STRUCTURE Directions: Questions 1-15 are incomplete sentences. Beneath each sentence you will see four words or phrases, marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Then, on your answer sheet, find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. Look at the following examples: Example I Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes ___2____ they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface. 1. 2. 3. 4. due to because in spite of regardless of

The sentence should read, "Geysers have often been compared to volcanoes because they both emit hot liquids from below the Earth's surface." Therefore, you should choose answer B. Example II During the early period of ocean navigation, ________ any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques. 1. 2. 3. 4. so that hardly where there hardly was hardly was there was hardly

The sentence should read, "During the early period of ocean navigation, there was hardly any need for sophisticated instruments and techniques." Therefore, you should choose answer D. QUESTIONS

1) Refrigerating meats ____a____ the spread of bacteria. a) b) c) d) retards retarding to retard is retarded

2) Throughout the animal kingdom, _____b___ bigger than the elephant. a) b) c) d) whale is only the only the whale is is the whale only only whale is the

a definite system of locating the annual cuttings _______a___ in the management of communal and government forests because under this system the forests can be so organized that an approximately equal yield is secured each year. a) b) c) d) have owed the change owing the change the change do owe owe the change 8) In Europe. a) b) c) d) must have been must must be must have been being 7) To Darwin we ________a__ that has made the interrelations of organisms central in modern natural history.3) The fact ___b_____ money orders can usually be easily cashed has made them a popular form of payment. which is currently referred to as “snailmail” by frequent computer users. a) b) c) d) of that is that which is 4) The first article of the United States Constitution gives Congress ______a__ to pass laws. a) b) c) d) is extensively used extensively uses has extensively used will have extensively used 9) Capable of producing nothing more than _____d_____. a) b) c) d) is being slowly transformed will have been slowly transformed slowly transforms was slowly transformed 6) Airport x-ray devices _c______ designed more carefully in order to detect the more sophisticated forms of explosive materials that are now produced. a) b) c) d) vacuous truly a point truly a point vacuous vacuous a truly point a truly vacuous point . a) b) c) d) the power has the power the power is of the power 5) Written mail. ___a____ by email and other electronic technologies. Barkley was forced to concede the point to Hume who went on to win the debate.

stormy weather. seeds. a) b) c) d) Even an ordinary Ordinary. a) because the average efficiency of the best steam engine b) which the average efficiency of the best steam engine c) that the average efficiency of the best steam engine d) with the average efficiency of the best steam engine e) 15) There is no doubt _____d____ correspond to the gill clefts which are used in connection with the breathing in fishes. a) b) c) d) has actually he he actually has it actually is is it actually 11) ____c______ sort of winter means cold. a) b) c) d) tea value of average import import average value of tea average import value of tea average value of import tea 13) _______A___ and have low refractive indices. a) b) c) d) Those fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons That fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons While fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons When fluorocarbons are more volatile and denser than corresponding hydrocarbons 14) It is safe to say ___c_______ does not exceed 25%. an even An ordinary. and a scarcity of fruits. low dielectric constants. and low surface tensions has long been known by chemists. even Ordinary even an 12) In the fiscal year 1910. . insects. a) b) c) d) because of the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds despite the fact that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds if the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptile and birds that the minute slits which are seen in embryonic reptiles and birds Reading Comprehension Directions: Please read the discussion below and answer the following 10 questions on this brief passage. and slugs that animals can consume. a short daylight. the _____d_____ was 16 cents per pound before it was distributed to retail outlets.10) An excellent cosmetologist in even the most unsophisticated hair salon can make a man seem to have more hair than ___b____.

1. 1. John will start the job on Monday. Interviewer: Can you tell me what made you reply to our advertisement? John: Well. I think I have asked you everything I wanted to.The Job Interview Interviewer: So. Didn't Say 6. True 2. True 2. right? John: Yes. False 3. What sort of student do you regard yourself as . He saw the advertisement in the local newspaper. Interviewer: That about covers it. Didn't Say 3. John would start work at 9.00 pm.00. Could you tell me what hours I'd have to work? Interviewer: We open at 9. The job doesn't pay very well. . True 2. Didn't Say . 1. 1. and preparing the shop for business. True 2. did you enjoy studying while you were at school? John: I suppose I'm a reasonable student. You would be able to leave then. I have. False 3. Thank you for coming along to the interview. do you have any questions you'd like to ask me about the position? John: Yes. 1. 1. . Interviewer: Do you know exactly what you would be doing as a shop assistant? John: Well I imagine I would be helping customers. False 3. The job is in a shop. Didn't Say 2.30 and we close at 6. Didn't Say 4. Interviewer: Have you any previous work experience? John: Yes. but you would be expected to arrive at 8. I was looking for a part-time job to help me through college. keeping a check on the supplies in the store. True 2.00. He wouldn't have to deal with customers. When will I know if I have been successful? Interviewer: We'll be making our decision next Monday. you've applied for the Saturday position. I passed all my exams and I enjoy studying subjects that interest me. 1. False 3. Interviewer: Now. False 3. you would also be responsible for keeping the front of the store tidy. False 3. I worked part-time at a take-away in the summer holidays. Didn't Say 5. True 2. we'll give you a call. John: Thank you. And I think that I'd be really good at this kind of work.

7. False 3. 1. False 3. True 2. John failed some of his exams. social life would be unbearably chaotic: the massive daily transfers of goods. False 3. the very fabric of modern society would begin to unravel. True 2. Were it not for public acceptance of a single yardstick of time. B. and information would proceed in fits and (10 starts. . John has left school. Answer all questions about the information in a passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage. Each one is followed by a number of questions about it. 1. people (5) have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. 1. John would be working in the electrical department. For as long as merchants have set out their wares at Line daybreak and communal festivities have been celebrated. Read the following passage: The railroad was not the first institution to impose regularity on society. Didn't Say 8. True 2. Didn't Say 9. The job is full time. C. ) Example I What is the main idea of the passage? 1. A. 1. Then. You are to choose the one best answer. In modern society we must make more time for our neighbors. False 3. Didn't Say 10. True 2. find the number of the question and fill in the space that corresponds to the letter of the answer you have chosen. or to draw attention to the importance of precise timekeeping. services. or D. on your answer sheet. Didn't Say Directions: In the Reading Comprehension section you will read several passages. The value of this tradition is today more apparent than ever. to each question.

supply shortages. you should choose answer D. Society judges people by the times at which they conduct certain activities. equipment breakdowns. no single business could raise that much money. the tortuous lay of the land. despite enormous problems of climate. It stretches southward across the largest and northernmost state in the United States. The pipe is 4 feet in diameter. climbs sheer mountains. so 8 major oil companies formed a consortium in order to share the costs. and the varied compositions of soil. Therefore. A little more than half of the pipeline is elevated above the ground. plunges over rocky crags. Resting on H-shaped steel racks called "bents. It weaves through crooked canyons. and passes over or under hundreds of rivers and streams." Therefore. 2. or permafrost (permanently frozen ground). 3. The traditions of society are timeless. The Alaska pipeline starts at the frozen edge of the Arctic Ocean. In fact. 3. the Alaska pipeline has been completed and is operating. It is massive in size and extremely complicated to operate. depending largely upon the type of terrain and the properties of the soil. An accepted way of measuring time is essential for the smooth functioning of society.2. rock. One of the largest in the world. Today. 4. The pattern of the pipeline's up-and-down route is determined by the often harsh demands of the arctic and subarctic climate. the pipeline cost approximately $8 billion and is by far the biggest and most expensive construction project ever undertaken by private industry. The steel pipe crosses windswept plains and endless miles of delicate tundra that tops the frozen ground. a certain amount of mismanagement. 4. the phrase "this tradition" refers to 1. you should choose answer C. Other long sections drop out of sight beneath spongy or rocky ground and return to the surface later on. the practice of starting the business day at dawn friendly relations between neighbors the railroad's reliance on time schedules people's agreement on the measurement of time The phrase "this tradition" refers to the preceding clause." long sections of the pipeline follow a zigzag course high above the frozen earth. and even theft. "people have been in rough agreement with their neighbors as to the time of day. ending at a remote ice-free seaport village nearly 800 miles from where it begins. Each company controlled oil rights to particular shares of land in the oil fields and paid into the pipeline-construction fund according to the size of its holdings. The remainder is buried anywhere from 3 to 12 feet. and up to 2 million barrels (or 84 million gallons) of crude oil can be pumped through it daily. The main idea of the passage is that societies need to agree about how time is measured in order to function smoothly. treacherous terrain. makes its way through thick forests. labor disagreements. Example II In line 6. Line (5) (10) (15) (20) (25) (30) QUESTIONS .

The passage primarily discusses the pipeline's 1. 3. 2. specific . 4. 2. 3. 3. 4. climate lay of the land itself local vegetation kind of soil and rock 16.11. 4. 3 4 8 12 18. 4. According to the passage. 4. 3. 3. 4. The author mentions all of the following as important in determining the pipeline's route EXCEPT the 1. 2. 4. 2. How many companies shared the costs of constructing the pipeline? 1. operating costs employees consumers construction 12. The word "undertaken" in line 26 is closest in meaning to 1. The word "particular" in line 29 is closest in meaning to 1. The word "it" in line 4 refers to 1. peculiar 2. 84 million gallons of oil can travel through the pipeline each 1. Consisting of Supported by Passing under Protected with 15. 2. The phrase "Resting on" in line 13 is closest in meaning to 1. 3. day week month year 14. 2. 3. 2. removed selected transported attempted 17. pipeline ocean state village 13.

Which of the following determined what percentage of the construction costs each member of the consortium would pay? 1. 2. How How How How much oil field land each company owned long each company had owned land in the oil fields many people worked for each company many oil wells were located on the company's land 20. Line Line Line Line 3 13 19 32 . Where in the passage does the author provide a term for an earth covering that always remains frozen? 1. 3. equal 19. 2. 4. 4. 3.3. exceptional 4.

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