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Cardona Economic Zone Research

Cardona Economic Zone Research

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PROPOSED CARDONA ECONOMIC ZONE: A FEASIBILITY STUDY

By: JOHN PATRICK B. BELEN REMZON B. BELMONTE CASELYN B. EMATA ALLEN JAY D. AÑO

October 2012

PROPOSED CARDONA ECONOMIC ZONE: A FEASIBILITY STUDY

An Undergraduate Thesis Presented to The Faculty of College of Industrial Technology University of Rizal System Morong, Rizal

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Technology Major in Drafting Technology

JOHN PATRICK B. BELEN REMZON B. BELMONTE CASELYN B. EMATA ALLEN JAY D. AÑO

October 2012

APPROVAL SHEET This thesis entitled, PROPOSED CARDONA ECONOMIC ZONE, has been prepared and submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor of Technology major in Drafting Technology by John Patrick B. Belen, Caselyn B. Emata, Remzon B. Belmonte, Allen Jay D. Año, who are hereby recommended for corresponding oral examination.

October 29, 2011 Date

ANGELIE P. DACUMOS, MAT. Adviser

Approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor of Technology Major in Drafting Technology by the Oral Examination Committee.

ZAMORA P. MEDRANO Member

RONALD M. MARTY, Ed.D. Member

RAY C. BALAJADIA Chairman

Accepted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Bachelor of Technology major in Drafting Technology.

Date

ALLAN E. CONDE, Ph.D Dean, College of Industrial Technology ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The researchers extend their utmost gratitude for the total support and assistance of those in the academe who helped and gave them inspiration, knowledge, strength, self-confidence for this piece of work be a reality. With sincere appreciation and graceful acknowledgement, the researchers would like to extend their wholehearted appreciation to the following persons for their genuine support in completing this study: Dr. ALLAN E. CONDE, Dean, College of Industrial Technology, for granting the approval to conduct this study; Dr. RONALD M. MARTY, their research professor and expert statistician, for his support, encouragement and for offering his personal expertise to finish this study; Prof. ANGELIE P. DACUMOS, their research adviser, for sharing his professional ideas and suggestions in making this study possible; Prof. RAY C. BALAJADIA, their panel chairman, for her encouragement and wholehearted support in conducting this study; Prof. ZAMORA P. MEDRANO, their critic reader, for giving her valuable suggestions that contribute towards the improvement of this manuscript; The MUNICIPALITY OF CARDONA, for giving them the permission to conduct the study in their Municipality;

Also they would like to extend their deepest gratitude to their parents, brothers, sisters, classmates, and friends for their moral support, explicit understanding and giving them the courage to pursue their study; For the people who were not mentioned but one way or another helped in the realization of this study, our sincerest gratitude: And above all, to ALMIGHTY GOD, who gave the researchers courage and intelligence in the fulfillment of this study. Thank you… -The Researchers

DEDICATION

This research is affectionally dedicated to our parents, who never failed to give us financial and moral support, to our professors, who helped and guide us in conducting this study, and most especially to God almighty who gave us wisdom, patience and perseverance in the fulfillment of this study.

Caselyn___ Remzon___ Allen_____

Patrick___
ABSTRACT

TITLE

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Proposed Cardona Economic Zone (A Feasibility Study) John Patrick B. Belen Remzon B. Belmonte Caselyn B. Emata Allen Jay D. Año : Bachelor of Technology Major in Drafting Technology S.Y. 2009-2013 Undergraduate Thesis

AUTHORS

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COURSE AND ACADEMIC YEAR

TYPE OF DOCUMENT

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NO. OF PAGES

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191

NAME AND ADDRESS OF INSTITUTION :

University of Rizal System Morong, Campus

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: This study aimed to zone an inside-town economic with a total surface of 9 hectares in Cardona. This proposed Cardona Economic Zone has the main goal of balancing the economic growth of Cardona through the use of all the resources in the area. It is entitled to give direct and indirect employment to the residents of the province of Rizal. The researchers analyzed the feasibility of the project’s site in terms of its location. They determined the location of the Proposed Economic Zone in

Cardona, Rizal. They verified the available routes in going to the site, which includes the diversion road in case of unavailability of other roads. They also determined the topographic record of Cardona with respect to the location of the main site, considering the number of people residing in Cardona that will benefit on the proposed project. The researchers cited the different utilities that are already available in Cardona. These utilities are linked to the proposed project and can be used for the development of the site. They used the recorded atmospheric condition of Cardona in zoning the different regions of Economic Zone. And also they verified the local products of Cardona that could help in the operation of the proposed project. The zoning plan of the “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone” was also prepared in this study. The regions are zoned strategically to balance the economic growth of Cardona. The different amenities and utilities to be put up in the project are also given consideration by the researchers. These amenities are zoned to cater the existing resources of the site. The estimated budget of the different project components are specified by the proponents. The researchers determined the Socio-Economic benefits derived from the project. The Socio-economic benefits resulting from the project are generating employment for the residents of Cardona and its neighbour towns. It will also improve quality of living in the area. Based on the findings and conclusions, the researchers recommended the following:

As the Economic Zone is already on operation, the authorities should allocate budget for the development and construction of the proposed structures and roads of the ecozone. Since the project will require immense budget, partial construction of the site is suggested to be implemented. Commercial and recreational regions near the public are recommended to be developed first. Authorities should give assurance and permission for proper placement of signages of the ecozone. Further study is recommended for the continuous development of the area. Strategic plans should be considered to support the development of Cardona Economic Zone.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE………………………………………………………………………. APPROVAL SHEET………………………………………………………………. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT………………………………………………………..... DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………… ABSTRACT………………………………………………………………………... TABLE OF CONTENTS………………………………………………………..… LIST OF TABLES…………………………………………………………………. LIST OF FIGURES……………………………………………………………..… Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction…………………………………………………………….. Background of the Study…………………………………………...… Theoretical Framework……………………………………………….. Conceptual Framework…………………………………………….... Objectives of the Study……………………………………………..... Scope and Limitations of the Study…………………………………. Definition of Terms……………………………………………………. Notes………………………………………………………………...…. 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF DATA Research Method…………………………………………………...… Subject of the Study…………………………………………………... Setting of the Study…………………………………………………… Sources of Data……………………………………………………….. Procedure of the Study……………………………………………….. Notes………………………………………….…………………...…… 3 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA 4 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Summary of Findings…………..…………………………………….. Conclusions………..………………………………………………….. Recommendations...…………………………………………………. BIBLIOGRAPHY…………………………………………………………………. APPENDIXES……………………………………………………………………... CURRICULUM VITAE ……………………………………………………………

Page i ii iii v vi ix xi xii 1 4 14 15 17 18 19 23 25 26 30 34 35 37

112 114 115 117 119 182

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2010 Current Barangays of Cardona……..………………………….….. Estimated Population Distribution of Cardona, Rizal 2010………….. Population Distribution of Province of Rizal, 2010…….……………… Cost and Estimates for Concrete Road………………………………... Cost and Estimates for Creek…………………………………………... Cost and Estimates for Perimeter Fence……………………………... Cost and Estimates for Gate1-Entrance…………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Gate1-Exit…….……………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Gate2….. …….………………………………....

Page 29 43 48 92 93 94 95 96 97

1 0 1 1 1 2 1 3 1 4 1 5 1 6 1 7 1 8 1 9 2 0

Cost and Estimates for Gate3….. …….……………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Gate4….. …….……………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Light Post……….………………………………. Cost and Estimates for Land Mark….. …….………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Plant Box…….…….………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Landscape…..…….………………………….... Cost and Estimates for Power Generator…..…….…………………...... Cost and Estimates for Drainage Waste Water Treatment….. ………. Composite Table of the Expenditures of the Project Components…... Socio-Economic Benefits Derived from the Project……………………. Socio-Economic Benefits Derived from the Project…………………….

98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 108 109

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Economic Zone Bjelis………………………………………………..….. Clark Freeport Zone…………………..……………………………….… Paseo Del Rio…………………………..………………………….…….. Location Triangle………………………..………………………….……. Conceptual Paradigm……………………..……………………….……. Front View of the Site…………………………………..………….……. Left Side View of the Site………………………………..…………..….. Right Side View of the Site………………………………..……….……

Page 7 7 9 12 14 24 25 26

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Map of Cardona…………………………………………..……….……... Relation of Rizal to CALABARZON…………………….……...…….… Relation of Cardona to the Province of Rizal……………………….… Relation of Brgy. Dalig to the Municipality of Cardona………….…… Passable Routes Going to the Site……………………………….……. Distribution of Waste Disposal System……………………………….. Top View/Site Plan………………………………………………………. Pictorial/Gate 1-Entrance…………………….…………………………. Pictorial/Gate 1-Exit……..…………………….…………………………. Floor Plan/Gate 1...……..…………………….…………………………. Pictorial/Gate 2…...……..…………………….…………………………. Floor Plan/Gate 2...……..…………………….…………………………. Pictorial/Gate 3…...……..…………………….…………………………. Floor Plan/Gate 3...……..…………………….…………………………. Pictorial/Gate 4…...……..…………………….…………………………. Floor Plan/Gate 4...……..…………………….…………………………. Pictorial/Comfort Room…...……..…..……….…………………………. Floor Plan/Comfort Room...………………….…………………………. Road Plan…………………………………………………………………. Typical Road Section……………………………………………………. V-shape Canal Detail……………………………………………………. Pictorial/Perimeter Fence……………………………………………….. Detail/Perimeter Fence………………………………………………….. Pictorial/Light Post……………………………………………………….. Detail/Light Post………………………………………………………….. Pictorial/Landscape..……………………………………………………..

28 39 40 41 43 52 56 57 58 59 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 78

35 36 37 38 39 40

Detail/Landscape-1……………………………………………………….. Detail/Landscape-2……………………………………………………….. Pictorial/Plant Box…..…………………………………………………….. Detail/Plant Box.……….………………………………………………….. Pictorial/Ecozone Title.………………………………………………..….. Detail/Ecozone Title.……….………………………………………….…..

79 80 81 82 83 84

Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND This chapter discusses the introduction, background, objectives,

theoretical and conceptual framework, scope and limitation of the study and definition of terms. Introduction Economic zone or Ecozones are geographical regions designated by the government into equally developed industrial, agricultural, commercial and tourist

or recreational regions. It is anchored under economic laws that are more freemarket-oriented than a country’s typical or national laws. “Nationwide” laws may be suspended inside the economic zone. Each economic zone is designed to develop an independent community. It shall manage its own economic, industrial, financial and tourism development without the help from the national government. It shall also provide sufficient amenities to established linkages with other communities within the province. The province of Rizal, is acknowledged for its natural resources, good setting for investments, establishments and settlements. One of its municipalities is the municipality of Cardona, which is then considered as one of the centers of fisheries in the entire province Though rich in agricultural products like fish production and exporting “Bonsai” or miniature plants, there is still a question when it comes to the employment rate of its people. There were less job opportunities prepared for its residents. Most of the people of Cardona have to try their luck looking for a job in other nearby communities. In return to this, the production of human resources of Cardona was being catered by other town. Furthermore, entrepreneurs and investors tend to invest on them rather than in Cardona where their workers were from. And because of less job opportunities there was an increase in unemployment rate of its local residents. Annually, there were numbers of

college students graduated from their different chosen professions. But still few were given a chance for a job. The knowledge and skills they learned for years were not noticed. The first class ability of the future professionals of Cardona were being wasted, wherein, if given a chance may add to economic development of the town. There were also few business infrastructures in the whole municipality that mainly affects the development of the entire community. There was an unbalanced development when it comes to the town’s agricultural, industrial, commercial and recreational aspects. In accordance to this, the researchers proposed the development of “Cardona Economic Zone”, with the “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone”, the town itself will be developed with balanced agricultural, industrial, commercial and recreational aspects. It will also provide the town the adequate facilities intended to established relation with the surrounding communities and other entities within the country. One of the goals of this “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone” is to attract foreign and local investors who might like to do businesses in the zone. By attracting investors, Cardona can tap into wealth from nearby towns and improve its economy and living conditions. Job opportunities will be open for its local residents, which can later on help to the production of the human resources of Cardona. This economic zone will revitalize the local economy. Within the zone, there will be taxes coming from its operated businesses, which eventually can

lead to a new productive development program of Cardona. It will also stimulate the town’s rapid economic growth. It will attract the workers from all over the area, as well as the unemployed graduates from the different universities in the province of Rizal. With this, there will be an increase in the employment rate in the municipality of Cardona. Graduates will be given a chance to be part of the development of the town with their first class abilities as professionals. It does not only cater direct employment but also indirect employment for the tricycle drivers and even vendors who might like to be in the Ecozone. It will provide opportunities for the advancement for the people working in management. With this, many will be given opportunities in job industry. And the municipality of Cardona will be given a chance to promote itself not only to the province of Rizal, but with its relation to the Philippines. Background of the Study Economic Zones are selected areas throughout the nation declared by the President of the Philippines as Philippine Economic Zone Authority (PEZA) Special Economic Zone. But in the case of this study, it still has to prove its economic development, that the area must have attained a substantial degree of development within five (5) years of its establishment. Also it has to acquire certain requirements adequate in establishing an economic zone. Some of which are the availability of skilled or semi-skilled workers around the ECOZONE, the

accessibility of the required infrastructures and other more for the improvement of the site. The category of Special Economic Zone covers a broad range of more specific zone types including Industrial Estates (IEs), Export Processing Zone (EPZs), Free Trade Zone (FTZs) and Tourist and recreational Centers. Industrial Estates (IEs) are area of land developed for the use of industries. It has basic infrastructure such as roads, water and sewage systems, pre-built factory buildings, and residential housing for the use of the community. 1 Export Processing Zones (EPZs) are special IEs whose locator companies are mostly export-oriented. Most of which companies are involved in the manufacture and export of garments, plastics, electrical machinery, fabricated metals, rubber products and industrial chemicals. The main job of EPZ is to process, assembly or manufacture agricultural products resulting in the exportation of its production.2 Free Trade Zones are areas nearby ports of entry. Imported goods may be unloaded and manipulate without being subjected to import duties. 3 Tourism & recreational centers contain businesses that cater to both local and foreign visitors to the Ecozones. Such businesses include hotels, apartments and sports facilities. Also it is an economic zone of sports and recreation centers and cultural facilities.4

Aside from the types of economic zones there were also Economic Zone like Export, Free Trade, Service, Domestic Market, Pioneer, Utilities, Facilities, Town, and Ecozone Developer or Operator Enterprises. Every enterprise has different uses in the zone. Moreover, it operates though manufacturing, producing, developing, facilitating, and maintaining the Economic Zone for the benefits of the municipality or the region it covers. And in line with this, the “Cardona Economic Zone” is proposed to open more job opportunities and to increase the number of source of living of its local resident. With the Cardona Economic Zone, the municipality will have its way to be developed as an independent community with balanced agricultural, commercial, industrial and recreational regions. It shall manage its own economic regions with less support from the national government. The “Economic Zone Bjelis” as shown in Figure 1 on the next page in Slavonski Brod, Croatia, is a small economic zone planned by the “General Urban Plan of Slavonski Brod”. The said Economic Zone was built inside-town with the terrain of surface 236.500m 2 mostly intended for industry. It acknowledges various entrepreneurs’ proposal for strengthening and developing their individual trades or companies. 5 The initiative of building an inside-town economic zone will be adapted by the “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone”. With the total surface of 9.19 hectares

the “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone” will be completely urban elaborated and equipped with complete communal infrastructure needed for an undisturbed business activity on the area. Figure 2 shows on the next page shows the Clark Freeport Zone, adjacent located to Angeles City, Pampanga, Philippines, formerly known as the “Clark Special Economic Zone. It is currently being endorsed as a foremost center for the Asian operations of various medium-sized and large companies. 6 Aside from its massive hectares of infrastructure and resort, the Clark Zone’s landscaping and design could also be one of the factors that attracts both local and foreign investors to establish their business in the zone.

Figure 1 Economic Zone Bjelis

The fine-looking and inspiring backdrop design of the zone may be used

Figure 2 Clark Freeport Zone by the “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone”. This will help to make this Ecozone

as one of the center of attraction of the town. This could also support the image of a clean environment in the municipality of Cardona and its relation to the province of Rizal. Similarly, Paseo Del Rio is an economic zone in Macasandig, Cagayan de Oro City, which is shown in Figure 3 on the next page. Strategically located at the foot of Kagay-an Bridge that connects to Barangay Carmen. Paseo Del Rio will eventually emerge as Cagayan de Oro City’s newest growth area within the urban center in the years to come. The Paseo Del Rio project is designed “…as a place where people can walk, shop and dine in one walkable community…” The concept of Paseo del Rio is a multi-use approach of development in the project site that will boast of highrise waterfront buildings and global-sized hotels of at least 350 rooms, restaurants, mixed-use commercial and business centers, playground, covered walkways, bicycle lanes, gazebo, rotunda, underground parking, and many amenities and recreational facilities. 7 Paseo Del Rio project can be associated as a recreational center. The recreational facilities sited in the project are ideal enough to attract foreign and local investors to invest in the zone. It will also increase the tourism rate of the town and its province.

Figure 3 Paseo Del Rio

In addition, the municipality of Binangonan conducted a study entitled, “Comprehensive Land Use Plan”. The study focuses on how they can fully enhance their current economic horizon for the benefit of the town and its people, having the fact that the town has a lot of opportunities and potentials, both internal and external. The town’s current economic structure will shift to a mixing of agriculture and industry, commercial and tourism. This development approach is expected to decentralize the functions of the municipality’s major urban centre, the poblacion, to other areas within the municipality. The basic challenge for the Municipality of Binangonan is to harness to full potential its human and physical resources where it has a generally comparative advantage. 8 The general development goal of this Land Use Plan is to achieve growth of the town of Binangonan and its people through self-sustaining and environmentally sound development. Decentralizing the agricultural, industrial, commercial and recreational development of the town will be of help to have a balanced development on each area. With this, there will be a possibility of achieving the economic growth of the town. The same principle is used in this “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone”. The initiative of balancing the economic aspects of the town is a good way to assure the economic development of Cardona. It will also harness the full potential of its human and physical resources. Zaw and Kudo’s study “A Study on Economic Corridors and Industrial Zones, Ports, and Metropolitan and Alternative Roads in Myanmar”, focuses on

the strategic location of Myanmar Special Economic Zone. This Special Economic zone is strategically located in the boundary of Myanmar’s major cities Yangon, Mandalay, Mawlamyaine, and Dawei. Both four different cities offer different functions in the Economic Zone. Its location adds-up to the full development of the area. The different resources of the major cities of Myanmar contribute a lot for the continuous success of Myanmar Special Economic Zone. 9 Just like the location analysis conducted by Myinmo Zaw and Toshihiro Kudo, the proposed Cardona Economic Zone also applies the strategy used by Myanmar Special Economic Zone. The proposed project is decided to be located in Cardona where it lies in the boundary of three barangays; Dalig, Patunhay and Real. The resources offered by these areas contribute a lot for the fast development of the proposed project. The Lake water covering and the products that exist in the area could possibly be use in the fulfillment of Cardona Economic Zone. According to “Special Economic Zones and Economic Corridors” of ERIA Discussion Paper Series, locating industrial estates at border areas with a relatively smaller population is not feasible if large-scale labor migration does

not occur. Such an option will be unable to make use of abundant labor force at cheaper wages. Instead, such border areas should make use of other factor endowments with comparative advantages such as abundant land and natural resources. Needles to say, developing such border areas should be socially and environmentally sustainable.10

The population analysis of this study applies the research discussed by the ERIA Discussion Paper Series. With the record of 8 th most populated municipality out of the 14 municipality in Rizal, Cardona appears to have the average amount of Human Resources that the province of Rizal can have. The Proposed Cardona Economic Zone which is situated in this municipality will surely cater the human resources that Cardona can offer. Direct Employment is one of the main goals of an Economic Zone, as sited in the “Assessing the Role of Government Institutions Supporting Industrial Adjustment in the Philippines: the case of PEZA, CITEM and DBP” by Marvin Castell. Job creation was one of the primary goals of establishing PEZA, and was considered as the most important contribution of PEZA’s to the economy. Commodities produced in Special Economic Zones were usually labor-intensive, which would allow for more employment for the country. Special Economic Zones might be generating a volume of manufacturing employment that is very small relative to the aggregate national manufacturing employment, however, this number might be large to urban/regional manufacturing employment

(Schwellnus, 2003).11 In addition, the proposed Cardona Economic Zone has the goal of contributing to the employment of the residents not only in Cardona but also in Rizal. It aims to increase the rate of employment in the area. It intended to use all the possible factors that could possibly help in raising the economic status of Cardona.

The Special Economic Zones here in the Philippines helps a lot to increase the number of job opportunities for its local residents. As provided in the Republic Act. No. 7916, also known as the Special Economic Zone Act. This is an act which provides for the legal framework and mechanism for the creation, operation, administration, and coordination of special economic zones in the Philippines Economic Zone Authority (PEZA), and for other purposes. 12 In accordance to this study, Section 12, Article XII states that: "The State shall promote the preferential use of Filipino labor, domestic materials and locally produced goods and adopt measures that help make them competitive." 13 It clearly states that the zone shall actively support, promote a sound and balanced industrial, economic and social development of the town, in order to provide jobs to the people, increase their productivity and family income, and in that way improve the quality of their living condition through the establishments and measures that shall effectively attract local and foreign investments. Theoretical Framework This feasibility study was anchored from the theory of Alfred Weber, a German location economist. He formulated a theory of industrial location in his book entitled Über den Standort der Industrien (Theory of the Location of Industries, 1929). Weber’s theory was called location triangle, which sought to determine the importance of the location of the resources, to the production site, and to the market (town).14

Figure 4 Location Triangle

This theory explains as to how the said factors are located in relation to one another and to the rapid growth of the town. The distance of the resources to the production site has a great effect to the efficiency of production in terms of its quality and quantity, same as the relation of the production site to the market or town.

The theory could be applied to the present study to come-up with a strategic location of the economic zones. It will also to give the researchers the idea on how to achieve an economic zone which caters the needs of the local residents in the area.

Conceptual Framework

The conceptual framework of this feasibility study was based on the Coombs’ System Approach. It includes three elements namely input, process and output that has been conceptualized and illustrated on Figure 5. 15

The input variables of the Proposed Cardona Economic Zone will serves as the basis of the proponents to conduct this study. It includes the number of job opportunities given by the town, decreasing employment rate of its local residents, few business infrastructures, and unbalanced economic and social development of the town.

INPUT Less Job Opportunities;

PROCESS Developing a project that will give solution to the problems in the municipality by proposing an Economic Zone in the town;

OUTPUT Site development plan;

Decreasing employment rate of its local residents;

Completed set of plans for the Proposed Cardona Economic Zone;

Few business infrastructures;

Site inventory and analysis;

Unbalanced economic and social development of the town;

Estimated budget per project components;

Conceptualizing the zoning plan of the project;

Determined socioeconomic benefits of the study

Flagship and Infrastructure Program of Municipality of Cardona

Estimating the projected budget of the project;

Proposed Economic Zone Plan

Analyzing the profitability of the project in terms of socio- economic benefits

FEEDBACK Figure 5 A Conceptual Paradigm of Proposed Cardona Economic Zone Showing the Clear Picture of the Study

The process consists of the methods and procedures to be undertaken by the researchers. It includes the development of the project that will give solution to the problems stated in the first frame, analyzing the project’s site, conceptualizing the zoning plan of the project, estimating the projected budget and analyzing the profitability of the project in terms of socio- economic benefits. The output comprises the development of the site, completed set of plans for the Proposed Cardona Economic Zone, tarpaulin of the project, estimated budget per project components and the determined socio-economic benefits of the study. Feedback signifies whether the objectives that was set for this study was met or not. In case the output of the study fails to resolve the input variables; the arrow connected to it gives the chance to do necessary changes for the development of the Proposed Cardona Economic Zone. The feedback therefore could be used for the enhancement of the project. Objectives of the Study The main purpose of this study is to investigate the feasibility of developing an inside-town Economic Zone in the town of Cardona, Rizal, in order to lift-up the socio-economic condition of the town. Specifically, this study aimed to:

1. analyze the feasibility of the project’s site in terms of its: 1.1. location; 1.2. accessibility; 1.3. topography; 1.4. population composite; 1.5. site utilities; 1.6. atmospheric conditions; and 1.7. local products 2. prepare the zoning plan of the “Proposed Cardona Economic Zone”; 3. determine the different amenities and utilities to be put up in the project; 4. estimate budget per project components; 5. determine the socio-economic benefits of the project. Scope and Limitations of the Study This feasibility study was conducted by the student of University of Rizal System, Morong Campus, with a degree of Bachelor of Technology major in Drafting Technology (BT - DT) during the first and second semester of the school year 2011 – 2012.

The proponents of this study determined that one of the factors that assure the economic growth of the town is through its balanced industrial, economic and social development, which happens to be the main goal of an economic zone. With this, the proposed economic zone will greatly contribute to the rapid development of Cardona. The highlights of the study will focus mainly on the site inventory and analysis, stating the financial expenses of the proposed project, location analysis and zoning, and determining the socio-economic impact of the proposed project to the local community. The presentation of the tarpaulin of the project site plan and the estimated budget per project components are also included in the study. The designs, layouts and structural plans of the establishments/buildings and enterprises are not included in the presentation of the study. Definition of Terms; The following terms are defined operationally or conceptually for the better understanding of the study. Accessibility. This refers on how accessible the project’s site was, through different modes of transportation.

Atmospheric Condition. It comprises the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation. 16 Drainage. It has a purpose of collecting, transporting, and disposing surface as well as a ground water.17 Developer. It is the person or organization which has been given the duty of developing, promoting and organizing the entire Economic Zone and providing amenities in the zone. Development. This refers to the improvement or the gradual evolution of the full potential of the Cardona Economic Zone. Economic Zone/ Ecozone. These are geographical regions chosen by the government for development into balanced agricultural, industrial, commercial, and recreational regions. Employment Rate. It is a conducted degree of measure of the existing quantity of work in the Municipality of Cardona. Export Processing Zone. It is an export-oriented zone. The enterprises which can be operated in this zone are the establishments which manufactures, assembles or process certain products with a quality for production and exportation. Flagship Program. This contains well-planned proposals for the development or rapid growth of the economic status of Cardona.

Feasibility Study. It is a study that concludes whether a proposed project is worthy of the community perspective in terms of technical, financial, socioeconomic, marketing and management operational aspects. Free Trade Zone. This is the area nearby ports of entry. It is where imported goods may be unloaded, repacked or sorted for immediate transshipment. Industrial Estate. It is a tract of land which comprises basic infrastructures such as roads, railways, ports, telephones, and etc. Investors. These are the local or foreign persons or organizations granted permission to do business or to invest in the Economic Zone. Job Opportunities. These are the chances for employment for the residents of Cardona. These could be a source of living or a profession. Local Products. Cardona is known in fish production and exporting Bonsai. Location. The marking out of the boundaries, or identifying the place or site of, a piece of land, according to the description given in an entry, plan, map.18 Miniature. It is the scaled model of the Cardona Economic Zone. Population Composite. These refers to the record or number of family living in Cardona.

Project cost estimate. It is the estimated cost of the project. Recreational Centers. These are areas which comprise recreational facilities such as hotels, parks, resorts, sports centers and museum. Site Development Plan. These are detailed drawing for the improvement of the area in Cardona. Site Utilities. These are basic services such as electricity, sewage system, communication line, and etc. Utilities are often regulated by the government. Socio-Economic Profitability. It refers to the project net contribution to the national and economic social welfare. Topography. It is the detailed and precise description of the project’s site that illustrates the total surface and contour of the land. Working Drawing. This includes the zoning plan, drainage plan, electrical plan, and plumbing plan. Zoning Plan. This refers to a strategic graphic illustration of the arrangements of the possible economic regions to be placed inside the zone, this includes the Industrial Parks, Free Trade zones, Export Processing zones, and Recreational centers.

NOTES
1

“Philippine Special Economic Zone”. www.training.itcilo.it/actrav_cdrom1/english/global/frame/epzppi.htm .
2

“Philippine Special Economic Zone”. www.training.itcilo.it/actrav_cdrom1/english/global/frame/epzppi.htm .
3

“Philippine Special Economic Zone”. www.training.itcilo.it/actrav_cdrom1/english/global/frame/epzppi.htm .
4

“Philippine Special Economic Zone”. www.training.itcilo.it/actrav_cdrom1/english/global/frame/epzppi.htm .
5

“Economic zone Bjelis”. www.rasb.hr/investicije/investment_opportunities/small_economic_zone_bjelis_/default.a spx.
6

“Clark Freeport Zone”. www.clarksubicmarketing.com/clark.htm. “Paseo Del Rio”. www.cagayandeorodev.com. “The Municipal Development Plan”. Binangonan Development Plan: p. 84.

7

8

9

Zaw, Myinmo and Kudo, Toshihiro. “A Study on Economic Corridors and Industrial Zones, Ports, and Metropolitan and Alternative Roads in Myanmar” Chapter IV.
10

“Special Economic Zones and Economic Corridors”. ERIA Discussion Paper Series, June 2009.
11

Castell, Marvin. “Assessing the Role of Government Institutions Supporting Industrial Adjustment in the Philippines: the case of PEZA, CITEM and DBP”.
12

“Special Economic Zone Act”. Repuclic Act 7916. www.bcda.gov.ph/file_attachments/0000/1630/RA_7916.pdf: p. 1.

13

“Special Economic Zone Act”. Repuclic Act 7916. Section 12, Article XII. www.bcda.gov.ph/file_attachments/0000/1630/RA_7916.pdf:

14

Weber, Alfred. “Location Theory”. Theory of the Location of Industries, 1929.

15

Coombs, Philip H. “The World Educational Crisis: A System Analysis”, New York: Oxford University, 1968.
16

“Meaning of Atmospheric Condition”. http://www.beedictionary.com/meaning/atmospheric_condition .
17

Muro, Vicente. “Preparing Project Feasibilities Studies”. Quezon City: Phoenix Press, Inc., 1975.
18

“Meaning of Location”. http://ardictionary.com/Location/4207

Chapter 2 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND SOURCES OF DATA This chapter discusses the research method, setting and subject of the study, sources of data, and procedure of the study. Research Method This study used a feasibility type of study which examines the different factors that could possibly affect the potentiality of the proposed Cardona Economic Zone, factors in terms of its technical, socio-economic, and financial feasibility. Technical feasibility discusses the nature of the product line, the technology necessary for production, its availability, the proper mix of production resources, and the optimum production volume.1 Socio-economic feasibility takes into account the effect of the project to the nearby residents that could be affected in developing the project. It includes the existing markets or even the businesses in the setting of the study. It also relates the project to the existing economic and social factors

Financial feasibility presents the overall financial picture in terms of operating cash requirements profitability, and cash flow. 2 The information and the expected output presented in this study could support the decision of pursuing, revising or abandoning the proposed project for municipality of Cardona, Rizal. Subject of the Study The study is subjectively concentrated in the development of the local government of Cardona, empowering its economy and living conditions and study on analysis , location, accessibility, population composite, environmental influence, topography, utilities, atmospheric conditions, designs and planning with the limitations on zoning development in the said project. The Proposed Cardona Economic Zone (PCEZ) is envisioned to build economically profitable areas and develop 9.19 hectares of accessible land area for constructing different infrastructures that helps the town, attracting both local and foreign investors and job opportunities for its local residents. The site is settled at the boundaries of Barangay Dalig and Barangay San Roque Cardona, Rizal. Its vision states, “A peaceful and orderly community of empowered people with progressive and sustainable economic opportunities and strong commitment to the conservation and protection of the environment and natural resources.” 3

Its mission states, “Through a well-defined development plan an d a corps of honest and dedicated public servants working hand in hand with the people, we shall pursue economic growth with quality.” The images presented are the views of the site at Barangay Dalig in Cardona.

Figure 6 The Front View of the Site

Figure 7 shows the left side view of the site, showing the wide space that is accessible to locate the proposed project. The site is located at the east of the actual place.

Figure 7 The Left Side View of the Site

Figure 8 shows the right side view of the site planned to locate the commercial infrastructures of the plan.

Figure 8 The Right Side View of the Site

Setting of the Study

The setting of the study is in Cardona Rizal, one of the provinces in Rizal. Cardona is a Philippine municipality. It is located in the province of Rizal in Region IV – CALABARZON, which is a part of the Luzon group of islands. Cardona is once called in the province of Rizal as a “Child of a Volcano”. The volcano that was thought here is the Laguna Lake, which was actually formed after the explosion of a gigantic volcano million years ago. 5 The Cardona is settled in the province of Rizal 42 km southeast of Manila. It is surrounded in the north by Morong, in the west lays of Binangonan and on its south and east is Laguna de Bay. It has a total terrain surface of 1927.32 hectares and politically subdivided into eighteen (18) barangays, which is tabulated in Table 1. According to the 2010 census, Cardona has inhabitants of 44,942 residents and is part of the big group of 1073 cities and municipalities in the Philippines which has more than 10,000 residents but did not reach 50,000 populations yet. Based on the number of its inhabitants Cardona is number 512 of the most populous cities of the Philippines and at 281 in Luzon group of islands and at 11 of the most populous cities of province Rizal. With an area of 28.56 km² Cardona occupies a relatively small urban area. 6

Figure 9 Map of Cardona

The table shows the 2010 current barangays of Cardona Rizal. Table 1 The 2010 Current Barangays of Cardona Rizal

No. Name 2 5 7 8 9 12 13 14 16 17 18 19 22 23 27 30 32 33 Balibago Boor Calahan Dalig Del Remedio (Pob.) Iglesia (Pob.) Lambac Looc Malanggam-Calubacan Nagsulo Navotas Patunhay Real (Pob.) Sampad San Roque (Pob.) Subay Ticulio Tuna

PSGCCode 045806002 045806005 045806007 045806008 045806009 045806012 045806013 045806014 045806016 045806017 045806018 045806019 045806022 045806023 045806027 045806030 045806032 045806033

Urbanisation Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban Urban

Population 1,979 860 5,116 5,949 1,781 1,543 1,716 8,938 329 230 3,037 1,745 417 1,845 3,142 3,915 1,729 671

Consequently, there is a high population density. In Cardona, by average, 1,573.60 people live in one square kilometer. With this value, Cardona is only number 72 in Luzon and is nationally ranked 83 rd of the most densely populated cities in the Philippines.7 The given data of the population of the town helps the researchers to figure out the number of the residents that will benefit from the project if pursued.

The population of the town is also a factor that was considered by the proponents to identify the feasibility of the project when it comes to its socio-economic aspect. According to the Philippine income classification for provinces, cities and municipalities, Cardona is a 3rd class municipality. The urbanization status of Cardona was classified as urban. 8 Cardona is one of the coastal towns surrounded by the Laguna Lake. Almost half of its inhabitant relies only on fishing as their main source of livelihood. That is why the municipal’s revenue is supported by the resources from the lake water covering. Exporting goods to the nearby communities is also a way of the town to make a living for its local residents. Among the bigger cities and municipalities in the neighborhood of Cardona are City Of Antipolo 12 km north-west, Taguig City (Fourth District) 17 km west-north-west, Caloocan City (Third District) 33 km west-north-west, City Of Manila(First District) 26 km west-north-west, City Of Pasig (Second District) 19 km north-west, Quezon City (Second District) 26 km north-west, City Of Makati(Fourth District) 22 km west-north-west, City Of Parañaque (Fourth District) 25 km west, City Of Las Piñas (Fourth District) 26 km west as well as 35 km south-west of Cardona the municipality City Of Dasmariñas (Cavite).9 With the said records of well-improved cities and municipalities, the proposed project will aid to make the Cardona compete with its neighboring

cities. The incentive of using the full potential of the town when it comes to its natural and human resources could possibly be a way of improving its record. There are a lot of opportunities for business in this town. Its agricultural lands can produce high value commercial crops and commercial poultry and livestock as well as exotic animals. Tourism-related ventures can be a hit. Investors can also establish factories for the manufacture of garments and fashion accessories, furniture, jewelry, processed foods, and other consumer goods. The real estate industry particularly mass housing has a bright prospect in this town. Sources of data In gathering information the researchers used primary and secondary sources of data to effectively tackle their document analysis. They gathered and compiled some primary sources of data available from various offices of the municipality of Cardona Rizal, offices which includes the Assessor’s Office, Engineering Department, Municipal Planning and

Development Coordinators Office and other repositories of facts and figures were also acquired by the researchers. In accordance with the criteria and requirements of developing an economic zone, the researchers confronted with the standards and specification of the national economic zone laws stated in the Republic Act of the Philippines.

The criteria stated in the law leads the researchers on considering the factors that could possibly affect the project. And lastly, the researchers also used secondary sources of data such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, books, magazines, internet and unpublished thesis for the background of the study. Procedure of the Study In conducting this study the researchers underwent several procedures and methods. The researchers considered some factors to make this study effectively. Identifying the problems in the community was first considered to construct the statement of the problem. After the researchers had analyzed the problem, they came up with the idea of proposing an Economic Zone under the Municipality of Cardona. After that, they gathered primary information from books, internet, human resources and other resources that can be useful to the success of the study. They also conducted site visiting and analysis, wherein the site’s conditions were recorded, such as the topography of the place, existing power supply, neighborhood character and the atmospheric conditions that can directly influence the design for the Proposed Cardona Economic Zone.

The researchers also prepared plans and designs of the utilities to be put up to the project. Moreover, the socio-economic feasibility of the study and the estimated budget per project component was given importance too by the researchers.

NOTES

1

Development Academy of the Philippines. “How to Develop Project Feasibility Studies”. Manila: Sigma-Tala Publishers, Inc., 1978, p. 17.
2

Development Academy of the Philippines. “How to Develop Project Feasibility Studies”. Manila: Sigma-Tala Publishers, Inc., 1978, p. 3.
3

“Vision”. Municipality of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. “Mission”. Municipality of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. “Historical Background”. Municipality of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. “2010 Census”. Municipality of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. “Population of Cardona”. Municipality of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. “Urbanization Status of Cardona”. Municipality of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. “Neighborhood Municipalities of Cardona”. Municipality of Cardona Annual

4

5

6

7

8

9

Report, 2010.

Chapter 3 PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA

This chapter discusses the presentation, analysis and interpretation of data as an answer to the specific objectives of the study. Location Province of Rizal is located in the Central part of the Luzon groups of island CALABARZON (Region IV – A) Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon, just 16 kilometers east of Manila. Rizal is bordered by Metro Manila to the west, the province of Bulacan to the north, Quezon to the east and Laguna province to the south. The province also lies on the northern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. Figure 10 shows the relation of Rizal to CALABARZON region. As shown in figure 11 on page 40, Cardona is related to the province of Rizal with Morong as its boundary in the north, in the west by the town of Binangonan, Angono, Taytay, Cainta and in the south and east by Laguna de Bay. The Proposed Cardona Economic Zone is located at barangay Dalig the 9th biggest barangay in Cardona and has a total land area of 90.25 hectares, in between the barangay San Roque and barangay Patunhay and including the nearby barangays in Cardona such as the main land barangays’ Calahan, Del Remedio, Iglesia, Looc, Nagsulo, Real, Sampad, Ticulio, and the island barangays’ Balibago, Boor, Lambac, Mal-Cal, Navotas, Subay, Tuna, as shown in Figure 12.

Figure 10 Relation of Rizal to CALABARZON

Figure 12 Relation of Brgy. Dalig to the Municipality of Cardona

Accessibility The town is accessible through land and water travel. It is one hour and a half drive from the Metro Manila and 34 kilometers from the City of Pasig. Manila East Road of Angono, Taytay and Binangonan links Cardona to Metro Manila and also the way from the north town of Morong, Teresa, Antipolo to Manila. Seems to be the town proper of Cardona is accessible by water, through 17 local ports in Cardona which handles the transport of goods/products from Talim Island. This opened the gate to the major economic activities of the town which is fishing. The mainland barangays are accessible by land transportation, in contrast to the island barangays which can only be reached by traversing the Laguna Lake. In the sense that the town is also accessible in land production transportation there are some alternative route of transporting goods/products from the nearby town of Cardona to proposed Eco-zone here are some of the passable routes to be used as alternative way for transferring goods to the nearby towns: Cardona Diversion Road is the alternative way for big trucks and highways to help ease of traffic through Morong to Cardona and Cardona to Manila. Figure 13 shows the alternative and possible way in case of difficulties in some reasons.

Figure 13 Passable Routes going to the Site

Slope & Topography Cardona is basically hilly and mountainous. The terrain of the mainland is generally undulating to rolling while the island is characterized by having landforms with high reliefs. More than one-fourth (26%) of Cardona's land area consists of volcanic agglomerate hills with high reliefs. These are all found in the island of Balibago, Lambac, and Tuna. Broad alluvial valleys totaling 65 hectares could be found in Barangay Boor, Lambac, and Balibago. Only Barangay Calahan has a narrow alluvial valley covering 21 hectares.1 Some moderately to highly dissected, gently sloping volcanic land forms could be found in Barangays lglesia and San Roque. Nearly one-fifth of Cardona's areas covering 369 hectares are volcanic agglomerate hills with low relief. Urban land/built-up area spans 365 hectares or almost one-fifth of the town's total land area. Nearly three-fourths (72%) of these built-up areas are found in the mainland. 2 The general slope characteristic of Cardona is moderately sloping to rolling. Around 800 hectares or 41 percent of its land area have slopes from 8-18

hectares. Areas described as "rolling to hilly' cover 503 hectares or one-fourth of its area. Most of them are found in Talim Island, particularly in Barangay Tuna. 3 The mainland does not have areas with slope above 30 percent. All of

the steep hills and mountains of Cardona occupying an area of 258 hectares are located in Talim Island, particularly in barangay Tuna. In contrast, most of the lands which are level to gently sloping are found in the mainland. The main hazards in the barangay are typhoon, flood, and soil erosion. In terms of vulnerability to flooding, the lakeside Sitios of Kuhala, Bulaburan is the most vulnerable, with flood water reaching chest-level. Ramos, Capistrano, and Hunters Streets have waist-level flood during Ondoy. The hillside Sitio Dupax, on the other hand, is vulnerable to soil erosion, because barangay Dalig belong to the lakeside and low part of the Cardona main land. The topography record of the town of Cardona could relate to the Proposed Economic Zone. The development of the proposed project could help solve the problem in floods of the nearby barangays near the area. Population Composite Annually, population of Cardona grew for about 4 percent of its previous population. This comprises the employed and unemployed residents of Cardona as well as its graduates which are the future workers of the town.

According to the August 2007 NSO census, it indicates that Cardona had a population of 42,942, representing 2.28% of the provincial population. For the period 2000 to 2007, Cardona’s population grew at a slower pace compared to the provincial average. The municipality exhibited an average annual growth rate of 1.66 % while that of the provinces is 3.87%. Table 2 presents the population distribution, growth rates and projected population per barangay of Cardona from year 2000 to 2010. Table 2 Estimated Population Distribution of Cardona, Rizal 2010 Actual Population Growth May 1, Aug 1, BARANGAY/S 2000 2007 Rate Projected Population 2008 2009 2010 Estimated Estimated Estimated 45,711 2,011 868 5,267 6,060 1,779 1,585 1,711 9,155 322 230 3,071 1,762 414 1,885 3,196 46,497 2,044 876 5,423 6,174 1,776 1,628 1,707 9,378 314 230 3,106 1,780 411 1,925 3,250 47,301 2,078 884 5,583 6,289 1,774 1,672 1,702 9,606 307 231 3,141 1,798 409 1,967 3,306

CARDONA Balibago Boor Calahan Dalig Del Remedio Iglesia Lambac Looc Mal-Cal Nagsulo Navotas Patunhay Real Sampad San Roque

39,003 1,722 796 3,985 5,073 1,801 1,227 1,757 7,272 400 228 2,759 1,602 442 1,536 2,717

44,942 1,979 860 5,116 5,949 1,781 1543 1,716 8,938 329 230 3,037 1,745 417 1,845 3,142

0.0166 0.0163 0.0090 0.0295 0.0187 (0.0013) 0.0270 (0.0027) 0.0243 (0.0225) 0.0010 0.0112 0.0100 (0.0068) 0.0216 0.0171

Subay Ticulio Tuna

3,378 1,609 699

3,915 1,729 671

0.0173 0.0084 (0.0047)

3,983 1,744 668

4,052 1,758 665

4,122 1,773 661

The projected population of Cardona from 2000 to 2010 explains that there is an increase in population every year. This makes it a need for an increase in income and livelihood in Cardona. The 2000 census of population conducted by NSO showed that Cardona had a potential labor force or 29,499. Of this figure, 4,122 were employed, 565 were unemployed and 4,905 were not in the labor force. The 1990 unemployment rate was placed at 12.05%. The province of Rizal is subdivided into 13 municipalities and 1 city. As presented on page 48, Cardona is fourth to the least populated municipality in the province of Rizal by the 2010 census. It is bounded by Morong to the north with the population of 52,194, and Binangonan to the west with the population of 249,872. The residents of the nearby towns of Cardona could be the beneficiaries of the development of the proposed project. Moreover, out of the identified available skills in the area, 59.05% are in the construction industry, i.e., related skills such as carpentry, plumbing, masonry, painting, etc. 5 The available skills in Cardona are good enough help in the development the proposed economic zone this could also lead to the employment of the

unmentioned skills and workers in the area. This also contributes to the decrease in 12.05% of unemployment rate in Cardona. Table 3 presents the 2010 census of population distribution of the municipalities in the Province of Rizal. Table 3 Population Distribution of Province of Rizal, 2010
No. of Barangays

City/Municipality

Area Population (km²) (2010 Census)
26.22 306.10 84.93 66.34 26.81 28.56 44.12 37.58 69.95 312.70 55.09 200.00 38.80 18.61

Pop. density (per km²) 3,707.44 2,071.12 371.18 3,601.61 11,810.63 1,573.60 651.36 1,344.81 836.67 715.00 3,355.60 472.3 6,765.08 2,387.75

Angono Antipolo Baras Binangonan Cainta Cardona Jalajala Morong Pililla Rodriguez San Mateo Tanay Taytay Teresa Site Utilities

10 16 10 40 7 18 11 8 9 11 15 19 5 9

102,407 677,741 32,609 249,872 311,845 47,414 30,074 52,194 59,527 280,904 205,255 98,879 288,956 47,163

Site utilities includes water supply, electric power supply, modes of communication and waste disposal system. Domestic Water Supply

The entire municipality has a relatively sufficient water supply. This is because of the presence of varied sources of water. The main source of water in Cardona is the Municipal Water System (then Municipal Waterworks and Service System (LWSS) in 1972) Metropolitan

By the year 1992, The

management was passed-on to a privately owned cooperative now serving partially the poblacion Barangays of San Roque, Real, Del Remedio, lglesia, Calahan, and Patunhay. Currently, there are twenty-four (24) operational waterworks system with a daily capacity of 66,000 gallons serving 1,411 families. Secondary sources of water include jetmatic pumps and artesian wells. 6 Electric Power Supply Cardona's main source of power is the Manila Electric Company (MERALCO). All of its barangay including those in the island are energized. Alternative power sources are provided by 16 individually - owned power generators. In 2008, almost 98 % of the total household in Cardona used electricity for lighting. This condition was more favorable than the provincial coverage of 82 percent. Other fuel used for lighting in Cardona includes kerosene (10 percent of household) and liquefied petroleum gas (0.5%). 7 Since MERALCO is the only main source of power in Cardona, the proposed Cardona Economic Zone is suggested to have its own power generator

that could supply its 9.19 hectares economic regions. This power generator is to support such firms in case of unlikely incidents like lose of power. Communication There are various modes of communication available in Cardona. The Philippine Long Distance Company (PLDT) serves 70 households in the mainland. In 1998, PT&T and Digitel have established its service in some areas in the mainland. In 2000, there are other cellular mobile telephone services by Smart, Globe and later Sun Cellular.8 There is one (1) postal station located in barangay Real which renders domestic and international telegram as well as telegraphic transfer services. Other communication media include radio, newspaper and television. A local newspaper, Buklod, covers the whole of Cardona. Waste Disposal System The following were various methods utilized by households in 1998 in disposing their solid wastes: (1) picked up by garbage trucks (2) dumping in individual open pit, not burned (3) burning (4) composting (5) fed to animals. The controlled dumpsite is located at Sitio Ampucao, Barangay Iglesia with an area of 3,000 square meters. The segregation scheme is biodegradable used in organic farming or refers to planting using organic fertilizers or decaying matters.

Existing programs on solid waste disposal include the continuous implementation of Republic Act 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000. Various innovations have been tested and tried in the locality to attain ecological sustainability which has proven enough the administration’s desire to eradicate waste in the area.9 Liquid waste disposal system of Cardona is not specified, but the total household in Cardona has their own individual septic tank. The rest of the liquid waste of the different households flows directly to the drainages allotted by the municipality. These drainages are directly connected to creeks, rivers, and different body of water. As the proposed Economic Zone is concerned, the site will require a drainage water waste filter plant to treat hazardous liquid waste that could affect the livestock in the Laguna de Bay. The utilities sited could be adopted by the proposed economic zone. The communication, water and electric power supply could link and help for the development of the site. The pie graph below shows the distribution of solid waste disposal in Cardona.

Figure 14 Distribution of Waste Disposal System

Atmospheric Condition

The atmospheric condition recorded in Cardona is generally in average level compare to the atmospheric condition recommended in the entire CALABARZON. The climate of Cardona is characterized by two pronounced seasons. The wet season occurs from May to October of the entire year while the dry season runs from November to April. The average temperature experienced by the town ranges from 20 ºC to 25 ºC. This temperature is relatively the same with the other municipalities in

the province of Rizal. Southeast winds prevail throughout the year except in November when the northeast winds blow over the area. The average wind speed is 10 kilometers per hour. However, stronger winds with speeds ranging from 11 to 15 kilometers per hour occur from February to May. Cardona is visited by typhoons four to five times a year. It is the average number of typhoons recorded by PAG-ASA.10 The recommended atmospheric conditions of Cardona could affect the zoning plan of the proposed Cardona Economic Zone. The zoning of the different economic regions relies on the existing atmospheric condition of the site. It also considers the establishments that could be directly affected by the zoning of the regions. The direction of the winds that prevails in the area could possibly direct the position of the buildings to be operated in the site. Local Products

The municipality of Cardona is a good setting for investment and settlements, it because of the local products that can be found and can be manufactured in the area. Cardona is basically a fishing community 54% of its population depends solely on fishing as their main source of livelihood. Fish production comes primarily from the fishpond and fish cages set up in the lake. Bangus and Tilapia are the most commonly raised fished commodities in the area. As of 1994, 345 fish pens covering about 1,900 hectares of the municipality’s lake water are devoted to bangus and tilapia culture and production .11 The town lacks in material wealth, but Cardona is well known for exporting local products made of bamboo wood. Almost 300 hectares of the hills in Cardona is very rich in planted bamboo trees all around the place. There are few industrial companies in Cardona that offers manufacturing products made of bamboo. Most of the firms in Cardona with related operation of making furniture made of bamboo are privately owned stores and are usually small. Some of these products are chairs, sofa, tables, beds, simple furniture and souvenirs. These products are ideal for exporting in the market outside the town. And as part of Agro – industrial activity of Cardona, the town also offers production of miniature plants and terracotta plants in the market. There are green houses in Cardona that raises bonsais and other export quality plants.

Cardona is rich in its agricultural aspects. There are lots of products that the town can contribute in the market. This includes fish trading, poultry and livestock production. This aspect should be a welcome opportunity in order to achieve economic diversity in the area. Design or Zoning Plan The proposed zoning plan for Cardona Economic Zone is consists of different economic regions like commercial, recreational, agricultural and industrial region. Different amenities are also prepared for the proposed project; this includes light posts, landscapes, plant boxes, comfort rooms and roads. Site Plan Figure 15 on page 56; shows the Zoning Plan of the main site. Pictorial Drawing Figure 16 on page 57; shows the pictorial drawing of Gate 1-entrance. Pictorial Drawing Figure 17 on page 58; shows the pictorial drawing of Gate 1-exit. Floor Plan Figure 18 on page 59; shows the floor plan of Gate 1.

Figure 15 Site Plan

Figure 16 Gate 1-Entrance

Figure 17 Gate 1-Exit

Figure 18 Gate 1

Pictorial Drawing Figure 19 on page 61; shows the pictorial drawing of Gate 2. Floor Plan Figure 20 on page 62; shows the floor plan of Gate 2. Pictorial Drawing Figure 21 on page 63; shows the pictorial drawing of Gate 3. Floor Plan Figure 22 on page 64; shows the floor plan of Gate 3. Pictorial Drawing Figure 23 on page 65; shows the pictorial drawing of Gate 4. Floor Plan Figure 24 on page 66; shows the floor plan of Gate 4. Pictorial Drawing Figure 25 on page 67; shows the pictorial drawing of Comfort Room. Floor Plan Figure 26 on page 68; shows the floor plan of Comfort Room.

Figure 19 Gate 2

Figure 20 Gate 2

Figure 21 Gate 3

Figure 22 Gate 3

Figure 23 Gate 4

Figure 24 Gate 4

Figure 25 Comfort Room

Figure 26 Comfort Room

Road Plan Figure 27 on page 70; shows the road plan of the proposed project. Cross Section Detail Figure 28 on page 71; shows the road cross section detail of Road A-A. Canal Detail Figure 29 on page 72; shows the detail of V-shape Canal. Pictorial Drawing Figure 30 on page 73; shows the pictorial drawing of perimeter fence. Detail Drawing Figure 31 on page 74; shows the detail drawing of perimeter fence. Pictorial Drawing Figure 32 on page 75; shows the pictorial drawing of light post. Detail Drawing Figure 33 on page 76; shows the detail drawing of light post.

Figure 27 Road Plan

Figure 28 Cross Section

Figure 29 Canal Detail

Figure 30 Perimeter Fence

Figure 31 Perimeter Fence

Figure 32 Light Post

Figure 33 Light Post

Pictorial Drawing Figure 34 on page 78; shows the pictorial drawing of landscape. Detail Drawing Figure 35 on page 79; shows the top view of landscape-1. Detail Drawing Figure 36 on page 80; shows the top view of landscape-2. Pictorial Drawing Figure 37 on page 81; shows the pictorial drawing of plant box. Detail Drawing Figure 38 on page 82; shows the detail drawing of plant box. Pictorial Drawing Figure 39 on page 83; shows the pictorial drawing of ecozone title. Detail Drawing Figure 40 on page 84; shows the detail drawing of ecozone title.

Figure 34 Landscape

Figure 35 Landscape-1

Figure 36 Landscape-2

Figure 37 Plant Box

Figure 38 Plant Box

Figure 39 Ecozone Title

Figure 40 Ecozone Title

The proposed Cardona economic zone is an inside-town eco-zone which the main purpose is to balance the growth rate of Cardona. It is purposely developed to help not only the residents near the area but also the residents of its nearby towns to have the chance to work for the public. And If succeed in development, this will open the opportunity to lifting up Cardona in the province of Rizal. The project includes commercial, recreational, agricultural and industrial regions. The site has a total terrain surface of 91,868 m 2. It is accessible through land and water. It has available roads that can be reached by either heavy or light vehicles. Ports are also available through the lake water covering in the area. There are 4 different designed gates to access the economic zone. Gate 1 or the main gate is located in the west direction of the site. It is aligned with “Dr. Estacio Rd.” and at the side of the area where the main building of the economic zone has to be built. Entrance and exit are both separated to control the flow of vehicle going in and out of the main site. Gate 2 is located east of the site. It is opposite to the road going to the island separated in the main land. Entrance and exit of Gate 2 are also separated but was joined by a 6m wide road after the gate. Gate 1 and gate 2 are available only to light vehicles while the other remaining gates are good for heavy vehicles. Gate 3 is located southeast of the proposed project. Unlike the design of the first two gates, Gate 3 has a simpler design so that heavy and wide vehicles can access the site with ease and

without any hassle. Gate 4 is located southeast of the site, it is with the road along barangay Dalig. Just like Gate 3, its design is good also for heavy vehicles. There are 2 ports zoned in this proposed project. The widest port is near to the residents in the national road. This port helps connects the island to the main land making it useful for the residents in the area. The market is expected to be built just opposite to it. This port is designed with wide space to make it function as a park for the overlooking beauty of Laguna Lake. On this port is also where the sunrises which is good for some of our Filipino habits. The other port is at the south of the site. It is located at the end of the creek connecting the fishpond and lake. This port has the same design as the first one and connects the island to one of the barangay in Cardona. These ports help the agricultural development of Cardona through using its main resources which is the Laguna Lake. There are also regions that can be accessed freely by the public. The first one is the 4,796 m2 commercial region. It is adjacently located near the market and the port. And one of the industrial regions is just opposite to it, this makes the “Location Triangle Theory” applies in the proposed project. This area could include commercial buildings run by the municipality or through investors, buildings selling the local products of Cardona, souvenir shops, restaurants and even a dry market different from the market near the port. This region is ideally located because you have to pass its roads before you leave the economic zone.

One of the recreational regions is also free for the public. It is located west of Gate 4 and near to the people residing along Dr. Estacio Road with the area of 8,738 m2, it is expected to be develop as a park that will help in the outdoor activities of the residents in the area. Since it is recorded that the wind is from southwest of the main site, the location of this recreational region is ideal for relaxation. The overlooking sunset in this area will help attract customers and residents visit the site. Covered courts, gymnasiums and resorts are suggested to be develop in this region. There are regions in the economic zone that needs to be access through the located gates. These regions are separated by 940 meter perimeter fence with the height of 3 meters all throughout the area. Perimeter fences are for the security for certain firms and commercial buildings inside the economic zone. With the total area of 39,000 m 2, this protected and secured area covers almost 70% of the total terrain surface of the main site. This area includes regions like economic zone main building, municipality area, three industrial region, two commercial region, recreational region, parking areas, and a lot for the utilities of the economic zone. Using the Dr. Estacio Road, the main building of the site can be easily seen. With a landscape holding its name “Cardona EcoZone”, this accented landscape will surely hold the attention of the commuters passing on this area. All the transaction regarding the ecozone happens on this region. Aside from the municipality building of Cardona,

investors who prefer to invest in the site can directly make communication in the ecozone main building. It has a total area of 592 m 2. Just opposite to the main building is the area allotted for the municipality of Cardona. It has an area of 1,189 m 2. Municipality activities or celebrated occasions are expected to happen in this area. Covered court or function hall are suggested to be built in this part of ecozone. Gazebos and parks can also be included in this area. One of the industrial regions is located north of the site. This region can be access through the main gate and Gate 2. It is the adjacently located by two commercial regions of its north and south, the agricultural and the market on its east and a parking area on its west. The location of this region applies the theory use by this project. With the area of 4,440 m 2, companies, corporations, processing firms and buildings are allowed to be built in this area. Opposite to this industrial region are two 7,456 m 2 lots prepared as commercial regions located at left and right side of Gate 2. These regions are bounded by the agricultural to the east, industrial to the north, free space to the west and a recreational region to the south. Its location makes it accessible to all the operating businesses in the area. Just like in the commercial region sited on the first part of this description, commercial buildings and restaurants are also suggested to be developed in this area. Since the two commercial regions are separated by a 6 meters wide road, a hanging bridge connecting the two regions is an ideal architectural design for this area.

In the southwest of the economic zone are another 3,764 m 2 separated lots to work as an industrial region. It can be easily be access through Gate 1, 3 and 4. It is bounded by the main building to the north, a public recreational region to the south and a private recreational region to the east. This lot is separated by a 6 meter wide road that is directly connected to Gate 3. Same with the other industrial region, this lot can be occupied by companies, corporations, building and processing firms. Aside from the public recreational region, another recreational region is located inside the perimeter fence. It has a terrain surface of 3,033 m 2. It is bounded by commercial region to the north, industrial region to the west and an area for the site utilities to the south. This area is good in developing resorts, bowling center, museum or even a library. To secure the maintenance of the entire economic zone, there is a 7,643 m2 lot prepared for establishments that offers filtering water wastes and pumping stations for the flood control in the site. This area is also for the supply of water and electricity in the entire site. Communication centers can also be built in this region. Operations in this area could either be run by the government or by the private organizations. There is also an area of 5,666 m 2 vacant lot prepared for any arousing projects of the municipality of Cardona. Any proposed projects of the municipality that requires use of land could lead to occupying this area.

Comfort rooms and parking lots are distributed in the entire economic zone. Light posts are also prepared and placed in between of roads, equally spaced at 20 meters from edge. 14,658 m 2 of road covers the proposed economic zone. It has a wide of 6 meters and 1.2 meter allowance for the path walk, both of left and right. To give accent to the economic zone, plans of landscapes and plant boxes are properly zoned in the site. These landscapes are combination of arranged rocks and plants that could serve as landmark of the Proposed Cardona Economic Zone. The zoning of the economic regions applies the “Location Triangle Theory” of Alfred Weber. The properly located regions of the economic zone give continuous cycles of the resources, processes and the market. The idea of an inside-town economic zone is to build a small community that can handle progressive development without too much help from the government. Different Amenities and Utilities In determining the different amenities and utilities of this proposed project, the researchers considered the following factors that exist in the site: • • • The directional path of the sunrise and the sunset. The average wind passes through the site. The existing source of income in the area; ports

The existing structures and roads in the main site.

As recorded in the municipality of Cardona, the sun rises in the main site where the ports and agricultural market are zoned. These ports are designed to work as fish port at the same time as park. This park could add-up to the day to day activity of the residents in the site. Also the sunset and the wind were recorded to be coming from the west of the proposed project. With this data, the researchers planned to zone a public recreational region in this area. The southeast wind that goes through the site gives a relaxing and refreshing feeling with the mass in that recreational region. The over-looking sunset and the horizon of Laguna de Bay could be one of the attractions to visit the site. The over-all source of income in Cardona mainly came from the lake water covering of Laguna de Bay. In addition to that, the residents of Cardona produce bamboo products and souvenirs that were considered to be part of their living. To help them advertise their products to the public, the researchers zoned a commercial region in the site that could easily be accessed by the public. It is located near the market and the port that gives a continuous development in the area. There are already existing roads and structures in the main site. One of it is the fishpond that lies along “Dr. Estacio Rd”. Since the water on that fishpond has the tendency to be contaminated with some impurities coming from the

mountain, the researchers proposed a riprapping of creek. As this creek connects the fishpond to the site utilities located in the proposed ecozone. This creek will prevent the water from being stagnant and be caused of development of living bacteria and viruses. The area allotted for the site utilities of the economic zone is suggested to have a pumping station for the flood control of the entire economic zone. Estimated Budget per Project Component The proposed ecozone will require a rough estimated cost of its different project components. This includes the estimated cost for the 1.7 km concrete road, 328 meter creek, 940 meter perimeter fence, 4 gates, 45 sets of light posts, 2 landscapes, 2 plant boxes, and an ecozone title. Table 4 presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of concrete road. Table 4 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Concrete Road Quantity 10,470.00 4,188.00 1,047.00 1,047.00 Unit m2 m2 m3 m3 Description 0.15 THK PCCP Pathwalk Crushed Agg. Course Aggregate Base Course Unit Price 1,872.00 503.00 546.93 633.65 Amount 19,599,840.00 2,106,564.00 572,635.71 663,431.55 22,942,471.50 10,324,112.18 2,294,247.15

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%)

D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%)

2,753,096.58 1,147,123.58

Estimated Grand Total Cost 39,461,051.00 Table 4 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 39, 461, 051.00. With a total square meter of 10, 470 and 0.15 meter in thickness, this concrete road will cost an approximate of Php 19, 599, 840.00. The pathwalk with 1.2 meter wide on both sides will cost Php 2, 106, 564.00. The crushed aggregate course (see Typical Road Cross Section Detail) with 1, 047 m 3 will cost Php 572, 635.71, while aggregate base course will almost cost Php 663, 431.55. Table 5 presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of creek. Table 5 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Creek Quantity 2,656.40 640.00 42.50 84.75 Unit m3 bags m3 m3 Description Stone Masonry Portland Cement Sand Gravel Unit Price 3,109.00 197.00 650.00 700.00 Amount 8,258,732.25 126,080.00 27,625.00 59,325.00 8,498,762.25 3,824,443.01 849,876.23

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%)

D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

1,019,851.47 424,938.11 14,617,871.07

Table 5 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 14, 617, 871.07. It has a total of 2, 656.40 m 3 stone masonry. Table 6 presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of perimeter fence. Table 6 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Perimeter Fence Quantity 6,052.00 3,444.00 Unit pcs pcs Description Concrete Hollow Blocks Steel Unit Price 10.50 150.00 Amount 58,750.00 516,600.00 575,350.00 258,907.50 57,535.00 69,042.00 28,767.50 989,602.00

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 6 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor,

professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 989, 602.00. The perimeter fence has a total length of 940 meter. Table 7 presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of gate 1-entrance. Table 7 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Gate 1-Entrance Quantity 23.00 1.50 2.75 247.00 57.00 36.00 2.00 Unit bags m m
3 3

Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Concrete Hollow Blocks 10 mmØ Deformed Bar 16 mmØ Deformed Bar 2”x2”x12’ lumber Sheathing Board

Unit Price 197.00 650.00 700.00 10.50 115.00 155.00 28.00 350.00

Amount 4,531.00 975.00 1,925.00 2,593.50 6,555.00 5,580.00 448.00 700.00 23,307.50 10,488.38 2,330.75 2,796.90 1,165.38 40,088.90

pcs pcs pcs pcs

16.00 bd.ft. Total Material Cost

B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 7 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor,

professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 40, 088.90. Table 8 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of gate 1-exit. Table 8 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Gate 1-Exit Quantity 23.00 1.50 2.75 247.00 57.00 36.00 2.00 Unit bags m3 m3 pcs pcs pcs pcs Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Concrete Hollow Blocks 10 mmØ Deformed Bar 16 mmØ Deformed Bar 2”x2”x12’ lumber Sheathing Board Unit Price 197.00 650.00 700.00 10.50 115.00 155.00 28.00 350.00 Amount 4,531.00 975.00 1,925.00 2,593.50 6,555.00 5,580.00 448.00 700.00 23,307.50 10,488.38 2,330.75 2,796.90 1,165.38 40,088.90

16.00 bd.ft. Total Material Cost

B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 8 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor,

professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 40, 088.90.

Table 9 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of gate 2. Table 9 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Gate 2 Quantity 50.00 3.00 5.75 580.00 88.00 55.00 6.00 Unit bags m3 m3 pcs pcs pcs pcs Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Concrete Hollow Blocks 10 mmØ Deformed Bar 16 mmØ Deformed Bar 2”x2”x12’ lumber Sheathing Board Unit Price 197.00 650.00 700.00 10.50 115.00 155.00 28.00 350.00 Amount 9,850.00 1,950.00 4,025.00 6,090.00 10,120.00 8,525.00 1,904.00 2,100.00 44,564.00 20,053.80 4,456.40 5,347.68 2,228.20 76,650.08

17.00 bd.ft. Total Material Cost

B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 9 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 76, 650.08.

Table 10 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses of gate 3.

Table 10 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Gate 3 Quantity 23.00 1.50 2.75 247.00 57.00 36.00 2.00 Unit bags m3 m3 pcs pcs pcs pcs Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Concrete Hollow Blocks 10 mmØ Deformed Bar 16 mmØ Deformed Bar 2”x2”x12’ lumber Sheathing Board Unit Price 197.00 650.00 700.00 10.50 115.00 155.00 28.00 350.00 Amount 4,531.00 975.00 1,925.00 2,593.00 6,555.00 5,580.00 448.00 700.00 23,307.50 10,488.38 2,330.75 2,796.90 1,165.38 40,088.90

4.00 bd.ft. Total Material Cost

B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 10 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 40, 088.90.

Table 11 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of gate 4.

Table 11 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Gate 4 Quantity 23.00 1.50 2.75 247.00 57.00 36.00 2.00 Unit bags m3 m3 pcs pcs pcs pcs Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Concrete Hollow Blocks 10 mmØ Deformed Bar 16 mmØ Deformed Bar 2”x2”x12’ lumber Sheathing Board Unit Price 197.00 650.00 700.00 10.50 115.00 155.00 28.00 350.00 Amount 4,531.00 975.00 1,925.00 2,593.00 6,555.00 5,580.00 448.00 700.00 23,307.50 10,488.38 2,330.75 2,796.90 1,165.38 40,088.90

4.00 bd.ft. Total Material Cost

B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 11 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 40, 088.90.

Table 12 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of light post.

Table 12 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Light Post

Quantity 45.00 23.00 76.00 5.00 10.00

Unit pcs pcs bags m3 m3

Description Lights Steel Portland Cement Sand Gravel

Unit Price 350.00 250.00 197.00 650.00 700.00

Amount 15,750.00 5,750.00 14,972.00 3,250.00 7,000.00 46,722.00 21,024.90 4,672.20 5,606.64 2,336.10 80,361.84

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 12 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 80, 361.84.

Table 13 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of land mark.

Table 13 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of ECOzone Title (Land Mark)

Quantity 1.50 0.50 0.50 50.00 3.80 --1.00

Unit bags m m m
3 3

Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Concrete Hollow Blocks Red Bricks Seamless Weld Steel Letter Top Soil

Unit Price 205.00 1,300.00 1,600.00 10.50 528.90 --57.00

Amount 307.50 650.00 1,600.00 525.00 2,007.25 10,900.00 57.00 15,246.75 6,861.04 1,524.68 1,829.61 762.34 26,224.41

pcs
3

--m3

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 13 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 26, 224.41.

Table 14 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of plant box.

Table 14 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Plant Box

Quantity 23.00 4.00 0.50 3.50 1.90 1.00

Unit pcs bags m3 m3 m3 set

Description Pebbles # 200/65 Portland Cement Sand Gravel Red Bricks Assorted Ornament Plants

Unit Price 10.50 205.00 1,300.00 1,600.00 528.90 8,000.00

Amount 241.50 717.50 650.00 800.00 1,004.91 8,000.00 11,414.00 5,136.30 1,141.40 1,369.68 570.70 19,632.08

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 14 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 19, 632.08.

Table 15 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of landscape.

Table 15 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Landscape

Quantity 13.00 1.00 2.00 1.00 12.30 10.00

Unit bags m3 m3 m3 m3 m2

Description Portland Cement Sand Gravel Top Soil Bricks ---

Unit Price 205.00 1,300.00 1,600.00 57.00 43.00 528.90

Amount 2,665.00 1,300.00 3,200.00 57.00 528.90 5,289.00 13,040.00 5,868.00 1,304.00 1,564.80 652.00 22,428.80

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 15 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 22, 428.80.

Table 16 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of emergency power generator.

Table 16 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Emergency Power Generator

Quantity

Unit

Description Cummins Generator Set Brand New From 10kva to 2500Kva

Unit Price

Amount

1.00

unit

150,000.00

150,000.00 150,000.00 67,500.00 15,000.00 18,000.00 7,500.00 258,000.00

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

Table 16 shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 258, 000.00.

Table 17 on the next page, presents the cost and estimates for materials, labor and other construction expenses of drainage waste water treatment.

It shows the summary of cost and estimates for materials, labor, and other construction expenses. It includes the estimated cost of labor, professional fee, and value added tax. It also shows the grand total cost with the total amount of Php 171, 484.00. Table 17 Cost and Estimates for Materials, Labor, and Other Construction Expenses of Drainage Waste Water Treatment

Quantity

Unit

Description RWO WWT BIOPUR waste-water treatment system

Unit Price

Amount

1.00

unit

99,700.00

99,700.00

Total Material Cost B. Estimated Labor Cost (45%) C. Professional Fee (10%) D. VAT (12%) E. Contingency Fund (5%) Estimated Grand Total Cost

99,700.00 44,865.00 9,970.00 11,964.00 4,985.00 171,484.00

Table 18 on the next page, presents the composite table of the expenditures of the different project components of the proposed Cardona Economic zone. It shows the estimated grand total cost for the proposed Cardona Economic zone, which consist of concrete road, creek, perimeter fence, gate,

light post, land mark, plant box, landscape, emergency power generator and drainage waste water treatment. Table 18 Composite Table of the Expenditures of the Different Project Components

Different Project Components

Total Cost

Concrete Road Creek Perimeter Fence Gate 1-Entrance Gate 1-Exit Gate 2 Gate 3 Gate 4 Light Post Land Mark Plant Box Landscape Emergency Power Generator Drainage Waste Water Treatment

39,461,051.00 14,617,871.07 989,602.00 40,088.90 40,088.90 76,650.08 40,088.90 40,088.90 80,361.84 26,224.41 19,632.08 22,428.80 258,000.00 171,484.00

Estimated Grand Total Cost

55,883,661.00

The estimated budget needed for the proposed Cardona Economic Zone is inexactly Php 55,883,661.00. This includes the material cost, labor cost,

professional fee, value added tax, and contingency fund of the different project components.

Socio – Economic Benefits

The proposed Cardona Economic Zone is a project that will help bring out the best of a community. It is intentionally proposed for the development of the town area and to give the residents of the municipality surrounding the area the chance to help, and to take part in the development of their town. The full development of this project will help cater the potentials of all the resources in Cardona, its residents, the lake water, and its products.

The main goal of this project is to balance the development of the different regions of the community. Economically, this proposed project will be a help to give the community an equally ideally developed balance agricultural, commercial and recreational regions. The initiative of decentralizing the function of the municipality will be the key to the development of the community. With this, the municipality of Cardona, will be known in the province of Rizal.

It will also advertise the town to the province of Rizal by establishing linkages with its surrounding communities. And by linking to its neighborhood communities the economic growth of Cardona will help sell the town itself to the

entire province. This will call for more local and foreign investors from all around the place.

Table 19 on the next page, presents the socio-economic benefits derived from the project in direct impact.

Table 19

Socio-Economic Benefits Derived from the Project Direct Impact I. Employment 1. Administration Office 2. Engineering Office 3. Maintenance Section 4. Construction Section 5. Planning Section 6. Finance Section 7. HR Office 8. Record Office 9. Janitorial Services 10. Guard/Traffic Aide Estimated Number of Persons Benefited 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 5 15 15 Total = 82 - 90

Table 19 presents the estimated number of persons that could get direct employment in the proposed Economic Zone. This includes direct employments for positions in administration office, engineering office, maintenance section, construction section, planning section, finance section, hr office, record office, and janitorial services. The estimated number of persons benefited ranges from 82-90 employees. Positions available for direct employment includes chief of section, engineer, draftsman, clerk, secretary, accountant, surveyor, IT expert,

janitor, guard, traffic aide, driver and office related jobs.

It does not include

jobseekers to be hired by the different firms inside the Economic Zone. The proposed project will open job opportunities for the local residents of Cardona. The future professionals of Cardona will be given a chance to work for their town. Direct employment will be open for every aspiring workers of Cardona. This will develop the potentials and the Human Resources of the Municipality. The confidence in working of the possible employees of the proposed project will step – up into a new level of quality working.

Table 20 presents the socio-economic benefits derived from the project in indirect impact. Table 20 Socio-Economic Benefits Derived from the Project Indirect Impact 1. Vendors 2. Tricycle Drivers 3. Fisherman Estimated Number of Persons Benefited 20 20 30 Total = 70 - 75

Table 20 presents the estimated number of persons that could be indirectly employed in the development of the proposed project. It includes vendors, tricycle drivers, and fisherman residing in the area. An estimated number of 20 vendors, 20 tricycle drivers, and 30 fishermen could benefit in the proposed Economic Zone. It ranges from 70-75 persons which could be included in the indirect employment to be offered by the proposed project.

In indirect employment vendors who would like to join in the proposed economic zone will be given chance to work and be part of the proposed project. This will also add to the income of some tricycle and jeepney drivers, to include the proposed economic zone as part of their route. The proposed Cardona economic zone will generate an income from the taxes of the operated businesses in the area. The strategically zoning of the economic regions will meet the needs of the local residents in the area.

NOTES
1

“Topography”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Slope”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Slope”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Population”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Available Skills”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Water Supply”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Electric Supply”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Communication”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Waste Disposal”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Atmospheric Condition”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010. “Local Products”. Eco-Profile Cardona, 2010.

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

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11

Chapter 4 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter presents the findings, conclusions and recommendations derived after the completion of the study. Summary of Findings After the study was completed, the researchers came up with the following summary of findings based on the objectives of the study. 6. The researchers analyzed the feasibility of the project’s site in terms of its: 6.1. Location; The proposed Economic Zone is located in the boundary of three different barangays in Cardona; Brgy. Dalig, Patunhay, and Real. These different barangays offers to the full development of the site. 6.2. Accessibility; The site is accessible through land and water. It is along the National road and Dr. Estacio Road that has a wide of 6 meters. Heavy

and light vehicles could access the site. The diversion road is also available to evade the traffic in the National Road. 6.3. Topography; The site is surrounded by the lake water covering. It has a general characteristic of sloping to rolling. 6.4. Population Composite; The Annual population of Cardona increases for about 4 percent of its previous record. Its population is considered to be the average population in the province of Rizal 6.5. Site utilities; There are already site utilities existing in Cardona. Only the problem in liquid waste disposal is not specified. 6.6. Atmospheric conditions; The climate in Cardona is characterized by two pronounce seasons. A wind speed of 10 kilometer per hour prevails in the southeast of the site. 6.7. Local Products:

The local products in Cardona are bangus and Tilapia, production of bamboo furniture and exported miniature plants. 7. The development of the project will require massive amount of support from the provincial and national government. 8. The different amenities and utilities in the proposed project cater the potentials existing in the site. 9. The entire development of the proposed Cardona Economic Zone will approximately cost Php 55,883,661.00. This includes the material cost, labor cost, professional fee, value added tax, and contingency fund of the different project components. 10. The Socio-economic benefits resulting from the project are generating employment for the residents of Cardona. The estimated number of persons benefited in direct employment ranges from 82-90, while in indirect employment ranges from 70-75. Conclusions Based on the review of the findings, the researchers concluded the following: 1. The site is limited only to number of vehicles that could operate in the proposed Economic Zone. The recorded measurement of the National Road is not enough once the Economic Zone is already on operation.

2. Since the site is surrounded by the lake water covering, there is still a question when it comes to its flood control. 3. Cardona relies only to MERALCO as its source of power. 4. There is a problem regarding the liquid waste disposal of the site. 5. The annual income of Cardona is not enough to support the entire development of the proposed Economic Zone. 6. The development of the Proposed Economic Zone will surely balance the economic growth of Cardona. 7. If succeeded in establishing the proposed project, Cardona will top as one of the well-developed town in Rizal. 8. Through careful study and zoning, the proposed project will cater the different resources of Cardona. Recommendations Based on the findings and conclusions made, the following are highly recommended: 1. As the Economic Zone is already on operation, it will turn Cardona to a busy area. The municipality of Cardona should request from the provincial government for the widening of the existing roads in Cardona.

2. The site is prone to flood because of its topographic location. The municipality of Cardona should conduct a study for the construction of a pumping station of the proposed Economic Zone. 3. The authorities should allocate budget for the development and construction of the proposed structures and roads of the ecozone. 4. Since the project will require immense budget, partial construction of the site is suggested to be implemented. Commercial and Recreational regions near the public are recommended to be developed first. 5. Authorities should give assurance and permission for proper placement of signages of the ecozone. 6. Further study is recommended for the continuous development of the area. Strategic plans should be considered to support the development of Cardona Economic Zone.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

A. Books

Coombs, Philip H. The World Educational Crisis: A System Analysis, New York: Oxford University, 1968. Development Academy of the Philippines. “How to Develop Project Feasibility Studies.” Manila: Sigma-Tala Publishers, Inc. 1978. Muro, Vicente. “Preparing Project Feasibility Studies.” Quezon City: Phoenix Press, Incorporation, 1975. Weber, Alfred. “Location Theory”. Theory of the Location of Industries,1929.

B.

Internet

Clark Subic Marketing et.al, Clark Freeport (Clark Air Base) Pampanga Philippines, Clark Freeport Zone information, Import/Incentive, 2007. Razvojna agencia, “Small Economic Zone,” www.rasb.hr/investcije/investment_oppotunities_small_economic

zone_bjelis_/defualt.arspx. 2000. “Special Economic Zone Act”. Republic Act 7916. Section 12, Article XII. www.bcda.gov.ph/file_attachments/0000/1630/RA_7916.pdf. Zealep Incorporation, “Paseo Del Rio Revised Rendering”, www.cagayandeorodev.com, 2011.

C.

Unpublished Materials

Castell, Marvin. “Assessing the Role of Government Institutions Supporting Industrial Adjustment in the Philippines”, the case of PEZA, CITEM and DBP. “Economic Status”. Eco-Profile of Cardona, 2010. ERIA Discussion Paper Series, “Special Economic Zones and Economic Corridors”, June 2009. “History and Background”. Municipal of Cardona Annual Report, 2010. Municipal Planning and Development Office, “Binangonan Development Plan”. Report, Binangonan, Rizal, 2010. Zaw, Myinmo and Kudo, Toshihiro. “A Study on Economic Corridors and Industrial Zones, Ports, and Metropolitan and Alternative Roads in Myanmar” Chapter IV.

APPENDIX A Computation for the Estimated Budget of Ecozone Road

Concrete Road Total Length of Road is 1, 745 m and 6 m wide. 0.15 THK PCCP will cost Php 1, 872.00 per m2. Solution for Total Area A=LxW A = 1, 745 m x 6 m A = 10, 470 m2

Cost = 10, 470 m2 x Php 1, 872.00/m2 Cost = Php 19, 599, 840.00

Pathwalk Total Length of pathwalk is 1, 745 m and 1.2 m wide. It will cost Php 503.00 per m2 of pathwalk.

Solution for Total Area A=LxW A = 1, 745 m x 1.2 m A = 2, 094.00 m2 x 2 (both sides) A = 4, 188 m2

Cost = 4, 188 m2 x Php 503.00/m2 Cost = Php 2, 106, 564.00

Crushed Aggregate base Course Total Length of Road is 1, 745 m and 6 m wide. It will cost Php 546.93 per m3 of crushed aggregate base course.

Solution for Total Volume V=LxWxT V = 1, 745 m x 6 m x 0.10 m V = 1, 047 m3

Cost = 1, 047 m3 x Php 546.93/m3 Cost = Php 572, 635.71

Aggregate base Course Total Length of Road is 1, 745 m and 6 m wide. It will cost Php 633.65 per m3 of crushed aggregate base course. Solution for Total Volume V=LxWxT V = 1, 745 m x 6 m x 0.10 m V = 1, 047 m3

Cost = 1, 047 m3 x Php 633.65/m3 Cost = Php 663, 431.55

Total Cost of Ecozone Road

Total = Php 19, 599, 840.00 Php 2, 106, 564.00 Php 572, 635.71 + Php 663, 431.55 Php 22, 942, 471.50

APPENDIX B Computation for the Estimated Budget of Riprapping of Creek

Creek (Stone Masonry) Total Length of Creek is 327.95 m and 4.05 m 2 area of riprap. Stone masonry will cost Php 3, 109.00 per m3. Solution for Total Volume V = L x Area V = 327.95 m x 4.05 m2 V = 1, 328.1975 m3 x 2 (both sides) V = 2, 656.395 m3

Cost = 2, 656.395 m3 x Php 3, 109.00/m3 Cost = Php 8, 258, 732.25

Pavement Total Length of Creek is 327.95 m and 0.3 m 2 area of pavement. It has a thickness of 0.15 m.

Solution for Total Volume V = L x Area V = 327.95 m x 0.3 m2 V = 98.385 m3

Cement: Sand: Gravel:

98.385 x 6.5 = 640 bags x Php 197.00 = Php 126, 080.00 98.385 x 0.43 = 42.50 m3 x Php 650.00 = Php 27, 625.00 98.385 x 0.86 = 84.75 m3 x Php 700.00 = Php 59, 325.00

Cost =

Php 126, 080.00 Php 27, 625.00 + Php 59, 325.00 Php 213, 030.00

Cost =

Total Cost of Creek Total = + Php 8, 258, 732.25 Php 213, 030.00 Php 8, 498, 762.25

APPENDIX C Computation for the Estimated Budget of Gate 1

Cement, Sand, and Gravel

CLASS A Cement (bag) 7.5 Sand (m3) .42 Gravel (m3) .84

o Pavement (100mm THK) 100mm = 0.1M Volume = = 1.2m x 2m x 0.1m 0.24 m3 = 1.8 = 0.1 m3 = 0.2 m3

Cement = 0.24 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.24 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.24 m3 x .84

o Column (6 sets) Volume = = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 4.35m 0.261 m3 (6 sets) 0.783 m3 = 5.87 = 0.33 m3 = 0.66 m3

Cement =0.783 m3 x 7.5 Sand =0.783 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.783 m3 x .84 o Footing (6 sets) Volume = = =

0.8m x 0.8m x 0.25m 0.16 m3 (6 sets) 0.96 m3 = 7.2 = 0.40 m3 = 0.81 m3

Cement = 0.96 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.96 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.96 m3 x .84

o Beam Volume = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 6.4 m (length) 0.384 m3 = 2.88 = 0.16 m3 = 0.32 m3

Cement = 0.384 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.384 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.384 m3 x .84 o Wall Footing (perimeter) Volume = =

0.25m x 0.40m x 6.4 m (length) 0.64 m3 = 4.8 = 0.27 m3 = 0.54 m3

Cement = 0.64 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.64 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.64 m3 x .84

Summation of Cement, Sand, and Gravel

Pavement = Column = Footing = Beam = Wall Footing =

Cement (bags) 1.8 5.87 7.2 2.88 4.8 22.55 23 bags

Sand (m3) 0.1 m3 0.33 m3 0.40 m3 0.16 m3 0.27 m3 1.26 1.50 m3

Gravel (m3) 0.2 m3 0.66 m3 0.81 m3 0.32 m3 0.54 m3 2.53 2.75 m3

Cement: Sand: Gravel:

23 bags x Php 197.00 = Php 4, 531.00 1.50 m3 x Php 650.00 = Php 975.00 2.75 m3 x Php 700.00 = Php 1, 925.00

Cost of Cement, Sand and Gravel Cost = Php 4, 531.00 Php 975.00 + Php 1, 925.00 Php 7, 431.00

Concrete Hollow Blocks o Area of Wall

A= =

(1.2 + 2 + 1.2 + 2) x 3 m 19.2 m2

o CHB CHB = = = = = = 19.2 m2 x 12.5 240 pcs or 240 (.03) 7.2 or 7 240 + 7 247 pcs of CHB

Cost = 247 pcs of CHB x Php 10.50 Cost = Php 2, 593.50

Lateral Ties and Stirrups

o Column (Lateral Ties) 10mmØ 1 @ 50, 8 @ 75, rest @ 150mm to center Perimeter LT= (0.13 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 2) = 0.26 + 0.76 + 0.12 = 1.14 m Pcs / deformed bar= = 6.1m ÷ 1.14 5.35 or 5 pcs

Lateral Ties for Column = = = =

3.7 ÷ 0.15 24.67 or 24 pcs (24 pcs + 9 pcs) 6 198 pcs

Deformed bar= = =

198 ÷ 5 39.6 or 40 deformed bars

o Beam (Stirrups) 10mmØ 1 @ 200mm to center Perimeter Stirrups= = = Pcs / deformed bar= = (0.18 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 4) 0.36 + 0.76 + 0.12 1.24 m 6.1m ÷ 1.24 4.92 or 4 pcs

Length of Beam = = =

(1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

Stirrups for Beam= = Deformed bar= = Main Bars

6.4 ÷ 0.20 32 pcs 32 ÷ 4 8 deformed bars

o Column 4 – 16mmØ Length = = Deformed bar= = 4.35 + 0.50 4.85 m 4 pcs x 6 columns 24 deformed bars

o Beam 4 – 16mmØ = = Deformed bar= = 6.4 ÷ 6.1 1.05 or 1 bar 4 pcs x 1 4 deformed bars

Column Footing Reinforcement

o CF-1 4 – 16mmØ Length = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Reinforcement bar= = = = Wall Footing Reinforcement 0.80 – (2 x 0.05) + (0.1 x 2) 0.80 – 0.1 + 0.2 0.90 m 6.1 ÷ 0.90 6.78 or 6 pcs 8 pcs x 6 columns 48 deformed bars 48 ÷ 6 8 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Ties) 10mmØ @ 0.20m to center Length = = 0.40 – (2 x 0.01) + (0.06 x 2) 0.40 – 0.02 + 0.12

= = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Length of Wall Footing = = = Ties for Wall footing= = Deformed bar= = =

0.38 + 0.12 0.5 m 6.1 ÷ 0.5 12.2 or 12 pcs (1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M 6.4 ÷ 0.20 32 pcs 32 ÷ 12 2.67 or 3 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Main Bar) 3 - 10mmØ Length of Wall Footing = = = = = = Deformed bar= = • Summation of Deformed Bars 10 mm Ø 40 deformed bars 16 mm Ø 24 deformed bars (1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

6.4 ÷ 6.1 1.05 2 bars 2 bars x 3 6 deformed bars

8 deformed bars 3 deformed bars 6 deformed bars 57

4 deformed bars 8 deformed bars 36

10mmØ: 16mmØ:

57 x Php 115.00 = Php 6, 555.00 36 x Php 155.00 = Php 5, 580.00

Cost of Deformed Bars Cost = + Php 6, 555.00 Php 5, 580.00 Php 12, 135.00

Ceiling 2” x 2” studs with 16” x 24” spacing • Ceiling Joists Vertical 16” = 0.4M = 1.2M ÷ 0.4M = 3 = 3+1 = 4 pcs 24” = 0.6096M = = = = 2M ÷ 0.6096M 3.28 or 3 3+1 4 pcs

Horizontal

o Length of Studs 1&2 Vertical 2M = 6.56’

Horizontal

= 7’ or = 8’ 1.2M = 3.94’ = 4’

ORDER: Vert. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 8’ Horiz. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 4’ or = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’

Bd. Ft. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’ 12 = 192 12 = 16 bd. ft. o Sheathing Board 6.56’ ÷ 4’ 3.94’ ÷ 8’ = 1.64 or 2 = 0.49 or 1 2x1 = 2 pcs of sheathing board

2”x2”x12’: Sheathing board:

16 bd. ft. x Php 28.00 = Php 448.00 2 pcs x Php 350.00 = Php 700.00

Cost of Ceiling Cost = + Php 448.00 Php 700.00 Php 1, 148.00

Total Cost of Gate 1-entrance Total = Php 7, 431.00 Php 2, 593.50 Php 12, 135.00 + Php 1, 148.00 Php 23, 307.50

Total Cost of Gate 1-entrance and exit Total = Total = Php 23, 307.50 x 2 (Gate 1-exit) Php 46, 615.00

APPENDIX D Computation for the Estimated Budget of Gate 2

Cement, Sand, and Gravel

CLASS A Cement (bag) 7.5 Sand (m3) .42 Gravel (m3) .84

o Pavement (100mm THK) 100mm = 0.1M Volume = = 5.5m x 2m x 0.1m 1.1 m3 = 8.25 = 0.46 m3 = 0.92 m3

Cement = 1.1 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 1.1 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 1.1 m3 x .84

o Column (8 sets) Volume = = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 4.35m 0.261 m3 (8 sets) 2.088 m3 = 15.66 = 0.88 m3 = 1.75 m3

Cement =2.088 m3 x 7.5 Sand =2.088 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 2.088 m3 x .84 o Footing (8 sets) Volume = = =

0.8m x 0.8m x 0.25m 0.16 m3 (8 sets) 1.28 m3 = 9.6 = 0.54 m3 = 1.08 m3

Cement = 1.28 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 1.28 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 1.28 m3 x .84

o Beam

Volume = =

0.15m x 0.40m x 13.4 m (length) 0.804 m3 = 6.03 = 0.34 m3 = 0.68 m3

Cement = 0.804 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.804 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.804 m3 x .84 o Wall Footing (perimeter) Volume = =

0.25m x 0.40m x 13.4 m (length) 1.34 m3

Cement = 1.34 m3 x 7.5 = 10.05 Sand = 1.34 m3 x 0.42 = 0.56 m3 Gravel = 1.34 m3 x .84 = 1.13 m3 Summation of Cement, Sand, and Gravel

Pavement = Column = Footing = Beam = Wall Footing =

Cement (bags) 8.25 15.66 9.6 6.03 10.05 49.59 50 bags

Sand (m3) 0.46 m3 0.88 m3 0.54 m3 0.34 m3 0.56 m3 2.78 3 m3

Gravel (m3) 0.92 m3 1.75 m3 1.08 m3 0.68 m3 1.13 m3 5.56 5.75 m3

Cement: Sand: Gravel:

50 bags x Php 197.00 = Php 9, 850.00 3 m3 x Php 650.00 = Php 1, 950.00 5.75 m3 x Php 700.00 = Php 4, 025.00

Cost of Cement, Sand and Gravel

Cost =

Php 9, 850.00 Php 1, 950.00 + Php 4, 025.00 Php 15, 825.00

Concrete Hollow Blocks o Area of Wall A= = (5.5 + 2 + 5.5 + 2) x 3 m 45 m2

o CHB CHB = = = = = = 45 m2 x 12.5 562.5 pcs or 563 (.03) 16.89 or 17 563 + 17 580 pcs of CHB

Cost = 580 pcs of CHB x Php 10.50 Cost = Php 6, 090.00

Lateral Ties and Stirrups

o Column (Lateral Ties) 10mmØ 1 @ 50, 8 @ 75, rest @ 150mm to center

Perimeter LT= (0.13 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 2) = 0.26 + 0.76 + 0.12 = 1.14 m

Pcs / deformed bar= =

6.1m ÷ 1.14 5.35 or 5 pcs

Lateral Ties for Column = = = = Deformed bar= = =

3.7 ÷ 0.15 24.67 or 24 pcs (24 pcs + 9 pcs) 8 264 pcs 264 ÷ 5 52.8 or 53 deformed bars

o Beam (Stirrups) 10mmØ 1 @ 200mm to center Perimeter Stirrups= = = Pcs / deformed bar= = (0.18 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 4) 0.36 + 0.76 + 0.12 1.24 m 6.1m ÷ 1.24 4.92 or 4 pcs

Length of Beam = = =

(5.5 x 2) + (2 x 2) 11 + 4 15M

Stirrups for Beam= =

15 ÷ 0.20 75 pcs

Deformed bar= = Main Bars

75 ÷ 4 19 deformed bars

o Column 4 – 16mmØ Length = = Deformed bar= = o Beam 4 – 16mmØ = = Deformed bar= = 15 ÷ 6.1 2.46 or 3 bar 4 pcs x 3 12 deformed bars 4.35 + 0.50 4.85 m 4 pcs x 8 columns 32 deformed bars

Column Footing Reinforcement

o CF-1 4 – 16mmØ Length = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Reinforcement bar= = 0.80 – (2 x 0.05) + (0.1 x 2) 0.80 – 0.1 + 0.2 0.90 m 6.1 ÷ 0.90 6.78 or 6 pcs 8 pcs x 8 columns 64 deformed bars

= = Wall Footing Reinforcement

64 ÷ 6 11 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Ties) 10mmØ @ 0.20m to center Length = = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Length of Wall Footing = = = Ties for Wall footing= = Deformed bar= = = 0.40 – (2 x 0.01) + (0.06 x 2) 0.40 – 0.02 + 0.12 0.38 + 0.12 0.5 m 6.1 ÷ 0.5 12.2 or 12 pcs (5.5 x 2) + (2 x 2) 11 + 4 15M 15 ÷ 0.20 75 pcs 75 ÷ 12 6.25 or 7 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Main Bar) 3 - 10mmØ (5.5 x 2) + (2 x 2) Length of Wall Footing = = = 11 + 4 15M

= = = Deformed bar= = • Summation of Deformed Bars

15 ÷ 6.1 2.46 3 bars 3 bars x 3 9 deformed bars

10 mm Ø 53 deformed bars 19 deformed bars 7 deformed bars 9 deformed bars 88

16 mm Ø 32 deformed bars 12 deformed bars 11 deformed bars 55

10mmØ: 16mmØ:

88 x Php 115.00 = Php 10, 120.00 55 x Php 155.00 = Php 8, 525.00

Cost of Deformed Bars Cost = + Php 10, 120.00 Php 8, 525.00 Php 18, 645.00

Ceiling 2” x 2” studs with 16” x 24” spacing • Ceiling Joists Vertical 16” = 0.4M

Horizontal

= 5.5M ÷ 0.4M = 13.75 = 14 + 1 = 15 pcs 24” = 0.6096M = = = = 2M ÷ 0.6096M 3.28 or 3 3+1 4 pcs

o Length of Studs 1&2 Vertical 2M = 6.56’ = 7’ or = 8’ 5.5M = 18.04’ = 20’ ORDER: Vert. = 15 pcs of 2” x 2” x 8’ Horiz. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 20’ or = 17 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’

Horizontal

Bd. Ft. = 17 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’ 12 = 816 12 = 68 bd. ft. o Sheathing Board 6.56’ ÷ 4’ 18.04’ ÷ 8’ = 1.64 or 2 = 2.26 or 3 2x3 = 6 pcs of sheathing board

2”x2”x12’:

68 bd. ft. x Php 28.00 = Php 1, 904.00

Sheathing board:

6 pcs x Php 350.00 = Php 2, 100.00

Cost of Ceiling Cost = + Php 1, 904.00 Php 2, 100.00 Php 4, 004.00

Total Cost of Gate 2 Total = Php 15, 825.00 Php 6, 090.00 Php 18, 645.00 + Php 4, 004.00 Php 44, 564.00

APPENDIX E Computation for the Estimated Budget of Gate 3

Cement, Sand, and Gravel

CLASS A Cement (bag) 7.5 Sand (m3) .42 Gravel (m3) .84

o Pavement (100mm THK) 100mm = 0.1M Volume = = 1.2m x 2m x 0.1m 0.24 m3 = 1.8 = 0.1 m3 = 0.2 m3

Cement = 0.24 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.24 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.24 m3 x .84

o Column (6 sets) Volume = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 4.35m 0.261 m3 (6 sets)

=

0.783 m3 = 5.87 = 0.33 m3 = 0.66 m3

Cement =0.783 m3 x 7.5 Sand =0.783 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.783 m3 x .84 o Footing (6 sets) Volume = = =

0.8m x 0.8m x 0.25m 0.16 m3 (6 sets) 0.96 m3 = 7.2 = 0.40 m3 = 0.81 m3

Cement = 0.96 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.96 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.96 m3 x .84

o Beam Volume = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 6.4 m (length) 0.384 m3 = 2.88 = 0.16 m3 = 0.32 m3

Cement = 0.384 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.384 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.384 m3 x .84 o Wall Footing (perimeter) Volume = =

0.25m x 0.40m x 6.4 m (length) 0.64 m3

Cement = 0.64 m3 x 7.5 = 4.8 3 Sand = 0.64 m x 0.42 = 0.27 m3 Gravel = 0.64 m3 x .84 = 0.54 m3 Summation of Cement, Sand, and Gravel

Cement (bags) Pavement = 1.8

Sand (m3) 0.1 m3

Gravel (m3) 0.2 m3

Column = Footing = Beam = Wall Footing =

5.87 7.2 2.88 4.8 22.55 23 bags

0.33 m3 0.40 m3 0.16 m3 0.27 m3 1.26 1.50 m3

0.66 m3 0.81 m3 0.32 m3 0.54 m3 2.53 2.75 m3

Cement: Sand: Gravel:

23 bags x Php 197.00 = Php 4, 531.00 1.50 m3 x Php 650.00 = Php 975.00 2.75 m3 x Php 700.00 = Php 1, 925.00

Cost of Cement, Sand and Gravel Cost = Php 4, 531.00 Php 975.00 + Php 1, 925.00 Php 7, 431.00

Concrete Hollow Blocks o Area of Wall A= = (1.2 + 2 + 1.2 + 2) x 3 m 19.2 m2

o CHB CHB = = 19.2 m2 x 12.5 240 pcs

= = = =

or 240 (.03) 7.2 or 7 240 + 7 247 pcs of CHB

Cost = 247 pcs of CHB x Php 10.50 Cost = Php 2, 593.50

Lateral Ties and Stirrups

o Column (Lateral Ties) 10mmØ 1 @ 50, 8 @ 75, rest @ 150mm to center Perimeter LT= (0.13 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 2) = 0.26 + 0.76 + 0.12 = 1.14 m

Pcs / deformed bar= =

6.1m ÷ 1.14 5.35 or 5 pcs

Lateral Ties for Column = = = = Deformed bar= = =

3.7 ÷ 0.15 24.67 or 24 pcs (24 pcs + 9 pcs) 6 198 pcs 198 ÷ 5 39.6 or 40 deformed bars

o Beam (Stirrups)

10mmØ 1 @ 200mm to center Perimeter Stirrups= = = Pcs / deformed bar= = (0.18 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 4) 0.36 + 0.76 + 0.12 1.24 m 6.1m ÷ 1.24 4.92 or 4 pcs

Length of Beam = = =

(1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

Stirrups for Beam= = Deformed bar= = Main Bars

6.4 ÷ 0.20 32 pcs 32 ÷ 4 8 deformed bars

o Column 4 – 16mmØ Length = = Deformed bar= = o Beam 4 – 16mmØ = = Deformed bar= 6.4 ÷ 6.1 1.05 or 1 bar 4 pcs x 1 4.35 + 0.50 4.85 m 4 pcs x 6 columns 24 deformed bars

=

4 deformed bars

Column Footing Reinforcement

o CF-1 4 – 16mmØ Length = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Reinforcement bar= = = = Wall Footing Reinforcement 0.80 – (2 x 0.05) + (0.1 x 2) 0.80 – 0.1 + 0.2 0.90 m 6.1 ÷ 0.90 6.78 or 6 pcs 8 pcs x 6 columns 48 deformed bars 48 ÷ 6 8 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Ties) 10mmØ @ 0.20m to center Length = = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Length of Wall Footing = = = 0.40 – (2 x 0.01) + (0.06 x 2) 0.40 – 0.02 + 0.12 0.38 + 0.12 0.5 m 6.1 ÷ 0.5 12.2 or 12 pcs (1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

Ties for Wall footing= = Deformed bar= = =

6.4 ÷ 0.20 32 pcs 32 ÷ 12 2.67 or 3 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Main Bar) 3 - 10mmØ Length of Wall Footing = = = = = = Deformed bar= = • Summation of Deformed Bars (1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

6.4 ÷ 6.1 1.05 2 bars 2 bars x 3 6 deformed bars

10 mm Ø 40 deformed bars 8 deformed bars 3 deformed bars 6 deformed bars 57

16 mm Ø 24 deformed bars 4 deformed bars 8 deformed bars 36

10mmØ:

57 x Php 115.00 = Php 6, 555.00

16mmØ:

36 x Php 155.00 = Php 5, 580.00

Cost of Deformed Bars Cost = + Php 6, 555.00 Php 5, 580.00 Php 12, 135.00

Ceiling 2” x 2” studs with 16” x 24” spacing • Ceiling Joists Vertical 16” = 0.4M = 1.2M ÷ 0.4M = 3 = 3+1 = 4 pcs 24” = 0.6096M = = = = 2M ÷ 0.6096M 3.28 or 3 3+1 4 pcs

Horizontal

o Length of Studs 1&2 Vertical 2M = 6.56’ = 7’ or = 8’ 1.2M = 3.94’ = 4’ ORDER: Vert. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 8’ Horiz. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 4’ or

Horizontal

= 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’

Bd. Ft. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’ 12 = 192 12 = 16 bd. ft. o Sheathing Board 6.56’ ÷ 4’ 3.94’ ÷ 8’ = 1.64 or 2 = 0.49 or 1 2x1 = 2 pcs of sheathing board

2”x2”x12’: Sheathing board:

16 bd. ft. x Php 28.00 = Php 448.00 2 pcs x Php 350.00 = Php 700.00

Cost of Ceiling Cost = + Php 448.00 Php 700.00 Php 1, 148.00

Total Cost of Gate 3 Total = Php 7, 431.00 Php 2, 593.50

Php 12, 135.00 + Php 1, 148.00 Php 23, 307.50

APPENDIX E Computation for the Estimated Budget of Gate 4

Cement, Sand, and Gravel

CLASS A Cement (bag) 7.5 Sand (m3) .42 Gravel (m3) .84

o Pavement (100mm THK) 100mm = 0.1M Volume = = 1.2m x 2m x 0.1m 0.24 m3 = 1.8 = 0.1 m3 = 0.2 m3

Cement = 0.24 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.24 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.24 m3 x .84

o Column (6 sets) Volume = = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 4.35m 0.261 m3 (6 sets) 0.783 m3 = 5.87 = 0.33 m3 = 0.66 m3

Cement =0.783 m3 x 7.5 Sand =0.783 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.783 m3 x .84 o Footing (6 sets) Volume = = =

0.8m x 0.8m x 0.25m 0.16 m3 (6 sets) 0.96 m3 = 7.2 = 0.40 m3 = 0.81 m3

Cement = 0.96 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.96 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.96 m3 x .84

o Beam Volume = = 0.15m x 0.40m x 6.4 m (length) 0.384 m3

Cement = 0.384 m3 x 7.5 Sand = 0.384 m3 x 0.42 Gravel = 0.384 m3 x .84 o Wall Footing (perimeter) Volume = =

= 2.88 = 0.16 m3 = 0.32 m3

0.25m x 0.40m x 6.4 m (length) 0.64 m3

Cement = 0.64 m3 x 7.5 = 4.8 Sand = 0.64 m3 x 0.42 = 0.27 m3 Gravel = 0.64 m3 x .84 = 0.54 m3 Summation of Cement, Sand, and Gravel

Pavement = Column = Footing = Beam = Wall Footing =

Cement (bags) 1.8 5.87 7.2 2.88 4.8 22.55 23 bags

Sand (m3) 0.1 m3 0.33 m3 0.40 m3 0.16 m3 0.27 m3 1.26 1.50 m3

Gravel (m3) 0.2 m3 0.66 m3 0.81 m3 0.32 m3 0.54 m3 2.53 2.75 m3

Cement: Sand: Gravel:

23 bags x Php 197.00 = Php 4, 531.00 1.50 m3 x Php 650.00 = Php 975.00 2.75 m3 x Php 700.00 = Php 1, 925.00

Cost of Cement, Sand and Gravel

Cost =

Php 4, 531.00 Php 975.00 + Php 1, 925.00 Php 7, 431.00

Concrete Hollow Blocks o Area of Wall A= = (1.2 + 2 + 1.2 + 2) x 3 m 19.2 m2

o CHB CHB = = = = = = 19.2 m2 x 12.5 240 pcs or 240 (.03) 7.2 or 7 240 + 7 247 pcs of CHB

Cost = 247 pcs of CHB x Php 10.50 Cost = Php 2, 593.50

Lateral Ties and Stirrups

o Column (Lateral Ties) 10mmØ 1 @ 50, 8 @ 75, rest @ 150mm to center Perimeter LT= (0.13 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 2) = 0.26 + 0.76 + 0.12 = 1.14 m

Pcs / deformed bar= =

6.1m ÷ 1.14 5.35 or 5 pcs

Lateral Ties for Column = = = = Deformed bar= = =

3.7 ÷ 0.15 24.67 or 24 pcs (24 pcs + 9 pcs) 6 198 pcs 198 ÷ 5 39.6 or 40 deformed bars

o Beam (Stirrups) 10mmØ 1 @ 200mm to center Perimeter Stirrups= = = Pcs / deformed bar= = (0.18 x 2) + (0.38 x 2) + (0.06 x 4) 0.36 + 0.76 + 0.12 1.24 m 6.1m ÷ 1.24 4.92 or 4 pcs

Length of Beam = = =

(1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

Stirrups for Beam= = Deformed bar= =

6.4 ÷ 0.20 32 pcs 32 ÷ 4 8 deformed bars

Main Bars

o Column 4 – 16mmØ Length = = Deformed bar= = o Beam 4 – 16mmØ = = Deformed bar= = 6.4 ÷ 6.1 1.05 or 1 bar 4 pcs x 1 4 deformed bars 4.35 + 0.50 4.85 m 4 pcs x 6 columns 24 deformed bars

Column Footing Reinforcement

o CF-1 4 – 16mmØ Length = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Reinforcement bar= = = = 0.80 – (2 x 0.05) + (0.1 x 2) 0.80 – 0.1 + 0.2 0.90 m 6.1 ÷ 0.90 6.78 or 6 pcs 8 pcs x 6 columns 48 deformed bars 48 ÷ 6 8 deformed bars

Wall Footing Reinforcement

o WF-1 (Ties) 10mmØ @ 0.20m to center Length = = = = Pcs / Deformed bar= = Length of Wall Footing = = = Ties for Wall footing= = Deformed bar= = = 0.40 – (2 x 0.01) + (0.06 x 2) 0.40 – 0.02 + 0.12 0.38 + 0.12 0.5 m 6.1 ÷ 0.5 12.2 or 12 pcs (1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M 6.4 ÷ 0.20 32 pcs 32 ÷ 12 2.67 or 3 deformed bars

o WF-1 (Main Bar) 3 - 10mmØ Length of Wall Footing = = = = = = (1.2 x 2) + (2 x 2) 2.4 + 4 6.4M

6.4 ÷ 6.1 1.05 2 bars

Deformed bar= = • Summation of Deformed Bars

2 bars x 3 6 deformed bars

10 mm Ø 40 deformed bars 8 deformed bars 3 deformed bars 6 deformed bars 57

16 mm Ø 24 deformed bars 4 deformed bars 8 deformed bars 36

10mmØ: 16mmØ:

57 x Php 115.00 = Php 6, 555.00 36 x Php 155.00 = Php 5, 580.00

Cost of Deformed Bars Cost = + Php 6, 555.00 Php 5, 580.00 Php 12, 135.00

Ceiling 2” x 2” studs with 16” x 24” spacing • Ceiling Joists Vertical 16” = 0.4M = = = 1.2M ÷ 0.4M 3 3+1

Horizontal

= 4 pcs 24” = 0.6096M = = = = 2M ÷ 0.6096M 3.28 or 3 3+1 4 pcs

o Length of Studs 1&2 Vertical 2M = 6.56’ = 7’ or = 8’ 1.2M = 3.94’ = 4’ ORDER: Vert. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 8’ Horiz. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 4’ or = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’

Horizontal

Bd. Ft. = 4 pcs of 2” x 2” x 12’ 12 = 192 12 = 16 bd. ft. o Sheathing Board 6.56’ ÷ 4’ 3.94’ ÷ 8’ = 1.64 or 2 = 0.49 or 1 2x1 = 2 pcs of sheathing board

2”x2”x12’: Sheathing board:

16 bd. ft. x Php 28.00 = Php 448.00 2 pcs x Php 350.00 = Php 700.00

Cost of Ceiling Cost = + Php 448.00 Php 700.00 Php 1, 148.00

Total Cost of Gate 4 Total = Php 7, 431.00 Php 2, 593.50 Php 12, 135.00 + Php 1, 148.00 Php 23, 307.50

Grand Total Cost of Ecozone Gates Total = Php 46, 615.00 Php 44, 564.00 Php 23, 307.50 + Php 23, 307.50 Php 137, 794.00

APPENDIX F Computation for the Estimated Budget of Perimeter Fence

Concrete Hollow Blocks Total Length of Perimeter Fence is 940 m with a height of 0.5 m. The height of the steel is 2.5 m with space of 0.15 m. The cost of CHB/pc is Php.10.00. The cost of Steel is Php.150.00 Solution for Area: A=LxW A = 940 m x 0.5 m A = 470 m2 Solution for Concrete Hollow Blocks: CHB = Area x 12.5 pcs./m2 CHB = 470 m2 x 12.5 pcs./m2 CHB = 5,875 pcs. x 3%(wasted allowance) CHB = 177 pcs. + 5,875 pcs CHB = 6,052 pcs Cost= = 6,052 x Php 10.50 Php 58,750.00

Solution for Pcs. of Vertical Steel:

S = L / (spacing) S = 940 m / 0.15 S = 6,267 pcs + 1 S = 6,268 pcs 6.1 m / 2.5 = 2.44 or 2 pcs. S = 6,268 pcs / 2pcs. S= 3,134 pcs.

Solution for the Pcs. of Horizontal Steel: S = 940 m / 6.1 m S = 154.09 pcs or 155 pcs. x 2 S = 310 pcs.

Solution for the Total No. of Steel T = Vert.steel + Hor.steel T = 3,134 pcs. + 310 pcs T = 3, 444 pcs.

Cost=

3,444 xPhp. 150.00

= •

Php. 516,600.00

Total Cost of Perimeter Fence Total = + Php 58,750.00 Php 516,600.00 Php 575, 350.00

APPENDIX G

Computation for the Estimated Budget of Light Post

Light Post There are 45 pcs. of Light Post with a total height of 3.0 m. The price of Light is Php.350.00/pcs. The steel is Php.250.00/pcs. Cement is Php.197.00/bag, sand is Php.650.00/cu.m., and gravel, Php.700.00/cu.m. Solution for Lights: Lights = 45 pcs x Php.350.00

Cost of Lights = Php 15,750.00

Solution for Steel: 6.1m / 2.2 m = 2pcs. 45 pcs / 2 = 22 ½ or 23 pcs.

Cost= =

23 pcs x Php.250.00 Php 5,750.00

Solution for Concrete Mixture: 0.2565 m3 x 45 pcs = 11.55

Cement: Sand: Gravel:

11.55 x 6.5 = 76 bags x Php.197.00 = Php 14,972.00 11.55 x .43 = 5 cu.m. x Php.650.00 = Php 3,250.00 11.55 x .86 = 10 cu.m. xPhp. 700.00 = Php 7,000.00

Cost =

Php 14,972.00 Php 3,250.00 + Php 7,000.00 Php 25,222.00

Cost =

Total Cost of Light Post Total = Php 15,750.00 Php 5,750.00 + Php 25,222.00 Php 46, 722.00

*Budget per Light Post = Php 46, 722.00 ÷ 45 sets = Php 1, 038.50

APPENDIX H Computation for the Estimated Budget of Land Mark (ECOzone title)

LAND MARK ( ECOzone Title) WF1 = L x W x H WF1 = 3 x 0.3 x 0.3 WF1 = 0.27 m3 Cement = 0.27 (5.5) = (1.5 bags) Php.205.00 Sand Gravel = Php 307.50 Php 650.00 Php 1,600.00

= 0.27 (.44) = (0.5 cu. m.) Php. 1,300.00 = = 0.27 (.88) = (0.5 cu.m.) Php. 1,600.00 Cost = Php 307.50 Php 650.00 + Cost = Php 1,600.00 Php 1,757.50 =

CHB for Land Mark CHB = 3.3 x 1.150 m CHB = 3.795m2 x 12.5 pcs CHB = 47. 4375 or 48 pcs CHB = 48 x .03 CHB = 2 pcs + 48 pcs

CHB = 50 pcs Cost = = 50 pcs x Php 10.50 Php 525.00

Good Red Bricks for Exterior Cladding V = 3.3 x 1.150m V=3.795 V= 3.795m3 x (12.3)(43.00)

Cost= =

3.795 m3 x Php 528.90 Php 2,007.25

Gothic / Brushed Seamless Weld Steel Letter Cardona - C sized (18cm x 4cm) = 1 pcs x Php. 850.00 = ardona ( 15cm x 4cm) = 6 pcs. Php. 750.00 = ECO (18cm x 4 cm) = 3 pcs. Php. 850.00 = ZONE ( 15 cm x 4 cm) = 4 pcs Php. 750.00 = Php 850.00 Php 4,500.00 Php 2,550.00 Php 3,000.00

Cost=

Php 850.00 Php 4,500.00 Php 2, 550.00 + Php 3,000.00 Php 10,900.00

Top Soil for Land Mark A θ = πr2 = 3.1416(.15)2 = 3.1416 x 0.0225 = .070686 Cost= = 1 m3 x Php. 57.00 Php 57.00

Total Cost of ECOzone Title (Land Mark) Total = Php 1,757.50 Php 525.00 Php 2,007.25 Php 10,900.00 + Php 57.00 Php 15, 246.75

APPENDIX I Computation for the Estimated Budget of Plant Box

Plant Box

Base Wall (Pebbles) # 200/65 Aθ = πr2 Aθ = 3.1416 (.75)2 Aθ = 3.1416 x 0.5625 Aθ = 1.76716 – 0.070686 CHB= 1.696474 sq. m. or 1.7 CHB = 1.7 x 12.5 pcs CHB CHB = 22 pcs x .3% CHB = 1 + 22 = 23pcs Cost = = 23 pcs x Php 10.50 Php 241.50

Class C. Concrete Mixture Cement = .06 x 7.5 = 3.3 / 3.5 bags x 205 = Sand = 0.6 x 5.5 = .26/ .5 cu. m. x Php.1300.00 = Gravel = 0.6 x .44 = 3.3/ 3.5 cu.m. xPhp. 1600.00 = Php. 717.50 Php. 650.00 Php. 800.00

Cost =

Php. 717.50 Php. 650.00 + Php. 800.00 Php 2, 167.50

Cost =

Plat box Gutter (red bricks) A = 5.31 x 0.35

A = 1.85 or 1.9 sq. m. V= 1.9 x (12.3 x 43) Cost = = 1.9 x Php. 528.90 Php 1,004.91

Plat box (Assorted ornament plants) Order: Php 8,000.00 per sets of assorted plants

Total Cost of Plant Box Total = Php 241.50 Php 2, 167.50 Php 1,004.91 + Php. 8,000.00 Php 11, 414.00

*Budget per Plant Box = Php 11, 414.00 ÷ 2 sets = Php 5, 707.00

APPENDIX J Computation for the Estimated Budget of Landscape

Land Scape with Sculpture Approximately estimated (Class A) Concrete = 8.891 x 1.00 x .25 v = 2.22 m3

c = 2.22 x 5.5 =12.21 / 13 bags x 205 = s = 2.22 x .44 = 0.97 / 1 cu. m. x 1,300 = c = 2.22 x .88 =1.95 / 2 cu. m. x 1,600 = Top soil = 1 cu. m. = Cost= Bricks = 12.3 x 43= Order: min.10 sq. m. x 528.90 = • Total Cost of Landscape Total = Php 7,222.00 Php 528.90 + Php 5,289.00 Php 13, 040.00

Php. 2, 665.00 Php. 1,300.00 Php. 3, 200.00 Php 57.00 Php 7,222.00 Php 528.90 Php. 5,289.00

*Budget per Landscape = Php 13, 040.00 ÷ 2 sets = Php 6, 520.00

APPENDIX K Gantt Chart of Activities in Research 1 (Chapters 1 & 2)
ACTIVITIES Months Week Date Identifying the Problem Conceptualizing Research and Title Defence
1 JUNE 2 3 4 1
48

JULY 2
1115

AUGUST 4
2529

SEPTEMBER 4
2630

OCTOBER 4 1
37

3
1822

1
15

2
812

3
1923

1
59

2
1216

3
1923

2
1014

3
1721

4
2428

2630

Securing Permission Gathering Related Literatures from Books, Internet and Resource Person Write-up and Data Analysis Consultation and Revision Final Draft Pre-Oral Presentation Colloquium Revising Chapter 1 & 2

Gantt Chart of Activities in Research 2 (Chapters 3 & 4)

ACTIVITIES Months Week Date Gathering Data (Location, Accessibility Etc.) Analyzing& Interpreting of Data
1
4-10

JUNE 2
11 17

JULY 4
25 30

AUGUST 4
23 29

SEPTEMBER 4
27 31

OCTOBER 1
1 7

3
18 24

1
2 8

2
91 5

3
16 22

1
61 2

2
13 19

3
20 26

1
3 9

2
10 16

3
17 23

4
24 30

2
81 4

3
15 21

4
2228

Preparing Estimated Bill of Materials Determining the Socio-Economic Benefits of the Project Developing the Conclusions Derived from the Findings Preparation for Final & Oral Depense Final & Oral Depense Improving &Strenghtening the Weakness of the Study According to the Recommendatio n (Revision of the Hard Bound) Submission of the Hardbound Copy

Gantt Chart of Activity Developing Site Development Plan

ACTIVITIES Months Week Date Locating the Different Regions Included in the Ecozone Preparing Sets of Plans
1
410

JUNE 2
1117

JULY 4
2530

AUGUST 4
2329

SEPTEMBER 4
2731

OCTOBER 4 1
17

3
1824

1
28

2
915

3
1622

1
612

2
1319

3
2026

1
39

2
1016

3
1723

2
814

3
1521

4
2228

2430

(Park, Roads, Sewages) Preparing Perspective View of the Ecozone Analyzing and Finalyzing the Design Plan Preparing & Printing of Presentation of the Proposed Ecozone

CURRICULUM VITAE JOHN PATRICK BRISTOL BELEN 0425 Kasibulan St. Bella Compound,Palangoy

Binangonan, Rizal PERSONAL DATA February 16, 1993 Morong, Rizal Single Roman Catholic Roger B. Belen Evangeline B. Bristol EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND University of Rizal System Morong, Rizal Bachelor of Technology major in Drafting Technology SY: 2012-2013 Binangonan Catholic College Binangonan, Rizal SY: 2008-2009 Doña Susana Madrigal Memorial School Pantok-Palangoy Bin, Rizal SY: 2004-2005 SCHOOL ORGANIZATION University Students Government 2009-2013 MEMBER MEMBER MEMBER : : : University of Rizal System Chorale 2009-2013 The GEARS 2009-2013 Group United with High Interest in Technology 2009-2013 TRAINING EXPERIENCE Supervised Industrial Training (SIT 1) University of Rizal System (URS)

DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH CIVIL STATUS RELIGION FATHER’S NAME MOTHER’S NAME

: : : : : :

COLLEGE

:

SECONDARY

:

ELEMENTARY

;

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PERSONAL DATA DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH CIVIL STATUS RELIGION FATHER’S NAME : : : : : May 7, 1993 Tanay, Rizal Single Roman Catholic Lorenzo A. Emata

MOTHER’S NAME

:

Carmen B. Berdusco EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

COLLEGE

:

University of Rizal System Morong, Rizal Bachelor of Technology major in Drafting Technology SY: 2012-2013 Tanay National High School Tanay, Rizal SY: 2008-2009 Ilaya Elementary School Tanay,Rizal SY: 2004-2005 SCHOOL ORGANIZATION University Students Government 2009-2013 The GEARS 2009-2013 Group United with High Interest in Technology 2009-2013 TRAINING EXPERIENCE

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CURRICULUM VITAE REMZON BALUYOT BELMONTE Cardona, Rizal PERSONAL BACKGROUND June 4, 1989 Cardona, Rizal Single Iglesia ni Kristo Ceferino M. Belmonte Corazon B. Baluyot

DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH CIVIL STATUS RELIGION FATHER’S NAME MOTHER’S NAME

: : : : : :

EDUCATIONAL BACKGROUND

COLLEGE

:

University of Rizal System Morong, Rizal Bachelor of Technology major in Drafting Technology SY: 2012-2013 Bernardo F. San Juan National High School Cardona, Rizal SY: 2008-2009 Mariano C. San Juan Elementary School Cardona, Rizal SY: 2004-2005 The GEARS 2009-2013

SECONDARY

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;

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:

Group United with High Interest in Technology 2009-2013

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TRAINING EXPERIENCE Supervised Industrial Training (SIT 1) University of Rizal System (URS) Office of Student Development Services (OSDS) Office of the Director Morong, Rizal 2010 Layout Artist Supervised Industrial Training (SIT 2) Department of Public Works and Highways 2nd District Binangonan, Rizal 2012 AutoCad Operator

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CURRICULUM VITAE ALLEN JAY DISCUTIDO AÑO Bombong Binangonan, Rizal

PERSONAL BACKGROUND DATE OF BIRTH PLACE OF BIRTH CIVIL STATUS RELIGION FATHER’S NAME MOTHER’S NAME : : : : : : April 10, 1994 Bombong Binangonan, Rizal Single Roman Catholic Arsenio B. Año Editha D. Discutido

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