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Different Types of Silk Fiber

Types of Silk Rakibul Islam Khan Department of Textile Engineering Ahsanullah University of Science & Technology (AUST ) Email: pl_20in@hotmail.com

Silk: Silk is a natural protein f ibre, some f orms of which can be woven into textiles. A variety of silks, produced by caterpillars and mulberry silkworm, have been known and used in China, South Asia, and Europe since ancient times. T he strands of raw silk as they are unwound f rom the cocoon consist of the two silk f ilaments mixed with sericin and other materials. About 75 % of the strand is silk i.e. f ibroin and 23 % is sericin; the remaining materials consist of f at and wax (1.5 %) and mineral salts (0.5 %). As a natural protein f ibre silk has a signif icant attraction towards natural dyes. Types of Silk Raw silk: Silk f ibre as it comes f rom the cocoon is coated with a protective layer called silk gum, or sericin. T he silk gum is dull and stif f . Silk with all of its gum is termed raw silk. Tussah silk: Silk made f rom wild silkworms is called tussah silk. T he natural color of tussah silk is usually not white, but shades of pale beige, brown and grey. It is usually coarser than cultivated silk. Bombyxmori silk: It is also known as mulberry silk which is produced by domesticated silkworm raised on diet of mulberry leaves almost exclusively sof ter, f iner and more lustrous than tussah silk. T his silk produces shades of white product. Reeled silk or T hrown silk: It is term f or silk f ibre that is unwound f rom the silkworm cocoon. It is the most f ine silk, the f ibres are very long, shiny and of great strength. Spun silk: Silk made f rom broken cocoon (f rom which the moths have already emerged) and short f ibres, f eels more like cotton. Weighted silk: When yarns are prepared f or weaving, the skeins of yarn are boiled in a soap solution to remove the natural silk gum or sericin. T he silk may lose f rom 20 to 30 percent of its original weight as a result of boiling. As silk has a great af f inity f or metallic salts such as those of tin and iron, the loss of weight is replaced through the absorption of metals. T hus a heavier f abric can be made at a lower price than that of pure silk, which is

Silk Fab ric

Raw s ilk

Tus s ah s ilk Bo mb yxmo ri s ilk Re e le d s ilk . silk containing no metallic weighting is called pure silk.e. Pure silk is exclusively sof t and possesses f ine luster. Pure silk: If the natural gum or sericin is removed from the silk and no f urther material is added to increase the weight of the f ibre.known as weighted silk. i.

Sp un s ilk We ig hte d s ilk Pure s ilk .

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