Map Distance: 1. Take DCOs (2 lowest) and SCOs (2 highest) 2. Get the middle gene. Do this by comparing DCO and SCO. The middle gene is the one which differs in position. Example:

Mutation: N = N0(1-μ)n

(rearranged SCO) 3. Cross over SCOs. You need distances of a & c and c & b. Cross a & c to get distance between them. Cross c & b to get distance between them. Example:

4. Use the population of the crossovers as the # SCOs in the distance equation: distancea-c= [(# SCOsa-c + # DCOs)/total progeny]x100% Note: Solve for a-c distance and c-b distance separately. 5. Draw the map using distances :3 Map Distance-related Computations: Coefficient of coincidence: C = observed DCOs/expected DCOs Expected DCOs = (distancea-c)(distancec-b)(total progeny) note: distances in this calculation are each divided by 100. Interference = 1-C Hardy-Weinberg Shiz: p = 1-q where p = A ; q = a Migration Q_Q: m = q0 / (q0 + qm) q1 = mqm + (1-m)q0 (1-m)n = (qn -qm)/(q0 - qm) Selection: t = (1/qt)-(1/q0)

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