Glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) values determined in subjects with normal glucose tolerance: 2008

Food Number and Item GI2 (Glucose = 100) Serve Size g GL3 per serve

1 2 3 4

5 6 7 8 9

10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24

BAKERY PRODUCTS Cakes Banana cake, made with sugar Banana cake, made without sugar Carrot cake, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines) Chocolate cake made from packet mix with chocolate frosting (Betty Crocker, General Mills Inc., Minneapolis, USA) Cupcake, strawberry-iced (Squiggles, Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Tooronga, Australia) Lamingtons (sponge dipped in chocolate and coconut) (Farmland, Grocery Holdings, Australia) Pound cake 0% (Bimbo S.A de C.V, Mexico) Raspberry Coffee cake, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Vanilla cake, made from packet mix with vanilla frosting (Betty Crocker, USA) Desserts Apple Berry crumble, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Bavarian (mousse filling on biscuit base), Chocolate honeycomb, light (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia) Danish, Apple & Peach, light (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia) Doughnut, wheat dough, deep-fried (China) Muffins Apple muffin, made with rolled oats and sugar Apple muffin, made rolled oats and without sugar Apple Blueberry muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia) Apple, oat, sultana muffin (Australia) Apricot, coconut and honey muffin (Australia) Banana, oat and honey muffin (Australia) Blueberry muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia) Blueberry (Wild) 10-Grain muffin, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Chocolate butterscotch muffin (Australia) Chocolate chip muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia) Cranberry & Orange Soy muffin, President's Choice®

47±8 55±10 36 38±3

60 60 60 111

14 12 8 20

73±12 87±17 38±5 50±4 42±4

38 50 60 60 58

19 25 9 13 24

41±3 31±5 50±4 75±7 44±6 48±10 49±4 54±4 60±4 65±11 50±3 57±7 53±5 52±6 48±6

165 75 50 50 60 60 60 50 50 50 60 70 50 60 70

14 6 11 15 13 9 12 14 16 17 15 22 15 17 14

25 26 27 28 29

30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

40 41 42 43 44

45 46 47

Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Double chocolate muffin (Sara Lee Bakery, Australia) Muffin, plain, made from wheat flour (Spain) Muffin, reduced-fat, low-calorie, made from high-amylose corn starch and maltitol (Spain) Raisin Bran Flax muffin, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Raspberry Pomegranate muffin, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Pancakes Pancakes, homemade (Fiji) Pancakes, prepared from shake mix (Green's General Foods, Glendenning, Australia) Pancakes, prepared from wheat flour (China) Pancakes, buckwheat, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Orgran Natural Foods, Carrum Downs, Australia) Pancakes, gluten-free, made from packet mix (Freedom Foods, Cheltenham, Australia) Pancakes, prepared with coconut flour (Philippines) Pan de sal (sweet bread roll), containing coconut flour (Philippines) Pastry, puff (PampasTM, Australia) Pikelets, Golden brand (Tip Top Bakeries, Chatswood, Australia) Scones, plain, made from packet mix (Defiance Milling Co, Australia) BEVERAGES Aussie Bodies Start the Day UHT, Choc Banana flavored drink (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia) Aussie Bodies Start the Day UHT, Chocolate flavored drink (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia) Beer, Toohey's New (Tooheys Pty Limited, Australia)7 Chocolate DaydreamTM shake, fructose (Revival Soy®, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA)8 Chocolate DaydreamTM shake, sucralose (Revival Soy®, Physicians Pharmaceuticals, Inc, USA)8 Coca Cola® Coca Cola®, soft drink (Coca Cola Amatil, Sydney, Australia) Coca Cola®, soft drink (Coca Cola Bottling Company, Atlanta, USA) Cordial, orange, reconstituted (Berri Ltd, Berri, Australia)

46±4 46±8 37±3 52±3 58±7

60 50 50 70 70

16 11 9 17 19

66±9 67±5 80±4 102±11 61±6 46 61 56±5 85±14 92±8

80 80 80 80 80 80 80 50 40 25

17 38 16 23 32 10 22 11 18 8

24±3 26±4 66±7 33±4 25±4

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

4 4 5 6 1

53±7 63 66±8

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

14 16 13

48 49 50 51 52

53

54 55 56

57 58 59 60

61 62 63 64

65 66 67 68

Fanta®, orange soft drink (Coca Cola Amatil, Australia) Fruit punch (USA) Lemonade, Scheweppes®, lemon soft drink (Cadbury Schweppes, Sydney, Australia) Mars Active® Energy Drink, flavored milk (M&M/Mars, USA) Orange Delight Cocktail with pulp, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) RibenaTM blackcurrant fruit syrup, reconsituted with water (GlaxoSmithKline Group, Australia) Rice milk drink Rice milk drink, low-fat, Australia's Own NaturalTM (So Natural Foods, Taren Point, Australia) Vitasoy® rice milk, low-fat, calcium enriched (National Foods Ltd, Australia)8 Slim FastTM French Vanilla ready-to-drink shake (Slim Fast Foods Company, Englewood, USA) Smoothie, made from milk and fruit Smoothie, banana (Australia) Smoothie, banana and strawberry, V8 Splash® (Campbell's Soup Company, Camden, USA) Smoothie, mango (Australia) Smoothie, raspberry (Con Agra Inc, Omaha, USA) mean of four foods Smoothie, made from soy milk Smoothie drink, soy, banana (So Natural Foods, Australia)8 Smoothie drink, soy, chocolate hazelnut (So Natural Foods, Australia)8 SoloTM, lemon squash, soft drink (Cadbury Schweppes, Australia)8 Soy Beverage, Chocolate flavored, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Soy Beverage, Original flavored, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Soy Beverage, Vanilla flavored, President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Up & Go, cocoa malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)8 Up & Go, original malt flavor (soy milk, rice cereal

68±6 67 54±5 46±4 44±5

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

23 19 15 15 7

52±5

250 mL

17

92±9 79±8 37±5

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

29 17 10

30±4 44±3 32±4 33±9 35±3 30±3 34±3 58±5 40±5

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

8 11 9 14 11 7 8 17 11

15±4 28±3 43±5 46±5

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

1 4 11 11

69 70

71 72 73

74 75 76 77 78

79 80 81 82

83

84 85 86

liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium Health Foods, Australia)8 V8 Splash®, tropical blend fruit drink (Campbell's Soup Company, USA) Xpress, chocolate (soy bean, cereal and legume extract drink with fructose)8 (So Natural Foods, Australia) V8® 100% vegetable juice (Campbell's Soup Company, USA) Yakult®, fermented milk drink with Lactobacilus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Australia) Yakult® Light, fermented milk drink with Lactobacilus casei (Yakult, Dandenong, Australia) Sports drinks Gatorade® (Spring Valley Beverages Pty Ltd, Cheltenham, Vic, Australia) Isostar® (Novartis Consumer Health, Nyon, Switzerland) Sustagen Sport® (Mead Johnson, Rydalmere, NSW, Australia) Thorpedo® Advanced Hydration for Kids, all flavors (Thorpedo Foods, Australia) Thorpedo® Ultra Low GI Energy Water, all flavors (Thorpedo Foods, Australia) Drinks made from drinking mix powders Aussie Bodies Trim Protein Shake, Chocolate flavored (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia) Aussie Bodies Trim Protein Shake, French Vanilla flavored (Aussie Bodies Pty Ltd, Australia) Build-UpTM nutrient-fortified drink, vanilla with fiber, (Nestlé, Sydney, Australia) CinchTM Café Latte weight management powder, prepared with skim milk (Shaklee Corporation, Pleasanton, USA) CinchTM Chocolate weight management powder, prepared with skim milk (Shaklee Corporation, USA) CinchTM Vanilla weight management powder, prepared with skim milk (Shaklee Corporation, USA) Complete Hot Chocolate mix made with hot water (Nestlé, Australia) Hi-Pro energy drink mix, vanilla, containing soy protein and whey powder (Harrod foods, Sefton, Australia) mixed in reduced-fat (1.5%) milk

47±4 39±2

250 mL 250 mL

13 13

43±4 46±6 36±6

250 mL 65 mL 65 mL

4 6 3

78±13 70±15 43±9 11±2 16±4

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

12 13 21 4 2

39±4 41±3 41±4 27±3

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

5 5 14 8

16±3

250 mL

5

22±3 51±3 36±3

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

6 12 7

prepared with skim milk (MGC Dairy Co Pty Ltd. Australia) NutrimealTM. Dutch Chocolate (Usana. Auckland. prepared with 1. strawberry (Nestlé. prepared with in water QuikTM. white (USA)9 Baguette Traditional French baguette (prepared with wheat flour.5% fat milk BREADS Bagel. prepared with 1. Baulkham Hills. strawberry (Nestlé.87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 Malted milk powder in full-fat milk (Nestlé. Australia) dissolved in water MiloTM (Nestlé. meal replacement drink. USA) (2000) NutrimealTM. Australia). President's Choice® Blue Menutm (Loblaw Brands Limited. made with water QuikTM. neutral flavor. Australia). Melbourne. Canada) French baguette with chocolate spread (France) French baguette with butter and strawberry jam (France) Pain au lait (Pasquier. Australia) Proform Hi-protein powder. salt and 20 g yeast) (France) Whole Grain Baguette. New Zealand) dissolved in water MiloTM (Nestlé. chocolate (Nestlé. water. vanilla flavor. chocolate (Nestlé. meal replacement drink. Australia). 80% kernels 80% scalded intact kernels (20% white wheat flour) 80% intact kernels (20% white wheat flour) Barley kernel bread. Australia). Australia) MiloTM (chocolate nutrient-fortified drink powder) MiloTM (Nestlé. New Zealand) dissolved in full-fat milk MiloTM Breakfast Smoothie powder prepared with skim milk (Nestlé. Australia) QuikTM (sweet drink powder) QuikTM. 50% kibbled barley (Australia) 45±3 55±3 52±5 35±2 36±3 39±5 26±3 20±2 45±3 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 12 9 8 9 9 13 4 3 22 42±5 250 mL 21 53±5 41±4 64±8 35±3 250 250 250 250 4 5 5 4 101 102 103 104 105 106 69 57±9 73±6 72±8 62±7 63±10 70 30 30 70 70 60 24 10 9 27 26 20 107 108 109 34 40 48 30 30 30 7 8 10 . prepared with skim milk (MGC Dairy Co Pty Ltd. France) Barley breads Coarse barley kernel bread. Australia) (2007) Proform Hi-protein powder. Salt Lake City. Australia) dissolved in full-fat milk MiloTM (Nestlé. all flavors (Usana Australia.5% fat milk QuikTM.

7% soluble) (Italy) Whole grain barley flour bread.fermented or with added organic acids or salts (Sweden) Wholemeal barley flour bread (used as reference food for the 5 breads below)9 Wholemeal barley flour bread with sourdough (lactic acid)9 Wholemeal barley flour bread with lactic acid9 Wholemeal barley flour bread with calcium lactate9 Wholemeal barley flour bread with sodium propionate9 Wholemeal barley flour bread with higher dose sodium propionate9 Buckwheat bread Buckwheat bread. 70% high-amylose barley flour & 30% white wheat flour. made from 50% barley flour and 50% wheat flour (containing 2.0% soluble) (Italy) Barley bread. thin. conventionally baked (Sweden) Wholemeal barley flour (80%) & white wheat flour (20%) breads .110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 Sunflower and barley bread (Riga bakeries. UK) Barley flour breads Wholemeal barley flour (80%) bread (20% white wheat flour) (Sweden) Wholemeal barley bread. 50% dehusked buckwheat groats and 50% white wheat flour (Sweden) Buckwheat bread (China) Chickpea flour bread Chickpea flour bread. 50% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden) Wholemeal barley bread. 57±6 70±10 67 50 43 74±15 30 30 30 30 30 30 6 8 13 7 5 12 70±7 30 11 85±14 30 15 49 30 6 70 30 9 70 53 66 59 65 57 30 30 30 30 30 30 14 10 12 12 13 11 47 67±2 55 30 30 30 10 13 7 . made from Amethyst-type desi chickpeas (JK International Pty Ltd. made from 50% wheat flour and 50% coarse sieved barley flour (containing 4. soft (20% regular barley flour.2% total 1-3. Australia) Sunflower and barley bread (Vogel's. baked long-time at low tempertaure (Sweden) Barley bread.8% soluble) (Italy) Barley flour bread.4% total 1-3. 70% high-amylose barley flour and 30% white wheat flour.3% total 1-3. 1-4 β-glucan of which 5. soft (50% regular barley flour. 1-4 β-glucan of which 2. made from 80% wheat flour and 20% water-extracted barley flour (containing 6. flat. Sydney. thin. 80% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden) Barley flour bread. flat. 1-4 β-glucan of which 2.

Australia) Hamburger/Hot dog buns 100% Whole wheat Gigantico Burger Buns. Australia) Continental fruit loaf. Mannitowoc. Dandenong. 80% intact oat kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) Oat bran bread 50% oat bran (Australia) 45% oat bran and 50% wheat flour (Sweden) 67 49±6 30 50 8 11 67 44±5 53±4 47±6 71±11 54±6 57±6 63±5 54±6 47±2 79±13 40±5 72±5 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 8 6 7 7 11 8 9 9 7 7 10 3 8 62±6 30 7 62±6 30 7 65 30 12 44 50 30 30 8 9 . made from flax meal & wheat flour (Canada)9 Fruit breads Bürgen® Fruit loaf (Tip Top Bakeries. Australia) Fruit loaf. pecan bread) (Natural Ovens. NSW. Australia) Bürgen® Fruit and Muesli bread (Tip Top Bakeries. UK) Fruit and Spice Loaf.129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 Rocklea. QLD. flax. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Diego's brand (San Diego Tortilla Factory Pty Ltd. Chatswood. USA) Whole-wheat bread with dried fruit (China) Gluten-free bread Gluten-free multigrain bread (Country Life Bakery. thick sliced (Buttercup bakeries. made with buckwheat meal & rice flour (Naturis Organic Bread. made from extruded chickpea flour (Australia) Corn tortilla. made from packet mix in bread making machine (Con Agra Inc. Autralia) Gluten-free buckwheat bread. made from white corn.. Andrews. Canada) Oat bread Coarse oat kernel bread. Canada) 100% Whole wheat Gigantico Hot Dog Rolls. Australia) Bread. Australia) Chickpea flour bread. sliced (UK) HappinessTM (cinnamon. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. raisin. USA) Muesli bread. Moorebank. Australia) Gluten-free white bread (Country Life Bakery. wheat bread with dried fruit (Australia) Fruit and cinnamon bread (Finest.

high-amylose Doongara rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery. Australia) Sourdough rye (Australia) Wheat Breads Coarse wheat kernel bread. Australia) Rye bread Rye bread (50% rye flour + 50% wheat flour) (Turkey) Wheat and rye bread (75% wheat flour + 10% rye flour + 15% wheat bran) (Turkey) Rye kernel bread Coarse rye kernel bread. Australia) White wheat flour bread 62±8 72±9 61±9 30 30 30 9 8 7 50 40 30 30 7 6 41 57 66 78±10 30 30 30 30 5 6 6 11 76±14 55±12 51±3 53±4 59±5 55±4 86±15 48 52 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 10 6 5 5 8 5 12 6 10 65 74 63 67 54±10 30 30 30 30 30 10 17 12 15 7 . NSW. Oululainen Ltd.149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 Oatmeal batch bread (UK) Rice bread Rice bread. Australia) Country Grain Organic Rye (Country Life Bakery. Ingleburn. Sydney. Australia) Schinkenbrot. Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery. 60% whole rye kernels and 40% rye flour (Finland)11 Rye bread (80% rye flour + 20% oat β-glucan concentrate) (Finland)11 Rye bread. Australia) BürgenTM Dark/Swiss rye (Tip Top Bakeries. 69% whole-grain rye flour (Jalkiuunileipa. Riga (Berzin's Specialty Bakery. Lahti. Australia) Rye Hi-Soy with Linseed (Country Life Bakery. Australia) BürgenTM Rye (Tip Top Bakeries. Sydney. Vogel's (Stevns & Co. Finland) Specialty rye breads Blackbread. Australia) Rice bread. 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) Spelt wheat breads White spelt wheat bread (Belgium) White spelt wheat bread (Slovenia)12 Wholemeal spelt wheat bread (Slovenia)12 Scalded spelt wheat kernel bread (Slovenia)12 Spelt multigrain bread® (Pav's bakery. low-amylose Calrose rice (Pav's Allergy Bakery. Australia) Roggenbrot. 80% intact kernels and 20% white wheat flour (Sweden) Whole-kernel rye bread. Sydney.

SunblestTM (Tip Top Bakeries. defrosted and toasted9 (British Bakeries Ltd. UK)9 White bread. homemade (UK)9 mean of sixteen studies White wheat flour bread. toasted White bread. British Bakeries Ltd. enriched white bread WonderTM. homemade. Japan) White flour (Vodova veka Penam. enriched with 9 g lupin kernel fiber 59±11 69±5 70 70±10 71±3 71±6 71±7 72 73±12 75 75±10 75±12 87 88±3 89±12 89 75±2 50±7 63 66 60 75 62 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 8 10 10 10 10 11 9 11 11 10 13 11 11 12 18 12 11 7 8 9 8 9 8 64 54 30 30 8 7 71±9 72±4 77±3 73 50 74 30 30 30 30 30 30 10 10 11 10 8 7 . defrosted9 and toasted (UK) WonderTM. toasted (British Bakeries Ltd. enriched white bread WonderTM. fresh. CT. toasted White wheat bread. frozen. frozen and defrosted. UK) White bread. homemade. frozen. Olomouc. USA) White flour (South Africa) White flour (Italy) White flour (Hovis. homemade. Australia) White flour (Sainsbury's.172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 White flour (UK) White flour (Canada) White flour. frozen and defrosted (British Bakeries Ltd. Kansas City. frozen and defrosted (UK) White wheat flour bread. UK) White flour bread White flour (Pepperidge Farm. Czech Republic) White flour (Hovis. toasted (Hovis. enriched white bread mean of three studies White bread with enzyme inhibitors White bread + acarbose (200 mg) (Mexico) White bread with insoluble fiber White bread. UK) White flour (Hovis Classic. toasted (UK)9 mean of three studies White wheat flour bread. UK) White bread. frozen and defrosted9 White bread. UK)9 White flour (China) White flour (Italy) White flour. enriched white bread (Interstate Brands Companies. Norwalk. UK)9 White bread. UK) White flour (Nishin Shokuhin. USA) WonderTM. fresh.

viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co. Australia) White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% tapicoa starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd.. Ltd. enriched with 12 g Arabinoxylan fiber14 (soluble fiber) (Australia) White bread.. Perth. Japan) White bread with 5 g Sunfibre. Japan) White bread with 5 g Sunfibre. Ltd. Belgium) in 250 mL water White bread with added ingredients White bread (100% wheat flour) + 2% pectin (George Weston Foods Ltd... Japan) White bread with 10 g Sunfibre. Australia) White bread with added wheatgerm and fiber (UK) White bread with soluble fiber White bread + 15 g psyllium fiber (Plantago psyllium) (Mexico) White bread. viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co. Australia) 59±11 65 41 56 30 30 30 30 6 11 4 7 63±4 64±5 68±5 56±1 55±2 30 30 30 30 30 10 10 11 10 9 49±4 57±5 66±6 - - 67±6 - - 85 76 79 78 77 30 30 30 30 30 11 9 9 10 10 . Ltd. Japan) White bread consumed with fiber drink White bread consumed with 5 g Sunfibre (Taiyo Kagaku Co. Japan) White bread with 15 g Sunfibre. Ltd. Australia) White bread (80% wheat flour + 20% chickpea flour) (George Weston Foods Ltd. Ltd.200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 (viscous insoluble fiber) (Australasian Natural Ingredients Pty Ltd. Tienen. Yokaichi Mie. Japan) dissolved in 250mL water White bread consumed with 10 g insoluble dextrin (Matsutani Chemical Industry Co Ltd. Yokaichi Mie. Australia) White bread (90% wheat flour + 10% modified corn starch) (George Weston Foods Ltd.. Yokaichi Mie. Japan) dissolved in 250mL water White bread consumed with 10 g Sunfibre (Taiyo Kagaku Co. viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co. viscosity 2 (Taiyo Kagaku Co. Yokaichi Mie. Australia) White bread (100% wheat flour) + 5% fruit fiber (George Weston Foods Ltd. Ltd. Yokaichi Mie. Japan) in 250 mL water White bread consumed with 10 g inulin (Orafti. viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co. enriched with 6 g Arabinoxylan fiber14 (soluble fiber) (Australia) White bread enriched with Sunfibre (Cyamoposis tetragonolobus) (Indian cluster guar beans) White bread with 3 g Sunfibre. Ltd.

Australia) White bread. prepared with a 10 min prove and a second 2 min proving (low loaf volume) (UK) White bread. containing 2% vinegar and 2.5) and fiber-enriched with oat fiber (Italy) White bread. fermented by sourdough lactobacilli (pH 1. prepared with a 40 min prove. Auckland. Australia) White bread containing Eurylon® high-amylose maize starch (France)15 White bread eaten with powdered dried seaweed (Nori alga) (Spain) White bread eaten with vinegar as vinaigrette (Sweden) White bread eaten with 18 g white vinegar (6% acetic acid) (Sweden) White bread eaten with 23 g white vinegar (6% acetic acid) (Sweden) White bread eaten with 28 g white vinegar (6% acetic acid) (Sweden) White and wholemeal bread (ratio 1:1). UK) Wholemeal flour (China) Wholemeal flour (Sainsbury's. UK) Wholemeal flour (Canada) Wholemeal flour (Australia) Wholemeal flour (Hovis. New Zealand) WonderwhiteTM (Buttercup Bakeries. with different proving times and bread volumes White bread. Australia) Wholemeal (whole wheat) wheat flour bread Wholemeal flour (Hovis.5% sourdough (Noble Rise Crunchy Toast. containing 2% guar gum (George Weston Foods Ltd. prepared with a 60 min prove and a second 30 min proving (moderate loaf volume) (UK) White bread. Australia) White bread.218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 White bread (95% wheat flour + 5% oat bran) (George Weston Foods Ltd. UK) 74 66 79 42 48 45 63 73 54 54 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 10 8 9 8 7 7 9 11 8 6 38±4 72±7 86±9 100±7 30 30 30 30 5 9 11 13 77±10 80±8 68±9 69±3 71±12 72±6 74 74±8 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 11 11 7 9 8 8 10 8 . a second 25 min proving and a third 50 min proving (large loaf volume) (UK) White resistant starch-enriched bread Fiber WhiteTM (Nature's Fresh. prepared with a 30 min prove and a second 12 min proving (moderate loaf volume) (UK) White bread.

QLD.240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 Wholemeal flour (South Africa) Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries. Australia) Wholemeal flour (France) mean of ten studies Wholemeal stoneground (whole wheat) wheat flour bread Wholemeal bread. Australia) BürgenTM Mixed Grain bread (Tip Top Bakeries... Australia) Healthy ChoiceTM Hearty 7 Grain (Con Agra Inc. USA) English Muffin. Chatswood. Australia) Crusty malted wheat bread (Finest. Australia) Wholemeal flour (Tip Top Bakeries. Canada) Golden HearthTM Organic Heavy Wholegrain bread (Gold Coast Bakeries. USA) Healthy ChoiceTM Hearty 100% Whole Grain (Con Agra Inc. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia) (1995) BürgenTM Oatbran & Honey bread (Tip Top Bakeries. kibbled soy (8%) and linseed (8%) loaf (Tip Top Bakeries. Australia) (2002) BürgenTM Pumpkin Seed bread. Australia) Bürgen® Soy-Lin. USA) Helga'sTM Classic Seed Loaf (Quality Bakers. Australia) Wholemeal flour. UK) English MuffinTM bread (Natural Ovens. Whole Grain Multigrain. Cardiff. 75±9 77±9 78±16 85±27 74± 2 30 30 30 30 30 9 9 9 13 9 59±8 66±13 52±7 53±9 30 30 30 30 7 8 8 6 34±4 45±12 52±4 44 31±3 49±4 49±4 36±4 39±8 52±8 77±7 45±3 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 4 5 5 5 3 5 4 3 2 7 11 5 53±7 55±6 62±6 68±9 30 30 30 30 7 8 9 9 . stoneground flour (Bill's Organic Bread. containing 6% pumpkin seeds (Tip Top Bakeries. Australia) Bürgen® Wholmeal & Seeds (Tip Top Bakeries. Australia) BürgenTM Mixed Grain BürgenTM Mixed Grain BürgenTM Mixed Grain mean of three studies BürgenTM Oat Bran & Honey Loaf with Barley (Tip Top Bakeries. stoneground (Waitrose. Australia) Bakers DelightTM Wholemeal Country Grain bread (Bakers Delight Holdings. UK) Specialty wheat breads Bakers DelightTM Hi Fibre Lo GI white bread (Bakers Delight Holdings.

UK) Multigrain batch bread (UK) 9-Grain Multi-Grain (Tip Top Bakeries. Australia) Tip TopTM EnerGI white bread (Tip Top Bakeries. whole grain bread (Natural Ovens.. Auckland. George Weston Ltd. 70±14 59±8 59±9 75±10 80±10 62±8 43±5 54±10 43 60 54±4 59±7 38±3 47 64±10 49±7 54 66±6 50±6 70±10 54 58 55±6 55±5 54±3 59 51±11 79 71 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 9 7 12 11 8 9 6 8 6 7 7 7 5 7 9 6 8 10 5 10 7 7 5 8 6 7 7 13 8 . containing coconut flour (Philippines) Multiseed bread (UK) Nutty NaturalTM. Sydney. original recipe (Quality Bakers. smooth milled (Quality Bakers. Canada) Vogel's Honey & Oats (Stevns & Co. whole grain bread (Natural Ovens. USA) White wheat flour flatbread (Sweden) Wheat bread. George Weston Ltd. organic (UK) MolenbergTM (Goodman Fielder. Australia) Seeded bread (UK) Sourdough wheat bread (Australia) Sourdough Vienna bread. Toronto. USA) PerformaxTM (Country Life Bakery. New Zealand) Multigrain bread (Sainsbury's. spelt wheat flour (Australia) Multigrain (50% kibbled wheat grain) (Australia) Multigrain loaf. Australia) Hunger FillerTM. USA) Tip TopTM EnerGI white bread (Tip Top Bakeries. Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) wheat. Bakers DelightTM (Bakers Delight Holdings. whole grain bread (Natural Ovens. Australia) Vogel's Wonder White 'Low GI' white bread (Quality Bakers.263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 Sydney. USA) Malt loaf. Australia) Helga'sTM Traditional Wholemeal bread (Quality Bakers. USA) Stay TrimTM. sprouted grains (Stonemill Bread. Australia) Soy & Linseed bread (made from packet mix cooked in bread maker) (Con Agra Inc. Australia) 3 Grain Bread. Australia) Vogel's Wonder White 'Low GI' white bread (Quality Bakers. Australia) Ploughman'sTM Wholegrain. Australia) 100% Whole GrainTM bread (Natural Ovens. Australia) Multigrain Loaf. Australia) Ploughman'sTM Wholemeal.

white (Seda Bakery. boiled for 2. Canada) All-BranTM (Kellogg's. extruded wheat bran cereal) All-BranTM (Kellogg's. Sydney. NSW. white.5 mm) dehulled barley flakes (Sweden) Barley porridge made from steamed thick (1. made from milled dehulled barley kernels (flour:water = 1:3) boiled for 2. Australia) All-Bran Soy 'n fiberTM (Kellogg's. boiled 2.5 min (Sweden) Barley flour porridge. MI.14 All-BranTM (Kellogg's Inc. USA) mean of four studies All-Bran Fruit 'n OatsTM (Kellogg's. leavened with yeast (Denmark) Unleavened Breads Lebanese bread.. Australia) All-Bran Wheat FlakesTM (Kellogg's. Battle Creek. Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) wheat. MI. Australia) Pita bread. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia)17 All-BranTM (Kellogg's.292 293 294 295 296 leavened with crushed whole grains (Denmark) Wheat bread. Canada) Bran FlakesTM (Kellogg's. made from milled high-amylose (covered) barley kernels (flour:water = 1:3). wholemeal (UK) BREAKFAST CEREALS All-BranTM (high-fiber. Australia) 65 67 30 30 8 8 75±9 68±5 56±13 30 30 30 12 10 8 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 30 38 51±5 55±7 44±6 41±9 33±3 60±8 74±5 69±3 46 39 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 4 8 12 12 9 7 4 12 17 14 15 11 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 62 65 68 55 43±10 50±7 65±8 74 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 30 30 30 30 17 18 23 8 5 10 12 13 . Einkorn (Triticum monococcum) wheat. UK) Bran Flakes.5 min (Sweden) Barley porridge made from steamed thin (0. Battle Creek. UK) Barley flakes (China) Barley porridge Barley flour porridge.0 mm) dehulled barley flakes (Sweden) Wholemeal barley flour porridge (100% regular barley) (flour:water = 1:3). Australia) BalanceTM (Sainsbury's. mini (UK) Pita bread.5 min (Sweden) Wholemeal high-fiber barley flour porridge (50% barley flour: 50% high-fiber barley flour) (Sweden) Bran cereal. USA)11. high fiber (UK) Bran Flakes Branflakes (Healthy Living. leavened with honey and salt (Denmark) Wheat bread. Pagewood.

wheat-based flaked cereal (2003) ChocapicTM. Wahgunyah. Australia) CornflakesTM Cornflakes (China) CornflakesTM (Kellogg's. Canada) Granola Clusters. Australia) Cornflakes (China) CornflakesTM (Kellogg's Inc. Canada) Froot LoopsTM (Kellogg's. Australia) HealthwiseTM for bowel health (Uncle Toby's. France) ChocapicTM. Australia) High-fiber cereal (UK) 63 70±10 74±9 84±9 76 77±8 77±3 74±3 77 79±4 80±6 93±14 81±3 72±4 80±4 80±7 56±10 69±9 55 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 12 17 19 22 20 20 20 19 19 20 21 23 20 17 21 20 6 18 14 61±4 67±7 68±7 65 113±10 71±8 63±4 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 13 14 13 13 25 16 14 70±7 30 15 75±6 37±9 66±9 52±6 30 30 30 30 16 5 12 9 . berry (Sanitarium. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. wheat-based flaked cereal (Quaker. Australia) Corn PopsTM (Kellogg's. Australia) Granola Clusters. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. UK) mean of five studies Cornflakes. sugar-coated cornflakes (Kellogg's. Australia) Coco PopsTM (Kellogg's. Original.. Australia) Fruit and FibreTM Fruit and FibreTM (Sainsbury's.316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 mean of three studies ChocapicTM (Nestlé. Crunchy NutTM (Kellogg's. New Zealand) Golden WheatsTM (Kellogg's. low fat. Raisin & Almond. UK) mean of three studies Fruity-BixTM. wheat-based flaked cereal (2003) ChocapicTM. Canada) GrapenutsTM (Kraft Foods Inc. Australia) FrostiesTM. Canada) Cornflakes (Kellogg's. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. UK) Fruit and Fibre (UK) Fruit and Fibre (Value. Australia) Energy MixTM. USA) GuardianTM (Kellogg's. wheat-based flaked cereal (2003) mean of three studies Coco PopsTM (cocoa flavored puffed rice) Coco PopsTM (Kellogg's. Port Chester. low fat. France) Fibre First Multi-Bran Cereal.

UK) Bürgen® Fruit & Muesli (George Weston Foods. Light. New Zealand) Muesli. Australia) Bürgen® Soy-LinTM Muesli (George Weston Foods. unflavored (Con Agra Inc. Australia) Muesli. Australia) Honey Rice BubblesTM (Kellogg's. made from steamed rolled oats with dried fruit and nuts (Weetabix. Natural (Sanitarium. Australia) Bürgen® Rye Muesli (George Weston Foods. Australia) Muesli. mixed berry & apple flavor. Australia) Kashi Seven Whole Grain Puffs (Kashi Company. Australia) Just Right Just GrainsTM (Kellogg's. Naytura Fruit and Nut (Woolworths Limited. Australia) Muesli Alpen original muesli. Australia) Muesli. Morning Sun Natural Apricot & Almond (Australia) Muesli. fruit and nut (UK) Muesli. Swiss Bircher (Woolworths Limited. whole wheat Mini WheatsTM (Kellogg's. containing 55% rolled barley grains (Freedom Foods. USA) KompleteTM (Kellogg's. Australia) Mini Wheats (Sainsbury's.. apple & cinnamon (Con Agra Inc.343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 Hi-LiteTM. Australia) Mini Wheats. Cheltenham. fruit (UK) Muesli. UK) Mini WheatsTM. Australia) 54±5 77±4 71±10 37±6 25±5 60±15 62±11 65±10 48±5 58±8 59±7 72±10 55±10 51 51±3 41 64±9 66±9 86±10 67±7 59±11 50±7 64±7 54±12 49±5 40±6 57±9 62±6 48±6 52±5 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 10 20 16 8 5 13 14 16 10 12 12 15 11 10 9 7 12 16 18 14 11 5 13 10 6 8 11 11 7 9 . gluten-free with Psyllium (Freedom Foods. Australia) Muesli. Lite (Sanitarium. Australia) Muesli (Value. Natural (Sanitarium. Special K brand (Kellogg's. Natural Style Original Swiss Formula (Uncle Toby's. USA) Hot cereal. USA) Just RightTM (Kellogg's. UK) Muesli. Australia) Hot cereal. blackcurrant (Kellogg's. Australia) Honey SmacksTM (Kellogg's. New Zealand) Muesli. Australia) Muesli. UK) Muesli (Canada) Muesli (Healthy Eating.

New Zealand) Porridge (Australia) Porridge (Value. Australia) Porridge made from rolled oats Porridge (Uncle Toby's. NSW. made from rolled oats cooked for 20 min (Canada) Porridge oats (Freedom Foods. Australia) Vogel's Café Style Fibre-Rich Muesli (Specialty Cereals. consumed as a drink with glucose and water (Finland) 30 g Oat bran (containing 4 g β-glucan). wholewheat (UK) Muesli.373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 Muesli. consumed as a drink with glucose and water (Finland) 30 g Oat bran (containing 4 g β-glucan). President's Choice® Blue MenuTM 56±8 43±:4 65±5 56±6 45±5 48±6 66±12 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 9 7 11 10 4 9 10 84±6 58±6 64±8 10 10 10 2 2 2 64±9 77±11 59±4 10 30 30 2 13 11 42 49±8 50±4 51±8 52±4 55±2 57±5 57±8 58±9 58±4 63±15 63±11 63±7 55±2 55±7 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 9 11 10 11 17 13 11 14 12 12 19 18 20 13 14 . toasted (Purina. Australia) Porridge. cooked in water (USA) Porridge (China) Traditional Rolled Oats (Woolworths Limited. toasted. Australia) NutrigrainTM (Kellogg's. Australia) Oats. Australia) Muesli. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. consumed as a drink mixed with glucose and water. Sydney. consumed as a drink with glucose and water (Finland) Oat 'n Honey BakeTM (Kellogg's. Canada) Porridge (Hubbards. Australia) Old-Fashioned Steel Cut Oats. organic (UK) Porridge. Regular and Cinnamon & Spice. Australia) Oat bran. consumed as a drink mixed with 41g glucose and water 15 g Oat bran (containing 2 g β-glucan). Australia) Muesli. yeast & wheat free (Freedom Foods. Scottish (UK) mean of thirteen studies Multi grain instant oatmeal. with nuts (Australia) Muesli. Australia)17 Porridge. Australia) Traditional porridge oats (Lowan Whole Foods. rolled. UK) Porridge. Swiss Formula (Uncle Toby's. Mt Kuring-gai. NSW. Box Hill. made from steel-cut oats. frozen for 13 days and then thawed before consumption (Finland) 45 g Oat bran (containing 6 g β-glucan). uncooked (Lowan's Whole Foods.

Leeton.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) Oat porridge made from roasted and steamed thin (0. Raisio Group Ltd. Double Chocolate (Kellogg's. made from packet (China) Instant oat cereal porridge prepared with water (UK) mean of four studies Pop TartsTM. Australia) Rice BubblesTM (Kellogg's.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) Oat porridge made from roasted thick (1. Australia) Raisin BranTM (Kellogg's. cooked in microwave with water (Uncle Toby's. triticale. Beecroft. Australia) Wholemeal oat flour porridge (flour:water = 1:3).6 mm thick flakes. wheat.5 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) Oat porridge made from steamed thick (1. cooked for 10min (Elovena. Australia) Puffed Wheat (Sanitarium. Canada) Multigrain porridge. Australia) 55±2 250 19 74 55 76±7 50 (dry) 250 250 24 15 19 69 50 80 53 250 250 250 250 19 14 22 14 69±3 82±10 83±7 83±10 79±3 70±2 80±11 61±5 19±3 250 250 250 250 250 50 30 30 30 14 20 18 30 21 25 17 12 3 81 85±3 92±8 95 88±3 67±10 47±4 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 21 22 24 25 23 13 9 54±4 30 11 .0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) Oat porridge made from 0. USA) Rice Bran. Australia)17 Rice BubblesTM (Kellogg's.5-0. Canada) Special KTM . extruded (Rice Growers Co-Operative Ltd. containing rolled oats.400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 (Loblaw Brands Limited. cooked with water (The Monster Muesli Company. Raisio. rye.5 min (Sweden) Oat porridge made from thick (1. Australia) mean of four studies Shredded Wheat (Canada) Soy Crunch Multi-Grain Cereal. Australia) Rice BubblesTM (Kellogg's.0 mm) dehulled oat flakes (Sweden) Instant Porridge Instant porridge (China) Instant oat porridge. Finland) Oat porridge made from roasted thin (0.formulation of this cereal varies in different countries Special KTM (Kellogg's. Australia) Instant oatmeal porridge. Australia) Rice Bubbles Rice BubblesTM (Kellogg's. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. boiled 2. barley and rice.

Australia) Wheat based cereal biscuit (UK) mean of seven studies Wheat biscuits (flaked wheat) with additional ingredients Good StartTM.423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 Special KTM (Kellogg's. Australia) (1997) SustainTM. USA) Special KTM. Australia) Sultana BranTM (Kellogg's. Honey Hazelnut (Specialty Cereals. Australia) Wheat biscuits (plain flaked wheat) Vita-BritsTM (Uncle Toby's. Vogel's. soy nuts. Australia)17 Vita-BritsTM (Uncle Toby's. Original (Kellogg's. Australia) Weet-BixTM (Sanitarium. Australia) Honey GoldiesTM (Kellogg's Australia) Lite-BixTM. dried fruit) (Sanitarium. no added sugar (Sanitarium. Australia) Sultana GoldiesTM (Kellogg's Australia) 69±5 84±12 60±5 49±3 30 30 30 45 14 20 12 12 64±3 73±13 55±5 41±4 30 30 30 30 12 14 12 5 50±6 43±3 43±6 72±11 61 68±6 69 69±4 75±10 70±4 72±10 69±2 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 10 8 8 18 12 13 12 12 16 14 14 13 68±4 61±4 57±3 72±3 70±3 57±4 65±6 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 14 10 9 15 14 11 13 . soy and linseed extruded wheat bran cereal (30. plain. NSW. muesli wheat biscuits (Sanitarium. Australia) Vogel's Cluster Crunch. Australia) Wheat-bitesTM (Uncle Toby's. Vogel's. Australia) (2007) Ultra-branTM. France) Soy TastyTM (flaked grains. wheat biscuits with extra wheat bran (Sanitarium. Australia) Oat bran Weet-BixTM (Sanitarium. soy and linseed bran crunch with sultanas (20.2 g fiber per 100 g) (Specialty Cereals.1 g fiber per 100 g). Australia) WeetabixTM (Weetabix of Canada Ltd. Mt Kuring-gai. made from rice (Kellogg's. Australia) Wild Oats Cluster Crunch Hazelnut Chocolate (Specialty Cereals.) Whole wheat GoldiesTM (Kellogg's. (Specialty Cereals. Australia) SoytanaTM. Australia) Weet-BixTM (Sanitarium. Australia) Vogel's Cluster Crunch Classic (Specialty Cereals. Australia) Hi-Bran Weet-BixTM with soy and linseed (Sanitarium. Australia) Hi-Bran Weet-BixTM. Australia) (2007) Sultana BranTM (Kellogg's.

UK). consumed with 125 mL skim milk (UK) Cocoa Crunch cereal (30 g) with 125 mL skim milk (UK) Cornflakes (Sainsbury's. consumed with semi-skimmed milk Muesli.5% fat milk Muesli. UK). consumed with 125 mL skim milk (UK) Hot oat cereal. UK).449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 BREAKFAST CEREALS WITH MILK Branflakes (Sainsbury's. cocoa flavor (UK) Cereal biscuit (30 g). Australia) with 1. UK). wheat based (UK) mean of four foods BREAKFAST CEREAL BARS Cereal bar. UK). consumed with semi-skimmed milk Porridge. consumed with 125 mL skim milk Honey Crunch cereal (30 g). gluten-free (Freedom Foods. small oats (Sainsbury's. fruit flavor (UK) Hot oat cereal (30 g). jumbo oats (Sainsbury's. Wheat free (Pertwee Farm's. UK). Swiss (Sainsbury's. cocoa flavor (UK) Hot oat cereal (30 g). hazelnut flavor (UK) 76±5 57±8 58±11 65±5 54±6 30 155 155 30 155 15 16 16 16 16 43±6 40±5 47±8 47±6 50±7 47±6 40±9 45±1 39±6 60±6 60±6 49±7 40±6 61±6 59±4 80±6 155 155 155 155 155 155 155 155 30 30 30 30 250 250 30 30 11 9 12 12 12 11 9 11 7 11 12 9 9 14 14 20 46±7 56±7 52±7 47±8 50±2 155 155 155 155 155 12 15 14 12 13 473 474 42±5 33±6 30 30 6 4 . UK). consumed with semi-skimmed milk Muesli. with semi-skimmed milk Wheat biscuits consumed with 125 mL skim milk Cereal biscuit (30 g). cranberry flavor (UK) Cereal bar. fruit flavor (UK) Cereal biscuit (30 g). prepared with 125 mL skim milk Hot oat cereal (30 g). consumed with semi-skimmed milk PreciseTM (Sainsbury's. with semi-skimmed milk Cereal flakes with fruit (30 g). orchard fruit flavor (UK) Hot oat cereal (30 g) (UK) Hot oat cereal (30 g) (UK) mean of seven foods Muesli. with semi-skimmed milk Rice PopsTM (Sainsbury's. UK). consumed with semi-skimmed milk Porridge. berry flavor (UK) Hot oat cereal (30 g). honey flavor (UK) Hot oat cereal (30 g). honey flavor (UK) Cereal biscuit (30 g). UK) (30 g). Original (Sainsbury's.

Australia) Muesli breakfast bar. boiled in water for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2. Australia) SustainTM bar (Kellogg's.5) (Sweden) Barley kernels. Concord. Canada) mean of eight studies Barley (Hordeum vulgare) (India) Barley. Australia) K-Time Just RightTM bar (Kellogg's. wild berry. Australia) K-Time Strawberry CrunchTM bar (Kellogg's. boiled 12 min (Sweden) Corn/Maize Corn granules (China) Maize (Zea Mays). high-amylose (covered). high-amylose (hull-less) boiled in water for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2. pearled. boiled in water for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2) (Sweden) Barley.5) (Sweden) Barley kernels. pot. boiled in salted water 20 min (Goudas Food Products. sunflower kernels and nuts. containing linseeds. Australia) CEREAL GRAINS Barley Barley kernels. Australia) Hi-LiteTM breakfast bar (Freedom Foods. Canada) Barley. orange flavor (UK) Crunchy Nut CornflakesTM bar (Kellogg's. hydrothermally treated. boiled 60 min (UK) Barley. gluten-free (Freedom Foods. Australia) Rice Bubble TreatTM bar (Kellogg's. boiled (Goudas Food Products. boiled 20 min (Goudas Food Products. Australia) Fruity-BixTM bar. rolled (Australia) Buckwheat groats. Canada) Barley. waxy (hull-less). wheat biscuit cereal and covered with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium. dehusked. Australia) Fiber PlusTM bar (Uncle Toby's. wheat biscuit cereal with dried fruit and nuts with yoghurt coating (Sanitarium. Australia) Fruity-BixTM bar. flour made into chapatti (India) Cornmeal porridge (China) Sweet corn Sweet corn. gluten-free (Freedom Foods. 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand) 33±3 72±6 78±9 56±4 51±4 53±3 72±4 77±5 50±6 21±2 63±11 57±10 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 5 19 18 11 9 11 17 19 9 3 15 14 20 22 25 26 25±2 35±4 35±4 37 28±2 48 66±5 45 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 50 (dry) 150 8 9 10 11 11 15 15 16 12 20 25 13 52±3 59 68±3 37±12 150 30 150 150 15 8 9 11 . boiled in water for 25 min (kernel:water = 1:2) (Sweden) Barley kernels. pot.475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 Cereal bar. pot. Australia) Omega bar.

Auckland. boiled in salted water. unconverted. on the cob. white. Belgium) 48 55±2 60 62±5 52±5 65±7 150 150 150 150 150 150 14 18 20 20 17 9 62±3 53±5 150 150 22 13 69±7 150 36 43 72±9 72 83±1 89 72±8 53 94 50 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 16 30 27 30 43 29 20 45 21 56±7 59±7 64±3 69±3 60±3 68±6 75±7 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 24 24 26 28 25 25 28 . Wetherill Park. refrigerated 16-20 h. boiled (Star Brand. Australia) Rice. Canada) Long grain. reheated in microwave for 1.. long grain. rehydrated with hot water (San Remo. white (Uncle Bens. white (SunRice brand. refridgerated. boiled Long grain. then baked 10 min (Italy)9. Canada) mean of five studies Rice. boiled 13 min (Italy)9. cooked. boiled in salted water (India) Type NS (China) Type NS. Rice Growers Co-Op. white. Goudas Food Products. New Zealand) Premium long grain. Gouda Food Products. Australia) Millet Millet porridge (China) Quinoa.502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 Sweet corn. Riviana Foods.18 mean of five studies Type NS. reheated (India) Type NS.18 Long grain. Australia ) Long grain. parboiled. boiled 20 min (Australia) Sweet corn (China) Sweet corn (USA)11 Sweet corn (South Africa) mean of five studies Couscous Couscous. Australia) Long grain. boiled white. white Arborio. boiled 7 min (Star brand. 20 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's. Masterfoods. Australia) Rice. type NS Type NS (India)9 Type NS (Canada) Type NS. Rice Growers Co-Op.. boiled (SunRice brand. boiled 13 min. Masterfoods.5 min (Nature First Organic. risotto rice. Belgium) Long grain. boiled 15 min (Mahatma brand. quick-cooking varieties Long grain. parboiled 10 min cooking time (Uncle Ben's.

made from rice bran (China) Rice porridge. Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole 52±5 76±7 75±8 150 150 150 19 44 29 69±6 88±5 19±1 42±3 65±7 49±12 86±10 48±5 45±5 46±4 98±7 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 23 13 3 14 21 22 37 20 18 18 31 89±4 109±10 49±3 54 48±5 59±4 51±4 48±6 51±4 48±5 150 150 150 150 150 37 46 21 17 22 100 (dry) 46 150 150 150 150 21 18 22 17 .524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 Long grain.. white long grain. Rice Growers Co-Op. white.. white (SunRice brand. cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods. India) Original Long Grain. microwaved (SunRice brand. UK) Broken rice. Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain (pouch) (Effem Foods. Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain (pouch) (Effem Foods. plain. Bangkok. microwaved 2 min (Express Rice. Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain MedleyTM (pouch) (Effem Foods. boiled 12 mins Sun Rice brand. pre-cooked. Rice Growers Co-Op. cooked in rice cooker (Australia) Roasted Chicken Flavored. UK) Long Grain White Rice in 90 Seconds. white Jasmine Fragrant rice. cooked in rice cooker (Lion Foods. Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods. Uncle Ben's. cooked in rice cooker (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Mill. Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods. USA) Santa Fe. Uncle Ben's® Ready Whole Grain MedleyTM (pouch) (Effem Foods. Bangkok. Bangkok. made from Sticky rice (China) Rice. Australia) Medium grain white rice. USA) Moolgiri white rice (Tajmahal Agro Industries. easy-cook rice (Sainsbury's. white. Rice Growers Co-Op. Australia) Rice porridge/Congee Rice porridge (China) Rice porridge (Australia) Rice porridge.. white. USA) Brown & Wild. Masterfoods. Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods. Thailand) Brown Rice. Australia) Jasmine rice. Thailand) Jasmine rice. USA) Chicken Flavored Brown Rice. USA) Spanish Style. made from black rice (China) Rice porridge. USA) Glutinous rice. specialty rices American. Uncle Ben's® Ready Rice (pouch) (Effem Foods. USA) Red Raw rice. Thailand) Long Grain and Wild. USA) Vegetable Harvest. Sri Lankan.

white. Pelde. short-grain brown rice (Japan) Japonica short-grain brown rice. UK) Basmati. Australia) Rice. boiled 8 min (UK) mean of six studies Basmati. Australia) Basmati. USA) Rice. white low-amylose Calrose.. boiled (Sainsbury's. white. Australia) Basmati. then steamed 10 min (Japan) 83±13 87±7 88±11 93±11 150 150 150 150 36 37 38 40 48±4 50±6 54±6 54±7 64±9 54±3 43±8 52±11 57±10 58±8 65±7 69±6 57±4 67±11 68±8 57±4 60±5 85±10 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 19 20 21 21 25 21 18 15 23 22 25 28 22 28 28 24 23 33 62±5 54±5 57±3 48±8 150 150 150 150 26 22 23 18 . short-grain. Australia) Pelde. boiled (SunRice brand. Belgium) Japanese Style Sushi rice.. pre-germinated (Japan) Koshikari (Japonica). easy-cook rice (Sainsbury's. quick cooking Basmati. Uncle Ben's® Superior (Masterfoods. white. white. white.548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 Grain MedleyTM (pouch) (Effem Foods. white (1992) mean of five studies Basmati. white. white. cooked 10 min. white (1995) Doongara. Australia) Sungold. white (Rice Growers Co-op. Rice Growers Co-Op. Australia) Waxy (0-2% amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op. white. white.. Rice Growers Co-Op. Australia) Japonica/Koshihikari rice Japonica. pre-germinated (Japan) Japonica short-grain brown rice. reheated in microwave. UK) Quick cooking white basmati. UK) Precooked basmati rice in pouch.. boiled Basmati. medium grain. organic. boiled 15 min. boiled 9 min (UK) Basmati.. white.. white (1995) Doongara. Australia) Doongara. boiled (Rice Growers Co-op. easy cook. white. boiled 12 min (Value. white (SunRice brand.. white (2005) Doongara. parboiled (Rice Growers Co-op. white high-amylose Doongara. Uncle Ben's Express® (Masterfoods. UK) Basmati. boiled 10 min (UK) Basmati. cooked in rice cooker (2007) Doongara. Rice Growers Co-Op. white (SunRice CleverRiceTM brand. white. boiled (Mahatma brand.

high amylose (IR42) rice. boiled 22 min (Philippines) Milled (white). Japan) Milled. Ltd. Australia) Japonica rice enriched with Sunfibre (Cyamoposis tetragonolobus) (soluble fiber) Japonica rice with 3 g Sunfibre. viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co. cooked in rice cooker 19 min (Philippines) Milled (white). microwaved on high (SunRice brand. Australia) Doongara brown. brown Brown (Canada) Brown. boiled 22 min (Philippines) Milled (white). boiled 22 min (Philippines) Milled (white). white (SunRice brand.572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 Japonica. high amylose (IR36) rice.14 Brown rice. Japan) Japonica rice with 5 g Sunfibre.. high amylose (IR62) rice. steamed (USA)11. high amylose (Rice Growers Co-op. white. boiled 22 min (Philippines) Milled (white). high amylose (IR42) rice. Australia) Medium Grain Brown Rice in 90 seconds. cooked in rice cooker 20 min (Philippines) Milled (white). high amylose (IR42) rice. boiled in excess water for 25 mins (SunRice brand. boiled 22 min (Philippines) Milled (white). high amylose (IR42) rice. Australia) 76±7 75±6 64±5 67±3 73±7 150 150 150 150 150 35 34 27 30 28 68±6 66±6 150 150 27 26 66 64 64 43 50 53 55 58 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 28 28 28 18 22 23 24 25 66±5 50 72±6 87±2 87±8 66±7 59±8 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 21 16 29 29 33 24 30 . viscosity 1 (Taiyo Kagaku Co.. high amylose (IR36) rice. short-grain white rice (Japan) Japonica white rice and pre-germinated Japonica brown rice (ratio 1:2) Japonica white rice and pre-germinated Japonica brown rice (ratio 2:1) Koshihikari rice. short-grain white rice (Japan) Japonica. Rice Growers Co-op. Rice Growers Co-Op. Ltd. high amylose rice Milled (white).. Rice Growers Co-Op. Australia) Brown rice (China) Calrose brown (Rice Growers Co-op.. cooked in rice cooker 14 min (Philippines) Rice. high amylose (IR62) rice.

France) Durum wheat. white. Australia) 76±6 64±7 80±7 58 150 150 150 150 29 23 31 24 46±3 87±7 87±2 74±5 74±10 94±7 150 150 150 150 150 150 19 36 37 31 31 39 38 87±7 50±6 150 150 150 14 34 19 87±2 88±2 50±2 150 150 150 24 25 14 30±9 52±4 50±5 40±5 54±11 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 125 150 11 19 17 16 25 614 615 47±4 69±7 25 25 8 12 . Belgium) Sunbrown QuickTM (Rice Growers Co-op. white. high-amlyose Brown. white. cooked 6 min (China) Puffed. Australia) Parboiled rice Converted. precooked in pouch. Australia) Milk ArrowrootTM (Arnotts. Australia) Rice. Pelde. high-amylose (China) Wheat Wheat. cooked 20 min (Ebly. boiled 20-30 min. brown. cooked 3 min (China) Instant rice. white. precooked. cooked 5 min (Rice Growers Co-op. Sticky (China) Rice. Uncle Ben's Natur-reis® (Masterfoods. Sticky (China) Rice. whole kernels (Triticum aestivum)(India)14 Wheat. Australia) Instant rice. Uncle Ben's® (Masterfoods. white. white. France) Durum wheat. France) Quick cooking (White Wings. cooked 10 min (Ebly. USA) Parboiled. Chateaudun. 97% fat-free (Freedom Foods. Sungold (Rice Growers Co-op. reheated in microwave. whole kernels Wheat. Uncle Ben's Snabbris® (Masterfoods. cooked 20 min.594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 Pelde brown (Rice Growers Co-op. Belgium) mean of four studies Instant Doongara. Sydney. boiled 30 min (Philippines) Instant/puffed rice Instant rice. NSW. Australia) Parboiled. Sticky. Australia) COOKIES Apricot Temptation fruit cookies. precooked kernels Durum wheat. cooked 6 min (Trice brand. high-amylose (28%). Australia) Sticky rice Rice. Ebly Express (Ebly. Doongara (Rice Growers Co-op. precooked. Sydney. Australia) Parboiled. cooked 5 min. low-amylose. high amylose (IR42) rice.

616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 Barquette Abricot (LU. Orangis. Czech Republic) Bebe Jemne Susenky (Opavia/LU. France) Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (LU. Russia) (2003) Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (LU Finland) Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (2002) Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (2003) 71±6 46±4 46±3 57±9 50 48±3 51±4 51±9 40 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 23 16 16 19 17 16 17 17 41±5 45±4 50±4 67±11 51±4 46±3 43 50 50 50 25 50 50 25 14 15 18 14 17 16 7 39±5 59±7 66±12 28±5 39±8 55±6 50±5 62±3 25 25 38 30 30 30 30 30 6 9 14 6 8 9 7 12 45±5 49±5 47±6 47 55±8 41±6 44±3 45±4 45±5 49±5 50 50 50 50 25 50 50 50 50 50 16 18 17 17 10 14 15 15 16 18 . Hungary) Jubilee Nuts and Honey (LU. France) Grany en-cas Fruits des bois (LU. Denmark) Better Choice Wholegrain (LU Denmark) Chocolate chip cookies. Czech Republic) Better Choice Multicereals (LU. Oats and Honey (LU. Czech Republic) mean of three studies Bebe Dobre Rano Coconut (LU. Czech Republic) Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (2002) Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (2006) Bebe Dobre Rano Chocolate (Opavia/LU. Australia) Jo Reggelt Fruits and Figs (LU. Czech Republic) Bebe Dobre Rano Four Cereals (LU. Czech Republic) Bebe Dobre Rano Honey and Hazelnuts (Opavia/LU. Hungary) Györi édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel (2002) Györi édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel (2003) Györi édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel (2004) mean of three studies Highland OatmealTM (Westons Biscuits. Ris. Brazil) Gran'Dia Chocolate with five cereals (Danone. containing coconut flour (Philippines) Digestives Digestives (UK) Digestives (Canada) Evergreen met Krenten (LU. Brazil) Grany en-cas Abricot (LU. Czech Republic) Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts & Honey (LU. Netherlands) Gran'Dia Banana. Russia) (2002) Jubilee Nuts and Honey (LU. France) Grany Rush Apricot (LU. Czech Republic) Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts and Honey (2002) Bebe Dobre Rano Nuts and Honey (2006) Bebe Dobre Rano with Milk (LU. Netherlands) Györi édes Jó reggelt! Müzlivel és gyümölccsel / Fruits and Muesli (LU.

647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 Jyväshyvä Paussi Mysli and Fruits (2004) mean of three studies Jyväshyvä Paussi Vanilla (LU Finland) (2004) Jyväshyvä Paussi Vanilla (LU Finland) (2006) Jyväshyvä Paussi Wholegrain (LU Finland) Leda Luxury gluten-free chocolate coated cookies (Leda Nutrition. France) LU Petit Déjeuner Coconut. low in sugar (LU France. QLD. nuts and chocolate (2005) LU Petit Déjeuner Coconut. nuts and chocolate (2006) LU Petit Déjeuner Fruits and Muesli (LU France) LU Petit Déjeuner Fruits and Muesli (2002) LU Petit Déjeuner Fruits and Muesli (2003) LU Petit Déjeuner Fruits and Muesli (2004) mean of three studies LU Petit Déjeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (LU France) LU Petit Déjeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (2003) LU Petit Déjeuner Honey & Chocolate chips (2006) LU Petit Déjeuner Milk and Cereals (LU France and LU Belgium) LU Petit Déjeuner Milk and Cereals (2004) LU Petit Déjeuner Milk and Cereals (2006) LU Petit Déjeuner Multicereals (LU France. LU Belgium. France) LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat mean of three studies LU Petit Déjeuner. LU Belgium) LU Petit Déjeuner with Fruits and Figs (LU France. nuts and chocolate (LU. France) Macaroons. Chocolate. LU Czech Republic) LU Petit Déjeuner Coconut. LU Belgium) LU Petit Déjeuner with Prunes (LU. low in sugar (LU France) LU Petit Déjeuner Chocolate & Cereals (LU. France) LU Petit Déjeuner Chocolate & Cereals (2003) LU Petit Déjeuner Chocolate & Cereals (2006) LU Petit Déjeuner Cereals & Chocolate Chips. Australia) LU P'tit Déjeuner Chocolat (LU. prepared with coconut flour (Philippines) 47±6 47 55±7 39±4 46±3 35±7 42±5 50 50 50 50 50 25 50 17 17 19 13 16 4 14 45±5 49±8 52±3 49 51±7 50 50 50 50 50 16 18 18 17 18 46±6 58±6 37±5 50 50 50 16 20 13 55±6 51±7 45±5 49±5 47±6 47 50 50 50 50 50 50 19 17 16 18 17 17 47±6 46±4 50 50 17 16 55±7 39±4 46±3 41±6 51±6 32 50 50 50 50 50 30 19 13 16 14 17 6 . France) LU P'tit Déjeuner Miel et Pépites Chocolat (LU.

France) Prince Petit Déjeuner Vanille (LU. Canada) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Crunchy Oat Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited. New Zealand) Morning CoffeeTM (Arnotts. Scotland) Oatmeal (Canada) Oro (Saiwa. France) Petit LU Normand (LU. France) Prince Petit Dej Cereals and Chocolate (LU. France) Prince fourre chocolat (LU. France) Shortbread (Arnotts. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Pillow. Canada) Prince Energie+ (LU. France and Spain) Principe megamanana vanilla (LU. Spain) Prince Petit Dej Cereals (LU. Australia) Shredded WheatmealTM (Arnotts. Nairn'sTM Stem Ginger Oat Biscuit (Nairn's Oatcakes Ltd. Australia) Nutrigrain Fruits des bois (Kellogg's. France) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Cranberry Orange Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited. Spicy apple and sultana (Arnotts. France) Oat biscuit (UK) Oat biscuit (China) Oat biscuit. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Pillow. Canada) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Ginger & Lemon Cookies (Loblaw Brands Limited. Apple and blackberry (Arnotts. Mango and passionfruit 50±10 79±6 57±4 45±7 55±1 55 54±4 61±9 45±5 49±5 47±6 47 77±12 51±3 48±4 60±4 62±7 64±5 73±5 50±5 53±5 53±5 49±12 52±7 51±5 45±6 45±6 40±5 55±4 57±10 64±8 62±4 43±3 45±3 52±3 49±3 25 25 35 25 25 25 25 40 50 50 50 50 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 45 45 45 50 50 50 50 50 25 25 20 25 25 35 35 35 35 9 15 13 7 9 9 9 21 16 18 17 17 15 10 9 10 10 11 13 15 16 17 18 18 18 16 16 7 10 8 10 11 11 11 13 13 .673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 Maltmeal wafer (Griffin's Foods Ltd. France) Prince Meganana Chocolate (LU. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Pillow. Spain) Rich Tea (UK) Rich Tea (Canada) Sable des Flandres (LU. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Slice. Italy) Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (LU Poland) Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (2002) Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (2003) Petiki Go ! Fruits and Muesli (2004) mean of three studies Petit brun extra (LU. Wild berry (Arnott's. France) Petit LU Roussillon (LU. France) Prince fourre chocolat (LU. Edinburgh.. France) Prince gout chocolat (LU.

Calrose rice (low-amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op. Australia) Rice cakes.708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 (Arnott's. Japan) Rye crackers with oats (UK) Rye crackers with sesame (UK) Ryvita® (Canada) Ryvita® Pumpkin Seeds & Oats (George Weston Foods. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Slice. Sultana with chocolate (Arnott's. France) (2006) Vitasnella frollini (Saiwa. Original Sultana (97% fat-free) (Arnott's. plain (Sakada. France) Veritable Petit Beurre (LU. Australia) The (LU. France) Veritable Petit Beurre (LU. Australia) Puffed rice cakes Puffed rice cakes. Canada) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Wheat & Onion snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited. Mixed berry (Arnott's. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Slice. plain salted craker biscuits (Arnotts. St Peters. Canada) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Wheat snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited. caramel flavored (USA) Rice cracker. Australia) Snack Right Fruit Slice. Brazil) High-calcium cracker (Danone. Canada) Puffed Crispbread (Westons. puffed corn cakes. white (Rice Growers Co-op. gluten-free (Real Foods. Canada) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Wheat & Sesame snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia) Lees Cabin Crackers (Fiji) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Ancient Grains snack crackers (Loblaw Brands Limited. Italy) CRACKERS Choice grain crackers (UK) Corn Thins. Malaysia) JatzTM. Australia) Rice cake (China) Rice cakes. Australia) 50±3 48±2 45±3 41±7 51±8 54±5 54±6 59±10 35 35 35 25 25 25 25 25 13 12 11 8 10 10 10 12 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 49±7 87±10 65±11 52±8 55±5 60±5 65±6 60±6 56±7 65±7 81±9 82±11 82±3 91±7 61±5 82±10 91 64±11 57±12 69±10 46±7 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 30 25 25 25 25 8 18 11 9 10 11 10 10 9 11 15 17 17 19 13 18 23 10 9 11 6 . Australia) Puffed rice cakes. France) (2002) Veritable Petit Beurre (LU. Australia) Cream Cracker (LU Triumfo. North Ryde. Doongara rice (high-amylose) (Rice Growers Co-op.

UK) Fromage Frais. raspberry (Finest. Brisbane. Australia) SaoTM. plain square crackers (Arnotts. UK) Fromage Frais. red fruit: blackcurrant8 (Healthy Living. red fruit: raspberry8 (Healthy Living. UK) Fromage Frais. peach (Finest. Australia) Custard. and sugar (Australia) TRIMTM. trifle flavored (Nestlé. vanilla flavored (Nestlé. crunchy. yellow fruit: passionfruit and pineapple8 (Healthy Living. Australia) KavliTM Norwegian Crispbread (Players Biscuits. Australia) Creme Fraiche Creme fraiche dessert. yellow fruit: mandarin and orange8 (Healthy Living. UK) Fromage Frais. Australia) Water cracker Water cracker (Canada) Water cracker (Arnotts. Sydney. prepared from powder with whole milk (Nestlé. yellow fruit: peach and apricot8 48±8 71±7 70±9 63±9 78±11 53±8 36±3 50±8 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 7 12 12 11 14 8 6 7 29±4 35±2 43±10 37±4 36±3 30±3 28±8 30±7 22±5 31±8 25±6 29±9 19±6 25±7 18±5 22±5 100 100 100 100 100 100 150 150 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 3 6 7 6 5 2 7 5 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 . Australia) No Bake Egg Custard. UK) Fromage Frais. Australia) mean of four studies Custard.737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 Ryvita® Sunflower Seeds & Oats (George Weston Foods. red fruit: red cherry8 (Healthy Living. wheat starch. Australia) Wholegrain crackers with sesame seeds and rosemary (UK) Wholewheat crackers with pumpkin and thyme (UK) Wholewheat sticks. low-fat. reduced-fat custard (Pauls Ltd. UK)8 Fromage Frais Fromage Frais. UK) Fromage Frais. UK) Fromage Frais. yellow fruit: mango and papaya8 (Healthy Living. home made from milk. yeast extract flavored (UK) DAIRY PRODUCTS AND ALTERNATIVES Custard Custard. red fruit: strawberry8 (Healthy Living. low-fat. UK)8 Creme fraiche dessert.

Raspberry Ripple (Nestlé Peter's. Australia) Ice-cream. duet peach on pineapple (National Foods Ltd. Australia) Ice cream. premium. low-fat. Light Prestige8 traditional toffee (Norco.1 % fat).760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 (Healthy Living. toffee apple (National Foods Ltd. Australia) Fruche®. Ultra chocolate. low-fat. low-fat.2 % fat). Australia) Ice cream. half chocolate) (Italy)24 Ice cream. Australia) Ice cream. Bulla Light Real Dairy mango (Regal Cream Products. Reduced. Australia) Ice-cream. low-fat. Australia) Ice cream. chocolate (Australia)7 Ice fruit confection. low-fat. low-fat. Bulla Light Creamy vanilla (Regal Cream Products. low-fat. orange sorbetto (National Foods Ltd. low-fat. Australia) Fruche® on Fruit. VIC. Australia) Ice cream. Light & Creamy. 15% fat 34±5 37±6 34±5 34±3 34±3 37±6 47±6 32±7 59±4 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 50 50 8 8 8 7 7 8 16 1 7 57 24±6 36±5 27±3 27±3 30±4 46 55±3 47±5 37±4 37±3 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 6 3 7 3 3 4 7 9 5 5 4 37±3 50 4 . low-fat. Australia) Fruche®. Bulla Light Real Dairy chocolate (Regal Cream Products. low-fat (1. Australia) Ice cream. Regular/type NS Ice cream (half vanilla. Australia) Fruche®.4% fat). lemon sorbetto (National Foods Ltd. Australia) Fruche®. reduced-fat (7. Light Prestige8 rich vanilla (Norco. peach roulade (National Foods Ltd. low-fat chocolate flavored ice cream (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd. Prestige8 golden macadamia (Norco. Melbourne. Australia) Ice cream. vanilla. low carbohydrate. apricot vanilla honey (National Foods Ltd. low-fat. Australia) Ice cream. Australia) Ice-cream. Premium (high-fat) Ice cream. low-fat. UK) Fruche®. low-fat. low-fat (1. low-fat.or Low-fat ChocolloTM. Australia) Fruche®. Frosty Fruits® Orange Mango Splits (Nestlé Peter's. 'Light' (Nestlé Peter's. Australia) Ice cream. Bulla Light Real Dairy English toffee (Regal Cream Products. berry compote (National Foods Ltd.

Malmo. chocolate. UK)8 Full-fat (USA)8 Full-fat. fresh. organic (Arla. reduced fat (1. chocolate. Australia) 38±3 61±6 11 21 31±2 34±6 34±6 41±2 46±10 31±4 11 11 28 31±4 32±4 30±6 25±6 34±8 30 23±3 27±6 50 100 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 3 33 1 3 4 4 4 5 5 4 3 8 9 4 3 4 4 3 4 37±4 27±5 35±5 24±6 34±4 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 9 6 9 3 9 . Australia)25 Milk. Dairy Farmers Ltd. British (Dairycrest. Australia) Milk. 3% fat) (Skanemejerier. 16% fat (Sara Lee. condensed. Malmo. reduced fat with added omega 3 (Take CareTM. reduced. organic (Arla. Dairy Farmers Ltd. UK)8 Milk. Gosford. Sweden)8 Full-fat milk + 20g wheat bran (Italy)24 Milk. Australia)25 Full-fat (Canada) Full-fat. UK)8 mean of seven studies Fermented cow's milk (ropy milk. Australia) Milk. Australia) Milk.or low-fat. French vanilla. semi-skimmed. Dairy Farmers Ltd. low-fat. Lite WhiteTM (Dairy Farmers Ltd. with sugar. NSW. langfil. Gavle. pasteurised. reduced-fat Milk. sweetened (Nestlé. pasteurised.4%) (Lite WhiteTM. Australia) Milk. Australia) Milk. with aspartame. pasteurised. semi-skimmed. full-fat Full-fat (Italy)24 Full-fat (3% fat. reduced fat. British (Dairycrest. Australia) Ice cream. low-fat. Skanemejerier. Australia)25 Milk. Sweden)8 Fermented cow's milk (filmjolk. flavored Big MTM flavored milk. chocolate or strawberry (National Foods Ltd. honey and malt flavored milk (Australia) Masters® mocha milk (National Foods Ltd. Sweden)8 Full-fat (Dairy Farmers Ltd. flavored Banana. standardised homogenised. Australia)25 Milk.781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 (Sara Lee. Lite WhiteTM (Dairy Farmers Ltd. reduced fat (98% fat free) with added omega 3 (Farmers BestTM. 3% fat) (Arla. UK)8 mean of three studies Milk. Sydney. 99% fat free chocolate or mocha milk (National Foods Ltd. full-fat. Australia) Masters® Light. premium. chocolate or strawberry milk (National Foods Ltd. Australia) Masters®.

made from powder and whole milk Pudding. made from powder (Arla Foods. Australia) Milk. Caramel flavor 31±4 24±3 26±5 26±3 20±5 20±5 27 30±5 30±5 32±5 32±6 32 37±3 48±15 34±3 31±2 21±4 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 7 5 5 5 3 3 3 4 5 4 4 4 5 6 6 4 6 42±5 46±3 70 70 5 6 36±4 31±4 47±5 36±4 33±5 36±5 32±3 36±2 47±4 40±4 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 100 100 4 3 14 4 4 4 3 4 7 6 52±4 45±4 41±6 180 180 180 20 18 16 . Australia) mean of seven foods Pudding. skim (USA) Milk. instant (White Wings. 2. Australia) Citrus (Nestlé. Australia) Mango. made from ChocolloTM. 2. skim/low-fat PuraTM HiLo milk (National Foods Ltd. pasteurised. skim milk and malted milk powder (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd. Australia) Hazelnut. 2. skim (USA)8 Milk. Australia) Milk.2% fat (Nestlé. Australia) Mixed berry.9 PuraTM Light Start milk (National Foods Ltd. Australia) PuraTM Skimmer milk (National Foods Ltd. Australia) Le Rice®. 2% fat (Nestlé.4% fat (Nestlé. UK)8 ShapeTM milk. skim (Canada) Milk.8% fat (Nestlé. reduced-fat. Apricot & Almond Muesli flavor Le Rice®.9% fat (Nestlé. 1. YoplaitTM Le Rice® (National Foods Ltd. fat free (Dairy Farmers Ltd. 1. Australia) Strawberry. prepared from commerical mousse mix with water Butterscotch. skim (Dairy Farmers Ltd. prepared Nestlé Combo mousse (Nestlé. Australia) Rush® Heavenly Vanilla Malt milk Rush® Intense Coffee milk Rush® Ultimate Chocolate milk Rush® Wicked Latte milk Milk. Australia) PuraTM Tone milk (National Foods Ltd. made from dairy and rice.805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 831 832 833 834 Rush® flavored milk (Parmalat Australia Ltd. Australia) Nestlé Milo flavored mousse (Nestlé. Australia)25 mean of eleven studies Milkshake. skimmed. low-fat chocolate ice cream. Australia) Mousse. Australia) Chocolate. Australia) Chocolate.3% fat (Nestlé. made from powder and whole milk Vanilla. skim. Australia)25 Milk. Sweden)8. Apple & Cinnamon flavor Le Rice®. British (Dairycrest. South Brisbane. Australia) Mousse.

UK)8 Yoghurt. orange blossom (Finest. raspberry (Healthy Living Light. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. VIC. summer fruit: peach and vanilla8 (Healthy Living Light. UK) Yoghurt. summer fruit: raspberry8 (Healthy Living Light. bourbon vanilla (Finest. Australia) Yoghurt. summer fruit: apricot8 (Healthy Living Light. red fruit: Morello cherry8 (Healthy Living Light. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. Greek style. UK)8 Yoghurt.835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 Le Rice®. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. lemon curd (Finest. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK) Yoghurt. tropical fruit: guava and passionfruit8 (Healthy Living Light. red fruit: raspberry and cranberry (Healthy Living Light. Australia)25 Jalna Premium Vanilla Creamy yoghurt (Jalna Dairy Foods. UK) Yoghurt. toffee (Healthy Living Light. strawberry and cream (Finest. UK)8 Yoghurt. champagne rhubarb (Finest. UK) Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. strawberry (Healthy Living Light. UK)8 Yoghurt. UK)8 Yoghurt. Raspberry & Apple flavor Le Rice®. Scottish raspberry (Finest. red fruit: raspberry and black cherry (Healthy Living Light. tropical fruit: mango8 45±4 52±4 54±6 54±6 43±4 48±2 26±3 18±4 17±3 67±15 64±14 49±12 37±7 36±7 67±14 42±11 28±6 57±5 43±8 35±6 37±8 42±12 32±7 30±6 41±6 11±4 26±7 28±5 36±9 41±11 24±7 32±8 180 180 180 180 180 180 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 16 20 21 20 16 18 3 3 2 8 20 19 13 12 30 17 5 18 7 4 5 11 13 5 16 1 3 3 5 7 3 4 . Strawberry flavor Le Rice®. Devonshire fudge (Finest. UK)8 Yoghurt. honey topped (UK)8 Yoghurt. Forest Berries flavor Le Rice®. peach melba (Value. black cherry (Healthy Living Light. UK)8 Yoghurt. peach & apricot (Healthy Living Light. Tropical Mango flavor Le Rice®. UK) Yoghurt. summer fruit: strawberry8 (Healthy Living Light. black cherry (Finest. Vanilla flavor mean of eight foods Yoghurt Jalna Bush Honey Bio Dynamic yoghurt (Jalna Dairy Foods.

hazelnut (UK)8 Low-fat. Canada) Mochaccino frozen yoghurt Strawberry Banana frozen yoghurt Vanilla frozen yoghurt mean of three foods Low-fat yoghurt Low-fat. UK) Yoghurt. vanilla8 (Healthy Living Light. fruit. aspartame. UK) Yoghurt. low-fat. YoplaitTM Lite (National Foods Ltd. Australia) Low-fat (0. sugar. UK) Yoghurt. tropical pineapple8 (Healthy Living Light. UK) Yoghurt. white peach8 (Finest. apricot (UK)8 Low-fat. SkiTM (Dairy Farmers. Australia) Heavenly Honey flavor Lemon Creme flavor Luscious Berries flavor Passionfruit flavor Strawberry flavor mean of five foods Natural yoghurt Fat-Free Natural yoghurt (Jalna Dairy Foods. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM brand (Loblaw Brands Limited. UK)8 Low-fat. Australia) Low-fat. Australia) Low-fat.866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 881 882 883 884 885 886 887 888 889 890 891 892 893 (Healthy Living Light. Australia) Low-fat. Australia) Low-fat. black cherry (UK)8 Low-fat. Nestlé Diet Blueberry (Nestlé. frozen. raspberry (UK)8 Low-fat. sugar-sweetened. SkiTM (Dairy Farmers. tropical fruit: peach and apricot8 (Healthy Living Light. Australia)25 Greek Style yoghurt. Valencia orange8 (Finest. Nestlé Diet Mixed Berry (Nestlé. fruit. Australia) Low-fat. UK) Yoghurt. Australia) Low-fat. strawberry (UK)8 Vaalia®. UK) Yoghurt. sugar sweetened yoghurt (Pauls Ltd. Dairy Farmers Ltd. Premium blend 27±6 38±7 34±7 47±13 54±12 200 200 200 200 200 3 5 11 7 17 51±5 55±6 46±5 51 14±4 33±7 33±5 31±14 32±4 28±4 28±3 42±6 41±5 53±9 56±11 34±6 61±11 125 125 125 125 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 11 11 10 11 2 10 10 9 4 3 3 12 11 15 16 10 18 32±4 43±6 29±2 32±3 28±3 33±3 19±5 12±4 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 11 17 9 11 8 11 2 1 . strawberry classic. fruit.9%). Nestlé Diet Peaches & Cream (Nestlé. wild strawberry (Ski d'liteTM. peach melba (Value.

Australia) SkiTM. Australia)8 Diet VaaliaTM. low fat.. sweetened with acesulfame K and Splenda Diet VaaliaTM. Australia)8 Diet VaaliaTM. probiotic. Australia)8 Diet VaaliaTM. probiotic. strawberry (Czech Republic) Reduced-fat. berry fruit flavors (National Foods Ltd.. YoplaitTM Lite.. mango (Pauls Ltd. raspberry (UK)8 Yoghurt. vanilla flavor (Dairy Farmers Ltd. Australia)8 Reduced-fat. VaaliaTM. vanilla (Pauls Ltd. Australia)25 Leben European Style yoghurt (Jalna Dairy Foods. Australia) 11±5 35±10 19±6 27±4 200 200 200 200 1 12 3 5 23±2 23±2 25±3 23±2 23±2 23±1 40±2 40±4 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 4 3 3 3 3 3 14 12 16±3 19±3 20±4 18±3 18±1 44±10 45±10 52±14 47 26±4 26±4 28±4 43±5 25±3 37±3 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 2 2 3 3 2 13 13 15 14 8 3 9 14 9 12 . non-fat. Australia)25 Yoghurt. Australia) Reduced-fat.. Honey flavor (Dairy Farmers Ltd. Australia) YoplaitTM No Fat berry fruit flavors8 YoplaitTM No Fat Strawberry Classic flavor8 YoplaitTM No Fat tropical fruit flavors8 YoplaitTM No Fat yoghurt.. various flavors8 mean of four foods Probiotic yoghurt Yoghurt. french vanilla (Pauls Ltd. apricot & mango (Pauls Ltd. Australia) Diet VaaliaTM. Australia)8 Reduced-fat. strawberry (UK)8 mean of three foods Reduced-fat yoghurt Reduced-fat. fat-free (Jalna Dairy Foods. sugar sweetened SkiTM. Extra-LiteTM. VaaliaTM. probiotic. strawberry (Pauls Ltd.. mixed berry (Pauls Ltd. Australia)8 Reduced-fat. Australia) YoplaitTM. strawberry (Pauls Ltd. Australia)8 Diet VaaliaTM. natural (UK)8 mean of four foods Non-fat yoghurt Passionfruit yoghurt. Australia)8 mean of five foods SkiTM. YoplaitTM Lite.. tropical fruit flavors (National Foods Ltd.894 895 896 897 898 899 900 901 902 903 904 905 906 907 908 909 910 911 912 913 914 915 916 (Jalna Dairy Foods. artificially sweetened yoghurts (National Foods Ltd. prune (UK)8 Yoghurt. exotic fruits (Pauls Ltd. non-fat.

Australia)8 Soy milk. Original. reduced-fat. Vitasoy® So Milky Lite (National Foods Ltd. full-fat (3%). containing maltodextrin (So Natural Foods.917 918 919 920 921 922 923 924 925 926 927 928 929 930 931 932 933 934 935 936 937 Reduced-fat. cranberry (UK)8 Probiotic drink. Australia) Yoghurt drinks Probiotic drink.5%). VaaliaTM. Vitasoy® Lush. Calciforte. with maltodextrin. reduced-fat (1. Fruit Salad flavor (National Foods Ltd. full-fat (3%). Vitasoy® Light Original (National Foods Ltd. Canada) Soy Beverage. Chocolate (National Foods Ltd. original (UK)8 Vitalise Multivitamin Cultured Milk Fruit Drink (Jalna Dairy Foods. 0 mg calcium. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited.. Original flavored. Vanilla flavored. various flavors (National Foods Ltd. 120 mg calcium. 120 mg calcium. Vitasoy® So Milky Regular (National Foods Ltd. reduced-fat (1.5%). Light. Australia)8 Soy milk drinks Soy Beverage. Canada) Soy Beverage. 120 mg calcium.5%). (So Natural Foods. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia) Wildberry Yoghourt on the Go (Jalna Dairy Foods. Australia)8 Soy milk. Vitasoy® Premium Vitality+ (National Foods Ltd. Australia)8 Soy milk. orange (UK)8 Probiotic drink. Australia)8 Soy-based dairy product alternatives Soy milks Soy milk. reduced-fat (1. Australia)8 Soy milk. tropical passionfruit (Pauls Ltd. low-fat (0. Australia)8 (2006) Soy milk. Australia)8 (2000) Soy milk. Chocolate flavored.8%). President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. YoplaitTM Lite. Vitasoy® Organic (National Foods Ltd. full-fat (3%). Canada) Soy milk. with maltodextrin (So Natural Foods. YoplaitTM Lite.7%). 120 mg calcium. Australia)8 27±2 32±5 200 200 9 9 56±9 30±8 34±5 24±5 19±4 38±4 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 17 10 11 4 4 14 44±5 36±4 41±4 43±3 21±5 45±5 17±3 44±3 18±3 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 8 6 6 7 2 4 1 8 2 40±5 15±4 28±3 31±3 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 11 1 4 6 . Calciforte (So Natural Foods. Australia)8 Soy milk. Australia) Reduced-fat. reduced-fat (1. Australia)8 Soy milk. Australia) Yoghurt drink.

2% fat. canned. raw Apple. dried.5%). 1% fat (So Natural Foods. Australia)8 Up & GoTM. Australia) Apricot fruit spread. dried (Australia) Sliced Apples. Golden Delicious (Canada) Apple. South Africa) Apricots Apricots. South Africa) Apricots. ready to eat (UK) Apricots. chocolate (soy bean. Para Hills. legume extract drink with fructose)8 (So Natural Foods. reduced-fat (1.938 939 940 941 942 943 944 Soy milk. Australia)8 XpressTM. Vitasoy® Lush. gluten-free (Freedom Foods. reduced sugar (Glen Ewin Jams. CotteesTM brand (Cadbury Schweppes. dried. ready to eat. banana. Australia) Apricot jam/fruit spread Apricot 100% Pure Fruit spread. rice cereal liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium. Australia) Apricot 100% Fruit Spread. Vanilla (National Foods Ltd. Australia)8 Up & GoTM. peach and mango. Australia)8 Soy smoothie drink. solid packed without juice (Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd. Australia) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Twice the Fruit Apricot spread (Loblaw Brands Limited. NS (Australia) Apricot Halves canned in fruit juice (Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd. bite size (UK) mean of three studies Apricot dried fruit snack (Australia) Apricot & apple fruit strips. original malt flavor (soy milk. no added sugar (Freedom Foods. rice cereal liquid breakfast) (Sanitarium. chocolate hazelnut. raw. Australia) Soy yoghurt Soy yoghurt. dried Apricots. Australia)8 Soy smoothie drink. 1% fat (So Natural Foods. dried (Australia) Apricots. cocoa malt flavor (soy milk. sugar (So Natural Foods. Australia)8 FRUIT AND FRUIT PRODUCTS Apples. cereal. Canada) 31±3 30±3 34±3 43±5 46±5 39±2 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 5 7 8 11 11 13 50±3 200 13 945 946 947 39±3 29±5 42±2 120 60 120 6 11 4 948 949 34±3 51±5 120 120 3 6 950 951 952 953 954 30±7 31±6 32±7 31 42±3 29±6 60 60 60 60 15 20 8 7 7 7 5 5 955 956 957 958 43±6 50±6 55±7 56±8 30 30 30 30 7 9 7 7 .

flesh only (Australia) Dates Dates. soft early ripened) variety (United Arab Emirates) Dates. Heinz KidzTM (H J Heinz. South Africa) Ginger Ginger. Australia) Blackberry 100% Fruit Spread. pear. Australia) Blackberry Sour Buzz dried fruit leather. pitted (Australia)25 Cherries. dried. Khalas variety. pineapple and cherries (Langeberg and Ashton Foods Pty Ltd. CotteesTM brand (Cadbury Schweppes. dried and vacuum packed (United Arab Emirates) mean of five studies Divine Date spread (Buderim Ginger. Canada) Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) Breadfruit. Dessert Maid brand (Ernest Hall & Sons. dried and vacuum packed (United Arab Emirates) Dates. canned (Always Fresh brand. candied. raw. tenderised. Malvern. processed fruit fingers. Australia) Fruit Salad canned in fruit juice. peeled. sucrose-free 51±3 47±5 62±9 70±5 61±11 46±5 35±5 53±7 47±5 60±9 68 72±8 62±6 63±6 41±5 54±2 50±6 31±5 47±5 45±8 36±3 42±4 29±4 61±6 54±3 30 120 120 120 30 30 30 100 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 60 60 60 60 60 60 25 60 120 8 11 16 16 12 8 7 5 10 17 18 20 16 9 9 10 22 14 14 20 16 18 5 16 6 10±4 25 2 .959 960 961 962 963 964 965 966 967 968 969 970 971 972 973 974 975 976 977 978 979 980 981 mean of four studies Banana. peeled. Barhi variety. apricot. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) mean of four studies Cherries. Sunripe School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods. raw. containing peach. Australia) Figs. Khalas (Rutab. QLD. dried and vacuum packed (United Arab Emirates) Dates. Australia) Bluberries. sun dried stored in traditional Bedu manner) variety (United Arab Emirates) Dates. Khalas (Tamer. wild (Wild Blueberries Association. raw (Australia)8 Breadfruit. Buderim. Australia)8 Custard apple. dark. pitted. sour. Sydney. raw Banana (Australia) Banana (Canada) Banana (South Africa) Banana. boiled 10 min (Jamaica) Breadfruit. Bo ma'an variety. boiled 26 min (Jamaica) Breadfruit.

Australia) mean of three studies Peach. Australia) Original Ginger marmalade (Buderim Ginger. Toowong. canned in juice (Woolworths Limited. 10±2 50±7 59 52±5 47±5 58±7 79±8 47±2 51±3 42±3 60±7 43±6 33±6 40±3 53±4 25 25 120 20 120 120 120 120 120 100 60 120 120 120 120 2 9 11 8 10 7 16 6 8 10 24 4 3 4 10 27±3 48±9 55±4 43 56±6 30±4 45±6 46±4 40 58±11 30 30 30 30 120 120 120 120 120 120 4 9 10 8 5 3 5 6 5 9 . Narcissus brand (China) Mandarin segments. canned in juice (Woolworths Limited. Australia) Mixed fruit. Shepparton. Lyndoch. Australia) Mango (Mangifera indica) (Australia)8 Mango. canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd. dried (Value. Australia) Kiwi fruit (Australia)8 Lychee. Australia) Grapefruit. Australia) Orange Marmalade Marmalade. Australia) Marmalade. Australia) Peach. no added sugar (Freedom Foods. Waltham Cross (Australia) Grape Nectar (Chateau Barrosa. canned in natural juice (Goulburn Valley brand. Ardmona Foods. raw (Australia)8 Oranges. low-fat frozen fruit dessert. type NS (Canada) Orange & Grapefruit segments. VIC. canned in juice (Woolworths Limited. UK) Nectarines. black. type NS (South Africa) Oranges. canned in syrup and drained. ruby red segments. canned in heavy syrup (Letona Foods. orange (Australia) Breakfast Marmalade 100% Fruit Spread. SA. Australia) mean of three foods Paw paw/papaya. CotteesTM brand (Cadbury Schweppes. Australia) Grapes. raw Oranges. raw Paw paw (Carica papaya (Australia)8 Peaches Peach. canned in natural juice (SPC Ardmona Ltd. Shepparton. Australia) Ginger Spread. sucrose-free (Buderim Ginger. orange 100% Pure Fruit spread. FrutiaTM (Weis Frozen Foods.982 983 984 985 986 987 988 989 990 991 992 993 994 995 995 996 997 998 999 1000 1001 1002 1003 (Buderim Ginger. Mooroopna. Australia) Peach.

NSW. Australia) Peach. canned in reduced-sugar syrup. pitted (Sunsweet Growers Inc. raw (Australia)8 Pineapple pieces. gluten-free (Freedom Foods. canned in natural fruit juice (Woolworths Limited. Yennora. Australia) Pear halves. Australia) Pear. Australia) Pineapple & Papaya pieces. raw (Australia)7 Strawberries. dried (UK) Pineapple Pineapple. CotteesTM brand (Cadbury Schweppes. canned in natural juice (SPC Ltd. canned in natural juice (Woolworths Limited. Australia) Peach. Australia) Peach. SPC Lite (SPC Ltd. Australia) Raspberry 100% Fruit Spread. raw (Australia)8 Rockmelon/Cantaloupe. canned in fruit juice (Woolworths Limited. dried (UK) Peach & pear fruit strips. canned in heavy syrup (Homebrand. Australia) Pears Pear halves. VIC. USA) Raisins Raisins (Canada) Raspberry 100% Pure Fruit spread. raw (Australia)8 Strawberry jam (Australia) Strawberry100% Fruit Spread. Australia) Peach & Pineapple. Canada) Strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit 64±3 62±9 46±5 45±4 35±5 29±6 120 120 120 120 60 20 12 11 6 6 8 3 25±6 43±15 43±15 66±7 43±4 55±5 53±7 29±4 64±11 26±4 46±5 120 120 60 120 120 120 120 60 60 25 30 4 5 12 6 8 10 9 10 28 3 8 65±9 70 40±7 51±10 46±5 69±12 120 120 120 30 30 25 4 4 1 10 8 6 29±4 30 7 . canned in reduced-sugar syrup. no added sugar (Freedom Foods. Australia) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Twice the Fruit Spread . canned in natural fruit juice (Woolworths Limited. canned in natural fruit juice (Woolworths Limited. Australia) Peach & Grapes. Australia) Rockmelon/Cantaloupe Rockmelon/Cantaloupe. SPC Lite (SPC Ltd. fresh. Australia) Pineapple pieces.. Yuba City.1004 1005 1006 1007 1008 1009 1010 1011 1012 1013 1014 1015 1016 1017 1018 1019 1020 1021 1022 1023 1024 1025 1025 1026 Hawthorn East. Australia) Prunes. CotteesTM brand (Cadbury Schweppes.Strawberry & Rhubarb (Loblaw Brands Limited.

Real Fruit Bars (Uncle Toby's. Australia) Watermelon Watermelon. pure. Lakeville-Middleboro. raw (Australia)7 Wild berry dried fruit snack (Australia) FRUIT JUICES Apple juice Apple juice. frozen fruit dessert (Nestlé. unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company. Ocean Spray® (Gerber Ltd. cloudy. freshly made (Sydney. no added sugar (Berri Ltd. Melbourne. wild berry. unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company. pure. MA. Washington. VIC. clear. unsweetened. UK) 40 90±12 30 30 8 23 56±11 56±6 58±11 57 41±3 59±8 60 60 60 60 15 100 26 23 24 25 5 12 72±13 80±3 35±4 120 120 15 4 5 4 1037 1038 1039 1040 1041 1042 1043 1044 1045 1046 1047 1048 39±5 44±3 44±2 37±3 45±4 43±3 47±5 48±5 43±3 52±3 68±3 56±4 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 10 13 13 10 11 14 16 16 10 16 24 16 . Wandin. Bridgewater.. UK) Sultanas (UK) mean of three studies Tropical dried fruit snack (Australia) Vitari. reconstituted (Berrivale Orchards Ltd. Australia) Apple and blackcurrant juice. Australia) Apple and mango juice. Australia) Apple. pineapple and passionfruit juice. Australia) Apple and cherry juice. Granny Smith.. raw (Australia)8 Watermelon. non-dairy.1027 1028 1029 1030 1031 1032 1033 1034 1035 1036 CompanyTM. unsweetened (Australia) Apple juice. Somerset. USA) Cranberry juice drink. Australia) Strawberry processed fruit bars. Australia)8 Cranberry juice Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray. Australia) Apple juice. unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company. USA) Strawberry & wildberry dried fruit leather. Australia) Carrot juice. Sunripe School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods. unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company. Australia) Cranberry juice cocktail (Ocean Spray Inc. unsweetened (The Wild About Fruit Company. Australia) Sultanas Sultanas (Australia) Sultanas (Value. Berri. Australia) Apple juice. pure. pure.

apricot and banana cereal8 59 46±6 48±4 53±6 54±5 50±2 43±3 47±3 47±3 39±3 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 19 12 14 9 11 12 15 250 mL 12 250 mL 250 mL 12 11 23±6 33±3 38±4 31 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 2 3 4 2 1060 1061 1062 1063 1064 1065 55±6 35±5 30±6 36±6 46±5 95±13 100 mL 100 mL 100 mL 100 mL 120 87 4 2 2 3 10 6 1066 56±8 75 7 . Malvern. Canada) 1051 Orange juice. Australia) SuperJuice (Berri Ltd. Australia) mean of three studies INFANT FORMULA AND WEANING FOODS Formula InfasoyTM. Auckland. Australia)8 Weaning Foods Apple baby food (Czech Republic) FarexTM baby rice. soy-based. canned. Australia) SuperJuice Greenzone. Australia) 1052 Orange juice. Quelch brand (Berri Ltd. no added sugar (Berri Ltd. blueberry puree and banana puree Tomato juice 1057 Tomato juice. containing apple. unsweetened. Mr Juicy brand (Berri Ltd. reconstituted concentrate. low sodium. containing apple juice. NSW. Canada) 1058 Tomato juice. New Zealand)8 Nan-1TM infant formula with iron (Nestlé. 7 g cereal with 80 g water (Heinz Wattie's Ltd. milk-free (Wyeth Nutritionals. no added sugar (Campbell's Soup Company. unsweetened. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia) mean of four studies 1053 Prune juice (Golden Circle. Baulkham Hills. orange 1054 and pineapple juice 1055 SuperJuice Immune. USA) 1059 Tomato juice. Wells. reconstituted concentrate. Australia)8 KaricareTM gold starter formula with omega plus LCP oils (Nutricia. pineapple juice and guava puree 1056 SuperJuice Kickstart..mean of three studies Orange juice 1049 Orange juice (Canada) 1050 President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Oh-Mega j Orange juice beverage (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia)8 S-26TM infant formula (Wyeth Nutritionals. Australia)8 Robinsons First Tastes from 4 months (Nutricia. UK) Apple. Camden. containing apple juice.

24 g salt (Nigeria)11. fruit flavored. Australia) Baked Beans in Ham sauce (HJ Heinz. consumed with 4. made with whole milk and water24 Porridge (wholemeal wheat.14 Butter Beans Butter beans. oat. Australia) Baked Beans in Tomato sauce (HJ Heinz. Heinz Vegetarian baked haricot beans (HJ Heinz Company. type NS (Italy)24 Blackeyed beans/peas (Cowpeas). reheated in microwave for 1. Australia) Baked Beans in Barbecue sauce (HJ Heinz. Australia) Baked Beans in Sweet Chilli sauce (HJ Heinz. made with whole milk and water24 Porridge (rice and wheat flour). canned. apple-pear flavored. Dandenong. canned (Canada) Baked Beans. Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. dried.1067 1068 1069 1070 1071 1072 1073 1074 1075 Creamed rice porridge8 Rice pudding8 Heinz for Baby from 4 months (Heinz Wattie's Ltd. Sweden) Gruel (wholemeal wheat. Australia)11 Baked Beans in Cheesy Tomato sauce (HJ Heinz. boiled Blackeyed beans (Canada) Blackeyed peas (Vigna unguiculata). canned. made with whole milk and water24 LEGUMES AND NUTS Baked Beans Baked Beans. strained8 Sweetcorn and rice8 Porridge/Gruel (Semper Foods AB.14 Blackeyed peas (Vigna unguiculata). Cheltenham. Australia) Chicken and noodles with vegetables. Australia) Beans. rice & wheat flour). Australia)8 Butter beans. Australia) Baked Beans in Mild Curry sauce (HJ Heinz. drained. rye. dried. boiled Beans. Australia) Baked Beans in Tomato sauce. made with whole milk and water24 Rice porridge.5 min (HJ Heinz. boiled (Nigeria)11. made with whole milk and water24 Porridge (rice & wheat flour). wheat and oat flour). rice. soaked overnight. VIC. dried. boiled. 59±8 59±6 75 75 5 6 67±11 65±13 47 46 51 54 51 120 120 250 250 250 250 250 5 10 12 14 15 16 15 1076 1077 1078 1079 1080 1081 1082 1083 1084 40±3 40 44±4 47±4 53±4 49±5 46±3 40±5 57±7 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 6 6 10 13 13 11 12 8 13 1085 1086 1087 1088 37 33±4 52 38 150 150 150 150 11 10 16 11 1089 1090 36±3 26±7 150 150 8 5 .

Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. soaked overnight. Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. soaked.). Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. dried. canned. Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. soaked overnight. boiled 60 min (UK) Lentils 28±7 36±4 32±3 31±5 150 150 150 150 6 7 7 6 10 36±5 38±3 22±5 37±5 150 150 150 30 150 3 11 9 1 9 31±6 39 23 150 150 150 9 12 7 14 19 25 29±8 22±3 34 70±11 20 43±5 36±4 51±5 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 3 5 6 7 6 8 17 5 10 9 12 .). soaked overnight. canned in brine. Australia)8 Red Kidney beans. Canada) Haricot beans. drained. Chris' Traditional brand (Capitol Chilled Foods Pty Ltd. soaked 12 h. boiled 70 min (Sweden) Kidney beans (Canada) mean of four studies Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. boiled 35 min (Philippines) Chickpeas (Canada) Chickpeas. Australia)8 Chickpea Hommus dip. drained. autoclaved Kidney beans. steamed 1 h (India)14 Black bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn). ACT. boiled Chickpeas (Cicer arietinum Linn). dried. canned. canned. home-cooked.1091 1092 1093 1094 1095 1096 1097 1098 1099 1100 1101 1102 1103 1104 1105 1106 1107 1108 1109 1110 1111 boiled 50 min (UK) Butter beans. soaked 20 min. Australia)8 Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans. Australia)8 Four bean mix. Australia) Kidney Beans Kidney/white bean (Phaseolus vulgaris Linn). drained. cooked in salted water (South Africa) Butter beans (Canada) mean of four studies Cannellini beans. cooked 45 min (Philippines) Dark Red Kidney beans. dried. boiled 1h in water. Australia)8 Red Kidney beans. boiled (Canada) Haricot/Navy beans (King Grains. boiled 17 min (Philippines) Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) (India) Kidney beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L. Cheltenham. canned. Bengal gram). soaked. stored moist 24 h. dried. drained. Australia)8 Haricot/Navy beans Haricot/Navy beans. soaked overnight. baked in tomato sauce 2 h11 (HJ Heinz. drained. red.

USA) Chocolate weight management drink (UK)24 Chocolate weight management drink (UK)24 Hazelnut & Apricot bar (Dietworks. CA. boiled 25 min (UK) Marrowfat peas. soaked. boiled (Australia) Lentils. boiled 55 min (UK) MEAL REPLACEMENT & WEIGHT MANAGEMENT PRODUCTS Chocolate. weight management drink (UK)24 Chocolate weight management bar (Shaklee Corporation. lactose-free. brown. dried. prepared with water (Indevex AB. Australia)7 Split peas. Australia)8 Lentils. dried. Dutch chocolate flavor (Australia) Juice Plus+® Complete meal replacement powder.1112 1113 1114 1115 1116 1117 1118 1119 1120 1121 1122 1123 1124 1125 1126 1127 1128 Lentils. dried. Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. drained. French vanilla flavor (Australia) Lean CuisineTM frozen convenience meals 29±3 42±5 37±3 21±7 47±3 31 53±8 25±4 42±5 22 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 5 9 5 4 9 5 9 4 7 4 33 38±3 150 150 8 10 15±5 20±3 14±2 14±3 25±6 150 150 150 150 150 1 1 1 1 3 1129 1130 1131 1132 1133 1134 1135 1136 29±10 29±4 23±5 39±8 42±7 28±5 35±5 32±4 250 mL 31 250 mL 250 mL 50 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 6 4 4 7 9 2 7 6 . steamed (USA)11.). boiled 20 min (Philippines) Mung bean. Australia) InZoneTM nutritious beverage powder.14 Refried Pinto beans. yellow. dried. soaked overnight. boiled 45 min (Philippines) Pinto beans Pinto beans. fried (Australia) Mung bean. canned in brine. canned. Huth. green. germinated (Australia) Mung bean. Australia) Soya beans Soya beans. soaked. Sweden) Juice Plus+® Complete meal replacement powder. dried. Pleasanton. dried. canned (Canada) Soya beans. type NS (Canada) Lentils. drained. Casa FiestaTM brand (Capital Foods Pty Ltd. boiled (Canada) Soya beans. split. pressure cooked (Australia) Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan Linn. Edgell'sTM brand (Simplot Australia. South Yarra. red. boiled (Australia) Soya beans. boiled (Canada) Mung beans Mung bean (Phaseolus areus Roxb).

prepared with skim milk (SlimFast Foods Ltd. USA) ProvideTM nutritious beverage powder. reheated Burmese Vegetable Curry & rice. Salt Lake City.NTM products (Usana Inc. Sweden) SlimFast® weight management products SlimFast® bars SlimFast® chocolate caramel meal replacement bar (SlimFast Foods Ltd. prepared with water (Indevex AB.. prepared with water (Australia)8 SICCON D2TM nutritious beverage powder. Peanut Crunch L.A. UK) SlimFast® Chocolate Muesli snack bar (SlimFast Foods Ltd. USA) SlimFast® meal replacement powder. Harvest Oat NutrimealTM. reheated L. Australia) French style chicken with rice. UK) SlimFast® French Vanilla ready-to-drink shake (Slim Fast Foods Company.E. Slough. UK) SlimFast® meals SlimFast® Garden vegetable soup with peppers and croutons (SlimFast Foods Ltd.1137 1138 1139 1140 1141 1142 1143 1144 1145 1146 1147 1148 1149 1150 1151 1152 1153 1154 1155 1156 1157 1158 1159 (Nestlé. Chocolate Crunch Lemon weight management bar (Shaklee Corporation. UK) 36±6 53±4 49±6 46±8 280 280 280 280 17 19 20 17 45±4 26±3 30±4 32±4 23±4 32±8 43±7 22±4 28±5 10±6 28±5 50 250 40 40 31 50 50 31 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 13 3 6 6 3 7 10 3 2 1 2 54±3 27±3 49±6 50 50 50 18 6 16 36±4 37±5 35±6 33±3 50 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 17 10 12 10 20±2 250 mL 5 . prepared with water (Indevex AB. NJ. Englewood.E.N (Life long) NutribarTM. UK) SlimFast® beverages SlimFast® Double Chocolate meal replacement powder. prepared with skim milk (Unilever Australasia.A. reheated8 Honey Soy Beef with Wholemeal Noodles. USA) Lemon weight management bar (UK)24 Malt toffee weight management bar (UK)24 Peanut Butter weight management bar (Shaklee Corporation. Australia) SlimFast® Strawberry Supreme ready-to-drink shake (SlimFast Foods Ltd.E.A. Dutch Chocolate L. drink powder. Berks.A. UK) SlimFast® chocolate meal replacement bar (SlimFast Foods Ltd. USA) L.N (Life long) NutribarTM. UT.N FibergyTM bar.E. reheated Chicken Pomodoro. Sweden) ReduceXSTM Chocolate Deluxe formulated meal replacement powder.

1160 1161 1162 1163 1164 1165 1166 1167 1168 1169 1170 1171 1172 SlimFast® Pasta Florentina meal (SlimFast Foods. tomato. prepared with water (Australia) Worldwide Sport Nutrition reduced-carbohydrate products (2000 formulations) (Worldwide Sport Nutritional Supplements Inc. UK)8 Berrynice Yoghurt Crunch (low fat yoghurt. mayonnaise on a burger bun) (McDonald's Australia Ltd. Australia) Vege Burger (vegetable patty. all flavors. Australia) Burgers Fillet-O-FishTM burger (fish patty. honey toasted oats. pickle. convenience meal (Finest. prepared meal 53±5 22±2 250 250 mL 12 6 14±3 29±3 23±3 30±4 38±4 22±4 43±4 40±4 25±3 42±5 37±7 35 50 50 80 80 80 80 80 55 55 55 3 2 1 4 5 2 6 6 3 4 3 1173 1174 53±12 43±5 300 216 8 15 1175 66±10 128 20 1176 66±8 95 17 1177 66±4 164 17 1178 66±3 186 26 1179 1180 1181 59±8 15±4 44±6 100 300 300 14 8 21 . strawberries and blueberries) (McDonald's Australia Ltd. Australia) Lean beef burger (lean beef patty. cheese and tartare sauce on a burger bun) (McDonald's Australia Ltd. Australia) McChickenTM burger (chicken patty.. onion and sauce on a burger bun) (McDonald's Australia Ltd. FL. sugar-free8 Burn-itTM bars Chocolate deluxe8 Peanut butter8 Pure-proteinTM bars Chewy choc-chip8 Chocolate deluxe8 Peanut butter8 Strawberry shortcake8 White chocolate mousse8 Pure-proteinTM cookies Choc-chip cookie dough8 Coconut8 Peanut butter8 MIXED MEALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS Beef and ale casserole. UK) Tony Ferguson's Meal Replacement Shake. lettuce. Largo. cheese. US) Designer chocolate. tomato and sweet chilli sauce on a burger bun) (Australia) Cannelloni. ketchup. lettuce. onion and mustard on a burger bun) (McDonald's Australia Ltd. Australia) Hamburger (beef patty. spinach and ricotta (UK) Chicken korma and peshwari rice. mixed lettuce.

reduced-fat milk and margarine Cottage pie (UK) Cumberland fish pie (UK) Cumberland pie (UK) Dates. dark brown commercial) (60 g). convenience meal (Healthy Living. UK) Chow mein. soft early ripened) (90 g). prepared with water. Cheesy. containing meat and shallots (China) Fajitas. McCain Foods. eaten with 62 g cheese and 16 g butter (Canada) 45±9 46±4 300 100 21 7 55±6 34±7 42±4 34±9 55±7 47±7 100 300 300 300 300 300 12 21 19 12 13 18 37±5 39±4 43±6 33±5 200 200 200 200 8 9 10 7 65±8 40±5 29±6 37±5 300 300 300 215 22 12 11 19 29±4 185 15 28±3 42±14 40±5 66 100 300 360 100 6 18 15 22 . Australia) Chicken McNuggetsTM consumed with sweet Thai chilli sauce (McDonald's. chicken. Australia) Chicken tikka masala and rice. reduced-fat milk & margarine Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce. UK) Chilli con carne. prepared with water. Grocery Holdings. Tooronga. Parmesan and Cracked Pepper. prepared with water. eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g) (United Arab Emirates) Dumpling. NSW. Khalas (Rutab. UK) Chicken korma and rice. Creamy Sun-dried Tomato. frozen. UK) Chilli beef noodles. Khalas (Tamer. chicken. chicken (UK) Greek lentil stew with a bread roll. USA).1182 1183 1184 1185 1186 1187 1188 1189 1190 1191 1192 1193 1194 1195 1196 1197 1198 1199 1200 1201 1202 (Finest. convenience meal (Serves One. convenience meal (Healthy Living. convenience meal8 (Healthy Living. made from haricot beans (Australia) Chow mein. reduced-fat milk & margarine Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce. reheated in microwave oven 5 min (Savings. prepared convenience meal (Finest. home made (Australia) Instant mashed potato (McCain. reduced-fat milk & margarine Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce. Epping. UK) ContinentalTM Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce (Unilever Australiasia. UK) Chicken nuggets. prepared with water. Creamy Carbonara. Australia) Wholegrain Pasta & Sauce. eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g) (United Arab Emirates) Dates.

Super Supreme. UK) Lasagne. Australia) Pizza Pizza. vegetarian (UK) Lentil and cauliflower cury with rice (Australia) Lentil and cheese pie (Australia) Lentils and vegetables.2 % fat) (Pizza Hut. prepared convenience meal8 (Finest. Mars. party size (Farmland. Sydney. Grocery Holdings.4% fat) (Pizza Hut. type NS (UK) Lasagne. Australia) Pizza. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. chilled. Pesto and Feta Cheese. boiled 10 min in salted water. UK). UK) Lasagne Lasagne. Australia) Pizza. Estima (50 g). NSW. Super Supreme. UK) Lasagne. consumed with an orange (Chile) Pies. UK). thin and crispy (13.1203 1204 1205 1206 1207 1208 1209 1210 1211 1212 1213 1214 1215 1216 1217 1218 1219 1220 1221 1222 1223 1224 1225 1226 Kidney beans.8 % fat) (Pizza Hut. type NS (Finest. boiled 10 min in salted water. USA) consumed with 68 g cheese and 14 g butter (Canada) Pasta bake. Canada) Potato with added ingredients Potato. (canned) with bacon and tomatoes (Australia) Kidney beans. tomato and mozzarella (UK) Pasta eaten with other foods Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd. beans & vegetables steamed for 25 min. boiled 10 min in salted water. (cooked from dried beans) with bacon and tomatoes (Australia) Lamb moussaka. Australia) Stone Baked Whole Wheat Pizza . thin and crispy (7. pan (11. served with canned tuna (UK) Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd. Vegetarian Supreme. steamed for 10 min then boiled for 10 min consumed with an orange (Chile) Mushroom stroganoff with rice (UK) Parboiled rice (Uncle Bens Converted. beef. served with cheddar cheese (UK) Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd. beef (frozen) (UK) Lasagne. microwaved 6 min then 36±8 21±9 35±8 250 250 300 12 7 10 47±7 28±4 34±8 25±5 20±6 60±10 25±8 35 26±6 27 23±4 28±3 27±4 40±5 54 45±6 300 300 300 300 300 300 300 200 300 100 300 200 100 17 11 10 8 10 25 11 7 11 10 10 12 12 36±6 30±4 49±6 54±4 100 100 100 100 9 7 12 11 62±6 139 23 . served with chilli con carne (UK) Spaghetti. meat (Healthy Living. UK).Vegetable.

1227 1228 1229 1230

1231 1232 1233 1234 1235 1236 1237 1238 1239 1240 1241 1242 1243 1244 1245 1246 1247 1248 1249 1250 1251 1252 1253 1254 1255 1256 1257 1258

baked 10 min, served with baked beans (89 g) (UK) Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then baked 10 min, served with canned tuna (62 g) (UK) Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then baked 10 min, served with cheddar cheese (62 g) (UK) Potato, Estima (50 g), microwaved 6 min then baked 10 min, served with chilli con carne (63 g) (UK) Potato noodles with meat (China) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM convenience meals (Loblaw Brands Limited, Canada) Barley Risotto with Herbed Chicken (entree) 4-Bean Salad, low-fat Cauliflower-Topped Shepherd's Pie (entree) Chicken Curry with Vegetables (entree) Deluxe Cheddar Macaroni & Cheese Dinner Ginger-Glazed Salmon (entree) Lentil and Bean Vegetable Patties Linguine with Shrimp Marinara (entree) Penne with Roasted Vegetables (entree) Rotini with Chicken Pesto (entree) 3-Rice Bayou Blend Rice & Beans Sidedish 4-Rice Pilaf Rice & Beans Sidedish Rice & Lentils Espana Sidedish Sesame Ginger Chicken with Vegetables (entree) Tomato and Herb Chicken (entree) Vegetable Ancient Grain Vegetable Patties Vegetarian Chili Yellow Curry Chicken (entree) Sausages and mash potato, prepared convenience meal (UK) Sirloin chop with mixed vegetables and mashed potato, homemade (Australia) Shepherds pie, prepared convenience meal (UK) Spaghetti bolognaise, home made (Australia) Steak and ale with cheddar mash potato8 convenience meal (Finest, UK) Stuffed bun, with shallots and meat, steamed (China) Sushi Sushi, salmon ('I Love Sushi', Sydney, Australia)8 Sushi, roasted sea algae, vinegar and rice (Japan) Sweet and sour chicken with noodles, prepared convenience meal (Serves One, UK) Tandoori chicken masala & rice convenience meal

76±7 39±5 75±7 17±3

112 112 113 300

20 10 23 8

38±4 13±3 21±4 26±8 34±6 41±3 54±5 40±6 39±5 57±4 44±4 46±5 49±5 44±8 29±5 54±3 39±6 25±5 61±7 66±12 66±9 52±9 48±12 39±4 48±8 55 41±7 45±5

300 100 300 300 60 300 113 300 300 300 50 50 50 300 300 113 300 300 300 360 300 360 300 100 100 100 300 300

15 1 4 3 13 18 15 11 17 25 15 16 17 8 9 14 11 4 25 35 29 25 12 12 17 20 21 27

1259

1260

1261

1262 1263 1264 1265

1266 1267 1268 1269 1270 1271 1272 1273

1274

(Finest, UK) White bread with accompaniments Chicken Tandoori Deli Choice white French roll (tandoori chicken, tomato, lettuce, cucumber, mint & yoghurt sauce on a roll) (McDonald's Australia) Chicken Tandoori Deli Choice Multigrain roll (tandoori chicken, tomato, lettuce, cucumber, mint & yoghurt sauce on a roll) (McDonald's Australia) Turkey & Cranberry Deli Choice Multigrain roll (turkey, lettuce, cranberry sauce, cheese and mayonnaise on a roll) (McDonald's Australia) White wheat flour bread, butter, cheese, regular milk and fresh cucumber (Sweden)8 White wheat flour bread, butter, yoghurt and pickled cucumber (Sweden)8 White bread roll with cheese (UK) White bread (Rustico Panem, Panem, Verona, Italy), consumed with 35 g butter11,14 (Burro Galbani, Cademartori, Lodi, Italy) White bread (Rustico Panem, Panem, Verona, Italy), eaten with 35 g Mazola corn oil (CDC, Milan, Italy)11,14 White bread (Rustico Panem, Panem, Verona, Italy), eaten with 35 g olive oil (Olio Sagra, Lucca, Italy)11,14 White bread consumed with margarine, eggs and orange juice White bread (30 g), toasted, served with baked beans (51 g) (Hovis, UK) White bread (30 g), toasted, served with cheddar cheese (36 g) (Hovis, UK) White Bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries) (140 g), consumed with 30 g raw almonds (Canada) White Bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries) (140 g), consumed with 60 g raw almonds (Canada) White bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries), (100 g), consumed with 60 g raw, unblanched almonds (California Almonds, USA) White Bread (Wonder Bread, Interstate Bakeries) (140 g), consumed with 90 g raw almonds (Canada) NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT PRODUCTS Choiced m TM, vanilla (Mead Johnson Nutritionals, Evansville, USA) Diasip®, diabetes-specific enteral formula8

78±7

270

44

67±6

270

32

63±5

200

34

55 39 50±5 78

200 200 100 36

37 11 20 11

20 20 58±13 50±6 35±2 74 44 39

36 36 81 66 170 200 160

3 3 11 5 37 23 20

31

230

16

1275 1276

23±4 12±3

237 mL 250 mL

6 3

1277 1278 1279 1280 1281 1282 1283 1284 1285 1286 1287 1288

1289 1290 1291 1292 1293 1294 1295 1296 1297 1298 1299 1300

(Nutricia N.V., Netherlands) Diason®/Nutrison Diabetes, diabetes-specific enteral8 formula (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands) Diben®, diabetes-specific enteral formula8 (Fresenius Kabi AG, Germany) Enercal PlusTM, made from powder (Wyeth-Ayerst International Inc, Madison, USA) EnsureTM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia, Kurnell, NSW, Australia) EnsureTM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) EnsureTM bar, chocolate fudge brownie (Abbott Australasia) EnsureTM Hospital, nutritional supplement powder, prepared with water (Abbott Nutrition International) Ensure PlusTM, vanilla (Abbott Australasia) Ensure PuddingTM, old fashioned vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc, Ashland, USA) Fortimel® enteral formula (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)8 Glucerna Chocolate Graham nutritional supplement bar (Ross Nutrition, Canada) Glucerna, diabetes-specific enteral formula (Abbott Laboratories Inc, USA) Glucerna enteral nutritional supplement, vanilla GlucernaTM, vanilla flavor8 (Abbott Nutrition International) GlucernaTM, vanilla flavor8 (Abbott Nutrition International) GlucernaTM, vanilla flavor (Ross Nutrition, Canada) GlucernaTM, vanilla (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA)8 mean of four studies Glucerna Select, enteral nutritional supplement8 (Abbott Nutrition International) Glucerna SR, diabetes-specific enteral formula (Abbott Laboratories Inc., USA) InslowTM (Abbott Nutrition International -Japan)8 JevityTM (Abbott Australasia) JevityTM HiCal, enteral nutritional supplement (Abbott Nutrition International) Novasource Diabet®, diabetes-specific enteral formula8 (Novartis Consumer Health SA, Switzerland) Nutridrink (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)9 Nutridrink Multifiber, containing 2.3 g fiber/100 mL (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands)9

17±4 22±7 61±13 50±8 48±3 43±3 51±5 40±4 36±4 25±8 20±2 15±3

250 mL 250 mL 237 mL 237 mL 237 mL 38 250 mL 237 mL 113 250 mL 50 250 mL

5 5 24 19 16 8 3 19 9 6 5 4

19±4 20±4 26±2 31±2 24±3 16±3 23±5 25±3 48±3 59±6 26±5 25 22

250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 237 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 mL

4 4 8 8 6 2 6 6 17 27 8 12 10

1301 1302 1303 1304 1305 1306 1307 1308 1309 1310 1311 1312 1313 1314 1315 1316

Nutrison Mutli fiber® enteral formula8 (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands) Nutrison Standard® enteral formula8 (Nutricia N.V., Netherlands) Promote with fiberTM nutritional supplement (Ross Nutrition, USA) ProsureTM, ready-to-drink supplement, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International) ProsureTM, ready-to-drink supplement, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International) Resource DiabeticTM, French vanilla (Novartis Nutrition Corp., Young America, USA)8 Resource DiabeticTM, Swiss chocolate (Novartis, Auckland, New Zealand) ResourceTM fruit beverage, peach flavor (Novartis, New Zealand) ResourceTM thickened orange juice, honey consistency (Novartis, New Zealand) ResourceTM thickened orange juice, nectar consistency (Novartis, New Zealand) SustagenTM, Dutch Chocolate (Mead Johnson, Bristol Myers Squibb, Rydalmere, Australia) SustagenTM Hospital with extra fiber, drink made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) SustagenTM Instant Pudding, vanilla, made from powdered mix (Mead Johnson, Australia) TapionTM nutritonal supplement (Abbott Nutrition International - Japan) TwoCal HNTM, high nitrogen nutritional supplement, vanilla flavor (Abbott Nutrition International) UltracalTM with fiber (Mead Johnson, Evansville, IN, USA) NUTS Cashew nuts Cashew nuts, salted (Coles Supermarkets, Australia)8 Cashew nuts (UK)8 Cashew nuts, organic, roasted and salted (UK)8 Cashew nut halves (UK)8 Cashew nuts, roasted and salted (UK)8 mean of five foods Mixed nuts and raisins (UK) Mixed nuts, roasted and salted (UK)

28±10 34±8 49±8 54±5 55±5 34±3 16±4 40±8 47±9 54±7 31±4 33±4 27±3 27±5 55±5 40

250 mL 250 mL 237 mL 237 mL 237 mL 237 mL 237mL 237 mL 237 mL 237 mL 250 mL 250 mL 250 250 mL 237 mL 237 mL

9 10 16 20 23 8 7 16 18 19 13 15 13 7 27 12

1317 1318 1319 1320 1321 1322 1323

22±5 25±6 25±12 27±6 27±9 25±1 21±5 24±10

50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4

dry pasta. all flavors (Nestlé Australia) (2005) Instant noodles. Rowville. Australia) mean of four studies Lasagne pasta sheets. verdi. boiled in 10 min in unsalted water (UK) Fusilli pasta twists. crushed (South Africa)8 PASTA and NOODLES Buckwheat noodles (China) Buckwheat noodles. Australia) Fettucine. type NS (Latina.1324 Peanuts Peanuts. dry pasta. Australia) Fusilli pasta twists Fusilli pasta twists (Tesco Stores Ltd. Australia) (2007) Corn pasta. New Zealand) Instant 'two-minute' noodles. Australia) (1995) Instant 'two-minute' noodles. egg. Carrum Downs. egg (Australia) Fettucine. boiled 10 min in unsalted water (UK) mean of four studies Gluten-free pasta. UK). tricolour. dry pasta. dry pasta. maize starch. Waverley. Mt. dry pasta. boiled in unsalted water (UK) 7±4 50 0 1325 1326 1327 1328 59±1 53±2 68±7 78±10 180 180 180 180 25 22 31 32 1329 1330 32±4 47±6 180 180 15 22 1331 1332 1333 1334 61±9 54±11 51±11 55±8 55±2 54 68±9 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 29 26 23 23 25 23 33 1335 1336 1337 1338 1339 1340 46±5 48±8 52±7 52±5 50±2 55±8 53±9 52±6 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 11 12 13 11 12 26 23 23 1341 1342 1343 . VIC. boiled in unsalted water (Value. wholewheat. gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods. Maggi® (Nestlé. boiled in unsalted water (UK) Lasagne. Auckland. egg (Mother Earth Fine Foods. Australia) Instant noodles Instant 'two-minute' noodles. Maggi®. Pillsbury Australia Ltd. gluten-free (Orgran Natural Foods. boiled 10 min in salted water (UK) Fusilli pasta twists. egg. boiled 8 min (UK) Gnocchi. dry pasta. instant (China) Corn pasta. boiled 10 min in unsalted water (UK) Fusilli pasta twists. Maggi® (Nestlé. UK) Lasagne. all flavors (Woolworths Limited. egg Fettucine. boiled for 10 min Lasagne sheets.

Australia) Spaghetti. (Sweden) Thin. Bangkok. boiled (Sydney. fresh. fresh. Inc. gluten-free. boiled 10 min in salt water (Barilla. canned in tomato sauce Spaghetti. boiled for 10 min (Rio Dulce SA.6% w/w monoglycerides. durum wheat flour. Ris'O'Mais (Orgran Foods. Italy)15 53 43 48 49 61 45 53 52±3 39±9 28±1 39±1 61±6 40±4 41 51 92±8 76±6 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 24 21 23 23 29 18 22 23 18 14 15 23 15 18 24 35 37 51±5 68±9 41 47±7 180 220 180 180 25 19 19 17 51 58 180 180 24 28 . boiled for 22 min (Philippines) Rice pasta. fresh. Physicians Pharmaceuticals.6% w/w monoglycerides. boiled (Yantai cereals. durum wheat flour. durum wheat flour. gluten-free. Australia) Spaghetti Spaghetti. dried. boiled (Thai World. rice and Hi-Maize (high-amlyose) flour (Freedom Foods. Australia) Rice pasta. white.1344 1345 1346 1347 1348 1349 1350 1351 1352 1353 1354 1355 1356 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 1362 1363 1364 mean of three studies Linguine Thick. 0. boiled in water (Vital Nature Inc. durum wheat with 39% w/w egg. Australia) Rice noodles made from IR42 (high amylose) rice flour. Parma. boiled 8 min (Sweden) Thin. Spain) White. Guadalajara. gluten-free. China) Proti pasta. Spain) Spaghetti. TX. durum wheat. dried. meat filled. fresh (Sweden) Thick. Guadalajara. NSW. 75% durum wheat flour and 25% chickpea flour boiled 10 min (Rio Dulce SA. freshly made. Thailand) Rice noodles. USA)8 Spaghetti. San Antonio. boiled 10-15 min White.6% w/w monoglycerides and 30% w/w egg. rice and split pea. boiled 3 min (Sweden) mean of four studies Mung bean noodles (Longkou beanthread). boiled (Australia) Rice noodles/pasta Rice noodles. boiled 3 min (Sweden) Thin. protein-enriched. soy (Revival Soy®. gluten-free (Freedom Foods. Australia) Rice and maize pasta. durum wheat (Sweden) Thin. durum wheat. 0. white or type NS. with 0. USA) Ravioli. fresh. boiled 16 min (Rice Grower's Co-op. brown.

Sweden) White. Canada) Wholemeal pasta. wholemeal. durum wheat. boiled 15 min in salted water (Unico.1365 1366 1367 1368 1369 1370 1371 1372 1373 1374 1375 1376 1377 1378 1379 1380 1381 1382 1383 1384 1385 1386 1387 1388 White. Marseilles. 0.6% w/w monoglycerides. ON. boiled. plain. white. boiled 15 min (Unico. UK) Udon noodles. white or type NS. Australia) Tagliatelle. Australia) White (Canada) mean of five studies Spaghetti. boiled 10 min in salted water (Melia Ltd. Greens Foods. Japan) White (Unico. white. boiled in water for 7 min (UK) Tagliatelle. Glendenning. boiled to al dente texture (Vetta. France) Boiled in 0. boiled 12 min (Starhushalls. Raisio.7% salted water for 16.5 min Boiled in 0. Windsor Gardens. durum wheat semolina (Panzani.7% salted water for 11 min Boiled in 0. boiled 20 min White. gluten-free (Orgran Foods. Jarna. reheated 5 min (Fantastic. white. VettaTM (Australia) Wheat noodle. durum wheat flour. Australia) Split pea and soya pasta shells.7% salted water for 22 min mean of three cooking times Spaghetti. Canada) White (Vetta. Australia)8 Vermicelli. SA. Concord. durum wheat flour. boiled Wholemeal (Canada) President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Whole Wheat spaghetti (Loblaw Brands Limited. durum wheat. Kungsornen AB. fresh (China) SNACK FOODS AND CONFECTIONERY 47 53 44±3 41 49±3 58±7 39 46 48±3 49±7 50±8 46±2 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 23 25 21 19 24 26 18 22 23 22 24 22 59±15 65±15 46±10 57 42±4 45±5 58 43±10 29±6 46±6 54±5 62±8 35±7 46±2 82±7 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 180 28 31 22 27 17 18 29 19 9 20 24 30 16 19 34 . boiled White (France) White (Nishin Shokuhin. Canada) mean of six studies Spaghetti. Canada) 100% durum semolina spaghetti. boiled (Sainsbury's. boiled 20 min (Australia) Spaghetti. egg pasta. Finland) Spirali. dark durum wheat. boiled 12 min (Sweden) White. egg. dried (China) Wheat noodle. white.

artificially sweetened Chocolate candy. UK) Fruit Bars Apple Fruit Bar. milk. dark. Australia) (1985) Chips or Crisps. containing coconut flour (Philippines) Chocolate.1389 1390 1391 1392 1393 1394 1395 1396 1397 1398 1399 1400 1401 1402 1403 1404 1405 1406 1407 1408 1409 1410 1411 Brownies. plain with sucrose (Belgium)8 Chocolate. containing coconut flour (Philippines) Chick Pea chips (Freedom Foods.. white. Australia) mean of four studies Chocolate. dark Chocolate. Canada) 42 44±7 43 50 50 50 11 8 10 23±3 44±5 50 50 6 12 34±5 49±6 45±8 42±8 43±3 23±3 44±6 21±3 54±6 52±6 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 30 50 50 7 14 13 13 12 3 13 2 17 18 42±4 72 50 50 11 18 45±6 34±5 91±6 82±7 84±6 15±3 90±13 50 50 50 50 50 50 40 9 7 35 32 33 4 27 . dark with raisins. Australia) Chocolate crinkles. milk. made from flaxseed. Ringwood. milk (Cadbury's Confectionery. Canada) Flaxseed Tortilla chips. milk. USA) Combos Snacks Cheddar Cheese Pretzels (M&M/Mars. Sydney. plain Chocolate. Australia) (1998) Corn chips. salted (DoritosTM original. milk (Nestlé. Dove® (M&M/Mars. Australia) CocoaviaTM Chocolate Covered Almonds (M&M/Mars. Dove® (M&M/Mars. Sea Salt Flaxseed Tortilla chips. peanuts and jam (Czech Republic) Chocolate. USA) Chocolate. plain. Smith's Snack Food Co. sugar free. Smith's Snack Food Co. USA)8 Chocolate. milk. salted (DoritosTM original. Australia) Chocolate. fat-free. Spicy Japanese Tamari Rice & Corn Crisps Japanese Wasabi & Honey Rice & Corn Crisps Thai Curry Rice & Corn Crisps Fruit and nut mix (Finest. Ballarat. Australia) Chocolate. corn or rice President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. NSW. USA)8 Combos Snacks Cheddar Cheese Crackers (M&M/Mars. Milky Bar® (Nestlé. USA) Corn chips Corn chips. Dove® (Mars Confectionery.. plain.

Australia) Berrylicious Trim Bar (Aussie Bodies Pty. Australia) Gelato Gelati. made from commercial jelly crystals. Australia) ChocolloTM. Australia) Fig Fruit bar. wheat and gluten-free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Canada) Real Fruit Bars. Ltd. USA) Strawberry & Wildberry dried fruit leather. sucrose-free frozen dessert. chocolate flavor (Alba Foods. vanilla flavor (Alba Foods. low-fat chocolate flavored ice cream eaten with a plain cone (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd. wheat and gluten free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Canada) Fruit & Yogurt Apple Cinnamon Chewy Bars (Soy). President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. sucrose-free frozen dessert.. Australia) Berry & Yoghurt Healtheries Simple Bar. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Ltd. Australia) Raspberry Fruit bar. Australia) Roll-Ups®. Australia) Ice cream and cone ChocolloTM. Newtown. low-fat chocolate flavored ice cream eaten with a waffle cone (Wendy's Supa Sundaes Pty Ltd. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Canada) Heinz KidzTM Fruit Fingers. Ltd. New Zealand) Apricot & Yoghurt Healtheries Simple Bar. strawberry (Uncle Toby's. Sunripe school straps (Windsor Farm Foods. Newtown. Canada) Fruit & Yogurt Cranberry Blueberry Bars (Soy). Australia) Gelati. banana (HJ Heinz. Australia) Jelly. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Australia) Strawberry fruit leather (Stretch Island Fruit CompanyTM. Washington.1412 1413 1414 1415 1416 1417 1418 1419 1420 1421 1422 1423 1424 1425 1426 1427 1428 1429 1430 1431 Apricot and Almond bar (UK) Apricot filled fruit bar (pureed dried apricot filling in wholemeal pastry) (Mother Earth. Raspberry Razzle flavor 34±6 50±8 40±5 51±4 46±4 35±5 70±8 34±3 30 50 50 50 50 30 40 40 5 17 10 13 8 7 21 7 33±2 40 7 61±11 74±11 90±12 99±12 29±4 40 30 40 30 30 30 30 12 23 23 24 7 8 37±5 39±4 100 100 10 11 44±7 100 8 55±6 110 15 53±6 120 10 ... fat-free. Australia) Blackberry Sour Buzz dried fruit leather. processed fruit snack (Uncle Toby's. Sunripe School Straps (Windsor Farm Foods.

NY. containing dried apricot (Uncle Toby's. Australia) M & M's®. peppermint candy (Nestlé. chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia. plain. Australia) Poppin Microwave Popcorn. crunchy. USA) Popcorn Microwave Popping Corn. made from corn and rice (Robert's American Gourmet.1432 1433 1434 1435 1436 1437 1438 1439 1440 1441 1442 1443 1444 1445 1446 1447 1448 1449 1450 (Aeroplane Jelly Company. Milson's Point. Australia) Nougat. USA) Kudos Milk Chocolate Granola bars. USA) Licorice. Tooronga. natural flavor. NSW. NSW. chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia. Spain)9 Nutella®. USA) Kudos Whole-Grain bars. Canada) Microwave Popping Corn. Australia) Mars Bar® Mars Bar® (Mars Confectionery. peanut (Mars Confectionery. Peanut Butter flavor (M&M/Mars. Australia) (2003) Nutella®. Nestlé. Australia) (2007) mean of three studies Pirate's Booty. Jijona (La Fama. Glendenning. butter flavor 80±8 76±6 52±4 62±8 45±6 78±11 70±6 33±3 62±8 68±12 62±6 62±8 45±5 61±7 32 33±4 30±4 25±4 29 70±5 30 30 50 50 50 30 30 30 60 60 30 60 45 30 30 20 20 20 20 20 22 21 18 20 14 16 21 6 25 27 15 26 15 13 4 4 4 3 3 8 1451 1452 1453 1454 1455 72±8 58±8 55±1 55±7 62±8 20 20 20 20 20 9 7 6 6 6 . chocolate hazelnut spread (Ferrero Australia. Australia) Milky Way® bar (M&M/Mars. assorted colors (Allen's. Grocery Holdings. Sea Cliff. aged white cheddar extruded snack. Australia) Mars Bar® (M&M/Mars. USA) Milky Way® Lite bar (M&M/Mars. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. butter flavor. Australia) Kudos Milk Chocolate Granola bar with M&M's Milk Chocolate Mini Baking Bits (M&M/Mars. West Ryde. cooked in microwave oven (Green's Foods. USA) Marshmallows (Candy Lane. assorted colors (Savings. USA) Muesli bar. soft (Coles Supermarkets. Australia) Jelly beans Jelly beans. Hackettstown. chocolate chip (M&M/Mars. Australia) Jelly beans. Australia) (1997) Nutella®. Australia) Life Savers®. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Canada) Popcorn (China) Popcorn.

traditional wheat flavor (Parker's. USA) 67±8 89 65±5 70±2 51±7 57 60±2 56 66±8 20 20 20 50 50 50 50 50 50 7 10 7 24 12 10 12 12 25 83±9 84±6 77±5 70±5 78±6 30 30 30 50 26 16 20 19 32 16 58±5 26 12 35±3 47±5 63±7 33±5 33±7 41±6 32±5 46 27±5 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 10 2 17 8 5 7 5 9 5 . wheat and gluten free (Aussie Bodies Pty. Australia)8 Poppin Lite Microwave Popcorn. Canada) Pretzels Pretzels. Canada) Chewy Cranberry Apple Granola Bar. USA) ExtendBarTM Apple Cinnamon Delight Bar (ExtendBar. Australia) Potato crisps (China) mean of three studies President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Original and Tomato Basil Vegetable Sticks (Loblaw Brands Limited. USA) ExtendBarTM Chocolate Delight Bar (ExtendBar. Inc. traditional wheat flavor. Canada) Chocolate Healtheries Simple bar. plain. USA)7 CocoaviaTM Chocolate Almond Snack bar (M&M/Mars. oven-baked. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. salted (Canada) Potato crisps. Australia) Pretzels. Australia) Potato crisps Potato crisps. USA) CocoaviaTM Cripsy Chocolate Bar (M&M/Mars.. salted (Arnott's. Australia) Snack bars Chewy Chocolate Chip & Marshmallow Granola Bar. Australia) Puffed rice squares (Czech Republic) Skittles® (Mars Confectionery. Smith's Snack Food Co.. 50% reduced fat (Green's Foods. Ltd. plain. oven-baked. containing coconut flour (Philippines) Munch Peanut Butter bar (M&M/Mars. double choc (Kellogg's. Smith's Snack Food Co. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited.. USA) Granola bar. 97% fat free (Parker's. cooked in microwave oven (Uncle Toby's. butter flavor.. USA) ExtendBarTM Peanut Delight Bar (ExtendBar. Australia) Chocolate Raspberry ZingTM bar (Revival Soy®. Australia)8 Popcorn. plain. Australia) mean of seven studies Pop TartsTM. Physicians Pharmaceuticals.1456 1457 1458 1459 1460 1461 1462 1463 1464 1465 1466 1467 1468 1469 1470 1471 1472 1473 1474 1475 1476 1477 (Green's Foods.

rich chocolate brownie (SlimFast Foods Co. West Palm Beach. Omaha.. Inc. Chocorama (Aussie Bodies Pty. Australia) Twix® Cookie Bar. USA) Snack bar. Australia) SPORTS (ENERGY) BARS Clif bar. rice and corn (Smith's Snackfood Co... Canada) Slimfast® Meal Options bar.. Inc.. Australia) Snickers Bar® Snickers Bar® (Mars Confectionery. Berkeley. USA)8 60% Whole Wheat Fig Fruit bar. Ltd. Ltd. extruded snack. USA)9 mean of three studies Soy Joy Fruit & Soy Bar® (Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co Ltd. Australia) Trim Bar. Apple Cinnamon (Con Agra Inc. UK) TwistiesTM. lightly salted8 (Revival Soy®. USA) Yummiees lollies (Allseps Pty. Peanut Butter and Choc-Chip (Con Agra Inc.. Chocolate Brownie Energy bar (Clif Bar Inc. caramel (M&M/Mars. Australia) Snickers Bar® (M&M/Mars. made from oat flour and bran starch (Canada)9 Peanut Butter Chocolate PalTM bar (Revival Soy®. USA) Tropical fruit and nut mix (Finest. Physicians Pharmaceuticals. Japan) Apple Soy Joy Bar Apricot Soy Joy Bar Chocolate Orange Soy Joy Bar Mango Coconut Soy Joy Bar Plum + Fe Soy Joy Bar Plum + Folic acid Soy Joy Bar Raisin Almond Soy Joy Bar Sanzashi Soy Joy Bar Strawberry Soy Joy Bar SunshineTM soy protein chips.Physicians Pharmaceuticals. Ltd.. USA) 59 52±4 72±6 50 50 50 14 13 26 64±13 40±8 37±6 31±3 25±3 50 50 50 50 50 21 12 10 4 3 41±5 43±4 68 51 60 60 60 60 15 15 23 18 19±2 27±4 41±7 28±2 25±3 27±2 28±4 29±5 33±2 87±8 49±7 74±5 44±6 43±3 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 30 50 50 50 60 15 2 3 5 3 3 3 3 4 4 23 14 22 17 2 1503 57±6 65 22 . NE. USA) Snickers Bar® (M&M/Mars. USA) Snack bar. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Tokyo.1478 1479 1480 1481 1482 1483 1484 1485 1486 1487 1488 1489 1490 1491 1492 1493 1494 1495 1496 1497 1498 1499 1500 1501 1502 Oat bar. USA) Trim bar. cheese-flavored... Mocha flavor (Aussie Bodies Pty.

USA) Dark Chocolate Crunch flavor Honey & Roasted Almond flavor Snickers® Marathon Protein Performance Bar (M&M/Mars. USA) Caramel Nut Rush flavor Chocolate Nut Burst flavor SoLo GI Nutrition Bar (New Era Nutrition Inc. USA) Power Bar® (Powerfood Inc.1504 1505 1506 1507 1508 1509 1510 1511 1512 1513 1514 1515 1516 1517 1518 1519 1520 1521 1522 1523 1524 1525 1526 1527 1528 1529 1530 Performance Chocolate Energy bar (Power Bar. CA. Hershey. Berkeley. USA)9 SmartZone Nutrition Bar (Hershey's Food Corporation. chocolate9 Ironman PR bar®. chocolate (PR Nutrition. PA. Alberta. San Diego. Alberta. Canada) SoLo GI Berry Bliss Nutrition bar SoLo GI Chocolate Charger Nutrition bar SoLo GI Lemon Lift Nutrition bar SoLo GI Mint Mania Nutrition bar SoLo GI Peanut Power Nutrition bar SoLo GI Snack Bar (New Era Nutrition Inc.. USA) Chewy Chocolate Peanut flavor Cookies & Creme flavor Multi Grain Crunch flavor Peanut Butter flavor Snickers® Marathon Low Carb Lifestyle Energy Bar (M&M/Mars. USA) Power Bar®. USA) Chocolate Fudge Brownie flavor Peanut Butter flavor Snickers® Marathon Nutrition Bar (M&M/Mars. USA) SmartZone Chocolate flavor SmartZone Chocolate flavor SmartZone Crunchy Blueberry flavor SmartZone Crunchy Chocolate Brownie flavor SmartZone Crunchy Chocolate Caramel flavor SmartZone Crunchy Chocolate Peanut Butter flavor SmartZone Crunchy Key Lime flavor SmartZone Peanut Butter flavor Snickers® Marathon Energy Bar (M&M/Mars. chocolate Power Bar®. Canada) 53±6 58±5 53 39 65 65 65 65 22 24 22 10 11±4 16±3 15±3 23±5 16±4 14±3 14±3 18±2 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 2 3 3 4 3 3 3 3 36±5 50±4 50±4 34±5 50 50 50 50 9 14 14 8 20±4 21±4 50 50 2 2 49±6 41±3 25 25 5 4 26±3 32±4 50 50 6 6 29±5 28±2 29±5 23±3 27±4 50 50 50 50 50 6 6 6 5 5 .

USA) SOUPS Barley Vegetable Instant soup. Double Chocolate flavor (Abbott Laboratories. Traditional. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. low-fat. Canada) mean of three studies Mushroom Barley. NSW. Australia) Spicy Black Bean Instant soup. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. UK) Indian Lentil Instant soup. Berks. Abbott Park. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Canada) Minestrone Minestrone. Heinz® Very SpecialTM. USA) Minestrone. SlimFast® (SlimFast Foods Ltd. Australia)8 Garden vegetable soup with peppers and croutons. ready-to-serve. cream. Canada) Chicken and mushroom soup (UK)24 Chicken and mushroom soup (UK)24 Chicken & Vegetable with wholegrain pasta. creamy. potatoes (Heinz Wattie's Ltd. Slough. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. condensed. Homebush. low-fat. Canada) Pumpkin Soup. low-fat. Canada) Carrot soup. Camden. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Soupreme (Loblaw Brands Limited. Canada) Lentil. prepared with water (Campbell's Soup Company. Canada) Pasta & Fagioli soup. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Country Ladle® (Campbell's Soups. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. low-fat. Canada) 29±5 28±2 29±5 23±3 27±4 49±8 44±7 25 25 25 25 25 65 50 3 3 3 2 3 22 8 1538 41±3 250 11 1539 1540 1541 1542 1543 1544 35±4 46±6 69±14 43±3 20±2 62±7 250 250 250 250 250 250 5 8 13 5 5 12 1545 57±9 250 11 1546 1547 1548 48±6 39±3 54±3 250 250 250 18 7 22 1549 1550 1551 1552 47 45±10 52±8 76±7 57±5 250 250 250 250 250 15 3 10 14 18 . NJ. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. ready-to-serve. ready-to-serve. Australia)8 Minestrone & Pasta Instant soup. Country Ladle® (Campbell's Soups. with pumpkin. USA) ZonePerfect Nutrition bar.1531 1532 1533 1534 1535 1536 1537 SoLo GI Berry Bliss Snack bar SoLo GI Chocolate Charger Snack bar SoLo GI Lemon Lift Snack bar SoLo GI Mint Mania Snack bar SoLo GI Peanut Power Snack bar VO2 Max Chocolate Energy bar (M&M/Mars.

President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. light. light.. Canada)8 50 g portion (dextrose) 100 g portion (Bio-Health. Canada) Winter Squash. CA. USA) Tomato & Herb. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Boots. Canada) 50 g portion (Canada) 50 g portion (GlucodinTM glucose tablets. Toronto. Australia) 25 g portion (Bio-Health. USA)8 Premium Agave nectar (Sweet Cactus Farms. low-fat.. City of Industry.. high-fructose Organic Agave Cactus Nectar. Canada)8 mean of seven studies Glucose consumed with American ginseng 46±5 250 12 56±4 52±4 47±5 60±12 57±4 36±4 41±4 250 250 250 250 250 250 250 17 15 7 11 19 10 5 1561 1562 1563 11±1 10±1 19±4 13 11 12 23±1 15 96 96 100 102±9 103 111 114 103±3 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 1 1 2 1 1 1 2 2 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 10 1564 1565 1566 1567 1568 1569 1570 1571 1572 1573 . condensed. Canada) SUGARS AND SYRUPS Blue Agave cactus nectar. 90% fructose (Western Commerce Corp. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Soupreme (Loblaw Brands Limited. Canada)8 50 g portion (Sweeten Less. Canada) Vegetable soup (UK)24 Vegetable Couscous Instant soup. Toronto. NSW. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. Canada) 50 g portion (China) mean of three studies Glucose 50 g portion (dextrose) 50 g portion (Bio-Health. NJ. USA)8 Organic Agave Cactus Nectar. low-fat.. low-fat. North Ryde. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM (Loblaw Brands Limited. President's Choice® Blue MenuTM Soupreme (Loblaw Brands Limited.1553 1554 1555 1556 1557 1558 1559 1560 Spicy Black Bean with Vegetables soup. Dawson Traders Ltd. Camden. Canada) Vegetarian Chili Instant soup. Canada) Tomato soup. Maximum Nutrition Inc. 97% fructose (Western Commerce Corp. Canada) Spicy Thai Instant soup. prepared with water (Campbell's Soup Company. USA) mean of three studies Fructose 25 g portion (Sweeten Less.

5 g oat gum (78% oat β-glucan) 100 g Glucose + 20 g acacia gum15.5 g guar gum 50 g Glucose + 14. blend of eucalypt & floral honeys (Capilano Honey Limited. Richlands. USA) Honey. UK)8 Maltose 76 10 8 79±3 10 6 62 57 85 86 63±6 35±4 44±4 46±3 48±3 51±3 52±5 58±6 60±4 62±3 64±5 69±8 72±6 73±6 74±7 74±4 74±8 87±8 61±3 46±1 48 10 10 10 10 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 10 10 6 6 9 9 13 6 9 8 7 11 9 12 13 11 10 15 9 16 16 16 16 18 12 5 5 . 1.. USA) Honey. NSW.28 75 g Glucose + 4.. CA.. Australia) Leabrook Farms Yellow box honey (Spring Gully Foods Pty Ltd. Capilano Honey Ltd. USA) Cotton honey. Australia)8 Salvation Jane (32% fructose) (Australia)8 Clover honey. SA. FL. Australia)8 Buckwheat honey. ratio of fructose:glucose.54 (Tropical Blossom Honey Co. Poole. ratio of fructose:glucose. Australia) Commercial Blend (38% fructose) (WA blend. 1. Australia) Yapunya (42 % fructose) (Australia)8 Pure (Capilano Honey Ltd.1574 1575 1576 1577 1578 1579 1580 1581 1582 1583 1584 1585 1586 1587 1588 1589 1590 1591 1592 1593 1594 1595 1596 1597 1598 1599 (Panax quinquefolius L. Capilano Honey Ltd.12 (Vazza Farms. Qld.03 (Gene Brandi Apiaries. NS (Canada)8 mean of seventeen types of honey Lactose 50 g portion (China) 25 g portion (BDH. 1.27 Glucose consumed with gum/fiber 46 g Glucose + 15 g apple and orange fiber extract (FITA. 1.24 g salt (Nigeria)11. ratio of fructose: glucose. ratio of fructose:glucose. OR.09 (Vazza Farms.14 Golden Syrup (Australia) Honey Yellow box (46% fructose) (Australia)8 Stringy Bark (52% fructose) (Australia)8 Red Gum (35% fructose) (Australia)8 Iron Bark (34% fructose) (Australia)8 Capilano Premium Honey. Los Banos. USA) Commercial Blend (28% fructose) (NSW blend. Hermiston. Chatswood.) 25 g glucose (Glucodex) 40 min before 3 g dried ginseng8. Australia) (total carbohydrate content of drink = 50 g) 50 g Glucose + 14. QLD. Edgewater. NS type (China) Tupelo honey.

boiled (Sydney. peeled. green (Pisum Sativum) (India)14 Pumpkin Butternut pumpkin. pure Canadian (Queen Foods. NSW. peeled. frozen. Canada)8 50 g portion (South Africa) 100 g portion (Redpath Sugars. ground (Australia) Carrots. peeled. frozen. thawed and reheated for 1 min 105±12 105±2 68±5 54±6 58 60 60 65±9 65 84±4 65±4 10 10 25 25 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 11 15 10 6 6 6 7 7 8 7 1610 63±9 80 3 1611 1612 1613 1614 1615 51±6 54±14 51±6 66±4 75±9 64 37±12 48 55±2 60 62±5 52±5 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 4 4 3 12 3 6 6 8 9 11 11 9 1616 1617 1618 1619 1620 1621 1622 1623 1624 1625 35±5 39±1 33±5 49±2 39±4 94±11 80 80 80 80 80 120 2 2 2 2 2 36 . raw. Australia) Sweet corn (China) Sweet corn. raw. Australia)8 mean of four studies Cassava (Manihot esculenta). cubed.1600 1601 1602 1603 1604 1605 1606 1607 1608 1609 50 g portion (Canada) 50 g portion (China) Maple flavored syrup (Cottee's Foods. boiled 30 min. diced (Australia) Carrots. Toronto. Canada)15 50 g portion (China) mean of six studies VEGETABLES Broad beans. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Pumpkin. NSW. boiled in salted water (South Africa) mean of three studies Sweet corn Sweet corn. Australia)8 Green peas Pea. boiled (Australia)8 Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata). reheated in microwave (Logan Farm Pty Ltd. Australia) Sucrose 50 g portion (Redpath Sugars. diced boiled (Sydney. Australia)8 Carrots. frozen. 'Honey & Pearl' variety (New Zealand) Sweet corn on the cob. Canada) 50 g portion (Japan) 25 g portion (Redpath Sugars. Australia) Maple syrup. boiled 20 min (Sydney. boiled (Canada)8 Pea. peeled. boiled (USA) Sweet corn (South Africa) mean of five studies Root vegetables Carrots Carrots.

boiled 15 min in unsalted water (UK) Marfona potato. served with 15. peeled. peeled.1626 1627 1628 1629 1630 1631 1632 1633 1634 1635 1636 1637 1638 1639 1640 1641 1642 1643 1644 1645 1646 1647 1648 1649 1650 1651 1652 Parsnips. baked without fat (USA) Boiled potato Asterix. peeled. peeled and baked (Australia) Potato. Solna. peeled. boiled (UK) Desiree. boiled 15 min (UK) Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum). peeled. peeled. boiled (Australia)8 Potato Baked potato Potato. peeled. boiled 35 min (Australia) Boiled/cooked. peeled. white with skin. cubed. boiled 21-30 min. peeled. peeled. white without skin. quartered. 52±5 80 4 69±5 83±6 93±11 98±8 86±6 111 78 92 66±5 81±11 101±15 66±5 59±4 75±10 56±3 85±4 59±7 58±3 56 88±9 118 87±7 66±1 76 89±7 96±10 82±7 88 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 19 25 17 26 22 33 20 24 15 19 17 17 19 21 18 25 9 9 14 16 24 14 13 26 19 24 21 18 . quartered. boiled 30 min. peeled. quartered. boiled (China) Type NS. boiled 21-30 min (Sweden) Sebago. boiled 15 min (UK) Nicola potato. boiled (UK) mean of four studies Boiled potato cooked then cooled Sava. peeled. baked (UK) mean of four foods Baked.4 g sunflower oil (Ica Handlarna. boiled 15 min in unsalted water (UK) Nicola potato. boiled 15 min in unsalted water (UK) Maris Piper potato. peeled. peeled. boiled 35 min (Australia) Estima. boiled whole for 15 min (Australia) Pontiac. peeled. white. boiled whole for 30 min (Australia) Pontiac. baked 45 min (Jamaica) Pontiac. boiled in salted water (India) Red potatoes. Russet Burbank potatoes Russet. quartered. Sweden) Charlotte. white/Type NS Type NS. unpeeled. peeled. baked (UK) Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum). boiled 30 min (Sweden) Asterix. quartered. quartered. refrigerated 24 h. boiled 35 min (Australia) Sava. peeled. boiled 15 min (UK) Charlotte. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) King Edward potato. boiled with skin on in salted water for 12 min (Canada) Potato.

heated in microwave 3 min (Mint Tiny TatersTM. boiled in salted water 12 min. USA) mean of six studies Instant mashed potato consumed with added fat Mashed potato. prepared with water Instant (Idahoan Foods. fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica) Instant Mashed potato Instant (Idahoan Foods.J. Cheltenham. Heinz Co. PA. peeled. Australia) Instant (Idahoan Foods. Edgell's. Sweden). ID.1653 1654 1655 consumed cold (Sweden) Sava. stored overnight in refrigerator. instant (Farmland. Australia) consumed with 30 g sunflower oil (64% PUFA oil) Mashed potato Type NS (South Africa) Type NS (China) Type NS (France) mean of three studies Desiree potato. Solna. USA) Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum). Lewisville. boiled 15 min. Lewisville. USA) Instant (Idahoan Foods. USA) Instant (Canada) Instant (Edgell's Potato Whip. ID. baked at 250oC for 9 min French Fries. H.5 g butter (69% saturated fat) Mashed potato. red. USA). Lewisville. boiled 21-30 min. reheated (India) Potato. mashed (UK) Pontiac. Australia) consumed with 30 g Sunola oil (80% MUFA oil) Mashed potato. ID. boiled in salted water. instant (Farmland. peeled. Australia) consumed with 36. mashed 67 150 13 23 56±5 150 150 8 12 1656 65±9 150 12 1657 1658 1659 54 64±6 70±6 150 150 150 16 21 21 1660 1661 1662 1663 1664 1665 79±7 80±13 86 88±8 92±4 97±6 87±3 71±10 74±10 68±8 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 16 16 17 18 18 19 17 17 18 17 1666 1667 1668 1669 1670 1671 1672 1673 71±10 73±3 83 76 102±13 91±9 150 150 150 150 150 150 14 15 17 15 26 18 . Australia) French Fries French fries (Ica Handlarna. Pittsburgh. consumed cold with white vinegar (28 g) and olive oil (8 g) (Sweden) Type NS. Lewisville. Edgell'sTM brand. cubed. cubed. baked 15 min (OreIda Golden Fries. consumed cold (Canada) Canned potatoes New. ID. instant (Farmland. peeled. refrigerated 24 h. canned. refrigerated.

boiled (New Zealand) 93±8 79±9 73±5 77±9 150 150 150 150 24 14 15 19 70±8 78±12 80±15 76 62±2 65±11 72±8 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 12 16 18 16 12 18 14 44 46±5 61±6 77±12 94±8 76±7 82±5 77±4 75±5 70±6 70±10 48±5 54 56±12 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 250 150 150 150 11 15 11 19 42 34 37 16 22 22 12 4 4 4 . cooked Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). kumara (New Zealand) Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). peeled. cooked in microwave for 18 min (Canada) New Potato New (Canada) New. orange flesh. boiled (Australia) Taro. unpeeled and boiled 20 min (Australia) New potato. steamed (China) Potato (Solanum Tuberosum). peeled. orange (China) Sweet potato. peeled. roasted in soybean oil (Canada) Sweet potato. peeled. boiled(Australia) Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). cut into pieces. boiled for 8 min (Australia) (2006) Sweet potato. peeled. unpeeled. cubed. microwaved 6 min then baked 10 min (UK) Pontiac. NS type. boiled (UK) mean of three studies Steamed potato Potato. fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica) Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). peeled. boiled for 8 min (Australia) (2006) mean of nine studies Tapioca Tapioca (Manihot Utilissima). peeled and microwave on high for 6-7. purple skin white flesh.1674 1675 1676 1677 1678 1679 1680 1681 1682 1683 1684 1685 1686 1687 1688 1689 1690 1691 1692 1693 1694 1695 1696 (Australia) Microwaved potato Estima. cut into pieces. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Sweet potato. cubed.5 min (Australia) Prince Edward Island white potato. steamed 1 h (India)14 Taro Taro (China) Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled. peeled. cooked in microwave for 18 min (Canada) Russet Burbank potato. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Sweet potato. baked 45 min (Jamaica) Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas). peeled. steamed 1 h (India)14 California white potatoes.

). peeled. peeled. cubed. tomato and onion sauce (Ghana) 53 35±5 54±2 51±4 74 54±8 74 61±5 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 4 13 19 18 28 20 28 28 74±7 77±5 150 150 20 29 73±4 73±6 150 150 23 28 68±3 80±7 150 150 23 32 79±4 82±7 150 150 20 32 75±6 80±6 150 150 24 28 1713 1714 1715 1716 24±8 34 12±1 56±3 50 (dry) 150 100 6 7 15 . tomato and onion sauce (Ghana) Gari. boiled 30 (Jamaica) Lucea Yam. cubed.24 g salt (Nigeria)11. Negro (Dioscorea rotundata) Negro yam.1697 1698 1699 1700 1701 1702 1703 1704 1705 1706 1707 1708 1709 1710 1711 1712 mean of three studies Yam Yam. Lucea (Dioscorea rotundata) Lucea Yam. peeled. peeled. peeled. prepared from fermented cornmeal (Zea mays) eaten with fish. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Round leaf yellow yam. cubed. Round leaf yellow (Dioscorea cayenensis) Round leaf yellow yam. boiled (Nigeria)11. boiled (New Zealand) Yam (China) Yam.14 mean of four studies Yam (Dioscorea spp. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Yam.). roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Yam. steamed (China) Yam (Dioscorea spp. roasted cassava dough (Manihot utilissima) eaten with fish.14 Coco yam (Xanthosoma spp. peeled. peeled. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Yam. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) INDIGENOUS OR TRADITIONAL FOODS OF DIFFERENT ETHNIC GROUPS AFRICAN Brown beans (South Africa) FooFoo corn (Zea mays) and ndole (vegetable soup)14 (Cameroon) Ga kenkey. peeled. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Negro yam. cubed. cubed. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Yam. peeled. peeled. cubed. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Yam. peeled. boiled.). boiled 30 min (Jamaica) White yam. consumed with 4. peeled. Sweet (Dioscorea alata) Sweet yam. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Sweet yam. White (Dioscorea alata) White yam.

boiled. eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g) (United Arab Emirates) Hummus (chickpea salad dip) Lebanese bread (white. unrefined. white. Khalas (Rutab. dark brown commercial) (60 g). soft early ripened) (90 g). white. Khalas (Tamer. Bangkok. warm white rice and butter (Japan) Curry rice (Japan) Curry rice with cheese (Japan) Glutaminous rice flour. Thailand) Butter rice. cooked in salted water (South Africa) Kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) stew and plantain14 (Musa paradisiaca) (Cameroon) Koki beans (Phaseolus vulgaris) and cassava14 (Manihot esculenta) (Cameroon) Maize meal porridge. hummus. unleaved).1717 1718 1719 1720 1721 1722 1723 1724 1725 1726 1727 Gram dhal soaked overnight. tomato and onion sauce (Ghana) Yam (Dioscorea species) and groundnut14 (Arachis hypogaea) soup (Cameroon) ARABIC AND TURKISH Dates. cooked in rice cooker (Lion foods. served warm with roasted ground soybean (Japan) Glutinous rice. eaten with fish. cooked in rice cooker 5±3 48 52 71±6 74±7 68±8 46 40±4 34±3 66 50 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 50 (dry) 1 25 30 120 34 120 (raw) 13 150 150 14 24 - 1728 37±5 215 19 1729 29±4 185 15 1730 1731 1732 6±4 86±12 30±11 30 120 100 0 39 5 1733 1734 1735 1736 1737 1738 86±8 79 67 55 65 94±6 150 150 150 150 100 150 37 40 41 27 27 31 . tomato and onion sauce (Ghana) White rice (Oryza sativa). refined. eaten with full-fat plain yoghurt (125 g) (United Arab Emirates) Dates. maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa) M'fino/Morogo. falafel and tabbouleh Stuffed grapevine leaves (rice and lamb stuffing with tomato sauce) ASIAN Broken rice. maize-meal:water = 1:3 (South Africa) Maize meal porridge. wild greens (South Africa) Rice (Oriza sativa) and tomato soup (Cameroon)14 Unripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca) eaten with fish. instant. tomato and onion sauce (Ghana) Yam (Dyscoria species) eaten with fish.

Japan) Rice gruel with dried algae (Satou Co Ltd. dried. Thailand) Lotus root powder (China) Low-protein white rice with dried sea algae (Japan) Lychee. Japan) Rice noodles. canned in syrup. cooked in rice cooker (Golden World Foods. plain (Sakada. fresh. reheated in hot water. Japan) Rice cracker. NSW. Australia)8 Sushi. instant.. fresh. Japan) White rice.. dried. eaten together (Japan) White rice. Australia)8 Udon noodles.. salmon ('I Love Sushi'. Sydney. dried sea algae and milk (milk eaten before rice) (Japan) White rice. type NS (Esubi Shokuhin. boiled (China) Non-glutaminous rice flour. boiled (Sydney. instant. Japan) Soba noodles. served warm with drink (Yamato Nousan. boiled (Thai World. Japan) Glutinous rice ball with cut glutinous cake (mochi) (Japan) Glutinous rice cake with dried sea algae (Japan) Jasmine rice. dried sea algae and milk (milk eaten after rice) (Japan) mean of three types White rice with dried fish strip (okaka) (Japan) White rice with fermented soybean (natto) (Japan) White rice with instant miso soup (soybean paste soup) (Japan) White rice with low-fat milk (Japan) White rice and non-sugar yoghurt (yoghurt eaten before rice) (Japan) 86 48 83 109±10 33±6 70 79±8 39±9 68 91 81 61±6 40±4 77 80 46 48±8 55 62±8 48 57 56 55 56 79 56 61 69 59 150 75 75 150 15 150 120 180 100 30 250 180 180 75 75 180 100 100 180 180 300 300 300 300 150 150 150 300 150 56 13 32 46 3 42 16 18 34 23 15 23 15 21 21 22 17 20 30 23 27 26 26 26 40 24 29 32 19 . Windsor Gardens. drained (Narcissus brand. Australia) Roasted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd. roasted sea algae. SA. China) Mung bean noodles. Thailand) Rice noodles.. served with soup (Japan) Sushi.1739 1740 1741 1742 1743 1744 1745 1746 1747 1748 1749 1750 1751 1752 1753 1754 1755 1756 1757 1758 1759 1760 1761 1762 1763 1764 1765 1766 (Bangsue Chia Meng Rice Co. Bangkok. Bangkok. Japan) Salted rice ball (Satou Co Ltd. Thailand) Glutinous rice. reheated (Fantastic brand. dried sea algae and milk. with sauce and fried bean curd (Nishin Shokuhin. white. Bangkok. vinegar and rice (Japan) Udon noodles.

wheat flour. Nendra variety. eaten as roasted bread made from bajra flour Banana. moth bean (Phaseolus aconitifolius) and bengal gram (Cicer arietinum) Chapatti. green gram (Phaseolus aureus). thin. ground. 58 63 61 72 56 80 77 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 19 27 26 26 29 39 39 1774 1775 1776 1777 1778 49 70±11 48 11 43±10 75 (dry) 120 150 150 150 25 31 16 4 8 1779 1780 1781 1782 49 48 59 66±9 60 25 1783 1784 1785 40±8 60±9 44±3 60 60 200 14 23 22 1786 1787 1788 1789 1790 42±1 36±1 45±1 38±1 55±2 150 150 150 150 150 12 10 12 10 22 . moth bean and bengal gram Chapatti. with green gram (Phaseolus aureus) dhal Cheela (thin savoury pancake made from legume flour batter) Cheela. soaked. flour made from popped wheat. bengal gram (Cicer arietinum) Cheela. soaked 12 h. chickpea Black gram. green gram (Phaseolus aureus) Cheela. stored moist 24 h. steamed 1 h14 Chapatti Chapatti. bengal gram (Cicer arietinum). maize (Zea mays) Chapatti. unripe. bajra Chapatti. moth bean and bengal gram Chapatti. fermented batter Cheela. (Phaseolus mungo). barley Chapatti. flour from malted wheat. flour from roller dried wheat. fermented batter Dosai (parboiled and raw rice. (Musa sapientum). steamed 1 h14 Barley (Hordeum vulgare) Bengal gram dhal.1767 1768 1769 1770 1771 1772 1773 White rice and non-sugar yoghurt eaten together (Japan) White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber (pickled food eaten before rice) (Japan) White rice with pickled vinegar and cucumber (pickled food eaten with rice) (Japan) White rice topped with raw egg and soy sauce (Japan) White rice with roasted ground soybean (Japan) White rice with salted dried plum (umeboshi) (Japan) White rice with sea algae rolled in sheet of toasted sea algae (Japan) ASIAN INDIAN Bajra (Penniseteum typhoideum).

sliced. green Green banana. made from popped rice (aralu). sliced. pounded and baked8 Dioscorea bulbifera (cheeky yam). steamed) with chutney Lentil and cauliflower curry with rice (Australia) Millet/Ragi. soaked 2 d. consumed with Bengal gram. sugar bag8 Castanospermum austral (blackbean seed). soaked 12 h. soaked 1 wk. sliced. baked8 PACIFIC ISLANDERS Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) (Australia)8 Banana/plantain.1791 1792 1793 1794 1795 1796 1797 1798 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 fermented and fried) with chutney Green gram. green gram and black gram Rajmah. soaked. desert oat seed bread8 Araucaria bidwillii (bunya tree nut). green gram and black gram Porridge. pounded. (Dolichos biflorus) soaked 12 h. green gram and black gram Porridge. soaked 1 wk. (Eleucine coracana). made from decorticated finger millet. steamed 1 h14 Horse gram. cooked in water) AUSTRALIAN ABORIGINAL Acacia aneura (mulga seed) roasted. green gram and black gram Porridge. fermented. Phaseolus vulgaris (India) Tapioca (Manihot utilissima). baked 10 min8 Bush honey. stored moist 24 h. consumed with Bengal gram. ground. boiled (New Zealand) 38±14 51±11 60±2 60±10 68±10 45±2 57±1 39 65 76 74 19 70±10 69±4 150 150 250 360 150 250 150 100 100 100 100 150 250 150 6 15 31 31 23 35 28 23 44 52 47 6 12 28 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 1810 1811 8 46 47 43 8 34 40±2 50 75 50 30 50 150 50 1 11 7 11 1 12 10 1812 1813 68 38±10 120 120 18 8 . peeled. steamed 1 h14 Idli (parboiled and raw rice with black dhal. (Phaseolus aureus). soaked 12 h. steamed 1h14 Upittu (roasted semolina and onions. wet ground to paste8 Acacia coriacea. consumed with Bengal gram. made from expanded rice (puri). made from scoured wheat. baked 15 min8 Macrozamia communis (cycad palm seed). pressure cooked) Poori (deep-fried wheat flour dough) with potato palya (mashed potato) Porridge. stored moist 24 h. dehusked. steamed 1 h14 Pongal (rice and roasted green gram dhal. stored moist 24 h. eaten with Bengal gram.

without coat. boiled (New Zealand) Yam.31 Arepa. peeled. cooked for 1h in 1L of water (Brazil) Pinto beans. cooked for 1. made with corn flour (Mexico)14 Arepa.31 (25% amylose) Arepa. boiled (Australia) Taro. with mashed potato. served with refried mashed pinto beans and tomato sauce (Mexico) Corn tortilla. made from white corn meal flour (Venezuela) Arepa. kumara (New Zealand) Tannia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium) (Fiji) Taro Taro (Colocasia esculenta) peeled. boiled (New Zealand) PIMA INDIAN Acorns (Quercus emoryi. fried. pureed consumed with an orange (Chile) Pinhao. supplemented with 20% stabilised rice bran (Venezuela) Corn tortilla (Mexico) Corn tortilla. made from ordinary dehulled dent corn flour12. boiled in salted water (Mexico) 68±6 59±5 44 77±12 63±5 54 56±12 35±5 120 60 150 150 150 150 150 150 21 16 11 19 23 4 4 13 1822 1823 1824 1825 1826 1827 1828 1829 16±1 91 40±5 70 36±3 38 31±3 29±3 100 30 150 30 250 60 250 250 1 18 12 17 12 9 10 8 1830 1831 1832 1833 1834 1835 1836 1837 1838 1839 1840 72 81 44 54 60 52 39 78 31±9 49±9 47 100 100 100 100 100 50 100 100 300 300 50 31 35 11 19 19 12 9 11 24 16 8 1841 1842 43 14 50 150 8 4 . stewed with venison8 Cactus jam (Stenocereus thurberi) Corn hominy (Zea mays)8 Fruit Leather (Stenocereus thurberi) Lima beans broth (Phaseolus lunatus)8 Tortilla (Zea mays and Olneya tesota) White teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius)8 Yellow teparies broth (Phaseolus acutifolius)8 SOUTH AMERICAN Arepa. made from dehulled high-amylose (70%) corn flour12.1814 1815 1816 1817 1818 1819 1820 1821 Plantain (Musa AAB) (Fiji) Roti/chappati (Fiji) Sweet Potato Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) (Australia) Sweet potato. corn bread cake. peeled.5 h in 1 L of water (Brazil) Pinhao. made from white corn meal flour. fresh tomato and lettuce (Mexico) Ground beef served with rice and an orange (Chile) Lentil soup. Brazilian Parana Pine seeds (Araucaria angustifolia) with coat.

boiled 30 min. peeled. thawed and reheated for 1 min Dasheen (Colocasia esculenta) Dasheen. boiled 26 min. boiled 30 min. refrigerated. boiled 30 min. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) mean of four foods Eddoe (Colocasia esculenta var. reheated for 1 min Dasheen. boiled 10 min (Jamaica) Green banana. frozen. crushed. refrigerated. peeled. peeled. peeled. refrigerated. boiled 30 min.1843 1844 1845 1846 Spaghetti served with beef tomato sauce and an orange (Chile) Spaghetti served with pressure-cooked white beans and an orange (Chile) Wheat tortilla (Mexico) Wheat tortilla served with refried pinto beans and tomato sauce (Mexico) WEST INDIAN/CARIBBEAN Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis). boiled 10 min (Jamaica) Ripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca). peeled. frozen. uncrushed (whole). peeled. boiled 23 min. reheated for 1 min Dasheen. refrigerated. peeled. boiled 30 min. reheated for 1 min mean of three foods 42±7 77±14 30 28 300 300 50 100 21 25 8 5 1847 1848 60±9 94±11 120 120 17 36 1849 1850 1851 1852 1853 77±10 66±6 75±12 72±5 73±2 61±10 150 150 150 150 150 150 44 38 43 19 36 21 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859 1860 1861 1862 1863 37±5 35±3 65±11 39±4 40±3 66±2 90±6 71±8 66±7 66±10 68 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 150 150 150 150 10 11 17 9 14 13 26 35 33 33 34 . reheated for 1 min Dasheen. cubed. refrigerated. frozen. peeled. peeled. fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica) Ripe plantain (Musa paradisiaca). boiled 30 min. refrigerated. reheated for 1 min Irish potato. fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica) Green banana/plantain. boiled 10 min (Jamaica) Green plantain (Musa paradisiaca). peeled. fried in vegetable oil (Jamaica) Irish potato (Solanum tuberosum). peeled. thawed and reheated for 1 min Green plantain (Musa paradisiaca). thawed and reheated for 1 min Cassava (Manihot esculenta). peeled. uncrushed (whole). antiquorum). peeled. peeled. peeled. reheated for 1 min Green banana/plantain (Musa sapientum) Green banana. boiled 30 min. crushed Irish potato. peeled. boiled 30 min.

2. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Sweet yam. reheated for 1 min mean of three foods Yam Coco yam (Xanthosoma spp. peeled. unpublished observations. boiled 30 (Jamaica) Lucea yam. reheated for 1 min Tannia. reheated for 1 min Tannia. peeled. Inc. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Sweet yam (Dioscorea alata). boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Round leaf yellow yam. Mean ± SEM. 5. Estimated by multiplying the food's listed GI value with glucose as the reference food by the listed g carbohydrate per serving and dividing by 100. boiled 30 (Jamaica) Negro yam. 2004 . Serving sizes in grams unless otherwise specified. cubed. peeled. NS. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) White yam (Dioscorea alata). cubed. peeled. refrigerated. Glycemic Index Laboratories. refrigerated. University of Sydney. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) 65±9 60±5 52±5 50±8 54 61±5 74±7 77±5 73±4 73±6 68±3 80±7 79±4 82±7 62±6 75±6 80±6 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 33 29 28 30 28 20 29 23 28 23 32 20 32 15 24 28 Footnotes 1. boiled 30 min. peeled. peeled. cubed. refrigerated. refrigerated. reheated for 1 min White yam.2007. peeled. unpublished observations.1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869 1870 1871 1872 1873 1874 1875 1876 1877 1878 1879 Sadha roti (leavened wheat-based bread) Tannia (Xanthosoma sagittifolium). uncrushed (whole). boiled 30 min. crushed.one in which glucose sugar was used as the reference food and one in which white bread was used as the reference food. cubed. (Toronto. Australia). cubed.). cubed. peeled. 4. boiled 30 min. Canada). peeled. peeled. Sydney University's Glycemic Index Research Service (Human Nutrition Unit. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Round leaf yellow yam (Dioscorea cayenensis). boiled 30 min (Jamaica) Lucea yam (Dioscorea rotunda). boiled 30 min. 1995-2007. 3. peeled. peeled. area under the curve. peeled. peeled. AUC. boiled 30 min (Jamaica) White yam. Two GI values are shown for each food . not specified. roasted on preheated charcoal (Jamaica) Negro yam (Dioscorea rotundata). . peeled.

but glucose was also tested and had a GI of 122. unpublished observations.5 g carbohydrate/kg body weight. V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company. Accessed 30 August 2007. White rice was used as the reference food. Ordinary corn flour arepa was used as the reference food. unpublished observations. Values based on 0. unpublished observations. The GI of the test food was calculated by expressing the test food's glucose AUC value as a percentage of the potato's AUC value. 2000-2001. 18. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 100 g carbohydrate. 29. 120. J Brand-Miller. GI included in original article determined from AUC measured 240 min for only 6 time points (0. France). 2006 . B Spratt (George Westons Foods. unpublished observations. 7. 17. The observed GI was multiplied by 100 and then divided by 122 to convert it to a GI on the glucose scale (ie. 16. 60. France). Australia). 60 and 120 min). unpublished observations. 60. 9. 13. 15. GI calculated from the 150 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula. International Diabetes Institute (Melbourne. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 45 g carbohydrate. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 30 g carbohydrate. and V Lang (Danone Vitapole Company. 10. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 10 g carbohydrate. 21. Scotland). 180 and 240 min).au. Poland). 20. J Dzieniszewski. Glycemic Index Symbol Program: http://www. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 75 g carbohydrate. 25. 1996-2001. 30. Australia). 11. 12. GI calculated from the 180 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 70 g carbohydrate. 22. 27. . 32. 14. Australia). GI calculated from the 90 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula.6. 28. 1996-2000. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 25 g carbohydrate.com.2007. Le Plessis-Robinson. Potato used as the reference food with a GI fixed at 80. GI value included in original article determined from AUC measured over 180 min for only 4 time points (0. 19. GI calculated by using a mathematical formula based on results from an in vitro starch hydrolysis assay. 2007. 8. 2007. C Dalaudier (Nairn's Oatcakes Ltd. 26. J Ciok (National Food and Nutrition Institute.gisymbol. 30. S Holt (University of Sydney. Le Plessis-Robinson. Portions of the test food and the reference food contained 20 g carbohydrate. 120 and 180 min). 24. 23. unpublished observations. 30. GI calculated from the 120 min AUC data included in the original article using the AUC food/AUC reference food formula. glucose = reference food with a GI of 100). 31. GI included in original article determined from AUC measured 120 min for only 4 time points (0.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful