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Judo Elements,Shin Gi Tai

Judo Elements,Shin Gi Tai


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Published by Ronald
An expose of the 3 judo dimensions. Mind-boby-technique which are the foundation of judo training on the mats and into life. Applications in various combat situations and battlegrounds.
An expose of the 3 judo dimensions. Mind-boby-technique which are the foundation of judo training on the mats and into life. Applications in various combat situations and battlegrounds.

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Published by: Ronald on May 11, 2009
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Act instantly, for each moment has its own eternity”

Tao meditation

While performing in randori and living your life, you will observe that everything around
you is in a state of change and that you have to keep active. There is no dead time. The
only stable condition is in the change itself. You have to keep moving unless you want to
be buried under. Randori offers you a chance to study movement in action and initiate
things. This microscopic view can later be beneficial when making changes to your life
style. Why not become the initiator of change within your environment?

There is no procrastination in Randori. Likewise, in life, there is no need to anchor your
thoughts in the past. You have limited time and it is only right that you take maximum
advantage of every opportunity. You will be more fortunate if you accept the flow of
change and be in harmony with it. All the learned judo doctrine and experience gained
should serve you in your next steps towards the pursuit of your goals. Seek out the truth;
listen, observe, absorb, discuss, challenge and refine what you hear, see, smell and fell.
Make it a point to fight for your belief and get completely involved in your actions. With
such an attitude, you should be able to adjust to combat situations whether on the tatami
or outside. You are not invincible; acknowledge that mistakes will be made en route but
you must stand for your grounds and beliefs. You are bound to make incremental
improvements with every action.

Sensei Novovitch Michel 8th

dan and a renowned international teacher referred to randori

in his book, Zero Gravity, as such:18

It is the moment of integral effort. Judoka attempt by using their best
technique, their physical strength, their speed, their ability to take advantage
of opportunities, to throw or control the opponent
.” He also reinforced that:
one can reap all the benefits from a lifetime of judo practice without once
practicing shiai. It is in the randori that the judoka is really measured, as it
is here that he measures himself.”

We are limited by time and space to explain in details the various judo techniques and
weapons. We have chosen a few examples that will be addressed in a later chapter. This
limited arsenal will be useful when facing an opponent or a difficult situation. There are
two possibilities: to engage or to flee. Whatever action you decide upon, it must be
guided by both the intelligent use of energy and experience. You are at a crossroad; what
you have learned from others needs to be tested and your action be just.


Novovitch Michel, Judo Zero Gravity, Publiday Multidia, Casablanca, Moroco, 2003

Shin-Gi-Tai : Judo’s Arsenal by Ronald Désormeaux



Of course, you may decide to withdraw from the situation if you can and hope to be able
to return to it later. You may easily be assailed or overwhelmed by the event and may not
have an opportunity to return to face the same reality under the same conditions. You
may think that waiting for more favourable conditions may appear to be a waste of time
and energy but in certain circumstances, it may be the only way to survive. The important
thing is to make a quick decision and withdraw from the danger zone.

On the other hand, should you think that the time has come to go into action and take the
initiative in order to address the issue, impose your will and control the situation; you will
have to act promptly and make intelligent use of all your powers. If well prepared, there
is a chance that you will win but be forewarned that at times, you may loose a bout
against superior circumstances or opponents.

Whatever action you decide upon, make the best use of your weapons and leave no
residues of destruction, resentment or untidiness. You must do what you believe is
correct at the time and place. You should have no doubt as to your capacity to confront or
withdraw and have no regrets for doing it. If your weapons are used incorrectly, at the
wrong time and inappropriately, you will face greater danger of loosing your superiority.
You need to be in harmony with the prevailing conditions.

In a judo contest, this harmony (wa) is referred to the combination of mind-technique and
body (Shin-Gi-Tai) displayed by both opponents.

Now, let us review the principal phases which will occur when trying to obtain the

“Crawl to begin, triumph to complete and renounce to leave”

Tao meditation

First, there is the Kuzushi phase. The decision to proceed with the initiative is formulated
in your mind as a result of captured signals from the opponent and the space between
both of you and your state of readiness. With this information clearly visible in your mind,
you quickly evaluate the opponent’s distance, the gestures and his physical presence. You
make the decision to use his lack of equilibrium or employ your own contact points on
him with the arms, the legs or torso to encourage his displacement in a given direction to
a far away point where he his fully committed and where he will jeopardize his balance.

The second phase called the tsukuri is your approach or closing in. You should make
maximum use of the distance and timing necessary to attain your target. You move your
own body in the best possible stance to maximize its powers, as such you may choose to
increase or shorten the distance that separate you from the opponent, by lowering your
centre of gravity, leaning forward or backward, making use of your abdominal region to
guide the introduction of your hip and legs closer to the target for their eventual use as
support or leverage.

Shin-Gi-Tai : Judo’s Arsenal by Ronald Désormeaux



The third segment of the attack is the kake. You have gained sufficient momentum in
your move and have singled out a target area. You dare to launch your favourite
technique in the zone with sufficient speed and a solid contact. The opponent is soon in
the air or completely off balance. The precision of your entry and the impact of your
contact make him fall in front, behind or beside you in a controlled manner until there is a

Sensei Novovitch performing randori and establishing distance for tsukuri

Taking the initiative or going on the offensive, as it is frequently called, is nothing less
than unifying all your power into a harmonious process. Your intention either coming
from your perception of sensory signals or as a result of your intuition of the threat
evaluation will transmit the command to your body in order to respond. You are thus
acting naturally to meet the elements of the circumstance.

The Russian coach Moshanov Andrew recommended in his book: Judo from a Russian

that in all three combat situations of attack, defense and withdrawal, the
judoka must make use of all opportunities by using correctly his total body weight to
accomplish the kuzushi, the tsukuri and the kake. He noted:” Nowadays, one can win
regardless of the technical superiority of one’s opponent by nullifying every situation in a
contest which could have been used by the opponent.”

To dominate the contest, you not only need to be in great physical and mental form, you
need to steal the initiative from the opponent and play the game on your own terms.
Both on the tatami and in real life, you need to stay true to yourself. To win, you need to
be more intelligent, aggressive, combatant and more determined than others without
displaying outrageous and excessive actions that could place you out of control.


Moshanov Andrew, Judo from a Russian Perspective, Ippa Verlag, Stuttgart, Germany, 2004

Shin-Gi-Tai : Judo’s Arsenal by Ronald Désormeaux



All your actions need to be accomplished naturally. You first have to get to the battle
ground or at the opponent; as such you need to know who you are and who you are about
to confront. You need to be focussed. Your approach requires finesse, different patterns,
foot work, rhythm, speed and precision. Your mind-technique-body elements need to be
united with the opponent’s intentions and displacements.

By mastering MA-AI, the engagement distance, you need to keep your own physical
balance and your mind set on the “ready button”. Do not let go until you have scored
your IPPON. Let your kinaesthetic orientation guide you in obtaining true harmony with
your opponent and with other environmental conditions so that you are able to make
transitional techniques and combinations with ease.

Five mental steps have been identified as being associated with the development of a
kinaesthetic activity by the physiologist Abeele J.Vanden 20

, and which can be used in

randori training, they are:

1. You elaborate the thought of it taking place in your mind.

2. That information is transmitted to your nerve centre.

3. You activate the thought by experimenting or doing it first.

4. When tried again, you make dynamic synthesis of it.

5. With repetition, it becomes déjà vu or automated process.

In your planned randori period you should be at liberty to work on improving different
facets of your skills. First work on you technical improvements in order to be able to
develop tokui waza that you can place at will. Try to improve on your use of the free
space separating you from the opponent and make better use of the space you need to
mount your definite attack or kake. Work hard to link your techniques together with
combinations, counters, and surprises. Develop the liberty to move in all direction and at
different speeds.

When doing rearward or frontal techniques try to make greater use of your body weight
while analysing what is happening with your feet, hips, torso and arms. Do not restrict
yourself to one kumi-kata but be flexible and try to impose your rhythm whenever you
can. Do not forget to practice your abilities to read the opponent’s signs and act

You should reflect upon the above advice and practice as many of them whenever you


Abeele V, Théorie d’Analyse du Mouvement, PEP. Licence Paper, France, 1966

Shin-Gi-Tai : Judo’s Arsenal by Ronald Désormeaux



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