hgn-sh-fn®w

IpSpw_ _‘-߃ tN¿°pI
∫Énb : ∫o ƒo≤jn ˜ ¬s∏dG ∫ƒo°SnQ â
o ©r ªp °n S :n ∫Énb , ¬ænY ¬s∏dG »°VnQ ±
m ƒr Yn øp H øp ªrMôs dG OÑnY øY
,»pª°r SpGE øpe Ékª°r SpGE Én¡dn â
o ≤r ≤n °n Tnh ºn Mp ôs dG â
o ≤r ∏n Nn , øo ªrMôs dG ÉnfGCn hn , ¬o ∏s dG ÉnfGCn : πs Ln hn õs Yn ¬o ∏s dG
.o¬ào ©r £n bn Én¡©n £n bn ør en hn ¬o ào ∏r °n Unh Én¡∏n °n Unh ør ªn an
A_vZp¿-d-lvam-\p_v\p Hu^n(-d)¬\n∂v: \_n(k) ]d-bp-∂Xv
Rm≥ tI´p: A√mlp ]d-™n-cn-°p∂p: ""Rm\mWv A√m-lp.
Rm\mWv ]ca Imcp-Wn-I≥. IpSpw-_-_-‘w krjvSn-®Xv Rm\mWv . Fs‚ t]cpI- f n¬\n∂v Hcp t]cv Rm\- X n\v \¬IpIbpwsNbvXp. AXn-\m¬ IpSpw__‘w tN¿°p-∂-h-\p-ambn
Rm≥ _‘wtN¿°pw; AXv apdn-°p-∂-h-\p-ambn Rm\pw _‘w
hntO-Zn°pw!''*

kmaq- l n- I - P o- h n- b mb a\p- j y\v
H‰°p Pohn-°pI km[y-a-√. hn]p-eamb _‘-ßf
- psS IÆn-If
- mWv Hmtcm
a\p-jy\p Np‰nepw. amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ,
a°ƒ, `mcy-, `¿Ømhv, Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_߃ XpSßn FÆn-bm¬ Xocm-Ø-{X
_‘-߃. Hcp hnizm-kn°v Ch-tcmsS√mw _m[y-XI
- fpw IS-∏m-Sp-If
- p-ap-≠.v
A√m-lp-hn-t\mSpw kz¥-tØm-Sp-ap≈
_m[y- X - I ƒ Ign- ™ m¬ ]n∂oSv
Zo\n¬ G‰hpw {][m\w Cu _‘ß-fm-W.v
IpSpw__-‘Ø
- ns‚ {]m[m-\yw
Jp¿-B≥ DW¿Øp-∂p≠v: ""P\-ß-tf,
\n߃ \nß-fpsS \mYs\ kq£n®p
Pohn-°p-hn≥. Hscm‰ Bflm-hn¬\n∂v
\nßsf krjvSn-°p-Ibpw ]n∂oSv Ah
c≠n¬ \n∂p-ambn [mcmfw kv{Xo ]pcpj- ∑ msc tem- I Øv ]c- Ø p- I bpw
sNbv X - h - \ s{X Ah≥. AXn- \ m¬
GsXm- c p- h s\ ap≥\n¿- Ø n- b mtWm
\nß- ƒ ]c- k v ] cw Ah- I m- i - ß ƒ
tNmZn-°p-∂-Xv, B A√m-lp-hns\ `bs∏-Sp-hn≥. IpSpw-_-_-‘-߃ inYn-eam- b n- t ∏m- I p- ∂ Xv kq£n- ° p- I bpw
sNøp- h n≥. \n›- b w, A√mlp
\nßsf kZm \nco-£n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p≠v'' (A-∂n-kmAv 1).
Awdp-_v\p¬ A_k(d) ]d-bp-

∂p: a°-bn¬ Hcp {]hm-N-I≥ h∂n-´ps≠∂pw At±lw Nne Imcy-߃ ]d™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p-s≠-∂pw A-dn™t∏mƒ At±-lsØ ImWp-∂X
- n-\pth≠n hm-l\
- ∏
- p-dØv Ibdn Rm≥ Ahn-sS-sb-Øn. cl-ky-am-bn-´m-bn-cp∂p dkq¬ A∂v P\-ßsf k∑m¿K-Øn-te°v £Wn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv. Aßs\
Hfn™pw ad™pw X{¥-]q¿hw At±l-Øns‚ Acn-In-se-Øn. Rm≥ tNmZn®p: "Xm¶ƒ BcmWv?' At±lw ]-d™p: "{]hm-NI
- \
- mWv.' Rm≥ tNmZn®p:
"{]hm- N - I - s \- ∂ m¬?' \_n(- k ):
"A√mlphns‚ ZqX≥.' Rm≥: "F¥p
ktµ-ih
- p-am-bn-´mWv A√mlp Xm¶sf
\ntbm- K n- ® n- ´ p- ≈ Xv ? ' Ahn- S p∂v ]d™p: "IpSpw-_-_‘w tN¿°m\pw
hn{K-lß
- ƒ D∑q-e\w sNøm\pw A√mlp-hn-¬ H∂n-s\bpw ]¶p-tN¿°msX
A-hs- ‚ GIXzw ÿm]n-°m-\p-amWv A√mlp Fs∂ \ntbm-Kn-®Xv!' (apkv-enw˛1927, lmInw 4/149).
Camw \h-hn(-d) hni-Zo-Ic- n-°p∂p:
""IpSpw-__-‘-߃ tN¿°p-∂-Xn¬
Zo≥ ImWn- ° p∂ t{]c- W °pw
t{]m’ml\-Øn\pw Cu lZo-kn¬
hy‡-amb sXfn-hp-≠v. F¥p-sIm-s≠∂m¬ {]hm-N-I≥(-k) Xulo-Zp-ambn
_‘- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b mWv IpSpw- _ - _ -

‘sØ ]cm-a¿in-®n-cn-°p-∂X
- .v Zo\nse
a‰p Imcy-߃ ]d-bmsXhnSp-Ibpw
IpSpw-__‘Øns‚ {]m[m\yw am{Xw
kv a cn- ° p- I bpw sNbv X n- c n- ° p- ∂ p.
F∂√, AXns\ H∂m-aX
- mbn At±lw
FSp-Øp-]-d-™n-cn-°p∂p!'' (an≥lmPv
hm. 5˛6, t]. 355).
IpSpw- _ - _ ‘w hntO- Z n- ° ¬
Kpcp-Xc- a- mb ]m]-am-W.v ssZh-Im-cpWyw
XS-bs- ∏-Sm\pw I¿a-߃ hne-bn-√m-ØXmbnØocm\pw AXv Im-c-W-am-Ipw.
\_n(-k) ]d™p: ""a\p-jycpsS I¿a߃ F√m sh≈n-bmgvN cmhp-I-fnepw
A√m-lp-hns‚ apºn¬ {]Z¿in-∏n-°s∏Spw. F∂m¬ IpSpw-_-_‘w apdn®-hs‚ I¿a-߃ am{Xw kzoI-cn-°s- ∏Sp-I-bn√'' (A-lvaZv 2/484).
A_vZp-√m-ln_v\p A_o-Hu-^(d) ]d-bp∂p: Hcn-°¬ {]hm-N-Is‚
Iq-sS R߃ Hcp kZ-€n¬ Ccn-°p-Ibm-bn-cp-∂p. Ahn-Sp∂v ]d™p: "Ip-Spw_-_‘w hntO-Zn-®-h≥ C∂v \ΩpsS
Iq-sS Ccn-°-cp-Xv.' Aßs\ kZ-€n-¬\n-∂v Hcmƒ Fgp-t∂-‰p-t]m-bn. AbmfpsS am-Xr-kt- lm-Zc- n-bp-sSbpw Abm-fpsSbpw CS-bn¬ Hcp {]iv\-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A- b mƒ Ah- c psS ASp- ° ¬
sN∂v ]n-W-°wXo¿Øv Xncn®ph∂p.
A-t∏m-ƒ \-_n(-k): "IpSpw-_-_‘w
hntOZn- ® - h ¿ C- c n- ° p∂ kZ- € n¬
A√m-lp-hns‚ Im-cp-Wy-an-d-ßp-I-bn-√.
AXp-sIm-≠mWv Rm\h-tcmSv Fgpt∂‰v t]mIm≥ Bh-iy-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv.'
(Akv_-lm\n˛X¿Ko_v 2290, Xz-_vdm\n).
BZyw sImSpØ lZokn¬ IpSpw-_-_-‘sØ A√m-lphnte°m-Wv
tN¿Øn-∏-d-™n-cn-°p-∂Xv. A√m-lphpw IpSpw-__-‘hpw XΩn-ep≈ ASp∏-sØbpw Zo≥ AXn\v I¬]n-°p∂
{]m-[m-\y-sØ-bp-amWv AXv ImWn-°p∂-Xv. dlvam≥ (Im-cp-Wy-hm≥) F∂ ]Z-Øn¬ \n∂mWv dlnav (Ip-Spw-_-_‘w) F∂ ]Zap≠m-b-Xv. A¥y-\m-fn¬ A√m-lp-hns‚ {]oXnbpw Imcp-Wyhpw t\Sn-sb-Sp-°m≥ Bcm-[-\-Iƒ am{Xw aXn-bmhn-s√∂pw am\p-jnI _‘߃ Zo\n¬ ]c-a{- ]-[m-\a- m-sW∂pw Hm¿an-∏n-°p-I-bmWnhn-sS.

PAv^¿ Ff-ºn-em-t°mSv
* Camw _pJmcn AZ-_p¬ ap^vdZv 53, A_q-Zm-hqZv ˛ 1694, Xn¿apZn 1907, AlvaZv 1/
191, 194 C_v\p ln∫m≥ 443 F∂n-h¿ D≤cn-®-Xv. \nth-ZI ]c-ºc {]_-e-am-sW∂v
Camw Xn¿anZn km£y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.

c≠m-bn-cØ
- n-sbmºXv l am¿®v ]Xn-\mevv

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