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Contents ......................................................................................................... 2 1 2 3 4 Activating the module .............................................................................. 3 General information ................................................................................. 3 Quick Guide ............................................................................................. 6 Entering the tunnel details ...................................................................... 7
4.1 Tunnel geometry ........................................................................................ 7 4.2 Roadway ................................................................................................... 8 4.3 Walls ........................................................................................................ 8 5 6 Entering Caculation specifications ........................................................... 9 Luminaires ............................................................................................. 11 5.1 Establishing the tunnel class to SLG 201 ..................................................... 10 6.1 Selecting the luminaires ............................................................................ 11 6.2 Regulating steps....................................................................................... 14 6.3 Control group strategies ............................................................................ 16 6.4 Positioning the luminaires .......................................................................... 18 6.5 Extended function: Reverse row ................................................................. 20 6.6 Importing an EXCEL luminaire list ............................................................... 22 6.7 Importing a TUNLIGHT2-XML file ................................................................ 22 7 Calculation ............................................................................................. 23 7.1 Measurement ranges ................................................................................ 23 7.2 Automatic positioning of interior lighting ..................................................... 25 7.3 Automatic positioning of entrance lighting ................................................... 26 7.4 Normal calculation .................................................................................... 31 8 Output of results.................................................................................... 31 8.1 Screen .................................................................................................... 31 8.2 Printer .................................................................................................... 38 8.3 Export ..................................................................................................... 38
© Relux Informatik AG, ReluxTunnel, 17.03.2010
ACTIVATING THE MODULE
1 ACTIVATING THE MODULE
You will need to purchase the corresponding licence before you can use the tunnel module. You will find detailed information at www.relux.ch.
2 GENERAL INFORMATION
The ReluxTunnel tunnel calculation program has been developed for tunnel lighting experts. The program is based on standards CIE 88:2004 "Guide for the lighting of road tunnels and underpasses", CIE 140:2000 "Road lighting calculations", SLG 201:2005 "Richtlinien Öffentliche Beleuchtung – Strassentunnels, -galerien und – unterführungen" and DIN 67524-1:2008 "Lighting of street tunnels and underpasses Part 1: General quality characteristics and guide values". Knowledge of these standards is essential in order to be able to asses the calculation results and plan the tunnel lighting on a practically-oriented basis. Once the tunnel module has been activated, ReluxPro can be started and the Tunnel button selected from the start menu.
Fig. 1: The start button for a tunnel project The parameters in a tunnel project are controlled primarily via the Scene bar and the Tunnel bar. These appear automatically on the left side of the user menu once the program has been started. It is possible that the Scene bar and Tunnel bar could have been switched off or deactivated.
© Relux Informatik AG, ReluxTunnel, 17.03.2010
when different elements (such as luminaires and measurement ranges) have already been positioned. 4: Scene bar and Tunnel bar activated Later on. 5. the Tunnel bar will always show the appropriate window for the element that has been selected in the Scene bar. Figs.GENERAL INFORMATION 4/38 Scene bar Tunnel bar Fig. you should click on the Window menu. 7: Different elements in the Scene bar and the corresponding Tunnel bar © Relux Informatik AG.2010 . 17. Fig. 3: Scene bar and Tunnel bar activated (left) and deactivated (right) To switch on the Scene bar and Tunnel bar. ReluxTunnel.03. The bars can be activated again by placing a tick in front of the Scene and Tunnel options. 2. 6.
17.2010 . You can have the windows updated and shown in their latest version by selecting View – Redraw.03. © Relux Informatik AG. Figs.GENERAL INFORMATION 5/38 By way of a guide. the parameters clicked in the Tunnel bar (marked blue) are explained right at the bottom. ReluxTunnel. 9: Explanation of the concepts in the Tunnel bar (left) or other dialog windows (right) It can happen in some cases that a window display is not updated after entries have been made or actions carried out. 8.
walls) Enter the calculation specifications Make any adjustments to the general settings that may be necessary for the length of the threshold and the transition zones. More detailed information on the individual steps may be found in the chapters that follow.2010 . ReluxTunnel. 7. 4. 2.03. Position the row of luminaires for the interior lighting Read in luminaire types Allocate the luminaire types to the entrance lighting or interior lighting Specify the regulating steps and control groups Automatically position the interior lighting Check the results for the lighting engineering values and make any further adjustments that may be necessary to the interior lighting until the required values are attained 10. Steps involved in tunnel planning: 1. roadway. 3. Output the project © Relux Informatik AG. 5. 17. Check the results for the lighting engineering values and make any further adjustments that may be necessary to the entrance lighting until the required values are attained 13. 8. 6. Enter the tunnel details (geometry. 9. Position the row of luminaires for the entrance lighting 11. Automatically position the entrance lighting 12. etc.QUICK GUIDE 6/38 3 QUICK GUIDE This chapter sets out the steps involved in a tunnel planning process.
© Relux Informatik AG. only the interior luminaires are located inside the tunnel. since after the adaptation lighting. Fig. If the real tunnel is shorter than the one that is calculated automatically. while the Length input field shows the tunnel length displayed in the program. and you can enter a value of your own. the Length input field will no longer be shown with a grey background. 17. ReluxTunnel. 11: Select tunnel cross-section In ReluxTunnel. In line with the default.ENTERING THE TUNNEL DETAILS 7/38 4 ENTERING THE TUNNEL DETAILS The details of the tunnel geometry and the calculation parameters can be entered in the Tunnel bar on the left side of the user interface. The actual length of the tunnel is entered in the Length total input field.2010 . a distinction is drawn between Length and Length total. Following this. with a constant spacing. the value is 300 m to begin with and is recalculated and displayed after Speed and Luminances L have been entered under Calculation specifications.03. it does not make sense to display very long tunnels in their entirety. icon and. The value for Length is calculated automatically (twice the length of the threshold zone plus the length of the transition zone) and is thus displayed with a grey background. under General settings. For the sake of clarity.1 Tunnel geometry The tunnel cross-section can be set as rectangular or a semi-circle in the Shape input field. the value entered for Length total will be entered in the Length input field. Fig. remove the tick against you should click on the Calculate the length of the model automatically. 10: Tunnel bar 4. If you wish to determine the length of tunnel displayed yourself.
and the properties of the roadway covering (R table and q0). it is possible to enter the width and height of the footpath. Fig. 14: Input options for the tunnel walls The inputs for the tunnel geometry can be readily observed and checked in the 3D display. 4. the number of lanes. it is possible to enter the width. © Relux Informatik AG. ReluxTunnel. 13: Input options for the roadway 4.03.2 Roadway For the roadway.ENTERING THE TUNNEL DETAILS 8/38 Fig.2010 . 12: The automatic calculation of the length of the model has been deactivated The height of the tunnel (underside of the tunnel ceiling) is entered under Height total. 17.3 Walls For the right and left tunnel wall. the width of an emergency lane (if available) to the right of the roadway. Fig. the height of the wall to be calculated and the diffuse reflectance of the wall.
03. which means that major variations can result. If you wish to have the length of the threshold zone calculated on the basis of SN 640090b or DIN 67524-1.ENTERING CACULATION SPECIFICATIONS 9/38 Figs. you can press on the icon. If you wish to enter the length of the threshold zone yourself. you can then select SN 640090b or DIN 67524-1. 17. 16: Normal view (left) and wire frame view (right) 5 ENTERING CACULATION SPECIFICATIONS For the calculation. Fig. on the basis of CIE 88:2004. and you can enter your own value. or wish to specify this length yourself. ReluxTunnel. Note: The calculation of the threshold zone length is performed differently in the different countries. 15. and is thus shown with a grey background. 17: Input options for the calculation specifications The length of the threshold zone is calculated automatically from the input parameters. Fig. Under General settings.2010 . the length of the threshold zone will be calculated for a dry roadway (not recommended in the standard). the longitudinal gradient of the roadway or the reaction time. 18: Options for calculating the length of the threshold zone In addition. If the tick in front of Friction coefficient wet pavement (recommended) is removed. The Threshold zone input field will then no longer be shown with a grey background. it is also possible to change the friction coefficient of the roadway. you must remove the tick against Calculate the length of threshold zone automatically. it is possible to enter the speed and the specified luminances for threshold zone 1 and the interior zone of the tunnel (by day). Knowledge of the © Relux Informatik AG.
19: Options for calculating the length of the transition zone Note: The calculation of the transition zone length is performed differently in the different countries. to determine the factor for the luminance differential between the end of the transition zone and the interior zone.ENTERING CACULATION SPECIFICATIONS 10/38 valid standard and making correct allowance for this is thus a prerequisite for correct planning. 5. and the Options window will open with Calculate the class of the tunnel.2010 .03. and also the exponent of the function in the transition zone. Fig. The other parameters have to be entered in order to establish a tunnel class for the threshold and interior zones and the resultant lighting engineering requirements (luminances. By entering certain parameters.1 Establishing the tunnel class to SLG 201 In the Tunnel bar you can click on the icon. Knowledge of the valid standard and making correct allowance for this is thus a prerequisite for correct planning. ReluxTunnel. threshold increment) and to have these displayed on the right. under Extended settings. which means that major variations can result. it is possible. it is possible to establish the tunnel class as per SLG 201. The details of the tunnel length. speed and number of lanes are automatically taken from the tunnel geometry entries. © Relux Informatik AG. under the General settings option. 17. uniformity. In the Options window.
ReluxTunnel. To do this. you should go to the Scene bar and select the Room structure option. 21: Inadmissible parameter entry Note: The lighting engineering requirements established in accordance with SLG 201 are valid for Switzerland. © Relux Informatik AG. and the fields will switch from green to red. so that the context menu opens. then no values will be shown on the right. clicking on it with the right mouse button. 6 LUMINAIRES 6. It is also possible to proceed via the standard route for selecting a luminaire. 17. You should then select the New luminaire row option.2010 . it is necessary for at least one row of luminaires to have been positioned.03. Other standards apply in other countries.1 Selecting the luminaires Prior to the calculation. When this option is activated in the project for the first time. Fig. 20: Establishing the tunnel class as per SLG 201 If inadmissible parameters (an excessively low or excessively high speed) are entered.LUMINAIRES 11/38 Fig. the Product selection window for the selection of a luminaire type will automatically open.
17. you can then open the Modify luminaire window where you can change the desired data (e. Fig.2010 . click on the luminaires to be modified. it is important for the lamps read in to display different luminous fluxes in line with the lamp employed. In the standard case. the lamp type. 24: Modify luminaire © Relux Informatik AG. After the change has been made. and. You should next click on the Modify type button.03. you can select the Individual luminaire tab in order to import individual Eulumdat files. lamp power. luminous flux and installed power). there will be a light distribution curve for each luminaire/lamp type. Digital light distribution curves from a wide range of manufacturers can then be imported in a highly flexible manner.LUMINAIRES 12/38 Figs. in the Product selection window. 23: Positioning a new luminaire row (left) and adding luminaires (right) Note: In the Product selection window. If you only have one light distribution curve and wish to use this with different lamps. then you must read in this light distribution curve as often as required. the luminiare name and number.g. 22. which you can read in. ReluxTunnel.
while the Interior button will allocate a luminaire to interior lighting. Fig.LUMINAIRES 13/38 After entering one or more luminaires in the project. you should close the luminaire selection. Each luminaire type can only be used once. The order in which the luminaires are entered does not matter. The Delete button is used to cancel the allocation. ReluxTunnel. you can press the Select luminaires button to go directly to the Product selection window and read in new luminaire types. In the Alternative equipment dialog. If you see that certain luminaire types are still missing. The Adaptation button can be used to allocate a luminaire type to the adaptation lighting.2010 . since this will be reconfigured automatically on the basis of the luminous flux each time the Options window is closed and opened. all the luminaires can be allocated the same maintenance factor. The Options window will then open automatically. Under Unused luminaires you can see all the luminaire types that have been read in and not allocated. At a subsequent point in time. the maintenance factor for each luminaire can also be specified separately. and the luminaire type will appear under Unused luminaires again. it is possible to classify the luminaire types that have been read in as adaptation or interior lighting. 25: Three allocated luminaire types and two non-allocated luminaire types It is possible to make more than one entry in each field. © Relux Informatik AG. In the Maintenance factor input field. you can also open this window directly in the Tunnel bar by means of the icon. 17. Here you have the opportunity to define alternative equipment and different regulating steps. By using the individual button.03.
or when the regulating steps dialog is opened for the Configure luminaire controlling window will appear automatically. or you can enter individual values in the field. ReluxTunnel.LUMINAIRES 14/38 6. Relux Tunnel currently supports three control types. © Relux Informatik AG.2 Regulating steps After selecting first time. as a function of what has been specified (100%. 26: Specifying the regulating steps and control groups After the desired parameters have been entered. you can specify the luminous fluxes of the luminaires for the individual regulating steps.2010 . you should close the window with the OK button. 27: Specifying the regulating steps Here. select the kind of control and the number of regulating steps for the interior lighting. since not relevant for the calculation) Fig. you can adaptation and the luminaires. Switch (On/Off) Switch (On/50%/Off) Free dimming (cannot be selected. The Options window with the Regulating steps dialog will then open. Fig. 50% or off). the Here.03. 17.
the window is closed with the OK button. 29: Determining the luminous flux in line with the specified value (left) or individually (right) The particular regulating step to be calculated is determined by placing a tick in the Calculate line. Fig. You will see which luminaire type in a control group is mounted at which point from the “Luminaire list” once the calculation has been performed. and a row of luminaires will be placed automatically. This will be shown as Group 1 in the Scene bar and also in the Tunnel bar and will additionally be visible on the floor plan or in the 3D view. 28. Note: A control group can contain different types of luminaire. 30: Luminaire list and control groups © Relux Informatik AG. icon can be used to open the Options window At a subsequent point in time. ReluxTunnel. 17.2010 .03. the and the Regulating steps dialog directly in the Tunnel bar. You can use the Configure button to open the Configure luminaire controlling window. Once the desired parameters have been entered.LUMINAIRES 15/38 Figs.
.LUMINAIRES 16/38 6.2010 . the luminous flux and hence the luminance level is reduced by 25%.3 Control group strategies The combination of switching type and number of control groups gives rise to a “natural” number of regulating steps in the entrance zone. The automatic positioning arranges the luminaires in clusters in accordance with their control group.. In order to achieve the regulating steps.2-X|2-X..... At the lowest step....... for example.. half the luminaires in a cluster are switched off.. With the On/Off strategy and four control groups... In our example.X-X|X-X. which now corresponds to a luminance level of 50%-25%. The number of regulating steps similarly corresponds to the number of control groups... but since provision is made for an intermediate step........ After this.. The number of regulating steps is identical to the number of control groups..... © Relux Informatik AG. 17...... Since the overall length of the adaptation zone is reduced when the entrance level is reduced.. each time a group is switched off...1-1-1-1 S2 = 75% 4-2-3-X|4-2-3-X|4-2-3-X...2-3-X|2-3-X.2-1|2-1.2-3-1|2-3-1.... only the luminaires in Group 4 are still switched on. Switch ON /50%/ OFF This arrangement is identical to “Switch ON/OFF”. there are twice as many possible regulating steps as control groups.. Dim 50% It is assumed here that the luminance levels of between 100% and 50% are achieved through dimming.X-X-X-X The individual switching strategies: Switch ON / OFF See above..03.X-3-X|X-3-X..X-X-X|X-X-X. The overall picture is then as follows: S1 = 100% 4-2-3-1|4-2-3-1|4-2-3-1..X-X|X-X. the control groups are switched off one after the other. no luminaires from the higher-number group may be placed in the rear section of the tunnel. ReluxTunnel.... and the remaining luminaires are dimmed in the 100%-50% range again. For example: On/Off strategy with four control groups 4-2-3-1|4-2-3-1|4-2-3-1.X-X-X-X S3 = 50% 4-X-3-X|4-X-3-X|4-X-3-X.X-X-X-X S4 = 25% 4-X-X-X|4-X-X-X|4-X-X-X. it is possible to implement four regulating steps....
...X|X In this case. which now corresponds to a luminance level of ~30%-~10%.. S1 = 100% 3-1-2-1 | 3-1-2-1|3-1-2-1.. As a result.. the maximum cluster width and hence the number of control groups is generally limited.2-X|2-X...5% of the initial luminance level. The number of regulating steps similarly corresonds to the number of control groups.2-X-X|2-X-X..X|X Note: The maximum distances for the highest control group at the start of the tunnel are limited by the uniformity required at the lowest regulating step. the user must make sure that the prescribed uniformities and required levels are achieved and must monitor these.. 17. however. The “width” of the clusters is now 3(n-1) (n= number of control groups) For example: with three control groups.......1|1 S2 = 30% 3-X-X-2-X-X-2-X-X | 3-X-X-2-X-X-2-X-X|. Dim 30% It is assumed here that the luminance levels between 100% and ~30% are achieved by dimming.. Independently of this.........X-X-X|X-X-X..LUMINAIRES 17/38 The “width” of the clusters...2-1|2-1.X|X S3 = 10% 3-X-X-X-X-X-X-X-X | 3-X-X-X-X-X-X-X-X|.2010 . etc. The automatic positioning facility cannot guarantee this. S1 = 100% 3-1-1-2-1-1-2-1-1 | 3-1-1-2-1-1-2-1-1|.X|X S3 = 25% 3-X-X-X | 3-X-X-X|3-X-X-X. it is possible to achieve the 50% and 25% levels by switching.....2-1-1|2-1-1.. is now 2(n-1) (n= number of control groups) For example: with three control groups.... Note: The patterns listed here are used as defaults by the program and provided with the appropriate support for “Automatic positioning”... 2/3 of the luminaires in a cluster are switched off and the remaining luminaires dimmed in the 100%-30% range... it is possible to switch down to levels of 30% and 10%.... and it may be necessary to position an additional row.. ReluxTunnel.X-X|X-X.1|1 S2 = 50% 3-X-2-X | 3-X-2-X|3-X-2-X.. it is now possible to dim down to 12. the user can set up additional regulating steps in the dialog or adjust the intermediate values through individual dimming settings for each regulating step. Please also note the specifications concerning the “Maximum distance between luminaires” for automatic positioning... Note: At all events. © Relux Informatik AG. After this.03..
The parameters will then be shown in the Tunnel bar. in the case of a tunnel with two-way traffic where a Relux calculation is conducted for each tunnel portal.4 Positioning the luminaires 18/38 Once you have generated a row of luminaires. 17. you can allocate the row of luminaires to interior or adaptation lighting. The list normal option means that the selected row of luminaires is listed in the luminaire part list. If a luminaire row is generated together with a number of other rows.LUMINAIRES 6. 31: Allocating the luminaire type to interior or adaptation lighting It is also possible to specify the luminaire coordinates and orientation angle. © Relux Informatik AG. Since the interior luminaires are taken into account for both calculations. for example.03. you must mark the corresponding row of luminaires in the Scene bar. the number of luminaire rows. The already listed option means that the selected row of luminaires is not listed. the row of luminaires will be continued up to the end of the tunnel with the specified spacing of Delta. Fig. For this reason. they would be included in both luminaire part lists for the Relux projects and thus give an incorrect overall number of luminaires for the interior luminaires. these rows will automatically be synchronised (if the luminaire type or the coordinates are modified. the distance between luminaires and the number of luminaires. the interior luminaires in the second Relux project will be defined with the already listed option. ReluxTunnel. Note: If a value of -1 is entered in the Number input field.2010 . where you can change them. for example). Two options are available in the In part list input field. In the Illuminance type input field. This option is used. it is possible to set the basic parameters for this row. To do this.
If four luminaire types have been specified for the adaptation lighting. 17. 35: A displacement of 2 m is entered (left). you should click to the left of the number of the first line to be marked and then mark further luminaires by simultaneously pressing the Ctrl key and making further clicks with the left mouse button. the distance (delta) from the preceding luminaire. 33: List view of the row of luminaires In the list view. to the last line that you wish to mark. the luminaire row will be shown in a list with details of the x-coordinate (distance from the tunnel portal). you should click to the left of the luminaire number on the first line to be marked.2010 . then the specified luminaire type can be replaced by one of the other three luminaire types. The x-coordinate and the distance from the preceding luminaire can be changed by entering individual values. has been specified for the interior lighting. then it will not be possible to make any change. To mark an area. keep the left mouse button pressed and then move down. © Relux Informatik AG. If a luminaire is to be moved by a specific value.LUMINAIRES Fig. 32: Compiling a row of luminaires for the whole tunnel 19/38 If you click on the icon in the menu bar. you can make manual changes to all the listed parameters for each individual luminaire.03. it is also possible to position the cursor at the extreme right of the input field and then enter a plus or minus sign and the desired distance by which the luminaire is to be moved. for instance. 34. To mark several sections. The program will then calculate the new value automatically. ReluxTunnel. Figs. If only one control group or one luminaire type. To do this. You can change back to the preceding view with the icon. Fig. and the automatically calculated new value then displayed (right) It is only possible to change the control group and the luminaire power/luminous flux of the lamp if there are other options for these. with the mouse. It is also possible to change several luminaires at one and the same time. the control group and the luminaire power/luminous flux of the lamp. the desired input fields must be marked. for example.
and this will then be adopted automatically for all the other input fields that are marked.2010 . If you wish to change the values in the input fields for more than one luminaire.5 Extended function: Reverse row In the case of tunnels with two-way traffic. press the Ctrl key and simultaneously click on the input field that is to be changed. In the Extended functions dialog. maintaining identical distances from this second tunnel portal.LUMINAIRES 20/38 Figs. 37: Marking one area (left) and several areas (right) When you have selected one or more luminaires. the row of luminaires for the adaptation lighting can be duplicated. The icon activates move mode. at the same time. you can then use the Reverse row button to rotate the luminaires in a row of luminaires by 180° and move them to the other tunnel portal. it is possible for these to be so short that the transition zones of the two portals overlap in the centre of the tunnel. If both portals are to be illuminated in the same manner. all the subsequent luminaires will be similarly moved by the same amount. 6. you should press on the icon to open the Options window.03. With the icon. You have to click on the icon again to end the move mode. You can then enter the new value. Figs. 38. 36. You should mark the first luminaire to be moved and change its x-position and then. The extended function of Reverse row is provided to ensure that this middle zone can be calculated rapidly. you must mark the desired lines in the manner set out above. ReluxTunnel. you can enter a copy of a selected luminaire. 17. © Relux Informatik AG. After this. you can delete the luminaire that you have selected. you can use the following icons. 39: Marking more than one input field (left) and changing the values (right) The options for automatic positioning are described in the Calculation chapter. With the icon.
17.2010 . 40: The Options window with the Extended functions dialog © Relux Informatik AG.LUMINAIRES 21/38 Fig.03. ReluxTunnel.
In the Excel Import dialog. Alongside the x-coordinates.7 Importing a TUNLIGHT2-XML file In an empty Relux tunnel project (i. To do this. The Preview section on the right shows which data is being adopted. © Relux Informatik AG.03. Fig. ReluxTunnel.2010 . 41: Options window and Excel Import dialog 6. one into which no luminaires have so far been read in) you should go to the Tunnel bar and press the icon to start the Öffnen [Open] window.LUMINAIRES 22/38 6. it is necessary to select the Excel file and specify the worksheet and rows/columns in which the data is located. You should then select an XML file and press the Öffnen button to have the project data imported into the program. you can import a luminaire list in the form of an Excel table.6 Importing an EXCEL luminaire list You should press on the icon to open the Options window.e. 17. You should then press the Assume data button to import the data into the program. it is also possible to import the control groups.
ReluxTunnel. Fig. These calculations are © Relux Informatik AG. 43: Automatically-created measurement ranges The Adaptation measurement range takes the whole adaptation section into account. it does not make sense to calculate a mean value or overall and longitudinal uniformities. and since changeable luminances occur in this area.2010 .03.CALCULATION 23/38 Fig. position. it is not necessary to position any measurement ranges to calculate the relevant lighting engineering variables. calculated values and observer principle.1 Measurement ranges Prior to the calculation. 42: Importing a Tunlight2-XML file 7 CALCULATION If at least one luminaire row has been positioned. since the three measurement ranges of Adaptation. Entrance and Interior are created automatically during the first calculation. The three measurement ranges differ on the basis of the length. 17. there are two possible ways of starting a lighting calculation: the the icon will position luminaires automatically and then start the calculation icon will calculate the existing lighting situation 7.
which means that it makes sense to calculate a mean value and the overall and longitudinal uniformity. The observer always looks at the point being calculated at an angle of 1°. In addition. With an observer height of 1. while the Interior measurement range covers part of the interior zone. Always create new and Correct length and X-Position. the starting point. so that the context menu opens. they remain fixed for each calculation. the observer is located 60 m away from the measurement range. In the Moving observer input field. the length of the measurement range and the number of calculation points can also be increased). The Entrance measurement range takes part of threshold zone 1 into account. 44: Creating a new measurement range You can then enter the name. an observer is placed on the middle of each lane. The Manual option means that the observer can be positioned as required. of Manual.03. the length. The Always create new option means that all the parameters will be adapted to the new requirements for each new calculation (e. i.e. i.5 m. the position of the measurement range is similarly specified anew each time there is any change in the luminaire positions. you have the options of Manual. this gives a distance of approx. the observer always looks at the point being calculated at an angle of 1°. Since the position of the measurement ranges depends on the position of the luminaires.g. you should go to the Scene bar and click on the Room structure option with the right mouse button. ReluxTunnel. With the Each lane option. this gives a fixed distance of approx. © Relux Informatik AG. the principle of a fixed observer is employed. The Manual option means that once parameters have been entered. in the Actualization [Update] field. in other words.5 m. 86 m. the principle of a moving observer is adopted.e. Each lane and Just right lane.CALCULATION 24/38 thus not performed or output. but the number of calculation points will remain the same. In the case of the calculation specifications. To do this. with an increased distance between the luminaires. These calculations are thus performed and the values output. 86 m from the calculation point. The No option means that the principle of a fixed observer is adopted. the observer moves with the calculation points. you have the options. You should select the New measurement range option. the observer is positioned 60 m from the measurement range. The Just right lane option means that an observer is only positioned in the middle of the right lane. With an observer height of 1. In other words.2010 . In the Observer input field. 17. the options of Yes and No are available. In addition. The Yes option means that the principle of a moving observer is adopted. the number of calculation points and the calculation specifications. The Correct length and X-Position option means that the length and position of the measurement range will be aligned. It is also possible to compile your own measurement ranges. Constant luminances occur in these two areas. Fig.
17. Fig. You first position the luminaires for the interior lighting. icon. 46: Tunnel automatic placement window © Relux Informatik AG. ReluxTunnel. the program attempts to find ideal luminaire positions on the basis of the specified parameters and standards.2010 .03.2 Automatic positioning of interior lighting icon is used to position luminaires automatically and then start the calculation.CALCULATION 25/38 Fig. 45: Parameters for a user-defined measurement range 7. The In this mode. After clicking on the the Tunnel automatic placement window will open.
Note: light distribution curves can be measured in different ways.03. until all the lighting engineering requirements are met. This can lead to a different luminaire orientation in the program which. Figs. 17. To do this. For this reason. 47. orientation. All the other input fields are only of relevance for optimising the entrance lighting. in the 3D view. © Relux Informatik AG. further optimisation can be performed on this luminaire row. 7. you can duplicate the existing luminaire group 1 by clicking on the right mouse button. in turn.2010 . You can also open the Room structure context menu by means of a right mouse click and then select the New luminaire row option. can lead to incorrect results. Once the new row of luminaires has been positioned. you can check this with the you can check it in the context menu by means of the Wire frame view option. you must go to the Tunnel bar and the Illuminance type input field and allocate the luminaires to the Adaptation option. ReluxTunnel. In this way. it is important to always check for the correct luminaire icon. In the 3D LDC view.CALCULATION 26/38 You must place a tick in the box next to Interior lighting. 48: Luminaire orientation for interior lighting (left) and counter-beam lighting (right) Once the interior lighting has been automatically positioned. In the last line entitled Position rounding you can also specify how accurately (in mm) the luminaires are to be positioned in respect of the x-coordinates. the only luminaire types used for the calculation will be those specified as adaptation luminaires in the Alternative equipment dialog. either in Tunnel automatic placement mode again or manually. you should generate a new row of luminaires for the entrance lighting. opening the context menu and selecting the Duplicate option.3 Automatic positioning of entrance lighting Once you have completed the interior lighting.
2010 . In the Actualization [Update] input field. Fig. With the Continued option. This is the option that is © Relux Informatik AG. This must have a tick in the box next to Entrance lighting. 51: Tunnel automatic placement window for entrance lighting You can enter a large number of settings for the automatic positioning of the entrance lighting. ReluxTunnel.CALCULATION 27/38 Figs. there are three options. the luminaires are arranged in such a way that the CIE luminance curve is attained in an optimum manner as far as possible. 50: Generating a new row of luminaires (left) and allocating these to the Adaptation luminaire type (right) icon. 17. the Tunnel automatic placement After clicking in the Tunnel bar on the window will open. The tick in the box next to Interior lighting is then removed. 49.03.
Note: The maximum distance between luminaires has an influence on the uniformity of the lighting and the number of luminaires and must therefore be chosen very carefully. 17.2010 .Delta (right) The Step factor input field should only be used if the As stages option has been selected in the Aktualization [Update] input field. This option should thus only be used for special cases. 54. 52. in line with the luminous flux of the lamp. The As stages option arranges the luminaires in such a way that the CIE luminance curve is replicated in stages. The Linear option allows the otherwise blocked input fields (grey) of Test luminance (linear) and Luminaire type to be selected. In this way. for example. the luminance curve comes close to the CIE luminance curve. it is possible to establish the spacing between luminaires that is necessary to achieve a specific roadway luminance with the selected luminaire type. This requires a higher lamp power. With a step factor of 1. 55: Luminance curve with the As stages option: step factor = 1 (left) and step factor = 3 (right) The Maximum luminaire distance input field is used to specify the maximum possible distance between the luminaires of an individual control group that will ensure that sufficiently uniform lighting is still achieved. Figs.03. © Relux Informatik AG. If this value is exceeded during automatic positioning. Figs. the program will automatically switch to the next smallest lamp power and shorten the distance between the luminaires again. 53: The Linear option (left) and the calculated luminaire spacing . the luminance curve is considerably higher than the CIE luminance curve.CALCULATION 28/38 normally used. ReluxTunnel. and the step shape of the luminance curve is clear to see. You can select the maximum distance between luminaires with the Linear option. With a maximum admissible step factor of 3.
you should perform a calculation with the No option. the luminance curve can be moved to the right so as to ensure that the target curve is attained. The Hold the initial luminaire distance input field offers two options. Figs. If this has been calculated but the back section of the luminance curve (threshold zone 2 and transition zone) is not yet optimum. luminaire dist.1 (right) In the Factor luminance input field. This will depend on the size of the luminaire and any intermediate space that may be necessary between two luminaires. In the Factor length input field. input field is used to specify the minimum distance that is possible between luminaires. 56. at the beginning input field. you can run through a calculation with the Yes option and hence fix the luminaire spacing in threshold zone 1 and only recalculate the back section. This value will only be taken into account if the Yes option has been selected in the Hold the initial luminaire distance input field. If you only wish to correct the back section of the luminance curve (threshold zone 2 and transition zone) you must select the Yes option in the Hold the initial luminaire distance input field and enter a previously determined value in the Luminaire dist. ReluxTunnel. 57: Luminance curve with a length adaptation factor = 1 (left) and a length adaptation factor = 1 . In the Luminaire dist. you can shift the luminance curve upwards so as to ensure that the target curve is attained.03. you can enter the luminaire spacing for threshold zone 1.2010 . at the beginning input field. First of all. If you only wish to correct the back section of the luminance curve (threshold zone 2 and transition zone). at the beginning input field.CALCULATION 29/38 The Min. © Relux Informatik AG. 17. you must select the Yes option in the Hold the initial luminaire distance input field and enter a previously determined value in the Luminaire dist. so as to achieve an optimum distance between luminaires for threshold zone 1 with a constant luminance level. It must be re-entered prior to each new calculation.
With 3 control groups in the adaptation zone this can be as follows. it can happen that the highest lamp power (e. In threshold zone 2 and the transition zone. etc. the program will switch to the luminaire with the lower luminous flux.1 (right) In the Position rounding input field. either using © Relux Informatik AG. If the maximum possible distance between luminaires is exceeded. Once all the input fields in the Tunnel automatic placement input field have been selected. 60. 17. with a constant spacing between luminaires. The luminaires are allocated to the corresponding control groups as a function of the number of regulating steps and groups. you can specify how accurately (in mm) the luminaires are to be positioned in respect of the x-coordinates. since this would mean that the maximum possible distance between luminaires was exceeded. 58.03.2010 . you can start the calculation with the Place button.g. Figs. further corrections can be made after the automatic positioning and calculation has been performed. for example: 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1 3 2 1……. the luminance level is reduced by increasing the distance between the luminaires. After the calculation. Note: With a low luminance level. ReluxTunnel. 59: Luminance curve with a luminance adaptation factor = 1 (left) and a luminance adaptation factor = 1 . you can look at the luminaire list in the Tunnel bar. 61: Luminaire list for 3 control groups (left) and 4 control groups (right) Depending on the lighting engineering results obtained.CALCULATION 30/38 Figs.2 1 2 1 1 1 1 400 W) cannot be used. The program places the luminaires with the highest light flux at the start of the tunnel for threshold zone 1.
The full range of outputs for the tunnel are available in the Output bar. 7. 17. ReluxTunnel. Note: Whenever an output window is open.4 Normal calculation The existing lighting situation is calculated with the icon. This contains a summary of all the calculated measurement ranges with all the relevant lighting engineering results. You can then make different adjustment to the outputs here.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 31/38 the Tunnel automatic placement mode again. you can open the Properties window The icon is used to show a results overview for each regulating step calculated. Note: With luminaire arrangements where interior and adaptation luminaires are 8 OUTPUT OF RESULTS 8. these luminaires must be moved in the x-direction. it is necessary to make sure. or with the right mouse button and the context menu. or by making manual corrections to the luminaire arrangement. that the luminaires do not collide with each other. you can select the most important lighting engineering results for all the measurement ranges in the Outputs symbol bar and have these displayed.2010 . This calculation mode makes sense if you have made manual changes and these are not to be overwritten by the Tunnel automatic placement mode.03. positioned on the same axes (y-coordinate). once all the luminaires have been placed. © Relux Informatik AG. with the ALT-ENTER key combination.1 Screen Once the calculation has been performed. In the event of a collision.
2010 . 17.03. ReluxTunnel.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 32/38 Fig. you can use the ALT-ENTER key combination to open the Properties window. You can now select with a tick which lighting engineering values are to be specified. Fig. 62: Results overview When the results overview is open. © Relux Informatik AG. 63: Properties window in the results overview icon is used to output the calculated illuminances and luminances in table form The for all the regulating steps that have been calculated.
03. 17.2010 . ReluxTunnel. © Relux Informatik AG. 64: Results table You can use the icon to have the luminance curve shown on a graph for each regulating step calculated.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 33/38 Fig. The red curve is the target curve and the blue curve the actual curve.
It is also possible to have all the luminance curves of the calculated regulating steps shown on a diagram. © Relux Informatik AG. You can also have the curve displayed in such a way that it starts just before the measurement range at the tunnel entrance.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 34/38 Fig. such as having the curve displayed on a logarithmic scale. 65: Luminance curve When the luminance curve is displayed.03. Deviations between actual curves and target curves can be shown in colour (with green signifying above the target curve and red below it).2010 . you can use the ALT-ENTER key combination to open the Properties window. ReluxTunnel. You can now make various adjustments to the output. 17.
Fig. 67: Display in pseudo colours Further outputs on the tunnel are available in the Output bar. ReluxTunnel. 66: Properties window of the luminance curve icon is used for outputting the calculated illuminances and luminances for all The the regulating steps that have been calculated.03. on a diagram with pseudo colours.2010 . 17.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 35/38 Fig. © Relux Informatik AG.
17. the luminaires that have been read in and must be checked there to ensure that it is correct. The luminaire list contains the xcoordinates.03. Details are included of the luminaire types used.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 36/38 Under the project data. all the data is given separately for the adaptation and interior zones and for the individual row of luminaires.2010 . the overall number of luminaires. 68: Output of the project data In the luminaire list. ReluxTunnel. the data on the tunnel geometry and the calculation specifications are shown. Fig. the control group and the luminous fluxes in the individual regulating steps for all the luminaires. Note: The calculated system power is based on the data for the installed power of © Relux Informatik AG. the system power and the flicker frequency (only with a constant luminaire spacing). the lamp luminous flux. the power step.
17.03. ReluxTunnel.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 37/38 Fig. 69: Output of the luminaire list © Relux Informatik AG.2010 .
and Java must be installed on the computer. To do this. You can then select the The pages that are to be printed in the same way as in the Relux program to date. you need to be connected up to the internet.3 Export You can save the luminaire list as an XLS file with File – Export –Excel list…. 17.2 Printer icon is used to open the Print manager window. 70: Print manager 8.2010 . After entering a file name and activating the Speichern [Save] button. You can export the Relux calculation as an XML file for the tunnel calculation program with File – Export – Scene as TunLight XML…. the TunLight tunnel calculation program will open automatically. © Relux Informatik AG.03. Fig.OUTPUT OF RESULTS 38/38 8. ReluxTunnel.
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