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This package contains slides from many, many contributors including: BRIGANT, Eric BROUWER, Wim CARSON, Chris FAGGION, Nadège LICHTER, Joe SACHDEV, Vineet URIE, Alistair YU, Jim You, of course, get credit for delivering it. Add your name in place of “Speaker Name” and delete this whole note. 

Voice and SMS in LTE Technical Overview
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COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

AGENDA
1. Introduction 2. Solution Architecture Overview 3. End-User Services

You will have to modify the agenda based on the sections you include in your talk

4. Regulatory Services
5. Provisioning / migrating subscribers 6. Roadmap 7. Supporting Sections

3 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .1. Introduction COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

However.Voice in LTE Introduction • Initial LTE deployments were focused on data services . The supporting ecosystem is uncertain. phased approaches are available: Circuit-Switched Fallback (CSFB) • This method drops the UE from LTE to CDMA 1x any time a voice all is active Dual-Transceiver Handsets (SVLTE) • Approach requiring specialized handsets has traction among CDMA operators IMS with GSMA VoLTE • This is the widely accepted target architecture for voice in LTE • Note there are other niche approaches that a small set of vendors and service providers are pursuing: .Use SIP UE with proprietary enhancements to MSC This method enhances an existing MSC with a SIP Gm interface (i.e.These approaches have limited traction in the market place. NSN ―FastTrack‖) . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. carriers are quickly expanding to voice services as well • In an attempt to ease introduction of voice in LTE. 5 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION ..i.Support for users roaming onto networks without LTE coverage will remain key requirement for at least 10 years • SMS solution typically required from day 1 .Some operators targeting LTE coverage to exceed 3G deployment . .Gradual increase in covered area across network .Some operators targeting ―rich‖ services only for power users with others planning to generalize ―rich‖ services to all users .Market will however split between ―legacy‖ and ―rich‖ services .May also depend on frequency bands allocated for LTE . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. higher bands may result in coverage holes indoors etc.e.Market and network trends impacting voice solution for LTE • Voice remains important but no longer is the dominant service in terms of radio network load .―Legacy‖ services expected to remain the only option for legacy terminals • LTE rollout will be similar to 3G .Others planning to always have wider 3G coverage than LTE .Data only terminals MAY be an exception depending on configuration update mechanism 6 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Including when in CDMA circuit mode .Voice service continuity to be ensured during handover to CDMA access . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Voice specific functionality in E-UTRAN and EPC to be minimized .Assumed requirements for Voice and SMS over LTE capable terminals • Services .Solution to support handover from CDMA to LTE requires standardization when. agreed technical solution and need has been determined .Possibly CSFB and/or SRVCC support in MSCs .Voice service to be available while roaming on other LTE networks .Possibly CSFB and/or SRVCC support in MME .No additional requirements imposed on roaming partner networks 7 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Voice service may be controlled using IMS servers and applications .Header compression (RoHC) and Semi-Persistent Scheduling in E-UTRAN .Independent of preferred voice solution of visited network • Network . and if. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Voice over LTE (VoLTE) Uses a standard 3GPP IMS and LTE features to improve voice capacity Continuity Options: • Hand-down to CDMA circuit domain • LTE <-> eHRPD PS HO required if VoIP over eHRPD is supported 8 Call control for native LTE voice and SMS service is provided by IMS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Note this option precludes simultaneous LTE data and voice (different carriers) Simultaneous Voice and LTE (SVLTE) UE maintains simultaneous registration on LTE network for data and legacy network for voice/SMS Offered in the UE at the expense of greater complexity and shorter battery life.Options for Supporting Voice and SMS with LTE There are three options we can discuss for voice/SMS services with LTE: Option CS Fall-back (CSFB) Description UE is registered in LTE and is paged over LTE but takes call in CDMA Circuit mode Comment Attractive as a means of re-using all the CS infrastructure. IMSbased call control can be provided in the CDMA domain via the IMS anchoring for calls originated in CDMA circuit mode.

1x DRVCC. EVDO Rev A.A.S0042: Voice Call Continuity Between IMS and Circuit Switched Systems .All variants of CDMA (1x. 3GPP2 references include . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . and VoIP handover via eHRPD PSHO.S0022: IOS for eHRPD RAN Interfaces and Interworking with E-UTRAN .X.S0087: E-UTRAN – cdma2000 HRPD Connectivity and Inter-working Air Interface .C.X. Multi-Carrier EVDO and DO Advanced) have been enhanced to allow delivery of voice in a mixed LTE/CDMA network including options for 1x CSFB. • Alcatel-Lucent is a very active participant in 3GPP and 3GPP2. 1x Advanced.C.S0057: E-UTRAN – eHRPD Connectivity and Interworking: Core Network Aspects 9 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. 1x SRVCC.S0097: E-UTRAN – cdma2000 1x Connectivity and Interworking Air Interface .Voice with LTE and CDMA Networks Standards • VoLTE Standards span 3GPP R8 (2008) to current release . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Work initiated within standalone "One Voice" forum and transferred to GSMA IREG RiLTE in early 2010 • Alcatel-Lucent was one of the original members of the One Voice forum and is an active participant within RiLTE working group managing this profile • We have completed an end-to-end evaluation of the GSMA VoLTE IR. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .92 profile and IR. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.92 Profile v2.92 profile is an industry effort to ease the introduction of VoLTE/VoIMS via specification of critical interworking requirements between UE and network vendors .GSMA VoLTE (formerly referred to as OneVoice) • GSM Association (GSMA) sponsored IR.88 10 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.0 specification across the ALU portfolio and ALU LTE Solution is currently ready for initial UE interoperability testing of this profile • ALU is committed to supporting GSMA VoLTE IR.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . deploy 1H2012 Mass market Network optimization Full range of terminals 2013+ Option for data only devices LTE only Data only devices LTE and eHRPD Data only devices LTE and eHRPD Data only devices LTE and eHRPD Data only devices VoLTE with DRVCC SRVCC IMS VoLTE (complete LTE coverage) IMS VoLTE (complete LTE coverage) SVLTE IMS VoLTE/VoIP over eHRPD IMS VoLTE/VoIP over eHRPD LTE with Dual Tx CSFB IP-Optimized solution IMS VoLTE with S102 SRVCC CDMA IMS VoLTE with S102 SRVCC CDMA IP+Circuit solution 11 Voice and SMS via S102 CSFB COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Deploy 1H2011 Including smartphones. earliest test 1H2011.Primary Migration strategies for Voice and SMS services: Industry Trends Initial LTE launch Data modems only. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. earliest test 2H2011. deploy 2H2011 Service Rollout Full range of terminals.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Solution Architecture Overview: Circuit-Switched Fallback COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .2a.

. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Only selected MSC need be upgraded if only used for SMS over S102.272.Operators with embedded 1x network building LTE overlay.g.Operators building LTE network and choosing SMS over S102 CS Fallback and SMS over S102 are both defined in 3GPP TS 23. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . for SMS to data-only endpoints .S0097 13 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. E-UTRAN and all MSCs (or installation of IWS) for S102 interface in LTE coverage area .CSFB client in terminal • Target usage .Upgrade to MME.CS Fallback • Approach and SMS over S102 .SMS delivery over LTE using S102 interface • Handover . + 3GPP2 C.Voice call setup (either mobile originated or incoming page) triggers UE move from LTE to 1x to then support voice over CS .LTE->1x: Data session suspended during voice call • Key elements . or . e.

Handset falls back to legacy circuit coverage for voice .Data sessions suspended Circuit Voice Data .Handset uses LTE network where possible to achieve highest throughput . similar to Gs interface in GPRS .SMS delivered over S102 – without requiring inter-RAT handover CSFB Tradeoff . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .High Level Architecture MSC CDMA 1X CS Network CDMA 1x MSC CS Network E-UTRAN MME New interface “S102” from MSC to MME PDN E-UTRAN MME PDN eNode B SGW PGW Data Paging/SMS eNode B SGW PGW While carrying data only No Simultaneous Voice + Data .Incoming voice calls paged over S102 interface from MSC to MME.Handset served by an MSC in legacy network for voice and SMS . and suspended data sessions 14 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Re-uses legacy circuit infrastructure .CS Fallback .But at the cost of Inter-RAT handover per voice call. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

5-1 from 3GPP TS 23. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.CS Fallback: Roaming Considerations • If a UE requires CSFB and CSFB is available in a visited network.221: UE behavior for CS Voice only UE is set to CS Voice only Fail or Success with “SMS only” indication or Success with “CSFB Not Preferred” indication UE initiates a combined EPS/ IMSI attach procedure Success with no “SMS-only” indication and no “CSFB Not Preferred” indication UE checks for voice centric or data centric setting Voice centric Data centric UE uses CSFB UE stays in current RAT UE reselects to other RAT 15 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.221 Annex A Figure A. the UE will disable E-UTRAN capability and select a CDMA network • Further details can be found in 3GPP TS 23. • If a UE requires CSFB and CSFB is not available in a visited network. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . roaming voice service operates in the visited network with the same restrictions as in today‘s roaming environment.

Range of figures depending on network conditions .S102 required on only a subset of MSCs if only SMS delivery (not CSFB) is required 16 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. transparent voice service to LTE handsets .Does not require IMS client in UE • Can be used to provide ―basic‖ voice service to certain users in networks where IMS voice is available as a premium service • Costs • Requires support of S102 interface on MME and MSCs . and Limitations • Benefits • Provides mechanism for basic. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Applicable to voice handsets if LTE is deployed in advance of IMS • Limitations • CSFB procedures in eUTRAN require per-call migration to CDMA .Applicable to LTE roamers whose home network is not IMS capable .Increases call setup delay . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.CS Fallback Benefits. Costs.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .2b. Solution Architecture Overview: Simultaneous Voice and LTE (SVLTE) COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Simultaneous (Circuit) Voice and LTE (SVLTE) MSC CDMA 1x BTS CS Network E-UTRAN MME PDN Circuit Voice Data eNode B SGW PGW • SVLTE • ―Two phones in one‖ to re-use legacy voice capabilities while offering LTE for data • Particularly attractive to CDMA-2000 operators as it provides data connectivity during voice calls • SVLTE is not defined in standards . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.To date Alcatel-Lucent has done IOT only with LTE / CDMA 1x handsets: No network impact • SVLTE is not known to have traction among 3GPP operators .No hard-and-fast rules on network or handset impact .UMTS offers simultaneous voice and data already 18 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.It is a handset ecosystem marketing term . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Devices would have one transceiver for Voice.MDM9600 supporting LTE and EV-DO (eHRPD) data DO/ LTE 1x .A Dual Tx device may be capable of simultaneous 1x Voice with LTE Data 19 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. and . and one serving LTE and EV-DO . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION Rx Tx Rx LTE 1x / DO .MSM8655 supporting 1x Voice and Smartphone operating system .Qualcomm planning single-chip SVLTE/SVDO follow on solution • ―CSFB‖ Dual Receiver for LTE data and 1x CS Voice .Qualcomm 2-chip initial solution: ―Fusion‖ .Standards-based device with separate receiver for LTE and CDMA .The device shown at right has a single Tx.Simultaneous 1x Voice with LTE Data. but Separate receivers for LTE and eHRPD .Simultaneous 1x Voice with eHRPD (EV-DO) Data Rx/Tx Rx/Tx .Device Options – Two Example Device Solutions • Qualcomm‘s SVLTE/SVDO – Qualcomm Simultaneous V&D .Enables Dual Transceiver Devices capable of .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Solution Architecture Overview: Voice over LTE COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .2c.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION ..e. packet and circuit) • The next slides will explore each of these areas in more detail 21 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.IMS core with Telephony Application Server (TAS) to provide end-user services .LTE E-UTRAN enhanced for VoIP delivery .Provide voice to LTE UEs using IMS to provide the voice services • Key elements: .VoLTE Required Solution Enhancements • Approach: .VCC to provide handover capabilities between different radio domains (i.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .VoLTE Alcatel-Lucent Products CDMA 1X 8610 ICC 1357 ULIS 8615 IeCCF 5110 SMS C BTS MSC PSTN/PLMN VitalQIP eHRPD eHRPD Elements added for IMS BTS HSGW eRNC 7510 MG 5420 PCM 5060 MGC-8 IMS Core E-UTRAN 5420 CTS (TAS) 9471 MME 5780 DSC 8650 SDM Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) 5450 ISC 5420 SCG 5900 MRF 94xx eNB 7750 SGW 7750 PGW 22 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Smaller scheduling interval (TTI = 1ms) • Semi-persistent scheduling for VoIP .Air interface resource management for VoIP QoS control .VoLTE Required LTE E-UTRAN Enhancements for VoIP Delivery • Header compression using Robust Header Compression (RoHC) . 23 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. • RLC UM (RLC Unacknowledged Mode.Bearer QoS with DSCP marking in backhaul .Reduced overhead but robust to consecutive packet errors.Reduce the delay and jitter of VoIP packets. no retransmission) . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . • Delay management for VoIP QoS control .QoS policy enforcement through Priority management . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Reduce scheduling overhead • Short PDCP sequence number to reduce the packet overhead.

Web portal to support subscriber feature configuration such as call forwarding – uses 5420 PCM .Lawful intercept gateway (1357 ULIS) 24 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.TAS to provide the voice services .provided by the 5900 MRF .This function is provided by VitalQIP.uses 5420 CTS .SCC AS providing service centralization and VCC – provided by 5420 SCG .MGCF and MGW to provide connectivity to the PSTN .Media resource function to support functions such as announcements and conferencing capabilities .IMS core with Telephony Application Server (TAS) • The IMS core and TAS adds the following components: . I-CSCF. and BGCF.Home Subscriber System for subscriber data (8650 SDM) .Session manager consisting of P-CSCF. Note this function could be shared with the DNS function already in the LTE network • The IMS core and TAS also leverage the following entities from LTE: .These functions are provided by the 5020/5060 MGC-8 and the 7510 MG respectively .DNS/ENUM server to resolve IP addresses and E.Offline charging function (8615 IeCCF) . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. provided by the 5450 ISC .Online charging function (8610 ICC) . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . S-CSCF.164 addresses .

LTE connected UE has dedicated signaling connection to own S-CSCF and TAS . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.During call MSC and IMS linked together using ISUP via MGCF (or using SIP if MSC supports IP) HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS TAS PDN eNode B SGW PGW .VoLTE – user plane aspects Two party calls LTE to LTE call CDMA MSC • VoLTE to VoLTE call . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .CS connected UE has dedicated signaling connection to MSC .Each UE has dedicated signaling connection to own S-SCCF and TAS (may be shared) HSGW E-UTRAN MME IMS SCC AS PDN eNode B SGW PGW TAS .Direct packet voice connection between two parties. routed via own PGW (may be shared) Each UE has dedicated QCI=1 bearer established for voice service If UE not on same network then user plane carried over inter-operator interconnection (normally via GSMA sponsored IPX) • VoLTE to CS call VoLTE to mobile CS CDMA MSC CS Network .Media path connected via MGW under control of MGCF LTE connected UE has dedicated QCI=1 bearer established for voice service IMS Signaling Packet Data Circuit Voice Circuit signaling Packet Voice 25 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Each UE has dedicated signaling connection to own S-SCCF and TAS (may be shared) LTE to LTE call with CDMA MSC 3rd party on hold CS Network .VoLTE – user plane aspects Multi-party calls LTE to LTE conference call • VoLTE to VoLTE conference call CS Network CDMA MSC . routed via own PGW (may be shared) Each active UE has dedicated QCI=1 bearer established for voice service HSGW E-UTRAN MME IMS SCC AS PDN eNode B SGW PGW TAS .Media path from each UE directed to conference bridge hosted by MRF (Media Resource Function) HSGW E-UTRAN MME IMS SCC AS PDN eNode B SGW PGW + TAS - Each UE has dedicated QCI=1 bearer established for voice service MRF • VoLTE to CS call . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Direct packet voice connection between two active parties.Media path for held UE directed to announcement service hosted by MRF (Media Resource Function) Held UE has dedicated QCI=1 bearer established for voice service MRF Circuit Voice Circuit signaling Packet Voice 26 IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Each UE has dedicated signaling connection to own S-SCCF and TAS (may be shared) . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Handover while remaining in packet (PS) . • When handing over to CDMA.Handover from LTE to 3G eHRPD can be done without the need for SRVCC . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .VoLTE – Hand down to 3G network • Voice Call Continuity is used to provide session continuity from LTE to CDMA for voice calls • Two options exist: .UE needs to wait for call using CS bearer to end before reselecting LTE cell . PS data services are suspended • Note that CS handover from CDMA to LTE is not defined in the standards .―Reverse‖ SRVCC now being worked in standards 27 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.SRVCC requires UE and network functionality along with bearer path reconfiguration by SCC AS .Handover to circuit (CS) .Alternatively UE based dual transceiver solution can be used with SCC AS bearer reconfiguration to provide hand down.

PS Voice bearer support required … after CDMA MSC CS Network . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Simple PS handover triggered by MME involving HSGW and S/PGW HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS TAS PDN eNode B SGW PGW • Service restrictions .VoLTE handover to legacy mobile network Using PS handover (towards eHRPD only) Before… CDMA MSC CS Network • Approach .Full IMS services maintained during handover and remainder of call .VoIMS is not viable over 1x HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS TAS PDN eNode B SGW PGW Circuit Voice Circuit signaling Packet Voice 28 IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Gm signaling interface available . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

SRVCC mechanism triggered by MME.(Most) IMS services maintained during handover and remainder of call HSGW E-UTRAN MME .Available over all mobile networks with SRVCC roaming agreements .VoLTE handover to legacy mobile network Using SRVCC (―B‖ party in CS network) CDMA MSC Before… CS Network • Approach . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Requires SRVCC support in visited network TAS MGW MGCF SCC IMS PDN eNode B SGW PGW Figures are simplified Packet Voice 29 Circuit Voice Circuit signaling IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Parallel PS handover used for data services • Service restrictions … after MSC CS Network CDMA . involving MSC and SCC TAS HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS PDN eNode B SGW PGW . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

SRVCC mechanism triggered by MME.Available over all mobile networks with SRVCC roaming agreements HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS TAS .(Most) IMS services maintained during handover and remainder of call .VoLTE handover to legacy mobile network Using SRVCC (―B‖ party in LTE) CDMA MSC Before… CS Network • Approach HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS TAS . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Requires SRVCC support in visited network PDN eNode B SGW PGW Figures are simplified Packet Voice 30 Circuit Voice Circuit signaling IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . involving MSC and SCC .Parallel PS handover used for data services PDN eNode B SGW PGW • Service restrictions … after CDMA MSC CS Network .

(Most) IMS services maintained during handover and remainder of call .Available over all mobile networks TAS HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS PDN eNode B SGW PGW Figures are simplified Packet Voice 31 Circuit Voice Circuit signaling IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.VoLTE handover to legacy mobile network Using DRVCC (―B‖ party in CS network) – No S102 CDMA MSC Before… CS Network • Approach .DRVCC mechanism triggered by UE.Parallel PS handover used for data services … after CDMA MSC CS Network • Service restrictions . UE initiated new HO leg in CDMA TAS HSGW E-UTRAN MME MGW MGCF SCC IMS PDN eNode B SGW PGW .

VoLTE and CDMA Integration Implementation Options

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

VoLTE with CDMA Circuit
Routing Through IMS
• Calls are routed through the IMS to fulfill a variety of requirements – not all requirements apply to all solutions.
- Domain Selection - Incoming calls to UE with combined VoLTE/Circuit solutions must be routed to the appropriate domain. This is usually achieved via VCC application server on the IMS - Domain Transfer - Hand down from VoIP to Circuit is controlled by the VCC application server on the IMS - IMS Based Services – Those calls on which IMS based services are desired (including calls in the CDMA network) must be routed through the IMS and TAS for services control. Some next generation services examples include:
- Simultaneous ringing of desk, cellular, home phones
- Time of day routing to desk, cellular, home - Call logging and account codes - Powerful call blocking - Enterprise extension dialing - etc.
33 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

VoLTE with CDMA Circuit
Supplementary Services
• Supplementary Services provisioning and status are sync‘ed between the IMS and CDMA networks – to a greater or lesser degree • Supplementary Services are categorized into groups as follows
- Static (not changeable by the end user) Services such as caller ID presentation and restriction must be consistently configured on both the IMS (TAS) and CDMA (HLR) initially. - Semi-static (changed by the end user and remain in that state until changed back by the end user e.g., temporarily persistent status) such as CW Disable, ID Privacy, Call Forwarding, Call Blocking. These services are further categorized based on application to incoming or outgoing calls – of those listed ID Privacy is the only service that applies to outgoing calls. The service activation data for this category of services may require special handling - Per call service activation such as Cancel Call Waiting (for this call only). These services are provided by the serving system (IMS or CDMA) - Mid call services such as Three Way Calling, Call Hold, Call Transfer, Accept Waiting Call. These services are provided by the serving system (IMS or CDMA)
34 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Service Delivery Options – IMS Service Delivery in LTE (Baseline) UE Initiates call using SIP signaling TAS applies originating features Call routed to B-party IP Bearer is set up MGW MGCF IMS Core PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF MRF eNode B SGW PGW Packet Voice 35 IMS Signaling COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Service Delivery Options – IMS Service Delivery in LTE to PSTN UE Initiates call using SIP signaling TAS applies originating features Call routed to MGCF (B-party in PSTN) MGCF signals PSTN MGCF instructs MGW to set up PSTN connection IP Bearer is set up PSTN/PLMN MGW MGCF IMS Core PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF MRF eNode B SGW PGW Circuit Voice Circuit signaling Packet Voice 36 IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Service Delivery Options – IMS Service Delivery .Attributes • Features provided by IMS & TAS • Simultaneous LTE voice and data supported • Call Flow supports LTE to CDMA Hand-down (SRVCC or DRVCC) 37 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Service Delivery Options – IMS Service Delivery in eHRPD Gm Method with eHRPD Bearer UE Initiates call using SIP signaling TAS applies originating features Call routed to MGCF (B-party in PSTN) MGCF signals PSTN MGCF instructs MGW to set up PSTN connection IP Bearer is set up MSC PSTN/PLMN eHRPD Core BTS eRNC HSGW MGW MGCF IMS Core PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF MRF eNode B SGW PGW Circuit Voice Circuit signaling Packet Voice 38 IMS Signaling Packet Data COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Service Delivery Options – IMS Service Delivery in eHRPD . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Supports handover in both directions • Simultaneous voice and data supported • Well suited to handle ―small coverage holes‖ in LTE layer • Avoids need for SRVCC or DRVCC as long as eHRPD is available • Better quality (PS HO to eHRPD) • This option is attractive for service providers that have a large embedded base of eHRPD voice-enabled packet networks 39 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Attributes • Features provided by IMS & TAS • Requires ―optimized‖ PS-PS Handover support . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

For originations in the CDMA network. This is intended to provide IMS Next Gen Services to the subscribers both when in IMS and when in CDMA circuit.For incoming calls this can be achieved in several ways . • Anchoring Options .S0042-A – Voice Call Continuity between IMS and Circuit Switched Systems • In general. it is possible to use multiple terminating triggers at the Home MSC to support both legacy network incoming call services and IMS anchoring .Assigning an IMS number or porting the existing number to IMS .Modification of the HLR to support forced routing to IMS at LOCREQ . This may be problematic when the user is roaming outside the service provider coverage depending on trigger support from roaming partners. In this case.Terminating Triggers at the Home MSC. this is achieved via (WIN or pre-WIN) Originating Triggers. the solution is designed to anchor all voice calls through the IMS and IMS application servers.IMS Anchored Solution for calls in CDMA • Standard solution as described in 3GPP2 X. 40 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

41 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. • Origination anchoring .number portability or ..Anchoring Options at the VCC Anchoring Function • 5420 SCG receives the Invoke and responds with the Return Result for the cases below.AnalyzedInformation: Advanced Termination Trigger at Home MSC • Support of multiple trigger options allows some services (e. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Re-use of an existing number . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.OriginationRequest: ANSI-41D (pre-WIN) .OriginationRequest: ―All Calls‖ • Termination anchoring .AnalyzedInformation: Initial Termination at Home MSC or .OriginationRequest: ―Origination Attempt Authorized‖ .g.New assigned directory number in IMS number range . CRBT) to continue to be offered in the Home MSC/WIN SCP if desired.

Service Delivery Options – Limited IMS Service Delivery in CDMA: WIN Anchoring Originating Call CDMA UE Initiates call to MSC MSC has originating attempt trigger for UE pointing to SCC AS. SCC AS saves dialed digits and returns PSI DN MSC initiates call to PSI DN MGCF sets up incoming circuit bearer MGCF routes call to SCC AS SCC AS sends INVITE to TAS with saved dialed digits TAS applies originating features Call routed to MGCF (B-party in PSTN) MGCF signals PSTN MGCF instructs MGW to set up PSTN connection BTS MSC PSTN/PLMN eHRPD eHRPD BTS HSGW RNC MGW MGCF IMS Core PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF SCC AS MRF eNode B SGW PGW 42 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Sends trigger with dialed digits. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Service Delivery Options – Limited IMS Service Delivery in CDMA: WIN Origination Anchoring • Features initiated in origination dial string (e. CCW.g. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . conferencing) • SCC AS with WIN support required to anchor call in IMS • No impact on MSC (beyond support of WIN triggers) • HLR provisioning of WIN triggers and appropriate end user services • This may be attractive to service providers for early introductions • May be an issue with origination trigger support when UE is roaming in CDMA partner network 43 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.g.g. extension dialing) from IMS TAS • Mid-call features (e... 3WC) from MSC • Some services limit handover (e.

Service Delivery Options – Local Service Delivery in CDMA: MSC Provides Services UE Initiates call to B-party MSC routes call to B-party Circuit bearer is completed MSC PSTN/PLMN CDMA eHRPD BTS RND HSGW MGW MGCF IMS Core PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF SCC AS MRF eNode B SGW PGW 44 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Service Delivery Options – Local Service Delivery in CDMA: MSC Provides Services – Attributes • All features from CDMA MSC while in CDMA Mode • No handover support from or to LTE • Need a mechanism to allow user in CDMA to activate services at the TAS • No impact on MSC • This option is primarily useful for LTE subscribers roaming into another service provider‘s network 45 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Service Delivery Options – WIN Anchoring for Incoming Calls PSTN/PLMN Call initiated to UE at Home MSC H-MSC sends triggered message to SCC AS which saves call info and returns a PSI DN MSC sets up a call to PSI DN MGCF sets up incoming circuit bearer MGCF routes call to SCC AS SCC AS sends INVITE to TAS with saved dialed digits TAS applies terminating features Call is routed back to SCC AS for domain selection H-MSC CDMA MSC MGW MGCF IMS Core BTS PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF SCC AS MRF eNode B SGW PGW 46 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

Service Delivery Options – Domain Selection to CDMA
PSTN/PLMN

H-MSC

Call routed into IMS and to TAS TAS applies terminating features Call is routed to SCC AS for domain selection SCC AS does not find UE registered in IMS and queries the HLR for routing digits HLR returns routing digits Call routed through MGCF to routing destination Call delivered to UE

CDMA MSC MGW MGCF
IMS Core

BTS

PCM

TAS

E-UTRAN

MME

PCRF
Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data)

HSS/HLR

CSCF

SCC AS

MRF

eNode B

SGW

PGW

47 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

Service Delivery Options – Domain Selection to LTE
PSTN/PLMN

Call routed into IMS and to TAS TAS applies terminating features Call is routed to SCC AS for domain selection SCC AS does find UE registered in IMS and routes the call through the S-CSCF H-MSC

S-CSCF routes call to UE Contact Address Bearer path is allocated and connected
Call delivered to UE

CDMA MSC MGW MGCF
IMS Core

BTS

PCM

TAS

E-UTRAN

MME

PCRF
Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data)

HSS/HLR

CSCF

SCC AS

MRF

eNode B

SGW

PGW

48 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

Service Delivery Options –

Limited IMS Service Delivery in CDMA: WIN Termination Anchoring
• This is attractive when existing CDMA customers (DNs) are migrated to VoLTE with CDMA
• Incoming Call Features (e.g., CF, Call Blocking, TOD routing, etc. ) from IMS TAS
- Possible to provide some services (e.g., CRBT) at the Home MSC if that is desired

• Mid-call features (e.g., 3WC) from MSC • Some services limit handover (e.g. conferencing) • SCC AS with WIN support required to anchor call in IMS • No impact on MSC (beyond support of WIN triggers) • HLR provisioning of WIN triggers and appropriate end user services • No issue with trigger support while CDMA roaming as all incoming calls route through the Home MSC in the HPLMN
49 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

• Incoming calls are routed through the IMS via following . .Basic VoLTE and CDMA Option • Originations on CDMA network are NOT anchored through IMS . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.It may be difficult or expensive to support anchoring of CDMA originations through the IMS especially in the case of roaming in another CDMA network.Multi-party or held calls in the IMS are not controllable by the UE after VoLTE to CDMA domain transfer (hand down).New assigned directory number in IMS number range or re-use of an existing CDMA number via porting number to IMS or WIN triggers at the Home MSC • Domain Transfer (SRVCC or DRVCC) supported for VoLTE to CDMA • Services are provided by the serving network for originations and by the IMS for terminations . 50 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT..Assume CW Disable (temporarily persistent) not supported . CF) at the IMS TAS via web browser interface from smart phone or PC. Thus Local Service Delivery at the Serving CDMA MSC provides the same solution in both the home and visited CDMA networks. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Incoming call semi-static feature activations (e.g.

. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. consistently regardless of access network (LTE or CDMA).Gain the ability to offer TAS based enhanced or Next Generation services such as extension dialing. call logging. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Add the capability for the UE to determine the need for and automatically perform feature activation via XML data interface (Ut) to the TAS perhaps via features management GUI on the device 51 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Enhancements to Basic VoLTE and CDMA Option • Add support for anchoring CDMA originations through IMS .Feature activation codes can be supported for semi-static feature changes since the feature activation • Add support for Ut interface in the TAS and UE .

If the roaming partners agree that those business issues can be avoided it may be possible to support VoLTE roaming prior to Release 11. . support of origination call triggers in a roaming partner network may be problematic .GSMA specifies an architecture that provides for local breakout from the PGW to a P-CSCF in the VPLMN and the reminder of the IMS in the Home PLMN (LBO to Home IMS). • LTE Roaming for VoLTE users .Business issues such as charging and routing determination require additional features currently targeted for Release 11.Roaming Impacts • CDMA Roaming for VoLTE/CDMA users . support of S102 for SRVCC hand down to CDMA may not be supported in all CDMA networks. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.As discussed elsewhere. 52 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Similarly.

VoLTE Handoff Options

COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

VoLTE Handoff Options
Approach
Non-Optimized eHRPD Optimized eHRPD 1x DRVCC 1x SRVCC

Network Destination Enhancemen t Required?
eHRPD VoIP eHRPD VoIP 1x CS 1x CS None S101 VCC App Server S102

Device Dual Receiver or Dual Radio * Single or Dual Radio C.S0087 Tunnel Dual Radio Single Radio C.S0097 Tunnel

Availability Today Future Future Future

* Non-Optimized eHRPD HO supports Single or Dual Radio devices. However, for
VoLTE HO, separate receivers for LTE and eHRPD may improve handoff delay.
54 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

VoLTE Handoff
• When VoLTE is used, a solution is required for dealing with mobility outside of an area with LTE coverage, to provide voice call continuity

• Non-Optimized eHRPD – Upon reaching the edge of LTE coverage, a nonoptimized handover is executed without S101.
- Delay can be prohibitive, but studies are underway to improve performance to where it might be acceptable for voice calls.

• Optimized eHRPD – Upon reaching edge of LTE coverage, an optimized handover using S101 is executed. The call remains in the packet domain on eHRPD. • 1x DRVCC – Similar to SRVCC, but device controls call establishment over 1x, no need for S102 interface or GCSNA layer. Upon reaching edge of LTE coverage, UE initiates 1x call setup while maintaining VoIP call leg. After 1x call is answered, UE switches to circuit mode and UE is handed off to 1x. VCC App Server required.
- Partially standardized in X.S0042 as ―Dual Radio Domain Transfer.‖

• 1x SRVCC – Upon reaching the edge of LTE coverage, the 1x call is set up over the S102 tunnel and then the UE handed over to 1x.

55 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION

and S103 for data forwarding. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. handoff performance improves LTE UE S103 S101 MME SGW eNode B PCRF HSS Evolved Packet Core PDN GW 56 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Interworking LTE with EV-DO via eHRPD (Optimized) 1xEV-DO (HRPD and eHRPD) 3GPP2 LTE-eHRPD Legacy EV-DO AT RNC / eRNC PDSN AAA SW upgrade on existing equipment Potential future SW upgrade on existing equipment Packet Switched Core HA eHRPD BTS IMS HS GW Internet / Intranet LTE 3GPP With addition of “Optimized Handoff” with S101 signaling for pre-registration and handoff.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .1X AT LTE supports VoIP and Hands Off to CDMA2000 1X Circuit Network outside of LTE Coverage SCG IMS MGC/MGW Internet / Intranet LTE 3GPP LTE UE SGW eNode B MME PCRF HSS Evolved Packet Core PDN GW IMS SCG VCC application allows dual radio LTE VoIP services to hand off to 1X CS Voice without S102. 57 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.LTE VoIP “DRVCC” Handoff to CDMA 1x Circuit Switch Voice (without S102) HLR MSC/ BSC BTS Circuit Switched Core (Voice) PSTN ANSI41 Voice Channels CDMA2000 1X 3GPP2 Legacy 1X AT LTE . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. . SCG VCC App Server CTS TAS 3) 1X Orig MSC 4) INVITE CSCF MGCF MGW BS 2) Handover Trigger domain 6) BYE Broadband Access LTE RAN & EPC 58 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION IMS MGCF MGW pCSCF PSTN VoIP Bearer Path Circuit Bearer Path Signaling Path 1) Existing VoLTE call between the Handset on LTE and PSTN user.VCC : IMS to CS Handover Call Flow – “DRVCC” 5) VCC updates the IP addresses for the existing call to connect to the new. incoming call MGW.

LTE VoIP SRVCC Handoff to CDMA 1x Circuit Switch Voice (with S102) HLR MSC/ BSC BTS S102 Circuit Switched Core (Voice) PSTN ANSI41 Voice Channels CDMA2000 1X 3GPP2 Legacy 1X AT LTE . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . 59 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.1X AT LTE supports VoIP and Hands Off to CDMA2000 1X Circuit Network outside of LTE Coverage SCG IMS MGC/MGW S102 is used for Hand Off Signaling LTE Internet / Intranet 3GPP LTE UE SGW eNode B MME PCRF HSS Evolved Packet Core PDN GW IMS SCG VCC application with S102 allows LTE VoIP services to hand off to 1X CS Voice.

SRVCC 6) VCC reconfigures the IP addresses for the existing call to connect to the new. Broadband Access LTE RAN & EPC 60 CSCF BS S102 2) Handover Trigger pCSCF domain IMS MGCF MGW PSTN VoIP Bearer Path Circuit Bearer Path Signaling Path COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.VCC : IMS to CS Handover Call Flow . VCC App Server CTS TAS 4) INVITE MSC MGCF MGW 3) 1x Orig 5) HO Command 7) BYE 1) Existing VoLTE call between the Handset on LTE and PSTN user. incoming call. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

Single Radio Voice Call Continuity PS to CS (E-UTRAN/CDMA SRVCC) UE in LTE with established call to PSTN subscriber UE measures signal strength UE reports signal strength to eNB eNB decides HO is required and sends request to MME MME sends request to MSC enhanced with S102 interface* MSC prepares handover. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. signals BTS and initiates call to SCC AS using STN-SR In parallel to IMS processing the MSC sends HO response back to MME MSC CDMA UE tunes to new network MGCF sets up incoming circuit bearer MGCF routes call to SCC AS SCC AS sends RE-INVITE to TAS with new bearer IP TAS forwards to MGCF MGCF instructs MGW to update IP connection PSTN/PLMN BTS MGW MGCF IMS Core PCM TAS E-UTRAN MME PCRF Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) HSS/HLR CSCF SCC AS MRF eNode B SGW PGW 62 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .The mid-call (multi-party) is completely handled in the CDMA MSC. CW. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Hand-down is not impacted. the call will hand-down. • Case 3: Mid-call service (multi-party call) is active on the IMS WHEN the hand-down is attempted .The mid-call (multi-party) was completely handled in IMS TAS.Mid-Call Services with LTE to CDMA Hand-down • Case 1: Mid-call service (3WC. Hold) occurs and returns to single-party call prior to Hand-down. . . Then a mid-call service is initiated on the CDMA MSC . CT. but UE control of the conference bridge is lost. The Hand-down that occurred prior to the mid-call services is (clearly) not impacted by the subsequent mid-call service. the hand-down is denied by the VCC Application Server and the call continues in the LTE network 63 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. • Case 2: Single party call is Handed-down to CDMA. Note: multi-legged calls may result in multiple calls through the IMS depending on anchoring strategy but they are treated as independent calls by the IMS – no bridging is done in the IMS.If the multi-party call is stable (no party is on hold).If any of the parties are on hold.

VoLTE and topologies for large geographic regions Where the speed of light is perceptible to the end user…. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Alternate Home Network Topology Options . SCC-AS) 65 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. CTS.Topology 3: Home IMS/AS and Regional P-CSCF . UVP. SCC-AS based on user location .Home use of P-CSCF (w/ BGW) .Topology 1: Dynamic P-CSCF/IMS/AS .Static Allocation of AS(s) (CTS.Dynamic allocation of P-CSCF.Regional use of P-CSCF (w/ BGW) .Static Allocation of AS(s) (CTS. SCC-AS) .Topology 2: Home IMS/AS and Home P-CSCF .Home region IMS associated with UE . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Home region IMS associated with UE . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MSC . . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . MSC A-BGF P-CSCF PCRF P-GW S-GW PCRF A-BGF P-CSCF P-GW S-GW EPC EPC UE1 AS and IMS Core Depends on region UE1 66 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Topology 1: Dynamic Allocation Model Region Y (UE Home) LTE TAS (CTS) LCP DNS SCC AS (SCG) LTE TAS (CTS) LCP DNS VitalQIP DNS SCC AS (SCG) Region X MSC S-CSCF I-CSCF 5450 ISC MSC S-CSCF I-CSCF 5450 ISC VitalQIP DNS . . . .

CTS User Profile Data Options Primary/Protect & CSD •Primary/Protect Option Sub A Data Sub B Data Sub C Data Sub D Data Sub A Data Sub B Data Sub C Data Sub D Data CSD Option HSS Sub A Data Sub B Data Sub C Data Sub D Data Sub E Data Sub F Data Sub G Data Sub H Data Other Apps App Server . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION Geo-redundant Pair . App Server App Server App Server Geo-redundant Pair . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.... App Server App Server Sub E Data Sub F Data Sub G Data Sub H Data Sub E Data Sub F Data Sub G Data Sub H Data App Server App Server Centralized Subscriber Database and Dynamic CTS Assignment With this option. CTS specific service data for a subscriber is stored as repository (transparent) data in the HSS Any CTS can retrieve a copy of a subscriber’s data from the HSS and process calls to/from the subscriber 67 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT..

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. backup. restore) because user profile data is being centralized in a single physical database. . can be introduced on-the-fly without needing to provision a Protect CTS/FSDB as well as re-provisioning of the per user IFC (to point to Primary/Protect TAS instance). we will discuss on a per region basis .Geographical redundancy is present by default. 68 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.When the network is extended with new CTS instances traffic may re-balance automatically across the whole network and or region without the need of moving users manually from one CTS to another CTS.Dynamic allocation of user to a CTS server based on location  In our case. So. CTS may serve any user). ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . . • Flexibility regarding scalability and geo-graphical redundancy because session control and application layer are user-data-less (any ISC.CTS User Profile Data Options Why CSD? • Improved user profile data integrity (consistency. integrity.

Flow on next slide 69 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.User will register with local P-CSCF. • The CTS-FQDN resolution is based on local DNS resolution . which it uses to process subsequent calls to/from the subscriber • The user will stay assigned to that CTS until: .The CTS assignment information is stored in transparent HSS data .The Same CTS-FQDN will resolve differently in each region .Resolution of CTS-FQDN in the other region will assign a local CTS instance .The CTS queries HSS for a copy of subscriber‘s data and caches a copy in its local database. a CTS is selected and that CTS is notified of the registration .The iFC contains the CTS-FQDN. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .A duplex CTS failure • If the user re-registers from another region: . I-CSCF. and S-CSCF . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.CTS Dynamic Assignment Description • The subscriber‘s iFC is stored in IMS HSS .The S-CSCF keeps that affiliation .Example on next slide • At UE registration.The user re-registers with a different S-CSCF .Expiration of timed re-assignment (if AT&T uses this option) .

. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . MSC .Topology 2: Home IMS/AS and Home P-CSCF Region Y (UE Home) LTE TAS (CTS) LCP DNS SCC AS (SCG) LTE TAS (CTS) LCP DNS VitalQIP DNS SCC AS (SCG) Region X MSC S-CSCF I-CSCF 5450 ISC MSC S-CSCF I-CSCF 5450 ISC VitalQIP DNS . . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. . MSC A-BGF P-CSCF PCRF P-GW S-GW PCRF A-BGF P-CSCF P-GW S-GW EPC EPC UE1 70 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. .

Regional P-CSCF Region Y (UE Home) LTE TAS (CTS) LCP DNS SCC AS (SCG) LTE TAS (CTS) LCP DNS VitalQIP DNS SCC AS (SCG) Region X MSC S-CSCF I-CSCF 5450 ISC MSC S-CSCF I-CSCF 5450 ISC VitalQIP DNS . . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. . . MSC . . MSC A-BGF P-CSCF PCRF P-GW S-GW PCRF A-BGF P-CSCF P-GW S-GW EPC EPC UE1 71 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Topology 3: Home IMS/AS.

STNSR is a provisioned fixed value retrieved from HSS Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) MGW control v 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) MGW control 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) 200 OK (SDP Answer) MGW control 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) v Transport Delay 72 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MGW MGW control SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) ENUM lookup MSC initiates a call to the Session Transfer Number for Single Radio (STN-SR). ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Voice Gap Call Flow w/ Transport Delay Consideration (LTE UE1 to LTE UE2) Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF UE1 MSC+MG CF I-CSCF SCC AS1 S-CSCF Orig TAS Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF S-CSCF S-CSCF2 Term AS S-CSCF2 SCC AS2 Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF S-CSCF2 P-CSCF (w/ SBC) UE2 Call Setup Invite (STN-SR. MGW SDP) Invite (STN-SR.

Voice Gap Call Flow w/ Transport Delay Consideration (LTE UE1 to PSTN) Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF UE1 MSC+MG CF I-CSCF SCC AS1 S-CSCF Orig TAS Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF S-CSCF MGCF PSTN Call Setup Invite (STN-SR. MGW SDP) Invite (STN-SR. STNSR is a provisioned fixed value retrieved from HSS Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) MGW control v MGW control 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) MGW control 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) Transport Delay 73 200 OK (SDP Answer) COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. MGW MGW control SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) ENUM lookup MSC initiates a call to the Session Transfer Number for Single Radio (STN-SR). ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Voice Gap Call Flow w/ Transport Delay Consideration (LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 (3G)) Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF UE1 MSC+MG CF I-CSCF SCC AS1 S-CSCF Orig TAS Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF S-CSCF S-CSCF2 Term AS S-CSCF2 Dynamic Home P-CSCF Regional P-CSCF SCC AS2 MGCF UE2 Call Setup Invite (STN-SR. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . MGW SDP) Invite (STN-SR. MGW MGW control SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) ENUM lookup MSC initiates a call to the Session Transfer Number for Single Radio (STN-SR). STNSR is a provisioned fixed value retrieved from HSS Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) Re-Invite(MGW SDP) MGW control v v MGW control 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) MGW control 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) 200 OK (SDP Answer) Transport Delay 74 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .SRVCC Voice Gap Estimate Comparison APPLIES for CDMA? (for home network scenarios with ~40ms one way transport delay) LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 LTE UE1 to PSTN LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 Dynamic AS in LTE Coverage Mean Peak UE1 and UE2/PSTN 180 same region UE1 and UE2/PSTN 220 across country 275 335 Mean 130 205 Peak 205 265 in 3G Coverage Mean Peak 175 215 270 330 Home IMS/AS and Home P-CSCF LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 LTE UE1 to PSTN in LTE Coverage Mean Peak Mean Peak UE1 and UE2/PSTN 190 home region UE1 and UE2/PSTN 260 across country 295 395 130 210 205 321 LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 in 3G Coverage Mean Peak 175 300 270 450 Home IMS/AS and Regional P-CSCF LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 LTE UE1 to PSTN in LTE Coverage Mean Peak Mean Peak UE1 and UE2/PSTN 190 home region UE1 and UE2/PSTN 315 across country 295 475 130 210 205 321 LTE UE1 to LTE UE2 in 3G Coverage Mean Peak 175 300 270 450 MS location matter if Bearer is optimized – shortest path? Is assumption that bearer also g *Assume Border Gateway anchoring/pivoting with P-CSCF (and no media release) 77 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

g.always local to PCSCF Requires CSDB and regional DNS for local CTS assignment Dynamic allocation based on regional DNS Unique STN-SR to each SCG.g. resource utilization considerations Always in home network? What if additional app Need dynamic allocation for all servers? 78 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. provisioned in handset) I-/S. requires capacity engineering. requires capacity engineering.Other Considerations Characteristic Voice Gap P-CSCF Selection I-/S-CSCF Selection CTS selection SCG Selection STN-SR Routing Dynamic Allocation Most scenarios under 300ms Dynamic – PGW assisted I-/S.always local to PCSCF Always assigned in home network Always assigned in home network Static STN-SR. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. regional domain names) Always assigned in home network Always assigned in home network Static STN-SR . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . resource utilization considerations Always in home network? Local P-CSCF/Home region Most cross country scenarios over 300ms Dynamic – PGW assisted Need mechanism to determine UE home region (e. could require write to PS/CS HSS Home P-CSCF/Home Region Some cross country scenarios over 300ms Static (e.

ALU plans to support eSRVCC in its roadmap when Stage 3 is completely defined in standards. 100-150 msec .Higher development impact than 1.Planned for 3GPP Release 10.Limit maximum HO delay to ~200-300 msec to limit impact on HO perf .Trigger HO command with first detection of downlink media . 79 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Delay HO command by fixed amount.Voice Gap Time Result Summary . Some network topologies result in more cases of greater than 300ms voice gap times than others for home network SRVCC scenarios .Voice gap times are strongly dependent on transport delays.Minimize voice gap to 100-150 msec in wider range of cases than 1. .Allows acceptable voice gap times with suboptimal network topologies . e.Review of voice gap times associated with three common topology choices suggest that Voice gap times could be reduced to around 300ms for most cases using one of the following techniques : . Stage 3 expected to be completed in March 2011. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Stage 2 Complete. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . hence.An alternate option is eSRVCC . . .g. are impacted by network topology choices..Impact on HO performance should be small .Higher voice gap numbers reduced by corresponding amount (minimum voice gap of 100-150 msec remains) .

Answer Remote Uplin CS Bearer after HO k k Uplin D ow nlink MGW IMS Bearer after HO nlink D ow .Invite a4.The voice downlink media flow is interrupted after step a2 or step b2. Tb3) . . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. So the interruption time of the flow is: .Offer a3.HO CMD MSC a1.133. and restored after both step a4 and step b3 are finished.Steps (Tb1+Tb2) happen in the network that the UE currently attaches.Td = MAX(Ta1+Ta2+Ta3+Ta4-Tb1-Tb2.200 OK SCC AS a2. It is reasonable to assume that duration of (Tb1+Tb2) is shorter than the total duration of (Ta1+Ta2+Ta3+Ta4) in roaming case (either the UE or the remote is roaming or both) or the case of the UE and remote are not in the same PLMN.Tune to CS b2.Voice Interruption Time (from 3GPP TR 23. with few signalling nodes and faster signalling processes.Tb3 is specified less than 300 ms according to TS 36. and normally is about 100 ms 80 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.856) IMS Bearer before HO b3.HO CMD UE MME /eNodB b1.

. .The remote users is roaming. and the remote network of the remote end. .The poor performance of the remote end.Ta1+Ta2+Ta3+Ta4 represents the transmitting and processing time delay of the messages for remote update procedure. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 81 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. It is dependent on the serving IMS network of the SRVCC UE. causing additional delay. Conclusion: the study has shown that the performance of SRVCC handover is mainly dependant on the delay brought by the remote update procedure. as well as the home IMS network of the SRVCC UE. Thus the introduction of ATCF/ATGW for media anchoring in the serving network to reduce voice interruption time.The poor performances in any of the networks involved. causing additional delay.Introducing ATCF/ATGW to reduce voice interruption time during AT . with more entities involved. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . . .The call is inter-operator.The interruption time may be worsened in following scenarios: .The access bandwidth is limited.

eSRVCC.The @ of the ATCF passed to the MME as a STN-eSR • The VATF anchors voice media (in an ATGW) at sip session set-up when relevant • The MSC invoked by the MME at SR-VCC HO issues the SRVCC procedure per REl8/9 specs . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . path at REGISTER .This SRVCC procedure targets the ATCF (STN-eSR) .Access Transfer and UE RAT change performed simultaneously (same concept as Rel9 SRVCC) Access Leg Serving Leg UE After transfer CS radio MSC Server After transfer ATCF ATGW Home Leg SN HN After transfer Before transfer Mw I/S-CSCF.Basic concepts • P-CSCF is in VPLMN • An ATCF (Access Transfer Control Functionality ) inserted in the IMS sig. SCC AS Remote Leg Remote End Gm UE Before transfer 82 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.IMS Registration • ATCF adds STN-eSR into the REGISTER propagated to the SCC AS • SC AS populates the new value of STNeSR in the HSS user data • HSS updates the MME/SGSN with the new value of STN-eSR MSC MGCF CDMA MGW Remote UE BTS HSS/HLR MME E-UTRAN Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) IMS IMS Core TAS ATCF SCC AS eNode B SGW Impacted Entity PGW PCRF P-CSCF VPLMN 83 HPLMN COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.eSRVCC .

eSRVCC – IMS Session Establishment • The ATCF inserted in the sig. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . The ATGW may be inserted in the data plane • Access leg between UE and ATCF • Home leg between the ATCF and the SCC AS • Remote leg between the SCC AS and the remote UE MSC MGCF CDMA MGW Remote UE BTS HSS/HLR MME SGSN E-UTRAN Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) IMS Core TAS ATGW IMS HSPA eNode B NB RNC ATCF SCC AS SGW Impacted Entity PGW PCRF P-CSCF VPLMN 84 HPLMN COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. path.

eSRVCC – Access Transfer • The SRVCC per Rel9 takes place (no change). The signalling for Call anchoring onto CS domain only needs to go to the ATCF+ATGW (SCC AS no longer receives STN-SR) 1. SRVCC trigger 3. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Voice over CS MSC MGCF MGW Remote UE CDMA BTS HSS/HLR MME SGSN E-UTRAN Enhanced Packet Core (Voice + Data) IMS Core TAS ATGW IMS HSPA eNode B NB ATCF SCC AS SGW RNC Impacted Entity PGW P-CSCF VPLMN PCRF 85 HPLMN COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Voice over IMS 2.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .2d. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Solution Architecture Roaming considerations COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

. This model consists in routing the traffic back from the visited network to the home PDN GW. VPN. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . • Using the home PDN-GW.34 eNB E-UTRAN S1u SGW S5 PGW SGi Data Services (e. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.LTE-LTE : Home routed traffic scenario PDN GW IP address •HSS IP Address • PDN GW IP address •APN & Default PDN GW ID (FQDN or IP address) •vplmnAddressallowed =No Gx HPCRF SG i Rx DNS HSS PGW Inter PLMN IP Backbone S8 S11 Home operator’s IP services HPLMN S9 DNS MME S1-mme S6a VPCRF Inter PLMN IP Backbone required GSMA IR.g. 87 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. FTP) VPLMN Principle Most Operators use home routed model. the subscriber home operator can still connect with the requested external IP networks access public internet access. IMS services or for private networks like corporate networks or web based services. • The subscriber’s profile and security credential will be retrieved from the HSS and the user experience will remain the same as if in home within the capabilities of the visited network and possible restrictions subject to Roaming agreements.

. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Local breakout model (new model) •vplmnAddressallowed =yes HPCRF Rx HSS S9 Home operator’s IP services HPLMN DNS S1-mme S6a MME S11 S1u VPCRF eNB E-UTRAN SGW S5 PGW SGi Data Services (e.LTE . FTP) VPLMN Principle This model consists in using services available within the capabilities of the visited network. • The subscriber’s profile will be retrieved from the HSS in the home network and the user experience will depend of the capabilities of the visited network and possible restrictions that may have been agreed in Roaming agreements. • The SGW and the PGW are used in the visited network and not require from Home Operator any IP backbone interconnection. • Offer Services not requiring an operator control in the home network (internet access) 88 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.g. VPN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

VPN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 89 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT..IMS Roaming: P-CSCF in Visited network Gx HPCRF SG i Rx S-CSCF DNS HSS PGW P-CSCF IMS I-CSCF HPLMN DNS MME S1-mme S6a S8 Inter PLMN IP Backbone IPX S9 VPCRF P-CSCF eNB E-UTRAN S11 S1u PGW S5 SGW PGW SGi Data Services (e. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . • I-CSCF is a contact point between visited and home networks.g. FTP) VPLMN •Principle • P-CSCF located in visited network : P-CSCF of visited network discuss directly with I-CSCF of home network.

IMS Roaming Session Flow Home1 Home2 HSS I B C F 8 I B C F 10 9 TAS 12 I-CSCF 11 S-CSCF 13 IBCF HSS 5 TAS 7 6 ENUM S-CSCF 4 IBCF IPX 3 IBCF Visiting1 2 P-CSCF 15 B G W B G W ENUM 14 IBCF Visiting2 P-CSCF 16 eNode B 1 eNode B SGW PGW PGW SGW  Originating subscriber is from Home1 and is roaming in Visiting1  Destination subscriber is from Home2 and is roaming in Visiting2 90 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Diameter Routing Architecture (as proposed by GSMA) 91 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

. .g..DRA(s) will maintain or have access to Subscriber to Diameter Server mapping database to route an incoming Diameter message from a client to the server. It will determine whether a specific Diameter message is meant for internal HPLMN consumption or for a VPLMN based on the network domain/realm information that identifies the Diameter Server. Presence of DRA functions will eliminate the geometric explosion of diameter interfaces between clients and servers (e. MME and HSS).Solution to Diameter signalling scalability.Benefits of including Diameter Routing Agents in Diameter Architecture . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 92 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Secure point of interconnect for inbound and outbound roamers.A DRA function can provide such interconnection in a secure manner without exposing the internal topology of the operator‘s network. .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.3. End User Services COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. mobile and fixed  Residential services  Business services  PBX trunking  Regulatory feature support  Scalable. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . voice mail  Consistent look-and-feel end user interface via standard web browser  Click-to-dial any phone number on any web page  Find me/follow me  Open APIs 94 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. IP or POTS subscriber. Robust Alcatel-Lucent 5420 Personal Communication Manager (PCM)  End user self-care and administrator management of call features.Alcatel-Lucent Offer for Voice Service on IMS Core Elements Telephony Application Server End User Control & Administration Alcatel-Lucent 5420 Converged Telephony Server (CTS)  Telephony services to any SIP. call logs.

229.615.608. Service Data Descriptions for AS Interoperabilty 32. IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS).204. Message Waiting Indication (MWI) 24.237.628. Stage 2 24.606. Call Barring (CB) 24. IMS Charging 32.173.173. IMS Multimedia Telephony Service and supplementary services. IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Service Continuity. Stage 3 • • • • • • • • • 24. Completion of Communication to Busy Subscriber (CCBS) • And many.292. Originating ID Presentation and Restriction (OIP/OIR) • • • • • • • 24. Malicious Communication Identification (MCID) 24. Stage 2 23.607. Circuit Switched (CS) fallback in Evolved Packet System (EPS). Explicit Communication Transfer (ECT) 24. many more 95 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Stage 2 23.260. Stage 2 23. Stage 2 23. Anonymous Communication Rejection. Stage 2 23.642. Communication Diversion (CDIV) 24. IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) centralized services. Single Radio Voice Call Continuity (SRVCC). Charging Management – Diameter Charging Applications 24.299.228.604. Stage 1 22. Terminating ID Presentation and Restriction (TIP/TIR) 24.272. Communication Waiting (CW) 24.Voice in LTE VoIMS related Standards in 3GPP • • • • • • • • • 22.864. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.616.216. Service Reqs for the IP Multimedia Core Network Subsystem 23. Communication Hold 24.228. Multimedia Telephony Service and Supplementary Services 24.610. Common Basic Communication Procedures 29. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .611. IP Multimedia Call Control Protocol based on SIP and SDP.629.605. Conference 24. Support of SMS over generic 3GPP Internet Protocol (IP) access.

and optionally a la carte features  Service provider selects which features in the feature package are enabled per sub  5420 PCM subscriber licenses purchased separately  Multiple feature packages can be supported per 5420 CTS  Feature packages can be customized per service provider 96 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.5420 CTS Feature Packages • Feature Packages • Silver Residential/Consumer . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Includes MMTel Features • A la Carte Features • Attendant Console • Deluxe Auto Attendant • Hunt Group Queuing • Gold Residential/Consumer • Core Business • Premium Business • US Military • PBX VPN • Large Call Limit • Location Based Services  Every subscriber is assigned a feature package.

Message Waiting Indicator Configurable Feature Codes (NANPA Vertical Service Codes) . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Restriction • - Call Completion to Busy Subscriber Blocking Completion to Busy Subscriber Bearer-Based Call Forwarding Call Deflection Call Forwarding Always (CFA) (Variable) Call Forwarding Busy (CFB) Call Forwarding Default Call Forwarding Local Call Forwarding No Answer (CFNA) Call Forwarding Password Protected Call Forwarding Unregistered (CFU) Call Forwarding to Voicemail (CFVM) Inhibition of Incoming Forwarded Calls (IIFC) • - • • • • • • • • - Calling Party Category (CPC) Conference Calling (3-Way. TISPAN) . N-Way. Programmable . w/ Override Connected Line Identity Presentation.5420 CTS Feature Package Silver Residential/ Gold Residential • • • • • - User Call Services: Anonymous Call Rejection Automatic Call Back Automatic Recall Call Barring (Outgoing Calls) Call Blocking (Incoming Calls) Call Completion to Busy Subscriber Call Forwarding: Incoming Incoming Intl Generalized Category Names Outgoing Call Barring • - Call Waiting Terminating: • Reminder Call • Remote Access Service • Selective Calling Features: - • - • - Calling Line ID Related Features: Advanced Endpoints Flashable Endpoints (INFO Method) TISPAN Simple Endpoint Cancel: Per Call. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Distinctive Ringing with Call Waiting Network from 3-way call) Call Transfer from 3-way • Personal Ring Back tone (PRBT) Timed Reminder on Transfer • Phone Context • • • Hotline Intercept Referral Multiple Ring Patterns • Directory Service • Fax • Local Number Expansion to National Number • Lucent Communication Manager User Interface • Overlap Digit Sending • Shared HSS Data (with Alcatel-Lucent USDS) • Terminating Feature Precedence • Video Call – Point to Point Incremental Services in Gold Package: • • • • • Basic Auto-Attendant Multiple Subscriber Number (MSN) Music on Hold Time of Day/ Day of Week setting for several supplementary services via PCM User Controlled Call Barring via CM 97 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Mid Call. .SIP and SMDI 3-way. Restriction Calling Name Identification Presentation.VM Originated Calls Device Extensions • Warmline Dial Code Feature Status Interrogation Do Not Disturb (DND) Additional Supported Services: Dual Mode Service/ Single Number Service • Customized Announcements End Point Support Advanced End-Point Flashable End-Point (INFO Method) TISPAN Simple End-Point • Service Suspension • Simultaneous Ringing • Speed Dialing (1 or 2 digit) • Star Code Access to Voicemail • Voice Messaging Interfaces: Selective Call Acceptance (SCA) Selective Call Forwarding (SCF) Selective Call Rejection (SCR) Selective Distinctive Alerting Wild Card Characters in Screening List • • - Call Hold – Consultation Call Transfer Features: Call Transfer with Consultation Call Transfer Blind (Local. Restriction. Persistent Caller ID with Call Waiting Calling Line ID Presentation. Network with Dedicated Access Code.Multiple Directory Number .

plus: Account Codes Authorization Codes Basic Auto-Attendant Call Park and Call Pick-Up: Call Park and Retrieve Hard Hold • • • • Additional Supported Services: DID/DOD Communication Manager User Interface Voice VPN via PDP and Closed User Group • • Incremental Services in Premium Package: - Directed Call Park and Retrieve Call Pick-Up Directed Call Pick-Up Directed Call Pick-Up with Barge-In • • • • Music on Hold Time of Day/ Day of Week settings via CM User Controlled Call Barring More to be added in future releases • - Closed User Group Closed User Group Call Limit • • • - Direct Dial to Voicemail Flexible Calling Line ID/ Group ID Delivery Multi-Line Hunt Groups Sequential. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Circular. Uniform Hunting Member(s) Make Busy.Example 5420 CTS Feature Package Core Business/ Premium Business • • • • • • - User Call Services: All supplementary services in the Silver Package. Group Make Busy. Stop Hunt No Hunt Member • • - Organizational Support Private Dial Plan Extension Dialing Private Dialing Extension Display • • • Sequential Ringing Transfer to User‘s Voicemail Mobile Extension and Virtual Office 98 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Regulatory Features (see next Section)  Emergency Service (E-CSCF Based)  Support for standard CTM for deaf (Cellular Text Modem)  Support for Lawful Intercept (CSCF Based)  Support for Mobile Number Portability  Malicious call trace  Hotline  Operator Barring  Unstructured Supplementary Service Data  Subscriber Programming  Voice Messaging  Location Based Services Provided fully by 5420 CTS IMS Standards Based Offering 99 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Modified cdc 29 oct 2010 5420 CTS Supports Subscriber Features Provided re-integrate By 3G MSC Subscriber Features  Calling Line ID Presentation Subscriber Features – CAMEL (see next slide)  Pre-paid  VPN  Personal Ring Back Tone  Smart Limits  Abbreviated Dialing  Calling Line ID Restriction  Calling Name  Call Forwarding Unconditional  Call Forwarding on MS Busy  Call Forwarding on No Reply  Call Waiting  Call Hold  Multi-Party Services  Call Barring of All Outgoing Calls  Call Barring of All Outgoing International Calls  Barring of All Outgoing Calls except directed to Home PLMN Country (BOICexHC). ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

In addition we have a full-feature 5900 PRBT application server .CTS and PCM have a rich set of services to control calling behavior.Abbreviated dialing .Smart Limits .000 private dialing plans in support of VPN service .Prepaid services provided using the 3GPP standard Ro interface . In IMS they can be provided using alternative methods as described below: . can provide personal ring back tones when callers call a user. . including: Selective call acceptance to block all calls except from certain numbers Selective call rejection to block only certain numbers Ability to set times during which calling is allowed .Personal ring back tone .Feature Support For Legacy WIN Features • The following features are traditionally provided in wireless networks using WIN services.Prepaid . with the MRF. .8610 ICC app server can provide the prepaid service logic .CTS supports speed dialing (1 or 2 digits). ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.CTS can support up to 3.CTS.Can be programmed either through touch tones or the PCM web portal 100 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.VPN . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

3) for supporting subscriber configuration (e.Ut through data connection.Will be supported through PCM .Continue to use *xy codes for per call features or if Origination Anchoring in IMS 101 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .g. such as the use of a web portal. to configure call forwarding number): .For trials we will use the web portal interfacing to PCM as interim .Subscriber Programming of Supplementary Services • Two methods are currently defined in 3GPP 23.173 (section 4.Unlikely they will make support for any other option mandatory • Additionally the spec recognizes that other options are possible.Use of Ut interface (XCAP/HTTP) .Use of * xy ―star codes‖ • GSMA VoLTE profile has made support for the Ut option mandatory . Feature updates during a call are buffered until the call releases . but these are outside the scope of the specification • ALU will need to support the Ut interface when UE are available that support it . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

CTS Interworking with Voice Mail Systems Custom Client http 5420 PCM 5100 CMS (AnyPath)/ Other VM Systems 5420 CTS Residential + Business TAS 5450 ISC IP Network IP Access – Fixed & Mobile John Bill Susan SIP-ISC Published APIs SIP-ISC Sh 8650 SDM …. John Bill Susan VoIP Mobile Phone …. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Custom Client SIP Endpoint Soft Client • CTS redirects calls to VM number configured for subscriber • CTS forwards MWI status to endpoints • MWI status also reported to web portal using PCM APIs • Star Code Access to VM • CTS interworks with 5100 Converged Messaging System (CMS) as well as many other VM Systems 102 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .4. Regulatory Services COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Regulatory Services: LI / CALEA COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

108. Lawful interception architecture and functions .107.Lawful interception • Requirement .3GPP TS 33. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.678 LAES for Voice over Packet Technologies in Wireline Telecommunications Networks 105 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.106. Handover interface for lawful interception .CSFB: Visited PLMN MSC based solution .ATIS TI.3GPP TS 33.National requirements to handle lawful interception • Solutions . Lawful interception requirements. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .VoIMS: Home and Visited PLMN IMS solution as per 23.3GPP TS 33. Stage 1 .107 • Applicable standards: .

not all interfaces/connections are shown. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Admin (X1) IRI – Intercept Related Information (X2) CC – Content of Communications (X3) SBC – Session Border Controller CSCF .Call Session Control Function 106 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Lawful Intercept Architecture For simplicity. Bearer & Control 8650 HSS Provider/LEA Control Only eNodeB HI 9471 MME eNodeB 7750 SGW 5750 PCRF 7750 PDN-GW IRI UE 1357 ULIS / SS8 IRI CSCF IMS SBC Managed Core Network NodeB UE PSTN RNC SGSN GGSN PDN ---> . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

• According to CC delivery type toward LEMF/MC. Distributed Lawful Interception Probes (LIP) handles Internal Interception Function: • Can generate internal IRI or CC when no active solution is available in the Core Network. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION Converged IMS Legacy Wireline Internal Interfaces LTE IMC Administration Function LIGs IRI & CC Mediation Function LIP Legacy Wireless Standardized External Interfaces LEMF/MC IRI: Interception Related Information CC: Content of Communication LEMF: Lawful Enforcement Monitoring Facility MC: Monitoring Center . the LIG architecture can be circuit switched (LIG CS) or IP (LIG IP). • Concentrates all IRI received from the LIGs and transmits it to the LEMF/MC. Distributed Lawful Interception Gateways (LIG) handles IRI & CC mediation functions: • Generates and delivers IRI and CC according to the network topology and the LEMF or MC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. particularly warrants activation or deactivation.Alcatel-Lucent Solution: 1357 Unified Lawful Interception Suite (ULIS) Unique Interception Management Center (IMC) handles lawful interception administration function: • Centralizes management of all lawful interception orders. 107 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. • Provides single management across all domains. • Number of LIGs depends on the network size and the targeted traffic flows.

Alcatel-Lucent Lawful Interception Solution Mapping of the main functional entities Network Operator domain Mediation IMC Administration function LEA domain HI1 LEA Network Internal Functions Intercept Related Information (IRI) IRI mediation function HI2 LEMF Content of Communication (CC) CC mediation function HI3 IIF Internal Interfaces INI LIG External Interfaces HI LIP 1357 ULIS functions are mapped on Standard LI Model 108 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . a subject‘s location shall be reported when a call is made or ended • Intercept jurisdiction shall be supported . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Lawful Intercept General Voice Requirements – IMS VOIP • It is a requirement to report forked/spawned calls by application servers or other B2BUAs on behalf of surveillance subject • It is a requirement to intercept forwarded calls/redirected calls. conference calls. transferred calls. or any other call scenarios that will be made available to subscribers as part of the service offering • SIP URI and tel URI shall be supported as target IDs • If reasonably available. multiple states.Jurisdiction shall be either one specific state. 3-way or multi-way calls. or nationwide 109 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Regulatory Services: Emergency Services COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Emergency Services • Requirement .167 (release 9) .National requirements to handle (and route) emergency call and corresponding location mechanism to be supported • Solutions . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.VoIMS: As per 23.Requires IMS based PSAP database in addition to existing MSC database 111 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.VPLMN located E-CSCF plus MME and SRVCC extensions in Release 9 .CSFB: MSC based with 3G sourced location .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Circuit Switching Fallback (CSFB) solution with single transceiver (single transmitter and single/dual receiver) 112 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. They are: .CSFB emergency services: 3G1x • LTE-3G1X offers two approaches to CSFB and legacy emergency services. and .Dual transceiver solution. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Location Info Response (x. Request Location Info Emergency Service Network GMLC/LRF 8.Emergency Services in LTE (VoIMS) High Level Architecture/Call Flow 5. UE positioning capability and the MME IP address. P-CSCF recognizes emergency call and routes to E-CSCF eNB E-UTRAN 1. Request ESRN from LRF MME 7. Note: As part of the Emergency Attach or Emergency PDN Connectivity Request procedure the MME sends Location Report to GMLC containing UE identity. Retrieve Location data from UE or eNB P-CSCF E-CSCF MGCF/MGW 4. UE Initiates Emergency Call SGW PGW Map x. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .y) 6.y to street information. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Route Call to PSAP PSAP 2. 113 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Retrieve Subscriber Location from E-SMLC E-SMLC 3.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Regulatory Services: Number Portability COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

NP data stored in ENUM Servers.Number Portability • Requirement .Support porting out and porting in of LTE subscribers to/from another service provider • Solutions .NP data stored in regional/country wide NP DB.VoIMS: Current NP solutions in use in IMS based network . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Both solutions already supported by ALU products in our LTE solution 115 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Triggered at MSC using ANSI-41 NPREQ queries to NP SCP DB . Query performed by S-CSCF/IBCF . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.CDMA: Current NP solutions in place in CDMA networks . Query performed by MGCF/IBCF .

RN and NPDI indication or routing prefix) For “ported out” to IP. MGCF for PSTN/PLMN termination ii. 2.Number Portability – High Level Flow in IMS using ENUM Server 1. IBCF for IP termination (Route header = IBCF. S-CSCF performs ENUM on Terminating DN ENUM returns e2u+pstn with routing information (e. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . 3. ENUM could return e2u+sip S-CSCF routes to i) BGCF or ii) IBCF based on ENUM service e2u+pstn/e2u+SIP BGCF routes based on routing information to i. ENUM 1 2i 3i 4 S-CSCF 2ii BGCF 3ii MGCF PSTN/PLMN Networks 5 IBCF IP Networks 116 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.g. Route header = proxy in IP network) IBCF routes on Route header = proxy in IP network 5.

S-CSCF performs ENUM on Terminating DN ENUM returns NXDOMAIN S-CSCF routes to BGCF BGCF routes to MGCF MGCF performs NP query if the called number is within range of list of ported out numbers MGCF routes to PSTN/PLMN/IP NP DB 4 5i 2 3 5ii 6i PSTN/PLMN Networks MGCF MGCF 5iii 6ii S-CSCF 1 BGCF ENUM IBCF IP Networks 117 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . 2. 4.Number Portability – High Level Flow in IMS using NP DB 1. 3. 3.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Regulatory Services: TTY/TDD COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

18 GTT-IP New Transcoding 119 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.226 as a set of CRs in 3GPP Release 9 • Key capability required for LTE/IMS solution is trans-coding between V. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.18 and GTT-IP (Global Text Telephony/RTP) in the MGCF and MGW V. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .TTY/TDD Support in LTE UPDATE for CDMA • TTY/TDD service will be a regulatory mandate for voice over IMS • The service is of such high priority that 3GPP is working the introduction of standards in TS 23.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Regulatory Services: GETS COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Regulatory Features GETS . Voice Service .National Security/Emergency Preparedness (NS/EP) – LTE Access Network Industry Requirements (IR) for Next Generation Network (NGN) Government Emergency Telecommunications Service (GETS) • Implementation of GETS not planned pending government funding 121 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Phase 1. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .National Security/Emergency Preparedness (NS/EP) – Internet Protocol (IP) Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) Core Network Industry Requirements (IR) for Next Generation Network (NGN) Government Emergency Telecommunications Service (GETS).Introduction • GETS standards are in the process of being defined and drafts are available: .

MGC-8 needs to recognize GETS calls and provide appropriate GETS treatment.IMS TAS and ISC need to recognize specific GETS calls and GETS prefixes and provide GETS treatment.Mainly affects eNB admission control algorithm.Regulatory Features GETS – Work items • The following enhancements are expected in support of GETS: . including mapping priority from SIP to ISUP Current view is that GETS is not required for voice introduction 122 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. some impact on PCRF . including assuring priority treatment is provided for the call .Support priority paging of UE in LTE when terminating calls from GETS user . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Provide priority treatment to GETS users in LTE . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Provisioning and Subscriber Migration COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

OAM&P Overview • The EMS and NMS in the end-to-end LTE OAM solution can be grouped into three parts: 1. 2. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. LTE (and IP Router)-specific EMS • 5620 SAM Common NMS • • • • 8950 SAM required flow-thru subscriber provisioning 8615 IeCCF for offline charging 8610 ICC for online charging Note 1357 ULIS is managed independently 3. IMS-specific EMS 1360 COM The next slides shows the end-to-end architecture and the roles the various EMS/NMS support 124 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

PM. PM. CM CTS SCG ISC 5420 PCM FM.OAM&P Management Architecture (Fault. PM 9400s eNB CM FM. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. CM FM. PM CM FM. CM MGC-8 FM FM 8950 AAA 5780 DSC 9471 MME 8650 SDM IeCCF HSS/SPR MRF Portal MGCF 7510 MG 8610 ICC OCS MGW 5025 SG VSG LTE Common IMS 125 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. PM VitalQIP E-NUM DNS DHCP FM. PM 8950 SAM/ Customer OSS FM: SNMPv2c PM: SFTP of XML Files 5620 SAM 1357 ULIS 5110 SMSC-C CM: SOAP XML/ CORBA CM 1360 COM XMC OMC-P CM FM. PM 7750 PGW 7750 SGW FM. Performance Mgmt) Customer FM/PM OSS FM: SOAP XML/ PM: SFTP JMS CM FM. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Configuration. PM 5900 MRF FM.

1 BER (3GPP standard) 8610 ICC 8615 eCCF Ro Diameter Rf diameter BTS CTS SCG ISC Only from IMS-GWF 7750 SGW 7750 PGW MGC-8 MGCF 126 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .OAM&P Management Architecture (Accounting) Customer BSS ftp (CDR) ASN. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Alarm Display. PCM.SSH.OAM&P Overview • 1360 Com (merged OMC-P/XMC) provides: .Full FCAPS support for CTS. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Forwarding. display data. and IMS Core components .Fault Management (FM) . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Centralized operations making it easy to manage • Features Include: .Java-based Client GUI and SOAP XML API for flow-thru provisioning .Performance Monitoring (PM) . RADIUS Authentication 127 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. analyze.Security .Collect. SSL. and Filtering .Customizable Node and Switch Access Lists .Extensive password controls and 5 default user levels .Configuration Management (CM) . and provide interface to northbound OSS . SCG.

OMC-P/XMC .Continue to leverage advances in hardware technologies to increase capacity of a single 1360 COM System 128 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Planning additional tuning to further leverage multiple processors and cores within the system server .Single sign-on will help make multiple 1360 COM systems operate as a cohesive unit .Scalability • Current architecture scales with equipment modules . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Adding provisioning queues per FSDB to increase provisioning rates .A new 1360 COM server is added for each 4 million subscribers • Planned enhancements to system scalability: . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Roadmap COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

CS Fallback Ph1 (WCDMA) GSM. IRAT) eMBMS ph2 (FDD. QCI) Network Share Ph1 (MOCN) Public Safety Ph2 (Priority) CMAS (Warning system) VoLTE Ph2 (GSMA comply) Local Breakout E2E Validation R9/10 TBC eNB enh. SyncE MME/SGSN/PCRF: ATCAv2 SGW/PGW/GGSN: 7750SR SON: Plug&Play. extended cell Semi-pers. eHRPD) 8 EPS bearers per UE Guaranteed Bit Rate 4 EPS bearers per UE Per call meas. tiers ph1 (AMBR. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Priv.1 2012 Q2 Q3 Q4 LE6. (FIR. roam. (+IMS) Scalability and cost efficiency Enriched Quality of Experience Mobility ph2 (enh.AWS.2600 2x2 MIMO: TxDiv.20 MHz bandwidths FDD: 700. WCDMA. 800. Enablement VoLTE Ph3+ (SRVCC. GSM.. Data (PCMD) SMS over SGs Voice over LTE Ph1 (VoLTE) Roaming (Home PGW) Public Safety Ph1 (Deploy) eMBMS Ph1 (TDD) Use limit ph2+ (Sponsor) Subs.6 TDD: 2300. OL.LTE Solution High-level Roadmap 2010 Q1 Q2 LE2. Ph3+(Pub.GBR) New Business Models & Apps. RoHC eMCTA Ph2 SGW/PGW/GGSN: Converged SGW/PGW SON: IRAT ANR SAM conv. CL VLAN.0+ Q3 Seamless interworking and Capacity management and Mass market VoLTE basic voice VoLTE introduction and service optimization R8 Dec 09 eNB Additional bands eMCTA ph1 IEEE 1588v2 TDD 8 Tx/Rx beam form. E2E Validation E2E Validation 130 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.10. ICS. ANR Released In Development Under Plan 2011 Q4 Q1 Q2 Q3 LE4. 2.0/3. tiers ph2+ (MBR. SGW/PGW/GGSN: Converged GGSN/PGW SAM Converged OAM (ePC+ Backhaul + RAN) R9 Sep 10 eNB Addtnl. OAM (+WCDMA) Mobility ph3 (1x) CSFB Ph2 (eCSFB. MBR) Mobility ph4+ (TDD<>FDD) PCMD enhance. IPsec.3GPP) Mobility ph1 (Intra LTE. bands/bandwidth 4RX div.1 High Speed Data 3GPP Alignment R8 Jun 09 eNB 5. 1x) E2E call trace Use limit ph1 (Gx and QoS) Subs.outage QoS enhance. GPS. MIMO eMCTA Ph3 ICIC Metro cell / SNAP MME/SGSN: Idle signaling reduction Priority paging SON: mobility.Sfty.) E2E Validation Derisk Deploy.0 LE3.0 Q4 Q1 LE5. sched. CP) Net. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Sharing Ph2+ (Core) Pub.0/2.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Supporting Material COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

Network Element Overview COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

OS.MME and LVI application used in LTE built on same hardware. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Network Element Overview Introduction • This section provides an overview of the various network elements added to LTE to support VoIMS • Most of the elements are built on the Alcatel-Lucent Linux Control Platform (LCP) .5060 MGC-8 uses same hardware. OS. and OAM infrastructure .Used for Session Manager. TAS. and SCC AS . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . and OAM infrastructure (2H2010) 133 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

Alarms.16) Full Frame Compact Solid field proven software and middleware on next generation hardware 134 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. Multiple Environments Same application software runs on existing cPSB and new ATCA platform. SSH.248) 5450 IP Session Control (I/P/S/E-CSCF/BGCF) 5420 Service Continuity Gateway H.x) Full-Size Compact MontaVista Linux CGE4. Asserts. Security (e. Data Base. Multiple Real-Time Applications.g. RACF) WRLS SS7 Device Server Access Gateway Control Function (H. OS hardening.) Hardware & OS Interface Wrappers Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 AdvancedTCA (PICMG3. One Code Base. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . Ensures compatibility NEW APPLICATIONS 5450 IP Resource Control (PDF. Software update. Measurements. Field proven carrier-grade OAM&P middleware which provides: • Alarms • Asserts & audits • Logging • Measurements • Realtime performance update Common OAM&P Infrastructure Session Management Application Servers 2G + 3G MSC Call Processing Device Servers One Platform.. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. IPsec.0 cPSB (PICMG2.248 Device Server MSI Call Processing Future Application SS7 Device Server IOS Device Server 5420 Converged Telephony Server Management Interface LVI Application LIF / LAF) MME Application (MIF / MAF) Database / iHSS Configuration 5060 MGC-8 CDR / iCCF Evolved to next generation ATCA hardware for increased performance and capacity “Protocol-Assist” Communications Bus Common OAM&P Switchover. Central PW mgt. Audits.Alcatel-Lucent Linux Control Platform (LCP) with deployed IMS Core network elements. etc.

2) Shelves are independent 1 pair of blades per shelf for high capacity Ethernet switching 1 pair of blades in shelf providing OAM. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION ISC ISC ISC ISC Ethernet Switch Ethernet Switch ISC ISC ISC ISC ISC ISC ATCA Switching Processing – Disk-full Processing – Disk-less ShMC ShMC . BGCF) 5450 ICS 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 OAM OAM .Single shelf supports ~3.ATCA PICMG 3.9M subs .5450 IP Session Control Function (5450 ISC) Scalable SIP Session Control • Performance & Modularity .1 based solution Platform used by many ALU products In-house design for most components ~ 5K shelves and 40K blades already deployed PDU - Grown in 1 pair increments Each blade pair supports ~780K residential subs • Full redundancy (1+1 within shelf) • • • • Automatic switchover to standby blade Hot swappable In-service growth/degrowth ETSI/NEBS compliant 135 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.8M residential subs 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 OAM OAM ISC ISC ISC ISC Ethernet Switch Ethernet Switch ISC ISC ISC ISC ISC ISC ATCA 5450 ICS ShMC ShMC - Each blade has two Quad-core processors (IMS 9.Single cabinet supports ~7. FSDB and CTS functions 1 to 5 add‘l blade pairs per shelf providing IMS Session Resource control functionality (P/I/S-CSCF. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.5420 Converged Telephony Server (5420 CTS) PDU • Performance & Modularity Same ATCA platform as used for 5450 ISC Each blade has two Quad-core processors (IMS 10. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION ShMC ShMC ShMC ShMC .0) Shelves are independent 1 pair of blades per shelf for high capacity Ethernet switching 1 pair of blades in shelf providing OAM.Single shelf supports ~5M subs .Single cabinet supports ~10M residential subs • Full redundancy (1+1 within shelf) • Automatic switchover to standby blade • Dynamic subscriber-to-blade assignment when using Centralized Subscriber DataBase (CSDB) • Hot swappable • In-service growth/degrowth • ETSI/ NEBS compliant 5420 CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS Ethernet Switch Ethernet Switch FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS ATCA Switching Processing – Disk-full Processing – Disk-less 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 OAM + FSDB + CTS OAM + FSDB + CTS 136 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. FSDB and CTS functions 1 to 5 add‘l blade pairs per shelf with FSDB and CTS Each blade pair supports ~850K residential subs 5420 CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS Ethernet Switch Ethernet Switch FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS FSDB + CTS ATCA 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 OAM + FSDB + CTS OAM + FSDB + CTS .

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. ALU Linux Control Platform (LCP) components • IMS Call Server (Card name: NSCG) PDU .B2BUA and call processing • Registered sub DB . 5450 ISC.100% of the subscribers are IMS registered 137 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.aka Management Interface Agent (MI-Agent) SCG (ATCARouzic) Subscriber Capacity/ Cabinet Availability ~1.2M (two chassis) 1H11 OAM Server OAM Server •Traffic Assumption -.4M (two chassis) 3Q10 SCG R8 (ATCA-Molene) ~7.SCCP/SIGTRAN M3UA interface for ANSI-41/ETSI/WIN/MAP/CAP interfaces • OA&M Server . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Per subscriber registration data • SS7 .5420 Service Continuity Gateway (5420 SCG) 5420 SCG shares a common software load with 5420 CTS.Management interfaces for OA&M . 5060 ICS. etc.

Integrates with CTS to expose APIs for user several user interface options . MMIM.Enables end user control and management of CTS based features .PCM 7.Capacity . geo-redundant .2.4 A + 2 D nodes . D-node 1M subs ( est ) .0 Available on commercial rack mount server – HP DL380 G6 . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .Approx 3M subs per cabinet .1M subscribers.Also includes APIs to other IMS Apps Servers ( PS/XDMS.0 BHCA: A-node: 600K subs. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.999% reliability 138 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Designed for 99.Web browser option .PC Client option . etc ) .5420 PCM Overview .

Interconnection Border Control (IBCF) .IMS Media Gateway Control Function (MGCF) . Access. and Toll Tandems .Multiple Applications Support . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.5020 MGC-8 overview (Today) Future-Proof Investment . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION AT&T 5 9’s Reliability - .CDMA Gateway MSC (GMSC) .Seamless migration from legacy TDM to VoIP to Highly Scalable Converged IMS on same platform Up to 7 processor pairs per chassis for call processing Scales up to 4M BHCA for Class 4 configuration No single point of failure In-service SW upgrades Failovers with no loss of standing calls or billing records Geographic redundancy available 139 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.NGN Class 4 Local.Multi-Protocol Support for legacy and converged network operation .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION Availability: - . Access.NGN Class 4 Local.0 140 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.Interconnection Border Control (IBCF) .Multiple Applications Support . 5420 CTS. etc) Opportunity for equipment co-residency Planned Capacity Greater than ALGP Platform Mid 2010 for trials. Deployment with IMS 9. 5060 ICS.CDMA Gateway MSC (GMSC) . and Toll Tandems . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Seamless migration from legacy TDM to VoIP to Leveraging ATCA Converged IMS on same platform MGC-8 Features on an Industry Standard ATCA Platform Leverages Common Hardware and Procedures with other IMS Network Elements (5450 ISC.Multi-Protocol Support for legacy and converged network operation .5060 MGC-8 overview (2H2010) Future-Proof Investment .IMS Media Gateway Control Function (MGCF) .

and so on) • NEBS. flexible. SFMs MCMs PIMs Sample configuration (TGW) .G. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION Packet Ports Packet Ports Packet Ports Packet Ports Packet Ports N+1 Media N+1 Media Media IP/TDM switch Control Control Circuit switch Ports IP/TDM Media Media Media Circuit Ports N+1 Circuit Ports Circuit Ports Circuit Ports Circuit Ports CIMs MCMs SCMs.248 Mn/Ia. IP-to-IP. TDM-to-TDM (zero latency) • Rich CODEC suite (G7xx.000 DS0 IP-TDM • 32. ATCA AMC daughter boards.7510 Media Gateway overview 7510 Media Gateway • 1500+ units shipped worldwide • 15 MGCs supported • 120 – 32. SIP 7515) • Strong silicon application accelerators (IPsec.000 sessions IP-IP • Purpose-built for IP media networking. low TCO • IP-to-TDM. AMR.728. CE. MII and national certifications Superior flexibility and cost efficiency to support traffic growth and service innovation 141 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. HDVoIP) • Multiprotocol. SIGTRAN IUA/MxUA. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. GSM. full standard profiles (H. EVRC-x .

duration.RTSP Audio and Video streaming • DTMF detection • Codecs: . ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .263.264 • Various HW platforms to server individual customer need • Can be pooled for high availability 142 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.RTP streams duplication for legal intercept (audio and video) .Video: H. G. time. AMR-NB (all bit rates).726. G. G.5900 Media Resource Function (5900 MRF) • Provides advanced media functions such as: .711 a/-law. EVRC.0.722.729A. number. EVRC . integer) .Fixed audio and video announcements .Variable audio announcements .Audio: G. H. date.Channels mixing for audio conferencing purpose .IN-type variable parts support (price. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Text-to-speech (option) .2 (AMR-WB) .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .VitalQIP® IP Address Management Solution 143 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

VitalQIP Key Features •Full IP Management Software Holistic IP Network View Manage DNS domains. DNS master/slaves Audit Manager. IP networks. AutoDiscovery. Services Manager. SNMP Module. Network Allocator. DHCP Rules Manager Continuing support of Microsoft W2K DNS/DHCP Servers Active directory support integration Simplifies creation and tracking of DNS and DHCP information Variety of GUIs simplifies information entry and formatting •Extend Management Capabilities - •Market Proven Scalability - • Windows 2000/2003 Support - •Industry Leading Performance - •Security - •Usability - . DHCP scopes. ENUM. Usage Billing Interface. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION •High Availability DHCP Failover. Registration Manager. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. API Toolkit. Workflow Manager. subnets and objects Manage IP network and DHCP scope utilization Millions of IP addresses Hundreds of thousands of domains Highest Performing DHCP Server Exodus Labs certified Administrator access security Secure configuration pushes Secure DNS updates 144 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.Charging call flows in SRVCC context Alcatel-Lucent implementation 145 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

the default bearer (allowing the ‗always on‘ connection) as well as the SIP signalling dedicated bearer has been created.e. video streaming. On the IMS APN. … without IMS is not considered In the following call flows. QCI 5 is assigned to this bearer for SIP signalling so that it gets a higher priority than the default bearer carrying the usual traffic for Internet-access. after the HO. the following call flow assumes the SIP Registration has been done.Scope (1/2) • - The subject of this presentation is the call flows for charging (online and offline) in the context of SRVCC with Alcatel-Lucent LTE-IMS solution When the call is established When the user moves from LTE to CS • The same PGW is considered for data (IMS based data i. In consequence. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . IM. As a consequence. RCS like applications) and voice • • • The data like internet. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. a dedicated bearer is established dynamically at voice call setup and released at voice call termination using interactions with the P-CSCF and PCRF (Rx interface) to apply the dynamic PCC rules 3 legs have to be considered: leg 1 between the calling UE and the SCC AS through the EPC (the user is in LTE network) leg 2 between the SCC AS and the (remote) called party leg 3. • • • - The Register message is vehiculed on this bearer. we consider that the Attach procedure has been done. between the calling UE and the SCC AS through the MSC server/MGCF 146 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. chat.

ICID is generated by the P-CSCF. by using correlation id exchanged between different levels The same should be applied in online charging using same charging group avoiding to make separated accounts reservation at each different level Here is the list of correlation identifiers exchanged & inserted within CDR: Intra-level correlation  Bearer Domain: LTE Charging (GCID) :  GCID is generated by the PGW at bearer Context activation  SGW & PGW shares same GCID  Session Domain: including Application Servers   IMS Charging ID (ICID) transferred all along SIP session between NE.1.1. GCID is provided from following AVP: 3GPP-Charging-Id AVP included in PS-Information AVP 147 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. AS (Rule : first node creates ICID) - Inter-level correlation :  3GPP provides mechanisms to enable operators for PS domain and IMS Domain CDR doing a correlation: during session establishment PGW and P-CSCF exchange GCID and ICID.3.Scope (2/2) • • • - 3 levels of charging information could be grouped (correlated) to provide a unique CDR for end-to-end session to Billing. MGCF. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. Then GCID and ICID are conveyed within the signalling part to feed all IMS NE Inter-network correlation used either for interconnect billing or reconciliation (roaming not shown here):  Inter-operator Identifier (IOI): Origin-IOI and Term-IOI • • • A first ChargingID or GCID is allocated for the access part (LTE). ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . An ICID is created by the P-CSCF for the charging session for the network part (IMS) A second GCID will be created with the dedicated bearer used for the voice traffic Cf 32.260 Chapter 6.

Voice Call Handling -VoLTE Call establishment – MO from LTE user to an IMS-user served by different S-CSCF (1) eNB Call setup MME SGW PGW PCRF P-CSCF S-CSCF1/ IMS-GWF CDF/OFCS TAS SCC AS OCF/OCS UE2 Service request & authentication GCID1 created for the signalling ICID is created for this session (network part) UL data (SIP Invite) Invite (caller ID) Invite Invite (caller ID) Invite (called ID) Invite Invite Ro: CCR-E for CLIP* Ro: CCR-I for SIP session Ro: CCA-E Ro: CCA-I 180 Ringing S-CSCF2 not represented. CDR created with this entity Invite (called ID) 180 Ringing 180 Ringing Policy decision: QoS and charging (PCC rule) 180 Ringing 180 Ringing 180 Ringing 180 Ringing Rx: AAR (ICID) Gx: RAR Allocate S1 and radio Bearer for RTP dedicated bearer Create Bearer Request Radio procedures for the creation of the dedicated bearer Gx: RAA Rx: AAA In green: online charging In blue: offline charging Create Bearer Response GCID2 created *other supplementary services are possible 148 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

Voice Call Handling -VoLTE Call establishment – MO from LTE user to an IMS-user served by different S-CSCF (2) eNB MME SGW PGW PCRF P-CSCF S-CSCF1/ IMS-GWF CDF/OFCS TAS SCC AS OCF/OCS UE2 All IMS messages not shown (e. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.g. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . PRACK) 200 OK Ro: CCR-U for IMS session update Ro: CCA-U Linked to the remote leg Rf: ACR Start Rf: ACA 200 OK Rf: ACR Start 200 OK Rf: ACR Start Rf: ACA 200 OK Rf: ACR Start Rf: ACA 200 OK Rf: ACR Start 200 OK Rf: ACR Start 200 OK 200 OK 200 OK Rf: ACA Linked to LTE leg Rf: ACA Alcatel-Lucent solution is flexible to offer several configurations for the creation of the CDR Rf: ACA In green: online charging In blue: offline charging 149 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION . ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.150 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT.

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.151 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .

ALCATEL-LUCENT — INTERNAL PROPRIETARY — USE PURSUANT TO COMPANY INSTRUCTION .152 COPYRIGHT © 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.