CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL/ CUPRINS

Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri

Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/CUVÂNT INAINTE
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri

Page 1 of 1

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA - VERBUL
Asist uni. Georgeta Obilisteanu Lect.univ. Marioara Patesan 1. CUVÂNT INAINTE 2. LECTIA I - TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV 3. LECTIA II - CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 4. LECTIA III - MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE 5. LECTIA IV - VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA 6. LECTIA V - DIATEZA PASIVA 7. LECTIA VI - VERBELE MODALE 8. LECTIA VII - MODUL SUBJONCTIV 9. LECTIA VIII - MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE 10. LECTIA IX - CHEIA EXERCITIILOR 10.1 Timpurile modului 10.2. Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor 10.3. Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 10.4. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 10.5. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 10.6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 10.7. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 10.8. Exercitii cu constructii verbale 11. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE

CUVÂNT INAINTE

Verbul constituie coloana vertebrala a unei limbi. Cartea „Curs practic de limba engleza – verbul" (cu exercitii si cheie) cuprinde o parte teoretica – prezentarea clara si sistematica a modurilor, timpurilor, concordantei timpurilor, verbelor modale si a altor probleme legate de verbul englez (cu exemple si traducere), precum si o parte practica cu exercitii la fiecare capitol si la sfârsitul cartii au fost incluse cheia exercitiilor si lista verbelor neregulate intâlnite in cadrul exemplelor si exercitiilor. Prezentarea teoretica a problemelor este facuta in limba româna. Cursul se adreseaza studentilor incepatori si intermediari din anii I si II de studiu, precum si cursantilor adulti, cu conditia ca acestia sa aiba cunostinte anterioare, chiar sumare, de limba engleza.

http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/cuprins.html

12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/introducere.html

1 of 42

12/15/04

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 1 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 2 of 18
Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri

Negativ I am not working. You are not (aren’t) working. He/she/it is not (isn’t) working. We are not (aren’t) working. You are not (aren’t) working. They are not (aren’t) working. Interogativ Am I working? Are we working? Are you working? Are you working? Is he/she/it working? Are they working? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune in plina desfasurare in momentul prezent. Ex. Where are you going? I am going to school. De asemenea poate arata o actiune care se desfasoara pe timp limitat in perioada prezenta. Ex.: I go to school by bus this week. My father is taking me in his car. Uneori se poate folosi timpul Present Tense Continuous cu adverbul always, pentru a arata o actiune repetata. In acest caz, exista o conotatie afectiva (nemultumire) sau actiunea respectiva este caracteristica pentru acea persoana. Ex. You are always losing your things. You are always grumbling when I ask you to help me in the kitchen. Exercitii cu Present Simple si Present Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Simple) la interogativ si negativ: Nota : Verbul „to have", atunci când nu inseamna „a avea, a poseda", ci este parte dintr-o expresie (to have breakfast, to have a shower, to have a party), formeaza negativul si interogativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului „to do". I love my brother. She talks too much. I understand you. You play the piano very well. I always believe you. He remembers my phone number. They live in Bucharest. He has a hot bath every day. I trust my friend. I have lunch at one o’clock.

LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exista doua aspecte in limba engleza: simplu si continuu. In general, timpurile simple se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe actiunea propriu-zisa, iar timpurile continue se folosesc atunci când accentul se pune pe durata actiunii, pe perioada de timp in care aceasta are loc. In explicarea intrebuintarii timpurilor continue se va intâlni formularea „actiune in plina desfasurare". Aceasta inseamna ca actiunea a inceput inainte de momentul la care se face referire si va continua dupa acel moment. Exista un numar de verbe in limba engleza care nu se folosesc la forma continua, deoarece ideea de durata e inclusa in continutul lor semantic. Ex. to want, to like, to dislike, to understand, to owe, to matter, to love, to hate, to belong, to believe, to remember, to know . A. Present Tense Simple Afirmativ Negativ I work I do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work He/she/it works He/she/it does not (doesn’t) work We work We do not (don’t) work You work You do not (don’t) work They work They do not (don’t) work Interogativ Do I work? Do we work? Do you work? Do you work? Does he/she/it work? Do they work? Present Tense Simple se foloseste pentru a arata o actiune regulata, obisnuita, in perioada prezenta. Ex. What do you do? (Cu ce te ocupi?) I am a student. What time do you usually have breakfast? Present Tense Continuous Se conjuga verbul „to be" la timpul prezent si se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I am working We are working. You are working You are working He/she/it is working They are working

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

2. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii (Present Continuous) la negativ si interogativ:

http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html

12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html

2 of 42

12/15/04

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 3 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 4 of 18 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. It is raining. I am having a walk. He is telling the truth. You are typing a letter. They are swimming in the river. My friend is wearing a new dress. My mother is resting. We are studying English. Ann is knitting. The child is learning to play the piano.

I (think) of my mother just now. 7. You (know) what time is it? 4. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. Iarna ninge. Duminica el nu se scoala devreme. Eu nu studiez seara. Ce faci? Citesti sau privesti la televizor? Secretara tocmai bate la masina un referat. Ea merge la cumparaturi sâmbata. Acum imi fac temele la engleza. Nu-mi place cafeaua. Ce carte citesti? La ce ora se scoala John dimineata? Ce faci tu in zilele libere? Cui ii telefonezi? El nu merge la scoala cu metroul, merge pe jos. De ce deschizi fereastra? Adesea citesc carti englezesti. Ea isi face bagajul. Cât de des le scrii parintilor tai? Când merg la mare imi place sa inot mult. Clientul tocmai isi alege o pereche de pantofi. B. Past Tense Simple Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei – ed in cazul verbelor regulate. Ex. to work – worked Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I – infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma III – participiul trecut. Ex. to speak – spoke – spoken Afirmativ

3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Present Simple sau la Present Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. I (not go) shopping because it (rain). What you (do) on Sundays? He usually (drink) coffee but now he (drink) tea. In England it often (rain). I (not like) that boy. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) him. You (like) this book? You (dream) at night?

Yes, I (dream) every night. 1. I can’t answer the phone now because I (cook). 2. How you usually (get) to work? I usually (go) by bus, but now I (take) a taxi because I am late. 1. The manager can’t receive you now as he (have) an interview. 2. You (write) to John now? Yes, I (be). I always (write) to him on his birthday. 1. Where you (hurry)? To the theatre, as I (not want) to miss the first act. 1. She always (borrow) books from me and never (remember) to give them back. 2. You (go) to work every day? Yes, of course, except Saturdays and Sundays. 3. Why you (smoke) so much? 4. Who you (wait) for? I (wait) for John, but he is late, as usual. 5. I always (have) a rest after lunch. 6. What you (think) of?

worked I/you/he/she/it/we/they spoke Negativ work I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not speak

http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html

12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html

3 of 42

12/15/04

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 5 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA... Page 6 of 18 Interogativ work? Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they speak? Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn’t (I didn’t work). Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp trecuta, terminata. Este timpul de naratiune. Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus. Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk. (Ieri am mers al plimbare.) Last year I travelled to England. (Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.) Past Tense Continuous Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei ing a verbului de conjugat. Afirmativ I was working We were working You were working You were working He/she/it was working They were working Negativ I was not working We were not working You were not working You were not working He/she/it was not working They were not working Formele prescurtate sunt: was not – wasn’t I wasn’t working. were not – weren’t They weren’t working. Interogativ Was I working? Were we working? Were you working? Were you working? Was he/she/it working? Were they working? Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut. Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul. Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV. (Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.) Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul), reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus). Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John. Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut. Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV. (In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.) Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous 1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. I sleep until 9 o’clock every day. He meets John on Sundays. You speak English well. You drink too much. You ask too many questions. I play football. I own two umbrellas. I like to have a coffee in the morning. That sounds interesting. I always make cakes on Sundays.

1. Puneti verbele din urmatoarele propozitii la negativ si interogativ: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. He thought about you. They drank all the wine. I hated him. He changed his library book every day. I sold my car. We worked very hard. He came home late. I enjoyed travelling. He translated the text. He forbade her to do this.

1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Tense Simple sau Continuous: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. When you (come in), I talk on the phone. When I first (meet) him, he (work) in a bank. While he (learn) to drive, he (have) an accident. As I (write), someone (ring up). Where you (go) when I (meet) you? What you (do) this time yesterday? When I (enter) the classroom, the teacher (write) on the blackboard. When I (arrive), she (have) dinner. This time last Sunday, I (watch) a film on TV. He suddenly (realize) that he (not wear) his glasses.

1. Traduceti in limba engleza:

http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html

12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html

4 of 42

12/15/04

18. I haven’t seen John for two months. efectuata intr-o perioada de timp neterminata. 6. intrucât „when" reprezinta un moment precizat in trecut. 21.) Trebuie precizat faptul ca. He/she/it has not (hasn’t) worked. ora 2 p. 14. (Il cunosc pe John de doi ani. When did you see Hamlet? I saw it last week. (Il cunosc pe John din 1990. 15. 13. terminata. arata o actiune inceputa in trecut care continua pâna in prezent. I lost my umbrella yesterday. 10. this year.) I have known John since 1990. Ex. 5. Duminica trecuta prietenii mei au jucat sah. 12.html 5 of 42 12/15/04 . nu se poate folosi timpul Present Perfect. 17. mi-am luat micul dejun si apoi am plecat la scola. seldom. Page 7 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. Soarele nu a apus la ora 8 aseara. M-am sculat târziu ieri dimineata. 7. I have seen two films this week. In acest caz. Nu m-am sculat devreme azi dimineata. care are rezultate in prezent sau care.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. C. se foloseste Past Simple. http://quintet.. incepând din) si for (de. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care se aseaza intre auxiliar si verb: often. I must buy a new one.actrus. folosirea lui este insotita de adverbe precum: today. In acest caz. (Mi-am pierdut umbrela. 3. Acum doua zile am cazut si mi-am rupt piciorul. El arata o legatura intre trecut si momentul prezent. Unde ti-ai petrecut concediul vara trecuta? Ieri m-am sculat devreme. intereseaza in prezent. I haven’t got up early this morning. Ex. (Nu l-am vazut pe John de doua luni. In timp ce imi cautam pasaportul am gasit aceasta fotografie veche. 20. timp de). Ieri pe vremea asta ploua. Baietii jucau carti când l-au auzit pe tatal lor intrând in casa. ever. Timpul Present Perfect Simple se foloseste in urmatoarele situatii: l l Ex. 4. just. Cine a câstigat meciul alaltaieri? In timp ce ploua. Afirmativ I have worked We have worked You have worked You have worked He/she/it has worked They have worked Negativ I have not (haven’t) worked.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. eu conduceam masina spre Sinaia.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Saptamâna trecuta am fost bolnav si nu am mers la scoala. 8.) I have known John for two years. 11.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. daca se pune o intrebate referitoare la trecut care incepe cu „when". nu mai poate fi folosit timpul Present Perfect. (Nu l-am vazut pe John din septembrie. I didn’t get up early this morning. 22. Interogativ Have I worked? Has he/she/it worked? Timpul Present Perfect este un timp de relatie. dintr-un motiv sau altul. this month.. Cu acest sens se folosesc de obicei prepozitiile since (din. Batea un vânt puternic când am iesit din casa.) Daca adverbul de timp este „this morning".m.actrus. Traducerea celor doua propozitii in limba româna este identica. Se foloseste cu adverbe de timp neprecizat care leaga trecutul de prezent.. Ce faceai martea trecuta la ora 7 dimineata? Ma pregateam sa merg la facultate. Page 8 of 18 1. Trebuie sa-mi cumpar una noua. folosirea timpului verbal este conditionata de momentul in care se face afirmatia. Ei au ascuns imediat cartile si si-au scos manualele de scoala. I must buy a new one. Timpul Present Perfect nu poate fi folosit cu un adverb de timp precizat in trecut. always. daca se mentioneaza momentul trecut in care a avut loc actiunea care intereseaza in prezent sau care are rezultate in prezent. Ex. 2. Ex. arata o actiune trecuta. De asemenea. (Am vazut doua filme saptamâna aceasta. la care se adauga forma a treia (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. never. Present Perfect Simple Timpul Present Perfect Simple se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to have" la prezent. 9.m. Când te-ai intors de la munte? Când ai cumparat acest televizor? Ieri mi-am pierdut manusile.. Ai dormit bine noaptea trecuta? Ieri nu am mers la bazinul de inot.) I haven’t seen John since September. already. Have you seen Hamlet? (Ai vazut Hamlet?) I have lost my umbrella . this week. 16. El a dat primul examen saptamâna trecuta. daca aceasta este in cursul diminetii (pâna la ora 12) sau dupa amiaza.) l arata o actiune trecuta. 19. Ex. ora 10 a.

9. 5. 18. vom avea inundatii. sa continue si in viitor. I have often been to England. He hasn’t returned home yet. He has not (hasn’t) been working. You must come and see it. poate arata probabilitatea ca actiunea inceputa in trecut. Where you (be)? I (be) to the market. When are you going to do it? Ever since that woman came to work here. 5. Page 9 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Page 10 of 18 Ex.) I haven’t seen him lately. You (read) Sorescu’s last book? You (pay) the telephone bill? He (not go) to bed yet. I (do) a lot of work since I (get up) in the morning. I (ask) you to clean your room for two days. You ever (drive) a car? He always (rely on) his friend. He (fish) for two hours but he (catch) nothing yet. Interogativ Have I been working? Has he been working? Timpul Present Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare. (Ploua de trei ore. She (change) a lot since I (see) her last. 11. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 4. 15. If it doesn’t stop soon. I just (have) one. I (not be) to the seaside this year.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Yes. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 20.) Ca si Present Perfect Simple. There isn’t any train service because the engine – drivers (go) on strike. I haven’t. she (leave) for Brasov a week ago. 12. Ex. 22.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICA. 2. I (try) last year but I (not succeed). intre un moment trecut si prezent. I (get) a job last month. she (try) to make trouble. I’m tired of it. He (not come) home yet. timpul Present Perfect Simple se traduce in româneste fie cu prezentul.html 6 of 42 . It has been raining for three hours. 7. 12. fie cu perfectul compus. I am not out of work now.) Dupa cum se poate observa. 1. 12/15/04 http://quintet.) De asemene. 2. 4. How long you (wear) glasses? I (cook) all the morning.. I (buy) a new house. se poate traduce cu prezentul sau cu perfectul compus din limba româna.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 1. 19. I am tired because I have been working all day. yet (in propozitii negative). 10. I (lose) my pen. 14. You (visit) the Village Museum? You ever (eat) caviar? I (not write) to my friend for three months. 6. we shall have floods. You (not see) it anywhere? No. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous 1. cu accent pe durata. You (be) out of work long? 5. I have never been to England. Adverbe de timp neprecizat care stau la sfârsitul propozitiei: lately. in functie de context. Ex. I (lend) him some money today. 3. Folositi Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple in locul infinitivelor: 1. care continua in prezent.. You (water) the flowers? He just (leave) home. 17. (El nu s-a intors inca acasa. 16. Daca nu se opreste in curând. Afirmativ I have been working We have been working You have been working You have been working He/she/it has been working They have been working Negativ I have not (haven’t) been working. How long you (live) here? I (live) here for one year. When you (use) it last? 2. Present Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Present Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". 11. We (know) each other for several years. Folositi Present Perfect Simple in locul infinitivelor din paranteze: 1. 4. (Nu l-am vazut in ultimul timp. 9. How many dishes you (cook)? Why you (be) in the garden so long? I (water) the flowers.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. 3. 7. I (shop) all day and I want to have a rest now. The radio (play) since 7 a. It’s time we woke him up. Have you ever been to England? (Ai fost vreodata in Anglia?) No.actrus. 8. 6. It (not rain) since December. thank you. (Sunt obosit pentru ca am muncit toata ziua. 3. Your ever (try) to give up smoking? Yes. Ex. I (wear) my hair long since I (be) a little girl.actrus. 7. 8.. He (sleep) for 10 hours now.m. 13. 21. I already (see) this film. 10. You (see) your mother this week? No. Would you like a cake? No. 8..

22. Este. 8. 21. un verb de relatie.actrus. she had been typing for one hour. Page 11 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. they drank some coffee. Cu cine ai votat la ultimele alegeri? Nu am mers la vot. http://quintet.. in acest caz. 16. Mergem pe jos de la ora 3. 2. 24. La ce te-ai uitat? A fost un accident. Timpul Past Perfect Continuous arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente trecute. 4. 5.) Dupa cum se observa. (Dupa ce John privise (a privit) la televizor 10 minute. dar.. Afirmativ I had worked. Past Perfect Continuous poate prelua functiile lui Present Perfect Cotinuous in propozitia secundara. terminasem de scris temele. 14. am mers arareori pe jos la slujba. Cine te-a invatat sa vorbesti engleza atât de bine? Unde ti-ai petrecut vacanta anul acesta? M-am gândit adesea sa-mi iau carnet de conducere. 11. Ex.actrus. ea batea la masina de o ora. 1. Ei lucreaza la aceasta casa de un an si nu au terminat-o inca. 13.. 10. After they (finish) dinner. acest timp se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul. am petrecut o luna aici. D. Afirmativ I had been working. Ex. (El a spus ca ploua de trei zile. She said she already (be) to England.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 18. It (rain) since we (leave) Bucharest. Past Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu verbul „to have" la Past Tense Simple. la care se adauga forma III (past participle) a verbului de conjugat. 2. he got bored. perfectul compus sau imperfectul din limba româna. 23. El a scris numai doua scrisori de când a plecat in strainatate. echivalentul in limba româna al acestui timp este mai mult ca perfectul. Se poate traduce cu mai mult ca perfectul sau perfectul compus. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. 15. 7. 19. 10. l-am luat la ora 8.. (Când mi-ai telefonat. 17. Page 12 of 18 9. 6. Am mers pe jos 10 km pâna acum. s-a plictisit. Trebuie sa-l inlocuim. (Când el a intrat in camera. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) been working. I had finished writing my homework. Ti-ai luat deja micul dejun? Da. a plecat acum o ora. Ninge de doua ore. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Simple: 1. Ai mai fost in acest oras? Da. El este ministru de doi ani. 3.) Ca sens.) After John had been watching TV for 10 minutes. Ai vazut ziarul de azi? A plecat John? Da. Am stat acasa si nu am regretat nici o clipa.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.html 7 of 42 12/15/04 . când in aceeasi fraza in propozitia principala se afla un verb la Past Tense. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Tense Simple sau Present Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. When he entered the room. Un copil a spart geamul.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 20. Negativ I had not (hadn’t) worked. The child (play) the piano since I (return) from school. De asemenea. Interogativ Had I been working? Aceste forme se pastreaza la toate persoanele.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Arata o actiune trecuta care a avut loc inaintea unei alte actiuni sau a unui moment din trecut. Exercitii cu Past Simple si Continuous 1. Yesterday at 9 o’clock I had had breakfast. De cât timp inveti engleza? Vremea s-a incalzit in ultimul timp.) He said it had been raining for three days. 11. 12. He (be) very ill since the holidays (begin).) When you rang me up. ca si Present Perfect. 25. De când mi-am cumparat masina. este vorba de o relatie intre doua momente trecute. 9. acum doi ani. Interogativ Had I worked? Acest timp are aceeasi forma la toate persoanele. Traduc un text de doua ore si nu l-am terminat inca. Past Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Past Perfect Simple al verbului „to be". (Ieri la ora 9 luasem micul dejun.

) Future Continuous Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be". When we met them. 3. 9. we (realize) we (lose) our way. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. We (ask) him what countries he (visit). I (ring up) him and (congratulate) him. Ei mi-au spus ca locuiau in Franta din 1980. somebody told us it (rain) for hours. 5. he (go) downstairs to have dinner. 1. The fire (spread) to the next building when the firemen arrived.. Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. The river became deeper after it (rain) heavily for a few hours. http://quintet. He (tell) me he (be) to the theatre the day before. 10. she (write) letters for one hour. she felt chilly. 10. Negativ I (shall) will not be going. 6. He/she/it will be going. 10. Ei au calatorit in multe tari dupa ce s-au casatorit. she (study) the subject for a week. We were shocked to hear she (not pass) the exam. mi-am dat seama ca imi lasasem poseta acasa. When she sat for the exam. After John (listen to) the news bulletin.html 12/15/04 1. Când am ajuns la statia de autobuz.. E. 1. Ex. 4. 7. Puneti verbele din paranteze la Past Perfect Continuous: 1..actrus. She just (go) out when I (call at) her house. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. 8. When we arrived at Sinaia. 10. 12/15/04 http://quintet. Nu ti-am telefonat pentru ca am crezut ca plecasesi in strainatate. After we (walked) for an hour. You will not be going. 8. When I (find out) he (get married). se foloseste numai „shall". 7. 7. I (shall) will meet him next week. will la persoana II si III. I (return) from school. We (shall) will not be going. After John (leave). 4. The professor (speak) for 10 minutes when I (enter) the hall. 2. At 3 o’clock on Friday. she (clean) and (dust) for 5 hours. We (shall) will be going.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. they (wait) for the bus for half an hour. I realized she (have) a party. 6. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. Puneti verbele din paranteza la Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau la Past Tense Simple: 1. Mi-a parut rau ca il jignisem. El mi-a multumit pentru ceea ce facusem pentru el. El nu facuse nimic inainte de a-mi cere mie sfatul. 7.. 8.actrus. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous sau Past Tense Simple: 1. When she decided to have a rest. After Jane (swim) for half an hour. They will be going. He/she/it will not be going. 9. Page 14 of 18 3. mother (cook) for two hours. am mers la culcare. 5. Page 13 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. 5. she (tell) me they (be) friends for five years. The child (eat) all the cakes before his mother became aware of it. Afirmativ I (shall) will go We (shall) will go You will go You will go He/she/it will go They will go Negativ I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go You will not go You will not go He/she/it will not go They will not go Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan’t. 3. Afirmativ I (shall) will be going. When I left home. Future Tense Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I. we (climb) for 7 hours. 2. You will be going. 4. Interogativ Shall I go? Shall we go? Will you go? Will you go? Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go? Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I. He told me he (catch) some fish on that day.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 9. (Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare. De indata ce au plecat musafirii. When I arrived home. 8. When I rang her up. He (learn) English for two years before he (go) to England for the first time. it (rain) for one hour. When we reached the top. 5. 3. 6. a inmânat-o profesorului. The house was much smaller then he (think) at first. 6. 9. He asked me whether I (meet) John before. She discovered her child (not tell) the truth. De indata ce a terminat de scris lucrarea. You will be going. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna. 2. iar pentru „will not" este won’t. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul vorbea la telefon de o jumatate de ora.html 8 of 42 . When I called on her unexpectedly.

la ora 3. Este un timp rar folosit. (El a spus ca va intârzia. Afirmativ I (shall) will have gone. He said that at 3 o’clock. Ex. Ex. la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat. Ex. Ex. I will be travelling to England. He said he would be late. Se traduce cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna. Page 16 of 18 You will not be going. At three o’clock.) Future Perfect Continuous Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be". You will not have gone. By three o’clock tomorrow. I will have reached Predeal. Future Perfect Simple Se formeaza cu shall sau will. (have + forma III). Interogativ Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone? Will you have gone? Will you have gone? Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone? Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari disjunctive. la care se adauga forma ing a verbului de conjugat. Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui moment sau unei actiuni din trecut. the next day.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1.. You will have gone. They will not have gone.html 9 of 42 12/15/04 . Interogativ Shall I be going? Shall we be going? Will you be going? Will you be going? Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going? Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor. Future-in-the-Past Continuous Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be". (Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia. I should (would) be going. They will have gone. atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut.) Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului http://quintet. They will not be going.. voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore. We (shall) will not have gone. He/she/it will have gone. I will have been studying for three hours.. Page 15 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Future-in-the-Past Simple Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele). When you come home.) Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna.. We (shall) will have gone. Ex. he would be travelling to England. va calatori spre Anglia. iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn’t.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. You will have gone. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o propozitie secundara. Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului de conjugat. Negativ I (shall) will not have gone. He/she/it will not have gone. Afirmativ I (should) would go We (should) would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would go Negativ I (should) would not go We (should) would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn’t. la care se adauga infinitivul verbului de conjugat. I (shall) will have been going. Este un timp sestul de rar folosit.actrus.) Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in propozitia principala). Când vei veni tu acasa.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. (Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal. You will not have gone. Se traduce cu viitorul simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna. (El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare.

El va studia in biblioteca luni de la ora 1 la 5. Vineri. Trenul va fi plecat inainte de a ajunge noi la gara. Unde il vei pune? Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex. vor fi economisit 5 milioane. 9. If we don’t hurry. She (watch) TV. Arata o intentie. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Simple: 1. 11.html 10 of 42 12/15/04 . 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. 12. the baby (cry). 7. 3. By the beginning of next week. When you reach Sinaia. 6. This time next month. 7. Don’t ring her up at 8 o’clock p. I leave for London tomorrow. 6. He (be) pleased if you invite him. Din cauza grevei soferilor de autobuze multa lume va merge pe jos la slujba.. Let’s hurry to the beach. I (finish) reading the newspapers by lunch time. 3.actrus. Page 18 of 18 l Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. Next year.) It is going to rain. 4. you (see) all the exhibits in the museum. 1. (Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte. they (be married) for 25 years. Pâna anul viitor pe vremea aceasta. 10. Ex. ei vor avea ultima ora de engleza. one hundred thousand people (spend) their holidays at the seaside. the sun (rise) before we reach the beach. 4. Uite ce am cumparat la o licitatie! E un obiect frumos. I (pay off) all my debts. By the time you come home. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Perfect Simple sau Continuous: 1. 7. You (need) the vacuum cleaner tomorrow or may I borrow it? I am sure when I arrive home. 3. arata un program precis. You (not find) a solution if you don’t know the whole truth. intre orele 12 si 1. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" 1. (Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta. 2. Pâna la sfârsitul lunii. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future Continuous: 1.actrus. I (read) all the books on the bibliography list. He (study) all day tomorrow. I (work) on this paper for a month. mâine. You (remember) to post my letter? I hope I (pass) the exam. 4.m. ea va fi terminat curatenia in casa. we (climb) the mountain... http://quintet. When I take the exam. Ce faci mâine dimineata la ora 11? Voi vizita târgul international. 5. 10. Don’t expect me home for dinner. 9. By the end of the month.) l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. I (work) at the office till late at night. 6. 8. Am cumparat o masina de scris si voi invata sa bat. 8. 8. I (know) the results in three days’ time. voi fi vazut acest film de 5 ori. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate. 8. Tomorrow morning at 8 o’clock. I (cook) for two hours. un aranjament prealabil pentru viitorul apropiat. bine stabilit. 10. 9. 2. 4. Pâna la ora 1. By the end of the season. I am going to read this book. 2. By 5 o’clock. 4. This time next day. 5. 3. I am sure I (succeed).. 6. In a week’s time. 10. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. we (take) our exam. 5. I am sure you (like) this book. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_1. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind unul din tipurile de viitor: 1. You (be) in London tomorrow. 9. I (swim) in the sea. (Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine. Intr-un astfel de context. The sun (rise) in 10 minutes. I am meeting John this morning. it probably (rain).) l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. Page 17 of 18 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/TIMPURILE MODULUI INDIC. You (recognize) him when you see him? I (remember) this day all my life. 2. I (have) breakfast.

The book I am reading now was given to me by my brother. Când propozitia secundara este comparativa. un timp „past" Past Tense Simple. ci in fraze. (Voi fi terminat de studiat când vei veni tu acasa.) I will have finished studying when you come home. Ex. Anul trecut am muncit mai mult decât anul acesta. 3. Ce inseamna „un timp adecvat" se va vedea in continuare.) He said he would come to see me after he had finished work. Ex. de exemplu. (El a spus ca este bolnav.) Nota 2: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundare cu I will read this book when I have time. Nota: In limba engleza contemporana. dintre care una este temporala sau conditionala. care nu pot include un verb la viitor. un timp „future" Teoretic se poate folosi orice timp cerut de sens.) 1. Ex. când propozitia secundara exprima un adevar general valabil. se poate folosi Past Perfect in mod repetat. Ex. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada când va avea timp. Past Perfect Continuous Propozitia secundara Orice alt timp „past" Ex . când propozitia secundara este atributiva.) c) Past Tense – actiunea posterioara – Future-in-the-Past He said he would leave the next day. Past Tense Continuous. Se poate intâlni. The teacher told the pupils water boils at 100 oC. Profesorul le-a spus elevilor ca apa fierbe la 100 oC. (Voi merge in Anglia dupa ce voi obtine viza. Present Tense Continuous. Last year I worked more than I have done this year. (El a spus ca va pleca a doua zi.) He said he would buy a car if he had money.html 11 of 42 . Past Perfect Simple.actrus. un timp „present" Present Tense Simple.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. nu in propozitii. Present Perfect Continuous Orice timp cerut de sens Propozitia secundara Propozitia principala actiune posterioara celei din principala. (El a spus ca merge la scola. Future-in-the-Past se poate folosi numai o singura data. She said she had forgotten where she had put her glasses.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2.) b) Past Tense – actiune anterioara – Past Perfect He said he had returned home a week before.actrus. He said he would come to see me when he had time.) Exceptii de la concordanta timpurilor 1. dupa care (in temporala sau conditionala) se intrebuinteaza Past Tense (pentru simultaneitate) sau Past Perfect (pentru anterioritate). a) Past Tense – actiune simultana – Past Tense He said he was ill. cu exceptia propozitii temporale sau conditionale.) b. se poate observa uneori o oarecare tendinta de a nu se respecta concordanta timpurilor atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. Future – actiune simultana – Present 2. (Ea a spus ca uitase unde si-a pus ochelarii. (El a spus ca va veni sa ma vada dupa ce va termina lucrul. Situatiile cel mai des intâlnite sunt urmatoarele: a. Future – actiune anterioara – Present Perfect I will go to England after I have received a visa. Present Perfect Simple. (Am ajuns acasa dupa ce incetase ploaia. (Voi citi aceasta carte când voi avea timp. Ea consta in aceea ca folosirea unui anumit timp in propozitia principala obliga la folosirea unui timp adecvat in propozitia secundara.) I arrived home after it had stopped raining.) He said he was going to school. (El a spus ca va cumpara o masina daca va avea bani. (El a spus ca se intorsese acasa cu o saptamâna inainte. Propozitia principala 1.) Nota 1: Daca intr-o fraza exista doua propozitii secundara cu actiunea anterioara celei din principala. 2. o formulare 12/15/04 http://quintet. desigur.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 2 of 5 LECTIA II CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Concordanta timpurilor se aplica.) She promised her mother she would help her. Ex. (Ea i-a promis mamei sale ca o va ajuta.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Cartea pe care o citesc acum mi-a fost data de fratele meu.

too. 2. Last year I earned more money than I (earn) in the next five years. We shall start dinner as soon as the guests (arrive). Last night I (read) the book which you (read) now. I will never forget what you just (tell ) me.actrus. 10. 4. They didn’t know that I (play) football. they said they (listen to) music since 5 o’clock. I believed you (be) at the seaside. 8. 2. 6. When their first baby (be born). 14. He will write to me after he (arrive) in England. 8. After I (hear) the news. 1. I (not decide) yet. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Tense Simple sau Continuous). It was clear they (talk) business again. I will lend it to you. this beach will become very crowded. After you (drink) a coffee. 7. 7. 4. 3. After he (repair) the car. You will be surprised when you (see) how much she (change). Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR 10. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect (Past Perfect Simple sau Continuous). I didn’t think that book to be a nice birthday present for you because I (read) it and I (not enjoy) it. The train will have left before we (reach) the station. 16. I will come as soon as I (finish) my work. 1. You will be surprised when you (see) how well she (look). He was in a hurry because he (want) to catch the train. Last night I met the couple who soon (move) next door to me. they will have been married for five years. 6. It is said that one Englishman will not speak to another before they (be) introduced. 4. 5. I understood you (be) a painter. 7. she will take a job as a secretary. In 1998. 10. 18. cu timpul. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. 3. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Present Simple sau Present Perfect Simple: 1. 7. not before. When I (finish) the book. I was sue the performance (be cancelled). He asked me if I usually (read) that newspaper. tinând seama de relatia de anterioritate exprimata de verbul din propozitia principala sau din cea secundara: 1. I congratulated him. He didn’t admit that he (steal) the book. 2. I will go on playing the piano till he (tell) me to stop. He promised he (drive) me home. He was sure he (pass) the exam and he promised he (give) a party afterwards. 8. We all believed he (win) the competition. they were listening to music. When he finally reached London. 1. tinând seama de exceptiile de la concordanta timpurilor: 1. he will drive to Sinaia. she saw the sun (shine) brightly. he was tired because he (travel) for three days. You will get a shock when you (see) the mess in that room.actrus. I wasn’t aware German (be) such a difficult language. I will buy a car when I (have) enough money. I will do it when I (want) to. the Romanians travelled less than they (do) this year. The book I (read) in the last few days was lent to me by John. the concert already (begin). You won’t be able to speak about this book till you (read) it. 9. sfatuim pe vorbitorii români de limba engleza sa respecte regulile de concordanta a timpurilor asa cum sunt prezentate mai sus. She didn’t even say thank you after all I (do) for her. 5. 8. He told me hibernating animal (not eat) in winter. 5. I was not sure if you (speak) English. 9. 6. 2. 6. 9. 2. 5. sa ajunga regula. 3. 6. I found out that yoga (be) a very useful practice. When we (go) to see them last night. respectând toate regulile de concordanta a timpurilor. When it started to rain. 7. Yesterday I bought a new umbrella because I (lose) my old one. He realized he (not remember) John’s phone number. 3. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. As soon as the holidays (begin). I didn’t know at what temperature this metal (melt). I hoped it (not rain) when I (arrive) at the beach. He told me he never (see) the sea. precum si exceptiile: 1. 5. After she (learn) to type. 12/15/04 http://quintet. I was not sure I (remain) at home that evening. When I heard the main actor was ill. The teacher told the pupils what the capital of Mexico (be). 8. Looking out of the window. 5. 4. 12. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. we (dig) in the garden for an hour. 2. He believed the strike (end) very soon. 15. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR de tipul: „He said he loves me". They said they (remain) at the seaside for another week. 8. având in vedere simultaneitatea actiunilor din propozitia principala si cea secundara: 1. I thought you soon (have) a holiday. 10. As wages had gone up. 7. you will feel better. You didn’t tell me you (have to) type this report. 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 12 of 42 . 11. She told me his name after he (leave). 5. Last year you spoke English less fluently than you (do) now. we supposed prices (go up). When you asked me where I (spend) my holidays. Your mother will be upset when she (notice) you (break) the vase. 4. They (know) each other for a long time before they finally got married. 9. Pentru moment insa. By the time you (finish) translating the text. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul Future-in-the-Past. He hoped he (finish) reading the book in two days. 3. având in vedere faptul ca propozitia secundara exprima o actiune posterioara celei din principala: 1. 20. He just (leave) home when he came across John. When I arrived. 10. 13. 4. I shall have typed all the letters. 17. Este posibil ca ceea ce apare acum ca tendinta. Page 4 of 5 1. I will pay my debts after I (receive) my salary. 9. 19.

html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Stiam ca esti in Bucuresti. 10. 9.). I did not know that you (wear) glasses since childhood. Iti voi spune adevarul dupa ce il voi afla eu insami. After we have finished dinner. my friends told me there (be) many small houses and narrow streets in Padua. wouldn’t. 13. 8. he (trust) his son and he (not expect) such a thing to happen. He discovered to his horror that he (eat) the worms in the cherries. 7. la care se adauga infinitivul prezent al verbului de conjugat. When I finally arrived home. 12. LECTIA III MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRAZELE CONDITIONALE Present Conditional (conditional prezent) Se formeaza cu should si would la persoana I si would la persoanele II si III. ai merge.. Era foarte suparat ca isi pierduse dictionarul si nu era sigur ca va gasi unul nou in librarii. he decided he (change) his job. You will never know how much I (suffer). Nu mi-am amintit ca ne cunoscusem cu un an inainte. Hotul nu si-a dat seama ca politia il urmarea de o saptamâna. Page 1 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 9. Afirmativ I should/would go We should/would go You would go You would go He/she/it would go They would not go Negativ I should/would not go We should/would not go You would not go You would not go He/she/it would not go They would not go Forme prescurtate: shouldn’t. 11. 5. 3. He was very upset because I (be) late. I was surprised that his son (fail) the exam. 17. Afirmativ I should/would have gone You would have gone He/she/it would have gone We should/would have gone You would have gone They would have gone Negativ I should/would not have gone You would not have gone http://quintet. 12. 10.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CONCORDANTA TIMPURILOR Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 20.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_2. Secretara mi-a spus ca directorul este ocupat. 15. 11. He was very tired and he (hope) he (have) time to rest that afternoon. 6. I hoped the company where I (work) (not go) bankrupt.actrus. Past Conditional (conditional trecut) Se traduce cu should/would la care se adauga infinitivul trecut (have + forma III a verbului de conjugat). Masina pe cae o voi cumpara va fi importata din Germania. I-am promis ca ii voi scrie când voi ajunge la Londra. Tata imi va da un cadou dupa ce voi lua examenul. Nu am stat acasa sa te astept pentru ca nu stiam când vei veni. 16. 4. 19. A week ago.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3.actrus.. Politistul ma va intreba ce am vazut in timpul accidentul. M-a intrebat câte litere sunt in alfabetul chinez si nu am putut sa-I raspund. 7. After having visited Italy. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. Interogativ Should I go? Should we go? Would you go? Would you go? Would he/she/it go? Would they go? Se traduce cu conditionalul prezent din limba româna (as merge.html 13 of 42 12/15/04 . I (be) very hungry because I (not eat) anything all day. ar merge etc. He said he (have to) write down my address as he (not remember) it otherwise. we (drink) coffee and brandy. 2. 18. 14.

3. I (lend) you the book if you promise to return it in time. 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. should se traduce cu: in caz ca. 5. Frazele conditionale (If-Clauses) Exista trei tipuri de fraze conditionale: Tipul 1 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Future Present I will go to the seaside if the weather is fine.) I would stay at home if it rained. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 2: 1.) I will stay at home if it rains. De asemenea. If she finds out what has happened. If I tell you something. tell her I am out.) Nota 1: Trebuie sa se tina seama ca subjonctivul folosit in propozitia secundara are forma lui Past Tense Simple la toate verbele. If she should ring up. Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. If I like the dress. in loc de Present Simple. you (not pass) the exam. suppose. (As fi stat acasa daca ar fi plouat. 7. noi am fi amendati. este posibila omiterea lui if.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 4. (Voi sta acasa daca va ploua. If it (go on) raining. Ex. If I (move) to the country-side. In acest caz. 6.. supposing he is late? (Ce vom face presupunând ca el intârzie?) ¡ if not poate fi inlocuit cu unless I won’t go shopping unless you come with me. 10.). If the police should find out the truth.html 14 of 42 12/15/04 . Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. If you don’t hurry. daca sar intâmpla ca.. Page 3 of 5 He/she/it would not have gone We should/would not have gone You would not have gone They would not have gone Interogativ Should I have gone? Should we have gone? Would you have gone? Would you have gone? Would he/she/it have gone? Would they have gone? Se traduce cu conditionalul trecut din limba româna (as fi mers. ai fi mers. Acest tip de secundara este adesea combinat cu imperativul. (As merge la mare daca vremea ar fi buna. you (be) late.) I would have stayed at home if it had rained. were. should poate fi folosit in secundara la tipul 2 de fraza conditionala. You (buy) this house if you had money? http://quintet. would you visit me? 3.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. had. atunci când actiunea din secundara este posibila. spune-I ca nu sunt acasa.) Nota 4: Atunci când if este urmat de un verb auxiliar (ex. 9. we shall have floods. Tipul 3 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Past Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Perfect I would have gone to the seaside if the weather had been fine. Ex. (Voi merge la mare daca vremea va fi buna. dar improbabila. she (be) very angry.actrus.) Nota 2: – if poate fi inlocuit de provided (that). tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 1: 1.actrus. I (buy) it. unde se intâlneste forma „were" la toate persoanele. supposing. providing. Ex.) Tipul 2 Propozitia principala Propozitia secundara Present Conditional Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense I would go to the seaside if the weather were fine. si in acest caz se inverseaza ordinea subiect – auxiliar. (In caz ca politia ar afla adevarul/ Daca s-ar intâmpla ca politia sa afle adevarul. If I (know) his phone-number. we would be fined. you (promise) to keep it a secret? Unless you study more. If you (take) a dog. 2. 2.. – if he were here – were he here – if it had rained – had it rained – if he should come – should he come Exercitii cu fraze conditionale 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. I (greet) him. you will have to look after it. (As fi mers la mare daca vremea ar fi fost buna. Nota 3: should + infinitiv poate fi folosit la tipul 1. in case. 8. should). I won’t go shopping if you don’t come with me. If I see him. What shall we do. ar fi mers etc. you (not find) me at home. In caz ca telefoneaza.. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. I would ring him up. (As sta acasa daca ar ploua. cu exceptia verbului „to be". Unless you come at 6.

Had I learned English grammar. Ai prinde trenul daca ai lua un taxi. If you (drive) more carefully.. he (not make) so many mistakes. Mi-ar placea mai mult piesa daca ar fi mai scurta. Vei prinde trenul daca vei lua un taxi. he would have gone home. If I (work) harder. I (answer) the phone. What would you do if you (be) Prime Minister? If I (give up) smoking. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. I wouldn’t have come with you in your car.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. 4. 2. 10. I would be nervous. 4. If I (be) you. I-ai da? Ce s-ar fi intâmplat daca ai fi condus cu viteza mare? Nu vom merge la plimbare daca nu va sta ploaia. 6. Had I been at home. 7. Where you (go) if you had a holiday? 1. If he were more careful. If I (know) you had no driving licence. I (not make) so many mistakes in my translation. You (be) sick if you eat so much. 9. I (buy) a car. 3. voi mânca la un restaurant. Daca un cersetor ti-ar cere bani. 9. 2. 7. Were I in your place. If I won the lottery. If the child is good.actrus. He will be at the airport in time if he (leave) now. tinând seama ca se poate intâlni oricare dintre cele 3 tipuri de fraze conditionale: 1. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 10. Daca ar ploua. 10. I (answer) it. If you had taken my advice. 9. 3. If he had written a letter to me. 5. He would have been arrested if he (try) to leave the country. I would have succeeded. Daca n-ai fi inchis fereastra. 9. Dacaar fi plouat. If I (not tell) him. I would go home immediately. he (get) a bar of chocolate. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. 5. he would never have known.. I (not do) this.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. 12. I would speak to him. 9. 8. 10. 4. 8. 3. 2. 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. he (take) a pill.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_3. It (be) better if you had waited. 10. 6. mi-ar fi fost frig. strazile vor fi ude. 5. tinând seama de faptul ca fraza conditionala este de tipul 3: 1. strazile ar fi ude. 6. 1. If you had known English. 1. Voi fi dezamagit daca nu voi afla adevarul. As mai croseta un pulover daca as mai avea lâna. 6. 4. Mamaia ar fi un loc ideal pentru o vacanta daca n-ar fi atât de multi oameni acolo. strazile ar fi fost ude. Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/ MODUL CONDITIONAL SI FRA. Te vei supara daca iti voi lua creionul? Te-ai supara daca ti-as lua creionul? Te-ai fi suparat daca ti-as fi luat creionul? Ce vei face daca il vei intâlni pe John? Ce-ai face daca l-ai intâlni pe John? Ce-ai fi facut daca l-ai fi intâlnit pe John? http://quintet. He (tell) you if you had asked him. 8. 7. Page 5 of 5 4.actrus. Daca va ploua. 5. 5. If I (see) him. Daca cina nu va fi gata la timp. you (not get) into trouble. I (answer) your question if I can. you (read) Shakespeare in the original. Il vei vedea daca il vei astepta. Ai fi prins trenul daca ai fi luat un taxi. 7. 2. 8. 7. 8. If he (realize) it was so late. Puneti verbele din paranteze la timpul corect. 6.. I wouldn’t have come unless you (invite) me.html 15 of 42 12/15/04 . Should he have a headache. 3. you wouldn’t have an accident. 11..

today that day yesterday the day before/the previous day http://quintet. Pentru a trece o propozitie de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta. – He said „I am ill". I would have stayed at home. 3. He said: „She gave me a book".. in functie de sens.. Afirmatii: cu that (care se poate omite) Ex. in propozitia secundara se schimba timpurile dupa cum urmeaza: Present past Present perfect past perfect Past past perfect Future future-in-the-past tipul 1 devine tipul 2: "If it rains. might ramân neschimbate la vorbirea indirecta. He said he had been working hard. Se schimba o serie de cuvinte in functie de sens. à He said he was going to do that translation the next day. He said if it rained he would stay at home." Ex. I would stay at home. He said he had been ill. He said: „I’ll be at home today".ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. ¡ tipurile 2 si 3 nu se schimba: "If it rained. trebuie respectate o serie de reguli. Ex. Page 2 of 5 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri the day before yesterday two days before tomorrow the next day/the following day the day after tomorrow in two days’ time next week the next/the following week two years ago two years before now then this that these those here there Ex. Frazele conditionale sunt trecute la vorbirea indirecta in modul urmator: ¡ LECTIA IV VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRECTA Vorbirea directa: John said: „She is not at home" Vorbirea indirecta : John said she was not at home. à He said he would be at home on that day. He said if itrained he would stay at home. He said „I will do the exercise". He said: „I am going to do this traslation tomorrow". Verbele modale would. He said „I was ill". 1.. Ex. "If it had rained. I will stay at home.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. Page 1 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. He said he would do the exercise. He said she had given him a book. ¡ ¡ ¡ He said „I have been working hard. Se schimba pronumele.html 16 of 42 12/15/04 . 2.." He said if it had rained he would have stayed at home.actrus. He said he was ill.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. ceea ce se intâmpla in majoritatea cazurilor. could. Modalitati de introducere a propozitiilor secundare in vorbirea indirecta 1.actrus. 1." 1. Atunci când verbul din propozitia principala este la trecut. He said: „I might be late" He said he might be late.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. should. ought to.

I will go shopping right now. 10.actrus. Page 4 of 5 trecut) Model: He said: „Come in!" He told (asked. iar raspunsul poate fi da sau nu. I am going to have a nap this afternoon. 5. 1. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari generale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: „Will you be at home tomorrow?" He asked me if I would be at home the next day. Intrebari Exista doua tipuri de intrebari: generale si speciale. 9. 8. He said „Don’t go out" à He told me not to go out. 3. In cazul intrebarilor speciale trecute la vorbirea indirecta. 12. Intrebarile generale sunt cele care incep cu un verb. Will you help me. 1. trebuie acordata atentie ordinei cuvintelor din propozitia secundara. 6. 5. Don’t drive so fast! Open the door. Ex. Treceti urmatoarele afirmatii de la vorbirea directa la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said „I will leave for London tomorrow". I will buy a car next year. 6. please? Can you come to tea this afternoon? Has the train left? Do you know what this word means? Was your mother at home? Did you buy this book yesterday? Did you drink coffee every day? Were you at the library yesterday? Do you live in London for a long time? Can you speak English? Would you like a cake? Could you lend me a book.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. He said „Go out".. 8. 9. He asked me if I liked music. Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si vorbirea indirecta 1. 1. 3. please! Write me a letter when you get to England! Don’t cross the street on a red light! Be careful with my books! Don’t smoke so much! Take this pill! Don’t interrupt me when I am speaking! Ring me up when you arrive home! 3. exista tentatia de a folosi ordinea cuvintelor din propozitiile interogative. ordered) me to come in. He said: „I am ill". Page 3 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 5. 3.. Intrebarile generale se introduc cu if sau whether (daca). 1. If I had been at home. I saw this film a week ago. I am very busy today. 3. 2. à He told me to go out. He asked me: „What is the time?" Corect: He asked me what the time was. Intrebarile speciale se introduc cu cuvântul interogativ respectiv. He said (that) he would leave for London the next day.actrus. I don’t remember where I have bought this dictionary. Incorect: He asked me what was the time. please? 4. 10. 4. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. Intrucât aceasta propozitie incepe cu un cuvânt interogativ.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4. 2. Comenzi: cu infinitivul (afirmativ sau negativ) Ex. Treceti urmatoarele intrebari speciale la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la trecut): Model: He said: „When did you come back?" He asked me when I had come back. 9. If I have enough money. 7.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. 4. à He said (that) he was ill. 2. please! Read the text. 2. Ex. Ex. 10. 6. ceea ce este o greseala. 2. I would have answered the phone. 11. 2. 8. 7. on holiday. He asked me where I had been. 4. 4. John left for Sinaia two days ago. 12. The weather was fine yesterday.html 17 of 42 12/15/04 .. 11. Last year I spent my holiday at the seaside. I went to England two years ago. How long have you been learning English? What are you going to do tomorrow? How long does it take you to reach your office? When will you be back? Ex.. I think it’s going to rain tomorrow. 7. Where have you been? I’ve been away. Ex. Treceti urmatoarele comenzi la vorbirea indirecta (verbul introductiv este la http://quintet.

complementul prepozitional. 8. I was asked. Nota: Se poate folosit aspectul continuu al diatezei pasive numai la Present Tense si Past Tense. Ex. Activ: Directorul m-a chemat pe mine. Un alt exemplu de complement prepozitional care poate deveni subiect. Activ: She looked after the child. de asemenea. exista trei tipuri de complemente care pot deveni subiect in transformarea de la activ la pasiv: complementul direct. de la sfârsitul propozitiei.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ambele complemente pot deveni subiecte in cazul trecerii la pasiv. Page 5 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 5. Ex.. Complement direct à Subiect A book was given to him. complementul indirect si. Pasiv: Eu am fost chemat de director. (by me) In propozitia: In this office they insist on punctuality. pasivul se foloseste atunci când nu este important cine face actiunea. care. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 6. 10.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_4.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VORBIREA DIRECTA SI INDIRE. my flat is being painted. subiectul va fi trecut la cazul nominativ. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Exercitii cu diateza pasiva 1. In multe cazuri..html 18 of 42 . 3. 7. Where will you spend your weekend? Who is this man? Why is it so dark in this room? When did the rain stop? Which of these cakes do you prefer? How did you travel? Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 LECTIA V Pasivul se formeaza conjugând verbul to be la timpul cerut de sens. Pasiv: The child was looked after (by her). poate deveni subiect in cazul folosirii diatezei pasive: In this office punctuality is insisted on (by them). In aceste situatii. Unde complementul direct este a book. my flat was being painted. I will invite my friend to a party. punctuality este un complement prepozitional. (by me) Complement indirect à Subiect He was given a book. I am asked. Ex. iar complementul indirect este him . I had been asked. In this office punctuality is insisted on. 12/15/04 http://quintet. I have been asked. la care se adauga forma III (participiul trecut) a verbului de conjugat. Ex. They will finish the work today. While I am in hospital. Ex. In limba româna. in unele cazuri. se omite formularea by. I will be asked. While I was in hospital. 5. 4. Desigur. Activ: I gave him a book. trecerea de la diateza activa la diateza pasiva se face prin transformarea complementului direct in subiect. He has found your bag. In limba engleza. Someone has found the missing child.actrus. 9. A specialist will repair my TV set.

4. 7. 4. We objected to his proposal. 11. 6. The pupils will be told where to sit. 2. In acest hotel se vorbesc limbi straine. Has someone repaired the TV set? Will you write the letter in ink? Haven’t they told you to be here at 6 o’clock? Did the tornado frighten you? Will someone tell him the details? Have you fed the dog? Did the sight of the accident shock him? Did they tell you about the meeting? Do you think they will turn down your request? Would you have finished your work sooner if your colleagues hadn’t interrupted you? 5. 10. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva in doua feluri. 14. We called for the doctor. 9. I was recommended a very good doctor.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 9. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la diateza pasiva: 1. Ni se vor da instructiuni detaliate in privinta referatului. 3. They were building a new supermarket in that district last month. 8. 9. 7. Nu s-a auzit nimic despre el de când a plecat la Constanta. They didn’t look after the children properly. I teach them English. Don’t speak until someone speaks to you. The noise frightened me. 2. 7. They are building a new house round the corner. 5. 12. Traduceti in limba engleza: 1. The doctor prescribed some pills to the patient. 4. This book will soon be forgotten. 6. 4. 4. People play football all over the world. 2. 15. http://quintet. 9. Page 3 of 3 His coworkers must do something for him. Acest timbru nu a fost bine lipit pe plic. 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 4. 10. 5. Gasiti subiecte acolo unde este necesar: 1. Burglars broke into the house.actrus. 3. This painting is admired by all the visitors of the museum. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele propozitii care cuprind combinatii verb+prepozitie: 1. 3. Page 2 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 3. My friend doesn’t always tell me the truth. 9. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/DIATEZA PASIVA 6. when I passed by. 7. 7.actrus. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii de la diateza pasiva la diateza activa. Ni s-a cerut sa aratam pasapoartele. 6. They will give me a reward. 8. This house has been built out of stone and cement. 5. Aceasta informatie treuie tratata confidential. 3. They set fire to the shed. The policeman will show us the way. 10. He hasn’t slept in his bed. He hates being made fun of. Evenimentul a fost comentat de toate ziarele. Sensurile cuvintelor noi trebuie cautate in dictionar. 8. We laughed at John. 2. Ni s-au spus lucruri foarte interesante la conferinta. 9. 6. Se construiesc multe blocuri noi in cartierul nostru. Muzeul a fost inchis pentru reparatii. The jury awarded the Romanian film director the Great Prize. 10.html 19 of 42 12/15/04 . Când a ajuns acasa si-a dat seama ca I se furase portofelul. 5. The teacher asked me a difficult question. 2. They have given me a nice present. 2. 7. America a fost descoperita la sfârsitul secolului al XV-lea. 8.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_5. 8. Scrisoarea va fi pusa la posta cât mai curând posibil. The guide showed the museum to the tourists. 13. These books mustn’t be taken away. transformând atât complementul direct cât si cel indirect in subiecte: 1. Cursul profesorului a fost ascultat de toti studentii. 6. 6. English is spoken all over the world. I have lent John two of my books. 8. 10. A reception was held in his honour. The climber was finally discovered by the rescue party. We couldn’t account for his odd behaviour.

can’t Ex. I will be able to come to you tomorrow. se foloseste infinitivul trecut. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut cu acest sens. could. May 1. N-am putut sa-ti telefonez saptamâna aceasta. nu e posibil sa. can I take your car? Tata. (Vreau sa fac aceasta. Nu se poate sa-l fi vazut pe John pe strada. shall. Can’t/couldn’t – nu se poate sa. dar se foloseste numai dupa un alt verb la trecut (vorbire indirecta). Can = infinitiv. Voi putea/mi se va permite sa fumez in camera aceea. I haven’t been able to ring you up this week. Ring up John.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. timpurile se folosesc ca la punctul 1 (could pentru Past Tense si conditionalul prezent. I can do this. prezent Negativ: cannot. Ex. Ar fi putut sa fie aici in timp. He is abroad. Se folosesc inlocuitori. Can 1. l Nu au toate timpurile. Take your umbrella. (Stiu sa vorbesc engleza.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Voi putea veni la tine mâine. prezent. Pentru celelalte timpuri se folosesc inlocuitorii: to be allowed to. inlocuitorul to be able to pentru celelalte timpuri. Telefoneaza-I lui John.) Spre deosebire de: I want to do this.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Can is a model verb. I can make this traslation. pot/am permisiunea sa iau masina ta? 4. Ex. 2. to be permitted to. Ex.) Negativ: may not. conditional prezent al verbului can Negativ: could not (couldn’t) Interogativ: Could I ? Could you? etc.actrus. must.html 20 of 42 12/15/04 . Nu se poate sa fie ora 9. Ex. Nu primesc s la persoana III singular. are sensul de a putea. can poate fi folosit cu sensul lui may de „a avea permisiunea". (Da. mayn’t Interogativ: May I? May you? May = infinitiv. a fi in stare Ex. I will be allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. 2. should. Ia-ti umbrela.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. I will tbe able to drive a car after I have taken a few lessons. You can’t/couldn’t have seen John in the street. a avea permisiunea Ex. Ex. s-ar putea sa ploua. Ex. Ex. Could you help me? Ai putea sa ma ajuti? Pentru conditionalul trecut se foloseste could + infinitivul trecut Ex. Ex. Ex. It may/might rain. Caracteristici generale l Nu primesc to inaintea lor si dupa ele: Ex. Interogativ: Can I? Can you? etc. need. Ex. Am putut/mi s-a permis sa fumez in camera aceea. He may/might be at home now.) l 3. Arata o anumita abilitate fizica sau intelectuala. ought to. might. I couldn’t come to you yesterday. Ex. l Nu formeaza negativul si interogativul cu „to do". Ex. (Pot sa fac aceasta. He can speak English. The sun hasn’t set yet. Pentru celelalte timpuri se foloseste inlocuitorul to be able to. In vorbirea familiara. S-ar putea sa fie acasa acum. http://quintet. He could have been here in time. are sensul de a putea. He said I might smoke in that room.actrus. It can’t/couldn’t be 9 o’clock. Page 2 of 10 LECTIA VI VERBELE MODALE Can. you may. May/Might – s-ar putea sa Ex. Voi sti sa conduc masina dupa ce voi lua câteva lectii. Se traduce cu a sti sa. will. N-am putut sa vin la tine ieri.) Cu acest sens. El e in strainatate. Can you make this translation? Could=Past Tense. He cannot (can’t) speak English. I can swim. I was allowed/permitted to smoke in that room. Father. poti. may. I cannot (can’t) make this translation. prezent Cu acest sens exista timpul might care reda ideea de trecut.) I can speak English. Soarele nu a apus inca. May I smoke in this room? Pot/am permisiunea sa fumez in aceasta camera? Yes.). would. (Stiu sa inot.

You should not/ought not to have been so rude to him. Negativ: must not. cu sensul de a fi nevoie http://quintet. He doesn’t need this book. De ce nu ti-ai luat haina? S-ar fi putut sa racesti. You mustn’t drive so fast. Hai sa-l vizitam. se foloseste verbul must. Need not se traduce cu „nu e nevoie". Ex. Ex. ideea de trecut se reda prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. Nu ar fi trebuit sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. trebuie!) Pentru exprimarea ideii de trecut a verbului need. poate indica. Should. Probabil ca John e acasa acum. ar fi bine sa. A trebuit sa termin traducerea ieri. Why didn’t you take your coat? You may/might have caught a cold. Profesorul ne-a spus ca e prea usor pentru noi. 2. Shall Folosit cu persoana I. Nu. Va trebui sa termin traducerea mâine. shall indica viitorul. 1. You needn’t have watered the flowers. Ai fi putut sa imi scrii o scrisoare când erai in Anglia. Se traduc cu: ar trebui sa. We didn’t need to do this exercise. It’s got late. se adauga infinitivul trecut. Eu dormeam când ai venit tu aseara. Ex. prezent Nu are alte timpuri. You might have written me a letter when you were in England. Pentru redarea ideii de trecut. Couldn’t you see it was going to rain? Nu era nevoie sa uzi florile. Se foloseste inlocuitorul to have to. John must be at home now. S-a facut târziu. cu sensul de a avea nevoie Ex. se foloseste needn’t + infinitivul trecut.actrus. need se foloseste numai la interogativ si negativ. ar fi cazul sa. Pentru a raspunde afirmativ la intrebarea de mai sus. we have enough time. May/might pot exprima un repros. You needn’t drive so fast. de asemenea. Folosit cu persoana I. you must! (Da. Ex. Need I be here at one o’clock? Yes. se adauga infinitivul trecut. N-ai vazut ca urma sa ploua? l Daca actiunea nu era necesara si nu a fost facuta. Trebuie mentionat faptul ca inlocuitorul lui must. I must go home. Hai sa mergem acasa. A trebui Ex. You may/might help me when I am in need. Cu acest sens. o oferta sau o sugestie. Nu e nevoie sa conduci atât de repede. Nu trebuie sa conduci atât de repede. Ar trebui sa o ajuti pe mama ta la treburile casei. exista 2 posibilitati: l Page 4 of 10 Daca actiunea nu era necesara. I had to finish the traslation yesterday. Let’s call on him. Ex. Ex. se foloseste didn’t need + infinitivul Ex. o recomandare. Which dress shall I buy? Ce rochie sa cumpar? Shall I wait for you? Sa te astept? To need : verb obisnuit. Must not se traduce cu „nu trebuie".ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. o obligatie morala. Ought to Ambele verbe indica o actiune corecta. interogativ. Ai putea sa ma ajuti când sunt la nevoie. notional. poate avea sensul probabil ca : Ex. The teacher told us it was too easy for us. avem destul timp. Ex. Ex. l Need: verb modal. Nu a fost nevoie sa facem acest exercitiu. dar a fost facuta. Must Page 3 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Ca verb modal. there is a speed limit here. I was asleep when you arrived home last night. 3. nu e nevoie. El nu are nevoie de aceasta carte. I didn’t have to finish the translation yesterday. to have to formeaza interogativul si negativul cu ajutorul auxiliarului to do. Ex.actrus.html 21 of 42 12/15/04 . Ex. Probabil ca e târziu. mustn’t Interogativ: Must I? Must you? Must = infinitiv. Nota: Nu trebuie confundat need not cu must not. It must be late.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. It must have been late.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Cu acest sens. De asemenea. You should/ought to help your mother with housework. you needn’t. solicitarea unui sfat. Probabil ca era târziu. Need I be here at one o’clock? E nevoie sa fiu aici la ora 1? No.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. Trebuie sa plec acasa. Ex. Ex. Pentru a reda ideea de trecut. ideea de trecut este redata prin adaugarea infinitivului trecut. aici e limita de viteza. Need Exista doua verbe: l Ex. I will have to finish the translation tomorrow. Let’s go home.

there is plenty in the fridge. When I was a child. Can Jane type very quickly? Can you speak Chinese? Everybody may borrow books from this library. 5. 4. I must look up the words in the dictionary. O fi sora ei. my mother used to read me fairy tales. o obligatie sau o amenintare care provin de la cel care vorbeste. Used to eate un verb semi-modal. folosind inlocuitorii verbelor modale respective. 19. Will. 9. 3. 17. 13. 6.in perioada prezenta My mother will sit for hours watching TV. Page 6 of 10 Shall we meet at one o’clock? Sa ne intâlnim la ora 1? Folosit cu persoanele II si III. 8. He can swim very well. in timp ce la interogativ si negativ se poate conjuga atât ca un verb obisnuit cât si http://quintet. Mama spune copilului: Vei avea o bicicleta daca vei lua examenul. Must you be so rude? She can read and write at the age of five. You needn’t do this. It can’t be easy to learn Chinese. You should visit your sick friend in hospital. I must go soon. shall poate arata o promisiune. 10. mama obisnuia sa-mi citeasca povesti. Mama mea obisnuieste sa stea ore intregi privind la televizor. This child may have another cake.actrus. 16. 11. 14. You shouldn’t go to bed so late. You might write to me more often. please? l A voi (cu sens extins la obiecte): This child will/would not do what I say. She can lend you that book. You might change your mind about that. l Actiune repetata: . Redati ideea de trecut in urmatoarele propozitii folosind infinitivul trecut in loc de infinitivul prezent: 1. Mama spune copilului: Nu vei mai primi nici un ban de buzunar daca nu vei lua examenul. 7. 20. You can’t be pleased with this piece of news. John must be ill. ideea de actiune repetata in trecut se poate exprima cu „used to". Ex. It must be difficult to climb this mountain. 3.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. cerere politicoasa: Will you/would you sit down? Will you/would you help me with my translation. I must learn English.actrus. This radio won’t work. Treceti urmatoarele propozitii la Past Tense Simple si Future Tense Simple. Când eram copil. You may not speak to your mother like that.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE Page 5 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE ca modal. Nota: In afara de „would". acolo unde este necesar: 1. 14. He must be delayed at the office. ¡ in trecut When I was a child. 6. Exercitii cu verbe modale 1. 5. 17. 15. I cannot translate ten pages a day. care are numai forma de trecut. 9. 11. 20. He ought to tell me the truth. You might pay more attention to your work. 1. It might rain. He should go to school everyday. He needn’t buy milk. 10. Can you help me? You mustn’t do this . 12/15/04 l Presupunere: se traduce in limba româna cu o fi. 8. He must be in the garden at this time of the day. Ex. 16.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. John could be a winner. my mother would read me fairy tales. 13. O fi ajuns la Paris pâna acum. 15. May I walk on the grass? He may not come in wearing dirty boots. 19. Un alt verb semi-modal este dare (a indrazni) care se conjuga la afirmativ ca un verb obisnuit. You may leave earlier. 12. Aceasta fata seamana foarte bine cu Jane. 18. You can’t see a bear in this part of the country. 12. She can play the piano very well. This girl looks very much like Jane.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 18.html 22 of 42 . Mother to child: You shall have a bicycle if you pass the exam. He may be at home. Se poate folosi cu infinitivul trecut: He will have reached Paris by now. 7. You may not smoke in this room. It can’t be too late. Acest copil nu vrea sa faca ce-I spun. 4. Mother to child: You shall not get any pocket-money if you don’t pass the exam. 2. 2. Would l Formula de politete. She will be her sister.

4. 1. 1. Completati spatiile goale cu mustn’t sau needn’t : 1. Completati spatiile goale cu shall sau will: 1. 6. Completati spatiile goale cu can sau can’t: Page 7 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE trecut: Model: I don’t believe you are right. You …not eat so many sweets if you don’t want to get fat. It is possible that he was right but I don’t think so. Perhaps it snowed in the mountains It may/might have snowed in the mountains. for once? 6. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind must + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: He probably speaks English well. 5. 7. 10. 5. 4. I don’t think you will miss the train if you hurry. Perhaps she has returned the book to you and you have lent it to someone else.actrus. I …hurry up in order not to miss the train. I … return the books before the 1 st of September. 3. I don’t believe it was his fault. He must speak English well. It probably took a long time to finish this translation. You have probably forgotten his address.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 10. please? He always made mistakes because he …never take any advice. You must have forgotten to lock the door. 9. I don’t think the weather will change. 8. When I was a teenager. It is possible that I come home early. 7. I don’t think this is a true story. He …reach the Moon and walk there. 7. I don’t believe she has got so fat. perhaps it will rain. I don’t think he is at the office so late at night. 4. …you tell me the truth. My child …play with the cat for hours on end. When we … fly there as easily as we fly to other countries of the world. 6. 3.html 23 of 42 12/15/04 . 6. they are addictive. The sky is clear.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 9. …you be so kind and pass me the salt. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind may + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul trecut: Model: Perhaps it snows in the mountains. 10. 4. 8. It is possible for her to be very late. She is probably a very good doctor. 9. I don’t believe it is his fault. 8. 5. 2. 5. 5. Man …travel through space now. You … take sleeping pills too often. I have bought his latest book. Perhaps he has done the exercise correctly. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 3. I’ll give you as much as you want. You …make a noise or the baby will wake up. I don’t believe you were right. You can’t be right. You…water the flowers. 1. 5. it will soon start raining. I think she was angry with you. 3. You probably forgot to lock the door. 1. 2. holidays will be very different. He …read for hours on end. 10. I don’t believe she has married that awful man. You …not expect everybody to obey you. A good knowledge of English is likely to help you a lot in your career.actrus. He is probably older than he looks. 9. 8. 2. I …read one book a day. He probably came home very early. 4. People … speak during the concert. 9. This is probably the best Romanian film of the year. You can’t have been right. 9. You probably left your umbrella in the shop. You … worry about money.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 1. The visitors … feed the animals in the Zoo. 2. I …wear my hair long. 10. … you help me solve this problem? When I was young. Take your umbrella. 8. Page 8 of 10 1. 2. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind can’t + infinitivul prezent sau infinitivul http://quintet. 2. 3. 2. One … travel by bus without paying the fare. He … even drive on its surface. Perhaps she was out when you rang her up. 3. 7. Completati spatiile goale cu should sau would: 1. 6. 7. 4. perhaps it is a good one. You probably knew the lesson very well to get a 10. He probably thinks I am wrong. He was probably late. 1. I don’t believe she has learnt English in two months. But one still …breathe without extra oxygen and one certainly …stay there very long. It may/might snow in the mountains. You …not go to bed so late at night. but I doubt it. You … take an umbrella. I don’t believe that he has passed the exam. 5. 1. One …buy a ticket for a slow train in advance. Don’t wait.

You…(lend) him your text – book. Sunt sigur ca voi putea gasi timp sa te ajut. 2. De ce ai vorbit atât de tare? Iti promit ca vei avea cartea mâine. I …(be) in the garden. 16. The child … (leave) home. but he himself believes he needn’t. 4. 4. The light was on in his room.Completati spatiile goale cu didn’t need to sau needn’t have + forma III a verbului: I …(answer) the questions. You …(wait) for me. 8. You …(see) Anna yesterday. 4. he is a very poor swimmer. I …(get up) so early today. Ar trebui ca toti copiii sa faca treburi in casa. Toata lumea sa fie prezenta la sedinta. 29. Unde mergem acum? Mâine va trebui sa pun scrisoarea la posta. He has one of his own. 25. He …(swim) across the Danube. Incercati sa gasiti un sens urmatorului dialog: "Do you think he will?" "I think he might. 18. Nu se poate sa fi fost acasa aseara. but I forgot it was Sunday. 3. Nu era nevoie sa-mi faci cafea. which would have saved me a lot of work. Page 9 of 10 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 7. 13. You …(lend) him so many books. Va trebui sa ma ajuti mai mult astazi. 9. you…get a nice present. 14. 7. folosind verbe modale sau inlocuitori ai acestora: 1. 5. can’t sau needn’t + infinitivul trecut: 1. Completati spatiile goale cu must. I locked the door and took the key with me. 3. 15. It’ll get stale. 19. She …write an article for this magazine every week. 4. sa astepti câteva minute? Nu aveti voie sa vorbiti in timpul examenului. I …(answer) the questions.actrus. dar el nu a vrut sa vina la telefon. am baut deja doua astazi. This door … not unlock. Ar fi trebuit sa citesc bibliografia pentru acest seminar. the road is dry. he will never read them all. 26. Go to sleep. She is away. He …(be) at home. 5. I am sorry you wasted your time. … you correct my exercise. 12." "Yes. Stiam sa cânt la pian când eram copil. 12. putem lua autobuzul sau telefericul. 9. Nu se poate sa fi gasit usa deschisa. Nu a fost nevoie sa-I telefonez lui Jane ca sa vorbesc cu ea pentru ca urma sa vina la mine peste o jumatate de ora. 28. o incuiasem chiar eu. Ar fi trebuit sa insisti.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/VERBELE MODALE 3. I …(buy) a new map of London as I already had one.actrus. You …(buy) so much bread. Profesorul mi-a spus ca pot sa lipsesc de la ora urmatoare. 3. I didn’t hear the phone. Nu e nevoie sa-ti cari singura bagajul in gara. 8. 24. 10. you …re-type it. te-ar putea ajuta un hamal. he is a nice boy. 6. 5. va rog. please? This letter is full of mistakes. Nu a fost nevoie sa spun „multumesc" când am aflat ora exacta formând 958 intrucât stiam ca informatia e inregistrata pe banda. 6. 10. 21. 27. It …(rain) here. 22. Nu se poate ca profesorul sa fi fost multumit de acest raspuns. E nevoie sa urcam la cabana pe jos? Nu." 1. I …(leave) it on the bus. 2. Ai putea sa-mi telefonezi mai des când stii ca sunt bolnav. 8. Vreti. John …(do) such a thing. Traduceti in limba engleza. Am cerut sa vorbesc cu directorul.html 24 of 42 12/15/04 . Trebuie sa-mi schimb pantofii când intru in casa pentru ca sunt plini de noroi. http://quintet. I promise you not …be disturbed. Probabil ca eram inca la facultate. 17. I …(see) him for that. I wrote him a letter. 7. 6. 10. Nu stiu sa crosetez. 23.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 5. 9. If you win the contest. 6. 11. The student …(write) such a long composition. Page 10 of 10 10. which was very convenient. Toti studentii pot si trebuie sa scrie aceasta lucrare." "His family consider he should. We …(wait) too long. Va trebui sa plec curând.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_6. 1. Ti-am telefonat si nu a raspuns nimeni. because the teacher won’t have time to read it all. 20.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 11. This …be John’s house. I haven’t got my bag with me. 8. It …(take) you a long time to knit this dress. 30. 2. 10. You …do this whether you like it or not. 9. 7. he was back soon.

might. De asemenea. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense.. It is desirable that we finish the translation first.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. bine ar fi sa) l Daca dorinta se refera la momentul prezent. Ex. a. Mi-as dori sa fiu in Anglia acum. You speak English as if you were an Englishman. Este imposibil ca el sa faca aceasta. I wish I were in England now. God forgive you! Fie ca Domnul sa te ierte! Curse this fog! Blestemata fie aceasta ceata! b. Ex. Come what may. Shakespeare: „If this be error"… If this is error Byron: „Though the hart be still as loving" …the heart is c. to demand. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment viitor. Ex. It is necessary that you be present. Am recomandat ca propunerea lui sa fie acceptata. Subjonctiv cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: LECTIA VII MODUL SUBJONCTIV Apare dupa urmatoarele expresii: In engleza contemporana. I wish I had been born in England. in engleza contemporana. Dupa constructii de tipul: it is impossible that. Apare in propozitii exclamative. 1. You speak English as if you had lived in England. may.) It is high time. Page 2 of 8 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri The doctor insisted that I keep indoors. to order Ex.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Ex.actrus. Subjonctiv cu forma de infinitiv a. to insist. Fie ce-o fi.html 25 of 42 . d.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.. ca echivalent de subjonctiv.. d)It is time.. It is time the child went to bed. de parca) even if/even though (chiar daca) Ex. Ex. Poate fi folosit ca o modalitate de a da ordine. Cineva sa-mi aduca un pahar cu apa. Ex. o dorinta sau un blestem. Doctorul a insistat ca eu sa stau acasa. Nota: Verbul to be la subjonctivul du forma de Past Tense. Mi-as dori sa inceteze ploaia. Toata lumea sa paraseasca sala. Vorbesti engleza de parca ai fi englez. b) If only – are aproximativ acelasi sens cu I wish Ex. se foloseste would .actrus. Este de dorit ca noi sa terminam intâi traducerea. it is necessary that. exista echivalenti de subjonctiv care constau in verbele should. I would sooner/rather (as prefera sa…) 12/15/04 http://quintet. o urare. se foloseste subjonctivul cu forma de Past Perfect. (Era de mult timpul. Everybody leave the hall. e) Dupa verbe ca: to propose. a. Mi-as dori sa ma fi nascut in Anglia. I recommended that his proposal be accepted. to urge. Long live the king! Traiasca regele. subjonctivul nu are formele lui proprii. apare ca were la toate persoanele. E timpul sa mearga copilul la culcare. Poate fi intâlnit in poezia clasica. in situatii in care. it is likely that. exprimând o lozinca. It is high time you began to study seriously. de Past Tense si de Past Perfect. El apare cu forme de infinitiv. It is impossible that he do this. ar fi inlocuit cu prezentul. 1. l Daca dorinta se refera la un moment anterior. to suggest. I wish it would stop raining.) Ex. Somebody bring me a glass of water. it is desirable that. would + infinitiv. (E timpul. Ex. Page 1 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. I wish (mi-as dori. to recommend.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. If only I lived to be a hundred! Bine ar fi sa traiesc pâna la o suta de ani! c) As if/though (ca si cum. Era de mult timpul sa incepi sa studiezi serios. Vorbesti engleza ca si cum ai fi trait in Anglia. E necesar ca tu sa fii prezent.

fie in vorbirea indirecta. It is necessary that you should be present. to urge. I would sooner you stayed at home tonight. Wherever I may/might be. Am invatat serios ca sa trec examenul. I hope that he may pass the exam.when. It is impossible that he should have done this.html 26 of 42 12/15/04 . it was possible Ex. in aceasta situatie should este urmat de infinitivul trecut. I will ring you up. Page 4 of 8 Ex. l Ex. l Dupa to hope. in order that De asemenea. 1. l Dupa it is possible. to insist. verbele respective aduc in propozitie si sensul lor initial. I studied hard so that/in order that I might pass the exam. Nota: In engleza contemporana exista tendinta de a se omite should dupa lest si de a se folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. you have no right to do this. whatever sau dupa formulele echivalente no matter who. to be afraid Ex. In cazul in care persoana care isi exprima preferinta este aceeasi cu cea care face actiunea. Ex. iar in aceste cazuri. you have no right to do this.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. I would sooner I stayed at home tonight.. I am afraid lest he should fail the exam.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.actrus. Grabeste-te ca nu cumva sa pierzi trenul. l Dupa whoever. etc. Ex. to demand. Ex. Nota: Dupa cum se poate observa. Ex. Oricine ai fi. Este posibil ca el sa ajunga aici la timp. l Dupa so that.ci este necesara introducerea lui should. it is necessary that. where. I would sooner stay at home tonight. Sper ca el sa treaca examenul. Study hard so that/in order that you may pass the exam. in secundara se foloseste might. whenever. l Ex. la fel ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (vezi 1-e).actrus. It is desirable that we should finish the translation first. I recommend that his proposal should be accepted. a. Este vorba de cazul când propozitia secundara exprima o actiune anterioara celei din principala. Nu vad de ce sa fii atât de nepoliticos cu el. iti voi telefona. may poate aparea in lozinci si urari: Ex. why. Whoever you may/might be. It is possible that he may be here in time. Oriunde as fi. How should I know where he is now? http://quintet. fie ca se foloseste in limba engleza subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. persoana care isi exprima preferinta este diferita de cea care face actiunea. to recommend. whichever. The doctor insisted that I should stay indoors. Dupa conjunctia lest (ca nu cumva sa) Ex. Dupa cum se observa. Page 3 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. In exemplul de mai sus. Ex. As prefera sa stai acasa in seara asta. however. fie in vorbirea direca. might Ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. to suggest. Exista o situatie in care nu se poate folosi subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv. fie cel cu forma de infinitiv. may. Hurry up lest you miss the train.. Mi-e teama ca nu cumva sa piarda examenul. Este imposibil ca el sa fi facut aceasta. echivalentii de subjonctiv sunt la origine verbe modale. No matter who you may/might be. Echivalenti de subjonctiv a. no matter when. iar daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul trecut. daca verbul din propozitia principala este la timpul prezent. should poate aparea dupa verbe ca: to propose. Exisa situatii când se pot folosi si alte verbe modale decât cele expuse in acest capitol ca echivalenti de subjonctiv. Dupa cum reiese din exemplele de mai sus. se poate folosi fie subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense. l De unde sa stiu unde este el acum? I don’t see why you should be so rude to him. Hurry up lest you should miss the train. wherever.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. I was afraid that he might fail the exam. fie ca se foloseste should ca echivalent de subjonctiv.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. It is impossible that he should do this. Acest tip de constructii se traduc la fel (vezi 1-d). It was possible that he might be here in time. should – ca si subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv (1-d) se poate folosi dupa constructii de tipul: It is impossible that. Intrebari introduse prin how. Invata serios ca sa treci examenul. Ex. Era posibil ca el sa fi ajuns aici la timp. in secundara se foloseste may.. May success attend you! Fie ca succesul sa fie cu tine! May you live long and be happy! Fie sa traiesti mult si sa fii fericit. nu ai dreptul sa faci asta. Mi-era teama sa nu cada la examen..

I am sorry he will be away for such a long time. 18. 3. It’s time I (get) a promotion! 1. I’d rather I (stay) at home and (watch) TV. 1. 9. Bine ar fi sa fii mai ordonata! Ce pacat ca ploua! Daca n-ar ploua. 5.. 6. 10. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. Don’t treat me as if I (be) a child. If only my telephone (work)! I wish I (not catch) a cold on the trip yesterday. I wish I might borrow your car. 9. I regret I have no children.. I am sorry books are so expensive. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Perfect (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry I lost my umbrella. He wishes he (have) a good English teacher in the next academic year. I was sorry you had got a fine. I was sorry you were out when I called. I would marry you even if you (be) a pauper. I regret you didn’t win the competition. I am sorry I don’t live in Bucharest. 10. As prefera sa mergi la teatru. Page 5 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. I regret I won’t have a phone in my new flat. 3. 6. 12/15/04 1. It is high time you (start) studying for your exam. I am sorry my friend is ill. 9. I am sorry I had no money to buy that painting. 8. 5. 5. Mi-as dori sa incetezi sa te mai vaicaresti pentru ca am si eu necazurile mele. I regretted you couldn’t come to me yesterday. 7. I am sorry they will not sign the contract. He would rather his daughter (not get married) so young. 13. 5. As prefera sa merg la teatru. 4. 15. I would rather he (tell) me the truth. 10. 10. 7. I regret I can’t go to the concert. 8. I wish the weather were fine. 1. 7. 8. I am sorry you had an accident. I wish he would take my advice. 9. I am sorry he won’t accept my proposal. I regret I won’t spend my holiday in England. 3. I am sorry I didn’t win the Great Prize. Mi-as dori sa pot vorbi engleza/sa fiu in stare sa vorbesc engleza. As prefera sa ma scol mai devreme.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. If only I (not forget) his phone number! He wishes his book (become) a best-seller! If only I (become) a millionaire. 2. I would rather you (not waste) your time! I am cold.. 6. am putea merge la plaja! Ti-ai dori sa fi fost invitata la petrecerea lui John? Ce pacat ca nu mai sunt tânar! As prefera sa te scoli mai devreme. I regret you won’t come on holiday with me. I regret I have only one child.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 27 of 42 . 4. Puneti verbele din paranteze la forma corecta de subjonctiv: 1. If only I (be) in Italy now! I wish I (enter) the faculty last year. 4. I am sorry you won’t take a driving licence. I am sorry it rains so often. I regret he will stay in hospital so long. 7. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de Past Tense sau Past Perfect: 1. 3. I regret I am not a student. Page 6 of 8 Ex. 10. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + would + infinitiv scurt: Model: http://quintet. 8. I wish I hadn’t lost my umbrella. I am sorry you live so far away. 2. 5. 2. I regret I won’t be able to read Goethe in the original. 12. Mi-as dori sa incetezi cu zgomotul acela chiar in acest moment.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. I regretted the weather was bad when I was on holiday.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. 5. 19. I wish I could speak English. 11. 8. Mi-as dori sa pot/sa am permisiunea de a imprumuta masina ta.actrus. I am sorry I will get fat when giving up smoking.actrus. 4. astfel incât sa inceapa cu I wish + Past Tense (afirmativ sau negativ): Model: I am sorry/I regret the weather isn’t fine. 1. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 2. I am sorry he will not take my advice. 16. You behave as if you (own) the place. 17. 11. I am sorry I can’t play the piano. Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv 1. 4. Transformati urmatoarele propozitii. 3. 6. Bine ar fi sa nu fi facut atâtea greseli la lucrarea de control. 1. 2. I would rather you (close) that window.. 14. 7. 6. 9. It’s high time he (take) a job and (stop) living on his parents. It’s time we (go) home. I am sorry I was late for the party. I am sorry you were delayed at the office. 20.

Este enervant ca tu sa fi uitat sa-mi aduci cartea inapoi. 3. 5. Directorul a propus ca eu sa lucrez in alt sector. 3. 5. Orice mi-ai spune. 2. 7. The doctor recommended that the patient (have) an operation. I wish I (find) another. Este probabil ca fiul meu sa fi luat examenul. drive carefully lest you (have) an accident.actrus. nu ar trebui sa ma minti. Este imposibil ca el sa se intoarca atât de devreme. The road is wet. It is impossible that my sister (tell) this to you yesterday. Este important ca tu sa stii engleza bine. Oricine ti-ar fi spus asta despre mine. Page 7 of 8 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. la tara. Era ciudat ca el sa nu fi citit aceasta carte. 2. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv may sau might + infinitivul prezent: 1. Am sugerat sa-l alegem presedinte. Este posibil ca ea sa fie plecata din oras. 9. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de subjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent: 1. I propose that we (leave) by the 9 o’clock train. 8. 7. 10. 8. I closed the window so that it (not get) too cold. 8. Page 8 of 8 12. 18. Profesorul sugereaza ca noi sa citim aceasta carte. 6.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7. Insist ca tu sa accepti aceasta slujba. 19. He throws money away as if he (be) a rich man. I’ve told you everything so that you (understand) my position. 8. It is desirable that they (divorce) immediately. If only I (have) a brother or a sister! 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_7.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 13. Oricare ar fi motivul. 2. I have to work hard so that my company (prosper). Am facut un imprumut ca sa (astfel incât sa) pot sa-mi cumpar casa. 16. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind subjonctivul cu forma de infinitiv sau echivalentul de sobjonctiv should + infinitivul prezent sau trecut: 1. Ea arata de parca ar fi manechin. El mi-a vorbit ca si cum nu se intâmplase nimic intre noi. 4. 17. 19. 3. Mama a hotarât ca noi sa stam acasa.. Jane si-ar dori sa-mi petrec sfârsitul de saptamâna cu ea. Prietenul meu a insistat sa merg cu el la concert. El a sugerat ca noi sa cumparam aceasta casa. nu ar fi trebuit sa crezi. 10. I wish my car (not break down) last week. Este imposibil ca el sa se fi intors atât de devreme. eu voi fi acasa si te voi astepta. 10. I suggested that we (take) a taxi. Oricât te-ai stradui. Era demult timpul sa incepi sa citesti cartile cerute pentru examenul de literatura româna.. you should remember your own phone number. Este necesar sa fii informat despre ce se intâmpla in tara. 17. 6. 20. 5. Vrei sa spui ca este probabil sa ne petrecem concediul in Bucuresti? Este necesar sa fiu prezent la aceasta sedinta? 1. nu poti câstiga un astfel de concurs. 6. 8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/<SCRIPT LANGUAGE="JavaScri. E ora 10! Nu crezi ca era demult timpul sa te scoli si sa te apuci de lucru? 15. No matter how/however absent – minded you (be). Este foarte important ca acest contract sa fie semnat foarte curând. dar eu prefer sa mergi la bunicul. 16.actrus. 12. 2. I have such a boring job. 4. El a intrat in casa fara zgomot. 14. Oricând te vei intoarce. I’d rather you (retire) as soon as possible. 18.. Directorul a cerut ca toata lumea sa fie prezenta la ora 8. 7. 9. Stiu ca tu ti-ai dori sa-ti petreci vacanta intr-o tabara. She speaks about her son as if he (be) a genius. 7.. 4. 9. 4. Da-te la o parte ca sa vad (astfel incât sa pot vedea) ecranul. 11. All success (attend) you! I wish I (be) there when it happened. I closed the window lest (get) too cold. 6. 5. astfel incât sa nu-l aud eu. 3. Ea se poarta cu el de parca ar fi sotul ei. 6. Inlocuiti infinitivele din paranteze cu unul dintre tipurile de subjonctiv sau cu un echivalent de subjonctiv: 1. Vorbesti ca si cum ai fi suparata pe mine. E timpul sa-mi inapoiezi banii pe care ti I-am imprumutat. nu te pot crede. 12/15/04 http://quintet. 15.html 28 of 42 . 14. 13. Vorbeste mai tare ca sa te aud (asfel incât sa te pot auzi). It is strange that she (leave) the lights on when she left the town.

) He ordered the door to be locked. Infinitivul poate avea aspect. to know.) d.. I made him study English.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. (L-am vazut ca paraseste camera/parasind camera.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.) 1.) They declared him to be the man of the year. to feel. (El a ordonat sa se incuie usa.. el reprezinta forma a III-a: ¡ ¡ to call – called – called to go – went – gone Constructii cu infinitivul 1. I want you to go now. verbe exprimând perceptia mentala: to think. Ex. (Ei l-au declarat a fi omul anului. Page 1 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . to hate. He was made to study English.. to say. verbe declarative: to state. Nominativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un subiect in nominativ + un verb la diateza pasiva sau activa + un verb la infinitiv. I rely on you to do this. Ex. I consider him to be a good student. to make. to watch. Verbele to make si to let sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). I saw him leave the room. I consider him to be a good student. (L-am lasat sa iasa afara sa joace fotbal. Acuzativ cu infinitiv Consta dintr-un verb urmat de un pronume sau substantiv in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. to order. to consider. I’d like him to come with me. He is said to be a good writer. verbe exprimând un ordin. He is considered to be a good student.) b. (Se spune ca el este un bun scriitor..) I expected him to come in time. to consider.) I let him go out and play. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ nedefinit: calling perfect: having called a.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. to hear. to cause.) c. o permisiune sau o cauzalitate: to make. Ex. to allow. to admit.) I want John to do this. Atât participiul prezent cât si gerunziul se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ing la infinitivul verbelor (to call – calling).) Sunt situatii in care Nominativul cu Infinitivut exprima o formulare pasiva a Acuzativului cu Infinitiv: Ex. to suppose. (Consider ca el este un bun student. (M-am asteptat ca el sa vina la timp. to expect. modurile nepersonale sunt urmatoarele: infinitivul. Aceste verbe sunt urmate de infinitivul scurt (fara to). Ex. He admitted the news to be false. forma -ing (gerunziul si participiul prezent) si participiul trecut. folosit cu verbe la diateza pasiva : to see. to count upon/on . to like. Ex. Page 2 of 6 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA VIII MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI CONSTRUCTIILE VERBALE In limba engleza. to declare. (Vreau ca tu sa pleci acum. to believe. He considered the news to be false. to believe. to understand. to know. a. (Ma bazez pe tine sa faci aceasta. I made him study English. to suppose.actrus. diateza si timpuri. (As vrea ca el sa vina cu mine. Ex. Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ nedefinit: being called perfect: having been called Participiul trecut se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei -ed la verbele regulate. Diateza activa ¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to call infinitiv prezent continuu: to be calling infinitiv perfect simplu: to have called infinitiv perfect continuu: to have been calling Diateza pasiva ¡ ¡ infinitiv prezent simplu: to be called infinitiv perfect: to have been called Forma -ing. verbe exprimând perceptia senzoriala: to see. to dislike. Ex. to hear. in cazul verbelor neregulate. (L-am facut sa invete engleza. (El a recunoscut ca stirile erau false. to wish.) f. Adverbe exprimând dorinta sau vointa: to want.) e. to expect.html 29 of 42 12/15/04 . (Vreau ca John sa faca aceasta.) Exista câteva tipuri de verbe care accepta acest tip de constructii: http://quintet. Participiul prezent si gerunziul pot avea timpuri si diateza.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .actrus. cu anumite verbe urmate de prepozitii obligatorii: to rely upon/on. Ex.

I will tell him where you are. Diferenta de sens intre cele doua constructii este urmatoarea: folosirea acuzativului cu infinitiv pune accentul pe actiunea propriu-zisa. to leave. ii voi spune unde esti. vom merge la plaja. 1. to turn out. (Orele fiind terminate. cu verbele: to happen. It is impossible that I (should) come. M-am asteptat sa vii mai devreme.) I left / found her crying. (Este imposibil ca el sa vina.) Constructie cu participiul trecut Este formata din verbul to have sau to get + un complement + participiul trecut. In timp ce I saw her leaving se poate traduce numai Am vazut-o plecând.) Nota: Trebuie remarcat faptul ca expresia impersonala din limba româna se intâmpla sa este. (Voi merge sa ma coafez. Nominativ cu Participiu Este pasivul constructiei Acuzativ cu Participiu: Ex: He was seen leaving. (Aceasta ramâne sa o decida el. Astfel: I saw her leave s-ar putea traduce Am vazut-o ca pleaca sau Am vazut-o plecând.) Weather permitting. (Ea a fost auzita cântând. Page 3 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI .) If I happen to meet him. am mers acasa. Acuzativ cu participiu Se foloseste cu verbe exprimând perceptie senzorial: to see. to prove.) I will have my hair done.. cu expresiile: to be sure / likely / unlikely / certain Ex. tradusa cu o expresie personala in limba engleza. in timp ce acuzativul cu participiu arata actiunea in desfasurare. Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. we shall go to the beach. Nominativul absolut Este o constructie participiala care are un subiect al ei propriu. to appear ¡ la diateza activa: Ex. (S-a intâmplat sa-l intâlnesc pe strada. (Daca se va intâmpla sa-l intâlnesc. (E usor sa fac asta. to hear.) Nota: Ultimele doua propozitii se se pot reda in limba engleza si cu ajutorul subjonctivului.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . (El s-a dovedit a fi un bun jurnalist. (El a fost vazut plecând. (Am lasat-o / gasit-o plângând.) She was heard singing.) It is necessary for me to go there. He was declared to be the man of the year. we went home. She is sure to come in time.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 2. (E sigur ca ea va veni la timp...) 3. I saw him leaving (L-am vazut plecând. Traduceti in limba engleza folosind constructia Acuzativ cu Infinitiv sau Acuzativ cu Participiu: 1. (Daca vremea va permite.) It is impossible for him to come. It is easy for me to do this. She had two sons killed in the war. For – phrase Consta din propozitia for + un substantiv sau pronume in acuzativ + un verb la infinitiv. Ex.) Nota: Din nou avem in limba engleza o expresie personala care se traduce in româneste cu o expresie impersonala.) This remains for him to decide. They declared him to be the man of the year. Ex. He proved to be a good journalist. I-au fost ucisi doi fii in razboi.actrus. to watch.. a. Page 4 of 6 The news was considered to be false. Ex.) In cazul verbelor de perceptie.) I heard her singing. b.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.actrus. Daca vrem sa traducem expresia personala: „Ea e sigura ca va veni la timp" o redam in modul urmator: „She is sure the she will come in time".html 30 of 42 . to seem. I had my bedroom window broken. (Trebuie sa-mi dau pantofii la reparat. Ex: The classes being over. 12/15/04 http://quintet.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. to smell. It is necessary that I (should) go there.) I happened to meet him in the street. (Este necesar ca eu sa merg acolo. de obicei. Este de asemenea sa apara situatii in care actiunea exprimata de participiul trecut este facuta de altcineva in detrimentul persoanei exprimate de subiect. aceasta constructie este asemanatoare cu Acuzativul cu Infinitiv. Ex: I must have/get mz shoes repaired.) Aceasta constructie arata ca actiunea este facuta de catre altcineva spre avantajul sau la ordinul persoanei reprezentate de subiect. precum si cu verbele to find. Cineva mi-a spart geamul din dormitor. Ex. (Am auzit-o cântând. Constructii cu participiul prezent 1.

This is a good book. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8.. 8. People believed he was a brilliant surgeon. The river having risen in the night.actrus. 8. 10. This is the main thing. 9. 10. I went to post it. This is a valuable piece of advice. 7. 3. It is important that you should come to the office. It’s time we met again. I had to change them. 10. I can’t solve it. 1. It was proved that she was a liar. The time has come. 5. 5. 2. L-am vazut vorbind cu prietena lui. 10. 2. It seemed that she was satisfied with me. It is sure they have had an argument. we hurried to the beach. Everybody being at home. It is expected that he will arrive at 2 o’clock. This translation is easy for me to make.. I went shopping. 2. 8. 9. Reformulati urmatoarele propozitii folosind constructia „for-phrase": Model: This translation is easy. The decision being taken in my favour. El voia ca eu sa-l ajut. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia Nominativ cu Infinitiv. 4. Page 5 of 6 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . 5. 4. I saw the plane landing. Ea m-a facut sa inteleg ce se intâmplase. It is necessary that you should study the matter seriously. http://quintet. 2. Reformulati urmatoarele fraze cu modul subjonctiv folosind constructia „forphrase": Model: It is important that I should know the truth. Cred ca el e un sot bun. the audience left the hali. 5. I found her digging in the garden. Folositi drept subiect pronumele subliniate: Model: Her parents thought she was a gifted child. Traduceti in limba româna urmatoarele propozitii cu constructia Nominativul absolut: 1.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_8. 11. The match was about to begin. We should have a heart to heart talk. 9. 15. She was thought to be a gifted child. This problem is too difficult. The letter being written. The dog was heard barking.. It happened that she made three spelling mistakes in her letter. Am auzit-o certându-si copilul. It is impossible that he should have said that. They said she was ill. The rain having stopped. 3. 3. Inteleg ca ea e o profesoara foarte buna. we were seared about having floods. 12. It’s time you started learning foreign languages. transformându-le in Nominativ cu Participiu: Model: I heard the dog barking. John a recunoscut ca vina era a lui. 6. 7. It is important to know the truth. 9. 3. The sun having risen. 9. Everybody. 14. we shall climb to the top of the mountain. 6. The plane having taken off. 7. Weather permitting. I can’t believe she said that. I stopped smoking. The people were impatient. I could hear her typing.. 2. 13. It is possible that I might buy a car. I went home relaxed. 6. 4. 5. I found the boy breaking the window. we sat down to dinner. 1. Am vazut câtiva copii jucându-se in parc. Ma bazez pe tine sa-mi imprumuti niste bani. 3. 4. I have closed the window. She heard the hunters shooting. 8. 8. 5. 7. I don’t want you to catch a cold. 6. I heard the child breaking the vase. 4. Mama ar vrea ca eu sa devin doctor. This fact is important. The concert being over. They heard him repeat it several times. Stiam ca el e un om foarte ocupat. We should do it now. 4.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBULI/MODURILE NEPERSONALE SI . I saw her lying on the beach. 4.actrus. This is a strange thing. 10. You should read it. I-am privit jucând fotbal. It is possible that the plane might be delayed. 1. I cam make it. 9. She heard the baby crying. 3. It is advisable that you should resign. El m-a facut sa pierd trenul. It is necessary that he be present. 2.html 31 of 42 12/15/04 .html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 6. Presupuneam ca el stie sa conduca masina. 8. I didn’t want her to miss the train. 6. at once. Treceti la pasiv urmatoarele constructii Acuzativ cu Participiu. I thought she was unable to win the contest. I saw her fainting. I ordered a taxi. 10. You should take it. 6. 5. It is recommendable that you should read this book. You should bear it in mind. Expected that he would resign. Page 6 of 6 2. l. The mud having ruined my shoes. 7. I saw the peasants working in the field. 3.

html 32 of 42 12/15/04 . 3. Does she talk? 3. Yesterday I lost my gloves.. Exercitiul 4: 1. 19. 4. He didn’t change. 2.actrus. He met. 2. 12. Do you smoke? 17. 5. 19. 8. the teacher was writing. I don’t understand. Have you ever eaten? 13. Do you go? 16. 3. 2. 5. 4. Last Sunday.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. 7. We aren’t studying. I didn’t sell. What are you doing? Are you reading or watching TV? 5. 8. Last night. 20. Have you read? 18.. He hasn’t gone. Is my friend wearing? 7. 9. What do you do on your free days? 12. 10. are you hurrying? I don’t want. are you thinking? I am thinking. How often do you write to your parents? 18. You asked. Page 2 of 4 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri 1.. 13. he is having. the sun didn’t set at 8 o’clock. Is Ann knitting? 10. Yesterday. 11 . I don’t always believe. 9. always borrow/is always borrowing. write. He didn’t think. he has caught. don’t understand. I don’t love. Is he telling? 4. He didn’t translate. 11. You don’t play. 17. He doesn’t go to school by underground. I have been cooking. They hid the cards away and took out their school books. A strong wind was blowing when I left the house. He has always relied. I haven’t written. I have lent. speaks. He isn’t telling. She is packing her luggage. were you doing? 7. he wasn’t wearing. Did we work? 7. Is the child learning? Exercitiul 3: l. He has just left. Ann isn’t knitting. 7. 2. My friend isn’t wearing. Are you writing. Do they live? 8. At what time does John get up in the morning? 11. 18. 16. I got up late yesterday morning. The boys were playing cards when they heard their father entering the house. Do I trust? 10. 15. he had. Do I have? Exercitiul 2: l. This time yesterday it was raining. She goes shopping on Saturdays. She doesn’t talk. Have you lived? I have lived. he was-learning. 8. Two days ago I fell and I broke my leg. it often rains. he was working. You drank. Did he come? 8. I always have. Did he forbid? Exercitiul 3: 1. Did they drink? 3. 16.. I haven’t been. Have you been? I have been. I5. Do you like? 8. Who won the match the day before yesterday? 20. You aren’t typing. 7. When I go to the seaside. Did he translate? 10. 5. 14. Have you paid? 19.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. I was watching. at 7 o’clock in the morning? I was preparing to go to the faculty. 5. 2. He has been fishing. 8. 19. They didn’t drink. On Sundays. I often read English books. I didn’t enjoy. I found this old photo. He hasn’t come. I don’t trust. have you been wearing? 6. 4. I was driving to Sinaia. 7. The radio has been playing. Do I understand? 4. 10. Do you know? Exercitiul 4: l. 4. 8. she was having. When did you return from the mountains? 11. drinks. I do not study in the evening. I owned. 4. He doesn’t remember. is drinking. am taking. Did he change? 5. Now I am doing my homework in English. I don’t have. While it was raining. 3. Do you usually get. do you do? 3. I am not going. someone rang up. 6. I like to swim a lot. Do you play? 5. I had breakfast and then I left for school. Do I always believe? 6. 2. I slept. Are they swimming? 6. 6. It snows in winter. You spoke. I entered. Does he have? 9.actrus. I was talking. I have already seen. 10. Yesterday I got up early. I didn’t go to the swimming pool. The child isn’t learning. 9. I have been asking. 20. he realized. I always made. 14. He didn’t come. are you waiting? I am waiting. What are you speaking about? Exercitii cu Past Tense Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. Does he remember? 7. He sat for his first exam last week. I am not having. He has been sleeping. They don’t live. They aren’t swimming. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. I arrived. have you cooked? 7. We didn’t work. I have’ been shopping. my friends played chess. 1 liked. Did he think? 2. 17. I was writing. you came in. Where did you spend your holiday last summer? 15. he walks. 6. Is it raining? 2. 10. 1t hasn’t rained. 8.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 9. Did I enjoy? 9. I have just had. were you going. Exercitiul 2: l. I met. 6. 10. Are you typing? 5. 9. Why are you opening the window? I5. Am I having? 3. 4. Do you dream? I dream 9. am. Are we studying? 9. While I was looking for my passport. Did I hate? 4. 14. 6. Did you sleep well last night? 3. I have bought. Exercitiul 2: CHEIA EXERCITIILOR LECTIA I TIMPURILE MODULUI INDICATIV Exercitii cu Present Simple si Continuous Exercitiul l: 1. Exercitii cu Present Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: l. Did I sell? 6. Whom are you ringing up? 13. Is my mother resting? 8. 4. Do I love? 2. remembers. 13. 3. What book are you reading? 10. 6. 2. 1 don’t like. Page 1 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. 14. go. I have been watering. http://quintet. Have you watered? 3. 10. 7. We have known. That sounded. 18. What were you doing last Tuesday. the engine – drivers have gone. The customer is just choosing a pair of shoes. The secretary is just typing a report. Have you visited? 12. 20. it is raining. 1 first met. He doesn’t have. have you been. I didn’t hate. I played. 1 am cooking. 17. I don’t like coffee. 5. When did you buy this TV set? 12. Last week I was ill and 1 didn’t go to school. he doesn’t get up early. My mother isn’t resting. It isn’t raining. she has been trying. He didn’t forbid. Have you ever driven? 16. 9.

Where have you spent your holiday this year? 3. Look what I have bought at an auction! It’s a very beautiful object. 3. many people will be going to work on foot tomorrow. 5. 6. I have been wearing. I found out.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. Have you ever tried? I tried. I realized I had left my bag at home. 2. 6. How long have you been learning English? 5. 11. it will probably be raining. 10. I saw.. 10. had been climbing. 10. 4. What will you be doing tomorrow morning at 11 o’clock? I shall/will be visiting the international fair. will have risen. Have you seen? she left. wilt be rising. it had been raining. He hadn’t done anything before he asked for my advice. I had returned. we realized. had spread. 4. 2. Page 3 of 4 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. Will you be needing? 5. had been cooking.actrus. 2.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. had been swimming. 19. 10. Have you already had breakfast? Yes. She will be watching. 3. 10. 7. We have walked 10 km so far. 6. 6. By the end of the month I shall/will have seen this film 5 times. 7. Exercitii cu timpurile „Future" Exercitiul 1: 1. I stayed at home and I haven’t regretted it for a moment! 16. Who did you vote for at the last elections? I didn’t go to vote. 5. I have lost. On Friday. Exercitiul 3: 1. 4. 9. She had just gone out. 6.. 9. had left. I shall/will have been cooking. they had been waiting. 3. I rang him up. She has changed. We must replace it. she had not passed. Has John left? Yes. I was sorry I had hurt him. she had been writing. 7. I shall/will be working. Where will you put it? http://quintet. The secretary told me the manager had been speaking on the phone for half an hour. Will you recognize? 4. had been speaking. 7. he had learned/he had been learning. I have been doing. He thanked me for what I had done for him. 7. she had been studying. A child has broken the window. I shall/will be having. I have been translating a text for two hours and I haven’t finished it yet. between twelve and one o’clock.. 6. I shall/will have been working. We have been walking since 3 o clock. we had been walking. What did you look at? It was an accident. 8. I shall/will have finished. haven’t you seen? did you use? 2. I went to bed. When I arrived at the bus stop. I have seldom walked to my office. Exercitiul 4: 1. he went. Have you seen today’s newspaper? 17. we left. 3. she told. You will not/won’t find. it had been raining. 4.html 33 of 42 12/15/04 . 2. Exercitii cu Past Perfect Simple si Continuous Exercitiul 1: 1. 10. 9. 3. he had got married. By 10 o’clock she will have finished cleaning the house. 9. he went. 10. By this time next year. 4. 8. 8. 2. Since I bought a car. they will have been married. she had already been. 3. had been having. 7. 9. I shall/will be swimming. I got up. We shall/will have taken. They have been working on this house for a year and they haven’t finished it yet. 7. He will be. 8. 18. he had visited. had not told. he had thought. 8. 2. I have bought a typewriter and I shall learn to type. 4. 8. I have often thought of taking a driving licence. I shall/will succeed. I shall/will have saved five million lei. had listened. 3. 4. I was. 8. I shall/will remember. He will be studying in the library on Monday from one to five o’clock. will be crying. I called. will/shall will be climbing. they had finished. 10. Have you been to this town before? Yes. I entered. 6. 12. I had met. 4. The child has been playing. they had been. 7. They travelled to many countries after they had got married. Page 4 of 4 Exercitiul 3: I. Wil1 you remember? 9. 6. They told me they had been living in France since 1980. 13. they will be having their last English class.actrus. It has been snowing for two hours. 10. 15. I shall/will have paid off. I didn’t succeed. The weather has got warmer lately. he had been. It has been raining. will have spent. 2. 9. 5. 10. You will be. 8. 5. had eaten. 9. Exercitiul 4: 1. He will be studying. He has been. he handed it to the teacher. 5. he told. 3. 9. 6. I shall/will pass. The train will have left before we arrive at the station. 9. I shall/will have read 8. 7. 14. 8. 4. He has been a Minister for two years. 7. You will like.. I returned. Have you been.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9. Exercitiul 4: 1. he had caught. began. Exercitiul 2: 1. 5. 3. I got. Who has taught you to speak English so well? 2. I shall/will know. As soon as the guests had left. As soon as he had finished writing the paper. Exercitiul 3: 1. 5. Because of the strike of the bus – drivers. 2. Exercitiut 2: 1. 20. it had been raining.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/CHEIA EXERCITIILOR-TIMPUR. I didn’t phone you because I thought you had gone abroad. we had lost. I spent a month here. we asked. He has written only two letters since he went abroad. she had been cleaning and dusting. You will have seen. I had it at 8 o’clock. 6. he left an hour ago. two years ago. congratulated. 5.

5. 9.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2. The car I will buy will be imported from Germany. he wanted. 14. I want. I knew you were in Bucharest. The secretary told me the manager was busy. 4. 8. they have done. He asked me how many letters there are in the Chinese alphabet and I couldn’t answer him. he would drive. I had not eaten. he had eaten. The thief did not realize that the police had been following him for a week. 12. he trusted. he would finish. prices would go up. Exercitiul 3: 1. she has learnt. he had been travelling. is. 2. 10. 7. I had heard.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. would not go. you see. I usually read. we went. 7. 20.actrus. had already begun. he had to write. 5. I didn’t remember that we had met a year before.html dictionary and he was not sure he would find a new one in the bookshops. would end. 13. I had done. 12. I had not enjoyed. he would change. 6. 2. 8. 3. he hoped. is. you see. they were talking. 19. we will drink. 9. I promised him I would write to him when I arrived in London.actrus. 5. you see. 7. 17. he would not remember. arrive. 16. I work/I worked. 8. You had to type. he has repaired. would be cancelled. you were. 11. 9. Exercitiul 6: 1. 3. I have suffered. 4. 2. she looks. I finish. you had been wearing. 7. 12. I was. 11. 10. I would spend. they would remain. I played/I was playing. 19. Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA II Exercitii cu concordanta timpurilor Exercitiul 1: 1. Father will give me a present after I have passed the exam. I had not decided. 4. begin. is born. he would pass. you have read. 10. 17. 3. 15. 8. we had been digging. 10. 6. 3. He was very upset because he had lost his http://quintet. Exercitiul 7: l. will soon move. 8. 10. 18. The policeman will ask me what I have seen during the accident. 10. he had stolen. he would give. 2. he would have. 9. 7. 6. he tells. 9. you spoke. they have been. is. I will earn/will be earning. I will tell you the truth after I have found it myself. 6. they had known. 14. 18. you finish. do not eat. 2. I had lost. 7. I was. Exercitiul 4: 1. he had never seen. he would win. he has arrived. I have received. 4. I read. I didn’t stay at home to wait for you because I didn’t know when you would come. 5. 20. melts. they had been listening. he had not expected. 6. you were. I had read. did not remember.. he had left. 3. 3. you have drunk. 2. she has changed. 12/15/04 http://quintet.. 5. 11. you have just told. 4. I have been reading. it would not be raining when I arrived. had failed. 2. 9. 4.. I finish. 10. he had just left. 8. 6. you would soon have. 5. 16. 5. we reach. 8. she notices you have broken. 6. 15. Exercitiul 5: 1. 13. Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU CONCORDANTA TIMPURI. there are. you are reading. I have. I would remain. you do. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_2.html 34 of 42 12/15/04 . 4. 3. was shining.. 9. Exercitiul 2: 1.

He asked me when the rain had stopped. 4. you were. 7. you will be. He asked me if my mother had been at home. 8. What would you have done if you had met John? Exercitiul 6: l. I would like the play more if it were shorter. He said John had left for Sinaia two days before. 10. 3. 7. He asked me how long it took me to reach my office. I gave up. He asked me if I could come to tea that afternoon. 9. 5.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_3. What would have happened if you had driven at a high speed? 4. 5. 10. 7. What would you do if you meet John? 12. 2. We won’t go for a walk if the rain doesn’t stop/unless the rain stops. 4. 4. 2. 9. Exercitiul 5: 1. 9. 9. 8. 10. 3. He asked me if I drank coffee every day. the streets will be wet. you would have read. Mamaia would be an ideal place for a holiday if there weren’t so many people there.actrus. He told me not to cross the street on a red light. I moved. 9. He said he had spent his holiday at the seaside the year before. 7. 11. 4. 9. If dinner is not ready in time. 6. 3.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA/EXERCITII CU FRAZE CONDITIONALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 1 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VORBIREA DIRE. he had realized. 12. you had invited. 3. the streets would be wet. 10. 7. 7. 5. I had not told. would you give him some? 3. you will not find. Exercitiul 3: 1. 6. He told me not to smoke so much. You would catch the train if you took a taxi. He asked me if I had bought that book the day before. He asked me why it was so dark in that room. If it rains. 6. he leaves. I will buy. He said he was very busy on that day. 6. 5. He said he had gone to England two years before. 2. He told me to open the door. 9. He said he was going to have a nap that afternoon. you will not pass. I would have answered. 11. He asked me how long I had been learning . Would you have been angry if I had taken your pencil? 10. 2. He told me to take that pill. I would buy. 5.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 8. I wouldn’t do. Exercitiul 2: 1. You would have caught the train if you had taken a taxi. I had worked. she will be. 7. the streets would have been wet. I will eat at a restaurant. He asked me if I would help him.actrus. http://quintet. He told me to ring him up when I arrived home. 4. He told me to be careful with his books. 3. 2. 8. you take. 8. If a beggar asked you for money. he will get. 7. 5. will you promise? 6.. He said if he had enough money he would buy a car the next year. He asked me where I would spend my weekend. He asked me if I could lend him a book.English. 3. 4. 5. Would you buy? 4. He asked me what I was going to do the next day. I saw. 7. 6. He said he thought it was going to rain the next day. Page 1 of 1 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA III Exercitii cu fraze conditionale Exercitiul 1: l. I would have answered. 5. you will be. 8. Exercitiul 2: 1. I will lend. He asked me when I would be back. He said the weather had been fine the day before. You will catch the train if you take a taxi. He asked me which of those cakes I preferred. He said if he had been at home he would have answered the phone. Would you be angry if I took your pencil? 9. He told me to write him a letter when I got to England.. he would have told. 6. would you go? Exercitiul 3: l. he would not make. Will you be angry if I take your pencil? 8. 2. I had known. I knew. 2. He said she would go shopping right then. What will you do if you meet John? 11. He said he had seen that film a week before. 10. 4. 6. I would knit another sweater if I had more wool. you wouldn’t have got. He told me to read that text. He told me not to interrupt him when he was speaking. 6. If it had rained. 5. I were. 2. I will be disappointed if I don’t find out the truth. he would take. 2. 9. you had driven. Exercitiul 1: LECTIA IV Exercitii cu vorbirea directa si indirecta 1. 8. 10 He asked me if I could speak English. If it rained. He asked me how I had travelled. He asked me if I would like a cake. 3. it goes on. He asked me if I had lived in London for a long time. He asked me if I knew what that word meant/means. I would not have made. 12. 7.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_4. He told/asked/ordered me not to drive so fast. He asked me if the train had left. 3. 6. 3. 4. 10. Exercitiul 4: 1. 10. If you hadn’t shut the window I would have been cold. 10. Exercitiul 4: l. 8. 8. You will see him if you wait. I will greet 2. He asked me if 1 had been at the library the day before.html 35 of 42 12/15/04 . He said he didn’t remember where he had bought that dictionary. 5. 9. He asked me who that man was. I will answer. he had tried. It would have been.

Were you frightened by the tornado? 5. His proposal was objected to (by us). My friend recommended me a very good doctor. They have built this house out of stone and cement. I was asked a difficult question by the teacher.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. http://quintet. 5. This piece of information must be treated confidentially. People mustn’t take away these books. 4. John has been lent two of my books (by me). Do you think your request will be turned down? 10. Was he shocked by the sight of the accident? 8. Were you told about the meeting? 9. A nice present has been given to me (by them). 6. People will soon forget this book. 4. Has the TV set been repaired? 2. very interesting things were told to us at the conference. 3. 8. Has the dog been fed? 7. 7. Football is played all over the world. 8. 12. He hates people making fun of him. The rescue party finally discovered the climber. 3. The museum was closed for repairs. Haven’t you been told to be here at 6 o’clock? 4. 14. 5. The missing child has been found (by someone). Many new blocks are being built in our district. Your bag has been found (by him). 13. I’m not always told the truth by my friend. Fire was set to the shed (by them). 6. 9.html 36 of 42 12/15/04 . Will the letter be written in ink? 3. The patient was prescribed some pills (by the doctor). The truth is not always told to me by my friend. 5. The event was commented on by all the newspapers. I have been given a nice present (by them). 9. 2. 8. 4. A new supermarket was being built in that district last month. Don’t speak until you are spoken to (by someone). We were asked to show our passports. English is taught to them (by me). America was discovered at the end of the 15th century. My TV set will be repaired by a specialist. The teacher will tell the pupils where to sit. We will be given detailed instructions about the paper. The tourists were shown the museum (by the guide). Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitiul 3: 1. 3. We will be shown the way by the policeman. 4. The professor’s lecture was listened to by all the students. 10. I will be given a reward (by them). 6. The house was broken into (by burglars).actrus. Two of my books have been lent to John (by me). A reward will be given to me (by them).: 3. 9. People speak English all over the world. 2. We were told very interesting things at the conference. Something must be done for him by his coworkers. 9. The meanings of the new words must be looked up in the dictionary. 4. Some pills were prescribed to the patient (by the doctor). 5. The Great Prize was awarded to the Romanian film director (by the jury). A new house is being built round the corner (by them). 15. The museum was shown to the tourists (by the guide). 9. 8. 10. The work will be finished today (by them). 10. 7. The letter will be mailed as soon as possible. Would your work have been finished sooner if you hadn’t been interrupted by your colleagues? Exercitiul 5: 1. 10. Exercitiul 6: l. The Romanian film director was awarded the Great Prize (by the jury). 7. Will the details be told to him? Will he be told the details? 6. They are taught English (by me). 2. John was laughed at (by us). 5. The children weren’t looked after properly (by them). Nothing has been heard about him since he left for Constanta. when I passed by. My friend will be invited to a party (by me). His odd behaviour couldn’t be accounted for (by us). This stamp hasn’t been well stuck on the envelope.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 3. The doctor was called for (by us).CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 1 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU DIATEZA PASIVA Page 2 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri LECTIA V Exercitii cu diateza pasiva Exercitiul 1: 1. 8.actrus. All the visitors of the museum admire this painting.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_5. Foreign languages are spoken in this hotel. 11. 2. 6. The way will be shown to us by the policeman. 6. They held a reception in his honour. Exercitiul 2: 1. A difficult question was asked of me by the teacher. When he arrived home he realized his wallet had been stolen. His bed hasn’t been slept in (by him). 7. I was frightened by the noise. 2. 7. Detailed instructions will be given to us about the paper.

html 37 of 42 . 9. He ought to have told. 6. needn’t have lent. You must have left your umbrella. must have been. 2. Exercitiul 11: 1. Exercitiul 5: 1. He must be older. All the students can and must write this paper. 9. You needn’t have made 12/15/04 http://quintet. I couldn’t translate. can. 1 am sure I will be able to find time to help you. would. 10. can’t have done. You needn’t have done. I will have to go. needn’t. It can’t have been. 8. He was not allowed/permitted to come. This must be the best. You can’t miss the train. Sensuri posibile: „Do you think he will try to enter the faculty?". He will be able to swim. 9. would. He could swim. She may/might have returned. She can’t have got.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. 5. 7. didn’t need to see. needn’t. Could he speak? Will he be able to speak? 18. 11. should. 7. The teacher told me I might skip the next class. because she was to come to my place in half hour’s time. needn’t. can’t. 10. She will be able to lend. John could have been. 10. will. 1. will. must have left. No. shall. He must think. we may/might take the bus or the ski-lift. 12. 10. This can’t be a true story. It can t have been. needn’t have waited. 8. 19. didn’t need to buy. You were not allowed/permitted to smoke. 8. can’t have seen. 3. 6. 6. Everybody shall be present at the meeting. I had to learn.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. You will have to help me more today. can’t. 2. It may/might rain. needn’t have bought. 3. shall. You won’t be allowed/permitted to speak. should. mustn’t. She will be able to play. 7. I ought to/should have read the bibliography for the seminar. Exercitiul 12: 1.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 15. 17. She could play. 13. 19. 12. 4. 6. 3 It might have rained. 2. Exercitiul 3: 1. 8. 5. Everybody will be allowed/permitted to borrow. He must have been delayed. 4. 6. 5. would. 17. He can’t be at the office. 6. I will have to learn. 2. will. You won’t have to do. 10. can’t have swum. 2. will. It can’t have been his fault. He may have been. 13.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Exercitiul 6: Page 2 of 3 LECTIA VI Exercitii cu verbe modale Exercitiul 1: 1. He needn’t have bought. 16. It can’t be his fault. Exercitiul 13: 1. Need we walk up to the chalet? 15. 12. I had to look up. Did you have to be? Will you have to be? 20. 5. 2. 14. I can’t knit. 3. 4. Exercitiul 7: 1. 14. You must have forgotten. You can’t have been. 3. S. 13. Exercitiul 10: 1. 4. He may/might have been right. 2. will. 2. 9. You might have written. 3. Exercitiul 2: 1. 5. shall. 7. I didn’t need to ring up Jane in order to speak to her. Could Jane type? Will Jane be able to type? 17. Was I not allowed/permitted to walk? Shall I be not allowed/permitted to walk? 11. 5. He must have been late. 9. She can’t have married. The child was allowed/permitted to have. 5. 6. You were allowed/permitted to leave. would. mustn’t. 11. would. I may/might come home. 9. „Do you think he will marry that girl?" etc.actrus. 9. 15. Could you help? Will you be able to help? 9.actrus. needn’t. would. 8. should. 4: She must be a very good doctor. 6. needn’t have written. 5. 14. He may/might have done. It must have been. You might have changed. Exercitiul 8: l. 5. 6. 6. The child will be allowed/permitted to have. 4. I could play the piano when I was a child. It may/might be a good one. 8. I had to go. 10. mustn’t. I won t be able to translate. Exercitiul 4: l. Exercitiul 9: 1. You will not be allowed/permitted to smoke. He should have gone. He can’t have passed. 8. 10. 3. 4. mustn’t. He must have come home. can. 9. 2. 6. 8. 7. can’t have rained. She may/might have been out. I will have to leave soon. 16. 9. She may/might be very late. She may/might have been angry. She can’t have learned English. 10. must have been. 3. can. 3. 16. He must have been. It must have taken a long time. She could lend. She will be able to read and write. 20. 10. 7. 9. must have taken. 3. I must change my shoes when I enter the house because they are full of mud. 7. He won’t be allowed/permitted to come. 4. needn’t. 7. mustn’t. 3. You might have paid. The weather can’t change. 6. needn’t have lent. A good knowledge of English may/might help you. 4. 5. can. You must have known the lesson. 5. can’t have left. 4. You were not allowed/permitted to speak. 10. will. 10. needn’t have answered. John must have been. 2. 5. 8. 18. 3. 7. You shouldn’t have gone. didn’t need to wait. shall. You needn’t carry your luggage in the station yourself. 7. You should have visited. You didn’t have to do. 8. I will have to look up. You may ring me up more often when you know I am ill. He could read and write. Everybody was allowed/permitted to borrow. didn’t need to answer. You can’t have seen. 2. 2. should. a porter could help you. needn’t have got up. 4. 7. You will be allowed/permitted to leave. All the children ought to/should do some housework. 4.

11. I wish/If only I were young again! 8. I wish you stopped that noise right away! 3. I wish you stopped complaining because I have my own troubles. he would have. 7. 9. 7. stopped. You speak as if you were angry with http://quintet. 26. I wish I would spend my holiday in England. 9. please. I would become. I wish you hadn’t had an accident. I wish I wouldn’t get fat when giving up smoking. I didn’t need to say „thank you" when I found out the exact time by dialing number 958. 10. you didn’t waste. Where shall we go now? 28. 18. 13. 23. I wish I would able to read Goethe in the original. I wish I would have a phone in my new flat. You can’t have found the door open. 20. I wish I could go to the concert. 2. I wish I were a student. It’s time you paid me back the money I lent you. 4. 6. I were. 6. 2. 7. 6. 6. 21. 4. I wish I hadn’t been late for the party. 22. 8. I wish they would sign the contract. I wished you had been able to come to me yesterday. 9. as I knew the information was recorded on tape. I wish I had money to buy that painting. 14. Will you. I wish you had won the competition. I wish you would take a driving licence. It’s high time you started reading the books required for the exam in Romanian literature. 15. I would rather you went to the theatre. 3. Exercitiul 5: l. I hadn’t forgotten. I wished you hadn’t been out when I called. hadn’t caught a cold. today. 9. 8. 9. 4. I wish I could pay the piano. 11. I wish he wouldn’t stay in hospital so long. 29. my telephone worked. you shall have the book tomorrow. I have already drunk two. Why did you speak so loud? Somebody might have heard you.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. you were. Do you wish you had been invited to John’s party? 7. I wish my friend weren’t ill. he told. 10. 12. we went. his book would become. 17. I wish I didn’t have only one child. his daughter didn’t get married.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU VERBE MODALE Page 3 of 3 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. I would rather I got up/I would rather get up earlier.actrus. 16. 3. 5. I wished the weather hadn’t been bad when I was on holiday. 8. you started. 10. I must have been still at the faculty. I wish/If only you were tidier! 5. I wish he wouldn’t be away for such a long time. wait for a few minutes? 30. S. 3. I wished you hadn’t got a fine. he took. 16. we could go to the beach. You may not speak during the exam.html 38 of 42 12/15/04 . She looks as if she were a model. 10. I wish/If only I hadn’t made so many mistakes in the test-paper! 2. I wish you hadn’t been delayed at the office. Exercitiul 4: 1. I asked to speak to the manager but he wouldn’t come to the phone.actrus. 18. 12. I would rather I went/I would rather go to the theatre. I had entered. I had locked it myself 27. S. 8. You can’t/couldn’t have been at home last night. Exercitiul 3: 1. 5. 24. watched. Tomorrow I will have to mail the letter. I wish he would accept my proposal. The teacher can’t/couldn’t have been satisfied with this answer. 7. Exercitiul 2: l. 13.. 1 wish I had children. 19. You ought to/should have insisted. 20. I wish I had won the Great Prize. I wish you didn’t live so far away. 10. I were. you closed. I wish I lived in Bucharest. 3. 2. It’s 10 o’clock! Don’t you think it’s high time you got up and started working? 15. 19. I wish it didn’t rain so often. I wish/If only it didn’t rain! If it didn’t rain. 14. Page 1 of 2 Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri coffee for me. 4. I would rather you got up earlier. too. I rang you up and nobody answered. I stayed. I promise you. 6. LECTIA VII Exercitii cu modul subjonctiv Exercitiul 1: 1. I got. 4.. 2. I wish books weren’t so expensive. you owned. 25.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_6. I wish you would come on holiday with me.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7.

The manager requested that everybody (should) be present at 8 o’clock. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. 7. it should get. She seemed to be satisfied with me. She was thought to be unable to win the contest. 8. It is necessary for him to be present. Whoever may/might have told you this about me. They are sure to have had an argument. It is possible for the plane to be delayed. it might not get. 7. 6. 9. 2. 8. 6. It is necessary that you (should) be informed about what is happening in the country. 9. 17. It is impossible that he should have returned so early. 10. 19. 2. 4. Move aside so that I may/might see the screen. The plane was seen landing. 3. 5. you shouldn’t lie to me. This is a strange thing for her to have said. 8. I think him to be a good husband. I heard her scold/scolding her child. She behaves to him as if he were his husband. 4.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 9. It is necessary for you to study the matter seriously.. It is impossible that he (should) return so early. This is a good book for you to read. It is recommendable for you to read this book. He is expected to arrive at 2 o’clock. 3. 7. you shouldn’t have believed it. No matter how hard you may/might try. I can’t believe you. He was heard to repeat it several times. I know you wish you would spend your holiday in a camp. The teacher suggests that we (should) read this book. 4. It is important that you (should) know English well. Whatever the reason may/might be. 6. He wanted me to help him.actrus. 7. She was seen fainting. The people were impatient for the match to begin. 2. Whenever you may/might return. 10. 2. 8.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU MODUL SUBJON. The child was heard breaking the vase. Mother would like me to become a doctor. Exercitiul 8: 1. 2. 4. I had been. 10. Speak louder so that I may/might hear you. It is advisable for you to resign. 6. I understand her to be a very good teacher. Exercitiul 3: Capitolul precedent Cuprins Capitolul urmator Index Cursuri Page 1 of 2 LECTIA VIII Exercitii cu constructiile verbale 1. 9. Mother decided that we (should) stay at home. I rely on you to lend me some money. She happened to make three spelling mistakes in her letter. 3. She could be heard typing. we should take. 16. you may/might understand. 2. 9. 5. I insist that you (should) accept this job. This is a valuable piece of advice for you to take. John admitted the fault to be his. they (should) divorce. might prosper. 9. 5. (should) have. The hunters were heard shooting. It is possible that she might be away. This problem is too difficult for me to solve. She (was) proved to be a liar. I will be at home waiting for you. he were. 7. 3. I made a loan so that I might buy the house.html 12/15/04 http://quintet. 12. 2. 3. It is important for you to come to the office at once. He suggested that we (should) buy this house. 17. 3. you retired. She was found digging in the garden. 5. 18. The baby was heard crying. 6. Exercitiul 5: 1. 4. I would find. 10. 14. 3. Exercitiul 4: 1. Exercitiul 6: Exercitiul 1: 1.html 39 of 42 12/15/04 . you can’t win such a competition. Do you mean it is likely that we (should) spend our holiday in Brasov? 10. hadn’t broken down. 12. He was believed to be a brilliant surgeon. 19. It was strange that she shouldn’t have read this book. 3. 6. The peasants were seen working in the field. This is the main thing for us to do. It’s time for us to meet again. he were. 8. 11. 6. He made me miss the train. 18. 11. Exercitiul 9: 1. He spoke to me as if nothing had happened between us. 20. It is very important that this contract (should) be signed very soon. It’s time for you to start learning foreign languages. 5. 3. The time has come for us to have a heart to heart talk. 2. 10. He entered the house noiselessly so that I might not hear him. It is possible for me to buy a car. 1 knew him to be a very busy man. It is annoying that you should have forgotten to bring me back the book. My friend insisted that I (should) go to the concert with him. 7. I expected you to come earlier. Jane wishes I would spend my weekend with her. 4. 5. The boy was found breaking the window. 10. 15. I had. She was seen lying on the beach.. you may/might be. 4. 8. She was said to be ill. 4. 1. This fact is important for you to bear in mind. 5. I have closed the window for you not to catch a cold. I supposed him to be able to drive a car. may attend. we (should) leave. She made me understand what had happened. It is likely that my son should have passed the exam. should have told. 9. 8. she should have left. He was expected to resign. 15. 10. I watched them playing football. but I would rather you went to your grandparents in the countryside. 4. Exercitiul 2: 1. 20.. It is necessary that I (should) be present at the meeting? Exercitiul 7: 1. 13. I suggested that we (should) elect him president. I saw some children playing in the park. 2. 9. 8. 7..actrus. It is impossible for him to have said that. 5. I ordered a taxi for her not to miss the train. 6. 7. Exercitiul 6: http://quintet. Whatever you may/might tell me. you should have. 14. me.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_7. I saw him speaking to his friend. 6. 13. 7. The manager proposed that 1 (should) work in another department. 8. 5.

Decizia fiind luata in favoarea mea. 6. 4.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/EXERCITII CU CONSTRUCTIIL. am plecat la cumparaturi. publicul a parasit sala. 9. 8. 10. were bore beat became began bent bit blew broke brought built burnt burst bought caught chose came cost crept cut dealt dug did drew been borne. Intrucât ploaia incetase. LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE to be to bear to beat to become to begin to bend to bite to blow to break to bring to build to burn to burst to buy to catch to choose to come to cost to creep to cut to deal to dig to do to draw was.html 40 of 42 12/15/04 . Intrucât râul crescuse in timpul noptii. am plecat acasa linistit. born beaten become begun bent bitten blown broken brought built burnt burst bought caught chosen come cost crept cut dealt dug done drawn http://quintet. Page 2 of 2 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 1 of 5 1. Intrucât noroiul imi stricase pantofii.actrus. vom urca pâna la vârful muntelui. Toata lumea fiind acasa. Scrisoarea fiind scrisa. Concertul fiind terminat. 2. ne era teama sa nu avem inundatii. Dupa ce avionul a decolat am incetat sa fumez. ne-am asezat la cina.. am mers sa o pun la posta. ne-am grabit spre plaja. a trebuit sa-i schimb. Daca vremea va permite.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_9_8. 5..ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10. 7. Intrucât soarele rasarise. 3.actrus.

ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.html 41 of 42 12/15/04 . learned left lent let lain lost made meant mown met paid put read ridden rung risen run said seen sought sold set http://quintet. learned left lent let lay lost made meant mowed met paid put read rode rang rose ran said saw sought sold set known laid led leant learnt.actrus.actrus.CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 2 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 3 of 5 to dream to drink to drive to eat to fall to feed to feel to fight to find to fly to forbid to forget to forgive to freeze to give to go to grow to hang to have to hear to hide to hit to hold to hurt to keep to kneel dreamt drank drove ate fell fed felt fought found flew forbade forgot forgave froze gave went grew hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt dreamt drunk driven eaten fallen fed felt fought found flown forbidden forgotten forgiven frozen given gone grown hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt to know to lay to lead to lean to learn to leave to lend to let to lie to lose to make to mean to mow to meet to pay to put to read to ride to ring to rise to run to say to see to seek to sell to set knew laid led leant learnt.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.

CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 4 of 5 CURS PRACTIC DE LIMBA ENGLEZA-VERBUL/LISTA VERBELOR NEREGULATE Page 5 of 5 to sew to shake to shine to shoot to show to shrink to shut to sing to sink to sleep to slide to smell to sow to speak to spell to spend to spill to spread to stand to stea1 to stick to stride Capitolul precedent sewed shook shone shot showed shrank shut sang sank slept slid smelt sowed spoke spelt spent spilt spread stood stole stuck strode Cuprins sewn shaken shone shot shown shrunk shut sung sunk slept slid smelt sown spoken spelt spent split spread stood stolen stuck stridden Capitolul urmator to swim to take to teach to tell to think to throw to understand swam took taught told thought threw understood swum taken taught told thought thrown understood to strike to strive to swear to sweep struck strove swore swept struck Index Cursuri striven sworn swept http://quintet.actrus.html 12/15/04 http://quintet.actrus.ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.html 42 of 42 12/15/04 .ro/biblioteca/cursuri/lb_str/obilisteanu/lectia_10.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful