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MG - Maquinas de Carpinteria

MG - Maquinas de Carpinteria

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WORKSHO GP UIDE
ANATOMY OFA BOARD

SAFETY TIPS
. Wear appropriate safetygear when operating a woodworking machine: safetyglasses, a face shieldfor extraprotection, and hearingprotectors or earplugs. lf thereis no dust collection system, wear a dust mask.For exoticwoods, such as ebony,use a respirator; the sawdustmay causean allergic reaction. . Makesurethat workshop lighting and ventilation are adequate and that work surfacesare large and sturdy. . Readyour owner'smanuat carefullybeforeoperating any machine. . Tie back long hair,roll up long sleevesand avoidlooseJitting c l o t h i n gR . e m o v er i n g sa n d otherjewelrythat can catch in movtngpans. . Keepchildren, onlookers and petsaway from the work area. . Unpluga machinebefore performing setupor installation operattons. . Concentrate on the job; do not rushor take shortcuts. Neverwork when you are tired,stressedor have b e e nd r i n k i n g a l c o h oo l r using medications that induce drowsiness. . Whenever possible, clampdown the workpiece, leaving both hands free to performan operation. . Finda comfortable stance;avoid over-reaching. . Turnthe machine off if it produces a n u n f a m i l i av r ibration or noise; havethe machine serviced before resuming operations. . Keepyourwork areacleanand tidy;clutter can leadto accidents. 5HO?.MADE?U?H 'TICK' Tushelicke for feeding eilockinlo eaw bladesor jointer knivee a r e c o m m e r c i a la ly v a i l a b l e , b u t y oc u a ne a s i l y m a k e y o uo r wn ueing3/+-inch and a band eaw or saber eaw. No ore Vlywood ohapeie ideal; deeiqn a VuehsLickthat ie comforlable Nouee a n d s u i L a b l fe or the machine a n dj o b a t h a n d . A 4b" angle beLween the handle and, the baeeie beetfor mo6t cuLeon a t a b l ee a w ,w h i l e a e m a l l ea r n g l ew , i | ht h e h a n d l e closer to Nhe Nable, ie beNler for feedinq slock acroeea radialarm saw Lable. Thelonqbaeeof a ohoe-ohaped puohetick (bottom,left) allowo you Noapplyheavy downward on a workpiece. For ?reooure a familiargrip,ueea favoriNe handeaw hand,le as a lemplatre(bottom, riqht). Whailever Nhedeoiqn, makelhe noNch in the baeelargeenough to holdlhe sLock, and yet ehallow enouqh NoouVporL it without, touchinqthe table of lhe machine. Keeppuehelicke close at hand,readyto feed Holefor slock at lhe st arL hanging or finiehof a cul.

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NEWYORK . VIRGINIA ST.THE ART OF WOODWORKING WOODWORKING WHINES TIME-LIFE BOOKS ALEXANDRIA.REMYPRESS MONTREAL.

ST. please or write: call l-800-621-7026. I. Saws. . and carpenter.except may be quoted for reviews. Woodworkingtools.O. ISBN0-8094-9e01-0 1. bdg). practitioner teacher andpopular wasa superb to of thiscraft. Published simultaneously TIME-LIFE is a trademarkof Time Warner Inc. p. editor to Fine Woodworking magazine and the author ofseveralbooks on woodworking power tools.083-dc20 For information about any Time-Life book. written permissionfrom the publisher. cm. inc. Artandi andCEO: George PKESIDENT TIMB-LIFE BOOKS PRES/DENTj JohnD. 3. 2.aswellasa mentor manytalented cabinetmakers. (lib. PierreHome-Douglas FrancineLemieux Marc Cassini(Text) HeatherMills (Research) Laberge Art Directors Normand Boudreault.S. Leonard Leeis the presidentofVeritas Tools and retailand LeeValleyTools. ISBN0-8094-9900-2.-(The Art of Woodworking) Includesindex.Virginia 23261-2068 @ 1992 Time-LifeBooksInc.Life Books. Reader Information Time-Life CustomerService P.Christianefltalien.manufacturers ersof fine woodworkinghand tools. Administrator NatalieWatanabe Manager MichelleTurbide Production Roy System Coordinator Jean-Luc Photographer RobertChartier @ TIME ffi Time-Life Books is a division of Time Life Inc. Hall EDITOR: Neil Kaean PUBLISHER/MANAGING Woodworkingmachines. home improvementcontractor a cabinetmaker.THE ART OF WOODWORKING was produced by INC.A.Remy to the Woodworking Machines (page Miller-Mead 6-7). He is also editorof Woodcuts. in Canada.is a contributing in Wausau.Solange Designer Luc Germain Editor Jim McRae Research PictureEditor ChristopherJackson Contr ibuting I llustrators RonaldDurepos.a cabinetmaker Wisconsin.W6581992 684' . )osephTruini is SeniorEditor of Home A former Shopand Tools Mechanixmagazine. he hasworked as Editor of PopularMechanics. II Series TT186.dedicate andSt. Studio La Perlubte RobertPaquet. Printed in U. he previouslyworked asa restorerof antique furniture. more than ten years.including information storage without prior retrievaldevices or systems. TIME LIFE INC. techniques cabiGiles Miller-Mead hastaught advanced netmakingat Montreal technicalschoolsfor A nativeof New Zealand. Box C-32068 Richmond. Time. the publisherand executive on the history and amagazine that focuses of woodworking.S. U.A. REMY MUITIMEDIA PR-ESIDENT Editor Series Art Director Series SeniorEditors PierreL€veil16 THECONSUNANTS who lives Mark Duginske. DEDICATION Books Theeditors of Time-Life Multimedia Inc. Woodworking machinery. Giles for THEARTOFWOODWORKING. memory of Giles consultant Miller-Mead. No part of this book may be reproducedin any form or by any electronicor mechanical and means. theoverall Mr. that briefpassages First printing. All rights reserved.

VLEDGMENTS .CONTENTS 6 INTRODUCTION 12 14 16 18 20 24 30 35 36 40 44 48 50 52 58 60 62 63 66 69 75 76 78 80 82 85 86 89 94 98 100 101 TABLESAW Anatomvof a tablesaw Settingrip Safetv Tablesawblades Ripping Crosscutting Anglecuts Dado cuts Moldings Thblesawjoinery RADIALARM SAW Anatomy of a radial arm saw Settingup Radialarm sawblades and accessories Safew Crosicutting Anglecuts Ripping Dado cuts Moldings Radialarm sawjoinery BAND SAW Anatomvof a band saw Settingdp Safetv Bandsawblades Cutting curves Straightcuts Angleand tapercuts Cutting duplicatepieces Bandsawjoinery rO4 106 108 110 II2 I 18 I 19 122 r24 126 I28 130 I32 135 136 139 DRItt PRESS Anatomyof a drill press Settingup and safety Bitsand accessories Straightand angledholes plugsand tenons Dowels. Mortising techniques The drill press assander IOTNTER Anatomyof a jointer Settingup and safety Jointerknives |ointing warpedstock Salvaging Rabbets. chamfers and tapers Planer I4O GLOSSARY I42 INDEX I44 ACKNO\.

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thetablesawis a magnificent couldntdowithoutit. me It always amazed of hisworlshop. I couldrlt with a 3-horsepower model commercial myprojects.whenhefinallydid. or drawers and doors. vintage tablesawacquired . is a l2-inch morethan10years second-hand My present table saw. Sports living from woodworking. the the worlshop. make lengths ofbeautiful custom hisset-up.INTRODUCTION GilesMiller-Meadtalksabout TABLESAMS dad. I relyonmytable shop joints.I have I consider it a safe But into me on a couple of occasions. A nativeof NewZealnnd. of much for two I thinkI likethetable saw so you the table.after cutpieces of identical.GilesMiller-Mead is seen oneof hisprizedtools-a hereinhis workshop/with in theearly 1980s. Still. my to make a project first of desire as the stirrings board ago. occupied a corner andoriginandit proudly precisely andthen. whether saw atmany stages throughout withoutit.it'ssuch avermain reasons. a Danish boat to myfriend's I ever encountered belonged hefirsttable saw age of parts of indeterminate out of anassortment He'dbuilt it himself builder. otherassorted house. cuttingworkpieces myworlahop and patterns. aswellascutting allthetrim for theentire First all. bought imagine my woodworking motor. tenons ontheseat particularly for cuttingtheangled saw usefirl I find mytable table once that was up. since satile machine. I started by building When I built plywood making to size and cutting sheets of for me once again. There's what's cansee ata bodilyinjury-a leson for itsability to cause a great deal of respect surface.thefirst pestering him to let metry using I was always Rover for myvintage cat a 1938 project was a setof floorboards wemade together floorlook at Sven and the 25 years later. motor blade are beneath most of the and second.All in all. nearly Sedan. howSven could turn outanynumber All these operations moldings. changing efficiency. drummed that's been isnt precautions and the operator overtired proper are observed longas the machine. I still back Even now. your view of the work nothing to obscure glance going on. making different building to size. as machine andI or in too muchof a hurry. effortless were donewith seemingly it and. came through saw pieces. my house. lot chairs in I also make a of variety of molding creating a rails.

my sonwascontentto spend his sum- jobs. I gotabit nervous. "Safety andfilledin thespace in between.I tookhim to theradial arm saw andexplained ThenI thebasics. buthe did finewith thesaw. each a fewinches away fromtheblade. andripping." In no timeatall. If you rip. Still. I suggested hedesign ajewelry box. Frank Kausz owns a worleshop in Pluckemin. The next hewanted summer. theradial armsawis avery machin*provided youset safe up properly. in making andrestoring finefurniture. mers in my shopdoingsanding Thenhe decided to make something himself. I would have used a router. I use theradial armsaw for a variety of tasks: crosscutting roughlumber. useonlysharp blades. remember to feedevenly andfromthecorrect side of thetable to avoidkickback." I toldhim. whichI helped him construct. with thismachine issimple. . cutting miters anddadoes. addyourownredzone. New thatspecializes Jersey. "Keep yourhands away from thered zone.INTRODUCTION FrankKlausz discusses RADIALARM SAMS ntil hewasabout14years old. follow themanufacturer's safety instructions ifyouwish. youpulltheblade Because intoa stationaryworkpiece. Hecut intotheedges /rinch rabbets of hisjewelryboxtop andadded a blackebony inlay. painted two redlines on thesaw table. to buildsomethingwithoutmy help-which meant working on mybigmachines. Being safety-conscious.hewas working at thesaw withoutsupervision. and.

alz-inchor %-inch My l4-inch Deltamodelwill resaw wide-any thickness 6 inches boards riser Wth a 6-inch fromveneer on uD. for aregreat bandsaws Obviously. curved. tablesawto makethe same 30-inch with a 16-inch saw. area lathe is a wonderful thebandsaw essential. andisjust to lengh. themquicker atanearly I was exposed to bandsaws andexhibit display age in my father's where in aboatyard later I worked shop. %e-inch With a little foreare easy. cutting or Angle cuts.saws jobs plainhandy. cut-or twopasses DaveSawyer buildsWindsor in at hisworkshop chairs mont. trims It cutsout seats. Forasmall shop power folks would tool. turnings rough cuts wedge slots. "release youcanmake cuts" thought. andspindles wood. Band saws andgetintoreallytight job of ripping with also doa reasonable blade anda fence. Themachines is Thelathe anda bandsaw.most stationary would sawbut abandsaw wanta table bemychoice. convenience. bedone All these could does but thebandsaw with handsaws. ii could resaw 12inchblockin itsframe industrial Thatwouldtake amonster es.INTRODUCTION talksabout DaveSawyer BA)\TDSAMS for chairmaker been aWindsor J have in my shop I l0 years. places. South Wo odbury. andmoreaccurately. woodworking realized it is my favorite limitedto one machine. downto tiny radiiwith curves. Ver . straight blades. manywonderful thebandsawmade where I been Thatmusthave shapes.

WhatI likeabout thisdrill press isitsold-tool charm. I studied woodworking in Colorado. Onarocking chair I make for adults. Iudith Amesis afurnituremakerin Seattle. Thedrill press reams theholes in the rockers andthearms for thetenons. thelegs aresquare atthemiddle where theymeetthe seat. but for certain tasks it is indispensable. taking classes with such highlyrespected furniture makers Art as Fumiture-making Carpenter. Themachine I isa Sears use Craftsman. andhave tenons at either endthatfit into therockers at thebottomandthearmsat thetop. iswhatI've been years. Washington.INTRODUCTION Iudith Ameson DRILLPRESSES f allthetoolsin myshop. I depend onthedrill press precise to bore holes for thedowels. I'm constantly learning new techniques andtryingnewdesigns.It intoourshop came about fouryears ago. I produce alineof furniture aswellas pieces. It'ssolid.I experimented withcarpentry and cabinetmaking. custom design I make a rocking chairfor children with a design that includes bearpaws on the armsand dowels setinto a curved frame thatprovides back support. It was builtto last. Tomake thetransition between theleg's middle square andround tenons. Priorto getting into furniture-making. doingfor thelastseven I find it verysatisfiing. manufactured in themid-1950s. thedrill press maynot see asmany hours of useassome others. t0 . the weight ofit.l sculpt thelegs with a router anda spokeshave.

then-and onethat A ruleI learned of I stillfollowtoday-is thatthesuccess project hinges on anycabinetmaking and straight wood thathas workingwith toolsthatdo Thepower edges. Thejointeris not difficultto useor skillto adjust but it requires maintain. endof aboard it whenI use application amorecreative decofor furniture or even legs to make rative moldings.RS he first jointer I usedwasalready old whenmy fatherboughtit. But theknives. important critically andthe where theedge corner square jointer has The also meet. I was15years with. square nowamostof thecuttingin my shop arm saw andtheradial days-thetable onlyif thestock saw-will cutaccurately andtrue.When I worked locally andused webuilt a newhouse It grown oakfor thetrim andcabinets. which constant required machine meto conit taught was good.If one I feed intothemissquare I won't be isnotstraight. because board to every andpayattention centrate old. andchange themachine thejointertakes mastering likealltools. was myjob to do allof thejointing. netmaker in Wausau. of aboard edge it squarely. The care. Wisconsin. is theauthorof Mark Duginske tools on woodworking boolcs several He woiles asa cabiand techniques. able to crosscut the startiswhere offto agood Getting jointercomes that in. 11 .INTRODUCTION talksabout Mark Duginske IOINTE. practice andconcentration. I useit to make forming a firststep.

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5alternative.or 10horsepower tool.5l4-15. tenon themotor horsepower ratings. on a mobile fromrollerstands blades andaccessories. you areworkingwith hether stock repeatedit canmill 3-inch tained. jig The isguidedby a mortise-and-tenon mitergaugeslot. In anycase.buta accurate clean. bemounted inchblade.5-horsepower risk of error. sizes. home your blade illustration. of4-by-8 yard. saw thetable for cabstock typically used inch-thick woodto width tool for cutting around theopen-base contractor's (crosscutting). thebasic panels 26) withunwieldy thatassist ment for a table saw-whether for heads capable of producing to molding workshop or general (page cabinetmaking 40). choosing joints one (page 44). Check of exaggerated permitawoodworker beware saw andpower of atable Theprecision roughly motor should draw plate:An honest l. require(page ibility. Sawing with small many different cuts to make draw 14or motor should 115 volts. jigs a2-by-4at both 90 gauge. most bladeguardin caseswhere clearlythe however. When^ a saw. are The8-andl0-inchmodels. and45". tipically clamped With a workpiece firmly to a tenoning jig a woodworker part of an open cutsthetenon joint.9-. it would stillbeavaluable twocuts. box and open asthe person. it shoul( in fact. shop-made or useon lightstock Foroccasional thecuttingofbox for extension the tablesawis alsounsurpassed facilitates is at a premium. saw isaless expensive for nothing buttirese were used table saw motorturnsan 8. lnd trim decorative elaborate becapable of cutting use-is thatit must inexpensive with helpfromthesimple.hapter. inetmaking.SAM Properly tuned andmainl0-inchblade. Models are commonlyavailable used. The clarity of the you will with be doing thetypeofwoodworking consider possible. procedures 15 amos at for the follows the woodworker who andtime. inthis c. andtheunitcan awidevariety of also accepts Butthesaw providing flexextra base. with relatively and cuts-consistently. the Notq [n someillustrations diameter according to theblade aredesignated Table saws in withoutthe shown operation l2-indl table sawis in 10and 8-. froma lumbermilledboards ly withoutoverheating. When choosing a table popular worlshop saws. the8/+where space Such and casework. this wood to the miter Screwed featured in this chapter. (ripping) If the andlength Its1. saw. in thischapter canproduce outlined table saw little effort. or sheets oldbarnsiding or lIf most ofyourworkiswith3/Eisanexcellent allplywood.TABLE. of mortise-andlap. in thesawtable's rail that slides 13 . stationary fully enclosed a motor to drive to 3-horsepower uses a 1. for thesake of firis is done only first be used. Use it. valuable for making jointsfor drawers repeat cuts andalso jigsextend hauled joints inchbench topsaw caneasilybe theversatility shop-made woodworking such fundamental or the site by the workshop around iob the basic table saw. a 3-horsepower 14 amps at skill requires considerable with hand tools andstraight square 230 volts. guardwhenever on pages liketheonepictured saw.

Onewheel Miter gauge Guides workpiece acroea table for crooscutting. wider alota for dado or moldinq heado Roller atand )upporto lon7 workpieceoduring cuttin1 operationa 5tandard table ineert Keepa wood Ptece6Trom fallinq into table or small. better saws have morethanonebelt. Thi arbormaybemounted directly to the motorshaft. thetable saw isbasicalT arge I-r lv a motor and arbor assemblv attached to abase cabinet or stand. In general. woodenerteneion can be acrewed to 0au0e to oupport widepiecea Rlpfence Guidea workpiece across table for rippinq Bladeangle adtuatment annk Vacuum attachment For duat collection eystem Mobile baee Faailitatea movin4the aaw aaide in amall ahopa. Precise blade adiustments aremade bymeans of twocrank-type handwheels underneath the saw table.ANATOMYOFA TABLESAW Blade guard Clear ahield that protectg operator from blade: bolted to splitter and anti-kiakback device Auxiliary table ineerte Keep wood piecee from falti'n4into'table. wheelacan be lockedin poaition . or connected to themotor by a beltandpulley.

TABLESAW connols theblade's height abovethe saw table-from 0 to 3ysinches ona l0-inch saw.Somefences feature measuring tapes attached to the front guidebar or even. Theotherwheeladjusts theangle of theblade-from90oto 451 Therip fence. milled intothesawable Shallowslots. Fs<teneion table Inareaaeawork eurtace to facilitate cuttin7 large boarda and panela Optional rip fenc'e LonqerTence re?Eceq atandard fence whon ertenoion table uaed Hold-down deviae Holda workpiecefirmly aqainat both table and rip fence for aafa rip cuta Auxlliary fence Board clamped or acrewed to rip fence ertenda hei1ht of fence Rlp fence gulde bar Holda optional rip fenca to extenaion table. in some cases. Theportable8%-inchbenchtop sawcan performmostof thefunctions of alarger saw.accept an adjustable mitergauge for guiding croscuts. features rula for meaaudna width of cut Fence loak Holda rip fence in fixed'poaition 15 . whichon mostmodels frontandrear guidebars slides alongthe to controlrip cuts. although experienced woodworkers relyon a usually handheld measuring tapeanda sample cutto check thewidth of a cut.canbelocked anywhere alongits trackat thedesired distancefrom the blade. electronic readouts. providinga lnrgework surface.Qualitysaws have tables that are cast andthenmachined for flatness. on eachsideof the blade.Aually plnced on aworlcbench or on sswhorses. it ako canbebuilt into a bmch itstoplevelwiththebench top.

The blade of thesquare should fit flush against thesaw blade. Buttthetwo cut ends together. tune yourtablesawperiodically. t6 . Before puttinga tablesaw through its paces on the cutting techniques in thischapter. ALIGNING THE TABLE AND SAWBLADE alignment Checkin tg able J . the mitergauge andthe rip fence.makea fewtestcuts.l i g n t h et a b l e followingth oe wner's m a n u ailn s t r u c t i o n s .l f a g a po p e n s b e t w e et n he block a n dt h e t o o t h . straight linesis to cut a squared boardin two andflip oneof the pieces over. belowin thesequence There islittlepointin aligning themiter gauge with thesaw for example. o l do r c l a m pa p e r f e c t ls yq u a r e d w o o db l o c k a n d b u t tt h e e n do f t h e a g a i n stth e m i t e rg a u g e ) . manywoodworkers takethetimeto adjust theirsaws before starting each project. thetable thenbutt a combination square against thesaw blade between twoteeth asshown.h e ns l i d et h e m i t e rg a u g e block a g a i n sa t s a wb l a d e t o o l h( a b o v e T a n dt h e byhand.For bestresults. if blade.P o s i t i ot n h e m i t e rg a u g e a t t h e f r o n to f t h e s a wb l a d e H . theblade. ortheblock binds agains tt h eb l a d e asit isrotated a./o+ promise the qualityand strength of a piece of furniture. 'l Checking blade angle Remove insert. damage. Because from the normalvibration proper cutting canupset alignment. block t o g e t h etro w a r d t h e b a c ko f t h e t a b l ew h i l er o t a t i n g the blade remain rotatef sr o m T h eb l o c ks h o u l d butted a g a i n stth e t o o t ha s t h e b l a d e f r o n tt o b a c k .Theyshould fit together withoutany gaps astheydid before asperfectly the boardwasflipped. itself hasnot been with theblade scuared thetable. andirank theblade to its highest setting.A goodwayto ensure thatyoursawiscutting in precise. firstsetup the described machine properly by checking and. burn marks on blade workoieces cuts. To confirm that your tablesawis properly tuned. lf there is a gap between thetwo.if necessary.or is a seamachine with a homefull of ftrrsoned it cannotcut with nitureto its credit. aswell asinaccurate Even inchcanconirrorsaslittleasr.increased kickback. adjusting thealignment of its parts. including several frustrating risk of excessive vibration. unplugthe saw insert adjust thetable setscrews to make the insertoerfectlv flushwith the saw table. The components of your tablesaw requiring the mostattention arethose that contact and guidethe workpiece duringcutting operations: thesarv table. its adjustable partsare precision unless A tablesawwith in properalignment. Then followthe steps shown thattheyappear. parts in anyoneof misaligned canresult problems.UP SETTING hether yourtablesawsitspoised to makeits firstcut. rotate theblade angle adjustment crank until thesawblade rests flush against thesquare's blade.

in a tiqhterfi| in Nhe sloL. Uoea ball-peen h a m m ea r n da No punch Vrick eLrike Nheedgeof patLhebar in a oNagqered inchalongit. owner's Onthe model shown. use theadjustment handle Then onthegauge to square thetwo. have thegauge machined square at a metalworking shop. buttthesquare (above).loosen theadjust(above)and ment handle onthegauge swivel themiter head to it flush bring against thesquare. against thegauge Theblade of thesquare should fit flush against thegauge. The square should fit flush against thegauge. Tighten theadjustment handlo nn f hp oarroo ADJUSTING THERIPFENCE lllllllr illllllll]tl l]ll illr llfl llllllllllllllllfitl lllllllt lllllll lll ?HO?Tt? Fixinga looee miter 6au4e ToeliminaLe excessive side-to' eideVlay of the qauqein its sloL. use a combinationsquare is square to confirm thatthehead of thegauge withtheedge lf it is not.lf there isany thetwo.file lhe bumpe down a9 nece56ary. turntheadjustment bolt at thefront of thetable witha hex wrench. lf there isa gapbetween thetwo. align thefence following the manual instructions. lf there is a gapbetween thetwo. of thegauge bar.TABLESAW SOUARING THEMITER GAUGE gauge themiter with thesaw table 1 Aligning gauge I With themiter outof thetable slot. I7 . miNer qauqefrom remove Nhe LheNable and Vlace the bar edqe-uV on a board. Miter qau4eolot Aligning theripfence Set theripfence alongside themiter gauge gapbetween slot. r) Aligning gauge themiter with thesaw blade gauge L gutta carpenter's square against themiter andthe saw blade between twoteeth.Thie Lernevery willraisebumpo on lhe edqeof the bar and resulf.lf Lhefit io too Liqht.

. Always intothesawblade feedwood of blade rotation. someone firmly whiiecuttingit. TIPS TABTE SAW SAFETY . Use gauge theripfence orthemiter forall cutting operations. to clear wood scraps from the saw table. Follow instructions themanufacturer's .all the safetydevices attiworld will not makeup for a cavalier On the tude or rloppywork practices. lf youareinterrupted. Before ripping a board. using Make inspect its safety features. Keep out of thiszone whenever thesawis being guardis in used-evenif theblade pastthe place. A hold-down on device. . thanyour fingers. suchasthe one illustrated page25. never attempt to cutfreehand. whenever a safety Before making a bevel cut. cut-except when the blade does notcut knots fromit using a hammer. thesaw andlooking o Donotstart a cut untiltheblade is r u n n i na gt f u l ls p e e d . shopalsoincludes glasses safety anddustmasks. sure is nobinding or misalignment of there parts.SAFETY isasmucha matter of attitude Q afety r. . Usedevices sticksand featherboards.is alsoa worthwhile investment.a woodworker a a tablesawwith trepidation.Beforestartinga job. Respecting the dangerzone Toavoidinjuryfrom thesawblade. asfor a dado screws before 18 . use a push blade stick. Before thesaw each time. . approach reluctant to timid operator.Tofeeda workpiece within thezone. Before a remove nation withtheriofence to make cutting a workpiece.confirm that theguard willbeclear of theblade. hold a workpiece worker. ensure thatthe issmooth edge in contact withtheripfence andcompletely straight and thatthesurface against thetable isflat. shouldnot otherhand.a pushblockor a jig. faces asmanyrisksasa careless stemCautionmixedwith confidence ming from an understanding of the machine andthetaskat handshouldbe guide. anyloose and completely through theworkpiece. And remember that not only your fingers workandhands areat risk A safe hearingprotectors. "danger zone" constantly bealertto a thatexists within obout3 inches of the blade-bothabove and to either side your hands of it (left). The table saw is a powerful in the machine. lf youhave past theblade. to protectyour fingers from the blade. Make is locked unplug thesaw sure theripfence to change accessories. complete the under waybefore turning off operation up. the woodworker's Readthe owner'smanualsupplied with your saw.Make sure thatsawblades andcutandundamaged. o Donotleave when rt thesaw running is unattended. . against thedirection . moving Donotuse thesaw until problems such arecorrected. to reach your keep hands at least 3 inches away fromit. . Use rather a wooden stick. first.J andcommonsense ascorrect technique. . as shown throughout thischapter. such Inspect salvaged wood for nails or a groove. cutting. youknowhowto usethesafemake sure to protect ty accessories thataredesigned injuries whileoperatyou from specific like push ing the machine. r Stand to oneside of anyworkpiece in case of during anycutting operation kickback. in position before ripping. Use guard possible. tersaresharp. Donotuse gauge themiter in combi. clean .

thekerf may close during a cut. thesplitcut-or kerf-open. The isconnected to a thinpiece knife.Restinglightly on the workpiece.preventing theworkpiece from flying back. f inger called ananti-kickback which normally rides onthesurface of theworkpiece. HeId in place by a cantileuered the sideof the saw table. form operations guardsin position. Theguard can alsobe trsed without the retrnctablesplitterwhen cutting dadoes and grooves-irnpossible with the standardguard because the splitteris an integral part of theframework that holdsit in place.TABLESAW WORKS HOW THE BLADE GUARD ASSEMBLY preventing Protecting fingers and kickback guard Thestandard table sawblade assembly guard. includes a pivoting. l9 . Without ter keeps thesaw a device. thefinger digs in. o f m e t ak l nowa n st h es p l i t t eo rr r i v i n g Attached directly in line with theblade. such theworkpiece binding theblade andthrowing withgreat force.it featuresa plasficshieldraised and loweredby a crank. but when the blade is close to the rip fenceoneof the arms can be raisedout of the way. as a hold-downand provideswide coverthe shieldserves ageof the cutting area. both arms ride on top of the workpiece. Optional guardslike the oneshownat leftprovideextra ann bolted to flexibility.For nlostcuts. In theevent of kickback. allowing the woodworker to perwhich suchas covecutting and rabbeting. protection is provided fromkickback bya metal (orfingers) pawl. The cannotbe donewith conventional bladeguard shownabovehas two arnts. clear-plastic blade wood which deflects f lying chips andreduces willslipaccidentally into thechance thatfingers guard theblade. back toward theoperator jams Kickback result if a workpiece canalso Further between theblade and theripfence.

caused Woodresins Keeo voursaw blades clean.Toclean stickywood inturpenresin andpitch offablade. lies in theira6ility carbide-tipped to keep a sharp edge far longer thantheir Composed of grains steel counterparts. larqe teeth. thereare options. tool. of blade. by dull blades thansharpones. Carbide is extremely hardlthehighest rating-C4-has a hardness value of94 on a scale thatrates as100. diamond \Ahilecarbide-tipped blades canstay for a hundred hoursor moreof sharp . thenscrub to dissolve stubovencleaner canbeused borndeoosits.akee frequent blade I I cnanaequnneceooary.w | I " I . doeo not makeaa a r:tt aa.iheyaremoredifficult-and thereforemoreexpensive-tosharpen than mostwoodhigh-speed steelblades. the corlridetip doesthe utttittg. thatis dull or cracked or Renlace a blade moreaccidents are hal chipped teeth.buL m.A dull or chipped bladecantransformeventhe bestof into a pooror even dangerous table saws from damage. ()F ANATOMY A BLADE T()()TH AnL|kbkback Brazedto n shoulderon thesnw blode. Spray-on tine. others and blades backor produce thin kerfs. The chieel-likec utt tn4 ed1eo of the Leeth makea fatrly rou4hcut and produce lar4epartlclee of sawdueL and woodchipo.. particles oneof hardtungsten-carbon hundredth the thickness of a human hair. soakit itwith steelwool. Sti1l.oid Hangthemindividually on hooks other.These have high-speed eclipsed traditional steel as The advantase the bladeof choice. isworthpaying workers believe theprice for theadvantages theyoffer."iutively few. r n 6 4 a l L tinq. or nlace cardboardbetweenthem.TABLESAWBLADES sawisortlyasgoodasthesaw I table . The sllt preventsthe blade expansiott frotrt warping when it heatstrp. Croaaaut Alade (Anti-Kiakback) A variationofthe atan' dard croaacut btade.the carbide chunksare bonded with cobalt andbrazed onto theblade with copper or silver.allblades areinstalled for cutting on the sawand adjusted height and angle in the samervay (pages 22-23).h I or croeecut blade.Hae more teeth than rtp blade.se. I I I I I I I r l ! I I I . The antithe risk that kickback feature reduces the bladewill jam. while thegullet retnoves the sawdust. Rip Blade (Standard) Far cuta alonq the 7ratn Haa deepqulieta uia . a .r'rp to make asmooth cut. The most imoortantadvance in years recent hasbein theintroduction of carbide-tipped blades. Regardless of qpe.f"L blade it tunrs. for crosscutblades designed specifically to minimize kicktingor ripping.i0 I amnnt.The the projecLionbeLween Leeth limite the eizeof Lhechipemade with each bite: leeeaq4reeeive bitea prevent ktckback. performance isasmuch Proolrblade for the a matterof using therightblade job askeeping it clean andin goodcondition. r \ o t F-"-ee& "*-e.Theteeth makea amooLh cut and producefine aawduaL. \\4rereas in the pasttherewere from. Croaaaut Blade (Standard) For cuta acrosa the qrain. I I I | I CombinationElade A 4eneral-purpoee blade f 'n "r ' r ' i'n rn r i"n' rrt n r . for cutting specifictypes of wood. and senda workpiece flying bncktoward the user. To protectblades stacking them directlyatopeach ar. relatively felvsaw blades to choose woodworker faces a widearrayof today's As illustrated below. itsability a blade andhamper cungu.

11 r'i s .. Thebodyof the than bladeta t:hinner whtch the huband teeLh. fi U fr fi alternate with flat-top raker teelh. chips from the and wood away sawdust lets thatclear left any material cut out have rakers that blades also Some are blades./ AlternateTop ' Bevel(ATB) Hi4hlyaharpened alternately beveled cuttinq teeth: for croeecuttin0 Hollow Ground PlanerBlade (High?peed ?teel) cro66ror veryamooTn cu|o. the teeth 0n some in thekerfbytheteeth. side of the the other fromone side.lte thinner nm produceoa narrowerkerf.h Lhat makea emooth. are not aet. TheLeeth are leeaeffi' in hi7hly abraotve ctenL manufacLured panele euch ae particleboard. apltnter-free cut in plywoodand waodveneera. cut..they shear stock beveled-that alternately cut.putttnq leeo stratn on the gawmoror. chip-free Croeaaut Blade (Thin Rim) A variation ofthe atandard croeEcutbladefor fine finieh cuLa. alternately is. rip cuLa or angle cut a. t t lDl'l'l l:li \'. for rip' pinq or croaecuttin4 abrasive materiala n [-n-l r I I $ L_J Ll fl L__l IJ II fi n I U E I E Ha) Ahernate TopEevel with a Raker (NB/R) Fouralternately beveled cuttin7 teeLh alternate wtth a flat' top raker tooth: for H fi ll I I \--.BLADE DESIGNS TO CARBIDE-TIPPED GUIDE designs.&k k $t3 & #t" K' . enaudnq thaL the bodydoeenot bind in the saw kerf. Plywood Elade (High-?peed ?teel) Hao many emall teel. fourbasic tooth feature sawblades Carbide-tipped particular and applications. advantages its Each has own thewood andgulthrough have teeth thatshear All blades kerf.4. Melaminetslade Haa many emall teeth to cutthrouqh deoigned qluefound the abraatve and in parttcleboard other manufacLured in a reeulLing panelo. andthen H il Flat Top Grind GTG) FIat-top cutttng teeLh: for rippin7 f.

TABLESAW CHANGING A SAWBLADE I :l I !_.in Nhe ineefL. Insert thewrench supplied withthesaw to loosen thearbor nuI(abovd.making eurelhal iNisnot direclly abovelheblade.Turn onthe sawandcrankNhe blade up olowly to iNehigheol oettinq. 22 . Use direction of blade rotation thefront of thetable). making sure thatit does notfallinto wedge asthiscould result in overtightening thenut. wedge pointing a piece of scrap Z. thenutis loosening. Tofinish tight(Table grip saw arbors usually have reverse threads. thewasher andnutand start tightening byhand. themachine.) Finish withthesaw(above). theoldblade 1l Removins thenew blade t Installing I Working at thefront of thetable.) Crank the saw blade Noils lowestoetbin4 and set the newineerl in Tooilion place. (Theocrew willserve ae an anchorpinfor NheinserL.cuLlinqa slot. make ineerVe thaL minimize the aao bebween the blade and Nhe table inserl opening. Carefully lifttheblade and washer offthearbor. NheripfenceLo etraddle the insert.StiOe theblade onthearbor withitsteeth in the (toward wood under a blade tooth to prevent from theblade turning. Donotusea piece of wood asa loosening thenutbyhand. thesaw blade witha raganduse thewrench supin a clockwise plied ened direction-not counterclockwise. rlll illr rllillr lllt fill filt lllt llll filt llll lll1 lll1 llll lltfiIl t]ll lltl 5HO? TI? Custom-made table inserts To prevenL ocrap wood fromjammin4 a7ainoL Nhe yourownNable eawblade. UeeNhe inoertouVVlied wiLh the eawae a Lemplate from a piece lo cuNa blank of ocrapwoodof the samelhickneee. Drive a brass eetecrewinto its front edgeuntil 1/s inchof NheecrewproLrudes from iI.

of a series which features made "steps" a similar increments. Formost cutting adjustment height rotate theblade inchof the blade untilaboulrh crank the workpiece is visible above tight). 23 . ic height.remove Tomake an angle to its highest the blade andcrank insert to setthe desired Usea protractor setting. bevel andbutt angle ona sliding cutting two between the blade against thebevel crank adjustment Rotate theangle teeth. rests flush onthesawuntiltheblade (/eff). 7+-inch of gauge fromscraps canbeshop-built plywood.TABLESAW ANGTE THE BLADE SETTING angle cutting theproper Setting thetable cut. onethatis toolowwill notcut properly. the bevel against HEIGHT BLADE THE SETTING height to theproper theblade Cranking a safety A blade thatis toohighposes risk. operations. is at the The blade of 7+-inch gauge it rubs the height when correct you rotate the as height at thedesired hand bv blade Inseil. at a specif Tosetthe blade measure ora commercially use a tape gauge.

RIPPING A BOARD thecut 1 Starting I Measure thedistance to theedge of a tooth nearest the (inseil. A moreappropriate description focuseJon the tablesawaccessory usedto makea rip cut.RIPPING p ipping has traditionallybeen "cutting I\ defined as with thegrain. Use lefthand to press thewood down onthetable andflush withthefence.Forprotection. the rip fence andmiter gauge shouldnever be used at thesame time. for example-have no overall grainpattern.or jammingand kickback canoccur. fence Position thefence andsetoneendof theworkpiece your onthesaw table close to theblade. featherboards andhold-down devices. Auxiliary fences areidealsurfaces for clamping. To usea hold-downdevice.) 24 . Whereas crosscutting is done usingthe miter gauge. (Caution: guard Blade removed forclarity. for certain cutsthat do not passcompletely throughthe workpiece.then lock the rip fencein position for the width of cut. rippinginvolves (Except therip fence. thedefinition needs some amendine." But consideringthat some woods today-plywood andparticleboard.useaccessories such aspushsticks. setthe heightof the sawblade(page23). your (above) use rrght hand to feed thewood intotheblade Continue feeding theboard into theblade at a steady rate untit l h et r a i l i n e g n do f t h eb o a r d a p p r o a c hte hs et a b l e . manywoodworkers makethem a permanentfixture on their saws. it may firstbe necessary to screw a woodauxiliary fenceto the rip fence. suchasa dadocut.The mostcrucialsafety concern whenrippingis keeping your hands out ofthe bladetpath.) Before ripping a workpiece.

thenmove to theback to pullthe wood through. Otherwise. lf anyf inger comes within 3 inches of theblade. frrmly onthetable andupagainst thefence (/eff).making handis in sure that neither linewiththeblade. a jig. complete the cutusing a push stick. Passing theblade withyour right hand Straddle thefence (left). When blade cuts through theworkpiece isclear of theblade. begin feeding theworkpiece from thefront ofthe table.ora hold-down (abovel deuice mounted on the ripfence. f inish thecut fromthefrontof thetable(step 4). kickback. your liftthegood right hand. feeding theboard withyour Continue right hand until thetrailing endof theboard theblade. pieces Donotallow of wood to pile uoonthesaw table. Therubber wheels of thehold-down device keep theworkpiece firmly against thetable. use piece yourlefthand to shiftthewaste With to theleftside of thetable(/efr).the thumb of vour over yourpalm theedge of thetable ani rest on pressed keeping thewood down thetable. keeping theboard from shooting backward. approaches Finishing thecut pushing Keep theboard until the it completely. lf youareusing a hold-down device. 25 . theyalsolockwhen to prevent pushed against thedirection of thecut.TABLESAW r) Approaching theblade lefthand L tlooi. carefully piece it to theright of the andplace rip fence before turning off thesaw.

TABLESAW

RIPPING A LARGE PANEL

Cutting into thepanel forthewidth of cut.Ask someI Position theriofence thecut oneto stand at theback of thetable to receive Posrtion otherwise, setuptworoller stands. sections; dependin og nt h et h i c k n e s os f t h ep a n e l , them s ot h a t , Lay to support thecut pieces. the they areclose enough p a n eo l n t h es a w table a f e wi n c h efs rom t h eb l a d e , itsedge Tobegin thecut,slowly butting against thefence. into slightly raisrng thepanel's feed thepanel theblade, itsfrontendflat;apply enough side back endto keep pressure butted withyourlefthand to keep the panel (abovd. Continue feeding the squarely against thefence panel rate end intothe blade at a steady untilits back (Caution: guard Blade reaches theedge of thetable. removed forclarity.)

'l

r) Finishing thecut position Z- Standing to theleftof thesaw blade, your p a l mo s nt h eb a c k l ot h a t e n do f t h ep a n es neither hand is in line withtheblade. Press down (above,) on the panel withyourpalms andpush t h et r a i l i n e s n do f t h eo a n etlo w a r t d h eb l a d e untit l h ec u ti sc o m o l e t e d .

LO

TABLE SAW

RIPPING A NARROW STRIP
push Using a featherboard and stick Position theripfence forthewidth of cut.Then butt theworkpiece against the yourhands fence. Tokeep away from t h eb i a d e a si i c u t s t h ew o r k o i e cu es .e featherboard twoaccessories-a anda Clamo a featherboard to the oush stick. model is installed saw table-the shown in themiter slot-sothatitsf ingers hold t h ew o r k p i e c se n u g la yg a i n s th t ef e n c e .
r r ^ ^d ^ ^ . , ^ L^ + i ^ r^ . ^ ^rrwn to feed pu>il )LtLn dJ JilL u5c

t h ew o r k p i e icn et o t h eb l a d e C . ontinue s t e a d i lu yn t i lt h e b l a d e nears cutting t h ee n do f t h ec u t .S u p p o r th t ew a s t e piece w i t hy o u rl e f th a n dt;o p r e v e n t your pulled f r o mb e i n g hand b a c ki n t o t h eb l a d e incase o f k i c k b a cc ku , r ly o u r (/eff) fingers around theedge of thetable (Caution: guard Blade removed forclarity.)

A JIG F()R MAKING REPEAT NARROW CUTS Torip several narrow strips to thesame width, usethe jig shown shopmade at left.For thejig,cut a board with a lipat one a hold-down block end. Screw to thejig,then Mark line buttthejigflush against theripfence. a cutting ontheworkpiece, then seat it against thejig,flush withthe lip.Position theripfence sothatthecutting lineonthe workpiece is aligned withthesawblade. Tomake each cut,slrde thejig andtheworkpiece asa unitacross thetable, feeding theworkpiece into theblade (|efl.$he firstcutwilltrimthelip to thewidth of thecut.) yourlefthand Use to keep theworkpiece flushagainst the jig. Remove thecut strip, reposition in the theworkpiece jig,andrepeat (Caution: guard for identical Blade strips. removed forclarity.)

27

TABLESAW

RESAWING THICK ST()CK
Auxiliary woodfence up andstarting thecut Setting 1 position the rip I T or e s a w a board, f e n c ef o r t h e w i d t ho f c u t a n d a t t a c h fence. the a h i g ha u x i l i a rw yood Crank t h ew o r k blade below t h e t a b l ea n d p l a c e piece over t h e t a b l ei n s e r tT . os e c u r e the d workpiece c, l a m po n ef e a t h e r b o atro t h e b l a d ea , n da s e c o n d t h e f e n c ea b o v e f e a t h e r b o ah rd alfway b e t w e et n heblade a n dt h e f r o n to f t h e t a b l e .R e s t h e s e c ond featherboard on a woodscrapso that i t s u p p o r tts hemiddle o f t h ew o r k p i e c e : c l a m pa n o t h e b r oard at a 90" angle to p r e s s u r e ,s f o r a f e a t h e r b o a r d e x t r a the R e m o v t e h e w o r k p i e c a e n d s e t shown. thehlade h e i p htto a m a x i m u m of 17 f o r s o f t w o oo inches dr 1 i n c hf o r h a r d wood. Tostartthe cut, feedthe workpiece intothe blade(left). Continue cuttingat y o u r r a t e f i n g e rs a r ea b o u t a steady until 3 i n c h ef sr o mt h e b l a d e .

Featherboard

tsladecuttinq ewath

r) Completing thefirstpass stillrunning, move to theback of thetable. L Wttn thesaw f le ush agains th t er i p Use o n eh a n d t o p r e stsh ew o r k p i e c (above) hand to pullit past the blade. fence andtheother procedures thecutting Flip theworkpiece over andrepeat in steps I and 2.

Finishing thecut pass Raise height andmake another along each theblade (above). passes Make asmany asnecesedge of theworkpiece pass, height until theblade sary, raising theblade after each cuts through theworkpiece completely.

28

Continue cutting at a steady rateuntilthe blade cutsthrough (Caution: guard theworkpiece. Setthe blade height.lide t h ej i g a n d workpiece steadily across thetable. Screw t h eg u i d e b a rt o t h eb a s e and press thetoggle clamps down to secure theworkpiece to thejig base. Hold thejig flush against theripfence andpivot thehinged armwiththework stopuntilthetaper scale indicates the cutting per angle-indegrees or inches foot. yourlefthand Use to hold theworkpiece against thejig andyour right hand to slide thejig andworkpiece asa unitacross thetable. Saw blade removed forclarity. With thejigandworkpiece clear of theblade. With yourIefthand pressing theworkpiece t o w a rt d h er i pf e n c es .) 29 . Topositiontheworkpiece forthetaper cut. aligning thelinewiththeedge jig'sbase of thetaper nearest the blade.Mark a cutting lineontheworkpiece. turnonthesaw. position Holding theworkpiece securely. With thejig andworkpiece clear of theblade. Butt one side of thejig base against theblade andposition theripfence flushagainst theother side of thebase.Position thefence sothatthe cutting lineontheworkpiece is aligned withthesaw blade. t h eg u i d e b a ra g a i n s i t . (Caulion: Blade removed forclarity. thenseatit against thework stopand hinged arm. w i t ht h e l i p snugly against theendof theworkpiece. e np l a c e it on thebase. blade ensure thatneither handis in line withtheblade. Mark a cutting l i n eo nt h ew o r k p i e c te h. makingsure thatneither hand is in line wrth guard the bladetight). make a taper cut. turnonthesaw.TABLESAW TAPER CUTS jig Using a commercial taper Tocut a workpiece sothatoneendis narrower than theother.) jig Using a shop-made Build a jig exactly like theone shown on page 68 butwithout thehandle.raise thesawblade to its highest setting. feeding theworkpiece into the (left).

will producea finer cut.CROSSCUTTING s cutting with the grain is synonymouswith theuseof therip fence. To reduce theamountof sandingyou that the will needto do later.keepthe rip fence prevent any cut-off from the bladeto part of the workpiece from becoming andfence and trapped between theblade kickingback.h e r e should b e n og a pv i s i b l e .) Blade removed intothe blade.remember the cut. a pieceof hardwood wideandabout2 feetlong. asshownbelow. consmaller venientwayto performmostcrosscuts. 30 . forsquare Checking square to conUse a combination workoiece firmthatthecut endof the withtheedge. placement keep the to correct hand flush on the table and workoiece both firmly againstthe miter gauge. makesurethat pieces do not pileup on thetable. With forms a 90" angle held andsquare upto the theworkpiece l i g h tt. r/zinch gauge. you Mark an X onthecut endto help remember which endhas been squared. W(lRKPIECE THE SOUARING a crosscut 1 Making fora crosscut.Withthethumbs of bothhands to feed theworkandpush themtogether frrmly against thegauge workpiece hbove) (Caution: piece guard forclarity. scrap out of linewith the andkeep both hands wellback blade. workpiece isbeingcut.Miter gauges holesfor just suchan additwo screw tion-normally. general The techniquefor making a with begins crosscut. hold the miter the hooked over or so.the smoother slower through theblade breaks especiallywhen at the end of the cut. Whena longer an extension to it is a goodideato attach to provide a moresecure themitergauge commonlyhave base. pieces andprovides a safe. Also. cutoneendof it square.andwill ensure Thejig canalso beused for accurate cuts. 3 to 4 inches in conextension Usethe miter gauge junction with a stop block to make repeat cuts (page 32). woodworkers considManyexperienced mostindispensable acceser it thesingle soryfor crosscutting. For wide panels or long boards. the workpiece bladecanbe Althougha combination a crosscut blade usedfor crosscutting. is definedby the device so crosscutting make usedto the cut: the miter gauge. a jig (page 33)is shop-made crosscutting very particularly helpful. a workpiece I Before measuring or marking jamming withtheblade sothatit willtrim align theworkpiece Toavoid theblade. the feed.The workpiece is fedinto thebladeat a steady rate.As with ripping.

TABLESAW REPEAT THE RIP FENCE CUTS: USING ASA GUIDE upthecut 1 Setting I Clamp a board to theripfence as jamming a stopblock. workpiece Lock theripfence in position.) 31 . (Gaution: together to feedtheworkpiece intothe blade guard Blade removed forclariU. Tolineup thecut. Check to see thattheworkpiece does notcontact thestopblock when the workpiece reaches the blade. Slide theworkpiece along gauge themiter until thecutting mark is (left). gauge. pull L noningthe workpiece firmly against themiter bothback fromthe blade andbuttthestopblock against the (abovd. Withthethumbs of bothhands hooked over themiter hold theworkpiece f irmly against thegauge andpush them (above). aligned withthe blade theripfence O Positioning gauge.hold theworkpiece against the gauge miter andpush thegauge andworkpiece forward untiltheworkpiece touches thesawblade. thecut Q Making r-t Settheendof theworkpiece flushagainst thestopblock. Toprevent theworkpiece between thestopandthe bladewhich could lead to kickback-position thestopfar enough toward thefrontof the table sothattheworkpiece willclear the stopbefore reaching theblade.

(Caution: Blade intothe blade guard removed forclarity. 'l ill lll llll lllt illlilllllllillll]ll illl llll llillll] lllr l]ll lllJ illr lllr )HO? TI? "Off" switch Hands-free your hando Tolurn off the eawwhen are bueyon Ihe lable. Making thecut cut.othe swttchbox.butttheendof the L fo.Theboard Noreachwith a ehould be lon4enouqh fooLor a kneewhenaLlachedlo t'he Nooneendof box(rrqht).ouchee butr. gauge of thetable.ueea ehoV-made CuI a boardequal kneeor looNlever. in widlh t.Vark Lheepol where the board. themiter to thefront of cuton Measure andmark thelength (left). s u r i n g a to n e Push thesaw blade.o l d t h em i t e g r auge t h ew o r k p i e c e a n dp u s h firmly agains th t eg a u g e feeding together. the hin4e remove lhe coverand drivein screws. block Align a wood theextension it in place asa withthemark and clamp stop block. each With against thestop block. Turn offthesaw.) JZ . r.7crewa hinqe Lhehinge on top trheboardand Vooition ihe ON of the box.TABLESAW THEMITER GAUGE USING REPEAT CUTS: block Positioning thestop gauge as to themiter I Screw a board th e n do f a ne x t e n s i o en n. theworkpiece them (above).on AtNach Lheboard althis mark. Cul a hole r. Nhrouqh or t r oI h e b o xu s i n qq l u e . it extends beyond gauge to cutofftheendof the themiter thenslide extension. workpiece hands hooked over thethumbs of both h.

TABLESAW

CROSSCUT JIG
Extengton

Clearplaetic quard

1"x3"x36"

Ouide )Lop block 2"x4"x4"

2"x3"x36" Jig Eaee

1/2"x25"x36"

Keinforcinq block 2"x3"xB"

Foreasy crosscutsandaccurate withlong, wide or heavy especially workpieces-use a shop-built crossforyour table cut jig,custom-made sawbbovd. Refer to the illustration forsuggested dimensions. Cuttwo25-inch-long hardwood runners the same widthasyour gauge miter slots. Bore clearance holes for screws intothe undersides 3 inches fromeach of therunners, in theslots, end.Place therunners the ihenslide themoutto overhang 8 back endof thetablebyabout

inches. Position squarethejig base ly ontherunners, itsedge flushwith theiroverhanging ends, thenscrew therunners to thebase, countersinkingthescrews. Slide the runners andthe base off thefrontendof the in theother two table anddrive Attach a support frame along screws. theback edge of thejig.Glue a reinforcing centered block to theframe, Then, withthe between therunners. gauge in the miter slots, runners make a cut through thesupport frame andthree-quarters of theway

across the base, Turn off thesaw andlower theblade, Screw a guide jig, edge of the ensuring to thefront that it is square withthe sawkerf . Glue a safety block to theoutside of theguide, centered on the kerf; gluea reinforcing also block onthe guide, identical to theoneon the support frame. Raise thesawblade andfinish thecut,sawing completelythrough theguide butonly slightly intothesafety block. Formaking repeat cutsto the length, screw an extension to same t h eg u i d e a n dc l a m p a s t o pb l o c k plastic that to it. Usea clear sheet guard, spans thesawkerfasa blade fastening it to thereinforcing blocks withwingnuts, jig,fit therunTouse thecrosscut gauge ners intothemiter slots. Slide thejig toward the back of thetable until theblade enters thekerf. Hold theworkpiece against theguide, slide position thestopbloclcto thedesired andclamp it in place, buiting the endof theworkpiece against thestop block. With theworkpiece held firmly against theguide, slide thejig steadily across thetable(/eft), feeding the workpiece into theblade.

33

TABLESAW

A WIDE PANEL CROSSCUTTING
gauge themiter 1 Reversing I to startthecut is wider thanthedistance lf a workoiece of thetableand between thefrontedge gauge cannot thesawblade, the miter in its usual be used to begin a crosscut position-in front of theblade. Instead, it in the remove thegauge andinsert for miter slotfromthe back of thetable; screw a wooden extension extra stability, Tobegin thecut, holdthe to thegauge. pressing withonehand while extension it withtheother theworkpiece against steadily into hand. Feed theworkpiece t h eb l a d e untit l h et r a i l i n e g n do f t h e workoiece reaches thefrontof thetable. (Caution: guard Blade removed forclari$.)

r) Finishing thecut is L Turn off the sawwhen the blade farenough theworkpiece to allow through gauge posito return to its usual the miter (page a hands-free swilch 32), tion,using remain if possible, sothatbothhands gauge Insert themiter ontheworkpiece. intoits slotfromthe frontof thetable theworkandcomplete thecut,holding (rghf). piece against theextension

34

ANGLECUTS
n. of thereasons thetable saw isso A is that both the miter \-/ versatile gauge andtheblade procanbeangled, ducingnot onlystraight cutsbut miter, bevel andcompound cutsaswell.Miters of between 30%nd90o arecutby angling themiter gauge. Saw blades canbetilted from 45oto 90' (page 2j),producing bevel cuts. Andbyanglingboth themiter gauge andthe sawblade, a woodworker canmakea compound cut. Whether crosscutting or ripping, the techniques usedfor anglecutsaresimilar to thoseused whenthebladeandgauge areat 90o. The difference is the result: With the bladeat 90o, the woodworker endsup with a straightcut; with the

\

Compound cut

bladeangled, a bevelcut. The same applies to crosscutting, although with both activities extracare mustbe taken to keephandsawayfrom the blade, whichnow cutsa widerswath above the table. Whentheblade is tilted,position themitergauge or rip flence soihat the

bladeangles awayfrom it. This waythe workpiece is pushed away from theblade ratherthan pulledtowardit, reducing thechance that hands will strayinto the blade. Gluingsandpaper to a mitergauge extension will alsoreduce the chance of a workpiece slipping duringa cut.

TW()JIGS FOR MAKING MULTIPLE ANGLED CUTS

A simple setup forfastrepeat cuts gauge, Screw a wooden extension to themiter thenusea slid(above). ingbevel to setthedesired cutting angle of thegauge lf youaremaking a compound cut,use thesliding bevel to set (page the bladeangle 23). Push the mitergauge to cut off the endof theextension. Place theworkpiece against theextension andlineupthecutting mark withtheblade. Clamp a stop to theextension at theopposite endof theworkpiece. Tomake each cut,hold theworkpiece firmly against theextension and, push keeping both hands outof line withthesaw blade, the workpiece steadily into theblade.

joints Cutting miter jig (page Build a crosscut 33) without an extension or a safety block. Then, cuttwo12-inch-long 1-by-4s andplace them at 90"to each in themiddle other of thejig,centered on itskerf. Turn thejig over andscrew the 1-by-4s to thejig.Tomake a series of cuts, butttheworkpiece against the leftarmof the jig,align thecutting line ontheworkpiece withthesawblade andclamp a stopblock to thearmat theendof theworkpiece. Cutthrough theworkpiece, holding it firmly against the (above). armandstopblock piece Cutthemating of thejoint thesame way ontheright armof thejig,Use thestop blocks asguides foradditional cuts to thesame length.

35

Thestacking dadocomprises a pairof outsideblades that sandwich up to five inside chippers.groove typesof channels (top).DADOCUTS jointscallfor woodworking Eachof these cutscanbe madeon a Q everal blade by makrJ channels to becutintoworkpieces. spicuously. mostcommonaretheadjustable andtheirlocation dado and the stackingdado shown below (bottom). Inside chippersincrease cutting width inVta-.until the entirewidth of the channelis together tightlyandsolidly.most to installthan stacking providebetterresults: stacking dadoes with moreprecise widths. washers canbe addedto orovideeven finerwidth adjustment. areshown below with a dadoheadcancut a dado. Rabbet end-to-endaut at edqe. wobblesas it spins. Foi widerchannels.flatchannels edges with a ter bottomsand cleaner minimum of tearout.The width of cut dependson how many chippersare mounted on the saw arbor along with the blades. adjust the dadoheadfor thewidest passes.i n c h i n c r e m e n t s up to'%oinch-and up to I inch for Paoer models that includemetalshims.either alon4 or aqainat Groove:end-to'end cut alonqthe qrain Dado:end-to-endcut acroag the 6rain 5topped groove: cut along the arain that atopa short of one or both enda Fromcuninggrooves in a for shelves bookcase to makinga rabbettojoin panels dadoheads are tuvo together.The greaterthe tilt-set by a dial on the blade-the wider the channel cut by the blade.r/s o -r r A . Thetwo to thewood areseveral otherbytheirrelationship wobble grain onaworkpiece. an indispensable and versatile accessory for thetablesaw. tablesawwitha standard passes to fit ing repeated alongtheworkpiece allowingboardsand panels but incon.They There fromeach or rabbetmuch moreefficiently. Installedon the sawarbor much like a thewobble dadoliterally standard blade. 36 . are distinguished typesofdadoheads. However. The wobbledado is a singleblade mounted on a hub thatcanbeadjusted to provide varying widths of cut. possible cut andmakeseveral wobbleblades Althoughadjustable generally areless expensive andsimpler models.Installing only the blades oroducesa W-inch cut. a tablesawequipped Fourof themostcommon cut out.

arbor i n s e ro tn table Finally in .slide stability. ufacturer's fit a blade dado shown. anyblade remove thewasher. extra gauge asa unit andtheworkpiece themiter keeping theworkintothe dadohead(right). pointing in the withitsteeth also blade. again chippers arenottouching theteeth of thechippers the lf youcannot tighten teeth. thesaw W DADOES AND GROOVES MAKING Cutting a dado of thedado lines forthewidth Mark cutting Buttthe of theworkpiece.TABLESAW HEAD A DADO INSTALLING chippers Installing blades and 22) the blade fromthe saw(page Remove following themana dado head andinstall For thecarbideinstructions.) removed 37 . gaugethe miter andsetit against thetable preferably to it to screwed withan extension provide Tomake thecut. offsetting Then. Fit between twoblade in gullets thesame chipoers onthearbor additional of theirteethfromthose way. andtighten the Install thewasher keeping theblades and nutonthearbor. firmly against theworkthrough head does notcutcompletely piece rule to thegeneral thisisone exception gauge should nevandripfence thatthemiter feedtime. nutall theway. rotation. tipped stacking pointing in withtheteeth onthearbor rotation. (Since piece thedado thefence. forclarity. thechippers (iefil. ensuring onthearbor second blade theteeth of theothitsteeth do nottouch it resting against or any chipper er blade (inseil. making sure that in position. andcentered of blade direction teeth. thefront ofthedado lines against cuttrng flush the against theripfence thenposition to thefrontof Slide theworkpiece workpiece. s t a la l dado table.) Continue at thesame er beused rateuntilthe at a steady ingtheworkpiece (Caution: guard Blade cut is completed. fit the already in place. Toinstall of blade thedirection the fit it onthearbor against a chipper. edge onthe leading hmd.

then positio tn h er i pf e n c e flush agains th te workpiece.TABLESAW Cutting a groove M a r kc u t t i n g lines f o r t h e w i d t ho f t h eg r o o v e ontheleading edge of the workpiece B.usea feathyour erboard anda pushstickto keep hands away f r o mt h e d a d oh e a d . Screw a board to theripfence asanauxiliary fence andmark thedepth of therabbet on it. ensuringthatthemetal fence is clear of the blade.-.-< \\ .\ -"/ Keliefcut gupporD arm Cutting a rabbet Install head a dado slightly wider than therabbet desired. thenfeed theworkpiece (left) intothedado head aI a steady rate untit l h ec u t i s c o m p l e t eu ds .u t tt h e c u t t i n g l i n e su p a g a i n stth e d a d oh e a d t . thencrank it below thetable..) 3B . t h e w o r k p i e cie nto the head(right)aI a steadyrate (C u n t i lt h e c u t i s c o m p l e t e d .Fornarrow stock. aution: guard Blade removed for clarity.) . Blade removed forclarity.h e n mark a cutting line fortheinside edge of therabbet ontheworkpiece. if necessary. urn o f ft h es a wt. h e np o s i t i o n f l u s ha g a i n stth e w o r k t h e r i pf e n c e piece. a relief cutinthe a u x i l i af re y n c eT . Turn onthesaw andslowly crank u pt h ed a d o head u n t i li t c u t s tothe producing marked line.e a push (Caution: guard stick. Clamo twofeatherboards as s h o wt no h o l d t h ew o r k p i e c se c u r e l y against thefence andsaw blade. P o s i t i oy no u rl e f t h a n da t t h e f r o n t edge o f t h et a b l e to keep t h et r a i l i n g e n do f t h e w o r k p i e cfe l u s ha g a i n s t Feed t h ef e n c e . a wooden support armprovides extra stability. Position theauxiliary fence directly over thedado head. Turn onthesaw. Buttthe cutting lineagainst thedado head.

of the clear keeping bothhands sitssquarely When theworkpiece head. against 'l r) Cutting into theworkpiece theworkandhold L furnonthesaw justabove piece alignhead.h o o k i n g r a t eu n t i lt h e at a steady eu t t i n g table's edgeC . thefence.h e np o s i t i o theworkpiece. itsface endof the lines ontheleading thecutting of thedado thefront workpiece against flush tn h er i pf e n c e h e a dt. farthest on thetableinsert agatnst t ie ghtly h ew o r k p i e c H o l d i ntg thehead lower it onto slowly thefence. l i d ey o u rh a n da l o n g y o u rf i n g e r s around the t o t h e b a c ko f t h e t a b l e .T o c o m p l e t e w i t hy o u rr i g h th a n d ef f t h e d a d oh e a d l i f t t h e w o r k p i e co ( l e f i l .f hen.TABLESAW GRO()VE A STOPPED MAKING upthecut Setting youdetermine of theposition I Tohelp b yt h e when i t i sh i d d e n head t h ed a d o thedado thiscut.s l i l ls t e a d y i n g i t a g a i n st h e f e n c ew i t h y o u rl e f t o f t h et a b l e . thedado line ontheworkcutting ingthefront mark piece cutting head withthedado fromyou. o n t i n uc w i t ht h e d a d o el i g n s l i n eo n t h e w o r k p i e ca b a c kc u t t i n g the cut. h e a dc u t t i n gm a r kc l o s e st o y o u .mark of cuttwosets cutting one onitsleadontheworkpiece: tinglines oneon of thegroove. ingit against thecut Finishing your 3 inches of the to within lefthand comes When of theworkpiece t h et o p e d g e heads . theedge h a n dh o o k e d around 39 . presswhile feedit forward onthetable. ingendforthewidth Butt forthelength of thegroove.crank workpiece during andusea of thegroove head to thedepth to mark marker anda straigntedge china andstops where thehead starts thepoints (lefil. (righil.

a sawbladecanserve asa milling device to cut covemoldings(page a3).Themorepasses. A woodworker canmakean insertfor each setofcuttersby placing a blankoiece of wood in the tableinsert slotandslowly cranking up themolding head-much like makingspecial inserts for sawblades(page 22). Pieces ofwood canbe shaped separately and then glued togetherto form an impressive arrayof designs. cut themoldings on pieces at least 4 inches wideandthenrio to width. a plain boardcanbecome anelaborate molding. By passing the wood overthe cutters repeatedly andraising themoldinghead slightly each time. The results range from crownmoldingsfor a cabinet to decorative door and frame moldings-made at a fractionof the costof their store-bought counterparts. board molding at littlecost profiles More than30 blade are available. A fewpointsto keep in mind: Do not cut moldingson shortlengths of wood.a piece shouldbe at least12inches long. Like a dado head.a patternis cut into thewood. Also. Moldingheads have a reputationfor beingdangerous and while thereare always hazards involved when usinga tablesawthereis little risk whenmolding heads areused with propercare. Moldingcutters aresoldin sets of three. the deeper theinscriotion.And by replacing the sawbladewith a molding headanddifferent sets ofcutters.do not cut moldingson narrow strips. an innovative woodworker canmiII an almost limitless range of designs. With theproper setup.which areinstalledin a molding headand then fastened onto the arbor. by using dffirentcutters-also knownasknives-on thesame board.a molding head requires its own tableinsertwith a wide opening to accommodate the width of the cutters. Millingbaseboardwith molding cutters Three sets of cutters wereused in combination to transform a piece of walnutinto an elaborate base(left).MOLDINGS saw ismorethanjusta machine i\ table A to cutwood. COMMOI{ CUTTER PR()FITES ^J G - - ryl T Eead -- Cove ffi Oqee t" n kww Crown mold Olaas stop ?anel otrip Flute CUTVE 450 Eevel fr ffi Groove Tonaue tsead andcove 40 .

depth your head. Rotate the table. head /einchat a time. themolding raising asnecessary 4l .make stick. on the saw head molding Installthe in their slots firmly seated are notrub aretrueandthatthe unitdoes sure thatthecutters thedireccutter facing of each withtheflatside onthesaw eozinci ihp insprt raglo with a head molding Grip the rotation. featherboard. above thefence to the at a 90" angle board a support table. of blade tion A M()LDING CUTTING making thefirstpasses upand 1 Setting as a board to theripfence screw a molding. h e a d m o l d i n g the cutters screw until each to tighten hex wrench use a then hand to make head by molding (insef). inghead Install thesetscrews hole. above to X inch thecutters crank your right hand anduse Turn onthesaw cut in onepass. use themolding toward feed theworkpiece to slowly Finish the theripfence.protect cutters of thethree Fiteach (above). thecutters. Position anauxiliary isclear of thecutfence thatthemetal head. against to onefeatherboard clamp Tosecure theworkpiece. A washer a wrench using away edge faces beveled thatthecutter's ensuring inghead. Turn of forclearance fence to allow in theauxiliary to cut a notch line onthe thenlineupthecutting Turn offthesaw. andbutttheripfence withthecutters endof theworkpiece to its lowest head themolding Crank theworkpiece. For a deeper cutwitha push (left). cutting I Before the directly over fence theauxiliary fence. second a fulldo notmake thetable. fromthesetscrew t a b l e insert m o l d i n g h e d i n s t a l a l i s s e c u r e d . without is rigidenough intotheirholes. the moldis notnecessary. Clamp to thesaw and theworkpiece Remove asshown. After the reinforcement. ensuring molding gradually head upthemolding andcrank onthesaw ters.TABLESAW HEAD A MOLDING INSTALLING head and cutters a molding Mounting nutcounterclockwise your thearbor hand andtighten partway intoitsslotin themold. featherboard anda second thesawblade. against theworkpiece to keep lefthand passes asmany cut. setting.

use or a featherboard to press it flushagainst theriofence.TABLESAW r) Making pass thefinal passes proL lttersuccessive nave duced thedepth of cutdesired.l After theproper hasbeen cut. 42 . themolding from theboard Q Separating profile r. crank themolding head upvery slightly and pass theworkpiece through a f inal time passes at halfthespeed of previous (lefil.Byfeeding theworkpiece slowly. thef inal cut produces a smooth finish si n i m a t h a tr e q u i r e m s la n d i n g . Feed theboard through theblade.. separate themolding from theworkpiece Remove themolding head from thearbor andinstall a riporcombination blade. using a push stick to keep theworkpiece firmly yourlefthand onthetabletight).

emove e n do f t h e w o r k p i e c e o f t h e c o v eo n t h e l e a d i n g the . of thecove width across diagonally Lay theguide of thecove. with the blade et e a d i l t yo w a r d f i r s tp a s sf. rank tetting a n dp l a c e t o i t s l o w e ss theblade t h eg u i d ec on outline aligning themarked w o r k p i e co en t h e s a wt a b l e . inish w i t hy o u rr i g h t (left). Fora deepcove.' - i'l r) Marking theguidelines g u i d e l i n eo sn t h e l r c h i n am a r k e rt. l t t n g a p e n c io of the long the inside edges t n ds a wt a b l ea l o n g t a b l ei n s e r a ) . ake a p u s hb l o c k M t h ec u t u s i n g handF . 43 . f i n i s ht h a t .TABLESAW MOLDING A COVE CUTTING Cove cutLin4 4uide thewidth 1 Setting i n t h es h a p o efa p a r a l l e l o a cove c u t t i ng u i d e I guito 1-by-2s to two9-inchgram two18-inch-long byfastening of parallel forming twosets withwingnuts. hand. asthedesired is thesame arms of thetwolong inside edges to the uptheblade Then crank molding. \ 1 _-.a i s e passand feedthe workpiece slowlyinto it.r a c e L . long1-by-2s the between sothatthedistance Adjust theguide arms.h e no u t l i n e profile thedesired a r m so f t h e g u i d e( a b o v e T R . sn t h e s a wt a b l e .raising the blade% inchat as necessary as manypasses board to the top of the tack a backup a time. e i t ht h e g u i d e l i n eo t h e w o r k p i e cw thecove Q Cutting o f t h ew o r k p i e c e : a g a i n se t a c he d g e r J B u t ta g u i d eb o a r d s i d e so f t h e l o n ge n o u g h t o c l a m po n o p p o s i t e u s eb o a r d s the t h et a b l e T . om a k e % i n c ha b o v e Crank theblade table. eg a i n stth e t a b l e w h i l eh o l d i n g t h e w o r k p i e ca .. urned i t u n t it l h eb l a d e i n s e ra t n dr o t a t e t h eb l a d e justtouches arms of theguide bothlong Gbove). o ra s m o o t h w o r k p i e cte o p r e v e nitt f r o ms p l i t t i n gF fora last v e r ys l i g h t l y theblade r e q u i r e ls i t t l es a n d i n gr. depth maximum by t.e e dt h e w o r k p i e cs y o u rl e f th a n d .

isideal for carcase work-for makingdrawers orboxes. Blade guard removed forclarity.) Continue feeding theworkpiece at a steady rate until thecutis made. Sometimes calleda bridlejoint. a lapjoint is simple to make. The followingsection describes how to makeeachof these usefuljoints. speed andprecision ofatable saw I make it anobvious for cutchoice tingjoints. Themost partis time-consuming thesetup. MAKING A tAPJ(IINT Cutting laps witha dado head Mark cutting lines forthewidth of each lap ontheleading edge of theworkpiece. Iong-lasting measure twicd andcutonce. thenposition the ripfence flush against theworkpiece. it consists of a projection---ortenon-from oneboardthat slides into a slot-or openmortise-in anotherboard. Whengluedand joint that clamped. Made fromtwopieces ofwood thathave halftheirthickness cutaway. Like the box joint. A boxjoint. Onceusedfor massproduced products suchaspacking boxjoint by es. isanother exception to thegeneral gauge rule thatthemiter and ripfence should notbe used at thesame time.fiveor tenmorecanbecutin short order.Asalways. joint has Every itsownspecific qualjointsare ities andapplications.forexamopen mortise-and-tenon ple. particularly repeat cuts. Butt one cutting lineagainst theoutside blade at thefront of thedado head.slide the gauge andtheworkpiece asa unitinto thedado head. whichare generally one-halfor one-quarter the stock's thickness. andmuchdepends uponthe care taken atthispoint. keeping theworkpiece flush (This against thefence. Make suc(/eff). passes cessive cutting away thewaste (Caution: until thelapiscompleted. it creates a strong does not require reinforcement.theboxjoint creates a strong virtue ofthe sizeofthe largegluearea created by the pins and notches. it requires a jig. which canbe shop-built.TABLESAW OINERY -and-Leno O ee njoint penmorLi -|1 h. joint is often Themortise-and-tenon found in chairsand desks. Once isadjusted a saw to cutoneboxjoint or joint.) 44 . miter Tomake thecut.A fewextra minutes spent atthebeginning will result in joint. Slide theworkpiece to thefrontof thetable and press it firmly against thefence andthe gauge. a strong.also knownasa finger joint. Lap frequently used picture to make frames. It consists of interlockingpinsandnotches.

you notches after another until cutting one dure. reach theopposite in themating board thenotches Q Gutting notch J Fitthelast voucut in thefirst board over the key.Clamp a board height of thenotches head to thedesired thedado sion. 45 . Feed theextenscrew theextension width. thenbuttoneedge thefirst board against of the mating flush agains th te go t h b o a r dh . about an inch r) Cutting in thefirstboard thenotches thekey.TABLESAW MAKING A B()X JOINT upthejig 1 Setting joint a dado fora box one at a ttmeusing I Cutthenotches gauge asan extento themiter head andjig. over thekeyandrepeat the procefit thenotch of thetable. then (above). o l d i nb gauge Tocut thef irst miter extension. holding of theworkpiece against L guttoneedge gauge Tocutthenotch. Crank a notch. boards board notches in themating tinue cutting procedure youused following thesame forthefirstboard. Continue edge of theworkptece. extension. thenotch thenotches equals ingthatthegapbetween sothatthe key keyintothe notch Fitandgluea hardwood projects from theextension. thetwo notch in themating board. it flush against themiter your thegauge andslide theworkpiece hook thumbs around head Return theworkpiece to thefront intothedado bbove). nolch checkblade to cut a second sionintothedado width. slide thenconacross thetable(right). intothedado head to create andfeedtheextension gauge sothatthegap Position theextension onthemiter head is equal to thenotch andthedado between thenotch to thegauge.

thenbutta stopblock against it in position. Then crank theblade to a height equal to thedepth of thetenon against theextension. workpiece intotheblade Continue cutting at a steady rate until thecut is completed. Install a jigonthetable commercial tenoning following themanufacturer's instructions.Crank theblade to theheight of the tenon andposition thejigsothatone of thetenon cheek cutting lines is butted against theblade. then clamp theworkpiece to the jig. Use thejig handle io jig gauge slide miter the along the slot. andthen theshoulders. Blade removed for clarity.TABLESAW MAKING AN()PEN MORTISE-AND-TENON JOINT thetenon cheeks 1 Cutting I Create a tenon bycutting thecheeks first. theworkpiece andclamp Slide theworkoiece to thefrontof the your table andturnon thesaw. thencut thesecond shoul(Caution: guard der(righil.Use a oush stick to clear piece thewaste off thetable. Cutalong it thesame wayasyoumade thefirstcut. I \ r') Sawing thetenon shoulders gauge L Screw a board to themiter asanextension. Turn the workpiece around sothattheremaining lineforthethickness cutting of thetenon is butted against theblade. Flipover theworkpiece andbuttit against the stopblock. Slide the to thefront of thetable yourright andturnonthesaw. lines cutting ontheworkpiece to outline thetenon. thenuse jig push hand to the forward. feeding the (left). align oneof the tenon shoulder cutting lines against the blade. the model shown slides in themiter Mark slot. Pull thejig back to thefront of thetable andturnoffthesaw. loosen handle theclamp to move it sidejig ways.) 46 . Hook g a u gt eo thumbs a r o u n td h em i t e r feedtheworkoiece intotheblade and make thecut.

Toholdthe is perfectly sure thatthe board jig body screw a brace to the flushagainst thefence. thenslide the along thefence until cut is comoleted. thejointanddeepen JIG A TENONING 3/q-inch jig using tenoning Builda fence-straddling plywood shown at dimensions cut to the suggested jig hole large cut a left. (inset). Mark cutReinstall thetenoning themortise. In onecorner of the body.place as it astride thefence shown. Pull thejig back feed theworkpiece over sothat Turn theworkpiece andturnoffthesaw. thenturnonthesaw into theblade. The the board to thebody directly behind board in position forthecut. thecutting jig to thefront and of thetable. Make will hold theworkpiece vertical. a n dc l a m p Reoosition thefence to mark on align thecutting withthe theworkpiece thejig blade.Crank clamp theworkpiece thejig sothatoneof andposition depth of themortise SIide the lines is butted against theblade. llakeasmany andcut along it waste between thetwocuts. in between body witha spacer Touse thejig.TABLESAW Cutting themortise jigonthetable. orwiden themortise. Butttheworkpiece against theguide it in place. to fit through. Screw a guide foryour fingers enough hole. 47 .Test-f sary to remove if necessary. lineis butted against theblade cutting theremaining passes as necesit (left). then to outline tinglines ontheworkpiece theblade to the to thejig.

.

machine and the time-con. at 1.R. of thesaw's require stock tage usually ajig to feed Forrepeat cuts. u-rc ii-rachir-r€ i m p r e s s i o n s a s a r e s u l t o f w o r k i n g o n t h e c o l u m n a n d t h e m o t o on itsyoke.Even is rated workshop model home theaverage armsaws canrip up to a widthof 25inches. youmusttake capacity for cuttingaccurately. repetitive chores of furniture fi.eyaovarriage vrJrurL 4J lL Lulr-c uvvrr !v rqr!!/v. Andsome are withuniform intotheblade radial arm saw's flexipoorly machine.nnss4r-lgn1]v Etn-t. the adjusted need a fair On a saws also to buy. fixedwhen radial mustremain very wide boards. requires relatively armsaw Moreover.for anysize limitations are thecrosscutting form.Mostradial 24 ranges from 8 to Blade size typically panel in halflengthwise. that more woodworkerr Irlrg-tulrc 'lgll clart ull taulc Jaws . But to take machine for custom upthe toolfor every. theradial Thisjigwill allowyou to makemiter cutson the crossradialarm sawwith thebladein thestandard cuttingposition-9}o to thetable.rll advanwork. thanonradiaIarmsaws.rr.oicce.saw to a life of is condemned saw can any atable canduplicate about armsaws range from typically machine. tive.RADIALARMSAM andott roughcrosscuts \Jners reasons rbr rhrsperceprron. It also simple making. 1to 7 horsepower. movements in many home worlchops. per."-* . will form a perfectly square that matingboards 49 . of crosscutting Withtheexception job This holds true just imprecise cuts. at almost any a workpiece through tally-cuts thenotches fortheoften isanexcellent choice saw for afinger makes work of angle. Such unhindered amount of roomto allow parts anditsmovable mustbehighly controlled. Radial armsaws notseverely restric.a *. jigs keep it finely tuned. u-rsr€au.. youto cuta 4-foot-wide allowing has lO-inch blade.5horsepower.-. atapremium position. table saws one. home model a thestandard littleworlahop inches.Tablesawsc-*|AnotherbenefitisthatmoStcutS having toshift without can bemade fewer movingpartsand EffiM_ alsohave ) -ute are easrerIo ser uD.thetimeto adjust results. the locked in Otherwise..il* - | r oi iiie raaia' rl . androtating table.. onlll-adjusted to bepulled This allows the blade horizonturned theradial armsaw-its blade thatthetable There isnodenying joinr.. All of sliding space is bility canbeits operation..Thejig ensures joint.Thble to buildor costly suming pivoting its and Achilles' heel..setting stationary cutting it isnottheideal Nevertheless. swiveling araised auxiliary Augmentedby machines.

includingO" and 45"to the ri4ht and laft blade makes a bevel cut possible. Lockaautomatioally at preaet anqlea. looaenedto movequara 9plltter Keepa wood kerf from bindin7 durinq a cut. noset'ilts to coverleadinq edqe of blade for rippin7. themaximum range ofthe model illusfrated below isnearly 90o to therightand 50o to theleft. the bladecutsthroughtheworkpiece and runsalong akerfin apiece ofhardboard or plywood ttratisglued to thesaw table. Depending onthewidthof thestock youneed to cut twotypes ofrip cuts are feasible: anin-rip. while rotating theyoke to bringtheblade parallelto thefence sets upthemachine for a rip cut. bevelanqle or to moveblade to horizontal pooition.with theblade turned closest to thecolumn.includin7O" and 45". anti-kickback finqere on each aide of aplitter prevent workpiecefrom liftinq Elevatlng cmnk Kaiaeaand loweraarm on column to oet depth of cut 50 . Swiveling the armonthecolumn allon's formitercuts. four aetacrewa on front of column baae and four bolta on rear of baae tiqhtened to prevent rotation Yoke handle Uaed to alide yoke alon6 arm for croaecuttina Eevelalamp handle Locke motor in fixed pooitlon on yoke. Themachine's manypivotingand pars enable sliding it to carrytheblade into a workpiece from a varietyof different angles anddirections. andan out-rip.motor and blade Column yokefor-rippinq Onloff awlt'ch Removabletoq1le preventz acciden- tal atart-up Yoke Holda motor and blade. Yokealamp handle Locko yoke in fixed position on arm: releaeed to rotate Arm 9upporta yoke. Sliding the yoke along thearmpulls theblade across thetablefor a crosscut.For mostoperations. attached to the arm b5t a carria1e unit with roller bearinqothat 6lide alonq a track underneath the arm Supporta arm. Lowerblade 1uaid uaed for croaacuttina ?tand 1upporba aaw. and 9Oo to the ri6ht and Ieft guard tslade Froteata operator from uppeipart of blade. garewg on feet are adjuotable to level aaw table Elade guard clamp earcw Holda auard in fixed plooition.ANATOMYOFA RADIALARM SAW he radial arm sawis essentiallv a circularsawsuspended above a work table. Lockaautomatically at preoet an6lea. releaaed to aet. Tilting the motor and Mlter alamp handle Locka arm in fixed position on column:releasedto awivel arm and aet miter anqle.

thismodel that turnsat 18. releaaedfor croaacuttin4 Motor One end holda blade. betiltedto operate for useful is particularly a position finger suchascuttinggrooves.500 router.oppo' gite end gerveaao acce?' aory ehaft for attachin4 a variety of acceaaories Duat spout For duat collecLton ayatem.r"r. noletn arm coverpro' vides acceaa Fence Treventaworkpiecefrom movinq durinq croeacuttinq. Uauallyset between front and rear tablea aa shown." Tableclamp ?regaearear gaw table and apacer flueh aqainet fence and front aaw table Auxiliary table hardboard Keplaceable or plywoodpanel qlued to front aaw table. adjuatable nozzledirecta dust away from work area Arm aover Keepeduot from enterinqrear part of arm Miter alamp adjuetment acrew Turned to adjuat tenaion on miter clamp. to iskeptvertical theblade Although it canalso for mostoperations. enough to move Light and compact aroundtheshopor travelto construc8%-inchradial thisportable tion sites. tasks jointsandmoldings. Own er' inat a lled. of a arm sawcanusurpthemarryroles bit and Fittedwith a special tablesaw. blade rune in kerfa cut in aux' iliary table Column baee aover Tableepacer to allow Kemovable installation of a wider fence . motorshaft an accessory equippedwith rpm. quideework' pieceacroee table for ripping.away farthest with thebladeswiveled fromthecolumn.poeitioned behindrear table when cutting wide stock Columnadjuetment bolte Fourbolta control amount of play column between and columnbaae 51--i). thetable Such horizontally. asan overhead will double Rip alamp handle Lockayoke in pooitionon arm for rippin4and for eomecuta with bladein hortzontalpoaition.

and clearthe trackunderneath the arm. Lock theclamp and tryto pushthe end of the armtoward the0' position (left). To test your adjustments. 54)before every Each time you usethe saq clearthe sawdust flom the gapbetween the tableand the fence. located inside anaccess hole in the armcover. Periodically. lf themeasurements arenotequal. itsendslightly above level. to use a hex wrench to tighten the miter clamp a d j u s t m es nc t rew. in each measure thegapbetween thearbor andthetable. youwill need For themodel shown. adjust theclamp thatholds it in place.SETTING UP tl. Adjustthe table (right). Beforeusingyour sawfor the first time. playin movingparts allowing excessive and resultingin sloppycuts.the clamps (below)and the sliding mechanisms (page newproject. using thehead of anadjustable wrench to lever upthetable surface Then make thesame adjustment ontheother hbove). your machine will not cut with orecision. A problemwith manyradialarmsaws is that adjustments areleft too loose. clampsshouldlock tight and sliding mechanisms shouldbeneithertoo loose nor too snug. ADJUSTING THE CLAMPS 'l Adjusting themiter clamp I Swivel thearmto theright to a oosition between 0'and45o. Ideally. raise thelow endof thetable byturning the railnutin a clockwise direction. setupprocedures described on I thesepages may seemlong and involved. ADJUSTING THE TABTE Leveling with thetable thearm points Tiltthemotor untilthe arbor down.then checkthe cut endswith a carpenter's square.but do not neglectthem. table Then swivel thearmto position thearbor overthe railnuts on both sides position of thetable. Repeat themeasurements to ensure thatthetable is level. you will needto install a fence and an auxiliarytable(page5Z). 52 . lf there is anyplay in thearm. Without careful maintenance. touchup the moving partswith a silicone-based lubricant. It is alsoimportant to square theblade(page 55)andcheck for heeling(page 56).h. crosscut a l2-inchwide board and a 1-by-3standing on edge. side of thetable.

motor shown. for play. thewrench-like thearmbyholdunder nutlocated theadjustment to tighten thewrench part andpulling of thehandle ingtheupper Lock theclamp it (insef) untilthetwoarealigned.o c k t h ec l a m pt. your manual.h e nu s e f o rc r o s s c u t t ia nn gdr i p p i n g poslto thecrosscutting themotor to tryto push hands both if it does. 45". again andcheck This adlusttn place. adjust notbudge. check may vary onsome ment clamp thebevel Q Adjusting between to a position J Tlltthemotor then clamp. shown.Lock thebevel 0" and the t o t r yt o m o v e u s eb o t hh a n d s (left). ther. should Themotor tion(righil. For themodel theclamp. unFor themodel it in position. loosen thesupport andcheck again wise. toward thenutfurtighten lf necessary. back theknob screw otherwise. thatlocks theclamp handle andremove clamp theyoke from theknob screw part Use thewrench lower of thisdevice.RADIAL ARM SAW r) Fine{uning clamp theyoke used theones between to a position Rotut" theyoke I L. forplay once more 53 . owner's models. move if youcannot angles. thenrelease support ofthepreset to each trytiltingthe motor themotor. adlust themotor wrench to tighten usea socket and theclamp nut. Othernut slightly.lf thereis anylooseness. lock theclamp in themotor.

if it binds. loosen the bearing nutwhileholding theboltstationary with (right). if it does. The should notmove. then use a wrench to tightenthenutattheend oftheripclamp bolt. For themodel shown. CARING F(|R THESLIDING MECHANISMS thecaniage roller bearings 1 Adjusting I Use a silicone-based lubricant to clean t h et r a c k u n d etrh ea r ma n dt h er o l l e r bearings to thefrontandrear of thecarriage unitthatattaches theyoke to the arm. a bearing willneed to beloosened. lf your thumb keeps youwillneed one of them from turning. loosen thelock nut slightly.'l. release theclamp.)i . Otherwise. i )ii. thenretighten thenut. cii Checking theripclamp Lock theripclamp. to tighten thebearing. ln either case. Tocheck press your the bearings. thencheck thebearings once again. Try sliding theyoke along the arm.Ttghten a second wrench or loosen thebolt. Adjust theother boltbythesame amount. recheck theclamp and tighten thenutfurther if needed. thumb agains eta c h o n ei n t u r nw h i l e sliding your thecarriage away from hand. thenuse bothhands to tryto slide theyoke along yoke thearm(left). 54 . Thebearings should turnasthecarriage slides along thearm. asnecessary.. adjust the rip clamp. if thecarriage binds onthearm.RADIAL ARM SAW t.

make additional and. Then tion.f th agains t es i d e fit flush the them. square butta carpenter's blade (lefl. to prevent ngtheadjustments. the to bring andtilt themotor setscrews Holding the thesquare. flush against blade lock a helper have in thisposition. is excessive lf there down. righ). andtighten clamp the bevel position. blade once 55 . position. in both crank Turn theelevating thecolumn. f ine-tuni THE BLADE SOUARING thetable with theblade 1 Squaring posiin thecrosscutting I Settheyoke 59). rotation a finaltime. there of thearm the directions. if thereis any the armsideways try pushing justenough thesetscrews tighten of the column. upand slidesmoothly armshould joint or or if thearmjumps at thecolumn-to-base movement thefourboltslocated adjust andlowers. column-to-base (above. as it rises vibrates the Repeat of thebase.Release a blade tion andinstall @age counterandtilt themotor clamp thebevel asfarasit willgointhe0" posiclockwise the Tocheck relock theclamp. thecolumn Wioe To check hex wrench' a using base thefrontof thecolumn to tryto lift theend usebothhands tension. tests (above.RADIAL ARM SAW tension c0lumn-t0-base Adiusting on thefoursetscrews thenloosen clean.if necessary.release between anygapshows clamp thebevel Then. thetests Run through movement.The square should twoteeth between o f t h eb l a d el. loosen bevel clamp. onthecover holes intheaccess Then adjustments. motor thesetscrews. to be should littleor nogive /eff). then to the45' bevel lllt themotor the andcheck it to the0' position return again.

Totestfor heeling-blade rotation thatis notparallel to thetable-build an L-shaped sounding jig andbore twoholes in it. Sharpen the ends of twodowels andf it theminto thejig asshown. Release themiter clamp andswivel the armto theright asfarasit willgo in the0" position. thenlock thebevel clamp andtighten thescrews. glove. slide theyoke along thearmto align a tooth near thefront of thetable over the dowel andrepeat thetest. slidethe yoke along Ihe arm(left). position Then thejig to align a blade tooth near theback of the tabledirectly over the vertical dowel. thenrelock theclamp. lf a gap opens up between theblade andthesquare. Holding theblade steady.l a m p t h ej i g i n place. to eliminate binding. tighten thetopleftscrew. 56 . Once thearmis square to thefence. in itshorizontal tilt themotor counterclockwise asfarasit willgo. loosen thesetscrews onthecolumn base.RADIAL ARM SAW r) Setting perpendicular thearm tothefence Z. Thesound shoulb d e t h es a m e i n b o t ho o s i t i o n s . tighten thetopright screw. blade backward andlisten Next. tighten thelowerscrews. CORRECTING BLADE HEEL Fine-tuning horizontal rotati0n 1 (page I lnstall a blade 59) andsetthe motor position. Toclose a gapbetween the blade andthe square. The blade should make a constant rubbing sound asit moves along theedge of thesquare. Wearing a work spinthe (right).Repeat thetests untilthesound stays thesame. pull slowly toavoid dulling thetooth.then lock thebevel clamp. Release the ripclamp andbuttthetwosides of a carpenter's square against thefence andtheblade tooth nearest to thetable. alternating fromleftto right. or if theblade binds against thesquare asit moves. lf it is not. Lower the bladeuntilthe toothrests lightly o n t h ed o w e lc .release thebevel clamp and loosen thetwoscrews on either sideof the motor support nut.

yoke produces clamp and tighten the Then. a similar your a l2-inch-wide crosscut adlustments.u h . slice through crosscutting or making and%o to 7s inchdeepintothe auxthefence of the iliary t a b l ei n t h e 9 0 ' a n d4 5 " p a t h s to the in-rip rotate the motor bladeT . hen. Tocheck screws. Before dustfromjamming miter cuts.l e a v i n g gap between sawit and the fence to prevent between the two. tone. o s i t i otn o f t h et a b l e . n o r c h a n g eis l i s t e n i nfg o. (above. L ^^-r d ^l ! + L ^ ^ ^ lt. yoke a hex wrench the using under thefourscrews retest until each test and RoIate themotor asnecessary right). h a r d b o a ro dr p l y w o o d of %-inch cuta piece a n d u s ec o n a st h ef r o n t a b l e t h es a m e size a sltght t a c t c e m e n t o g l u ei t d o w n .c v'r Le u ckthe cut y-J 3 s r rn u id lrS uudlu lu Llltrll o square. the auxiliary Auxilrary table 9Oo kerf Fence 57 . . andthefronttable. J Ltqa inp o s h w rn r e u ud 6L . lock the tone. nce again a r ma n dr e p e atth e p r o c e s s release theyoke clamp andloosen lf there isa discrepancy. e nl o c kt h e b e v ec l l a m pT .RADIAL ARM SAW vertical heeling Eliminating c o u n t e r c l o c k wa isf ea r a s i t w i l lg o i n t h e lllt themotor . t h eb a c k w i t ha b l a d e t o o t hn e a r t a l d o w ea l ligns sd oy o uc a ns a m gackwar a n ds e n di t s p i n n i n b L o w etrh e b l a d e the plethe sound /efil. e .Slide the yokealong as in stepI (above. ends using a carpenter's TABLE AND AUXILIARY A FENCE INSTALLING table andauxiliary Cutting a kerfin thefence knot-free wood Install a fence of 7a-inch{hick. thetablespacer between h i g h etrh a nt h et h t c k make t h ef e n c e slightly o ra n a u x i l i a r ty able. (page position 6 6 ) a n d p u l lt h e y o k ea l o n g r i pt r o u g h in o u ta s h a l l o w t h e a r mt o f u r r o w table (left). ot e s tf o r v e r t i c a l th v e r t i c ap losition i g s ot h a tt h et i p o f t h e h o r i z o n p h e s o u n d i njg heeling . ness o f t h ew o r k p i e c F e.

tippedblades A is rnore dull or damaged blade likely to contribr"rte to accidents than a sharp in good blirde corrdition. In lnw rrruch biteq bladewill ha.On some models. can be uaedin horizonta[or verttcal poaittonewtth an auxil' tary f. In addition to sarv blades.. drum ie lowered into a cutout tn an auxtltary table. the radial armsaw also accepts vanorls accessories. dratvrrparallel to the tooth's lhce. In general. Drillingchuck Attached ta acceeeory ehaft.or bevel pooitiona. and replace anydamaged parts.-. the same blade on theradial armsaw could prove Theideal unsafe.. To protect blades from damage.Whilea hook angle of 30o wouldbe suitable for a tablesaw. arm saw Carbide-tipped blades arethechoice of mostwoodworkers today. arealso available.000 rprn. place cardboard between them.ln verLicat applicaLrona.horizontal. stock In bothcases. Spray-on orencleaner isalso for dissolving useful stubborn deposits. Molding head Ueedin horizonLal poeition with a moldinq headquardand an auxiliarytable that. Featureathree knivea remouable for aharpeninq.vou will bedoing. holds the stock in poaition. anycase. Widevariety of cutLera avatlable for different moldinqatylea. keepits blades clean andin goodrepair. jobs.suchascrossBlades for specific bltrtle l n o k n rr q l ct l c t c r t t t i r t c s cutting or ripping. if you stack then. remove resin pitch lvith or steelr'vooland turpentine.e. 9anding drum Attached to the aaw'aacceoeory ahaft.can be angled to form raioedpanela. whichareattached to either thearboror anaccessory shaft at theopposite endof the motor. Rotary aurface planer Uaedin horizontal pooition.Combination blades aresuitable for to the certer of the arltor holeand orrc 90percent of thejobs. radial isonlyasgoodasthe armsaw Togetthebest blade on itsarbor. Sanding diec Commonly ueedin verLical poettionwith an auxiliarytable Lo elevate the workpiece. hang thernindividually on hooksor. can be uaedtn vertical.RADIALARM SAWBLADES AND ACCE.ablethat elevateE the workpiece or with a ji4 that. Although theycost morethanthetraditional highspeed steel blades andaremoreexpensiveto have sharpened.makirrg it ideal for porvering roLrter bits. sharpen non-carbide regularly. 58 . performaucefrom your machine. it is important to consider the hook angle of a blade(left). theyhold their edge longer considerably andarecapable of moreprecise cuts. hookangle for a radial is I 5oor less. feed theblade throughthervorkpiece slowly and firmly. Usea ragto rvipe sirwdust or loose dirt from a blade. The larger the angle. the bigger the bite-and the greater therisk oia blade nrnnirrg across a workpiece whencrosscutting or lifting whenripping. elevaLes the workpiece.SSORIES thetable saq the :' ikeits shopcousilr l. Inspect thearborwashers andblade collars. Replace blades rvhenever they beconecrtrcked or chipped. the shaft canspinat morethan20. theradial armsaw uses the Fornterllty tlrc intersection of one sanre types ofblades asa table saw(pnge line drnwrtf'ottt the tip of a tootlt 20).

Fora cut piece. Hold up. guard. against overtightening. forthedepth workpiece the and lower table ontheauxiliary stock of one turn most saws. to move begins theblade tionuntil I inch is at least wood that of scrap a piece andcut intoit at one thefence against thick by theblade off thesawandraise end.) in a clockwise then slide the blade collar. onyour thecrank Togauge inch.Turn Slide crank.(Radial arbor thenutis loosened reverse threads. lower vertical Fora standard precut table in the auxiliary kerfs one ofthe into (page partway a workthrough 57). of the auxil% inch to within lower theblade direcin theopposite thencrank iary table. Holding to loosen the wrench tool. have Remove thenut direction. Then.For blade lowers the or raises crank theelevating tbor rAo saw. Install thecollar propped onthearbor Withonewrench the finish tightening thetable.mark such asa dado then setthe of cut.usetheother usually armsaw arbors nut. a lineonthe cut. in difference The cuI another make the will show the twocuts depthbetween withone raises or lowers the blade amount turnof thecrank. blade from pointplace withitsteeth it onthearbor rotation. one turnof theelevating exactly and side to one about % inch theworkpiece (right). thearbor. blade to the line.o c k guard. of blade ingin thedirection and start thenutbyhand.RADIAL ARM SAW A SAWBLADE CHANGING blades andinstalling Removing sn d t h ec l a m pa U n p l utg h es a w l. 59 . I n s t at l lh eb l a d e HEIGHT THE BLADE SETTING a cut to make Preparing theblade cut. and theouter Toinstall a blade. but avoid nut(left). fit oneof remove theblade withthesaw supplied thewrenches andthe between the blade onthearbor steady withthis thearbor motor.

blade toward Anddepending on thesetting of the arm. theworkpiece into the blade. horizontal When making a ripcut.anda maskor respiratorandhearing protection for extended useof the saw. Keep a safety screw capor guard over the accessory shaftwhenit rs not in useto prevent it fromsnagg i n gh a i ro r c l o t h i n g . o D on o tr i p a w o r k p i e c th ea ti s shorter than12 inches.usepush possible sticlaor featherboards where to feedor hold theworkpiece. Armedwith a thoroughknowledge of the machine's you canapoperation. yourip boards When ona radial arm you feed saw.adjust theheight of theantikickback device fortheworkpiece. o After making a crosscut. r When ripping. Sefting upforthecut Unplug thesaw. o Never ooerate thesaw without a guard. For anycut. 60 . o Before starting a cut make sure that themotor is at fulloperating speed. theblade itsapproach canmake fromseveral directions andangles. Wearsafety glasses at all times. thensettheworkpiece onthetable sothatyouwillbe (Most feeding against guards thedrrection of theblade's rotation. always hold the workpiece securely against thetable andfence when crosscutting. When making a crosscut on stock shorter than 7 inches. Toavoid kickback. Crosscutting-the most basic use of the saw-requires you to pull the yourbody. The chances of kickback arehigh enough thatthesafety devices illustrated belowandat rieht are absolutely essential. lock therip clamo assoon astheblade is back behind thefence. to secure the workpiece to thetableor thefence. Remember. however.keep your fingers at least 6 inches awayfrom the blade. and takethe time to setup themanysafety accessories and blade guardsthat are available. . blade have anarrow indicating which way theblade spins. RIPPING SAFELY RADIAT ARM SAW SAFETY TIPS . theyalso make it oneof themostdangerous.and this demands evengreater careand concentration.yokeand motor.SAFETY parts themany moving of I lthough A a radial armsaw make it one of the most flexible machines in theworlshop. Foradded against kickback. Make certainthat all the clampsfor holding the arm. Wth every cut. 61). rather thana hand. that no accessoryor guardcancompensate for a lackof careful attentionand commonsense. N e v eirn s t a lb l l a d eo sro t h e r devices on boththe arbor andthe accessory shaftat the same time. feed fromthesideof thetable opposite thesplitter andanti-kickback device. guards blade Use specialty forcrosscuts andfor molding ordado cutswiththemotor andblade in the position.Feed theworkpiece steadily making sure thatneither hand i si n l i n e with t h eb l a d e . ensure thattheedge of theworkoiece in contact withthe fence is smooth andstraight. yoke. usea hold-down device.k i c k b a ce kv i c e d guard andfor positroning the nose of theblade sothatit justclears the protection workpiece. proachit with a healthy mixtureof caution andconfidence-asyou wouldwith anyotherpowertool in your workshop. carriageand motor in positionarelockedwhenever you turn on the saw Also be sureto familiarizeyourselfwith the owner's manualfor your machine.youhave to anticipate exactly where theblade will endup. install a wheeled hold(pages (page down device 61 and60 or spring-type hold-down fingers (above).) Follow theowner's manua il n s t r u c t i ofn os rs e t t i n t g h eh e i g ho t f t h ea n t i .

Clamped on L-shaped rodsthat extend over the fence either side of theblade.To of theblade facing front you must a cutout usetheguard. it down against thetable. not obstruct it. make frrst in thefenceto allowthedevice's shieldto be Before lowered ontotheworkpiece. yoke Whmthe isrotated to theout-rip (page position 67)andtheworkpiece side of thetable. thewheels are designed to rotate in onedirenion only. the isfedfrom theother around to turn in the wheek areswung opposite direction. turning spintheblade by handto ensure on thesaw. Another in rippingand safety accessory for use molding operations is thesetof metalholdto downfingersshownat right. guardcovers theportion a special the of the table.RADIAL ARM SAW DEVICES AND SPEGIALTY GUARD ANTI-KICKBACK Thehold-down at left device shown fenride tures rubber wheels that alongthe pressing topof theworkpiece. the fingerspush the workpiece downon the table.With themotortiltedto itshorizontal position. Tohelp prevent kickback. that theguarddoes 6l .Therodscan to accommodate various sizes beadjusted of stock. Themechanism is installed at a slightangle sothat the pushtheworkpiece wheels also against the Thewheels and collarcan fence. to accommodate workbeadjusted piecaofvirntalf anythickness.

Tocut a thick workpiece in twopasses. As a rule of thumb.it is still to remainin controlof theblade essential at all times. These includea dull bladeor onewith teethtoo largefor the job at hand. release andpulltheyoke theripclamp steadily through thecut (above)wiIhpush outforcing theblade. 62 . The Hold the techniqueis straightforward: workpiece firmly against the fenceand pull theyokeandthe bladethroughthe stock. thenflip theworkoiece over andfinish thecut. as shown. Once theblade cuts through theworkpiece.poor quality But even wood. trol the rateof cut. MAKING A CROSSCUT Grosscutting a board Butt theworkpiece against thefence withthe90" kerf in thefence lined up withthewaste side of thecutting mark. the yoke back. ora table. Support long stock withroller stands Holding theworkpiece snugly against thefence. Butttheworkpiece clamp theblock at thatpoint.Wth your right hand. returning it to itsplace behind thefence.the cuttingactionhelpsto keepthe pressed workpiece against thetableand several factorscan the fence. stock(page pull theyoke. MAKING REPEAT CUTS Using a stop block Cuta small notch fromonecorner of thestopblock.usea clampto secure short 64).hold the workpieceagainst the fencewith your left it at least6 inches from hand.However. with equipment in properrepair. turnonthesaw. Lock theripclamp.grippingit firmly to conthe feed.Sincethe thrust of the bladeis downwardand towardthe backof the table. Measure along thefence to the youneed leftof the kerfthe length of the piece to cut. clampa stopblockto thefence.keeping the blade. clamp thestopblock to thefence andcut halfway through thestock. radialarmsaw isbest knownfor I itsconvenience in crosscutting. to prevent sawdust fromaccumulating between it andtheworkpiece.CROSSCUTTING -[t h. To cut the smoother workpieces lengthor several to thesame in more than to sawa thick workpiece onepass.or loose rollerbearings. against theblock andthefence. The slower will be theresults. thenmake thecut (/eff). asshownbelow. cause the bladeto climb uo on theworkpieceand jump toward you.

swiveling As discussed on page 65. preBoththearm andthemotorhave Toeliminate setstops at 45o angles. Regardless of the typeof angle cut. r e l e a ste h e r i p c l a m pa n d p u l lt h e y o k es t e a d i lty hrough the cut (above). Holdthe workpiece snugly against the fence a n dp u l lt h e y o k e through thecut (above).rather thanto theleft. hen. makemitercuts with thearm swiveled to theright. Always makea testcut first in a piece of scrap woodandmeasure thecut end with a protractor. move the fence g l u ea n a u x i l i a r b e h r nt dh e r e a r table a s s h o w nT .b u t ta s t o pb l o c k .the motoi tilts for bevel clockwise andcounterclockwise cuts. t h e blade slides beyond the table's left-hand edge.Workingon theleft side of the table.F o rr e p e ac t u t sa n dt o keep t h e w o r k p i e cfe r o ms l i d i n g t o t h e l e f t . t h e nb u t tt h e w o r k p i e c ea g a i n stth e f e n c ew i t h t h e w a s t e s i d eo f t h e c u t t i n g m a r ka l i g n e d w i t ht h e m i t e ra n g l e k e r f . you first needto cut a kerfin the fence andtheauxiliary table to provide a path for theblade. Makethekerfuo to % inch ior mitercuts.you canalso makea miter cut with a jig that hoids the workpiece at an angle. To setthearm andmotor at otherangles. Whenever possible. You oftencanmake thesame cut on therisht side by turningtheworkprece over. t u r no n t h e s a w .then makeany finaladjustments. Making mitercut a left-hand S w i v etlh e a r mt o t h ed e s i r e a dn g l e a n db u t tt h e w o r k p i e c e a g a i n stth e f e n c e a s f o r a r i g h t . Themachine's armswivels to therisht or the left for miter cuts. and installa handscrew on the armto stopthe yokefromtraveling beyond the endof the cut. hen ty able (page 57) to the rearsurface andtablespacer.p u l lt h e y o k ea c r o s t sh e w o r k p i e c e l f.ANGLECUTS iter. NGL EU T S MA KI NA G C Making a right-hand mitercut S w i v etl h e a r m t o t h e a n g l ey o u n e e d . or motor asfar asit will go in the stop positions andhold it there whileyoulock the clamo. holding a g a i n stth e s t o c k a n dc l a m pi t t o t h e f e n c e T en u g l y t h ew o r k p i e cs a g a i n stth e f e n c e . usea slidingbevelor the miter andbevel for precise saw's scales \ results. deep or deep inoughior theblade teeth to bebelow thetable surface for bevel or comoound cuts. W i t h o ut u r n i n go n t h e s a w . Comoound cuts involveboth thearm andtiltingthemotor. you run the riskof pulling the bladebeyondthe table's edge.bevel and compound angle cutscanbe madewith the radial arm sawby tilting or anglingits blade. any playin these pushthearm indexsettings. 63 .h a nm d i t e rc u t .

wo rkpiece eecure Tocut aworkpieceNhat. Tiltthe motor to theangle raising thearmhigh enough to keep the as it turns. ]lll l]l] r]ll lllj llll illl l]l] llll fi[i]ll lrlll|l rlllnl l]l] lllJ lllt llll )HO? TI? Cult.r i p andmake thecut (page 66).To avoid lifNinqlhefence oul of its olot.hetablewiLh a IoqqleclamV.ieNoo ehorlbo holdoafelyby hand. o uw i l ln e e d to make machine snugly one. holding theworkpiece pulltheyoke steadily against thefence.fo makea bevel of a workpiece. blade f romstriking thetable against thefence Butttheworkpiece mark withthewaste side of thecutting k e r fi n a l i g n ew d i t ht h eb e v ea l ngle i s n os u c hk e r f on t h ef e n c ei. tilt cutalong thelength angle. blade. do noL overLiqhten.When ?rotecL woodblock. Then. through thecut (efl.ween Lhefront Lable and Nhe table fence.Ihen ineLall Nhe o?acer.f t h e r e your y. 64 . makin4 cerLain IhaNthe clampwillnol be in the wayof Ihe youNiqhNen wilh a the workpiece Nhe clamp. iNNo|. 1crewlhe clamplo an auxiliary fencebef.RADIAL ARM SAW Making a bevel cut youneed.ing a eho rt. then the motor to thedesired position r o t a tte h ey o k e t o t h ei n .

oneof the guides to the Screw base so that its mitered end is f lushagainst thefence withits point the kerfin the touching base. Then. screw thesecond piece to the base.Turnon the sawand pull the yokeacross thekerf to trimoff thecorner of the guide. leaving enough space between the two guides youwill be cutting for the stock to fit between them. the piece flush edge o f t h em a t i n g guide. flush against theright-hand butting theendof thestock against thefence. a u x i l i a rt y ence R e m o vte h e s t a n d a rfd and s e tt h e b a s e o nt h et a b l e s .hold theworkpiece guide. leaving enough of the fenceprotruding below the base to fit intotheslotbetween thefront able a n dt h es p a c e r . Usea carpenter's square to setthe seco n dg u i d e ata 90"angle tothe firstone. jig shown at right. pulling forward the yoke asfar as it will go. With in the90" crosscutthe blade through thejig tingposition. position. andfence wiching thejig's between Fence 3 / +x 3/+" "x 3" 40" 3" xx40" Jiq baee 3/+"x 18"x 40" thefront surface andtablesDacer. Then cut the base andthe fence andscrew the twoboards together. Pulltheyoke through the cut. use theshop-built jig at an The holds theworkpiece sothattheblade canremain angle.Next. second Touse thejig. Before building thejig.make 45" of twooieces miter cutsin theends as of 7a-plywood thatwill serve guides. forma perfectly square 65 . andpullthe yoke hold through thecut (/eftl. slice fence deep into and% inch thebase.Theresulting 45oends should joint.Turn off the saw. Position the mitered endof guide the second f lushwiththe frontof thetableasshown. in the 90" crosscutting Refer for sugto the illustration gestedimensions.RADIAL ARM SAW MITER JIG Tomake 45" miter cutswithout having to swivel thearmonthesaw. against withits theleft-hand e n db u t t e d a g a i n stth e o t h e r guide.

lockthe clamp. 1 inchthickandslightly withanauxiliary fence about fence thetemplate of theworkpiece. in the theyokeis rotated widerstock. workpiece great Tiy to stand to one demands care. the blade yoke fromthe distance slide the to theappropriate clamp. position close to thefence.theyokecanberotated Fora narrowcut. stationary thatholds in a position locking theyoke parallel to thefence the cuttingedge intothecut. tion. andrelock theclamp. theblade For Thisis called thein-rip position. rippingon a radialarm saw to crosscutting.RIPPING you arecuttingwith the hether grainofa piece ofhardwood or of along thelength or sawing softwood. Forthe maximum thereartable relocate thefence behind anduse theout-ripconfiguration. rotation: thedirection ofblade against for side of thetable fromtheright-hand side an in-rip andfrom theleft-hand for an out-rip.RIP) A BOARD RIPPING device a hold-down 1 Installing the release theyoke clamp androtate I Unplug the saw. a goodholdwill provide anadditional downdevice yourcutssafely measure Plan of safety. Use higher thanthethickness along thetop withthedevice to bore three sets of holes supplied in linewiththe be directly edge of thefence. position yoke yoke position. (page always feeding theworkpiece 60). possible. fromcatching (IN. opposite in theout-rippositherfromthefence width of cut. sideof the stockasyou feedit to the yourhands at least 6 andkeep blade Usea inches from the cuttingedge. To to the in-rip release the rip for thewidthof cut youneed. to theyokeis rotated up to 14inches. littleresemblance bears across a thanpullingtheblade Rather youwill be piece of stock.typically directions. replace thestandard Toinstall a wheeled hold-down device. As illustrated below. grain panel with no defined a plywood pattern. pushstickto feednarrowstockor to complete a cut on a wideworkpiece. fence. onesetshould sideof thefirst.Fitthe pinson blade andtheothers to either device intoonesetof holes and the bottom ofthe hold-down block to distribute the tighten thethumbscrew using a wood pressure evenly along thefence. 66 . leaving theblade fardirection.Usethe bladeguard whenripping. and Because oftheriskofkickback the the fact that you will be feeding ripping with your hands.andit is a goodideato installa newfence to keep theworkpiece in old kerfs. theworkpiece andfeeding Depending onthewidthof thestock in two to becut. to Where usefeatherboards holdstock firmly against thefence.

RADIAL ARM SAW r) Making thecut L Setthe workpiece up against the right-hand side of thetable. slowly feedit intotheblade. of thehold-down device under thewheels presapplying andfeedit intotheblade. opposite. move side of thetable andpull the totheoutfeed workpiece otherwise. f inish through. if necessary.RIP CONFIGURATION a panel to width Gutting release theclamp and Unplug thesaw. thefence andthecutting surebetween Make sure of your hands edge. Move thefence behind therear table. Tomake thecut. Standing to slipitsleading edge one side of thestock. thatneither your is in lrne withtheblade. following instructions to themanufacturer's r e v e r ste h ew h e e l . Setuproller stands ora table to support theworkpiece asit comes off thetable. Apply pressure lateral to keep the panel enough (/eff). position. Install a hold-down device. caught USING THEOUT. the blade away asshown.l o c k im ng echanism. Lock Position for theyoke clamp. Retract thepush stick carefully to prevent getting it from in theblade. When fingers within come 6 inches of theblade. lf youareusing a hold-down device.laythepanel onthe youto left-hand side of thetable to allow feedagainst thedirection of blade rotation. theblade thewidth of cutasin step1. continue feeding witha pushstick(right). Butting theedge of thestock against the fence. flushagainst thefence 67 . rotate with theyoke to theout-rip fromthefence. thecutfrom theinfeed side of thetable.

buildthe jig shown at right(top)from3/rinch plywood. bottom). to theguide bar. Draw a cutting lineforthetaper on thensetit onthejig. to the base at least afixa handle fromtheside thatwill 6 inches away pass bythe blade. Holding place.thenrotate @age andsetthewidth thein+ipposition of cutforthewidthof thejig base. for Refer to theillustration suggested dimensions. it. rate cutting at a steady until Continue the workoiece. theworkpiece. Ouidebar 2" x 18" Tousethejig. Screw theguide barto thenattach thetoggle the base. lower the blade so of onetooth is thatthefull length below the top of the basehbove). Push the clamps jig past to make sure that theblade withthe theclamps do notinterfere Then usescrews to blade or guard.install a hold-down device on the saw theyoke to 66). Toprepare fora taper cut. withtheedge of aligning themark theworkpiece in the base. butttheguide baragainst theend withthe lip seated against of thestock. Use thejig handle to slide thejig andworkpiece asa unitacross thetabletight. Press the toggle clamps down to secure theworkpiece to thejig and turnonthesaw. theblade clears 68 .RADIAL ARM SAW TAPER JIG Foraccurate taper cuts.

of thechipper against Install theblade collar andnut. a groove There is a way of cutting grooves without a dado head.it produces with flatterbottomsandsmoother edges. same range of dadocutsthatcan I be made on the table saw (page dado. guard or a dado Install a standard guard. it a blade on s t a c k i nd ga d o shown pointing in the thearbor withtheteeth rotation.the will discover abilityof the radialarm sawto function in eitherverticalor horizontalplanes means that thereis oftenmorethanone way to makethe samecut.With a standard sawbladeyou canmakecutson both andthensawout the edges ofthe groove as waste between themin asmanypasses But the iob canbe done is necessarv. ly narrowwidth of a standard saw blade.notingits locationon thetablewhentheworkpiece hidesit from view. making ondblade on the arbor those sure thatitsteeth do nottouch resting it (inset). to feedthestock means thatyouwill have Forsafety's sake. chippers. Thewiderswathcut bv thedadochippers compared to therelativeandblades. Generally. nutallthewaydown. head 69 . of thedadoheadduringa cut. theblades HEAD INSTALLING A DADO Adding blades and chippers (page Remove the blade fromthe arbor a dado head following 59 andinstall instructions. positionwork bestfor a rabhorizontal ofa workpiece or for betalongthe edge in a narrowboard.lf youcannot remove thecollar.DADOCUTS t|a h. off-setting their teeth additional in place.the groove. morequicklyandpreiiselywith a dado headmountedon the arbor. 36)-the cross-grain groove andthe rabbet-are the stopped possible on a radialarm sawAsyou also in thepages that follow. whenmaking cross-grain in alongthe endsofstockand grooves Moving the bladeto the wideboards. Theninstall direction of blade in the a chipper withitsteeth centered gullets Fiton between twoblade teeth. For the themanufacturer's f. find it easiest to keep mostwoodworkers position crosscutting thebladein the90o rabbets dadoes. Putthe secfrom those already (left).The radial arm sawaccepts eitherthe adjustable dado wobbledadoheador the stacking j6). Although the stacking (page dado more expensive and headis generally cuts takes longerto install. keep track moreslowly.Installa standard guardor a dadoheadbladeguardwhen areturnedhorizontally.keeping arranged theblades andchippers carefully tighten the asyoudoso.

il alllhe dadoes arecul. theyoke behind thefence. h o l d i ntg h ew o r k p i e c e pulltheyoke snugly against thefence. andone on itsleading Butt edge to show thedepth.'Defore makinqthe cutr. Makea kefr in the fenceand cut ihe tirst.meaeurin7 to pooition lhe eecond dado Nhedeeireddistance from the fireL.Then cut. cutting cut a kerfthrough the youareplanfence asdeep asthedado ning Mark of cutting to make. Slide Align lines o n t h ef a c e t h ec u t t i n g withthe kerfin the oftheworkpiece f e n c eT . dado. then elidethe workpiece alon6the fence. the marks on the edge of the stock against the dadohead andlower the blades andchippers to theappropriate depth. steadily through the cut hbove).RADIAL ARM SAW DADOES WITH THE BLADES POSITIONED VERTICALTY CUTTING Making thecut Withthedado head in the 90ocrossposition. gHO? TI? Cuttinq repeat dadoee To cut a serieoof equallyopaceddadoes.Conlinue in this manner uni". dado.drive a ecrcw into lhe fence. twosets lineson theworkpiece: one onitsface to show thewidth of thedado.the eecond dadoand slide lhe workpiecealonq until the lefl edqeof ihe eecond dado buNts aqaino| lhe screwhead.witrh the head of Nhescrew butted aqaineLiheleft ed6eofthefirst.ueethe eimpleoetup ohownbelow. 70 . hen.

edge of the yoke align the dadohead Move the to and mark. the thenposition therabbet onthefence.r i p W i t ht h e d a d o 60 install a hold-down devtce @age and guard of the blade sothat it rotate the nose j u s tc l e a r s T. of its one-third dado head sothatabout Turn onthesaw width is over thefence. into steadily theblades theworkpiece znd chinnor< (riohf) 7l . lines on the faceof the workpiece.RADIAL ARM SAW a groove Cutting position.r i p t h ed a d o just guard untilitsnose rotate theblade of Mark thedepth clears theworkpiece. standing thefence a o u s hs t i c kl i n e du o b e t w e e n to feedthe workpiece andthe dadohead (/efil. Slidetheyoke w i t ht h e c u t t i n g t o a l i g nt h e d a d oh e a d Then. Then. mark two t h ew o r k p i e c e lines ontheworkpiece: one sets of cutting and t o s h o wt h e w i d t ho f t h e g r o o v e o n et o s h o wi t s d e p t h . standing on stickto feed usea push of thetable. use to the right sideof thetable. a cut marked the forclearance of the in thefence to allow saw. head i n t h ei n . hen. Turn off the blades and l i n ef o rt h ei n s i d e then mark a cutting rabbet on theworkpiece.B u t t t h e d e p t h rh e lineagains tt h e d a d oh e a da n d l o w e t blades a n d c h i p p e r tso t h e a p p r o p r i a t e fonvard or backward height. Clamo a featherboard withthe table as shown to board to the a suooort f l u s h a g a i n s t h t e keep t h ew o r k p i e c e the right side fence. intothe blades andchippers steadily rabbet anedge Cutting yi d e r I n s t aa lldado head t h a ti ss l i g h t lw youwish to cut. chippers.With thanthe rabbet position. head i n t h ei n . head untilit cuts to andlower thedado producing relief line.

Offset thetop piece slightly to createa gapalong the fence thatwill prevent sawdust fromaccumulating between thebase of theauxiliary table andthefence when thetable is in position. thentight(page enthetable clamps 51)lo jig secure the table in position. plywood forthefence. usef-inch-thick stock forthefence if youyouareplanning to install a (page hold-down device 66). 72 .theworkpiece properly will notbesupported asit rides along thefence during a cut-and it maybedrawn intothe blade. astheoneshown belowForboth refer to theillustrations forsuggested dimensions. For theauxiliary table andfence. leaving a lip of at leastVt inchal protruding the bottom of thecutout above thetable when thefence is in Cu|ouL Fence 4" x 40" LiP r/+" abovetable position.RADIAL ARM SAW *^ AUXILIARY FENCE AND TABTE FOR ()RM(ILDING HORIZONTAL DADO CUTS (page Tocut dadoes 75) or moldings posiwiththemotor in its horizontal tion. Forlhe fence cutout. Without thislip. Install the fencebetween andthespacer thefront table asyou would a standard fence. plywood cut two pieces of 3/q-inch to thesame dimensions asthefront sawtable. making sure thatthescrews w i l lb ew e l c l l e ao r f t h eb l a d e .b ua i lu txiliary fence shown at right. saw anopening thatis large enough to accommodate the head dado or molding andguard. Screw theauxiliary table to a fence I inch wider than theauxiliary fence shown above. slipits fence between thefront table of the saw andthetable spacer. thenscrew the pieces together. such jigs. Toinstall theauxiliary table. use t h es h o p . Cut%-inch using a piece thatis slightly wider thanthe height of theworkpiece. also have to build anauxiliary table. Since the prevents arbor the blades from being youmay lowered totablelevel.

use to thedado nnmnloto tho e ri 73 . onto the lowering itsshield head head byhand Spin thedado workpiece.n s t a a 72). against theworkpiece yoke head withthedepth thedado to align To mark on the faceof the stock(left).l o c k t h et a b l e l l na u x i l i a r y c l a m po snt h es a wI. workto feed the hands of both thumbs (right).H o l d i n g a n dd e p t h width slide the thefence. the Then.n s t aa e a t et h ec u t t i n g guard. piece intothe blades steadily of your withthefingers thefence straddle o n t r oT l .o m a i n t a ic n tohelp r i g hh t and getttng yourhands tooclose from keep stick to a push head.RADIAL ARM SAW CHIPPERS AND BLADES WITHHORIZONTAL A GROOVE CUTTING upthecut Setting head in thehorizontal I With thedado of positios n l. tionwhen to deltno n t h et a b l e m a rt kw ol i n e s l ld a d o s w a t hI. locahead's of thedado helokeep track it is hidden bytheworkpiece.i d e t o t h eb a c k t h ey o k e allthe a sf a ra si t w i l lg o . against workpiece L to the a featherboard table thenclamp a clamp in alignment. freely. slide forextra erboard y o u l o w er c a n until be ack workpiec and chipitsblades head to align thedado pers ontheendof with thewidthmarks the anduse Turn onthesaw thestock. t h ey o k e 'l r) Cutting thegroove guttthe thefence.Ihenmarkcutor Iable(page fence to show the ontheworkpiece tinglines o f t h ec u t . thestock to hold feathto the board at a 90' angle support pressure. Slide thatit rotates to make sure b e h i nt d h ef e n c e .

.h a ns d i d eo f t h et a b l e . but addonemoresetof cuttinglines o n t h e f a c eo f t h e w o r k p i e cte o show the . DladecuLLing marka CuLttnq ltneo Cutting the groove your g r i p p i ntg L Wttn r i g h th a n d h et r a i l i n g p. o n t i n ufe eeding u n t i lt h e c u t t i n g line f o r t h e e n do f t h e g r o o v e isaligned w i t ht h e yto u .u s ht h e s t o c k e n do f t h e w o r k p i e c e steadrly f o r w a r dU .tanding b e g i n n i na gn de n do f t h e g r o o v e S pivot o n t h e r i g h t .RADIAL ARM SAW MAKING A STOPPED GRO()VE I S e tu p t h e c u t a s o n t h e p r e c e d i n g page. l S l i d ey o u rl e f t h a n dc a r e f u l l ya l o n g t h e w o r k p i e cte oward g its leadine g d g e . s ey o u rr i g h th a n d t o p i v o t h et r a i l i n g e n do f t h e stock awayfrom the fence(right) Finishins thecut 1 <' /+ . blade m a r kn e a r e s r) r .p r e s s i n t he workpiece a g a i n stth e f e n c e . Keeping bothhands clear of the dado h e a du . s ey o u rl e f th a n dt o k e e p t h ew o r k piece f l u s ha g a i n stth e f e n c e .Keeping surface bothhands well c l e ao r f t h ed a d o head. h o l dt h e t r a i l i n g e n d o f t h e w o r k p i e ca eg a i n stth e f e n c e gh e o t h e re n d i n t ot h e w h i l ep i v o t i n t blades a n dc h i p p e r u s n t i lt h e w h o l e e d g ei s f l u s hw i t h t h e f e n c e . Turnon the sawandalign thp crrttinoline fnr ihp hpo'innino nf f hc upand starting thecut 1l Setting - groove with the blademarkon the table (right). l e a d i n g the e n do f t h e w o r k p i e ca ew a y fromthe fence. Making sure t h a t b o t hh a n d s s t a yw e l lc l e a r of thedado h e a dc .

the cutting head with themolding cut. between you canproing the rangeof designs of the moldinghead duce. the then workthe To secure fence. A MOLDING CUTTING making thecut upand Setting in themoldinto their slots the cutters Fit w renct ho a h e x u s e h e a d t . slowly more feeding very shallow produce finish. desired Wittrthe moldingheadin the horizontalposition. lnstall the setscrews the tighten flat with the saw on the head molding of facing thedirection of thecutters side width for the a line Mark roiation.which is arbor in the to the saw's then attached Althoughtheilluswayasa blade.the workpiece angleyou decide across be fed repeatedly shouldalways with eachshallow the spinningknives. from the cutters. against line. h e n ing (inset).Regardless to use.installan auxiliarytable (page72) thestockto thelevelof to raise Installa moldingheadguard theknives.MOLDINGS of the is another uttingmoldings f falls that chores \-r wood-shaping arm radial of the within the repertoire cutters range of saw.And than 12inches stockshorter ratherthanworkingwith narrowstock. long. theworkpiece slowly your stock feed the hand to right (right). featherboard anda second witha featherboard the second Brace workpiece the Holding board. transformboardsinto indivMultiple boardscanbe shaped to form iduallyandthen gluedtogether The arrayof designs. to protectyour fingers positioningits shieldjust abovethe Do not cut moldingsfrom workpiece. a smooth to help 75 .the radialarm sawcan turn this deviceat any angle extendsignificantly 0oand90o. at a time. to thedesired stock pass. Remove 7e-inch-deep upfora setting Use andturnonthesaw. against to thecutters. blade endof theworkof cut on the leading position flush stock piece. passcutting a little deeperuntil the profileis milled.The samewide 40)can for the tablesaw(page available sawto arm alsobe usedon the radial pieces of trim. intotheworkpiece inch farther reduced the have After successive Dasses a f inal. featherboard one clamp head moldtng the left of fence to the to thetable. support to align theyoke slide thefence.make deeper Passes head 7e molding the moving necessary. make depth. tooclose fromgetting push For pass stick. a with the f inish as many as cuts. same themoldingheadin tration belowshows the horizontalposition. an impressive molding results canrangefrom cornice door and for a cabinetto decorative frametreatments. Startby fitting a setofthreeidentical cuttersinto a moldinghead. the against to the piece. useyour head intothemolding press flush workpiece the to left hand your hands To keep thefence. and then makea riP usewider boards cut to trim them to their final width.

RADIAL ARM SAW

RADIALARM SAWIOINERY
jig canrransform the I shop-built A radialarm sawinto an efficient joint-making tool.Usingthejig shown you can belowanda standard saw blade, produce fingerjointsthatarewell-suited for drawer or carcase construction. Thesetup shownin thissection lends itselfto production work.Once yoursaw hasbeensetup to cut onefingerjoint, jointsis no more producing several such complicated---or time<onsuming-than makinga series of crosscuts. Al"though thebladeis setin its horizontal position, theworkpiece is not fedinto it, asis the case with mostotherhorizontal-blade operations. Instead, the two mating boardsaresecured together on the jig and the bladeis pulledthroughthem. Since the boards areoffsetby the thicknessof the sawkerf, the fingers and notches arecut at thesame tirie, guarjoint. anteeing a perfect

A variationof theboxjoint, thefingerjoint derives itsstrength gluingarea from thelarge provided by its interwoven fingersand notches. It is an attractive and solidioint.

CUTTING A FINGER J()INT

joint jig a finger 1 Making r Build thetable jig fromvz-inch andfence forthefinger-joint plywood; usesolid wood forthe legs. Refer to the illustration forsuggested dimensions. Screw the legs to theunderside of thetable. Cuta 3-inch-by-25-inch corner section fromoneendof the fence; thecutout willprovide clearance forthemotor guard. andblade Toinstall thejig, slipthefence intotheslotbetween theauxiliary table andthetable spacer, thenposition the leftedge of thejig table against therightedge of thefence's cutout. Screw thetwo pieces of plywood together.

76

RADIAL ARM SAW

r) Making thefirstcut handle to the left L Rotut" thevoke to the then tilt themotor of thearm, side of A.l i g n t h ee n d s h o r i z o n tp ao l sition against the andplace them theworkpieces o f c u t ,e x t e n d f e n c eT . os e tt h e d e p t h theedge of theblade over theworkpieces piece Slip of stock. of one bythethickness astheblade thickness a shim thesame then clamp of theworkpieces, under one Next, to thefence. bothpieces of stock guard asmuch to cover adjust theblade le nd a sp o s s i ba o f t h ef r o n o t f t h eb l a d e to toward thecolumn theyoke back slide on Install a handscrew forobstructions. check yoke assoon asthe travel thearmto stop pass. With theyoke each blade completes tothesame raise theblade behind thefence, t u r no nt h es a w l e v ea l st h es h i mt,h e n thecut steadily through andpulltheyoke (right). to its place behind Return the yoke thefence and turnoffthemotor.

Handacrew

notches theremaining Q Cutting r-,1 and fingers raise cuts, For each of theremaining (page 59)by an amount the blade thethickness of the equal to twice your Pull handle with shrm, theyoke ourighh t and l e f th a n dl,e a v i nyg the cg rank toraise o nt h ee l e v a t i n to slide each cut;besure armafter before b e h i nt d h ef e n c e t h ey o k e in Continu et h i s r a i s i ntg h ea r m . and finmanner until allthenotches have been cut (/eft). sers

77

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And sincethe cuttingactionof the bladebears pushing it against thetableinstead of back be sladto havethe extrapower. sawis surprisingly unsurpassed depth-of-cut capacity ofthe bandsaw's aroundthe blade. additionto crosscutting thebladeandthe distance between and it iswellsuitedfor cuttingcurves verticalcolumn. easy to use. particularly provide a l2-inchdepthof cut-handy for resawing intimidateyou.paring away a blockof mahogany to form a graceful cabrioleleg. youwill Forcertain a thickpiece down nirrg. advantage handby simplypivotingthe workpiece jigspresented patterns pieces into several of wood in by cuttingidentical With thecuttingtechniques andshop-made Imaginethat you wantedto one on top of another. enabling thewoodworker upperwheel. 79 .Band the machine's produceanythingfrom a dovetail joint to a cabriole for homeworkshoos fall in the saws leg.BATDSAM kickback cantowardthe operator.which supports to circles.theband But do not let thistool'sversatility you cantake But even with a standard machine. out of cuttingperfect lumberinto two thin6-inch-thick depth of cut is typical for conpass.It is the only woodshort or narrowstock. plywood. curves) stacked you will be ableto turn out intricate this chapter. Compared workingmachines In choosing look for onewith a sturdytablethat a bandsaw.Moreover. ranging utility thebandsawis for ripping sawis thetool of choice hard to beat. consider spending blade-usuallvonlv 7einch-is everexposed jobs.takingthe machines-a band sawcan resaw (overleaf). verylittle of the cantilt 45o andat least related fatigueis rarelya problem. 10-to l4-inch range. for rounding tableandtheupperguideassembly Thejigpivots around afixedpoint. thebandsawshown on pages througha board sumer-grade a %o-inch blade. a littlemorefor a 3/+-horsepower whileit is runtion. thebandsawis a quietmachine.the andripping. in a single And with ner pieces B0-Bloffers saws.In both straight ingto theirthroatwidth-that is. sonoisearm sawor tablesaw.Fittedwith a jig isan ideal whichcorresponds of-cutcapaciry Thisquarter-circle-cuning avail7z-inch blade-the widestsize the corners to the maximum gapbetween time-saver able for most consumer-grade for tabletops. motor. andwideor ease of operation Forthisreason. theband not occur.suchasresawing of stock. cutsandcrosscuts. and guideassembly so that 6 inches of the bladeis exposed ofthe band sawoverotherwoodOne other advantase pass. a bandsawcanzigzagitsway that extends the verticalcolumn to a heightattachment evenmaking90o turnsduringa cut. In addiin onedirection 10"in theother.to 6-inch guesswork arcs. workingmachine capable of making accordBandsaws areclassified and contourcuts. on theworkpiece. its way along A %-inch band saw bladeweaves a curvedcuttingline. to theradial cut themin a single is itsielative safeness. Althougha 4. Siwsarealso Both roughand detcatework fall to theirdepthcategorized according within its domain. at virtuallyanyangle.Manycutscanbe madefree.thick stock. of Vz-inch rip makethe samecurvedcut on 12pieces and produce uniformlysquare-edged cut perfect circles raise the With a bandsaw you wouldsimplystack thepieces.

th umbacrewa releasebearin7and blockaforfront-tomeano of adjuatback adjuatment b5r inq knoba. may be removableor hin4edto provide accega to whael Tenaionhandle Kaisea and loweraupper wheel to adjuat blade tenaion Elade guard Frotecta operator from blade:moved up and down with quide aooembly Wheel Rimmedby a rubber tire that cuahionsthe blade and keepa it from alippinq Upper guide aaaembly Kaised and lowereddependin4on includeablade thickneaa of workpiece. 6uard.) Miter gauge Guides workpiece acro66 table for cro69cut9 0r miter cut6 Throat aolumn 9upporta blade beiween wheels and protecta oper' ator from blade Rip fence Ouides workpiece acro66 table for rip cuto. thruot bearinqand 7uide bloaks. uauAlly made of aluminum Duet epout Forduat collection ayatem OnlOff ewltoh Can be padlockedin Off poaition for oafety .(A fixed quide aaeemblywith thruat bearingand 6uide blocks located under table inaert.Wheelcover Frotects operator from wheeland blade. )atacrewa releaae7uide blockofor Iateral a djuotm ent. croaacuto Table lock knob Allowa table to be tilted for bevelor compoundcuta: a oecond knob ia located on aite aide of Table leveling pin Adjuatable to keepmifnr qauqeolot prvperlyaliqned Table lneert Frevents wood from oieces fattin7 into tableand oupporte workpiece when cloaeto blade.

ratherthan capacity available on mosttwothe10to 14inches it moreconvenient wheelmodels-makes for workingwith particularly largeworkpieces.000 for a l4-inchsaw.typically20 inches. drivewheel. centered on its pathby thrustbearings steady and located behindthe bladeabove blocks. I s thename A blade is a continuous steel band. andby guide below which prevent lateral movement. is not fastened to thewheels Theblade andturns bytension butisheldin place pathat roughly its elliptical through perminute-theaverage cutfeet 3. workpieces across wide throat Thethree-wheel bandsaw's . freecutscanbemade Although some andmitergauge are hand. 81 . A tilt knobthatcants theupper wheel isused to keep theblade theupper iskept Theblade onthewheels. thetable. fromroughly 72inches Varying in length of depending on thesize to 104inches rubtheblade runsaround themachine.a rip fence with manymodels to guide available thetable. whichraises atension wheel. through wheels andpasses ber-rimmed in thesaw table.ANATOMYOFABANDSAW a bandsaw suggests. tingspeed of Theblade is kepttautby means andlowers handle. Oneof the anopening thelowerone-is the wheels-typically whichisturned bya motor.

install andtension theblade youplanto (page use followtheset-up 87)then steps pages. to each other andin thesame vertical loosen thetablelock knobs andtilt thetable outof theway. Particular attention should bepaidto the wheels. But thepeculiaritiesof bandsawgeometry canmake this idealdifficult to achieve. however. detailed onthefollowing lakethe timeto do it right. Onthemodel shown. mustfirst remove the blade(page 87) andthewheel.accurate result. Forthisto happen. that thetool canonly be madeto cut straightedges and preif it is kept finely tuned. theguide assembly andthesaw itself. 82 . cisecurves The ideal is for the blade to cut producing squarely into the workpiece. Misaligned wheels or poorlyadjusted guide bloclscan lead to premature blade wear or breakage. theadjustable parts of thesaw mustbekeptin proper alignmentso that the blade runs smoothlyand square to the table. Then shiftthewheel by either adding or removing oneor more (/efD. washers Reinstall thewheel and tighten theaxle nut. try position to bring thetopwheel to a vertical by means of thetilt knob. Installing nonmetallic guide bloclson a bandsaw canreduce wearandtear (page appreciably B3). After bending aroundthe machine's wheels at 35 perhour. blocks and wheels for proper alignment. Open both wheel covers andholda long straightedge against thewheel rimsasshown. table Totuneyourbandsaw. And yet bandsaws areroutinelyusedin industry to cut veryhardmaterials suchasmetal to very close tolerances.Butthe advantages of awell-tuned machine will benoticeable not onlyin thequality of theresults but in thelongevity of your blades and of the band saw itself.Adjusting theband saw maybemore tlme-consummg than learning howto operate thetool. lf thewheels areoutof alignment. r) Shifting wheel theupper 1 Movethe upper wheel in orouton its your axle followin tg h e i n s t r u c t i o in ns you owner's manual. Thestraightedge should restflushagainst the top andbottom of each wheel.The fact remains. unplugit.SETTING UP he band saw has a reputation amongsome woodworkers asa relativelyimprecise cutting tool. but there is no substitute forgetting around theneed to check thrust guide bearings. lf thestraightedge stillwill youwill have notrest flush. to adjust the position of the upperwheel(step2).Install theblade andrecheck wheel alignment. ALIGNING THE WHEELS wheel alignment 1 Checking I Tomake certain thatthewheels areoarallel plane.a section miles of theblade must straighten outbythetimeit reachesthesaw table a splitsecond later. a smooth.

L fo setthe upper your and thumb together using theblocks andpinch setscrews Alternatively.loosen and tighten the the blade. touch finger untiltheyalmost index and between theblocks setthespace usea slipof paperto Next. thesame blocks Setthe lower thumbscrew. recheck. to the is square thrust bearing eye thatthe upper adjust theassembly setscrew. thenonmetallic ventional protheycanalsobesetdoserto theblade. blade makes hand. lower thrust screw.back either r) Setting blocks theguide guide block loosen theguide blocks.unscrew metalblocks.BAND SAW ASSEMBTIES THE GUIDE ADJUSTING bearings thethrust 1 Sefting guide by 85). of theguide edges knob until thefront and turntheadjustment (abovd. sistantguide blocles Heat-re supplied to replace themetalguideblocks Designed aremade nonmetallicblocks with mostsaws. from a dry resinthat contains a graphite-impregnated heatthan con' Because theybuild up less lubricant. varietylast guideblocks.contact with asis common not dull theblade. way. and controlled motingmoreaccurate theblade and nonmetallic between tion. slightly and bearing off the bearing spin. loosen thethumbscrew Iighten thesetscrews. assembly ihe guide not. blocks does theguideblock Toinstall. just the blade. tightenthesetscrews. lf the wheel by spinthe upper thesetting. touches the bearing knob until adjustment (above) thethumbandtighten off slightly Back the bearing (The located directly which is bearing. setscrew. longer. is square to sothatthe bearing the and turn thumbscrew loosen the bearing Then. thenewblocks. with and replace remove theold bloclcs setscrews.thencheck assembly I Setthe upper @age lf blade. theblade.)To check the same is adjusted under thetableinsert. gullets Tighten the theblade blocks arejustbehind guide way. In addicuts. theblade. 83 .

BAND SAW SOUARING THE TABLE AND BLADE 'l Aligning thetable gauge I Toensure thatthemiter slot is properly aligned on both sides of the gauge table slot. setthe miter in itsslot andslide thegauge back andforth across thetable. Recheck thetable angle. uselocking to remove the pin. counterclockwise to raise it. h e nb u t ta c o m b i n a t i s oq n u a ra eg a i n s th te s a wb l a d e a ss h o w n T . lf thegapremains.Then. Use the lower wrench to hold thenutstationary andthe upper wrench to turnthetable stop: clockwise to lower it. 84 . Adjusting thetable stop Tiltthetable outof thewav. adjust thetable stop(step 3). lf there is a gapbetween thetwo.loosen thetwotablelockknobs andmake sure thetableis seated properly onthetable stop under thetable. L Wttn thetablein the horizontal remove the table insert. leveling insert thepinintoits hole anduse a ball-peen hammer to tap (left)unlilthe miter the pin deeper oarrop clidcc froolv r) Ghecking thetable angle position. thenuse twowrenches as shown to adjust thetable stop. Thegauge should slide freely pressure. h es q u a rs eh o u l d fit flush against thesawblade. withonlymoderate lf thegauge pliers binds. Tighten thelock knobs.

asyour hand nears SAW BAND THE WITH SAFELY CUTTING TIPS SAFETY BAI{D SAW o Except a blade. 85 .Use when thesaw blade or nanow stickor a jig to cut small oieces.and when occasionally blades they do they tend to fly to the right of wherethe operatornormally stands' it is wiseto standslightlyto Therefore. which theblade o Donotcut untiltheblade isturning at fullspeed.usingthe otherhand to guideit. break. above Alternatively. This can fortheblade theblade. liken woodworkers cuiethum that some And machine. guard guide blade and assembly theupper Setting guide 7ainch assembly a cut. when changing covers closed. As a result. blades thatsaw sure Disconnect andundamaged. Setting blade supportsthe it also is running.Donotstand. . changing thesawbefore o Stand to the leftof the slightly at thefrontof the when cutting blade or allow saw table. clean a blade. Keep yourhands fromthe away a Push is on.you need or underneath out ofthe holecovyour hands to keep insert and refrain table the ered by the tableto clear under reaching from debrisfrom the bladebeforethe blade hascometo a stop. whenever offthe sawand do not openthewheel to installa new bladeuntil the covers completely.no is exposed morethan% inchof theblade the table. assembly theguide to lever usetheworkpiece notonly aspossible to theworkpiece asclose assembly theguide knob.SAFETY to thetablesawor radial ompared f Iikea U arm sawthebandsawseems relativelysafemachine.feedthe workpiece hand. than% inchabove r Before outof a cut. break . havestopped wheels Althoughthebladeguardadequately the bladeabovethe table. into the blade. tb the soundof a sewing with its bladeguardproperly set. above to betoo careful Still.but steadily workpiece othwith a minimal amountof pressure' For mayjam andbreak. band to the rightof to stand. If a bladesnaps. to preofthe workpiece aroundan edge vent them from slippinginto the blade the cuttingarea. blade excessive minimizing asit cuts. that occurwith Mostof theaccidents feed thebandsawarea resultofexcessive Feed a pressure andpoor handposition.turn backing off the saw.there covers guard at the level of the table no is it. willfly if it breaks. theblade erwise with one mostcuts. thewheel keep always r Make aresharp.settheupper to begin onthesaw turning Before and in position assembly theguide to hold Use onehand theworkpiece. lockknobbbove). r Avoid thataretootight making turns youareusing.it is impossible andthe machine with anywoodworking Bandsaw band sawis no exception. when thesaw protectsyou from theblade deflection. the throat column side of the blade turn possible. Keepyour fingersout of line with the of thefeedhand Hook thefingers blade.There is no whine of a IVz-or 3-horseaggressive power motor turning a lO-inchsaw a thebandsawproduces blade. Cutwiththe blade guard no more theworkPiece.instead. assembly theguide hand to tighten theother the lock thentighten up slightly. anyone else in Thisis thedirection theblade.

a narrow bladeis not alwaysthe best choice cut. aneffect called There areenough stresses on a band sawblade underthebestof circumstances without addingto them by improper operation of the machine. In general. foldtheblade intothree loops asshown on page 87. insufficient toothsetandrunningthe blade for extended periods without cut(page ting. qentle curvea with the qrain. a smooth cutanda narrow kerf. making a saw cut-or kerf-that is widerthan theblade. each design does something better thantheothers.But because wider blades resist unwanted deflection. Blade setrefers to how muchthe blade teeth are angled to theside. But even withinthisrelatively narrow spectrum. giventhesame blade set.A1/+inch ekip-toobh blade with 4 to 6 teeth per inch ie a gooa all-purpoae blade. However. excessive feed speed or pressure. than a standard blade.use steel wool. A heavy set blade-onewith greater set-cutsfaster thanalightsetblade. ldeal for intricate curveo or cute whenthe oriantation of the bladeto the qrain chan4eo durina the cut.but is prone also more to binding.Forrust. Some of themanyavoidable causes of blade breakage include forcing a blade around a curve thatis too tight for its width. (Jse thechart at left asa roughguide.the tighterthecurve.band sawblades for cuttingwoodareavailable in three basic toothdesigns.However.Use a wireor stiff-bristled brush dipped in solvent such asturpentine. nor anyblade specifically designed for rippingor crosscutting. called alightset produces blade. Before storing a blade or for removing rust. Thisreduces thechance of the bladebinding in acut.improper adjustment of theblade guides. Asillustrated atright. Cuts fasten but more roulhly.Tension andtrack ablade 88) immediately after youinstall it.BAND SAWBLADES mill band saws regularly use T umber I-r blades aswideasl2 inches to cut logsinto boards.the narrowertheblade. whilewideblades ideal are for resawinq thickstock. andisless likelyto bind dueto its widerkerf. Blades for consumergrade saws aremuchsmaller-generally ranging fromrAe toVzinchwide." piece. blade widthandblade set. a woodworker should keep threebasic variables in mind: tooth design. Forcing a blade arounda corner that is tootight will cause it to bind in thekerf. Hook-tooth Elade For atraight cuta and curvea with the grain.choosing thebest blade forthejob isnotalways straightforward.consider thetightest curve that theblade will turn. The chartbelow shows theimportance of selecting ablade of appropriate widthfor cutting curves.For lon7. the best blade for rippinq or reaawing. Clean aband sawblade regularlyto keep it from gumming up with resins and pitch.To reduce the amount of storage space. narrowblades areused for cuts with intricate curves. ovencleaner or an ammonia-based cleaner. Thetypical band saw blade has aloop lengthof several feet. 1/a"blade (1/a"radiuo) Whenchoosing a bandsawblade for a contour cut. There isno single all-purpose combination blade in bandsawing. Incorrect tension canshorten thelifeofa blade. whichlimits itsabilityto cutatightcurve. Thelimitations on a blade's turningcapacity cannotbe ignored.twistand. Abladewith minimalset. 86 .A goodruleof for a curved thumbis to usethewidestblade for the tightest curverequired. excessive blade tension. snap. dullblade teeth.wipetheblade with an oilyrag. BTADE WPES ?tandard Elade For atrai6ht cuts acroas the qrain or dia1onalto the qrain. 5kip-tooth tslade 9o called becauseeveryother tooth ia miaeing.ultimately.In general. a heavy setblade leaves more visible corrugated marlain thecutedge of awork"washboarding.

theblade to release goggles. direction in the same it rotating keep blade. lf theblade a considerstore blades Band saw fully. the blade andtrack FOR STORAGE A BTAOE FOTDING grasp the goggles andgloves. safety Wearing of spring. pressin go u r down thumb Y b l a de. astheblade face away thetableslotasshown.lhen slipit offthewheels assemblies slot.BAND SAW BLADE A SAW CHANGING theoldblade 1 Removing guide to its assembly theupper I Raise (page andlockitin place setting highest andguide bearings thethrust 85). Then. pausing the releasing or Without loops Q). or plastic cleaners 87 . pliers thetableleveling to remove counterclockwise handle Turn thetension thenopen tension. safety Wearing you. ableamount at holdthe blade goggles andgloves. from away facing teeth with the blade point yourleftthumbup andyourright (l). Tension pinand insert. center then slot. using blade the Secure thirdloop pipe twistties. t h e a g a i n s t f r r m l y r i g h tt h u m b your pivoting hand right blade by the twist two to form willbegin Theblade upward. through blade youand factng it withtheteeth holding between pointing Sliptheblade down.Back 83). string. (3). column andin thethroat blocks theguide Install it onthewheels. pivoting your in theopposite lefthand while forming a coil again. fromthe blade(page away blocks anduselocktng insert thetable Remove pin. will The blade direction. andturnyour in onehand length arm's the Guide uncoils. thewheel outof theguide slide theblade carefully (lefil. table theIeveling (page 88). safety Wearing covers. thetable it through andguide blade thenew Installing it careuncoil is coiled.

close thewheel covers andturnon thesaw.Ieneion and t rackthe blade. the etone willgmoothany bumVe whereLhe bladeends are welded toaether.BAND SAW TENSIONING AND TRACKING A BLADE a blade 1 Tensioning I Turn thetension handle clockwise withonehand to raise thetopwheel and increase tension ontheblade.Avoid overtensioning a blade. 88 . 5HO?TI? Roundingablade To helpprevent. thenspin theupper wheel by hand to check whether theblade is tracking in thecenter of thewheel. Undertensioning a blade will allow it to wander back andforth and side to side as it cuts. Then. Tocheck the tracking.ln additionlo rounain6the blade. "fit-lfllltf tlf llt-fli' r) Tracking a btade guide I Lower the upper assembly. Gluethe slone ontn a ohop-madehandle. hold the etnneagainoLNhe aaainsLNhe backof 'lhe bladeand elowly pivotthe the otone.adjust thetracking. ueea siliconcarbideelone without oil No roundile backedqe. if necessary. thenturnit off. pivol otont Turnoff the eawafAera few minutee. this canlead to premature blade wear and breakage. deflect the blade from side to side with theother hand to gauge thetension.loosen thetilt knob lock screw. Setthethrust bearrngs and (page guideblocks 83). a newband saw bladefrom bindina in Lhe kefi of a curvedcul. spinthewheel with o n eh a n d while turnint gh et i l t (above)to knob withtheother hand angle thewheel untiltheblade tracks in thecenter. lf it is not. Ihen turn on the saw. Spin theupper wheel byhand andgauge thetension at several points along theblade. Increase thetension(lefiluntiltheblade deflects about % inch to either side of thevertical position. Wearing eafety 6oqqlee.

Thetable's produced legs werealso saw. Occasionally. tightest L fo cutthe yourhand position For the asnecessary. r) Finishing thecut parts pivot theworkpiece of thecurve. line. cuts. of the band One of the peculiarities sawis that its bladewill readilyfollow a Using abandsawanda -cutting . right hand to avoid of your Keep twofingers to a release cut. hand is Make sure thatneither withyourlefthand in line withtheblade. portion line. On many contour cuts. try to start out ofa cut is unavoidable. In either you mustchoose a new starting case. thecurve. with shortercutsandbackout of these.if necessary. of thecutting straight 89 . shifting onthetable. When enteringa curvefrom a straightcut. sidesof the workpiece.. starting a cut on onesideof a workpiece and finishingit on the otheris the only wayto makea cut. starta curvewith a cut that runs across the grain rather than with it.CUTTINGCURVES l\ f uch of the curved wood that is cut frrrniture lVl sru. offthe cuttingline andsawto the edge or turn offthe sawand of theworkpiece. on theband the markedline when cutting across grain.Feed theworkpiece side of thecutting guiding your it while right hand.r well-made virwhichcanproduce on theiand saw.but will tendto veeroffwhen followingthegrain. feeding line veer offthecutting twisting theblade. feedspeed slightly remember to reduce precision. with the longer ratherthan beginning drill a tight curves. For greatercontrol and accuracy. tuallv anv contour. point for the cut. Theexact to thecutting theworkpiece parts of themto thetightest buttryto make cutsis arbitrary. andsaw of the control thetable to maintain hand braced against right andcut along the around Turn theworkpiece cut(abovd.making a "release" cutsthrough series of straight belowwill great asillustrated waste areas Ifbacktracking ly facilitate theprocedure.align Tostart asshown. withyour Pivot theworkpiece withyour lefthand. theblade thecurved cut. theendof hits thethroatcolumnbefore youhave to veer a cut. If a deadend seems markcuttinglineson both unavoidable.you cut curvesin a along freehand by sawing varietyof ways: a cuttingline. by makinguseof a pattern jigs. justto thewaste line. portion of thecutting saw to theendof thecurved cutshown. to helpensure FREEHAND A CURVE CUTTING cut starting thecurved release cuts and 1 Making in thekerf of a curved frombinding I Tokeep the blade of theedge release cutsfrom of straight a series cut.Whenthisoccurs.the Whatever the shape is in contour-cutting challenge biggest wheretheworkpiece avoidingdeadends. using into theblade steadily (above).made circle shop jiglike theoneshown on page93. (page on shop-built 90)or by relying of the curve.make location of the line.As shown in the pageithat follow.a woodworker cut thetop of this Shaker-style table. The keyto avoiding the cut before suchpitfallsis to visualize the best vou makeit so you canselect itarting point. backthe bladeout of the cut.Forparticularly and then cut holeat the tightestcurves to theholealongthe markedcuttingline.

andfeedit intotheblade using bothhands Keep theworkpiece square to thetip of thesingle-point fence andensure thatneither hand is in line withtheblade. cutthefirstcurve freehand 89). Trim theworkpiece if necessary to prevent it fromhitting thefence when youmake ihe cut. ensuring thatthestraight edges of the boards are aligned. s h i f ty o u rl e f th a n d t o t h eb a c k of t h et a b l e tosuppor th t ec u t p i e c e . theguide assembly is raised forclarity. cutthefirstpiece (page freehand 89). make a T-shaped single-point fence witha rounded nose at the base of theT. Use strips of double-sided tapeasshown to fasten workpiece each to thetemplate.Tostart each cut.) Install theripfence andscrew thesingle-point fence parallelto to it withthetip of thebase theblade. 90 . Screw thefence to an L-shaoed support board thathugs theside of the t a b l et. r) Finishing thecut L estnetrailing endof theworkpiece nears thetip of thesingle-point fence.butttheworkpiece against thetip of thesingle-point fence (above). righh t and u n t it l h ec u t i s c o m p l e t e d .Cuta notch in thebase sothatthe (Note: guide assembly canbelowered to theworkpiece. making sure theblade f its intotheendnotch of thefence.useit asa template pieces.BAND SAW MAKING MULTIPLE CURVED CUTS upthefence andstarting thecut 1 Setting pieces I Toproduce multiple curved withthesame width froma single work(page piece. Inthisillustration. to cut theother Prepare a double-point fence witha shallow notch a t t h ee n df o rt h e b l a d e a n da d e e o e r notch below fortheworkpiece to slide under it. Position theripfence forthewidth of cut.Ihen.then. PATTERN SAWING upa double-point fence 1 Setting pattern I Tocutthesame curved from different workpieces.h e nc l a m p t h es u p p o r bto a r d to thetable. your Brace leftarmonthefence and hook twofingers over theedge of the your table to keep arm clear of theblade Continue feeding withyour hbove).

BAND SAW r) Lining thecut upandstarting so andworkpiece L Nign thetemplate to is parallel of thetemplate thattheedge To begin the cut. use the blade(righil. f i n i s h etd h ec u t .p r yt h ew o r k p i e c e apart. endof thedouble-point of withbothpoints in contact template thecut. yourlefthand into to feedtheworkpiece cutting. cuts thefence astheblade ride along youhave Once through theworkpiece. andtemplate 9l . throughout thefence thecut Q Completing Iefthand withyour r-J Continue feeding your hand to keep the while using right bothpoints of f lushagainst template should Ihetemplate the fence(left). begins Once theblade theblade. pressure righthand withyour apply slight the squarely against thetemplate to press Keep the fence.

Align a carpenter's withtheback square gullets oftheblade andmark a line onthe lar a u x i l i atra yb l e t h a ti s p e r p e n d i c u to point . Round each corner of a workpiece the same way(lefil. thenscrew thejig base to theauxiliary table. lefthand should hold theworkpiece snugly against the guides. thejig bypivoting it intotheblade r-) Rounding a corner L fo round thecorner of a workpiece. 92 .feeding theworkpiece your into theblade. centering the screw hole over the pivotpoint. plywood Cutanother sheet asa jig base andmark a square at one corner. Round themarked corner of (insef). Screw to adjacent edges of thejig base.lamo the nsa n a u x i l i a t s h e e itn p o s i t i oa ra yble.Turn on thesaw. withsides thesame length as the radius of therounded corners. Then. then feed it into theblade to cuta kerf from themidd l eo f o n es i d e t o t h ec e n t e r C . thekerf mark a pivot onthe table thesame distance from theblade you astheradius of therounded corners planto cut (right). turnoffthesaw andseat theworkpiece against theguides of thejig. thenuseyourrighthand to pivot thejig.BAND SAW ROU N D IC NO GRN E R S jig upa quarter-circle-cutting 1 Setting plywood I Cuta sheet of %-inch slightly larger than thesaw table.Leave the screw loose enough to pivot thejig onthetable. Bore a (the hole fora screw atthemarked corner "pivot point" spotmarked on the inset guides illustration).

pivot theworkpiece (left).Then. it loose nottighten leave thescrew.also inches intothe barasshown. smoothly bevel angle bymeasuring sawblade Cut edges. pointwhere the mark the contact the circumference. bore twoholes for circleToprepare a workpiece and cutting. then outthe notch onthe band arms to the underscrew the support spacing them sideof thejig base. mark thecircumference youplanto cut of the circle center (farright). Screw through oneof the to secure holesin the jig base barto thebase. on its underside sawto cut off the four usethe band Jiq baee 3/+"x20"x24" NoLch 3/+" x 7" Dovetailchannel 3/a" x3/+" x24" it of theworkpiece to keep corners fromhitting theclamps thatsecure astheworkpiece thejig to thetable pivots. theworkpiece.i n c h . thenusea table witha bevel along two a thin board edges to produce a barthat slides (Setthe in the channel. enough to pivot and slide the barintothechannel pivot theworkpiece untilthe marked pointis butted against contact the blade.BAND SAW IIG CIRCLE. thepivot Tousethe jig.d e e dovetail in o f t h ej i g channe l t h em i d d l e sawto rip base. Then. Make a release cut fromthe to the marked edge of theworkpiece off to the circumference. Bore twoscrew the bottom through of the dovetail in thejig base 1 inch and'3 channel fromthe unnotched end. of farenough apart to hugthesides when thejig is sawtable the band placed holes on it.) theangle of thechannel saw. thenveer over and Turn theworkpiece edge. feeding withyour intothe blade guiding withyourleft righthand and hand untilthecut is comoleted. R o u ta 7 a .CUTTIT{G perfect circles. 93 . use a shopFor cutting jig custom-made for builtcircle-cutting your Refer to theillustration band saw. at rightfor suggested dimensions. blade touched sideof the Screw the narrow of theworkpiece barto the center Contact Cornercuta / \ Do through oneof the bar'sholes.

Youmay have Io angle the boardeliqhLly to keep Ihe bladeon Ihe line. RIPPING Ripping a board Position theripfence forthewidth of cut. flexibleband saw bladehasa naturaltendency to pulse backand forth and swayfrom sideto asit cuts. Crosscutting is a safeprocedure on thebandsaw. adjueLNhepooition of lhe fenceon |he eawtable for eachbladein lhe shoo.you will sideimperceptibly needto keepyour machinecarefully tunedto getsmoothandaccurate cuts. a standard band sawcan makethe samecut in a pass. erallyunavoidable. Because the thin. it produces anarrower kerf-and les waste-than is possible with a tableor radialarmsawResawing canbedonefreehand.Marka lineon Ihe Lablealonq the edqeof the board. 94 . Withoutsuchfastidious maintenance.Mark a cuttinq lineon a boardthat is parallel Io ite edqe. Lhisis lhe resull of bladelead. some blade However. a 10-inch wouldtaketwo Dasses tablesaw to resaw l4-inch a 6-inch-wide board.Align Ihe riVfenceparallel wiLhthielinewhenever ueinqNhe eameblade. thebandsawis theidealshop Whereas tool for resawing. so you can usuallyangle your rip fence to compensate for it. theleadof is usually a particular blade constant and predictable.but for moreprecision. Bandsaw blades alsohave a tendency "lead.e. 9HO7Tt? Compenoaling for blade lead Tosetlhe anqle of Ihe riofence and enaure I acc uraf." to or veerawayfrom a straight lineduringa cut.obr aiqhl culo whenuoinqLherip fenceae a 7uide.stradwiththefingers dlethefence of your lefthand andkeep fingers three of your right hand braced onthetable.Thiseffect canbeminimizedby reducing feedspeed andusing sharpblades that areproperlytensioned and tracked(pageBB). Although more pronouncedwith narrower leadis genblades.T*?iil:#. proper withthethumbs Tomaintain of bothhands control of thecut. Make sure thatneither hand is in line withtheblade.adjusting itsangle to compensate for blade lead. usea pivot (page blockanda featherboard 96).ffi:*: machines. But remember.STRAIGHT CUTS llfi llll-ffi lll llll'llll ll|l llllllll1ll llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll w:'kf. oneof the shortcomings of this machine is that crosscutting islimited by thewidth of the 10to 14inches throat: typically on a twowheelconsumer-grade tool.The isalso for riobandsaw anexcellent choice (page pingnarrowor round stock 95). single Because is relatively thebandsawblade thin. Then. cut haltway alonqthe linefreehand. Butt theworkpiece against thefence andfeedit steadily into theblade (above). crosscutting andrippingwill beimprecise.

t h e nc l a m p t h ej i g Feed thecylinder intothe to thetable. make of thejig theV section (page 98)a 2-by-2 diagobybevel cutting nally. Tomake theblade through theripcut. blade using thethumbs of bothhands (left). Then.First. theripfence to comshown at leftcanbeadjusted pensate for blade lead.Keep yourfingers away fromthe blade. asshown. firstmark a line onthetableforthe blade lead(page in posi94). 95 . sidescrew thetwocutpieces wood by-side to a base of solid or 3/q-inch plywood to forma V.Theboard should restflushagainst thefrontedge of the saw table. Tousethefence. fasten a fence with wooden to a support board a boltandwingnut. First. For a cylinder thatistoonarrow to becutthrough from thefront of thetable your without endangering thumbs. move to theback of thetable to oullthe past cylinder theblade.make a cut halfway across thecenter of theV andthebase. Ensure thatthefence will pivot when thewingnutis loosened.Hold thesuppod board tion. Ripping a cylinder Ripa cylinder using a shop-made V-block jig.Toprovide clearance fortheblade when using thejig.Then.slip t h ec l e a r a n c e u t . a push stick.BAND SAW 2"x2"x14" A SHOP-MADE RIP FENCE Like a commercial fence. thenclamp thefence in place. Feed using short or narrow stock. stop feeding midway through thecut.thenloosen thewingnutto pivot thefence andalignitsedge withthe marked line. Tighten thewingnut.

A fewinches into feeding thecut. Turn onthesaw and continue the fingers reach cuI1efil untilyour the featherboard.feed theworkpiece into theblade using thethumbs of both hands. a pivot block perpenfromtwopieces of wood loined piece dicularly.stop andturnoff thesaw. your use fingers to keep theworkpiece flush against thetip of thepivot block.n s t a t l lh er i o fence andscrew theoivot block to it so d i t ht h e t h a tt h er o u n d e td i p i s a l i g n ew (inset).Wttn m . Tostart thecut. it ona wood scrap to support themiddle of theworkpiece.BAND SAW RESAWING featherboard Using a pivot block and make I Toresaw a board. withtheshorter trimmed toform a r o u n d en do s el. 'l r) Gompleting thecut Z. Position for blade theripfence itsangle thewidth of cutandadjust to compensate for blade lead(page 94). ove t h es a ws t i l lr u n n i n g o f t h et a b l e tofinish the t o t h eb a c k c u t .U s eo n eh a n d to keep t h ew o r k piece t lock s q u a ra eg a i n s th t ep i v o b pulling while i t p a stth eb l a d w e ith the otherhand(right). Clamp a featherpropping board to thetable. 96 .

it intotheblade Miter bar 5 l a "x 3 / + " x12" 97 . align thecutting line with against thegauge. thethumb gauge.Insert themiter barinto themiter slipping theworkpiece in theV-block sothatit overhangs slotandseat byanamount equal to thewidth of cut.Butt theV-block slotonthebase theblade andmark thecenter of themiter of theV-block. gauge Using themiter asa guide thatthe Use a caroenter's souare to ensure gauge miter is perpendicular totheblade.b l o cG k .) when using themiter a cylinder Crosscutting Tocrosscut make a V-block asdescribed on page a cylinder. theedge of theV-block your ight hand f ie rmly i nt h e Using to hold t h ew o r k p i e c push (lefil. Screw a narrow strioof wood to the bottom of withthe theV-block to serve asa miter bar. use lefthand to push them togetherto feed theworkpiece into theblade tighil.adjusting to compensate for blade lead(page 94). (Note: lead Donottryto compensate forblade gauge forcrosscutting. V-block. ButItheedge of theworkpiece against thefence and withthethumbs feed it into theblade (left). aligning thescrews fromscratchcenter mark. countersink thescrews to keep them i n gt h es a w table when usint gh eV .BAND SAW CROSSCUTTING Using theripfence asa guide Position forthelength theripfence of itsangle cut.straddle thefence with of your lefthand while keepthef ingers ingthefingers of your right hand braced Besure on thefaceof theworkoiece. Mark line ontheleading edge of a cutting Holding theworkpiece flush theworkpiece. neither hand is in line with that theblade.l u e a sandpaper edges of theV-block to keep theworkpiece strip to theinside from during thecut. against 95 butomitting theclearance cut. hold theworkhooked over themiter piece and thesaw f irmly against thegauge your table. Tomaintain conof bothhands trolof thecut. With of your right hand theblade.

piece gauge. yourlefthand intotheblade to feed theworkpiece Use Cutting bevels Loosen thetable lockknobs andsetthesaw table to the gauge desired angle. workpiece f lush against the miter align thecutting linewiththeblade against theendof andbutta stopblock thestopblock to theextension. (abovd. align thecutting line with flush against themiter against theendof theworktheblade andbuttthestop block piece. Tocutthesecond bevel. 99)guarantees ANGLE MAKING REPEAT CUTS Mitering both ends of a board gauge to the Loosen of themiter andsetthegauge thehandle asanextenangle. Fora mitercut. Thiswill positiontheworkpiece on the "downhill" sideof the blade. mark a cutting endof a stopblock.ANGLEANDTAPERCUTS 'f) mitergauge y setting thebandsaw's l)at an angle or tilting the sawtable you canmakeprecise angle cuts. checkthe angleof the cut edge with a square andadjust themitergauge setting. slippingtowardthebladefor a safer For moreaccurate cuts. Thper cutscanbemadefreehand. for a cut alongthe grain. holding the gauge.For bestresults. Tocutthesecond miter.Use theextension theworkpiece's guide thenmake themiter cutonone to cutthefirstmiter.installthe rip fence on therighrhandside of theblade. For a bevelcut. for several identical usinga jig (page uniform results.adjustthe angle for blade of the rip fence to compensate Iead(page 94} Then. ifnecessary. Then. The simple would a standard setuDs shownbelowcanbe usefulfor makingmultiple miter and bevelcuts.suchas andtapers. a cutting line ontheleading edge of theworkpiece. your gauge lefthand Use to push themiter andworkpiece together through thecut (above). Clamp gauge right hand to hook thethumb of your over themiter f irmly hold theworkpiece against thegauge and thetable.cut thebevelasyou rip cut. Holding theworklineontheleading edge of theworkpiece. miters. to theextension. 98 . then theworkpiece. Screw a board to themiter asanextension andcutofftheendof it. Glue sion andcutofftheendto theleftof thesaw to minimize thechance of sandpaper strip to theextension asa slipping during a cut. Clamp thestopblock andworkpiece gauge right hand over themiier thenhook thethumb of your to hold theworkpiece firmly against thegauge andthetable. Then.keeping theworkpiece-andyour hands-from cut. but pieces. screw a board to thegauge desired a blade. tilt the tableto the tilt up to desired angle-band sawtables 45o to theright and 10o to theleft-and. bevels to setthemiter gauge usea slidingbevel to the desiredangle-the gaugecan beturneduo to 90"-and thenmakethe crosscut cut asyou would a standard (page97). makea test cut. Use theextension asa guide mark to cutthefirstbevel.

line on theleada cuttrng Mark seatit workprece.BAND SAW TAPER CUTS MAKING jig taper a commercial Using of the the right rip fence to Install the j i g f l ush t a p e r h o l d t h e b l a d et.ensuring against theworkpiece hand to hold withtheblade. the Use intotheblade theworkpiece your hold the worklefthand to fingers of piece thatneithejig.ensuring against w i t ht h eb l a d e . adjusting thefence and lock theworkpiece 94. at the bottom asa jig. the against jig indicates scale the taper of the until or inches degrees angle-in thecutting perfoot.use and the to slide theworkpiece hands j i g a sa u n i ta c r o sts h et a b l ef.setupthe rip fence the lip. hand is in line neither 99 . then of the ingedge hinged arm. Seat for blade lead@age compensate the to slide of bothhands thethumbs against thejig. andthejig asa unitacross workpiece of yourleft thefingers intothe blade.e e d i n g (left). angled cutting fromtheendof thecut 2 inches stopping linefreehand. Use theworkpiece that thejig.Use feeding thetable. aligning to markan of ihe workpiece the longedge Trace along thecutting Saw along lineontheboard. a linewiththedesired Mark place square witha perfectly on a board the workpiece edge. and stop against thework line cutting so that the thefence Position with the saw is aligned ontheworkpiece of thefence theangle thenadjust blade.Tousethe board against the thejig flush thenhold of theblade. (page 94). isin line t h e rh a n d TAPER JIG then taper ontheworkpiece. lead for blade to compensate both thumbs of the Tomake thecut. to theright jig's lip withthesawblade of the fence. linewiththe board's the marked edge. Align theedge to its angle in position.h e n arm Pivot the hinged fence. 90" to cut out Turn the board of the board.

however. thepieces together thenmark a cutting line onthetoppiece. For thecurve shown.With a 6-inchdeothof cut a cancut*rou$ asmany asei$t bandsaw pieces in a single pass. make sure thatthe blade is perfectly square withthesaw table(page 84).Toproduce several identical insert theV-block miter barintothemiter slotandclamo a stop block to thetable sothatthedistance between thestop block a n dt h eb l a d e q u a lts h ed e s i r ec du t . TWO FOR DUPLICATE PIECES SETUPS Stack sawing Fasten in a stack.o flfe n g t h F . Not only is it faster thancuttingall thepieces seppiece is arately. Bothmethods.seat theworkpiece in theV-block andbuttit against your thestop block. A stopblockon thesawtable will also save time when you are crosscutting repeatedly pieces. a cylinder 97). of %-inchplywood Tobond thelayers of woodtogether in preparation for thecut. you can speed thejob of cuttinga cylinder into identical slices. r00 . canbe hazardous ifthe blade accidentally strikes a nail or a clamp. it alsoensures that each a precise copyofthe originalpattern.any error will becompounded fromthetopto the bottomof thestack. firstmake anynecessary release culs(page 89. The methodis possible because of theband to cut throughvery saw's uniquecapacity thickwood. A wayis to usedouble-sided safer tapeto hold thepieces together temporarily. others useclamps. Tocutthestack.some woodworkers drivenailsthroughthe waste area. Using a stop block Make a V-block witha miter barasyouwould to crosscut (page pieces. themtogether to feedtheworkpiece intothe blade hbove). Before turning onthesaw. align theblade justto thewaste side of thecutting line. thenuse thethumbs ofboth h a n dt so f e e d t h es t a c k s t e a d i la yl o n g t h em a r k e d palh (above).or each cut.PIECES CUTTINGDUPLICATE methodfor producing I n effective A multiple is copies of thesame shape layers andcut to fasten ofstocktogether with a techthepieces in oneoperation niqueknownasstack sawing. your Keep fingers ontheedges of thestack and braced onthetable to keep them safely away from theblade. Using right to hold theworkpiece firmly push in theV-block. to turn out duplicate With the setupshownbelow.

drawers better-quality pinsandtailsprointerlocking dovetail's vide a joint that is not only strongand aswell. for a strong andattractive makes ly.Then.BAND SAW BAND SAWTOINERY the of finecraftsmanship. outside pins(above). you can Oncethe *aite is chiseled for usethe finishedpieceasa template outlinins the tailson the tail boards.And asthefollowingpages joint on the is possible to tailora dovetail band sawwith the sameflexibility you joint. workpiec e ace ofeach t h eo u t s i dfe gauge of thestock to thethickness Then. 101 .outlinethepattern forward: on oneendofa pin board.asshown. I hallmark joint iscommonly used by A dovetail corners of to join together cabinetmakers The andcasework. joint Dovetail produces pinsandtailsthat areuniform is a strong Theresult in size andspacing. youwant to beon the sides of the pins thenarrow Outline theremaining faceof theworkpiece. durablebut visuallypleasing joints on the band Cuttingdovetail overusingeither sawoffersadvantages handtoolsor otherpowertools. thehand-tool crafted process. it often on the band saw Cutting dovetails andprecispeed offerspower-tool-qpe show it sion. pieces lines theshoulder to mark onanendof thepins to outline a dovetail square use edge. seta cutting o f t h ew o r k h ee n d s a n ds c r i b e a l i n ea l l a r o u ntd Next. at each withhalf-pins starting oneworkpiece.Forall ofhandthe artistryand uniqueness approach dovetails. JOINT A D()VETAIL MAKING Shoulderline thepins 1 Marking th ge f o rt h e1 o i n f h ep i n s I O u t l i nte to . in thediagram shown sequence w i t ha b i gX . fairly eventhem butspacing thepins of a dovetail joint. llowin mark at left. mightbringto a handmade is straightofoperations Thesequence of pins First. withan X as sections thewaste marking guidelines forspacing yougoalong.usea simplesetupto cut all the pins on both ends ofeach oin boardoneafteranother. out. And whilea router is a laborious will makequickwork of thejob. joint but onelackingin character. There arenorigid joint. of thepins.First.

make thecut. make thecutthesame youcut thefirsthalf-pin. the lock setthetable angle to match theedge of (lnsefl. u t tt h e To auxiliary fence against theworkpiece. forrepeat cuts a stop block Q Using butted against the \. Rotate theworkpiece 180' again. line for align theblade with themarked pin. e tu p t h e r i pf e n c e and L-shaped auxiliary fence screw a wooden withtheworkpiece onthesaw to it..press hands the workpiece flush fence withyour left against theauxiliary hand thefence withyour andstraddle righthand. Withthe blade shoulder line. Then. hold a stop block against theworkoiece andscrew it to theauxil(ilgh). Continue. thedovetail square thentighten the l o c kk n o b sS .BAND SAW r2) Setting upthetable and firstcut L nakingthe pinwiththesaw Cutoneedge of each Toset table tilteddownward to theright. Then.feed theworkpiece into t h et h u m b s of both t h eb l a d e using (left). hold it flush agains th t ea u x i l 180'and iaryfence.h a n fence against theworkbutttheauxiliary piece block. loosen knobs and upthetable. table outside-face up. Stop thecutandturnoffthe reaches saw when theblade theshoulder line onthefaceof theworkoiece. ed dge o f t h en e x t t h er i g h t .fo cuttheright-hand iary fence at theother end edge of thefirsthalf-pin rotate theworkpiece of theworkpiece. andcutto thestop of theripfence asnecshifting theposition edge of essary andcutting theright-hand pinonboth each ends of theworkpiece.align themarked of thefirst linefortheright-hand edge w half-oi ni t ht h es a wb l a d eB . stopping way when theworkpiece touches thestop block. r02 .

the half remove theother withthechisel.l Setthetail board with onthetailboard end-down holding thepinboard Then. Withtheworkthe pins. adiustments 103 . intersecting cuts. usea chisel edges.lhen tail board of each lineof thetailsontheends pieces. align the pins fromthetail board. thenturntheworkpiece pare . waste the nibble at the between tails. down ona work outside-face r. to over section. cuttheleft-hand wayyoucut the right-hand thesame to remove the Next. upona work outside-face to mallet witha wooden strike thechisel justto the waste thewood cut through Then. waste into the to avoid cutting as necessary the workpiece oting joint (above). outlining surface.l thehalttails beside Cutthewaste waste between thetails.{ Cutting 't pin of each edge Cuttheleft-hand to theleft..BAND SAW left-hand edges thepins' . Finally. Install theripfence fence to it. hold the line. necessary make any and Test{it the tails witha chisel. faceaway itsoutside mark theouta pencilto Use withtheendof thetail board.For with two workpiece edges of the at the pivwith blade. of theshoulder side square to theendof theworkpiece chisel in thin waste section to splitoff each one-half of each Remove about layers. (above). waste between piece surface. mark thewaste thetails 1i cutting position to cutoutthe to thehorizontal Return thetable L. to theleftof the sary. if necesremove thetable angle. theauxiliary blade andscrew edges of theptns Then. tilted downward withthetable square to setthetable Use thedovetail stop. edges of thepins thetails f.

.

@. V+to poweredby are range and 16-inch end thick.providing isused thedrill press Although it J rpu. Joftwo6a through Jfficiency eqoal Yqrt drill 3/+-horsepower motors.ssa]sod.r.machines-20-inch g limit of drillin thisouter l 15.presses surfaces.: jigsand accessories. (rpm).ortiserandyetJespite I ItSvervll*rrr'-tlt1i. that connect thescraus and conceal 105 . thedrill with theappropriate Equipped precision unmatched with a press canborea varietyof holes jig allowsa woodworker Here..#fflJl.. undbudget. drill fres fromotherwo|dworking of the center from o the distance variabiliti .even lateron page asyousee woodworkers.DruLLPRESS r. 15 inches piece is that per minute revolutions to 4500ipindle from400 extends or TVzinches. toolrsuch A l5-inchdrill of handling. Laygr.Somemachinest911u'. professional jig. in all.f.*[in. to op. rang.fth .-. half that diametet is one io the column with to bore allows.tuti ata single of aworkthe center hole through cut a can press..esdut''as...r shops. it the that"distinguishes feature One according arerated Drill. and production shops for suitable shop-made of asingle bymeans J. woodworking ii'taiirl|'. from thechuck The distance in diameter.belts.i*d. to the chuck preset factory at the are saws astable Wh. 4 inches fromafractiin of aninchto 3 or thickness more for example-are models.t is its speed widest the that determines factor a the column.unU.l.clcumueited ffi'|f*I?tl.you theabilityto varythespeed Aauing arein the11-to workslop presses for thehome in ranging andhardwood..for a typiial ifr"pU athand.a.6 po*. curved ai sanding such tasl<s.a shop-made by hand tools.i{ol *na.\c5xPLrl[\'als\t I L E-I f rerativervinexpeneive*#il"'#"'$: E E ''il a thismachine consider L- 7- sitionforthewoodworkerwithlirnof ol a range primarilytobore andtwo. Theholes holes of angled to drill a series therail to a tabletop. will house in a rail. motor Yz-horsepower t[. for example. 12 speeds perform woohuorking other ako can holes. is capable a machine for workpiece ian beadjusted thedrill press speed.

On some models. thebase canbebolted to theshop floor. The columnis helduprightby a heavy base. features jobsimpossible Such tools canperform on conventional drill presses. the effective column length is thedistance fromthechuck to theshop floor. Thetwomost common tfpesof drill presses arethe floor modeland the bench variety.but the weight of thedrillpress isnormally adequate to keep it stationary. Features different otepe to providea ranqe of epeede 106 . butthebasic design isthe same: A steel column 3 or soinches in diameter serves asabackbone to support atable andamotorthatdrives a spindle. Since thetable of a drill press canbe positioned anywhere along thelength of thecolumn. Thedistinguishing feature isthelength of thecolumn: Floor models have columns from66to 72inches high.(other belt tranafere powerfrom jackahaft to epind. Whilemostdrill presses havetables that tilt. including drilling throughthecenter of a j2-inch-diameter circle.le pulley) Motor pulley Drivenby motor: connected by belt. DRIttPRESS BELTS AND PULTEYS Jaakahaft pulley lntermediatepulleyconnected to epindlepulley eo ae to increaaethe ranqe of apeede. youcan-to some extent-overcome thelimitations of a bench-model drill press simply by swingingaround the head of the machine. Forextra support andstability. whereas bench models ranqe from36 to 44inches. Thestandard spindle ismatedto a chuck with aVz-inch capacity.to drivejackahaft pulley. floormodels canhandle longer workpieces. However. moldingcutters andmortising attachments. drivenby motor pulley Eelt Tranaferapower from motor pulley to jackahaft pulley. whichmeans thatitsjawscanaccept shanks ofdrill bitsandaccessories upto Vzinchin diameter. theradialarm drill press a head that rotates more than9tr right and left. spindles areinterchangeable. usually made of cast iron.ANATOMYOF A DRILL PRESS come in various models T-\ till presses LJ andsizes. Thespindle isattached to ageared chuck jaws whose griptheshank of adrill bit or oneof a variety of other accessories. With the spindle extended beyond theedge oftheworkbench. Other spindles allow ttredrill press to accept router bits.

adjuotable coil apri nq a uto mati ca IIy retu r ne leverto original poaition Tablelook Holda table in fixed position on column Table Raiaadand loweredto accomand drillinq modate workpiece depth. when locked. i nt erchan6ea ble to accept variouaaccesaoriea auch as router bita Chuak Holdadrill bita and aacee' soriea for drillin4: ti1ht' ened with a qeared key Depth-etop loak handle For aettinj drillinT depth. mosttablea can be tilted up to 45" laft and ri1ht for borinq an1led holea height Table adJuatment handle Table rotation Ioak handle Allowstableto be tumed on its axia to position workpiece undar opindle Column Supporte table and head of drill preaa to7 .preventz quill from deacendin7past a oet Point Feed lever Lowerequill.DRILL PRESS Belt guard Protects operato r's fi n6ero from turninq belto BelttenElon lever )lideo motor alon7 track to alackenor tenaion belta Belt tenaion loak knob Locks motor in poaition once belt tenaion i6 6et Onloff awitah toqKemovable qle prevento accidental 6tarD-up Quill Movablealeeve attached to apindle and chuck. quill travel determines maximum d rillinq d epth--'ty pi' cally.4 incheo 9pindle Hold s chuck.

Thespeed is changed either by turning aknoborbyshifting theposition of thebelt-or belts-thatconnect the motorpulley to thespindle pulley. using a wrench Loosen thetable locking bolt. Make sureall nutsandlockknobs aretightened.Butta trysquare against the rodasshown.position each beltonthecorrect steps of thepulleys.SETTING UPAND SAFETY power tool. thenraise thetable untilit almost touchestherod. beginning withsetting the&illing speed.Check regularly that thetable issquare to thespindle.Undertensioned belts may slip.check it carefully.the T ikeanystationary I-l drill press has to bekeptin adjustmentto perform well.) Tosetthe belttension.Before switching a machine on. Swivel thetable to bring the rodflushagainst thesquare. andthere isnodenying thatmachines such asthetable saw and jointeraccount for a greater number of serious accidents. there isno guarantee thatit isperfectly ready to run. lt thereis a gap. a drill press will not kick back. but it cangrip a small workpiece andsend it spinning outof control if the stock isnot clamped properly. thentighten (Since thelocking bolt. Donotovertension thebelt. it ispossible for even seasoned woodworkers to have accidents onthedrill press.this can reduce beltandpulley life. refer to it in selecting thecorrect speed forthedrillbit diameter youwillbeusing andforthetype and thickness of stock. alignment do not reinstall thepin. Thedrill press hasa reputation asa "safe" machine. Unlike thetable saw. Nevertheless. taking care notto pinch (lf your your fingers. theblade should rest flush against the rod(right).) r08 . There are also adjustments thathave to bemade job depending ontheparticular athand. Tighten the belttension lockknob. theholes forthe pinwill nowbeoffset. drillpress has a drilling speed chart onthe inside of thebeltguard. SETTING THE DRILLING SPEED Delt tenaion Changing beltposition andsefting belttension Loosen thebelttension lockknob andturnthe belttension lever counterclockwise to shiftthemotor toward pulthespindle leyandslacken thebelts.Thelocking boltis sufficient to hold thetable securely in place. Tosetthedesired rpm. turnthetension lever clockwise whilepressing the beltconnected to the motor pulley untilit flexes about 1 inchoutof line(left). Even if youbought yourmachine new. SOUARING THE TABTE Aligning thetable Install an8-inch-long steel rodin the chuck asyouwould a drillbit (page 111). pinunder remove thealignment thetable (inset).

lnserLoneend of lhe and wirein lhe chuck adjuet LheNable h e i q h t ' u n ttih le ot'herend of the juol Nouchee wire table. before thatwarns theinnervoice ignore never Stop. llllllllllllllllllll lllllllllllllllll]ll lllllllt lllllllt lli lllllll l]ll Tt? 1HO? g table alignment Cheakin the table ie TocheckwheNher makea 9Oo to Nheepindle. secure thehandscrew 109 . the to thetable(/eff). beforeattempting machine Run through the drilling procedure and you turn on the machine.DRILL PRESS you arefamiliarwith your Makesure anywork.Rotat'elhe wire.lf durina all ooinbe pinunder lhe ."^or" the aliqi. Lhe lockinq Tiqhten OF CTAMPING THE IMPORTANCE clamp right making-the Ghoosing-or grabbing thedrillbrtfrom Toprevent it unconandspinning theworkpiece or irregusmall always clamp trollably. and ewivel bolL. you something the andcontinue again thesetup check that onlywhenyou arecertain operation whatyou aredoingis safe. When boring before notworkdoes setup clamping tional shown-improvise.loosen Nhe Lhetable Nooquareit'. asforthecylinder outof a wedges V-shaped opposing Cut in r t h ec y l i n d e aw n dc l a m p handscre C clamPs to use then handscrew.ment' locking bolt Lable t able. aauare bdndat eacheid of a \2-inchlenqNh of wirecoaNhanqer. trherotaLion. Nhe the table at ecra?e iNehouldbarely nor. may be amiss. to thetable stock securely larly shaped a convenintoit.

usea shop-made storagerack. Foretner bit Boreo perfeotly flat-bottomed holes. scorching the woodandthebit. COLUMN-M()UNTED ACCESS()RY RACK Holefor 1%"No.while chippero cut. Cuttwoidentical keyholepieces plywood shaped of 3/q-inch to thedimensions shown above. Overheating canalso result if drill bitsare dirtyor gummed up. tsmd-point bit Froducescleaner holee than twiat bit. youletgo. FIycutter AIao knownaa a circle cutter. Featuree a aharpenedcenterpoint and two cuttinq epur6. once thekeyejects automatically. Clean themwith finesteel wool. Then saw onepiece in halflengthwise to serve asthejig support. amooth. yourisklaunching projeca dangerous tileonceyou turnonthemachine. Mostdrillingis donewith twistor brad-point Bothconsist bits. nearly flat-bottomed holes. In addition to a variety of sanding attachments. preventing overheating. Use a saber saw or coping saw to cuta cirpiece cleoutof each thesame diam- eterasyour drillpress column. thereare alsobits for &illittg t/az-inch holes. Theother piece willbethejig top. Cuts holeafrom 11A to B incheoin diameter. As with anycuttingtool. Theactual cutting is done byeither sharp spurs or acutting lip. . known asflutes. Pressure is required when inserting thekey. Foranyaccessory youinstall in the drill press.Razor rim guidaabit.Andlikea saw blade.sawit across thecircular cutout. besure to remove thechuck keyafter tightening thejaws.BITSAND ACCESSORIES -f h.Rim does not heat up ae quickly aa Foretner bit. otherwise. Thegrooves allow waste chips andsawdust to escape fromthehole.B ecrew Diameterof drill preoocolumn Jiq aupport Tosave timesearching forchuck keys anddrillbits. borea clean.A bluntbit has trouble digging into a workpiece and tends to heat up quickly. adrill bit isactually more dangerous whenit is dull. Cutter blade ie adiuoted for diffe rent diametera by ioooen inq a oetacrew and elidinq the cutter blade in or out. of acylindricalshanh whichisheldin thejaws of the chuc(andspiral-shaped grooves. Bore sixscrew holes forjoining thetopto itssupports. Then. bore holes intothework- A RANGE OF BITS AI{D ACCESSORIES MuMapurbit Alao knownae sawDootLt bit. Twiat blt The leaat expeneive of oommonlyuaed drill bita. Some keys havea springat the endof the geared segment.drill bits mustbesharp to workwell. fly cutters for cutting8-inch circles andplugcutters for plugs making anddowels. frequently sold in aata with a ran6e of aizea. range of accessories forthedrill I press isa testament to itsversatility. doee not " akate" offJine.

whileflat blade 'elices and into workpiece removeowaote.conc. in modelawith fixeddtameter or with adjuetabte bladea.tharp centerpoint7uideo penetration.however. woodworkers nghf). Slip other bitwith the Toinstall a bit.use Toremove jaws the holding thechuck while loosen your thebitout hand. bitto center ug sing ightenin . Hole saw For borin4 larqe holea-ty pica IIy.Fitot bit centera cuttinq edqea. jaws theninsert aswideasnecessary. thechuck Remove in thechuck. cutting the to hold willneed a helper You while of thejig in place fourpieces youscrew Before themtogether. Th e 3%-inch-dia meter head holdathree hiqh-epeed eteel cuttera that can trim up to'/aoinch with eaahpaee. t e a d y itn t h es h a n ik the tighten it in the1aws. hole intoeach key.a andends cleforodds quick work of bit willmake Forstner such a hole. .DRILL PRESS BIT A DRILL CHANGING your bits of thejigto hold ingsurface down shank-end andaccessories (above. doing not sothatit does thejig is turned of thedrill the rotation obstruct press's quilllever. thechuck Pluq cutter For makin7omall dowelaand bapered pluqeto.dowelridea up cutter barrel. make sure that that.open of thechuck. i n i sth b yh a n dF chuck f ittingit in turn key@bove). 4 Spade bit For boringholeoup to 1%inchea. I Planer head For ourfacin7 woodand formin4 rabbeta. Ia rqer Available than 1%inchea. hg e n t h ec h u c kS .Ae cutter bores into waod. Dowelcutter For cuttinq dowels up to 3 inchealong into end 4rain.eaI counterbored gcrewa.Some receptaa small to have findit useful onthejig. a bit installing Removing and keY to thechuck a bit.

some woodworkers also clamp a piece of wood to thedrill press table. Thesteeper however. ouillfeed TECHNIOUES F(|R BASIC DRILLING Setting upand drilling Toavoid spl interi ng-particu larly with plywood or particleboard-clamp a supportboard to thetable andsettheworkpiece point ontopof it. pressure to keep thebit cutting Retract thebitoccasionally to clear the hole of wood chips. thedrill f. the moredifficultit isfor abrad-pointor twist bit to dig into the stockwithoutskating. quipped L press canboreholes at virtuallvanv angle. Withtheproper you combination. thenmark starting on theworkpiece forthe firsttwoholes in theseries. Tousethe jig.make sure thatthe drillbit islinedup over theholein the table: Otherwise. Rotate thefeedlever steadily to feed thebitinto theworkpiece. cleaner Before drilling. andif themachine labors orthewood stafts to smoke. For furtherprotection.AND ANGLEDHOLES STRAIGHT with itstiltabletable. following thedimensions at left. Ji4 baoe 7" x 20" Tobore a rowof uniformly spaced holes. Toomuchspeed pressure or feed can cause burnmarks ontheworkpiece and biq too littlewill dull thebit'scutting edge.Screw thefence to thejig base. the angle. thenattach a wood block at the center of thefence to serve asa dowel holder. flush withoneedge. both of guiding these cuttingaccessories feature rims that provide penetration. jig to systematize make a shop-made the provided task. Mark a starting ontheworkpiece andalign thebitover it. Butta guide block against theback of thejig andclamp it to tt2 . Forgood youwill need results to find therightcombination of drilling speed (page pressure-the 108)and feed rate at whichyoulower thebit into thestock. reduce thefeedoressure or cut back onthe (page drilling speed 108). youriskdamaging not onlythebit but also thetable itself. Choose a Forstner or multispurbitwhen drillingholes at averysteep angle. set it on thetableof your points drillpress. Seat theworkpiece against thefence of thejig andposition thejigto align the bit-preferably a Forstner-over thefirstdrilling mark. use only enough (/effl. should beable to cutsteadily without having pressure to put undue on the lever.

DRILL PRESS HOTES BORING STOPPED depth Setting thedrilling that For a stopped or blindhole-one a notpass completely through does workpiece-mark a lineat thedesired of the of the hole ontheedge depth Then. handle withtheother denth-stoo lock asfar hand andturnit counterclockwise Tighten thehandle. thenboreanother 113 . hole. dowel in the hole in theholder andintothehole theguide thejig along workpiece. lf youareboring thetable. Bore the depth setthe drilling thejig along the f irsthole. lower thequilluntil thetip stock. andbore holes. press from drilling This willkeep thedrill mark.Clamp jigto thetable thehole. line. (above). as it willgo (left). forthemodel shown. Slide mark ontheworkblock untilthesecond piece the is aligned under thebit. thenslide guide a hole through the block andbore Fita dowel through the holder. of theremaining Tobore each andslidethe workretract thedowel piece fence u n t i lt h e along t h ej i g ' s youmade dowel drops intothelasthole (right). than thedepth anydeeper stopped holes. themarked of thedrillbit reaches y i t ho n eh a n d Hold t h eq u i l ls t e a dw unscrew the and.

plywood. Remove beuel the rodfromthechuck After installing andtighten thelocking bolt. clamp the workpiece to the jig andbore the hole(above.thenuse a proyou to setthedrilling angle need ona tractor sliding bevel. Loosen thetable asyouwould iI (page 108. For added clamp a piece of wood to thetable. )teel rod )lidin7 bevel TILTING TABLE JIG Tobore angled holes without tilting jig. Connect thejigtopto butt the base using twosturdy hinges. Tighten thewingnuts. right). tt4 . Touse thejig. Refer builtfrom7+-inch to forsuggested the illustration above dimensions. fhen buttthe bevel to square rodandswivel thetable until against thesteel flushagainst thehandle of the thetablerests (lefl.shopuse a tilting thetable.DRILL PRESS ANGLED HOLES BORING Setting thetable angle Install a straight 8-inch-long steel rodin the chuck asyouwould a drillbit.secure the withwingnuts brackets to the base andhanger bolts.setthedrilling depth 113) to prevent thebitfromreaching thetable. Cuta %-inch-wide slotin the support brackets. butwithout pinor removing thealignment loosening thetablelocking bolt.center it under the spindle. protection. Clamp thebase to thetable. thenscrew each oneto thetop. (page thedrillbit. Loosen thewingnutsandsetthe angle of thejig asyouwould the table(sfep above).

Remove asihequillstroke into the andf it a dowel theworkoiece guide board. Then.Todrilla deeper bitor. in twostages. intoit asdeeply andbore to the board willallow. asshown the operation to First. drawa lineacroeelhe diameber lineacross it. I15 . 3 crew olvw l-by-Z a 12-inchllonq oo lhat to Ihe piece onelonqed4eof the the 1-W-2bieecls wedge aI 45". Fitthe hole in thescrap thedowel holein theworkpiece over fromthe into theworkpiece andbore willensure that Thedowel other side. use at a time. ae a guideIo in the wedqe and ueelhe 1-by-2 workpiece Kolat'e of t'heworkViece.DRILL PRESS DEEP HOLES BORING Exceeding thequillstroke length thatthequill Themaximum asthequill canbeextended-known most drillpresses to stroke-limits se e p t h a n4 i n c h ed borinn g om o r e hole.To uee eea|lhe lhe centerfinder.if the holeis less anextension perform ihantwice thequillstroke. are in theworkpiece thetwoholes norfonf lv alionpd llllllllllll llllfilllllllllllllill llj] ilIl lllllll] fill lllllllllllllll] 1HO?TI? A eimplecenterfinder Cul a 90"wedqeout of of a7-by-12-inch piece 3/o-inch ood. a scrap board above. clamp andbore a guide thedrillpress table clamp theworkpiece hole intoit. The workpiece 90" and drawa eecond Nhe NwolineewillintersectaNt'hecenler of the workpiece.

Then. screw thetwocut to thebase to form oieces a V.Make theV section of thejig by bevel cutting a 2-by-2lengthwise using a tablesaw(page 23) or band saw (page 98).DRILL PRESS BORING INTO CYTINDRICAT STOCK V eection 11/2" x 1'/2" x B" %"x6"x8" Using a V block Thesafest wayto bore intoa cylinder isto secure it in a shoo-made V-block jig. (Cautionz DonoI uoethiojiq wiNh eNockNoo shorlto hold eecurely.) 116 . seat theworkpiece in thejig andbore the holehbovd. at an an6le. Tosition the exit ounch mark on lhe dowel. Mark both lhe enNrance and exiLholeson the workpiece and elrikeeachmarkwith a punch.Position thejigonthetable sothat thedrill bit touches thecenter of theV when the ouillis extended.Nhen fiL the dowelinio Nhecylinder. llllllll lllt llll lttl lll] illt lllt llll lllllllill llllillllll illt lllllllt 1HO? Tt? Drillingaompoundangleo Tohelplineup enNrance and youare drillinq exit holee wh. holdthe workfirmlyand boreinto lhe Viece entrance ounch mark. piece lhe basetn Nhe Clamp drillVreee Lable so that lhe cylinder ie cenlered underNhe epindle and bore a hole inlo il. Clamo thebase to thetable.1haroen one endof a2-inchlonq dowel.en jig. useNhie eimple Oluea 4-inchlongcylinder to a5-by-1O-inch of Vlywood.

lower thenbuttthe endof the workpiece thejig to thebit.Screw to thebrackets. off. of theworkpiece edge bottom andreplace thejigto thetable Clamp bit.) sion the install the process.fop). simple makes from%-inch For thejig. seat thatwill withtheside in thecradle theholes facing out. to attach screws andsolve at anangle aredrilled They straight to screw of having theproblem A rail. screw pointbit andbore through theworkpiece holes thepocket to complete (left. plywood. brad-point the bit withthefeedlever. a 3. work of such of thecradle screw thetwosides cut a 90' to forman L. Then.DRILL PRESS Cradle 6" x 15" 2" x 15" Ji7 baae 7" x 18" 9upport brackeL x 4%" x 1% " H(IIE JIG POCKET with used arecommonly Pocket holes rails to a tabletop. bottom).Bore bedrilled bits: withtwodifferent in twosteps thewidth bit twice Usea Forstner for theentrance heads of thescrew bit slightly anda brad-point holes of thescrew thanthewidth wider (The wider fortheexitholes.Then together so bracket support fromeach wedge will side of thecradle thatthewide theverti15'from about sitatanangle to thejig base the brackets cal.feed justdeep the enough to recess holes thebradinstall heads. openings. T17 . thecradle andglue theworkPiece Tousethejig. Position against of the align thebit withthecenter (inset). bitwiththeForstner thebrad-ooint firmly in Holding theworkpiece the to bore thebit slowly thejig.or 4-inch-wide through pocket shop-built holejig (left. Tobegin withthemachine bit and. shanks expanforwood bit allows brad-point andcontraction.

Tocut an integral tenon on a long workpiece.DOWELS.to 4-inch-long wood f-\ owels I-r' cylinders usedto reinforce simple constructions suchas butt joints in which two pieces of wood arebutted together andheldin place with glue. Anothervariation is theintegral tenon. crimp their ends withtheserjaws rated of plrers. using to protect thewood. PLUGS AND TENONS are2.or 4-foot lengths arewidelyavailable wherever wood is sold. clamp a block of wood to thetable andbore intoitsendgrain totherequired depth witha dowel cutter (farleft). By drilling perfectly aligned holes in both pieces of suchajoint andinserting dowels.Wth the latter accessoryyou caneithercut throughstock thesame thickness astheplugor borea stopped holethroughthicker stock and pry the plugsout with a chisel. The tenon is produced with a dowel cutter at the end of a squarepieceof stock. MAKING DOWELS ANDINTEGRAT TENONS Using a dowel cutter Tocutdowels.Free the dowels by cutting through theblock witha table saw or a band saw. which looksand functionslike a dowel part of one of the wood but remains joined.but you canmake your own if you outfit your drill press with a dowel cutter. on the otherhand.you greatly strengthen the joinery. lf youwillbeusing thedowels forjoinery. thensawaway the waste to expose thetenon. Also clamp a support board to theworkpiece andto thetable. The difference between them-other than theirlength-is that dowels arecut from end grainto givethem cross-sectional strength.They caneitherbeconcealed or used asa decorationdepending on whether theyare cut from thesame stockastheworkpiece. Use a dowel cutter to bore to therequired (near depth /eft). tiltthetable 90' and clamp theworkpiece pads to thetable. thiswillprovide the glue withanescape route andensure proper glue coverage. Plugs.The bestway to makeplugsis to cut down a dowelor to usea plug cutter. Dowelsand plugscanbe cut from eithersoftwood or hardwood. pieces being The plug-a shortercousinof the dowel-servesto conceal counterbored screws. 'l An integral tenon makes0 strong joint and is relativelyeasyto cut.are not subiect to anyradialstress andcanbe cut eitherwith or against thegrain. Dowels of various diameters and in 3. 118 .

by cut can be mortise-and-tenon on As shown is typical. toolof round in mortise the cutting you are a square-edged inside rotates that ofa bit of a chisel consists attachment A typicatmortising to thedrillpres quill holder(l). of joints. speedof cutifyou are higher even rpm-or 1500 thegrain. lower thetip ofthebitandthepoints between clearance jaws(/effl.7a-inch in carving andefficiency Butfor ease sure to make important it is page I20. larger the whenyou aredrillinginto especially mortise Fora /r-inch-wide hardwood. frrmly usea V blockto holdtheworkstock. and tables press depththe drill with is set depth hand. which. to cut sizes in different come Chisels ondesls. to the square workpiece the consists attachment The choice. chisel.) woodworkers on easiiy be cut can tenon matching joint The connect to mortise-and-tenon (page46). thecorners thenpunches haverelied on the chisel r. for a set uP for example. washers heldin placewith scrans. in place. square. in hardwood. the slower the chisel. 1200 rpm. to keep is adjusted the thit theattachment hasbecome attachment mortising If chisel. whichis secured Thefence at thetopof theholder' by machinebolts (3) on thetableare bracket (2) and thehold-down and wing nuts. thechuck Tighten of thechisel.DRILL PRESS MORTISINGTECHNIQUES Thebit cutsa roundhole. with thetip of thebit level Hold intothechuck. of the size and of stock speed.the Q ince the time of ancientEgYPt. witha scrap of thechisel thebottom proper This willensure thebit by%zinch. a press equippedwith drill the mortises. tingagainst BIT AND THE CHISET SOUARING AND INSTALTING andbit thechisel thegapbetween 1 Setting andtighten intoits holder thechisel I Insert thechisel thebit upthrough Push thelockscrew. arm thehold-down Theverticalbar (4) supports (6). (5). then of wood. piece securely (Page 108)for speed drilling The the tYPe both on depends mortising The the chisel. 119 . up to set for softwood. alongwiththehold-downrods the against holdtheworlepiece hetps fence. to legs tojoin rails used monly The widths.atablesaw ofwood. variety in a mortises the most Like chairs. thejoint iscom. pieces Today. out stop.

(Note: Hold-down arm raised forclaritv. adjustment. centering themarks between the edges of thestock. Thecuts should bealigned. lf it does not. joints.shiftthefence byonehalf theamount thatthecuts were misaligned andmake twomorecuts(right) to repeat thetest. Then. butta scrap board the same width a n dt h i c k n e s as st h ew o r k p i e c e against the mortising attachment fence andsecure it withthehold-down rods.loosen thechisel holder lockscrew justenough you to allow to rotate thechisel andbring it flush against thesquare. butt a trysquare against thefence andchisel. Tocheck whether themortise chisel willbecentered onthe workpiece. ill-f itting Tomake sure thatthe chisel is properly aligned.) Hold-downarm Mioaliqned cute r20 . f l i pt h e b o a r d a r o u na d n dm a k e a secondcutnext to thefirst. Bore a shallow cut intothe board. Donot raise or lower thechisel while making the (/eff). Tighten the lockscrew CUTTING A MORTISE 'l Setting up I 0 u t l i nte h em o r t i s oe nt h ew o r k piece. The square should rest flushagainst both.DRILL PRESS SOUARING THECHISET r) Adjusting thechisel 1 me chisel must besquare to themortising attachment fence or themortises youcutwillangle producing off-center. lf not.

s t o ow i d e t o b ec u t i n a i f t h em o r t i sie pass. use a chissingle thewidth wider thanone-half el slightly of themortise. waste chips andprevent away themortise Completing of staggered cutsto Make a series Follow thesequence complete themortise. r2r . Retract thechisel wood without overheating. In thelatter case. feeding thechisel and mortise of theplanned pressure them to diginto the to allow bitwithenough often to clear laboring.DRILL PRESS r) Boring theends ofthemortise armandrods to secure thehold-down Z. ROjust freely along the it to slide while allowing theworkpiece that mortise-one lf youareboring a stopped fence. row making a single shown in the inset. theworkpiece-set through does notpass completely (page end 113). in a chisel equal of cutsif youareusing rows ortwoparallel width to the mortise. l4ake a cut at each deplh thedrilling (above).

arouter tums at morethan20. Whilea drill press roughly 3500 to 4500 rpm. Andwith helpfrom some simplejigs. to attach Feeding thestock slowly will helpcompensate for themachine's slower speed. Remove the old sleeve and slip on the new Tightening the nut will cause the drum to expand and grip the sleeve securely. thedrill press candouble asa router.To avoid burning or gouging AUXITIARY SANDING TABTE Hole for oandingdrum 31/o" Table %"x11"x15" Jig baee 11. Aswith standard drilling operations. In addition to sanding. top). Tousethejig. Usea coping sawor saber saw to cut a holein the plywood top.000 rpm.but high speeds will alsowearout your sleeves more quickly. f-\ rill presses L) Themachine's good tableprovides holdingit at supportfor theworkpiece. feedit at a uniform speed in a direction opposite the rotation of the sanding drum(near right.Most sandingis done between 1200and 1500 rpm. Sanding produces finedust soremember to wear a dustmask./2"x11" t22 . To use yourdrill press asa router. which reduces the pressure and releases the sandpaper. Theshaftof a drum is insertedinto the jawsof the in the same chuckandsecured waythat drill bitsareinstalled.producing muchsmoother results. youwill need to buya special spindle routerbitsto the machine. Holding theworkpiece f irmly. thetable height to bring the bottom of the drum level withthejig./2"x11/2"x11" 7/+"x31.THE DRILL PRESS AS SANDER makeexcellent sanders. sleeves are changed by loosening a nut at eitherthe top or the bottom of the drum. sandingrequiresa variety of speeds depending on the job. although itsrelatively slow spindle speed keeps it from performing wellasitsportable as coungenerates terpart. the smoother the finish.bottom). Sanding sleeves to cover the drum areavailable in a variety of grits-from a coarse 40 grit to a fine 220 grit. straight surfaces but curved ones drums comein diameters Sanding rangingftomYzto3 inches. In most cases. The higherthe rpm. jig base Assemble the L-shaped from1-by-4 and2-by-2 stock. AUXITIARY TABTE AND SAI{DING PATTERN SAITDII{G II{SERT Sanding drums larger than 7/e-inch in diameter aretoowideto f it through the holein most drill press tables. 90oto the sandingdrum to produce sanded edges that aresquare to adjacent surfaces.thedrill press cansandnot only aswell. Tomake full useof thesanding surface of wider drums youwillneed to make a sanding Iable(nearright. centering theopening 3 inches fromtheback of thetable. thenglueit to thetable. clamp the base to thedrillpress withthecirtable cularhole directly underneath the Adjust drum.

continuous wear out. smooth. a guide it to theauxilTousethejig. thenswitch press. jig. slowly but Feed the workpiece of thedirection against continuously withyourleft drumrotation sanding guiding it withyourright hand while hand (right.oizeof dowel. use a %table in thesanding a hole thesame bit to bore inchForstner of the U asthe fromthe bottom distance thatwill besanded. qlueNothe doweland fasten Nhepaper sander NhaI can to iI (top). drum.clamp edges sothatopposite iary sanding table the dowrestagainst of the workpiece Remove the drum. widthof thestock as a dowel intothe holeto serve lnsert post. surfaces withtheauxilin conjunction Used pata shop-made table. cut' a slot in a dowel. as wideae Lhedowel'e elrip of eandpaper Applya thin coat of white circumference. bottom). Assegmotion. '1" x 1%" aowet r23 .'fi1"ffi""1[l"'lll lll fll lIlll|l llll'"ffi lll'"1l|l llll 1HO?TI? drume eanding Shop-made off'oizeeandinq lf yoi needa opecial ownfroma dowel. a etrip of abraeive withone feedthe stock the workpiece. enlarye paperiniloit (bottom). el andthesanding on thedrill workpiece. sleeve ments of thesanding fresh table to bring raise thedrillpress to bear.youcan makeyour then cul a Findthe riqht.DRILL PRESS 'Illl'llll"llll 'llll. will fopl allow ternsanding lig parallel youto sand Tomake the curves.Then. For a flexible or ehapedworkVieceo oanAirieqularly LhenfiN holao. iarysanding (right. cut a U-shaped out of the wedge plywood asthe hole thesame size table jig.'fl1. INSERT SANDING PATTERN 3'/o" Guide poaf.

/ & .l ** l * "t: .1j .

sure withhand apainstaking relyonthe for angle cuts. lookfor a machine onwhichthe When choosing ajointer. woodworkers Nowadays. Andmake of thecutterhead was tables onbothsides smooth. he jointer may seema machine ratherpedestrian stock or producing In additionto smoothing to cut square edges.but isoften withtheplaner confused andaccurately. Thetypicalbite a shallow depthof cutis adequate: aboard to capabiliry rip fence. forconsumer should fit can Sizes run across its planing blades factthattwo edges jointers joint. trimming against atable saw t/a pass inch.lockable planes. popular. But fromVatoyzinch. Oneimportant funcare of a hand thetwomachines it is useful to consider theworkings Nevertheless. isanother distinguishing will have aripple effect ranges Enors atthejointing stage of aproject rabbeting youplanto make frequent use of thejointer's square edge to set unless Withouta perfectly in alllaterprocedures. suchasa tableleg. addressing thework. t25 . make. performed byajointhatcannot beeffectively to work. asurface to make handplane with terisplaning muchlike an inverted machine functions important when constructhandle widerstock. jointer (page jointerto dothejob morequickly.which are themost 6-and8-inch perfectly. into a workpiece andfaces woodfromtheedges In practical cutterhead knives. fromwhichallsubsequent andeven surfaces straight machine of cutthatthe importantly.IONTER prinAlthough thejointer's roleisin surfacing opercipal ations. seldom exceeds when for a surfacing a flawthatwill befurthercompounded size will produce joint. proces themachine performed thatdepend. of is to shave smallamounts Jointersare categorized of their according to thelength accurately and safely.Planers larger blades driven somewhat ingpanels such astabletops. 139). and. thetaskof creating fence thatcanbetilted has a rigid. The effortlessly notinterchangeable. models range from4 to 8 inches.terms. With aV-block the Themachine's mainpurpose jointer infeed you cancut beveled edges table. thetible alent to restricting to precision worker dedicated sawto simole cut-offwork. canalso byamotor. themaximumwidth itsname fromthe more Thejointergets ments andcutsaremade. Depth of cut. edon skillandexperience. square edges Traditionally. thislength determines thewidthof thejointerttable measure. yielding of boards. a jointer canbeused tapers in a workpiece. (pages jigclampedto 1j6-38). smooth. piece frombelow rather thanabove. forminga seamless together feature. will attest andcraftsmanship in salThejointerisalso useful tool thissurfacing thatusing vagingwarpedstock(page properlyis the first stepin rabI35)as wellasin shaping turning rough boardsinto legs andtapered bets. for example. youtry to cuta precise-fitting areadjustable. usingit for nothing to the table saw compared more than thatwouldbe eouivbut anywoodor bandsaw.The tionof theplaner plane visualizing howajointerisintended when it parallel to theopposite surface. bevels pieces well-built of furniture.

typicallyhold Cutterheads at several thouthreeknives androtate perminute.urTace of a workpiece durinq rabbetin4 operationo Outfeed table adjuetment handle Raiaeaand lowara outfeed table to heiqht of knive7 Infeed table )upporta workpiece at the atart of the cut. Outfeedtable )upporte workpiece at endof cut Fence Guidea the workpiecealon4 tablaa Guard )prinq-activated plate that covara cutterhead. heiqht adjuatable to aet depth of cut Depth acale lndicates depth of cut FRONT VIEW . the fence will tilt forwardor backward for cuttingbevels andchamfers. than aprin7a back into poaition Rabbetlng notch )upporta the uncut . Depthof cut is determined by the amount thattheinfeed table isset below theoudeed table.ATATOMYOFA JOINTER f hejointerconsiss of infeed andoutI feed tables separated byacylindrical cutterhead. Themodel illushasanoutfeed table thatis trated below it atthesame height adjustable to keep as theknives.theknives raised or lowered to bringthemto the proper height. protecta operator from knivea.Fivoted away from cutterhead by workpiece. belevel with theknives at thehighest pointof ttreirrotation. Formodels onwhich theoutmustbe feedtableis fixed. Thefence used to guide isnormally stock over thecutterhead set Buton mostmodels at a 90o angle. revolutions Forajointer sand theoutfeed table must to workproperly.

joint stockup and to 6 incheswide planeboards aswideas12 inches. Tilt eaale lndicatee an1leof the fence REAR VIEW . theguard canbe On some proinstalled thefence to provide behind work. for specialized machines.such asrabbeting. Fencecontrol handle Allowa fence to be anqled 45" in either direction or movedacroas the tablee and cutterhead. beleftin place it hasto beremoved on mostmodels work.JOINTER Althoughthe guardshouldalways for standard operations. locka fence in fixed pooitiono Fenceatop Setacrew and metal etop hold the fence verEicalor in ita moat frequently ueed an1led eettinqo Oib ecrew Adluotable to keeptablee parallelto each other and in 'aame horizontalplane. tection duringrabbeting with a jointer on theright and a planeron theleft.thismachine combines twofunctionsin a single Themodelshowncan appliance.model ahownhaa three such gcrews on each eide of pulleycover Friction knob Ti4htened to ffom etrPPtn4 from aelected hei4ht eetting lnfeed table adjuatment handle Kaieeeand lowera infeed table to set depth of cut \eept1lte.

Begur by ensuring that theoutfeed table isatthesame height as thecutof theknives at theirhighest ting edges poinr Then check thatthetables arcperfectlysquare to the fenceandaligned properly with each other. thecut. moving the board fromthe fence to the rabbeting ledge. Before starting. lf none of theknives touches the board. lf oneknifefailsthetest. Whenfacejointing. adjust the height of the outfeedtable (step2). hands should ridealong theworkpiece. r) Adjusting tirbleheight theoutleed hardwood I Keepingthe board overthe cutterhead. turnthe outfeed tableadjust(right). is at its highest Then the knives holda straight hardwood board on the outfeed tablesothat it extends over the without cutterhead contacting the infeed just brush Theknifeshould table(left). in place. against theboard.adjustits height when installing asyouwould a blade (page 131). raising menthandle or lowering just thetableuntiltheedge of a knife brushes against theboard. Then check the in relation to theother knives. knives cutterhead look of a spinning It is easy to forget seductively benign. tableheight t28 . cancause thatthisharrnles-lookingblur muchdamageto fingers andhands as as canatable saw blade.remember to prestheworlgiece firmly against thetables andfence.always pushbloclsto feed use Whatever aworkpiece across theknives. makesurethat the jointerisunplugged andinstalla clamp guard ontherabbetingledge to holdthe temporarily out ofyour way. properly Onceyou have themachine pause andconsider safety. ratherthanon thetables. Repeat thetestfor the otherknives. Even with theguard always yourhands keep away fromtheknives.installit behindthefence jointeris setup for such a switch. Perform thetestalong the length of the knife. jointingtheedge your When of aboard. TABTE HEIGHT SETTING OUTFEED height 1 Checkingtable I Usea smallwooden wedge to rotate the cutterhead untilthe edge of oneof point.When theguard mustbe removed from its normalpositionin front of thefence for rabbeting operaif your tions. Resist thetemptation to operate thejointerwithoutthe guard in place. The tuned.UP AND SAFETY SETTING jointingdepends onprecise I ccurate A alignment andthe of thetwotables that fence-the partsof the machine guidea workpiece into and overthe knives.

access make theadjustloosen its locknut. to remove the pulley first Toadjust a screw. if necessary. locknut stationstop. "0. then (left). lf there isany fit flush against thefence. t h em a c h i ni e your hands outof thearea keep side 4 inches above andto either cutterhead. Wear glasses safety appropriate protection when operandhearing ating thejointer. .move (page 126)should read i h p n n i n t ptrn t h p " O " m a r k . TIPS SAFETY JOINTER . lf thealignment absolutely tables are of the is notperfect." lf not. ontheoutfeed hold a trysquare setin itsvertical L Wttn thefence The blade against thefence. . it to thesame height astheoutfeed thatthetwo a straightedge to confirm Use level. ReCheC t hk e you moved 128)if the tableheight @age outfeed table. When sr u n n i n g . anysetup . Donotface-joint stock thatis thick. bbove)." stoo. . of thejointer's . adlustment. thetilt scale it touches themetal t29 . thescrews. lf it is not. U n p l utg r hile w h ej o i n t e installin kg n i v eo sr p e r f o r m i n g operation. square should flush withthesquare handle andbring thefence thefence control slacken pivot making this when themetal stop outof theway necessary. thestraightedge cover. Donotjointtheendgrain of than6 thatis less a workpiece i n c h ew side. Never jointstock thatis less lhan 12 innhoc lnno . then table to bring ment handle fortheinfeed table. Check sure regularly to make aresharp and securethattheknives ly fastened to thecutterhead. adjust oneor more gibscrews until of thejointer at theback rests flush onboth tables. wrench Trghten ment using witha hex thedepth scale Atthispoint. andbutt thesquare's near thecutterhead table gapbetween thetwo. . less than % inch .hold thesetscrew against themetal bebutted (inset) wrench unlil thesetscrew witha hex while turning arywitha wrench Move indicator to "0.IOINTER ANDFENCE ALIGNING THETABLES thetables 1 Aligning use theadjustI Remove thefence. Donotjointstock withloose may catch knots ortheworkpiece i n t h ec u t t e r h e a d . Never reach up intothedust isunplugged unless thejointer chute r) Squaring with thetables thefence position.lf of thefence stop should Thesetscrew Then tighten thehandle. thelocknut.

but once yourrnachine begins limp shavings ducinguneven or burnishing it is timeto remove lhewood. r30 . However. retaining wedge andwipe Installing a new knife Insert theretaining wedge in thecutterhead. a difference of aslittle asa fraction of an inchcancomoromise the j o i n t e r ' s .Otherwise. p a r tp r o t r u d i nfg l e a v i nt gh e b e v e l e d r o mt h e c u t t e r h e a d . JOINTER KNIVES CHANGING anoldknife 1l Removins I Remove a clamp ontherabbeting thefence. Always replace the entiresetofblades. remove andreinstall themoneat a time. thecutterhead maybecome imbalanced. square eoges. removing moremetalfrom the cutting necessary edges than is absolutely and this canthrow the knives out of alignmentwith theoutfeed table. the it clean. screws securrng yourhands. Thecarperformance bidevariety offers superior in cuttingabrasive materials suchasplywood. Use a wood scrao to rotate thecutterhead untilthe lock small theknife areaccessible between thetables. centering d d g ef a c i n g i t i n t h e s l o tw i t h i t s g r o o v e e up. Taking theblades all offat onceandthen installing themoneafteranother canput stress on the cutterhead. jointerknives areadjustable. removinga jointer knife for because it propsharpening andthenreinstalling erlycanbea time-consuming operation. In themeantime. As such. causing machine vibrationand alsopossible motor failure. thanindividual keep your knives clean by rubbingthem occasionally with a clothdampened in turpentine or lacquer thinner. between the retaining wedge andthe frontedgeof the slot. Ifyou areconsidering replacing the you canchoose knives. theninstall ledge to hold theguard temporarily outof theway. sure to give theperson doingthesharpinstructions regarding ening explicit the sameamountof steel to be removed from each knife. thenusea wrench to loosen each screw lift the knife Remove Carefully outof thecutterhead. i t ht h e b e v e l e d edge placeit of the knifefacingthe outfeedtable (above).JOINTE.a b i l itto yp r o d u c e smooth.however. between high speed steel or tungsten carbide.theycostmore.make sure that the heads of the lockscrews are buttedagainst the b a c ke d g eo f t h e s l o ta s s h o w n W .RKNIVES T T nlikethe blades of otherwoodwhose height L-/ workingmachines. Be theknives andhave themreground. andangle aredesigned to functionatjustonesetheight ting:parallel to andat the same table. of theknife witha ragto protect Cover theedge in Iurn(abovd. Therearetricksyou canuseto pro(page longtheusefi. to honethecutsible to usean oilstone while ting edges of slightlydull knives But you risk theyarein thecutterhead.rl lifeof a setof knives prol3l). asthemachine's outfeed the height of all the knivesmust be identical.rather knives. go to great lengths manywoodworkers It isposto avoid changing these blades. jointerknives Likeall blades. work wellonlywhentheyaresharp. Whenchanging yourjointerknives.

P o s i t i o a n c o m mercial a and i g o n t h e o u t f e et d able. looeen lhe lockecrewo oneknife eecurinq the knife and slide inch abouL'/.) ./ of a eeI of jointer knives that havebeennicked. tap it down witha wedge. stationary ledge. using a wood if it is toohigh.s l i n eo n t h e f e n c e a w i t ht h e m a r k e d l i n e o n t h e f e n ce M a r k a n o t h e r shown. (above) thecutterhead while holding using a screwdriver thenpryuptheknife Tighten block.IOINTER JIG A KNIFE-SETTING USING height theknife Q Setting lock screw tighten each witha ragandpartially r-J Cover theedge of theknife andworkin thecenter withtheones fully. g the seLt'o continue cuLLin enablin setting the knifeheight l new R e m o va e n o l d k n i f ea n d i n s t a la to one(page130). onlhe oNher wilhthe damaqe ali4nment g omo othly. ligning R e p o s i t i otn h e j i g o n t h et a b l e a lines lines with the marked its reference j i g ' s m a g n e t i a c rms o n t h e f e n c et. then (page to 128)in relation height theoutfeed table Check ingoutto theedges. line reference above the second directly the jig andextend onthejig arm. and carefully li4hten the lockocrewo rolale the culterhead by handto enoure lo thifXinqa knife Lhat the knifeturne freely. theknife installed. from therabbeting andremove theclamp thelock screws llll llll ll|lllJ illl llll llll llll illl llll llll r]ll r]ll llllllt illl tltl ru 1HO?TI? Shiftingknivee for lonqer life To prolongxhe life .o in eiNher direcf'ion. oeqmenl ouN of iLodamaqed oneeidemove6 knivee. beginning tighten them in turn.s e t t i nj g jig line on the arm the reference aligning . r:hhcfino lpdsp 131 .Remove table( .h e c o r r e c h t e ight w i l l h o l dt h e k n i f ea t t h e y o u t h rrse a wrench to trghten e while Remove the clampfromthe lockscrews. loosen thelock lf theknife is settoolow. k n i f e . The l i n e a c r o s t s h e o u tfeed this q u i c k l y p o s i t i o n y o u t he w i l l h e l p line j i g t h e n e x t i m ey o u i n s t a l a l knife. Usea smallwedge of rotate t h e c u t t e r h e au dn t i lt h e e d g e toint. just screws slightly. t h e n e wk n i f ei s a t i t s h i g h e sp T h e nm a r ka l i n eo n t h e f e n c ed i r e c t l y a square e d g eu s i n g above thecutting p e n c i l .

J()INTING ANEDGE Feedins a workpiece into thecut 1 t I Lav theworkoiece ontheinfeed table a fewinches from theknives. r) Finishing thepass I Wnenyour right hand reaches theoutfeed table. Continue feeding the stock untilyour righthand approaches theoutfeed table. In general. Unplug thejointeranduse ascrap of woodto rotate thecutterhead sothatallthe knives arebeiowthe levelofthe tables.IOINTING n.then do the edges (below). butting itsface against thefence. Astheworkpiece gradually crosses to theoutfeed table. Youcanusually by hand. Slowly (/eff).the between theboard's edge and theinfeed table will equal thedepthof cut. Forwoodon whichboth faces jointingthe have already been surfaced. Thesequence for jointingoperations shoulddepend on the wood you are joint thefaces using. seta cuttingdepthof 7s inchfor softwoods or '/re inchfor hardjoint theedges woods. Continue these hand-over-hand movements until thepass iscompleted. pressure your mainlaining against thefence. 132 . reverse the position ofyour hands while continuing tofeed theworkpiece./ fed across the cutterhead so that the knives arecutting with thegrain. Then shift right hand further back onthestock to maintain downward justtotheoutfeed pressure side oftheknives. Ifthe grainchanges in a direction workpiece.place a boardflushon theoutfeed gap table. Then. feedthestocksothatmostof the cut is following thegrain. pressfeed theworkpiece intothecutterhead knives i n gi t a g a i n s t ef e n c e w i t hy o u r l e f th a n d th while moving it steadily forward withyour right hand. first (page 134). is edges usually sufficient. If mostof yourjointinginvolves working with boardedges. avoiddullingthe same narrowsegment of yourknives by routinely movingthefence overslightly to evenly distributethewear. Whatever thedepth youselect. of thefirstrules of jointing is A workpiece that a should always be \. your Gradually slide lefthand toward theback oftheworkpiece (right).In this wayyouwill getthesmoothest cut while reducing theriskof splintering or kickback. weight shiftyour your from foot back to your front foot.but always usea pushblockto face-joint. check the setting before makingthe first pass. Forroughlumber.

will leave a conthe blades at theendof theworkpiece a snipe. cut. righthand withyour thefence straddling theknives Thepartial pressure lefthand. TABTE ATIGNMENT OUTFEED Workpiece / Outfeed table table 0utfeed table r------1 laPer I I t ____l [lI -_l table 0utfeed table . lf theoutfeed it is at thecorrect jointing willproduce a taper than theknives. withyour maintaining while prevent at theend splintering pass in step1 should made of thisoass.JOINTER GRAIN END JOINTING pass a partial 1 Making a few table onthe infeed end-down theworkpiece I Place fence' the flat against withits face fromthe knives inches your your thumb andwrap right hand wrth thefence Straddle intothecutterhead' to feedit slowly theworkpiece around tilt andimmediately thepass I inchinto about feeding Stop asshown. will bea smooth. issethigher (lefil. r33 . theresult adjusted When thetableis properly even cut tight). Perfect 128).The the knives precisely height as thesame @age if theoutcangowrong what illustrate above diagrams hapshould low-and what feed tableis toohighortoo penwhen table height. away fromtheknives back theworkpiece r) Reversing thepass completing and thewolkpiece across feed thestock 180"andslowly workpiece L furnthe (above).//lN --) L Even I aut I lnfeed table l enrPe I I to misbeattributed canoften wrth a jointer Poor results cutterrelation to the in table of theoutfeed alignment jointing at being onthetable's depends head.if thetableis toolow.called cave (center).

Glue thelipto theunderside of the base. bring lefthand totheback your of theworkpiece when righthand reaches theoutfeed table. if necessary. (Use centered push between its edges. blocks withangled your handles to keep hands fromhitting thefence.Then position thehandle onthetopofthe base sothat its backendis flush withtheendof the base. flushwithoneend.bracingyour thumb onthe push block. although yourdesign cantailor to theworkpiece at hand. Screw the handle to thebase. some woodprefer workers to make theirown. Position on theworkpiece near itsfrontend. Thenputtwo push blocks squarely ontopof thestock. Bore a hole near thefrontendof the base so youcanhang thepush block onthe wallwhen it is notin use. butting its edge against thefence. Countersink thescrews to avoid you scratching theworkpiece when usethepush block. Lay the workpiece face-down onthe infeed table a fewinches from theknives. Usethe pushblock asdescribed above. Refer to the illustration at rightfor you suggested dimensions. driving thescrews fromthe underside of thebase.) Slowly feed theworkpiece across theknives (left) applying pressure downward onthe outfeed side of theknives to keeo thestock pressure flatonthetables andlateral to keep it flush against thefence. 134 .JOINTER JOINTING A FACE push Using blocks Move thefence toward therabbeting ledge. For a long your workpiece. sothatno portion of theknives willbeexposed astheworkpiece passes over thecutterhead. butposition it ontheworkpiece sothatthelip hugs thetrailing endof yourleft hand thestock. A PUSH BTOCK push Instead of buying blocks such astheones shovrrn above.

a final pass pass thehigh spot edge. repeatedly arepassed thewoodsurface until they are the cutterhead across edge(below. EDGES AND CONCAVE CONVEX 3 1 : 5 EDGE A CURVED JOINTING edges and convex concave Trimming witha concave anedge Tostraighten endof theworkhold theleading curve. ingedge make is roughlyeven. ing) or convex correct how to show below Thediagrams of irregularities. pass the high spotat the middle of the as the cutterhead across boardrepeatedly (cuts1 and2).Whenthe surface end(cuts makea final pass(cut5). theentire for asyouwould over the blades a pass (page jointing 132). withyour workpiece pressure against to maintain lefthand partof the When thedeepest thefence. Feed the front of thecutterhead useyour righthand. fortheother the procedure andrepeat along a finalpass Make endof theboard. roughlyeven. then turn the board at theother theprocess aroundto repeat is 3 and4). (/eft). wood rough square defects. manytimesasnecessary 'hose-dive" or to allowtheleadTrynot to to rideup whileyouarecutting. Fora concave theknives at oneendofthe boardacross (below.left). both types on thehighspots In each operation. feeding theworkpiece Continue end past until thetrailing thecutterhead 180" Then turntheworkptece is straight. Whenthe surface alongtheentireedge(cut3). For a convex edge. is over thecutterhead edge concave endof theworkpiece lower the leading the table andcomplete onto theoutfeed pass. theedge 135 . sible to thejointer passes until thejointer through shallow istrue.STOCK SALVAGINGWARPED value principal I lthoughthejointer's and smooth to in its ability A rests also it can surfaces. with other out stock straighten out for evening Thejointer is alsouseful (inward-bowhave concave that boards (outward-bowing) faces. right)asmanytimesasnecessary (cutsI and 2). make curve. Fora convex removed. operation a standard asposasparallel theworkpiece keeping making Keep tables. in level piece table an inchor soabove guard.

JOINTER RABBETS. aremade on thejointerby tiltingthefence to the required angle or with theaidof a shopjig.lness. RABBETING ON THE JOINTER Cutting rabbets Mark cutting lines f o rt h ew i d t h a n dd e p t h o f t h er a b b e otn theleading endof theworkpiece. Setthe cutting depthnodeeper Ihanr/. then deepen therabbet. Increase thecutting depth byincrements nodeeper thanI/qinch andmake addipasses tional if necessary.Bytakingfull advantageof the machine's capabilities. Fora rabbet along a board face(above. knownaschamfers. CHAMFERS AND TAPERS youcan ith a littleresourcefi. do more than producesquare boards on ajointer.extra caution is essential.Since the guardmustberemoved for edge rabbets on stockthicker than3/sinchand for any rabbetalongthe faceof a board. 136 . Fora rabbet along a board edge lefil. With a stopblockclamped to each table. if necessarV. while usrng a push block to apply pressure downward andkeep theworkpiece f latonthetables. Angledcutsalongthe corners of a workpiece.feed theworkpiece fromabove withyour yourlefthand righthand while pressure maintains against thefence.t inch. or for carving into a decorative foot. Slowly feed theworkpiece across the knives. In [act. you cancut stopped tapers that leave square ends for joiningto a tabletop or seat. Aslongasyourjointerhasa rabbeting ledge. you canshape woodwith tapers andchamfers. Tapers made arealso straightforward. thenposition thefence flush against the workpiece. (above. Align thewidth mark withthe ends of theknives. guide right). it cancut rabbets along either the edge or the faceof a board.or evencut rabbets for ioinery.manywoodworkers considei the jointer the besttool for cuttingrabbets-at leastwhen you areworking with thegrainof a workpiece. A leg taperedon thejointer provides gracefulsupportfor this table. the workpiece near itsfront endwithyour lefthand.

2-by-2s. of theinfeed withthecutterhead-end base aligned depth of cut. flush against thestop 1. jig. it f irmly in theV withyour while holding i I t t I *--*J TAPER A SIMPLE MAKING thecut upand starting 1 Setting gauge the to outline a marking I Use (lnset). withthefront line theother end block against Butta stop it tothe ce n dc l a m p o f t h ew o r k p i e a pass.thenfeedit across righthand. theguard holding theworkpiece depth of cutand. against of theoutfeed table. andhave byabout oneendof the base gapbetween through Attach thetwopieces them. when thejig isclamped table withoneendof the it in place Touse thejig. withyour theknives lefthand.clamp table. Tocuta series of chamfers jig. start align thetaper thefence. side of theknives areontheinfeed right hand.37 .IOTNTER JIG A V-BI()CK use thissimple onthejointer. carefully Tostart each infeed table. Refer shown at leftfor to the illustration shop-made suggested dimensions. Install where thetaper indicate ledge to hold a clamp ontherabbeting Seta 7s-inch outof theway. while onto theknives lower theworkoiece ir a g a i nt sh te em l y h o l d i nt g h ew o r k p i efc hands sure thatyour fence andmaking (/efil. table to themaximum Lower theinfeed in thegapof the Seat theworkpiece typically Yzinch. withyour thefence Straddle your theworkpiece thumb to keep using block. cutttng of thejig bybevel Begin theV section beyond sothattheyextend Position thetwocut pieces a t/z' 6 inches. thenmark taper ontheworkpiece of thestock to lines onthefourfaces willbegin. inch the to avoid scratching screws withcountersunk thebase jointer in place.

rotate theworkpiece clockpasses wise 90oandmake repeated over the youhave until trimmed thestock cutterhead to thetaper marks.) it to the stop block against theendof theworkpiece andclamp infeed table. fingers yourlefthand straddling thefence.when the infeed extra3/q inchwillcompensate it willalso Butta table is lowered later. Keep both hands wellabove Make thecutterhead.Install depth of ledge to hold theguard outof theway. 138 . Tomake thefirst pass. remaining faces. pressure onthetrailing apply downward yourlefthand use to endof theworkpiece. Next align thetaper endlinewiththe back end table. keep flushagainst thefence theworkpiece (right). lower theworkpiece onto the knives. forthefactthat. slide back slightly. keeping it f lush against thefence andthestopblock Feed onthe infeed table. inchandreoeat thenlower the infeed tabler/a theDrocess on increasing allfour sides. onepass on each face. down A STOPPED TAPER IOINTING withtwinstop Gutting blocks lines of theworkoiece to indicate where the Mark on all faces a clamp ontherabbeting iapering willbegin andend. passes Make asmany across the thetaper knives asnecessary to complete Tocutthe onthefirstface oftheworkoiece. thecutting depth until the taper is completed. Butta second stopblock against theother of the infeed endof theworkpiece andclamp in place. Seta %-inch withthetaper cut. across thecutterhead.JOINTER Cutting thetaper to feed theworkpiece Use a push stick Withyour righthand. use to press theworkpiece against thefence anddown ontheknives. theworkpiece using thethumb of yourrighthandbbove). Continue.thenbutttheworkpiece against thefence 3/qinch (The startline behind thefrontof theoutfeed table.

through to andusebothhands of theworkpiece roller.turn justclears the untilthetopof theboard a Tomake of theguideInset).You cannot. N or smoothing r e d u c i n t g h e p a n e o l r I'glued-up planthe uniforrnly.but keepthe Planers followingpointsin mind to getthebest Alwaysfeedstockinto the knives results. -) Tableroller Helpe reduce fric' Lion betweenworkpieceand table Tableroller A BOARD PLANING Using theplaner laytheworkpiece depth. stock rather than bothsides of a workpiece only. depth Xo-inch For a typical depth handle adjustment thetable of cut.PLANER planing a rough stock. withboth theworkpiece machine. keepintotheinfeed feedit slowly parallel edges. H(lW A PLANER W()RKS lnfeed roller Chipbreaker Freaaeaworkptece againot table before it reacheaknivee Preasurebar Tresaeoworkpiece down after it ie ehaved. Althoughthe maximum depthof cut for pass to is 7einch.limit each mostplaners %oinch and makemultiple passes. To theoutfeed hands untilit clears prevent plane from fromwarping. Support roller. Someof the tasksyou perform on on the jointer cannotbe duplicated the planer.Since out a warped straighten waqped parallelsurfaces.keepinq it flat ?Fii#i#. keep reaches theplaningendof theworkpiece side of the move to theoutfeed er's table.". face. of aboard thickness Its machine. to thetable ingitsedges grips roller theworkpiece theinfeed Once pulling it past thecutterhead. following the direction of grain.for example. woodworking eristheideal from a plane wood isto mainfunction that surface producing a smooth board. machine. andbegins to endof thestock thetrailing support Asthetrailit flatonthetable(left). fromoneside removing thickness r39 . Tosetthecutting itsendwiththe andalign onthetable guide. bottom pass stand to one side theplaner. the board. planerproduces stock will emergethinner from the but just aswarped. with theopposite isparallel areeasy to use.

Countersink: To drill a hole that permits the headof a screw or bolt to lie flush or slightlybelowa wood surface. Bladeset:The amount that sawteeth areoffsetalternately to the left and to the right. CrosscufiSawingacross the grain of a workpiece. Flute: A roundedconcave groovecut with a moldinghead. D-E Dado: A. freehand cutting shouldneverbe attempted on the tablesawand radial arm saw G-H-I Grain: The arrangement and direction of the fibersthat makeup wood. usedin conjunction with clamps to holll workpieces against a sawtable or tence. F Faces: Thewidersurfaces of a piece ofwood. Feedpressure:Rateat which a workpieceis pushed into the bladeor cuttersof a woodworking machine. Featherboard: A pieceofwood cut with fingersor "feathers" at one end. Box joine Identicalinterlocking fingersthat meshtogetherto form a cornerjoint. The two main typesarewobblers. Dowe} Wood pins usedto reinforce certaintypesof joints. Concave: A roundedinward shape.orothercuttingor sandlng accessorles.the name derives from the distinctiveshapecut into the endsof thejoining boards. sometypes may actuallybe soft and easy to cut. Dado head:A blade-or combination of blades and cutters-used to shapedadoes in wood.convexshapecut in wood. Contour cut Sawingalonga curved line. Edges: The narrowersurfaces ofa pieceof wood. Bevelcut: Sawingat an anglefrom faceto facethrough the thickness or alongthe lengthof a workpiece. like the insideof a bowl. Compound cut Sawingthrough a boardwith the bladepresented at angles other than 90orelativeto the faceand edge ofthe stock. Fingerjoint: Similarto a box joint but with narrowerintermeshing fingers. jointing: Usinga jointer to cut Face thin shavings from the faceof a workpieceuntil it is flat and square to the edge. tenonin a mortise-and-tenon Chippers:Auxiliary cuttersthat cleanout the wastewood between the cuts madeby the two sawblades ofa stacking dadohead.one or tlvo bladesthat wobblebackand forth on adjustable hubs.typically lessthan /a inch wide. Hardwood: Wood cut from deciduous (leaf-shedding) trees.suchasa chest or bookcase. usuallywith a band saw. like the outsideof a bowl. Edgejointing: Usinga jointer to cut thin shavings from the edgeof a workpieceuntil it is flat and square to the face. Freehand:To cut a workpieceon a band sawwithout usingeitherthe miter gauge or the fence. jaws on a drill for Chuck Adjustable holdingbits. Convex A roundedoutward shape. Cheek The faceof the projecting joint.GLOSSARY A-B Arbor: A round shaftprojectingfrom the sawmotor to turn revolvingsaw blades or othercuttingimplements. C Carbide-tipped blade:A saw's cutting edgeon which the teetharemade of a compoundof carbonand steel.rectangular channelcut into a worKplece. Dovetail joint A method of joining wood at corners by means of interlocking pins and tails. Gullet: The gapbetweenteeth on a sawblade. Fence: An adjustable guideto keep the edgeof a workpiecea setdistance from the cuttingedge of a tool. Cove A hollow concave form cut into wood. Fly cutter: A drill pressaccessory with a shaftand a sliding cutter blade that canbe adiusted to makeholesof variousdiameters. 140 . The box-like frame of a Carcase: pieceof furniture. grain will look different in different treesand asa resultof the sawing technioue usedto harvest lumber from tlie log.and stacking dadoheads. Bead:A rounded. allowing a bladeto cut a kerf slightly wider than its own thickness to helppreventbinding. Bladelead:The tendency ofa band sawbladeto drift offthe'intended line of a cut. suchbladeedges arestronger and staysharper longerthan conventional high-speed steel. Chamfer:A decorative bevelcut alongthe edge of a workpiece. which arepairsof blades sandwiched around one to five interior chippers.

usually a joint.providingsuppastthe port for the stockasit moves canbe adjusted bladefor crosscuts.Hook angle:Angleof the faceof a tooth in relationto a line sawblade's from the tip of the tooth to the center of the b-lade. Pushstick A deviceusedto push a workpiece into a bladeor cutterso fingers. for guidinga tool or fig: Device in position. the part of the tenonperpendicularto the cheek. but passes throughthe workpiece. alsoknown asa blind hole. the quill canbe raisedand lowered the depthof holea drill determines press can Dore. hole cut into Mortise: A rectangular a pieceof wood.T-U In a mortise-and-tenon Shoulder: joint. M-N across Miter cut A cut that angles the faceof a workpiece. In-rip: The positiona radialarm sawblademust be in to rip a narrow board. Out-rip: The positiona radialarm sawblademustbe in to rip a wide board.the motor is rotatedto situate the bladenearthe fence. Tearout:The tendencyof a bladeor cutter to tear the fibersof the wood it is cutting. joint. Raker:A tooth in a sawbladethat and wood chips clearsawaysawdust from the kerf.leaving ragged edges on a problemespecially the workpiece. r4l . Softwood:Wood cut from logs of (coniferous) trees.the motor is rotatedto posithe bladeand fence. Tenon:A protrusionfrom the end of a boardthat fits into a mortise. S-shaped Outfeed:The part of a machine's tablethat is behindthe bladeduring a cuttingoperation. Rip cut A cut that followsthe grain of a workpiece-usually madealong its length. holdinga workpiece Kerf: A cut madein wood by the width of a sawblade. completely I-K-L V-W-X. o-P molding with an A decorative Ogee: profile. Rabbet A step-likecut in the edgeor formspart of end of a board. tion it between Pawls:Pivotingleverswith sharp endsdesigned to grip a workpiece and preventit from beingkicked backtoward the operator. asto protectthe operator's Q-R surroundingthe spinQuill A sleeve the amount that dle of a drill press. to differentangles Moldinghead:A solidmetalwheel to the arbor and holds that attaches setsof identicalknivesfor carving and moldings.usedon tablesaws radial arm saws. cone-bearing Spindle:The verticalrotating shaft holdsthe chuckthat of a drill press. when crosscutting. gripsthe bit. Reverse thread: Machinethreadscut so that a nut turns counterclockwise to tighten. removalof waste Reliefcut Sawinginto an auxiliary for a table fenceto provide clearance sawor radial arm sawbladeor cutter. for miter cuts. Mortise-and-tenonjoint A joinery in which a projecting technique tenonon oneboardis madeto fit in an into a mortiseon another. table Infeed:The part of a machine's that is in front of the bladeor cutter during a cuttingoperation. the openmortise-and-tenon mortiseis not stopped. S. Kickback The tendencyof a workpieceto be thrown backin the directionof the operatorof a woodworking machine.Y-Z Veneer:A thin layerof decorative wood laid into or overa more common wood. To reducethe thickness of a Resaw: boardby cuttingit into two or more thinnerpieces. A groovethat does StoppedgrooYe: not run the full length or width of a workpiece. Miter gauge:A devicethat slidesin a slot on the sawtable. suchpreparations enable a band sawto cut along tighter turns by facilitatingthe wood. cut A preliminary incision Release to a from the edge of a workpiece line aboutto be cut. Thpercut: An angledcut alongthe that reduces lengthof a workpiece its width at one end.commonlyfound on saw arborsto preventbladefasteners from workingloose. Stoppedhole: A hole that doesnot passall the way through a workpiece.

back endpaper Band saws.95 F-G-H Featherboards. Bladeguards.90-91 Pivot blocks. 70 Tablesaws.1 1 4 .122-123 T i p s . in bold indicate Page references a Build It Yourselfproject.39 Hold-down devices: 60. Angled holes: 104.99 Three-wheel band saws. 49.l l l drums. 43 Crosscutting: Bandsaws.47 tenoning plugcutters.76 Build It Yourself: Band saws circle-cuttingjigs.25 Holes.27 taper cuts.9.122-123 sanding (Shop sanding drums. 94 Stopblocks.94. See alsoDrilling Duginske. backendp aper Fingerjoints. Tablesaws.137 Radialarm saws.INDEX in iralicsindicate Pagereferences an illustration of subjectmatter.35 repeatnarrow cuts. 6I.l l I Clamping.l17 sandingtableand pattern sanding insert.114. Blades. 81.SeeBand 126.33 multiple angledcuts.72. 69-70 joints.118 figs: Band saws jigs.110-111 aciessory jigs for equally spaced holes.102 Tapercuts. V-blockjigs. I-J Integraltenons.100. Radialarm saws. 1 1 7 Centerfinders(ShopTip).44-47 11.122 Speeds. lI5 Circle-cuttingjigs. 92 rounding corners. Mark. 94. 65 taperjigs. 116 compoundangles jigs. backendpaper Bandsaws.94.7G77 ligs.108-109 (ShopTip).ll2-ll3 pocketholejigs.82.98 Bladeguards. 78-79. L22-123 tilting tablejigs. 1 10111 dowelcutters.98 fointers.27 jigs. 101103 Dovetail 111.44. taperjigs. 114 Iointers pushblocks.47 foinery. 36-37 Dado heads.95. 1 1 5 .92 Quarter-circle Clamping: 109 Drill presses.97 Radialarm saws.33 wide panels.5Q 53 Bevelcuts. 79. 94. 48-49. 84 81.80.133 Cutterheads.34 saws: Curvedcuts Curved cuts. 83 100 Multiple duplicatepieces.85.48-49. 66 Radialarm saws. 12-13.82-84 Angle cuts. 79. 85 Safety ShopTips.68 Tablesaws box joints.92 quarter-circle V-block jigs. See Tablesaws Boxjoints.137 Radialarm saws auxiliary fenceand table.ll7 l4 t i l t i n g t a b l e j i g ls . 97 Drill oresses jigs for equallyspaced holes.137 Radialarm saws fenceand tablefor dado and molding cuts. 89blades. tt7 (ShopTip).78-79. 97 Crosscutting. 88.ll2-ll3 Drill presses. 97 Ripping. 93 -cutting jigs. ll A Ames. 10. 8688 bladelead (ShopTip). 112-118 ll2. 93 quarter-circle -cutting jigs.106 precautions.85 Guideblocks.50.137 Chamfers.104-105.72 fingerjointjigs. 13.lI2. 88 94.61 Band saws.79.109 Integraltenons.l 0 .45 crosscuts. 92 Curved cuts. 118 Dowels.69-70 repeat cuts(ShopTip).SeeDadoes. Rabbets Dadoes: Radialarm saws.72 miter jigs. Tablesaws.111.87 roundingofback edge(ShopTip). 13 Contractor's saws.20.73-74 Radialarm saws. i09 checking B i t s . 36. ll7 Drill presses.130-131. Pattern sawing.116 Jointers jigs. 114.96 Rip fences. 97 installation.92 . Grooves. 1 19121 t42 .13. 76-77 Grooves: 71. 101 Dovetail Guideassemblies.117 B Band saws.93 circle-cutting -attting jigs. 115 Equallyspaced holes.65 35 Tablesaws.104-105. 62 Tablesaws.l0 Angle cuts.30. 30-33 blades.33 crosscut jigs for repeatnarrow cuts. 93 rip fences. 124125. 1 11 62 . 13. 36-37. . Drilling. 118-121 49. Covecutting.3 Shop 108.60. 108. 64.134 V-blockjigs.8Q 85 Blades. 95.99. l3l knife-setting V-blockjigs. 79.96 precautions. 76-77 Radialarm saws.29 jigs.61 Band saws.49. lt2-tt3 pocketholejigs.83. 50. 20-21 136. Table saws.90.68 Tablesaws jigs. 86 circle-cuttingjigs. 105.See Drilling C Carbide-tipped blades: 58 Radialarm saws.18.15. (ShopTip).24.off-size Tip).98.8I Benchtop table saws.99 Drill presses rack.15 Bevelclamps.60. tL4. 95.111.21 jigs. 63.l I 0 .18 Radialarm drill press.80-81 Alignment. 98 see alsoAngle cuts Bits: 110-111 Drill presses.118 mortising attachments.65 taperjigs.45 Fingerjoints.126127 Jointers. 30. D Dado cuts. 118 r a c k sl.103 joints. 101-103 Drill presses. 80 Radialarm saws.38. tenoning 46. Circles: Centerfinders(ShopTip).63-64 miter cuts. Tablesaws. 79. 116 compoundangles j i g s . Angledholes.26 miter jigs.Judith.12-13.109 Safety Sandingtableand pattern sanding rnsert.136-138.I . 106-107 Accessories. 13. 104. 114. 123 Alignment. . Ll4. 60.1 0 9 .

69 molding cutters.72 |oinery.31 wide panels.69-70 installation.61.94. 22 Tablesawsunder See alsosubheading Crosscutting. 19 blade "Off' hands-free switch (Shop Tip).66 Tablesaws. 125. 6-7.135 See alsofointers K-L.13. prolonginguse(ShopTip). kickback.15 Repeat cuts.19 Nignment. T 49 Tablesaws. 5l Radialarm saws. 79.44 2.51.25 moldingcutters. 132-134 Chamfers. 139 Yoke clamps.60.M Klausz.27 resawing. 48-49. 70 Fences.128.128129. 14.30. 37 Dadocuts.68 Tablesaws.96 Rip clamps. 18.17. 36.65 Moldings: Radialarm saws.126. 13.97.30.60.75 Tablesaws.3l crosscutting miter gauges with.63-64.80.l& 30 guards. 38 Tablesaws.40-41 roller stands. Miter gauges.97 Bandsaws.28.27.75 Blades.72. 66 hold-down devices. Accessories.6-7 Miter clamps.62 alignment.115. Giles. 84. 40-43 Portable.5l cuts. Radialarm saws.137 Warpedboards.22.72.60.24.137-138 tapercuts. 131 Pushblocks.1 Melamineblades.32 Moldings. 18.52 Miter cuts. Table saws.7l 36.62. 51.15. 94. 17. 98. 98 73.51. 8. 126.Safety precautions Resawing.58. 34 Table saws. Dave. 17 rip fences with.133 Guards.75 bladeguards.70 Tablesaws. 13.24.59.134 |ointing.118 P l u g sl . 60.70 Repeat ShopTips.30.Ll7 Pushblocks. 106 Radialarm drill presses.32 14 Stationarysaws. Pdckethole jigs. Ripping.rs.50.32 ShopTips.32 15.32 Table saws.64.36-39 "Off' Hands-free switch (Shop Tip).95. 17. 51. 50.96 cylinders.76 Bladeguards.136 126. 12-13.61.137 136 Rabbets.14. 124-125.49.60. fointers. Dado cuts.Frank.13.139 Planers.5Q 53 S precautions. sandingtableand pattern sanding inserL. /ront endpaper -attting jigs.23 taper cuts.67 26.13.67 Portable.40-43 joints: Mortise-and-tenon 119-121 Drill presses. 95.24 Table saws. 25 hold-down devices.14 26 Routers: 122 Drill presses. hold-down devices.72 finger joints.55-57 dadoheads.24.W-X-Y-Z 143 .18. 1 16.48-49. 60-61.65 Auxiliarytables. |igs.57.88.29 jigs. Rip fences.14. Stoppedgrooves. 85 108.137-138 fointers.l18 joints also Mortise-and-tenon See Three-wheel band saws.65.127.18.14.116.49.58. 49. Drill presses. 48-49.14-15. 17.92 Quarter-circle Rabbets: 136 Jointers.99. Radialarm saws. 15.40 (ShopTip).9 Sawyer.7G77 Moldings.62.46-47 P-Q-R Panels: Radialarm saws.124-125.69-74 auxiliary fenceand table.44.75 62 Crosscutting.129. 123 58 Radialarm saws.15. 8 Lap joints.61. ll. Blades. l3 Accessories. 8l jigs. 63.70 (ShopTip).35 narrow strips.122-123 drums: Sanding U-V. lll 58 Radialarm saws.23 dado heads.67 Radialarm saws.75 Adjustment.24.22.64. 18. 20.99 68 Radialarm saws.31 Ripping: Bandsaws.94 Drill presses.32 Tableinserts(ShopTip).20. 29 Taperjigs: Bandsaws. ShopTips: Bandsaws. precautions Safety Tapercuts: Bandsaws.19 Bladeguards. Ripping.61.. 66 kickback. Tenoning 46. Warpedboards.1426 specialized bladeguards.127.12-13.61.l14 Tiltingtable V-block jigs. 25 molding cutters. 105. 97.95.128. 13. 36-32 installation. 5-l specialized bladeguards.50-51 Radialarm saws.49.59.24.75 Panels. 2l Plywoodblades.54 Rip fences: 80.50.136 58.135.72 repeatdadoes(ShopTip).18.128. 12. router bits.81.35 13. front endpaper Safety Bandsaws. 60. Roller stands.64 Shortworkpieces alsosubheading Radialarm See sawsunder figs.29 26 wide panels. 18.34 Miter jigs. 79. Miller-Mead.47 Tenons: Integraltenons. fixing a loose(ShopTip).Alignment.99 136.22.52-57 Angle cuts.24-25 anglecuts.113 138 Stopped tapers. 104.57.127. 18.136 guards. 109 Drill presses.122123 off-sizedrums (ShopTips). 20-21. Drill presses.61. 123 l3l Jointers.95 Radialarm saws. 66-67 taper cuts.27. 5& 75 60. Tablesaws.126. 39. 109.L9. 136. 16-17 Angle cuts. 74 Stopped holes.130-131 Knives. Radialarm saws.127. hold-down devices.68 Tablesaws. guide. 48-49.98 see alsoAngle cuts Miter gauges: Band saws.136.134 Pushsticl. 22 tableinserts Sanding: 122-123 Drill presses.

G & W Tool. Inc.Inc..Murriy...Cleveland.... Jon Eakes.BC. Ottawa. Montr6al.GA. NY. Maryo Proulx. Mississauga. NC and Louisville.. MI.GA.. LeeValleyTools Ltd.. Corp. NC and Louisville.. Inc.fos6eLaperrilre. Fitzwilliam. Montrdal. Ltd.. Makita Canada Ltd.MaryseDoray..SC....Inc. Delta International Machinery. Richards Engineering Co. Shopsmith. Ont.... Montrdal.IL. LeichtungWorkshops..7 RobertChartier 8 PatrickHarbron/Outline 9 Carl Valiquet Photographe l0 RaymondGendreau 11 GlenHartjes/Image Studios 144 . Lincolnton. Lincolnton.. RichardsEngineering Co. Ont. Chicago.Ont. Tulsa. Montr6al.Guelph... LeeValleyTools Ltd. UT Thefotlowingpersonsalso assisted in thepreparation of this book: Nyla Ahmad.A. NC and Louisville.Ont..UniquestCorp.KY BANDSAW Delta InternationalMachinery Guelph. Sears. Chicago.. ShirleySylvain. LeeValleyTools Ltd.OK.BC.Que. Naomi Fukuyama..Ont.IL. Mohawk FinishingProductsof Canada. Mississauga.. Que. JOINTER/PLANER AdjustableClamp Co. Inc. Que. Anderson. Shopsmith. GarrettWade Co. Inc.NH. Ont.JenniferMeltzer.Vermont AmericanCorp. G6rardMariscalchi.Inc.Inc.Vermont AmericanCorp. Ryobi America Roebuckand Co. LeeValleyTools Ltd.KY DRILLPRESS AdjustableClamp Co.. Ont.. Ottawa... Norcross. Shopsmith.Ont.. Montr6al. Chicago.. HTC Products. FreudWestmoreTools..Ltd.. Que.NicolasMoumouris.Ont. Montr6al. Que. FisherHill Products..ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Theeditors wish to thank thefollowing TABLESAW Delta InternationalMachinery..IL..Ltd.OK..James Therrien PICTURE CREDITS Cover PaulMcCarthy/Au Puits de LumiEre 6. Vermont AmericanCorp. New York.. Vancouver.Guelph.. Ottawa. FreudWestmore Tools. Chicago. CommunicationMasters.Ont.. RoyalOak.IL. RenaudBoisjoly.Inc.. Hitachi PowerTools U. Ltd.. Chicago.. Graphor Consultation. Whitby. Tulsa. Ottawa.IL. G & W Tool. Norcross.KY RADIALARMSAW AdjustableClamp Co.. Que.S.. Lorraine Dor6.Sears. Roebuck and Co. Shopsmith. OH. Vancouver. Ltd. Lincolnton.

.GP UIDE WORKSHO MAKINGYOUROWNFEATHERBOARDg I'o keepolock are ueed' also knownae fin7erboarde. Fealherboarde./ affinT !.ing 1/e inch-wide Lo cul' aaw mif.f o w a r d t h e b l a d e a workpiece is one baeic dev'tcee.v Ll4 rJ'1t/' -=---</ D O V E T A I L.ered end. 3/q To make a fealherboard.cul a 3OoLo 45o mit'er at' one end of a or i n c h .FG# I I .. | F I N G EO R RB O X CD UT COMPOUN . b u Lp l i a b l e c r e a t i n ga r o w o f o N u r d y s l o L et o | . eecurea lo the saw lable are clampedLo hand.drrH ^\rn I DADO ^_#'"{l ta.hefence:shorler oneeare aLLached lo hold ef.There featherboardsalEoeerveae anti-kickback euit' Lhe laek aL varied to be lenqlh can righl: the deoiqnehownat.r\.cul a nor'chfor a Seforeeecurin7a feal. p a r a l l e l thtck cuf./ OPEN-MORTISE- DADO CUT .Clamped added el'abiliIy.f.l h i c k b o a r d :c h o o s eL h i c k e re t o c k i f y o u w i l l b e r e e a w i n q f r o m L he i n c h e s 5 i n e a b o u l M a r k a w o o d .herboard to a I'ableaf' a 90" anqleI'o the feat'herboard. Lonqfeat'herboarde to lhe lence workpiece againoL|.Then uee a table aaw or a band finqere. Sincethey 7ermit' eaw' Lable of a fence or enuqly aqatnellhe Vreooed L o m o v eo n l y i n o n e d i r e c t i o n . Ihe oupporl pieceprovidee M : \L Fingers and slots WOOD CUTS CROSSCUT WOOD JOINTS COMMON NlITER MITER CUT BEVEL CUT I m() L-. eu??orLboard.ockaqainet'Ihe Iable.rv6. h em a r k e dl i n e . Io a saw I'able.

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