 12 Q x K t .. B— Kt2 O— O R— R2 R — Q2 A move proved inferior for the first time in this game. with a position suffi cient to deter Black from trying the line. Q— B 7. 1928. 4. K— R i . 11. PxB The alternative answer to the threat of Kt— K4 fails by 13. O— O . His style was so unusual that for a time he was regarded as a Hypermodern. first came into prominence early in the twentieth century. a Russian who adopted Denmark as his native country. 8. . 10 Q— K4. and Black must recover his rook with a strong game. 11 Q x R . 15. 14.I n d ia n D e f e n c e sequently suggested the brilliant continuation 10 .

27. 18 R x Kt. by not forcing exchanges after obtain ing a material advantage. R(3)— Kt3).. 18 Q— K3. KtxP). B x K t .. (Q— B3. Bet ter was 27 . Kt x Kt Kt— Kt3 KtxB R— Kt3ch. The full subtlety . for if 18 Q— R5. R x P . 20 Kt— B3. 20 KtxPch. 23 Q— K3. for if 23 Kt x KP. 29. Q— R 6ch. 22 Q— R3 (QxP. . 19 Kt— Kts. PxBP Kt— B3 BxP But now Black begins to go wrong. P x P . Kt— Q4. 21 Q— b 3. R— Kt5). R x P .). 23. for White must now lose the exchange. Q . . R— Q i P— Q5 K— K ti Q xP The only way to get freedom in the centre. 23. Q— K t4 . Q— Q3 was essential. 18 P x P . winning. B x P . 26 Q x B . P x K t . 24. 18. threatening 27 . .k 3. 3 1. White has now a passed pawn which enables him to fight back with magnificent virtuosity. . Kt— B5 . Q— Q4 (not R— Kt5 . P— R3. 24 B x B. R— K i . Kt— B5 . R— Q 3 . 17. 24 Q x P (forced). Kt— B3 Q -K 3 R— Q3 He must try and hold what centre he has. for though the pawns look strong. P x P . 23 Q— K5ch. If 25 K— R i (K— Bi. P x P . 26 Kt— B6). R— Q6. 21 Q x R. R xB BxR P— KB4 Threatening R— Kt5 followed b yP — B5. 19 P x P .B 3 . 27 Q— R5. 19.. 18. 20. Kt— Q2 P— Kt4 P— K5 Kt— Q2 The climax of Black’s play. 19 Kt— K5. 28. 16. making Black’s extra pawn valueless. 26. 21. K— B2 PxP Q— B3 BP x P The natural move and good enough. A less ag gressive line would lead to slow suffocation. winning. Now White threatens 17 Kt x P. P— K4 25 B— Kt2 (K— R i. . Q— Q3. 26 P— B3. Now the game be comes very critical. B x K t . 22.no BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD after 17 K P x P . R— Q3. P— B3. . and the Black pawns will win. . [Diagram 45] 30.. 20. winning easily. P— B3 Q— KKt2 A fighting reply. 25. r . 28 P x R . R x K t . Kt— Q4 . Q— B4 BxP Q— Q2 A further error. but more decisive was 21 . 20 Q— B i. R x K t . B x P . R— K tich . curiously enough in the same way as Mieses did against Capablanca in Game 28. 25. P x P . A final misjudgment. Now if 17 K t x P .

. K t x P Q— B3 P— B6 P— B7 Of course not Q x K t . R— Kt4 (not Q— Kt3ch. so Black must submit to the draw by perpetual check. 39 Q x P . R x K t . 38 Q— Kt7Mate. . P x R . 35 R— Q5. P— Q7 34. R x R . The tame 35 R— QBi. P— B8 = Q .Q 8 = Qch. 40 Q— K 7ch. Q x R . White uses his passed pawn with magnificent effect. 3738. R x Q .. 36 . . . 3 ch. . P— B 8 = Q .. 36 P .. Q— K5 RxKt Of course not 36 . 36.. 3 6 K t x Q . or 35 . . for example. 39 Qx Q . 41 P— Q8=Q. R— B i Drawn.CAPABLANCA— NIMZOWITCH (BLACK) [ N 1MZCWITCH III Q -Q 4 ). . of White’s recovery has still to appear.K t (WHITE) CAPABLANCA Position before White's 30th move. P— B 8 = Q . Other lines lead only to a probable draw . R x K t . P— Q6 33. 32. Q x K t .K 4 . R x Q . 38 Q x R . RxRch.R— Q6 A big surprise.. R x Q . Of course 37 Q x R would lose.. R— B i. Q— Kt3ch. P x R . nor R— Kt4 . K— R3 .. would lose by 35 . 37 P— Q8=Q. . The text appears finally to break White’s attack. 36 P . so that Black’s move is the most reasonable one. . 37 P— Q8-Qch. Q . ( D ia g r a m 45) 35Q— Q1 Threatening R x R and still anticipating a won game. but there is more to it. 37 RxRch. Now if 37 . 38 R x R(8)ch. 38 Q— B7. 35 QxQ. . 35 . 36 R x R.. . K— Kt2.Q— K8ch. . 37. 37 K— Kt2.. and White actually wins. 38 RxRch. 35. 36 Qx Q . The point. .

17. The more orthodox play would be to operate on the Q side by P— B5 and P— QKt4— Kt5. P— KKt4 Q x P 19. Q— B2 B— K2 Kt— K5 Q xB P— KB4 i- A solid variation in which he will labour under the permanent disadvantages of weak Black squares and a confined bishop. Kt— QB3 Kt— KB3 4. 16. P— B4 P x KtP . Kt— B3 8. 1946. One of his best results was his 1st prize at London. P il l s b u r y A t t a c k A double-edged move. .112 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD M. and if first 11 .) GAME 36 EUWE— BOGOLYUBOV 8th match game. He permanently prevents P— K4 but has to allow some weaken ing of his position on the K side. Euwe (b. P— K 3 P— b 3 6. QxPch. then R— R7CI1.. 1901). A player of deep and accurate positional sense. again prevents P— K4. R— K t3 18. O— O 0— O R— B3 A bold sacrifice designed to take advantage of the weakness White has permitted. P— QB4 P— k 3 3. only to lose it again two years later. But prob ably a quieter line like Kt— Kt4 would in the end have proved more effective. P— KKt3 To prevent Q— R5. Black could at once continue with P— KKt4— Kt5. Were he to permit Q— R5 and then play P— R3. K t x K t . PxKt K— Kt2 Q— Kt4 P— K4 is impossible because of the loss of the QP. B x B 9. 17. then 12 Q x Kt. 12. though often just failing to win the 1st prize. Kt— K5 If K— B2. 7. 1928. QKt x Kt 13. 19 P— B4. P -Q R 3 Preventing the Cambridge Springs Defence. B— K2 ix. (Pronunciation :— Erver. the Dutch master. 12. 15.. 14. P x K t R— R3 14. 18 K— K i. won the world cham pionship from Alekhine in 1935. B— K t5 QKt— Q2 5. P— B3 B— Q2 Kt x P P— Q4 P— Q4 2. he has persistently won prizes in master tournaments. Q x K P . 6. . 10.

26. K t— K2 32. 22. 32 P x P. 31 RP x P. with . Q— R2 . 21. 34 R x B. threatening Q— Q7. 29. Q x P .. It was based on the line 30. 29RXP.. 30 K t x P . R— B i (against 31 B— R7CI1. P— Kt4 Q— Kt3 P . RP X (W HITE) EU W E Position before White's 34th move. B— Q3 28. P— QR5). 24 R— Rich. 35 R x R . 31. Q—0 3 21. 31 RP x P. 20. 32 Kt— R4 (not R— Kt6. R x R . K t P x P Q— K ti This fails to keep Black con tained.EUWE— BOGOLYUBOV M3 To prevent 20 P— Kt5 and 21 B -R 5 . 33P— R5 (BLACK) BO G O LYU BO V I f R P x P . 29. Q— K 6. 30. with a great advantage. If 29 K t— R4. QxBP P— B5 Black is entirely without pros pects unless he can open some more lines. and White holds the Q side.. Q— Kt5 6— R i P— R4 B— K i If Kt x P. Q x B . Kt— Kt3 P— Kt4 Q— R2 Preparing for 22 R— R i with the threat of 23 R x P. for if KR— QBi. P x RP . 23. White is now beginning to recover the initiative. Q— B 6ch. R x R . Better was 30 K R — QKti (not QR— QKti. 24. K — K ti. K x R . If 35 Q xP . P— QB5 Q— K t3 R— R i QR— K B i R— K B i Q— Qi P— KR4 R— R3 P— QKt3 He cannot prevent Black’s queen coming back into the game. Q x R P . 31 K t— R4. 32. 36 Q x R. and Black can not get out. 33. P— K t4 . 31QR— Q Kti. Q— R2). with good chances. B x K t . wins. with a draw by perpetual check. Q— R2 . Q— R4 27.) . 30. 32 K t— B3. 25. 25 Q xR.. P x P .. (D ia g r a m 46) 34. R P x P . R x P A most critical position. R— R i i Black’s manœuvre has suc ceeded in making White halt his initiative. 30 Q x R .

though seldom winning a 1st prize. R— B6 Mate).. 38 Q x K t P . 36. Q— KB7ch. if White tries 35 R x P. P— B5.B 6 If Q x R . P— Q5.. P x R . The text. Not 37 K— R i. Q— B6 . wins. was one of his best results. R— B2 . 1929. of Yugoslav nationality. R(3) x Pch . Black plays P— R6ch. 38 K— K2. Q— K t7ch. GAME 37 VIDMAR— EUWE Q u e en ’s P aw n G am e 1. 39Q x Q. K xR Q— KB7ch. 37 K— K2 (K— K i . P— B4 . Q— K B7.. Kt— KB3 P— KKt3 Carlsbad tournament. 40 P— B6. 1885). 35. P— Q5 dis. and Black must take a perpetual check. R x P ch . 37 K— B i. Q— Kt7ch. M.. Q x K t ... 38 K— K ti. B— B3 . 39 R— Kt2..114 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD both players on the attack.. 36 P x R. wins. R xR 35. which looks strong. Resolving the problem by force. A very keen-edged battle.. 38 Kt— K2 (R— K K ti. Q x B c h . P .. IDs victory at Bad Sliac. ch..R 7 . for then P x K t . Q— K8 ch. . 35 Kt— B4. Drawn.. 38 K x Q . R— R7ch.. 42 B— Kt6 (P— R7. 38 K— Qi. 39 K— B i. 34. came into promi nence early in the twentieth century and was for thirty years a consistent prizewinner in master tournaments. 37 P— B6. 37 P x P . Q— R2 . Nor is 34 Q x K tP any better. R x P ch . Q— B6ch. P— B4. Q x B . 39 R— R i. P x Qch. 36 K— R i.. Q— K6 . has one small flaw. 39 K — K3 ?.. 36 K — R i. Q x K tch. 36 Q x P . B— B3). P— Q4 Kt— KB3 2. Q x Qch. P— Kt7ch. 43 R x P . then P x Rch. P— R 4 . Alternatively in this variation. 35 K— B i (not K— R2. 37 Q x P. Q— KB7Mate). 40 K x P. Vidmar (b. wins.P . 1932. Q— B6ch. 40 K— K i. Q— Q7ch. and White will have difficulty in saving the game. 3* B— Kt5 . 35 R x R. 41 P— R6. Probably best is simply 34 Kt— K2... Q— KB7CI1. or Q x KP is dangerous. 36 P— B6. R— B2 ..wins). If White here tries to continue his attack at once with P— B6.

B x Kt. B— Kta P— Q4 would allow White to establish himself strongly on his K5. White can not answer the text move with 12 B x P. Q— R3 R— Q2 Kt— Kt3 BPxKt P— KKt4 P— B5 PxP R— K i Kt— B4 Q— K2 KtxKt KR— B i R— B2 KPxP P— KKt4 Q— B3 4 .3i Q— K7. R— B5 P— Q5 He can no longer stand the threat of B x K t . 16. 19. B xP) . RxRch. It was better to play for equality with Q x KtP . 3 o K tx R . and he threatens P— Kt5. 24. B— R i ( B x P . n RPx Kt. White is now on the de fensive and Black's superior de velopment begins to tell. P— QR4 Now BxP would answered by Kt— R4. 25P— R3 QR— QBi R (Q )-Q i 0 —0 If P x P . . Some what better was R(Q)— K2. 28 R x B . R— B8 . 18. with nothing more than perpetual check) . Q — B8. 910. 11. B -Q 3 0— 0 B— KB4 P— b 3 Q— Kt3 P— Kt3 B— Kt2 P— k r 3 P -Q 3 Kt— R4 White allows a certain amount of disruption in his pawn position to obtain open lines for his pieces. 14. B— B6. KtxB PxKt The immediate disruption of his K side pawns has been averted. The safe 10 B— Kt3. 28 Q— Q7 (not B— Q3. 10. 13. fol lowed by P— Q4. 22. and if R— B8 . 5. PxP PxP P— K3 Black cannot have the threat of B x P hanging over him in definitely. 25. 32 K— Bi. and Black can only give White an isolated pawn at the cost of his valuable KB. 78. K t x B . winning the knight. R x R . 29 B— Q3. 23. 12 K t x P . 26 R— K8ch. 20.VIDMAR— EU WE 115 Kt— K4 Kt— K2 An unorthodox development of the bishop which almost in evitably leads to giving up the bishop for the knight. offered fewer possibilities. 21. 13. R(5)— B2 . Black will control the long diagonal. pk3 15. 27 R x R. 12. QR— Qi B— K ti Kt— B3 be Of course if 25 Q x RP. for then 27 Q xR P . 29 . 5. 3. 6. 26. 17. 26. . Q— Bsch.. because of P— B5.QKt— Q2 P— B4 If P— K4. 29 Q— R4. but now his QP is weak. R— B 8 .

P il l s b u r y A t t a c k Position before White's 29th move. 29 Kt— K4. 36 R x Pch. 32 Q— K8ch. 4. and a draw is almost certain. ch. B— B i Clearly not K— R2 . K— R2.). K— R i RxB QxBP B x Pch. 31 K t x R . 2. 33 K t x R . Q— B8 . K — K ti 37. Weisbaden. For this exquisite piece of play Vidmar was awarded a brilliancy prize. QxQP tion. but White has seen further and now brings his own still more beautiful combination into effect. A galling resignation when he is still left threatening his own mate on the move. Q x KtP . Kt— Q2 K— R i Q— Q5ch. Q— B5 1. 1929.. ch. 35. 35 Q— Q3ch. R x R c h . An apparently inescapable mate on the move is threatened. (B— Q3. 30 Q— K8ch.. . R x R c h . P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 B— K t5 P— K4 Kt— KB3 P— B3 P— K 3 P— Q4 QKt— Q2 The key to Black’s combina- A bold method of avoiding . Better was simply R(5)— B2 . R x R . Kt x QP 32. QxKtch. K t x R 31.ii6 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R x R (not R— K8ch. 5. ( D ia g r a m 47) 29. 32 P x B . (b l a c k ) e u w e GAME 38 ALEKHINE-BOGOLYUBOV (w h it e ) v id m a r n th match game. It is mate next move. KxR Of course if K— Kt2 . Kt— Bsdis. 33 Q x B.. B— B i . 34. . 27. 3. Resigns. but Black sees mating pos sibilities by means of a com binative assault on the White king. R x Bch. K x B 33. K x P . 30 Q x QP. R— B7ch. 31 P— B6 dis. 6. 28. B— K4 30. B— Bi). 36. Q— B8ch. R— K8ch. Q x B .

Kt— Kt3 Not liking P— B3 . 21 R— Kti. B— Q3 Sacrificing a pawn to secure open lines for his bishops and rooks. 23 R— Kt5 dis. K K i (K— B i . would avoid the break-up of his K side pawns. 23 K R x B . 13 Q— K2. 7. and Black has a good game. K — Q2 16. 25 Q -K 2 .. Q x P . 24 R x B ) . 24 R x Q. It is rare to get such a tense situation so early in a Queen’s Pawn opening.ALEKHINE— BOGOLYÜBOV the Cambridge Springs De fence. 0 — O PxP B— K2 (W HITE) AL E K H IN E Position before White’s 18th move.. R— K ti Q— R4 I f Q x R . so White gives up a second pawn to keep the pot boiling. P x R . R— K5 Better than 20 R— K ti. 10. If Q— B2 . K t x R . P x K t 9. 24 B x P. K t— Kt7ch. B— B i P— K4 10. 21 R x Pch. 11. 20 B— KB4.. for then 12 R— Kich. K— B i . R— K4 R— K K ti 17. 14 B— B4). 20. K — Q i . R— K2 P— Kt3 . Kt— R5 B— K2 [Diagram 48] 18. Kt— B5 B— Kt5 Hoping to castle on the Q side with a good game. 21.. P— QKt4 Black has now somewhat con solidated his position. Kt— B i . K t x R . 20. 14 B— R6 and the threat of B— Kt7 followed by B xBP ties up Black com pletely. B— K2 . Kt x R . Q— Qi (Q— Q3 . 6. Kt x P PxKP Q— Kt3 (BLACK ) BOG O LYÜ BO V Q— R4ch. B x R . (D ia g r a m He has no time for P— QB4. Q— R4 > 22 R xPch. 22. P— B5 P— KB4 QxKtP 48) He has now no option but to accept the offer. 21 RxKtPch. 18. with advantage. ch. 22 B x Q. 23 K R x B .. 8. KtxKtch. R— K i K t— B i 13. 22 B— QR6. 12. 15. Kt— R4 B— K 3 14. 23 Q x Pch. 19.. Q— B i .

39. Q— Kt8 ] and White cannot continue with 45 B x K t . 3° R— R5. Kt— Kt7 R— Kt3 R— Kt2 B— B3 Q -Q 4 If 44 B— QB4.i i 8 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Of course not B x B P . R— R6ch. P— Q6 was much better and would prevent White’s next move. . To prevent K t x P followed by B— K4. defending the pawn and threatening a dangerous attack by Kt x Pch. 42. so White plans to open the QKt file thus deriving what advant age he can from his superior de velopment. 26. B— Q2 K— B2 Q— R i PxP R xR But here Black misses a chance of shutting in the White bishop and opening for his own use the diagonal which White has been forced to weaken. Q— K i B— QKt4 QxB Another stage of consolida tion is achieved. 41. 25. R— Kt5 28. Kt— B6ch. in the hope of B x B . 3 1 B— QKt5. 39. nor B x R P . 36. P— R5 29. K— Q i . B— Q3 B— Q i And here Kt— R5. R x Q . P— QR4 27. Q -K B i R— R i Q— Kt6 Kt— Q4 Not K— B i . R— K ti Q— Kt2 B -Q 2 Q— Kt6 K -Q 3 The first pawn is recovered elegantly. 40. 37 Q xQ . 23. K— Q2 By careful play Black has now practically consolidated his position again and his extra pawns begin to look formidable. B— Kt 4ch. 45. KtxP 30 Si32 . 44. Q— B 3 ... BxBch. 33 34- R xR R xP Q—^ 4 Q— R2 R— R7ch. P— B3 Black has succeeded in sim plifying the position and is still . PxP PxP R(K)— Kt2 QR— K ti B— B i P— B4 23 23 There is nothing in 39 Kt— K8ch. 35 B— R6ch. 42. was more promising. 38.. . for then 43 B— K4. Q x Q c h . The king is covered and a White bishop tied down by a mating threat. Q— R i Kt— K2 If P— R 5 . 46. K— Q2. BxPch. 44.. winning. K— K i . 46 R— Q6ch.. 24. 36 B— Rsch. Q— R5 37. . but Kt— R5 was still a better move. Black rightly considers that a lead of two pawns is sufficient. 43. . because of 45 . Black cannot answer with Kt x Kt. 38 R— R8ch. with a strong attack against the exposed king. 35* Q— R6ch. 46 K x Q .

. preventing Q— Kt8ch. 58 Q— K 4ch. Q— R^ch. 46. 47. The game is now an inevitable draw. 57 Q— K8ch.ALEKHÎNÊ— BOGOLYUBOV II9 a pawn ahead. B— Qi (K— Kt2 . 57. B— B2 Drawn. 58. 58 Q— B6ch. for then R x Rch. and winning the rook. Q— Kt8. 63. B x R K -Q 2 K—B i RxR ch. 5354* Q— R+ch.). Q— Ktsch. Q— B8ch. B x K t R— Kt8 Not P x B .Q— R8ch. 52 B— Rsch. No world championship match ever produced a finer struggle than this. K — Kt3 . P x Kt 50. Q— R3 Q— B3 Q -K K t3 K— B3 51. threatening both R— R i Mate and Q x Kt. KtxPch. 49. G— Q3 Q xQ K— B2 K — Kt2 K — R2 K — Kt2 B— K t3 Q— K t3 BPxQ K— B3 49. 53 RxPch.. 61. And with a brilliant stroke he recovers the second pawn. R— Bich. (D ia g r a m 49) If Q— Kt8 . Q— K8ch. 59. 54 B x R.. B— Q2 56. Q— Q3 (b l a c k ) BOG OLYU BO V (WHITE) AL EK H IN E Position before White's 49th move.. 53 Q x R . Not yet B— Q2. 54 R— K t3ch. 52.. The combination is delightfully contrived. 55. 62. Q— Ktsch. K x B . K t— B6 If K— K t3 . so White now switches his attack suddenly to the other flank.. 53. Q— Kt3 48. 60.

Q u e e n ’s G a m b it P— Q4 Kt— KB3 3. 1931. 16. R— K K t i . P— K4 19. threatening P— K4— K5 with a fine game. 2. I. 1910) is a young Swedish player who first appeared about 1930 and was at once successful in international competitions. P x P 10. P— B4 B x Kt B x Kt White has won the first round. Stoltz (b. B— K5 21. Black. 9. He is a pawn ahead and Black’s king is fixed in the centre.120 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R. GAME 39 SPIELMANN—STOLTZ H B— Q3. 13. White. 1718. 19 B— K5. G. 15 Q— B3. Q . His greatest success was winning the big tourna ment at Semmering.P— k 3 5. Spielmann (1883-1942) was another of the young masters who began to make a name for themselves early in the twentieth century. 0— 0 7. would have diminished winning chances be cause of the bishops of opposite colours. In style he was a romantic and reverted to the gambits of an earlier age.B x P 6. Black must sub mit to the disruption of his K side pawns. 20R— B2. P— QR3 11. B— Kt2 13. though a pawn up. B x P 20. KR— K i Q— Q4 Q— b 3 R— K K ti B— Kt2 Initiating a plan to reinforce the advantage of a move which he has already gained. 15. Kt x Kt BxP Q— B2 B— Q3 Kt— K4 If 17 Q x Q . 17. He was an Austrian. Q xB Q— B3 A move generally deferred in order to avoid losing a move with the bishop. 18 B x P . B x B 16. B— Kt 2. 14. B x K t P— QKt4 Bled tournament. 1926.P— B4 4.R— Q Bi. has some compensation in his pres . P— QKt4 12.Kt— B3 8.K 2 P -Q 4 Kt— KB3 PxP P— K3 P— B4 Kt— B3 P -Q R 3 B— K2 The point. however. P x Q .

Q— B4 Now if 36 B— B6.ch. Q— B5 Q— K3 Q— K t5 (WHITE) SPIELMANN White is prepared to allow the exchange of queens only if he can get his KP on to the B file. Q x R . The text move. 34 . QR— Qi R— QBi Not 22 QR— B i.Q— Q4 35. Of course Black will not fall in to Q x B . Q— B2 31. 23 RxQ. and the threat of R— K7 is difficult to meet. 32QxPMate. 31. 38 QxQch. 37 Q x R . B x R . R . 24 K — B2.Q— B2 Q— K2 R— Kt5 R(5)— Kt3 To prevent an attack by B— B6.. R x B . K— Q i . with advantage. 24.SPIELMANN— STOLTZ 121 sure on the long diagonal and his control of the QB file.. P— Kt3 Q— B7 R— Kt3 Correct was B— B4. Q— B2 R— B5 B— R6 (b l a c k ) STOLTZ B—B6 is again threatened. 25 E — K3. 22. which looks strong. R x R c h .Q 6 28. R x R . 22. R— K B i R— QB3 B— B i Q— Kt4 Position before White's 36th move. White is not pre pared to forgo his attempts to win and evolves a plan based upon drawing the bishop from its . ( D i a g r a m 50) 36. R x P . 29. 3oBxRdis. 23. R— B7ch. . R— Q2 30. 32. leaves the KP undefended and after Black's reply there is no more than a draw in the game. 39 K x B . K x Q . 26. P— B5 25. Q x P PxP Q— B3 Forced by the threat of B— B6. 21. Q— B4 33. Q— B4 27. 31 B— B5.. The inability of White’s K P to advance owing to his weakness on the long diagonal is now a powerful counter-weight to the extra pawn. R(i) X P . 29 P x Q . If Black replies Q x Q . 28. draws easily. which in conjunction with the doubling of the rooks on the Q file would threaten mate on his Qi.

46 Q— R8ch. 51. Q— R4ch. An Not R (3)— Q7 at once because White is in zugswang. 53 K— B i.. 40 Q— Q6 Mate. R— B3 41. 39. 48 Q— Q8ch. 37. K— K ti R— QB8ch. 40 K— K3.. 48. 39 K — B2.. K x B . 47. 49. 38. R— B7 Q— K K ti By means of this mating threat Black will be able to double rooks on the 7th rank. If R x P . 36... 41 P x R . 38 Q— Kt8ch... for example.K 3 .) . K— Kt2 43. R(B)— K t7ch. R x Q .122 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD present diagonal by sacrificing the rook. K — K ti . 49 Q— Ktsch. P— KR4 P— K5 P— K6 P— KR4 R— K7 PxP Q x R . 38. BxQch. R— K3 .. he no longer threatens mate in one and White can play 47 Q— B6. K— R i All White’s other moves are exhausted. K— K2 (R— B i is no longer possible) . R— R7ch.. for if Q. 54 Q— Qi. R— B8ch.. K — B2 Resigns. R— Q8ch.Q— R5 K— B i Again forced because of the same continuation. ... R— Q3 A last trap. K x B 40. winning a piece. 51.. Not B x Q. 52 K— K ti.. 50 Q— R i.. 53 Q— Q6ch. K— B 3 . drawing. 42. 51 Q— Q8ch„ K— R2 . Q— B i R(3)— Q7 K— K ti If R x P .— Qi. 39 Q— Q8ch„ K . K — Kt2 . . 52 Q— Q3ch. B— B6 BxR B— R6 For if now Q x B ( R x B . 38 Q— Kt8ch. 45 . . 39 B x Q . is still full of fight. R (3 )-K 7 . 49 Q— B6ch„ R— B3 . 50. 47 Q— B6ch. R— QB7ch. K — R3 ..Q— B3 46. K xR of 45 Q— K 5ch. and Black can only avoid perpetual check by withdrawing his rook. exciting game. 47 . 51 K — R i. 44. But Black's subtle counter is to allow White to carry through the plan he has played for. 50 Q— Qi. is worse). 50. then R— K t7ch. Q x B And now at the end of it all Black has proved the more cun ning and has the superior posi tion. 46 Q— B 5ch. K— Kt2 . 48 QxPch. R— R8ch. leads to identical positions. R— B8ch. with perpetual check. White. K — K t3 . 41. however. K— Q2 (K— B i .

GAME 40 COLLE-KASHDAN 13. 10. and Stockholm. 1930. Kt— Kt3 12. 14. Better was 10 Q— K2 followed by R— K i.K 3 P— k 3 4. He won the International tournaments at Meran.Q 3 B -Q 3 0— 0 7. P— 0 4 P -Q 4 2. 1930. 1931. 11. P . Kashdan (b. 1926. 1927. B . B— KKt5 K t— K5 QR— K i B— KB4 B— K 3 Bled tournament. Q— B2 PxP B— Kt3 R— K i (WHITE) COLLE Position before Black's 16th move. P x P Q -B 2 (b l a c k ) k a s h d a n Though this gives Black an isolated pawn. it is not con sistent with the scheme of at tack. notably the 1st prizes at Gyor.QKt— 6 2 K t— B3 6.P— b 3 5. P x P BxP 9. 1911) is a young American master who scored an exceptional series of successes in the early 1930’s. 1516. and 1930. I. 15. K txK BP Black tries to force the issue .0 — 0 8.COLLE— KASHDAN I 23 E. which requires the use of the square K4. 910. Colie (1897-1932) was a brilliant Belgian master. Kt— KB3 Kt— KB3 P— B4 3. Co lle S y ste m White’s QKt and QB are un usually ineffective as a result of his 10th move. whose name is particularly associated with the form of the Queen’s Pawn Game named after him.P— K4 The key move of Colle’s 0 1 system of attack. K t— R4 B— Kt3 I. ( D ia g r a m 51) 16. and Scarborough.

BxKt KxB K — K t3 R xR R— B3 K— R3 R— K t3 B— B5 BxBch. 19 RxRch. or by 17 Kt XB. how ever. and if White tries to counter this threat by removing Black’s QB. and the only line that Not B x B . R— K i . 24. 22. ( D ia g r a m 52) 26. K t— Q6 dis. but his position is far from happy. 23 24. The immediate threat is K t x B . with advantage. 18 P— Kt3.. K t— K K ts. Q— B sch . B— Kt8. 18 B x B. Q x Q c h . 28 K x K t . QxRch. K tx B ). P— KKt4 and B— Kt3. B— R4 (b l a c k ) k a s h d a n (w h it e ) c o l l e Position before White's 26th move. ' 25. 18 B x B . 19 K t— B3. 20. 19 Kt— B3. B x B . Q x B .. *7 18. and Black threatens to recover the piece by P— KKt4. R x R . K t— K4 Q -R 3 He wants to renew his at tempts to recover the piece by B— R4. 22 K x R . White has at last succeeded in holding his piece.. or 18 Q x K t . Q— K t3ch. For in stance. Kt— K K ts . R x R . 25. Black wins either by 17 K B x B . The text move. R— K6ch. .. P— KKtij. (B x RPch. coming out the exchange ahead. B x B ch .. 18 B x BPch. does nothing to ease his game. 19 K XQ . B x K t . wins). R P x B . R x B . Q B x B .. Q— B2 The situation is extremely difficult and White is very nearly in zugswang. but if B— R4 at once. K t— Q4 To free the queen from the defence of the bishop. 27 R x B . but it involves his king in considerable dangers. . 25 Q— Q2 would clear the air for White. White must therefore take the knight and if 17 Q x Kt (K x Kt. .. Q x B . 21 R— K i. 19 K — Ri. K— R i . R x R . 27 P x B . ch. K t x R . if 26 B— Kt4. 19. The text reply is the only one by which he can hold the piece.124 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD brilliantly before White can recover. R— K sch . and if 26 K t(Q )-B 3. 21.. 20 RxRch. An attempt to avoid the mating threats in the above variations by 17 QB x B equally fails after 17 . K t x R . K— R i . Q— Kt4ch. K t x B ..

R— K i B— Ktsch.B -B 3 RxPch. Kt— B5 38 ..K t x P Kt— K4 a check. B— Kt3 . with good chances. B— B5 4 i. 33 Q x R .. P— K K t4 . R— K3 R— K2 K t— Q6ch. K t— Q6 . P. 32 K x 49 .). K — B i. KtxPch. ch. he must there fore play 26 . R x R . Q -B 5 (threatening B— Ktsch. Q— R5ch. 27 QxQch.COLLE— KASHDAN 125 promised anything was 26 B x Pch. and virtually the end of covery of the piece either by a fine combinative game. K t— Q6). QxRPch. QxQch. Kt— Kt3. K t— Bsch. K— B i Another fine move which forces the exchange of queens. Nor does protection of his KB4 help White.K— K t 3 R x Q R P R— Kt7 White capturing the rook with 45 . The piece must be returned as K— B i cannot be prevented. K t— K3 43 A beautiful move. Kt— K3 R— R7 28. Black cannot reply 26 . 28 K t— B5 37 . 36 .. restoring material equa lity. B— K7dis..K— B4 reply 30 Q— K i. K x B . K x Q . 35 P— Kt3. 27. 28 Q— B5ch. or by Q x B .Kt— B6 Resigns. . 3 i R x B ( Q x B . Q x B . 27. . P— KKt4 Q— K t4ch. then K t— Kt3 . P— KR4 Kt— K6 29 QxKt P. 33 34 35 BxB Q xP K— K t 3 KxQ K— K t 5 Kt— Q6 K t— Bsch. 36 K — K3. K — K4 P— K t 3 K t— K2 31 RxR. He never has the same oppor tunity again.. P— R 5 29. and White has the advantage . White therefore decides to make sure that he gets his pawn back in exchange for it. then B x K t . 30. forced by the threat of P— K— B4 R— KB8 39 Ktsch. Now White’s reply is R— Kt8ch. 34 K— B2. nor 27 Kt(Q)— B5.. 33 K— Kt3. Kt— B sch . and much better than the immediate re nation. 3i32. For example if in 47 . K t— Kt7ch. 26. P— R6 Kt— Kt3ch. . without which the game would still be difficult to win. 28 Kt(R)— B5. BxPch.. He therefore plays to remove the double threat to his K3 when the Black knight moves. 48. Now not 27 B— B5.Kt— Qi PxKt K txP 42. even though it costs him the ex change. R xR Taking the sting out of 1 fine combiThe end of c White’s last move. 32 Q— B3. for if 30 K t— K2. and so threatening 46.. R— B7 40. to prevent 44 . but 27 Q— B5.

9. Kt— K4 (Q— Kt2 .. 16 B— Q3. 18. 19 B x P . 20 BxBch. K — R2 (against Q *—R 6).12. . . 4. . P— Q3or6. but he is threatened with 13 Q— B2. K — R i (against Q x P) . But the text move only creates a new target for White to attack. Black’sirregular attempt to use the advanced White pawn as a target recoils horribly upon him. K — R i (R— R i . B— K K ts P— B3 Now his K K tP will be gravely weakened. P— KR4 P— KR4 . 21 Q— Kt6. B — K4 BxBch. 19. 5. then 9 K t— Kt5 is a very strong reply. 2. 3. O— O— O P— K3 A sad necessity.Q— B2 BxP Q— K i 1. yet after White’s reply he will be unable to play P— Q3 without losing a pawn. 14 B— B6. 22 B x B ) . but if Q— K i . 13. B-—B4 xo. Q— Q2 O— O P— Kt3 The only defence against the two threats of Q x Pch. and B x Pch. If now 18 .). 20 B — R5. 14 P— K6. A l e k h in e D e f e n c e He is already in trouble. his 6th and 7th moves already stand condemned. B— Q3 K— Kt2 17. K t x B 20. B x B and Q— R6ch. 21 P x B . 6. or B x B c h . B— KR6. B— QB4 P— KKt3 B— Kt2 B y his previous move Black has virtually committed him self to P— Q3 rather than P— K3. 16. 22 Q— R6ch. P x K t . P x P . 11. . P— KKt4 R P x P 18. K t— K 4.P— K3. Q— K2 (Qx B .126 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD GAME 41 STOLTZ-COLLE Bled tournament. and Black can hardly play B x B . . Q— R 2 . 7. In fact. P— K4 P— K 5 P— QB4 P. 1931. QR— K ti White prosecutes the attack vigorously. 21 Q— Kt6ch. 14.. K P x P 15. 23 Q x Rch.— B5 K t— QB3 QPxKt K t— KB3 Kt— Q4 K t— Kt3 Kt— Q4 KtxK t K t— B3 The normal lines against the Lasker treatment of the Alekhine Defence are 6 . for he is faced with a series of White moves such as P— R5. . threatening Q— Kt5 and Q xR Pch. K t— B3 8. but Black is not allowed time to playB— Kt2. 15 P x B . .. 22 Q— K 4 ).. Should he attempt to overcome this by playing P— Q3 at once. K t— K4 B— R3 Now the only possible de velopment for the bishop. ..

. A splendid climax. 28 R x P . 21. P— QB4 K t— K 4 24. 25 R— R7ch. 26 Q— B2ch. Q xB (WHITE) STOLTZ Position before White's 25th move. 30.. 24 Q— Q4°h. BxP The real point of the combi nation. for it means abandoning all pressure on Black.p . R— K B i Q— Kt7 29. (D ia g r a m 53) 25. K — B3 (K— K ti . 27. But un fortunately it is not quite sound and Black is given a strong passed pawn. Better was the slower line 25 R— K i. 29. P— Q3 . 26 Q— R2) . wins. 23 K B P x P . P x P . P x R . for if now R x R . 30 QxPch. which at the moment is no threat because R x Kt would be answered by QxRch.. so he evolves a problem-like ma nœuvre to induce Black to block the diagonal himself. 28 R— K l dis. 26. P x P .. he offers a sacrifice of the exchange.. R—QKti . and a beautiful one. but he would be better advised not to take it. 27 KtX Pch. K — K ti 28. The threat against both rooks is met. K — K t i . P— B7 Not R x P . 2 4 R x K t . ch. 26 KR— K ti. and mates.. seen by Black. K t x BP . so having temporarily stopped the K side attack. Q—83 R xR QxRch. 23. If now QxRch. Better was the further prosecution of the attack by some such line as 21 P— R5. K — K ti K t— Q6ch. 23 Q— R4. . R x K t P x P e . Q— B3 R— b 4 [Diagram 53] 25. R— K i 27. 22 P--B3. leading to .Q— Q3 The second point of the com bination as White saw it. The first point of the combi nation as White saw it. 21. P— B4 He wants to play R— K i. B x R White’s attack has brought him a gain of material.STOLTZ— COLLE I2 7 (BLACK) COLLS In his almost hopeless posi tion Black must go all out or go under. K t x P. and mates next move. 22. Q x B 3 1.

GAME 42 EUWE— YATES Hastings tournament. 9. preparing O— O— O. Yates (1884-1932) was many times British champion and a frequent competitor in International tournaments. 7. The threat of 3 1 . followed by 11 K t— K t3. An object lesson in refusing to reconcile oneself to impend ing resignation. 10 P— KKt4. R— Q8ch. but now his centre is completely destroyed.128 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 32 QxQ . D. this would be correct. p . but he has calculated that it is immune for the time being at least. Q x R c h . P— Q4 P— QB4 K t— QB3 P -K 4 5. fol lowed by P— KKt4 and P— KR4. 11 P x P P— R 5 . 8. K t— Kt3 10. could not be avoided. .b 3 K t— KB3 P— KKt3 B— Kt2 P— Q3 More in keeping with the usual forms of the opening would be 9 P— Q5. P -Q R 4 The most combinative line against the King’s Indian De fence. for if 31 K — B2. K ing ’ s I ndian D efence 1. 3. and though he was not sufficiently consistent to win the highest prizes. A game is never lost until it is won. 56. however hope less the situation may ap pear. K t— K2 . Now Black has succeeded in forcing P— KB4 if he wishes. [Resigns. . 4. 9. White’s reply threatens B x Kt. 1932. 2. F. 0 -0 B— K3 K t— B3 K K t— K2 P— K4 Q— Q2 Kt— Q2 o—o— o If White had played the usual P— Q5. 10. but he unwisely tries first to force the White K K t in front of the KKtP. then R x P . P— QKt3 Giving Black a point of at tack. there were few masters whom he did not beat in his time. His style displayed great tenacity and determination.

Kt x Q .. 14 B x K t . . 28R x . The Black rook. with variations similar to the actual game but with White a QKtP to the good. The loss of this pawn makes it self felt later. 24 B— Q3. Kt— Kt 7ch. Kt x P . P— K5 B— B4 Playing for a rapid advance of his three united passed pawns.. PxRP K txP BxP K K t— B3 B— K 3 P— B4 Kt— R4 Q— B2 B— Kt2 Kt— Q5 P -Q B 3 B— Kt6 Q— K ti K t— B7 P— Q4 (WHITE) EUWE Position before White's 22nd move. K x P . 27 P xPch... B x P . 22. however. B— Q3 This likely looking move gives Black a fighting chance. with good chances). K t x R 25. B— R3ch. R x Q . Q x P . and White has re duced Black’s chances of com plicating almost to nothing.. 26. R x B . B x R c h . 15. 24 P x Q . Better was Q— R4. . 27 K x B. 12. but would have to try 1 3 . 14. 25 R— Q2. . 23.. P x B . the only line that offers any real hope. B— Q4 BxB Kt x P Q x Kt R— B i A fighting continuation. 24 Q x Q. 13. 23 Q x R (not K t x R. . 18. 17. B x K t 13. R x K t . 26 K— Qi. 14 B— K3. R x Q . White could safely reply 21 K t x R. P x P would be answered by 12 QxQ . winning. 21. 13 R x Rch. 22 K— K ti. but not 23 B xK t. 20. so he sacrifices a piece for an attack i i . 15 Kt— Q5. Kt— R 4 . . (D ia g r a m 54) 22. for he may as well be hung for a sheep as a lamb.. Q— K4. To be a major instead of a minor piece down is of small importance in such a position. P x B .. K t x R .EUWE— YATES It is neck or nothing. . Kt x B . R— K i Not P— K6 because of B x B . 16. 23 B— Q4. and he prefers to dose the long diagonal first. cannot escape. . 19. 15 Q— B2. B— K3 RPxP (BLACK) YATES Stronger was R P x P and Black could hardly risk 13 . R x B 24. Q x Pch.

53. Q— Kt3 will fall. P— QB4 pieces. R— K2 P— Kt5 flank. 51. . 33. K t— Kt6 K txP Kt —02 KtxP K— B2 Kt— Q4 K -Q 2 K— K i R— K6ch R -K 5 Kt— K2 P— Kt4 P— B4 K— B3 P— R4 P— B5 P— R 5 R— R6 P— R6 K— B2 K— K t3 The only way to defend his rook is to counter-attack Black’s rook. 38 . K — K ti Kt— Q6ch. but White discovers an ingenious move to remain a minor piece ahead. If 30 P x Kt. threatening K t— R6ch. 31. K— Kt2 R— Q6 R xP 29. R B4 . 41. R -Q R 5 KtxQ All the White pieces have got across to the defence just in time and the game is a legiti mate draw. 49 50. 40. 43 44 45 46. K txP The culmination of his knight manoeuvres. Q— B3 . Now his Q side pawns 29. R x P 31. He should play Q— . P— B5. 34 Q— k 3 (not K t x P. B— R i P— QKt4 and one to attack on the other 28. Now it is Black’s turn to fail to take full advantage of the position. 32.Kt— R4 A brilliant knight manoeuvre. 55. 36 Q x Kt. Q— KR3 P— B5 His only chance now lies on the K side. 35 B x B . 47 48. Q— R6ch. 52. If 29 Q— Qi. K x B . and R— QKt3 R -Q i K t— B3 37 was better. 30. but the move leaves him open to a multiple fork. K — B2 R— B5 R— B4 R xP R— KR4 R— R7 K— B3 P— Kts P— B6 P x Kt Drawn. keeping two 26. virtual equality. 29 K — K ti. K t x R . At first sight he seems to recover a whole rook with a won ending. KtxP 39 . but R xR 34 . P— K t6.BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 130 B. — QKti). 42. one to defend the pawns 27. 54. 50.R x Q unlikely as it seems the move BxB K xB 35 selected allows Black to achieve P x K t P— Kt6 36.

SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE

131

M. Sultan Khan (b. 1905) came to Europe in 1929, and left again four years later as suddenly as he had arrived. In that time he had shown himself, for all his lack of book knowledge and inability to read any textbook, one of the world’s great masters, winning many prizes in tournaments, winning the British cham pionship and defeating Tartakower in a match.

GAME 43

SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE

Countering White’s pressure on his K4 and at the same time preparing the advance of his Q side pawns. 11. R— K i R— Qi Preparing an action against the QP should White play P— K4. 12. 13141516. 1718. Q— K ti P -Q R 3 B— K B i P— K3 B -Q 3 B— B3 B— Kt2 P— k r 3 P -Q R 4 Kt— K2 B— B3 Kt— Q2 p — QK t4

Folkestone team tournament, 1933(Great Britain— France) Q ueen ' s P awn G ame

1. Kt— KB3 P - Q 4 2. P - Q 4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 3 - P— b 3 4 - P— KKt3 Kt— B3 P— K3 5- B— Kt2 6. 0— 0 B— Q3 7 - QKt— Q2 White is playing the Grunfeld Defence with a move in hand and the colours reversed ; as a result he gets less than he should from the advantage of the first move. 7. 8. P x P 9. P— Kt3 PxP 0 —0

A better way of meeting the threat of P— Kts, opening a file, was P— QR4, P— Kts ; 19 B— Kt2. As played his QB4 is weakened. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. P— R5 P— QKt4 Kt— QKt3 B— B3 K t— B5 R— R2 P— B4 Q— R i

Initiating a long struggle for control of the centre ; his plan is to control his K5 and then if possible follow with P— K4. 9. 10. B— Kt2 B— Q2 Q— K ti

P— K4 being now prevented, he makes every effort to play Kt— K5. 22. 23. B— B i 24. R— B i Kt— KKt3 Q— B2 QR— B i

132

BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD

25. R(2)— B2 Q— K tl 26. B— KKt2 R— B i 27. Kt— K i Kt— R i 28. R t x K t He wants to play P— B4 so as to win the battle for his K5, but can only do it by allowing Black a passed QBP. 28. 29. P— B4 30. K t— B3 KtPxKt K t— B2 B— K2

R4, threatening 41 R— K ti, for if 40 . . ., B x P ; 41 R— K ti, R— QKt2;42 Q— Kt2, and wins. Now Black reassumes the initia tive in this delicately balanced game. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. Not 43 44. R— R2 Q— Qi Q— K B i R— KB2 P x P R xP Q— Kt2 R— B2 P— QR4, B— Kt4. B— Q3 R(i)— R2

Beginning a new counter action against his K4 by threatening P— Kt431. Kt— K5 32. B— B3 Kt— Q3

After his efforts to establish his knight he does not want to exchange it for Black’s KB, so there is no point in 32 Kt— Kt6, R— KB2 ; 33 B— B3, B— B3 ; followed by 34 . . K— R2. Instead he prepares for the im pending action on the K K t file. 32. 33. R— KKt2 34. Q— K ti 35. Q— B2 K— R2 P— Kt4 Kt— K5 R— K ti

And now if P— QR4, then B xKKtP; 45PxB,QxPch.; 46 K— Bi, Q x P ; 47 Q— Q2 (Q— K i , Q— R6ch.; 48 K— K2,Q— Q6Mate. Or47B— Kt2, R(2)— KKt2), Q— R6ch. ; 48 K— K2, R— Kt6 ; 49 B— Kt2, P— K6 ; 50 Q— B2ch., K— Kt 1 ; threatening R— Kt7ch., when the White rook moves.

An inaccuracy which should have cost him the initiative as well as a pawn. Better was B— Kt4. 36. 37. 38. 39. BxKt K txB QxP R— R i BPxB RxKt R— B2

44. Q— Kt4 45 - Q— QBi R(2)— KKt2 46. R— KKt2 Now the threat of P— R4— R5 by Black prevents a Q side advance. 46. P— R4 47. B— K i P— R5 [Diagram 55] 48. K— R i If 48 P x P , Q x R c h . ; 49 R x Q , R x R c h . ; 50 K — B i, R— Kt8ch.; 51 K— K2, R(i)— Kt7ch.; 52 K— Qi, B x RP ; threatening B— Kt6, winning. 48. Q— Kts 49. R(R)— KB2 P x P

Missing his chance, as Black’s 40th move now holds up the pawns indefinitely. Correct was 39 Q— B2, R— R2 ; 40 P— Q

**SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE
**

(b l a c k ) ALEKHINE

133

56. K— R3 R -K 7 57- 0 — Q1 The only move to save the queen against the threat of R(8) x B, followed by R x Pch. 5758. 5960. 61. 62.

Q -R 4

K— Kt2 K— K t 3 K— B4 K -K 5

R(8) x B RxPch. R(6)— K7ch. R— Kt8ch. R— B7ch. R— K t 3

Black has a potential win with his passed pawns, but he (WHITE) SULTAN KHAN will have difficulty in avoiding perpetual check. The struggle Position before White’s 48th move. between Black’s winning (D ia g r a m 55) chances and White’s drawing chances is one of absorbing in Missing the decisive line. terest and intensity. Kashdan pointed out that the 63. Q-Q7ch. K— R3 correct move was 49 . . ., Q— R 64. Q— Q8 P— K6 6 ; threatening P x P , and if 50 Q— R4CI1., was threatened. P— Kt4, R x P ; 51 R x R (Q— Q2, QxPch. ; 52 R x Q , R— 65. Q— R8ch. K— Kt4 Kt8 Mate), R x R ; 52 B— B 3, 66. Q— R3 R— B4ch. B xR P ; wins. Now Black will 67. K— Q6 K— B5 have great difficulty in winning. 68. Q— Bich. BxKKtP 50. P x P White succeeds in getting rid 51. R x B of the dangerous Black KP, but Not 51 R— R2ch., B x R ; at the cost of his own QP. 52 RxBch., K— Kt3 ; 53 68. K— K5 R— KKt2, K— B4; 54 R x Q , 69. Q— Ktich. R x R ; and mate cannot be Not Q— Qi, P— K4 dis. c h . ; avoided. 70 K— K7 , P x P. Q xR 51 69. KxP 52 R— R2ch. QxRch. 70. Q— Qich. K — B6 K x Q R— Kt7ch. 53 R— Kt8 An amazing conception. He 54 K— R3 could escape perpetual check Winning the bishop by the with 70 . . ., K— K5 ; continu threat of R— R8 Mate. ing as he does on the 76th move, 55. K — R2 R(i)— Kt7ch. but first he plans to allow a

P— Q 6. 87 Q— Qi. 85 Q— R4ch. (BLACK) ALEKHINE 76... 85 Q— K t 7ch. K— Kt6 The key to the Black king’s outing . Q— Ktich. 82 Q— B3ch... winning).K 5 78. K— Kt4 Q— Ktich. 87 Q -K R 4 . 86 Q— K i. Q— QB3 R(B)— Kt4 Threatening Q— R8 Mate. K— R 4 . 90 Q— K7CI1. Q— Bich.. for after 73 . K— B5 A bold and clever attempt to keep drawing chances by bring ing the king to counter the Black pawns. P . K— R3 80. 86. K — Kt2 . QxPch. K— R2 . 84.134 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD temporary series of checks merely in order to win White’s RP.Q 7 . 75 Q— R3ch. 85 Q— R4 . for after 8 1Q— R3CI1. K— R3 . K — K ti .. Q -Q ich . Q— Rich. his own pawn remaining immune because of the threat of Q— Rich. 76 Q— Bsch. K— K t2 . K— B5 ch. R . 81. R— K t2ch. K— B6 K — R2 (WHITE) SULTAN KHAN Position before White's 89th move. P . K— K t i . Q— Rich.Q 7 . The checks are temporarily over. 86 Q— K4. 83 Q x B P (of course not Q x QP. and the pawn is lost. P— Q5 . K— Kt2 . K— Kt2 . White is right out of position for making any progress towards his draw. K x P . 84 K— B7 (or K— K7. 82. R— Q4ch.. K— B6 7577. 87. P . with an easy perpetual check.).. 83. 88 Q— K7ch. R— Kt6 Q— B i P— B6 P— Kt5 P -Ö 5 P— Kt6 R— Kt8 Q— B2 R(8)— Kt7 Q— B i R— Kt7 P— Kt7 P— K4dis. Q— Bich. 74 Q— Kt2ch. 85. K— Kt6 72. 71. R— Kt2. 79. 74.. 88. Worse than useless would be 89 K— B7.K 4 . K— Kt3 . P— Q 6.K t 6 . K— Q6 Q— Ktich.... 81. R— Q4ch. Q— Ktich. (D ia g r a m 56) 89. ch. K .. K— K ti . K x P 73. 84 Q R8ch.. 82.. 8 3 Q -Q R 3 . he does not seek to win the K tP as well. The delicacy of the position is shown by the fact that if White tries 82 P— Kts. 89 Q — K8ch.

for if now 106K x P .. leads nowhere. to reach which the Black king has somehow to get to the other side of the White queen. Q— B5ch. R— B6ch. Black might just escape per petual check.. and the checks are over with Black in an improved position. Q— B5 R(7)— Kt4ch. K — B8. K — Kt4 K xP There is still no perpetual check. R x P . 97. K — B5 . R— B6ch.. For example. . Q— B8ch. R— Kt6ch. 104 Q— Kt8ch.. Q— R8ch. . R— Kt7ch. K — Kt7. threatening an unavoidable mate in two. and the Black pawns fall if Black tries to avoid perpetual check. K— Q2 Q— B5ch. 94... 102 io3104. R x Q . After 92 . 91 Q— Bsch. K— K 7 . at first sight an impossible feat.K t 3 Another fighting move. R— Kt . R xP 101.. winning the second queen in the same way as the first. K— K6. Thus the Black king has succeeded in getting round the White queen. K— B7 . K— K t i ... or K— Q2.. 102 Q— R4. winning easily.. R— Q2 Q— Kt8ch. K — B4 P— B7 It is Black's turn to play a bold and ingenious move with a pawn. 107 Q— Rich.. K— §5 Q— B8ch. for the key square is K6. Q— B i R(3) . 98 Q— B8ch„ K x P .. K— K5 Q— R8ch. for if 90 .. K— Kt4 .. 90.. R— K t7ch.. 102 K— K4 (K— B4. R— R 4 . P — K5 . 100 Q— R3ch. K— K8 .. 95 P— Kt8=Q. The pawn is immune because of the very un usual and attractive line 93 QxBP. but the text is more decisive. 103 K — Q5.. 99 Q— K7ch. for if 102 Q— Kt8ch. R— K6ch. but in the most surprising way. 103 Q— Ktsch.SULTAN KHAN— ALEKHINE 135 89. 102. 92. . 101.. 105 Q— B i ch. R x P . 106 Q— B2ch. R— Kt7). and 104 . I 05106.CI1.. K— Kt2 91. 9596. 90. 105 Q— B8ch. 97K— Q3 98. 101 Q— K7ch„ K— B 5 .. K — Q7. K— Q3 To drive the king further would only assist Black's game.. K— K2 Q— Ktsch. R— Q2ch. 103 Q— B8ch. 94 K x R . A queen move. Q— Q8ch.. . 100 Q— B8ch. R(2)— Kt2 K— Q2 The alternative 97 Q— B7CI1. K— R3 . K— K t6 . unpinning the rook would allow 106 . . K — Q8. K— B2 Perpetual check is just avoid able. K — B2 Q— B8ch. . Q— Kt5ch. 93.. 104 Q— Kt2ch. If Q x P. 107 K — Qi. . . 100. K — B3 100. R— B3ch. K— K3 99.

K x R . P x P b4 K t— K5 The usual P x P is better. K— Kt2 Moscow tournament. with mate to fol low. B x K t . 1935. 18. 108. K— Kt3 Here B— Q3 . PxP K— Qi P— B3 R— Kich. 78. P— The loss of the exchange by B— B 7ch. K— K i 108. 17 B xB ch . 19. R(2)— Kt6 .. K txP P— Kt4 Black has got more than he bargained for. K— B i B— B i 15. 21 B— B7ch. If B x P . R — K t7ch . 2... K t— Q4 K— B2 16. GAME 44 SPIELMANN— LASKER With the better game. P— . 22 R— R i Mate. The tremendous struggle QR3 . 19 B x B. 108 K— K2.BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 136 If P x K t . PxP P— Rsch. 17. but Lasker as so often seeks to bring about a difficult game in the hope of out-manoeuvring his opponent. 14 P x B . K— B i K— K6 14. 18. . He cannot meet White’s pretty attack by K x K t because of 22 QR— Bich. 9. White feels in a position to start an attack. 18 K t— B5ch. threatening B— B2 and B— Kt3. P— QR4 P— QR4 P— QKt4 Of course if 108 Q— R3CI1. P— K4 Kt— KB3 P -Q 4 K txP Kt— QB3 K txK t B — Q3 PxP K4 Kt— QB3 PxP Kt— B3 B— K t 5 K tPxKt P -Q 4 Q— K2ch.. Q— K2 K xQ Kt— Kt5 R— Qi P— QB3 Q x Qch. This sacrifice of a pawn and the resulting passed RP create considerable difficulties for Black. 22 K t— B2. The RP is now a formidable threat. would bring about the draw which Black is trying to avoid. R — B7CI1. 10. 20. 3456. 15 B— Kt5. [Diagram 57] 21. 21 KR— K ti. though actually he would run into mate by 20 R x R . 106. 12. 11. would be enough to deter Black from R x P. with much the better game. Resigns. K x B . 107. but mate follows the text move also. is over at last.. 13. R(2)— Kt7 Mate. P— 8ch. K— R5 . B— B4ch. S cotch G am e I.

K R — Q i . 27 B x B . 29 B— Q3.. 24 R— K7 dis. K— K2 (K— Qi . B— R6 .). 23 R— B7ch. 24 R— B 7ch. R— Ktich.). K— Kt4 . 23 B— Ktsch.. R— K i . 31 RxPch. R— K4. K R —B i .. R x B . is decisive and if B x P . R x R . P x K t .). K— R3 24. remaining two pawns ahead. K— K t i . R— Kt6 31. 28 RxPch. 28 B— K7ch. 31 P— B3.. or K— R5 . B x P B— K3 He cannot take the KtP yet because of K t x P . and R— Ksch. 28 R— Rich. .. . B— Q4 Unless he can get a rook on to the QR file he can never ad vance thejpawn. K— B5 (K— B4. Kt— Q8ch. 25. R— B6 30. 22. K x R 30 R — Rich... 26 R(5) xBch.. (D ia g r a m 57) K— Q2 (K— K t2. 27 R(5) x Rch. 29 B— Bi) j 28 QR—Bich. 25 R x P . K t— B6ch. 27 B— Q6 Mate).. P— Q5 . to prevent White consolidating with B— B5. B x P . 29 RxRch. 27 B— K7. B x K t RxB 23. ch. R x B (Kt— B3. K— B4. K— Kt3 .. 27 B— B4ch. B— B6 . 30 P— B3.. The only reply would be 26 . K x P 29. ch. 24 R x Pch. Kt— R7ch. B— Kt6 Black has successfully sur vived the first phase. 29. Kt— B6 After K t x B. 26 B— Q2. 28. R— R5. winning. White would lose the QRP and Black would draw. 28 R— Rich. B— K3 R— QB5 K— Kt4 Forced. B— Kt2 (WHITE) SPIELM ANN Position before White's 21st move. Black therefore gives up the K K tP in order to force the White QB off its diagonal and by the threat of K x K t to win the White QKtP.. 26 B x B (threatening both B— B5 dis. He finds he still cannot play B x P because of 26 QR— K ti. K— K3 . K x K t..K— R5 32. 30 R x R . 26. winning easily.. and wins. and then follows 27 Kt— Q4ch.SPIELMANN— LASKER (BLACK) LA SK E R 137 25. 29 Kt— K2. .. after which the bishop cannot move because of R— Kt6 Mate. B— Q2 .. The struggle now shifts to the QRP. . QR— B i 27. . 27 Kt X B. Or if 25 . for if B— QB4 .

4. Kt x P .. GAME 45 EUWE— ALEKHINE If K— Q2. 12 Kt x P. 3.). 33. Kt x P . B x P .. 41 R— B i. The pawn is still taboo. 41 R— B5. . 8. For if Kt x Kt. 38. K— Kt5 K— K2 B— Q2 Kt— B2ch. K— K ts. he will have the utmost difficulty in castling. 35 R— Rich. R— Rich.. 1 9 3 7 N im z o .. 19th match game. K— Kt7 . B— K7CI1. The knight will have to return shortly. R— K3c h ... 12 Kt— K2. winning the rook either way. R xR KtxB BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD R xR BxB R— R3 B5. 40 Kt— Qsch. R— K3ch. 39. 41.K t 3 . Eindhoven. Kt— K3 K— K i K— B6 B— Kt4ch. 10 O— O. and if R xP. .. 7. B— R5 . B— R5 . 42 K— Q2. White. Or if n . BPxP PxP KPxP BxP 40.. Q— B2 P— K3 B— Q3 P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— KB3 Now if Kt— Qsch. B— B3. 6. 43 K— B i. 5.I n d ia n D e f e n c e K— Qi is no better because of P— Q5 . R— K7 Mate. 13 Kt x Ktch. 12 Kt x P. P x Kt (not R x P . K— Q7 . R x P. so far from having a win. 37. p— Q5 Premature. Drawn. 43 P x P. 41 R— Qi. win ning a pawn. 2. wins). A game that was in the balance up to the very last move. If R— B5. for if K x P . K— Q6 Black is also not out of danger. K— Kt7 . R— Qich. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 Kt— B3 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt5 Kt— K5 3 940. 42 K— Q2. B— K2 . 4 4 P— Kt3. 42 Kt — ¿4ch. 13 B— KKts. 42 RxBch. 13 . 1.138 32. . for if K— Kt7 . 35. 42 Kt— Black’s lack of development still hampers his castling. 37. 11 P— K4. P x P ( P -Q 5 . 34. with still some definite winning chances.. K— B 6 . R— Bich. suddenly finds he must take care to avoid a loss. 36 Kt— B6ch. 36. 3 5 R— Rich. For example if now O— O . and the RP falls. B . 9.

P x P . P x P. 12 K t x P . to prevent Q— R5).Q— K2 B— QB4 16. 20 B— KB4 (to allow Kt— K3). but will now have to waste time with awk ward defensive tactics. K — R i .orif P x P . 15. i 3 B x K t . P x Kt 21. Q— B i 23. 15 Q . White will succeed in forcing Black to give up any idea of castling. Only by the most bold and imaginative play can Black still hope to save the game. 20.. winning. White gets two minor pieces for the rook. 14 Q x B . Kt— Kts 14. or of P— Kt6. White could not play 20 K t— K3. K t— R4 B— K5 Kt— B7 Kt— Q5 PxP Black has built up a threaten ing position at the cost of a piece. R— K i Kt— KKt5 (W HITE) EU W E Position before Black's 17th move. Black now takes advan tage of the vulnerability first of KB7 and then of QB7 to fight back. 13. K t— Q i B— B4 17. P— K4 Kt— B3 B— K2 If Kt— QKts. P— KR3 [Diagram 58] 17. B— Kt5 Now if P x Kt. at once because of Q x Kt. 13. Black has the choice of K t— B7 threatening Kt— Q5. B— Q2. P— K5 In view of Black's difficulties he could afford to wait and secure himself with P— QR3. 16 P— K6. 12 B— Ktsch. P— Kt6. 19. P— KR4 If Kt— B7. 12. and White therefore tries to break up . 0 — O 11. 58) 18. P K R 4 . K— B i If B— Q2 . 13Q— K 2. P— Kt6 has always to be guarded against. Q— K t3 K t— R4 And again if P x Kt. 10. 19. which is more than good value when Black's K R is shut in. 20 K t— R4. 19 K t — Kts (forced.. (D ia g r a m B— KB4 was the winning line.. B— Ktsch.EUWE— ALEKHINE 139 (BLACK) A L E K H IN E BxPch. Kt— QB3 22. wins. with advantage. K t— B7 . 12. 18. K t x K t .B 5.

27. 3 9- For if now P— KKt3.K t 7 K — B3 P--Q K t 4 P-. Q xP B xR QxB QxQBPch. 2 5 26. 30. 28. 24.. then 40. 28 B x B ... 26 QR— Bi. Black will surprisingly recover all his lost material. The logical move was Kt x B. 24. Kt— R 6ch. R x K t . 42. Subsequent events show that P— K6 was better with the probable continuation Kt x P . then P x Kt . 49- K xP R xP RxKt R— QKt4 R-. 30 31 32 3 3 3 4 3 5 RxQ R— B4 K— B i K— K ti B— R6 Q xQ RxKt Kt— K7ch. Q— B2 R xB R x Kt . As played. Q x Rch. Q x K t . with at least an equal ending.140 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Black’s hold on the dangerous diagonal. R— R3 R xB RxP P— Kt3 K— Kt2 P— Kt4 K— Kt 3 P— B4 R— R6ch. P— R 3 R— QKt6 K— Kt2 R xP Drawn. A most astonish ing recovery. 41. The specula tive text move does not turn out so well. 28. P— Kt6. 27 B— K3. 4748. remaining a piece ahead. P x K t .K t 5 P-—Kt6 K -B 2 R-—Kt8 P--K t 7 R-—QR8 R xP P x Pch. R— Qi . 3 5 3 6 . . 3 7 3 8 . 29. 29 Kt— Kt6ch. 32 Q x Q . P x B . 30 Q xKt.. wins the rook. Kt— B5 P— Kt6 Q— B4 R— B i Kt xB B— QR6 PxR R— B i P— QKt3 PxKt Of course if R x P . Kt x Pch. Clearly if 23 Kt xB . Q— Kt3 . wins. 25 B— Q3. Black comes out a pawn ahead and actually tries to win. 4 3 444 546. 30 Q— B4. but there proves to be not quite enough in it. for if then R— R4 . 36K— B i. 24 B— K2. Kt— K7ch. and if P x P. 29 KR— Qi. 23. . 31 P x R. Kt— K7ch.

12. 3. In a nation of many masters he has consistently shown himself the greatest. He reappeared in the 1930’s as a fully fledged master. 1946. 24. P— Q4 P— QB4 Kt— QB3 P— K3 Kt— K2 P— QR3 7. His tournament successes include the sharing of 1st prize in the strong tournament at Kemeri. Nottingham. 28. 23. GAME 46 RESHEVSKY—BOTVINNIK 15. 21. 1911) began to win his great reputation in 1932. Reshevsky (b. 2. N im z o -In d ia n D e f e n c e 1. Q— Q3 17. 14. and rapidly proved himself the strongest player in America. 10. 13. Moscow. 5. 6. 20. P— KKt3 K t— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt5 O— O P— Q4 B— K2 KtxP PxKt The apparent weakness of the QBP after this move will be effectively covered from attack by the movement of the Black knight to QB5. 11. K t— Q2 B— Kt2 K t— B3 0 —0 B— Q3 Kt— B3 P— B3 P -Q K t4 P -Q R 3 R— K i R— K i So far the game has been one of careful and slow develop ment.' 19. Botvinnik (b.P— B3 18. Now Black prepares to invade White’s game along the Q file. P x P 8. K t x K t 9. 1938. B— Kt2 16. His tournament successes include Leningrad. and Groningen. 2526. There is no real reason for not playing the pawn to the 4th at once.RESHEVSKY— BOTVINNIK 141 M. 1934. when he carried off the Russian championship. QP x B Q— Q4 P— B4 QxKP QR— B i R— Q2 p. 4. 1911) was taken as a child prodigy to America and became a United States citizen. 22. 1936. 1935. 9. Kt— R4 B— B i B— K3 Kt— Q2 P— QKt3 Avro tournament. S.b 3 PxP R— Q6 R xB . 1937. 27. QR— B i Kt— B5 B— B3 P— K4 R— R i P— QKt4 Kt— Kt3 R— R2 Kt— B5 B x Kt Deciding that the pressure of his bishop on the centre is worth the weakness of the White squares.

With the rook on QKt8 White could now play R— Kt7ch. Now Black cannot prevent White recovering the piece and coming out with two rooks for the queen. R— Q8 34. 32. K — K2 P— K6 P— Kt3 R— B7ch. R x R 30. R— Q3 B— B2 Not Q— K ti because of Q— Q5ch. 33. (D ia g r a m 59) Most ingenious. B x R Of course if R— Q8ch. B x P Q— R4 40» P— Kt4 Q— Kt4 41.. and the pawn queens). threaten ing R— Bich. Kt— K4 Another ingenuity.. P— b 4 39.. as will appear. White fights every move from this point. 30. Q x P (not K — K i . with good chances for Black. 45. winning. 42 R— Qich.. 44. who hopes by this to keep the rooks split and to re tain complications. 35 R x Q ch.. K x R .R— K i Q— K B i B— K i (w h i t e ) r e s h e v s k y Position before Black's 35th move. based on the resulting weakness of White’s KR. 41. this time by Black. P x K t 37. 48 . K x R . 47 R x Q . for A last desperate attempt to win. The more obvious B x B P would be answered by B x B . R— B8 Q— R i K— K2 Black’s plan succeeds. R— B7ch. Q— K ti 31. R(K)— Qi R x Q 32. based on the passed KP. 38.. and Black wins a piece. 42 B— R7. 47 BxBch.. K — Qi R— Q7ch. White now makes a slip. winning). 29. winning. 36. K — Qi R— B8ch. B x R P [Diagram 59] 35. then 46 P— K7ch. If in reply B x R .. 34 K— B2 35.142 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD (b l a c k ) b o t v i n n i k This sacrifice. R— K i . to Kt8. 43. B— B2 38. K — B i (K— Q i . 42. turns out a somewhat doubtful speculation. The rook needs to go one square further.

. 1937. K— B2 48. Drawn. 16 K x B . 49 P— KR4. 10. P— KKt3 P— Q3 Kt— B3 Avro tournament. 3. He is an Estonian by birth. . 5 - Q xB B x Ktch. 9. GAME 47 EUWE—KERES 7. The game now transposes into a kind of Queen’s Indian Defence where Black has no need to play Kt— K5 in order to get in P— KB4. 8. the great contest at Semmering. Black’s withholding of Kt— KB3 has gained him a move elsewhere with some effect. P— K7 K— B i PxB 47. 4 5 * 46. 14. P— Q4 2. B x B . 1916) is the most brilliantly combinative player among all the young masters. 13. R— Q8ch. 11. wins. KxB . 6 Kt— B3. 15 Kt— K5. White must therefore take pre liminary steps before he can play P— KKt3. R x B QxPch.Q— Q3 Kt— Kt3 Black has calculated accu . His gifts are allied with deep posi tional judgment and he was thus able to take 1st prize in his first major International tournament. threatening Kt— B6. Kt— R4. 1938. KR— Q i . 5. P— K4. Kt— KB3 1 5 . 6. Kt— QB3 . 8. D utch D e f e n c e 1. P— QB4 Kt— B3 Q— Kt3 P -Q R 3 P— k 3 B— KtSch. He must accept the weakness of the centre pawns. 49.. for if QP x P . P. 17 P— Kts. P— KB4 Q— K2 If B— Kt2. K— R i Q— B6ch. B— Kt2 O— O P— QKt4 B— Kt2 KR— Qi QPxP P— QKt3 B— Kt2 QKt— Q2 O— O QR— B i P— B4 KtPxP The orthodox P— KKt3 would be answered by 5 .EUWE— KERES I4 3 BxB. 5 ® * K— K ti Q— Kt5ch. and to follow it up by winning the Avro tournament of 1938. 12. Keres (b. 4.

18. P— QB5 . 27. 17 R x Q . 28. 20 B x R . 22. P— K4 For now Black could play Kt — K5 with a very aggressive position. 25 K t—B4. . P— K 5. 30 . 26.k 4. Less good was 23 Kt— R4. Thetextmoveseriously weakens the diagonal on to his king. Q— Kt3 23. 20. especially for Black. 19. 21. 24. and therefore indirectly the knight also. White has maintained his pressure on the White diagonal and also con trols the long Black diagonal. The bishop is attacked. Q— K t5. K t x P . 24 BxB ch. 21 Q— Kt3. K x B . Kt — Q2. 22 Q— R2. 18 B x K t . 19 B— K7. A most critical position. the White Q side pawns are a danger. B— QBi Kt— B5 (b l a c k ) KER BS Somewhat better was B x Kt. then B— K5 . P— Kt5 P -Q R 4 PxP Q— B2 QxR KR— Qi P -Q 4 R xP RxRch. 22 R— Bi. then Q x Q . a switch to the Black one by 35 B— R i. 21. 23P— K5 Position before Black's 35th move. 27. (D ia g r a m 60) After the alternative K t— K t 3 . Since he can make no progress on the White diagonal. K t x R . If now 16 Q x QP. with approximate equality. K txK t B— R3 Q— B2 P— R5 Q— K3 BxKt B— Q4 Naturally not 27 B x B P . 20. 16. 24 K t x P . 29. K t— Q2 B— Q4 (WHITE) EUW B The game becomes compli cated.144 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD rately that his pawn position is defensible owing to this counter attack. 25. K t(K t)x B . Q x B . If 20 R x R . 17. Kt — K5 .. Q . SI32 . 33 3435B— Kt2 Q— B4 P— k 3 R -Q i B— K B i Q -K t3 B— B4 P— R4 B— Kt2 Kt— Q4 P— R4 K— R2 P— K t 3 R— B2 R -Q 2 K— R3 He must defend his QRP.

. 1914). K — B2 Drawn. 1937. K— K t4 . 39 P— R4ch. . GAME 48 FINE-KERES R u y L o pe z Avrò tournament. R— R 2 . The long White diagonal is to be opened to his bishop and the K K tP weakened and made an object of attack. was for White also to be aggressive and play 36 R x K t . 37 Q— R8ch. He is a great theoretician in all phases of the game.. 36. 37. RxRch. threatening the im mediate advance of the Q side pawns. tournament. Golombek pointed out. . P— K6 The point of Black's counterplay. B x R . Black can just hold the attack off for the moment by 35 . P— K4 P— K4 2. Q— K ti . P— Kt4 \ 40 R— Q6ch. 1938. 38 B x B . Q x Q R xQ 40. threaten ing B— K2 mate. 38 R x B . R— R2. again R— Q8ch. P— B3 If R x P . 1. his best result being 1st prize at the Moscow. R x B . Since then he has consistently shown himself one of the world’s masters. and mates. 40 P— Rjch. Kt— KB3 Kt— QB3 3.). 37 B x K t . Q— K t i . 38. . B— Kt5 P -Q R 3 . R— R2 . How ever. 36 Q— Kt2. .. Or 36 . 40 K — Kt2.. 37 Q— B3. B— R i . 36 Q— Kt2. Black is then in diffi culty as the following lines show: 35 . K— K t4. B x B . 40. R x R . 39 Q— Kt7ch. B . B— Kt6 . .. K— Kt5.FINE— KERES 145 preparing Q— Kt2. 37 B x K t . seems in dicated. If 38 B x Q. first made a repu tation as a member of the American team at the Folkestone tournament..xB . 38 Q— K5. R— R8 Mate. 38 B— K t 7ch. Fine (b. 1933. R— Q8 41. B x K t P— K7 The counter-attack has a magnificent finale. the American master. R. R— K i Q xB 39.. 36. 39 K— R2. Q— Qi (Q— K3 .. . as H. 39 Q— B4CI1.. K P x P The best chance. 35P— B5 He must counter-attack or die.. 39 K P x P.

Kt— B3 . 19. 13. P x P . Nor is the likely looking Kt— QR4 sufficient after 13 B— B2. 21 R— K i. But White now en visages combinative play based on the weakness of Black’s QB3 24. 9. P— B3 PxP R xR Q xP 0— O PxP Q xR Still eschewing safe drawing lines. 17 P— Q4. 20 R— K2 (against R— Kti). 12. 20... for if Kt x P . ch. He must now be prepared to face consi derable pressure on his Q side down the open QKt file. but White plays to win by disturbing the balance of the game. 23 P— Q5. Q x B . Kt— B3 R— K i R— K2 Kt— Kt5 Kt— B4 Kt— B i K— B i P— B4 Of course he cannot recover the pawn at once. K— B2 . 22 Kt— B3. 11 R— Qi. 21. B— QB4 PxP P— Q5 R— K ti PxP Kt— K3 Safer was P— Q3. 25. 10. He prefers to keep two bishops and accept a slightly inferior pawn position. 17. 19 R— K i. If If White were content to draw. R— Q i . P x P . 10 P— B3. 17. P x B .B — B4ch.146 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD 456. 18 P x Kt. B— R4 0 -0 Q— K2 B— Kt3 P -Q R 4 Kt— B3 B— K2 p — QKt4 P -Q 3 B— Kt5 i S K t x P . 24. 15 Q x K t . Black would get a passed QP after 20 B x Kt. 14 B xKt. P— Kt3 Kt— Q4 Kt— Kt3 Kt x QP . 16P— B3. P x P dis. 21 Kt— R3. 13 B— Q5. 26. 18. The alternative R— QKti is followed by 9 P x P. 12. PxB K— Kt2 B x Kt Kt— Kt4 The most vigorous reply to White's immediate threat of P x P and his ultimate threat of R— Qi followed by operations on the Q file. the strong position of the knight would justify leaving it undisturbed and preferring 24 B— K3. winning. 11. 78. B x B . 22. 15. Q x Q K t . O— O . Kt— R2 The best way of defending the QP. 23. the bishops of opposite colours indicate a probably impending draw. 18 P x P . P x P . B— Kts . After 17 B xKt. for White must submit to the dis ruption of his K side unless he plays the awkward B— Qi. 15Q— K2 Q xQ P— Q4 Q xP KtxQ The result of Black’s subtle 12th move is now apparent. Kt x P . 12 P— Q4. and White has achieved his ideal development. 14. 20. P x K t . 16. B— B5 . P x P . with a precarious game.

P— Now there begins an intense struggle around the pawns. P— QB5 . 37 R— B2. 29 B x K t . . 27 BxKt. and White then wins by 27 R x B .. . P x B .). 29 R xB P. 28 Kt— B6ch. Kt— Kt5 K t 7 . 35 Kt— K ti. 31. K t x R . P— Kt7 . R— Qi (W HITE) F IN E P— Kt7 P— B4 Position before Black's 27th move. If Black replies R— Kt3. 30 R x K t . P x P . 36 R— Q2. 33 K— B i.FINE— KERES 147 The point. then 30 K t x B . 30. 27P—04 28. K x R . with a good game. 29 R x B (K txB . 29. 34. The vital square in the struggle is now QB2. 27. P x B (not K x R . R x B . 35 36. R— K ti P— QB5 Not K— K2. in either case leaving Black with irresistible Q side pawns. 32. or 28 R x B . P x B . B— Q2 (BLACK) K ER ES The culmination of White’s combination. K t— B 8 . P x P . K— B i 35. 31 P x P. R— Ki).. 30 Kt— B6ch. B x Kt Insufficient would be 28 Kt x P. K— K2 B— B4 BxP . Kt— Bsch. B x K t . R— Q2 33. If now 32 K t x B (not R x B . 34 Kt— B3. P— B4 . ( D i a g r a m 61) Again threatening to plant the knight on QB6 after B x Kt. 34 Kt— Q5. But Black has conducted his defence with great perspicacity and reveals that he too is play ing for a win by giving up the exchange for strong passed pawns. 28. P— Kt7). wins. B— B3 . If at once 33 . KtxR Kt— Q5 PxB PxP K t— Q6 The brilliant move on which Black has based his counter play. 26. He is not in terested in recovering the pawn by 26 K t x QP. allowing the Black knight to go to QB8 with check. 29. R xB K t— B6 Any other move with the knight fails to guard his vital QB3.

R— K K ti K— K t3 B— B3 48. ( D ia g r a m 62) 37. 51B— Q5 52. If now 5 1 . Kt— K8 Brilliantly continuing his fight to control White’s QB2. 40 K or R x B. . or 40 K — 0 3 »B— Q7. 41. If now 39 Kt x K t. K— Qi 42. 38. R— Q6ch. . . R— K R i B x Kt B— Q3 B xP The king can hold the two pawns on the Q side as easily as one. (w h i t e ) f i n e Position before Black's 37th move. P x P P— B5 51. K x P B— B8 54. 38. but the latter part of this plan cannot be fulfilled. 40. B— K4 43R x P K— B2 44 P— Kt4 45 . so rather than waste a move capturing one of them. P— B6 Kt— B2 Not to be deflected from his fight against the pawns. P— B 7 . 52 K xP. He only needs one passed pawn on this wing. 37. K t— R3 40. K— B2 fails because the rook cannot hold the king and pawn on the other flank. R— K i R— K K ti P— K t 5 49 A fine move forcing the issue. White regards it as timely to prevent Black obtaining too great a majority on the other wing. B— B 8 . R— K i 47 . K t-K 3 (b l a c k ) k e r e s The only move by which he can keep a piece defending his QB2. 50. B x P . draws. 39.R— R i K— B3 46. 39 K x P. K x Kt B— B4 .148 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD A magnificent move. P . He there fore plays to hold the Q side with the rook and bring the king over to the K side. revealing the purpose of his 36th move. B x K t . White’s apparently convincing reply has been allowed for to a nicety. If 38 K x Kt. coolly establishing a majority on the other wing. R— Qi B— K6 53.K t 5 Fighting to the end. K — B2 43. B x K t .

910. C. R— Kt6 56. 59 R— Kt8. 1946. P— B4 KPxP The key move of Black’s system of defence. as in a game Reshevsky— Fine. 11. 10. 1909) is a brilliant British master of Irish extraction who won the British championship in 1938.. 14 B P x P . 62 R— K8ch. 63 R— Q8ch. P— B5 . 62 R— K8ch. B— Q7. 11. a fact which Black later turns to good account.. His best tournament result so far is the 1st prize at Hastings. P— B 7 . The QRP is however weaker on the 4th than on the 3rd rank. 13 Q— B2. Q— B i . 12 Q x B . intended to clarify the position in the centre by hindering White’s P— K4.R— Kt8 Resigns. If B— R3 at once. n B x B. K xP P— B6 K— B5 K— Kt6 For one of the pawns get home after 58 R— Kt8ch. 12 Q— Q3. B— R3 . O'D. P x P . K— Q3 57. 13 B— Kt2. New York. H. N im zo . Alexander (b. The text move threatens the squares QB5 by B— R3 and at a suitable moment QKt6 by P— R5. 1947. for the position is too simple after 10 O— O. K— B 8 . K— K8 . 2. K— K8 . 60 K— K4 (R— Kt7.. 61 R— Kt8. P— B7 . KtxB B— R3 . K t x B . K— Q8). 78. P -Q 4 P -Q B 4 Kt— QB3 p— k 3 P -Q R 3 PxB PxQP B— Q3 Kt— K2 P— QR4 Kt— KB3 P— k 3 B— Kt 5 P -Q 4 B x Ktch. B— R3 I. 1941. K— B7 .. then B x B .I n d ia n D e f e n c e Kt— B 2. BxB 0— 0 P— QKt3 A move which introduces a critical element into the game. 61 K — B3. GAME 49 BOTVINNIK—ALEXANDER Anglo-Russian radio match.BOTVINNIK— ALEXANDER 149 5455. 3456. K— Q8 . with positions similar to the actual game but with Black’s QKt on a better square. 12. R— K i .

27 R x R . R — QBi (Q— B3 . 16. PxP R— K5 R xB P— Kts R— K i 0—0 QR— K i Kt— Kt3 Kt— K ti Kt— B3 If Kt— Bi. 26QXP. P x B . 17. R x R . 26 Kt— Kt6) . R— Q2 . 26 P x K t . 23. K— R i . P— B4 The attempt to save a move by B— Q6 fails against Kt— B4.. 23. 27 R x R . P— B3 P— K4 Q— Kt2 Kt— QR4 Kt— Kt6 Q xP He cannot allow White to control the K file. But the need to play this time- Not R(B)— K i. QR— K i(K t— K i. 15. P— K ts. threatening Q— Kt3. 14. Klein recom mended Kt— K5 as the best answer to the text move. 29 Q— Kts. and now White’s P— K4. E. 22. 12. 26. 18. 24 Kt— K7ch. and Black still achieves his strate gical object. if he can manage to play it. 24Kt— K7 ch. Q— B2 Q— Q2 After 22 P x Kt. after which P— R5 is play able. Black must therefore allow the easing of the tension in the centre. 27 Q— K3. Q— Kts. Kt— Kt6 . fits into the position beauti fully from a strategic point of view. R x R . Black’s pawns are so far advanced as to be a danger. 28 Kt— B5. 26 P x K t . 27 Q— B i. 21. 19. R x B . Alexander gives 23 Kt— B5. 23 Kt— B5.. by bringing the QKt to QKt6. This plan takes four moves. 24. But now Kt— B5 was strong. 28 Q— KB2. P— B6 . P— Kt5 . Botvinnik prefers a line which prevents so rapid an advance of the Black pawns. 29 Kt— K7ch. Kt x B . 30 Q— Kt 5.). 17. 25 K t x P . thenKt— QR4. 28 Kt— B5. Q x P . 20. K t x P . R— K3 P x Kt Beginning a far-sighted plan to take advantage of the weak ness of the QRP.150 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Preventing the rapid move ment of the Black knight to OB2 and K3. and White just has time to get a counter attack started in the centre. 25. 20. 29 R— Ki. and if P x P . 22. 18 P— B3. Q— . Q— Kt3 .Q— Q3 R— K i P— B 5 wasting move results in Black getting a powerful Q side at tack started. R(3)xKt. 28 Kt— B5. threatening Kt— R6 Mate. against Kt— Kt6. R— K3. R— K3 . by the threat to the QBP. 25 B x R . QR— K i . P— K5 B— Q6 P— QR4 P— QKt4 The only alternative was Q— B i. 13. If Kt x P . 28 P x K t . 19 Kt xKt.

29 K— B2. Kt— K 7ch.K t— B5 Q xQ P— R4 . Only 30[Diagram 63] thus can he unpin the knight.. R— K K t i . 33 QxQ. 31 R x Q (threatening R— K8ch. K t x Q . The Q side is now strong enough to await the clearing of the issues elsewhere. 27. then P— B 7 . 30 Q— K2. 30. 35 K x K t . K— R i . K— R i Kt— Q5 on the Q side. Q— K3 R— R i R5 white could obtain the better game. Q x P 34 . K— K2 . and at the same time guard Q— R2ch. Kt— Kt6. 26. P x R R (3 )-K 3 R xR PxP (W HITE) B O T V IN N IK Position before Black's 30th move. (BLACK) A L E X A N D E R Q— Ö2 Defending the QP before moving the other rook. 34 Kt xQch. tinues to develop his own threats 31.. Q x K t .). 33 Kt— B5 (threat K x Q . A bad spot for the queen as will appear. but with 30 Kt— 32. 33 Kt— B6ch„ K— ening Kt— R6 Mate) Q x B i . against K t— B5.BOTVINNIK— ALEXANDER 151 Q8ch. 32 QxRch. for if K x P . R— K3 . With Kt— Q5 he might seriously embarrass White. with advan tage. P— Q 5 . P— B 8 = Q ch. White must keep a rook on his back rank for the time being. 31 Kt— R5. 34 R x Q .. 32 Q— R4. P— B5 29. 30 Q— Kt4ch.. R5. The unfortunate corollary of P— B6 his 30th and 31st moves. with advantage. Kt— Kt6 . while if 31 Q— 33. 32 Q x P . and Kt —Bsch. Q— Kts. 35 K t. Q— K2 28. 3435 . P— B6 . Q x Q c h . which demolishes Black’s game. He therefore con winning. . (D ia g r a m 63) He must submit to pressure on his king. the sort of threat re sulting being 31 Q— K3. 34 K— B2..Q x K t P— R5 A devastating and beautiful continuation..

P— B5 . GAME 50 SMYSLOV— KATETOV If Kt— K5.. 14. B x K t . 12 Kt — Q3. B— Kt2 13 O— O. P— K6 Resigns. 11. F re n c h D e fe n c e P— K4 p— Q4 Kt— QB3 B— Kt5 KtxP BxKt P -Q B 3 P— KB4 P— K3 p -Q 4 Kt— KB3 PxP B— K2 BxB Kt— Q2 More in harmony with the fianchetto of the KB was O—0 as soon as possible. 1946. He there fore decides to adopt a riskier and more aggressive develop ment. Kt x Q Kt— B5 R— K i P— Q5 38. 15.. 8. Katetov is a prominent Czech player. 9.152 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD The only answer to the threats of Kt— K7 Mate and Kt — R6 Mate. 10. B— Kt2 Kt— K5 PxP B— Kt2 Kt— B3 O— O The natural and more usual move is Kt— B3. 13. 39 Kt— R6ch. 12. 36. PxP. but after 12 B— Kt2. Black at once prepares to counter in the centre by P— QB4. P— B 3 . V. winning a piece. 1921) is one of the youngest generation of Russian masters and has already shown himself to be a potential candidate for the highest honours.. For if R x P . B— B4. and if P x P . Smyslov (b. 17 R— Qy. 39 Kt— R6ch. 40 P — Kt8=Qch. P— QKt3 o— o— o Moscow— Prague match. 40 P— B7. . and the KBP is lost. 11.. K— R 2 . K— R 2. B— K2 Q— B2 P — QB4 Kt— B3 Q— B2 P — KKt3 Threatening 16 Kt x Ktch. White’s position is not alto gether comfortable. 12. 14 K t x P . 37.

QR— K t i . 24 Kt— K5. R— Kt7. 2i Kt(4)— Kt5. or 20 Q— K2. For example. Black. QR— Kti). B x P . though at the cost of a weak KP. P x K t . Q x P c h .. K t x Ktch. 20. P— B5 . 19 P— R3. P— B5 . however. Q— R8ch. 24. 22 P x B . K t x P Mate. keeps the at tack going with a brilliant sacrifice of the bishop. Q— R8ch. 20 B— R3. Q— K6ch. B x P . P x P . P— R4 Q— R4 That White is already in diffi culties is revealed by his having recourse to this awkward de defence. 16. R x K t . nor 24 Kt— B7ch. White prefers to retain attack (WHITE) SM VSLOV Position before Black's 24th move. 21. 25. 20. 18 Q— Q2. 21 R— Q2 (or Q3).. 27 K— Qi. (BLACK) K AT ETO V Playing to avoid the loss of the exchange would allow Black a strong game after 20 P— Kt3. 17 Kt— Q7. Kt— B3 19. 25 Q xR .. 26 K x B (K— Q3.. 20 R x Q. Q x Q c h. . Kt— K6. P . Q— R8ch. nor 24 Kt— K5. 19 Kt— K5. QxP ch . P— B4 Kt(4)— K ts B x P Q— K2 BxR QxPch K— R i R xB Now Black rids himself of the pressure and frees his pieces for action. 23 R— Q4 (R— Q7. Now White threatens to recover material by Kt— B7 ch. 23. B— R3 B— B3 Not 24 Q x Kt. P— KR4 PxP P— B3 ing chances at the cost of material and fixes on the weak K P as an objective. 21 B— B3f P— B 3. 23 R xKt. 22 R— K i.SMYSLOV— KATETOV 153 15. (D ia g r a m 64) 24. mating in the same way.. 17.. 26 K — Q2. 25 K— Q2. KR— K i Kt— Q4 The attempt to win a pawn by P x P may lead to trouble after Q x P . 25 Kt x B. 24 R— K7. 16. P— K4. 24 P x P . QR— Q i . B— B3 . KtxQBP QxB . B— Kt6. B— K sch .. as well as by capturing the bishop if the knight moves. KR— Q l . 25 K— Q2. Q x P Mate). K t x Q B P .. 18.B 4 . 19. The more natural look ing P— R3 allows Black to sacri fice on his QR6. 22. .

3 9 ’ 40. for if 37 K— Bi. K— R i . QR— K i Q— Q7 Kt x R Kt— B7ch. Now he threatens to draw by Kt— R6ch.. R x K t . 33 Kt — R6 dis.. K t x R . allows Black a draw by perpetual check.. 27. and wins. 35 Kt (Q) — B7 Mate. R— Q i . 29 Kt x R. RxQ Q xQ Kt— Q6 R— B8ch. Kt— Qsch.. 35. R x Q . K— R i P x Kt He still cannot recover his material. 26. 36 Q x R .. He is faced not only with the threat of a check on the dangerous diagonal by Q— Q5 but also with the threat of P— KKt4 and if the knight moves. K— K t i . . and two knights can hold rook and pawn on the other. 33. R— Q i . ch. 30.. 36. 34 Q— Kt8ch.. 30. R— KR8 K— B2 Kt— B3 R— R6 Kt— B7ch. for if 28 K x Kt. K— K ti Q xP Q— K6ch. Black can force a passed KKtP at the cost of his QBP. 26 Q x R . K— R i .1 5 4 BATTLES-ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD Not 25 Kt— B7ch. P— Kt4 Q— K6ch. 38 K — B2. The White counter-attack now reaches its peak. 3 5- QxPch. 28.. 3 7 3 8 . R x K t .. The balance on the Q side is then level. R x K t . 34. Q x P Mate. because of the well-known mate by 31 Q— K6ch. 28. Q— Ksch. 25. K— K ti BxP 32. Q— K8ch. KtxR KtxB Q— Kt6 Forcing the queen off just in time and very nearly securing an end-game advantage. R— Q i . 27 Q x B . Q— Kt3 Kt(3)— K5 Kt— K6 Kt— Q6 Kt— B7ch. 32 Kt(5)— B7ch. .. K— K ti Kt(7)— K5 R— Kt6 R— Kt7 K -Q 3 Drawn. wins. 4i42. 29. and Black mates. But some adroit manipulation of the White knight’s brings them in to co-ordination and holds the fort. 31. . Black cannot reply 30 . Black is suddenly in diffi culties.

... .. . ... .... ...3 8 T a r r a sch D e f e n c e ... . 48 ..... .... . 29. ....... R e t i S y s t e m .. 46... 10 CLOSE Q-SIDE GAMES : N imzo -I n d ia n D e f e n c e ....... . .. T ch ig o r in D e f e n c e ..... ....... 2... 15. ... 50 23.. 5»71 14... 22.... ... 4. 45......... ..... 25 Sl a v D e f e n c e 30 ........ ..... 16 ...... 39 P il l s b u r y A t t a c k ... . 17 C o l l e Sy s t e m .... ............ ......... 31 42 47 40 43 . . . ....... ........... .. 13........ ......... I r r e g u l a r Q u e e n 's P a w n Gam e .. K in g ' s B ish o p ' s O p e n i n g F a l k b e e r C o u n t e r G a m b it Cen tr e G ame ............... .. • 20...2 6 . . 1 9 ......... D u tch D e f e n c e . 27 A l e k h in e D e f e n c e F ren ch D e fe n c e S ic il ia n D e f e n c e QUEEN'S GAMBIT GAMES : Q u e e n ' s G a m b i t .4 1 12..... ..... ... i x........ ........... .... . . 21 24...... ......... .. 37. 8 44 33 18 28 1. . 35...... 6 CLOSE KP GAMES : .. P etroff D e f e n c e .. ... 3 6 . .. ...... R u y L o pe z ........... ..... .................. .... . 49 K in g ' s I n d ia n D e f e n c e .. .... .INDEX OF OPENINGS 155 INDEX OF OPENINGS (The numbers refer to the numbers of the games) OPEN KP GAMES : Giuoco P ia n o E v a n s G am bit S c o tc h Game P o n zian i O p en in g ... ........ 3 2 ................ 34... .......... I r r e g u l a r Q u e e n ' s G a m b it D e c l i n e d ....

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182 -6 . • Contains wonderful games by Morphy. Alekhine and other legendary figures • All 50 games annotated in depth • Contains pen-portraits of all the players of the games Discover the great players of chess history in these pages. ISBN 1 .BATTLES ROYAL OF THE CHESSBOARD This collection of fifty great chess games contains a wealth of chess entertainment for players of all ages.85744 . Capablanca.

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- Radu-Catalin Chirila - Invatarea Metodica a Notiunilor de Baza Din Jocul de Sah
- Sahul Pozitional Mutare Cu Mutare - Irving Cerniev Vol 1
- ŠAH
- Deschideri Sah
- Gross Izidor - Sahovska Abeceda
- Keene R. & Schiller E. - World Champion Combinations-1998
- Bobby Fischer Rediscovered
- Lessons With a Grandmaster
- Mastering the Endgame Vol 2
- The King Hunt
- A Karpov M Podgaets - Caro-Kann Defence Advance Variation and Gambit System OCR
- The Master Game Book 1
- The Master Game Book 2
- The Hippopotamus Rises
- 500 Master Games of Chess
- Middle Game in Chess
- [Anatoly Karpov] Chess at the Top, 1979-1984(Bookos.org)
- Clasificarea Deschiderilor in Sah
- Kasparov's Opening Repertoire(v,154)
- Chess Strategy
- Al Horowitz - Chess for Beginners - A Picture Guide
- 360 Brilliant and Instructive Endgames [Troitzky, 1961]
- Winning With the Petroff - Karpov
- A. Karpov , A. Beliavsky - The Caro-Kann in Black and White (1994)
- 35 Street Fighting Chess
- Hertan C - Forcing Chess Moves
- The Sorcerer's Apprentice (Gnv64)
- Amateur to IM

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