Pengantar Management Organisasi

Romi Satria Wahono
Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI) Saitama University
Disampaikan di Seminar Manajemen PMIJ, Komaba, Komaba, Japan, 29 Desember 2001

Romi Satria Wahono

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Isi
Pengertian Management Tugas dan Peran Manager Pengertian Organisasi Kultur dan Karakteristik Organisasi

Romi Satria Wahono

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Siapa Itu Manager Jenis Pekerja: „ „ Manager: „ Non-managerial employees Managers Seseorang yang bekerja dengan dan melalui orang lain. 3 „ Romi Satria Wahono . mengkoordinir aktifitas kerja mereka untuk mencapai suatu tujuan organisasi.

Klasifikasi Manager Top Managers Middle Managers First Line Managers Non-managerial Employees Romi Satria Wahono 4 .

sehingga kerja bisa terselesaikan secara efektif dan efisien Management: Romi Satria Wahono 5 .Apa Itu Management Proses pengkoordinasian aktifitas kerja beberapa orang.

Efektif dan Efisien dalam Management Efficiency (doing things right) Resource Usage Low Waste Effectiveness (doing the right things) Goal Attainment High Attainment Management strives for: Low resource waste (high efficiency) High goal attainment (high effectiveness) Romi Satria Wahono 6 .

Apa Tugas Manager Management Function and Process Management Roles Management Skills Managing in Changing Situations Romi Satria Wahono 7 .

establishing strategy. and developing sub-plans to coordinate activities Organizing Leading Determining what needs to be done. and who is to do it Directing and motivating all involved parties and resolving conflicts Controlling Monitoring activities to ensure that they are accomplished as planned Lead to Achieving Achievingthe the organization’s organization’s stated statedpurpose purpose Romi Satria Wahono 8 .Management Functions Planning Defining goals. how it will be done.

obliged to perform a number of routine duties of a legal or social nature . signing legal documents Figurehead .Symbolic head.Maintains self-developed network of outside contacts and informers who provide favors and information Leader . responsible for staffing training. and associated duties .Acknowledging mail.Performing virtually all activities that involve subordinates Liaison .Greeting visitors.Management Roles: Interpersonal Description Interpersonal Examples .Responsible for the motivation of subordinates. performing other activities that involve outsiders 9 Romi Satria Wahono . doing external board work.

etc. making phone calls to relay information Spokesperson Romi Satria Wahono . maintaining personal contacts Monitor . results.Management Roles: Informational Description Informational Examples .Holding board meetings.Transmits information to outsiders on organization's plans.Reading periodicals and reports. Disseminator .Holding information meetings.Transmits information received from outsiders or subordinates to members od the organization . policies. giving information to the media 10 .Seeks and receives wide variety of internal and external information to develop thorough understanding of organizations and environment .

Responsible for corrective action when organization faces important.Responsible for the allocations of organizational resources of all kinds . requeting authorization .Management Roles: Decisional Decisional Description .Searches opportunities and initiates improvement projects .Responsible for presenting the organization at major negotiations Examples .Participating in union contract negotiations Entrepreneur Disturbance handler Resource Allocator Negotiator Romi Satria Wahono 11 .Scheduling. unexpected disturbances .Organizing strategy that involve disturbances and crises .Organizing strategy to develop new programs .

Management Skills Top Management Middle Management Lower-Level Management Level of importance Romi Satria Wahono 12 Conceptual Skills Human Skills Technical Skills .

Managing in Changing Situations Management tidak bisa berbasis pada metode yang tetap dan sederhana Perubahan waktu. situasi dan lingkungan mengharuskan manager untuk menggunakan pendekatan dan metode berbeda Situational Approach Romi Satria Wahono 13 .

Romi Satria Wahono 14 . untuk mencapai suatu tujuan tertentu. dengan suatu perencanaan kerja dan peraturan.Apa Itu Organisasi Organisasi: Sekelompok manusia yang bekerjasama.

Karakteristik Organisasi Tujuan Jelas Orang Struktur Romi Satria Wahono 15 .

Temporary jobs .Team oriented .Work anywhere.The Changing Organization Traditional Organization Stable Inflexible Job focused Work is defined by job position Individual oriented Permanent jobs Command oriented Managers always make decisions Rule oriented Relatively homogeneous workforce Workdays defined as 9 to 5 hierarchical relationship Work to organizational facility during specific hours - New Organization Dynamic Flexible Skills focused Works is defined in terms of tasks to be done .Employees participate in decision making .Involvement oriented . anytime Romi Satria Wahono 16 .Lateral and networked relationships .Workdays have no time boundaries .Customer oriented .Diverse workforce .

Ability to learn.If it’s working don’t change it .If it was invented or reinvented here. knowledge and expertise .Attitude toward change .If it was not invented here reject it . it won’t be working for long .Enable others 17 .Everyone in organization .Competitive advantage .Control others .Learning Organization vs Traditional Organization Traditional Organization .Not learning.Attitude toward new ideas . such as R& D .Making mistakes . not adapting .Manager’s job Romi Satria Wahono Learning Organization .Main fear .If you aren’t changing.Who’s responsible for innovation . reject it .Product and services .Traditional areas.

Organizational Culture Innovation and Risk Taking Aggressiveness Team Orientation Outcome Orientation People Orientation Organizational Cultural Stability Romi Satria Wahono 18 .

Bagaimana Memahami Kultur Organisasi Stories Rituals Material Symbols Language Romi Satria Wahono 19 .

Lingkungan Organisasi Legal Technological Public Pressure Groups Economics Suppliers The Organization Competitors Customers Global Sociocultural Romi Satria Wahono Political 20 .

Taylor] [Frank & Lilian Gilbert] Organizational Behavior E-Business Management Total Quality Management Human Resource Management Romi Satria Wahono 21 .Isu-Isu Lain Bidang Management Scientific Management Theory [Frederick W.

Referensi [Robbins-2002] Stephen P. 1973. The Nature of Managerial Work. Management. Romi Satria Wahono 22 . Robbins and Mary Coulter. Prentice-Hall International. [Mintzberg-1973] Henry Mintzberg. 2002. Harper & Row.

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