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INDEX GENERAL Aluminium process diagram Aluminium properties & alloys The extrusion process Technical extrusion data Page Page Page Pages 4 5 6 7-11 Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page Page 12 12 13 13 13 13 14 15 16 17 18-19 20 21 22 22 22 22 STANDARD EXTRUSIONS Round bars Square bars Fully radiused flat bar Hexagon bars Structural angles Tee sections Flat bars Equal leg angles Unequal leg angles Equal leg channels Round tubes Rectangular tubes Square tubes Structural channels Lipped channels Top hat profiles “H” profiles 3 .

where. A fine white powder.g. 7. Alloying Carried by crucible to a furnace. the caustic soda dissolves the alumina (aluminium oxide). Precipitators and thickener ALUMINA Pressure reducer and heat exchanger. 6. the alumina is reduced by the Hall-Heroult Process to aluminium. Seed crystals and sodium aluminate remaining in solution are recirculated. 2. Mixture Pumped into huge digesters. Molten metal settles to the bottom of the pot. magnesium imparts additional marine corrosion resistance. alumina remains – (half aluminium/half oxygen) – ready for transport to a smelter. Casting Molten aluminium is cast into various shapes. e.ALUMINIUM Aluminium is the most common metal on earth. . Setting tank. they are pumped to a disposal pond. iron oxides and other solid impurities drop to the bottom of the settling tank. The principal form (ore) being “Bauxite” The extraction process is twofold: Firstly the bauxite is refined to alumina by the Bayer Process. as red mud. 8. in the bauxite to form sodium aluminate. ALUMINIUM 4 Aluminium syphoned into crucibles. Cryolite bath Alloying and holding furnace. 3. These form larger crystals. Digestion Under high pressure and heat. Reduction The alumina is dissolved in a molten cryolite bath that acts as an electrolyte in which a powerful electric current wrests aluminium from the oxygen. Precipitation After the liquid sodium aluminate is further cooled. aluminium is alloyed with small amounts of other metals. 4. consisting about 8% of the earth’s crust. Mixing Bauxite(aluminium ore) is crushed and mixed with caustic soda. copper adds strength. 5. Clarification While the sodium aluminate remains in solution. it is agitated and seeded with aluminium hydroxide crystals. Calcining kiln. from rolling ingots for sheet metal to alloy ingots for further casting. Secondly. Calcination The aluminium hydroxide crystals are roasted at more than 980ºC to remove the water. which gradually settle out of the solution. REFINING BAUXITE TO ALUMINA Slurry Mixer 1. Aluminium can be remelted over and over as it is nearly indestructable. Aluminium and its alloys lend themselves remarkably well to hot extrusions.

Alloy 6063 is probably the most widely used for extrusion purposes.with few inclusions and no “greying” on anodising. 5 . Prime billet is made from virgin aluminium and does not contain any remelt aluminium. good corrosion resistance and excellent surface quality on anodized and powder coated finishes. It is favoured for architectural applications because of the ease of extruding shapes of great complexity. Alloy 6463 is mostly used where the aluminium extrusion is to be brightened by chemical means and the alloys 6005 and 6261 are used primarily for structural applications. Prime billet therefore gives the best quality extrusions.BILLET The aluminium is cast into either round of rectangular shaped billets for the extrusion process.

and is transferred to the cooling table where it is allowed to cool prior to stretching. the billet is forced through the die opening. The extrusion is drawn down the run-out table by means of a puller. They’re lightweight. This results in either simple or intricate shaped lengths of aluminium. The pressure and frictional forces acting on the billet cause it to reach temperatures in excess of 500 deg. a good surface finish and also lend themselves to protective or decorative surface finished. The appropriate size billet is preheated to exact specifications and introduced into the press. machined or welded. Like warm toothpaste. forged. Special dies are heated and loaded into the press. have good mechanical properties. having an excellent metallurgical structure which can be bent. Rigid controls are maintained to ensure that temperatures are within specified parameters throughout the extrusion process ensuring a high quality metal and a consistent finish. resistant to corrosion. formed. by means of a ram to obtain the desired hollow or solid profile. and placed into oven cradles in such a way as to allow good air flow around each extrusion during the ageing process and to obtain the desired mechanical properties. As the extrusion exits the press. Extrusions also preserve the intrinsic qualities of aluminium and its alloys. C. it is cooled at a specific rate to ensure quality finish and temper. close dimensional tolerances. 6 .THE EXTRUSION PROCESS Extrusion occurs when a pre-heated aluminium billet is forced through shaped orifices in hardened steel dies by means of high longitudinal pressure. Initial heating is the first of several quality control points in the extrusion procedure. The extrusion is then cut to the desired length. Tolerances on profiles are reqularly checked and recorded by inspectors.

The designer who is familiar with the system of shape classification can save time and money by considering it from the start of his design. DETERMINE CIRCLE SIZE Maximum Minimum DETERMINE CLASS OF PART SOLID 165mm 15mm SOLID SEMI-HOLLOW 150mm 15mm SEMI-HOLLOW HOLLOW 150mm 15mm HOLLOW EVALUATING YOUR EXTRUSION DESIGN This chart points out the cost and degree of difficulty for extrusion classification. Often a modifidation in design. This chart may be helpful in evaluating your decision. hollow shapes and an intermediate group called semi-hollow shapes.TECHNICAL EXTRUSION DATA BASIC EXTRUSIONS DESIGN TIPS AND IDEAS This section is designed to provide design tips and ideas for using aluminium extrusions. which will not affect function or appearance. EXTRUSION CLASSIFICATION Degree of extrusion difficulty Die Cost Surface finish Tolerance Control SOLID Least Least Best Best SEMI-HOLLOW Medium Medium Medium Medium HOLLOW Highest Highest Difficult Medium GUIDE FOR DETERMINING WALL THICKNESS (MINIMUM) 7 . can bring a shape into a less expensive class. One measure of complexity is the division of shapes into three broad groups: solid shapes.

TECHNICAL EXTRUSION 8 .

TECHNICAL EXTRUSION DATA 9 .

TECHNICAL EXTRUSION DATA 10 .

TECHNICAL EXTRUSION DATA 11 .

937 PERIM 100 100 100 100 100 100 102 127 128 153 .126 1.00 19.690 0.279 SQUARE BARS PERIM SECTION NO.390 0.00 25.077 0.263 2.00 12.852 1.104 0.00 18.331 2.134 0.984 1.40 31.049 0.684 0.70 14.53 10.773 0.88 19.670 2.00 66.75 32.35 6.757 4.246 0.00 31.00 32.306 0.05 25. 70192 20041 11921 22041 33029 22042 71156 52474 22043 52068 52326 22044 22233 52331 11854 11873 52327 28459 52098 52328 52369 28539 52036 52370 11651 28125 30634 52742 22497 32418 A 4.93 38.50 9.775 3.598 3.472 0.35 7.70 15.437 0.147 1.193 0.52 12.75 28.327 9.076 3.00 42.STANDARD SECTIONS ROUND BARS SECTION NO.00 38.05 20.88 16.00 50.545 0.192 0.00 KG/M 0.00 12.085 0.031 1.95 8.343 0.00 23.00 9.00 7.80 6.313 5.750 2.734 2.136 0.694 1.00 22.00 12.00 25.00 40.213 0.086 0.00 6.10 KG/M 0.392 3. 22050 70519 22051 22248 22052 10092 22053 20049 10093 52373 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 103 110 120 126 132 142 157 207 12 B 9.00 45.60 34.

00 120.30 0.70 60.00 1.00 2.65 PERIM 1.65 3.384 0.104 1.78 3.30 0.50 42.30 SHARP 0.00 1.00 25.00 T R 2.00 KG/M 0.TEE SECTION SECTION NO.00 R 3.00 25.392 B KG/M 25.409 0.210 0.403 0.00 25.20 3.00 76.30 0.40 20.00 75.00 25.00 25.00 38.00 25.00 25.00 38. 18023 11411 11840 52087 11649 A B KG/M 12.255 0.70 38.352 0.00 2.00 38.40 30.00 38.00 38.30 1.285 0.00 22.00 38.30 0.335 0.60 3.00 33.00 3. A 22651 32846 25022 70376 22324 52324 02169 31095 28974 20598 10963 71646 23085 70377 70377 B 19.692 PERIM 101 258 100 .40 80.40 5.263 0.00 2.00 20.00 0.26 2.10 50.00 1.00 50.40 50. 18356 28206 A B 25.260 0.210 0.00 75.789 1.30 0.90 1.966 0.30 5.00 4.594 0.30 0.00 38.00 PERIM 0.228 100 106 128 133 100 100 102 100 100 152 152 152 152 199 334 FULLY RADIUSED FLAT BARS SECTION NO.30 0.18 2.30 6.00 1.17 10. 100 22253 131 152 152 156 0.315 1.00 13 KG/M 0.160 0.254 0.91 HEXAGON BARS PERIM SECTION NO.00 45.00 22.00 12.00 38.00 T 19.10 50.84 0.20 3.545 ANGLES STRUCTURAL SECTION NO.30 SHARP 0.569 0.60 1.

00 1.00 12.17 4.00 3.309 0.80 50.80 30.154 0.50 2.50 64.22 23.218 0.809 1.00 15.00 50.5 0.00 6.00 6.135 0.70 15.00 2.00 100.80 50.518 0.05 19.00 3.437 0.984 PERIM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 14 SECTION NO.53 15.00 1.00 3.105 0.80 50.00 9.743 2.00 50.50 63.155 0.00 2.46 50.52 3.069 0.109 0.38 3.00 20.00 120.00 19.70 5.60 2.00 12.182 0.547 0.00 40.00 18.40 25.30 1.551 2.50 63.542 0.339 0.493 0.00 38.00 100.80 50.00 3.00 100.00 12.875 0.50 3.123 0.77 6.00 180.271 0.80 50.20 76.00 80.87 25.00 25.312 0.00 9.20 76.00 3.78 6.53 6.10 38.00 25.097 0.00 75.00 25.645 0.50 4.218 0.80 50.88 16.40 12.00 1.00 50.406 0.35 9.101 0.50 13.00 25.00 8. 19145 30825 70254 20822 10742 19577 10569 22811 21197 22812 31919 19342 18450 11732 0034H 0250F 19014 22813 11404 70340 31930 0034J 28560 70256 28934 31989 18223 10108 10242 28340 11734 0034m 52085 0034A 10390 10901 21091 29117 21887 29476 11731 0250A 18370 20260 70352 31920 11283 11307 11733 0460K 0034C 0034S A B 10.00 2.347 1.00 88.40 25.00 76.376 2.00 45.50 63.813 0.52 1.00 80.00 6.00 30.00 24.17 3.813 2.412 0.90 2.102 0.76 38.070 4.00 50.80 63.306 1.868 0.00 97.394 0.00 5.284 2.00 75.17 1.40 25.40 25.20 80.00 101.50 2.00 B 12.325 0.656 0.00 22.77 6.78 2.087 0.313 1.80 2.00 30.10 38. 0250U 11609 19724 20098 25025 20259 70355 11171 32598 20861 32297 52394 18501 52074 0034L 11299 52071 11673 0250Y 0250B 18948 18656 0460U 04068 19733 28267 32819 26375 22261 70360 28461 18642 18309 10170 0250J 20746 30682 24981 21119 11176 18314 70362 25029 27939 70962 28402 32800 23812 11781 21118 19554 21449 A 38.328 0.00 3.065 0.576 0.00 20.10 4.90 95.17 3.75 31.10 40.00 8.137 0.00 16.600 4.18 4.328 0.878 3.40 3.119 0.312 1.734 2.874 1.169 3.05 19.70 12.77 6.70 1.073 1.18 6.407 0.18 1.70 2.18 4.00 3.273 0.05 44.084 1.979 0.50 3.60 5.05 19.437 0.130 0.275 0.00 KG/M 1.00 50.70 25.05 19.498 0.78 1.970 0.00 31.00 9.60 3.00 19.00 19.163 0.264 0.00 80.05 20.00 22.75 31.492 0.00 16.00 2.00 2.53 KG/M 0.20 12.00 76.309 2.00 40.52 12.00 70.108 0.20 8.00 2.00 3.18 3.00 76.00 38.00 50.270 0.169 0.327 0.102 0.40 12.274 0.10 38.70 15.35 12.00 80.679 0.247 0.17 4.246 0.18 4.40 25.720 4.929 PERIM 100 100 100 120 100 100 103 106 107 112 131 152 106 108 108 111 115 121 121 127 152 134 152 158 178 151 156 153 153 154 177 156 159 166 171 163 169 176 180 245 197 219 198 206 212 229 232 207 221 270 273 372 .00 25.749 3.91 3.60 2.438 0.17 3.300 3.00 3.868 2.00 3.00 10.00 25.50 15.75 31.80 50.659 0.305 0.00 9.00 3.550 2.205 0.00 4.163 0.191 0.170 0.203 0.00 127.18 6.53 1.00 16.00 25.00 38.40 29.00 25.53 9.00 40.00 20.20 76.50 1.168 9.76 3.109 0.00 100.00 12.80 50.00 101.078 0.657 1.130 0.627 4.35 9.80 1.477 0.187 2.35 4.00 2.164 0.524 0.35 9.219 0.00 38.FLAT BARS SECTION NO.00 9.35 9.

217 0.232 0.40 25.00 30.05 19.18 1.75 32.00 50.62 2.00 4.00 4.50 3.122 0.464 0.362 0.124 0.60 3.185 0.00 76.18 2.48 0.813 1.40 25.00 38.268 0.59 1.80 63.10 38.80 50.315 0.50 1.628 0.18 6.167 0.00 25.00 3.847 1.75 31.922 1.40 25.00 19.05 22.00 3.35 KG/M 0.00 2.00 3.27 1.35 3.518 0.00 50.20 76.246 0.77 1.00 25.984 0.00 25.410 0.323 0.00 38.00 1.14 1.209 0.76 6.40 25.05 19.10 38.789 1.594 0.427 0.80 50.00 31.20 1.00 38.36 3.40 25.00 1.75 1.40 25.76 6.00 3.203 0.00 50.20 6.116 0.00 38.50 2.694 1.60 3.128 0.738 0.87 16.00 76.60 2. 52082 70152 28959 10967 70156 19226 19322 30674 20422 00035 52077 52075 52080 18301 30675 10966 20423 28464 11350 19262 52072 52073 52078 11850 18422 22114 11163 29351 70168 32945 18997 52084 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 102 102 102 101 102 102 102 101 119 119 126 127 127 15 A T 31.00 63.531 0.922 0.80 3.401 0.60 1.758 PERIM SECTION NO.092 0.528 796 0.35 3.00 76.70 15.195 0.300 0.17 1.00 12.00 76.00 1.70 12.76 6.00 50.159 0.00 75.00 25.59 1.212 0.80 2.17 3.594 0.18 4.18 4.00 25.35 6.60 2.628 0.10 44.00 3.161 0.196 0.00 15.63 3.05 19.157 0.17 3.ANGLES EQUAL LEG SECTION NO.402 0.00 15.762 0.00 3.00 3.14 1.952 1.17 1.20 25.207 2.299 0.40 3.60 2.171 0.212 1605 1.10 38.066 0. 11193 11166 02689 00454 70143 27891 00163 21081 31921 10386 00811 00549 10588 11303 70150 11356 10968 31922 70162 22326 10387 18038 18356 52079 19010 00252 00164 32528 70298 28540 03436 52081 A T 12.40 50.18 1.260 0.40 30.00 3.00 3.75 31.10 38.18 4.00 1.76 KG/M 0.18 0.00 3.00 1.153 0.00 6.00 2.191 0.00 50.10 38.00 38.00 19.58 3.410 0.640 1.101 0.50 65.250 1.18 4.45 50.00 12.382 0.40 25.515 PERIM 127 123 151 152 151 152 152 152 152 152 153 153 153 178 200 200 200 199 200 202 204 204 204 252 254 260 300 303 303 303 305 305 .10 38.531 0.

00 85.00 50.41 2.104 0.22 22.60 2.52 9.00 8.ANGLES UNEQUAL LEG SECTION NO.10 38. 10475 11165 70163 70158 18015 00819 19273 10394 22025 11956 70304 70167 10965 19428 20186 19119 20402 29423 52570 18133 18316 20417 11960 32923 20780 11409 30778 32924 29236 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 149 100 100 100 100 102 114 128 131 126 102 114 127 131 132 133 133 16 A 44.00 3.22 1.00 3.58 25.00 25.10 38.35 1.00 12.00 44.276 0.60 3.629 PERIM 133 150 149 149 152 152 152 152 164 200 195 227 228 188 202 229 229 253 240 248 305 244 280 299 320 350 353 399 455 .505 1.40 28.409 0.00 125.80 50.18 KG/M 0.00 38.22 25.20 80.18 3.10 44.50 10.156 5.66 50.531 0.80 40. 18201 01295 25023 10412 19183 18287 00505 18879 11164 20699 70295 70158 00294 18345 52174 52727 02961 18664 10292 20393 10787 19319 18132 19477 70157 11953 01405 00069 A B T 12.00 76.75 36.512 0.40 25.00 2.17 2.080 0.548 PERIM SECTION NO.20 76.05 25.40 22.380 0.959 1.00 16.40 19.50 20.18 4.70 14.00 2.00 50.38 6.00 9.22 22.357 0.00 2.04 1.18 2.00 50.301 0.22 40.50 3.520 0.00 22.246 0.00 1.354 0.00 50.20 76.238 0.53 14.857 3.04 1.00 150.52 9.60 3.00 25.00 7.460 0.17 3.949 3.10 63.00 28.74 6.45 44.00 3.00 2.00 17.40 25.778 2.503 0.52 2.00 76.00 100.00 44.60 1.299 0.60 3.00 25.103 0.03 3.00 12.586 0.146 0.70 15.089 0.00 127.00 38.586 0.00 6.17 2.50 1.258 0.52 3.484 2.80 50.10 50.46 22.20 1.60 1.20 76.347 0.36 1.00 50.00 36.336 0.30 20.53 12.17 1.00 76.343 0.416 0.322 0.17 3.309 0.521 0.80 50.20 3.50 25.00 25.88 15.165 0.40 25.60 2.00 3.00 38.538 0.00 1.50 75.72 88.00 19.322 0.00 22.00 17.00 3.00 100.45 9.17 3.513 0.318 0.05 25.80 63.932 0.92 9.00 6.27 1.00 76.00 9.00 B T 22.00 25.50 KG/M 0.60 1.75 31.10 1.00 50.00 40.22 25.40 25.40 30.10 38.18 1.523 0.00 38.00 12.00 3.00 50.00 50.00 25.22 22.90 100.084 0.50 1.00 25.130 0.408 2.00 76.52 1.20 31.266 0.00 31.20 76.00 25.129 0.107 0.348 0.623 0.903 0.50 22.59 3.00 10.342 0.00 152.70 19.00 38.00 22.00 120.627 0.00 2.464 0.00 2.26 4.50 38.

88 15.70 19.00 35.399 0.70 84.00 12.791 0.234 118 0.75 30.10 38.486 0.605 0.191 115.50 50.00 63.00 50.85 1.00 76.05 19.78 2.00 38.00 1.60 1.117 100 0.00 1.44 2.10 34.60 1.00 21.60 3.70 12.50 57.80 19.00 9.103 100 0.70 10.00 12.00 63.00 12.25 3.50 1.40 25.737 0.336 100 SECT NO.229 134 0.50 1.118 100 0.52 2.88 16.20 101.00 19.455 0.00 22.98 80.109 100 0.147 100 0.80 78.599 0.338 0.20 1.334 8.85 1.197 123 0.88 15.50 16.18 2.279 2.26 2.00 12.52 2.52 12.764 0.60 2.00 19.00 19.00 78.00 35.40 47.20 1.362 138 0.259 0.10 38.282 100 0.70 3.188 100 0.20 2.193 100 0.00 1.20 54.60 83.20 19. 70169 70438 00478 21392 71170 70310 00184 10444 10912 28126 10461 20042 70328 28604 70329 11363 22881 19192 02948 18621 11293 10642 18461 70171 21296 26152 20869 18654 11368 19216 00945 19064 52076 10308 20556 20018 18399 A 9.00 14.22 25.80 35.20 1.18 1.38 1.48 19.52 3.90 28. 70428 70429 28193 18683 00032 28213 19153 70318 30401 32560 23224 18446 52343 00747 11562 18658 11430 70323 52571 32529 01835 32782 01980 72373 29118 22209 23732 18726 30704 11903 18400 52363 21761 52533 32832 32080 22810 26089 17 A 32.80 3.00 0.205 100 0.50 1.984 0.465 0.00 25.00 0.18 2.00 80.00 25.00 3.00 2.50 82.00 1.00 25.579 149 1.80 16.00 2.39 2.379 100 0.20 2.40 1.00 15.00 12.18 1.00 21.20 1.18 1.00 25.179 113 0.00 3.310 0.994 1.438 0.912 1.260 1.75 2.00 14.50 6.00 19.00 23.00 23.52 20.257 0.348 100 0.60 1.00 21.00 14.00 12.52 3.00 0.00 22.00 1.50 10.00 21.10 43.18 1.60 1.40 25.600 0.05 19.00 1.50 6.185 0.60 1.05 25.134 100 0.52 3.52 1.57 1.00 1.70 T1 1.819 1.57 1.191 119 0.50 1.80 54.249 0.00 2.00 152.385 133 0.50 2.18 3.50 64.00 150.822 PERIM 153 166 317 128 146 152 222 182 152 195 162 168 194 196 225 235 237 248 172 240 295 204 237 241 294 242 312 312 302 306 341 299 359 416 443 495 590 497 .988 0.00 38.145 100 0.60 1.00 75.50 9.75 B 9.303 116 0.80 2.00 1.20 1.28 15.00 54.00 17.336 128 0.00 40.812 0.70 B T1 T2 23.20 77.40 44.00 76.75 4.20 19.68 1.50 KG/M 0.415 0.50 9.60 21.145 100 0.00 9.80 2.17 1.40 25.00 36.60 1.70 2.50 127.60 1.78 1.62 2.76 1.50 17.00 21.20 1.50 1.00 25.40 1.68 1.17 1.18 1.00 44.52 1.00 1.00 19.283 0.110 100 0.70 10.10 38.46 15.00 17.730 0.52 19.70 2.53 12.00 31.00 1.20 1.60 1.00 50.26 2.38 1.00 3.00 2.70 13.00 9.52 12.00 4.05 20.38 3.38 KG/M PERIM 0.56 82.00 1.00 21.931 0.40 25.78 2.67 1.138 100 0.70 22.00 22.00 15.40 38.00 32.25 27.40 152.523 6.50 76.15 60.22 22.785 0.70 12.00 1.60 92.50 2.CHANNELS EQUAL LEG SECT NO.00 3.18 3.00 2.20 1.17 3.52 3.537 0.78 1.25 3.184 184 0.00 2.20 1.00 9.618 0.00 9.42 3.340 0.04 1.50 1.52 9.70 12.50 38.40 3.40 30.60 3.70 9.60 105.60 31.00 1.22 35.00 28.00 12.60 1.60 1.80 1.20 1.10 25.00 38.097 100 0.80 1.20 1.00 4.190 120 0.50 2.40 3.601 147 0.00 25.349 100 0.88 16.38 3.38 T2 1.05 19.20 1.00 105.40 27.17 1.00 44.85 1.196 100 0.20 1.18 3.60 2.80 3.00 12.00 50.244 0.50 1.52 11.20 1.50 2.00 23.179 100 0.20 1.00 1.724 3.04 1.00 1.00 3.224 366 0.42 3.00 3.70 3.200 100 0.18 1.20 1.

96 3.246 0.42 8.210 1.08 15.60 6.336 0.70 28.50 2.34 28.06 19.32 27.25 7.10 7.562 0.285 0.70 12.22 6.00 11.14 31.00 1.00 22.93 B 19.093 0.50 29.180 0.24 12.60 1.69 15.00 22.607 0.60 12.88 15.569 1.22 1.94 16.40 30.305 0.05 19.90 22.50 1.20 19.60 4.774 0.00 19.16 22.60 1.74 1.96 23.112 0.74 19.42 6.00 3.26 9.24 0. 50125 50128 55146 50130 50131 50132 55721 50133 42865 50134 11552 50135 50136 53925 10636 42676 42737 42823 53001 50628 53658 42677 42724 50141 50140 50142 56118 53676 50139 42511 11325 55802 50540 11326 42680 53659 53494 42679 50231 42678 50143 50145 42739 11327 50146 42355 13097 53358 A 6.75 31.00 16.00 1.49 25.226 0.00 27.326 0.48 19.291 0.22 1.64 3.152 0.080 0.93 34.00 16.172 0.532 0.864 0.60 6.185 0.742 1.22 4.50 20.70 14.600 EXT INT PERM PERM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 SECT NO.20 1.40 1.208 0.75 1.677 0.75 19.63 2.05 15.90 KG/M 0.60 1.92 34.00 26.20 3.225 EXT INT PERM PERM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 157 100 100 100 109 109 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 103 100 104 100 108 100 110 100 110 100 109 100 110 100 .50 25.367 0.182 0.195 0.62 12.10 3.63 1.00 23.50 20.152 0. 50148 50114 50149 42389 11683 53649 42681 50013 11328 50541 50153 11168 50115 50154 53885 52198 53614 50251 42714 42725 42685 50157 54265 50155 42684 52782 42356 54887 42578 50160 55649 52566 53734 42499 13193 52207 18399 50116 42686 42687 50117 42498 42345 13338 50162 50543 42745 42746 18 A 22.20 1.60 19.16 4.80 15.63 3.05 19.64 2.47 19.069 0.22 1.60 1.22 1.00 25.05 19.00 2.436 0.80 13.60 21.185 0.40 2.30 15.10 30.20 1.50 1.00 1.22 1.30 25.76 32.00 10.424 1.56 7.090 0.04 21.00 19.20 1.80 9.20 22.20 2.330 1.15 W/T mm 1.40 25.88 15.250 0.20 18.40 25.78 13.56 2.430 0.66 20.00 22.60 21.70 10.673 0.40 25.63 1.60 1.25 1.70 12.00 25.750 0.885 0.14 22.260 0.87 25.00 1.20 12.220 0.119 0.90 5.20 1.251 0.40 25.85 16.63 2.182 0.18 3.00 22.05 19.00 25.00 15.983 0.06 12.00 10.30 7.238 0.80 2.10 29.50 1.80 1.418 0.40 1.74 6.85 4.237 0.22 4.05 19.22 5.18 3.60 1.00 12.50 15.30 21.75 31.453 0.40 22.109 0.76 KG/M 0.20 22.32 26.80 21.153 0.94 33.00 16.662 0.76 2.22 5.60 7.70 12.258 0.60 22.404 0.00 3.60 7.117 0.40 25.75 25.475 0.235 0.61 16.543 0.10 25.791 0.40 25.014 0.238 0.00 13.60 21.299 1.00 34.00 16.090 0.00 6.22 2.00 25.70 4.00 15.319 0.63 1.24 2.00 23.18 2.60 12.63 1.66 25.085 0.20 2.30 26.223 0.00 19.223 0.52 25.44 7.92 1.70 12.05 19.95 B 3.ROUND TUBES SECT NO.32 21.63 2.257 0.03 4.38 1.00 1.60 18.88 8.18 1.40 25.00 19.80 5.88 15.94 14.058 0.20 31.80 17.34 9.44 13.00 30.00 25.20 1.22 1.40 25.80 12.04 30.60 2.349 0.150 0.79 15.79 15.243 0.20 1.430 0.60 13.40 14.236 0.22 23.18 2.50 9.213 0.00 25.20 21.80 10.50 1.329 0.00 4.00 1.00 12.75 31.55 28.411 0.68 13.218 0.281 0.20 7.65 15.941 0.00 9.12 18.241 0.50 2.50 8.05 19.40 26.289 1.40 22.39 25.40 1.50 34.70 10.289 0.80 2.30 1.41 W/T mm 1.18 2.20 1.251 0.62 1.00 10.60 3.20 1.30 1.88 15.24 15.56 13.75 31.00 1.87 16.40 25.392 0.70 12.112 0.154 0.44 12.70 12.92 34.00 9.88 15.00 1.20 22.197 0.408 0.50 19.10 7.328 0.243 0.22 22.00 10.116 0.240 0.88 16.60 30.40 21.

00 100.20 4.18 1.00 4.80 B 29.652 1.00 38.00 35.00 1.00 60.69 31.50 38.24 98.46 60.66 73.00 43.57 1.26 113.634 0.749 5.506 0.375 0.873 EXT INT PERM PERM 160 141 160 139 160 128 182 129 185 119 190 170 165 157 188 178 199 187 199 180 220 212 226 188 236 219 239 227 239 231 240 229 240 200 240 221 252 220 252 227 252 214 252 101 274 252 314 264 315 302 315 277 316 286 317 297 319 309 320 300 328 308 340 315 358 333 360 322 368 355 377 325 377 352 377 340 399 377 493 474 503 465 .63 1.80 50.00 8.00 50.20 37.00 4.937 7.00 42.464 2.00 50.60 50.00 44.25 7.490 6.00 46.586 1.20 76.951 3.497 1.00 69.10 38.00 148.84 31.00 157.00 63.75 2.18 2.548 1.00 72.00 120.00 80.80 47.946 1.60 35.50 23.00 50.00 1.60 39.18 2.50 70.903 0.00 69.44 40.585 4.00 120.00 1.00 59.683 0.178 0.175 1.50 101.76 7.125 0.796 1.00 38.30 117.63 3.30 70.27 1.00 3.00 60.09 40.00 46.10 39.717 0.60 34.64 97.00 106.00 W/T mm 3.828 3.00 35.80 34.00 38.80 95.50 108.25 3.908 2.40 48.00 32.80 59.677 1.666 2.60 2.50 10.84 70.00 80.590 3.35 1.10 38.90 1.20 1.787 0.20 1.60 101.495 0.00 3.00 6.70 1.50 7.20 76.00 88.00 1.20 76.96 50.74 25.00 160.874 3.00 46.619 0.00 46.86 72.00 38.00 6.00 127.60 34.60 50.00 100.298 2.00 6.00 40.00 87.803 3.80 41.50 1.818 0.80 44.00 120.00 31.ROUND TUBES SECT NO. 11366 54940 55145 50613 53611 42329 50164 42689 50619 42303 42346 53611 10635 42690 42691 52364 50165 54933 42749 13340 50167 42347 42692 11444 13283 42302 54748 53662 42752 53887 11167 42330 42331 54932 54948 42965 50170 42693 10616 42372 50120 42694 A 35.861 1.743 3.00 4.00 44.949 0.530 2.917 0.88 8.00 50.20 1.57 2.00 50.20 1.00 114.60 3.374 1.80 50.00 47.290 1.00 48.208 1.00 100.50 57.80 50.482 0.00 40.00 80.54 47.00 38.00 90.00 104.00 3.90 2.00 76.00 31.960 7.00 75.00 35.536 0.90 94.00 4.00 38.792 0.80 50.554 1.50 1.507 0.00 38.50 3.243 3.80 50.00 38. 50173 10629 50174 13339 42316 42514 11443 54600 42594 42697 42647 42327 50177 56077 42698 42855 42699 42336 56106 52210 52265 11936 11441 53497 11969 52353 42731 42756 42854 11808 42795 11440 56237 11590 54050 53495 11970 11968 42715 56249 55908 19 A B 50.26 47.00 25.18 1.00 151.895 1.25 4.448 0.42 50.00 KG/M 0.00 3.805 3.20 76.375 0.27 6.40 1.684 3.00 24.00 3.363 2.50 10.978 1.00 48.18 3.50 30.80 3.00 50.00 114.00 64.22 2.00 41.00 72.370 0.905 3.048 1.00 102.60 47.00 101.18 5.00 8.50 8.00 KG/M 1.32 55.00 100.00 6.00 5.80 50.017 1.00 6.832 EXT INT PERM PERM 110 100 110 100 110 100 117 110 120 112 120 110 119 109 119 100 119 100 119 100 120 100 120 112 120 109 120 109 120 100 120 100 123 114 126 116 130 100 134 100 135 126 135 100 140 100 134 126 146 100 151 100 151 132 158 160 152 124 157 126 157 147 157 145 157 143 157 145 159 147 159 150 160 152 160 152 160 149 160 149 160 148 160 147 SECT NO.00 112.18 3.00 47.30 80.00 68.45 45.602 0.50 3.92 2.48 5.70 48.50 1.00 100.45 1.00 53.46 40.45 48.00 38.50 1.60 104.56 46.00 56.00 8.20 73.492 1.00 84.755 0.692 1.40 38.86 34.810 1.600 3.695 0.50 43.093 0.60 1.00 35.50 4.544 3.506 0.28 42.00 28.50 63.487 0.14 67.00 108.80 58.788 0.84 34.672 0.18 6.00 6.118 0.195 2.222 1.150 0.605 0.60 2.953 5.50 3.272 4.915 2.00 80.00 4.00 120.16 45.02 2.76 28.27 1.60 3.63 1.40 36.00 2.80 W/T mm 2.00 37.10 38.25 1.00 92.783 4.80 50.

00 20.30 0.20 1.30 0.00 10.90 1.00 50.00 50.78 0.3 0.00 3.157 3.979 0.80 2.00 2.00 25.40 30.4 5.00 2.50 SHARP 0.00 45.240 0.70 2.30 SHARP SHARP 0.50 1.00 25.96 101.276 0.50 1.00 20.40 20.20 28.215 1.30 0.00 76.3 0.30 0.341 0.60 110.00 2.436 1.30 20 R2 SHARP 0.50 2.824 0.369 EXT PERM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 106 106 117 120 121 115 125 120 117 117 125 149 150 149 140 139 150 139 159 159 151 152 182 191 194 228 271 229 221 222 232 276 299 299 299 299 293 293 352 300 393 367 356 376 399 399 426 INT PERM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 107 104 109 105 113 108 103 103 117 138 134 133 127 127 130 120 148 143 131 139 169 172 180 212 255 203 207 202 216 258 283 283 275 268 266 279 339 274 363 343 352 356 384 375 402 .3 0.90 1.406 1.28 12.00 50.00 0.30 2.00 100.20 40.50 2.00 25.00 50.80 2.00 50.00 33.3 1.30 0.30 SHARP 0.50 76.862 1.20 1.20 1.30 0.549 0.20 1.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 SHARP 3.50 2.61 1.00 25.388 0.3 0.00 1.00 25.00 50.54 1.20 80.00 38.50 63.00 43.770 0.00 2.00 25.16 44.50 2.00 50.30 0.00 25.00 76.00 0.583 1.50 16.75 SHARP SHARP 0.30 0.00 38.00 25.50 30.92 35.30 0.343 3.00 150.30 KG/M 0.3 6.22 1.569 0.488 0.00 25. 11922 42313 42593 55351 53661 11499 54935 42269 54632 42297 11254 52102 42104 42701 54213 269 42484 55097 10939 42197 50096 52099 50101 53111 50102 53917 50848 11175 42645 10940 54306 42070 42619 13038 247 10941 11493 54156 42628 10942 10807 42194 42534 50108 54126 55842 414 803 42505 55163 42829 42722 55951 42409 42533 55209 55124 42317 A 18.038 1.263 0.00 33.00 50.76 1.861 1.30 0.151 2.75 SHARP r1 0.897 2.00 2.569 0.00 6.30 1.00 30.64 1.38 0.29 1.30 SHARP 3.00 60.00 50.00 25.00 150.570 0.00 2.00 100.30 0.00 3.799 0.876 2.30 SHARP SHARP 0.60 3.18 1.40 0.00 40.54 2.45 3.436 4.78 0.30 0.00 2.00 50.40 1.00 18.50 0.585 0.00 18.30 SHARP 3.00 25.00 SHARP 0.25 1.00 80.50 1.50 1.00 SHARP 6.00 24.00 3.333 0.50 38.00 18.50 0.3 0.391 1.00 34.432 1.80 60.00 2.723 0.00 1.30 0.00 24.00 76.00 120.622 0.00 29.78 0.30 2.60 101.00 3.82 30.00 29.258 0.20 1.00 25.18 1.30 0.00 4.126 3.30 1.179 0.40 25.00 4.00 3.00 0.723 0.30 SHARP 0.50 0.00 2.00 32.00 38.00 50.3 1.64 SHARP 0.00 SHARP 4.27 38.00 15.770 0.25 0.00 R1 SHARP 0.00 B 12.000 2.504 0.00 50.00 2.30 SHARP 0.63 0.00 18.00 25.80 3.193 1.30 1.50 0.64 0.00 3.3 0.00 2.00 16.10 29.50 2.00 100.40 20.00 98.00 12.60 101.800 2.126 0.00 50.30 0.30 3.00 12.00 2.60 2.458 1.50 67.949 1.30 1.30 0.296 0.00 28.00 44.00 35.50 3.285 0.3 0.50 22.607 0.053 0.00 100.78 0.855 1.00 50.00 50.20 1.00 50.50 0.50 31.30 SHARP 0.583 2.70 1.182 0.46 45.00 4.325 0.429 2.50 2.00 38.64 0.80 56.00 146.5 SHARP 0.00 43.00 T 1.456 0.76 0.50 0.00 3.80 2.30 1.50 89.00 50.00 100.RECTANGULAR HOLLOWS SECT NO.30 0.00 1.484 0.30 4.179 0.45 20.00 140.80 2.30 0.3 0.3 0.75 29.30 0.00 .00 18.00 150.30 0.00 163.30 0.20 1.

30 1.00 25.50 SHARP 0.452 0.138 0.314 0.327 0.320 0.114 0.30 0.63 1.152 0.05 19.00 2.642 1.10 38.30 6.00 19.605 1.64 SHARP 0.50 SHARP 0.50 0.63 SHARP 0.98 20.296 0.30 0.00 21.00 38.70 3.00 3.184 0.10 44.00 2.119 2.547 0.219 0.00 1.00 SHARP 0.30 0.27 2.00 0.30 0.30 1.00 25.30 0.608 0.50 2.664 6.441 EXT PERM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 141 100 100 100 100 102 102 100 120 120 127 152 151 150 152 296 200 200 200 200 200 239 254 278 304 304 311 399 400 399 457 INT PERM 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 108 104 102 138 127 136 128 155 184 184 176 151 175 215 203 261 288 291 295 383 372 351 441 .20 1.00 25.30 0.30 2.399 0.00 50.05 19.00 38.60 3.529 2.75 38.30 0.668 2.257 0.00 2.30 SHARP 0.00 21.00 25.03 2.251 0.20 1.00 25.50 0.30 0.40 1.00 24.00 50.00 50.60 2.303 0.50 1.405 0.03 3.00 16.00 3.23 24.731 0.SQUARE TUBES SECT NO.139 0.50 2.30 0.00 1.00 2.794 1.041 1.277 0.301 0.301 0.00 20.30 3.30 0.00 20.60 0.30 SHARP 0.492 0.137 1.40 21 0.30 0.65 2.50 0.30 .30 0.64 SHARP 0.30 0.60 2.50 76.3 0.60 1.00 22.371 0.30 1.00 18.40 30.30 0.00 6.80 60.344 1.179 0.00 R2 KG/M 0.00 19.90 1.00 50.126 3.03 3.00 15.30 1.18 1.27 0.00 114.45 1.40 25.00 76.3 0.30 SHARP 0.30 0.00 1.77 100.00 63.50 1.00 3.041 1.3 0.80 12.00 25.854 1.248 0.00 0.20 1.00 6.30 SHARP 0.30 0.667 1.00 18.30 0.10 1.60 15.00 1.00 2.25 0.36 0.50 T R1 1.855 3.00 2.00 3.57 1.00 SHARP 0.3 0.00 31.00 20.18 3.00 20.50 70.00 50.30 SHARP 0.391 0.507 0.716 0.334 1.20 0.30 1.864 1.76 0.00 100.00 3.40 25.40 3.18 0.30 SHARP 1.25 1.30 0.18 1.30 6.50 6.830 1.00 100.20 1.18 1.90 1.76 sharp 4.00 3.00 0.514 0.36 2.71 SHARP sharp 0.30 SHARP 0. 42357 55173 42326 50056 53664 50057 42912 54060 50060 50059 193 42406 52493 42179 10871 56060 50064 42435 12 50065 42390 50347 42178 54927 53916 50609 10628 42080 22 11433 42886 101 10223 50070 41 42274 42938 11174 42758 11173 56066 256 56081 42145 56121 11517 50075 42371 55210 13029 55906 55126 A 11.25 1.00 30.20 77.00 0.985 0.30 1.00 0.30 0.226 0.96 SHARP 0.285 0.

20 1.30 0.62 9.20 1.670 0.00 T2 R1 2.50 15.30 0.20 21.189 0.32 B 5.20 1.62 T3 1.753 PERIM 300 286 386 LIPPED CHANNELS SECTION NO.30 KG/M 0.28 15.40 R1 0.00 PERIM 0.30 0.190 0. 1835 9A 9C A 76.191 0.62 1.35 T2 3.20 1.20 101.30 R4 0.70 3.538 1.60 B 38.00 23.16 75."H" PROFILES SECTION NO.00 0.94 R KG/M 2.00 7.80 T 3.30 0.30 0.20 1.00 23.20 2.00 33.60 1.40 44.188 2.50 0.00 23.35 6.197 0.46 T1 T2 1.39 1.50 0.60 1.01 6.00 3.12 27.20 2.20 1.60 T1 2.40 41.30 0.56 17.20 1.236 PERIM 68 105 TOP HAT PROFILES SECTION NO.34 D 3.25 2.00 KG/M SHARP SHARP 0.00 6.20 1.30 0. 21426 32137 A B C 57.20 1.20 1.20 1.50 15.30 R3 2. 19921 19835 A 18.50 63.82 47.90 4.30 SHARP 3.00 19.20 2.00 28.44 1.00 21.50 19.085 0.12 48.00 38.107 0.185 0.00 21.99 T1 T2 1.25 2.30 R2 0. 10460 11775 32134 70865 22879 11290 21297 18438 10643 18994 A B 14.00 1.00 76.95 7.88 18.76 C 11.88 21.591 PERIM 218 220 .00 22 2.00 7.30 R2 KG/M 1.10 50.20 1.00 R 2.50 SHARP 0.225 0.00 20.50 23.00 3.271 0.097 115 100 100 118 120 116 124 136 203 298 CHANNELS STRUCTURAL SECTION NO.744 3.

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