Edited by




Chief Scout Librarian Boy Scouts of America

Published for



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A. Raymond 'L. "Woodsy Cookery" Rules and recipes for good things to eat at camp by Ladd Plumley.IN "Hip Benedict ! WHAT'S THIS BOOK ! Hip Edward. . ! Hooray Boy Scouts' Crown Prince of Belgium. considers the beaver the tells most intellectual animal and why. a -distinguished Club of America. " " Trout Fishing for Boys Ernest Warren Brockway tells the boys about some of the wily trout's ways. Sir Douglas ! ' ! ! Haig. "The "The Thrill of High Adventure" in Flying Parson" talks about the scout laws connection with high adventure.. " How to Make a Hogan " ' Shelters for over night hikes are described by Dart Beard. Vreeland. L^itmars. and the pioneer way. Collins tells "Model Aeroplanes" how to enjoy the new sport boys aeroplanes. "Animal Engineers" A great naturalist. S. "Pops of Popular Science" Items of interest about science and several other subjects. member of the Camp Fire "The Uniform of the Smile" Colin H. "Backwoods Stunts" Dan Beard tells how to take care of food . Tarbell views Lincoln from the standpoint of the scout he lived up to the law before the day of the Boy Scouts of America. like many other people. Pope in "Camping the Buckskin Way" Expert advice from Frederick K. approve of the Boy Scout Movement. B. President of the National Council. Francis A. Livingstone. presents in an unusual way one of the scout laws. of making and flying model "Abraham Lincoln True Scout" Ida- M. Leopold. Prince of Wales.

If IN " WHAT'S THIS BOOK (CONTINUED) Packing the Buckskin subjects. writes delightfully of the species and tells some of their personal traits of the specimens in the New York Zoological Park. tells about one such occasion. Belmore Brown. Little lessons "Wireless for Amateurs" by "Spark Gap" for ambitious students of real Indian. "Buffalo Bill and the Buffalo Bull" "Old Pioneer. E. " all The first white man to ascend Mt. to this title. "Four-Footed Folk" Arthur F. tells Way it. . "The Great Brown Bears A naturalist of world reputation. "The Real Robinson Crusoe" Francis Arnold discusses the claims of the Portuguese Fernar Lopez. lose "On Being Lost" Gladden on how to behave when you and how to get your bearings. radio. the Cave Scout. in opposition to those of the English sailor Alexander Selkirk. "Cherokee Secrets About Bows and Arrows" Told by a Instructions by George Roger Eubanks. your way in the woods "Pioneering and Woodcraft" Dan Beard tells about clothes racks and bridges for the benefit of pioneering scouts. Rice writes of the little forest animals as one who loves them. William T. Hornaday." who used to go hunting with Buffalo Bill. Dr. McKinley. scout your Carry "In the Scout Cave" More verses and talks from the scouts' old friend. who knows about such how to do " Boone Torch Bearer " of Alaska" One of William Heyliger's illuminating character sketches. "How to Make a Wetzel Knife Scabbard" knife the scout way -make a scabbard the Dan Beard way.

"Under the Southern Cross" What happened in a South Sea Island Mission Church one Christmas. Irving Crump the author. abound in this story by Edward Leonard. . in a Wilbur S. NeilL "Codfish Possibilities" The strangest adventures that ever befell a cook book as related by the Limejuicer tale. "The Mysterious Stranger" A tale of England long ago in 960 when the spirit of King Arthur aided a brave company of soldiers. Boyer "Johnny Kelly" "The Emerald Buddha" Borneo an emerald of fabulous value a treacherous half-breed a den of poisonous snakes a faithful native and two American boys are some of the elements in John Garth's story. "Quantrell o f the Santa Fe Trail" Romance and adventure. is ' J. characteristic of the days of the Forty-Niners. written by John R. Allan Dunn the author.IN A young bull elk WHAT'S OUR STORIES in the "Answering the Challenge" and a panther meet winter woods and battle is battle to the death.

Lees. . "The White Arab" Mecca horrors and mystery a thrilling tale written by Denzil C. OUR STORIES (CONTINUED) Little The Poor Rich Boy" boy they had envied. Ames tells how a troop of scouts learned to pity the "With the Aid The Clown almost misses a Livermore tells how of Some Matches" This story by George G. Cross. "Rounding up the Man Eater" Captain A.WHAT'S IN " Joseph B. "Worthless Wallace" A most unusual story by Irving James concerning the singular adventures of a Circus Seal. P. a few matches helped him out of his difficulty. saved a garrison town from an army of savages. Corcoran tells of a very exciting rescue by the Uganda Mounted Scout Troop. "Down How a boy. "Old Doc Peterson's Divining Rod" A treasure hunt carried on under amusing conditions told by Frank Farrington. the Salwin" by means of two pieces of bamboo. M. big important house party. P. told by C.




man . . 33 41 Pioneer racks . . . . ."' ' . The tube was nearly jerked from Horace's mouth The keel of the launch grounded " "'Boots. . Sport dropped his glass \*]!$JBEp* 4-6 The black groaned The Scout Cave I ain't no Rocky Mountain goat^B. . 54 57 66 72 81 have a plan to stretch out our stock of eatables His wife. . . . . .. . black-haired . ' . keyed up and restless.the trees he discovered the form of a man old black bear sat ' Side car for a bicycle In camp ". in buckskins . 156 l $S 73 J r 1 ~6 7% Bridge building He carried ashore a rooster 2I . moved back and forth ' '.. .. Wetzel knife scabbard 139 He forgot his woes '* - . petrified with horror A Boy Scout Hog-an Down the Salwin .. . . . .... .. 51 53'' How to boost a A whoppiri' big I heavy object codfish made a grab for it .. The doctor marched along Awfully glad you could come Friction racks 149 IS 1 . A grumpy black-eyed. . The "The same supplies put ashore were liberal old stuff" . 215 222 2 3^ "Hedonddrount" .' gasped Jerry The man in tattered white stumbled up the steps Bows and arrows 87 100 114 i-i 131 '. ? -235 2 37 2 39 hunched on a log Wallace had submarined him Among. . .- 2I1 / A slender..M4 T Startled. 2S T 252 2 54 The daily good turn Respect for country . ... .' 2 5S .LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS IN TEXT PAGE Something brushed across his face Dick.'.

Boy's Life. with the aid of a strong Library Commission.000 hours a year that the boy is awake.000 and is growing steadily. the monthly magazine of the movement. the school room has but 1. and he is without a definite program for a good portion of the remaining 4. The official Handbook for Boys has now reached official a distribution of over 200. Our mineral lands. there has been made available. Further. in The environment opportunities and their which the boy and girl live. a books for boys. sources of food. has reached a circulation of over 100. Of the 5.FOREWORD The growing boy and natural resources in girl are the chief assets of our country. and our large business opportunities. known as Every Boy's Library.000 hours.000. their educational will largely manner of using their leisure time. it has been discovered that the average boy in spends a great deal of his leisure time responsible for promoting the terested themselves in reading. important must be con- sidered as of secondary importance as compared with the proper develop- ment of the citizenship of to-morrow. and in the last few years. For this reason those Boy Scout Movement have definitely insupplying an attractive and at the same time whole- some reading program for him. . Through careful study. and is prepared to give advice. when requested. as they are.000 copies a year. as to books which special edition of are not worth while. the Boy Scout Movement undertakes to list books which are worth while. to supply a definite The Boy Scout Move- ment serves program for this leisure time of the boy. forests and streams. govern their development.

JAMES E. Their publication in these volumes will help to preserve in a more enduring officials. fiction writers. like the former volumes. in humorists and artists) are providing for current publication official the scouts' magazine. contains stories. naturalists. who associate editor of Boys' Life. WEST. form much of the splendid material which eminent men (public educational leaders. Chief Scout Executive. Daniel Carter Beard. scout leaders. and illustrations which are taken largely from Boys' Life.Foreword Movement Opportunity has been presented for the Boy Scout a step further in its desire to help in to go providing beneficial reading matter. articles This. . To extended all of these men the thanks of the to Boy Scouts of America are serves as and particularly Mr. explorers. The first of the series of annual publications of this character was published in 1915. the sixth volume. finding as always the greatest compen- sation to be that satisfaction which comes from knowledge of greater joys and benefits brought into the lives of boys. by cooperating in the publication of a Boy Scouts' Year Book. handcraft experts.

'U II '(..1 I ll'S IL > I>IIU I II f IIU^C. I I< MUM I *. .11 IU 111 I I1C \ i.111 l\ ground. brandishing his well-armed head in a challenge.

odor lingered in his sensitive nostrils for hours. So long as he remained motionless he knew that danger could lurk close at hand and yet pass him by. shaking off the great cat. unable to restrain herself. she stopped and crouched low. nor did he into the forest. for calf elks give off little odor by which the sharp-nosed prowlers of the forest can detect them. swept the glade with a wicked look and then slunk off into the forest. just as she put her head down to resume her meal. They had moved but little as like. Through the tangle of grass stalks he could see her Now and again she raised her dimly. cam: a sudden soft. however. ears back and lips head nervously and air. run from the scene. then with a frightened toss of her head and a frantic effort she bounded again and again. so strong was that instinct to lie motionless for protection. into and. half twisted herself out of the path of this yellow peril. never stirring a muscle. For twenty minutes the great cat had crouched at the edge of the forest watching the little band of grazing cows and waiting for them to move within striking distance. a rustle of dried grass. finally. the hungry panther. and run. For an instant the cow staggered under the impact and extra weight. the terrible fear began to be much as raise his head. with a startled snort. Instinctively he knew that Nature had given him coloring that blended with his surroundings and made him almost invisible. but she almost as she launched herself Just on the last long bound that would bring The distance was succeeded. although fear almost made his heart stand still. her down upon elk mother took the nearest cow's back. drawn Then Suddenly. sniffed the soft spring while her big eyes searched the depth of the budding forest on either side of the glade-like meadow. Great claws raked her rump and hind legs as the panther tried to climb upon her back. made a swift. His mother had left him there and there he intended to remain until she returned to him. that hour after hour slipped by. and. cat leaping bound. It was his first experience with the tawny yellow The hideous killer. As the afternoon wore on and . For a few leaps the panther followed. with a lightning- Through the terrible spectacle enacted before his eyes the little bull calf crouched. her long tail lashing angrily and her sinister yellow eyes glaring off into the forest where the small band of elk had Cheated of her kill she disappeared. Off in the clearing his mother browsed in the company of other cows. they fed. the alarm. the peril of the forest. on and on Yet. and. and. the THE great. silent dash for her quarry. so evening approached. fled in terror the forest. inwardly he quaked with the He wanted to get up fear that it bred. a tawny yellow body swept by the spot where the calf lay hidden. a huge panther crashed down upon the startled cow elk. half bounded.Illustrated by Charles Livingston Bull little bull calf huddled in a heap dried leaves and the among withered grasses in the timber on the edge of the clearing as motionless as a stone. in a snarl. and. like the wind. almost soundless rush of padded feet.

There was a blood odor about her. She persisted in lying down. and the hollow call of a raccoon floated move. he dared raise his head a little and gaze about. Yet. too. Those great claws saw the mangled cow elk. Suddenly a noise sounded night near at hand. as the morning wore on she grew weaker and presently the calf understood that something strange had happened. "Sho. it's a plum shame. And I guess you'll be food for that same panther if I don't look after you. He tried to per- come along with me?" you He reached over and stroked the calf gently for a few moments. and over his face too. you?" At the sound the calf bolted and scurried around behind the lifeless form of his mother for protection. had and bitten deep. a fox barked from a ridge beyond. to move. like to 18 . in came the sound of something moving the forest close at hand. while the shadows of the forest lengthened across the glade." He bent over the elk and examined her. he still lay motionless." said the man looking down at the calf. But. at her inquiringly. All afternoon she had been traveling in a wide circle in the forest to come back to him at nightfall. that it is. stopped. as if imploring him to do something that would bring the dead cow back to life.dominated by intense hunger. as he had heard them before. Still Fine big cow "Shucks. from afar came the call of the great owl. Out of the woods came a man in gray-green uniform. They had raked spine flanks so terribly that great cuts hung open. Under the cover of darkness. that's rotten. young one. It was but the snapping of a twig. He was almost tempted to came down the wind. despite these hunger pangs. are said the man. yet because of some sixth sense the add The man him. Not since morning had he nursed and his small being out for food. How'd he nosed at her. half fearful. just if he were armed with the fine spread of antlers that would some day be his. Out of the darkness loomed calf elk as A the shape of his mother. doggone panther. fighter. too hungry to note that she was scarcely as steady on her legs as he was. suade her to get up. and flanks. and like a flash the about and faced in the direction whence it came. "Hello there. and the elk was weak from loss of blood and the mangling she had received. Eagerly the calf nosed at her. and the calf trembled as he saw the scarred The cat odor lingered. He nosed at her more persistently now. Indeed. "You're an orphan. sometimes going back and apparently imploring her to Already the aisles of the woods were velvety black. It's that gone. calf whirled The man scent down the night. At length as he stood looking at her. And as he stood thus the calf came closer and closer until finally he nosed the man's leg. sometimes stamping his tiny foot impatiently. half angry. Tough. he welcomed it by staggering uncertainly to his feet and trotting toward the sound on wobbly legs. spread a smile as he saw the elk baby stamp his tiny foot and shake his head menacingly. For a moment the calf stood looking at his weak quivering voice to the sounds. too. All night long she hardly moved from the clearing's edge and with sun up the little bull calf sensed something strange about her. back in his mind the calf associated his mother's condition with that yellow menace of the forest. young one. The little bull calf heard them all. The man's face became serious when he was not startled by it. and called pitiThen he would stand off and look fully. and the sun slowly dropped behind the snow-capped mountain peaks across the valley until the violet cried half-light of evening invaded the meadow. then picked it up in his arms.

" and presently he moved off into the forest with the calf elk huddled in his the mountains. Tom's orphan was now a spiked buck and proud of it. laughed at him. This strange diet retarded the calf elk's development and it was well along in the clattering after him. he had many a joust with trees and second growth saplings about the ranger's cabin. Twice during the summer he crossed the trail of before. mouthed at his trouser legs and coat ends. Instinctively he knew that these were the calls of the bull elks of the arms. It mountains. and with it the young elk became a prouder being. and stamped and snorted in mock anger. had already sucked the skin from his ear. trailing after him like a dog whenever failed to shut him up in the log stable. Indeed. he would scarcely let the forest ranger out of his sight. But he He seemed occupy some of the duller moments of his existence. too. he and Tom became fast friends. This four-legged orphan promised to Nulty to understand that this was the time when the great bands of elk in the valleys were moving on to winter feeding grounds. He shook them at Tom occasionally. Tom the clattering thing until it stopped rolling."Say. But he wandered farther afield than August came and strange sounds echoed through the stir mountains the calf sounds that seemed to heard the strangely. Then he tried feeding him from a condensed milk diluted with with spoon He tried them a warm This was measurably sucdifficult to persuade the calf to give up the spoon once he had wrapped his tongue about it. Always. at which the elk nursed greedily until he threatened to swallow the handkerchief. nursed at nearly all of his ten fingers. then he would stamp and charge it. startled. a restlessness the gulch that split the side of Panther Mountain. But I guess I can tote you. and created a general clamor in its effort stayed close to Tom and the cabin. the first snowstorm of the year. down a bit. was lonesome for Ranger in his cabin in Tom Mc- Autumn advanced and came into his blood. to impress upon breakfast time. but it was Spring came. for on the top of his head sprouted two velvet-covered knobs that grew amazingly fast and ere long took the form of two spikes. His coat grew thicker and heavier and he was not surprised one evening to find the air filled with powdery flakes. Still the young buck lingered about the cabin. cessful. clear bugle-like notes ringing He out across the valleys and echoing against sometimes going well down the gulch. Indeed. sniff head and the and he would raise his air. and he welcomed the company of the calf elk. In the end water. killing many of them in an effort to rub off the itching velvet and polish his horny head gear." as the ranger explained to his horse. Meanwhile. and from that time he was a busy individual trying to find food for himself. only to set it clattering again and frighten himself into another stampede. and threw and arrange for a supply of milk for which he went three times a week. would flee from water-pail "Just to take him summer before he began to show signs of growth. you're a husky one for a kid. him that it was long past a variety of things. he came back to the cabin at night. bedding down near the log stable where he had bedded ever since he had been at the ranger's house. and followed Tom through the timber. . borrow several nursing bottles. The elk. By the time Tom got his armbreaking burden home he realized that the It husky infant was decidedly hungry. and stamp his foot challengingly. but the a ranger Tom est had to ride thirty miles to the nearranch. among handkerchief dipped in oatmeal water. however. You weigh something.

The full-throated challenge was what he had longed to hear. and both times the cat odor stirred in him both fear and anger. come August." Tom was right. far off. much faster than the first. Up here he found the first snow of the season. he was surprised to find that the unhooked itself and lay motionless soundless on the ground. clattering through the woods. climbing to the of the top ridge in order to descend into the further valley. tains. and trees. angry himself. The young buck challenged everything and everybody to fight with him. looked at it in surprise. trees and bushes and everything else to a clash of antlers. He ment. the pail rat- Higher and higher he went. a He more his challenging Tom. a second set to grow. terrible clatter and bang his pail and bull Tom admired him more than once as he watched him wandering about the clearing in the vicinity of the cabin. horse. From tains far. right. Yet the experience with the did not subdue him for any considerpail able length of time. He threw up his head and broke forth bugle. stopped. too. to "You've grown pretty big to be a pet. "and I'm afraid you'll be getting a dangerous customer to monkey with. off clattering and banging about Finally in amazed fright he bolted through the forest. Cliffs were carpeted with it. He and was The young on much on." said Tom. ringing from the moun- August came and with beyond the divide. too. too. shriller truculent. the with coming of spring. in Tom's the fine began to bugle. tling Cfaallenu and clanking and banging frightfully. and presently he gained the timber line and traveled onward toward the crest of the ridge. in the other valley. With a snort elk leaped backward and shook his head. and polished them carefully against young was now a handsome beast. He was very proud of these. He answering the became the his ears. The young Then. began a year v uck. laughed till front of his cabin and his sides ached. and. but became tone. to his surprise. Tom was leading a bunch of cows into one of the mountain parks. But Tom always resorted to the rattling tin water-pail. while Tom stood and vaguely he recalled the terrible hours he had spent waiting for his mother that day Another winter he spent in the vicinity of Tom's cabin. then gave it a vicious stab with his antlers. by warm weather he possessed a beautiful and had to pair of velvet-covered. not round mellow tones of the big elk in The young bull heard and knew that beyond that ridge this lord of the herd six-point bulls. and 2O . as it went rolling with a clatter and a din down the mountainside. and. in an threw the tin water-pail at short range and it landed with a clatter and a bang against his horns and caught there. a contest for the leadership of the herd. well grown and beautiful to look upon. and the more he shook the louder started upward. until one day. and frightening every forest dweller for miles around. His spikes dropped off. he rushed off in the opposite direction. Presently he paused and listened. He the ran until he was exhausted. early in the year.tlhie the great panther. but he crashed on through the forest with the desire for contest unabated. higher. five-spiked antlers. But more and more he challenged Tom. young fellow. It meant a clash. and he snorted and stamped and shook his antlers at Tom more than once. to his astonishstop. rolling bugle of an old herd bull challenging the world. in off I'll "He's gone water-pail and back. came faintly to his ears the rich." said with a perfectly good bet he never comes bull ran Tom. and when he lowered head. a fight. it the wonderful of the bull elks across the mounbugling Afternoon wore on and the sun began drop lower.

He snorted loudly. great cat eyed him. her ears flat- But the young elk was not taken off The instant the tawny form shot through the air up came his head with its guard. There was a vague 21 heavily and pitched her away from him. Crimson spots on the white snow testified that the young bull had drawn first blood in the battle. sniffed the air with a snort. Slowly she began to creep forward. crouching. skirting cliffs and picking ledges that afforded firm foothold. feeling that he had a score to be settled. The beyond the From divide. A puff of wind carried an odor that brought back to him recollections of a sinister tawny form. bull face to face in rutting season She was traveling swiftly but stealthily. terribly hungry. baring long. leaped. prepared to spring. bull. but he staggered up with a snort and. knowing as well as the young bull that there was a herd of elk in the parklike valley over. brandishing his well-armed He head in a challenge. her whiskers stood out and her lips curled. another artimal was climbing. came the tawny form of the killer. and the lacerated remains of his mother. She had never encountered a young before. was crossing rock to rock she slipped. tawny killer of the mountains. then dropped it low as if to charge. between him and the leadership of the band in the valley He cliffs was skirting the base of sheer rocky in his and picking perilous footholds did not effort to top the divide. tened against her head. And adding fuel to this was the memory that the sinister form and unpleasant odor of the great yellow cat awakened within him. yellow teeth. and he charged the . savage. hungry. Her cruel yellow eyes narrowed. The watching for a chance to spring. know that. But the dominating emotion was that this tawny menace stood between him and the herd beyond. But this was quickly dominated by the desire to fight that was rampant now. Past experience told her that elk were cowardly things. She dropped into the snow with a snarl and backed away. and The heading for the same destination. Presently he rounded a huge bowlder and came out upon a narrow ledge that led straight toward the top of the divide. making an ugly sound in her throat as she came Step by step. An surprised too. The through elk's fighting blood was surging his veins now. But he had hardly taken three steps when he came to an abrupt stop. On plunged the young bull. It met the tawny form midway in the spring and she crashed down full upon this deadly hedge. The great cat saw her chance to fling herself clear of this bristling hedge of polished horns and land full upon the elk's Like lightning she unprotected back. young bull pawed and shook his head again. while the great cat clawed at his flanks and back in an effort to drag herself off The young irresolute. armament of deadly spikes. else she would not be journeying that far for her kill. gliding over the edge of the cliff from a point of rocks below. He same and at the moment. On he plunged. surprised. as he climbed. she advanced. stood old fear welled up in him the horns.rweranu the mountain tops loomed high and silent. he shook his head and shoulders and made him want to flee in uncontrollable panic. white and cold. For a moment she seemed to debate the situation. on. beyond the ridge. threading one ledge after another and climbing toward the ridge. and began to paw the ground. drew back and dropped her body to the ground. between him and the great bull that he meant to conquer. too. too. the giant panther. For a moment the panther. The bull went to his knees with the weight of the body impaled upon his antlers.

trying once again to clear the hedge of horns. Then. then again and again. The panther gave vent to a choking. a deft swing of his and the extra weight of the cat. Each stood tense and silent watching the other. . a little louder now. Frantically she tried to get down. He snorted his rage and leaped at her again. but with horns. backward and prepared to spring. too. frantic now. and. drew off and rested. For a moment the young bull looked at the result of his rage with flashing eyes and heaving tle stirred flanks. from the wall of rocks. The young bull paused and stood like a statue for a moment. With a gurgling hiss she leaped aside and tried to get behind his guard of short leap she made. Then from far off. without Suddenly. his big ears cocked wounds. listening. Again the bugle sounded.panther. warning. bloody mass of yellow fur was the panther now. and again she landed on those deadly spikes. The bull staggered with the impact of the rush A head those polished. and not once could he seem to get a fair and telling home thrust. turning. was on the defensive now. and her claws were torn from their hold as he threw her aside. he dropped her to the ground. In another moment she would be caught with her back against the rocky wall. threw her hard against the rocks and Scarcely giving her time to regain her balance. ready. But the young bull was a score of ugly forward attentively. and he could grind her to ribbons. she his back. Once she almost got behind his guard of horns and fastened her claws into But. and once she raked his face and nose But the pain and with her sharp nails. This was an unexpected move. for those spikes had pierced her body in a dozen She tried to drag herself away places. gurgling scream of rage and fear. the blood only seemed to make him more furious. Up went his head again. But those terrible horns slashed round and hooked into her flanks before she could draw herself up on to his back. Again the bull charged. Fighting with such fury. as she slipped out of his path. convulsively struggling mass. He stamped and snorted and shook his head at all that was left of the panther as if he half hoped that the thing would fight once more. She opening up gashes deep and ugly. She. Again he charged. she rushed and leaped. seeking to pin her down with his horns or to catch her and toss her up- jammed his horns home. drove his horns home again. quick as he was. Each time he charged she slipped by and the best he could do was to slash her as she spun around. backing away. he spun around and whipped his spikes across her ribs. to fight for supremacy with the herd bull in the valley. and on the instant the cat saw her peril. Up went the young bull's head in an answering call. was elusive. while the great cat bloody. Still the lust for bat- within him. sensing his advantage. The elk's breath was coming in while the panther bled from snorts. over the ridge. A snarling. heavy crept came. each time grinding the mutilated body against the rocks and stamping forefeet it into the snow with his sharp a until nothing remained but She made a quick leap sidewise and one of her deadly claws fastened into his shoulder. the deepthroated bugle of the old herd bull. slapped at him in a frenzy with wicked paws. and. the young bull For a moment he presently grew tired. he started for the top of the divide. but the young bull. crashed down upon her and ward off the shelf. he rushed her once more and ripped her rump as she sought to dodge out of his way. writhing. but the young bull. He lurched sideways and turned partly toward the wall of rock beside him. not he. knife-like spikes raked deep into her flanks and threw her back into the snow again.

J. cheery and bright HOME in the heart of the wilderness! **>:' *'" i . Darkness creeps near with Silent. PATTEN murmurings in the OTRAXGE are the trees.The By Spell of the Fire F. its velvet pall. covering all Awesome the heart of the wilderness! Mystery lurks in the trees and sky. relentless. Wild is the sound of the night beast's cryFearsome the heart of the wilderness! Then in the darkness. Secret the whisperings on the breeze Deep in the heart of the wilderness. a flash of light Grows to a campfire.

with their Mascot." Below Lieutenant Maynard about to leave San Francisco on his return flight. Kline.Top W. E. "Triiie. Bottom A snapshot taken when the Sky Pilot was forced to land because of a broken crankshaft .

prosperous farm homes and thriving cities of northern Ohio and Indiana. and barren valleys. of his home and famCould we to them. "goes to make up this marvelously great country of ours. After leaving New York on October 1919. and San Francisco and returned in the same length of time. "All this." said I. kinds of lakes. . you "What is that fellow thinking about?" And you have wondered. with San Francisco as my goal. snow-capped peaks. long since famous for its beauty and for being the home of the Forty-Niners. and looking like Christmas toys beneath me. all our great proud 8.The "Sky Pilot" SCOUTS. how he thing of was feeling. our country's greatest aviator in time of peace. soon reaching Cheyenne. ily. over the Great Salt Lake and many mineral deposits forming all From Chicago tile pride in it. In twenty-five hours he traveled the distance between was my happy privilege to fly all the way across the vast tract of land which forms what we know as the United States of it America. I finally came to the great city of Chicago. and lakes of New York State. planted at the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. I came to the city of San Francisco. wonderful and beautiful counFlying over the city of New York with its world-famous tall buildings projecting hundreds of feet toward the sky. May- nard. Long Island. not the cheering thousands or of his fame resounding around the world. he did he think so much as of his country. how the earth looks from way up there. and of what he was proudest. New York. which hid her own beauty beneath the smoke which teemed from thousands of smokestacks of ing industries. In the article by "Sky Pilot" tells you someMaynard what he was thinking of. Doubtless you have said and thought that a good When across the fertile lands. and first home of the transcontinental flyers. Spanning the Rocky Mountains which stood thousands of feet in the air with their rugged slopes. Mineola. you see an aviator way up in the asked yourself many times." Its happy homes where. have air. too. shake with Lieutenant Belvin W hands '. finally across the treacherous Sierra Nevada range. thriv- many times. the man who was speed winner in the New York-Toronto International race. flying over the hills. I passed over more ferthe Mississippi and between country the Missouri and on both sides of them. Not of this that follows. Not about the glory of it. flying over a What try! Lake Erie from Buffalo to Cleveland. beneath the sunshine and smile of parental care. speeding on the last lap at the rate of one hundred and twenty-five miles an hour. wooded forests. and of his loyalty he tell to you what find a better man than and his he thinks of the scout law of loyalty and what he thinks of you scouts? The Editor. that he should be the first home on that wonderful flight across the continent and back again.

there were three there to greet me. Yet in vast territory from New York to San Francisco there is not one single foot of soil that belongs to me. By his side was my mother. and every . gaging vied right to claim for herself the world's its peoples enin diversified industries breaking the unending terrain. So you see that loyalty is a very natural When we think of thousands of thing. Now ask me why I love America Such homes as mine are to be found the whole country over and they are what make it a great country. when taken collectively. the lives. its towns and cities the home of America's industries tiful lakes though the mother of eleven of America's loyal sons and daughters.received the inspiration and vision of greater things. nor a foot of this all this devout Christian with a stalwart faith. nor a sheep. 1919. Do I love should I love it? Why. for all Boy Scouts are brave and unselfish. giving to America the enmost beautiful mountains. in the can I claim as my own. most and mountains with unsurpassed beauty and splendor. its richness. like the and trade. How my chest swelled and how my pride welled within me at the thought of being No wonder I a citizen of such a country! am stirred with anger when I think of the Bolshevik! laying waste one single foot of land of which I am so proud. countries the necessary food and clothing. our communities are united into a county government. of course. its farms giving to our country and to the needy of other men have France to give. a ! Being unselfish we are not only interested happiness of our loved ones but we are determined to see that every other family is just as happy as our own. For these we would gladly give our lives. the possibility of its prosperity and happiness. if necessary. But this who are looking to you to help them A few days later I flew in my plane to North Carolina and there I was met by my father. After my transcontinental flight. and whose love for his country inspired him gladly to send three sons to 26 preserve this happiness. and the happiness of every family. it for its productiveness. a wife with a tearful kiss of joy and two of the dearest little girls God ever made. or Do I love it because it has its grandeur? a great government and noble President? Listen. America's soil we organize where all into a community government the families are represented in passing laws for the good of all and which are enforced for the common good. but so has everything else that man has created. and to add to the prosperity and happiness of each other. who clamored for the first kiss and daddy's first embrace. unshakable and unwavering in the God that directs the destinies of every individual and every nation. I would do everything. pinned our faith in a republican form of government with representatives to represent us in the making of the laws and an executive department to enforce them. a devout man of God whose influence has always called men away from things common and low to the higher and holier. the county into a state government. monotony of alits wooded hills and occu- pations furnish to our country. It has its faults. and a state government into a national government. She. nor a cow. I'll tell you the secret. and it was upon her knee and under her care that these eleven children have been nurtured. we cannot and we All of us have will not go back on them. Not a horse. To protect the homes. their lives for their country. scouts all over the country whose happiness is just as important as our own and For these isn't all. its rivers and beau- mother of every man with a hope is in life. then. she is still brave and strong and prayerful. In turn. when I landed on Long Island on October 18. Every Boy Scout has these loved ones that he prizes above all others.

in turn. Scouts of America. If he is dishonest he should be spected. thorhis are America and ideas he loves scout can be loyal to his family without being loyal to his country. some visionary some incomprehensible state of and plain reality. and yet there were a few disloyal fighting It is somefor us even in the trenches. and let us be directed by our conscience and not by anything else. but a simple easy to conceive and made up of such up and make for you permanent. loyalty to country is loyalty to has conceived. Spread the great good of your organization throughout this land and by your acts of loyalty prove yourselves the antidote for Bolshevism and anarchy. And because they are wearing this mask and cloak of sham loyalty they are dangerous. No How can we express our love for our country in time of peace? In time of war it was very easy to distinguish between the loyal and the disloyal. and. thoughtless. You should not allow shallow-brained. by your acts of Boy to prove yourselves the antidote loyalty to counteract this evil influence by your loyalty. to strengthen the It is by their very talk and actions deny this fact. to build but let some mean things about our country. It does not matter how smart and intelligent we think we may be. object. to be ever at the service of hand of the government. that which our forefathers. unpatriotic people to say ugly things about our government and our country without expressing your contempt. even in peace. oughly opposed to yours he may still be If he is honest he should be rehonest. and sacrificed It is for us then. each in their generation. Let us be honest in what we do jailed. our fathers and our brothers. always doing everything you possibly can. If our hearts are right we need not seek by our consciences we We the opportunities. or existence. With love for our country and a willingness to be directed can. They are seeking to tear down with their teachings of anarchy and their acts of violence that which we have learned to be proud of. us. us realize that our country is not inconceivable idea. they are ever with us. homes you represent. Let us not be so unthoughtful ourselves as to say have life fought and struggled. without being asked. the Boy Scouts Theirs ! is loy- At the moment there are some in this alty personified I . be of great assistance to our government. Watch have only to grasp them. The loyalty of the man in the trenches was never questioned. especially in time of peace. weak-minded. great and magnificent country of ours are masquerading as loyal citizens but who who your duty as a true and loyal scout your country. and that to bring disgrace upon our country is to bring disgrace upon these homes so dear to all of as We can only rightly judge a man by the If spirit and love which direct his action. there are others just as idea that brilliant. times hard to determine by a man's action or by his ideas whether or not he is loyal.

boys is taking up the work. It is so cheap to build and besides it enables every boy to take part in the growth of the marair fleets flying The Glider Anyone who intends to build and fly model aeroplanes should begin his experiments with a simple glider.B^ no branch of aeronautics is F. The boy who begins A plain. They lead to sucwhen he takes up a power-driven model. to . Model experimental stage is past. however. which has been developed entirely by the ingenuity and skill of boys is one of the most fascinating of all aircraft.method of securing long flights have the glider launched with considerable force by means of a rubber band. between countless air ports The model aeroplane all over the world. Your glider can be made to fly high or low at surprising speed and even cess up the old sport in earnest. A new generation of are being formed. The question of suitable materials again has been decided. glider. clubs are being reorganized. Throughout the war the accomplishments of the great fighting machines. The day of commercial passenger and exwill wake press traffic is already here. it is scarcely necessary to exis a light little air craft of the same form as a model building to-day enjoys a motive power. It is a very easy matter to get flights of over 200 feet with a in a little craft which can be constructed few minutes or bought for a few cents. These tests give the beginner the best kind of practice in balancing the little craft and velous the building and model aeroplanes was naturally checked. there successful this built. INaeroplane more enthusiasm to-day than in model We ocean flown by three types of aircraft. Now that peace is here. We were all too busy watching flying of new science. model aeroplane but without It is usually thrown into great advantage over those who entered the game ten years ago. To-day. up some morning to see the sky full of We made. boys in several countries are taking adjusting the planes. simple . It is possible to purchase the parts of a model aeroplane very cheaply so that a boy if he chooses can buy a model almost ready model could be The building and flying. aeroplane building has been standardized. The model new groups loop the loop. In five years of war the conquest of the air has been equal to that of fifty years of ordinary growth in have seen the Atlantic peace times. amazing development of aeronautics during the war has advanced the science as nothing else could. The best dimensions for all the parts of a model aeroplane have been determined by years of tests carried out by many thousands of bright boys on both sides of the Atlantic. In the early days of model building there was much to learn about flying both large and small craft and many experiments must be made before a A is the air and the length of the flight depends largely upon the skill used in handling it.

after being careWith a little fully aimed. and one-half by three inches is mortised small block into the center of the stick. The glider is then pulled back two or three feet. For those who prefer to build them for themselves a few simple directions will suffice. and. A The blades are very thin. Let us your model. threean inch thick. and the hub . The rubber will stretch. may be increased by using a thicker block. easiest way to get your propellers is to buy them. carried forward. the hole should be exactly straight or perThis will later pendicular to the face. and drill a small hole through to It is very important that the other side. as far as the aeroplane propeller. but it is the kind of work in which any boy will be interested. First. say. This is a good plan if you cannot get the right kind of wood. draw diagonal lines frorn the opposite corners to find the exact center of the block. The model is thrown just as a stone is shot from a sling shot. that you intend to do all the work yourself.are driven firmly into the about two feet apart. leaving the ground sticks Two tops on the same level three feet from the ground. These little gliders may be purchased in most toy shops for ten cents or delivered by mail. three-fourths of an inch broad and half an inch thick. For a ten-inch propeller you will need a piece ten inches in length. for the blades are cheap. The pitch of the propeller. wings slightly convex the glider can be given a graceful upward motion and this may be increased until it will loop the loop. measures two and one-half by inches. is released. the serve as a shaft on which propeller will one edge with a sharp spin. however. First cut your propeller block. Then cut away face is knife until the roughed out. practice a long sured. Next the blade which until cut the opposite edge take is beginning to shape is. The best wood if for the propeller this. It is a fascinating field of experiment and Another plan is to buy the propeller blanks ready cut and whittle them out for yourself. smaller plane. The A be of the same form and weight so that the propeller will be exactly balanced. The Propeller It is quite a trick to A make a good model small projection or hook is placed at the forward end of the glider which is hooked on the rubber strands. but you cannot get some hard straight-grained wood will answer. The opposite end eighths of be in the same treated of the block should the that two blades way. Select a piece free from flaws. Any supply house will sell them just the size you want ready to fit on and graceful flight is as- In a glider or a power-driven model the behavior of the little craft depends largely upon the position of the planes or wings. of wood or a hook is fastened at the forward end of the stick on its upper side to hook over the rubber band. is spruce. The central stick should measure one-half by one-eighth of an inch and twelve inches in length. The larger plane should be made of white wood about one sixteenth of an inch thick and two and The one-half inches by twelve inches. them slightly upward the length of the By making the flights may be increased. One or more strands of rubber are then fastened at either end to the tops of the sticks. suppose. five and one-half edges of both planes should small vertical rudder two be rounded. It is important one who has gained this experience will be sure of success in building and flying the regular models. The planes are fastened to the stick by means of rubber bands and can be readily moved back and forth until properly adIt will be found that by curving justed. which controls its speed or pushing power through the air.

the outside strips six inches apart. Lay the three on a table long spruce strips parallel to each other. slip of the knife The final entire the propeller. The conis very simple. test When its your pro- symmetry by holding it horizontally to see if it exactly balances. and any boy with a little practice will soon be able to build light and efficient planes. in A The spruce spruce and bamboo strips. The bamboo is so thin struction houses the metal axles which come for this They cost but a few pennies purpose. peller is mounted. in constructing the smaller plane. This is done by plane one of the bamboo bending strips after first soaking it in water. . and are firm and true. may spoil blades the of work may be done reducing should blades The with rough sandpaper. You will need about a dozen such strips. should be glued in position. Secure three of these thirty inches in length and three ten inches in length. however. and a smaller plane one foot in length and the same width. The construction of these wings is comparatively simple. The wing should be covered with some light material. It is a good plan to buy from the supply The bamboo should be one eighth of an inch thick and about one quarter of an inch wide. If you cannot find such material near home it can be bought for a few cents from the supply houses. The wing is now built up by fastening the short strips of bamboo at right angles. sandpaper away some of the heavier blade until both weigh the same. but it is very interesting work. measuring about thirty-six inches. Be careful in rounding off the outer ends of the blades to keep the whole symmetrical. is will be better to leave a strong hub The best material wings around the shaft. not be less than one-eighth of an inch thickness. light wood. The spruce and bamboo are not essential.must be cut away. The model aeroplane is equipped with a larger wing. The best material is bamboo paper which can be bought cheaply from the supply houses. At the same time they must be strong enough sible. will be excellent practice for the rest of the model aeroplane construction which come. and then They tied with a few turns of strong firmly thread. and good wings can be built of some other strong. The outer ends of the should be curved. You are likely to spoil several blanks before you succeed in whittling out and finishing a perfect proand peller. Build the largest plane first. Care should be taken to have the edges as sharp as posit is that every detail carefully finished. The paper should be soaked in water and then stretched over the frame and pasted. If it does not balance. When the propeller has been sandpapered it should be painted with a thin coat of shellac. In mounting your propeller a stiff piece of wire two inches in length is passed through the hole at the center and firmly wedged so that it will not twist or turn. is to The Wings For your model aeroplane you will need two planes or wings. or inserting wedges under the central crossThe same plan should be followed piece. Later planes should be built slightly curved upward by bending the short ribs. The idea is to have the planes as light and strong as possible with unnecessary to mortise the strips. preferably silk or paper. and place the third strip two inches from the front edge of the plane. Cut two pieces for each wing one inch larger all around than the frame. The slightest projection or even roughness of the wings will increase the wind resistance. lers it In your first propel- to withstand a serious bump when for the landing. forming a series of ribs. This is the simplest form of plane. The splice is then painted with shellac or glue. should measure about one strips eighth of an inch by three eighths.

a waterproof preparation sold by the supDo not use nails or brads in ply houses. and without flaws. gular frame will be a strip of spruce twelve inches in length. It is important that every part of the frame be smooth and free from projections in order to reduce the wind resistance. any part of the wings. past as to the best great difference of form of United States and England. in the of course. triangle base or short side of the triangle is used The strips for mounting the propellers. thirty The base of the frame or trianinches. for they are already light and you will need their entire The entire frame should now strength. The planes or wings are fastened to the upper side of the frame. The idea. the larger wing near the base L the smaller one well forward near the pointed end. special this are several experiment with them until the best result is in different positions obtained. have come to use much the same kind of frame. The frame must be tough enough to withstand the powerful pull of the rubber motors ends of the wire to form two round hooks. All the strips should first be planed smooth and sand- papered. but a thin varnish will answer. and about three eighths by one quarter of an inch. about a frame well to start with thirty inches in length. longer strips are fastened securely together by beveling them slightly at one end and gluing and binding them together with strong thread touched with Now take a piece of stiff wire four glue. or. is to combine extreme lightness of construction with the and simplicity greatest possible degree of strength. The exact position of the wings on the base cannot be decided in advance.and the outer edges turned neatly over and When the paper dries it pasted down. The size of the spruce strip? may vary. the other sides of the triangle by slightly mortising the ends of the frajne and the when wound up to the limit. well inch. Before attaching the base stick to the frame. The planes will later be fastened to the frames with a few This makes it single strands of rubber. There manufactured for preparations purpose. eighths of an inch by one quarter of an Select straight grained wood. over which the rubber strands of the motor may be looped. inches long. and takes up to move them easily possible the shock of a sudden landing. It will be seasoned. leaving the surface taut and smooth. Do not use nails of any Do not cut away the sticks far kind. will shrink slightly. when they are fastened by tying with rubber bands. after countless experiments. almost invariably a long The of strips of spruce. say. The entire wing should then be painted with a thin varnish. You will therefore need two strips of the same length. of rubber which form the motors are strung from the propellers at the base to is The frame built the forward or sharp end of the frame. better. drill holes through them with a gimlet about three eighths of an inch from The base is then attached to' the ends. be carefully sandpapered and varnished. Next bend back the The two The Frame There has been in the a opinion frame for the model aeroplane and many successful models have been built along enMost model builders tirely different lines. The best plan is to base stick and fastening them rigidly by gluing and tying. bend it in the form of the letter V and Lind this securely over the point of the frame. but the best dimension is about three Propellers and Motors The mounting stallation of the motors of the propellers and inis the last stage of . enough to weaken them.

These tubes should project slightly beyond the sides of the base sticks. and a apparatus. The rubber should not be tight but looped very loosely. good plan is to have one end of the rubber strands to the wire A you prefer to make these parts yourself. It may be impossible to run the strands until the third row of knots appears. but these makeYou will need shifts are not satisfactory. the holes in the base stick now small hollow wires or tubes just large enough for the shafts of the propellers to turn in them smoothly. Begin turning by drawing the winding beater. so that it sags for several inches in the middle. The motors are now installed by looping the strands of rubber between the hooks of the propellers and the hooks at the outer end of the frame or base. When the motor is ready the model is launched in the air by holding the propellers in one hand and the frame in the other and throwing it forward and upward. It is possible to get short flights out of your model with ordinary rubber bands looped together. smoothly at a touch. The only material absolutely necessary to purchase for these parts is the rubber for your motor. is wires three inches in length and fasten one in each of the propellers. These can be bought for a few pennies and will work more smoothly and with less friction than any home-made contrivance. Through insert strands out tight and moving up as the twists appear. ends of the wires are then bent into the form of blunt hooks inside the frame or base to hold the rubber strips of the moThe propellers should turn or spin tors. Move model the planes back and forth until the flies friction when the propeller turns. The washers will help to reduce the much like an egggenerally used.the construction of a model aeroplane. In case The motor by turning the propellers in opposite directions until the strands are It is important that you tightly knotted. Begin your flights by using eight or ten strands. to make twenty enough of this strip rubber loops from the hooks of the propeller to the end of the frame. wedging them fast in the holes through the center of the hubs. This can be bought from the model aeroplane supply houses. Small metal washers should be slipped over the shafts and the wires then put through the tubes in the base. which turns the strands several times with every turn of the hand. and be so placed that the outer ends of their blades will clear each other by a safe margin. in the get as many turns as possible. Energy is stored up beginner will save himself a great deal of trouble by buying ready-made the axle for his propellers. It is slow work to turn them by hand. take two stiff attached to a hook which can be hooked on hook at the forward end. and the shafts in which they turn in the base stick. and it is well to have a supply on hand in case of accident. The on an even . The best results are obtained by using thin strips of rubber about one quarter of an inch in width. keel.

incredulous gaze wandering from his brother to the serious. And I'm quite sure Sarak isn't trying to put one over on us. Jerry!" he protested. ter in the There was in contrast a curious glit- gray eyes that looked so with his deeply oddly pale tanned face. "I can't seem to it nut. legs apart. his amazed. I'd understand. hands resting on slim hips." The older fellow shrugged his shoulders. impassive Malay guide and back again. "It does sound rather wild. Oh. "But you must realize that this is a country where the unusual happens pretty often. "But an emerald he began again. come now." he acknowledged. That would Something brushed across his face ." Dick pushed back his hat and ran his fingers through a mop of tangled " yellow hair. he believes in it. "An emerald as big as a hen's He's egg! spoofing. with the key to the hiding-place handed the thing down from generation to generation or something like that. Whether or not is true. If it were only get through my hidden away in some secret spot.Illustrated by Forrest Orr I PART WARRENDER stood DICK motionless. only to break off with a helpless laugh.

" he said. bull elephant the chances are a thousand to one that we'd never have heard a whisper about this good turn with that emerald Buddha. Dick was conscious of a queer tingling thrill. passing by the silent Malay. least of all the natives. attract is them so far from the first trip coast. legend even touches the sacred image or the emerald will meet with an instant and horriit even the I've seen memory ruined of them has perished. "According to it hasn't repeated. old man. You know some of the things I've stumbled on acres of ruins in the midst of dense forests. too incredible to believe. "Anything is possible in the East." by lightning. "I don't suppose there've been any who knew. but how Dyaks Do you suppose about white people? like that?" a swallow yarn they'd leaned back against the trunk of Jerry the giant teak towering above their heads. "Blasted temples covered with the most amazing carvings entirely overthrown by great trees growing up within their walls. with one hand eternally extended in the palm that amazing jewel worth ransom of a king. and avoid them like the plague. He admits that how. The very soil seems older." Dick moved uneasily. the natives don't tell these things If I hadn't done Sarak a to everybody." "That's all very well for and Malays and such. But to have it held out in the hand there in plain sight of this idol. The boy glanced at him now. bound together by rattan and other ropelike vines into a dense. out. and a touch of red darkened his tanned face. They must have been the work of quite a different race. His gaze. This and the my four years your of orchid hunting there've been times when I've gone for five or six months withMoreout laying eyes on a white man. but now He recalled the Malay's simple. ble death. the ruined shrine when he was up this way over a year ago. and surprised an unwonted touch of anxiety in the eyes that were fixed so intently on Jerry. serried ranks of teak and iron wood and tapan. than in other countries. "As a matter of fact. Apparentthe nataboo for is the whole place ly that whoever a there's and tives. description of the strange jungle-god en- throned at the top of a ruined flight of steps. why the dickens any one to take know I'm wilderness. squatting motionless close by. and I guess he beat it about as quickly as he could. but who they were and where they went and when and why no one seems to know. but in over. green. There's less known about central Borneo than almost any It's not a other country on the globe. or whatever the thing is. but it all seems such a a Buddha or anything else of the sort be doing in a Jerry laughed a little. some- Sarak. the natives are afraid to go anywhere near the place." He paused. for Say." Jerry "Superstition Warrender answered. What would jungle like this?" "Possible?" he up long ago?" somebody picked one for thing. They simply believe the ruins are haunted by evil spirits. sniffed Dick. there's nothing to place for white people. I suppose. Of course they were never built by the savages who live here now. yet like the general run of treasure tales you hear or read about. "But is is such "I a thing possible?" he asked at length. What if the tale were true? At first it had seemed There are several things you're not taking into account. ruins of cities so old that he'd never have dared to hunt up deon He stumbled accidentally liberately. Even an emerald such as Sarak speaks about would be quite safe from them. impenetrable screen which for days had kept 34 . swept over the close-set. Even in the telling Sarak's voice shook and his brown face took on a strained and frightened look.

The them both in life. Even does the senor t'ink of going?" . You'd better get the specimens and as much of the luggage as possible packed up this afternoon so we can make an early start." he said quietly." fellow shrugged. But at least it's worth tryFor a short trip this has been pretty Ing. "What is it?" whispered Dick. Jerry shook his head silently and moclosely by Jerry. An instant later the impression was gone. had been hacked out of the and a number of with through snvage countries searching for rare orchids. and was much surprised at the curious. his white teeth showing in a smile. Yawning elaborately. a thousand things might happen. we'd have to turn back in ten days at the latest. sound. I have Jerry eyed him intently for a moment. "Oh. "You mean to to look for it?" he asked abruptly. and yet an instant later Sarak sprang up and glided noiselessly into a thicket behind the teak tree followed Jerry nodded. We might not find the place. lithe. He had a thin. It would mean an end an end to these long separations to the elder brother's perilous expeditions tioned the boy to follow." Dick knew only too well. "How about you. the sale of which was giving Dick his education and slowly piling up a Two flimsy tents stood there native in sight huts thatched palm only leaves that housed the carriers. and trousers of dirty narrow face with very thick. what it would mean "I think so. had ceased their raucous flittings in the treetops the . "And where cia's There were no monkeys had departed. though. Jerry smiled slightly as he watched the boy's face. The jungle was capable of holding almost any secret. "The country around here has been pretty well cleaned out and I want to move on to-morrow. How far is it?" it's "Don't know about Sarak thinks He broke off abruptly and turning his head swiftly to one side sat listening. "As you see. "You mustn't count too much on it. Together they pushed through the curtain of ti ailing vines and paused on the edge of the wider clearing which jungle. Garcia?" The finish. black brows. the native porters in the little camp beyond the screen of trailing vines were apparDick was not conscious of a ently asleep. he lounged toward clad in shirt man white. "That being the case we may as well ar- "I thought " exactly. "The senors do not take their siesta?" he drawled. them. Jerry was all he had. to us if You know we suc- The latter reappeared and swiftly crossed the glade toward the camp. a moment later ceeded." he stated smoothly. Jerry was right. And suddenly imagination stirred and woke within him as he sensed something of the strangeness and mystery of the place. The very possibility of these partings being ended for person was a slim." signs of surprise in Gar"It shall be smiling acquiescence." returned Jerry briefly. range for a shift. All about them pressed the stifling noonday The gaudy parrots stillness of the jungle. and Dick never said goodby to him without an awful haunting fear nest egg to start that he might never return. and I'm willing to give that much time to the search just on a gamble. To get you to school on time successful." "But is that enough?" Dick asked eagerly." he said. done. dark-faced good and all quickened his pulse and brought a sparkle to his eyes. and as he glanced at the brothers his expression struck Dick as oddly and unpleasantly sinister.them in a perpetual twilight. "It may not be an emerald or anything worth while. tense undercurrent in his voice.

Garcia retired to the smaller of the two tents. while Dick. chances like this don't come often and when they do you have to snap them up on the spot. a poisoned dart. Fever. the natives. influence "Just that." "Simply because he's useful." returned Jerry didn't know it 'til we had that heart-to- you know to-night. but he certainly stands in well with It's a They were up at dawn next morning and little more than an hour later the tents were packed and a string of porters. carefully packed bales of orchid roots. part Spanish and part Malay. And if it wasn't Garcia. what's to prevent his turning the whole bunch against us and getting whatever he wants?" "Sarak. All the same. Naturally I'm not keen about him personally. went ahead to cut a way through the dense thickets and entangling vines. while . who was it?" "I never could stand that fellow. A few more words were exchanged "I'll let re- Then lating to the care of the orchids." Jerry's tone was vexed and his brow furrowed." queer combination." Dick stared. "If he knows what we're after." shrugged Jerry." Dick said emphatically. We'll have to keep a sharp watch on Garcia. heavy-bladed knives. "and come back another time without Garcia. a snake bite there's any one of a accidents that can put a fellow out of business as quick as winking.he brothers strolled off in a careless fashion through the jungle. and he manages to hold them. too. Certainly some one was hiding in that thicket just behind us. and I'll back him to block any deviltry Garcia may try to put over with the men." or "I wouldn't trust him out of sight in it. when they were out of ear- heart talk after the elephant fracas. "He's much too smooth and oily for me. "Mightn't it be better to give up the whole thing now. with the gang than even Garcia. but more often lingering near Garcia. though I "You mean Sarak has more " Four Malays in charge of Jerry. and Lord knows if I'd ever get so close again. but he was too quick for us." he suggested. isn't he?" "Yes." briefly. He'd do anything for us now. edly. now he's been straight enough. who kept mostly with the porters. and that's good enough odds for any- body. armed with axes and long. shouldering luggage and the small. began their slow progress through the jungle. and I shouldn't trust him very far. Sarak thinks. I don't see how you've put up with him so long. moved back and forth along the straggling line. sometimes chatting with his brother. Sarak was with them. "I hoped we'd catch him.Sarak and I both saw the traces at once. If the half-breed knew as much of their . though up to Absently Dick's eyes followed the lazy of a huge crimson butterfly which a drifting spot of flame against the made dark background of the jungle. "I'm almost certain of it. I've never been so well served as these last two seasons when he's had charge. It seems he's the son of their old chief. I'd give a lot if he hadn't gotten wise to this business. and with a different lot of men?" "Nothing to it. No. "For some reason he's able to get together a crackerjack bunch of carriers." flight shot. and he's got a fair enough reputation down on the coast." "He's a half-breed. either. keyed up and restless. but we're three to one. "Do in a you think he heard?" asked Dick low tone. history."I haven't decided yet. You know hundred this life. especially for this I don't know anything about his locality. He's much too handy with the kris to make him a pleasant person to be up against." declared Jerry decid"We're within three or four days' journey of the place." declared Dick.

nothing in his manner or conversation to take hold of. "Zee mountain yonder they say he full of spirits zat eat up brown man. sharply. Not place ees. Then a few rapid words sent the four Malays back to join the others. "We'll make camp here. "They say zee place we go to is how you say it? it is haunt. or of Garcia shrugged his shoulders. "but mus' do. He giving the impression that his nerves were getting the best of him. sullen expression on the dark." of the Malays' wonder. laughed. and he had a dread of being laughed at. and more than once during the latter part of the afternoon he caught a curious. had begun seemed to which gentle grade The Malay nodded. It was all too indefinite and uncertain. unless he was very subtle." Jerry's eyes narrowed. they 'fraid. The second a repetition of the first save that the half-breed seemed to have rather more day was than usual to say to the natives. Unfortunately Dick did not understand the lanIt might have been merely idle guage. "Why not?" Garcia spread out his hands in an expressive gesture. They had left the lowlands and the river and to ascend a he said curtly. yelled at the porters. an' then t'ings they t'ink so. He they 'member be the lower slope of a range of mountains. watchful as he in deception. but several times he seemed to chatter." hasn't given himself away a par- "I didn't expect he would. Presently Sarak came back to try his influence." he stated in his broken English. and though Garcia stormed up and down the line urging them on. 37 ." remarked the boy to Jerry during one of the brief halts. which. "Some of his dirty work. joked and even asked about their destination." They camped that evening on the bank of a small river and during the night one But of the three was always on watch." shrugged the half-breed. did Garcia came of it. I care not'ing. Late the following afternoon things came suddenly to a head. As the day advanced they lagged perceptibly. Nevertheless." he com- mented briefly.Emmen plans as they suspected. I suppose they're not at all afraid to do that?" "They no like. in spite of Garcia's suave blandness. who stood quietly beside him. "I many know jus' w'ere thees tell them we go. find could was. When they were out of hearing he glanced significantly at Sarak. From the very start Dick noticed that the hear 'bout Devil Mountain. would be much more likely to avoid. "Very well. "He ticle. catch napping. all right. They go any place. furtive expression on one or another faces which made him did not speak of it to Jerry. apparently nothing He had barely returned to Jerry when Garcia hurried up. say 'cept zat. but his words had no effect save to bring out a stubborn. "Won't go on?" he repeated." smiled the "He's not the kind you older brother. impassive faces. For me. he had a vague. Then his shoulders squared. Meester War'nder. "He's slick. The evil spirits live zare. p'raps." That shows he spied on us "Exactly. sense a note of seriousness in Garcia's voice. was a subject the ordinary plotter men seemed curiously reluctant to proceed. He chatted casually and naturally." For a moment Jerry stood frowning." Jerry's eyes followed him for a moment or two. he had little success. but zee men. he was an artist Even Dick. uncomfortable feeling that some- thing he could not understand was going on under the surface. I go to tell. "Zee men they no go on. Jerry looked at him keenly. "How he do they asked know where we're going?" not open an eye till morning.

too. camp directly carrying rifles and ammunition. the day did not prove as cheerful and pleasant as he "At had expected. the shrill cries and weird night noises of the jungle folk. ting. and though he tried more not much Sarak. Garcia waved them adieu with many promises that things shou! d be well looked after in comfort as ing suddenly. seemed silent than ever and even Jerry had to say. never very talkative. had neither showed surprise nor made objection.and overheard. was fear. believed in the ghosts of the mountain. Mebbe about run away spirits. a single blanket each. treacherous face spoke quietly. however. "I'll arrange things with Garcia and we'll start the first thing to-morrow. compose himself to slumber fairly early in the evening. "How far are we from this place?" asked Jerry after a momentary pause. which ended with the dawn. though. There was little conversa- That night was to a restless one for Dick. During his watch. mental. You think they can't be persuaded to go any further?" Sarak shook his head decidedly." "Fine. You'd be willing to guide us there." he said. and as Dick glanced back at the half-breed's smiling. wouldn't you? Dick and me. though." "What's to prevent our going on alone and leaving Garcia here with the porters? They wouldn't run away with our stuff." he was conscious of a feeling of relief and satisfaction. "No he steal goods. Watching him closely. I mean. Nevertheless he tossed wakefully. finally snatching a few hours of fitful. oppressed by he knew not what. He. " mebbe little 'Bout one day walk more. frightened look on Sarak's face came back to trouble him." he answered positively. "what his game is. and the evil spirits which "ate up brown men." For a brief moment Sarak hesitated. "Yes. ripple look passed like a on a pond and the Malay their absence. on being told that they meant to take a day or two to explore the neighborhood for specimens. consuming afraid of something which lay hidden in the depths of this unknown." What else was there to worry him or any of them? Garcia. to which he thought he had grown accustomed. shared the ignorant superstitions of his race that he. He was to stay behind and keep the camp in order until their return and with the plotting halfbreed out of the running. "I take you. and something in the character of their surroundings perhaps accounted for the mental oppression which. They left after breakfast." if tell 'em more "We'd have to take that chance." Somehow or other. He must know that he would be left behind. fell on raw nerves and he succeeded in working himself into what he disgustedly termed a would they?" Sarak spoke slowly. least we're rid of you and your plothe muttered under his breath.heir way ought to be clear and easy. brought courage and it so often does. every now and then that awed. and two days' supply of food. Time and again he told himself that the Malay simply Their course did not lead directly up the mountain but carried them diagonally along its slope. troubled slumber." he went on thoughtfully. He had the last watch. jungle. Dick saw the muscles of the man's face quiver and glimpsed for an instant in the dark eyes a look which had not been there even when he faced the charging bull elephant and aleleIt was fear most certain death. too. "Not now. Dick felt that . startled The unexpected realization Dick and set his heart to thumpThen the Daylight. tion. I still can't see. mysterious beastly funk. ." said Jerry.

before noon, seemed to have fallen upon






or six miles


Down on the river level the jungle had been open to some extent. There was, of
course, the usual tangle of reeds,


fronds, huge fanshaped palms and other rank growth, but at least they could see

Sarak doesn't want to be caught there by by darkness. We'll sleep here and go on at dawn." Dick made no comment. Into his mind there had just how he did not know been slowly forming all day the curious
idea that the ancient

overhead occasional patches of blue sky and a blaze of tropic sunlight. That was all gone. As they advanced the trees increased in size and the undergrowth thinned and died out. At length they were walking between vast pillars that rose up to a matted canopy of green through which not a single flicker of sunlight penetrated. Ropy creepers swung from tree to tree; here and there gorgeous
crimson orchids gleamed through the shadows like blood-red patches. Finally even the spindly undergrowth vanished and the ground was covered with blotched, poisonous-looking fungi, and a stiff, pale green moss which crunched under their feet. The air in this still, shadowy place became damp and almost cold. All day long, save for a brief halt at


sitting in its

ruined shrine was the very fountain head of all the weird and ghostly terrors of this

unspeakable forest. There were moments when his wrought-up imagination even pictured the idol as something concretely and definitely evil, a sort of arch-fiend, or power of darkness. He told himself that
such notions were ridiculous beyond words, yet he could not help a feeling of sympathy with the Malay; certainly he found himself distinctly thankful that they were to

pass the night where they were. The mere occupation of gathering materials for a fire and cooking their simple supper was a relief, but one which was
Scarcely had they finished the swift, tropic darkness turned the shadows about them into the a blackness infinitely more blackest night

soon over.


noon, they pushed on through the silent, Sarak led the way oppressive forest.

oppressive than any the boy had ever experienced.

and Dick brought up the




again at long intervals Jerry would ask a question to which the Malay replied in Dick rarely saw his jerky monosyllables. he had a feeling that somehow but face, the man's fear and nervousness was inToward the creasing as they advanced. end of the afternoon he took to darting swift glances from side to side; once or twice he even stopped short and stared into the tree tops as if he had seen or heard something which troubled him.
result was that when they finally halted about six o'clock, Dick was ready to yell from sheer nervous tension. "Are are we going to camp here?" he asked, striving to keep his voice steady. Jerry turned from Sarak who had been

The glow of their little fire was like the merest pin prick of light in an infinity of darkness. It flickered on the massive roots of perhaps a dozen giant trees, touched vaguely a curtain of tangled vines behind
them, brought into sharp relief a single grotesque clump of orange-colored fungus, but that was all. The rest of the world was blotted out as if it had never been, and as Dick lay on his blanket, chin cupped in his hands, it was not difficult to picture that smothering blackness with almost any



a time he

and Jerry talked spasmod-

Sarak took no part

speaking in a low, hurried undertone.

unconsciously lowered. in the conversation. He sat motionless, the blanket draped about His eyes were fixed and his shoulders.


staring, and once, as in moving, he found

Dick touched




dully with sleep-filmed eyes.


cold as



head drooped,
. .

lifted slowly,


was Jerry who presently suggested that they turn in, and who arranged the

again until his forehead rested upon his upraised knees.


himself took the second one,



fo be



the forest

allotting the first to Sarak and giving Dick that period between midnight and early




had never


more wide

In spite of his loss of sleep the

night before he found it impossible to close his eyes. Lying there in the most comfortable position he could assume, his gaze

It was night, yet there walking endlessly. was a curious luminous quality in the atmosphere which came, apparently, from little dancing globes of clear white fire. He looked closer and saw that the globes were held by shadowy figures which were





from Sarak's motionto

misshapen men floating through the One of them swept close to him and in the light of the glowing sphere he
recognized the face of Garcia, set
in a leer-



Jerry's prone


thence to the black arch above and back The again, a wearisome, eternal round. there sound and were many slightest queer cries and calls and rustlings both far

ing, sinister grin.

face passed on, drifting into the night; the other shadows vanished. Somewhere in the infinite blackness


of space another light sprang up.

and near

smote on

his ears

with curious





Tiny at came

strange the shriek that rang through whistling and fainter like an echo, jungle growing fainter until it died away, he found especially trying. Once or twice as he stared upward he seemed actually to sense a moving blackness darker even than the night itself, that hovered above their little fire. But at that point he dug his teeth into his



in particular, a

toward him

length the serried ranks of giant trees were lit up brilliantly as with the passing of a flame. And then he saw, floating toward him through the The forest, the seated figure of a man. face was calm, almost expressionless, yet in

the eyes and in the evil half-smile there seemed to lurk the piled-up wickedness of

untold centuries.

under lip and a swift rush of shame came over him that he could allow nerves and
fancies to bring


got some

a pass. at but it was not last, sleep

him to such

lay upturned in held a outstretched, lap, which blazed with a fiercely great crystal fire. The tried to cry green strange boy

One hand



after Jerry's watch began, and it seemed as though he had scarcely closed his eyes before he was shaken into partial wakefulness by his brother.

out but could not. He strove to fly that placid, smiling horror, but

from was



certainly the cars."


man," whispered Jerry. were tearing it off to beat

Dick blinked, rubbed his eyes and sat up. Ten minutes later he was still sitting there, hunched up a bit, his hands dangling limply from his knees. On either side of him lay the sleeping figures of Sarak and Jerry; in front the fire, recently reHe stared at plenished, burned brightly.

powerless to move. On it came, floating as on a river, closer and closer still. The hot breath of its passing swept the boy's face, and then and only then, with a frantic struggle and a smothered cry, he burst the hideous nightmare thralls and woke. The fire had died to a red glow. The jungle pressed close about him, black and silent. And yet he could have sworn that an instant before something had brushed
across his face; something real, concrete and not the figment of a dream some-

thing whose very presence brought out



perspiration on his forehead and fear
fingers he felt for the

to his heart.

With trembling

In that flashing second Dick was conscious only of vast wings covered with skinThere was a gleam of like oiled leather.

which lay beside him.

There was




the vague glimpse of a



the touch of the cold steel. pounding of his heart lessened a lit-

and reaching out to the woodpile he threw a couple of sticks on the embers. A

vicious looking head with sharply pointed ears that seemed as big as a leopard's. had just time to fling one arm across


his eyes


pause followed; then the flames An licked up the sides of the dry wood. instant later there was a beat of wings and


him backward

the thing struck him to the ground,



a claw tore sidewise along one cheek. At the same instant the embers of the fire were
scattered far and wide and he
into suffocating darkness.

something vague, black, monstrous swept
out of the darkness straight at him.

was plunged

(Continued on page 113)

Dick, keyed up and restless,

moved back and forth along the

straggling line'

By Ida M.
His long in a hurry. like the back and forth arms swung blades of a wind mill, and the big strides he made took him over the ground almost as fast as a horse would have travHis high hat, the kind that men eled. wore in 1850, was set back on his head, the big, flat bow under his loose collar was awry, and his long black coat-tails stood out as he strode over the ground. "Mr. Lincoln is in a hurry this morning," a neighbor, looking out of the window, said to her husband.



man was

gave it to me, and I go to see her."

always carry






what we can do."
the house,

and we will Mr. Lincoln And


aglow, calling out, "Mrs. Brown, Mrs. Brown, where is Mary's trunk?" Two minutes later the neighbors saw Mr. Lincoln with a little brown hair

trunk on his shoulder hurry out of the house, Mary Brown dancing by his side, trying to keep up with him as he fell again
into his long strides.

His face had


"Late to court, I suppose." Then, suddenly, as they looked, the

look of anxiety. He was laughing happily as he assured the little girl that they

man came to a saw him bend over the



would catch the


figure of a little

at a gate. If they had been near enough they would have heard him say, "Why, Mary Brown, what's the matter?" "Oh, Mr. Lincoln, I was going to grandma's to-day, and the man hasn't come for my trunk, and mother says I can't And now the sobs were out loud, go." and the tears streamed down her face. She was a pretty little girl, in a fresh

that isn't just like him," said the neighbor. She came out to the fence


Mrs. Brown, who had been little girl and the big man Mrs. Brown, her eyes full of disappear. happy tears, came over, and the two
and called

watching the



in the world would ever have thought of such a thing but Mr. Lincoln?






just like him.




pink gingham

frock, a


white jacket,

scalloped neatly around the edges, and a big, white leghorn hat with roses on it, all dressed up fresh and shiny for her

ways doing things like that. I never saw such a man. Do you remember that story old Doctor Chandler told us the other
That, twenty-five years ago, a night? land shark was trying to go into Springfield ahead of him to prove up on a quarter section that the doctor had built on, but had not yet been able to pay for, and when he was hurrying to get up here to fix the thing up before the shark came his horse gave out? You remember how



man had

not come for her



Lincoln, everything forgotten but
trouble, thought a

little girl's


that trunk, Mary?" big "Oh, it's just a little trunk, Mr. Lincoln. She Just grandma's little old hair trunk.


he told us that suddenly as he stood beside it, not knowing what he was going to do, a boy of seventeen or eighteen, on
fresh horse, passed him; saw something was the matter; turned back;

heart was not heavy with sorrow and his mind full of terrible problems; and yet there was never a day in all that fearful time that he would not stop to consider the sorrows and the wants of a man, a

he could do anything; and when the doctor told him his story, that boy, without saying a word, jumped down,

asked him


picked up





woman, or a child, however humble. It was his custom in those days to "go back and forth between the White House and the telegraph office of the War Department to get first-hand news of military movements and battles. Sometimes, when great struggles were going on, he would sit for hours reading the yellow
sheets as they came off of the telegraph instrument. They were terrible days for

them on his own horse, and said, "Get up and go; get her there before that shark."
that boy, you remember, the doctor said, was Abraham Lincoln." "Yes, he was always just like that; always doing a good turn for somebody." "And then I have heard the lawyers


that rode with him on

circuit tell



could not see anything in trouble as they went along without trying to help; no mat-

busy they were, how serious the things they were discussing, how much in a hurry they were to get to the next town, if Mr. Lincoln saw anything in trouble nothing would do bu' he must help it out. Why, I have heard Harry Whitney tell about his getting down one day and spending a lot of time putting little birds back


him, but not so terrible that he could forget those about him and their needs. The grounds of the White House were open in those days, and soldiers who happened to be in Washington, particularly those that were convalescing from wounds, used to go there to sit on the benches under the trees. Again and again, particu-

in their nest


the mother

was making

were looking downcast, a tall man would sit down and talk to them. He had a kindly smile, and a lonely soldier would soon tell him his story. Every now and then there turns up in some part of
larly if they

a great stir about them.

And do you

country a


white card that this

member how provoked they were with him once when he turned back two or three miles to get a pig free from a fence in He had seen it which it was caught? struggling there, was afraid it would not get out, but would kill itself if it did not have help, so he went back. They could not laugh him out of such things. There was no business so important that he would not stop and help bird or beast or child that was in trouble." This was Abraham Lincoln in 1850. Ten years afterward he was made President of the United States. He became a
great President; one of the greatest leaders of men the world has ever known. He For four had heavy burdens to bear. years or

given to a soldier he found sitting on a bench in the White House grounds. I have seen a check for five dollars made out in this way: "Pay to colored man with one leg," and signed, "A. Lincoln." The colored man with one leg did not know to whom he was talking until he saw

man had


the signature!

One day


gentleman passing through

White House Park saw Mr. Lincoln listening to a soldier who was evidently in
a violent rage.


stopped within hear-

ing distance and gathered that the

man had

more there was no time

that his

just been discharged from Libby Prison, and, though he had his hospital certificate, had not oeen able to get his pay. He had not the least idea that he was abusing the


Helpful. Again and again. News of Mr. and. A. Brave. please see this Pittsburgh boy. The sorrows of women always went straight to Mr. A true . Clean. including Tad's pony and the goats. and I shall be satisfied with whatever you do with him." haps They sat down at the foot of a tree." he gets his pay. put his case before the President. let me see those papers of I have been a lawyer myself. the President penciled something on them. "at- tend to this man's case at once and see that A. and received his help. Friendly. one which read: "Sec. told the man where to go. is "Aug. sight. Lincoln's daily good turn to He was as wonTheodore Roosevelt. Scattered among telegrams pardoning soldiers. sent when he was away in New York "Tell with his mother: the goats and Father are especially the goats. LINCOLN/' Trustworthy. ordering great boys and their happiness. and he would stretch military law as far for them as he would for soldiers who were in distress. peryours. Kind. When he stopped for breath the gentleman heard Mr." he wired Tad very well one day. And again. soon as Mr. 21. Courteous. L. asked what the trouble was and what was written on the paper. I can help you. never forgetting them or the things they loved when they were away from the White House. 1863. Lincoln was out of the listener went up to the soldier. Loyal. see Abraham scout! Lincoln was a true War." You scout. Thrifty. "Well. There was never a time through it all that he was too busy to remember his own note: "Mr. they would push themselves into the White House. now. Cheerful. and went to the Innumerable stories are told which veal the efforts re- War Department. Here was the As Mm he made to help the mothers and the wives of soldiers. "All well. one finds telegrams for Tad. of generals to do this or that. derful a father as soldiers in difficulties spread abroad. Potts was the chief clerk in the War Department).President to his face. He very young. and almost always come out with the little white card which all WashI have seen ington was obliged to obey. Reverent. when they could not get their troubles righted elsewhere. Potts" (Mr. Obedient. after looking over the papers. Lincoln's heart. and all through the army the men came to have that profound confidence in him that led them to speak of him as Father Abraham. Lincoln say: The Pittsburgh boy was one of many who had slipped into the White House.

ANIMAL ENGINEERS Beaver work on a tree one and one* half feet in diameter Fitting timber into the dam Towing a branch to the dam . Storage of winter food Filling crevices in the dam with mud Building foundation of the house .

Stokes Co-. of small romance. ELLIOT the flickering cabin fire BESIDE He feeds With books the flame of his desire the neighbors lent. a night owl's cry. permission. Copyright. cast their The ruddy embers glow On that strong face which On printed page intent. The many treetops' quivering sigh. The mind on knowledge bent. The other illustration is from "Abraham Lincoln" by yames Bald-lain. The cabin huddles by its side A single spot of light. The only sounds. Outside the forest stretches wide. The bleak wind's eager flight. In that rude room of long ago With printed page by firelight start! glow What boyish visions No Foresees prophet with inspired sight in what crusade of right part. The picture of Lincoln reading by the cabin Jire is from Hilt's "Lincoln s Legacy of Inspiration" by courtesy of thr Frederick A. mud road Abe must tasks The homely he does not grudge To earn his books at night. The boy who conquers circumstance. Across rough drudge. little The boy will play his The world looks back a space And knows The firelight that time can not efface glow upon into his face That passed his heart. Used by . fields where Abe must Along the trudge.The Boy Lincoln By G. 1904. publishers. by the American Boot Co. Whatever he can get ponders so by chance Of fact full much.

parts of the world. tion. prairie "dog" is a member of this order and a fair rival of the beaver in solving problems of ingenious construc- The and attains pounds and lives a weight of about forty-five It a total length of a yard. These teeth. proportionately larger and longer than with lates to the results in training animals to do surprising things or to do the "smart" other animals. rodents are characteristic in developed incisor teeth strangely having All home 47 Let us presume that a pair of beavers . It is fitted for a life in the webbed and the tail flattened in the form of a strong paddle. Association with the human and the artificial conditions of captivity bring forth constant use like double set of rapidly moving chisels. the docility and affection of the dog. there is another point in the life of the This credited with a high degree of intelligence. Despite the adaptation of the horse and the elephant to domestic use. is the largest rodent of North America Its feet are marmots. the greater size and scattered over number of small is The beaver water. but such little to do with this story. However. the squirrel gnaws through the shells of the hardest nuts and the pormuch to the chagrin of the campcupine er chisels in asked which he considers the most intelligent animal he has no hesitathe writer in camera terior.WE animal?" and there read much about animal sagacity is a common query is the most intelligent This query most frequently re- "Which those immediately at the front of both the upper and the lower jaw. Its its unwavering in his decision and this comes after years of observation and deduction. ment the along streams. is the order of rodents. the marvelous feats accomplished by trained sea lions and other marked demonstrations of intelligence among the larger animals. is When and plaster. are continually growing and their edges meet in a fashion to become much sharpened during a things that many captive animals do. the squirrels. the writer tion In beginning the actual history of the beaver. it should be understood that the writer has selected this type of animal sagacity owing to its ingenious life in the wilds and the wonderful things it does without any inducement or influence other than its desire to live a type of life made safe and orderly by labor. Thus the rat gnaws holes through wood many have surprising traits in animals. This animal animals. And the choice comes from an order of mammals not usually is skilled and tireless orderly and thrifty methods of existence might well be copied by many members of the human family. He picks the Beaver as the star of animal sagacity. an immense number a veritable engineer and the writer will prove this as he progresses with the story. but much impro'veis necessary in preparation of the site. rabbits and all of species. out a generous hole in one's solving the nature of the in- answering. although the subject designated may cause much surprise. or gnawing It contains beaver and that is is science. porcupines. To this order belong the rats and mice.

There is a bit more upon the top. moving it heaps the bundle with with head carefully reared and burden braced by the forelimbs. while the adz-like teeth gnaw quickly through a trunk from one to two inches in diameter. is is a circular opening. the island. of wet and dead twigs. Within from three to four days' time the island has assumed a substantial and pertinues manent appearance. in lengths of from two to three feet. and the sapling in consegrowth quence is light it is at once dragged to the stream and then towed to the center. and the interspaces are generously filled with water-soaked debris from the bottom. On one side of this beaver-house the shore. the structure. From the confusion of tangled sticks on the island there gradually appears the form of a carefully braced and moundlike It rises to a height of about four feet. firmly gripped by the powerful teeth. while quantities of mud have been deposited building this dam. The to be towed. These are gnawed and trimmed with precision. brushy upper portions are towed out. and. Smaller brush. the base sharpened to a point in the characteristic per. is hollow within. and from the home colony to esWandering along quarters. and that is the reason for work to do on the log shelter to fill the chinks. possibly to a breadth of about thirty feet. At a great many of them. the stumps protruding in all directions. the floor is built up about a foot and a half higher or safely higher than the level to which these animal engineers intend to raise the stream. posed of brush well jambed and woven. The animal immediately returns to fashion of beaver work. Its base is now com- And now we come to the most marvelous of the beaver's accomplishments the feat of building a dam. too heavy gnawed into sections. and we shall understand a point which has possibly puzzled many of us. each beaver squatting in easy fashion. flat and of solid apis a few inches above the level of the water the beavers change their tactics and commence a great number of trips with quite smooth sticks. then by 48 . at present close to water The tireless labor con- day after day. crosswise. brushy portion of the sapling in the mud. Water-logged sticks are also gathered to form the base of what soon appears to be an island of circular form and about eight feet in diameter. Small saplings near the water are quickly gnawed down. Here the beaver dives. Areas near the stream are now first these. mud and bundles of dry grass go into the crevices and soon the beavers are able to walk over all parts of the structure in putting on the finishing touches. is The method of carry- ing the latter particularly skillful. which level. once its outer wall is completed. and from one to two and one-half inches thick. imbedding the upis thin well cleared of smaller saplings. they pause at a location where the waterway widens a bit. thence imbedded by diving and shoveling the muddy bottom. which is but stream. the over beaver tugs and growth topples is. a scooping process mud and swims here they do surprising things. This means a great number of quick trips and the animals work feverishly pushing the material into place with the snout. leaves.have sallied tablish new a sluggishly a few feet deep. This is very easy for such intelligent workers. gathering in its jaws a bundle. the note how it If to upper heavy pulls When pearance. Each beaver works at the very edge of the stream. turning its head to one side. It requires but a few minutes to gnaw through the latter thickness and but a few passages of the keen teeth to fell a young As the tree thick as a broom-handle. Progress is rapid. apto be scattered over the island in conpear fusion. are thicker trees.

where it is worked into tion of the This is the job must be accomplished. the great cutting sloping inward like the Masses of outlines of a stout hourglass. the general depth of water is so much greater that the security of these expert As the dam becomes stream rises. this work another is interesting characteristic of the beaver displayed. much mud and wet leaves from the stream bottom. During that is. The beavers now work at the base of the dam. a increased. The banks of the stream begin to show quite an open character. as the saplings fall. scribed the entrance of the house. are cut up. Many branches effective and the entrance of the dwelling in midstream becomes completely submerged and the beavers enter and leave the house without giving indications of their movements or location. an imstorage of a winter's food supply mense amount of sticks. making it broader by packing it with mud and producing the same foundation of generous breadth at the bottom with an inward curve toward the top that we note They have gnawed this in a circle. this swimmers has been much the question. as a great amount of timber is necessary. another big is dam?" dam rises in much the same fashion as that of the beaver's house of tooth-hewn timber. they concentrate their work upon one side. on a tree a foot and a half in diameter. lie about the base of the tree. constructed close to the original water level. There is no peering 49 . Sticks that have been gnawed free of bark are simply carted to the water and turned loose as is much other debris in the shape of fine. and most of the work is at night. loose brush. Its favorite food is green bark and this is easily obtained. The hourglass outline loses its contour as they enlarge and deepen the orifice on this side. As the beavers progress with the task. Viewed by human daylight. Thus "Why does the beaver build are stripped by the broad incisor teeth and for a time these lie in confusion along the banks but not for long. This material floats down stream and lodges against the framework of the dam. and once the outline is established there is a general clean-up on shore. The founda- clearly answered by the accomplishments that have taken place.this on the dam is now in order and means additional clearings. labor beyond the power of any animal. Now we realize that their object is to cause the tree to fall toward the water. may happen this time that the beavers decide to bring down the whole supply of winter-food wood in one grand crash and they have worked steadily several days. The beavers appear to realize just when the crash will come. This saves steps and much pulling and hauling of heavier branches. as they dive some distance away from the house and approach the entrance under water. the animal's thrift and elimination of waste. chips. left over from the larger cutting. in fact. and the sections towed to the site of the Work dam. the crevices and is followed by watersoaked materials. Moreover. All that we have to do is to watch what happens to the beaver-house as the water rises and submerges the lower portion of the log shelter of these aquatic The writer has already deengineers. usually that nearest the water. The dam is soon effective and the stream begins to rise. from which the bark tion all may is be gnawed. the skillfully cut trunk and the mass of chips would appear to represent done eyes in most approved feats of human engineering in retaining and raising bodies of in the water. Now we have an'opportunity of observing and understanding the reason for the beaver dam. With the arrival of autumn. four to five inches deep. The whole opera- tackled in the beaver jobs It same ingenious way as with fine intelligence and system.

now thoroughly protected. then they scurry out of harm's way always in the right direction. Massachusetts. from the Rio Grande throughout the wonderful creature self. when a hole can be kept open in the ice. therefore. they at once started the construction of a shelter by cutting some very choice trees. . Many of our friends. occur Pennsylvania. to the time that a regularly supplied and their various wants attended to. they wander aimlessly and timidly and are actually in danger of starving. happily enough as long as their food is New York. feet or more. we may place this in a class quite by itAnother beaver characteristic worth mention. and in while thriving as captives. in the Sierra Nevada and Cascade region. but sparingly. they had taken up temporary abode in a large drain pipe. When the is solidly frozen over. but. following a stream into the Botanical Gardens which they had discovered after covering nearly a mile of overland journey and crossing a broad boulevard. from man. is well live animal Rocky Mountain region. its existence has been greatly menaced by the beauty and value of its fur. The branches are towed to the off house. so as not to be without cover. our horror we discovered that these animals had not wasted a single night. It yet occurs. A few colonies. This is the operation now in order in providing the winter larder. few moments they are at work trimming The writer has watched writer remembers the escape of several specimens from the New York It was not many days Zoological Park. northward through Canada and eastward to northern New England. of many trips with mud. other autumn work besides the This consists construction of the larder. the entrances of which they had endeavored to disguise completely by cuttings from some decorative shrubbery. This is the winter larder. The the upper branches.up at the tinue to tree. If they escape. no hesitation. Thus does the beaver perform marvelous feats without training or inducement There is Before closing the story of our most interesting North American animal it should be mentioned that while the beaver was once a resident of a great part of the United States. the branches on the surface are cleared of the bark forage. for the house is thoroughly plastered each fall and thus rendered wind and cold proof. They con- gnaw right up crackling at the base indicates that the tree is about to fall. the beavers fare equally well from masses of browse immediately accessible by diving from the stream underwater entrance of the house. In mild weather. after a few years away from their native wilds. In the meantime. masses of them are imbedded in the at the bottom. Not so the them after a Within a tree has come crashing down. beaver. whence an island of brush soon rises for a distance of twenty mud Much to before we had news of them.

one often finds it necessary to boost food or other camp material out of reach of these "varmints. varmint means any sort of a creature which makes a nuisance of itself. Figs. value to them or not they will destroy it." It often happens that the bundle is too for one to lift unaided. and whether it is of any . even one's camera. whether one is in the real the ends. while the western pack rats will carry away every small object in sight. there are no blocks or tackle in the wilderness for hoisting heavy weights. 8. Fig. or at least heavy to lift with comfort. 9. Fig. wild mice will do the same. The shears are lashed to the wilderness where there are wolves. shears are simply two poles crossed at make nests in one's hats. sapling as the cross m$$ w%Kt<xm> m \ . coons. they will even chew the grease spots off the floor of one's shack when one is not at home. 10. and gradually hoisted out of reach of depredators by raising the fork of the shears. blankets or coat-pockets. bears. Porcupines will gnaw up anything that has grease on it. Canadian jays will pick the plums out of A sapling to its may be bent down (Fig. 8. fested THE with They are the real Bolshevist Huns of the wilderness they believe that no one should own property. wolverines and pack rats. Fig. 9 and 10. Wolverines will destroy anything that they can find. will tear squirrels up all paper and cloth with which to The top a pair of "shears" lashed. But there are almost always some saplings growing near one's camp. 8) and Red squirrels and flying one's plum-duff. Therefore.forests and wilderness are in- "varmints". the weight may be tied to the crotch. After the top of the birch or sapling is lashed to the shears. mice and squirrels. or the woods near home where there are only foxes.

or the thin. a brass-covered grease^and patch box ornamented the butt. The Grapple Hook The Grapple is very useful suspended from the ceiling of your shack or tent. manner. Fig. hung camper may wish to hang there. back of Flushing. where it was handy and ever ready for the buckskin-clad owners to grab in time of alarm. Into the center of this cut he would then drive a blunt peg. and in There was no means for obtaining win- dow the sashes or glass in the wilderness. bear. root. In real wilderness work. the other ends of which rested on stakes driven in the ground of which the floor is not made by cutone stick into four ting parts. This gun rested on the Pioneer Hooks over the fireplace or over the door. so window opening was covered with so doing have "chewed" . axes and other tools. which was forty-eight rifle The We inches long. the rifle had a barrel shaped like a lead pencil. have tried to imitate these camps. Fig. deer. Fig. we must be careful not to destroy timber. together. The bed answered for a settee or lounge also. fiber. was composed. The bedstead was made by boring holes in the logs of consequently highly prized. both animal and vegetable thereso that they There were no closets or tool chests. if when one leaves camp the peg is knocked from its place there will be no injury done to the tree. pounded hard. 3. when that was obtainable. long-handled tool. In the log cabins of the pioneers there were few little tools. I. was home made. 7. but by neatly four fitting separate sticks. a clothes-rack or a gun-rack. or as a hook for clothes. twine or wire. the Boy Scouts have made some exceedingly neat and workmanlike camps. thereby making a perpendicular cut. Fig. and if we want to use a tree for a hat-rack. The blunt peg properly driven into the green wood will fit tightly and make a very secure support for anything the thimbles to hold the ramrod or scouring stick. The old-time woodsman did this by striking his ax into the trunk of the tree. <. as you might a at suppose by glance Fig. as is the one with the ax resting on it. 4 shows the same thing on which is a coil of rope. The wooden stock reached to the end of the barrel and had brass . but other boys. therefore. and even big bull moose are hoisted up in this greased paper. as in Fig. The advantage of this lies in the fact that an upright wound on a tree heals readily and leaves practically no scar. fore. we must devise some method which will not injure the tree. 6. this manner the traveler may be reasonably certain of finding them unmolested when he returns to camp. Fig. and there were no Near the Alley Pond. These same Pioneer make a good rack for your Hooks. 2. which allowed the light to filter through it.. are planting memorial forests and are learning to protect and preserve our wild life. that is. semitransparent skin of some animal. Fig. Long Island. because on handily such objects as lanterns may be It also makes a good hung. chairs. it clothes-rack. 3- backswoodmen This pioneer rack is still used by the to support their rifles. the cabin for the side poles of the bunk. when we are in the wilds. any To make the pioneer hook or gun-rack select a branch with a good fork to it. whom we trust are not scouts. cut it at the dotted lines into the form shown by Fig.sticks of an old-fashioned kite are lashed 1 1. the floor of the cabin was clay. together and then lashing their ends with rawhide. had a long octagonal pioneer's barrel. then nail it to the wall. and these few tools were There was there was and what little furniture. ax or other crowbar. may be properly If other goods are cached in butchered.

if you would be a true scout. a worthy son of woods and forests. but. a follower of John Burroughs and John Muir. and that he will back you against any crowd of boys in the world. and men. and an admirer of Theodore Roosevelt. The truth of it is. to love the woods and to treat all living things with the Daniel Boone. unless it is necessary. that the workmanlike manner. clear thorough way. too. we want to be everything that a Hun is not. and then we will be real. to learn to love the trees. Scouts. Every unnecessary cut you make upon a growing tree hurts him almost as much as if you hacked the limbs of his-own body. is proud of you. leaving their ragged stumps standing several feet above the ground as monuments to the inefficiency. when it it is Chief loves you. . love all things in God's world. a friend of Buffalo Bill. genuine Americans same kind- and simon-pure scouts. He wants you boys.down some small trees. destroy neither animal nor vegetable life. when it is necessary to cut down a tree. carelessness and Hun attitude of ness whether they be vegetable or animal. cut in a it down neces- mind of the builders. therefore if you love him do not disfigure the You boys know sary to clear land. Do in a not misunderstand him.

" lips the whistled refrain Careless and happy was the youthful choreboy. Rigney the main street of historic Ticonderoga sauntered Johnnie on his Kelly. Johnnie followed with an anticiten. army model. and can I didn't give way to the murderous And dash my lights if I dld-n't see topa whoppin' big codfish make a grab for it intentions in my heart. The tramp picked himself up from the gutter and without a word or a glance back strode off down the street with the dignity of a hook-and-ladder captain on parade. and he was going to meet the foreman of the Ticonderoga Foundry. then dropped back within the portal while the swingdoors slammed to. "You was prove a witness. Kelly. patory grin. jovially. hand in pockets. An energetic piece of footin fact. he had an afternoon off. and of "K-K-K-Katy. followed of the the at sisted height part way hobo's center of gravity. I jest got out of . asgear. "K-K-K-Katy" quite forgotNot until the figure ahead turned off into a side street and lost some of its freckled-faced follower hasten to catch up. "what port are you bound to?" The lime-juicer turned his gaze neither to right nor left. for it was Saturday.Illustrated by Frank J. me hearty!" cried Johnnie. the Lime-juicer. alias the Statis- Bummer. Mr. was passing the Bee Hive restaurant when the swing doors opened with a vicious bang and out shot the familiar spidery figure of tical He his friend. but kept on at a pace that difficulty in haughty bearing did the Johnnie had maintaining. DOWN E. M. /. "Avast. alias the Kaiser's double. who had promised to take him for a ride in the speedboat.

You was a witness. M.?" "Yep." declared the knight of the road." Kelly. ." voted his throwed up the job immediate and come out. two hundred and sixty-four feet in length and built at Bath. M. Bermuda. boylike. and in the gets a job as pot-wrestler works all mornin'. "so if you'll jist hang around till I run over to the foundry. Two thousand one hundred and fifty-five tons. and you can skip out around the outer end and back along the string-piece to the shore when we see J. who. sizing up the package under "And what might your Johnnie's arm.'Mr." "Clever young gentleman. placing a his companion's shoul- find a convenient club-room where two free-born outdoors great American citizens can hold converse. so I'll lay low and see you later. I have no doubt. "Nifty little craft. P. E. "Come on. was so I liable to earn . "Forty minutes more. I'll elucidate to you the mystery of my undying hatred for the sacred codfish. was. Mr. Red. me free board for There's soft cushions in the launch. "Here. Maine. I'll let J. while I'm waitin' for him. as Shakespeare says. . "But . know I'm in town and then. I that come out a pacifist. burden be?" Johnnie ingenuously explained. ing up You mind this one.'s boathouse is up on Ti Creek. E. I don't feel socially intoward new-hatched. "reminds me of the bark Phoenix no." "What's wrong with codfish balls?" de- With Johnnie the package under his arm. It's I a special little treat for myself that this morning. Fo'c's'il with ." said the man briskly." clined "You're right. M. back in the eighties. companion." said the boy. E. George." Johnnie found the foreman busy wind55 at St." said the hobo. you . stay there my turrible temper life." The conversation related to everything except codfish until this oddly assorted pair slipped unobtrusively into the boat- "Sure. manded Johnnie testily. "J. and when it come time for mess what does the guy hand out but six codCodfish balls codfish balls." returned Johnnie. E. Mr. Single to'gallant s'ils and no stays'ils. unfledged comrades. feasting smeller on steaks and chops and et my ceteras. I've had a snack put up for us to eat when the wind on the lake makes us hungry two packages.. house in just I'll got a longing for meet you at the boat- fish balls!" fifty minutes. M. the old corpse out of the grave- talk fish." admitted the wayfarer." admitted Johnnie. hand familiarly on der. "Thoughtful J. she wasn't a bark. "I see if I tramp. "It's such preparedness that brings him success. we'll find a corner and you kin in the we can house and settled back comfortably into the soft-cushioned seats of the /. This craft is They dug yard everything that the Phcenix wasn't.the town's free hotel to-day ten days the judge compelled them to board me K. Kelly. "I sees red for a minute." "J. I work for the Saturday half-holiday. E. He pops his head behind the butter cutter and the big feller at the coffee tank ketches it right square in the middle of a yawn and muffs it like a bushleaguer. Mr. was ever ready for a yarn. "if Kelly. if you don't care to meet him. so I call joined his friend the him by the name of his boat. M." proceeded the narrator. M. E. Kelly Bee Hive." "I don't suppose you are lookin' for an interduction to a friend of mine. . "I ups with one o' them nefarious globes and lets drive at the boss's scowlin' visage. she was a ship. and patched her up when Heinie got overindustrious with his U-boats. coming. ignoring the question. He calls his boat by his own initials. codfish?" '.

66 W. He serves up baked dried cod with hard-bread crumbs. but after creamed codfish. carpenter. We She crawled along Stream and struck a gale that kept us hove to under reefed tops'ils and fores'il for seven days. off the New England coast is stomachs. twenty. was past redemption. " 'Men.where there was room for was the cap'n. codfish with macaroni. bo'sun. you could of saw tea at night the anchor in ten fathom of that tea. Cap'n Weatherbee was a simple smilin' old dumplin' jist saturated with the milk o' going to be a boon to us sore-pressed It's called "Codfish Possibilities. 1895. . but hard it was good to soften the pantiles biscuit. and I jest got to take you all into my con'Here we are loaded fidence. codfish balls. fightin' pork. The average thirty-five five." From now on the codfish will do its bit to win the war. old man thing you Weatherbee comes along lookin' worried. From a hundred to hundred seventy-five pounds has been recorded. that one before another come Foretops'il whipped to ribbons.' says he to us all. "First know. and a suspicion of onion. To-night I shall introduce you to codfish en casserole.' stirabout with plenty o' long-tailed sugar there was dog's body that's molasses and dandy funk. New for Brunswick 'bout 45 N. Nothin' went right with the old resurrected ghost of a hulk after that. "We cleared from St. duff twice canned Willie on Sundays. old tub was doin' bad enough before. thyme. . chowder. and codfish cakes. Hardly was' we out o' along. and he hauls out 'Codfish Possibilities' and reads with beamin' face how twenty-five genera and one hundred and forty species of codfish and that they're a deep water fish. "Once the old man got into the galley. and then in regular order comes codfish with rice. The things outside stopped stock still. sixteen bunks ten. down to the Plimsoll mark with one of naI have a plan to stretch out our pounds. Seems we wasn't overloaded with perbein' it was war times. John's. twentyGrand Bank. he can't stand steer codfish and we'd been livin' pretty prodigal under the lavish hand o' that good-natured old goat of a master. and a steward. marjoram.' says he. you know visions him away for that meal. stock of eatables without inconvenience. 'and I know you'll be pleased to hear mariners. there's Five more days that. but seventy-five is not common. into the Gulf resurrect an old hooker like it's temptin' Providence. In I've found this my lib'ary little on book Gibraltar with a cargo of dried codfish. bein' caught in some as deep twenty to seventy fathom Some one managed to as three hundred. two mates. Georges Bank. chopped salt "When you the Phcenix. cook. hookpot o' a a week and Liverpool "That sounded good. so he pipes all hands and reads how the largest cod ever caught was two hundred and eleven and a half pounds and over six feet long off Massachusetts in May. but now I'd like meet Cassy some dark night and tell her what I think of her role. was plenty of salt-horse Talk about grub? There and old junk. that I human kindness.' "We got food for the stomach and food for the mind.' says he or words to that effect 'but we can't do it on empty to see us so ignorant. 'we've got to get this cargo across as long as there's a plank to float on.. but now seems like the Cap'n took no more interest in navigation didn't care if we never got to Gibraltar jest went daffy over 'Codfish Possibilities. and o' course. myself intend to prepare the suc- culent dish.' says he. follows this up next time with cod- "He fish salad. she jest got nasty and sulked. Then there board here that's ture's greatest foods. to black coffee every mornin'.

and growed up. the ocean would soon be so packed with codfish there wouldn't be room enough left to drown a cat. steamed codfish with limejuice sauce. It would take three hundred and thirty-seven thousand to make a quart. And that old bug never repeated himself once give him novelties. A "I have a plan to stretch out our stock of Inconvenience" t he had a codfish mouth. Every time you looked a shipmate in the face you was sure twenty-one pound cod has two million seven hundred thousand eggs. with 'Codfish Possibilities. having finished his own grub. voice monotonous like a double-reefed snore.' in And he starts and codfish that its own grandmother would have disowned. and if you whispered. The cod is omnivorous eats everything they've . But it he was on credit. but there was no stoppin' that dunderhead. Some of us felt like time. Cap'n. gelatine. each from one-nineteenth to one-seventeenth of an inch in diameter. long began to be annoying. If all the eggs in a seventy-five pound cod got hatched to entertain us.codfish soup. we took matters in hand. you was likely to be presented with a black eye.' which was codfish. come settin' around "I see trouble was comin'. only they spell it with two S's. we was gettin' scales by this and curry sauce. 'Poison. "It was the day that he sprung 'Salad de poisson a la Weatherbee. eyes a-sparkling. mainly.' which the old nut said was French for fish. codfish with saffron and raisins. He reads right on.

der water. 'when we hauls in a hundred pounder that put up a rousin' fight. crack. had to rip never see him again. pieces of clothing. hustled the old codger out o' the foc's'il. jest at daylight after eighteen days of wreck we see a smudge of smoke on the horizon. which circles under our stern and takes us all off. snap. when I ups and heaves that book overboard. "When we woke up next time.' says he.' fishing boat from the chusetts section drove off of her We We says he. Next day the main mast goes over. swish. 'and fixed along any old way. What's here there's plenty of.' he apologizes. oil-cans. We fired rockets until they was all gone. He took up receipts out of his own head. Mr.' says he. rocks. Kelly. Massa- and gives our persition as 40 42' 42" N. beginning to feel 42' 42" North. Mate sends me up the "Bimeby riggin' with a torch soaked in turpentine. longitude 74 West. something happened. the cook of the Happy Days come in to give us our first square meal in eighteen days not to mention codfish. if I didn't see a whoppin' big codfish make a it jrab for that cook-book and swallow ^hole!" "Cap'n was never the same after that grieved like a doting parent. because everything else was un- potato parings. 74 W.' says he. But you can see. and he got insulted. In winter months there is a marked movement of large bodies of cod to the New England and Middle Atlantic coasts. dash my top-lights. 'Wish we could offer up better fare. maties. 'but we've been short on rations for some time. we flying but codand eating nothing upside down. maybe suspectin' us a U-boat in disguise. maybe some o' how the main guy in the Bee Hive restauIt's fish when we could manage to make it rant in Ticonderoga got off lucky. fish en casserole. "I don't remember anything more the deck of the until we was on She was a Happy Days. And. I think my shipmates might a been a bit peeved and spoke cross to him. that I swooned. Perhaps it was mutiny. 'thanks to a bit o' luck we had some days ago. the cook.. got so we didn't care what hapjest let' the old tub wallow pened. We all took to the cabin roof and lashed ourselves there to keep from being washed overboard. lightful book.found in its stomach scissors. I'd lost my boots and we found I'm a plug cut that cod open tobacco and a pamphlet 'is called "Codfish Possibilities. fin- palatable. a . "When he got that far. and important fisheries are then carried on. but we all riz right up. I snatches 'Codfish Possibilities' out of his hand. and chased him aft. "Then one day the Phanix begin sinking gradual by the bow. Kelly. water. the heel of a boot and a corn-cob pipe. or maybe they only jest drowned him.' says he. to makin' grounds by the U-boat scare along the coast. They give us a warm bath and we slept." servin'. beI don't remember what became of I up my shirt and tie it around my feet to keep from freezing.' says he. The mate had jest taken noon observations ger-rings. rubber dolls. flop into the combers with a crash like thunder. but When we o' no one paid any attention to us. and there warn't any good material in there. and leakin' like first She begun a-shipping thing you know we was some stylish. meetin'. drops a lifeboat.' This dish took from that de'It's called cod- cause "I guess. About four o'clock we got some hot soup and went to sleep again. made out of oakum The steamer comes on. Day after A-G and the flag day went on. " 'What luck?' says I. a suspicious queerness in " 'It was in latitude 40 an old-timer at an experience see the my food locker. Mr. You w ater swelled up r our load o' dry codfish and it burst open the seams and we begun to settle.

cubes and add." he explained with a long face. Wash them thoroughly." "You ain't obliged to me they?" demanded Johnnie. They should be about the an egg. I got them in the Bee Hive this morning. and much ' obliged. M. We are inclined to think that the "Then thank your pitality." He faded around the outer end of the the position of New and longitude given York City Hall. friend a-coming." began Johnnie. 74 West and rise up jest in time to swallow douse "Well." boat-house and out of sight while Johnnie sat and chuckled: "Hello there. reef-knot." re"There's always a bold. Collect guests. kicked up his heels. Cut this into small After has boiled twenty minutes. The package was not there. boat and geography." on the only floor. "didn't you say cod'>h was caught down thirty to seventy fathoms?" "I did. wave of the hand. . and shouted with glee. NOTE: friend for his hoslime-juicer. Nearly this every chef has a can of tomatoes." Johnnie fell b^ck in the cushioned seat." all just how they'd taste home . mixed his J. but I'm afraid I couldn't control my turrible temper long enough to be perlite. bring to a boil." said he. and a bit of Worcestershire will increase the flavor. You may up find meaty flavor. "The poor fish!" he roared. in the kettle. purposely or otherwise. and slice it stray onion. how my wheres toplightn. along. "I've been wondering after cold. Shake the tree above the soup pot or stand kettle in high grass until it has a slightly as possible. equivalent the of flavor the to add tomato will soup. adventurous spirit in all communities. "What was "Codfish balls. plied the hobo. with his family he'd probably stayed And now I see your be alive to-day." did this big fellow happen to be way off to 40 42' 42" North. so I'd better be moseying . size of as many stones as there are smooth round pebbles nearly white few that the cook thought too small to bake. dismissed E. for anything. Mr. them place Hunt around the camp until you find a Kill and dress it. Catch it. M. E. from yesterday dinner or there were a 59 .. salt." cried the boy as the foreman came in. cut those and put them in. J. J. "And banks?" they're caught off certain "I've jest been entertained by a friend of mine. "He's welcome. He looked "Hello. E. If there were sprinkle the stones with add a little some potatoes if left over sauce pepper. "and "Correct.wonder I didn't tie him into a Tell him next time you see him. "Say. is The latitude owner. K. Good-day. The Editor. use one of The without opening. I'd do it myself." returned his friend. into the stone soup stock." * * * replied Johnnie. but I bet he's off somethis very minute stuffin' himself ! the book?" "You're a discernin' young man. it a parsnip or carrot." with your special treat matter with a the M. Red. Kelly. wrinkling his nose thoughtfully. is O. and If he'd that big stiff of a cod was one. "Here's my parcel of lunch. I'm awful sorry. Where did you put the other one?" Johnnie looked on the seat beside him.

. His eldest son was killed on the march. at fear. He was with Braddock when that English general was ambushed and was one of the few to escape. and for years never knew what moment the war whoop of the sav- all were the Indians themYears later. never saw them again. for almost fifteen years. he saw the importance of this land. when it was common for peaceful Indians to come to house doors and seek At the age of ten shelter for the night. Magellan. An unquenchable that burns in their breasts has urged them forth to break paths for their gen- They have penetrated the dark corners of the earth. first view of the state that was to go down into history as "the dark and bloody stayed there until Decemthe Indians." He when he was captured by human advancement five hundred miles beyond the then farthest frontier. Almost single-handed he wrested the great Alstate of Kentucky from the Indians. just entering manhood. No other man ever fought civilization's fight against such bitter odds. But Boone. The ered. A* Colonel Henderson bought all of Kentucky from the Indians. on this journey that his son was killed. But though tragedy marked his first entrance into Kentucky. eration. paid forfeit with their lives. he thought nothing of spending the years in a forest alone and sleeping beside day a time In sorrow and in fear many of the party 60 . in many Cocases. Livingstone of this lion's breed. most single-handed he planted the banner of family and told glowing tales of a country of marvelous beauty he had discovThat country was Kentucky.THE fire world to-day would be a very small place were it not for men who have carried the torch of civili- zation into far places. It is said of Boone that he knew not He was born in Pennsylvania. shouldered a rifle and marched away. Five years later the Seven Years' Indian war broke out and Boone. too. ed Boonesboro. He was a better selves. He led the first white settlers into Kentucky. So. never once turned aside. he was sent out to warn scattered parties and safely traveled eight hundred miles through woods that were woodsman than thickly peopled with the savages. He North Carolina had disappeared. when Boone's life was not in danger. lumbus. There was never a day. and when he and one companion returned to camp. In 1767 John Finley came to the little settlement in which Boone lived with his age would bring him from his sleep. His father migrated to North Carolina when he was sixteen. during another Indian war. Seven days later he escaped. he had his this new land. the four men who had come with him from ground. another son was slain from ambush. they have. a camp-fire. was Daniel Boone. with that flame of creation burning in his breast. Other men gave up and returned to civiliHe foundzation. and Boone led the first band that set out It was to colonize this fertile territory. but Boone pressed on. soul of Boone was stirred and two years later he and five others set out to inspect In June. ber. His daughter was kidnapped by the Indians. 1769.

and other pioneers of these settlements. with twenty-two armed men.turned back. outcast he moved to Virginia. and learned that five hundred of them. written months before. were going to attack the fort at Boonesboro. Instead of being put to death he was tribe." he had with Kentucky won Boone found that. one full Boone year before the Revolution. and during that time he ate but one meal. later. his sixty-one years did not deter him from risking a fresh start. but in 1803. The odds were For nine days and built. He found the fort in a bad state of defense. Still Battle succeeded battle. four hunBoone's dred and fifty-four in number. then called Louisiana. one hundred and sixty miles away. The Indians were armed by the British. but when fresh tales came to him of land to the west of the Mississippi. this man who carried the torch of civilization among a savage people and bared shock of battle that be extinguished. Congress granted him eight hun- adopted by the For months he his face was painted. was a less. It took him four dred and last fifty the west. retreated back across the mountains. In his absence discipline had relaxed. But now the American people were awaking to a realization of what Boone's leadership in Kentucky had meant to the nation. back to Kentucky. Later he brought on Three other sethis wife and children. when this territory passed from Spain to the United States. and Louis and took what he thought deed to land. and then. armed with muskets and led by white officers. its his chest to the flame might not 61 . They never The attacked Boonesboro again. he passed his days. the plot of ground he thought was his was Almost like a penniless not his at all. gave to civilization. fight ground against thousands "Now. almost ten to one. Then came the Revolution. Coming going as far north as Detroit. and there was scarcely a day when bullets did Three hundred not fall upon the fort. tlements sprang up near by. he arrived outside the stockade. by one of the twists of the law. force numbered fifty men. His hair was pulled out until only a scalp lock remained. In August the savages appeared. he sleeps. "is the time to hold the country while we And he held it all through a are in it. Twenty-five years after his death his remains were brought back to In the land he Kentucky. free acres of land. He at once took charge and when the Indians arrived Boonesboro was ready. On one occasion he and six others were shot down. Boone. demoralized. meeting as a legislature. the identical principle of government on which the United States of America is days to cover the one hundred and sixty miles. In 1795 he established himself near the present city And nerve. of the pioneers. for Kentucky was virtually won. But ultimately he went on and at Boonesville he gathered his people and erected a fort. Early one morning he made a break for liberty. dismayed. the Indians withdrew. Tottering and almost famished. he found the savages gathering. and for a while Boone was forced to halt. he and twenty-three of his men were captured by the Indians. promulgated the doctrine that all power is originally in the people. There in from want. remained to hold his of savages. In 1775. he found this claim worthof St. roamed about the country with his captors." winter that must have taxed even his iron nights the battle raged. when driven to a salt lick to secure salt for the imprisoned garrison.

and efficiently prepared. whenever I see a group of them. you and I are members of the same great organization and I am very proud of my membership. S. Both Boy Scouts and the country will be better off when they have attained manhood. F. and it will do far already in it is its essence a practical for more. to ren- The Boy Scouts of America have rendered valuable service to the Nation in a great many directions. Secretary of Navy. JOSEPHUS DANIELS. to boys courage and never reached never been have who the be reached will ordinary type of by preaching. demonstrated that you are prepared. I Scouts of America from the believe A. lay or clerical. is The Boy Scout Movement of peculiar Scout Organization has proved itself of especial value not only in the useful training it gives its members. but in performing vital services in virious ways in conserving and increasing the resources of the nation. Secretary of Agriculture.. proper standconsideration for and of fair ards play and and others. BAKER. It has much done good. importance to the whole country. mental and character training which they acquire WILLIAM HOWARD TAFT. . and. I heartily wish all good luck to the movement. principles in boys. their organization represents. Former der aid to others who may be greatly in need of assistance. The Treasury Department Loan and is War Savings CARTER GLASS. as I am sure you are. THEODORE ROOSEVELT. have enthusiastically approved the Boy first. NEWTON The Boy Secretary of War.. decency. deeply appreciative of the magnificent cooperation that the Boy Scouts of America have given in Liberty campaigns. to impart a proper which scheme through ethical of standard conduct. PRESIDENT WOODROW WILSON. This is the great underlying purpose of the Boy Scouts of America. Boys. by reason of the physical. BURLESON. and I desire to congratulate them upon the fine record they have made. D. HOUSTON. Postmaster-General^ . I through Scouting.have the boys of the country organized for the purposes the Boy Scouts represent. Former Secretary of Treasury. I am proud of their manliness and feel cheered by the knowledge of what It is fine to that it inculcates manly virtues and high D. You have.

The Boy ARTHUR CAPPER. service" in the Boy Scouts develops those Honest and faithful know more wholesome movehas been ment with infinite possibility that manly qualities that fit our boys for the more serious duties of citizens and soldiers. tends to ing energy of youth into helpful and manly activities. initiated in recent years than the Boy Scout Movement. LEONARD WOOD. C. of Staff. REDFIELD. McADOO. Scouts of America is. SCOTT. by the Former I Secretary of Commerce. Major General and Former Chief LEOPOLD DE BELGIQUE. States. U. which has been too often practiced. to my of the finest and most beneficial one mind. The Boy Scout movement should be helped forward by every mart and woman It would be difficult to imagin America. It is a great conservation. and to express to you my best wishes for the pros- HUGH L. PERSHING. Major General and Former Chief I FRANK O. WILLIAM G. Senator. The has been American patriots. Governor of Massachusetts. Governor of believe the Scout Oath and the train- ing of our boys in Boy Scout organizations is an incentive to the highest aspirations and an excellent education for their future duties as citizens. S. CALVIN COOLIDGE.The spirit of usefulness and service shown Boy Scouts throughout the calls forth my heartiest appreciacountry C. means its reappearance in dangerous if not vicious tendencies. Crown Prince of Belgium. LOWDEN. I am pleased to have an opportunity of conveying to you the expression of the brotherly feelings of Belgian Boy Scouts toward the Boy Scouts of America. have been deeply impressed and touched by the splendid spirit of cooperation and the tireless energy of the Boy Each year the Boy Scout moveScouts. WILLIAM tion. movements of the kind ever inaugurated and I cannot speak too highly of the wonderful work performed by the boys during the recent war. Governor of Pennsylvania. Kansas. is ment turning out thousands of better and creating the finest types of future boys There has been no single movement in our nation that has been of greater advantage to our national life thar that represented by the Boy Scouts of America. Former Secretary of Treasury. It recognizes that the suppression of that energy. of no The Boy Scout Movement has my unI qualified approval. ine any form of obligation more likely to impress a boy seriously than that in which he promises to do his duty to God and to his country. . On many occasions I have noted with pride the manner in which the Boy Scouts have acted. and it speaks more eloquently than words of the security of the future of our United it. It seeks to turn the abound- GENERAL JOHN The Boy Scout J. of Staff. SPROUL. movement make a self-reliant boy. It has started at the very foundation of our citizenship and has trained the boys at a time when their minds were in the best condition to receive training given very wisely and excellently planned and developed. one capable of taking care of himself in the open. WM. Illinois. perity of your great organization.

Lewis B. . made a brief stay in the United States a real RECENTLY One alive Prince with plenty of "God Save the King" followed by eight. and the Chief Scout Executive. Schiff. for the it. be good Americans. Prince of Wales. President of of Colin H. Sec'y of State to dict CARD. SIR DOUGLAS HAIG. for I have fine I had the honor of inspecting a parade of scouts here in New York. Manhattan Council." . your training as scouts and for the more you value it. and gladly bestows the Apossuccess every tolic Blessing on all those who further the Catholic extension of the Scout Value your training as Scouts. who is exceedingly interested in the movement and is Chief Scout of the Boy Scouts of Wales. Recruit at the open end of the square. Put your country always first." The Prince and the scouts stood at salute while the band played. above The betall things. the Prince reviewing a gathering of Boy Scouts. but hunt with the pack. the Prince approached the lowed by his staff and the mittee. and. GENERAL. Gawtry. ter The band played eight bars of "EDWARD P. Prince of Wales. GASPARRI. see that American Scouts are a credit to just their scout training. Commissioner from Manhattan and marshal of the Boy Scout demonstration. hollow up with the Naval band of U. consisting Livingstone.-. His Holiness. "I have been asked to send you a message and I am very glad to do so. I remain. the guides. J. the square. Major Lorillard Spencer. Boy Boy Scout com- Scouts fol- Americans you are the better friends you will be to your brother scouts and sister guides of the British Empire. President. message : Scouts. the greater will be your own value to your country and your more you value friends. country had been longer and that I had had the chance of seeing more American Scouts and Guides. Edward. Daniel Carter Beard. the scouts lined in I wish to say one thing to Value you. National Scout Commissioner. With best wishes. Livingstone. His Royal Highness was accompanied by his staff and was received by a committee representing the "I wish that my visit to your splendid Boy Scouts. will be greater your own value to your Never hunt and country your friends. The Prince then in- spected the entire line of left this of the last things the Prince did before sailing out of New York harbor was to land at 86th Street for the purpose of Boy Through Mr. but that must wait until my next visit.Such a movement (Boy Scouts of America) is deserving of the highest commendaHis Holiness therefore wishes it tion. "Meanwhile As a with yourselves. Mortimer L. who were hastily mobilized in response to a request of the Prince himself. S. bars of "The Star Spangled Banner. Vice-President. EDWARD. movement under the auspices of the thorities. S. Pope Bene- XV. ecclesiastical auI feel certain Boy Scouts will set an example of patriotism and devotion to duty for future generations of American boys. and very much pep and His Royal Highness personality.

The country snaps its salute to you Joy-boy. knight-boy. hobble-de-hoy boy. Whichever you are. Keen. stout-heart. firm-foi^the-right boy. You are molded light. Conquer the world. you are molten thund Scout-heart. Sunny step and with great deeps under. clean face of the embryo man Above the kerchief which shows your clan.Slim. as you will and can! file We And dip the flag to your world-long the whimsical vim of your Boy Scout sm. Sprite-boy. lo\al-throughout heart. you are tried and true is And By your dourest opponent brought to bo the bright delight of your Boy Scout look. toy-boy. We By enter you high on the the romping pomp of Honor Scroll your Boy Scout so By EDMUND VANCE COOKl Associat Courtesy News-paper Enterprise . trim figure of dusty hue. Your alert-curt vigor compels our wonder.

was standing petrified with horror. carrying off natives or their live stock to supply his daily food. on the floor from Mombasa. petrified with h insane. Success Illustrated the Swahili gun-bearer stupefied N'GHULU. Before he could bite again there had come shriek on that terrifying. the lion shriek. was lying of his hut. by Clyde Forsythe preying on Masindi. had turned tail. baby. too overcome by the potent native palm wine to time he was making him bolder. but shrieking woman His wife. And fifty yards away the gone old man-eater could be seen running in great bounds toward the jungle some half mile off to the north. til unIn- night- At the his fall. loud. Scenting A. This had not waited. any to as- wont. terror-stricken. For some months now the lion had been From his a little black swathed the boy's hips. close to his shapeless garb of missionary pattern. and mouth had met only rolls the of loin cloth jaws depended and white bundle that was no less than N'Ghulu's son. 66 . jaws mighty culated his But he had miscalsomehow. door stead he had wife. opening to snatch one bite. as was his make move sist. unable to like With the one leap the brute had alighted move hand a or foot. P. clad in the white come sneakin the to the town ing had of and light day. seen the eighteen-months old child playing alone outside his home.

" finished Marshall. "Crackey!" cried the the kid. staring with ashen faces of fear after the beast which could now be seen moving slowly but still steadily toward the protecting shelter of the jungle! "What's the row?" shouted Meade. darklong." objected Deschamps. Clearly got here. "Old Hungry-Always. they could see a crowd of natives gathered to hear the news. there was no help to be stupor." round which curled a coarse brush of hair. ing beast. ending in the "horn. caught sight of the lion whose springing stride had now descended to a shamble. covering the few remaining hundred yards to Masindi in a quick. Hadn't they played with him often. His raids in Masindi. easy." "He's got troop put spurs to their horses. trans- replied his patrol leader. He seemed to have reduced them to a state of paralyzed fear. He had a bushy." I should say my- name he announced. stretching even down his powerful spine. and looked at the troop. redoubled by those of her sympathetic neighbors. The Uganda Troop. Frenchman his fancy! As the boys rode up to N'Ghulu's hut. which just then had been scanning the plain away on their left. as he came within earshot." lated. Meade's eyes sought those of Marshall. Their tales of him in consequence had been He was over ten feet blood-curdling. A dread beast. said. the mere sight of which robbed the arms of their strength and reduced the legs to such quivering pulp that they were unable to remove one's body A bewitched beast who could render one harmless and helpless. few Nevertheless the sympathy announcement." scout. her claimed to have seen him.taking his prey with him out over the ex- whence panding plain. "some guy's sure got the toothache bad. guessing that here might be help. and he would be gone into the jungle. if such was ! Meade pidgin Swahili. Though not one of the troop had seen the tiny bundle in the lion's mouth. still echoed the shrieks of his wife. "lion" and "child. and caught the scout leader by the knee. but not a single one had sought him. heard the hysterical cries. more mean "mtoto. be dark in another hour." But Jim Meade's eyes. by-word were now his father. "Same here!" around "But the only it's cried Meade. Between her moans and sobs Meade could just distinguish the words "simba. self. returning from a day's outing." fits. so late. ejaculations of doubted a his identity. they brown mane that covered neck and head. even gallop. Before the woman could husband appeared in the house doorway. "I say we get him!" exclaimed Marshall energetically. Wideeyed. "Frightened one of them into likely. while he himself removed one's cattle or kids or even one's family. They all knew N'Ghulu's boy. "Holy Mackerel!" exclaimed Bradley Marshall. "Wonder if he's Let's got another baby? noise. sindi? the best gun-bearer in Ma- Many natives "But where's in N'Ghulu?" demanded answer." which. his eyes He was still in a dead. his face dazed. all of them. Then "He'll be dead. And his tail stood out yards long. Like a man awakened from a nightmare he gazed around at the group. " in the crowd." make for the At his words the mother. arms raised in supplication. when they came to fetch greeted this Low whistles. using their favorite for the man-eater. rushed forward. 'Twill " 67 . then turned to look after the now walk- A few hundred yards more.

tore across the plain. looked at bodies. scouts. earth. tered would come on him pretty soon anyway." was the reply. and the thorn trees too numerous for comfort. as the Uganda Troop strove to confuse the It was slow going." Each scout had one. him off. Before them ambled the lion. now on the right. "The shooting will keep the brute moving. He might have continued due north. nostrils distended. I'm starved now. But presently the swift insistent pounding of the horse hoofs was communicated to him along the vibrating their scent. "If you see him. The wind was with the troop. you take half the troop. They were hesitating which course to take." put in Reed. Now on the left. they must head country. The brush was ever." His arm shot up as a sign to halt. too. if we can. Martin's mount tripped and deposited his rider in some prickly growth." ing en ahead. "I want a meal. and found the dried-out bed of a former shallow stream. volver shots rang out on the still air. if the range is not very good. a shrill whistle thrice repeated rang It came from the opposite side of use to follow in directly. "and circle away on then. You might hit the kid. "Only for heaven's sake let's hurry. howfleeing man-eater. through the jungle. cupped He was pointing to a clump of tall brush and tangled jungle grass which stood on the opposite side of the stream bed. If north. But the denseness of the brush and the overhanging branches of trees completely blocked a good distant view." shouted Meade. Obviously he was reserving his meal until he got to safety. mind. a few crushed branches and bruised foliage bore witness to the place where he had entered. led aw ay his r r troop as directed. don't aim to kill. They needed no spur to the right. He "C'mon. As they approached. word the Uganda Troop faced great spectacular sunset was lighting up the West. "Now. thick. We "You said it. Brad. It was of little Presently Marshall's band sighted a small opening in the dim light beneath the trees. The horses. when out. hem him in between two attacking 68 in his stirrups and calling through hands that they should dismount. they At once they clatdown toward the point whence it came." he ordered. between the two scout troops."How about you?" He. toward which the sun. scenting excitement. Keep firing a revolver. Just a second. for it is a law in Africa that the man who goes into the jungle unarmed cannot look to the government for protection. ears cocked." shall. He could not get give three blasts on your whistle. Without another about. An overhanging branch caugbt Reed across the face and almost swung him out of the saddle. standing . but they could see the black and white bundle still hanging from his mouth. re- turned for a second. got to surround him and get the kid alive. And now they could see Meade the old water course. He might have veered to east or west. as they urged their horses on. and beyond it lay a stretch of open If east or west. The boys were scratched and bruised. as Marw ith ready precision. But make speed. This jungle was not more than a mile deep. glowing red gold like the heart of a fierce fire. So argued Meade in his own the rest. But with a few mighty leaps the lion vanished into the brushwood before their eyes. was sinking slowly in a sky of orange A tawny." continued Brad. They rode to it. "We're on!" came the answer. tear"We'll get him easy. Behind them the boys could hear the encouraging yells of the natives.

M'Teke appeared in his at Marshall's side. bearing fetched from the horses. he mighty head. The the child set up a terrified scouts looked at it. giving orders." replied Reed. How were they to rescue it alive? It was twelve yards at least to where the lion stood. Marshall and his to the right. And then abruptly there came to their ears a small. abruptly. with a thick. "Look lively with the rope. But with this he con- "Double!" With a tinually whipped his flanks from side to And side. "They never do. Like a threw back his faint echo to little it wail. of keeping him guessing. as if arousing his own fury. Save for the lashing of his tail he did not move. then." shouted Meade. Marshall's to the east. But the to bathe lion kept it up sufficiently long Not a And their bodies with perspiration. You got to 69 . roaring indignantly at intervals." he shouted. They are short-winded. pursuers by speed. The lion took a pace backward and turned shot rang out on Meade's toward it. Meade and dently with the idea of keeping the lion But before they nervously keyed up. The beast turned back confused." shot rang out from Marshall's side. Meade's voice rang out.As they dismounted they strained their eyes to see into the jungle. with the baby lying on the earth almost touching his paws. ule stood there. hand a rope which he had As he stood there light. as they poured in on both sides. "Great Marshall." Meade told himself. Perfectly still he stared at them. a reached their grunt casionally "Can't keep up the pace long. evi- native tales of his terrors were scarcely exaggerated. like a long-drawn peal of thunder. They were too fascinated by the sight of the Unable to throw off his beast himself. What's that?" ejaculated "The kid. shrill cry so woe-begone and terrified that it brought them to a halt. It was the first time that most of the scouts had seen a lion at bay. deep and loud. Presently Meade's ruse A A was apparent. Meade was still firing at intervals. ears. and the jaws opened to emit a roar that began in a rumble and rolled on. Brad. "Fire along the flanks. could surround his protecting cover of brush he sprang forward and was gone again from view. concerted yell of delight the scouts shot forward through the under- his scouts to the left. For some seconds they continued this game It succeeded. cats! good range that for a revolver! To kill they must hit directly through the forehead or through the heart or else cut his spine! Suppose they hit and did not kill him? In his fury he might trample the child. They could hear a branch crash now and again Ocas he bore down on it in his flight. He was fully nine feet long." The was heading directly Meade's crowd were to the lion gazed at him. side. then. west of him. and presently were rewarded by a glimpse of a tawny tail waving angrily amid the green. He was a magnificent specimen of his kind. he made it sufficiently hot to have their clothes torn and their hands cut from the reckless speed with which they followed him through the thorns. north again. With renewed energy they tore on and came At to a circular clearing. mild if indeed the "Now. but undecided as to which man he should rush. first they did not notice the small pitiful waif that lay on the earth not far from the man-eater's front paws. he had decided to turn and face a fight for his life. "Don't shoot to kill. I should say. it in evening seemed as the clear. bushy mane that stood out around his head like a great bristling ruff. called the leader. as they growth.

then. was no time nor opportunity for the beast to swerve from his course." "Froggy's paralyzed thought Meade. M'Teke's left. the great beast was al- heart. But the only vital spot directly bared to any member of the troop. With a snarl he faced in that direction. in his right we get the lion. with fear. and fired again. and then tlhe Mam-Eate." shouted Jim. Balked of his prey and clear now as to their intention. was looking dazedly at But just then some quick firing on Meade's side brought him around again the child. his spear But that gentleman had and fled. He stood perfectly still As home ing the Uganda Mounted Troop went that evening to a late dinner. "Haul away there. already dropped Pierre Deschamps. Back arched. "Look a out. slightly isolated from the others. point upward. was the spine. had left the earth they had seen their fellow scout drop his revolver." cried the troop in sudden frenzy of fear. "Now. Deschamps stepped suddenly Almost where he had been stood aside. The this pull in until I tell you. sent up an- other shrill wail. and then beneath the weight thrown on it. enemy with its weight. aim straight. boys. Marshall quickly and neatly drew the The black and white bundle to safety. vided between their quarry and their fellow scout. at a loss as to the meaning of maneuver." shouted Meade. His own speed small Pierre and force decided that. A shot from Bradley Marshall caught him on the flank." lion. and it landed neatly over the child's body. pointed. And now every scout who was not firing an attempt to kill the beast beone of their troop had his Just as the animal eyes fixed on Pierre. Like a cataHis body hurtled pult the lion came." replied the American excitedly." And now the scouts' attention was di- snarling beast had already doubled for the second spring that would bring him on top of one enemy. "Fine work. it fell to earth bearing with it the lifeless body of the lion. and wondered whether at this distance he could ready crouching preparatory to a spring. Meade had aimed to split it and failed. It decided him. "Run. with the exception "Hold hard now. a smoking revolver N'Ghulu's wife and the congratulatory 70 . spear. And just then M'Teke's white native dress caught With a huge bound he plunged his eye. stood next in He had been on the animal's path. intent on crushing this ! toward the black." shouted Meade.Up lassoo that kid. gracefully through thirty-five yards of space. The spear tore through his heart. He was deftly whirling the Soon it was sailing rope into a circle." grasped hand. "Don't of Deschamps. The spitting. The lion had already sprung. delighted with the success of the ruse. There the spear. Froggy. They did not realize it was empty. child. As if recognizing the sound the lion turned again. But no Deschamps was fixing the The spear in the earth. Down Run!" But the French boy made no attempt of any kind to move. "Funny I never thought of that. through the air. threatening. a terrifying sight." they decided to themselves. beartheir ears the benedictions of in facing the lion. Shoot straight and "Going to hurl it through the brute's shoot to kill. man! he came. scenting new terrors. animal was already on him. and momentarily they were puzzled as to why he had discarded it in order to pick up M'Teke's madly fore in it killed with a roar. then. teeth bared. He had not spoken a moment too soon. he looked like some gigantic venomous cat.

to his They escorted him. The boys happened along just at this time and with quick intuition stripped off their coats and smothered the flames. of Charlotte. not a scout.. Whereat they all started to sing again. Detroit Signal carries this "can't but be proud of them" report. Merritt Schenck and Robert Johnson of Bethlehem. help Two Scouts of Troop 4. . but after a few moments was seized with cramps and had to struggle for his own life. but the s'trong current bandages and tourniquets and refused to pour liquids into unconscious people. from drowning. and Pierre went home sick of the sound of his nickname. were returning from Can:p Minsi. When she heard the whole of the tale she turned pale and ran protesting to his father that he must put a stop to these escapades." protested "I've told you so several deaf. Worth Cooper. dived in and rescued him. and William Lotharius. putting his coins It hand in his pocket. put their Scout knowledge to practical use on the Fourth of July when they were instrumental in saving the life of an n-year-old girl on Eastlawn avenue. our own Frenchman. one after another automobile. was "But times. them jumped in. jumped and brought the caddy to shore." my Deschamps. N.. Without a moment's delay he ran up to where his fellow scout was struggling with The cramps. Boy . and then accompanied the injured persons in the car until they were met by an ambulance. They were still singing. N. This young miss was celebrating the Fourth by lighting a huge firecracker.First calls a new of her neighbors they were singing It had been composed en song." how many does not matter. drew forth some So he spears him. seeing the flushed protesting face of her boy. Oscar Mayer The calculated his distance.. a later. as you might a lima bean. revolver was empty. on the car whose trailer hit the later reported that while her injuries were serious she would doubtless have died had it not been for the prompt work of the Scouts. As the scouts came up to the stream they saw One of the boy struggling frantically. But his father. He doesn't try to shoot That just annoys the brute . own home. came out to rescue him from the untender mercies of his companions. Then Cooper ran down shore a in bit. Troop i. became ignited and was soon a mass of flames. Pa. J. where his enough to provide treats around for the whole Uganda Troop. Somehow or other her dress John Gruver. The left direction of the first aid work was first to the boys. who applied made valiant efforts to save a caddy. The second scout dived in. C. moment back third boy signalled He had managed to get out of the current and had reached shore. and vowing it was the last time they should eat at his expense. and ran as follows: "This is little Froggy. route for home by the troop poet. Jennings Young and Glenn Hopkins. gave efficient first aid service to five per- The doctor who attended her sons who were injured when their auto- scouts The mobile collided with a trolley car. mother. Jack Higgins. aid swept him downstream. The greatest lion-killer ever seen.

the red man built and still builds little known as "hogans" and make hogans good shelter for over jl these welcome sights to the tired scout looking for a camp site. wigwam. primitive sort of shelter. The hogan is a simple. In the place one must . They are always BESIDES houses hikes. night they are distributed in the right made like a crude basket set upfirst side down. the Bara Beard places along the trails.By the wickerup. if the tepee and the open camp.

When these points are done a cap may be made like that shown in Fig. 7 shows how the thatch is placed in layerslike shingles. being best adapted for such strong enough sticks beehives made of twisted straw. wil- low sticks are the best trim off ends up and bind them together with strips of bark as in Fig. framework is complete the hogan may be thatched with balsam bows. 9 and 10. The Boy Scouts in Europe know how to thatch roofs much better than we do in America. Fig. 3 and placed upon the roof as shown in Figs. until you have a framework such as is shown in Fig. Fig. 3. for dry thatch is exceedingly inflammable and one does not wish to see a carefully made hogan go up in flames. 5 shows a the Chief secured wooden at needle. In a large hogan an opening may be a purpose as this. the branches and bend the smaller shows how to bend the sticks around first over and then under so that the spring of the stick and friction will hold it in place. Fig. . basket fashion. then put the butt ends of the sticks in the ground in a circle as in Fig. to allow the smoke from a center fire to pass out. but best of all with tall grass of any kind or rushes. If at any point the two forces are not the intersection of the be 'bound with strips of green may After the bark. for instance. ironweed. the leaves of the common cat-tail. pine bows. Fig. weave in other sticks. hemlock bows. such as are seen nowhere to-day except in picture books or on coats of arms and trademarks. 2 or 28. 4. used in thatching roofs. There are no thatched roofs on Long Island to-day. but with a small Cow Neck. although long ago forgotten States. beginning at the bottom and after finishing that layer putting another layer above overlapping the first until the apex of the roof is reached. but at a quaint farmhouse where the needle was discovered they still had the old tepee one must be very careful with a fire when the thatch is dry. i. as it is at AA. goldenrod. as in a tepee. 4 for the purpose.gather a number of small green sticks. Long Island. in the United for Openings may be left in these hogans windows or ventilation. 6 shows how this needle is used to bind the thatch together. Fig. The hogan is then complete. Fig. 2. which left in the top. for thatches are still used there.

The day was well spent when this happened. tide. With the float- . H. the van-' guard of the ice-pack. and ice. Y. Morning found the sloop high and dry. It was useless to attempt to buck the wind. in some of the sail we began back and forth. and.Field Naturalist of The I Roosevelt African Expedition the spring of 1901 was Late in the the purof the pose advertising among huntejs. here it peared to be a haze. trappers and traders the society's needs for live animals. the steamship Bertha. but on the second of May. H. Mr. Two hours later a breeze sprang up. six o'clock we were bucking a strong and tide. so we hoisted sail and "forged ahead. but assumed the form of an island. with it. N. at first dodging beating the few scattering chunks of ice without Taking Owego. I secured. and little progress was made until we managed to work in much under the lee at Fire Island. a thoroughly competent and trustworthy fellow who was well acquainted with the sheep ranges and spoke the Indian language fluently. Any scout who knows Mr. and also to attempt to capture white mountain sheep. but we managed to gain ten miles and anchored at eleven o'clock. On April 24. such as are often seen in the deserts. bank of the mouth of Knik Arm. DURING sent to Alaska by the Zoological Society. as the tide receded." if that's the correct nautical term. Hicks' present address can do his "good turn" by sending it to me at open sea. as head man. on her first trip of the season. was still intact (although Cook Inlet was free to its head) and would remain so until the spring tides should become high enough to tear it from the mud-flats at the head of the bays where. trouble. a certain quantity of which each time finds its way to the 1 At At Tyonek. through what apsaw an island. so we anchored close to shore and. during the winter. a tributary of Cook Inlet. it had slowly formed with each incoming and receding tide. for New York was simply an optical illusion: a mirage. but as the floe became thicker the difficulty grew. through the fieldglasses I saw a) squall coming ahead. in a small sloop propelled by oars and a favorable tide. but instead of being a beautiful lake. under a glowing Arctic sunset (one could see to read a newspaper all night throughout June) near the east For this reason we were held up a week. that floats backward and forward with the tides. we left Tyonek. until it had reached a thickness of eight feet. Hicks. which also somewhat broke the main ice-floe. I soon discovered that it afternoon. kept pushing the craft into deep water to prevent stranding. and to be ready to continue the journey with the incoming tide. about two thirds of the way up the Inlet. with about a hundred yards of mud-flat between us and the water. and over a calm surface headed for Fire Island and the mouth of Knik Arm. landed me at the little Indian village of Tyonek. Most of the ice in Knik Arm.

the bateau was loaded. he was positive it couldn't be done. no. Young sheep are narrow channel on each side. he had to consult his wife. so we lay on our oars and drifted in the pack. Several Indians ran to meet and warn us that the ice ahead had jammed. We were in a of the boat we crossed to the west shore just in advance of the incoming ice. like all bateau Indians. Here the sloop turned back with tide. he would let us know in the a make morning. James was reputed to be a mighty hunter and we hoped to add him to our party. how- Hicks told him that we were bound for the mountains after live sheep. with the the ice in front of the village that glasses. three cabin Hicks then hinted that his presence with expedition would be acceptable and made him a direct offer. realizing the difficulties of capturing and transporting adult animals. Morning came. that he had decided not to go. and we began the boat. so the sloop was beached behind a jetting piece The Indians of shore-ice. Oh. and as the boat was already somewhat crowded. two or On the morning of May 7. we were we felt that he I . Of course. he was quite sure sibility of success. and finally. we had decided that we did not really need him. Jim thought that there was a posYes. although was watching from his cabin. on the east shore near a cabin when we landed owned by an 75 Jim did not turn up. to wait until the tide float the ice. Andrew and Billy." the boat through the pack to the very edge of the floe. guided the boat into the entrance and found ourselves floating be- ing care of themselves as are their parNo. now. can never be hired without three days' wrangling. closed about us. the ice will become blocked. to wit: "It can't be done. and. that gave an entirely different aspect to the situation. Well. The camp-fire had scarcely been kindled There is little manner. as it was of light draft. we were able to push out into the narrow channel long before the ice came in. still adhered to the bottom. and. We knew enough about Indian nature not to start an all-day argument by sending for him. so we pushed off and rowed along close to shore. forming a pennearing On lambs and bring them up by bottle. on reaching the mouth of the channel. of it on second thought. and unloaded. as we turned north. James listened to the end of the story and then gave us the same encouragement that I had received from the minute I set foot in the country. Knik we saw. which. if danger in drifting in one takes the precaution it when James and his family appeared. and engaging two Indians. to load We spent two days patching up a we had rented. so we jumped out on the ice-cakes and hauled insula with a born in the inaccessible crags and from the minute of their birth are as capable of takents. because he had not shown up before. home during the brief stay. we hoped io catch the egg shell. who. this Indian named James Ephim. The course we were following would carry us past the mouth of our channel. but. to the were employed to carry the outfit the hundred yards to the unoccupied in the village which was to be our the next long story short. Wait for him? Why we supposed. Jim came out of the cabin as we were passing and asked if we were not going to wait for him. it was the easiest undertaking on earth. and the heavy pressure of the pack on so frail a craft as ours would crush it like an Should behind is high enough to strand ahead. Rounding the end of the ice peninsula we rowed up the other channel in open water until late in the afternoon. he was not sure he could go. tween walls of ice three feet high and about fifty feet apart. ever.

well ahead of the ice. We reluctantly agreed to wait "a few minutes. but saw nothHicks found plenty of snow on the ing. The other two Indians and I spent the time hunting the mountains in our vicinity. after "lining" boat with ropes along the shore. Two the days later. If He we could only wait Indian records for haste dition. and. were camp was made sheep through the fieldglasses. west side of the mountain and scarcely any exposed feeding ground for sheep. our stay we frequently heard the roar of snow-slides and the peculiar hissing sound country. At eight o'clock we started out. He Knik River up which we had turned. the appearance of the east side of the river was a huge mountain towering high above timber-line. taking refuge behind a projecting piece of shore-ice. Enough of the timber was cleared away to afford an unobstructed view of the mountains back of the tent. so again we floated in the pack close to shore until the tide turned. so Bill lived on. We finally identified them A We been living on straight dried salmon. current first met with proved that our battle with the treacherous ice was at an end. while directly opposite camp on the glasses. against a strong current (during which we all had several amusing and at the same time exciting experiences with quicksand). for him to pack his duds he would be with us in a few minutes. On May 16 we left the base-camp with ten days' provisions and a small shelter tent. when we worked our way to the bank and. we made a base-camp at the junction of a small stream which ran into a tributary of As all the sheep in sight seemed to be rams. For three more days we scoured the country for ewes but all we saw were rams to the right of us and rams to the left of us. bannocks. old ram loafed on the who solitary a within mile of for several slopes camp days we named Billy. Hicks took my camera and secured several fine photographs of the old veteran at close range. ited with life. The Indians were strong for transferring Bill from the mountain to their stomachs. in joining an expe- delay was enough to enable the incoming ice to overtake us. Shouldering our packs we . Even the Indians. always knew where to find him. Hicks and Andrew shouldered their blankets and two days' provisions. with the of rugged range under observation on each side. three behind us to the west and three on From in bring her infants into this world on snow. but practically none At all hours throughout in the lowland. The opposite as rams. followed up the creek for about three miles into a lake. May 10. it seemed that we were somewhat ahead of time nature surely would not that immediately follows the time sight it for several seconds. who are cred- we had about three miles wonderful knowledge of animal were unable to say when the lambs were born. and by ten. saw one black bear and three rams. at the head of which the boat was hauled out on shore.had always intended to go. beans and coffee were good enough for a people who had heretofore the mountain across the river camp.we had entered The sluggish the mouth of Knik River. It had been impossible for me to gain any information concerning the lambing season. There were still great patches of snow on the mountainsides. From . but I concluded that bacon. taking to the bateau. kept pushing the boat into deeper water as it threatened to strand with the receding tide. One day while the Indians and I were prospecting for a water passage into a lake three miles away." and I believe that Jim broke all wrong. so we decided to shift camp. and pitched over the mountain back of camp on a sheep prospecting tour. rice. so.

and for a week kept close watch of the sheep. band. some cropping the grass and some lying down and gazing tire morning they could not be but with the approaching night they slowly made their way into the crags. They loitered about. after Hicks and left. so we returned to camp. The evenings about the camp-fire were occupied in discussing the actions of our respective bands. shape for real work. They would come out of the alder and "devil-club" thickets in the morning and return to them at night. turning the stones with his paws in search of ants. followed them over the top for three miles and then lost the trail. so we were fortusituated between the two bands. A refreshing night's rest put us in good After breakfast. Finally Hicks reported that one of his sheep was acting strangely. Late in the afternoon they took to the rocks for the night. Possibly a wolf or a bear had frightened them the night before and they feared to emerge from the leave for the watchingpost. One morning they could not be found. At one time four strange ewes joined Hicks' band and remained with it for several days. kill a They were determined to get some fresh meat and begged me to let them We Hicks and Billy were already in. near the top of the divide. Our band was always found in the same location. our chances of success. until we spied four ewes feeding on a steep grassy slope at the foot of the watched them all day but crags. Just as we were about to turn back. fed very on either to side. Shortly after our return to camp. and during the en- had found bear. where they stayed a day. three ewes were seen skirting the mountainside back of camp. One morning as we were about to little. not a could be seen. and the methods to be adopted should a lamb be seen. spending the day prowling about favorite We following day. until they were sure the concluded that they were part of our for. For over two hours we kept the glasses scanning the slopes and crags for five miles into the valley below. They were traveling from the direction of those we had been watching and we rightly and spent much of her time down apart from her companions. Loath to give up. They five ewes. or taking our old position. we the day watching and returned to feeling rather blue. While their tracks were often found on the sandy flats and timbered lowland along the river. of course. They finally became frightened and took to the high crags. we climbed the mountain Billy and finding the tracks of the three sheep on a snow-drift. grubs and insects. saw sixteen during the trip. mice. but as their black powder 45 Winchesters would have scared the sheep out of the country. the grassy mountain sides seemed to be their feeding ground. the slopes.traveled about ten miles and made camp on the bank of a stream flowing out of the mountains to the west. along the base of the range. mere specks in the rocks far to the North. James and myself worked south. lying come out and feed coast was clear. nately Every morning each party took its stand. but the following found. time they did not stray from a space more than a quarter of a mile square. when suddenly they seemed solid rock directly in front of us. sheep spent camp Black bears were very common. I was. obliged to deny them the privilege. We frequently shifted the glasses from the sheep to a bear and watched him rooting in the grass and over- Hicks and Billy skirted the mountains north of camp. failed to see lambs. while Andrew. the The had 77 . I spied three sheep (possibly the same ones). she did not trail the others as closely as usual. I had hard work restraining the Indians from shooting.

the lamb jumped to its feet and ran toward one man. but as it was they must keep in hiding. despite doses of weak blackberry brandy administered. behind the rocks in the thickest of the crags about half a mile above timberline. but they worked slowly. I saw that it would soon worry sick. poplar poles that was quickly built it would not tolerate. It kept bleating. one. and he died just before we started on the return trip. so we concluded they had become in climbing over me. then toward the other. attempted to jump out and ran about the inclosure. During the day he frisked about like an ordinary lamb and spread my asleep. first. the lamb within half an hour after receiving its first meal showed symptoms of stomach trouble which gradually increased. excitement had somewhat subsided. hidden from the sight of the lamb. who had carried it the Even while Hicks was entire distance. return to the base-camp and then pitch to the other side of the river and work the big mountain opposite camp. so itself Suddenly she appeared from strangely. it would not have been so difficult had they been able to select the easiest route without fear of being seen by the ewe. soon It Possibly due to the excitement of being captured and transported several miles to camp. the east slope of which should yield results. he allowed the ewe to see him and she took to the highest of the crags and was soon lost to view. the distance between them was only a few feet the lamb ran into Billy's arms and useless. Hicks carrying a beautiful little snow-white lamb After our joy and the in his arms. At night he snuggled close to my side. he gave us the story: For more than an hour after reaching the watching station they could not locate the ewe that had lately been acting bumping its head against the poles. blankets out in the pen and for three days and nights was little Billy's constant attendant. threatening weather for three days obscured the mountains. and Hicks and the Indians could not find the remainder of the sheep we had been watching. shelf.AlasSlai other members of the party came in. On seeing its retreat cut off. Separating some distance below the pair. eating supper it showed much uneasiness while under the care of a strange keeper. male and by the time proved it had reached camp had become much attached to Hicks. struggled violently at but finding that it was not hurt. A sudden gust of wind awoke him with a start and he was on his feet at once. but when I spoke he sniffed at my face and then lay down again. The lamb was frightened and left the country. . knees he would mount to the top and stand gazing about. Even then. From behind a rock. The hunters and with her the lamb. so I let Jim had become so homesick as to be him return to his wife and family. started at once and had good but steep climbing until they reached the crags. and as he dozed his head sank lower and lower until it rested on my cheek and he fell took great delight I When raised my lying on a narrow rocky and when the hunters reached both ends they crawled toward each other on hands and knees. they worked their way on either side and Hicks managed to creep unseen between the lamb and its mother. but quickly became friends with every to be a weakened condensed milk. giving it time to When recover before again advancing. was captured. possibly to the artificial diet of 'quieted It and took its capture calmly. where we had seen several rarns. Solitary confinement in the pen of Three days later we had moved the base-camp to the east bank of Knik River. Under the circumstances it was thought best to leave this section. Cloudy.

yet from 79 side to side. but it is astonishing how crag climbing is a little after one can. "keep your eyes above you" and "divide ments of The glasses had hardly been focused when five sheep were seen about a mile away and shortly afterward twelve more view from behind a spur of Although they were all ewes. impassable crag or cliff. when the ewe tore up the mountain at breakneck speed. came into your weight evenly between a footing and hand hold. head other than to turn its move. which are feet. reached a position beyond the lamb's sight. There were moperil while crawling along a narrow ledge or working past a jetting point of rocks where the footing was questionable and the reaches long. but not the one we were after. and then the ridiculousness of the A easiest course. On returning he reported that there was a a in the rocks three hundred yards above. as Indians are for being expert my men invariably selected the it little maneuvering. went on. still he showed no signs of fear. prospecting. we slowly worked ahead. so we began to slowly close in on him. so early the morning after breakfast we crossed the narrow valley and took a watching position. By obeying the commandments of alpine scaling (which every scout should bear in mind). When near the spot where we had last seen the sheep. leaving the young one felt sure she had lying beside a rock. I soon found a ewe and lamb in the midst of what seemed to be an impenetrable mass of cliffs and crags near the very summit of the mountain." so that should one give way. until I had picked it up . and when she had rocks. regardless of whether posed them to the sheep's view. Hidden from view. under the protection of the crags. The camp was too close to the mountains for an extended next view in either direction. we halted and I stayed with the Indians while Hicks reconnoitered. it Nor it had not moved. On climbing in dry weather. nearer we drew. when a lamb was discovered lying by its mother's side.packed over the top of the mountain and located a temporary camp at timberline on the lower edge of a grassy slope half a mile from the crags. close scrutiny with two pairs of glasses for over an hour failed to reveal any lambs. but finally wandered away. The that in ascent to the crags was so steep to use both many places we had hands and gaining the crags I for soft bottom mocexchanged my shoes far better fitted for rock casins. we realized that she had been exercising. Here we were I or- dered them to the rear and gave Hicks The climbing was hard all the lead. No time was lost in starting the chase. and the lamb was surrounded. we watched the pair for half an hour. ewe We We paused at camp long enough to snatch a bite to eat and rid ourselves of superfluous clothing. and were about to start on. so ex- situation dawned on me. Hicks allowed her to see him and away she went through the crags and quickly disappeared. the added strain will not too quickly be thrown upon the other. but it was no place for a man with giddy brain. The mother refused to leave the little one for some time. not discovered us and after she had de- We scribed a wide circle arid had lain down by the lamb. find a at first seemed to be an way around what within fifteen feet of an animal that both hunters and Indians had sworn it was impossible to catch because of its wariness and did agility. As we came into sight he glanced back and forth at us from his comfortable little bed at the foot of a cliff that blocked Nearer and his retreat from behind. to within a hundred yards of the sheep. Shifting my glasses to the mountain side directly back of camp. Noted hunters.

They gave us no trouble on the journey. shot upward and winged his way along the mountainside without pausing. The mosquitoes were so bad that I made a netting for our captives.ring down the^ mountain sloge at breakneck speed. mous the label on the front of the bear dens at the New York The By reading cubs. I sent it immediately lay down and slept soundly for two hours. stopping at intervals to take them out of the carrying sacks. Though I had little hope of their success. I made a portable wire inclosure and at night placed them in the tent and covered them with mosquito Billy's lamb became weaker and weaker from day to day and we saw that On netting. its head protruding through the hole. when struggled for a few seconds. stout cord to the upper corners qf the sack. We took it easy. both lambs died between five and six o'clock the day. I saw Billy tea. strong lamb was taken sick with the usual disorder. we packed up and that he was carrying a lamb. following morning.and Hicks was feet beneath it it in the act of tying its four with a handkerchief. We took our time. Andrew and I left for the river camp. then turned gracefully. we brought the sides of the sack over its back and pinned them together with safety pins. while took the lamb to camp. it down within ten feet of Hicks' head. and despite all we could do. and each in turn carried the animal swung about his neck. It was so exhausted from rough handling camp when we On tives the way back I bought from the na- two bear size. Hicks and Andrew returned the third They had seen one lamb that manThat night the aged to evade them. they became interesting pets. fearing to excite the lamb. returned to camp by a circuitous route and left Billy to continue the pursuit of the sheep alone. At camp. to let them stretch their legs. one black and one latter has grown to enor- Zoological Park in the Bronx. The ewe and lamb that were our first 'objective had seen us and made off over the mountain. as soon as he had left us. which we decided to try. he can easily be identified by any scout who wishes to make his acquaintance. it might have been successful. while I was in the act of photographing Hicks and the lamb. Placing the lamb in the sack. and had we not frightened it away by shooting. While capturing sheep in Colorado I saw an eagle attempting to capture a lamb in like manner. an eagle swooped lamb that we had captured showed a remarkable increase in strength and growth from the day before. The worthless Andrew. the mother stopping frequently to allow her offspring to catch up. With the glasses I discovered that Discouraged and altogether convinced we could not rear lambs on the artificial food at hand. that Andrew and I Hicks and cut a flour sack in half. and after sleeping with them that night. arrived and shortly Billy came in. On nearing camp. 80 . ripped a hole in the side and tied the ends of a We Billy after them. the slope at the foot of the crags. but the one Billy had caught developed stomach trouble before receiving its first meal of Nestle's Food. Andrew was in started back. could not be saved. Like the first lamb we had captured. while Hicks and The Billy remained to continue the hunt. After an exciting chase. he managed to corner the lamb in the rocks and to capture it. brown.

. get over to the treasury just as fast as I know sulk. give me that rifle. building travel. Don't you can you can 81 shoot and we are in a tight fix. but you can do a lot more helping keep the children quiet than out here getting a bullet in you Your mother the way your father has.Illustrated by Forrest Orr Now HERE. Horace.

with Ko Bwe reported to be with him. off. It was indeed a nerve-racking time. messages for Maubin. and. but he had managed to struggle in with the news that his village had been destroyed by dacoits who were on their way to attack Maubin. There were feigned assaults. The night had dragged through with terrible anxiety for the defenders of the treasury compound. Some few of the town's people had joined them there. there had been sporadic risings in the district as one "prophet" after another announced that the time had come and that he had received a divine commission to overthrow with the help of the Germans the "Ingleese" and drive them into the black water whence they had come. who led them. Stuffed figures were advanced from the surroundlah ing jungle as if endeavoring to skulk up to the walls and precious bullets were wasted on them. already had threatened several times to a become dangerous. young lieutenant had tried in spite of the bright moonlight to slip down the Salwin in a canoe. reluctantly surrendered the There was no choice when Captain and after the one company of Sepoys had been stationed at their posts. so far as necessary. and then cautiously with The risings of the guerilla Bondulah. had staggered up the steps of the bungalow of CommisHis head and shoulders sioner Terry. on first inkling of the approach of the dacoits. This was a vain hope. the headman of the village of Clelah. had not begun till dawn.would never let you stay if she knew. but most. and he used every means of inducing them to waste it. this Johnston ordered. some of Bonreckless spirits could not be restrained and swarmed up in a real at- Now more tempt to storm the been easily beaten sault made They had so far but each such asa serious inroad on the supply walls. Maubin. had taken to the jungle to join them and share in the plunder and license that would follow their capture of band such as some scattering shots at the walls. but nothing really serious had occurred till the morning before. Do you hear The treasury compound had been kept for defense in the best possible condition me?" The boy gun. There had also been unending rumors. the garrison town of the province. all the skirts lines. There had been no way to send for help. were covered with dah gashes and there Bwe staggered Some thought would attract attention at Paya Poon. dusk the dacoits had reached the outBy of Maubin itself and drawn their strengthened by the renegade townsaround it men. thirtyfive miles down the Salwin. of cartridges. should receive and answer. but had now been transformed into a citadel of which the high white walls of its compound \vere the encircling outworks. been ambushed and killed before he was out of sight of the treasury building. Bonduwas aware that the ammunition of the whites was limited. when Ko Bwe. Ever since the outbreak of the war. for Bondulah was resourceful enough to see to it that one of his men who had been discharged from the telegraph service for exacting too much baksheesh. and had A were two bullet-holes through his legs. the white community had had no choice but to seek shelter behind the walls of the treasury compound. The telegraph line had been cut almost the exact minute that Ko up to Commissioner Terry. dulah's and again. there had been nothing more to do but wait with determination to hold out to the bitter end. however. fifteen miles out in the jungle to the east. The real attack. ready to attack in the morning. but he turned none too rapidly toward the stucco building which in ordinary times served as courthouse and treasury for the Maubin district. 82 . Trot along and be quick about it.

after surveying him for an instant with all the contempt of a certain type of woman for the boy that is heard as well as seen. Then. Terry. made him keenly alive to the significance of Ormsby's every move." Horace had already realized that matHe had ters were exceedingly desperate." But Ormsby's fate aroused him to think with all his might as he went down the "If we only had a subtreasury stairs. let We himself be carried downstream. however. God grant that you may get through. His knowledge of the river currents. if Just as if it made part of the river he is exposed themselves. Like a flash an inspiration marine. and draw a limp body into the canoe which then flashed back into its lair. "If swimming down Horace. but from a window on the floor below. if it isn't I that child." came. plunge a spear into the water. he saw Ormsby swept into the cove." Before any one else could speak. any difference what in. and it will be all over but the butchery with the watched the speck that was Ormsby's head as it was borne along by the current. abashed at the rebuke. Several of the soldiers shouted at him to get out of there in native terms that fairly made the hair on his neck bristle. others his : "Well. He got his favorite dah and went out to where a clump of giant bamboos had been cut down to clear a way for the He rifle fire from the treasury windows. which. am sure Lieutenant Another idea occurred to him. the morning advanced the situation Finally grew more and more serious. slipped out of the room. The casualty list lengthened. This time. too late now. keeping as low as possible in the water." wounded. the wife of the Commissioner. but "I was with never in such a cobra's hole as this. windows of the cupola of building. about nine o'clock Lieutenant Ormsby As went to Captain Johnston with for a scheme the Salwin for aid. the bowman rise. his progress Anxfrom the treasury others. made the total length about three feet. Mrs. a slim Talaing canoe shoot out from the bank. the can keep them off as long as daylight lasts. of the shortest joints he could find. remarked to the bullets but he ignored both them and the whining around him until he had cut his piece. you have my permission. but he finally burst out: "Why on earth doesn't he get in fifty yard closer to the shore? rent will surely get dacoits are. had kept incessantly at their work of picking off those who Ormsby will succeed. ious eyes watched Horace. though. "It seems to be our only chance. It is That cross curhim where he is now and sweep him into the cove where the you know Bondulah. gained in many fishing expeditions. with a manner that lacked only a lorgnette to render it complete. but our ammunition will not hold out much longer than that. see to it mother would I were that he had If I better manners. Surely no one is better fitted than he. Timidity kept him quiet for some minutes. he carried it to the shelter of a shed. you wish to go. Ten minutes later Ormsby slipped into W the water at the end of the wharf and.In the meantime the dacoit snipers from every tree of vantage. even overheard one Sepoy officer say: T hite at Ladysmith. I think he is doing just the right thing in keeping out in the middle." was the answer he received to his proposal. and he returned to cut out another section. with a few suitable retorts. with one rush. and then. he dragged it down to the . Horace's father had been hit in the shoulder and his mother was busy caring for her husband and the other only it is far enough from shore. set to work and cut out from near the top of one of them a piece consisting of three however.

with all the skill that years of handling the dah had given The bottom shelved rapidly and the afloat until weight was heavy. From it he cut a single joint. bamboo. can realize difficulty of breathing through stuck to under water bamboo tube. here. only stopping on the way at a clump of what the natives call wah-lah. and feeling with the other to make sure that his jack-knife was open in his the place where the tube Taking the free end firmly pocket." first they paid Well. but their language re84 . which had come to join the other driftwood on the river. Watching it down and threw The end boo. but it would be too late then. which he took to the piece of giant wharf. Presently he heard the dip of paddles. of another. thirty-five miles to Paya Poon. He could not see through the muddy water. But Horace What water leaked in around They might I get suspi- wonder one. There he poked around among the rubbish until he found an old ball and chain. "No. and some pieces of Then." he said. he picked up his piece of giant-bamboo with the tube of blow pipe bamboo projecting through it at right angles. under the floor of the wharf down to the water's edge. Then. and finally distinguished some of their words. I don't think I will. So saying. At the surface he knew the one he was in shifted out to midstream opposite the cove where the dacoits were. he tied the iron . and went down to the wharf. In this. I must hurry. There would be a limit. to pierced in one hand. be forced through and project a couple of inches on one side. guess that will be all right. This gave him a tube about three feet long. already yellow from the up country rains. "if they do not take me for a catliaboung (porpoise). or blowpipe bamboo.his chance he slipped out into the river. Let me see. and could not judge as to the distance. until he has tried a it. two holes in the shell diametrically opposite each other. putting the end of the tube in his mouth and long all the water from it. but how far down that current extended he did not know. cious of the third. about his waist with cne of the ropes. and blew it out. No the one. He did not wait to see what became of it. of course. he let the blowing iron weight pull him under. with a few gentle taps. he then cut. Then he heard a murmur of voices. with an external diameter of about an inch. He was then about two feet under the surface breathing through the blowpipe bamboo tube and effectively concealed by the muddy water so long as no one investigated the innocuous-looking three-joint piece of bamboo. in the half darkness and hidden from sight by the piles at the upper and lower side of the wharf. hardly more than a he tied securely about the big bamstring. Another thing that bothered him was the current. such as were still used in the jail. The minutes slipped by. close it. He could only hope that it went below his depth. him. very cautiously. until he checked himself by the string tied to the big bamboo. but he kept clear of the wharf. but he hoped by that time to be beyond Bondulah's lines. he slipped quietly into the water. I only wish I could wait till dark. but went back to his first piece. if any attention to the goes. it. Here. he groped rope. his lips he swallowed. very carefully." Then he stopped. just large enough so that the tube of the blowpipe bamboo could. This he did two or three times. close to one of the middle joints. They were Takings. weighing about ten pounds. to such a disposal of it. Horace put the long end to his lips and sucked his lungs full of air.

For a minute he rested and looked around. He was none too soon. He saw from the marks on the shore that the Meejoung deep was It was a less than half a mile ahead. the time crawled by. He He often been as far membered down as this. but he rethat the river here was flowing along the side of a hill of granite to the Thu Gi or devil's gate where it narrowed A hundred yards. Horace racked his brains. his knife and cut away the iron weight. Had we better see if it has got a letter A heavy voice said: while." and the tube was from Horace's mouth as the nearly jerked a A laugh folhit bullet. The first He would not mind for a words Horace heard riveted his attention. hand there was the possibility of encounto a ants while pinned down by a spear through my stomach. alive. His tube had evidently been cracked by the bullet." Now if let us go back and stir the devils grant he be still into the jungle. there might be a stray dacoit or two prowling about. Across the hill it was only a mile. fish's scale for them then. Below Maubin that the Salwin took a big bend back to the east into the heart of the country that was aboard?" "What is the use? We looked at one only an hour ago and it was nothing but a piece of bamboo. tried to think of the lay of the land had not in that part of the country. was swift for a half mile. but he did not dare to come to the surface for some time yet. He reached for It was now or never.the sembled the Burmese he had picked up at Maubin bazaar enough for him to get having to swallow more and more water. that he had not miracle already been when though just to see if his arm is shaky. I would rather be eaten alive myself like the sahib by red being ravaged by Bondulah's hands. He must be approaching the As Meejoung a deep. see bamboo out there on your right. but we get into it to-night. bamboo was by the same voice said. the gist of the conversation. There was also the chance of finding a On the other canoe on the other side. He had The voices died away. "Hi. how in the name of Manu's thousand devils are the swine at the other end going to guess which bamboo of all this driftwood has it? Here we've come looking for a louse on the bald head of a Poonghi (Buddhist priest). and though most of them would by this time be at Maubin for the expected sacking. and There was a report snapped under by some crocodile. whatever his orders may be. than miss paying the wife of Commissioner Terry for that time down at she had her saice cut me with his whip because I had a load of fish on my head and could not get out of the way soon enough to suit her. and then doubled back on the other side. tering a dacoit. to see if that water-soaked cradle of iniquity or an old log had another white calf hiding behind it. Let us go ashore. but Horace was chanced on a fairly well worn path and it behooved him to be careful. I say go ashore where we can at least chew our bhang in peace and listen to the sahib begging us and the ants to kill him quickly. Cautiously he let go of the tube and pulled himself to the surface. Bondulah is keeping us out of the fun up at the town to-day. Toom Jee might take a crack at the thing Sagine. ter of those pickled in whiskey Ingleese will be well pickled in water by the time it Then he swam could stole stealthily to the left bank. where there was always man-eating crocodile lurking. "Any letlowed. up the sahib. but a man-eating crocodile was almost sure to be found in the Mee- joung deep. landed on a shoal and as quietly as he gets there. If any of those dogs of Ingleese think they can send a letter down for help. It was well on toward noon and he had to reach Paya . Ba Tin.

and. the current and Putting all his water-soaked strength into the race. Evidently the dacoits had no guns. as Horace was half clearing when discovered. there was still a chance though he Horace's sturdy arms proved too much for them. For a time the dacoits tried to follow along the bank but. was a group of about ten armed on by the house into the to the river. go after reaching the river on the other side. it the grove told He the shout only about thirty yards back him he could not linger. gashing his scalp. It was only two hundred yards now to the river. Judging from the sounds and remarks behind. but a few dashes of river water soon checked it and he settled down to paddle ten miles in an hour with the current. several times missing collision with one of the slim gray trunks by a hair's breadth. There was a big sampan tied further along the shore. Horace's scalp wound bled some. dumped them into the smaller one. head. they gave up. by which they could head him off. There was a paddle in it. but he must first prevent pursuit. of low bushes. nately. for him to start. for they did not shoot. He but it tugged fran- tically at the big one. he found himself in Beneath dacoits. He must be close to the house of one of the suspected ring-leaders of the rising. and slid with a rattle to the front of the canoe. Fortusprang to their feet after him. but was nearly exhausted when he finally swept around the sharp bend at Paya Poon and drew up alongside the launch. life. Some of the answers to telegrams intended for Maubin had sounded queer and Colonel Hobbs. Much to his relief steam was already up. If onlv there were no short cut. led straight up and over the So far Horace had seen no sign of He could not have much further to cro'ssed had vaguely remembered this path. To turn back would be to There was nothing to do but run give up. Coming out of a thick right. the hill by it with his having father once in search of jungle fowl. The path led jungle and down quickly scooped up the five paddles in big canoe. finally bursting out on to the river bank with a momentum which would have carried him into the river The path hill. there were no other canoes or paddles. He had ordered the launch to be. and judging from the maledictions hurled after him. pushed out on to the river and a jumped in just as dah whirred by his The dacoits saw him and. If only there was a canoe there. for the river. A in He was tangle front of a house. with a shout.ilhe time. struck the heap of paddles. Horace tore down the path as it wound about among the beetle palms of Lu Galay's garden. On he raced. Salwin at least one of Poon by two o'clock if he were There were still some ten to be in knew them was gaining miles to rapidly. the house was some fifty yards back from the path. had determined not to trust them at a time when as he had heard Bondulah was raising the country. but Horace felt sure he could outpaddle its single pair of oars. some of his pursuers were not so successful. He succeeded. he entered the jungle with a hun- way across the little dred yard lead on his pursuers. made 86 . Moreover most of them were half stupefied with bhang and did not run well. and. Lu go. He he not been quick-witted enough to use it in forcing the smaller of two canoes drawn up on the bank down into the water. even with the help of a species of path there. dodging and slipping as he strove to run along its twists and turns. commander of the Paya Poon forces. with a last desperate it shove. was too heavy Galay. With a last outburst of curses.

over and all he could do had been done. been cleared up when the steamer rounded the The officers tried to draw out intent on bend where his story but his thoughts were what might be happening at that time in Maubin. tearing instrument of death that their hated enemies But hardly had this situation possessed. all kept their eyes Ormsby had met // his There was a report and the tube was nearly jerked from Horace's mouth 8? . and in ten minutes the soldiers had crowded the little two-decked steamer and she was breasting the current of the Salwin with every ounce of steam-pressure s_afety glued on the banks and the machine-guns were set up to send their streams of lead into any clump of trees that manifested Opposite the Meejoung signs of life. Horace never remembered much of that He managed to keep trip up the river. his eyes open. Once by the Thu Gi. fired at them. but he had not slept since the Now the strain was previous morning. He could only wait and hope they would be in time. and two companies of Sepoys were getting their knapsacks ready to go on board. orders flew fast. They had not the courage to stand up and face this ripping. and for a rifles were Deep time it looked as if a landing party would have to be detailed to go ashore and clean up the lurking savages. But presently the machine-guns were brought into action and as belt after belt of cartridges were fired into the cover on the bank the natives ceased their rifle fire and crept away to safety. would permit.ready to start late that night. When Horace drew alongside and gasped out the news that Maubin was on the point of being taken by Bondulah.

Henry. each of them has a distinct meaning. the men now thoroughly stirred for a good and the only thing he clearly remembered as they finally led him off to bed was hearing Captain Johnston saying pointedly to Mrs. Robert. was more than machine-gun spitting they cared to face. Another blast of rifle fire from the bank swept the deck. Clark. Before the year one thousand there were no family names. the child saved Maubin. Henry means the head of the house. which is what these names really mean. And away back in those ancient days these names were given to boys and men because they were supposed to fit find also that means the gracious gift of God. Robert Alfred means a good signifies famous. Then there are some that come from the Latin. lost in the This enough of that kind of fighting. and Arthur. comes from the Hebrew and comes from and what means? ing noble. meantherefore. Despite these fierce volleys the fight in the bush. Ten minutes later they drew up to the wharf. and not because Harold is a champion or ^alph is red-headed. Jones. counselor. "Well. clipping splinter from rails and pilot house. despite his men leaped to their machineinto action. etc. John.death. Horace. we have forgotten all about the original meanings of our names. We first all find. was keyed up to fighting pitch. They had had ready to close. and sent hurrying off through the jungle thoroughly scared the little steamer started on its way up stream again. guns and brought them and into as the terrible hail of death poured the mass of foliage on the bank the lurking natives broke and ran with yells of terror and consternation. and we call a boy John or Harold or Ralph simply because we like the name or perhaps because we want to please some relative in the family. like Oliver. such as Smith. Terry. With these enemies dis- swooped down on him relief. and there are certain familiar ones that have come down to them in some way. Benjamin is a Hebrew name and means Son of the right hand. like Theodore. come from the Greek. but have you is. Benjamin have any meaning or that family names like Smith. too. Owen. that if Perhaps it has never even occurred to you that Christian names like John. we trace our names back to their beginnings they we have their particular meanings. To-day. of course." OF course. of his friends. Johnson mean anything more than mere words to Nevertheless. for instance. The Sepoys marched off to speed Bondulah on his fleeing way and Horace was and sion. These last three are old Saxon names. though he had to admit to himself that his eyelids were heavy and about weariness. meaning an olive tree. you know what your ever us from the old Celtic race of the British Isles. which means gift of God. designate certain families. meaning a lamb. . who delirious with joy It was all turmoil and confu- mob posed of. and others. and proud chief. just as the North American Indians have names like Strongheart and Killbuck. to think where your stopped it name such as a name Donald.

if a man did not happen to live in a town. from others of the same names. Fisher. John's son. Wise. But chief Singer and a whole lot more. And that's where such family names come from. Each. Jacob. Mason. Field. known in the as Johnson and Williamson. etc. as William the Conqueror. Swift. In many cases name. and there were others who had titles attached to their names. William's son. and there are others which have come by merely names as Washington. arrowsmiths. David. And the same thing is true of all the famous men of ancient history Alexander. Huntington and a good many others like that. Robson and a good many others of that kind. Peter. times persons had only this. Savage. Shoemaker. Some of them had two names. he be- adding the letter "s. Noble. Richards. Lincoln. Hunter. John Johnson and Richard Williamson. Robert. that certain of our family names come really from first names by simply adding the word "son". Whistler. Carpenter. Pafe. In those first olden names. In time. Ross starting a family simpler form. there were so many Johns and Richards and Henrys that there was no way of telling them apart. but long ago somebody spelled it wrong and ever since it has been Jones. but these were not family names. Richard the Lion-Hearted. Matthews. Julius Cassar. etc. thus we have many other familiar family known names Hannibal. however. Richard the son of William. therefore. And our old familiar friend Jones belongs to this class. Gray. Carlisle. Black. was known simply as a smith each different kind of smith started his and own John the son of John. And same way we got our family names Thus.. John. and locktinsmiths. Longfellow. for . These are just a few examples to show the different ways in which our family names originated and what they mean. Kent. Samuel. and several others. the baker. Taylor. be- of Jackson. Edwards. Small. came Robert Chester. Buchanan. and after that th grandfathers. Allison (Allenson). Harper. etc. Bancroft. and sometimes three.greatcupations ef A came John Brooks. Jacobson. Pontius Pilate. Forest. Clark (clerk). The reason many Smiths to-day is because there used to be so many different kinds of there are so smiths smiths. of Chester. in the Bible characters We Abraham. Isaac. And started the family name of Baker. York. White." which afterwards became shortened to the still to say if there was something a man about if he was very very striking short or had very red hair or had some it was used for peculiar trait or habit family of Smith. and great-great miller. and thereafter all the descendants of those particular families were (which means red). for it really is intended to be Johns. Socrates. Doolittle. Draper. or if he lived by the hill he became John Hill. And that's how we get such We see.Johnson and the like. and all his people after him were known by the family name of Chester. John. and if it was below the hill he became John Underbill." and "Richard. And sometimes. Cyrus. great many family names represent the trades *r m. Certain other family names are the names of places where our ancestors used to live. his descendants were see usually only one name apiece. Church and Lane. and that's how we have such names as Little. and by and by these were shortened to "John. as Mark Anthony. smiths. Daniels and the like. for instance." as. in order to distinguish them among them all is Smith. Richardson. Homer. so en. as Miller. like Marsh. . for instance. but lived by the brook. blacksmiths goldsmiths. silver- coppersmiths. Shepherd. And Robert. Brewer. Jackson. and so on. Long. Paul and all the other familiar ones. except short. Wood. Strong. Alfred the Great. Nero.

make high time now to plans for that vaca- tion camping trip which I am sure every red-blooded scout has tucked away somewhere in the back of his head. Last time we were talking about canoe cruising. I in the woods. You know there all the difference in the world rows like a town and everything done according to rule. don't laugh or sneer at the poor fellow who does that sort of thing. where a lot of fellows get together in a fashion very much like the military Finally. What we are talking about now is the kind of . from the making ot the meals to the planning of their games. with everything arranged and worked out for them. This time suppose we stick to camps. two there is the organized Scout Camp. with servants to wait on you. there is the Adirondack "Camp. Mind you. of camp. He simply doesn't know any better. with tents arranged in What did say was a camping is trip. and this is his best effort to find a substitute. and guides to row your boat when you go fishing and keep you from getting lost Mother Earth and on our own It is get off when you venture out feet. This is good enough in its place. I am glad to be with you again There are many different kinds of for a pow-wow on the subject of camping. where the men sleep in bins in a big log-house and eat their meals at a long This is a useful and necessary kind table. not camping." This is a handsome house by a lake. Then there is the military camp. but even camp. fitted out with nice furniture and easy spring-beds. But between s those things. where every fellow is expected simply to obey the regulations and do this is what he is told. Now." I There is a lumber camp in the -big woods. this is not what I mean by camping. Scouts.Of the CamprFire Club of America WELL. For example. did not say "a trip to a vacation camp. but it is not camping. When he was a boy there were no Boy Scouts to teach^him what real camping was like.

and by the fire. and taking hardships when they come. you see. self-reliant. building his own his pitching his bed. larger crowd is apt to develop into an expedition. when you plan that camping be the real thing. resourceful men the kind of camping that stands a scouts more than and weren't. at the beginning you should have your Scoutmaster show you how to do ward things. of course those fellows had got us all wrong. the frying pan upsets and spills the beans. Organizing the Party in the heart of a city. big woods. You bite off too big a chunk the can't expect to jump right . so I went up and spoke to ing the kettle. and the rain comes down and finds a leak in the roof right over your left ear. If you don't know how to plan the real thing. maybe they had some fellows who got the from wrong thought they were idea Don't try to first time. Scouts. willing to trust Then you will know the real joy of taking care of yourself. to take care of himself. and the scout who has real and when you get experience enough to make your Scoutmaster and parents sure of you. When told these fellows what own resources. and learning how to smile when your eyes get full of smoke. Just to one day center of In City. them. full of something that smelled good. if he has to camp in his own A backyard. In any case. Of course. were him to go off with one or two bunkies and stand on his own feet. fire and on the a little front of it was fire.camping that made our pioneer forefathers strong. When you plan to go camping don't take too big a crowd. and asked if they were scouts. A The spirit meat of camping is in the of the thing. You know it takes a scout uniform to make a scout. packing his tent. the best place to do this kind of camping is in the real." Scouts Well. grub. that he can't for as well just because he might get into trouble for lack And he can get that exof experience. Of course. and makes the problem of pick- the buckskin spirit will find a way to get real camping. don't take more than six or eight. twc ire even better. cutting his own own is the scout spirit really was they realized that that was just the thing they were striving for trip let it and didn't know it. but there was something about the camp that made me feel that those boys had the real buckskin spirit. Perhaps it is the present. near home. But not every scout can go to the big woods. meeting difficulties and conquering obstacles by your own efforts. The thing that makes I a scout is the Scout fellow on his his own feet and puts him on Spirit. even if he lives perience right wood and cooking own That So. illustrate this point I passing a vacant lot : remember near the a town not far from New York one corner of that lot I saw a queer little shack made of a piece of oilIn cloth stretched over a couple of poles. and the scouts who can get off into the big the kind of fortunate. "We're not Boy we're camping. "Naw." they said. ask your Scoutmaster to show you and perhaps some of the suggestions I am going to give you woods are now may help. but every scout should look forto the time when his Scoutmaster is two boys. party of four is just about right for a trip in the woods. stalwart. was a steaming kettle. camping that every scout needs and every red-blooded boy wants. watch- and cooking the meals so ends up by somebody doing most of the work and the rest getting in ing a camp site it difficult that the way. because they didn't know what Scouting really means. They didn't wear scout uniforms. even if you have to camp in a vacant lot in town. own outfit.

choosing camp grounds. hot dogs. For example. it will that so outfit same time plan your be ready. Only and resourceful are fit. if You you work them for a walk and a I matter Don't just go off right.into a real and make camping trip in the big woods a success of it without training and preparation. and when we have corn-meal mush there is never enough to go around. traveling on . and make it different each time. your trips. and the very imporbuilding camp-fires tant art of packing your outfit like a woodsman and not like a traveling junk shop. as I have seen some so-called scouts do. and a place where the wind will not blow your fire all over the countryside. pitching tents. any more than you can of flying by standexpect to make a success and waving your house a of on top ing a is arms. Pennsylvania. This will give you a chance to practice more advanced cooking and to learn something more about er. any chump can do that but learn to do it artistically by spitting it on a forked stick and roasting it over the coals (not in the flame). which Campcraft learned be must by practice and experience. learn something new every time I go out. as you gain skill. and Longer Trips can get a lot of practi^".. wholesome bannock of johnnycake baked in a reflecting oven or baked (not fried) in your frying pan. So. high art. but make it of principle to learn something. take something that will give you practice in cooking. for you will need this skill when you go camping. It is matter of knowing how. make the most of it. camp as you have at home. begin right now. good camp bread. Then try the boiled cereals boiled rice with raisins is a great favorite with my scouts. Scouts. or perhaps a Don't cook it in a frying pan chicken. a piece of steak or a chop. and get and at the yourselves ready for that trip. when the time comes. in campcraft from your ordinary troop hikes. when ask your Scoutmaster to take you off on an overnight hike. you can take longer and more difficult Then some day. a good chance for wood. Scoutmaster will let you go off by yourself with a bunkie. a good time. Don't take along a lunch of sandwiches and a bottle of cold coffee. Overnights. There are lots of interesting trips you can make when you have learned how to do it. try Then learn to make a Mulligan stew. fin Jing good water.y you should not have just as good. That is the fascination of woodcraft you never come to the end of it. and until you know how you are not fit to go campin food just a ing- Take along a real ax instead of the little tenderfoot hatchet and learn to handle it and splitting your firewood. When you have learned to do these things like a real scout and not like a duffskillfully in cutting Hikes. the woods in me a trip with clear-headed most the trustworthy. There is no reason in the world w. two of our scouts went recently from our home camp in northern New Jersey to the camp of National Scout Commissioner Dan Beard. Learn how to choose your lunch camp ground intelligently. perhaps. I don't mean the abominable flapjacks and "sinkers" that are simply good to ruin your digestion. in Pike County. When you are master at this. you go on a hike. So. I I was in training first before made my for fifteen years long trip in the a good. and from year to the growth of year I keep a sharp eye on is to see who scouts home our ready to take of Canada. wholesome Canadian Northwest. Begin with simple things such as bacon. but For these overnight hikes you can begin with some place near at hand where the job is easy and little by little. too.

but my favorite is the lean-to shelter with open front. water- how have to in run it generally pays to take a do these things when you But in the long emergencies. When you can do this you When we them the saw them "circus tent outfit. paying no attention to roads or trails. Of course in hot weather you don't put the fire close enough to be uncomfortable. and you should learn permit. Pitched with its back to the wind with a into the tent only All the tent you really when A good roof fire built close in front. I don't mean when you need can be sary. the first thing we think of in planning the outfit is the tent. neces- have a right to call yourself a real camper. That is a The exsign of another kind of novice. The camper's outfit is the surest sign of his skill and experience. and he learns ciently. and is big enough for three to sleep on in a Some day I will tell you how to pinch. throwing up a wind-break when it blows hard. and finishing by climbing Mount Marcy. make one just like it. One can get along on short trips without a tent. It is heavy and bulky and 93 . or building a lean-to. to tent. Another party went across to the Bear Mountain Camp. And that brings us to the important matter of the outfit. This makes it lighter because it uses less material. reflects the how to pack it effi- favorite tent for light hiking is a shelter that I use as often as conditions My Tents Naturally. took a two weeks' hiking trip through the Adirondacks. In principle it is like a baker tent. you can put him down at once for a novice. and goes The Camp Outfit While you are teaching yourself how to do things. but it is pitcht i on a ridge pole or rope instead of a square frame. In the summer time it is delightfully airy. Don't try to use an ordinary wall tent when traveling. When house. heat and you can take off your gloves and coat even wi'. but going right through the woods with their compasses. so-called because it has the shape of the reflecting oven in which we bake our camp bread and it works in very much the same way. One doesn't is live in a tent in camp. who were still We as big as a flat for light housekeeping.h the thermometer well below zero. we knew that our judgment was correct. He lives outdoors.foot and living on the country. guided only by the government topographic maps. sized them up at once as duffers and dubbed more ambitious. say a tent. It is the finest thing you can imagine for cold weather. The simplest kind of shelter is the ordinary "baker" tent. perienced camper takes everything that he really needs and nothing that he does not need. since the slope is steeper and there is no broad roof to sag and hold a puddle. of course you will be getting together things to help you do them. using the tarpaulin for a roof if it rains. I don't mean a One day in the wild: of Canada I I ran across an outfit in a wall tent almost proofed with alum and sugar of lead. Two other fellows. and see a fellow staggering along under a load that looks like moving day. and makes it shed water better." afloat in a canoe piled high with all kinds of junk. It weighs just four and a half pound's. the sloping by this the fellow who thinks it is clever to go without things and endure unnecessary hardships just from bravado. little "pup" tent is good enough for short trips. It is made of light but closely woven cotton goods. The experienced camper is known by the things he does not take to camp. rolled up into a very small bundle. All you really need in the way of a tent a shelter big enough to keep your bed dry at night when it rains.

This should. even in warm weather. Rubber is good when new. The warmest thing of the kind for its weight is wool (barring eider down. and the more experi- very cold weather. we want to get the greatest poswarmth with the least weight. in is the air entrapped between the fibers of the wool. but a It while to pull through a night shivering with the cold or squirming between rocks and bumps. And whatever you do don't have a tent that shuts up tight at night. The reason of this is that the thing which keeps us warm is really not so much the closely packed. but it is expensive and after a little use it cracks and is no longer waterOrdinary table oil cloth will do proof. When traveling the same sheet is used to wrap up your pack. air spaces. sible and leave the to lay rest to the camper's judgment. Don't have anything to close the front of your tent unless it be a mosquito bar. but an experi- very well once in a who lives where sheep are raised make one very easily and quite Such a quilt made cheaply for himself. the time of year. The warmest thing I have ever used is a quilt made of two sheets of thin flannel stuffed with carded wool. and in a pinch it may be used also as work) soft and not too . It is all thing in camp is was designed by Major David T. and when damp it becomes chilly and clammy so thst it is practially useless making. So all I can do here rules is down some general First. preferably soft with 94 . we lose the advantage of the wool itself as There is a good deal of art the camp bed. woolen blankets are easy days. a poncho. in the way an ordinary bed quilt is stuffed with cotton. Wool does not absorb moisture readily. He knows that with a good night's rest he is ready for a hard day's work. when you have to. These quilts are expensive if you buy them from an outfitter. an inch or so thick will keep one warm in scout could enced camper always takes pains to get a good night's rest. Abercrombie. to keep the moisture of the carrying. warm. without it he is not good for much.clumsy and takes a long time to pitch. and the facilities for is you gauge them according of advantage. Beds and Bedding The most important the bed. before-the-war style) (not the are very good and can be bought quite reasonably. If to the amount warmth they give they cost almost as much as wool. Fortunately soft. And by the way. the probable state of the weather. When the wool is woven hard. run is for short trips until it cracks. furs and such materials that are used only in wilderness ground from your bedding. to get in these Modern army blankets old. You should be sure to have some sort of waterproof ground sheet to put under your bed. not nearly as warm as a soft fluffy one of the same weight. So he takes great pains in selecting his bedding to suit the particular trip he for the night. that is a very important item if you are going where the troublesome little humming birds are plentiful. Cotton absorbs moisture like a sponge. The best kind of bed for any given trip depends upon the conditions the kind of country. and is one of the finest things he ever made. That is why a woodsman wears woolen underwear and heavy woolen socks in camp. The first thing making to select a suitable spot. of course. be a piece of dry ground. You might just as well sleep in the cellar. and they have one great dis- enced he is the more care he will take in preparing his bed. and in fixing it for bedding. And wool is warmest when it is tightly woven blanket A hard. and it keeps its warmth even when quite damp. Do not waste money on cotton blankets. is The best material in the long an oiled tarpaulin.

and as snug and with Finally. There are several ways of doing this. the layers underneath. Always remember the first rule of camp bedding is have at least as much under you as you have over. Such a sheet is always used by the cow-punchers and is called by them a your bed and spread the ground cloth. instead of using loose blanI do this by folding my blankets kets. Lie down on your back and spread all your blankets over Then roll you. provided your bunkie does not pull your share away from If he does. a delightof "browse. And be that it is smooth and free from bumps and stones before you build your bed. and your bedding does not keep out the cold so well when compressed. much the matter not of the ground does sore are bones things that make your bumps. but after you have been out a while you will not care to bother too much with bed building. if level. that is." described above it takes the place also of the ground sheet. Next turn back to the right. and you will sleep much warmer than if you lay singly. rolling on top of this under-flap. snap finger and bending it sharply When you get the trick it will half your bedding on the ground. with perhaps a little hollow for your hip. and you are self rolled up like a mummy as can be. dexterous flop turn the lower end of the blankets underneath. one on top of the other. The reason is that the ground is almost as cold as the air. but a little time spent in leveling The hardness is well worth the trouble. do not give as much warmth as those over you. the tips pointing toward the head and the points stuck into the ground. folded under in the way "Tarp. If you are short of much warmer by doubling bedding you can keep up. making a bed wide enough for two. When you get used to it the bare ground. sticking the points morning. in three months at a time camp without for a bed. squeezed flat by your weight. then you and like a pipe stem. lengthwise about three inches at one side . the tips of the and a or foot foot are broken off about a the between the a half long by taking twig are balsam. through the lower layer. Spread thumb and downward. They are laid overlapping each other like shinat beginning at the head and ending be to if want Then the foot. Consequently. lift feet fixed for the night. you will know what to you. The branch tips are laid on the ground like feathers on a duck's back. If you are going to spend much time in When camp it is well worth while to fix a permanent bed. and as you roll let the right side of the blankets flap down over your back. One very good way is that used by the cowpunchers in the West. over to the left. very you luxurious. A bed like this is very comfy and is your bunkie lie down on it. I have spent is perfectly comfortable. This will give you a bed that will make you hate to get up in the layer. In windy weather a sheet of canvas adds worth making if you are going to spend several days in one place. go over it again with another gles. the next thing is to arrange the bedding. do to him. By turning clear over on your face the left hand side of the blankets will flop under your back on that side. your a quick." fully soft bed can be made These branches. spreading the other half over you. Tuck the flaps well under your feet and on both sides. Then when you turn back on your right side you will find your- When camping fir in woods where there or spruce trees. One can spend a night if necessary on bumpy ground. close together.leaves or sure mold or vegetation. browse ever bothering to pick for foundation the Having prepared greatly to the warmth of the blankets by keeping the wind from sifting through them.

kettle will not last The Cook Kit Having provided for shelter and com- fort at night the next thing to think about 96 . making the whole thing into a sort of bag. A off the fire. but when the water boils low it will melt apart. so that it can be removed without taking the kettle It is a kettle. This but not waterproof. In the morning untie them and the whole bed can be thrown open for airing. which should be of tin and made in conical shape so that they nest one inside of the other. For day hikes and short trips you can make your own out of old fruit cans with the tops melted off and a hole punched in each side for a bale of hay wire. Do not try to keep the kettles bright on if forever an unmitigated nuisance when traveling. while a tin more than a few seasons at best. better also not to have the cover water- proof. This makes a flap which tucks under your side when sew the lower ends together. but they are made of aluminum. where the ground becomes tramped into dust. When you get in bed simply reach down and tie the tapes and you are perfectly snug for the night. I know because I snowdrift is warmer.of the middle. The cover should fit on top of the kettle. and if you are going to have good grub you must have a proper outfit to cook it with. made in the same way out of closely woven. It keeps the moisture of your body from getting out and so makes your bedding damp. has tapes along the side a foot apart which can be tied together. You should have kettles of various sizes made to nest one inside the other. The cups. turn under the upper flap and sew it for about a foot or eighteen inches up the side. cotton goods. Camp outfitters sell kettles at various prices. Cots are all right and even necessary in permanent camps. blankets may be put together. from the little pot in which you Any number of these folded ing out. one inside Then I have a slip cover of the other. try a waterproof bag on a cold night and see the thick layer of white frost that gathers in the inside. Otherwise you will almost surely see your dinner drop into the fire. Particularly be sure the ears which hold the bale are riveted and not soldered on. The first and most imThis portant thing is the camp kettle. If you don't believe it. so that the whole outfit the largest kettle. and it is Tin kettles are all just as good as new. whereas on a cot I have been wretched. since a waterproof bag works both ways. takes no more space than is far easier It is to get into and not so hard to air. comes in various sizes for different purposes. since it make your porridge for breakfast to the big kettle in which you boil your beans or heat your dishwater. I Then is the grub. have tried it and have been comfortable in my drift. important to get the right kind of Don't get anything soldered if soldered kettle will you can help it. making the top fold six inches wider than the bottom. stand the heat if it is kept full of water. go inside of the smallest kettle. This makes a sort of bag or pocket v/hich keeps your feet from kickyou go to bed. various kinds of The best in the Whatever you do. This arrangement is much better than the ordinary sleeping bag. These are expensive. right. but if you are going to use them year after year they are cheaper in the long run because they will last almost long run are properly cared for. especially if you can get the kind that is stamped out of one piece. I have an aluminum outfit that I have used on an average for three months each year for ten years. because the air gets Even a underneath as well as on top. And a cot is the coldest thing that was ever invented to sleep on. don't take a cot.

and the plates will burn your Tin or graniteware is much things you will take de- Just how many some holes in the ferrule and in the pends on the number of the party and how you are traveling. a salt-shaker. but the handiest ones fold up flat like a pocketbook. downward and the floor sloping upward toward the back. and a few tin or Next pan. The frying pan and plates fit on top of the big handle and rivet the two together. better. Some one. it makes This protects the kettle and cook much better than a bright it If you don't look out ly things will bake. Finally comes the reflecting baker. bed your and stow the cook kit where it is most handy. When breaking in . Finally there are knives and forks and spoons. and a folding canvas bucket goes on top of that. spoons and a big mixing spoon. will stick to it until it gets a dark Things film over the surface. These ferrule handled pans can be bought from the camp outfitters. This is all that four men can possibly need for a long trip. An aluminum frying pan is much better than a sheet iron one. At the back are two legs to hold the thing upright on level ground. Just roll up in one roll. then have the blacksmith drill know has much better than teaspoons. The whole thing fits into a fiber case ten inches in diameter by thirkettle a new pan I put a little grease in it and then deliberately scorch it over the fire. when back-packing. stuck around the edges. forks. and you will be surprised to see how quick- black varnish that comes from use over a clear fire. I do not mean a layer of burned food or smoky soot. You can make one yourself out of old crackerboxes. For a canoe trip I use an outfit with four kettles which nest inside of one another. but the smooth too much flame. a breadpan that fits outside of the largest kettle and six cups that go inside of the smallest kettle. This is a sort of tin box built like a woodshed with the front open. The a enamel plates. burn before will they you know it. You can then get it over the fire without burning your fingers or spoiling your temper. the tent in another. Spoons of dessert size are round conical ferrule into which you shove a stick of wood pointed with the ax. the roof sloping teen inches high with the knives. For traveling light. aluminum good con- ductor of heat that the cups will scorch your lips fingers.the outside. The heat is reflected up from the floor and down from the roof. next big problem is how to pack If you are traveling by canoe comparatively simple. the largest two kettles and the mixing pan and plates are left behind. But if you are traveling on foot . This makes a sort of varnish that holds the grease and keeps things from sticking. but you can make one yourself by taking an ordinary frying pan with an iron handle and a four-inch ferrule of the kind they put on rake handles. Halfway between the roof and the floor are tin supports on which the iron breadpan rests. but let them get a nice even coat of black. absorbs the heat instead of bakers are made solid. Don't use aluminum plates or The aluminum is such a cups. I after the kettles This should be of use an I comes the frying a moderate size one with some eight-inch a means of attaching best kind wooden handle. Put the dough or johnny-cake batter in the greased pan and stand the whole thing in front of a fire with a good bed of glowing coals and not 97 Making Your Pack The your that is outfit. because reflecting it. since it is a good conductor of heat and does not burn things in spots but it is no good when new.

not much wider than your body. don't fight your pack. tell you in a song: it. namely. are two other straps having buckles on the lower ends. to roll up everything inside of your bedding and then wrap the whole thing in your waterproof ground sheet. A pack that rests too high strains your shoulders. to make a good-sized loop for your be bought from the outfitters. Whatever load you bear. The first point is to get the weight of the pack as close to your back as possible. (These verses were suggested by an originated the phrase. Your pack must go so along. Crossing these at right angles near the middle and about six inches apart. whole thing various Some people ingenious use a knapsack. it as it comes. But if it drags a it. like a part L f your body. so they will not poke holes in your back and ruin your disposition. A down arms. Incidentally the hard and sharp things are all inside and well padded by the blankets.there is nothing to do but to make the into a pack. but a real scout can make one just as good himself with straps bought Harnesses like this may The best shape for a pack is usually long and thin. This is an arrangement having two horizontal straps long enough to go around the pack. The ideal pack rests easily. and buckled at the back. on the whole length of your backbone. . pack that hangs too low interferes with your leg action. don't you care. DAVID STEVENS.) article written for the Boy Scouts by Dan Beard. But he soon found that the weight of the bag was so far from his back that it had a tremendous purchase which dragged back on his shoulders and poked in on his hips so that walking made every muscle ache. have seen a fellow fit his bedroll next to his back and then strap a heavy bag of food on behind it. to Go So take And You'll find the whole thing easy If you don't fight your pack. With a pack properly hung you can carry a heavy load with less effort than you spend to carry half the weight dragging on your shoulders. We will know you won't forget it. my lad. This makes a pack that can be adjusted to any sized load and can be shaped in the easiest form to carry. There is a good deal of art in making up and hanging a pack. Whatever troubles come your way. but I prefer the simplest method of all. And troubles never lack. He thought this was quite clever since the bedroll was soft on his back. I pockets and things. The pack should rest evenly over your whole back. and not stuck up so high as to catch on branches and bushes. little bit. When the pack was reset with the heavy bag next to his back he carried it without any trouble. A you've got to carry Scout will never slack. others use forms of packs with from a saddler or harness maker and fastened together with copper rivets. ivho When And Ifou you start upon a hike. which go over your shoulders. Straps and buckles often hurt. This brings the upper attachment of the shoulder straps at the right height to go over your shoulder and carries the lower ends far enough A top-heavy pack is back-breaking. The straps that go around the pack should be about a foot apart. Having made the roll I strap it up in a pack harness.

the quiver of the river If hen you shiver.r And On to How you How And to the rocks and river-snags. . dash in. we must hit the by-way That goes minding in and out. Like a little tiger-kitten hunting game. That's the road that suits a scout And bids By-by to troubles. bid the blistering bank a brave Good-by. Don't it make the bloomin' bathtub blush for shame? If'riggling right up to the waters. willow-girt.wmnnnnmmni Boy/ great to shed your oxfords. That's the highway. the pulse-beat. ain't it fine. Then you bob up with a shiver Gently creeping down your spine. out of sight. lads. liow you splash in! you dive in. duds and dirt. as by magic. the delight: How your head does split the water: How your heels do hit the air: How you -vanish. H'hen the summer sun is boiling in the sky! And it's well to trim your toe-nails jY. Oh. that's my way. shake your happy rags. if you dare: Oh the happy thrill.' Fellows.


Ted And a his father had shaken hinted as much. "The natives have got brains of a sort but they don't use 'em for thinkMaybe they could be trained but ing. happy-go-lucky lot. Redfern's got a hard job on his hands. They are more or less children. Their brains remind me of a cheap brand of clock. but they don't think things out. they ain't accurate and you 101 "Beach or bush. Ted had two physical attributes that no His hair was black kanaka shared. If anything hapsee. taking heads. His father clared that you would have to look under Ted's armpits to know that he was the son Might be friendly with you for years and then turn on you all of a sudden. Naturally he knew more. carrying off women. education and environment had done that for him. race. enough but his eyes were gray and he had the skin it was again difIn Ted's veins the red blood held ferent. or more cunning. Sometimes one Is it 'ud take generations. Mr. as a general rule. it was because he felt himself their superior. dancing. yet he was their master. inAnd he stinctively they deferred to him. Under his mind It if it body. They have to be wound up once in a while. something that changed the chemistry of freckles.Illustrated by Clyde Forsyth FREEMAN slipped out of his never know what they're goin' to do. mysterious bush that stretched behind the station. you'd Can't be too careful. and still less actual labor in collecting trade produce. seemed a that brought of a white man. The natives them copra and ivory nuts. living lightly. smarter than the rest. though I admire . treated the native lads as inferiors. but that was not quite true. they're akin. jungly. things were different. Back in the bush. with a little fishing. mounting up to the bare crags of extinct volcano cones. But the way. pened out of the ordinary. "It's this Ted rather fancied that beach-people? his father exaggerated the dangers to imthe press him with caution in handling store when he made his trips to other stations in his launch. quick and straight But trouble seemed vague. passing their lives in singing. His father had taken pains to teach him how to shoot in case of trouble. Only few degrees removed. this knew that he must live up to position. Ted. good-natured." his father philosophized. his head. the horny casings of the shell and pearl hawksbill turtle. There they were bloodthirsty. the dark. at the door of the shack sand for a dawn-dip He de- brown as a native. in exchange for tobacco and salmon and cloth and the odds and ends of South Sea Island trade. Ted. making perpetual war among the tribes. But many of the natives could outswim him." Ted had looked up at the little armory kept in the room off the store. that set him apart from the Melanesians among whom It was not that Ted his father traded. capturing victims for sacrifices and cannibal feasts. laughing easily. less working of crops. was did not affect that of his the heritage of the white the conquering race. outrun him. TED was as pajamas and raced across the firm white in the lagoon. sleeping.

fish- tering. a church built. was to be not a native was Ah Chee. floating luxuriantly in warm pearance of Father Christmas in costume supposedly typical of the frozen northland." his like "By Jiminy. roaring fires and a Christmas Tree. and this pageant of Christmas. Of the sister who had come over from the big Mission Headquarters on Ambrym he had seen little. The only other person at Tiri or within fifty miles of Tiri who was was tall for his fifteen years. Or her. lacking the glazed windows that were to come from Sydney some time when a steamer should see fit to call at Tiri. there was going to be a Christmas Tree wood had been church already and there was a box of decorations. a ing man with eyes that were stoopearnest but tall. or to be built. in the bone. And Ted. winged their noisy way to a little island. the mission house on the opposite horn of the crescent bay and the Tiri. Like the music. .nerve and respect his ambition. with the sound of the breez. well. shining in vivid green and scarlet. trinkets as gifts. flock of parrots. near the native settlement. "Children. And I wish he'd left his wife and her This is no place for sister behind him. chat- ing down Redfern was the resident missionary at Tiri consisted of the Freeman's house and store combined. Oh. skating. ing through the ice. It's a big job he's got on hand. "They must be taught with pictures. glittering as if they had been A carved out of pearl. Ted had onds." he said. the copra sheds and wharf. had made him It had seemed funny to Ted. too. "it's Christmas morning. set up in the An iron- fit candles. Ted. Mrs. Mr. understand little. Ted himself had made the beard of sun-bleached pin grass fine as hair and almost white. presents. of which these native sons and daughters of the sun could know nothing.n the palms and the cry of parrots as he slugged his way out toward the reef. women yet awhile but I couldn't talk him out of it. But they are . But Mr. care-free. thatched roof and walls were done but the interior was still that of a shed. There is a flock of p's for you. Redfern's sister a costume of red twill from his father's shelves. but it's all a sort of kindergarten play to them and a heap less instructive. like to listen to his talks. who could smile easily. Last Christmas he had been back in the States with his aunt. Their own superstitions are bred in 'em. red flowers behind their ears." school of tiny fishes. As he swam shoreward he saw the natives combits A for their morning swim. laughing. pursued by some finny pirate. flashed out of the water close to him." he said aloud. which The accounted for its tardy finishing. lacking benches. They singing the himinis he teaches 'em. with cotton batting for fur. bright of cloth kilting and draping them. this year. Father Christmas. There had been snow and sledding. fern was going to drive home the story of Christmas with the giving of presents to his childlike converts. No half-completed church midway. and he liked his wife. professing Christian and the general cook and factotum of the Redfern household. Christmab. parables. It didn't seem much like wonder he had almost forgotten it. Then the golden disk itself shot up like thunder out of the sea and it was broad day! Ted the turned on his back to get the dazbut refreshing water. Red- Ted liked the missionary. anything about anybody's God interests 'em. this ap- beaten the sun by a few sec- Dawn was coming swiftly with a rosy flush. I'd almost forgotten it. Redfern agreed with Ted's father about the minds of the kanakas. ele out of his eyes. all for the beneof the native congregation. by convert volunteer labor.

This had been a gift to Mr. We've got to toward Men. who was a scientist. That was going to be fun. so that the candles tree strong temptation. ing. You can commandeer Ah Chee. Turtle would take the place of turkey. Only Mrs. serious. Ted tides going an' coming back. He knew enough native to make himself easily understood and he would use his gruffest voice back of the disguising whiskers. if they don'? need him at my house." "Ted. after all. Lots of fun There was a phonograph. Carlin is at the down with island Word came Ted would show them different. Redfern from a man in Sydney." said the missionary as the threj. While he was dressing. There are some special choir records in there with the rest. Plum pudding and mincemeat (canned) had been provided by his father. giving out the presents. many of which had been overlooked for the sake of expediting trade and. service this evening with their hearing it for the first time. if you'll fix up the decorations on the tree they are all in the big case the candles get ready for lighting." he said. they were to secure for him the music of their converts. but he's on want to have to cut out the last night. Redfern ain't extra well this morn. "I wish you'd help me out in this matter. he had hit upon the practical method of giving a machine fcr recording and demonstration to missionaries in outlying districts. but there would be plenty of good things and the white folks would have their exchange of presents after the wonderful Christmas Tree and concert. In exchange for the phonograph and a generous selection of records. He knew all the village by name and he was going to exercise the privilege of Santa Claus up shop to-day. till thought. you help We ' Christmas. or forgotten. as the visible presence of the Goodwill Spirit of Christmas. his father. thing tell 'em to wait early start to catch the We'll shut If the natives want anyI get back." he passed his hand pretty a little "that's a eyes." trimmed would better display the and make more effective the appearance of Ted as Father Christmas. "Mr. being well able to afford it.. also. We can get there an' back by dusk. "He'll have breakfast with us. elated at the prospect being given the responsibility." It was going make an to be rather fun.r Nothing J he don't an' that ends it. But Mr. Mr. Redfern thinks it's his duty to gc ices. so supposed the naBut tives. of them ate breakfast. I'll I but want to emphasize the grant you. That'll bring us back all the quicker. of Peace on Earth and Goodwill had started breakfast while Ted was in the lagoon. too. put his head in at the door. It won't interfere with our celebration. Mission Station there fever. It wasn't going to be such a bad old ! Christmas servSo he sent a native over to ask Mr. thought Ted. "Over to Malutu. Ted. And can out the and the you get phonograph if records. Redfern's here. He had recorded the songs of many of them and. it'll speed things up." "Where blankly. who 103 promised. scheduled for after dark. you can act as Santa Claus. but don't play any of them can it he at smiled Ted. won't have much time after we get back. reserved for Christmas.very simple and. "and wearily and uncertainly over his we'll be back as soon as time and of tide will let us. his back a. and watched the launch feel its way through the tortuous maze of reef to deep Ted . so. never yet played. if you want to help me. are you going?" asked Ted and recite their little peccadillos. Redfern to take 'em for him this forenoon. not seen at all. with a bent for proving certain theories concerning the origin of South Sea tribes. They were all to eat at the Mission House.

It was the haste of Ah Chee that began to impress him with the fact that Ah Chee himself was honest when he said he exAnd the Chinaman did pected trouble. Ted's face cork scoring under his eyes and lining-out wrinkles made the lad flush under his tan but the man did not seem to notice it. embowered in pandanus bush and palms. his round face gradually growing red as a full moon in the mist with his exertions. rubbed from a burned cork. Opposite the native village he for a moment and then walked stopped Only you look out smaht like I you. that kind. woman. as to that. clad in spotless white. all left. He was not alarmed at Ah Chee's fears. I sabo kanaka people too well. Anything standing off disgruntled natives who wanted sticks of tobacco and cans of salmon for Kerissimussi peresenti (Christmas present) It had not taken them long . By noon they had lunch. Ah Chee ? Maybe the they've in the bush for flowers. his usually calm face was troubled." Ted watched him hurrying back." "Before dark. Lilly kid. No "You young Freeman?" he demanded. They know Or visitTime doesn't Big shook his ran down to the of the launch edge. He told the visitor what had happened. season's Ted had thought. "Hi. He washed up the dishes and tidied the store and living apartments and spent much of the morning water where He not fehn. As he surveyed the change in the mirror he heard the shrill toot-toot-toot! of a launch whistle. Betteh they go they not take All gone." Scott. makee ol' you look out smaht. "All those kanaka go 'way? No one in village! I not like that velly much !" He was panting. Some pilikia (trouble) walk along. to understand that part of the significance. can do?" know so I Ah Chee. Ted The keel man made no with its start until picked up speed and puttered off for Malutu. gleaming of the whiskers. the cook. attempt to land. I tell you. well along Misteh Fleeman. know native ways." he said as he came up. Red- . but he decided that quite startling he looked too young of face and made some effective changes with the char church and tried the was with moisture. Fleeman say he be back. "I not like catchee floweh. Ted had never seen him before otherwise than placid. Plenty I come ask what time Misteh cookee. tha trader "Ah Chee. that. visit. wheeled and came shuffling through the sand toward Ted at a fast gait. I got too muchee to do. "You going to help me with the tree?" "No. he speak sunset." Ah Chee Suppose head. "Where's your father?" Then Ted saw that two revolvers swung in holsters from his belt and that there were rifles in the cockpit. but the white cloth. Misteh Led104 along evellyone. of it. It did not have the pitch of the whistle on his father's boat and he took off the beard and hurried out as the sound came again. coming slowly ale -g the beach from the Mission House." said Ted. immaculate of costume." "I will. is with Mrs. ol' man. and the native grounded jumped out and held the boat from swinging. A white doubleended launch was coming in toward the beach with a white man standing up as he steered and a native boy waving a red fragment of water's "What gone ing. There was no doubt tell "No. sweat showed in damp blotches on his clothes. good "You here alone? I'm a* Taiki. He mas It clothes got out his Father Christand beard to take over to the effect toward the huts. Ted got his He just finished when he saw Ah Chee. Closer up he halted.

Of course not start at all. At the shack he would be too far away. at Heiwa. And he could put in his time fixing up the tree. get word to your father soon's I've scratched his head perplexedly. Looks We they wanted to be out of the way. "That looks bad. yes. It was only four or five hours before his father and Mr. Still. What's wrong?" "Ngoko's son's dead. they'll tackle that first. Shove off. save that there was no sign of returning Ted made the tree a thing of natives. He need not alarm the women until the last moment. of Ah Chee so much as his fighting qualities and his courage. your kanakas goin' like off 1 1 the bush." Ted saw the launch disappear guns?" overhauled the guns. I've got to go on. liquor/' He tried to decide to be- "No won't answered fei 1 . in plain sight ten miles away.switch from one extreme to the other in the roll armed?" "I don't know. they might have had a hint what was forward and quietly got out the way. I'll Don't shoot ur. From the church he could see any hostile attempt in time for him to reach the Mission with his weapons. We'll try and get wind of what Ngoko is up to. Ngoko turned Christian two months ago. might have got som thing out of one 105 . Shows they've heard something about it.'ess you have to. Up at the Mission of 'em. friendly natives of their own village would turn on them or give help to enemies but he knew launch. It was the missionary at Heiwa who conSeems verted him or thought he did." sister. The afternoon hours passed peacefully. know that?" "Oh. I don't like like the trouble'll si it Ted knew that Heiwa may communicated with Malutu. too. free from cover. if they did not come earlier on the warning of the friendly trader. It seemed almost certain that Ngoko would strike. It was hard for him There's dad's rifle and shotgun and my own. How are your natives?" The man's face turned grave as Ted told him they had disappeared. reasoned. too easily cut off. You got liquor in the shack? And The man as had his father's earlier in the day. lieve that the happy-go-lucky. The Chink that the nature of the native could . Claims he's got to square himself with his old gods. Or pretended he did to see what he could get out of it. a powerful Bush-Chief. Peta. No telling where he'll strike." "Well." he said. Dad took his automatic along in the handle it. rt there. Now he blames the boy's death on the missionaries. "I can't stay. If he warned the Mission House the news might scare Ah Chee into desertion. hoping to avoid all trouble. "Dad what to do. And there are women there. don't start you use any of 'em until they something. But I'll be back as soon as I can. you can bluff times out of ten. Remember. with one revolver. "I've got to warn the rest. Your own Especially as natives on rockier ground. That may mean killing. by heliograph. look an eye and they were all dc -thly afraid Ngoko. Redfern would be back. 'em six there's no liquor here. son. He decided to lock up the shack and take his arms over to the church." "It's lucky there's no booze. Then he went slowly up to the trading shack and warned Heiwa. The Mission House stood away from the bush of of he of of here. It was up to him. Ngoko knows he'll have to pay for it in ti e end. Meantime he was the guardian of two women with Ah Chee as an uncertain He did not mistrust the loyalty quantity. if he struck. But Ngoko's It's likely village is nearest to Heiwa. Nothing at all might happen.fern and her House. You'd better take your guns up to the Mission House but.

they might come back and spoil the surprise that the missionary was going ice effective. were hymns. Ted went to one of the vacant window casements and looked seaward. It brought the memory of the Star of Bethlehem into his mind. gold and and pendants of silver. There was no lamp in the half-comScott before It But they will. gleaming globes colored glass. one or two of them. Ted hesitated. He went back of the tree to slip on the vermilion suit. Starting for the door again he realized before he came out from behind the tree that the tropic twilight was almost gone. If the natives weren't back they church. then shook the feeling off. where the headhunters and maneaters stood on the beaches with their trade-rifles and defied entrance to their disks told in the bush-paths. The launch might be back any minute.. he heard the distant thought booming of but it so was drums. smothering the temptation to itched try one or two of them. The weapons mistaken. hoping to see a light. the jeen memory of the first Christmas. him gathered in Guadalcanar Solomons. He put on the beard the age marks made by the cork were still on his face pulled down the conical cap to conceal the absence of a wig. A star or two showed through the window spaces. Once he that had danger grew passed. He grew vaguely uneasy. The sun had dropped back of the mountains and the long shadows were reaching out from the bush." Ted decided not to say anything about the warning from Ted decided to light the pleted church. The warning of the trader had dulled though Ted had the weapons with him. with tbt candles ready to light. imitation jewels. grew dark fast afier Ah Chee left. "No. But he mastered the impulse and set them aside. Yards of sparkling fuzzy stuff. The naThe conviction tives must be back soon. anthems. They were records of savage chants and dances so the typewritten slips pasted on the The door opened. were 106 fifteen feet away. nearly like the sound of the surf that he told himself he must be actual sunset. sung by the choir of Trinity CatheSydney. He fairly to play some that could have nothing to do with any Christmas celebration. records gathered at hardly-tobe-guessed hazards. Ah Chee mentioned him. trimmed with the white. but there was no sign of return. He felt satisfied with the result. recessionals and processionals. It was an hour yet till An hour before his father and the missionary would come back. with eyes that reflected the light from the candles on the tree. He whirled to meet the China- Ah Chee. He stepped back and regarded the candles and noticed the shine star on the highest twig. a cruel. his . when they (dral.ey curiously at the titles of the rest. Suddenly he saw a face form itself out of the blackness. Then the whim struck him to try on the Santa Claus suit and greet the returning launch from the lit He of the work. candles and let them burn for a little while. the natives would rehis Ted wondered how gard the mystic voice-box. on lonely islands of the Hebrides. savage face of black blotched with red and white paint. Though the villagers were absent. Night let fall her veil and it was dark. He got out the phonograph and arranged the records. He the launch ar- He put them on one side and glanced 1. wouldn't miss anything. He turned toward the village. a hideous mouth agape with astonishment. He wanted to see how to use to make his serv- could blow them out rived. trans- formed the ironwood to a magic growth. "Kanaka come back?" asked man.

Eyah! They could hear them but they could not see them. If only . but as a signal that he was safe. Magic It was surely very if they moved. They had come filled with the lust of ! them as he A ghost had backed up. the fear struck him that his father had been waylaid or had perished in some other raid of Ngoko's from which this band had come successful. His heart pounded but ominous. note of a launch whistle The glare of the carbide put off. strong magic. and yelled. this man one of Ngoko's crew. confident. killing. was empty save for this wizard. to be feared. the boom of drums topped by a war chant. the fact leader had reported that and that it had not returned. could fight against ghosts? back from the windows with They their primitive minds filled with sudden fear. of loot. The record ended and fell Ghosts! Who he did not shrink. one of Their spies searchlight held the savages. To fire a shot would pre- in the main raid at Heiwa. half illuminated by the candles. The war sonorous. bare The church was feet paddling the sand. He But Ted knew it could not last. chant of an enemy. defiant. did a could see that the church. no yell. brave thing. looking about them for the first sign of attack while the barbaric music poured out of the church. then were these who suddenly made themselves manifest by voice. the bush where the vilstraight through hidden themselves in fear of had lagers of He was straightening out heard the shrill from stooping to get the guns when a beam of light shot athwart the window above him and he the raid. blood. no wild flinging of weapons. caught between the ghosts and the white men. There were The tree had hypnotized cipitate a fight. Who then was this mysterious figure? What power was his They to command? Eyah! magic tree. The cannibals would recover in a few minutes. a pa-ke (Chinaman) and two white Marys. by the expectation of something They It might strike about to happen. He knew his father had 107 . take up a black disk and place it carefully down before he turned a handle at the side of the box. Who . What held them? It must be the glittering glory of the only a boy. . To their eyes it Something magic. They would suspect a trick. And then it happened. waited. Ted fired the revolver out of the win- felt certain that the expeditions trader and the missionary had been slain three dow. with the women foremost. to the the record playing and take guns Mission House for a final stand. They knew the launch had of their launch. the rattling of conches. touched him. a leave He would to have would fight. Panic took them and shook them. Ghosts? Ghost warriors summoned by the white man's magic! The church was filled with the shrill note of panpipes. being surrounded but there was no rush. open a lid. disdainful of the puny opposition to be offered. their own imperial figure clad in scarlet color stalk with dignified mien from be- Here were more In the air! ghosts! A different tribe! hind the wonder-tree saw this wizard walk to a box. unknown represented therefore And then thought of the two Ted Freeman. Yet he caught a stealthy rustle outside. their savagery paralyzed by wonder. One man stumbled on another . at random. not to hit. Their for this was a side-party. It was a clever thing rhe one thing possible but he had no siu-iy He hoped only for delay while of that. cannibals saw the white-bearded Ted changed "Eyah/" it swiftly. He came The out from behind the tree.heart pounding.

Ted went and swiftly as the if they had out. besides Freemp'i and Redfern the missionary. villagers were beginning to come timorously back again. about three feet deep and twenty feet long. sensitive recording device picks up the visists A not only possible for a ship equipped with the new device to tell its exact distance from land. sir?" Freeman asked the missionary. m*y ke measured. high above the Mission House. as silently candles. stayed in the church while the rest thought struck him and he se- A vanished while the bullets sang among them. He pointed to where. gleaming golden. "Are you going to have the tree after all. They have been is way. Ted came out of the church into the wonderful tropical darkness and saw the vinced that the white men had grown too strong for them. the choir of the cathedral in . turn connected with a device." said Redfern. too wonder- "Some "There ought working." had gone back to their bush conChristmas!" said Freeman. "They don't deserve it. Ngoko was dead. Ted. killed in the raid at Heiwa through the warning of Scott." said the missionary. Scott the trader was in the launch with Hawkes of Malutu and half a dozen other white men. an' save 'em for later. They shall have the tree. In a series of tests made with ships of the Navy it has been found that signals may now be sent under water of a tank placed on the keel of the ship. sneaking off that The Christmas. The crai was loaded to been shadows. in an ining volley stant. The apparatus con- phone. from the launch and. it was a wonderful Christmas. "It is the time for peace.properly understood the situation revealed There came an answerby the beam. which is filled with water. All danger from heavy fogs which have been the terror of seamen in all ages is ended it is believed by the invention of the hydrophone. hung the Southern Cross." said his father. called the compensator. his voice jubilant. cannibals lected a record. Redfern and Freeman were standing a little apart." "This two men standing silently gazing up into the blue-black night sky. but the presence of other ships may be detected in plenty of time to avoid collision. He too gazed upward and he felt as he beheld the glittering cross of stars swung aloft in the heavens a tightness in his throat already taught their lesson. 108 . Redfern. seems to me. It is more than forty This is in brations sent under the sea." "Look. to be a special star about tonight. and even the depth of the water for miles. too wise. The cannibals "Hark Glory the herald angels sing. afraid of chastisement." Now they the and an Truly "Then you'd better blow out emotion he could hardly suppress. on the ship's bridge which indicates the direction in which the sound A submarine recently made a under water guided past all danlong trip gerous points and kept in the proper channel entirely by means of the hydrotravels. processional: the gunwale. shall taste forgiveness. From the church came the sound of boy- ish voices. to the newborn King. Mr.

A wilderness trip usually entails difficul- far your outfit. 'cause I knows thet when the goin' gits me to the point I bad the dudes I'm guidin' '11 chuck away enough stuff to stock a country store. "What sort of an outfit do I carry?" he repeated. scout hikes. Were it not for the difficulty of transporting our had asked him what sort of a personal outfit he carried into a certain mountain range. settled The problem This weight of the wild beast he had killed for food. When we study the weigjht problem from the viewpoint of the modern lover of the 109 . "I supplies the wilderness would never carries any outfit. for it calls for only two things common sense and experience. startin' long since have ceased to exist or exploration would be a tame pastime without danger or charm. but sense. The only difference that I can see in the two problems rests you can be born with common. The red-capped porter who meets the trains is a weight carrier as surely as the half-breed trapper portaging his canoe on the edge of the Barren Grounds. Outfitting off a log. experience has to be earned by the sweat of the brow and the more experienced you become the more you will realize that the real problem in outfitting consists in carrying Now on the difficulty of trans- porting our supplies. greater ties in trans- The Problem of Carrying Weight of weight-carrying has tormented mankind since the day when the cave-man staggered homeward under the portation than does a trip in partly regions. -but back ex- the wilderness humor lies a vast well of human and carrying weight on perience. a humorous twinkle in his deepset eyes. as easy as rolling. This thought brings out. McKinley whole problem of outfitting was explained many years ago by a grizzled old frontiersman who had become a guide for eastern sportsmen." wish to write about the relation between carrying weight in The of the story has its funny is side. I THE great outdoors we are confronted by some interesting facts.The First White Man to Climb Mt.

modifications of these two types. a veil As one away from will draw over our sufferings. strong. My comas I was and. as was inexperienced panion in spite of the fact that we had been camping often. by the help of experi- the wilderness we must either carry less or transport our outfit that in could. The amount we can carry ordinarily would depend on the difficulties we expect to encounter. As it would require many pages even a rough ods of wilderness transportation I shall confine myself to the most primitive of all that of "backweight-carrying methods packing. although I was too My The method of carrying weight by the head and neck originated among the Indians of the eastern United States and Canada. the principal means of transIts chief advantage is the ease and rapidity with which it can be fastened to different kinds of packs. likes to fail where others succeed. so in the hope that some of my suggestions may be. Types of Pack-Harness In theory there are only two of pack-harness: the type which suptypes the weight from the shoulders. succeed. a lot of canned goods. I canoes.means with greater effort and skill. In looking back on this experience I feel that the lesson was of inestimable value must carry their supplies day after day. der straps. the tump-line is superseded by more elaborate harnesses. and ports the type which supports the weight from All pack-straps are the head and neck. it to say that when we finally reached civilization our backs bore in black Suffice canoe and portage country. the taught me. is the favorite "tump-line" pack-strap of young to stake a claim in my own name." to give outline of the different meth- The "Tump-Line" first serious back-packing experience occurred when I was seventeen years old. it should not chafe the wearer and it should be light. I welcomed the chance to go. and in carrying heavy loads with the tumpline the head is bent forward and downward to support and balance the weight and continuous travel in this position becomes irksome. A valuable part of the Government forest in the Olympic Mountains had been thrown open and. safe. helpful to scouts I shall take up some of the lessons I have learned concerning back-packing. but one man experience teaches us that where fails another may. for. For this reason I shall not attempt to lay down any hard and fast rules for I have found that one of the greatest joys in the outdoor life consists in learning by our own misfor it takes. A and good pack-strap should measure up to certain standards. No real scout ence and skill. our past experiences men living in well is watered country where weightcarrying were confined to the packing of From force of habit we Indian ponies. men and blue marks the imprint of every known canned product. as no book or article wrong way to carry a pack. and our shoulders were raw from the chafing of the rope shoulder straps. where there is no canoe water. The strap is called the "tumpline" and consists of a soft band of some strong material which passes over the forehead with the ends hanging behind the The burden is made fast to shoulders. the ends of the tump-line so that it rests The against the back of the packer. The pack also lacks se- . Our pack bought harness consisted of two gunny sacks which we fastened to our backs with rope shoul- in the canoe portation. and this is a valuable asset where short portages necessitate the rapid loading and unloading of travels west.

They are carrying twenty-five pounds apiece in their knapsacks. and lashed securely in place. unless they are equipped with an adaptation of the tump-line. however. and for weight and size also considerably detract from its value as a harness to be carried while hunting. satisof this harness is most packing types but the of factory. time-honored "overallThis primitive method of carrypack. leather does not stand the continuous strain of heavy loads. tump-line is not its unfitness it is tory type of harness." are supported by shoulder straps." and I found that it. but this very weakness that bars it from To my mind tump-line lies be combined with the shoulder strap. forming in . but before he has traveled far he finds that the weight ders. S. My weight between shoulder straps and tumpline is one of the most important lessons to be learned in packing. bag.. hard Army type of knapsack useful as a personal camp or emergency The known leather pack-strap is another welltype of harness. etc. when an accident Makes it necessary for one of the scouts to the greatest value of the in the ease with which it can There are trips in the wilderness. for where the pack is composed of small arunsatisfactory. Its All pack-bags. With ordinary loads of medium this harness is satisfactory. next experiment was with the "board-strap. It is is a system of smaller straps that hold the pack on the back. then ties the loose ends to his him hard work and Taking two he ties them He handkerchief and adjusts them so that when he stands up with the handkerchief across his forehead. is held in For certain shoulder place by straps. and the strap is best suited to loads that are carried upright." ing weight has been in use among fron- carrying loads of forty pounds or less they are very satisfactory. the old. The tightly stretched canvas rests wise. difficulty adapting it to loads be carried or that must bulky packs against the back and the frame Shoulder Straps By nesses far the come under greater number of pack-harthe head of "shoulder horizontally limits its usefulness. whereas very heavy and bulky loads should lie across the back. had many unsatisfactory features. waist of the trousers is buttoned around the bottom of the pack. ticles aggregating twenty or twenty-five is pounds the pack-sack the most satisfac- tiersmen as far back as we can remember. but my weight broad shoulder straps and beginning to hurt his shoul- edge at this point that the knowlof how to use a tump-line will save experience on a long wilderness trip taught me that it had several serious weakfirst suffering. shoelaces will do strings to the outside lower corners of the knapsacks. straps. likenesses. prove This weight limit of about forty pounds brings them well within the zone of usefulness for scout hikes. knapsacks. It consists of two After tying the two carry both loads. The It consists of a pair of trousers.curity. for I have found the U. Its only drawback is for heavy and bulky loads. Up to this time one of the most satisfactory harnesses that I had used was the simplest. When loaded more heavily they hang too low and drag on the shoulders and. exceptions to this rule. knapsacks together he starts onward. As an illustration we will suppose that two scouts have gone on an overnight camping trip. and where men must use their arms chop trail the to climb or satisfactory. The board-strap is a simple framework of wood over which is laced a strong piece of canvas. his shoulders will be relieved of a considerable portion of the This method of distributing weight. and the ends of the trouser-legs are tied to the top of the pack. To begin with.

Since then I have carried packs of more than one hundred pounds.two shoulder it is straps. On using the harness I found that the breast-stick My was upward and outward where the shoul- der-strings pulled. faults. From afar Drawing nigh. for he is doomed to disappointment. passing under the arms. From the sky. and downward and outward where the strings from the bottom however. stick The day after day. was formed to fit the che-st and the strings passed over the shoulders. bright. strength and stick-to-it-iveness.) . if any. and. All is Fading light Dims the sight. For loads of medium took less than an hour with the aid of a an excellent harness. a distance of forty miles over ice. (Words from Penn. Gone the sun. cessful in evolving a -pack-strap that has glacier few. around the pack. it weighed more than twelve hundred pounds. from the Chulitna River to Mount start McKinley. results in a Day is done. palm and needle to make the experiment. and tnat it is not easily adjusted. and after long trial and the hardest use I believe it to be the simplest. From the lake. and moderately small. of believing that by merely equipping himself with a good pack-strap he will be able to carry a heavy pack without fatigue or inconvenience. God is nigh. lightest. Falls the night. It took only a moment to see that a soft piece of cloth could be used in place of breast-stick and that the shoulder-strings could be changed for fact that a fifty-pound pack adds just so many pounds to the weight of a man's body broad straps of canvas padded with cloth with small ropes sewed into the ends. and most easily adjusted pack-strap known. It was the first time that I had subjected the harness to such a severe test and it won the unqualified approval of every man. loads. reader must not make the mistake. In 1910 I equipped a party of five men in addition to myself with this pack harness and we packed an outfit that at the had been experimenting in a was not until I had tried the pack-strap used by the Aleutes on the south coast of Bering Sea that I was sucAlthough I small way. Military College. And a star the sky. and the result was the most satisfactory harness that I have ever used. ran upward to the breast-stick where they were fastened by a half hitch. eFminates it from serious consideration. The mere of the pack pulled. From the hills. The first thing that struck me on seeing the Aleute harness was its extreme simplica piece ity. Gems Gleaming well. It heavy strain on his muscular and such a strain cannot be ensystem. through the trailless wilderness north of the Alaskan Range. without dured acquiring experience. for it consisted of nothing but of wood with two long strings made of walrus hide attached to each end. Safely rest. but the weight fact that it can be used only on uy '^ht.

going to crack it. Then he heard Jerry gasp: "Steady. instant Dick could only liken it to a collapsed umbrella of enormous size. score of feet or more away a shapeless black mass was moving slowly over In that first the fungus-covered ground. I'm fumbling the darkness. Presently his fingers touched the barrel. Then his gaze growing ever brighter. and he was pulling it toward him when a know. and for a or moment two Dick watched dully as the flames licked up over the dry branches. fire was scattered. gritted his body. shifted and he caught his breath in puzzled wonder. He heard J^rry cry out in mingled pain and anger. can't you?" "I'm afraid of hitting you. lost all idea of the position of his rifle. Dick ventured to lift himself from the ground and began to feel about for his weapon." flies." panted Jerry. the soft brown when the A . something horribly big that Look out! Here it comes again." Dicki felt It A moment in later his hand touched the boy's head and went swiftly on along his back. in face. The thing was a gigantic bat! The pointed nozzle was there. "It's got me by the leg!" he cried. "Wait a second. followed by a weird." still Dick lay with Jerry's leg was pressed against teeth. Suddenly Dick felt it recoil." stammered the boy. "Shoot it. There came a dragging sound accompanied by an odd rustling like vellum or oiled paper. He but the creature kept His right him and he had arm was doubled under its hold. in thunder was that? At once the teeth relaxed their hold. and he was only just in time. yelled and kicked out fiercely. or some shift in position of the creature brought it for a moment into full view and a cry of mingled astonishment and horror burst from the brothers simultaneously. Then he heard What's Jerry's voice. whistling shriek which turned his blood cold. Above their heads there was a swift beat of wings. Instinctively Dick rolled over on his face. Then something heavy struck against his legs and an instant don't "It's tongue of flame burst up from the woodpile. The thing was moving away. A live coal must have rolled over there little later he felt one ankle gripped by sharp teeth.Illustrated by Forrest Orr II PART (Continued from page 41) a moment Dick lay there partly FOR down "What up?" "I I stunned. Panting with excitement. the his warm blood trickling Suddenly he felt the muscles harden and another moment there was a dull thud. Then the brightening fire. now.

"Boots." gasped Jerry .

"When that thing dropped on you "Shoot Jerry. though. faintly. "Did you ever see "Never!" cut in the older chap emall "Of the pausing at intervals to listen. quick!" cried Dick. But now. but now he paused and looked "There's another thing." agreed Dick. He fired twice at random. unlacing the high. the sharp ears. "You you don't think he ran away. Have to us if he shouldn't come back? leather "Easily. I don't beJerry nodded. looking back. hesitated a moment. lieve he was afraid of anything material. brave as a lion He's usually.fur. down and removing the gently drew off the heavy boot." "I know. he realized that from the moment of his awakening to the burnedout fire and that hovering black terror there had been neither sight nor sound of the Malay." he murmured. "Where's Sarak?" he demanded. where Dick had been sitting. of course. bared teeth was quite as large as the head of a full grown setter. he confessed. But of Sarak himself there was no sign. heavy He was busy liars " Suddenly he broke off and stared about him with an expression of bewilderment. but they're such thundering phatically. a with labored heavily. der and tried to pull the trigger. "One of the ghosts. but they're I did have a Dyak not nearly as big. vicious close to side it But the eyes and the leathery wings. the close set. Dick's jaw dropped and his gaze traveled mechanically around the circle of firelight. But this was jammed. and with a muttered exclamation of disgust." admitted Jerry frowning. It was those darned. but not badly. Then he at Dick. once tell me about a beast which might fit this creature. bewas his precious rifle. they saw across the instep a row of small punctures. This might have been the finishing touch. There are flying foxes here. like all these natives. and then sent Sarak's name ringing through the silent woods. "What on He'd earth can have happened to him? have heard that if he was within half a mile of here?" boot which was much torn and haggled about the ankle. Again and again he called. but this puzzled shrug. But Dick smiled there was no answer. beating of its but before could snatch up wings. lowered his weapon and stared He paused. nightmares!" he gasped. and finally. Things had been happening so swiftly that up to this moment there had been scarcely time to think. He's been pretty well worked over up something ever since we left camp. vanished into thin pointed jaw and sharp. old man. He might have air. " "It's got me. Jerry the rifle it had disappeared amongst the thick trees. while the head. with its narrow. but with no apparent effect. it. He's chock Of course full of it. he was feeling a little sick. but surely by this time who till then had stood spelldrew his rifle swiftly to his shoulbound. ." Jerry knelt lace. he turned to Dick. a dozen a of least had at spread wings feet. Did the "Let's see that foot of yours. mean?" "Yes. do us. he might have thought it was something ghostly." he up. "I fairly well. I think. As he did so there was a sudden rustle and the It flew creature rose slowly into the air. "What's going to happen said seriously. he dropped the weapon and reached for Dick's. with a thought I knew Borneo is one on me. When the boy's foot was bared. superstitious notions about spirits that got his goat. you?" the boy asked slowly. brute's teeth get through?" "A little. His blanket lay on the ground you any idea how to get to this Buddha?" "Not much. It aches.

or Malay. harshly. To their almost certain knowledge there was no other such within a hundred miles of where they stood." suggested Dick." said Dick. Circling about. of course." ." he answered "It's Garcia. Dick caught his breath with an odd whistling intake. I'd have been pretty well Dyak the broad. and startling discovery." The wound was carefully bound up with clean gauze and by the time Dick had laced up his boot again they realized that dawn was upon them. a startled. walking side by side. his grip tightened The fleshy spores darkening alwith ready exposure to the air. he stammered. and for a long moment the two brothers stood motionless. of course. with many a searching glance about first them and overhead. staring at each other. " for Sarak He hesitated and his "I don't understand eyes grew puzzled. I'd have loyal to the core. He's followed us." he commented as he applied this. an eager sparkle in his eyes. scattered over the pale green moss. but 116 I fell asleep. Dick carried his own rifle and Jerry took the Malay's. Two distinct sets there were of them. It was Dick who on earth " to first "How "What Jerry " found his voice. As almost as soon as we did and trailed us. yet the thought of it rarely left their And then they both remembered that Garcia wore boots. uneasy question- ing in their gaze. "I don't know. "Its jaw couldn't have been very strong." of its margin fresh were outlined footprints clearly. his forehead crinkling. It was Dick who fungus. At once they began a thorough search of the camp and its neighborhood for traces of the missing Sarak. which in turn swiftly lightened to that shadowy half twilight that was as bright as it would ever be in the depths of this weird." he repeated. his "I ought to be kicked. iodine "or he'd have bitten clean through the ankle. gasped Jerry. placed close as if from men together. with the sharp pain of the antiseptic. "That toadstool stuff turns black in an hour's time. Reason told them that there was slight chance of that horrible nocturnal creature returning. man. taking great pride in the fact that he always went shod like a white man." said Jerry. its saw the crushed older fellow's face hardened. In the soft ooze made a from his pack. flat. that part. No one beside us. his seemed sense unspoken question." sworn that Sarak was "Perhaps he was forced to go along. "I don't know. "I thought it would never let If we hadn't had go. A little expectedly upon further on they came una tiny spring bubbling out "But I wasn't. and on the rifle. pointing in chewed up." confessed Dick. The calloused foot of other "Boots!" amazement. Jerry cleaned it thoroughly with water from a canteen and then produced a bottle of of the foul looking earth. The dense blackness about them had changed to a cold. One of these were imprints of naked feet "Believe me. depressing forest. it had a grip all right. and not very long ago either." "But Sarak? him?" How did he get hold of minds and they moved cautiously. those boots made especially heavy on account of snakes. "He's after the emerHe must have left camp ald. " away.from which the blood oozed slowly. old face flushing. they presently found another broken bit a dozen yards or so "But how? He was there You were on watch. Something or some one had gone that way. ghostly gray.

explain Besides. on the further side? In a way. I don't " He broke off. turned abruptly to the northeast. "No matter how it happened. even Sarak was no were following began to verge slowly southward. dently proceeding more or less directly toward "I a definite goal. as he read the signs." . but his face and eyes narrowed. The man's heart leaped and his eyes sparkled. he had muscles of steel. though Garcia was not especially big the half-breed astray. which was picked up just beyond the scene of struggle." Jerry nodded slowly. a single cry or the noise "Still. ward and presently were rewarded by signs which showed that Jerry's supposiThe two men were evition was right. He's not that sort at all. it. There's something queer about the whole Swiftly he set an experimental course with the compass and as before. I certainly "It's up to us to catch them. in which gle Malay He was slight and small-boned and. start they Was Sarak rebelling against wonder how much have?" pondered Dick presently. The curve was very gradual." mean Half a mile further on he stopped abruptly and examined the ground For many feet around it was closely. "Not a great deal. have we? It's a sort of a case of finders keepers. had tried at first to take ter. jungle pushed through his consulted compass frequently Jerry and presently he found that the trail they business and I mean to find out Then came susand followed by a strugdiscovery.the marks of the trail presently bore him out. jaw squaring see many points off the Jerry made no comment. do for to let that greasy half-breed us out of the emerald without a fight it. save that the trail. I fancy. to follow their trail to come straight to makes the Buddha. the marks of the bare feet were almost obliterated by the imprints of the boots which came A behind. don't was puzzled. he's gone." he went on curtly. Sarak. If Sarak chooses to lead any one else to the place But I still can't believe he's taking that beast there of his own free will. "In a way.whatever force or influence had brought him here? Eagerly his gaze swept the jungle and for a moment he almost expected to see the body of the traitor Garcia lying in the shadows. the in silence. They couldn't get far in the dark. but one thing seemed certain now. As a matter of fact. Jerry's eyes took on a sudden hard lus- "But suppose they get there first. but in this case instead of lying side by side. Several of the yellow fungi had been There was a he took out his few moments' delay while pocket compass and set a crushed flat. the torn remains of a great crimson orchid lay wilting on the moss. He was convinced that either with kris or leveled rifle Garcia was forcing the Malay to lead him to the treasure. He was framed. doesn't coward. picion the had succumbed. Then they moved swiftly forcourse. I've an idea they managed to reach the spring and waited there for dayYou noticed that jumble of footlight. yes. There still a good deal he failed to understand about the matter. this prints We've only things easier for us. of a struggle would have wakened both of us. what it is. and at the end of another hour they were original course. trampled as if there had been a struggle."Oh!" murmured that Jerry. But. but it was steady. they discovered nothing. and take the emerald? We've really no more right to it than any one else. Unless he went willingly. though they both searched carefully. as they almost surely will. If they wished to 117 . little further on a moist spot recorded more footprints." for a and time they plunged ahead.

Around them the shadowy half darkness had given place to a translucent golden green. thankful that the lack of undergrowth made this possible. Then Jerry stopped abruptly with a smothered exclamation of surprise. For nearly a hour they sped through the jungle almost at a run. welcome as it was. dashing one hand across his streaming as he followed Jerry over the rough and heap gained the inner side of the wall. skirting the wall a score of yards to a great square gateway. freshly hacked through the undergrowth. Vines twined about everywhere. was almost unsupportable. cured there was scarcely a chance that Garcia would spare the Malay. but the solid portion enough to block their way. but dominated by the feeling that they must go on as long as they could put one set the fairly clear. So passed an hour. tunnel." agreed Jerry. "What fools we were not to bring our knives!" he added. the roots upheaving some of the great blocks which formed the courtyard floor. blocks of stone carved with intricate designs of elephants. Dick scarcely . Then slowly the character of the jungle began to change. their walls covered with carving. "We're coming out. and they were speedily drenched Now and again they with perspiration. roofless and open to the sky. with a groan. In a few words he explained his suspicions to Dick. Most of the way led uphill. compass. but in spite of the masses of vivid green the sunlight lay across the ancient pavement in streaks and Then Fortune seemed for the first to smile on them time. ruined buildings. growing ever thicker. the undergrowth began to spring up here and there. square courtyard formed of immense blocks of yellowish forehead. had to pause from. Garcia and the Malay had evidently gone this way. Across their path there lay a foot before the other. Dick's heart was thumping with excite- ment the sun and felt at once that somewhere was shining." panted Dick. Before them lay a flat. panting. but they were up and on again. On either side rose up massive stone. and then began a chase which neither of them would soon forget. in Dick's ankle At times the pain Great ruined wall of thick masonry. whose fallen top lay in a mass of stone and rubbish. Some time in ages past the primeval forest had been completely cleared away and this was way was second the emerald. and large ones. and as they hastily sought the opening there was an added comfort in the feeling that the cutting of must have very much delayed their enemy. There were still trees. the left they A few yards away to saw the opening of a dusky 118 patches of golden color. The hot. stumbling. tearing viciously at a mass of vines. speechless from fatijue and failing breath. The trees lessened in girth. Here and there trees had sprung up. weird beasts and men in curious postures had fallen from the top. there was the greatest need Once the treasure was sefor speed. filling the opening for several feet. but these were farther apart and not so towering. "Provided we can get through this beastly tangle. was still high but he was determined not to let it delay the pursuit. and perhaps even Sarak's life. Yet. For half a mile or so they pushed forward in silence. sheer exhaustion or to Sometimes one of the other slipped on a mass of fungus or tripped over a trailing root. Imperceptibly the gloom lightened until at last they could even see flashes of warmer color in the distance The trail turned sharply to the right. Save for occasional hidden pitfalls the it humid atmosphere was heavy and oppressive.

Dick watched the man run up and gain the platform. curved in that that dream. a brilliant arc of greenish fire. the two slowly across the geously green in hue. Garcia's greedy fingers closed about the A Apparently this did not come away easily from its age-old resting place Garin the hollow of the Buddha's hand. But the branches were not too low. nor the shadow too deep. held which gleamed and glittered sunlight. emerald. outstretched. so cruel. hand still held the glowlips still that the boy. cruel smile. immovable figure that sat therein. His whole being was centered on that gateway and on what might lie beyond. second later he had vanished. crystal. cia to a narrow flat platform. you saw?" he whispered. remembering the details of As t'iat hateful nightmare. the emerald gleaming in the rapid movement. moved something shining. on a level with the platform. outstretched its had sat for untold ages. sinister. A moment later he caught up with Jerry and together they crept stealthily to the opening and peered through. met with tree. Facing them. ening his dry . almost expressionless it was. a scream of fear bursting from his lips. A moment later. It was Garcia. it. smiling thing seemed to hold him spellbound. Sarak. stretch cf uneven stone pavement met their gaze. "He's he's gone 1" gasped Jerry. his tense. the Buddha's outstretched ruined shrine. Dick nodded. gor- apparently by the straightened and same impulse.licate lacery of its carving partly shadowed by an immense zapote tree. a flight of stone steps. seemed to hold a ray of clear sunshine streaming the branches of the through Something in the in . Calm. Garcia flung up both arms and spun around. sobbing groan. Jerry gave a sharp cry and bent for- arm swept low over a placid. as if even this hardened creature streak of golden green gleaming with a dull iridescence writhed across his path A had been smitten at the last moment with and vanished in a hole. rounded and crumbling with age. stifled sob of wonder and of dread burst from the boy's lips. With a strange feeling of and his "You 119 His eyes were terriwhole body trembled. yet about the corners of the mouth there lurked the beginnings of a smile full A ward. led up something of that superstitious terror which had kept the treasure so long inviolate. fied tattered white who stumbled up the steps. In that pause the boy's eyes shifted to the bottom of the steps. one arm reaching out covetously. There in its ruined shrine the placid a smile so sinister. detachment.noticed His eyes were riveted on angateway in the opposite wall. upturned face stamped with a look of such horrified suspense that Dick's gaze veered swiftly back toward the impending catastrophe. so Buddha Its sat as it of the unutterable wickedness of ages. Beyond. turned on them a face which almost gray in hue.'t them a horrid gleam of evil satisfaction. He scarcely heeded the mnn in the moved A ancient pavement. bent upon the empty platform at its feet. the c. but even that failed to move him. still huddled at the foot of the seemed steps. He recognized it as the most venomous tropic reptile in his knowledge. where Sarak crouched. one hand lay upturned in lap. But to Dick's overwrought nerves. That sinister. the eyes. There came the briefest pause. whose spreading branches upward and then back again. in its ing emerald. almost as if he were looking at other a play. through which his keyed-up senses seemed to have caught the sound of voices. stood a jerked at flashed Suddenly it impatiently. to hide the face of the seated Buddha. turned cold. the other. moistlips. from the crouching Malay there came a long.

So in the end the two brothers approached the steps together. Sarak stared with horrified eyes. anger and chagrin seemed to overcome "I big fool!" he burst out. they The masonry was old and but worn. It was only mounted them. this time in English."Yes. nothing but a stone image. I think. I've heard of those contrivances. You noticed how he tugged at the emerald and the way the arm shot up? The stone must be fastened to the hand. very solid looking. he fix him up." He shoulders. Both run from big flying black t'ing. his eyes sparkling. "I think not. Find out truth soon. The surface "You must not tested rapidly. "I wake. reach the emerald from the front one had to step squarely on the platform. He still hated the sight of that silent. but the latter cut The momentary gleam him short. "It takes Cautiously. They found one in a ruined temple in Sumatra. his fear." "But what on earth made it drop?" "The arm. "I'll bet anything the platform swung down and dropped him in. I t'ink him ghost. with every sense alert. when they paused at the top and faced the Buddha that they made a significant discovery." paused. Again he begged Jerry to hasten from the evil spot." Dick's face brightened with comprehenHe realized at once sion and interest. See how the moss is torn around the edge. shrugged He his find out. of no use in solving the mystery. he was rapidly recovering his poise and self-control. us. we fight. He Instead of being stone." Dick quite agreed with him. but he have gun. while dislodged bits of it clung loosely about the shoulder of the Euddha's outstretched arm. serene figure. "Look. glancing thoughtfully up at the seated idol. but that let down a big rock that smashed the fellow who discovered it. but not one step forward would he take. Probably the balance was so perfect that the slightest tug at the outstretched hand was sufficient. They To the simple cleverness of the arrangement. "Then t'ink this god. "The god has claimed him." he declared. I not'ing. the platform and the seated image were made of some sort of metal like bronze. so take him here." he said decidedly. There's something mightly queer about the whole business and I'm going to understand it before I go. "He takes swift vengeance on the despoiler. "Why did you bring Garcia here?" For a moment Sarak's face clouded." "Nothing idol hasn't It's "That to it. His hand on me. What what happened?" The Malay shuddered and made a strange sign with one hand. "Do you suppose Garcia 120 ." of satisfaction was swept from his face by a fresh spasm of terror. something beside man off the map like that. there!" cried Jerry. Also he was intensely curious about Sarak was the strange fate of Garcia. There must be a pit or something hollow underneath." moss had been recently torn away. but reason had more or less stilled his fears. I try lead I him wrong. "It think to try is death! !" he pro- We was much corroded and most of it was covered with moss and lichen growth. vengeance to wipe a I wish I knew." he muttered in his own tongue. persuaded him to stay. so go with him. There's probably some arrangement of springs or levers be- Jerry looked down at him curiously." Jerry pursed up his lips. But along all must four edges of the platform this 1 go from this evil place while we may. "But what what's down below?" he asked suddenly. in itself to hurt any power tween that and what supports the platform.

in'tattered white stumbled up tha one arm reaching out cautiously 121 .The man steps.

spark of glowing fire. "I'll need a knife." over and one on the other's go hang It sounded safe. of in his there still heart course. and yet as the boy climbed up and paused. but nothing more happened. flying jewel. and of course that hole makes a wonderful breeding place for them. they paused a moment to make arrangements. Jerry's face crinkled him firmly. "Quite likely. he is! Do you brute ing were usually pretty an awful look- With ward a quick-drawn breath to grasp the stone ! Dick bent forand then one foot slipped slightly the bronze arm shot up past his face. "I If you've got any hate the sight of it. strong arm. "Do you think they were put there on purpose?" he finished unevenly. Reaching the right shoulder of the image." smiled Jerry. faintly "The the emerald?" Dick smiled and opened one by little gold wires. I believe by I on to his head can holding just reach the but to make we'll both sure emerald. A moment later Jerry hauled him back and held him upright. let's go to it." murmured the boy. But. fetid odor assailed him and an instant later he found himself. should be the one to secure the treasure. It was the most fleeting glimpse. golden green creatures. There was a dull rumbling. gleaming. after a moment's scrutiny. but Dick did not altoHe was gether fancy the undertaking. The shallow well was writhing. but game. the boy began to There in his brown tight-clenched fist. lucky I've played short on the team so long. Those old heathen were It all seemed ridiculously easy. the still figure of a man lay face down and motionless. while Jerry held Ugh! What thorough. but it was enough to turn the boy faint alive and with sick. him he could Those old priests notice that sort of leering grin? It's as if he were waiting there like some old spider in a web. hanging over a shadowy pit that had opened at the Buddha's very feet. supported only by Jerry's. a lurked little canker of uneasiness. quiver and at last the final wire was severed. or something?" "I don't know. but still quite passable. one arm around his shoulder. one arm around the solid bronze neck of the idol. and leaning far forward. with disgust. "I alitself a "It's most missed it. Then his eyes fell on the wonderful emerald and his spirits began to rise. The creatures live for ages. more than equal to it. And there. He gave a cry of horror and a With sudden click dismay. being considerably lighter than his brother.can be still alive and and suffocating. old beggar from behind. "We'll attack the slipping off his coat. cluttered a little by fallen stones. for the bronze slab swung quickly into place again. glittering even in the shadows as if it held within saw gingerly at the delicate wires. while Dick gasped out a few shaking words of explanation." "Don't!" interrupted Dick hastily." . striking him on one shoulder. palm lay the great jewel. One was cut through then two more. we know that he don't move. for the emerald. a strange. whose bite he knew meant almost instant death. Beneath . Behind the seated Buddha there was a narrow space. amongst that multitude of crawling horrors." he said. snakes rustling." Jerry passed him his pocket knife. "It's fastened to the hand old man" anxiously. things belt. dropped the knife and clutched desperately at the glittering. At the last moment it was decided that Dick. but I should say not. feel the bronze arm yield and a little. he felt an uncomfortable shiver go over him. Jerry leaped across the platform first and Dick followed him." getting plan "There's nothing hard about that if you're warned before hand. You see.

And we feast. They may have such cause for thankfulness As we have found to-day. with prayer and On the best the fields afford. fox or Indian That is doomed to be undone? 1 am going to the forest. . We'll pray for those that shall be here When we have passed away. The descendants of our race. That when they shall take our place. 'Tis our For the mercies of the day of glad thanksgiving Lord praises. And the cony in the rocks To no shot from any musket this day have to yield.whither are you bound. Far across this frozen field. But the Indian and the fox. Is it rabbit. Captain Standish. with your gun.

THE GREAT BROWN BEARS OF ALASKA Ivan stands about 51 inches at the shoulders. personally. Of all the big and essentially dangerous wild beasts which I know brown bear is the most amiable and good-natured. . he weighs ahout 1. the Alaskan . and in his winter suit of long wavy.200 pounds. yellowish-brown hair he is as handsome a bear as we ever knew.

the okapi. it is a fact that it was not until 1896 that specimens were collected which enabled Dr. trappers one and that from 1871 to 1896 many Americans did likewise. does it not. Hart Merriam to introduce to the world the largest bears. will weigh anything between 1. the All-Wise. habiting the earth. and although Nor and sailormen. brown color. and entirely distinct from the grizzlies. As a rule. It was the first species inhabiting land that and most effectively it. There are several species. when we try to talk to a stranger about these animals. It is still more odd. however. one. And yet. Director of the New York becoming acquainted with large and very striking new species of wild animals. and short but very thick claws. that for a century or more the Russian governors. C. massive There rises huge heads. we are met by a blank look of inquiry. Merriam described it. greatest bears on earth.000 and 1. my mental vision a my reputation by 125 . blacks and polar. We acquired Alaska in 1871. Kadiak came Isin- even as late as 1896. priests. They are distinguished by we may say that the Alaskan brown bears are most numerous in the coastal regions of Alaska from Admiralty Island (near Sitka). the average American citizen has not yet had an opportunity to grasp them and hold on. giraffes the white mountain sheep of Alaska. Finding ! the largest carnivorous animals." with a 19 inches long. and the Alaskan brown bears. traders. is both wonderful and huConsider the cases of the three miliating. Briefly stated. and reappearing northeast of Nome. swinging around to Bristol Bay. and in Zoological Park skull THE stupidity of man. An "old he- picture of the saving of a brown bear cub. William T. before their build. Its known range embraces the Kadiak and Afognak Islands and the mainland of the Alaska Peninsula. on the Kobuk River. of British East Africa. and with it the most magnificent stock of bears possessed by any one country on the round earth. the overlooked all.Dr. enormous size. now in- is this bigness and general remarkability confined to a single species. high shoulders. Just how far the brown bears extend into the interior regions of Alaska is at present unknown. without a place in the system of nature. to public notice. Dr. The brown bears of Alaska form a group quite apart from other bears. skipping the barren lower valleys of the Kuskokwim and Yukon Rivers. and named it in honor of a Russian naturalist named Middendorff who should be celebrated because of the great number of Alaskan mammals that he did not discover It seems odd. pamphlets and many magazine articles have been written about them. and about fifteen specimens have been exhibited in captivity in New York and Washseveral ington.200 pounds.

The big brown bears are truly mountain bears. Your map must homes to catch salmon with the hooks that have still nature gave them.The Bear Cub to the Rescue In 1900 I wrought out as best I could a intended to show the distribution of the brown bears of Alaska. without warning. and swim upward to the highest available gravel beds to spawn. His native guide knows the lay of the land and the habits of the bears. I did rfTy best and accepted the risks. The mother weighed 1." Just one week from that day. and that none range up to the Yukon. One of them said: summer. and about 320 miles southwest of Point Barrow. put it up. I made bold to run the alleged "range" up to the lower Yukon River. And these bears another be changed. far beyond the mountainsides. when. Michael. treeless ranges that rise so quickly and so boldly along the Alaskan coast. and proceeded to do it violence. they devour quantities of tender green grass in the marshes of the low-lying valleys that border the trait in feeding. and now he is the big and very handsome bear whose portrait is shown herewith. S. a big bear is visible a long way. and at the same time To hunter living cub from the bear achieved the two. 126 . Bureau of Education who had the flesh at seen the dead mother weighed in Nome. However. but in captivity almost any bear may be tempted to eat a little fresh and tender bluegrass." Crestfallen vinced. said : but uncon* strange are quite right for it. I and humbly crushed. The white hunter achieves suc- who by strategy. there rolled into the Zoological Park a lusty Alaskan brown bear cub nine months old. In spring and The Alaskan brown (of critical disposition) jumped upon my map. when the salmon enter the rivers from the sea. but was extended northward far. It was a ticklish job. When conditions "I will send you and Dash a blank map of Alaska. two of my zoological friends map the Yukon River. Dr. I do not know of any other wild bear save the grizzly that ever feeds upon grass. Curious Taste in Food in bears that live withreach of the salmon streams of Alaska are confirmed fish eaters. even when it is youngest and tenderest. and I will salmon streams. the bears come down from their mountain "Your brown bear map is wrong. Our friend Dash says that the brown bears inhabit the coast region only. and the hunt is of necessity carried out on a grand scale. as a group. No one' can say what the uncertain future may bring forth in Alaskan brown bears. and they are most numerous in the high. as in many such cases. on the Arctic had bought her hunt them successfully in their high mountain fastnesses is a well-nigh impossible task. or on his to the treeless way to them. personally conducted by the self-same agent of the U. because of the scarcity of definite information and the abundance of critics. On the strength of the reports of skins of a "red bear" flowing down the Yukon valley to the traders at St. All went well until 1912. but for the present we may put him down as Farthest North. Merriam says that his name is Ursus innuitus. Owing and wide-open character of Ocean! it My map was not only saved intact. We bought that cub. Then you two mark out the range that you think is right. and he lived and throve. 300 miles northeast of Nome. Both mother and cub came from the Kobuk River.100 pounds. and her flesh sold for 15 cents per pound. and the real effort is to ambush or stalk the bear on his feeding cess chiefly grounds.

Against such a combination of native strategy. and crawled. 127 . in a systematic manner. high-power repeating rifle. captain of a A small sea-going vessel went back into some coastal mountains alone. was taken to the nearest hospital. and interfering with their industry. deliberately. is pointed out as an episode which must not be reenacted. nearly always gets his bear. Under this authority. hunters armed with imperfect weapons do not always come off so well. any species of wild Mouthed About by a Bear Not mammal or Killed a bear "accident" in eight years ago there occurred Alaska that stands ala bird that seems to be in danger of extermination. kill unrestrictedly brown bear for its skin.Many thrilling stories of bear hunting have come out of Alaska. Under the terms of the present Alaskan game act. The cattle-raisers of Kadiak Island (and An action of that kind enables even an un1^- skilled hunter fire a fatal shot. but we cannot believe that in order to protect that very young infant-industry it is necessary to remove protection from all the brown bears of Alaska. his condition eventually he recovered seemed hopeless. The Secretary holds that sportsmen have some rights in the taking of the remaining big game of North America. and without accident. the Secretary of Agriculture is given the power to protect. for a day's huntVery unexpectedly he was attacked ing. and came within reach of human As quickly as it could be done. on his hands and knees. so far as bear records are concerned. he started to crawl. by a large bear. and he knew that he must work himself within reach of the settlement or die. and at horrible leisure. the Secretary has decided that he is not justified permitting hide hunters to exterminate the finest carnivorous mammals of the in most without parallel. unfortunate Captain was about seven miles from the coast. the bear mouthed him from head to foot. or even less. which in a trice completely mastered him. hour after hour. and al- The by hide hunters. until at last he covered about five miles. deadly weapon and white-man accuracy. Department of Agriculture. from all his well-delivered yell. in order that the bears be killed by fur hunters for their hides. that believe and they act upon it firmly of raucous quality and enormous volume. to the incidental relief of the cattle industry. The of the American bison in its wild without having killed his victim. Without breaking his bones. S. Then the bear proceeded to bite his flesh. and a few that The native bear hunters are harrowing. a though wounds. the wild beast But native bear can hardly escape. and without tearing open an artery. For these two reasons thoroughly up-to-date. That the actual cattle-raisers are entitled to adequate relief from bear depredations. Finally the bear tired of the sport and left whole Western Hemisphere for hides worth $25 each. for any length of time. Being utterly unable to walk. A white hunter armed with ' a possibly there are others) pointedly claim that the big brown bears are killing their cattle to a serious extent. and therefore the hide hunters are forbidden to the Alaskan extinction state. he help. From this decision the fur-hunters and the cattle-raisers of Alaska now vigorously dissent. At this moment a bear controversy is on between certain of the people of Alaska and the U. they demand off taken may that the protective laws be the bears. and permit the hide hunters to exterminate them. will cause a charging bear to stop short and stand erect on his hind legs while he takes a look. as they easily could and would do in a short time. all fair-minded men will agree.

his grasping power. the largest carnivorous animal in captivity. are satisfied and happy. number cent of the whole bears are not our Except the two polars. It came about through a I cannot recall why mix-up of cage-mates. A his Bear Fight Almost to the Death Once we saw Ivan fight. had and much fun. our bears have in theirs. for ing and caging full-grown reconciled to become never them some of I wish I in my daily life one-half as as little worry of mind. the at artist-explorer of Mount McKinley. but never does Ivan abuse her.Tine Great Of Brown Bears of and that his proportions make him a model for the artist or sculpThe commanding portrait of him tor. keeper steps in he says. very rare. den and ever-ready bathing-pool. enter do the housework. east coast of the Alaskan Peninsula. He shot Ivan's mother and carried out her cub Now Ivan stands about 5 1 in his blanket. He plays fair. on May 24. but even then the evidences of satisfaction captivity. a dry will sufficient food for his hunger. Even the most indifferent visitor notes that his bulk 1 own size (at that time). If he has animal thus established bosh! I is a "miserable is not be wise for a keeper to It would come within a "suffering captive" prisoner" and all mention is it because just now a slight effort being made. The only exceptions are the two polars that were caught when fully adult. and in his winter suit hair he is as handwavy. armed with a broom. but at all events the 128 . and you have a model bear. the beasts wild Alaskan brown bear is the most amiable enormous. The idea that an sufficient room that Carl Rungius painted last year for the and Zoological Society is a masterpiece. because with the kindest intentions in the world he would want with a man in a way that could to play easily of the prove fatal to the party sec- ond part. well worthy of the finest Old Ivan able as he a is is as good-natured and reli- mean trait. Each day the two bear keepers. but they only contented in They wrestle. their captivity. as Ivan has for a cage-mate and companion a female bald-faced grizzly bear that is about one-half his size and strength. in bear captivity. He was caught by Belmore Browne. which have held at one time 17 species our star is old Ivan. of zoo animals. big and handsome. with a bear of It of long . As the Ivan comes to attention. That is it knows he below is being cleaned. firmly: "Go on up. yellowish-brown some a bear as we ever knew. he weighs about At our Bear Dens rises and Straightway the great beast with striking ambles off to the rear. is An Amiable Monster all the big and essentially dangerous which I know personally. Ivan. and an is merely well. I do not believe in catchanimals. and run. Fortunately such captures are not more than five per very. From that high point he the interested but passive spectator of he If domestic drama going on below. an quarters. "Ivan!" and down he sits again. to discredit all zoological parks. and an assortment of life-prepail. and scrambles and limbs of paws mighty play of his sleepup the rocks to the level top the cage when his spot ing dens. was a fearsome sight. inches at the shoulders. a change was made. Give him comfortable for exercise. and good-natured. ' grows weary and makes a move to descend too soon.200 pounds. As the lock rattles. or rob her of her food. shovel Ivan's cage to serving pick-handles. 1903. Get out of here first !' with life are unmistakable. Port Moeller Bay. we do not know it. and play until they grow so heavy that antics are no longer possible. by a few persons of feeble intellect. a keeper sternly says.

and the female grizzly shrank off in a corner. Presently the two fighters reared on their hind legs. and thus make a hole in the partition that would let him through. a full quarter of a to and they slammed those pickpieces. Alaska Peninsular. Not once did matched. Ad- YAKUTAT BEAR. each holding the other by a cheek. and the bears let go and fell apart. To be more exact. they strongly show the distinguishing character. either of the fighters swerve by a foot and Round and expose his body to attack. Island. round they raged. and mouth to mouth. All the Alaskan brown bears look very much alike. and evenly They fought strictly head to head. to give here the names and places of the species that are at this living in the Zoological Park and in doing so I will begin with the most southerly species we have. Ursus PENINSULA dalli. all of a sudden. Dr. Some are a light brown. then the keepers had their chance. middendorffi. Merriam declares that the skulls before him left him nothing else to do. 129 . all attention. they slipped in at the front gate. eulophus. Carrying their arms full of hickory pickhandles. and pick-handles.TSie big Alaskan joining female cage-mate of Admiral. At that time those two bears were of the istics of their group. smash it down and rush over it through the opening and into the next den. Admiral felt that that was not a square deal and it made him furious. out North American bears. And came from him And little pamphlet describand naming eighty-six species of Alaskan brown bears and grizzly bears! an innocent-looking ing And Dr. collection. however. If I should try to name even the best known species. reached the scene while he was act of finishing the job. At once he set to they meant to tear tl. no one would remember them for two hours. from him into Ivan's den. and give their characteristics. each one weighing about five pounds. Ursus miralty Island. was concentrated on Admiral. It is not amiss. terrified. but he did it! He did what a steam roller could not have done. Ursus innuitus. very steel The bars. who soon retired through the hole he had made into his own den and the fight was over. bears as if They yelled rt those was temporarily shifted cage. Ursus KADIAK BEAR. some are dark brown. The hickory hurricane was too much to endure. and in silence they waltzed and chewed. handles into them until they won. work to tear his way through in the the I Then steel partition and get into Ivan's cage. and set into heavy steel frames that were bolted into place. and work northward. moment ADMIRALTY BEAR. Admiral went to work with his great strength and his enormous claws to pull one of those woven bar panels out of its frame. and everybody was quite sure that those panels were strong enough to hold elephants. Ursus dalli gyas. KOBUK BEAR. Yakutat Bay. Merriam has been collecting bear skulls and For studying then. partition was made of flat woven closely together in a basket pattern. and some have dark legs and light bodies. The ends of the flat bars were fastened by bending them over while hot. I saw" him finish tearing that steel basket work out of its frame. And then in an instant Admiral and Ivan were in combat. Kadiak same size and weight. Kobuk River. brown bear abiding another in the ad- and took positions. It seems' impossible. Last year a startling thing happened. BEAR.

the ends should be notched as in Fig. in the center. 2. It is all so Indian and it brings sweet memories of boyhood days. The hair if this can be removed by simply plucking . I should judge that for the average scout. take a large squirhair. select a piece of timber as straight of grain and as free from knots To make a bow. and though I only two score years of age. for when the grain is cut The in the back the bow will break. a bow $% ft. would be about the right dimensions. but the Chero- kees invariably used either black locust or bois-darc. It should bend as in Fig. The northern tribes may have used ash. thickness width and depend upon length. ^ To make rel skin and remove the the string. at the ends and with a tuickness of y% in. be the outer surface with only the bark removed. the back should not be cut at all. across the knee and then cutting out the places that are too stiff. If I remember.By ]R. Longfellow had Hiawatha make his bow of ash. or a little less at the ends. long with a width of i in the center tapering to i in. and in the shaping. great changes have taken place in my counand try among my people since my boya AM tapering to I am ^ in. 3 and the whole polished with glass or sandpaper. in. Fig 4 The back of the bow should as possible. pletion the uniformity of the bend should be tested from time to time by bending knowledge of wild trail marks and signaling.o Cherokee Indian. it was our faith- bow. love to read of the Boy Scouts and their in- When the shaping is nearing com- their expeditions in the woods sight in the arts of woodcraft craft their and camplife. A large enough piece of timber should hood. There is one companion out of which we Cherokee boys had lots of enjoyment and I see no reason why the Boy Scout should not also enjoy ful it. After the proper shape and curvature is acit quired. i rather than as in Fig. the str :gth of the one who is to use it. I be used so that when the bow is finished it will be flat or with a slightly rounding back.

4. leaving no dangling end of string. straight grained piece of timber. I see no reason why good arrows could not be made of oak. cut this into a Much depends upstring Y& in. which are too brittle. place on the place the knee in the center To notch should be shallow and rounding 4 and should not be sharpened more than b in Fig. as a in Fig. Most any kind of feathers which are long and broad enough will serve except duck feathers. in width.5 The strands are then twisted together and a weight of about thirty pounds is attached to the other end. for general purposes. provided the ashes are not too strong. and wrap and tie with any permanent knot scouts are proficient in tying. with a pair of compasses. The best way to pre- smooth. row depends upon the individual and the use for which it is intended. or the skin may be soaked in wet ashes over night. : make A Fi'q. but we Cherokees used black locust or hickory. I think about 3 ft. When it is dry you will have a string that is pliant but exceedingly strong. Next stretch the skin and tack it flat and taut to a board to dry.done immediately after the animal is and is yet warm. describe and cut the largest possible circular piece. through the groove under the blade. We ground. use hawk. place the loop in end this the notch of one end of bow. This long string is then thoroughly soaked in water. and the hair removed with ease. after which it is doubled to a string of six strands. a good length. When and the bow is bend slightly slip the loop shoulders of the notch. 7_ and. beginning at the edge. of the bow and bring the other end up. A a straight grain selection of timber for arrows. cut it in lengths a little longer than you wish the arrows to be and split into pieces about 2 inches in diameter and with a draw-knife or a pocket-knife work down until they are perfectly round and about The length of the ary$ in. loop is formed at one end by s mply dividing the strands and by this it is hung to a spike or strong hook driven in a wall or a tree. on the uniformity of width and the smoothness of this strand. The the string the bow. serve this uniformity and smoothness is to cut a groove in the edge of a board to such a depth that the string need only be started and then the pelt can be placed in the groove and by holding a sharp knife blade across the groove in the right position and pulling the string. in diameter. already started. Longfellow had Hiawatha make arrows of oak. is especially essential in the Take Fig. the pelt will revolve against the blade and the string will be cut perfectly. eagle and turkey feathers. Split the stem and scrape out all pith so that it . not in use. is killed bending to the desired curvature. off the Then.

came upon us. A marksmen stands at the side of each pile and shoots. the next 9 and so on to the top. the exact center of the bow should be used. of exact form and weight and For attaching tie on as in a. at the stalks of the opPiercing the bottom stalk posing team. draw. scores 10. shaking bushes and now and then trying a shot. ten stalks high. and then the squirrel lay at our feet pierced through the shoulders. with his bow and arrows. then swing into position and shoot. One day while two other boys and I same judgment and tail practice as putting a on a kite. when it is desired to shoot with great force. hold the bow with the arm held perpendicularly. This center can be determined and indicated by a mark of some were busily walking around a tall hickory tree in the very top of which was a small gray squirrel giving orders to each other. he was the idol of every boy who knew him. c in Fig. feathers to arows we used deer sinew. now out of the question. wetting it with saliva and wrapping. 6. and in the scuffle of the dogs over the squirrel his arrow would be broken. a faint thud was heard high over our heads. A favorite amusement with the Cherokees is "Cornstalk Shooting. taking care that a smooth surface is maintained and that the ends are Of course. for no sooner in were the dogs leash than an arrow The played is often remarkable the stack seldom missed in an afternoon's contest. and after he took in the Grasp the arrow between the thumb and second joint of the index finger and hook the ends of the remaining fingers on the string to aid in drawing the bow kind. accuracy of the marksmanship dis- When I wanted to know what the dogs had to do with his ability to shoot a squirrel out of the topmost branch of a hickory tree he explained that the squirrel would be sticking on his arrow." Two piles of corn stalks are placed about one hun- we tauntingly asked him to try a Instead of appearing interested in the squirrel he seemed to be engaged in locating the position of things on the ground and then he calmly said: "Hold your dogs and I'll shoot 'im out for you. has more strength in the arm held perpendicularly over the head than when held horizontally. but I am sure a substitute can be made of one of the many excellent adhesive tapes on the market. one for each side of the arrow. We wisdom of did not have to wait long to see the this precaution. The whites gave him the name of Peter. kind and affable and. 5. They are piled between stakes so that they present a wall facing team of each other. despite the legend that he acquired his name killing negroes. deer sinew is tightly stuck. was to us sheer recklessness.will lie as close to arrow as possible The most shape as in Fig. 132 . wide with pointed ends. 7). He then became Peter Ah-kee-lah-nee-gah and to the whites and mixed breeds he was "TTi. In shooting. therefore." situation shot.cle Peter Kill-a-nigger. with a pile of wrinkles for a face and a voice that rumbled like distant thunder. taking a piece about 1-16 in. which because of the extreme height of the tree and the small size of the squirrel." He was dwarfish and stooped. Feathering an arrow requires much the my accurate bow marksman of acquaintance was an aged full-blood whose name was Ah-kee-lah-nee-gah. He was quaint. is whistled. b. in turn. It will be noticed that one (see Fig. dred yards apart. Uncle Peter.




sport to hiking go

the silver-gleaming snow,

hen soft and pure deep


Just shaken from the woolly skies,

The woods, which fall made dark and Are shining now, and rich and fair, Adorned with gems of snow and rime, The foliage of winter time;
like a misty sea


Whence fakes

both big and small

tumble, glide and

Is every field
it is



Delighting, kissing



While bracing west winds rush and


face the

snow whirls dancing


Peary's North Pole Sledge

Robert E. Peary, Discoverer of the North Pole





Eskimo Dogs
Marvin with Team


Eskimo Dogs

Peary's Ship

"The Roosevelt," Alongside a Glacier
Near Cape York

The Stars and Stripes

at the North Pole, April 1909


How Man

and Dog


the Great Battle with the Cold at the


of the


The goal is won. While desolation lies About the ageless axle of the earth; While robbed of warmth, the never-setting sun Circles above a world where life is not.



than 400 years ago, 1527, England sent out the first recorded expedition in search of






bitter, brilliant day,

the temperature 65

below the freezing

Eighty years later, in 1607, Henry Hudson made his historic voyage. From that time on for 275 years Great Britain held the record, slowly
pushing the record up to 83 degrees 20 minutes, north latitude.



Wide stretching ice fields, covering an ocean two miles in depth, a sky of blue, and a blinding sun sweeping slowly round the heavens, parallel with the horizon. A region into which in all the ages since the earth was born no hitman being had ever penetrated. The North Pole. The
splendid, glittering, frozen prize of centuries.

Then, in 1882, the lead came to the United States. Thirteen years later Norway went to the front, and in 1900 a member of the Royal house of Italy, the Duke of the Abruzzi, grasped the blue ribbon. Six years later the United States took the lead again, with a record of 87 degrees
6 minutes. So matters stood
in the spring of 1908, the Peary Arctic Club, of New York

Six fur-clad figures, representing three great races, the White, the Yellow, the


Black; five groups of splendid Eskimo dogs; five long, narrow, curved sledges; two little beehive-shaped snow huts in the lee of some upheaved ice blocks; and on the highest pinnacle of ice a flag waving The Stars and gently in the breeze




its last

North Polar

expedition. This club



men prominent

an organization made up
in business




some of them of

international repu-


and mine. Never shall I forget it; and I don't want you to, for it was the result of dreaming a dream, then working for the realization of the dream through twenty-three



expedition left New York on July 1908, in the steamer Roosevelt, built the Club, and commanded by Captain by


Robert A. Bartlett; was reviewed by President Roosevelt, and steamed northward,
arriving at

long years, with every energy of brain

Cape York, North Greenland,
were obtained and on August 18 country,
furs, etc.,

and soul and body concentrated on the one

in the



Eskimos, dogs,




briefly the story.



the Roosevelt steamed north through the narrow, ice-encumbered channels forming

American gateway to the Pole. Winter quarters at Cape Sheridan, on the north coast of Grant Land, 450 miles from the Pole, were reached September

years of history of Arctic exploration. The great lesson of the conquest is the infinite value of persistence and sound

The key to final success was experience. Every member of the party was fully
imbued with the spirit of two mottoes: "inveniat viam aut facial" (Find a way
or make one), and, "Hope for the best, but be prepared for the worst." Although this is the age of science, of invention, of wonderful progress, it is interesting to note that the North Pole was in the last stage (as was also the South Pole) by the two first machines on

Here the expedition wintered, hunting, making equipment, and transporting supplies westward to Cape Columbia. The first division of the Northern

sledge party left the Roosevelt February 15, 1909, the last division February 22.


entire sledge party left

Cape Colum-

heading due north, March I, the excomprising twenty-four men, pedition nineteen sledges, one hundred and thirtythree dogs. Four successive supporting parties, in command of McMillan, Borup, Marvin


earth, the human organism and the animal organism, man and the Eskimo dog,





returned at various interin command of Bartlett,

from the 88th parallel. The main party, under
five sledges,

my command,

men, forty dogs, pushed forward by forced marches to the Pole itself, where it arrived on April 6, 1909. Here, in the midst of great fields of heavy ice, covering an ocean two miles or more in depth, with the sun circling round
the sky day after day without setting, the Stars and Stripes were planted, and a

driven through such a chaos of natural obstacles as are to be found nowhere else on the face of the globe; and winning by pure insistence of the perfect man body, elastic, adjustable, animated and driven by that God-given flame of intelligence which we call the brain.
Boys, guard and given bodies as a
perfect adjustment.




Watch them and keep them

priceless heritage. clean and in

the bearings


with a piece of the flag. Returning, we left the Pole April 7, and after a series of forced marches releft

gained Cape Columbia April 23 and the Roosevelt April 27. July 1 8 the Roosevelt started south, and September 5 reached the wireless station at Indian Harbor, Labrador, whence the
.to message, Stripes North Pole," was sent flashing over the world. The discovery of the North Pole stands for the inevitable victory of persistence, experience, endurance, over all obstacles. It is the cap and climax, the finish, the of the on 400 book, closing

normal runget will health and hapning they give you and win a in the world, piness, you place and when the supreme moment comes, as it will to some of you, when everything of ambition and success rests in a supreme and sustained effort, then you can pull the throttle wide open, and let them drive you to your prize ahead of all competitheir

Then with




my dear "Clear friend, George Borup: brain, clean




creed of

body, persistence, a heart that will not accept 'no,' and you can win any prize."


remedies oft in ourselves do
ascribe to heaven.


Which we


fated sky

Gives us free scope; only doth backward pull Our slow designs when we ourselves are dull.




a clean

President of the Boy Scouts of


that you have


first is

and smiling

face, the

pledges were

taken the oath and promised to obey the twelve laws of Scouting. These
in the presence of witand brother Scoutmaster your Those few minutes of your life



a clear




healthy body, a wonderful invitation to every one around to look and be happy and This smile is cheerfully to do their bit.

and far-reaching

in its influence.


were momentous to you and to the lives of all those with whom you were to have dealings at home, at school, at work or at play, at college and in business, from that time and always. The eyes of your fellow

a sign of self-conquest, an emblem of leadership, compelling attention in its radi-

ation of cheerfulness.






upon you. eyes of a severe and critical world watch you, expecting and hoping for the fulfillment of the great things you have promised to be and to do.
scouts are


but made the world brighter and better and worn to show every one that in your mind and life there is hope, happiness, kindness and the courage to look, to say and to act the

yours, not made in a loom in the heart and worn to make


what does this promise really First, it means you have become

pledges you




moment you


to be a scout, to be a leader.

does that mean? It means that you have started out to be one who finds and shows a the way to others, one whose rules of life shine forth in deeds of helpfulness, of kindness, of bravery and of courage



Go forth, Scouts, with this smile, to win for your plan of life others who will smile with you. Carry it like an armor against
temptations, discouragements and difficulties. It will put you on the upward road It will win for you in many a to success.
struggle, in
all it

wherever you happen




among the very young, or the old and feeble, or the rich or the poor, at the home fireside or with strangers on the highways
for a day, or a week or a year, not while you are on duty with You your comrades, but for all time. have taken an oath to build in yourself a character that will withstand the temptations of evil doing, and that will shine as
in public places, promise for life not

many a dark hour. More than make you a leader by helping others
It will

to win.



Never take

be a service, a constant off the Uniform


you have made your

of the Smile.

Then there is the official uniform of the scout which carries to every one who sees it worn the full meaning of the tremendous
promises you have made when you stood up and repeated in the presence of witnessing scouts the Oath and Law of Scouting as your code of honor and duty to

an example of good citizenship. A scout has two uniforms, one he seldom doff*. The other he ofttimes dons.


God and your



Country, and to othtr When you first

Nothing is worth while winning and keeping in life that does not cause an effort a fight a struggle difficulties. Other boys are watching you scouts that are and scouts that may be. to be of service to your fellows no matter who they may be. MORAL- LY STRAIGHT. Obedient. Kind. Your Scoutmasters are all volunteers Fail They see your uniform. great plan of scouting fails. Courteous. scouts. or what self-denial or sacrifice you make on your own account. The burden is upon you to make all boys throughout the land wish to be scouts. Clean and Reverent. for it is a fight and a good stiff one at that to live up to your plan of unselfish service to others.donned this uniform you announced to the world that you intended to be a leader and to show forth in deed and word forever after that no matter what befell. your town or your countle try. Thrifty. calls to leadership. in a land that is to trust you. willing and happy to lend a helping hand to any one in need. with hope in thir hearts that you will win in the fight you have entered upon. Only these conditions of mind and body can give to you the needed power to live up to your pledges. Scouts. ure. You wear this uniform of Scouting with its emblems and badges as a declaration to every one everywhere and always that you are ready. Loyal. The people about you know what you have undertaken to do. You are a Leader. everywhere. country you since your I They watch you Scouts! Be Prepared! Fail not . They want giving up freely their leisure and lives to serve and to help you by their leadership to go straight. your litones over yourself and your big ones for your village. hind you and out of your life in You put bemany things People are glad at your victories. Go that forth. is BE LEADERS by your opin a world PHYSICALLY and STRONG. the manly courage of leadership you showed when on you promised to keep They worth all the service and sacrifice we can give. with anxiety. Make nineteen hundred and twenty the greatest year for boys and for Scouting hood of Boys America the world began. which you once sought pleasure and said to the world. The them not! If you fail. you had pledged yourself to be Trustworthy. Don't forget that when you put it on you become a Leader by the example of your life. MENTALLY AWAKE. Brave. enthused portunities. Helpful. respected and honored on account of what the boy does and says who Don't dishonor it by faillives within it. YOUR HONOR yourself are glad to know of the courage in your heart. against trials and The day you made these promises was one of the most solemn and one of the greatest days in your life. Friendly." You became a Leader. to be leaders yourselves in a plan of life that is worth while. Cheerful. we all fail. see to it that this uniform is. "I am going to make my life useful to the people I live among and LEAD others to do as I have promised to do. The world about your world experts the great things of you that you have promised to be and to do. looking to open a great Brotheras the hope of humanity.

Pa. quick and agile as a cat. The Lewis Wetzel knife was not in- vented by that long-haired Indian slayer. with long hair almost reaching to the ground. Lewis awoke his brother and they took to the tall timber. but was purchased at the ten-cent store and named after the famous Scout by the boys of Troop No. they needed arms and once more he turned . then he bethought him that little feet. consequently their ingenuity and skill was highly developed and they sometimes even made their own guns and knives. made by the smith. of Pike County. an athpersonality. ON the old frontier there were no a striking and unique a real wilderness man. to the Indian camp and took crept back the Indians' moccasins and again started on his way. by the way. supple and powerful.E blacksmith shops. Who was Lewis Wetrel? you ask. The famous Bowie Knife was not invented by Colonel Bowie but was made by a whitesmith from Philadelphia for the doughty Colonel and adopted by the latter whose name the weapon still bears. all utensils were either made by the pioneer or purchased from some wandering Indian trader. hence they either traded pelts for goods or went without. no tanneries. fellow kept pace with his captors and never whimpered but stoically trudged along the trail. garbed in fringed buckskin clothes and bearskin hat. no stores of any sort. but when the knives were finished he chose the design playing around the yard of their father's log cabin when he saw a rifle peeking at him from around the corncrib. the little the wound. Well. old frontiersmen. But money was almost an unknown article among the hardy Buckskins. With the instinct of a wild animal he sprang backwards just as the rifle cracked and the bullet tore a gash clear across his little chest. did give the smith a pattern drawn on brown paper. Lewis and his brother were lete. then the two Indians rushed out and capIn spite of the pain of tured the boys. he was one of the most picturesque of the While the Indians slept. Like most of the other buckskin knights he also was captured by the Indians when he was a barefoot boy. but the briars and sticks cut their tough so Lewis left his brother. Colonel Bowie. I.

and was shot by the concealed foe.a final back. It Wetzel to go back after was a dangerous under- do not mean one of those sharp-pointed murderous weapons which most boys consider necessary. and. believ- three of his pursuers. the fourth Indian then gave up the chase with the remark. secured the redmen's guns. rope. big game on our hikes. Fig. seldom returning from the woods without a number of scalps. the four Indians in pursuit drew so near that Wetzel. When we say possess a hunting knife we One day man named Indians. after his father was slain by a savage. i. but all of us like to eat on our hikes and a knife and sheath at our belt is very handy with which to prepare food. horse at a place called without much trouble. To illustrate this the Chief has pulled a piece of bark from a dead chestnut tree." and again the buckskin-clad in long-haired. but the difference between Mills and Wetzel seemed to be that Wetzel was in we do not perfectly aware of the danger and Mills thought of nothing but his horse. for wolf scalps. That in itself was not considered brutal in those days when even authorities used to pay a bounty on Indian scalps just as they do now. Wetzel was a great hunter and hunted with Simon Kenton and other great woodsmen. of bark. fearing the tomahawk. and if is too expensive and there are no old leggins from which to cut out a scabbard. then or even a knife to use kill taking.out should possess a hunting knife and a scabbard." Wetzel hunted Indians thereafter as if they were wolves and not human beings and was very successful in his hunts. a good scabbard can be made of the bark of a tree. spit of his gun a blow which shook the powder out of the touch hole into the pan of his flint lock and be was ready for the next Indian. In these days of smokeless powder and noiseless guns such a thing would be easy for any good runner. 5 leather 140 . binding or thread. piece Fig. ran out to get it. Mills. the consequence being that when Mills saw his horse hitched to a tree. flint-locks it was a The Lewis Wetzel Knife To-day very expensive. in fleeing from the at left his had Indian Spring. not a knife with which to fight. Wheeling. "Him gun agile. He had filled his mouth full of loose bullets and as he ran he poured the powder from his flask into his rifle. where after made some this manner he loaded as he ran and killed startling adventures they safely arrived. 3 shows how to strip off the inside bark with which to make string. but neither Simon Kenton nor Daniel Boone were Indian haters such as he. Wetzel met a Mills who. struck the stock one must make a sheath for it. but in the days of the muzzle-loading wonderful feat. One can buy a knife like the one represented in Fig. bleeding game. There were four Indians who ran after Wetzel but he was a champion sprinter and ran like a deer. with his luxuriant locks still growing on his own head. in some places. In in a bullet. we do not fight Indians on our hikes. became an Indian hater. yet every s. and besides not always obt? nable when one is in the woods. induced the animal. Fig. Nevertheless. Wetzel grew up to be a great Indian fighter. is Leather that leather is . 4 at any ten-cent store. we take no scalps on our hikes. slice bread and split small sticks for kindling wood. backsafety woodsman reached Wheeling ing in that ferocious saying that "the only good Indian is a dead Indian. always loaded. in spite of Wetzel's warning. but a knife which is handy to use in camp with which to cut bacon. 2 shows the inside of this Fig. turned and shot one of his pursuers. and break for home.

hold Fig. 7. then take a large nail. thus securing the knife in the scabbard so that it will not be lost gether. and sew down to the toe of the scab- twisted. may be cut from an old shingle. 8 them through the holes at E. 6. the stitches are made. are allowed to dangle. until it when one is stooping or running. and it may be covered with birch bark. as they are in Fig. 10. 9-6. Figs. we can make a very neat piece of work by using ordinary pins. canvas or birch bark. A and B. then drawn tight and tied with a square knot. Fig. 12. it alongside of a pin. made from the inner bark of the chestnut. 9. or a thin piece of wood of any kind. then bringing the two ends together and allowing the fiber to twistitself together into a thread. with which to tack the two pieces of the wooden scabbard After the together. 10 and n. pins are driven in with their points protruding from the opposite side. and so on down to the toe of the scabbard shows the top of after the scabbird the two If this pieces are fitted to- where the two ends.shows nut tree. shows the manner in which Fig. which when taken out of the moist earth are as pliable Or one may 141 . the or cedar of outer bark g-A. but to look neat and workmanThen if like. Fig. a knife from the ten-cent store with a scabbard tree. not for the purpose of ornament but so that they may be brought up. and thus clinched so as to not only be firm and secure. 1 1 use the rootlets of tamarack growing in the swamp. 12. in a and hammer the pin bends loop ovci the nail. 8 and 9. but the birch bark should be sewed with fiber thread. which to cover the wooden one. cord or rope of double the thickness of the one first To do this we begin at the point C. of good leather we can make an outside scabbard. Fig. and wrapped around the handle of the knife. fibers made from securely the the bark of a chest- from Figs. twine or string. Fig. we are milkweed. Fig. 6 and 7 bound together with same show through the holes punched for that purpose at D. with 10. You note we run both ends through the same ho'-s. The wooden scabbard. then the pin may be driven into the scabbard. Fig. we propose to cover wooden scabbard with leather. Beginning at C we run the two ends of the thong A and B bard. which one may make by ends site fortunate enough to have a piece twisting the two in the oppodirection. then pull them out on oach side of the leather and again run the inside pieces of the bark with a space cut out for the blade of a knife. Figs.

knife scabbards. like the rest of us. in the clear. everything about it must be "woodsy". but there is a little orange and black woodcrafter that builds its nest of string No Not only are these things good with which to sew. and with it he made a rope the size of an ordinary clothesline. and with which to do up bundles. which could support him without danger of breaking. articles manufactured of such material should be sewed or stitched with material one can find in the woods. but one may also use them for ropes with which to bind together the logs of a raft. Tumult down from the hill! Drifting of fleecy clouds overhead. then plunged to drink Wood-smoke scent on the breeze. Laughter and shouts at the river's brink.l thing. Padding of feet on the trails. or the rugged bark of other trees. no human being showed him. one showed the Chief how to use the milkweed. Lengthening shadows out of the west. Droning of bees in the clover bed. Notes of a bugle shrill. and it is there that the Chief discovered that the want to mix up manufactured articles from town with the pure. we do not and yarn. because sentiment and art are two things to be observed in all our work. Naked bodies that gleam. The Chief also discovered that the vireo was using the inner bark of the chestnut with which to make its cup shaped nest. Bacon diffusing alluring zest. cool stream. Red glowing coals of a dying fire. and ever since then he has used this bark for string or rope wherever chestnut trees were handy. Stirring of birds in the trees. Delight Glimpses of khaki in forest aisles. but in the wilderness. or as fiber to be used as raffia in basket making. To make a homemade scabbard of this kind one must make it look like the rer. Drowsy sounds in the grass. Winging in muffled flight. 142 . for a boat or a canoe. Uneasy movement where low mists lie. and you will find that the outer bark does not break and may be stripped off into silk-like threads. Burning a hole in the night. Poised for an instant. Dallying breezes that pass. that is. Baltimore oriole was using milkweed fibers with which to build its hanging nest. or as material with which to jraid a belt. which can be twisted together and used as thread with which to sew ditty bags. Chirr of a blackbird where water smiles. Take the stalk of any of the common milkweeds and break it. in the shade trees of the village streets. aromatic birch bark. he must use material he finds in the woods. when he can find it. etc. Flashes of brown in the ordinary string. Horned owl bent on his mission dire. Paling of stars in the eastern sky. Beads and brass bells are made for trade with savages and hence are not out of place. and the Chief immediately began to experiment with the inner bark of the chestnut.

But even the fascinating sport of throwing snowballs at an empty oil can which had lodged against a cake of ice could hold his interest for a few minutes Then." fallen The next afternoon. "If you hadn't missed five what his brother says we'll all need gas masks. are to th' wit man! Foine! ye stay great . not trance. :at invitation to the Christmas house party at General Lowell's. the thought of rich chocolate and layer cake spurring him on." "What is it your brother says?" asked Antidote Jones with sweet malice. he rememonly. " brother says "Stop him!" yelld the Owl from a My pending visit. and four huge slabs of layer cake. as the referee's whistle shrilled the end of the match. so he betook himself thither as fast as his long legs could carry him. There'll be no What's the matter living with 'em now. he had money in his pocket." retorted the Clown angrily. where he stood on the stone bridge which "I'm sorry. "Ever since he had i. "House spanned the river by the Bemis Knitting Mill.Illustrated by Judy Collins THE puck slithered across the ice. feeling hungry. "if he gets Caroming from the side boards to the clutches of an eager Plata Date forward." chanted the Clan as the Clown went out slamming the door behind him. it was whirled back toward the Clan's goal. after recitations. "but really crest- partyitis. he's been worse than useless. most wonderful of all." "The trouble with some people around After three cups of steaming chocolate. Slippery." replied the Clown. hopping around rupted on one foot. bered he was in the vicinity of Nannie's cottage. with the knowledge of his poor playing of the day before still rankling in mind. She listened patiently. as he turned up the collar of his ulster. bench in front of the fireplace. because they weren't invited. missing the Clown's hockey stick by a scant inch. It's gone to his head. "is they are sore. and beaten them in the overtime period. the Clown. Now the Plata Dates cop the club league. Clown? You've been in a trance for a week. and he's taken to studying nights. and that. started on that pass we'd have tied the score. "You poor ham!" growled Slippery Elm minutes later as the mortified Clown was tugging off his hockey shoes in the skating house. "If it hadn't been for General Lowell the Germans would have captured Paris. while he rummaged in his locker for his street clothes. with you anyhow. exclaiming when he finished: "The saints bless him fur stopAnd tu think pin' thim murtherin' divils." interSkeeter Robinson. piled high with whipped cream. Missed three shots at goals this afternoon. he so far forgot his woes that he told Nannie of his im- here. walked out to the end of the village. They were chesty enough before.

at the corner of her apron. it's great tales Foine be telling old Nannie next turm.Master Stone. "Mayspeak to the fellows we can raise enough to send you. Master * or' love ye' I'll not take charStone. she slammed the door as he stood kicking at a little do?" Yis. ye. he's out o' danger. lined with concern. liant idea flashed exclaimed the Clown. for if I After three cups of chocolate and four huge slabs of layer cake. and her gnarled fingers tugged "He'll not. for he of the old Irish woman. Master Stone. ity even to see me bye. Christmas. press his indignation at the misfortune that had befallen his old friend. Tim was hurted bad last said." he continued as a bril- be through his brain. an' travelin's awful dear nowaat days. what a shame! You'll be going down to see him? He's getting along all right. Reluctantly. but I can't go tu him. and to prevent the sound of her grief from reaching his ears. praise th' Saints. he forgot his woes' week He's Boston now. that's a crime." he "Tim'll be home. Nannie. me lad and gude luck to ye." Her old voice broke." 1 ye'll too 1" The Clown paid her. Master Stone. isn't he? Anything I can in th' in th' 'orspital in factory where he wurks. 144 ." "Gee. Nannie. kicking viciously at lumps of ice in the road to ex- winter. Merry Christmas. no. Nannie." "Ye'll do naught o' th' kind. I suppose?" Nannie's bright old eyes began to blink suspiciously. his red face was very fond "Say. "Merry Christmas and Happy New Year. he walked down her path and turned toward the village." "Why. Trade's been poor this edging of icicles that fringed her "Thank top step.

while the Clan was gulping milk shakes at Gus's. leaving the Clan gaping after him in open-mouthed astonishment. "I'm going for Doctor Meggs. Didn't she pull me through typhoid bench where he lay sprawled. but one afternoon a week before vacation. if ever your Latin gets a bit hard. for which mishap Gus promptly assessed him an extra fifteen cents." That evening the Clown called upon when we had the "Go to thunder. for the Clan singly and ensemble never missed a chance to inquire about his chum the General. "I've got to. and old Nannie will bless you unknowingly until her dying day. "Are you sick?" inquired the Owl sweet- let back in an inside pocket and walked on in the fast settling dusk. have been a cinch to have raised it. Quickly he stuffed the wal- Then drew out you? He made a speech in not long ago in which he said " you'd been in France with him "Shut up!" cried the miserable Clown. looking at the check for fifty dollars his grandfather had sent him for his expenses to the General's house party. an elusive enemy half-back had a clear field." replied the Clown as he stalked majestically out. Startled. and it would charity. "Tell her the Lord sent it. I'll be glad to give you a lift. "Good night!" he roared. religious as can be." For the next few days the Clown maintained a discreet silence about the house party. you and the General are great pals. finally he stopped. "Not going after in a all. The old priest chuckled. so seemed to the Clown. Sport Scully asked him when he started. as he went to the door with his visitor. if it hadn't been for her I'd 'er croaked sure.As he walked." he thought. aren't New York if he stopped short and stealthily his pocketbook. in a close game with form. I got to. "I'd not be far wrong if I did. terribly embarrassed as he arose to go. "Why. Her wit and sunny good humor soon endeared her to the whole school. a covered basket filled with fruit and small packages of candy upon her arm and a smile upon her honest Irish face that went straight to the heart of the home- had come to sick boy. that's all. "Darn it !" he exclaimed. You've done a good turn to-night. and undying fame had been won by her when. until he began to hate the very name of General Lowell. and every trained nurse in the county had a case she Sat up night after night couldn't leave? and Doc Meggs told me afterwards. The next few days were agony to the Clown. Nannie's too game." he said. he thought nie of how Nan- Sweetwater in the fall of his "prep" year and how he had been the first to discover her one afternoon after football practice standing on the steps of Morgan Hall. you've been blowing about this house party for a month." interrupted Antidote Jones. Hull." Nannie's popularity had waxed great at Sweetwater. screaming at Slippery Elm who was in hot pursuit: "Stop that spalpeen or I'll not darn yer socks any more!" "What an almighty ass I was to have blurted that out about getting the fellows "She won't take to chip in. By the way." ly from a epidemic. she danced up and down upon the side lines. "I think. Sport dropped his glass upon the floor. Then his steps grew slower and slower. my son." "He's got bubbles in his think tank. when he had poor attempt to recovered his power of speech. many ages ago it now in the upper night." replied the Clown seem unconcerned. "Not going! Why. Nannie's as 145 . Good Since that day. and to wish that in some miraculous manner he Father Kelly. It's blamed hard but I got to." he said shaking hands.

After the other boys left. Sport dropped his glass Latin. When he walked through the corridors of the dormitory. "I chucked it 'cause I'm way behind in his about the deserted school as a cat haunts an empty house in which it has known days of happiness. And as the days He was bashful homesickness descended dragged tediously by. tried his best to pump him. home the in Virginia." I'm going to stay at school and The simple expedient of telling his club- ery of the days when the building was a humming hive of banging doors. after time he found himself thinking grandstand. whistles and the rapid patter of hurrying feet. his home in Vir- Slippery Elm. the sound of his footsteps on the bare floors reechoed mournfully in his ears as though in mock- Startled. upon him and jf his own generosity and afraid his schoolmates would think he was playing to the wrapped him Time of his in its pall of malignity. he prowled On 146 morning of the third day before . the Varsity half back and roommate. but all he got for his pains was the reply.the Aid might be transported to ginia. mates what he had done the Clown never considered for a minute. study.

whom he secretly suspected of having invented the ukalele. he turned right so as to into the it the smeary cut was caught the caption. A jail would be lots better in this weather. Reaching forth his hand he parted the branches enough so he could peep through. hill into a rocky it Clown decided gorge where the was not worth while to He yawned. blessing his scout training that enabled him to pick his steps without danger of making a noise. So he let the branches slip into place and backed his way village at a to determined report his swinging lope. the Clown knew he had not seen him. a face appeared at the window not ten feet away. a former janitor who had been discharged by the faculty for selling his how of spruce that grew close to its rear wall. but he remembered a cave two hundred yards up the hillside He ^47 . Then at his his glance roved to the paper lying feet and the picture of a negro looked at his watch and decided to on to the cabin. the face of the negro whose picture he had seen in the paper that very morninto the He wormed his worked ing. started toward the through Baxter's WOOL. push As he topped the rise that lay between him and the little building. with a glance of disgust around the room." afternoon it for somestopped snowing and. came upon a negro. from the expression in his eyes." The Clown picked up the his eye. anyway. he track of a fox. and. he showed poor judgment. to he started off on a hike do. he tramped steadily along. off Thinking some a place of refwoods on his tramp had made the cabin uge. intending to get a glimpse of the intruder through a rear window which was only a beyond some growing young trees." he muttered. thing restless The man glanced up at the sky and. "Discovered trying to fire the school farm. Carefully he crept along. there's company there clump of spruce and way through it to within a few feet of the open space between the trees and the rear of the cabin. discovery two hundred his gone yards pace slackened until it dropped to a walk. had no idea of how he was going to accomplish his task. he was surprised to see a wisp of smoke curling up He from its mud chimney. The fox tracks followed this trail a short to a small cabin the "> gro and deliver him over capture the the sheriff wituout any outside help." he added. "If Jim escaped. they sometimes spent week-ends. the paper slip to the floor. he was not his fireplace reading the daily but. as the paper says. with one of the masters. following it in the dustlike snow until he reached the trail that led up came to a dead stop. before he had to the but sheriff. Above approach from a clump paper and read the half-column story of the night before a watchman had. distance and then twisted down the side of the follow. When the Clown finished. man's approach. By i the spring jund the fresh For an hour. letting enjoying himself. few feet especially thick the football team's signals to a rival skulking about the barn at theschool farm with a huge can full of oil which he dropped as he fled at the watchschool. "Cheerful day. Then he In the middle of the He out of the thicket. "it couldn't be worse than this. half way up Bald Top. He was going to to' Clan had built tht year before where. he tossed the paper general direction of the waste basket and sauntered over to a window against which the in the snow was driving. As he did so. and for a few minutes sat staring into the wood fire. in rounds of the Academy buildings.Christmas the Clown was huddled close to paper not being interested in the internal politics of the Lithuanians or home rule for the Ukrainians.

"I'm a fool. The cabin was built with a large living looked at his watch. burrow- beside it. Finally. Not a sign of a light showed in the little building. for the wind had changed and was now blowing directly -into the he sped through the night. Then he gave his face a liberal coating. handful of cartridges at the bottom of the had left locker in the shed. thinking. was half-past eleven. he revolved in his mind his plan of action. Ten feet from the entrance he the cave dry as a bone. session of the all and get posgun before the negro woke mess into which his obstinacy was driving him and yet determined to see it through. thinking of He how he could accomplish his wild design. going over and over again the details he had determined to follow in seeking to gain an entrance to the cabin without arousing its occupant. then. would be well. the heat from the fire making him drowsier and drowsier. Was there anything in his pockets he could He chuckled aloud as his hands use? a struck big wad of sulphur matches for he remembered a trick he had played on Pompey. in the rear of which was a smaller room or shed used for cook- There ing and. until it attained the right consistency. For several minutes he waited. hating the Furthermore. crossed the narrow open space and stoc'd close against the rear wall. As Then he burrowed deeply into the leaves again." But he possessed a good sized streak of obstinacy and once he tried to do a thing. he hated to leave it unfinished. at one end. getting his nerves under control. Ferris grew colder and colder. An hour of his vigil dragged by. found ankle on its a cor- heads Quickly he stripped the sulphur a into them mixed and matches his from melted soft paste by adding snow. If he could enter the shed. It He and sleeping room. then a second passed slower even than the first. three hours he must wait before he dared make his raid upon the cabin. he cap. "to try to capture that fellow. with a thick. mouth of the cave. the fire he had died down to a red bed of embers and his arms and legs were stiff and cramped with the cold. then sliding along He woke Keeping with a start.igers. his hands. and the Clown's buoyant spirits began to droop. his way through it silently as an Carefully he parted the branches of the trees nearest the cabin. into He may slip a knife me. so he decided to go there his feet. being careful not to get any in his eyes. the cabin wall. for storage. he shook off the and leaves stamped abo^t to get warm." he thought. his grandfather's old colored butler. a between the two rooms whi'ch door was had no lock and the Clown had in his pocket a key to the outer door of the smaller room which opened toward the clump of spruce.that he and Slippery Elm had found the summer before. holding the mixture in the palm of one hand while he stirred it with his fi. he lay ful for its warmth. he pillowed his head on the soft leaves. he knew an old shotgun and a Mr. he preferred not to think of what might happen. he raised his eyes stealthily 148 . Scrambling to and perfect a plan of campaign. Next he put out the last remnants -of his daubed fire and glided out -into the darkness. in the shadows cast by the trees. He lay curled up in his bed of leaves. removing his ran his fingers through his hair. shivering. He reached the clump of spruce and wormed Indian. It was only eight o'clock. It He glanced at his watch. If not. deep carpet of dead leaves spread floor and a bundle of dry wood in ner. Soon he had a fire blaring and. grateing into the leaves.

The negro was snoring. he almost shrieked aloud his Snorlaughter. One he plumped into the breech of the gun and then. gun and was feverishly unwinding its wrappings of oily rags. where the embers of an Gradextinct fire gave off a faint glow. laws a massy!" the black groaned shadowy form sprawled underneath a heap of blankets on one of the. tucking his cap in his pocket. Suddenly weird sound reached his ears and he ducked his head below the window a sill.above the sill of one of the living room windows and peered within. A dab with his right hand into the locker. inserted it in the lock and turned it. as the sound of the negro's regular snoring reached him. At first. Then. Two steps brought him to the In another instant he had the shot- trembling with excitement. and his fingers grasped some cartridges. ually. door. all he could distinguish was the almost fireplace. laws. A horrible creak broke the stillness of the night and he froze in his tracks. he pushed open the Oh discerned a bunks. locker. realizing what it was. of a steamer's with the fog regularity ing horn. He tiptoed to the corner farthest from the fireplace and sat down on the '149 . Again and again he heard the noise. and at last he Crouching on the threshold he waited. he picked out various familiar articles of rude furniture. grew accustomed to the darkness. as his eyes Drawing the key from his pocket the Clown crept around the door. then. he glided into the living room.

" "Before ten?" "I quickened his the road the in when they reached Clown was having difficulty guess we can pay you by then. There's a hundred dollars' reward offered for the capture of this bird. "To the right." lowing. with a terrific Some disguise. "Oh! thought Oh!" he at first chortled. followed." he added. "None o' that. shuffling ahead with the Clown fol- later the sheriff opened the door. slipped a pair of handcuffs on the wrists of his prisoner. and then. Walden ! Mr. "What the blazes do you want?" glowered the sheriff. Walden !" the carve out your liver and eat raw before Clown called. keeping up with him. his bunk. Say. Ten minutes later they reached the sheriff's house. forth a blood curdling screech. Forgetting for a moment his role of the devil. Mr. the table. Moaning with gered to his feet His hands shook so that he could scarcely draw the bolt. began to roar with laughter. We've wanted him for two months. but finally he got it open and stepped out into the night while the howl. the devil!" hollow tones. hurdling the low fence at the roadside." said the Clown. Come down to court in the morning. at the same time knocking a tin pan fell off been tricked and. At fully intervals." "I'm sure sheriff as it'll be all right. I caught the fellow that tried to set fire to the school barn. then went the Clown's gun and a of bird shot whistled above the charge Bang! as he saw. looking at the Clown. "You come back here and march right intown ahead of me. or I'll fill you as of holes as a piece of Swiss cheese. Massa Debil." the Clown bellowed when they reached the path that led to the village and the negro turned as ordered. "Oh." replied the he closed the door. and fright. good ah ever done to you ! Finally a window on the second floor Massa Debil. the top of which waved hair of streaming fire. slobbered in "Get up 1" the Clown thundered. will you?" The window slammed shut and a mo- bones with a glowing my fiery fingers. the negro obeyed. the negro stagshuffled to the door. 150 . not so fast. "Sure thing. "this has been a good night's work for you. the black man banged open and a head was thrust out. "Gee! I were a you jack-o-lantern. I'll tear your flesh from your Come on down. "It's Stone from the Academy. fugitive's head bringing him to a halt." roared the Clown. "I start for a Christmas house party at eleven. "Hey there." to full "Oh laws. you see. The negro bounded from to his knees. The Clown replied in "Come from the pit to it Muttering savagely under his breath. what Let me be." Like a flash." his fright. from grinning. the negro realized he had What's the rush?" "Well." and he waved ment hand before him.back of a wooden chair with his feet in its He drew a long breath and then let seat. Good Debil. "No. the Clown howled mournand after each howl the negro so pace that "What!" gasped the Clown. son. laws a massy!" the black groaned. he panted." "Oh. started off across a field like a scared rabbit. your eyes. "Open that door and walk straight ahead. Indeed the negro was having a hard time to restrain himself from breaking into a run. Clown. apparently the floor and the between half way floating a skull. If you turn around. glowing ceiling.

brother scout. when you held your hand at salute and promised. and eating all the candy and nuts and apples you Mr. Now we down to a regu- of doing good to others. and camping. what do you you say that 'Christmas and Scouting are one and the same?' It seems to me that Scouting is hiking.T? CAVr. It is the to feeling Now. On Christmas folks forget their enmities. For. what makes Christmas seem so different from any other day in the year." To keep yourself strong so you in. Hey. and it makes They show MERRY generosity. that? could lick some other boy. you remember that day when you joined the Boy Scouts. We're ready and willing to give you a lift With anything needed a tree or a gift. will a couple of CHRISTMAS! them this feel jealousies. in order that you may you want to keep yourself order that you may not become be able to resist any vicious and unpro- . I said the spirit of Scout- strong in a burden on others on account of your weakness." Well. smiles. on your honor.ESC OUT BY THE KJ. their dislikes In spirit they're really and their petty Well. and studying nature and first aid and things like that." name. though Scouting and Christmas may differ in ing and Christmas are one and the same. Ah. here we are back in the old Cave. And it does seem good to be tosort of a big family reunion at gether Christmas time. 5COXJT Christmas! with shouts! We greet you with songs and The bulliest day in the year to all Scouts! Your errand of mercy and joy through the land. or take unfair I advantage of him? Not for a minute ! know that can hold. singing songs. Christmas is the one day in the year when people come nearest to living up to that commandment. "Say. that you would do your best to spirit of service Do Scout. Cave meanwhen "help other people at all times?" Then you continued: "To keep myself What was the idea physically strong. that's the stuff! ! I call this solid com- can settle lar old-fashioned confab. changed feeling in acts of kindness and by friendly words and kindly And when millions of people get fire? you fellows throw some dry vood on the Heap it up and let 'er roar! What do we care for expense this is Christmas I and acting that way it creates a That is spirit that seems to fill the air. fort then. one and the same! Weil. Yes. And Christmas is giving and receiving gifts. I'll Have you try to explain it for you. help yourselves to the apples in the barrel over there by that bear skin. ever heard of that commandment: "Love ! thy neighbor as thyself?" "Why of course Everybody has. different inside. I guess you didn't "get" me at all. We appreciate fully and quite understand.

Come away with me now on the long winter trail! Ho. unlike that of Napoleon's. The Out hoary old wind from the North of the arctic waste. white. was a "good turn" hike. a short mackinaw belted at the waist. outfit That's the kind of universally that is almost There's an undefiled blanket of snow every- where. a pair of heavy socks long ones to pull over the reaching to the knee trousers. It came about in this way. mentally you figure on mental alertness for using your driving a sharp bargain with some other fellow less keen than yourself. That's the Scout idea the spirit of service of doing good to others. There's health in the open And when you promised Ho! Come trail! with me now on course not. except that some substitute oiled shoe-packs for the rubber shoes. just fifty-six years ago this winter. so a call was issued for volun- derives teers and two hundred men from com- . MR. barren is abroad! and vast. a name which in road. there's ice on the streams. The authorities knew the trip would be a severe one. on the Missouri river. This was one of the severest winter marches ever under- So come with me nova over hill. hills and the fleecy- There's music to And me in the squeak of the fnow. Rushing with fury a terrible blast! into the gale! the long winter Come along with me now push Come along with me now on trail! Oh. Flinging their pellets of sleet as they fly! The snow-wreathes are slithering swift in the taken and as the it is known Moscow from Minnesota history expedition. invasion of Russia by Napoleon. CAVE SCOUT. over vale. weed Is burdened with rubies and diamonds for seed. dred-mile hike across the plains in twenty below zero weather? That is the kind of a trip that was made by two hundred Minnesota boys. in hardwith the disastrous winter ships suffered. did you? Of self arch's might. but most of all because you Their blankets of fight. But this expedition. is what kind of for a an outfit hike?" best winter I like a light suit of underwear. and a pair of stout rubber shoes. and the Cave Scout's Dad was one of the boys in the party. mittens. crystalline silence reigns. there's zest in the air. the storm-clouds are tumbling in the sky. to keep yourdidn't awake. the gurgle of streams as they hurry below its comparison. THE LONG WINTER TRAIL Ho.voked attack. Your thought was to use what brains you possess in helping to make the world a better and happier place in which to live. were in a starving condition and that unless supplies were sent immediately they would die of hunger. rounded Of the snow-moulded crowned pines. ice. a wool cap to pull over the ears. And there's joy in the know that you must have strength in order to do your work in the world and to In matching my strength with the storm-monhearty and hale! the long winter accomplish something worth while for mankind. In the fall of 1863 word was brought to Fort Snelling that a band of Indians at Fort Thompson. And through the long stretches of deep forest how would you like to strike off on a five-hun- lanes A tense. But speaking of winter hikes. there's beauty to lines me In the soft. There's frost on each twig and each roadside worn by professional woodsmen. wool trousers.

a teron the back four out trail. As many of the frozen carcasses as could be carried were piled on the wagons. for the entire came a necessary for the men to march ahead of the wagons in double file. the party finally arrived at Fort Thompson. and most of the men improved their time by catching muskrats with the skins of which they lined their mittens. a little more than one hundred miles only of the distance to Fort Thompson there such a depth that the blizzard set in and the snow fell to wagons could not be dragged through. and Sibley tents for such shelter as a tent can afford. bivouackin the the it men mixed the flour with snow and ate ing each night frozen rations to satisfy their hunger. without shelter. without fuel. This. The suffering of the animals was paNo space was provided in the thetic. and trained by necessity to take care of themselves under all conditions. however. a bullet would end its misery and another from the herd would be yoked in they marched into camp in Mankato in good physical condition without losing a man. until finally. pushed into the teeth of the gale. became exhausted. on the plains. After resting at the fort for three days the return trip weather. E and H of the Sixth Minnesota in Infantry. followed immediately by a sudden drop in temperature. period of the trip. shelterless plain. on November 5 with 130 vvagonloads of provisions and 500 head of When the expedition had covered cattle. with the thermometer averaging nearly twenty degrees below their route led settlers. was far from sufficient for their needs and the oxen began to drop in their yokes. their caps and Then they were issued their army capes. articles of supply zero. extra shirts and blankets. then training for the Civil When than they had endured before. doesn't it. on the last lap of the journey nothing remained but There was no fuel to cook with so flour. and from then on. and gnawing raw. pork. They were given some time to prepare for the trip before starting out. plowing through snow. to break out a trail. Day after day they struggled on in this manner. hard-tack.panics D. For four hundred miles across an open plain. snow. The party left Man- kato. Cave Scout. without But on they sugar. fellows? Say. offered to go. have any of you ever tried tobogganing with a barrel-stave jumper? Great . their progress delayed by the unprecedented severity of the weather. Finally. they reached Mankato. used to hardship. without heat. After nearly a month of this struggle. the animals could get very little grass and the men found it necessary to scrape off the snow for them. where it was found that nearly forty of the suffering Indians were dead for the want of food. Minnesota. until the raa new danger confronted them One by one their tions began to run low. oftentimes waist-deep. days only rific War. to be used as additional food for the Indians. that was How did they keep from some trip ! freezing to death?" Well. Consequently it was heavy fall of snow. the party fought blizzards and biting cold. after more than two months spent on the wind-swept. As an animal fell. "Gee whillikers. in twenty-below to take his place. they were all frontiersmen. Br-r-r-rl Makes this old fire-place feel was begun on December 5 a journey which had in store for the men even greater suffering and hardship 153 pretty good. wagons for forage as it was planned to al- But carry the animals through the trip by lowing them to graze each night on the But such a heavy snow fell that prairie. when even their flour supply was nearly exhausted.

but there seems to be nobody to help us and We you're going. Next they put work of . You will find now that your track is straight. their Still no Square your shoulders like a man. Though by powerful odds they wrote to National Headand told who they wanted for quarters Scoutmaster. becomes second nature to aren't getting anywhere. They called on this fellow and he told them he "didn't have time" and he "didn't know anything about it" and he "didn't think there was any need for a troop anyway. Chances are it will look pretty wobbly. hon- to a steep hill. First of all they made out a list of names of all the men in town whom they thought might make good Scoutmasters. When Fight it through! a job you once begin. I'm just about dis- You'll probably spill on your ear the first few times but after a while you'll get the knack of balancing the thing. Some day when you come to an un'er go." Now here are a few tips that may help you to get things going again in your troop. you know you're in the It's your duty. mount the critter and let est-to-goodness truth. mind and heart it to win! A Fight through! so later they called on sults. and keep them in line with each other as you advance. Fight it through! Show a little pep. Grit your teeth and say "I can!" Fight it through! problem up to the Scoutmaster of a troop in a neighboring town and asked him to tell their candidate something of the results. in at line are four left. ight through! assailed. but he does it it so constantly that him. Nail the block of wood to the 1 All you need to in strong stave. following these instructions: Select two objects." man of their choice. and the square board on the top of the block for a seat and inches to two feet long. and asked to have a letter written to the Then Fight it through! Refuse to be an "also-ran. Through the thick and through the Set your thin. have been trying to only hold meetings and carry on the work. I guess I'll tell you what one group of boys who lived in a small town in Iowa did when they were up against a problem like yours. This is a trick with each other in the direction every woodsman knows. We used to have a good live town a bunch that did the But we changed Scoutmasters bioken what think is a and when straight line. about ten inches square. Take "Cave Scout. Then try again. to tell you the plain. walk across it in two or three times. and one by one members dropped out until now there your track. Then they worked this list over and finally agreed on one man. couraged. troop in our things. So go in with ail your might! Fight it When through! your jumper it is ready for business. But they didn't give up. I'm just about ready to quit." and several other "didn'ts" that so many of you boys who have tried to round up a Scoutmaster have heard. get mad! Fight it depending on the a piece of board and of length your legs. Fight it through! Hang right on like yellow clay. a block of inches make one wood about is a four diameter and from eighteen Well. him again. No re- What i if others it may have failed. through! right. you you get to the other side turn around and look field of snow. suppose things do look bad. week or we Wouldn't a little fresh air taste good? What do you say if we take a look at that long winter trail? FIGHT IT THROUGH In your work and in your play. 'joy. to fight.

" But after dinner comes are forming a troop. a little at that and out a couple of cans and then somebody whistles down the alley. and the following day this man's say to yourself. he has hunted up a man near the sanatorium who has agreed to act as Scoutmaster. saying to yourself: "Oh.^g. They went over the Handbook together. Now Maybe set of membership. More than that. but there is a mean tangle in them somewhere. and the doctors sent you to a sanatorium. Some day your boss will say to you. But do you think he is going has talked Scouting to those boys until they are all excited over it. if through? every boy here could and the job is bigger than you thought. and the next day Bill gets the position just ahead that you have been hoping to land. Do any of you ever gc Into the base- How about it. "Shucks." and begin. as thousands of men have failed to achieve much success But if fighting spirit things. I'll have plenty at sults. don't you think we'd better take mighty good care of our fighting spirit? Don't you think we'd better make up our minds that whenever we tackle a proposition we'll ment on Saturday morning saying to yourselves: "Now I'll carry out that whole pile of ashes before noon?" Well. "I'll have plenty of. little Maybe but it's who that sounds kind of far-fetched. "I can just as well finish up after dinner. and the work isn't done when the boss comes around. where the only boys you had to play with were a lot of poor chaps hobbling around on crutches. tried some of the knots and a few other simple scout stunts. there would be a powerful group of men in the world in just a few years. that old fighting spirit gets an awful this application as Scoutmaster went in to New York." you asked the boys to his house. eh? Well. sir. please?" You say. This thing soon gets to be a habit and every day becomes harder for you to finish up any job you may undertake. "Of course. "Tom. Scouts. only get this fighting spirit into his soul right now. and we're !" it going to have a bully troop How's Oh. another wallop for your fighting spirit. merit all the next day you run into a tough problems in arithmetic. time to finish these up after dinner. and they to quit? ! of time to do those problems before class to-morrow." Bingo. "Yes. I have a letter right here from a boy who is up against that very thing. with wallop.the Boy Scouts and began to He warm up to get him interested. You plug beit fight through Suppose you were a scout in a humdinger troop and you got the tuberculosis them for a while and don't get any reand then chuck the book on the table. you carry FIGHT IT THROUGH! 155 . badge scouts in everyth. will you Ten Not for a minute He prove up this set of books to-day." And when you drop the ash can and run out to meet your pal. and after plugging along for a while your old habit asserts itself and you say to yourself. "there are quite a lot of things we can't do. And cause these fellows determined to ! a full first class scouts. but there are a great many things we can do. I that for fighting tell you. the troop is a live one. years from now you'll be out in the world working for yourselves. true as truth." he writes. we are going to get this we must be very careful of in life will testify. Maybe you'd feel like quitting then.

"Nobody's buryia' any treasure nowadays." and Joe stuck his long. "but I mean treasure buried a long time ago DID ure. what d'you know about it." Hippy persisted. and neither did you.Illustrated by Bert L. skinny legs out straight and went through his trousers there pockets in search of a stray to use in the gum machine behind him. You've heard about the time the Indians burned the block house across the river on the hill. "Nope. was a block He "I ain't no Rocky Mountain fcoat" house an' didn't he write Bolan's History of Delaware County?" "Search me!" said Joe as he sat down with his gum and unwrapped it to divide with his companion. I guess you're dreamin'. and I don't believe was any block . any bank. lived here a little while. I guess my father knows all about says this there country. . They spend it all. nickel "Well. "I never heard of the history any more'n I ever heard or the block house. before there was haven't you?" "Nope. anyhow?" Hippy "You've only objected." replied Joe. Salg you ever find any buried treasJoe?" asked Hippy Bolan as he and Joe Pickering sat on the steps of Merrill's drug store one morning." "I know.iouse there. or else they put it in the bank.

"Here. don't you." "An' to-morrow's your afternoon off. Tink." "Get off o' me!" Joe yelled. "Let's get Doc to go out with us to-morrow." agreed Tink. I read about it in the history "Who's find he "Nothin'. "Last time he was here he told me he could spot a gold or a silver mine or he could locate buried treasure because he's got a gift that way. only they never did?" "Sure they did. you got a right to fight. "Say you heard about my father's history or I'll sit on you !" he demanded." The rumpus brought a tall. a barn?" "Who you callin' a ball o' whiskers?" demanded Hippy. to?" if we want fight "Sure. as he got up and looked over the prostrate Joe at Tinkham Basset. "only he's made 'cause I never heard of of a blockhead. 01' Doc Peterson's coming to-night." he suggested. so nobody's ever got the treasure. "now believe don't. an' he wanted me to go out and help him find the treasure buried where the block house used to stand. and took 'em away and they never came back. think this is." "Didn't my father write a history of this county.father never told me. make me I say so if you do about ele- "Why. his father's history How'd I know anything about it? His . "Get off o' me! I never heard of father's your history of the block house and you flatten it. didn't they bury a lot of treasure in the floor of that block house before they were captured. and their He wives too. "What's it about?" can find it. "Tink knows how we phant. an' nobody knows just where the block house stood. everybody says it was over on the hill east of the village and it must have been on that kind o' level place just below the woods." answered the puffing Joe. "and didn't there use' to 'be a block house across the river on the hill?" and it was in was now Joe just it says a level spot." was patronized by the and the more credulous peo- ple of the community who expected the old 157 . Tink?" "I know a feller 't can find it for us. Hippy rolled over and threatened to crush the life out of Joe. "And. you two boloviskies. will you I me?" I "S'pose What do believe you about it?" an' s'pose can't out. "He's got a gift for findin' buried treasure. "We got the history down to my house and I've read in it about a block house and the time the Indians burned it down and took all the other boys. his hands wet from washing soda fountain things." said Hippy. "There. so the Indians wouldn't get it.Doc Peterson's Divining Rod Wake up !" and he jabbed the fat of figure Hepworth Bolan in the ribs with a sharp elbow. Everybody says so. Tink?" asked Hippy. sit- you great fat you great fat ting down again. because he told me so. grinning down at him from the doorway "Ain't we got a right to of the store." agreed Tink. 'Course I don't know where it but stood. less intelligent the men in it prisoners. Old "Doc" Peterson was a traveling doctor whose monthly visits to town were heralded by large advertisements in the local paper." said Hippy. wearing a rubber apron. ain't it?" asked Hippy." said Tink." as much interested as "That's right. stop your What do you fightin' on my front steps." said Tink. freckled boy out from the drug store. "Sure thing. as the ponderous weight of Hippy descended on his chest. suiting action to Hippy. promise." ol' Doc Peterson? How can buried treasure?" asked Joe. "He'll be here to-morrow. and they were goin' to come back and get it. find that me ain't goin' to lie I don't see why we don't go and buried treasure.

there would be something there to fit it." "What do we care how it looks?" was "We ain't goin' to buy it for ornament." said Tink. no matter what the disease might be. He believed in and openly boasted of his ability to use the divining rod or forked stick supposed to indicate to the user the location of things he sought. superstitious charlatan. and often the boys had to stop to wait for him to rest and get place?" ain't his breath. In person the "doctor" was a frowsy. or. He was an ignorant. Are you sure you know where they think the block house was?" "Right up there on that kind o' level "I know that's where spot. when passing a point where a well might be successfully dug. The boys looked awe at this with a good deal of rod which was to accomplish such wonders. no Rocky Mountain goat. drug store where made up on the putting enough kinds of Right after dinner. His visits were always the occasion of many trips to Merrill's he ordered his remedies shotgun principle." whispered Joe to Tink. a divining rod. That's the only good place for it was. the latter carrying under his coat a somewhat frazzled looking forked stick. It was such a faith people used to have in the forked it. I'll bet it's the stuff all right. He wouldn't be carryin' it till it was all worn out if it wasn't a good one. drugs into every patient's bottle so that he felt sure that. "It looks just like any stick. the point of the fork he asked once impatiently. "You wouldn't think there believing in signs and was anything about dreams. They believed that by holding the forked stick by the two branches.fraud to work marvelous cures upon them. as he called it. the point foremost. the three of them set out with the doctor. the day after the above conversation of the boys. the divining rod held out in front . "I would in- dicate the presence of water by bending downward. "How far is it to this witch hazel branch. a parlor It was a long climb up the hill and it kept the heavy doctor puffing. The doctor marched along. black whiskered individual with a dirty Panama hat and a long black coat covered with dandruff and fringed at the cuffs." the reply.

"there was or anything in any here house block any it. but you'll have to find just where with your all stick. "Don't get the doctor. grumbling as he went. Again he went over it and was on his way back when he stopped short with an ejaculation and dropped his divining rod and plumped himself down beside it. deepening gloom. beginning to wish themselves back home as they looked down the hill to where the with even a lights of the village in the were al- The land was rough and covered There was rocks and stones. Hippy fell once in getting over the fence and the doctor tore one coat tail off on the barbed ain't young fellow. doctor to go ahead." said Tink. doctor confidently. "This is the place!" he called to the boys. kids. you'd do the rest. was so dark that he could see little and It at me you could locate that buried treasure and that if I'd just bring you up here where the old block house stood. like a bunch of ten-pins waitin' to be "Why he persisted crude his with grammar. threatening attitude of the man and they attempted no reply." said the right. don't find anything after going up and down there three more times. "You told "We gan digging frantically in the earth." about history none. almost at arm's length. ready twinkling Once the doctor went over the route and back. The doctor seized the pick-ax and be- torn-fool errand. and making dangerous with The boys were a little frightened at the the entire vicinity of the hole." The doctor got up and proceeded." said Joe as Tink and Hippy ran over with the tools. brought you because you said you wanted to come. ain't sure. Stopping at a huge overhanging rock near their destination. At last the doctor sat down in disgust and exclaimed. the divining rod held out in front. only resting for breath it very said now and then. He paid little attention to this in his excitement. After digging a hole some three feet 159 . to march across the field three last times. but dug on. barbed wire fence diagonally across the loAll this made procedure slow and cality. The doctor the asked and to boys gan grow impatient they had brought him up there on a why "Bring your pick quick I" "He thinks we've got a set of Dickens with us. but continued to follow their leader up and down the hill. down the hill anyway. the third stroke of the pick he struck the side of his shoe and grazed his foot as he gashed open the leather. Hippy brought out a hatchet and shovel and pick-ax. his hat on the back of his head. they proceeded to cross and recross the section where the block house was supposed to have stood. while the boys stood and waited. The doctor. and the afternoon without any definite locating of went toilsome. made have twenty-five dollars in might town this afternoon and here I've wasted we I can't see to get half a day with three half-witted kids. tools they had carried up and hid there the Then allowing the previous afternoon. his loose necktie ends floating in the wind and his frock coat flying open. marched enthusiastically along. fast." I can't locate "I ain't used to foolin' with treasure where there I don't you help?" he shouted to "What you standin' there for the boys. I'm going It'll be so dark by that time that to quit." knocked over? Get busy!" This without regard for the fact that he was occupying his flying pick. "I've a good mind to walIf I lop you boys for bringing me here." "The divining rod will locate the spot Don't you worry." I don't see's you're doin' fresh. by any spot where the divining rod seemed to bepoint to anything buried.

go." bet the ol' geezer is goin' to dig up that treasure while we're gone." "One at a time. law. "See that!" exclaimed Tink." said the doctor "I don't want any help diggin'. They were nearly down to the cottage where they expected to get a lantern when." said Hippy. We can't leave this now. he stopped and exclaimed. though." Tink then became spokesman and plained the situation. "We got to have a light and we got to have it now. Many good sized stones had been thrown out." said Tink." in morning! I got to be in to-morrow forenoon. roughly. no signs of and pathless fifteen lem and finally the doctor said. You're just in the way. "Kind o' hard to decide." said the officer of "You boys talk crazy. "He's got it and gone. tell I The hill boys started excitedly back up the as fast as they could go in the dark could down I tell by the way that rod jumped the minute I passed over this place. the ol' the ol' felt sneak!" exclaimed Tink. ain't he? Let's beat it home an' get him. They went right to the constable's house. no light. never had it act that way before. "So old Doc Peterson has got your . "Listen!" exclaimed Tink. "Hear him matches. They had not gone far before Tink exclaimed. "Go and get a box. It was plain enough that the hole was considerably deeper. "The ol' He's bluffed us till geezer's got a light." No one offered a solution of the prob- field. ain't it?" said "I'd hate to have him cheat us Tink." said Hippy. right down He's diggin' faster diggin' away than he did when we were there. I can't stay here. anything. Tink scrambled down into the hole and around. they looked back up the hill and caught the flash of a light. It took them at least minutes to get back to the site of the doctor's excavating and once there. there." suggested Joe. is a constable. do you suppose we're goin' to leave a fortune uncovered here for somebody else to come along and "Early in the Poolville lamp. they found no doctor." he ejaculated. and so reckless were they of their necks and limbs that in twenty-five minutes they were in the village. "Let's leave it an' come back early the morning." Hippy. an' beat it." all I'll of of us for? This suspicion seemed sensible of his obvious anxiety to get them of the way. dig up after we've got it located? I you there's a million dollars in here. coming out on an open rise of ground." The light bobbed around a little and disappeared. where they all began to speak at once as soon as peared. "Give a me "He can't do much without a match. all of you go." "No. all Constable Merrill apthe ex- "What'll we do?" Hippy asked. "What d'you s'pose he wanted to get rid way up the "You an' Joe hill. "What d'you think said Joe. sitting down on a rock. I s'pose we might as well go on. John Merrill. "What'll we do?" "I know. I'll bet he's got a flash "Gee! I ain't goin' 'way down there and back again. Why don't you go?" as none of the boys started. and anyway." So the three boys started off." said Tink. in view out Down the hill they ran.deep. he got us away. "You mean to say you ain't got no No light." match was forthcoming. "Your boss's brother. You part boys go down to that house we passed and get a lantern. "I'll stay an' help Doc. out of that treasure." They went on down the hill farther and were soon out of hearing of the strokes of the doctor's pick. I am?" "Nor me.

matter? Got a spavin?" "No. boys!" said he. "How do we know he didn't get that treasure and hide it so he can go back and get it alone? Mebby he fooled Mr. back second floor. "Went out at noon. They showed me a place where they claimed it was buried. 161 . 'Treasure." said Merrill. wing. and he wanted to get out of without you boys finding out he'd been it At ing up the rear stairway. mystified as to just what treasure. in the first place. "Good morning. "Twenty-eight. if you don't anx- somewhat had happened." So the boys went home." rill. but at nine to-night. He pened. What's the stick around. he dropped into the Edgerton House and looked at excited. And in the third place. ringbone. "Boys." said Merrill. Merrill. ' "Hello. say. "but I don't believe he lied about the treasure. the block house In the second place. Finally I got tired and sent 'em after a lantern so I the register.' he yelled." "It's a good thing you or his patients couldn't hear him when I mentioned buried "I ain't so sure. has he? Well." "Good night!" turning to go. the "The top o' morning to you !" "Did you get him?" the three asked almost in one voice. he admitted that when he got down a few feet he saw there was nothing there. there wasn't any treasure. They tramped me all over that hill all the afternoon and told me there was treasure buried there." "Well. 'Treasure! If I had those three boys I'd treasure them and I'd bury them too. said Constable Meras the three passed through the gate. but. that hill but on the next one." "I asked him about his locating the place with his crooked stick and he had to admit that he had been fooled. Leave it to me and I'll have him for you when you come around in the morning come too early. it wasn't on stood. he lied some no doubt to me and to you. Said he'd be back He's a little late. not half way up. could skin out. while the boys waited for an explanation. We'll land him in the morning. ejaculated the boys. In the morning three boys opened the gate to the constable's cottage just as Merrill came out on the porch. was plain that his coat was badly torn and his clothes soiled and his hat missing. but I guess it was more dippy than dip. "Doc Peterson here yet?" he asked the clerk. because.buried treasure and gone. Be sure o' that." As soon stairs as this figure disappeared upMerrill asked the clerk the number of the doctor's room. My soul!" and the constable laughed long and loudly." "How about what it says in the history?" asked Tink. He'll come in. but I told him I knew where he'd been and that he'd better come across with the treasure. he won't go far afoot. After they left Merrill. He said it did take a dip at that place he dug." Merrill went up and knocked at the door. and they had me digging there for hours. "He said he'd been for a walk. he believes in that dinky little stick yet. sat an Then he saw slip in tomer hour before anything hapa rough looking custhe back door and go limpa glance it Anyway. it was on the top of the hill. I found your man last night and he looked as if he had just dug himself out of his own grave. but in a footand note at the end of the chapter it says that subsequent I've seen it many times statements by one of the survivors who came back at last are to the effect that nobody in the block house had any treasure to bury. ious. "The history says it was believed there was some treasure buried. fooled. too." Tink added.

So the squirrels earned. he might easily be mistaken for one of them as he skims from tree to tree. plant her garden. so to speak. How could we afford to spare that Soft and downy as any of his feathered congeners. The chipmunks buried beech nuts and chestnuts and acorns in the ground and thus did their part in the The red scheme of scientific forestry. added picturesque life to the rail fences and stone walls with a charming race of busy little creatures both are pert. vivacious and lovely bit of vitality. scamper- ing over the forest floor. rels among the leaves. owls and weasels. may go hungry. Daintiest and most rarely seen of all his tribe is walls and fences and straightway there sprang up along these avenues of squirrel travel fruitful shrubs link birds. sometimes a peck or more of nuts and grain. and stores up a prodigious quantity of food. It was in the eternal fitness of things that the squirrels should do something for Nature in return for the gift of a joyous so they set about helping to existence . for We 162 . Yet he" has been known.Secretary of the Camp Fire ClubiOf America IN to creating the squirrel family Nature performed one of her most gracious She made the and beneficent acts. in the midst of comfort and plenty. saucy and the embodiment of joyous activity. with the warm mantle of the snow above him. do not often get a view of him because he is a nocturnal animal and few know where to look for him in the daytime. and when snuggly hidden in his winding burrow. the right to live and to ill rejoice in life. the hawks. whose graceful motions and interesting habits contribute much to the entertain- ment of all mankind. where the birds build their nests and under which the cattle enjoy a grateful shade. and threw in squirrels and black squirrels and fox flying Audubon has likened the chipmunk among animals to the wren among burrow. that plays about our feet. the baby of the family. the connecting the quadrupeds and the and lusty trees where other squirrels find a feast. dreaming of the time when the south wind shall blow again and the squirrel cups shall open once more. the mouth of which he closes when the cold season arrives. the red squirrel for the larger boy and the gray squirrel for the big boy from 15 squiras an evidence of her generous disShe decorposition to please everybody. a hard winter has no terrors for him. the chipping squirrel. His enemies. but safe in the bosom of mother earth. birds. frisking very striped squirrel for the very small boy. cherry stones and pine cones along the The chipmunk is a provident little chap. butternuts. and continue to earn. for beautiful forms and ated the stumps and mossy rocks with tiny. or disappearing with a chatter of mock alarm into his tiny 70 years of age. squirrels dropped hazelnuts. and the simile is a good one. between the flying squirrel. the chipmunk passes a cosy winter.

a critical now rushing precipitately now coming forth again to -take view of the intruder. cocks himself up on a limb or plasters himself against a tree trunk and barks disapprov- 163 . on a stump or a ately this is As one pushes through such for both. run up to get a fresh start and again fly call the flying squirrel. It is a thrashing among the boughs of the hollow maple near by. but we it is recorded of flying upward. There is nothing in nature softer than their fur. rattle out a challenge-to all comers. At family First a sharp little head. and it is not uncommon to find 6 or 8. They breed abundantly. telling you that the gray squirrel is out after his breakfast. you will merely hear a young. at daybreak. I am unable to say. described him as "a small beast they call assapanick. pokes itself out of the window and takes an observation as to the nature and motive of this uncere- consternation among the last comes the sound for which you have been waiting and which makes the heart-beat faster. nor do they possess the power in as birds the springing branches he leaves behind him. trumpet stump to stump. he stops. Their home is generally in some old yellow birch or beech stub or tall stump. tinued. They simply sail down to-the base of some tree conveniently near. and some country people say it Fortunis a sure cure for the earache." There are more of these little fellows the woods than one would suppose and If closely pursued they usually run up to the top of some large tree and hide there. and is located near the top. as a protection from their enemies. . or bee: use the insecurity of their abode acts. it has served as not a universally accepted fact. entrance is a small round hole. Whether the squirrels select these comfortable but fallen tree to watch and life. monious knocking. little If the jarring is con- one after another the mouselike creatures hurriedly emerge and sail different directions. Virginia. listen. the squirrels taking possession after the bird has hatched her brood and vacated the tenement. call. come out from the hemlocks and. old and in a single nest. in the top story. If his suspicions are aroused by anything he sees or hears. their legs and so stretching the largeness of their skins that they have been seen to fly in 30 or 40 yards. with black beads as eyes. the fringe of the forest and skirts which undergrowth seats himself. The home of the wood-pecker as to be easily mistaken for it. and if you seat yourself at night under the tree in which they live. because spreading downward. to cover. which are merely an extension of the skin from the sides of their bodies to their feet. It requires only a slight to jar or blow on the base of the building create larger cousins. In situation and appearance it is so similar to the few mouselike squeaks as they frolic and chase one another about above your head. and it is more than likely that in some instances. in a measure. They are the least obtrusive and noisy of squirrel kind. perching on a dead branch.that in 1624 Governor of Smith. usually on the south or east side. They seem to be aware. however. scattering a shower of dew from the leaves as he jumps from limb to limb. that their house is liable at any time to be down about their ears and ap- crows hold noisy day and a ruffled grouse whips the twigs of the pine with her wing as she leaves her The chipmunks scurry about from roost. the red squirrels. revealing his course by off They do not there is no flapping of their do fly wings. Away he goes toward some big oak or hickory. Their preciate the necessity of being ready to move out quickly. they can be found without difficulty in any old forest where there are numerous de- cayed trees. the woods become his full of The the blue jay sounds consultation over their plans for the somewhat shaky quarters because the wood is soft and easily worked.

however. ever be associated in my mind with the fragrance of the woods. miscalculation injured. or whether he was merely furnishing bachelor and inexpressible longing woods affects seizes them. accenting each syllable with a jerk of his broad tail. and the buccaneer of the forest. fills the nuts dropped. He is so much like the would be infirst set the bad know which to teresting example for the other. to escape to the It is to them the call to freedom. something so wild and primitive that it stirs in me a remnant of It is said that when aboriginal instincts. If I had had the time I should have waited to see the result of this house building. companion. Of all the sounds in nature. season. and being "a potent sucker of eggs. He is a beautiful animal. cut off half a dozen with his teeth and ran down to the nest. although no My vital part was Indian summer. is luxurious in his tastes. for he seems to know just where to dig for them in the winter. and they give him a bad name and an unsavory reputation. recently I discovered him in the act. It is possible. I have yet to learn. examining his work critically but apparently with a self-satisfied air. as I him in his flight from tree to prisoned within the hearing of the gray squirrel's bark I should take the most desIt will perate chances of breaking jail. at the and the soft alluring cry so immediate risk of its their lives. the gray squirrel. tiring of his winter quarters. generally builds for himself a cool and airy summer cottage of leaves. the erratic moveof distances and The gray squirrel is an improvident fellow. going sometimes inside with them and again adjusting the outside. and has been accused of laying up nothing for himself. for if I were im- apartments for himself. chanced to cut off a gray squirrel's tail with a bullet. The broad. who used a rifle. however. to learn whether he intended to invite a mate to share it. the convicts of Siberia hear the notes of the cuckoos in early summer an intense is There in it pleted and was as big as a half bushel. He The red squirrel. has been the subject of wider discussion and more controversies than all the other members of the squirrel tribe. hazy atmosphere of the once had an opportunity as a boy of discovering. there are few which thrill me like the bark of the gray squirrel. because. their feelings comprehend something of what must be. numerous great quantity of food and alhe comes out more or less in winthough is not much in evidence at that he ter. and the soft. He made hasty trips to the top of the tree where the leaves were thick. or chickaree. He has many human as well as other enemies. The nest in a tall chestnut was nearly com164 . He has been called the Ishmael of the woods." I admit that in one respect he is an Ish- next hollow tree and cleans house against their winter's occupancy. and. ments. the dropping of nuts.ingly. that he makes a mental note of where Indian in this respect that it falls of the squirrel plainly demonstrated that this missing member was essential to his speedy and accurate locoThe gray squirrel does not remotion. robbing the larder of his larger cousin. It was the old story of a ship without a rudder. that the male squirrel is the carpenter of the family and takes the contract for building. enjoying the profusion which one season furnishes. sleeping most of the time in his quire a hollow niche in tree. but taking no steps to provide for the time when food will be scarce and hard to get. possibly with some sanitary moWhether his wife stays tives in view. bushy tail of this active and graceful animal performs an important function for tree. them I that. and. in his winter coat and his the forest. awhile after he leaves their home in the however. they attempt to obey sum- mons. I do believe.

sometimes in hollow trees and sometimes in ledges or piles of stones. specter of persons and would as soon have never thought they hoarded food for winter use. while his larger but more wary relatives are having palpitation of the heart and making frantic haste to get under learn of the woods and the inhabitants thereof. I was needs sympathy. because the more I seems to court the danger of their presence. then the red squirrel cannot be guilty of the larceny with which he is charged. and no true sportsman would put an end to his strenuous life. manages to thrive and reproduce his species within a stone's throw of his worst enemies." possibly right in this. it is true. He has his faults. which we must concede is a naughty He all There are those who rejoice to see dog beat a big one and chuckle to see a bantam whip a shanghai." So it is with the assertion that the red squirrel lays up nothing for himself. is against him. fault in the is pugtimes to whip gray squirrels much larger than himself. and whether a squirrel has no right to forage on his ancestral preserve. These transactions may have been carried on saucy little chap is certainly entitled to admiration. He even "snickers" at them and brought up in a country where gray squirrels were almost the only four-footed game. I believe that the gray squirrels note the location of the fallen nuts. I will not affirm that they do not.mael. As for the man who calls my little fellow woodsman "the buccaneer of the forif the tiny warrior could ask him what he is doing he might speak with a gun. but I never yet saw a gray squirrel store food in tree or nest. or on Sundays when I was not watching them. and if he worked many days as he did during the hour or more that I watched him. too. Not long ago I watched a red squirrel carrying nuts from the top of a chestnut tree to a hollow branch on the same tree. a small red squirrel that chases a two-pound gray into an adjoining township. and. know if the red squirrel actually does steal the food the gray squirrel has stored. "the evidence of things not seen. he is no recover. and if I am curacy. time and again I have seen him store food. but I He and that is a serious estimation of some people. and I spent more time hunting them than my parents or schoolmaster thought necessary. The when my back was turned. The fact that a hard winter thins out gray squirrels but makes no visible decrease in the supply of red squirrels would seem to indicate that the latter are the more provident. he is said to be a destroyer of bird nests and their contents. If so I shall have learned something. like faith. but this makes me even the more willing I do not know that he to defend him. for truly the hand of almost every man. but in so doing he is merely obeying the law of Nature and possibly helping a cone to adjust the balance she is always strivis hardly big enough ing to preserve. for he seems abundantly able to take care of himself. he must have accumulated a rich store for winter consumption. Natural history is sometimes distorted into unnatural history and the statements concerning it are often. to take the gray squirI should like to rel's food or his life. and every boy. est. Possibly they 163 . yet they cannot see anything commendable in the thing. nacious and stands ready at to eat. and he was making the most of his About two minutes were opportunities. for they dig down to them through the snow with great ac- drop on your head as on mine. the more chary I am of making positive assertions respecting them. required to make each trip. but all men do not see things alike. If he happened to be a moral and thoughtful squirrel he might even ask this man which were better. although protected by no game laws that I know of. The frost had opened the burrs.

that the farmer does not like him. In fact I for one do not feel that I could him from the rail fence. lodged he has purloined from the neighboring orchard and from which he occasionally takes a nibble to vary his diet of nuts. spare which is his own particular highway." . A man who cannot kill game are red squirrels in a forest where there deserving of sympa- thy. In my in the suppose he would be rich and prosperous. he cannot steal wantonly destroys this roguish but picturesque little animal remember that from them. or the butternut tree which is his dulce chap. and great care should be taken to perpetuate the species in some localities I know is of. and has nothing to I can forgive his pranks as I would fear.rob one another and perhaps their may sometimes be mistaken for the supposed hoards of the grays. and if nuts are scarce he can adapt himself to a frugal diet of All things both great and small. for there are few pieces of woods that do not have in them a few red squirrels. then the red squirrels should receive honorable mention in the reports of game perchance. I like to hear his toenails rattling on the roof of my "leanto. For the dear God 'who loveth us He made and loveth all. still con- "He prayeth best who loveth best trives to The cold has no terrors for him. I am told. ways and spirit of camaraderie about a camp when he has discovered that he is among friends. consequently. or domum. I love to hear his police-rattle and watch his antics when an enemy is near. Call him the Puck of the forest if you will. those of a mischievous boy who is so full of vitality that he cannot stop to walk. whether he takes it with or without my permission." and he is welcome to all the food he wants. If it had not been for these destroyers I mind's eye I can see the fork of a tree. If this be so. I enjoy protective associations." and let him who thoughtlessly or In the Northern forests. and know one farmer who allows his mowing machine to stand out of doors all the year and sometimes does not get his corn in until snow comes. but neither the "Ishmael" nor the "buccahis social neer. may own I cone kernels. to ward off a bilious attack. I am aware that some hunters do not like the red squirrel because they give notice of danger and scare the game away. self-reliant presume I speak for the minority in saying a good word for the red squirrel. for instance. when the winters are too severe for the larger squirrels and where. the hardy red keep comfortable. who complains of the depredations of the red squirrels. which apple. blast he little is In I summer sun or winter stores the same bustling.

67 and separated for the night. added with even greater interest. he's got two million I" Conquest shrugged his shoulders." growled Butch Shorling." Conquest made no answer but nevertheThe thin." Several of the boys in khaki sighed enviously as they resumed their way toward Bill Conquest. staring at him. if I was in his ! enough snow down my neck already. "What stared eagerly after the luxurious limousine purring smoothly past over the hard-packed snow. Poor kid." stuck in his mind after they had left their staves." The big chap nodded. less he did not look convinced. Hicks scuffed the snow up with his feet. "But I thought they had a Fierce-Arrow. This one must be new. Rocks McKenna flushed a little. "Why. his dead an er have awful long time. haversacks and the other parapherwistful eyes staring at nalia of an all-day hike in the troop head- isn't it?" quarters . . "Who asked. if you put it that way." answered Bobby. "Also a Cadillac Eight and two other cars. broad and black-haired. He had recently come to Rivereyebrows. you're right. Connie. Why. Connie. he must got used to it by now. Think of it But the poor prune don't do half he might. the troop headquarters. "I believe it's a Rolls Royce. Kippert. does he mean by 'they'?" he would?" "Oh.. can buy anything on earth he wants. I remember now. cars and a Bill. I've got "He "Yes. crazy." "You cut objected that plump Harry out. who was a specialist in motor cars. father and mother have been "Still." smiled "I wonder how many of us Hatfield." sniffed Kippert. and it it. ton from the west and was not as well up "I guess you've got 'em. You know the place. "Sure." "They have. "He doesn't. quietly. He's talking about the little Hendrey boy who lives in that big stone house on King street. place"I wonder Conquest smiled faintly. Pewee ! Kippert. "And shrilled that's about all. raised his big. "You're Why." he added." cut in Roxbury McKenna hastily." he a pippy car!" He "All?" gasped Pewee Hicks. on local conditions as the others. Shorling scowled. he's got three or four " pony and "They say he can't spend half his allowance. I s'pose Bruce Hatfield laughed. boys !" cried Bobby Lee. and mouth white face with its drooping "Poor!" them through the glass of the limousine did not strike him as the face of one who had "gotten used to It was a rather haunting face. He's an orphan and lives there alone except for a rafjt of servants and a guardian or something who comes down from New York for a day or so once a month. how many of you felows would be willing to change places with him?" he asked A sudden silence fell upon the group. well.

" His voice was dull and bitter. an institution. "But I'd rather be a scout than anything else in the world. But though smoke curled up from many chimneys. Then suddenly his eyes flashed and a touch of color crept into his pale face." he mutin fine lace. or something. "How the dickens did you know that?" he demanded. surveyed "It doesn't look like a home. my guardian. the color flaming into his cheeks like fire. regular facade. I'll be hanged!" gasped Con"But why shouldn't you be a scout you want to so much?" The boy shot an embarrassed glance at tered. "But they're just silly kids. there are two or three from up on hill she lets come in. wistful eyes which seemed much too large for thin face that framed them. turned into King street where the Hendrey mansion stood. no inclination to laugh. after staring back for a moment. a smile brightening his face a to little. He was devouring Conquest with his eyes great. Richardson. quest. "I was looking at your house. "I thought they'd give you before "Oh." lets "Who's she?" asked Connie. Reaching his corner. he stammered at length. They're afraid of my and throw a ball like a girl." "But don't you ever see anybody at all?" they?" Connie's jaw dropped. I that's good they guess why she likes the The less amazement." he went on with an odd. "Mr. abruptly and a bright flush For there beside one of the great stone gate posts not a dozen feet away stood the Hendrey boy." explained it Hendrey. "The housekeeper. though already lights twinkled here and there through plate glass windows muffled "No." stripe." Hendrey answered. either. they wouldn't let me be one. I've watched the fellows here for nearly over a year. let won't He doesn't understand. She never go anywhere or do anything She's afraid if I me to. Then his eyes brightened. haven't lows and have them around it'll be too much trouble for her. gray. made an odd apologetic gesture with his hands. I want make friends with fel- lessly. It was a great pile of gray set in the midst of ample grounds which took up the whole square. "The shadowy long. I'd hate "It's more like " if "Well. And sometimes if I try hard I can almost make myself believe belong broke off abruptly. He thinks the fellows are. and Connie. They can't do anything. His lids drooped. lieves everything she tells him.en know about and about me?" stripes. . pony they as well be They might girls for all the are. Warrington. broke into an embarrassed grin." L>. veiling the he momentary sparkle in his eyes. "Hello!" he said. I know their names and their rank in the troop. shaking his head. dark. he wondered how it would feel to be to have no one who really cared quite alone in the world save for a "raft of servants" and a guardian who appeared once a month. half-sup"I've learned a lot of pressed passion. "You're not a scout. "They've made your assistant patrol leader. are rough He beIt's that beastly Mrs. the tests.Speeding briskly homeward through the frosty air." "Were you?" said the strange boy list- He broke off stained his face. taking a step nearer. that I He Conquest shivered a bit as he the cold. he yielded to sudden impulse and walking two blocks farther. big fellow stared at him in speech"But but what do you them. are you?" and 168 His tone of intense scorn might have amusing had he not been so desperCertainly Conquest felt On the contrary ately in earnest. him. I'm not sure the fellows would want me.

He had a rather nice "You can't smile. "He's never here then.. Of course there are others in the troop you'd like better. A he was on the piazza." he whispered. and give them to he stammered. "The fellows call you Connie. and Connie's interest in the situation grew with every passing moment. anyway? moment in later don't believe I've heard. and he's coming to see take your pick. Richardson's prejuin his eyes He You'll catch cold standing there. against real fel- Connie hesitated an instant and then squared his shoulders. "Why er don't you have some kind of a celebration? and a er get presents. Warrington. Why. "Why not? If you like. and I if I were If don't much blame them.he was conscious of a growing feeling of sympathy for the boy who was proving so very different from anything he had The occasional comments of imagined. I What's your other name." returned the latter I "Sure. stately figure "With you?" repeated Hendrey breath"Do you mean that honestly? lessly. all once with a make friends at to expect bunch who don't know you. He was trying hard to think of something cheerful to say when the massive front me t) door sprung open and a tall. his face glowing. mean it. "Stanton!" she called in a full-throated. after a different a scout it be might only "I haven't any friends. The sparkle vanished from the gray eyes." Conquest smiled. He'll be out Tuesday. but if you want to begin with what's the fun of eating it with just Mrs. Mrs. "There's nobody to give me presents but Mr. the other scouts had led him to believe that young Hendrey was pretty much of a sissy." he "Everyone's got to make a start. Richardson? I hate Christmas!" " ventured "Don't your guardian the bewildered Connie. when would you like me to come? I suppose you'll be pretty me sometimes. "That's her. friendly and infectious. his dropped sullenly. said. either too proud or timid to associate with the other boys in the town. that you paused. er break away now "Couldn't you and then?" he suggested. Richardson. but while. don't they?" Conquest smiled." He was astonished at the sudden transformation of Hendrey's face. friends?" your lips what good would it do now? The fellows here wouldn't bother with me. hat lows. The only celebration we have is a big dinner. slightly imperious voice. then it'll be easier next time. After all what was there to be afraid of? "She can't eat me." said Hendrey." For once Conquest was nonplussed." Hendrey caught the other's arm." retorted the boy bitterly. busy the next few days getting ready for Christmas. and was Hendrey saying: "This is William Conquest. He's a scout. The glow died out of it like a snuffed candle. They they think I'm a regular ninny. I'd rather I've always thought "Please come in." The introduction was acknowledged by 169 . "She can't expect to keep you tied up forever. Well. I'll come around once in a while and we'll see if we can't get rid of Mrs. Apparently he was far from that." dice against Well. clad in black silk stood in the opening." "Stan. an expression of adoration which embarrassed Conquest. "Or Bill." "I I might. He has some kind of a celebration at his club on Christmas. "What do you mean by getting ready?" Connie stared. but Hendrey flushed. quickly. You can hand." he thought whimsically. "Come on and I'll introduce you. but he'll be going back the next afternoon. "Christmas!" he repeated sharply.

seizing his advantage. "See here." He had caught the attention of the fellows now. who seldom agreed argument. fellows. When he finished a long silence followed. he had been doing a lot of He some of the impressions away from his two visits inaccessible Hendrey house. and as he sped down Conquest. "G-o-o-d night!" groaned Kippert roll"Why. believe me urday and went around again to see him the walk and into the snow-banked street." "Turn over. a boy smothered in luxury revolved wealth. He can tie knots pretty near as fast as Rocks. "all I can say is that only members of the troop and candidates for election are expected." Connie arrived early at the headquarters of the Riverton scout troop on Monday It promised to be a busy meeting. broken only by the talk and laughter of other scouts skylarking at the further end of the big room. In fact the housekeeper seemed anxious to cut short the interview." he began directly. who alone had made no comment. for the last details of the troop's Christcelebration had to be arranged. almost blunt. began to exclaim at once. too." he murmured. neither. but she could have been no more so than Connie himself. mas Somehow he made his hearers see the cold gorgeousness of the great mansion. make a scout in a of the reality he craved." he replied at length." retorted "He's got the making of a ! I met him Satdandy scout. "I want to invite Stan Hendrey to and that lonely boy around whom all this our Christmas blow-out." now that Jack "Aw." "Yes. and the boy had a little matter of his own to attend to first. with every earthly possession which money could buy." A bombshell exploding could scarcely have produced more effect. and. having corralled most of his patrol in a corner. Gilson's left." "Me. Bill. with scout pictures on the walls. the chill. in a pitiful He might bite you. Why he'd spoil the party. gilded furniture with which the house was "Stan Hendrey!" crowded. that. Then he turned to Hatfield. "Don't you kid yourself. the plainest sort of manner. he shook his head regretfully. sickened of tapestries and velvet hangings and the carved. who yet was actually starving for companions and friendliness." 170 anything without "If we got him in he'd be to . "We need another fellow in the patrol. Hatfield hesitated an instant. he swiftly outlined he had brought to the hitherto ful as a hearse. say!" protested Butch Shorling. "Gee!" murmured Rocks McKenna at "I never thought he was like length.a cool inclination of the head and without any motion to shake hands. "What do you say. the retinue of hired servants thinking in the past forty-eight hours. attempt to create a semblance the patrol leader. austere housekeeper." agreed good natured Harry Kippert. For a moment Then every one there was dead silence. you're dreaming. He escaped as quickly as he could. had fitted up his own room in "That sissy. scout books on the shelves. that simp wouldn't ing his eyes. The climax came when he told how young Hendrey. "Think of kid. sitting down to Christmas dinner with only her for company! She's about as cheer- "Poor this afternoon. Bill. with its absent guardian. thousand years. Bruce?" he asked. night." Conquest waited calmly until the uproar had died away. "If you're in earnest. simple. but into the narrative he insensibly breathed the breath of life. His phrases were was no orator. Fat. stand away from the horse's head." "Supposing Hendrey were a candidate for election?" asked Coffnie quietly. scout paraphernalia everywhere. and you ought to see the firemaking set he's rigged up.

" laws and a lot of knots "The scout oath? What is that?" Connie's head went up and his broad shoulders squared unconsciously as he reWhen he had peated the simple lines. I thought you said his guardian wouldn't let him be a scout. but Mrs. sir. to "beard the lion in his den. aland the ready he knows the scout oath. and do things they do with and get to be a little better at them. and on the following afternoon Connie prepared. sir." "Oh. But there was a streak of stubborn determination in the boy's makeup which had carried him through more difficult places than this.. "Mrs. "but but they're little boys. "Humph ! He's spoken about that before. Warrington sat eying him for a moment or two in silence. whom he wished to keep in the dark until everything had been The "den" arranged. "we've handled that kind before. And when we are on a hike there's such a lot to see and do that we haven't much time for for roughI do wish you'd consider it. He wants to go out and and be part of the bunch. That's one of the best things about scouting." promptly spoke up Bobby Lee. "I know almost nothing myself Boy "Put it up to Mr. and I'm going to have a talk with him. white-haired. Then he pulled himself together and briefly proffered his request. For a moment to the boy it seemed Connie stood before him flushed eternity and tongue-tied. Stan is so awfully lonely. Mr.wanting to run the whole show just because he'd got dough. a fellow doesn't want to just stay at home and see the few who come there. and some stunts than the next chap. but Mrs. Warrington 171 Scout organization. These long walks and camping parties and rough and tumble doings would be very bad for him. With the fellows won over for each patrol had the right of nominating their own members one big point was gained." "Not a chance." "And he When Conquest had explained. Stanton is not strong. many of them a not especially desirable." he of the said. It takes more than money to run a scout troop. I move we give the kid a show. Richardson way. How are you going to get around that?" would do. "I don't think it "Second the motion. Then he shook his head." smiled Hatfield. but it isn't like that. as he expressed it. and he dreaded it more than anything he had ever undertaken. Stan would make a dandy if he only got the chance. "He's coming to Riverton to-morrow. Richardson tells me that the er troop here is made up of all sorts and kinds of boys. was. Why." He spoke calmly." he stammered. Warrington straight. Richardson tells me he has plenty of boy friends." Connie flushed." "Lonely!" repeated the man sharply. but down in his heart he knew that such an interview would not be easy." protested Connie eagerly. and You see. "I beg your pardon. You're always on the jump learning something new and interesting." cidedly. how did you come to know I By the my ward? don't recall you as one of his friends. the boy made his way hither about three o'clock and after considerable delay he was ushered into the Directors' Room. house. Bill. where a tall. that his guardian would be there for most of the afternoon." if curtly." answered Connie quietly. . but there's so much more to scouting than just hikes and camps. Conquest had learned from Stan Hendrey." retorted Conquest de"He's not that sort. "But look here. "There are a few boys who come around to see him. "A scout!" repeated Mr. distinguished looking man sat writing at one end of the long table. Dressed with morethan usual ca're." in this case was the Riverton Trust Company.

it's and then he smiled. But this only added to the all you do. smile deepened and he suddenly held out his hand. but dazzlingly clear." Next day the whole troop had arranged to meet early and go into the country for greens to decorate the scout room. he'll profit by that liking. sir." he said slowly. But it was over now. but as he flung open the door. Mr. to death. It was." His first impulse was to do this at once. shouting bunch of scouts. friendly Mr." he said in a pleasant. "Tell ruptly. every one had to pile out and walk. 172 . "Why are you so anxious for Stanton to become a scout?" he asked at length. turning back to Conquest." Connie left the building ten minutes later he felt much as one does on escaping from the dentist. Bruce Hatfield had borrowed his uncle's team. "Jingo!" he muttered." he answered simply. it will be more of a surprise. glossy laurel. tell Stan the man's face. and Connie raced for the trim up-stairs without waiting maid to announce him. and toboggans." ing sleds and toboggans were piled high with dark. If he don't hear about it till the last minute. Warrington's The remainder turning the scout of the day was spent in room into a bower of voice which held an undercurrent of earnestness. it's all right?" let asked Connie " "You'll him "Yes. Warrington arose abruptly and took a turn or two across the room. answering smile on Mr. cedar boughs and great branches of pine and hemlock. and told of the work and play. in fact. Warrington's face. and for a little while at first it seemed as if things were going to be quite as bad as he feared. Stan was in his room. nearly half-past five before Connie could tear himself away and dash over to Hendrey house. for Connie wanted to himself. the sledge filled with a joyous.. The snow was so deep that when they left the main highway for a little used wood road. and a little after nine they were off. There was a faint.finished there was an odd expression on he said ab- of them. "On the contrary. whose pungent. The voice which the answered his knock sounded fretful and melancholy. The boy I flushed. idea brought Then short. the man's keen eyes never left his face. the tasks and duties and competitions and amusements of the Riverton troop. young Hendrey sprang up and came toward him. pausing finally at a window to stare thoughtfully out on the Christmas present. and in preparing for the Christmas dinner which was to be cooked obliged to you. "I'm rather glad The day was cold and frosty. and as he outlined some of the more important aims and objects of scouting. a new him suddenly up Eagerly the boy obeyed. Warrington had passed his hopes. "it Is I who am fragrant green. "I believe I'll wait till to-morrow. "I I guess because like him." "That's bully." "I've an idea In an hour the sledge and the trail- "Then eagerly. and he promised that not a whisper of the Christmas Eve celebration should reach Stanton from either When and served there that night. and behind it a long string of sleds snowy landscape. and the result had even surMr. fun. fragrance seemed the very essence of Christmas time. me something more. He had dreaded the interview so much. his face glowing with pleased surprise. Thank you ever He'll be simply tickled so much. to inform the housekeeper of the agreed momentous decision. and will seem sort of like a The recital over.

"Awfully glad you could come" .

Richardson knows about all right. when the scoutmaster turned back to his task of superintending the cooking of the dinner in the great open fireplace. spangled with myriads of brightly twinkling stars. "Looks fine. when he gets down to cases something weird usually happens. "But where?" "Never mind that." finished Conquest blandly. putting the turkey in vital er the oven without removing its organs." voice. Fat. he looked up at his friend. Meredith. "Just come along and you'll find out." he continued. Hendrey pulled up suddenly. It's Mrs. but Here we are. Hendrey stared. chattering get you. "It's great simply great. but overhead the vaulting arch was blue-black. who saw Kippert approaching. ingly. His lips quivered for a second." lows are time." Up the steps they went and Conquest threw the door open. where's those eggs?" yelled "I want one for the coffee. "Eggs?" repeated Kippert with a ." grinned Connie. Now don't a "Hey. What do you saw Mr. That hemlock has a regular Christmas smell about it. "Awfully glad you could come." We boys in khaki. but with an effort he conquered his disappointment. Then." he said he exclaimed in a low. "Oh Connie!" The big chap squeezed his arm reassur"He's all right. but I guess it was worth while. it." he murmured. their feet. Then his color returned. know much about scouting."Oh!" he cried delightedly. laughing. though. I think of Fat. quest. I I've had about a million things to do. "Sure. Hustle into your things. and cap and Hendrey struggled into coat together they left the house. politely tried to hide his amusement." "Oh!" gasped the boy in a shaky voice which was almost a sob. "To to get me!" he repeated in amazement. but Hendrey. but fellow in the troop thinks he's a star cook. " to in for a minute only dropped He paused and Hendrey's face fell. " to 1" Then Hatfield strolled up smiling. In the west a faint glow lingered. The night was very cold and clear. and you'll no Connie beamed. Warrington yesterday and got him to let you go. doesn't it?" agreed Con"It took a pile of work to fix it up. "I never get stage fright fine. until they to- and as the door slammed behind them." took the bewildered boy by one arm In a daze and led him down-stairs. or anything. Wilson calls them?" Connie roared. Stan's face was white and his eyes wide and dark with feeling as they roved over the big room filled with joking. as Prof. like The them in fel- thought you'd come to-day. "It was a hard job. uncer"We're not we're not going shook hands. " to Come on. a babel of talk and laughter assailed their ears. Every you'll as he make "Surest thing you know. pleasant faced young scoutmaster he had noticed so often with the boys. while the delicious odor of roasting turkey told them that the dinner was well under way." broke in Con"The troop is having quest jubilantly. haven't any time to waste. "I don't know how out about eats. "He didn't he knows now. "Connie tain tone." There was a touch of shyness about Hendrey as he shook hands with the darkeyed. a Christmas blow-out and you're invited. He As Connie the led his friend across the street. Bill. A stream of light poured out. Bruce snow creaked frostily under Scarcely a word was spoken turned into Main street and headed ward the scout headquarters. Come along this way and meet Mr.

and joined the others. with Mr.solemn face: "Now.000 wild anipartment." said Mr. I wonder if they could have been mis-laid?" Bestowing a placid wink on Hendrey. Presently all be over. fully to his friend. too. "You don't mean Still smiling." always. a prayer." he whispered wist- would of trim. he found the boys friendly. sudden glitter in his eyes. pigs The the far due to The force of skilled hunters are constant- dollars." One and Something caught Stan by the throat and drooped swiftly to hide the bright. when at last he stood beside Connie on one side of the long table that groaned with good things. how doubly drab and bitter that old dull life would be "Are they all scouts. and he ended as clear and strong and earnest as the rest. For a moment Hendrey could not Then he pulled himself together speak. . Stan giggled. known them It was all so much The it minutes were flying swiftly. His tones were a little shaky at first. A little later he was chatting pleasantly and quite without sense of strangeness with Rocks McKenna. in a simple. smiled Conquest. became at once and a promise. lines Two to attention ! to keep myself physically strong. mals were killed under their direction. week. Warrington There'll be an election next yesterday. And after such an evening as this. fellows.000. the words ". "Sure. Meredith from one end of the table. I fixed that up. he felt a sudden stab of pain." "Yes. Hendrey caught his breath and his eyes " widened. west Biological Survey of the Agricultural DeLast year 32. employs a force of 500 men to them and spends immense sums every in estimated. Somehow he felt as if he had known Kippert for ages. 175 . saved at least $5. old top. In a single section The fighting campaign." As Stan Hendrey spoke them. he ignored the ribald remarks of the other two and strolled off in search of the lost articles. . a thanksgiving The danger of wild animals in the United States to-day may not seem to be very great. Connie nodded.000 worth of stock on the farms throughout the country last year. colts. "The scout his lids oath. beyond anything he had dared to hope But that he fairly radiated happiness. but the Government nevertheless fight ly it employed is in the work. This warfare. and sheep wild animals amounts every year to tens of thousands of loss of cattle. They treated Stan exactly as if he were one of them. "Now. and to the boy it seemed incredible he had not all or candidates for election. and I don't guess there's any doubt as to what will happen to you then. and he would have to say good-by. but swiftly strengthened. erect figures drew up and their voices rang out in unison. natural way without trace of aloofness or reserve. year forces are organized under the Bureau of the of Colorado seventy-five miles in diameter it is reported that twenty-five sheep a day were in killed by coyotes. mentally awake and morally straight.

as it crept over the land. a knowledge woodcraft was necessary to his existence. of Well. they were the first words. they may have smashed it up as be- ing the bones of an aristocrat. caught the great hairy rhinoceros and the head crowned with matted hair there was a brain. It also these build a to caught the big hairy or die. who did not know how to build a fire. conclusion now. was and the ele- covered ice fields. his This elephant was so well preserved that the skin and the hair were all there and the wolves and the dogs ate the flesh. You see. he possessed an intimate knowledge of woodcraft. The bones from the hunk of this cold storage meat are mounted. had he not he could not have lived at all. in spite of all this. it was discovered not was up to fellows fire many years ago by white men. least. and I have a long memory. he was about as handsome as a gorilla. ciers. this skeleton was in Russia until the Bolsheviks took posses- sion. and about as intelligent as Barnum and Bailey's "What-is-it. they did not want . at Russia. rope.How to Work with No Implements but Your Axe guy Scientists who have matched bones together tell us that he was not an ape but that he was a man. the are we Some years lived in millions of later coming to is this: that the Neanderthal men. and the In kept it perfect in cold storage until it brain began to develop by use. in as a perfect skeleton. at that time. with fire-makers." Nevertheless. shivering there and glaciers. The ice. with in big other gla- phant. for ! DID you ever hear tell of the Pithecanthropus Erectus? He was some elephant of that time and put him in cold storage in order that you scouts could know what kind of animals then lived. if around among the saved themselves from being put on cold stor- I remember age like the rhinoceros aright. chattering Europe people called the NeanEuderthal men. He was a man. however. by discovering how to build a fire.

The scalp dance did not shock them because not only the Spaniard but the Dutch. fire its prominence and signifi- the fire they decided the fate of prisoners. and the late war has shown that some people have not yet fully advanced from that age. The Neanderthal man's fires were the first camp-fires. they are too good Christian teachings.hat off of the wet ground when one comes into camp Senor Captain Christobal Martin Bernal. i. after that time you are supposed to have mutual confidence in each other's ability to build and run a fire properly. the Senor Alferez. boys. The object of the Kenton rack. among others the scalp dance. It was at one of these council fires that baptized by Father Visitor Oracio Police. . George Rogers Clark. that one endangers his friendship when he men among These old Spaniards and missionaries were learning woodcraft from the Indians. discovered that friction would make a fire. Cressap." and they were having a scalp dance which was so pleasing to their visitors that the to keep one's pack. woodcraft wherever we use nothing but material found in the woods. pioneering and wood- craft are so closely related that it is very hard to tell. and desires to proceed with the work of building a fire and making camp. die so they built a fire. these racks must be made of sticks with the bark on. "very jovial and very friendly. Now you know that every fire-maker knows so much better than any one else how to make a fire and how to mend it. There- fore. But we call it all ending of the other. Let us take the simplest form of a friction rack. some Edison. the first council fires. and the rest of the push. Now then. put the end of one stick over the other. them. coat and . the Sergeant and many other "Senors" entered the circle 177 on a rainy or snowy day. under the name of the Indian who was presented the Reverend Father with the scalp of the only Indian of the Noabonoma Tribe who opposed the Don Marcus. Fig. Some great and danced merrily around with the natives. George Washington. Around and around the fire they danced their weird dances. It was at a gathering around fire. First cut three stiff sticks. learned their woodcraft from the Indians and handed it down to us. this with scouts' staves. is to make a contrivance which will serve missionaries met the Pima natives of Quiburi. Kenton. 2. that the visiting smooth and the rack will not hold together. But what we are driving at is this: that the greatest woodcrafters were the American Indians and that our American scouts. some Sir Isaac Newton. then he discovered that fire was warm and would stop his teeth from chattering." and he handed the tradition of the fires down from father to son until they reached us. It was the American Indians who gave scalp dance. bridges in the construction of which we use neither nails nor cord are properly woodcraft work. he was the first to keep the "home fires burning. i but do not try to make . Boone. and the end of the third stick over that as in Fig. in that the campcountry occupied by the Spaniards to the south of us. the French and the English were accustomed to even more brutal things than a monkeys with another man's fires. For inall the friction racks and stance. some Ben Franklin. this rule has been established: Never touch another man's fire until you have known that man seven years. the fate of the tribes. they are such work as the Neanderthal men might have done but did not do they are such work as the American Pioneers might have done and did do.the beginning of one and the the council cance.

still a bridge requiring the strength of a full-grown man to erect. 8. Fig. and are built by first making racks like that and resting stringers across from one rack to another. the buildthing but the ax. and because. 4 shows a perspective view of this over the country. Of course. sticks. mud America. 5 shows the top view and the arrangement of the same it is principle (Fig. or using the rack itin shown Fig. firmly and securely without the use of anyers was born here just to long time ago I taught the scouts of the Boy Pioneers how to make a bridge. Although it is built upon the If you so desire you may use four sticks and build a Crockett rack. A show how tough he Of course. desires to throw his coat down in the sloppy snow or is. even though hunting hardship for hardship's sake. self as the bridge. 3 shows the top view of an extension of this form of rack called the Boone rack and made by erecting two Kenton racks and connecting them by laying across. 8) as the Pioneer. in and temporary use. Fig. i is a top view of it. a wauganstick. must have the gumption necessary for success in any activity. 6y 2 shows how this rack may be multiplied and extended inThese racks are all for hasty definitely. like is it useful. an airplane view. consequently it the Roosevelt bridge. for no one ot us. because because it we have named it is husky. as shown in the profile Fig. but will serve as a temporary rack upon and those bridges are now being scouts all built by which to hang your duffel. from one to the other. husky scouts. and boarded over the top. and Fig. .which will not take you a minute to do. Last season we built a great big Pioneer bridge which is too massive and too heavy to be designated by the name of the Boy Pioneer. can be built substantially. 7. such a bridge could be lashed together with rope. and I myself have found them on occasions most useful. Fig. or at least of while Fig. nailed with spikes. however. They are known as the Boy Pioneer bridges. 6 shows a perspective view of them. 2 is a perspective view of the same thing. Boone rack. Fig. The Roosevelt bridge. while Fig. Roosevelt.

well started on the proficient in way toward becoming woodcraft get some of your chums lows in how interested. reading wood work with them and measurably expert in the construction of even the highly interesting equipment of the Indians. We A And 179 can teach you to make a fire and bake meal that will fill your turn. see if you will be real he men that the nation will be proud of.Pioneering and woodcraft is essentially American. are on our backs. We're a scouting troop that's flown the coop For a rollicking. trailing. knoiv the when And the path by And our haversacks So let us stars are pale the light of day. get the rest of the felyour troop working. and every scout should have a thorough knowledge of the subject. real in tracking. Don't be discouraged with try a single failure or a score of them. husky country of ours was established by men who were experts in ways of the woods. big. too. So pick up your feet and come. trail We And the haunt of the beaver. Re- to put the energy into learning how. your foundation of book then knowledge. When you are able to do that. a finer subject or a more thorAmerican oughly subject that you can take as a Learn all the wrinkles of up hobby. learn build shelters on the subject of nature woodcraft. Then when you are books. study it hard. There are things a little easier that you can undertake by way of starting. But you fellows needn't aspire to birch member. fires. There isn't the backwoodsmen and to build how old rivermen constructed those romantic flatboats. learn all these and shacks. Of making a forest camp. building. go out into the open and them out. in Every American boy can become signs. we'll make you a scout beyond a doubt. you chaps. Study woodcraft. and we should never let the knowledge that they have handed down pass out of existence. found. roving tramp. how to learn how the the pioneers. fellows. learn the log cabins of Boone's day and later were put together. get them en- things and you piness. study. will know the road to hap- thusiastic about good craft of the pioneers' kind. good books. Get some canoes. and I will be ready to take my hat off to you. We're a bunch of boys who know the joys Oh. The bridges mentioned above are some. but there are a host of others. this fine. And the secret ground where nuts are And we'll show the spot to you. campcraft and Get pioneering. . but stick to it constantly. stimulate their interest in the wood. be on our way. we know the place where brook trout race. Likewise that famous birch canoe of the Indian can be duplicated by white men if said white men are only willing is you can all become so proficient that if it were necessary you could start out with nothing but an ax and a jackknife and carve your living from the wilderness. Dugout canoes are not hard to build if you will take time and put good honest effort into learning how the trick done.

scientist. but only to drive out the blood and leave a straight white line on the skin. for instance. Some of those pictures show remarkable in skill in THE believed to have been made about ago by prehistoric man after lunch hour. were governed by chiefs and made instruments of flint. down the heaviest timbers.000 years the caves of the Pyrenees Mountains. in this unique method has been discovered human to measure just how tired one's comes after hours of work. not sharp enough to break the skin. The who attempt to stop it are swept People are crushed to death vise. is often irresistible. the greatest pressure is exerted on the third line behind the front. When these readings are plotted on paper a curve is drawn which tells at a glance just sands of years. We have seen how radium throws out its mysterious force for thou- until the peated say at intervals of one hour all day working hours are over. It is known beyond any question that an unlimited amount of energy is stored up on every hand in very compact form. The exact number of seconds and fraction This test is reof a second is recorded. suggesting that civilization was comparatively well advanced at From the relics of this period this period. Lodge has suggested that we will some our machinery by the mysterious atomic energy and that an ounce of matter may suffice to run a steamship across the Atlantic. A body beline is Unlimited Power drawn across the forearm with a sharp So distinguished day run all a scientist as Sir Oliver point. believed that these men had a religion some kind. Some of these days a perhaps one of the boys who reads this page. man goes about the earth analyzing and dissecting every object a great amount of it is of learned of late about the mechanics of great crowds. An observer holding a stop watch measures the time it takes for the blood to rush back into the skin and the white line to fade. When a crowd is lined up along a sidewalk to watch a parade. a trifle a force which pushing just develops will tear great mystery of his early history. the group seems to be governed by no rules whatever. is always a marked jump in the line 25. Examples of their paintAs ing and sculpture have been found. A A Curious Fatigue Test police aside.The Oldest Drawings in the World how oldest drawings in the world are There one's energy ebbs throughout the day. It has scientific information is being gathered to solve which this will some day enable him been found that the mass force of a crowd even when each man in it is unconscious of Each one pushing. that they buried their dead. As one looks down upon a mass of people or struggles through it. Don't Push Many interesting things have been drawing. will discover the great 180 .

war which will prove The Train Sheet much evidence on the other hand to inits The dicate that men lived in North America familiar railroad time table. is only a small at the close of the Ice Age and perhaps during the glacial period. The official time table is a very large and complicated affair and could not possibly be carried about in one's pocket.000. to record the trains which pass out men used in their hunting and homes have been found buried deep in gravel which is believed to date back to the close these 181 . Alaska and Porto Rico. made before. The Oldest American Several scientific investigators agree that the Indian as we know him is a comparatively late comer. ' No such maps have ever been country. and is approachEvery year some ing the Pacific coast.000 cords of wood. of the Ice Age. The aero map is one of the inventions of the invaluable. is A 200 Year Job for At the present rate 200 years will be needed to finish mapping the world.000. these men found their way to Amerago. Instead of climbing next twenty years.000. Some How remote antiquity. There is These photographs are then fitted together in what is known as a mosaic map which shows every house of towns or cities and every road and tree of the ute. Whether he arrived by way of Alaska from Asia may never be discovered.000. but the relics of his civilization are believed to date back not more than a few thousand years at most. we shall do the work land set aside as national forest land in the United States. how much of the land they occupied and where they disappeared to are perhaps the most fascinating ica in problems patient in American archaeology. The rude instruments edition of the real table by which trains are run. The Government appropriates more than $5. with figures and dotted lines. lived in If this be the case men America 10. idly scientists are carrying us every day nearer the answer.000.000 or 15.000 years Some Figures on The Forests quantity of lumber cut every year States is three times the natUnited in the At the present rate of deural growth. struction the forests will have disappeared The center of in less than a generation. the United States still burns up in the course of a year 90. 30.000.000 a year to protect and cultivate while flying a hundred miles an hour. ruled in three-eighth-inch spaces. so many to the second or min- these forest lands.scret of how to liberate this energy and transform the machinery of the world.000 cubic feet of wood are cut in the United States. Great areas remained unexplored and lit- constantly increasing. geologists believe that the gravel deposits are considerably older. There are at present upwards of 200. It would require a sheet nine feet long and three feet wide. The most serious drain upon the forest resources railroad ties.000. the crop being valued at nearly $2.000 acres of and the demand is known of millions of square miles of By using the aeroplane for map making this work may be done in the tle is land. of The the lumber districts has been pushed rap- investigations many trained westward until to-day it has reached the state of Washington. A of special camera is placed in the bottom the car and photographs are taken automatically.000. mountains and laboriously measuring the land foot by foot. In spite of the apparently universal use of coal for heating. The evidence is found for the most part in the Ohio and Delaware valleys.

The most detailed maps. A stream of water under pressure eats its way through solid and is dull by Makearth in a surprisingly short time. in full. We are so accustomed to looking up at buildings or trees that the view from above transforms everything. The train dispatcher's time table. science since The new the which in The less. elevation of a few hundred feet the details are marvelous. and especially for the fertilizers which When Thomas Analysis America leads all other nations in analyzing the value of the foods we eat and the best way to make them nourish us. has been developed outbreak of the war. drills are of effective use this principle ing made by employing a hose carrying a small stream of water. The stream is directed through a long pipe perhaps six feet in length. others with human beings. unscientific habits of to-day with amazement. A power. The water drill is especially useful in drilling in sand when the water has a surprising cutting is the stream of water bores lowered. of course. the necessity of so cumbersome a piece of literature. The pressure of an ordinary water main will answer the purpose and give the stream a surprising drilling power. contains the number of trains.of a large terminal station in a single day. he mentioned first. for example. so that a great deal goes to waste. absolutely limitharnessing waterfalls to these plants the work is done very cheaply. Before the war we depended upon Germany for our supply of nitrogen. painted in the brightest colors appear flat A Water Drill Constant dropping as every one knows will wear away a rock. It is ex- made our farms so productive. an hourly time To overcome is table used. supply By turn the nitrogen is extracted. It is curious to find that the most familiar country looks strange and unfamiliar when reproduced in this comparison. the number and kind of cars in the train. Food Edison was asked rewhat he considered the greatest inventions since the electric light. The Germans had deposits which they only needed dig out of the ground to sell at enormous To-day there are great plants in the south where the air is put under pressure and frozen to a liquid form from prices. of taken a camera photographs by placed in the floor of the aeroplane cabin and the pictures are matched together to make a When made from an complete record. wireless telegraphy and second. gineman tion. largely Many interesting experiments have been carried on in Teachers College in New York which are being watched by scientists all over the world. Aeronautic Maps Geography becomes a fascinating science when studied by means of aeronautic maps. Some tests are made with white rats. the American process for making nitrogen from the air. the time it left the stathe time it left the train yard and the time it passes various signal stations A cently Wonderful Invention for many miles. is. name of conductor and en- its way the pipe hole six feet deep may be drilled in a few seconds. back upon our wasteful. The aero-map made . As 182 way. Scientists have found that we often get little of the real value of our foods. The War Department has utilized this information in fixing the rations for our solIn a few years people will look diers. actly as if we toot just one squeeze out of a juicy orange and then threw it away.

Why to a Ball Curves A scientific explanations account for the curve of a baseball. was supposed that after a bell had rung regularly for one or two centuries some mysterious quality was developed. tone. An ingenious American studied the problem. It is generally agreed that the rotary motion of the ball after it leaves the pitcher's hand so affects the resistance of the air that it is deflected from its original course.000. however. is so new that little attention has been paid so far to providing some means of escape in case of accident. It has been found that one travels fifteen feet a second before the parachute opens. that of the air. To-day we are manufacturing such bells and selling them abroad. efficient. or more than eight feet. Still other tests have been made in New South Wales. and decided that the silver tone was simply due to the fact that the clapper of the bell had worn itself and the bell by continued striking. 183 . and the beautiful tone could be acquired in no other way. She carried parachutes conveniently placed on her "cat walk" for every passenger. and in Salvador. the effect The Earth's Crust is exaggerated. The whole stands at an altitude of in 6. life- A "Close Up" Photograph of the Moon bells by casting and the bell fit each other properly. the great dirigible which twice crossed the Atlantic. its The first airship to composition and probable age. The observatory in history. We know very little about reproduced. The new on board just as steamers now carry boats. The latest forms of parachutes are practically 100 per cent. fascinating experiment may be made by The resistspinning a marble in water. parachutes will have shock abIn a few years aircraft will probably have to carry parachutes for all sorbers. the shell on which we live. ance of the water being much greater than There are many which this glass is mounted is 100 feet and its dome measures 100 feet in diameter. He began to make them so that the clapper the aid of the world's largest telescope recently installed at the Mount Wilson Observatory the moon has been With brought nearer the earth than ever before The reflector of the great telescope measures 100 inches in diameter. The photograph just taken of moon measures four feet in diameter and reveals details of the moon's surface never before seen by the human eye. The marble two should be dropped in water more deep. Life Saving Aloft Several inventors are at work on life Air travel saving devices for aircraft.000 the feet.000 stars. Tuscany. By spinning it fast or slow and in various directions the curve of the most skillful pitcher can be feet or The most important scientific investigation of the past year in any country has probably been the attempt to measure the earth's crust. when the pull in the check which follows is 900 pounds. and the mellow silvered tone was obtained at once. Much data new to science has been collected concerning the shell. where the opfor portunities investigation are especially favorable. Scientists have been studying the problem in Hawaii. until the two fit closely together and that the shape of the metal and nothing else determined the at a great price It be equipped was the R34.New Bells as Good as Old have often heard of the beautiful tone of very old church bells in Europe and some have even been bought silver We and brought to America. With the aid of the great telescope sible to it will be pos- observe 300.

000 feet. eighty-three tons of white arsenic and other ingredients in similar proportion. which will be protected until the investigations are finished. is work marines of the future will be designed largely with the purpose of carrying huge cargoes under sea.000. "Grasshopper Bait" year ago the grasshoppers ate up nearly $100. and instruments have been devised to measure the movement of the earth's crust under this weight. although fires which. Merchant Submarines land.000 worth of our winter wheat.000. This year there are no grasshoppers in Kansas. Institute. When a fire is discovered the observer can communicate with his base by means of wireless telegflights will with the expected result. The Government thereupon created Some naval experts believe that the sub- a National Dinosaur Monument. and is supposed to be the largest animal which ever lived. known as "grasshopper bait.000 lemons. The Smallest Camera The smallest camera in the raphy and summon also carries fire aid. These observation flights are made at an altitude varying from 1. can be detected from a height of even 10. They mixed a concoction. Searchers in Utah have discovered some bones of an animal which was twice the size of this great prehistoric animal. Science at once set about devising A some scheme to control this pest. will do the work of a great gang of fire fighters in a few minutes.000 feet. The grasshoppers ate it freely Our Air Forestry Forest fires Service are now being fought suc- The cessfully with the aid of aeroplanes. hole 600 feet long and eighty feet deep had been dug when some one claimed the A has actually "taken" pictures is doubtless the eye of the frog. The fighting qualities of the submarine will not be neglected and they will be equipped with comparatively large guns. It has been found that if a frog is kept in the dark for some time the retina of the eye on being dissected is found to have a purple reddish color which fades away or becomes bleached on exposure to daylight. Government maintains a regular air service for the purpose in California and these a more than soon be extended.565 tons of it. 184 . . on an enormous scale. compris- ing the locality. The Largest Animal Most boys have seen pictures of the huge lizard which roamed the earth millions of years ago. and then fixed in a four per cent solution of alum the optogram is partially fixed and retains an inverted picture of the window with its cross bars as pictured on the retina. or enough to fill 183 large railroad cars. New light has thus been thrown on the action of volcanoes. The being directed by the Carnegie which discovered and assembled the skeleton of the familiar dinosaur." making 4.500 to 2.000 acres in Kansas. The bait was then scattered over an area of 40. Flying at hundred miles an hour the scout is able to observe great ranges of mountains in a few hours.where a great reservoir concentrates an immense weight of water on a limited area. If the eye be placed in front of a window and left there or "exposed" for some time. It is claimed that by a similar photographic process the last picture or image retained by the eye of a dead man or animal may be preserved. The aeroplane bombs world which extinguishing when dropped from high altitudes. To mix this bait they used 500.

was warmth and cheer. lit And as he turned." And he held the parchment to the light. All these He all found the snow so banked against the door that it was not without some labor that he cleared the entrance. come and tell me what it portends. for all the night long on I yesternight spent in vigil at St.was Christmas Eve ITspent Our Lord 960. itself. do not treat too lightly of these "My humble respects to your gracious ladyship. now. in a garb of somber white. Bene- and mantle covered with snow. his eyes up his face and snowwhite beard. by the poker. years. "It is a somber token. labors are as nought should I not gain my spurs at last. He was about passage a my ing gale. I beseech thee. to purge my honor and my sword as Sir Hector bade me. holly and evergreens draped the corners and mistletoe hung in bunches from the low rafters. tell me the tale. its spell is potent from All Hallow E'en till Candlemas. Falteringly he kept on until he reached a small house with a few outbuildings enveloped. turning to the mistress of the house. Please. "What have you here. in the year of quick twilight had and a soft flurry of the A falling all day still blew among the trees." trying to conceal a scroll fastened to the pouch that hung from his girdle. Trudging through the snow was the bent figure of an old man. Come. REXQUE FUTURUS Laughing he read aloud. fire still lurked there." he added. He bowed low as he put his cloak aside. tell HIC JACET ARTHURUS. rough hewn and seemingly new. 185 . Matholch. fire fed by habits of thoughtfulness. turning to a matron of imposing dignity who sata little back from the hearth arranging a frame for needlework. me. like himself. banking itself around the roots and falling from the upper branches as they swayed in the grow- snow that had been to continue when from a of boy eighteen came lightly forward and slipping his hand into the old man's said gaily. Though seared with My gracious Lady Mortinac. and. Inside QUONDAM. it would seem that our ancient truth is failing. "your Guilford has a spell of cheerfulness that from my dry bones has long mysteries. HERE LIES ARTHUR WHO ONCE WAS KING AND A KING TO BE solemnly explained the old man. REX "As you love me of this mystery. dict's shrine. his hood oracle? Soothsayers are precious rare and." he said.

" Sadly the lady questioned: "But could they hear as surely as the hare's where danger lurks?" The seer bowed his head. though of hardihood and valor he had plenty." The words had as they It a hollow sound. in league with the Abbot of Monmouth whom he has tricked into sub- night? How "To you. with hair of silver and of night. His heart is like the rabbit's mission. By wiles and petting. Tud had always been required for My ! say you?" dear. saw Tud Gildas. here she had weeping." With a hurried knock a lady clad in snow-covered hood and cape rushed in and weird room whose silence was broken only by the sobbing of the girl and the soughing without. who grew from the roots of the trees and there remained. as he ate and drank. at the lady's Her words were choked with sobs where a score or more of faithful men arms stood with downcast heads. brings me here! Guy Hewlett. Sir Modred Mortinac. its . her home. woe. Marys! sweet young. spent at the altar. Guenevere. a band of robbers led by Hewlett. then he began: room. disheveled. herself." Still my heritage like fren- maiden told of the Avedon. it is Mistress Enid St. I crave the acceptance of my sword in your defair fense. pray be calm What brings you here this boisterous father. the Lady Morganne Mortinac soothed the distracted maiden with hope of assistance that would come to rid them all of this boor. uttering incantations claimed Lady Mortinac. towering among the others. No sooner had he left than old Matholch. has broken into my castle by force ears. Knowing of this retreat in the greenwood. alert to hear. until their fame was noised so wide throughout "This story stepped to his mother and. Guilford. hurrying to the door. still smiling through his visor. ford at . friend." he wailed. trying to find a thread upon which to weave a tale. dear friend. for "A 186 sorry night methinks. said: "Behold the rabbit's ears! From you. of arms and overrun zied fleas. after sending a report of her evil fortune to the Bishop of Hereford. a squire. both radiant as the morn. He Mistress Enid. Soberly Guilford went through the snow the dim to at threw feet. woe is me. by the grace and favor of your mother's memory. the assault of the castle "Then do tell me a tale from your vast all last store for. of Mimi Bois and her fair sister. "Why. who had been esquire his Guilford Mortinac stepped back as his mother soothed the terrified girl. This might have continued had not Guilford." said Guillast. the old smiled. seeing how the old man's mind was bent. my knighthood maintenance funds that poor Tud lacked.departed. "Woe. clad in full armor came is spun of the filo-floss of of dim fancy years. as I have said. was with a cumbrous stride that Guil- all Christendom a quest was "But wait! What may that be?" " ford passed out the door. No one spoke all stood mute and tense. you ask aright what Since the false usurper. when into the man Slowly. set apart. my mother's friend. cased were in a helmet of steel. fell ex- into in a trance. he to and she shuddered with terror as she spoke. "I hear voices. tried to console him and lead his humor to more cheerful themes. There." night I sought solace. and under the standard of Sir Modred he had fared much better than he would have under his own. the hermit. a by cordwainer from the north. but spent the time in sending messages by passing pilgrims to swains both far and wide.

and had put the country well nigh to Hereford in terror of Howlett and his band." said Guilford. their ruthlessness. so absorbed were they all as they rode through the silent snow until nigh to eleven miles had been covered. men and horses. four and twenty miles beyond. none had suffered more district than Guilford and his mother.mow."Aye. that they were not alone. compact and resolute. and shortly the cavalcade was on its way. all out mishap. our journey was withcut our Not a word was spoken." said Tud. the band had stood intact and in good form. Straight on. Then suddenly they perceived. Guilford and Tud Gildas ahead. they swept. "our Mistress commanded us to bring her to your mother here. taking their stand with determination on the side of truth and valor. perhaps. my pathway beckons too that direction. past curses and surly groans mingled with breaking gear and harness and underbrush as men and horses were hurled aside." the treachery that resulted in the death of Guilford's father and the pillage of his estate. full twentyseven men and armed. again and again. fighting the wars of his country overseas. courage to all. galloping into the highway Reckless they seemed. Some one was leading them. ! Balmont and Caw Lawyen abreast. Ahead of them the stranger still rode lightly. and all of us here." "Come. would we were not here but back at Avedon to cut a reeking path. w shall assail unseemly sad Bid the me. "Rightly said. their rout was complete and the next day showed the toll they had paid in tion. giving. some two hundred rods ahead the clatter of arms and thunder of horses' hoofs gave them warning. for the soon break the boy's spirit by persecuking was in France and Enid's father. the Earl of Narberth. they felt rather than knew. sire. assailing a force that was powerful and drunk with 187 . through Guy Hewlett's churls into his black heart. and here we are. was with him. "but Gwidd and Lucan. and power his family had now it seemed Hewlett would Their opponents seemed to have been unprepared. Caw Lawyen and Lagafuerys. beyond slight wounds. they'll find me eager as any of them to return. around. many of them gone to Hereford to hold high carnival with Galwin's men. and by in my conscience. the time was short and our forces. since the issue of night pressed hard on the young squire's patience. and that was followed by of the ignoble ravages and the spoliation With and Guilford. once we way through the cordon of Hewlett's burly varlets.-. "you are By ruth. by heaven's grace." Lagafuerys explained. nor did they stop to see what damage had been done till. Quickly they prepared their formation. Gaw Norbert. a mere handful and vastly outnumbered. prepare. had left us to escape the havoc of the siege by secret passages. Hard upon this discovery. But time was not the lost. Elated by their first encounter Guilford and his followers rode on. lowering their spears as they plunged into the assault in rows of three. elated by the frenzied acmet the crash." returned the lad." that led to Avedon. "At the onset. Into the chaos of blackness they swept tion. They knew Hewlett must be sending a detach ent in pursuit along the trail left in the . though the night was blacker than an ugly dream. who had been forced into exile to eke out bare existence in the From position fallen until greenwood. a mile ahead young Guilford brought his followers to a halt and found little 'need to tarry for. come.

for a harsh grating sound began. These reflections crowded through Guilford's mind. in the dim light of the torches. It was for one moment only. a everywhere and rushed into the melee. Him it was young Guilford most wished to engage and each turn was bringing him nearer to his goal. He was clad in the armor of Guilford's father. surly varlets. and slowly. inch by inch. and every blow was returned with a zeal that told well of old Sir Hector's training. as precious a cutthroat as could be found in many leagues. bands of thieves. that grew from weeks into months of lawlessness and terrorizing. they went forward to find the tackers that the courtyard. though he was full two hands less in height. all sleeping under the mantle of snow. their . they went. Sir Modred. to be deserted save for a few scattered groups that held the entrances to the castle doors. led by Guy Hewlett's son Big to lead Approaching. During this short lapse the defenders turned on their assailants but it gave the attackers time to release the windlass and let the drawbridge down while the whole Tud porch. Guilford with a tense heart. The entrance gave the castle the appearance of a yawning monster with its mouth open. but he held his ground with his back to the wall till men in mounds lay on the flagging before him. all the rips of discord from the isles. On Always in advance their stranger seemed and Guilford for one short moment plainly saw him. one by one. From the tallest tower they could see dimly the bodies of the former defenders of the castle strung While yet somewhat Gwilim. his side. Each wave of battle was met and parried as. which hardly a half hour since teemed with cutthroats in armor and yeomen. taken after he had been set upon and murdered by Gwilim at the command of Tud Gildas at Guy. Thrice he was rushed by a dozen men. trees glided past. gave him the challenge. Sword blades and maces rained on his helmet. Perhaps they had been heard from the castle. successes of treachery and loot. a giant in stature and of kingly bearing. was the portal leading to the tower. defying even the King himself. So unerring was the plan of the at- broke. with one impulse. until a full hour's riding brought them to a hill from which they could see through the trees the grim towers of Avedon. the lodges of freemen and hamlets of serfs and villains. The two youths stood moment. for they were beset on every side by Hewlett's knaves. swaying and turning in the wind and snow. Gwiffert and Caw would have rushed to his defense but From men sprang up 188 Tud held them back. until it was breast high. ready to swallow any one cullis within rest its reach. on gibbets. there at last Guilford saw Gwilim stand.Tlie Mysterious Strang'er success. seemed. band crossed. with creaking and clanking of chains. the great drawbridge began to move. They were now on foot and. they saw that the portwas drawn up and the bridge was down. or seen. but instead of fear. he felt his spirit nettled into action. inside the castle Knowing that one of Guilford's rank need not engage with one of Gwilim's. And in the van still rode this stranger. Gildas and Guilford cleared it and Balmont with two others followed rushing forward in a body to the passage that led to the court yard as the varlets inside ran to give the alarm. off they stopped to time and give themselves to arrange their plan of battle. the enemy's forces It seemed more like a prearranged show than the vital combat that it really was. pressed forward and with his broad-sword parried at Gwilim's throat. on a semicircular drawbridge rising. A little to the right.

Then Guilford. As quickly again he stepped back to regain his sword. the steps The down the stairs. dead. From mind the start Guilford had had in his this coup de grace and. not high or low could the stranger be found. into which Guy had re- only he could move more treated. below gave balcony Meanwhile.Mysteri eyes upon one another." The vain efforts of the archers soon ceased. quickly. and the archers in the tower began But the soldiers on the them no heed. but no trace was found. quick as an adder. but balancing himself immediately he sprang to one side and was again arrows was the only reply. drew his dagger and grappled with his adversary. whistling back in a counter stroke. Then without came the clear call of the tower without food or shelter from the with the grim monster of hunger threatening them above and a shining array of trusty broadswords menacing them below. commanded him to surrender. his knees gave way and he fell in a heap on the stone steps. as the combat grew. locked as l'. A torrent of on guard. blanched with fear as he held his beads before his bloodshot Dragging him up they forced the iak door that led to a balcony battlemented and carved in fantastic forms. then they closed in a battle to death. for with main tower. Half way up they stone stairway as pitch." ringing through the castle.ey were in a cold. The ascent was slow and labored. With reverence they laid them in a row in a low niche that was protected from the snow. who was now crowding with men the turret of the smaller and loftiest tower. Thrusting it at his throat he cut the laces that held the meshes of Gwilim's haubert. striking the battlement and glancing out into the abyss below. for they now realized with terror their plight. Then. embedded itself in the foul traitor's neck. Removing chain ing shirt his heavier armor. All around were strewn pieces of armor and shields dropped by the fleeing knaves. hasten- was spiral and dark were damp and slippery. he broke down the robber's guard and his sword. you may stay where you are and feed the hungry vultures. in his haste he would have fallen with Gwilim's great weight crushing upon him. he dropped his sword. he himself began to look. with a lightning stroke. turning his attenhis tion to Guy. shoulders exposed. stumbled over the cowering figure of the Abbot of Monmouth. better than sully an honest sword in any of your foul carcasses. Every corridor and niche. and Guilford was perto call for mercy. your friends and brothers. covered with a ruck of twigs that had fallen from the narrow windows where the ravens had built their nests. "Come down. "En avant. scarcely disappeared He had shriek when a came from above through the darkness and an object fell. leaving his neck and villainy of in foul strokes The of their companions and friends that had died in the first sorry defense. indicated a weakening on which Guilford was not long in playing. and the atackers were saddened by the sight of many eyes. With one blow of his mace he shattered the grating in the door before him and led them up the steps into the unknown stranger Guilford saw him nowhere. He sent messengers to find him but they all returned from an unavailing search. or by the torment I will drag you hence and fit your punishment to the lying of your cloven tongue or yet. Turning to address his respects to the mysterious stranger. secret passage and gallery was searched for him whose leadership had brought them victory. plexed. hall 189 . Gwilim betrayed itself and passes which.

I pray you alle! On that chylde may wee calle. to take great the Christmas preparations. And after he had heard the events of Never had a morning seemed so bright. the body of his father. And poured through the portal from outside. "Perhaps. as he turned away. Like a flash came back to Guilford the His name is this.So he sent for his men to clear the courtyard below and. challenges to Guy Hewlett to meet him." . And as he rode his thoughts were busy over the crowded events of the night. though he had not slept he was not tired. with old Galwin at their head. who once was king and a king to be. Guil- ford left old Galwin in command and began a dreary journey back to the shelter in the green wood where his mother waited." he mused as he went about satisfaction in He seemed line. he was led to where the traitor lay. last night our strange comrade was the spirit the last from the lingering way he of the King. he burst forth in a carol that must have been running in his the night still made preparations in all haste to return with the women to Avedon there to their Christmas a festal make by all day that would be remembered as long as they lived head: Nowell! Nowell! in this halle Make merry. Now. and especially he puzzled over the strange and valiant knight. then. After many troubles sore Sing out with blisse shortly before Guilford returned she had seen Matholch stand in the road until a horseman came up when both disappeared. Stealing up in the east were flecks of faint color that boldly grew and when he met his mother at the door it was daylight. a trumpet blare sounded. Guy. as they stood in the flickering light. and as Guilford prepared to depart he could still hear him singing. should partake. and his mother told him that Morn of gladness Ever. the more he thought. coming himself to the stone steps. they distinguished the standard of the Bishop of Hereford. beside the prone remains of Gwilim. then he called his name again and again without receiving who any reply. but for the clanking armor of the silent men coming down the stairway. In the confusion he had not at first missed old Matholch. His red beard bristling as he roared and. "perhaps. Night of sadness. the more his fancy played about the unknown. since his work was finished. whose spell was strong from All Hallow E'en till Candlemas. he saw there. Ever Evermore. in amazement mixed a little with a bluff soldier's spleen at not having been a part of it all. motionless in the snow. a troup of mounted soldiers dwelt on it. Emanuel! 4s was foretolde In days of olde. He had been hurled by his own men from the tower above. By Gab-ri-el! words of the old man of King Arthur. but he roared. with a cry.

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The foremost Arab paused in his haste from the door .

Then my This Arab and fiend incarnate. It was on his last visit home that he had offered to take me as his secretary to see the He paused a moment. "It means. even by an American in these troubled times.' "And I take it to be a warning. Blake's moodiness the last few days. and my thoughts were far from pleasant. and now the strange words written on the card. could speak Arabic like an Arab. I had tried ter of operations meaning of those words?" not asked. He was the son of a New York banker and had given up his life to Oriental study. "What "It is is the to persuade my friend to return to America after this last affair. Martin Blake had been living in the Orient for the past ten years. Parker. my strange happened. caused me to apprehend some new danger. Orient. who was an old friend of the My own eagerness to go. setfamily. as it had always done of late when anything did not answer him. His feline way of sneaking I had turned again my attention 193 . I Mecca. as though in re- flection. My mind turned at once to Ameil Amuraz and his gang. and what he did not know about those swarthy gentlemen was not worth knowing. to the window when was suddenly drawn to the peculiar movements of an Arab in the street below. though self-defense?" I was done in His remarks set me thinking. braving the He hardships with adventurous delight. since I people protested at first. whose throughout Arabia. "But what does mean?" I reiterated impatiently. being able to read Arabic. which illumined many mysteries. but their faith in Blake. but he was de- an Arabic proverb. then went on: "You don't suppose that the shooting of an Arab in Mecca. 'Blood calls for " returned my friend grimly. was trying to promote a scheme for the worldwide supremacy of Islam by getting rid of men of note in all branches of life who were not of the Mohammedan faith and influence extended Martin Blake called my attention a card he had picked up upon entering who came within reach of his present cen- the room. together with his comment on them. A bright that city of friend to silver had risen. and I was certainly not going to leave him alone with his task. so I wondered what new devilment was afoot and who was to be the victim. is it going to be forgotten. In the last exploit one of the Arab's followers had been shot by Blake. literally. I had already been mixed up with Blake in three affairs which had almost ended in disaster. blood. He sat down at a writing table in the center of the apartment as I turned and glanced over his shoulder at some words written in Arabic characters upon the card." Blake replied it laconically.Illustrated by Clyde Forsyth WAS I the our gazing out of the window of sitting room in the Frank Hotel at a never failing object of interest moon of streets of Mecca. and tled the question in the end. was only eighteen." termined to stay and fight this enemy of western civilization and his fanatical designs.

" owned her when me for they disshe married a foreigner. The name by which is My father was English. addressing my friend." nodded called in Blake encouragingly. hardly spoken when the man disappeared from view. "I believe you are Mecca El Shahbah Arab The last as his left tle hand cautiously opened the at the lit- drawer table while his right White Arab!" At my friend's again. Blake's remark came as a surprise. I noted young looking. Mr. It's the nature of the Children of the Prophet. He has tried to A locate any relatives of avail. Though Blake's remark had caused the boy to start. To make the story short." said he. a touch of it I had from the first. fourteen years ago. but drew. I was surprised at his excellent knowledge of the language. he continued: "I was only three years old at that time. who has now been gone a month on his vacation. I suspicion. "I must begin by telling you who I am. An Arab woman "Don't let little things boy. has given me the swarthy me that it was hard hue. "to warn you and your friend. entered. in worry you. my real name is I me say in a "The fact that you have shot an Arab. looked furtively at the then continued: door. closing the door carehim. it was not astonishing that he had heard of stopped. few words that my parents went one day . but one Arab was so much like any other to to tell. after another furtive glance over his shoulder at the door. mother noble Arab parentage. you want?" demanded Blake sternly. my that Blake surveyed him with suspicion An Arab My The hair is climate black from my mother's side. I had calling Blake's attention to him. Then. He Hunt's case. He looked like the one after fully I had just seen in the street below. and to seek your replied in aid." The Arab young strange story. They will stop at The authorities are powerless nothing. I which he deftly withgrasped from the Arab's view." continued our visitor. You are both looked upon as interfering infidels. realizing my friend's extraordinary knowledge of Mecca and Arabia in general. "What hostile Bedouin Arabs. was is told later that they were killed by that fellow hanging about like that for at this time of night?" I said. Blake returned to his seat with an amused expression on his face. where I was born. But Yet. and will not be back for another two. kept what do "Well. am known in Mecca but Yamel." His voice shook with emotion. Blake. He was very about own age." "I have heard of you before. "has aroused a number of them to a frenzy. a revolver started violently. it also appeared to lift a burden from his mind. my "You'll go crazy if you want to know the reason every Arab Mecca skulks around." knock at the door caused Blake to brought me up until I found employment as an interpreter with the American Consul. I of my came to Mecca with them from the desert." he enjoined. and so I pass easily enough for an Arab. but at once remark the boy grew calm interest to had listened with fellow's growing the English but in a hoarse whisper. for they work secretly. "I have come here for two reasons.Tlhxe among the shadows gave me a sense of into the desert and never came back. Ameil Amuraz and his men have taken a vow to destroy one of you in revenge for their dead comrade. as he came further into the room and talked with more confidence. my England but without My father in mother's turn swiftly in that direction as he called: relations will not receive "Come in. let Ibreheim Charles Hunt.

" is not un- "Have you taken on the Mohammedan faith?" he said shortly. addressing Hunt. not that. matter-of-fact way. I suppose among Arabs. explaining at the same time where he had found it. "is to leave Mecca at once." the other replied in an injured tone. I think not. a handing the revolver he still "You will have no friends any Hunt. picking up the little card which how on again. but I thought my nationality had been long ago forgotten. "No. looking at Blake with an expression of alarm on his face." continued our visitor. turning once again Hunt. we shall store our stuff for we are Disguise yourself coming back. "Well. withdrawing Hunt the card. explaining that he would pay our bill and leave directions for the care of our things. Blake left the sitting room with me and turned in the direction of the stairs. retained to to his lodging place." nodded as he put the revolver inside his also we had burnoose. "No. Bedouin Arab and go with Hunt as "Well." Then. when Blake turned with a question to our visitor: foreign flag is seen in Mecca of late some one of that nationality is marked for death. even voice as he walked over to the window and looked out. I will get camels. "that found this tied to the gate where I take it. and passing it over to our visitor. handed cloth to over a colored Blake. derivation of that title is probably still known in Mecca. it hurriedly. So I feel it is the warning of coma "Did you here?" see if you were followed ing trouble." cdfN tinued Blake." declared Blake in a calm." Hunt replied. who opened the It was a small English flag it. Look I ! I lodge. that it was the trade mark of Ameil Amuraz's work! when bound sight of England's flag should strike terror to my heart."I also have had a warning." he went is my friend. engineer we had rescued we found him with the English flag about his loins. and Blake's remark at the time. except that "Why the "Oh. Ameil Amuraz knows that you have a valuable knowledge' The other of Arab life and affairs. I judge. I will follow." I have heard it whispered that whenever There followed a short pause. turning to me. "By the way. started as he read what was on Union Jack! I My friend started visibly." he burst out. Though we shared the same sitting room to I separate sleeping apartments. stay and face it Hunt. I knew a week ago that trouble was coming my way. you will need this." Martin Blake rose to his feet. entered my bedroom with a great feeling of relief that my friend had decided to leave Mecca if only for a short time. he added: "Better get your things together. the best thing you can do. had aroused our curiosity earlier in the evening. I could tell by his face that he had come to some swift decision. "but I decided to that's the American way. "though there were several Arabs slinking about the streets. and the longer re- we had better get you to Jiddah on the Red Sea?" he finished. Your moval may be necessary to Ameil Amuraz's schemes." continued 195 . You are still called The White Arab although you may not have known it until a moment ago." continued Blake in his calm. but that usual. thrust his hand inside his burnoose. look at this. "I cannot tell. A me as sensation of horror passed through recollected Clyde's condition the last lish Eng- "God in heaven! I was only just in time to warn you. Parker." He and.

night and the building was in semi-darkhotel lobby was half filled with the dreamy forms of Arabs of the more ness. He looked to me a straight.After changing guise which I my clothes for the disI joined my guide whom I found waiting at the sitHis face was muffled ting room door. all but he did not speak once "I the way." interjected Blako. and he said in English. although I put the head. It was then that I entering the place. descended on the top of my head. something descended from behind. At my reply he started for the stairs and was flowing from the wound I had reIt was dark. Parker?" voice weakly. and shook the form. run for your life!" With a subdued cry I stepped to one A dull. followed by a terrible thirst. I felt subconeyed us as we passed. and I came up begging. hotel disguised as the old I became suspicious that something was wrong when I saw the direction in which the fellow was taking you. I opened my eyes. my knees. he did not answer. I all had the supposed he was afraid we might be overheard. I wanted to prevent you from entering the house. went out into the hushed. "No. that is all I remember. He appeared to be trying to keep me from At the time followed you and your companion way from the Arab beggar. I wealthy came Blake's is it "Yes. class smoking narghelis and conSeveral of them versing in low tones. I saw your companion grew suspicious as I still clung to you. which we left the hotel. in when his form straight- ened suddenly and Blake's voice whispered English: "Come away. It was about midwith his head-dress. the beggar got between me and the gateway. moonlit night and hurried along the streets. Parker. became oblivious of all things. sciously that one or two had penetrated had adopted before. too?" "Yes. they came in contact Blood with something wet and warm. Although I gave him a coin he still clung to us. I was puzzling over this when a bent old Arab came up to us asking alms. in the blackness. When we came to a house before which my guide paused. my hands Groping touched a body that lay beside me. I don't think so. and that puzzled me. "Blake! for heaven's sake speak!" the thought came was it Blake? Was he dead? Was I to be left alone to Then meet some unknown fate? clutched at A horrible fear my heart. "Blake!" I moaned. I raised my my head. he was at the door. "Hunt's place was taken in some way by that Arab. I was unable to tell. crushing blow side. 196 . How long I remained unconscious. 'All ready?' as I came up to him." "How my disguise. our being here. but too late." thought so. and. The first sensation that came was a fe. One thing perplexed me. except for throbs infernally. just as I was about to grab the man who hit you. and three more Arabs suddenly appeared and began to follow. hand touch me." I replied quickly." resulted in which pened "So Hunt betrayed us?" I broke in. ceived. with you?" "Pretty fair. "Did you find your guide in the sitting room?" "No. "That you. down I went upon "You got one on a question to him I twice.arful throbbing in my head. hands to There followed a brief silence. felt a The The form began to stir. He had not uttered a single word since We my head." returned Blake decidedly. for I perceived it was Ameil Am- Then things hapuraz's headquarters. I cannot believe that he would give us away. "Thank God!" I murmured. we left the hotel. the silence of my companion.

Both had most of their faces covered with their head-dresses. ence.e clean kid. they'll come back and tell us our Blake sat fixed silent and motionless. Until the last call of the muezzin you have time to decide. thirst?" "Do "You are Americans. "Why not examine this room." "What has happened to Hunt then?" I exclaimed with a sense of doubt still in my mind. It was broken suddenly by Blake. hard tones. empty of furniture except for one probably followed him to the hotel. as the one passes out. and they understand and speak other languages besides Arabic." He then went to the windows and re- ." "Yes. "Only one may leave. "Then we Blake." sighed you suppose they will return?" I "or leave us to die of hunger and asked. "Listen!" he hissed. but you have slain one of the Faithful. his eyes fate. are at their mercy. If you have not chosen by then it will be too late. that is their fiendish way. I one large divan near the door. in a good sized room." it's no use. his face filled with questioning horror." he said with slow deliberation in a melancholy voice. "No. "My God!" I breathed. madly but the My head in still bleeding had A faint perfume hung the air a plan for escape. 'The one who passes out of the door prepares death for the one who remains. who had so far shown indiffernow started. the walls hung with 197 same way and wondering what fearful thing the Black Death might be. A door was thrown open to our left and two Arabs entered with the flood of dayThe light showed us that we were light. of escape. I looked at my friend for any intimation of and was throbbed stopped. "The new automatic I put inside The Arab on in English. The Arab at the door never moved. The muezzin calls twice before the last call which is at midnight. The other Arab shut the door. bewildered." Silence fell once more between us. there may upon the speaker. Little streaks of sunlight entered through the cracks of latticed windows. made certain of that. One of the Arabs went over to the side of the room opposite us and pulled aside some heavy curtains. turned and gazed in the direction the man pointed. "God alone knows!" replied Blake sadly. so I supposed that we in some room of a house. You may choose which may be the sacrifice. Some tapestries. I heard a sound like a pad. a on sitting rug. "You have your revolver?" whispered Blake. "It is behind the tapestry. we can do nothing but wait. Ameil Amuraz has his accomplices everywhere." declared my friend grimly. I changed my position ready for action. Blake rose to his feet. but his face feat. they have Parker. "One of you must die in recompense. showed de- about me mingled with the scent of tobacI now discovered that I was co smoke. from the other side of the room the Black Death will enter!" Blake. "You will see later. the divan began to speak were burnoose before leaving the hotel is gone!" "So is mine!" I returned. after feel- my ing for it." the Arab went on in cold. or perhaps was in the hotel all the time and overheard our conversation. glancing the naked feet on stones coming nearer. but tottered and sat down again. The other went over to the divaa sat upon it. despite his Arab garb. pad of be some way "You understand?" continued the Arab.

it was by my advice you came." went on my by the friend. every beat the eyes appeared." replied Blake. "except that But it was a plague of the Middle Ages. penecould hear the words: mingled sense of relief and curiosity." In the interval when the eyes disap- Death?" "I don't know. An indescribable dread took hold of me. It "Got what?" "I know what "Well. I clutched at his arm. "It's the Arabian tarantula. Then I remembered the Arab's warning. my boy. and that reminded Arab wailing cry of the cries of hired mourners for the dead. me "Blake. it ended a finished his explanation. what I jerked out. it seemed ages. don't know. but I put it down "It is to the condition of called my head." is terrible. I want you to take the chance and get away. My head still throbbed and my throat was parched for a drink. 198 . is. they came again and the beating changed to a sort of flutter." sensation An overwhelming of dread as and horror took possession of me Blake trating notes this time the call of the in muezzin. but it was broken by the call again. only to re- appear again. Then the scratching sound ceased. It came in clear." "Listen!" breathed Blake. For some time neither of us spoke. you are young "NonsensM" I broke in with emphasis. The next will be the "Hist!" he breathed. How long we were silent I could not tell. it blinks that way. the continual darkness was oppressing. The dread of the unknown. "because it deposits a poison which turns the flesh black and its victims die in fearful agony. or I stay to the end." he replied. "It looks like an owl. scratching noise in came to me. "I've got it!" muttered Blake. whatever it is it must be some horrible "What "I death device that portends its name." that thing is it?" I urged with a was the is call of the muezzin. God "Don't you smell something peculiar?" I had smelt something earthy." I groaned. "this sus- Those staring eyes. Blake." I whispered when the footsteps had died away." Then he went on in anxious tones: "Parker. ness followed. On the opposite side of the room from the door two eyes peered at us." When he had shut out the light the Arab at the door opened it. "Blake. They passed Darkout. It held a melancholy note throughout. In its place there came the noise of a small body beating itself against some obstacle. "what is the Black : pense last. culiar twisting jump." he replied. Like the eyes of a cat in the darkness they glistened. faintly I "Allahu akbar most great!" At last it ended the first warning of approaching death. Then they disappeared. for you can be more useful in fighting these " peared the uncanny scratching sound came. either you go and leave me. at the same time taking a large knife from his belt as though in case of emergency. I had a desire to go over to the window and draw the curtains. "I shall take no such chance. From the tone of his voice I knew that he was nervously tense. is it?" I cried in horror. "Look Look !" he whispered ! my ear. It is much larger than the tarantulas in our great West and far more It reaches its victim with a pedeadly. creepy sensation passed down my spine. A horrible. at the same time delivering the following injunction "Do not touch the windows or death will overtake you suddenly. A weird. closing the door after them. and at devils.drew the curtains over them. Arabs of southern Arabia the Black Death.

though in the darkness I could Some one was opening the see nothing. Outraged reason deprived me of coherent speech. For a moment I wondered if I had heard aright. for in the excitement of the moment I had for199 nized glance I saw also the flash of a knife. Then. sending forth of the Black Death. haste from the door. we could not possibly avoid its attack in the darkness of the room. Blake arose A The door burst open on the other side room and admitted two Arabs. I seized the rope and began to let it slip through my hands. lattice-work of the window beyond. The Arab looked exhausted. hairy thing like a spider and twice the size of a man's hand lighted on the in his Arab paused A Arab's chest. Parker. on the rug and the eyes appeared nearer. fascinated. Suddenly the curtains at the window parted and an Arab fell into the room. The brilliant moonlight gleamed upon bared teeth not a dozen feet above. The room was now illumined with the moonlight. itself over and over into heard a soft pad. "Come away the eyes. I distinguished a rope suspended to the street below and Blake hurriedly lowering himself by it. but I saw a dark stream issuing from his face lips. heart leaped wildly in my breast. The sound was repeated. I uttered a hoarse cry and hurled myself against fact hammered I my brain. see they are brighter!" I turned in horror at his remark. shaft of moonlight showed him slowly pick himself up and reach forward with a piece of paper clutched in his hand. a cry from "Merciful goodness! he's dead!" "How did he get in?" I continued in awed tones. mesmerized. to be counted with. sought the semi-darkness of the The next eyes for and darting forward seized the man arms. or if the sound portended the coming of the Arabs and the ror-haunted brain. existent. Blake. pad. That seemed to bring me to my senses. Then his eyes filled with horror and his hands went up as though he was defending himself against some fearful foe. out of the window. and in that quick. Hard upon my words came Blake. I seemed glued to the spot where I stood. seemed grow to suspend its pulsations icily cold.The I creature was trying to get out. moment I was over the sill. The asked man's was half hidden with his head-dress. His face turned livid and he reeled backward. burst a blood vessel?" I one lingering moment. ago. then little knew that My to gotten the menace which threatened us. The vague understanding of the possibility of escape also brought me to a realizaof the tion that Blake was already disappearing through the window and calling to me to I jumped forward and leaned follow. and in such a way as to draw me fascinated in the direction of the curtains. The last call of the muezzin sounded loudly I seized one to steady mything with the eyes was now The actual. as the thing came on in little jerks. I saw a small black shadow pass through the stream of moonlight from the window. In all this suspense I had not uttered a word and Blake remained silent. The foremost "Has he in a voice hushed with wonder. and The Another sound broke in upon my horIt came from beyond the curtains. He seized the paper in the man's hand. He barely glanced at it before he gripped my arm. through them as self. He dragged me to the curtains. Then I felt myself dropping into space . I in his My room had automatically gone forward. As I descended a cry from Blake caused me to look up an evil face peered down at me. black. "What did he come for?" But Blake paid no heed to my questions.

Parker. what was on the paper the poor fellow clutched in his hand?" I broke in. warning for us and ing plans managed to get away. The pain in my shoulder was excruciating. "Somewhat better." Blake paused a moment. "Simply the words 'Rope at the win" redow. four Arabs entered. the other turned and fled. One of them shot the nearest pur- turned to follow. fast as "As is he?" Martin Blake turned sharply and stared "Where "Keep up!" came from Blake weakly. I and a red mist flitted before my dropped sprawling after my senses left me. must run I Parker. I have learnt part of this from the French Consul. Once I stumbled and uttered a cry." sighed Blake. but I realized that the shoulder was tightly bandaged. you can go. tied him to a chair and cut the Arab penalty for out his tongue them discussHe overheard us. questioned. "How do you feel?" continued Blake." I replied in a be- him in the sitting room at the hotel. On we ran. I was divan and Blake was standing nearby. Poor Hunt." returned "The French Consul had been warned of our detention a few moments before we appeared in the street. me in surprise. Blake's voice "It's all right. Never Mechanically suing Arab. "but where are we?" . But he was in a bad way from loss of blood and something must have finished him as he broke open the window. sharp pain my he shoulder where stones at the fall. "We hissed. had struck the hard for it. run to the French Consulate!' Blake. then said: "Why. I we are safe!" lying on i opened my eyes." panted Blake. he certainly was a white kid. and went at once with four of his servants to our Blake. rescue. then added: "The Consul also told me that Ameil Amuraz offered Hunt his life and a large reward to betray us. my friend and When floated to I came me: to myself. "But what about Hunt?" a little perplexed. There was no one about. Parker. silently. but a warning cry from Blake brought an irreI threw sistible fascination to look back. through the moonlit streets. plied still shall I forget what I saw. Not once again did I look back." "In the French Consulate. Two Arabs with knives that glittered in the moonlight away with an I ex- pursued us close behind. After we left at A dark form appeared in our path eyes. "even though he had Arab blood in his veins 1" wildered way. followed by a wild cry. Then a shot rang out. The wound in my shoulder had ceased to throb. I felt a I Blake helped in me to ray feet. turning pression of relief. that was Charles Hunt who came to our rescue.the rope had been severed." "By the way. a quick glance over my shoulder.

who.Deputy Commissioner Manhattan Council and Chief Guide. you are astray. replied indignantly: "Injun no here!" lost. especially lost. should come to his assistance when he is lost or astray. lost. which may involve almost every phase Scouts will do well to consult carefully the merit badge pamphlets on the subjects just enumerated. with the result that presently he is lost "for fair. is The likely to get lost. and that discovery may cause not a little confusion in your mind. how to do any of the things needful to make oneself as comfortable as the circumstances Again. Otherwise you are likely to get still farther off your course. Cooking. or what kind of a fire to build. The have. in fact. or. you are certainly astray. at least to a white SOONER woods travels much woods moved that The mistake is. they are considering this vitally important matter. and it isn't there." Benefits of Scout Training man. you may suddenly realize that you are traveling northwest instead of north. as is con- behooves you to find out promptly just why you have missed seeing the ledge. while will permit. perhaps cerned. however. Forestry. and trusting to luck. and should be able to . when he was accused of being lost. if you confidently expect to see a certain landmark say a big" ledge on a mountainside from a trail or road from which you believe it to be visible. As long a-s is There a difference he has at his command at least part of the information and practical efficiency derived from this training. be directed to a few principles and tricks of the pathfinder's trade which every scout should understand. which you had supposed and desired to be your course. actually you are no longer really astray as soon as you realize your error. and far as that ledge it of woodcraft. the that wigwam many an isn't inex- perienced person makes lies in blundering along. Therefore. and of course Path- Astray or Lost finding. make a browse bed. and it is assumed that between being lost and being astray. For example. from which probably originated the classic story about the redskin. depend upon it. the even the Inexperienced woodsman does dian sometimes does. trait wigwam training which every scout should that to be acquired by proficiency in the merit badge requirements for Camping. But the Indian often won't admit it. For. and begin to travel north. the ledge 201 Wherefore Natural Compass Marks Moss Especial attention may. or how to that confusion lasts. Natural History Troop or later in everybody the who real hasn't lost. Injun First Aid. tenderfoot (scout or otherwise) does. it seems unnecessary here to enter upon any elaborate description of how to extem- porize a shelter for a night in the woods. Stalking.

would be ruled out nore part of that intelli- shown by absolute confidence instrument for the present purposes. thin. Again. which. however. provided he uses it intelligently. moisture remains longer on rough bark than on smooth. and within the forks of trees and about their swollen bases.. because naturally that side retains moisture longer than the lower side. bossy knots. One instance on record is that of a lost man who. Wherefore. or by compass.. forks of limbs and the bases of trees. finally stumbled into a camp only about six miles from his starting point. then." 202 ." that is. "Magnetic variation. sometimes very considerably. as the deflection is not sufficient to throw the traveler seriously off his desired But beware of local attraction. a most cepts and acts convenient thing to know be true. a believer in the moss-on-the-north side-of-the-tree theory would be thrown completely off his course if he should bo hopelessly lost and is likely to continue until the victim drops from sheer exhaustion. both of which were so badly frozen that their amputation was necessary. seeking a direction from moss on trees. any direction from that point would have brought him out of the woods and incidentally would have saved him from the loss of his feet. (Remember. of course.) True rocks both is be found on that side of the tree moss to retains which longest the most moisture. case. as shown by the compass. But he should be sure of these principles before he ac- apply The tendency is of the person who has en- tirely lost his sense of direction to "circle" well known and has been repeatedly upon them. just as he would give no heed to the growth on prostrate logs. It merely follows that a competent woodcraftsman. gence will be in the And leaning trees. for as one proceeds they are the only sure are likely to change their appearance. points of the compass. without any regard for the "Does it follow. not and that may necessarily be the north normally be taken with the than with the left. He would give special heed to the evidence of trees that were isolated enough to get direct sunlight throughout a good portion of the day. the difference between the magnetic north. while those that were in the shade of cliffs or steep mountains. for then." asks Horace Kephart. moss will grow most side. if it happened to proved by experiment. seems always to occur when one becomes strides will For example. after walking steadily for six days and nights. The most plausible reason for this circling is that it is due to the unequal strength of the two sides of the body. beyond a doubt the growth would be on the south side of the tree. course. and true north may be disregarded for ordinary pathfinding in the woods. For example. very great.Lost accurately and promptly in the emergency of being lost. so that they could only catch the sunbeams in the or afternoon. ways to avoid circling. The importance of the compass to the lost man is. of course. TKat is. line in Five miles of travel in a straight guided by the moss on a tree leaning to the north. uncommonly rough bark. probably everybody has heard that moss grows on the north side of a tree. always the incidentally. that the isn't if left the right side be stronger than the which usually is the case longer gray parasitic lichens which grow on and trees are not moss. such as would be established if the comor steel obpass were held near any iron morning of court. readily on the upper side of a leaning tree. would ig- Traveling by landmarks. and this will right leg The circling cause circling to the right. Landmarks should be observed carefully and frequently. "that exposure has nothing to do with the growth of moss? Not at all.

it is one which easily may be and usually is averted. Let's go. but. through the woods. felThere are lows. Anyhow I'm sure they stalked their game. . and while we enjoy its pleasant glow and the sweet odors of the balsam and burning wood and moist woods. This map should be on a scale sufficient to show the main topographic features. on the other hand. "Keep a It is said that the poor your wretch who gets lost in the Australian desert and becomes stark mad from thirst usually takes his boots off and throws them away. some faint old trails there that I'm sure the Indians long ago trod with moccasined feet. At least he is always dead when he is found. Of the two losses. for I need jolly company when I hike. and sit around it. affected in this a good plan to carry constantly the country which one intends to of map traverse or of the region about his camp. I've got to ! I'm acspeaking of camp-fires. just If there are no boughs handy. This tracing should be made on tracing linen with India ink or an indelible pencil. And get away from these close rooms and brick walls and smoky chimneys." slang injunction. however. But if one keeps cool and acts rationally there is little danger that he will lose either his mental or his physical shirt. and make up our blanket roll. for once bereft of his reason the case is hopeless. if we can find hemlock or spruce or balsam boughs. in no more detail. and hit the trail for one fine old over-night hike. of course. We'll strike back into the hills. we'll break some for a seat. one to be lost. though it is a fact. Scouts Let's pack our haversacks with something to eat. and build up our fire. After that he always runs until he falls dead. like an a^ or a knife or a belt buckle. and most conspicuous physical characteristics. not proposed in any such sense. the former is by far the more serious. we'll spread our ponchos. so that presently the map will be in several of their clothing. of homesick a for smell tually camp-fire smoke and there's that other smell that the sweetest smell that a goes with it and hungry hiker camper ever smelled bacon! We'll eat our bacon. than is needed to indicate in a general way their dimensions It is expoobserving the precept expressed by that eloquent if somesition of the necessity of Perhaps no more need be said in what indelicate shirt on.ject. Very rarely a combe affected by a mass of iron ore pass will beneath the surface of the ground. that lost tear off almost all found ment map may ordinarily be the possession of the governofficial usually the custodian of such Such a in documents and who probably will be willing to let you make a tracing of it. and frying then. or more of which is likely way put the compass on then hold it in your hand and ground and note whether the needle keeps its position in both places. There is no use denying that this is a real danger. we men have been known to believe. we'll have some jolly songs and 203 stories. and lighted their camp-fires up there. and I must have you with me. Paper of any kind is almost certain to become creased with repeated folding. "Keep your shirt on" is. sure that the needle is To make the not being sections.

And for cooking purposes. you sit on a log near and swap yarns with the other campers. you don't have to hold the handles of the utensils. that they wanted some hot water to wash up the cooking the things needed washing all things nace. frying pan. is A cooking fire is like useful when confined. but that is no reason why the pains of martyrs at the stake should be suffered by the woodsy cook. black as a silk hat. are placed side by side. with the spout and handle unsoldered. and other utensils. and potatoes for three persons can be boiled over a small alcohol lamp. The tops right. don't you think?" asked one of the campers. face and hand blistering illustration of how never to do it that camp range took the raisin cake. pointing pridefully toward where a cord of smoke-yield- should be flattened with hatchet or ax. roaring. It was about six feet long and all ONE seen of the funniest things I've ever in the woods was a stone ing wood was blazing to heat about a gallon of water. and secured in position on the ground with stakes or stones. and I sat on a log and ate burnt bacon. The tenderfeet were engaged in putting more wood into the fur- plenty in forests. by early Adirondack guides. and lit- cooking fires of dry wood burn diThus you can rectly under each utensil. Coffee pot. and. All three looked like fire-tortured prisoners who had been rescued from Indians at the very last moment. trappers and Indians. a little fire at the right place is better than a youthful forest fire. a few inches apart. for imprisoning a cooking with stones A and with green logs. blackened tin pail of boiled potatoes and a frying pan. soggy murphies. a quarter-mile of four feet high and held I smelt all right. raw in the middle. down stream from the campers. and peeled before boiling. They explained Two green logs. coffee pot. As a smoking. and the most perfect camp cooking device known is that used in early days by explorers. and had been boiled so long and furiously that it had a taste like unto wormwood diluted with gall. stood on a stone. When I came out into the glade where the tent and stone range stood the campers had just finished preparing their dinner. "Fine camp range. tle . containing scraps of burnt bacon. have just the correct heat for the food you cook. The coffee resembled liquid mud. while breakfast or dinner is sizzling or boiling. They invited me to dinner. Wood enough it fire to melt a ton of iron. preferably of beech. later. stand across the tops of the logs. "Took us three days to finish it!" An Eskimo will stew a mess of seal meat and boil tea with a seal oil lamp that gives a flame a little larger than a candle flame. had also been salvaged from the stone range. A steam and is most There are two ways fire. eight to ten inches in diameter and six feet range that three tenderfoot campers constructed. The latter method is by far the best.


log range can be constructed in a halfat most. It uses a minimum of fuel,

as convenient as a gas range in a apartment, with dry fuel it gives out almost no smoke, it blisters no faces, it unsolders no handles of tinware, it cares not in what direction the wind is blowing, and, finally, as the narrow top can be protected with slabs of bark, it will do its cooking even in a heavy rain-storm. Take off your hat to it Probably George Washington used it when as a young chap he made that famous hike to the Forks of the

Use lots of salt in the water when boiling potatoes, a strong brine gives the best results, and always boil the potatoes in their


and please, please don't dig out the

eyes or in any

mutilate the murphies. When a fork can easily be thrust through 'em, pour off the water and dry thoroughly over the


makes 'em wet and soggy.

log range.


potatoes will be snow


white, dry and mealy, such as you could not get in the most famous city restaurant.


and very



Dan Boone


A little

deer meat over it. improvement on the original log

Never waste a single drop of grease in the woods, and keep the grease used for frying fish separate from that used for Condensed milk frying other things. cans make fine grease holders.
Nice toast can be made in a frying-pan over the log range. Use just enough
grease to keep the bread from sticking, and be sure not to burn it. Fried mush is mighty good. Stir corn meal into boiling water to a thick mush. Place utensil in another pail, thus you have a double boiler, and boil mush for a half-hour. Put the mush into the frying-pan over night to

to elevate one leg an inch or so Thus we have a draft, and by this means the petty fires between the logs



burn better.

With the log range you can cook almost anything, and frying-pan cookery is made
particularly convenient.


camp bread can be made of

Mix to thick stickiness, use plenty of bacon grease in the pan, and have the grease hot when you dump in the



thin slabs

and fry to


put in a



browned on one



grease, turn over


cook on the other
very hot fat are


Potatoes peeled,

golden brown, in plenty of hot bacon Fried oatmeal is good, cooked in grease. the same way. Bread dipped in condensed milk and fried makes a nice hot breakfast

cut into quarter-inch slices,

and fried



use plenty of fat and have it very hot at first; the heat should be reduced a little

tin pail,

by the watch, and

Boil coffee only three minutes coffee made in a small

Prunes or dried apples or peaches, soaked over night, and boiled with sugar until tender should be used constantly in the woods. Prunes are tasty and are also

good medicine.

with a tight-fitting cover, is better than coffee made in an ordinary coffee pot. Use egg-shells to settle the coffee, or stand the pail or coffee pot one side away from the heat until the grounds settle.

Flapjacks made in the frying-pan over the log range must not be forgotten, but mix into the batter, which can be made with prepared flour, two or three spoonfuls of syrup. Thus your flapjacks will be a glorious brown.

brook trout





the fish with the red and gold

along his sides and a delicate blend-

ing of rich hues along the lower portion of he's the fellow that causes the his body

some still-running brooks, especially dace. But with trout this is not so. A trout that has grown to a fair size is wonderfully sharp-witted and very, very sly. And

easily frightened;


might almost be

heart of every boy to beat faster when he knows one is snapping at his hook. And there's hardly a boy who knows about trout but who hopes that some day he will be able to take home a big string of the beauties just as the older fishermen do. But he often wonders why now he can-

truthfully said that "he

afraid of his

Surely, every experienced fisherman knows so well, he is afraid of any shadow made in any way by a fisher-

own shadow."




the slightest




a section of a fisherman's rod will nearly

not catch them just as well as his Uncle Henry or his big brother Tom; they seem to get them every time they go after them. He can catch perch and pumpkin-seeds and dace but trout he can't seem to get

always cause him to dart to a hiding-place under a bank or under a tree root or some other refuge of safety where the lure of
the angler cannot follow.


noise in the

water near him
scare or else

will also give


a big

make him

acutely suspicious.

'em, that's all. And there's something more he wonders about, too. There's one boy in town, no older than he who can catch trout al-

Yet when there has been no noise or no shadow to scare him or to arouse his suspicions,



likely to

be a victim thereof


as well as his

big brother


Uncle Henry or his But this boy doesn't

want him along when he goes to He asked him to go with him but never once, again. And, of course, he had enough pride not to ask to go again. I shall first tell why this boy who wanted to catch trout, but couldn't, failed. He could catch dace and pumpkin-seeds and perch, a lot of them very true. But
the brooks.

just the same; or, he is suspicious, but not at all times frightened. If, for illustraa and he is tion, big fat worm is hungry washed along by the current right in front

of his mouth he doesn't think that a sufficient reason for him to jump or dart quickly for the choice morsel and catch it and swallow it as quickly as a chicken

each of these classes of

fish is






the former, in

order to catch them
bers one doesn't

in any great numhave to study their

Sometimes big worms are a bug. not such choice eating as they appear to be at first sight; there's something about them oftentimes that hurts painfully; he has had one experience, and possibly more than beone, which has taught him the worth of cautious when possible danger may be



natures very deeply, for they are simple and open and they may be found in al-

lurking about.


this, at times,

he would


to possess

an almost human

most any pond or lake or





Therefore, any intelligent boy may readunderstand that he as a fisherman must be cautious lest he project shadows over

perienced angler
will oftentimes

who know

truly loves the sport that a trout may be

taken from a certain formation of water.

the brook, make any unnecessary disturbances in the water, and he must learn how





best to tempt the appetite of

Mr. Trout.

By no means, though, is this all there to know if one would catch trout successfully. One of the most essential things
to learn besides caution

older fishermen with years of experience will catch trout when the It has taken the average boy cannot. older fisherman a long time probably to



learn the


essential lessons that



knowledge of

brooks; and types of brooks are so varied that this requires much thought and observation. There are big tumbling brooks and
big smooth-flowing brooks; there are small hillside brooks that are all commotion as

they course their

way down over

big stones

and huge bowlders; and there are little meadow streams. deep quiet-flowing Trout are caught more plentifully in some of these early in the season and in others, later in the season, depending largely on weather conditions.
fishermen select their Experienced brooks for the periods they are to fish just as carefully as they select the weather

be learned in order to feel a confidence in oneself; in being able to make not an occasional fair catch, but to maintain a fair average whenever a stream is visited. In short, successful trout fishing is an art that does not come by luck; only careful observation and an intelligent study of the trout and the brooks can bring it. The answer, then, to the boy as to why he cannot score catches equal to older fishermen is that he has not learned his lesson. And the answer as to why one boy in

town makes good catches is just this: He was an exception to the average boy in that
he knew at the start that successful trout fishing had to be learned; and he began studying it the first time he wet his hook; he has kept studying, too, every minute
during his he is old
fishing. Though young in in observation and study.

when they would
it is

visit certain



invariably true that for very early season fishing small brooks are best result bringers; or, if one is to fish a large


in his


early, he should give most of his time to its headwaters. Later, the trout

doesn't ask the other boy to join


drop down stream where volume of water.

exists a greater

In all brooks, too, there are favorite places for trout to linger places where they may be on the watch for worms and

bugs and other kinds of food as they are brought down stream by the current such as at the heads of pools into which flows fast water; at the lower side of boulders which project above the water; in shallow riffles which are not too bois-

trips because when he took him he was noisy and didn't try to once along from He keep being seen by the trout. should have been cautioned by the experienced boy, but he was not. As the latter has had to learn by himself all that he knows, he is, unfortunately, rather selfish in not wanting to teach other boys what he had to work out alone.



have given the impression
a sport very difficult may tend to discourage

that trout fishing

master and

Of course, these conditions vary to a considerable degree in the rising and
falling of the


in trying to learn

If so, I


regretful indeed, for

it is


lack of rain.

water occasioned by rain or But all of these things only

any boy who truly wants to learn
get so

he will

much fun out



that there will be

experience can teach successfully.





Francis As-ooid

by George





remarkable reception not only
in Italy as well.


ROBINSON real characters.

day, the parrot and the goats were


was received by


lived in a

cave and met with countless adventures A new as we have always pictured them. light has been thrown on the real Crusoe and his life on the desert island which lends added fascination to the great adventure. It was probably not an English-

King of Portugal and even journeyed Rome, where he was granted an audi-

ence with the Pope. The travels of Robinson Crusoe on his return to Europe, as Defoe describes

man named





named Fernar Lopez who was
nal of the immortal Crusoe.


the origithe fa-

them, were evidently suggested by Lopez's own experience rather than by those of the English sailor, Selkirk. It will be recalled that Crusoe, after his travels returned to
visit his island

although Selkirk was con-


was not Juan Fernandez off the South American coast, but the more familiar island of St. Helena off the coast

tent to remain in England. Lopez voluntarily returned to St. Helena which was

of Africa. The adventures of Lopez on his lonely island have much more in common with the story of Robinson Crusoe than those The Portuguese exile lived of Selkirk. alone on his island more than thirty years, while Selkirk was exiled for only about four. Lopez again shared his exile with a black slave, which may well have sugHe carried gested Friday to Defoe. ashore a rooster intended for food, which however he made a pet, and this seems to have been the original of the famous parThe Lopez household included also rot.

many goats. The adventures

then uninhabited, where he lived alone for more than twenty years. From all the internal evidence it seems that Defoe borrowed freely from the adventures of Lopez rather than those of Selkirk in writing his immortal romance. The mention of St. Helena of course recalls Napoleon. It was chosen as his prison because of its remoteness. Lying more than a thousand miles off the coast of Africa, well out of the way of ships, it was doubtless one of the loneliest spots in the world. When the former Emperor of France landed there the island was partially inhabited and ships carrying provisions and even mails occasionally found

of the Spanish exile on

remote island attracted far more

way here. The real Robinson Crusoe had

lived a

tention throughout Europe than did those of Selkirk and must have been familiar to

very adventurous

even before his


trip to

The long exile was broken by Europe when Lopez was given

a a

Portuguese nobleman by birth and supposed to have been The great field for adventure wealthy.

Lopez was


THe Real Robinson Crusoe
at that period for his

countrymen lay


Some years before Portugal had commenced the conquest of Malaya
the far East.

and fortunes were being quickly made, Lopez was a soldier of fortune who enlisted to fight against the natives. details of his life in the East have

Africa the vessel bearing Lopez chanced to come within sight of the Island of St. Helena, which had been discovered only a few years before by Portuguese sailors

and although


Portuguese possession







and rarely


can only guess
it is

preserved, but these are of a lively nature. It seems that Lopez sided with some native thief in one of the disputes

how Lopez reasoned, that with the fear of supposed

possible punishment awaiting him at home, the soldier welcomed this remote
island as a safe refuge. Lopez begged the captain of the ship to be put ashore
St. Helena and his extraordinThe island request was granted. lay so far off the track of vessels and was so remote, even from the African coast,

and was disowned by his own countrymen. In a battle which occurred later Lopez fought against the Portuguese and was captured by the forces under the Portuguese Viceroy, Alfonso Dalequeque, was
judged a traitor and treated as such. The punishment of a soldier in the early part
of the sixteenth century

alone on


Lopez appeared

to the sailors to bo


our modern one thing, one of his hands was cut off, the right one. His hair or part of it was pulled out by the roots and he was secording to

severe, acFor standards.


They made his lot on the desert island as comfortable as they could. The supplies

Unfortuput ashore were liberal. no record of them has been nately, pre-

The old records of that verely beaten. that he received "other indigrecord day

have been pre"poor Despite Crusoe" recovered and probably enjoyed good health for the rest of his long life. Some three years later the Portuguese Viceroy of Malaya died and Lopez found himself at liberty to return home. He had left a wife and child in Portugal and probably some property. The jourbut



There was doubtless a considerable supply of food, probably of bread and flour. It is certain that tools for and building tilling the soil were included


torture the

with guns and powder and shot. The vessels in those days even on long

voyages carried

live stock

and so



possible to supply Lopez with the rooster which was later to become so famous.

Lopez did not eat it, although the temptation must have been great, but kept the
bird as a pet and spent many hours in taming it. The story of the rooster was told all over Europe. It was this rooster

ney by sailing vessel in those days from India to Europe around the Cape of

Good Hope was very long and On the way Lopez had plenty of
to think over his situation,




supposed to have suggested to


and long be-

Defoe Crusoe's famous parrot. The picture of the lonely exile making friends
with the bird has always been a pleasant memory of all lovers of Crusoe. The food supply included several goats
flock carried aboard the ship. could count upon a liberal milk supLopez the first and later on the herds from ply doubtless outgreiw the shelters and enclosures he had prepared for them, when


Europe was sighted he had changed mind about going home. It is prob-

able that he feared to return for the law

As things in those days was tricky. turned out these fears were imaginary, and Lopez would have been forgiven his past, but he, of course, did not know this. On the voyage up the west coast of

from the

the island are supposed to be the descendants of Lopez's flock. and in carried He carried ashore a rooster intended for food. It has been disputed whether Selkirk lived on an island off the east or west coast of South America.Nearly two centuries later when Napoleon came to St. The discovery of the footprint on the sands is one of the most dramatic scenes in all literature. sailor The Eng210 had no than from South America. doubtless the he sailed days. the home of Lopez. the of the blacks. birth That Lopez was a nobleman by would naturally have suggested to the captain the necessity of such a servant. however. but Defoe with its geography in mind. blacks from the mainland. It lay too far away from the continent for the natives to visit it regularly in their canoes. Helena he must have seen these herds. on the other him in Slaves making a home on were cheap in those ship his island. In the labors which followed the slave must have done much to make life bearable for the exile. And Lopez had a black slave to assist called of course that Crusoe was visited by native blacks from the mainland. and even to-day the wild goats which roam they ran wild over the island. In neither case would he have been visited by barbarous native HeSt. about their fires on the beach. he made a pet many. When a ship vis- . which. After nearly three centuries it can scarcely be expected that any trace of Lopez's home remains. Later Crusoe discovers a number of groups of such natives. It will Lopez be re- rather than Selkirk in his story. lena. the west coast of Africa. would be much more likely to bring blacks from Africa hand. lies off home Here would seem dence lish to be conclusive evi- that Defoe dramatized slave.

Although he was thus completely out of touch with the world Lopez did not suffer for lack of civilized foods. All exiles wrecked on uninhabited islands out of dig caves for themselves. It at once day with an invitation from the King of Portugal to return home. and soon spread over Europe. The visiting crew usually left a present of food at the mouth of the cave. was perhaps afraid that he might be taken prisoner and carried to Portugal for further punishment. as we shall see. The exiles thrived on their island and Lopez. Helena it called to Lopez proved strangely shy. but in or the doubtless cave was fiction first attracted wide attention. He would see the see him. The climate of this tropic became known among sailors in many ports.ited him later it was found that he and his slave had dug a cave for themselves. After about three years of this vessel arrived one life a story of the exile to Portugal. Lopez's on record. but He ship approaching hours before its crew landed and with his slave would hide in the woods until the visitors had disap- rhe supplies put ashore were liberal proved friendly and little protecwas required. and whenever a vessel chanced near the island of St. became so fond of this life that he would exchange it for no other. After leaving Lopez and his slave to their fate the ship sailed and brought the island tion peared. All this was long before the novel had It quickly made stories of exile familiar. 211 .

As before ships which found themselves in the vicinity of St. Lopez was unhappy and longed for his island. had story. The brief stay in Europe proved to be anything but happy. Pope asked if was any one thing he greatly deLopez promptly replied that he make him prisoner and carry him aboard and to Portugal. Selkirk was a plain rough living. Lopez found himself a stranger in a strange He had become so accustomed to land. which was espesailor used to cencially attractive during the sixteenth satto be had tastes and needs tury. Helena and continue to live there alone and undisturbed. it has been life of Selkirk. Helena and left there once more to his own devices. His story was still fresh in the minds of Europeans and he continued for the rest of his life to be a great object of curiosity. granted him absolution. But the exile's fears ship of punishment were ungrounded. where he was invited to tell At every turn he found himhis story. When the situation formed that the exile was still alive. however. So in due time Lopez was transported to St. The King was especially gracious. reached the ears of the Pope at Rome. During this long period he had many invitations to return to Europe. and he was deluged with invitations. offer Lopez perhaps mistrusted the royal and saw in it a ruse to lure him back strange adventures. Lopez thereupon journeyed to His beyond those of the rough EngYet he continued to live alone for more than twenty years. on the other hand. was granted an audience with the Pope. Even in this retreat. to stay where he He may have preferred it is committed years before. Helena. and the Pope. But the life of Lopez is far more remarkable. The Pope was so affected by the reply that he addressed a letter to the King of Portugal asking him to grant this extraordinary request. The crowd in the streets. The Portuguese nobleman. curious meanwhile. But in the midst of this popularity. Pope. was fresh from life at court. Lopez was not only unhappy in the society of his fellow men but suffered from remorse for his life in with his fellow beings filled alarm. the contact him with was explained to the King special arrangements were made to find a home for him in a remote monastery where he might gradually become accustomed to civilized life. close of the interview the there sired. In the course of this long conversation Lopez confided to the Pope his remorse for his sins was for various reasons. was quite sincere. the royal invitation wished only to be allowed to return to St. Helena would put in to visit him. He the far East. have gone insane under out would pointed such conditions. The world has always marveled at the Most men. ovation.had been told and had become so interested in the the King he not only promised him Lopez case that story of the exile The Rome. self a the quiet of his lonely island that the noise and confusion of his native land terrified him. who expressed a great curiosity to meet him. On popular hero. protection but an opportunity to rise in life. Crowds followed him about the streets. In this way Lopez at long intervals learned what was happening in the outside world and Europe in turn was in- reaching Portugal he received an he was the lion of the day. At the said. but in any event he flatly refused to leave 5t. was received kindly and spent hours in relating his He a prodigious journey in those days. Had he done so he could have counted on the friendship and interest of both the King of Portugal and the isfied far lish sailor. 212 . Whereupon his visitors pressed their invitation upon him so far as to to be punished. and received him at court.

so soon as its because of formation. who visited Crusoe's island. or at least the author's inspiration. for nobleman living so simple a life in this remote speck of an island could have held the interest of Europe. But as time went on and popular and very prosperous island of Trinidad. The world. Helena. a variety of opinions were held as to just which island could most people were willing was Selkirk. or broad popular- be the real was not entirely the creature of Defoe's brain was very evident. could be little doubt but that it was founded at least on the adventures of some real person. Defoe had given only the most marveled that a man should find life in peace and contentment under such extraorIt remained for the dinary conditions. but since Selkirk's adventures were very familiar to the English reading public. great English novelist. men corresponds more accurately with Defoe's descriptions than any other. And with this research work under way a curiosity developed as to the location of the island upon which the adventurer lived. This was assumed entirely because of the few figures concerning its the island's location that were given in Defoe's book and not its Indeed. now the coast line and the moun- the novel passed into the hands of generations more removed from the period of Selkirk. In the first place Defoe refers to the savage natives. geographical location. There every way a fanciful creation. There were others who insisted that the was its hero also in doubt. nearly two centuries later.ibly populated with Indians. an island off the coast of Chili in South America. To be sure there were no black natives on the island or on the mainland in that vicinity. for geographically the formation of Trinidad. And because of the unusual nature of the tale and the realistic way in which it was chronicled it was quite natural that all Europe should become keenly interested regarding its truth. to believe that Defoe's hero but since meager information as to the possible location of the island. which was then Europe. to be in was rife as to who could hero. Long after his death in the 1546 lonely story was still told. in the Caribbean 213 . Defoe. to make this exile seem real to us. There was more latitude for speculation in this last question than in was prob. when he landed on one of Selkirk the island the islands far to the north. save possibly St. Alexander Selkirk. was Crusoe's island. the novel began to gain ity speculation have been the one on which Crusoe was marooned. The tale contained far 00 many realistic incidents. In the days of and women began to dig into the past to make certain as to the real character of Crusoe. off the northeast coast of South America. Just who assumed that the rough old sailor. and there seemed to be far more reason to believe this theory than the first. who have Whether Defoe ever divulged the source of his information is not definitely known. was the one on which Selkirk spent his years of solitude. it was quite natural that they should conclude that his journal was the source of Defoe's information. That Robinson Crusoe There were many who insisted that this was entirely an error. The island of Tabago. who were very likely of the same type as the red men whom Columbus first encountered more than two hundred years previous.It is not strange that the picture of this the former. especially tains. is visited the islands from time to time report that its geographical formation does not at all correspond with that given by Defoe. as black men and there were no really black natives in the Travelers vicinity of Juan Fernandez. There were some who insisted that Juan Fernandez.

He reached the island in safety and there proceeded to construct a Alstockade. 214 . the natives being of the same race as those inhabiting Trinidad. strutted about fully that the make-believe his worth. so far as to attempt to wreck the going ship on which he traveled as a passenger off the coast of an island he believed to be tory identifications have been furnished by many who have been interested in the subBut here. Of course. was the real Crusoe. and go about in There was little because for the sailor to do but to obey. was put to day. all of which confirms the fact that Selkirk was after all only an the ship he did and refusing to be rescued he waited until the crew and officers had uneducated sailor. the most interesting tale that happened that a single survivor of the wreck had come ashore on the island instead of going on to the mainland in the The would-be Crusoe disship's boats. and not Selkirk. The novel. steamer. and could have obtained more from the wreck he preferred to make his garments of goat left. it He same time making it a Defoe's Crusoe hero of the book was really quite an intelligent person with a love for good reading and with a mental development that will be careful analysis of found that the skin. and from day to day he seemed to grow more insane and It was then finally he became very ill. the would-be Crusoe always armed with musket and huge broad sword. it it seems. though he was provided with clothing. Perhaps has ever been inspired by this book relates the fascinating adventures of a man who insisted that he was a direct descendant of Crusoe. He deliberately planned to live again the adventures of Crusoe and and finally Man Friday proved took care of the sick man. and rather satisfac- worked out the details very elaborately. too. with little knowledge of mathematics and other subjects. and erect his dwelling. covered him and at the point of his musket made him promise to enact the role of FriSo insistent was the Crusoe as to day. There are few tales that have stood the test of time as has this tremendously Indeed there interesting work of Defoe. has been the inspiration for many another It has sounded tale of a similar nature. the call of adventure to hundreds of men.Sea. after days of signal smokes he He attention attracted the of a passing They were taken off the island and the sick man was given the attention he needed. there were no black ject. to find a servant. it was evident that the man was not in his right senses. Wreck men. has also been suggested as the possible refuge of Selkirk. details that he to blacken his even forced the poor sailor face and body with charcoal goat skin clothes. a real Man Friit Fortune was with him though for would give him the proper educational background for the preparation of an excellent account of his exile. develops from the lack of skill of the original adventurer in taking his bearing. the one on which Crusoe lived. of course. and reveled in its thrilling situation and tense moments. all of which confirms the more recent theory that the Portuguese adventurer. and at the then constructed a raft and loaded with everything that Crusoe had taken with him. This amateur Crusoe. Lopez had a genmoreover such a training and was measure in a tleman by birth. This general mix-up as to the location of the island. are few of the present generation who have not read the tale of the lonesome adventurer. too. Taking this into consideration.

plate." Tenderfoot: Gee. that dog has a long It must be about three feet. Jimmy: So does the // It doughnuts. Halt! Scout (on sentry Halt! who goes there? duty) scout with Second Class Scout: First Right Wise : Class Jimmy: with its Dad. tail. voice in the back. what does a volcano do lava? volcano. it was served on a paper cut a piece off the other end and on? 215 . too pie you brought me was abominably short on one end. "and they do me mighty lot of good. Wise First Class Scout: Pass scout. Brilliant Waiter: Tenderfoot why tie it not to that pie. There wasn't any undercrust sir.fHAHAj) ^-T& we aj HEARD BEFORE Edited and Illustrated a Mouthful that is Some any one said a a Tail false does any good. Clair. Were : Halt! doughnuts. teeth. Mister Bear was at home And Professor McDome Spent five minutes returning from there." thundered NOTHING "I've got false the orator. A Dad: Give it up. that's his back yard. In five hours tracked a bear to his lair." Wow! dog is that you've Jack: a got pointer? a disappointer! Joe: No What sort of a Coming and Going Professor M'Dome of St. Blinks is The undercrust to that chicken tough. a Newspaper He Could Digested the News Have First Class Knotty Problem Scout This rope Well. First Class Scout: Yes.

"My friend. Rescuer (a tailor) around the waist? Yes. the that ain't that's village schoolhouse on a grindstone. No w. Desiring to pass and also not to offend the A professor. the professor said. have it read for them if they call on the blacksmith who lives around the corwill is "Any person not some- thing you can see but can't touch." temper. stood his hands vigor- Beyond the brow of the hill a dull red glow suffused the sky. sir. "A real poet without a doubt." watching the boy's face there appeared <i Upon smile of perfect bliss. Quick." bull. said: "A chisel must be kept wet with water else it will become very hot and lose its burning down. roaming through the found himself confronted by a bull. while beast. sir! What Ha-ha-ha At the foot of a steep hill stood a sign board on which the following notice was painted: "Danger." "Yes." 216 . Willie. "it does my heart good to see you appreciate yon cloud effect. little boy. "Ah.Mind Over Matter fields. ner. home. John. give me an example." replied the lad." A at Scotchman saw this notice and ex- A plained to his friends that the point of the joke was that the blacksmith might not be Oh! September 'Twas eventide. Willie: red hot poker. little boy?" a sunset. Bicyclists and autoists are hereby notified that this hill is dangerous and they are cautioned to come down slowly. "let's toss up The size professor lost. The small boy on the bridge slapping ously." remarked the stranger. no. and do Keep Cool In explaining why a chisel must be kept wet with cold water when being sharpened you watch the sunsets often." replied the for it. "Sunsets? gov'nor." are my Drowning Man: life-belt. to this were the equally Teacher: Hot Stuff An abstract noun able to read the above. it "I've been for ten minutes. and so being equally gifted let us arbitrate the matter. you Life Saving superior in strength. but I am your superior in mind." Appended funny lines. the brilliant physics student. who was a little near-sighted. Why. throw : me a "Oh.

Authority in the Air Two men merits of a Father rents has wings and house wings. but he uses An Up Money it fly. Father himself an author. did you not?" "Yes. see as far as the we can see all On clear nights we can moon and on clear days the way to the sun." retorted John. fortunately the proprietor stole a march Seizing Johnnie by the collar. You never wrote a book yourself.On "What red?" the Face of It did you say when you were found of the pantry with your hands out coming all "Oh. I were hotly discussing the book. So can mine. John. Pain. you can't appreciate it. Finally one of them. Pain." 217 . nor nothing just as well fish for whales. he exclaimed: "You broke my window." You're smarter than your old I dad. are no whales in else. "and I never laid an egg. Tourist: views around here? Sight Tests Are there any good distant Deep Nervous Tenderfoot: Is it far to Native : Fair." Might as Well Man: What are you fishing for. boys? Boy Scout: Whales! Same Man: But there that small pond. "No. always thought that no part of the house except the chimney flue. said to the other: "No. Paying Geographical Definitions Mountain: A field with its back up. so I Same might Scout: No. I said I had jammed my fingers. sir. Second Boy: a stick. Island Piece of land out for a swim. a laughing face into a sorrowful one. "but didn't you see me running for money to pay for itl" Artists First With a Boy: My father is a few strokes he can turn fine artist. but I'm a better judge of an omelet than any hen in the state. but un- on him. : Johnnie having accidentally broken a pane of glass in a window was making the best of his way out of sight. make Tommie Some houses have have seen many a house fly. land? Sea Scout: Only half a mile straight down." said Johnnie.

C. should he have said." smiled "What very correct Scoutmaster. Asst. 218 . about is it. What happened? Jack: Two clothes-pins held up a shirt. isn't it? Second Scout: Yes. then. gra(to recruit) man. but there is one Dentist: What are you fussing about. boys?" "I don't know the proper language. S. I don't know. is F. did you who : have it cut? Second Class Scout: No. Stringing Him Of Course First Class Scout: Bill: Bill do you know Jack: Did you hear of the daring holdup last night in my back yard? anything about Napoleon? You bet. First Scout: What The that? Tenderfoot less. small boy came down street one day wearing a loud necktie tied in an extra A An Open Question Scout Scribe: This desk will do for the two of us. I didn't able. you may be pain- Second Scout: taste. Soldier (nervously) : Officer cious. and my hair shrunk. That's all right. Corsican right. Jim: No. : sir. his teeth worked on: hunter's stew) This stew is good. but I'm not. They left here all right. C. can you I tell me to After the lunch a tenderfoot was heard remark: "I eat so much that I feel uncomfort his nationality? Course : can.Scout Observation F. I washed head last night. Except for One Thing Painless First my Scout : (who has cooked some Tenderfoot having Ouch. Another boy said. where are all your shots going? Every one has missed the target. "Johnnie's sentence is incorrect. "Jack." the Missmanship Goodness. one for you and one for me. "I have holes in my shoes and I want people to look at my large head. S. don't you know I'm a painless dentist? thing I don't like." Short Answer Tenderfoot Scout is it Scout (to Second Class has just had his hair cut) How that your hair is so short. And here are two keys. Bill: : Well. An Eye Catcher : sir. Scout Scribe: but where's my keyhole? bow knot. Yes. what have you got on that loud necktie for?" Jack replied." replied another tenderfoot." know vou knew so much. "but I noticed he et enough for two scouts.

Hand Painted First Boy : the house) (as he shows his friend over See that picture there? It's Yeh! Teacher Jimmie: same place 219 : Why is isn't it that lightning never it hand painted. but if we were all like Yes. Tenderfoot: haven't slept for days. "I make it a point to wear out the soles of my shoes instead of the seat of my trousers. The boss sent for him." said the other. the Well. while I don't seem to get any at all?" "Well. is still on the job. what about it? Because after So's our chicken house." He Knew Scoutmaster to disperse a : A Tom or for five Pertinent Question Well. sir. dropping his voice to an impressive whisper. I've lived on earth for a number of years. be wouldn't where you. sick? I The Boss: for yourself? I'd never be Have you anything to say If I made mistakes like you I No. what would you do Cat: mob? : Is this to be a finish fight out of nine lives? (passing Firemanship Merrit and Pass after long thought) Badge. What's the matter. 2nd Scout: That's nothing. you you are either. not unless you have a hole in your hose.) (The boy where The Boy: Mud : Pie I've lived on vegetables only. They always leave Scout A Tenderfoot: Dry Answer : Scoutmaster (emphatically) Johnny. That Darn Stocking Scout Is water on the knee dangerous? Scoutmaster No. Business The tail-ender of the sales force who had been sitting around hoping that business would spruce up. there any more. when that happens. 1st Scout for two weeks. put this question to the star salesman of his concern: "How do you manage to get so many orders. am.Um-ah-yes Not his a Bat The office boy had made hundredth Scout: Scout: I mistake. . what are you doing there in the rain? Gettin' wet. sleep at night. Second Boy: strikes twice in the same place? hits once. around the hat.

I'll the price of eggs and spoke. that's a man-o'war. Second Class Scout: If Germs come from Germany and Parasites come from Paris. exactly. Tom- my. Mike Crobes. Wan time thried to fight thirteen I men in a bunch. Tommy: Are you sure. war ! And Cracked the Yolk the Deaf Man Saw a Flock and Herd A dumb man blind once picked up a wheel Camp Cook: have gone up. that's only a tug-of- opened it twice. Doctor. Outfitter: I want to see some Sam shout? o/ Those Yell-Oh! Ones How can you make a pumpkin Storekeeper: Hand in ! mirrors? that you Camp Outfitter: No. There's only one window in my room. Tenderfoot: Say. Uncle? Uncle: Yes. tell me what kind of a man you think he was? Willie : Now Teacher: Willie? Willie: day's He was an acrobat. The Pain Remains in Spain Uncle : Absolutely Only fools are certain. A : man once picked up a hammer say so! Camp Cook I gave the grocer a dollar bill and he gave me back twelve scents. What makes you Because sat it think so. what comes from Ireland? Tenderfoot: Search me. wise men hesitate. sir. I know it is. Second Class Scout: my boy. Teacher: that you have read the story of Robinson Crusoe.Unlucky is Wonder Did He Sit on Friday Pat: Do you really think that thirteen an unlucky number? Mike: Shure. 220 . but I Of Course Sea Scout: Yes. work he down on See! Camp mirrors. Land Scout: How splendid! And what is ti At little one just in front? Sea Scout: Oh. some can see your face Tom holler. said that after his his chest. Willie. and saw. Cut the middle out and make Panes it Doctor Did you open both windows in your sleeping room last night as I ordered? Patient not No. certain of it.

coming of the daivn.the glory of the morning. blue of the mountains. It's the It's moon rising over the treetops. It's It's the It's the laughing rush of water. If hen all the ivorld is still. It's the call of the whip-poor-will. It's It's the ivondcrful gloiv of the firelight. pal. And the sun rising red o'er the hilltops. And the wonderful song of the river If'here the ivhite spray leaps and shines. city lives. JOHN T. The rocky banks along. hen tve live dull sit That we by the fireside and dream and """SEU'^'^rj think Of that River of Paradise. II is it any ivonder. And the deep blue-green of the river. It's the thrushes' And morning song. the splash of the bass ivhen he's feeding. So. the lullaby of the pines. It's the far-off the green of the nearer lulls.1'-^ / . sfel And the quiet hush at the midnight hour. COLLINS . The woodman's heart that thrills. II hen the mist from the river is gone.


Louis there must have been two thousand wagons ready to fore long. his wide with excitement. And let me too. and stretched himself with a yawn. where Tuck was sitting on the stone steps. sonny. Stopping his horse at the steps where 223 . Evidently he had ridden a long way. and we passed a house where owner had been killed for his money You better tell whothe night before." The man swung himself to the ground. and the shrill voices of take the trail. This gold rush is bringing the bad ones from all over the country.Illustrated by Remington Schuyler TO Simms dust as the East down the long road a cloud of dust was rolling toward the Eagle Tavern. ever runs this tavern about what's been going on so he'll be on his guard. eyes opening Sun-browned boys and girls and women whose faces were half hidden under huge sunbonnets peered out at him through the round openings at either end of the canvas tops as the "Gold hunters We the too safe nowadays for respectable folks." "Well. But from my notion of it I reckon you folks will have to make camp "Dunno. bearded how far to Independence?" Tuck's gun lay across his knees. A little group of men on horseback led the way. and beside him were two fat prairie hens he had shot out in the brush. and. It was not often that such a mass of answered. this part of Missouri ain't any hard citizens in the women and children. he to wait and see what was going to emerge from it. canvas tops of a train of emiSoon the whole caravan grant wagons. you'll see a plenty of 'em beBack in St. rider demanded: "Boy. After a moment something snow white in the yellow cloud for the night 'less you hurry. tell you. 1" muttered Tuck. a long-haired. Tuck counted a dozen wagons. Cast- emigrant train slowly filed past the old tavern. was in plain sight. there's some pretty crowd that's coming. Now he could hear the shouts of the drivers as they swung their whips. and behind them. before taking the hens in to his mother. drawn by slow-moving oxen. and the boy's sharp eyes detected the big. outfitting point though that ain't half the Independence is. "Nary a one. "Seen any parties to-day going our meant way?" he inquired. heard of some pretty black doings by prowling ruffians not many miles back from here. gleamed in the light of the setting sun. Tuck was sitting. and he seemed relieved to be out of the saddle. mark my words. hooped." Tuck was now holding his attention was kicked up on that lonely road." The wagon train had passed on and the man mounted his horse to follow. and. "Never been there.

" he told breech. 224 . off ! I reckon you'll be Tuck lapsed into glum silence and sat down to his supper. the table. Tuck. but she was too sensible not to heed warnings of danger. wagon drivers. and I've got a close to five hundred dollars stowed away upstairs to get a start with. It's lots of boom town now where there's money to be made. rifled breech-loader. some of which. move to Independence. "I've run this tavern long enough. "I'm going to certain. "They don't want sixteencan get men." "If you go to Independence. o' them as one a job enough then to get no use 'Tain't trying now. the road and killed a man. mindful of the warning the gold hunter had given him." said his mother at last. There were also big-game guns rifling "He says there's some pretty bad with rifled bores. and the widow lit a candle and placed it on When her son had finished his meal he helped her with the evening chores. and I might get a chance to go with one o' them gold parties." Tuck sug- gested." she "The country's getting too wild for said. which was good for either ball or shot. Some day he meant to have a cast-steel. as she peered through the little panes." his mother an appraising look at the boy's bright blue eyes. and she drew back with a frightened easily." he said to himself. pistol that would fire two bullets without reloading would be a wonder in case of trouble. sat on the other to the candle light bitter for the wagon o' train from a window. year-old boys so long as they shiver. "I can't see a thing. And likely the They wouldn't have me. while Tuck. and you're too young for "Good-by. a lone woman with only a boy to depend It's time I on and no neighbors near." Tuck stood watching the caravan until it passed out of sight." "You better wait awhile." all be dug up before I can get out His hopeless yearning to join in the great gold rush which was beginning in that spring of 1849 had been making his weeks. He was proud of his old smooth-bore muzzle loader." There came the dismal call of an owl out of the dark. closed up here and moved to Independ- A ence. had on the rough border to be posed to make the bullet fly straighter. what a night!" she cried. as well as a doublebarreled pistol like those he had sometimes seen." of danger." Widow lived too long Simms. Then the widow brought her work-bag in- gold will there. and there was little likelihood at such an hour that any traveler would come asking for lodging. It was growing dark. tall and gaunt. "By golly I wish I was a couple of years "I'd be old older. who. "I reckon it's time to go to bed. the being sup- characters driftin' round the country. charger and bullet pouch. he called out: The trail's full it. and she rose and went to the window to take a final survey of the road before fastening the beam across the tavern door. shrewd face and sturdy figure." she said. "This loneliness is sure getting on that's my nerves. Except for the boy and his mother the tavern was empty. Dejectedly he picked up the hens and went inside to give them to his mother. after watching life and began to sew. was get- gun before Beside him lay his powder loading it. though he knew it could not be compared side of the table cleaning his ting his supper ready. for the gold fields yourself some time. were made of cast steel instead of iron and loaded at the to the down her. sonny. "you could get along without me. "One them some robbers riders has been telling me got into a house a ways new guns that were coming into the market. "Land's sake.

The candle light. The door opened a bit a round. every nerve alert. Just you keep watch on the boy. Each carried a gun. that when his experience like from thorough mother looked that nothing on earth could swerve her. us to eat?" get a cent. No longer was he afraid of Redhead's gun. falling on their faces. brought. "I reckon holdin' her fingers over this here flame will make her change her mind quick enough. "I reckon you'll get 'em for us. from which we calculates you ain't any too poor." One-eye dropped his gun on the floor. crossed the room and caught Widow Simm's hands in an iron grip. wider. uncertain sound just outside the door caused her to turn swiftly. Both stood listening.Saute Fe Frail *> j ~4 isvfi. The next moment he was It was being pushed open alsure of it. being drawn slowly nearer to the flame." the widow snapped back at him." said Redhead. and the red-headed one had a bowie knife s\\ As he hanging from a belt. "Got anything you can give inquired the visitor. and dern little of it the door wide open another man came into view close at his heels." put in the one-eyed man. As a matter of fact." set her jaw in grim determination and drew her lips into a thin. "That's a good joke. I know a way to fix her. Redhead's attention was absorbed for the moment by his partner and the widow. A 225 ." he said. heart beating against his ribs. I won't. old woman. as her roughly to the table. he pulled the lighted candle toward him. Redhead laughed again." said the widow." "You needn't think I'm afraid of such a pair of knaves as you." Widow Simms announced sharply. not if you kill me. wave of fury swept over Tuck. there ain't no law in this here I country till you git to Independence. He had left his gun lying there. with the country overrun with blackhearted men that this gold rush has may happen her gaze wandered around the room after Tuck's gun. "Where is that boy's gun? What has he done with it?" She glanced inquiringly at Tuck. red face man's face appeared framed in an unkempt mass of red hair. widow." threw back his Redhead head and laughed loudly. disclosed the fact that Redhead's partner had only one eye. their eyes on the door. where. Dragging "You won't . "You leave it to me. and a "What you want?" Tuck demanded. Widow Simms Tuck knew straight line. he no longer thought about it. Out with it. but he felt his widow." she declared "not a cent. but we got a still worse cravin' for money. with only a solitary candle lighting the room." fiercely. Red. and he failed to notice the boy's swift reach under the table. "An" if you don't want the law on your heads you'd better be going right now. At the same time she was thinking. " 'Tain't no use arguin' with her. d There's no telling what dreadful thing here on some dark night like this. "I don't get meals at this time of night. but he was staring too intently at the two intruders to notice her. It seemed to Tuck that the door was moving. They were as rough-looking a pair as Tuck had ever seen. most imperceptibly and without a sound. "What's that !" she cried. "Me and my partner here has been hearin' a few things about you. in his fierce hatred for One-eye his own danger was forgotten as he saw his mother's hands. Tuck Simms was no coward. We're hankerin' for food." A low. in spite of her struggles. "Well. The law Why.

bead-embroidered belt hung a leather pouch. staring He dully at the muzzle pointing at him. such as a Crow chief wears as his "medicine" to excite and not miss. plainly belonged to the white race. taking aim so slowly deliberately. Instantly Tuck swung his gun point at Redhead. black-eyed. with a despairing cry. if you're coward enough. could turned cold with fear. The man was recovering from the knockout blow Tuck had given him. Tuck stood Long fringes decorated the sleeves of his deerskin hunting shirt and ran down the sides of his leggings as far as his moccasined feet." The man much 226 in the doorway moved not so man dressed as a muscle. Widow Simms. black-haired the situation dawned on Redhead. The only weapon he carried was the pistol in his hand. From "Shoot facing a me if you want to!" she cried. with a large. One single barreled pistol and he had already fired it. oblong." he chuckled. woman Redhead with flashing eyes. And Redhead's gun loaded! "He's lost!" Tuck muttered to himself as he tried to steady his shaking nerves. was too dark for the men to detect it. With both hands gripping the trusty old weapon. he drove the stock with strength all who was holding a smoking at his Tuck. were around no time to to The man's a daily occurrence clean-cut features take careful aim. missed. pistol. He was the master now. He had Redhead stood facing him unr gun at his houlder ready to as if brown as an Indian's. Redhead's mouth gaped wide open in astonishment when looking at the doorway he discovered standing there a slender. for his a flash and a roar. fire. He At the instant when it seemed that Redhead must be ready to pull the trigger. From his neck and susfrom a pended single red-leather cord hung a perforated bullet. dropped to the floor with a groan. pointing his gun as he stood a dozen paces away at the end of the long room. rushed in front of her son. knew that Redhead. and was reaching for his gun. but his face was tanned to almost as coppery a There was hurt. pulled the trigger. too. and. the superstition of his warriors. The moccasins were ornamented with elaborate designs worked in colored beads." "Kill "I ain't partic'ler. shielding him with her body. red bead on each side of it. stranger." returned Redhead. moment a loud report rang the room. "I got yer. "You better be sayin' your prayers. And I 'low I'll either shoot that young devil o' yourn or wallop half the life out of him before I'm done. "I'm li'ble to if you don't come out with that money mighty quick. paralyzed. The broad brim of his hat was turned up in front and was fastened to the high crown with a silver buckle. but just the faintest of smiles passed over his face. he was sure of it so sure that he was in no hurry to shoot and stood with the stock of his gun resting on the floor while he gloated over the prospect. It was just . with standing there as cool and unconcerned as if such a scene as he into man who was had stepped in his life. for I'm sure goin' to put a hole clean through yer so you'll have no more chance to go nosin' round interferin' in other folks' his As business. was staring dumbfounded this squar&ly into the pit of OneThe man doubled up and eye's stomach." still broad. shattered by a through bullet. look of astonishment gave place to a broad grin. "He ain't got a chance not a chance!" his A slight sound from the spot where Oneeye had fallen turned his attention from them for an instant. the arm with which One-eye had that At grasped his weapon dropped helpless. and.of it ttlhe Saute Fe Trai in buckskins.

and Jim's looking keen he's Don't drivers. Suddenly in the black eyes came a steely glitter. though his wits had never been sharper than in that moment.enough of a smile to give Tuck a ray of sat down in one of the chairs beside the hope. you and me. in it "Good boy!" he throwing a exclaimed. keep away from that door. How'd you like to take the gold A you never heard of a revolving pistol. "I could have saved you some worry. "This little gun's got three more balls for you and your partner in case Reckon you're still looking for trouble. Redtop. are goin' to do about him?" what's good for you you'll drop that gun. don't worry about him. but I didn't have the heart to do Got any rope 'round the house. kind of a new thing on the border'yet. But I'll find out. They've I left I a couple of horses outside." he said." the black- demanded. I'm going with Jim Coulter's for party next week. by the way. "I can get along without him now. because I'm going to move to Independence. he Tuck went wonder of wonpulled the trigger. and the dark face grew as hard as flint. placed it beside the other." out. suppose wagon for taking boys but he'll take you if I say so. "And s'posin' I shouldn't?" Redhead know she inquired anxiously. "I'm sorry I didn't get here a few minute? earlier. Tuck. "We'll throw both of 'em into the woodshed or the barn presently. stranger." returned the man dif- doorway." too Widow Simms was "What we much concerned just then over the groaning man on the floor to have a thought for anything else. boy? it. I've got about tion as a killer that I But. the man spoke. I 227 ." not the slightest sound as he moved about He picked up One-eye's room. have any special yearning to add to it. weapon. especially for a and death that seemed to give him such absolute confidence. and I don't eyed man answered. fore his arrival. was surely magic. rising and fringed arm around Tuck's neck. ma'am. know And. The border's a bad place nowadays a bad place." "Maybe I have." he said coolly. you gimme a chance?" "Will man who carries a re- Stepping quickly to Redhead. his moccasined feet making the "Well. "It don't make much all ference to me either way. Just you take a bit of advice from me don't argue with a volver. between the reputaneed." said Widow Simms with a sigh. Then for the first time. but there'll be plenty of 'em in a year or so. And the pistol spoke again and a bulders! It let buried itself in the rough boards. he could not understand what chance the black-eyed man could possibly have in this game of life table." "Mebbe you've forgot that that little shooter of your'n is empty." trail?" "The gold trail!" cried Tuck. and I'll rope 'em up for the night. "Oh. "If you woman. and came back before a of rope. "Well. In the morning I'll take 'em to Independence and turn 'em over to the sheriff. coil with By that time long the black-eyed man had heard from the widow the story of what had happened be- at the floor. Yet. in the suit yourself. The black eyes twinkled merrily as they saw Redhead's look of bewilderment. he took the thug's gun away from him and laid it on the table. boy like you ought to be out on the other side of the border. "You did fine." Pointing the pistol ought to have killed these two rascals. then "I guess you'll have to go. mister.

adventure called. Who heard of him? on that border had not Tales of his exploits were "That's me. "Gosh trell I" excitement. I'm thinking. Where the road swings west." By Up Up With your Scouts/ and away hiking kits. Scouts! and away Up Let your hiking to-day With your And it drives straight From the rising sun." Jeff Quantrell. tipped back in his chair the two the widow and her son stared at thugs. From Comes all trails to-day the call of adventure. ScHuayler And There's a fine old house an open view. but I'd bet my last dollar you're all right. Rise up! and away On the old trails to-day There's adventure waiting Go seek itt . Scouts! and away same old trail. Their hearts beat gay. fever's got into my bones. Up Scouts! and away. trappers and Indians too. Scouts! and away hiking kits. to the West When Up Scouts! and away With your hiking kits. thrilling with "Gosh I'm going with Quan! of the Santa Fe trail. It's west Blaze a new found trail on the old. Though the old trail won't see me any more for many a long This California gold year. Tuck muttered. From Give your life free play. Hiked along hunters. As day is begun. With your There's an ancient tree And a milestone old. life They sought free At dawn Up of day.don't know you nor nothing about you. hiking kits. To Tuck this man was "The trader? Quantrell of like a god. Find adventure in woodland and It's the Up the hill's high crest. Scouts! and away field. As he "Ever hear of Fe Trail?" ma'am?" the Santa him fascinated." told in every household. the trail that leads Where To places unknown.

wolves and coyotes." "Texas Jack" and "Buckskin Harry. the great plains were alive with antelopes. big-horns. our friend the deacon." foreman. to Red Cloud this week on government service and weather so (North and South) roamed hundreds of thousands of majestic buffaloes. that new preacher of ours. 'kill' if so I feel sure he will make his when we were approached by a prominent citizen of Cheyenne. also the bunch. is mighty fond of sport. falo hunt. Through "You know Redford. the writer was sitting in the office of the old Eagle Hotel with Buffalo Bill. and I'll pay all expenses Tuesday. and old 'Buckskin Harry' has taken him down on Crow Creek several times shooting antelope and white tails. under the following proposition : 229 . with in the zly bears found safe sanctuary. opened up a country which became world famous as the home of the valleys of the Platte Riv- America's big game. 2 next my "Wild Bill. but he is dead set on 'Buckskin' had to go up killing a buffalo. 'tenderfoot' but 'Buckskin' says he's a fine horseman and a good shot with his Winof the chester. You know I have a horse ranch down at Big Springs. Of course. the world to kill big game under the guidance of such celebrated hunters as "Buffalo Bill. white and black tailed deer." Cody and I considered the question for moment and agreed to the proposition. I'll write Henderson to get in the ponies. while in the foothills may I not get back before cold and mountains the lordly elk. scouts and Men came here from all parts of guides. black. and cinnamon and griz- make you a fair proposition. headquarters of half a hundred professional hunters. planning a short hunting trip down the Platte River. yesterday tells me that the country down there south of the Platte is just black with buffaloes. map into our plans with such a novel request inent "deacon under protest" a you give him a chance. Nearly a week passed before he returned and in the meantime. mountain lions. became a center of outfitting. moose." One bright September afternoon. Cheyenne. the preacher is a trip. give you the best entertainment the ranch affords. who was also a promin the only then on the organization broke He in Wyoming Territory.One Time Hunting Companion of the Famous Scout A ers RAILROAD fifty years ago. active church provided the date could be postponed for a week as Cody was obliged to go up to a ranch on the "Chug" to see after some horses ranging there. Now if you'll take the parson down there on No. had received word that two of that at first it we were inclined to treat it was that we should take the minister of his church with us on a bufas a joke. Wyoming. some good hunting ponies A letter from Henderson. caribou. to get I'll you told the parson I would try fellows to take him out.

One was a giant six feet four and weighing 230 pounds. So we agreed to the change and the matter was settled. Doc." son. the case of poor Henderson was not uncommon in the Great West." Henderson informed us that the Mexicans had gone out on the ranch to get in the horses but had not returned. to look after the welfare of one raw tenderfoot on a buffalo hunt was bad enough. and later confessed that a craving for whiskey his downfall. six o'clock next evening we arrived Big Springs which at that time comprised a rude ranch house. a water tank. Here capable of filling a high position in educational circles. Cody and I now fully realized that we had some job cut out for us. the other was a man about 50 years of age. There some discussion about one of the con- stellations in view. laughingly remarked: "Well. buffalo humps. After the Henderson episode we turned in for the night. The surprised and when the parson ventured to use a little Latin. burst forth into one of the most instructive and interesting discourses on Astronomy to which I have ever listened. who measured more around the middle than he did up and down. by the parson who persisted in talking in his sleep. Of course. Henderson. destined to live had caused was a man At at numbered three persons. I once saw an honor man of Yale University employed as a dish-washer in a second class restaurant in Denver. canned goods and coffee. the disreputable looking the ranch. And now occurred one of those incidents which Greek Testament better than he could. and two half-breed Mexican "broncho busters. Two days later we were introduced to the cousins from Ohio. ! soon served with a most bounsupper consisting of antelope steaks. so I reckon we'll have to take our chances of bringing home one of these greenhorns in the baggage car. these were assigned to the guests from the East and the rest of us rolled up in our blankets on the the floor.Pal his cousins Bill tlhe mark was in the to have a buffalo hunt were on their way to Cheyenne and it was proposed that they should be included in our party. Cody prove an easy matter. the foreman. who had been in the sitting most unnoticed company. Cody and I now hesitated it was more the strange kind of characters found Far West in the early days. One constellation after another was pointed out and each star called by its classical name. but of course it was too late now to back water and preparations were quickly completed for the hunt. that in his Bible Class composed of twenty odd men taken from the various walks of life. and as there were only three "bunks" in the cabin. they have the best of us. but to have three on our hands might not However. and our parson told me as a "horse wrangler. known only to men of advanced education. He was evidently very much "het up" about something and 230 . when suddenly Henderforeman of apart al- than we had originally bargained for. though he expected them inhabitants in unshaven and civilized soan outcast from practically And fate the stern of Such laws ciety. telegraph office and a horse corral. until Henderson mod- admitted that he had been a Professor of Ancient Languages in an Eastern College." dirty. Henderson again turned loose and quoted odes of we were Horace in Latin and passages from Homer's Odyssey in the Greek as readily as one We were estly might amazed recite verses in English. The night was beautiful and clear and every star in the sky shone with that wonderful brilliancy which is peculiar to the rarefied atmosphere in the high altitudes of the Rocky Mountain country. he had found six men who could read open air. Our rest was somewhat broken. and after our repast we adjourned to the tiful We were any hour. however.

all had reached shore in safety. three persons in each. The South Platte is one of the most treacherous rivers on the map. then we were to divide into two parties. Henderson and I got our lariats on him and soon had him on safe ground. so it was "Hobson's choice" for the preacher. line I particular instructions. Fortunately. me of terror directly behind me to turn in the saddle in time Yates.Cody said he kept talking about "trampin 1 on lions and adders. with large areas of dangerous It was to avoid these quickquicksands. a yell when to see caused party. Cody gave the greenhorns Henderson was leading the procession and cautiously picking his way through the shallow water. accumulated from the buffalo "wallows. and even after this precaution we narrowly escaped a serious accident. falling madly plungin- his effort? tQ escape 231 . refused to ride anything but a trained hunting pony. then work up the next large coulee and get behind the buffaloes. etc. Col. when he suddenly changed his course sharply to the right and called to those following to be very careful as there was a large pocket of quicksand directly in front. About four o'clock next morning the Mexicans came in with a few of the horses." and he guessed "the parson was tryin' to make up a sermon or dreamin' he was killing a whole herd of buffaloes. running for miles in a narrow channel. which was in would not penetrate the inch thick skull. Before separating. sands that we traveled so far before cross- Cody bluffs to locate the buffaloes. and nowhere over a foot or two in depth. and under no circumstances to shoot a buffalo in the front let of the head. ment. It was now decided to move up under cover of the bank to a point opposite the feeding herd. Only three of the ponies were trained for buffalo hunting. He came back shortly and reported a large herd feeding on the high table-lands about three miles up the river and about two miles back on the plateau. Col. the big man of our off his horse. as a light rifle bul- was the fourth man in and had passed the point of danger." Our party now divided. but Cody." we never knew which. the other party to go on up the river for a couple of miles further and ing the river. In a few seconds Cody's lariat was dropped over the head and shoulders of the struggling Yates and in another ten seconds Cody's There was now trouble ahead of us. Henderson and myself. often reinforced by hardened clay. cautioning them not to dismount until the hunt was over. Of course the two Eastern cousins must be provided with ponies that were broken as both were heavy men and unsaddled. while Cody. rode Cody cautiously up onto the river When accustomed to horseback riding. and in shooting to aim only at a point directly back of the shoulder. His pony was well trained and still on firm ground. The rescue of Yates' pony was more difficult. one party to work cautiously up the down through first large coulee running the bluffs until beyond the buffaloes. it looked serious. Henderson taking the two gentlemen from Ohio slowly up the first coulee. pony had dragged him out of the danger zone. then suddenly spreading out a half-mile in width. and not much the worse for the experience. the rest of the bunch were unbroken bronchos which never had been from the mobile pocket that threatened to For a moengulf both horse and rider. and thousands fallin' on the side and ten thousand fallin' on the right hand. Buffalo Bill was sixth and last man in the line. the parson and myself proceeded rapidly up the river under cover of the bluffs until Mr. Our course from the ranch was along the North bank of the river for about five miles to a point where we might ford the stream safely.

" three old buffalo bulls appeared within fifty yards of the main coulee. supposing he had killed the the spine. Twice I threw up my rifle to try a chance shot. the bull was now with- on an untrained broncho. and the mighty buffalo went down for a mo- ment. In a moment. and I was following straight for the center of the as best I could light 44-28 Winchester. sprang off his pony. firing his Winchester and trying to steer his terror-stricken pony toward an enormous old bull which was making tracks for the body of the herd. coulee about two I found the preacher very hard he to restrain. there was a crack and the mighty beast pitched forward. all that had been said to the parson was forgotten. but had made no allowance for his pony stopping short and whirling around and the result was that the bullet had struck the buffalo just above the kidneys. It was a moment of awful suspense. He turned to recover the pony. which had carried him perhaps fifty paces to the rear before he could get him under control. On the train homeward bound next day. was so nervous that he could Cody and it had paralyzed him for a mobut caused no permanent injury. the man ran up close and planted a ball through the heart. The greatest proportion of a buffalo's weight is in front and they can turn as if on a pivot and charge so quickly that only I a trained pony may escape the charge. but each time found the parson right in the line of fire and the risk of hitting him instead of the buffalo Further caution was too great. when my attention was directed toward the now crazy parson. For myself the hunt was a failure. leaving his massive shoulders exposed. three fine young buffaloes which furnished us all the choice meat we could pack in. and as he his head. It looked as if the man was doomed to die. as I had given all my attention to the parson until the herd was clear out of paces of the buffalo's flank. But it was not a kill. and with wild yells. Buffalo Bill and I did a lot of concentrated thinking and on one point we agreed. the rifle cracked. the parson had tried for a shot behind the shoulder. spite of all we could ing in advance of us. saw that the parson was in imminent dan- When I reached the spot a moment later the parson's nerves had given away comHe threw himself down upon the pletely. ment." Cody rode herd. and then like a flash his rifle went to his shoulder." 233 . "never again to take a bunch of greenhorns on a buffalo hunt. he was urging his pony with quirt and spurs and had come dangerously near to the old bull. he dashed madly up the draw. when suddenly in passing a small "side draw. glancing off Henderson got two and Cody range. toward the buffalo before the great beast struggled to his feet and started to charge the dismounted man. and he had hardly gone a dozen paces back bull. and as he again staggered to his feet. but the frightened animal was a hundred yards away and running at top speed. scarcely talk in a rational manner. was useless. lowered in twenty-five feet of the man.we found another large miles above the first. calling at the top of my voice. and in do persisted in ridWe had reached a point more than half way to our destination beyond the herd. The parson. trying to warn him of his danger. we could get him The parson decided quieted. and had succeeded in getting within ten or fifteen of buffalo hunting and I believe he never tried it again. and it was now "every man The preacher was armed only with a for himself. great carcass of the buffalo and cried and laughed hysterically for half an hour before ger of just such a grave disaster and galloped after him. that he had enough He was certainly a wonder on horseback.

sheriff of Winnatonka County. "Ches ? I sell him back for fifty. turning to Peter. an' we're Here's t' papers goin' t' take it with us. World Renowned and Celebrated Seal Trainer. Wallace the Hysterics". oh. All three watched him plunge headlong down the circus lot and disappear in the gathering crowd. ain't he fit to be tied?" queried Boss Bradley with mild concern. Yeh confess t' owing same fer three years when t' circus was last in Winnertocker County. Frenchman billed as "Rene De Hante." said The the disconsolate Peter. and old "Boss" Bradley." but popularly known as "Little a please just de feefty. Mr. BradFeefry! "Feefry! ley. the group held another he wort' more. almost hopefully. other four in the group died he won't perform for a cent. "Tough on That seal's just about as you. In a snug wood and iron don't throw no good let money sir." cried Rene. the last of a group of five bad me tell you. swore and jumped up and down and shook his fists in the air." Bah! He wort' two performance. "My. clutching eagerly at the arm of the grizzled old circus veteran. "Nope. Then." rumbled Sheriff Sol. Then ketch yer right here within t' county for yeh. tow-haired Hollander named Peter Van Aaken. 233 Since tht worthless as nothing at all. bony nag and rattle-trap wagon gathered in the lee of the menagerie tent. please. Besides tFTe rawboned horse. after no I member. ol' boy. quartet of men was composed of Sol Berger. Presently he relapsed into a fit of temper." barred cage that rested in the rickety wagon was Wallace. in utter "But Wallace! The seal. "Ain't no more t' say about it. by 'tatchin' t' on'y visible property yeh got. hard by the keepers' private entrance. my die of grief! job he goes with Also I starve! Two hundred! touzand dollar." . he added. he is all I have left in the world. Dramatically he threw pay Pete what yeh owe him. Comstock was something most uncircuslike about the little group of four men. not a cent. a fat. Guess he's lonesome. two hours before leather lunged barkers and numerous "free exhibitions" announced the beginning of the afternoon THERE "You heem. much more. an' whereas t' aforesaid Pete has been smart enough to watch for yeh and dollars t' himself against the bars of Wallace's cage and cried." frenzy he rushed from the group." raved Rene. take I my seal. Please.By Irving James Illustrated by Enos B. "Yeh ain't got t' two hundred Rene sobbed. chief stockholder of the Bradley and Brockway Circus. limits an' get out a warrant rit we're a-goin' t' git satisfaction. You owe me five hundred now an' I only been keeping you and your one seal on thinkin' I might get some o' my money back by workin' it out o' you. performing seals. as says so. once the pride of Rene. No.

As his wagon creaked over the steep. I ain't a-goin' t' Sol grinned as the sad-looking climbed into his Dutchman creaking wagon and Peter on the bridge watched it sink through the clear depths. Maybe I gome back some day and fish up dat gate for a shigen goop. Then with a grunt he pushed it over. keep dot oud. he all but addled his clumsy brain trying to conceive some possible use the seal jnight be to him. Then with several sturdy wriggles he worked his way top. Vot I do mit a cat vod aind vort nodding to keep. He aind so much use as a cat. uneven mountain road. fer t' critter. bottom of a cool. hesitated a moment. I drount him. re- Py he dond drount." he soliloquized. out and bobbed joyously to thr The moment his sleek and dripping head broke the surface of the water and lain sides of the more vorry. Bud ids better dot I dond have two hundred tollars more feed expense to started home. svimt right oud. bewhiskered nose and bulletlike head through a yawning crevice be- tween the boards of his prison." mourned Peter. If press yeh fer it. Only he quire food. and dragged it to the edge of the bridge. like other live stock. Pete. odervise he mide foller me home. and den no force his blunt. "Well. I and a splinter of wood the ca'ge landed on hopelessly. But the more he thought the sadder he grew for all he could understand was that Wallace would. Peter sat up straight and stopped the horse "Dods id." and fee. He dond gif milg like a cow. lichen. struggled with the traveling cage that held Wallace. "Dots all I shut see off dat two hundred tollars. The pool under the bridge was deep and rimmed about with rocks. he make a ain't much. that dizzy whirl through space and a crash jarred him into unconsciousness. instead of the dirty white porcewater tank in the railroad wet mottled and moss covered car. He Dots all. rocks with balsams reaching above them. much use He usual realized that something most . and then tipped over into the pool with a splash and settled to the bottom. S'long. sadder but wiser man. cold mountain brook water saved him The day had been numerous fraught with painful experiences beginning with a long ride in a scorching sun over a dusty mountain road which was far from his liking and reaching a climax in a and food cost money. "He dond lay some eggs like a hen. Maybe I better go I vay. and over all a delightfully blue sky. With a crash he saw. Dot I shoudt do for the seal also. As fer t' the edge of a bowlder. crystal- clear pool was like passing into another bargs like a tog but he aind so as a cat.un- had happened and made haste to Presently the wagon rumbled over a bridge that spanned a mountain stream." As from for Wallace only the immersion in utter extinction. dond vant him. cents ever more'n git fifty yeh I'll go halves on t' balance. bumped it from the wagon to the ground. for he felt sure that any one connected with such a gay and glittering institution as a circus must be possessed of He was driving home a great wealth. hopeful of recovering his two hundred dollars. Vot's dis! jingoes. tains. For several minutes he lay perfectly . like cats He is coming Peter lived ten miles back in the mounHe had driven in that morning." Peter climbed down. iss he ? Vont even good watch dog. to in the Coming world."Ches. done my duty. he could not restrain a series of hoarse throaty barks of ecstasy.


on the water and rolled his head from

Absolute side to side, noting everything. freedom had been thrust upon him so
suddenly that he scarcely knew what to do. Presently a vivid red-start flashed onto a


bough that hung over the pool and began
to scold at him.

Long dormant were aroused immediately and like a flash he was under, plunging headThe sluggish long toward the fish. sucker never knew what doom overtook Wallace him. m picked h
the bottom of the pool.


deftly out under





crushin his

with for




barked Then,
c his





of he




tossed the the into


mastering him, he seized the
opportunity to h i s exhibit
ability before this autiny





animahe raised



himself of out




a splash of

water looked


his nippers he


dove deep and swimbegan round ming and round and round the pool
at a race horse




spectacular The rocks

and the trees were silent and









a n

dash with
"He dond drount!"
r sault.

with an almost wistful look in




But when he came to the surface again with a snort and a shower of spray, the gay little red-start had gone. This seemed to disappoint Wallace and But not for he looked quite downcast. he wallowed there on the surAs long. face his quick eyes caught the gleam of a sucker rolling down beside a big stone in

brown eyes. But he soon perceived that what new existence denied him in the thrill of applause


made up abundantly in a None too satisfying solace.



fed these five years past, the seal found himself dropped in the midst of a veritable

He could see the banquet, as it were. of suckers as glint many they nosed among

the rocks of the

bottom and before long

he was plunging recklessly about the pool gathering a meal such as he had never before been privileged to eat, then glutted with food, he slipped over to one of the wet moss-covered ledges and sprawled in the warm August sunlight.

and he shifted awkwardly from side to on his clumsy flippers while his long shining neck wove back and forth as he peered among the rocks and even among

the trees of the forest in search of the



But as he lay there, his sleek gray brown coat glistening wet, he began to peer about For months past, since the restlessly.
other members of Rene's troup had died, one by one, Wallace had been peculiarly lonely, and now as he sat there on the waterwashed rock this loneliness assailed him more than ever. His intelligent bewhiskered face took on the expression of a worried old man

however, he faced down Always, stream for something told him that in that Ere long, direction lay companionship. he felt a peculiar urge to move on down the stream. Finally he slipped silently from the rock and obeyed the call of adventure.
It was a typical mountain brook, this stream that Wallace traveled, and it rushed through a deep wooded cleft in the mountains, sometimes pausing a little to fill a clear rock-encased pool, and often

sliding down grade so swiftly as to series of white-water rapids.


form a and




denly downward by

interrupted, and dropped suda waterfall, that rum-


bled into some deep foam-covered pool between the ledges. But all this added zest to Wallace's It was really fun for him to run journey. a rapids, even though he did occasionally bump a water-worn stone. And as for the falls, he plunged over them in high glee, yapping loudly the while, and more than once after he swam clear of the froth and spume in the pool below, he looked for a way to climb over the slippery rocks and do it over again. But always before he

discovered a route to reach the top of the falls once more, the urge to go on would dominate him, and with a bark of delight he would turn and plunge forward with the water. As he proceeded down stream he found himself getting deeper into the mountain wilderness.

A grumpr old

black bear sat hunched on a log

Thick evergreens fringed the banks and on either side timbered mountains reached skyward. Now and then he sur-

prised furtive forest dwellers who came to the stream. Once he bobbed to the surface of a pool almost

strange looking individual though,

dark of visage and with black hair and


under the nose of a

brows and was something

With drinking doe. a whistle of surprise she back, leaped reared on her hind


then turned and white flag up



forbidding about his Walappearance. lace did not know that he was face to face with Indian Joe, a half breed trapper and an unprincipled
the poacher; only outlaw the moun-






bear sat hunched on a log, with one big

He boasted. restrained a bark of

Wallace bad submarined him

paw hanging

into the




ing and his attention

however, and prepared to go under the surface, for he had missight of him.

was concentrated on

several suckers that


The man caught
a quick

were slowly working within range of his paw, when Wallace plunged into the pool with a splash and a bark. Whoofing his surprise, the bear scrambled up on all fours and looked inquiringly at the seat. But to Wallace there was
something menacing in this big bulky creature, and before the bear could make up his mind just what to do the seal had flashed past and gone splashing down the
rapids below.

move, and Wallace dove just as there was a flash and a roar. Something struck the water with a spat where his head had been. "Miss, by gar," swore the poacher, "anyhow, I git dat beaver yet." In the
halflight of the evening he had not seen that he was shooting at a seal.

He made

Twilight began to come on in the woods, though the rich golden rays of the sun

Then, because he knew the firing of a gun near a beaver stream might bring some one to investigate, the halfbreed slipped off into the forest and disappeared.






stream began to be less boisterous, too, for it ran along a more even course in the Wallace thickly wooded valley bottom.





change, for un-

accustomed to such violent exercise, the exertion of running rapids and plunging He lolled over waterfalls had tired him. above his head along comfortably now, and his water, tiny eyes always searching the bank. Presently, among the trees he He was a discovered the form of a man.

Wallace swam on and on under water, determined to put distance between himself and this unfriendly human. But as he swam he discovered that the bottom of the stream changed from rock to mud and he was conscious of greater room in which When his supply of air to maneuver. was spent he bobbed up to the surface and
looked about. He was surprised to discover that he had passed out of the stream



into a

huge land-locked pond, acres


on the water the seal was almost under

in extent.

his nose.

His quick eyes made another discovery, The big pond had occupants. Wallace saw a sleek round head break the surface some distance away. The head moved toward a big dome-like clutter of sticks that formed an island almost in the


moment each looked

at the other.





aquiver with excitement, and presently he saw the strangest seal he had ever come in contact with climb drippingly out of the water and crawl to the top of the dome of sticks, where it sat up on its hind legs and peered sharply about while it folded little hand-like paws across its breast. Wallace watched, eager to take in every detail of this new animal. Its body was as and chunky compared with the heavy fine graceful torpedo-like lines of other seals. Moreover, it had four distinct feet instead of clumsy flappers, and, strangest of all, a tail that was long and very broad and very flat. The seal did not know that he was beholding for the first time one of the most intelligent and shyest of forest dwellers, a beaver. While he watched other heads began to appear and when he discovered how many there were he swam eagerly forward, uttering a series of sharp yapping barks of

undetermined, eyed him was so glad for doubtfully. that iie companionship willingly accepted With his friendliest things as they were. bark he swam forward and started to drag himself laboriously out of the water to the dome-like pile of sticks upon which the old beaver crouched.



Wallace made a grave beaver courtesy, for the big animal was, by virtue of his age and wisdom, not to mention fighting ability, leader of the colony, and as such it was his right alone to sit on the beaver dome and



to act as sentinel, while the others spent

the nocturnal hours at work.

For that

reason, his



when Wallace



lumbering attempt to climb on

top of the house, was that the seal was about to dispute his leadership, and in a towering rage, with whiskers drawn back and long knife-like yellow teeth bared, he

rushed at the. intruder.

Wallace was so startled and chagrined that he tumbled back into the water again
with a splash, and the beaver, seeing that he had a temporary advantage, plunged in after him. At this point the old warrior received the biggest surprise of his long

and industrious



best swim-

made caused consternation in the beaver colony. The gray whiskered old leader who had climbed to the top of
noise he



colony, he felt that he could easily master the newcomer in the water, and he rushed at Wallace. The erstwhile
in the

house as sentinel, froze

in a listening

saw the seal and he knew where the noise came from, but it took him some time to make up his mind whether this newcomer was dangerous enough to
attitude at the first yip. swimming down the pool




sounding an alarm.



so swiftly, however, that before the big beaver could decide to strike the warn-

performer slipped quickly out of reach and watched the beaver come on. But just as the old fellow was ready to sink his teeth into the seal's tender nose, Wallace disappeared with a swirl and a splash, and the next instant the beaver, with a look of surprise and consternation, did a most unusual flip-flop in the water.


ing signal with a resounding slap of his

Wallace had submarined him, so to speak, by the simple expedient of diving deep and

coming up under him. His hard round head was planted in the old beaver's stomach so forcibly that all the wind was knocked -out of him. So was much of his
desire to fight. With a grunt, he turned



exhibition to this new audience. splashed and dove and plunged and

joyfully, possibly hoping to make friends with these new-found companions.


They seemed but
tried to


impressed with


however, for while he

romped one

take refuge on top of his house, but
his playful


by one they disappeared, scattering to
various corners of the night's work, for it

nrood stirred almost to
-him again and again, of the



pond to begin was August,



finally coming almost clear water *he dropped right on top




the -time



of the



hoard of bark

veteran and shoved him under. The beaver seemed panic stricken when








He made for the he came to the surface. beaver house and climbed part way up. But when he saw that Wallace was following him, he quickly slipped in the water Thus did he again, and dove under.



who had hoped









saw them and was quite


stronger stranger. Wallace was undisputed leader of the Not that he was aware of beaver colony.

puzzled at their conduct. So he followed
a group of them down to the lower end of the pool where he watched with interest,

or would have cared for the honor had he realthe

ized that





be sure he had

but great lack of appreciation, the activities


place as


of the industrious animals.

leadership is won in the forest, but it

had been



rough play to him and nothing else.



clumsily up to the dome of the beaver

other houses he saw gloaming other beavers, who had been watching the contest. He barked a greeting to them all, and his circus training prompting him, he slid off the pile of sticks and proceeded to give a

about. In the water and on the tops of


the trees he discovered the form of a


so fast did they work. swimming in and out among them and even dragging himself up onto the dam. and doubtless would have attempted to taste it if it had not been that something happened at the moment to drive the idea out of his head. where he dragged it under water and anchored it to the bottom in the mud. At the other end of the canal the seal found still other beavers. he had not the slightest notion what these animals were doing. could not know. Wallace swam away. some new sort of circus act. for which they would all be rewarded later on with an extra fish or two. But he soon found that his flippers were of little use here. He recognized them as other beavers and again his curiosity was aroused. He watched them questioningly for a long time. for there was a vague idea back of his head that this might be the dam clasped against their stomachs with their hand-like fore-paws and their big flat tails. chip-littered ground until he reached the nearest tree. With many hoa-rse grunts he Soon he found himself in a huge canal nearly six feet across and quite deep. Presently a new activity attracted his In the black woods back of attention. but they were just as busy as the others. for he beheld one of his new-found companions with his two short fore paws braced against the bowl of a tree while he gnawed at the trunk viciously. and plastering them into place with great hunks of clay mud. He dragged himself over to the nearest tree. diving and digging and carrying loads of mud over to the dam. and finally in disgust. close at hand found others rolling logs into the canal from a neat little pile on the bank. and extending it Once more Wallace was puzzled. working hard at what to him was a most hopeless task. him he heard a peculiar crunching sound. He even crowded in among the beavers and attempted to imitate them in in the and he did not understand why a half dozen of the furry. and taking it in tow carried it down the canal to the pool. of course. and. signal. As each fell into the water a beaver dropped overboard. nocturnal workers were so diligently dragging more branches and small sized logs down to it. Some were swimming down the canal towing short sections of logs or branches of trees. that this was the dam constructed by the beavers to hold back the water that flooded the valley bottom. stopped work and his flat slapped tail the as ground sharply with several a The It seal recognized this meant danger of some kind he 240 . They were diggingjaway the dirt but Wallace could not understand chat they were lengthening the canal. There he stopped in surprise. he crawled out on the bank and contented himself with watching the phanton-like animals who worked silently on in the darkness. which they carried to meant nothing their digging. and against the velvety background of the night he could see shadowy forms moving about. short toward a grove of trees mud was Wallace the object of their at- cutters of the colony where the woodwere at work. which proved to be a wide and massive structure. But the beavers paid no attention whatever. The beaver he was approaching suddenly times.A huge structure built of stick and logs and tention. and chips fairly flew. Farther on Wallace waddled over the uneven. discouraged. Here he came upon more members of the colony. at all To him it Wallace watched in silence for a long time and tried very hard to understand it all. There were other beavers also similarly occupied. But soon he grew tired of watching and slipped back into the water yapping an invitation to the busy little fellows to leave off their foolish work and have a romp.

He was romping about the pool exploring the muddy stump-strewn bottom for trout and suckers. looked up at the stars that flecked the sky and the pale crescent moon that He This might have left asleep. and that under no circumstances would he choose to spend any time in a cold. with no thought of fulfilling his duties of sentry. But perhaps the beavers would have proceeded about their night's work with far less assurance of safety had they known that the weary Wallace. they were peculiar companions. far too serious and phlegmatic to suit him entirely. damp house of sticks and mud such as they built for their dwellings. Then to his utter amazement the tree moment and looked swayed. and. for they could not know that Wallace preferred to nap out of soft black evergreens that edged the swelling contour of the mountain across the valley. had a hard time trying to force his bulky But presently he shoulders through. Indeed. and then work instead of better than no companions at all. presently fell asleep. which was as it should be. However. just time to see the beaver give the tree two or three extra hard slashes with his sharp teeth and scuttle for the underbrush. and because the grumpy old chief was not occupying this pinnacle. for he had found freedom and companions. play. with a yap of fright. intelligent animals been capable of that much thought. On paused in the a edge of the canal Wallace world. and the seal ward. he was to be found lounging on the top of the big beaver house even in the daytime when most of the beaver colony came up very close to the big dome of sticks where the veteran beaver was wont to sit and act as sentry while the colony worked. This was the entrance to a long dark water-filled passage that reached upIt was narrow. and. This new leader was sitting on the dome of the chief's house keeping guard. so all must be well with the chief stand everything about these strange seals. Wallace climbed up. and certainly Wallace seemed to be always on. back. and as he sat there and watched the little round heads moving here and there in the moonlit water the loneliness that had assailed him vanished completely. for he was not conscious of the fact that he was king.felt certain. too. then cracked and with a swish and This was more than a roar began to fall. nor did he appear on the surface again until he reached the center of the pond. and they had a most unpleasant propensity for Still. when he saw a beaver swim past and enter a hole at the base of one of these mounds of sticks and mud. Wallace followed the wake of silvery green brown bubbles that the swimming beaver left and flashed into the hole right behind him. and he started at a labored and awkward gallop for the water. he could comprehend. sprawling his length. Wallace was far from success as king But that really was not his fault. he plunged overboard and swam swiftly away. the fact that their had been deposed by a stranger seemed to make little difference. jects of the beavers. for all that they demanded of their leader was constant watchfulness. his subdid not realize that he was a failure. they were there in the warm sunshine. 241 . Only once did Wallace enter one of the it was purely because of his extreme curiosity to know and underhouses. the impression with the timid. To be sure. Every other beaver stopped work and hurried for cover. the alert. hard-working members of the colony that he was ex- was sound had the tremely conscientious in his guardianship. As for the colony. hung just above the line Wallace was happier and more contented than he had ever been.

ing. splashes of scarlet and vermilion and gold. was. despite the fact that the suckers and even the trout tasted flat compared with the salt water fish which he was accustomed to. too. and as a result waxed fat and contented for quite a while. among thousands of seals that barked from spray-splashed ledges and wave-washed ice floes. But the beaver pond could scarcely provide for this gluttonous fish eater for an indefinite period. but he refused to give up began to cause him concern. blending with russet brown and the the dull green of the hemlocks. worth fighting for. and the seal noted that the beavers were more active than ever. that amount of grew akin to discomfort. for they were not flesh eaters. too. which were for the most part distasteful. was efforts. Some were of bygone circus days. to this stranger. and since the hardly it stores. much to the relief of the valiant old warrior. and in the valley a smoky blue-gray atmosphere lingered all day long. his dominion did. Somehow clearer these last memories were than those of the and more distinct .bobbed to the top and found himself in a huge dome-shaped house that was dimly lighted and that reeked with a peculiar musky odor that seemed to be a characteristic of this peculiar form of seal. Ghostly morning mists furious disposition of the owner was so plainly evident. and there was a tingle in the night air that The forest was changpleased Wallace. His foraging on the fish of the pool meant nothing to the beavers so far as their food supply was concerned. This was the castle of the king beaver. Wallace did not like the smell. Inhe took to out brook mindeed. searching ness he could make out several forms. were confused recollections. Wallace raised havoc among the fish of the pool. he decided that it would be wisdom to leave immediately. Wallace did not think very much of the In his estimation it was castle. The time that he did not devote to scouring the pond for fish he spent atop the big dome-like home of the chief He was beaver. Their coats were growing thicker. for they persisted in working harder than ever. however. no matter how well gathered over the pool. Autumn was at hand. for Back in his brain looking something. looking off into space. sented Wallace's intrusion. for the pond was stocked with trout and suckers. for with all his freedom and exercise his appetite had increased to enormous proportions. nor did he In the blacklike the cheerless interior. and they had little time left to complete their winter a certain later He rehis home without a fight for it. Indeed. but also his castle. to be sure. September wore on. Others were memories of a babyhood spent in a northern rookery. and after several weeks of foraging among the denizens of the pool Wallace began to find that he had harder stocked it work to get a square meal each day. built by his own and he intended to defend it. He did not appear to be in very good humor either. nows. which he did forthwith. The fast disappearance of the fish annoyed him. But though the king's castle did not count for much in the seal's estimation. and even fresh water clams (provender that he had scorned heretofore) in order to get a full meal. About this time Wallace began to grow restless again. painted mountains. for he sat back against the wall with his whiskers flat and his ugly teeth He had given up the leadership showing. This condition huddled in one corner on a bed of dried and shredded bark. Wallace went closer and discovered that one of them was the deposed leader. He began to lose interest in his beaver companions. Frost was approaching.

His task was almost done. and he proceeded to tear the He dam apart. Maybe I get good money for heem seal. But Indian Joe paid him. gaze wandered beyond the and beaver dam. a dark-skinned. When the beavers found the water getting low they would rush to the break to repair it and he would kill them silently with his club. wider. The water would do the rest. a formidable looking club and some empty wort mooch. The ocean called him. This was not easy work. very center to break through. through the break and Indian Joe had long ago promised himself that he would one day turn the beavers halfbreed. dragging out branches and short lengths and scooping away the clay plaster the beavers had He worked Soon for used. and Wallace recognized him as the one who free of stran- had fired a shot at him the evening he had come to the beaver pond. his program. for the beavers had builded securely. But this object seen deer travel was not a forest dweller. occasionally a bear ambled across. Wallace. Anyhow I get heem same time I heem beavers.circus and caused him the greatest pangs of loneliness. silently. he would hunt down in the mud at the bottom of the pond. but not before the poacher had caught a glimpse of him. him no beaver. slight attention to fast. and hide in the The moment was at hand. He had scouted through the forests on either side of the pool and was confident that the mountains wc: e - And dam was highway used by all sorts of Time and again he had forest dwellers. with a leering get he grin. pond. from behind the shelter of a beaver house. one day as he sat there peering off into the distance. But Indian Joe was a woodsman and he worked swiftly and And while he worked. There was nothing he could do save bark. black-haired individual." and. selecting a section in the Wallace barked sharply and slid down into the water. when the water had He even indrained away completely. "Funny by gar. Indian Joe stopped on the "By seal. proceeded out to the center of the dam where he deposited an ax. his attention was attracted to something moving on the beaver dam. Not that this was unusual. mountains. The seal was troubled and he was alone. He meant river that flowed into the sea. which he did furiously and protestingly. the question for several minutes. Heem hair What he do in here?" He puzzled gar. those that did not come to the dam. in this veloped into a sizable sluice and the rush of water began to tear away mud and than the poacher could break them out. ting. and he had only been waiting an opportune time to clean out the. and twice in the twilight he had seen a lynx slink by. Still Wallace yapped his bark of warnsticks faster 243 . felt the urge to go down and his stream. had ample time to carry out gers. a it. water it began this to trickle gunny sacks. Hair seal ain't Skin no good. Beaver skins could be converted into coin through underground channels which he knew all too well. dam and scratched his head. dispose of the skins. watched him with a worried expression. Then. the halfbreed poacher. for the beavers were all asleep in their houses. through the valley toward stream emptied into a the trout where Once again he His plan was a simple to cut a big hole in the one. It was Indian Joe. It was a man . for the beaver dam. Before long the trickle forced the helped the opening had de- mountain pond to money despite the fact that they were protected by law. But I see Frenchman once he have trained seal wid curcus. tended to pull down the beaver houses to get every one. and drain the water off the pond.

" especially for the was hard going. Sheriff of fetched up there. undaunted by the formidable looking Indian Joe. Sheriff in his County. "but if there's a seal in here we got about as much chance of findShis-s-s Look ing him as we have of hole in the beaver Some one's busted a dam. age stamp loused finger under the flap and extracted a draft on a New York branch of a French bank. noddings. the me and you go It on down. "He's gone. Come on. He svimt. When Sol Berger. my seal. there's t' skunk now ! ! . started valiantly toward the dam. For a moment they gathered in little groups and seemed to hold council.00 for my creditor. less critter. "Dot's de cage vot he was gone. my uncle. He's But say." rotund Peter. then presently one. did not take the beavers long to sense the fact that the dam was broken." Others followed the old warrior. let's 'Tain't on'y a couple or three miles from here. I have the pleasure of informing you that I have inherited the estate of the late Jacques De La Hante.00 if you and M. He B'gosh. and it gives me the pleasure to entrust to you the $200. To this I will be pleased to add $200. Then another and another appeared. all bent on saving the colony's dam and heedless of the fact that they were going to "You drowned him! Where!" ex- claimed Sol. their excited Peter hurried the sheriff back into the buckboard and climbed in The himself. and their keen eyes saw the stranger on the dam. but when he learned that in addition a like sum would be forthcoming for the safe return of the seal he uttered a groan of despair. "RENE DE LA HANTE. "Ches. It ing." half hour later Sol's buckboard was rattling ter's toward the mountains and Pe- keen ears caught the sound of rushing water. Honorable S. Come Winnetonka County." said Sol. and in a few moments a half dozen brave little heads bobbed along in his wake. and a letter immaculately typed on a piece of crested note paper. There's the beaver pond down t' valley. And Wallace. and presround head bobbed to the surface beside one of the houses of sticks and mud. Bet a dollar he's "To M. Their A Calculate I'll go find out. By Godfrey. Wainsborough. Berger. I dround him like a cat. the big old gray- The stout Hollander went speechless when the sheriff handed him a draft for $200. He read: i letter with a foreign postcuriously before he ran a cal- peered into the pool. paused and examined a Winnetonka post office doorway of ning the Wallace they reached the bridge spanmountain stream from which had been dropped they both in. followed on. he probably went down stream an' I calculate he couldn't git far. Finally they reached the valley bottom. admirable Peter Van Aken. On'y he dond drount like a cat. "Gratefully yours. "Dot seal animal. is properly put on board ship for France. who crouched. sure enough. club ready." groaned Peter. Maine. I ently a I wonder if Pete's got that plum fergot about t' wuthLooks like he'll bring real money now.kept it up incessantly. "Here's the beginnin' of t' beaver pond. air seal yit. and Sol's couple or three miles lengthened into five. on. abode. not to be outdone by his companions." doom. I tought he was word whiskered beaver whom Wallace had de- posed. They stopped to explore the depths of every pool but no trace of Wallace did they find. Van Aken will kindly see that Wallace. "Sm.

to get the cold side outside. county's offering five hundred Come on. Peter and the sheriff saw him as he rushed headlong down the trout stream toward the not far distant river and the ocean beyond. the skin he made him Made Made He. vicious at the for a blow getting ready the brave old beaver who head of approached unflinchingly. who was picking his bank of the pond. Peter and the sheriff came onto the dam. "That's the seal. bud the two hundred tollarsl" cried Peter. Pete. fur side inside. Wallace had trailed on behind them until he reached the break in the barrier. "Gettin' you red-handed. once more heeding the call of adventure. We Wait. and his right arm went numb. marked. Why he turned them inside outside. we're ing. "I usta could shoot a little. is worth a lot to me and Peter was jumping up and down yell- much help from us. "Shucks This bird's worth a lot more than that to us if we can git him t' town ! alive. But while he struggled the impulse seized him to go on down stream. Joe. For a moment he struggled against the current. "Watch!" Indian Joe was crouched on the edge of the dam waiting tensely for the beavers He was to come within range of his club. There the swirl of water rushing through the gap had gripped him. That is why he put the fur side inside. Pete. Put the inside skin side on the outside. loog. way around the He made a move as calculate he's starting fer But I enough France without 1 if to run. he unlimbered a big blue forty-five. Don't stand gaping like a fool." (Author Unknown) He Of killed the gentle Mudjokivis. 245 . the goods.and it's feller. too. a yell of surprise he leaped to his to find himself covered by Sheriff dozen beavers were already swarmabout the dam trying hard to stop up ing the leak." he reshirt ter pointed. which he could easily have breasted. them with the fur side inside. With feet. them with the skin side outside. to get the warm side inside." "Ches." him with got he "Loog. Put the warm side. dot seal! He iss dere and iss going down! Loog!" The sheriff looked in the direction Pe- Hastily Sol slipped his hand inside his and from a holster that he had long since learned to carry in an inconspicuous place under his left arm. mittens. when above the sound of the rushing water he heard the roar of a forty-five. With a glad bark he turned about and coasted through the opening on the flood. I want that Injun Joe. making money to-day. sure A Sol. He. but the revolver banged again and the halfbreed's hat bounced clear off After that he stood still until his head. The there fer him now.

can be entered with so little preparation. come the men the should appreciate the value of such work. known that it was an amateur wireless man who was chosen to fly across the Atlantic on the NC-4 on her famous flight. Now that the war happily over the Government has removed these restrictions. which pay as well from the start. wireless who of are to befuture. large and small. in wireless The boy who becomes is the tele-graph interested certain to find a fascinating tem of communications throughout the world may be transformed by wireless elecand it is important that boys tricity. In a few years the entire sys- to-day. pastime of rare educational value. Before going into practice instruction it is other country had so vast an army of selftaught wireless operators to call on. No country in by boys. The wireless telephone will doubtless be as important that the boys. scattered throughout every secMost of these were tion of the land. and any American boy is free once more to equip and operate a station of his own. and give one such an opportunity to travel and see The average boy who has the world. When the call came for wireless men for the great war the amateur operators were able to take a prominent part. contained 175. The interest in wireless telegraphy and bounds and see in a is reviving by leaps short time we shall more wireless stations in operation than ever before. anything Europe it became the war necessary for During the Government to close most of these wireless stations and regulate the others very rigidly to prevent any enemy using to take important wireless stations at sea No them for is his own ends. like as has many stations. Wireless electricity again offers an attractive future for any bright. Thousands of boys who had taught themselves positions in amateur wireless stations ated entirely built and oper- how able to build stations and run them were and on shore. Wireless transmission of messages and of the common in a few years as is human voice is becoming daily more common. wireless in the future are very great. Many of the boys who had taught themselves all they knew of the science rose to occupy It is not generally important positions. ambitious There are few professions which boy. The amateur wireless station is a great educator and gives the boys who equip and operate it an excellent education in the wonderful new science. Before the war the United States in it.000 wireless stations. It will be the purpose of this department to encourage the interest of boys in this fascinating pastime and lend practical assistance each month. In no other country besides does the average boy know so much about wireless or take so keen an interest should be able to take their part in it. learned to operate his own wireless station can with only a few weeks' training fill an The possibilities of excellent position. The first consideration in installing a wireless station is to decide on the location 246 .OYS of the United States make the best wireless telegraph operators in the world.

The amateur wireless man is surprised to find that there are almost an endless number of methods of connecting or wireless station.tion The success of your stadependent upon the antennae that the problem should be thought out very carefully. If the aerial is rather heavy. there is not much choice left them for position. but these are exMost amateur wireless men are obliged to use a short pole on the roof or The a tree or pole in the yard nearby. neys or walls. and brought together near the apparatus. There should be four of these wires connected with the four wires of your aerial. or teleIt In the country where no water or gas pipes are to be found. feet long. Great care should be taken in grounding the wire. since long wires ofteq lead tQ . foot mast. to a short pole to the top of the keep the wires clear of the Although almost any flat top table or desk will answer for mounting the wireit is well to make a selecThe certain things in mind. table should be large enough to contain less apparatus leaves and branches. "hooking up" the various apparatus of a There are a few fundamental rules which the beginner should learn. The pipe should be carefully scraped in order to get good contact. masts should be of wood and equipped with a simple pulley. by using a twenty- tion with all the will instruments without crowding. Since it is a simple matter to find a tree thirty-five feet in height. greatest possible spread. tall trees. If you want to be sure of good results have the antennae five at least forty feet in height and seventyIt will be better to feet in length. etc. a flag-pole for instance. to get an elevation of seventy feet for your aerial. will serve every purpose. or one of the special clamps used for the purpose secured. a phone or telegraph wires. others aluminum wire. which are very cheap. In case you use a tree it will be a good plan to tree fix your station and the ground carefully connected when the station is ready for work. It may be set down as a general rule that the antennas should be placed as high as convenient. pensive. and have the of your is aerial. Since most On the small antenna. connected with the ground. and later he may improve upon them by inventions of his own. it will be easy. trolley car wires. To connect up your aerial the wires should be led into standing entirely alone. It should be borne in mind that the neighborhood of tall objects which can act as conductors tends to interfere with the staThis is especially true of tall chimtions. so that the aerial may be raised or lowered easily. able. leaving It room be for the operator to write. These sheets should be about four feet square and be buried in moist earth. have them seventy-five feet high and 150 amateurs string their aerials convenient to their rooms. consisting of four parallel wires of exactly the same length. Some operators prefer copper. be sure to brace the mast so that it will not be affected by this weight or by the wind. by vertical wires. well pipe or a sheet of copper or zinc buried in the ground will answer. is best to have antennae supported by a tall mast. found convenient to have a The is the T best type of aerial for the amateur aerial. simple porcelain cleats. The wires which connect your aerial with your receiving instrument are called the "lead in" wires. A water pipe or gas pipe will serve the purpose. switches and other apparatus may be mounted in full view. straight back or upright for the table on which meters. The so carefully antennae must be insulated from the mast and from all sur- rounding objects. The Iron or insulated wire is not desir- instruments should be so placed that the wires connecting them are as short as possible.

The receiving instruments should be placed for convenience at one end of the table and the transmitting set at the other so that each can be connected up without crossing the wires. of some material. usually silicon or piece is held firmly in a small cup which galena. coils These are usually contained in a small box that the amateur can readily connect so 248 . far more complicated than this and employ many other mechanisms. We made out. the The coil or transformer produces electric spark by generating the waves which fly through space. as in the tuning coil. but the general principle of their operation is the same. These waves ceiving ite length of so many feet. employed which serves the same purpose as the tuning coil. There are fewer sending than receiving stations operated by amateurs because sending requires as sent out therefore certain tions. These direct cur- The sparks are made to snap and send out their invisible waves by means of a induction spark gap connected with an of consists The coil. equipped with a series of wires suspended high in the air called an aerial. movfrom which travel at high velocity for Now it has been found great distances. is well worth all the additional trouble and expense. The Government imposes restrictions on the sending sta- requiring the men operating them The pleasure of to pass examinations. the waves have much greater force and travel tion is. picked up by the they ting Oscilaerial of your receiving station. and the aerial must be adjusted to their length in order This is accomto get the best results. while a fine wire point known as "cat's whisker" is held in light contact with it. in the reare now set currents up lating a definhave aerial. be clearly understood before any attempt is made to connect up and operIt should be remembered that ate a set. more sensitive. however. know that if an electric spark is contacts move over the wires just touch- to snap or crack between two metal are sent points. Most receiving sets are. these sparks are sent out from a in the air at one end and elevated wire connected with the ground at the other. Now into when the oscillating currents strike the detector they are instantly changed direct currents. and is constructed along the same lines. coil or spark spark rents pass in turn through the telephone receiver and are changed into a buzzing sound which duplicates the signals sent two metal rods held a short distance with the apart and connected directly The current is supplied by means coil. and is therefore much mos. if that The effect oscillating currents will have no on a telephone receiver used for listening in on the circuit. The loose coupler has two windings in place of one. more complicated apparatus and more expensive outfits as well more skill. so that it is possible by ing the sliders to add to or subtract the amount of wire in the circuit. a tuning coil which conplished by using sists of a cylinder around which a single The sliders or layer of wire is wound. of course. confusion. The wireless sta- therefore. the most interesting phase of the work of the wireless man. The transmission of wireless messages is. much further. and must first be passed through a device known as a This detector consists of a detector. The general principle should. or in the case of the high powered long distance stations. of course. of batteries. waves pass through the by some transmitare station. sending wireless messages. the electric air after being when of course. by dyna- out miles away by the transmitting staIn some circuits a loose coupler is tion. invisible waves or ripples ing them.

one side of the spark gap a wire runs to the ground while from the other a wire runs to the aerial wires. unless one an occasional bit of terra firma The onto the hummock. An ordinary telegraph key is connected up in circuit which makes it possible to turn the current off or on by a The coil in turn causes sparks to the gap between the wires across jump and this creates electric currents which coil. One gang was lost in the was at the end of a trail which led from the edge of town two It Another came back so saturated with swamp ooze that they were woods all night. bird and animal encountered on the way to the cabin and They mock to hummock it was possible to reach siveness. berry bushes and undera quarter of a mile the trail passed through a swamp. The test of membership was to be able to name every tree. By jumping from hum- mistaken for children of the negro white- For wash man down by the railroad track. shrub. THE growth. These currents create the waves. not. wrong hopped maddenor one with sank. black ooze. This makes it posbreak up the flashes into dots and dashes so that letters may be spelled out touch of the finger. too deep to ford. suspecting that there must be something of unusual interest to take the Owls afield on every Saturday and holiday. The terminals of the spark gap are usually made of zinc and are so mounted that they can be slid back and forth to vary the length of the gap. the Owls began to receive numerous applications for membership. Then a thicket of beeches under which. of course. highly complicated but the principle remains the same as in the amateur sending sensitive. terlouas Trail Owl patrol built a cabin. to follow the trail without assistance. essayed to follow them. These are known as the oscillatory currents. station. which the owl typified. prise attack. too rapid to swim. or to circle the was "encountered" if its were audible. It was.TIhe up the apparatus in his circuit. Several town gangs. After that. flower. noted for his ability in getting things. disclaimed any desire for excluThe scoutmaster explained that wanted only to protect the traditions they of the patrol. "What's that?" asked 249 . The aerial in turn radiates the waves and sends them to a much greater distance than they would travel if the station were without any aerial. into deep. Now. A Ted away with rendezvous and take it by a sur- a scout. pointing to a large animal with horns. sible to flow back and forth with great rapidity. bird or animal call A spanned by a slender log. when the key is pressed and the circuit closed the current from the battery flows through the apparatus more powerful and The great long distance stations which transmit over sea are. even on the brightest day. miles into a forgotten tangle of second growth timber. it was twilight. Many other kinds of apparatus are employed to render the From by the familiar telegraph code. Beyond this there was a stream. whether it was seen or committee of Owls started out with Jarvis. abruptly wrong ing deliberateness.

cow. Ring all kinds of rocks and ferns They've got and things you have to learn and you have to build different kinds of fires and tie knots and everything. Then you have to know everything that's tacked up on the outside of the cabin and the tame wild animals they've got and you have to smell what they're cooking inside um-m-m and guess whether its going to be bacon and eggs or flapjacks and maple syrup. He thrust an arm through and the Owls pulled him ashore." initiated cil 1 Bumpy Baggs was the next. wiped away the wateriness of his longing mouth. Then a Instantly Garth grabbed a stone and took aim. But pride goeth before the fall. Another scout clutched his arm. wasn't it?" "You "I spent a week getting as far as the cow pasture. "Don't know haven't been inside it yet. leading through the beeches toward the promised land. "One of our best friends it kills mice and other vermin and saves thousands of dollars' worth of crops every year. He asked for permission to proceed but he was reminded of the rule: "without assistance. the and held it snake carefully picked up before his eyes. shrinking away. He had made considerable preparation by gathering specimens of leaves and flowers and asking his teachers to identify them for him." replied an Owl. Ted Garth Effelberg first ever steady a log to may be." "An Owl but is was Diga lot ger's enigmatical reply. He could see plainly the trail ahead. The committee conducted him back to town. And after that Gee!" "What's in the cabin?" they asked. "They as soon as I got to the Counand learned everything there." did you do it ?" the boys all asked crowded around him. through exploring the surrounding country. snake crossed the trail. "Pretty hard bet. one day. hopped with an ease which indicated either familiarity or an unusual facility in observing where other feet had trod. r'A Jersey. "What kind of a snake is One somed out He Tenderfoot badge and the insignia of the Owl it?" Patrol. work. He had also searched the bird books at the library."A thought they were kidding. a wise old bird. it is necessary step. It took two to get from there to the swamp and I was a month getting through that and across the creek. watch your tried quite a lot of botany it. "What kind of a cow?" Ted sobered. had become quite adept at trailing." he guessed. get one man to vote for it. "Wrong it's a milk snake." he answered. It was a Holstein. and you can go on from here. bring it back to-morrow alive and well. He was venturesome and." replied Digger. Digger Dunstant blosin a Boy Scout suit. Bills are being introduced into our state legislature and two others this year to protect it. "How as they "Garter snake. answering and accurately." said Garth. wore a half mile with flying colors." . and his examination ended automatically. Garth knew and he passed the As he came choking to the surface a bowline loop dropped neatly over his head. of course. Bumpy forgot the instant in present anticipation of the future. "Gee! I don't see why they have to umphantly back for an instanct then balanced on the rustic viaduct. How- make all that fuss about is lettin' a fellow in. Take it home." Finally. well known for his appetite. me Blithely out across the meadows went Bumpy." he said. At the log-bridged stream he looked tri- queries promptly Across the swamp he all Bumpy. "he listens seldom heard." replied Digger mysteriously.

and in addition. but the construction shown assumes It will be necessary to obtain which extend from side to side. i.f. A . a wide strip of sheet iron is wrapped around the joint and fastened with screws. 2 is used. small machine-bolt serves to clamp the clips to the bicycle frame. fourth girder runs from (not shown) point s to a point on the bicycle frame about 15 inches in front of and on a level with e. the construction tive appearance. by loosening three small bolts. are made of slightly heavier stock than c. Fig. at the top. and they are screwed solidly to same. is placed is used. especially carried. as the axle is not large and strong enough to be supported from For the parts cc of the one side only.g are fastened to c a somewhat similar means rivets is used. its forks can be secured so much the better.f. at Fig. e. 3 A that a wheel only is available and a homemade fork is used. it can be mounted on springs if desired.g. d. Girders. between them. b. it will present quite an attrac- the frame of the bicycle. This con- A as shown in Fig. If the whol is painted to match > the bicycle. or otherwise strengthened. hickory or some other strong wood The block of wood. but should have its edges bound with metal. The body is simply a neat wooden box. Where they are fastened to struction gives a triangular base for the car body.any boy can make his own shown ALMOST side if car for his bicycle its and add greatly to parcels and papers are to be usefulness. forks. It will be seen that the car can be readily detached. Where e. two strips of onesixteenth inch sheet iron being fastened to the end of wood-piece by two or three an extra back with if a wheel and wheel.

Scout. A Scout walks through the woods with silent tread. knows how to stalk birds and animals and The fire once started. and he knows how to start a blaze with only his knife blade and a the danger piece of flint. He knows. for he knows the secret of the rubbing sticks used by the Indians. does not shout his wisdom from the housetops. he can climb a tree which seems impossible to others. he can pitch a tent. but is little seen. His eyes are on the wettest day and he seldom uses more than one match. which reveal to him the nature and habits He of the creatures that made them. Scout can kindle a living near ocean or lake he can reef a sail or take his trick at if not. He possesses the quiet power that comes from knowledge. like an old frontiersman. would die He knows what will.-'it His sense of honor is his only taskmaster.What's a Boy Scout? A Glimpse of the Life of the Boy Who "Belongs" enjoys a A fruits SCOUT! He hike through the woods more than he does a walk over the city's streets. and at all if near any body of water he can pull an oar or use paddles and sculls. and he rather than have it stained. and his honor he guards as jealIn this ously as did the knights of old. Scout holds his honor to be his most A precious possession. When no matches can be had he can still have a fire. he can what a meal prepare out there in will not spread. He can tell north or south or east or west by the "signs. in the woods he knows the names of birds and animals. A braggart the boaster to expose his igno- ID Camp . in the water he tells you the different varieties of fish. manner a Scout wins the confidence and respect of all people. He knows a but he does not challenge him." He can tie a knot that will hold. He haunts. study them in their natural sees much. also. No dry twigs snap under his feet and no loose stones turn over and throw him off his balance. are nut-bearing trees A fire in the forest the wheel. and he kindles a blaze that keen and he sees many things that others He sees tracks and signs do not see. he can mend a tear in his trousers. he can tell you which rance by his own loose-wagging tongue. he can from a distance. is his duty and all posed by duty he fulfills obligations imof his own free and seeds are poisonous and which si. He speaks softly and answers questions modestly. of forest fires. he can swim a river.

he desires a clear. 11. his home. wastes nothing. is polite to all. : be prepared at any time to save life. 4. help injured persons. THE SCOTTT Z. Wherever he goes he can give his signs and be assured of a friendly welcome. especially to women. He must do at least one good turn to somebody every day. best. He does not wantonly destroy property. If he were to or by cheating. his leader. and the weak and helpless. He every faculty must be alert to preserve his what safety and that of others.1 my to duty to God and my obey the Scout To'Iic'p other people at all times. and makes the orders is A SCOUT IS CHEERFUL. which will make him SCOTTT IS COURTEOUS. or panic. A Scout practices self-control.Just watch him and compare appetite with that of a boy who lounges at a lunch counter in a crowded He knows the unwritten rules of the city. 12. and considers the safety of others before that of himself. or shipwreck. To keep myself physically strong. He must not take pay for being helpful or courteous. He 253 . He 6. embers and give his mind free play. A SCOUT IS REVERENT. A SCOUT IS CLEAN. He saves his so that he may pay his own way. stands for clean speech. A SCOUT IS BRAVE. SCOTTT IS FRITNDI. He is especially considerate of the helpless and weak. A SCOUT is IS KIND. In all emergencies he sets an example of resourcefulness. 3. A SCOUT IS THRIFTY. A of his opportunities. tive brain. A SCOUT is IS I. metally awake. 1. and share the home duties. scout master. 31. he never uses alcoholic liquors because he does not wish to poison his body. He has brothers in every city in the land and A SCOUT He obeys and IS OBEDIENT. coolness and courage. old people. 8. and helpful to worthy He may work for pay but must not objects.OYAL. He keeps clean in body and thought. He never shirks nor grumbles at hardships. He can talk with a brother Scout without making a sound or he can make known his message by imitating the click of a telegraph key. fad Law. and travels with a clean crowd. He whom A SCOTTT IS HELPFUL loyalty is due his and parents and country. he may be directed to hand over his Scout badge. 9. or by not doing exactly a given task. and morally straight. He keeps a close guard on his temper and never makes a silly spectacle of himself by losing his head. honor by telling a lie. but will strive to save and protect all harmless life. patrol other duly constituted authorities. best use money 10. in has the courage to face danger in spite of fear has to stand up for the right against and_ the coaxings of friends or the jeers or threats of enemies.Y. ac- He loyal to all to Scout leader. He works faithfully. He must A A He 5. moderately of food appetite and eats strong. He is reverent toward God. Scout can make himself known to a brother Scout wherever he may be by a method which only Scouts can know. violate his 2. 7. children. Scout never flinches in the A face of danger. knows when to sit silent before the ruddy country. every country in the world. for he that knows men who master problems in the world must first master themselves. clean habits. that swearing is a sign of weakness and that untruthfulness shatters the confidence of He keeps a close guard on his others. parents. A Scout's honor is to be trusted. when trusted on his honor. all His obedience to prompt and cheery. so he avoids tobacco. He is faithful in his religious duties and respects the conviction of others in matters of custom and religion. for he knows that at such a time a friend to animals. the open! his THE SCOTTT OATH Oa my honor I will do my 1. He knows to do in case of fire.AW A SCOTTT IS TRUSTWORTHY. receive tips for courtesies or good turns. and defeat does not down him. He smiles whenever he can. clean sport. for he knows that loud speech is often a cloak to ignorance. is a friend to all and a brother to every other Scout. keeps a close guard on his tongue. He will not kill nor hu. be generous to those in need. To do campfire and he contributes his share to He also the pleasures of the council. t any living creature needlessly. 2. he trains his mind to direct and his body to act.

to distinguish right from wrong. Scout prides himself upon doing "good turns. freely offers his services A He loves Old Glory and knows the proper forms of offering it respect. to serve his fellowmen. where the 254 you live in a large city a Scout where there Commissioner or Scout Execu- . whose opinions have value. A Scout chooses as his motto "Be Prepared. He can guide a stranger wherever he desires to go. He patterns his life after those of great Americans who have had a high sense of who and who have served the nation well. tells are the men in high He authority." unconscious. edge ing. would then tell you just what you would have to do to become a member. uniform worthily. so that he may serve his country in any need. make the word his seeks always to "Scout" worthy of the re- He HOW town or can I join the Scouts? Hundreds of boys ask this question every day. A Scout does not run away or call for help when an accident occurs. his country and his duty If a person is burned his knowl- him how to is alleviate the suffer- If any one dragged from the water God always to "Be Prepared. and this knowledge of short-cuts saves spect of people He wears If you want to become a Scout. He knows that horses. If a person is cut he knows how to stop the flow of blood and gently and carefully bind up the wound. where the fire-alarm boxes are placed. A Scout knows that people expect more of him than they do of other boys and he governs his conduct so that no word of reproach can truthfully be brought against the great brotherhood to which he has How to Become a Boy Scout pledged his loyalty. A Scout is and the nature of their proud of his city and when he can help. and which is way to reach them. dogs and cats have their rights and he respects them.on and circulation. on the Scoutmaster of the troop and apThe Scoutmaster ply for admission. to gather firewood. city officials He knows the quickest the names of the duties." is A Scout A and no day in his life is complete unless he has been of aid to some person. If is him many needless steps. A Scout knows his city as well as he knows the trails in the forest." and he seeks to prepare himself for anything to rescue a companion. a Scout at once sets to work to restore respira:'. Scout is a patriot and is always ready to serve his country at a minute's notice. He knows that not a minute can be lost. you should call city. the first thing for you to do is to find out whether or not there is a troop organized in your If there is. to ford a stream.hospitals are. He knows where the police stations are located. He never permits The Dally Good Turn its folds to touch the ground. to help strangers. desires a strong body. where the nearest doctor lives. his country is He knows how governed and kind to everything that lives. an alert mind and an unconquerable spirit.

He will send in your fees. Headquarters and ask them to write to In the meantime. And don't quit! If you try long enough you will get one. He will tell you which troop it would or possibly he will be best for you to join help you organize a troop of your own. He must be a man over twentyone years of age whose good character will be vouched for by others. next problem is to get a Scoutmaster. troop committee will apply to Headquarters for Scoutmasters' may be able to buy one at your local book- store. The scoutmaster will ask you and the other boys to sign applications for admisand these applications will you are ready to organize. pick out some other man you know. e. which are 25 cents a year for each scout. If you have sion to the troop Your not already found one who is willing to take charge. etc. i. If none of them will do this. and thus reach the highest rank in the organization.tive it and nearly every large would be better for you city has one tive to apply to him. The first thing to do is to get a copy of the official selves a committee. When you have enough boys to form a patrol at least eight boys by members of the Troop Committee. your scoutmaster will see the head man of the institution and explain to him that a troop committee must be This committee will be comappointed. for you cannot become Scouts until you have a man at the head of your troop. show your man that you mean business. posed of three or more men appointed by the proper authorities of the institution. These men may be selected by the scoutmaster or they may constitute themization." You The Scoutmaster or the Headquarters.t elements in the community. for purposes of organsubject to approval of National "Handbook for Boys. Next you must talk with your boy friends and get them interested. N. but if not you can get one from National Headquarters. Probably your troop will be connected with some school or church or other instihim. your town your problem is entirely different. You will then receive an official certificate and be entitled to wear the official badges and uniform and will be in a position to begin your progress in scouting and advance through the various degrees. and Assistant Scoutmasters' application blanks. If so. Y. as well as registration blanks. for you must have a troop organized. Possibly you will become an Eagle Scout. But if there is no Scout organization in Committee. book carefully.. for 50 cents. tution. and ested. Directors. These will be approved New this Read York. 200 Fifth Avenue. Try all your fathers and brothers and see if one of them will not consent to help you out. Execu255 Respect for Country . who will agree to provide a new leader if it should become necessary to appoint one. you must find one. Send his name try to get him interto the National be endorsed by your parents. Board of Trustees. If the troop is not connected with any institution the committee should be composed of prominent men who represent the bes. and your names will be officially enrolled with those of the tens of thousands of other boys who are members of the great organization..

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