Alexsander Dugin FROM SACRED GEOGRAPHY TO GEOPOLITICS

This text appeared under the title "Ot sakral'noy geografii k geopolitike" in Elementy n. 4, and as the chapter 7 of "Misterii Evrazii" (Moscow 1996). --------------------------Trans. from the Russian original by M.Conserva --------------------------Geopolitics as "intermediate" science Land and sea Symbolism of landscape East and West in sacred geography East and West in modern geopolitics Sacred North and sacred South The people of the North The people of the South North and South in East and in West From continents to meta-continents The illusion of the "rich North" Paradox of the " Third World " The role of the " Second World " The project of the "Rising North" Geopolitics as "intermediate" science Geopolitical concepts became the major factors of modern politics since a long time ago. They are built on general principles allowing to easily analyze the situation of any particular country and region. Geopolitics in its present form is undoubtedly a worldly, "profane", secularized science. But maybe, among all modern sciences, it saved in itself the greatest connection with Tradition and traditional sciences. René Guénon said that modern chemistry is the outcome of the desacralization of a traditional science ? alchemy, as modern physics is of magic. Exactly in the same way one might say that modern geopolitics is the product of the laicizing and desacralizing of another traditional science ? sacred geography. But since geopolitics holds a special place among modern sciences, and it is often ranked as a "pseudo-science", its profanizing is not so accomplished and irreversible, as in the case of chemistry or physics. The connection with sacred geography here is rather distinctly visible. Therefore it is possible to say that geopolitics stands in an intermediate place between traditional science (sacred geography) and profane science.

Among thalassocratic realities. So the geopolitics of the US has an insular character. They are also inside him: body and blood. peoples and ideological blocks. has the quality of territorial continuity. time. Just these two elements ?Earth and Water ? lie at the roots of human qualitative representation of earthly space. that is the capital. The former imply the existence of a mother country and colonies. Land and Sea generated the terms: thalassocratia and tellurocratia. or "tellurocratics".Land and sea The two primary concepts of geopolitics are land and sea. But geographical and cosmological logics would at once complicate the seemingly simple scheme of this division: the pair "land?sea". It is important to notice that the status of Island and Continent is defined not so much on the basis of their physical magnitude. In the case of "thalassocracy" its territory is not unified into one land space . vice-versa.) Thalassocracy and Atlantism became synonyms long before colonial expansion of Great Britain or Portuguese-Spanish conquests.) The universatility of the experience of earth and water generates the traditional concept of Firmament. which predetermine the development of overland empires. they preserve their significance both for civilizations of a traditional kind and for exclusively modern states.e. rather than the other way. i. Water is mobility. man enters into contact with the fundamental aspects of his existence. by the stronger "attractive" effect of Eurasia. (The above mentioned example of Japan is explained. As the two basic terms of geopolitics. softness. dynamics. i.e. while insular Japan geopolitically represents an example of continental mentality. (The same happens also at a cellular level. And on the contrary. there is a differentiation between sea and oceanic . by reciprocal superimposition of its elements. The Mediterranean also did rise from Gibraltar to the Near East. "Tellurocracy". despite of the size of Northern America. etc. economic and geographical at the same time. Land water or water within land are the rivers. excavations in Eastern Siberia and Mongolia prove that exactly here were the most ancient centres of civilization ? that is. Through the experience of land and sea. while tellurocracy to the East and the Eurasian continent. since the presence of the Higher Waters (the source of rain) in the sky also implies the presence of a symmetric and necessary element ?earth. Just on the river is located the city. They stand outside of man: everything is heavy and fluid. the latter of a capital and provinces on "common land". Empires are either "thalassocratic". the pole of tellurocracy.which creates an element of discontinuity. This symmetry is symbolic. thus. These two elements are in essence the most obvious display of the material nature of the world. Already since the beginning of sea migrations waves. fixity. the peoples of West and their cultures began their Eastward movement on from the centres located on the Atlantic. Sea. land. The maritime land is the island. and for mankind it is impossibile not to see in them some basic attributes of the universe. At the level of global geopolitical phenomena. gravity. The force of any state and any empire is based upon the preferential development of one of these categories. Earth. the central lands of the continent were the cradle of the Euroasian mankind. than on the basis of the peculiar typical consciousness of the population. earth and water. The sea ? here lies both strength and weakness of " thalassocratic power ". Land is stability. the basis of maritime empire. the celestial vault. the pole of thalassocracy. space as such. " power by means of the sea " and " power by means of the land ". Anyway. Ocean are in essence the major categories of earthly existence. gives birth to the ideas of " maritime land " and of "land water". Symbolism of landscape Besides these two global categories ? Land and Sea ?geopolitics operates also with more particular definitions. One more detail is relevant: historical thalassocracy is linked to the West and the Atlantic Ocean.

it is possible to define the various regions of the planet according to their sacred quality. religious and ethical ideology of the different peoples. for instance. The varieties of landscape in sacred geography are understood as symbolical complexes linked to the specificity of state. but not for the priest. archaic residuals from a vanished past. the idea of the conservation of the residuals of ancient races and civilizations on the mountans is shown in the fact that precisely on the mountains the sacred centres of tradition are placed. The tundra represents the northern analogue to the steppe and the desert. So. Therefore in tellurocracies the forest also plays a peripheral function ? it. insular powers and peoples dwelling on the shores of the open ocean. And even in that case. a count. a small or average height. its concrete embodying in such or such people. The empires of Desert and Steppe should logically be the geopolitical bridgehead of tellurocracy. race. The symbolism of the tree is related to the symbolism of the mountain (both the former and the latter designate the world axis). More particular divisions exist also between river and lake civilizations. No empire has its centre in mountain regions. A hill is a dwelling place for a king. an emperor. in the event that the native born landscape is the same. linked to continents. The forest in sacred geography is close to the mountains in a definite sense. All capitals of large tellurocratic empires are placed on a hill or on hills (often on seven hills ? the number of the planets. i. hermits). Mountain countries not only are not sources of expansion. It is also possible to trace the likeness of ideologies and traditions of the most (apparently) different peoples. a civilization of the Desert and a civilization of Ice. where to the future shaman the world beyond is opened out. which. Neither the forest zone can be the centre of the overland empire. Mountains and the civilizations of mountains more often represent archaic.e.formations. on the contrary. there are concentrated the victims of the geopolitical expansion of other tellurocratic forces. a civilization of the Mountains and a civilization of the Plains. On the other hand. one might consider the empire of Gengis Kahn. the threshold of a different world. or state will be identically subject to adaptation according to the local sacred-geographical context. too. arisen under direct influence of the nomads. Thus. or on five ? thye number of elements.e. From these primary and most general characteristics of the geopolitical map. similarly to the mountains. As an example of the empire of Steppe. when we deal with universalistic ecumenical religion. Tellurocracy too has its particular forms. So it is possible to distinguish a civilization of the Steppe and a civilization of the Forest. as the"water" factor here is minimally present. although the cold climate makes it much less significant from a geopolitical point of view. The logical combination of both concepts ? mountain as a hieratic image and plain asa regal image? became the symbolism of the hill. It is even possible to say that in tellurocracies a mountain corresponds to some spiritual power. are deeply archaic zones. East and West in sacred geography . the sea civilization of the Black Sea or Mediterranean Sea are rather qualitatively different from the civilization of the oceans. This method can also be applied to the local features of the landscape at a level of single countries or even of single localities. including ether. The hill is a symbol of imperial might raising above the secular level of the steppe. This "periphericity" reaches its apogee with ices. ices are a hieratic zone. Desert and steppes represent the geopolitical microcosm of the nomads. It is indicative that the eskimo shamanic tradition implies departing alone among ices.e. Hence the so often repeated motive of sacred geography: "mountains are populated by demons". fragmentary. i. is the "place of the priests" (druids. but not reaching the limit of supreme power (as it is in the case of mountains). but also at the same time the "place of demons". and so on). Precisely in deserts and steppes the tellurocratic tendency reaches its summit. magi. i. while a typical example of the empire of Wilderness is the arabian khalifat.

Precisely such understanding is peculiar also to other abrahamic traditions (Islam and Judaism). material symbol of Divinity and Spirit. "vos-tekeat" [in russian] the sun. solar principle. from life to death. "the pit of the rejected". Geopolitics in its original formulations by Ratzel. and are awoken in the most relevant and critical moments of social cataclysms. understood and practised by the ancient peoples. and the West is Yin. where it "sinks down"[za-padaet]. dark. As a matter of fact. East is the place where ascends. Kjellen and Mackinder (and later by Haushofer and the Russian eurasists) just refrained from connecting the features of the different kinds of civilizations and states to their geographical disposition. In the various traditions and in the various periods of these traditions. abundance. in which the East represents the symbolic "ontological plus". the land of a completeness. the East is Yang. cultural and political territories of the planet. Hindu and Iranian. The West has the opposite symbolical meaning. the male. from completeness to need. So sacred geography univocally affirms the law of "qualitative space". wars. Sacred geography on the basis of "space symbolism" traditionally considers the East as "the land of Spirit". possessing hierarchical characters ? closer to the East were those closer to Sacral. lunar principle. West [Zapad. and the same word "east" ("neter" in aegyptian) meant at the same time "god". Light of the World. between "western". according to the expression of Islamic mystics. the ancient traditions organized their "sacred space". and also to many non-abrahamic traditions ? Chinese. decay. From the point of view of natural symbolism. Thus the symbolic function of Cardinal Points often varies also. the "lifeless world". the "green country" (as the ancient Egyptians called it). temples and edifices. West is "the empire of exile". but at the same time it was neither minor nor relative ? as it is today wrongly considered by many "profane" scholars of ancient religions and traditions. According to the given logics of natural cosmic symbolism. burial places. It is the "country of death". transition from the manifest to the non-manifest. states the sacred formula of the ancient Egyptians. in russian] is the place where the sun goes. being an exclusively modern science. and interpreted the natural and "civilizational" features of geographical. Not going deep into details. degradation. campaigns. the structure itself of migrations. it is possible to formulate the most universal law of sacred geography with reference to East and West. Closer to West. leaving out of the frame the most sacred principles. the Sacred "native land" in its fullest and most perfect kind. And even in our antisacred world. where the eastern disposition of "Eden"is treated. etc. this idea is mirrored in the Bible text. building of empires etc. In particular. Geopoliticians stared at the fact of a fundamental difference between "insular" and "continental" powers. East and West in modern geopolitics We shall observe how this sacred-geographical logics is mirrored in geopolitics. the country of "zakata"[in russian]. the female. than it is agreed to esteem today. Of course this logicis was not absolute. and the West the "ontological minus". pragmatic logics of sacred geography. degraded and dying Spirit. West is "anti-east". demographic waves. the picture of sacred geography can vary according to the cyclical phases of development of the given tradition. According to the Chinese tradition. at an "unconscious" level almost always archetypes of sacred geography are preserved in their integrity. is only focused upon the factual situation. sacred logics and the following cosmic symbolism were much more consciously realized. bright. was defined by the original. the paradise land. Along the East-West axis were drawn peoples and civilizations. which. "East is the mansion of the gods". In this way. to spiritual wealth. "progressive" civilization .Cardinal Ponts in the context of sacred geography have special qualitative characteristic. founded their centres of cult. those of a more decayed. to Tradition.

preferring to evaluate the situation in different. "nation". are today positive terms for the majority of people) and the priorities of sacred geography. "people". "despotic" and "archaic" cultural forms. non-individualistic the societies ? from authoritarian monarchy up to theocracy or socialism. The final picture is the following. It is curious to notice that Rudolf Kjellen. Japan about 1945 or Khomeini's Iran. completely alien to the traditional Eastern world (and also to those periods of Western history. supra-human ? be it "society". At the cultural-ideological level. Russians usually repeat the word "nechego" [nothing] (in Russian in Kjellen's text ? A. In the West theories about "progress". Coercion at a social level in the West acquired only an economic character. which became a dominant principle in the most western regions of the planet ?Northern America. "evolution". rather than through the concepts of "sacred" and "profane". Representative forms of such anti-western civilization were the USSR. If we now return to the paradigm of sacred geography. cultural and industrial development of Eastern and Western in the last centuries. evaluating the various kinds of civilizations from a completely opposite point of view (concepts like "spirit". «A typical pet phrase of the Americans. here (in the "less developed countries") traditional. Moreover. "contemplation". In the past century geopoliticians spoke about an "Anglo-Saxon kind of civilization" or about "capitalist. Gradullay a peculiar "Western ideology" was cast in the universal formula of "ideology of human rights". of "economic liberalism". "man" with his "rights" and his peculiar "individual values". "liberalism". the first author to use the term "geopolitics". shop-manufacturing type prevail. that literally means "forward". and the Law of Idea and Force was gradually replaced by the Law of Money. bourgeois democracy". Instead of "democracy" and "human right" the East gravitates around totalitarianism. from a pure typological. but something supraindividual. "human rights". in the Middle Ages). geopoliticians left it aside. geopolitical point of view.e.mercantile") order and "eastern " (= "supra-individualist ? based on force") order..as it was. archaic modes of production of corporative. communist China.D. to this ideology corresponded the idea of "developed countries . more modern terms. and at an economic level the concept of "free market. i. At an industrial level. the political specificity of this or that regime was secondary in comparison with the qualitative dividing between "western" (= "individualist . At the economic level. there "liberaldemocratic" tendencies. ? wrote Kjellen ? is "go ahead". "contemplation". In this "atlantist" type the formula of "geopolitical West" found its most pure embodying Geopolitical East represents in itself the straight opposition to geopolitical West. individualistic and humanist world views are prevailing. "weltanschauung". and first of all the US. in particular. "progressive development of history" for the first time appeared. we shall see the direct contradiction between the priorities of modern geopolitics (such concepts as "progress". "mercantile order" etc. Instead of economic coercion. . illustrated the difference between West and East in this way. "traditional" and "antitraditional" etc. whose only common feature is that the centre of their systems there is not the"individual". when a rigorous sacred tradition existed there too . is mirrored." all peculiar features of the East ». around various types of social regimes. The East opposed to western liberal democracy the most various types of nonliberal. "resignation to superhuman force or superhuman idea". more often the state uses "moral" or simply physical coercion (Law of Idea and Law of Force). "religion". "cult of the leader" etc. strategical integration of the different sectors of the Western civilization. In it the interior and natural geopolitical optimism and "progressism" of the American civilization. being the extreme form of the western pattern. "fatalism"and "adherence to tradition. is defined today by the concept of "atlantism". with the addition of the purely military. priority is given to trade and technical modernization. Since in general the question about Spirit in its metaphysical and sacred comprehension never arose in modern science. socialism and authoritarianism.and "eastern". "idea". In it are shown "pessimism". Instead of economic modernization. The West is the centre of "material" and "technological" development. The whole aggregate of these features.). Geopoliticians established the major differences between political.

"nordism". orientation axis ? the North . from where the ancient arians were expelled by glaciation. the point where contrasts appease. about a Sveta-dipa. Islamic fundamentalists etc. on the other hand. Here.West axis. in polar areas there is one long semi-annual Day and one long semi-annual Night. and mobility and changeability of the periphery). Sacred geography correlates North to spirit. something "objective") or just "idea". exceeding both the objective and subjective poles. One might say that the sacred North. often forgotten and become fragmentary. point of Eternity around which the cycle turns not only of space. This land was considered as the motherland of the bright god Apollon. Even decayed traditions remembered this sacral. which either is naturally built up in the course of the historical process. as Tradition never knew anything similar to carthesian or kantian dualism. the symbolism of cardinal points and the related continents. unity. which sent them Ariman. It is the Day and Night of the gods and heroes. an extremely relevant problem is represented by the other. The south symbolizes something directly opposite ? materiality. the Middle. and so remain till now for the Eastern peoples at the level of "collective unconscious"). or is consciously and artificially formed as a result of purposely actions of the leaders of such or such geopolitical formations. natural. vertical.e. the symbolical place not subject to the laws of cosmic entropy. a space of eternal light. Any sacred tradition honors the Centre. Therefore it is possible to say that all sacred traditions are in essence the projection of a Single Northern Primordial Tradition adapted to every different historical condition. North is the land where the sun never goes even at night. So modern geopolitics (except for Russian eurasists. but it was always directly or indirectly linked to the symbolism of North. "concept" generated by the minds of such or such individuals (i. Sacred North and sacred South Besides the sacred-geographical determinism on an East . from where all human civilization originates.e. mixture. the archetype of North. strictly separating the "subjective" from the "objective" ("phenomenal" and "noumenal"). privation. and in the idea of North.South axis. The ancient Greeks spoke about Hyperborea. supernatural Cardinal North. the northern island with capital Thule. Ancient Iranic and Zoroastrian texts speak about the northern country of "Aryiana Vaeijao" and its capital "Vara". White Land laying in the far north. in sacred civilizations were exclusively positive. and each of its further manifestations only restored that primeval polarparadise symbolism. Immobile Pole. but also of time. The ancient Veda too speak about the Northern country as the ancestral home of the Hindu. Therefore the sacred determinism of North or South is nor just a physical. eternity. including the northern regions as the dwelling place of "spirits" and "forces from . of a nordic symbolism. to an original northern paradise. on the one hand. Even from the natural point of view. The symbolism of North relates to a Source. received a different name according to each tradition.) evaluate the picture of the world from an opposite perspective than traditional sacred geography. And in many other traditions it is possible to detect most ancient tracks. halving itself in history in northern natural landscape. German followers of Haushofer. spirit of Evil and oppositor to the bright Ormudz. of the angels. darkness. The most ancient and original layer of Tradition univocally affirms the primacy of North above the South. From the point of view of the "integral tradition". completeness. immersion in the stream of time and becoming. landscape-climatic factor (i. purity. whose symbol is the Swastika (stressing both immobility and constancy of the Centre. The basic idea traditionally linked to the North is the idea of Centre. North is Cardinal Point chosen by the primeval Logos in order to reveal itself in History. but something of a third kind. has its direct analogue in the geopolitical picture of the world."ideocracy" etc. as well as in all remaining cases. something "subjective"). light. This Centre. the difference between "artificial" and "natural" is generally rather relative. spiritual. plurality. the principles of sacred geography. But thus both sciences converge in the description of fundamental laws of the geographical picture of civilizations.

Sonnenmensch. life. as black holes do. The pure nordic civilization disappeared with the ancient Hyperboreans. which can have a biological. as the primacy of Northis recognized by the South. biology and instincts. This quality is not a simple development of rational origin. It is rather the opposition of Spiritual Idea to its coarsened. the southern island Lanka is considered as a home of the demons which have stolen the wife of Rama. The man of North is the "solar man". not absorbing energy. but outlining it. The substance of "nordism" is consist in the capability of man to raise each object of the physical. To him the cosmos is a texture of symbols. and its memories become a piece of "culture".Time) is projected on the East . it corresponds to the most ancient stages of cyclical history. to that sphere of human activity where the Invisible and the Purely Spiritual acquires material.beyond".but just this ability lies at the bases of "nordic" thinking.West pair (i. The shift from the vertical North . The paleo-continents of North and South themselves disappear. Traces of an hyperborean cult can be found among the Indians of Northern America and among the ancient Slaves. The testimonial sign of opposition is passed to East and West. pouring out light. Sita. among the founders of the Chinese civilization and among the natives of the Pacific. Thus it is important to mark that in sacred geography the North . language and culture. In the last phases of the cycle it becomes more hidden. the "war of continents" begins. Vice-versa. the original symbolism of Hyperborea is lost. The North . the nordic messengers give the southerners Tradition. In the south the Day and Night of the gods are fragmented into a set of human days. supra-rational Mind. From such transference of sacred meanings one can easily obtain the structure of the continental vision peculiar to Tradition. and declared war to the continental North with capital Ayodjya.Matter.South axis is more relevant than the East . "arian" or indoeuropean for his blood. for instance. but preserves its traces in materialized features. There is no such people on the planet. typical of the last stages of the cycle. the sacred opposition. This nordic "race" of Teachers stood at the origins of religion and culture of the peoples of all continents and colours of skin. In normal cases. among the red-skinned Aztecs and among the Mongols with wide cheek-bones. Spirit . In the Rama-Yana. The man of North is a particular kind of being possessing a straight intuition of the Sacred. but its messengers have laid the bases of all present traditions. among the blond Germans and among the black shamans of Western Africa. True spirituality. South generally often corresponds to culture. force and wisdom from its spiritual flow of creation. veiled.e. South is the reign of substance. material embodying. each of them called out of secret by the eye of the Spiritual First Principle. Tradition and Profanity. The great war of North and South. Eternity .West axis. i. which would not have a myth about the "solar man. The North ? South pair (i. lays the foundations of sacred civilizations.e. If the South fails to recognize the primacy of North.South axis to the horizontal East ? East axis. between these parties of a light there exist an harmonious relation ? the North "spiritualizes" the South. East is the horizontal downward projection of North.e. The South corrupts the northern purity of Tradition. carthesian and kantian "pure intellect" for its nature is not able to overcome the thin border between "phenomenon" and "noumenon". visible outlines. material world to its archetype. Sonnenmensch. But being the more relevant one. Origin and Decay). capacity to see through the . divine Logos. The people of the North Sacred North defines a special human type. West ? the horizontal upward projection of the South. but can also not have it.South pair in sacred geography is not reduced to an abstract opposition of Good and Evil. The man of North is not simply white. Hyperborea and Gondvana (ancient paleo-continent of the South) refers to "antidiluvian" times. of "legend". to its Idea. nevertheless saves the logic and symbolical connection between these two sacredgeographical pairs. and from the point of view of tradition the South is responsible for this conflict by breaking the sacred rules. racial embodying. hardened.

recognize their authority and their typological (not racial!) superiority. The man of the South is a Mondmensch. In the South. And among the inhabitants of the Pacific islands and Southern Africa. where such tendency. becoming the Hero. East and West. of the matter generating the variety of forms. Later all peoples of North penetrated into southern lands. irrespective of the concrete place of the planet. there invisibly is the North ? whatever the point in time or space we are in. However.world its secret Soul ? these are the defining qualities of the North. grew out of the narrow framework of the "human ? too-human" personality. rudimentary and even distorted form. there arises a distorted cultural type. individualisation and razionalisazion surpassed itself. The civilization of the South is a civilization of the Moon receiving the light from the Sun (North).e. India. the gondvanic type. Wherever there is Sacred Purity and Wisdom. pejorative sense of this term). As in the case of paleocontinents. sacraments and rites. The man of the South lives by passions and rushes. oppose each other everywhere. which he venerates but does not understand. bearing their cultural type ?Finns. he puts the psychic above the spiritual (which he simply does not know) and worships Life as a higher authority. to fragmentation. On the other hand. Eskimos. North is shown as the classic traditional society founded on the univocal superiority of the supra-individual above the individual. since some moment in sacred history. releases Prometheus (the pure . i. "nordic" motives in mythology and sacraments are saved in an extremely fragmentary. of secondary manifestations. those of the South sometimes went far northward. the feebler are the traces of the North. the further to the South. preserving and diffusing it for some time. where the "human" and the "rational" are erased before the supra-human and supra-rational Principle.but not as much as an external conflict of two miscellaneous civilizations. The man of the South lives in a circle of effects. the major guarantor of which is the Light of the North. entrusted by it. He worships exteriority. is typical of the man of the South. the simpleness and clearness of northern symbolism turned here into a complex and miscellaneous tangle of sacred doctrines. but is not able to proceed from symbolizing to symbolized. North and South in East and in West The type of the people of North could be projected in the South. The type of North and the type of the South. When they claim their supremacy because of their archetypical relation to reality. which can be globally defined by adoration of idols. is directly opposed to the "nordic" type. he dwells in the cosmos. The cult of the Great Mother. In the East. He carefully saves tracks of spirituality. Chuckchi etc. If the South gives the civilization a character of "stability". When the people of the South stay in harmony with the people of North. the East defines its sacrality and authenticity. and the individual. founding sometimes bright expressions of the "nordic" civilization ? ancient Iran. However. pure northern and southern types existed only in remote ancient times. North in West is personified by the symbolical figure of Heracles who. as an internal conflict within the framework of the same civilization. on the one hand. its embodying in the material environment. Gradually the original clearness of the sacred-geographical panorama became muddy. but not interiority. Iranian or Chinese. North was shown in the heroic societies. but periodically losing contact with it (new moon). In the West. peculiar to the West. the Light of North generated great metaphysical civilizations such as the Indian. fetishism or paganism (in the negative. harmony reigns among civilizations. The people of North and people of the South opposed one another at the origins. which in the situation of the "conservative" South for a long time saved the Revelation. The people of the South The man of the South. But in spite of everything the typological dualism of the "people of North" and the "people of the South" was preserved in all times and epochs .

"nordic autochtones" since a long time do not represent any more a concrete historical-geographical reality. "Finnish" or "Eskimo" elements acquire the characters of"idol-worshipping" and "fetishism". on the one hand. the modern geopolitical picture of the world has very little in commun with the principial vision of the world in its supra-historical. North in Tradition is a meta-historical and meta-geographical reality. titanic. worshipping only "the golden veal" of comfort and egoistical hedonism. does not coincide at all with what is commonly agreed to call today the coupled with white race". it gives the effect of "archaism" and cultural stagnation. the "South" from some moment onwards became practically the whole planet. Even the most northern. (This theme of "metaphysical races" was in detail developed in the works of Julius Evola). the paleocontinent of North. already in themselves negative ? the South on the vertical line and the West on the horizontal line . the forces of the South are shown in despotic societies.are laid one upon the other. and meta-continents and meta-races (the realities of traditional sacred geography). All forms of Eastern totalitarianism. Modern geopolitics understands the terms "North" and "South" as wholly different categories than sacred geography does. where normal and fair eastern indifference to the individual turns into the denial of the great Supra-human Subject. in the West the South is shown in the extremely rough. no lesser than its most ancient population. since a long time ago do not exist any more in the pure state. and on the other. metaphysical sense. helps Zeus and the gods to defeat the rebellion of the giants (i. Somehow. coupled with the pole in the primordial epoch. as the influence of the original polar initiatic centre and its messengers on the world diminished. "paleo-asiatic". on the contrary. Hyperborea. even the last remains of this primordial culture have disappeared from physical reality already some millennia ago.e. and the color of the skin for a long time already ceased to be the distinctive sign of belonging to such or such "metaphysical race". meta-temporal cut. The continent of the South and the whole South of Tradition. Therefore between real continents and real races (the realities of modern geopolitics). and the South to negative. but almost an inverse correspondence. but in pure spiritual. today there exist not just a simple discrepancy. of the GermanScandinavian civilization in the "epoch of the Skalds". on the other hand. serves for the sake of sacred rules and spiritual Order). which corresponded to them in primordial times. In other words. The same can be said also about the "hyperborean race " ? a "race" not in the biological. when the atomic individuals reach the limit of antiheroic degeneration. on the colour of the skin etc. Northern Tradition and its original population. are linked to the South. In the North.) In the East. And at last. "nordic" traditions under the southern influence. Firstly. "humanist" tendency). the race of the "white teachers". and to some extent even turned upside down. in an exclusively modern geopolitical picture of the world everything is much more complex. both typological and racial. From continents to meta-continents If from the perspective of sacred geography the symbolical North univocally corresponds to positive aspects. The South. in particular. the ancient nordic race. . projects itself on all three orientations according to an opposite image. exacting the original Tradition. Thus. materialistic forms of individualism.western. The continents and their populations in our epoch have gone extremely far from those archetypes. Secondly. The modern races of the South represent a product of multiple mixtures with the races of North. remaining a spiritual reality. since many millennia already does not exist on a physical level. By common judgement. That exactly such combination of the two sacred-geopolitical tendencies gives the most negative type of civilization is obvious. (This is characteristic. on which is directed the spiritual look of the intiated. too. based only on physical characters. since in it two attitudes.

In this case. Thus. Such "economic racism " was especially clearly shown in the Anglo-Saxon colonial conquests. Moreover. The racial image of "Rich North " is linked to those peoples having white skin.The illusion of the "rich North" Modern geopolitics uses the concept of "north" most frequently with the definition "rich" ? "the rich North ". the unproblematic and artificial pseudoparadise of those whom Nietzsche called "the last men". not of belonging to "rich North") peoples were developed. means exclusively material welfare. "primitiveness". biological racism of the English kind. but nevertheless. explicit or hidden. and on this base the most ridiculous prejudices about "barbarism". Actually. Equity and Purity above the darkness of animal life. in spite of all attempts from "rich (and aggressive!) North" to impose on everyone its own measure and path of development. precisely this substitution of categories of sacred geography with categories of material and technical development was also that most negative side of national-socialism which led it. typical both of the English colonialists and of the German nationalsocialist orthodox followers of Rosenberg. materialism. material and quantitative welfare was equalled to a qualitative criterion. from the exploitation of human and natural resources. The substance of North in sacred geography is the primacy of spirit above substance. and also "the advanced North ". the "rich North " also today shows only "racist" haughtiness. in its relations with the undeveloped and less developed countries of the Third world. the "wealth" of modern "advanced" North cannot serve as a criterion of genuine superiority above material "poverty" and technical backwardness of modern "primitive South ". However its bearers became first of all the US and their atlantic partners in Western Europe. and this feature lays at the roots of the various versions. there are various points of view: some see even under the layer of "Marxist" and "Maoist" rethorics some traditional principles. the definitive and total victory of Light. on the contrary. often Nazi ideologists simply blended vague guesses about pure "spiritual nordism" and "spiritual arian race" with vulgar. At least two sacred civilizations still exist today in the Southern space. But even after the defeat of the Third Reich. atheism. theoretical and even military collapse). "rich North" geopolitically means those countries where forces directly opposite to Tradition have won . hedonism. or more spiritual than the "South" but because it builds its social system on the principle of maximizing the material which can be taken from the social and natural potential.e. and afterwards its embellished version was introduced in the most rough and contradictory aspects of the national-socialist ideology. and later Germany and the US. and consequently. to its political. which were always undiscussed for the . This connotates the whole aggregate of the western civilization. The success of "rich North" in the material sphere was raised to a political and even "racial" principle in those countries which were the avantgarde of industrial. Material progress of the technical civilization was accompanied by a monstrous spiritual regress just of sacred culture. this means that behind such "poverty" a spiritual wealth is sometimes disguised. the arrogance of individual passions and the mud of base egoism. "underdevelopment" and "untermenschlichkeit" of southern (i. technical and economic development ? i. These are Hinduist India and the Islamist world. eventually. England. in the most recent mondialist doctrines of "rich North" the question of biological and racial purity is not stressed. material "poverty" of the South quite often is conversely linked to the conservation in southern regions of the genuinely sacred forms of civilization. giving its basic attention to the development of the material and economic side of life. in practice. of "western racism" (in particular Anglo-Saxon). from the point of view of Tradition.forces of quantity. As the Far East tradition is concerned. spiritual degradation and emotional degeneration. from "hyperborean spirit".e. mercantilistic. or more intellectual. this kind of a racism of the "rich North" has not disappeared at all from political life. consumer society. (By the way. "Rich North " is rich not for being cleverer. Holland. " Rich North " means something radically distinct from "spiritual nordism". Certainly. "Rich North" mondialist geopolitics.

exhibit "spiritual". Actually " the poor South " is "poor" at a material level precisely because of its spiritual attitudes. that saturation of which have been deprived for a long time the representants of the "rich North". than the straight denial of all Traditional values. than all remaining regions. the autochthonous traditions of the "not white" peoples became for the material conquerors of the "rich North" simply a drag on the accomplishment of their purposes. Islam. such definition actually equates countries of the "Third world " to "nobody's" bases of natural and human resources. according to the Tradition. It could be said that the correlation between North and South in original times is polarly opposite to their correlation in our epoch. abnormal and unnatural tendencies . detached and. The people of the "poor South" normally dwell into Tradition. . predisposed to . Paradox of the " Third World " The "Poor South" in mondialist projects is actually synonym to "the Third world". be exploited and be used for its own purposes. the expression "Third world " has a pejorative sense: according to utilitarian logics of tthe "rich North". It holds a passive position and resists. Khali-Yuga. from a spiritual point of view. indifferent attitude ? in stark contrast to the material obsession of the "rich North". Basically. representing just a bright glass kaleidoscope. never coupled with the sacred North. internal desolation. as it is the South that today still preserves some links with the Tradition. only an empty picture. deeper and even more magnificent. complete aimlessness of existence. whereas the North has definitively lost them. This world was called "Third" during the cold war. the active traditional initiative cannot emanate from the South.Chinese sacred civilization.made hysterical by nevroses. all the same in comparison with atheized and utterly materialistic "rich North". The geopolitical South in our time saved in general an exclusively traditionalist attitude towards the objects of the external world ? a quiet. and till now their existences are fuller. This was almost always possible to it. Thus "rich North " skilfully manoeuvered the traditional political-ideological and religious features of the "poor South ". Nevertheless this statement does not absolutely cover the whole picture of reality. which should only obey. And on the contrary. Anyway. In line of principle. that intensity. trying to asserve to its exclusively materialist and economic concerns those forces and structures. "rigorous" and "normal" features whereas the "rich North" itself. Such an utilitarian use of the various aspects of Tradition for exclusively antitraditional purposes was an even greater evil. which on spiritual potential much more exceeded the spiritual level of "North". since the highest pervertion consists in that the great is asserved to the insignificant. religious features or national problems. to its materialistic and hedonistic paranoia.in the South there is only an accumulation and preservation of spiritual impulses. is completely "abnormal" and "pathological".since. material fears. The fact is that Tradition is preserved in the South only in an inertial. the mondialist "rich North" has managed so to harden its pernicious effect on the planet due to the specificity of northern regions. since the true Tradition cannot admit in relation to itself such humiliating reference. fragmentary. Confucianism. as the same cyclical moment of development of our civilization favours perverted. even those southern regions inhabited by peoples saving their devotion to very ancient and almost forgotten sacred traditions. and this concept supposed that the other two "worlds" ? advanced capitalist and less advanced Soviet ? are more relevant and significant for global geopolitics. we are now in the latest period of the "dark century". eventually. always giving the material aspects of existence a minor and unimportant place. only defending itself. as the practices of aggressive-atheistic " rich North " with the "Third world". Therefore the spiritual North does not fully transfer itself to the South at the end of times . but at the same time they have often used the separate aspects of Tradition for achieving their mercatilistic purposes ? exploiting contradictions. as the active comparticipation in sacred Tradition bestows on all aspects of their personal lives that sense. partial way. Hinduism.

economic and religious factors serve the mondialists only as instruments in their cynical and deeply materialistically motivated activity. It is the "second world ". or to be thrown down to the "poor South". being one with an agressive materialistic technocratic society in the absence of an intermediate power. nor can offer the radical geopolitical project capable to subvert the pathological picture of modern planetary space. complicating the clearness of geopolitical relations on an the North . It is not surprising. the pressure of the "rich North" on the "poor South" increases. cannot be crowned with success. that existed till yesterday ? the "Second world". as definite spiritual motives secretly influenced the nominally materialistic ideology of the Soviet socialism. is possible only through a radical waiving of the planetary logics of a dichotomic North . therefore true efficiency belongs to the geopolitical initiatives coming from the North. the West and the US). Such dualism. modernist and materialist kind). The "Second world". This "second world" was neither the present "rich North". Under the expression "second world " it is conventionally understood to mean the socialist camp integrated into the Soviet system. The role of the " Second World " In the bipolar geopolitical picture "rich North" ? "poor South" there always existed an additional component having self-supporting and very relevant meaning. the planetary belt of the "rich North" was broken in eastern Eurasia. The end of the "Second world" as a special civilization leaves to the Euroasian space of the former USSR two alternatives ? either to be integrated in the "rich North" (that is. and on the lands of sufficiently "civilized" Europe.South axis.activity. since as a whole the attitude to material development. being disintegrated. that besides false "humanist" rethorics the "racist" reasons invoked to inspire the Russians a complex of "white" superiority in relation to the Asian and Caucasian south will even more often and almost openly be used. "progress" and other only profane principles laid at the roots of the Soviet system. the separation of regions (part to the "North". The "Poor South" possesses today all spiritual priority before the "rich North". The "Second world" disappears. To this is correlated the inverse process ? the definitive rejection of southern territories of the former "Second world " to the "poor South " is accompanied by playing the the card of fundamentalist tendencies. but it thus cannot serve as a serious alternative to the profane aggression of the "rich North". inertial. During the socialist period. without putting into doubt the fundamental polar conception of modern geopolitics. i. is also possible. neither the present "Third world".South axis. than the total partition according to the dictating rules of the "rich North". to turn into the "Third world". As always has been in the last centuries. which is only planned today. and part to the "South"). At the same time. people's inclination to Tradition. leaving aside all deceitful declarations of humanitarian and economic mood.e. conservative kind) and "antitraditionalism" (the actively northern. The geopolitically eurasian USSR is located both on the territories of "poor Asia". cynically using the paradoxes of the same concept of "Second world ". any attempt simply to save the "Second world" as something self-supporting and balancing halfway between North and South (in their exclusive modern meaning). There is no more place for it on the modern geopolitical map. is broken along the lines of "traditionalism" (the southern. National. North was and remains the elective place of force. is predetermined by the expansion of mondialistic understanding of the world in terms of "rich North" ? "poor South" ". Any attempt to save the former Soviet Great Space. Any different destiny for the the "Second world". the initiative of redistributing geopolitical spaces in this process belongs to the "rich North". but in the near future will become the dominant phenomenon of the Euroasian geopolitics. fixes new geopolitical borders and breaks zones of influence. and the revival of religion. . understood and realized in its real nature. As a compromise variant. which. considered in a mondialist key.

on the complete despise of the material for the sake of the spiritual. of course. unable to counter itself the "rich North". inhabited by traditional peoples and being a terra incognita of the modern world. self-sacrifice.South mondialist logics and on returning to the spirit of genuine sacred geography ? as far as it possible at the end of dark era. in different terminology. "Poor North" starts a geopolitical and ideological fight with the "rich North". It is the project of the "Great Return" or. It is especially important to strike the representants of the ideology of the "rich South ". the essence of this project is as follows. equity. but to the "poor North". concentrate the forces struggling against the "rich North" of the atlantist West. The internal geopolitical energies of the "Second world " are put before a choice ? either to be incorporated in the system of the "civilized northern belt" and definitively to tear off any connection with a sacred history (project of leftist mondialism). active and aggressive. instead of the "Maastricht Europe of goods". Tiersmonde ? même combat]. crashing its social and political manipulations. In other regions of the "rich North" a potential opposition of the "poor North" is also possible too . on radical devotion to the highest values of Tradition. activity and the spiritual profile of the genuine sacred North make the traditions of the revert to a nordic Source. which practically will mean only an increasing withdrawal from the remains of sacred Tradition. the sacred ideal of returning to the nordic sources of civilization. The path of "Poor North " for Russia means the refusal of incorporating in the mondialist belt. In this direction the events today are developing and will develop in the near future. its argument is. extending on a circle around the whole planet. In its most general features. rejecting its projects. " by the Second world ".The project of the "Rising North" The "Rich mondialist North" globalizes its domination over the planet through partition and destruction of the "Second world". bating its stainless efficiency. Such North is "Poor" because it is based on total ascetism. or to turn into an occupied territory being allowed a partial restoration of some aspects of tradition (project of the rightist mondialism). 1) The "Rich North is opposed not to the "poor South". intellectual. "Poor North" should be spiritual. engages a radical alliance with the "poor (eurasian) North" and starts a liberation struggle against "northern" dictatorship. the "Europe of the peoples and traditions". (Alain de Benoist expressed this idea in the title of his famous book "The Third world and Europe: the same fight" [L'Europe. The passive recalcitrance of the "South" acquires thus a fulcrum in the planetary messianism of the "nordics". which. and raise the "South" to a planetary revolt against the only geopolitical enemy. "progress" and "modernization" of traditional countries. being in effect. i. working in the "rich North". Thus an end is forever put to the ideologically vulgar versions of Anglo-Saxon racism. The "Poor North " is an ideal.e. The active forces of antitradition consolidate their victory over the passive recalcitrance of southern regions. hailing the "technical civilization of the white peoples" and echoing the mondialist propaganda. "spiritual Europe".) Intellectuality. of achaicizing its own traditions and of reducing them to the folkloric level of an ethno-religious reserve. In modern geopolitics this is also called as the "new world order". stand up for "development". 2) The "Poor South".which can be shown in a radical sabotage on part of the intellectual western élite to the establishied course of the "mercantilistic civilization". As the alternative project it is possible theoretically to formulate a different path of geopolitical transformation based on rejecting the North . of the "Great War of Continents". blasting from the inside and from the outside its plans. those forces which. together with the "poor South". preserving their economic backwardness and defending Tradition in its residual forms. 3) The "Poor North" of the eurasian East. socio-politically resisted until the last moment to the final adoption of a mondialist civilization in its most "progressive" forms. Northern eurasian lands of Russia are the only territories on earth which have been not completely mastered by the "rich North". "Poor North" geographically exists only on the territories of Russia. radically rejecting the degenerated and antisacred branch of those white peoples which followed the path of technical . in the rebellion against the world of finance for the ancient and eternal values of Spirit.

A New Earth and New Heaven arise. the flame of the "resurrection of the spiritual North". the flame of Hyperborea transforms the geopolitical reality. This path is not from sacred geography to geopolitics. The new global ideology is the ideology of Final Restoration. which wanted to put the mondialist spokesmen of the End of History. from geopolitics to sacred geography. giving those who chose voluntary poverty a reign of spiritual abundance. Flares the planetary supra-racial and supra-national Geopolitical Revolution based on the fundamental solidarity of the "Third world" with that part of the "Second world" which rejects the project of the "rich North". The materialistic. During the struggle.progress and material development. ---- . Invisible meta-continents appear into reality.but not that dot. and to those who preferred wealth founded on assassination of Spirit. atheistic. antisacral. The missed continents are lifted from the abysses of the past. the coming of the Terrible Destiny. but on the contrary. technocratic. atlantist variant of the End is turned into a different epilogue ? the final Victory of the sacred Avatar. eternal damnation and torments in hell. putting the final dot to the geopolitical history of civilization .