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of United Nations affiliated the International Organisation for Animal Protection – OIPA in India www.oipa.org / Founder and Chairman, People for Animals (PFA) Haryana www.pfaharyana.in / Master Trainer, Animal Welfare Board of India – AWBI / Member, State Committee for Slaughter Houses (Govt. of Haryana), C38, Rose Apartment, Prashant Vihar, Rohini, Delhi – 110085. 2. Abhishek Kadyan, Hon. Animal Welfare Officer to AWBI / Member, District Public Relation and Grievances Committee (Govt. of Haryana), Animal Hermitage Jeev Kalyan Vatika – Gaushala run by PFA Haryana, New Toll Tax Barrier, Sarai Khatela, District Palwal (Haryana) – 121105. 3. Sukanya Kadyan, Hon. Animal Welfare Officer to AWBI / Member, District Public Relation and Grievances Committee (Govt. of Haryana), 30 / 347, Dev Colony, Rohtak – 124001. To,
Shri R.P. Tiwari, Deputy Director, Rajya Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi.
Subject: Petition on meat export policy of India. Greetings, Please find attached here with the press clipping about invitation of the public comments on the petitions on Meat Export Policy of India, hence our observations, suggestions are as under: Committee on Petitions: Reconsider the meat export policy of India: Beef exports up 44% in 4 years, India is top seller: The Centre's Pink Revolution to promote meat production and export has led to a 44%increase in meat consumption and export in four years, but it has failed to regulate the industry. According to data compiled by the animal husbandry departments of all states, meat from registered slaughterhouses increased from 5.57 lakh tonnes in 2008 to 8.05 lakh tonnes in 2011. Export earnings from bovine (beef and cattle) meat expected to touch Rs18, 000 crore in 2012-2013. India became the world's top exporter of beef in 2012. Uttar Pradesh is the top buffalo meat-producing state with 3 lakh tonnes in 2011. At least 70% of the buffalo meat is exported. "Our meat is lean and cheaper. We supply halal meat, which is preferred in Gulf countries," said Surendra Kumar Ranjan;
director of Uttar Pradesh based Hind Agro Industries. Though meat meeting international standards reaches markets in the Europe, the Gulf and South-East Asia, most of the meat sold in India is substandard. The best quality meat is sent abroad while B-grade meat reaches the domestic market. Further, activists say the way animals are transported and slaughtered is cruel and far from international standards. "There is rampant abuse of animals in transport and slaughter of meat whether for domestic consumption or export," said Abhishek kadyan, Media Adviser to the UN affiliated OIPA in India.Meat sales up, hygiene drops: The amount of beef consumed and exported from the country has gone up 44% in the last four years, according to data from the Union animal husbandry department. However, animal abuse while transporting and slaughtering is rampant, say activists. According to the US Department of Agriculture, India became the largest exporter of beef edging out Australia and New Zealand in May 2012. Bovine (buffalo and cow) meat from India is popular in South-East Asian and Gulf countries, said Surendra Kumar Ranjan; director of Uttar Pradesh based Hind Agro Industries. "Our meat is lean and cheaper. We supply halal meat, which is preferred in Gulf countries," he said. Animal activists, however, kill this rosy picture. "There is rampant abuse of animals during transport and slaughter whether the meat is for domestic consumption or export," said Sukanya Kadyan, Programme Director of the UN affiliated OIPA in India. Processed meat exports are expected to earn close to 18,000 crore in 2012-13. The increase is attributed to the Centre's Pink Revolution to promote meat production and export with modernized abattoirs and storage facilities.The food processing ministry had announced subsidies of 15 crore to modernize abattoirs.The buffaloes killed went up from 49.46 lakh in 2008 to 69.6 lakh in 2011. There are 38integrated abattoirs in the country which slaughter for export. Agricultural and Processed Food Exports Development Authority (Apeda) inspects them and renews licenses. "The BIS team does checks a few times a year," said Ranjan. The government's stringent rules on quality of meat have failed to extend to prevention of cruelty to animals. "Animals are overloaded in vehicles and transported without food and water," said Kadyan. "None of the meat exporters pay attention to the condition of animals," he said. Most police officers let vehicles through without fining them for overloading as per the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act. The international practice of stunning an animal before slaughter is not followed in India, since Gulf countries want only halal cut meat. "Gulf countries specify that the animal should not be stunned. We stun animals supplied to countries that don't insist on halal meat," said Ranjan. Stunning animals is compulsory in Europe and Australia. "There are norms for veterinary care, feeding and watering during transport,"said Kadyan. The UN affiliated OIPA in India and PFA Haryana founder Naresh Kadyan in the opinion that: 1. Slaughtering the animal is against the soul of article 51 A (g) of Indian Constitution, hence meat export for personnel gain and profit is illegal. 2. The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960 section 28 permit animal sacrifice for
religious purpose but is should be with in the purview of the Slaughter House Rules, 2001. 3. Stunning be mandatory before slaughtering the animals, halal process be banned in commercial activities. 4. The recommendations of the National Cattle Commission, 2002 should be implemented and cow progeny be declared as a Indian domestic animals. 5. Animal Transportation in goods transport vehicle be banned and special ISI vehicle be introduced for humane animal shifting. 6. All offenses against animals should be cognizable, non bailable along with strong punishments mechanism be try and decide by a special fast track court. 7. Animal abuser registry be prepared and widely circulated. 8. Impose complete ban on cow progeny and Camel slaughtering, camel transportation rules be introduced, live stock definition be reconsidered. We endorsed Naresh Kadyan above observations and authorized him to appear in person before the Rajya Sabha committee. Fiscal Incentives for Food Processing Sector needs attention: Excise Duty Rates: · Excise duty on condensed milk, ice cream, preparations of meat, fish and poultry, pectins and Pectates, used as a gelling agent in jams and jellies, pasta and yeast is abolished which was 16% earlier. · Excise Duty on biscuits whose retail sale price does not exceed Rs.100 per kg reduced from 8% to 0% · Excise on ready to eat packaged food reduced from 16% to 8%, which is 50% reduction · Excise Duty reduced from 8% to 0% on all kinds of food mixes including instant food mixes · Excise duty on aerated drinks has been reduced from 24% to 16% · Excise duty on meat, fish and poultry products reduced from 16% to 8%. · Excise Duty on Reefer Vans (refrigerated motor vehicles) reduced from 16% to 8%. · Excise duty on unbranded edible preparations of oil increased from nil to 8%. Customs duty rates: · Customs duty on food processing machinery and their parts is being reduced from 7.5% to 5% a, dairy machineries are completely exempted from Central Excise Duty. · Custom duty on Packaging Machine to be reduced from 15% to 5%. · Customs Duty on refrigerated vans reduced from 20% to 10%. Income tax relief: · Income Tax rebate is allowed, 100% of profits for 5 years and 25% of profits for the next 5 years, for new industries to process, preserve and package fruits and vegetables. Policy Initiatives After liberalization several policy measures have been taken with regard to regulation and control, export and import, fiscal policy, exchange and interest rate control taxation, export
promotion and incentives to high priority industries. Food processing and agro industries have been accorded high priority with a number of important relieves and incentives. Some of the important policy changes towards food processing industry are as follows Regulation and Control: Most of the processed food items have been exempted from the purview of licensing under the Industries, Development and regulation, Act, 1951, except items reserved for small-scale sector and alcoholic beverages. As per extent policy Foreign Direct Investment up to 100% is permitted under the automatic route in the food infrastructure like Food Park, Cold Chain and warehousing. Asfar as food retail is concerned the FDI policy does not permit FDI into retail sector except Single Brand Product Retailing. This policy is uniform for all retailing activity. FDI policy for manufacture of items reserved for the Small Scale Industry sector is uniform for all items so reserved and a separate dispensation for items in the food-processing sector is not contemplated. The policy for distillation of alcohol has been announced vide Press Note 4 (2006) according to which FDI upto 100% is permitted on the automatic route for distillation and brewing of alcohol subject to licensing by the appropriate authority. No industrial license is required for almost all of the food and agro processing industries except for some items like beer, potable alcohol and wines, cane sugar, hydrogenated animal fats and oils etc. and items reserved for exclusive manufacture in the small scale sector. Items reserved for S.S.I. include pickles and chutneys, bread, confectionery, excluding chocolate, toffees and chewing-gum etc., rapeseed, mustard, sesame and groundnut oils (except solvent extracted), ground and processed spices other than spice oil and oleoresins, sweetened cashew nut products, tapioca sago and tapioca flour. Use of foreign brand names is now freely permitted the government. MRTP (Monopolies and Restrictive Trade Practices Act) rules and FERA (Foreign Exchange Regulation Act) regulations have been relaxed and given more freedom to encourage investment and expansion by large corporates. Most of the items can be freely imported and exported except for items in the negative lists for imports and exports. Capital goods are also freely importable, including second hand ones in the food-processing sector. Fiscal policy and taxation: Custom duty rates have been substantially reduced on food processing plant and equipments, as well as on raw materials and intermediates, especially for export production. Wide-ranging fiscal policy changes have been introduced progressively in food processing sector. Excise and Import duty rates have been reduced substantially. Many processed food items are totally exempt from excise duty. Corporate taxes have been reduced and there is a shift towards market related interest rates.
There are tax incentives for new manufacturing units for certain years, except for industries like beer, wine, aerated water using flavouring concentrates, confectionery, chocolates etc. Indian currency, rupee, is now fully convertible on current account and convertibility on capital account with unified exchange rate mechanism is foreseen in coming years. Repatriation of profits is freely permitted in many industries except for some, where there is an additional requirement of balancing the dividend payments through export earnings. Export promotion: Food processing industry is one of the growing areas identified for exports. Free Trade Zones (FTZ) and Export Processing Zones (EPZ) have been set up with all infrastructures. Also, setting up of 100% Export oriented units (EOU) is encouraged in other areas. They may import free of duty all types of goods, including capital foods. Capital goods, including spares upto 20% of the CIF value of the Capital goods may be imported at a concessional rate of Customs duty subject to certain export obligations under the EPCG scheme, Export Promotion Capital Goods. Export linked duty free imports are also allowed. Units in EPZ/FTZ and 100% Export oriented units can retain 50% of foreign exchange receipts in foreign currency accounts. 50% of the production of EPZ/FTZ and 100% EOU units is saleable in domestic tariff area. ANIMAL PRODUCTS Export from 2010-11 to 2012-13: Buffalo Meat 726287.27 860778.59 985491.27 1372522.97 1106965.20 1740060.14 Sheep / Goat Meat 12298.38 25879.45 11181.04 25522.07 16046.90 42565.87 Poultry Products 516753.83 31427.21 624165.64 45781.45 577812.60 49413.54 Dairy Products 37435.87 54797.37 25639.51 28935.68 87824.20 141209.81 Animal Casings 1804.72 3323.61 923.56 2705.01 602.53 1837.08 Processed Meat 1305.96 1950.01 1703.12 3000.52 1330.86 2156.07 Natural Honey 25979.21 30086.76 26089.03 32123.96 25780.72 35632.05 Swine Meat 1009.91 939.56 305.97 351.42 180.62 215.42 Total 1322875.15 1009182.56 1675499.14 1510943.08 1816543.63 2013089.98 We have gone through the petition in question and 100% agreed with the contents, we further asked the Government, if meat exports policy was introduced during 1990-91 to generate foreign currency then Is there any proposal before the Government to allow cultivation of tobacco intead of 3% on total cultivation area, it can be increased to generate more foreign currency, like wise affim, ganja, hasish, charas, cocin drugs cultivation and trading can be promoted to get foreign currency along with the permission be granted to the wildlife trophies trade, casino and prostitution can be allowed to promote tourism and cricket match fixing can be a rich source of foreign currency, where as slaughtering of animals is against the article 51 A(g) of the Constitution of India, hence we demands immediate ban on meat export, it is further requested to please allow us to represent our case in person
before the committee and double standard policy needs attention because the Ministry of Agriculture alloting budget provisions to promote animal breeding for meat, where as Ministry of Environment and Forest providing budget to control animal abuse, like wise Ministry of Commerce / Tobacco Board promoting tobacco trade but the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare spenting a lot to control the disease created by tobacco. Sincerely yours, Naresh Kadyan Contact No. 9813010595, 9313312099 Abhishek Kadyan Contact No. 9811467222 Sukanya Kadyan
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