2011

NX8 DOCUMENTATION
SKETCHING

drive24ward MESLAB 11/5/2011

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

1

Sketching
Browse Categories
Sketch tutorials Sketch basics Creating and managing sketches Creating and editing geometry Creating dimensions Creating constraints

View a topic
What are you looking for in Sketching? Sketch overview Customizing the Sketch task environment Sketch menus quick reference Sketch video examples

1. What are you looking for in Sketching?
How do I?  > **Unsatisfied xref title**  > Quickly create a model with Direct Sketch  > Sketch on a plane  > Sketch on a path  > Reattach a sketch  > Fully constrain an ellipse  > Exit a sketch without saving changes Learn more about  > Direct sketching  > Direct Sketch and the Sketch task environment  > Continuous Auto Dimensioning  > Sketching in an assembly context  > Constraint tips

2. Sketch overview
A Sketch is a named set of 2D curves and points located on a specified plane or path. You can apply rules, in the form of geometric and dimensional constraints, to establish the criteria your design needs. Features created from a sketch are associated with it; if the sketch changes so do the features. You can use sketches to create:
  

The profile or typical sections of your design. Detailed part features by sweeping, extruding, or revolving a sketch into a solid or a sheet body. Large-scale 2D concept layouts with hundreds, or even thousands, of sketch curves. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

2

Construction geometry, such as a path of motion, or a clearance arc, that is not meant to define a part feature.

Sketch Constraints In a sketch you can fully capture your design intent through geometric and dimensional relationships as constraints. Use constraints to create parameter-driven designs that you can update easily and predictably. NX evaluates constraints as you work to ensure that they are complete and do not conflict. While it is not required, Siemens PLM Software recommends that you fully constrain sketches that define feature profiles. A sketch also offers you the flexibility to create as many, or as few, constraints as your design requires. That means you can use a sketch to create wireframe drawings that can serve a wide variety of up-front design purposes, and are not meant for down-stream processing. For example you might create 2D layout sketches for products such as digital cameras, printers, or other devices in which you focus on:
  

Product structure Component layout Basic component shape

Or you might create construction geometry including:
   

Area/volume restrictions in a part Range/arc of free motion Part labels or logos Layout of grille holes

Sketches like these typically require few, if any, constraints. Sketch in Place/Sketch on Path When you create a sketch, you can define its plane and orientation using one of two methods: Sketch in Place Sketch on an existing planar face, or on a new or existing sketch plane. Key considerations that will guide your selection are:
 

Does the sketch define the base feature for the part? If so, create the sketch on an appropriate datum plane or datum coordinate system. Is the sketch adding to an existing base feature? If so, select an existing datum plane or part face, or create a new datum plane with an appropriate relationship to existing datum planes or part geometry.

Sketch on Path This is a specialized type of constrained sketch that you use to create a profile for a Variational Sweep feature. You can also use Sketch on Path to position a sketch for features like Extrude and Revolve. For all commands, you select the target path and define a sketch plane location on that path. Note that you can use the Reattach command to easily switch a sketch from the Sketch in Place method to Sketch on Path.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

3

3. Sketch tutorials View a topic
Create a sketch and solid model quickly Sketch on a planar face Create tongue and groove type parts Create a dome-shaped part Create a base support

a) Create a sketch and solid model quickly

This tutorial shows you how to:
  

Create and extrude a sketch profile. Fully constrain the sketch. Edit the sketch directly.

1. Click New 2. Create a new Millimeters part based on the Model template. Enter profile as the part name. When you click OK, NX automatically starts the Modeling application.

3. Click Profile .

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

6. 5. When you see a dashed help line with an arrow. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Move your mouse above the line. 7.[NX8 HELP] . Click a screen position where the line is approximately 30mm long. A vertical line is created. A horizontal line is created. click a screen position where the line is approximately 40mm long. 4 Select the Point of the Datum Coordinate System. click a screen position where the line is approximately 30mm long.SKETCHING 4. Move your mouse to the right. When you see a dashed help line with an arrow.

The line end point is normal to the dotted help line. Select the Point of the Datum Coordinate System. 11. Move your mouse to the left above the coordinate system. Choose another command or click the middle mouse button to create the extrusion and finish the sketch. While the Direct Sketch toolbar is still active. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 5 When you see a dotted help line. 10.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 8. 9. click a screen position. click Extrude The sketch is fully constrained with automatic dimensions.

16. Select the vertical line. 13. Click Inferred Dimensions 14.[NX8 HELP] . 15. Click to place the dimension.SKETCHING 12. . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Type 50 and press Enter. 6 Double–click the sketch to edit it.

1. the sketch origin point is previewed at the nearest end point to which it will be constrained. The sketch is still fully constrained. As you move the cursor over the planar face. 17. This tutorial shows you how to create a sketch on a planar face and how to dynamically:   Select the Sketch: o Plane o Orientation o Origin Switch between Profile line mode and arc mode.[NX8 HELP] . Click Finish Sketch b) Sketch on a planar face . is drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . .SKETCHING Note:  7   The 30mm automatic dimensional constraint was replaced by the driving dimensional constraint. and origin. Make sure Create Inferred Constraints selected. Click the face to define the sketch plane. Click Profile 2. 3. orientation. The model updated as soon as you changed the sketch because you are editing the sketch directly.

Move your mouse to the left parallel to the first line. click. 8 Move your mouse to the right. 6. Drag to the right of the line to switch from line to arc creation mode. This will create a 180 degree arc that is tangent to the horizontal line.SKETCHING 4. click to create a horizontal line. When you see a dotted help line to the center point of the arc. click a position on the face to create a horizontal line. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . Move your mouse above the line. When you see a dashed help line with an arrow. When you see a dotted help line. 5. 7.

While the Direct Sketch toolbar is still active. Select the end point of the first line to complete the profile.[NX8 HELP] . 12. type 5. click Extrude . 11. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 10. You may need to click Reverse Direction to extrude the sketch into the solid. In the End on-screen input box.SKETCHING 8. Choose another command or click the middle mouse button to create the extrusion and finish the sketch. 9 Drag to the left of the line to switch from line to arc creation mode. 9.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Open on_path. You could use the same principles to create the mating part with a groove. Click here to download the part.SKETCHING 10 c) Create tongue and groove type parts This tutorial shows you how to sketch on a path and use the Variational Sweep command to create a part with a tongue. The mold for the tongue would be cut by a fixed-axis ball nose end mill with 2 degree draft.prt. Click Open .[NX8 HELP] . 1.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 3. This allows the sketch profile to follow the entire edge. All the top edges highlight because you chose the Tangent Curves Curve Rule. 5. . select On Path 4. Double-click the X axis to reverse its direction. select Tangent Curves.[NX8 HELP] . From the Type list. Select one of the edges to define the path. 11 Choose Insert→Sketch in Task Environment .SKETCHING 2. From the Curve Rule list. 6.

Click the middle mouse button to accept the path. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 11. Click Inferred Constraints and Dimensions .SKETCHING 12 This orients the sketch plane to match the normal front view of this part. select Automatic. 7. Select the Datum Axis. Make sure Continuous Auto Dimensioning is turned off. Clear all the constraint check boxes except Coincident and Midpoint. The plane orientation vector matches the machine tool axis that would mill the shape created by the variational sweep at the end of this tutorial. and click OK. In the Sketch Orientation group. 9. from the Orientation list. from the Method list. 10. 8.[NX8 HELP] . In the Plane Orientation group. select Parallel to Vector .

SKETCHING 12.[NX8 HELP] . 13 Use the Profile and the Line to create the curves. All the bottom edges highlight because you chose the Tangent Curves Curve Rule. select Tangent Curves. from the Curve Rule list. On the Selection toolbar. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Choose Insert→Curve from Curves→Intersection Point . 13. This allows the point to follow the entire edge. 14. 15. Select one of the bottom edges. commands Make sure the centerline is created between the midpoints of the two horizontal lines.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click Line 17. 18. . Right-click the line and choose Convert to Reference. This line will always be parallel to the outside face of the solid. All constraints will reference this line so that the tongue is a machinable feature. It is also parallel to the tool axis. Press Esc to exit the Line command.[NX8 HELP] . Select the Vertex of Datum On Path. 20. 19.SKETCHING 16. Click Make Symmetric . 14 Select the bottom Intersection Point.

is Select the centerline. 22. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Make sure Show All Constraints selected. Make sure the Make Reference check box is selected. 15 Select the two lines shown. 23.[NX8 HELP] . 25. Click Constraints 26. Select the middle line for the Symmetry Centerline. One for the Primary Object and the other for the Secondary Object.SKETCHING 21. 24. .

29.SKETCHING 27. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the centerline and the base line. Select the centerline and the top line. 16 Select Datum Axis (5). Right-click the datum axis and choose Parallel .[NX8 HELP] . Right-click one of the lines and choose Perpendicular . Right-click one of the lines and choose Perpendicular . 28. 30.

35. .[NX8 HELP] . Choose Insert→Datum/Point→Point 32. 17 Click a screen position inside the profile to create a point on the sketch plane. . Right-click the centerline and choose Point On Curve . Click Constraints 34. Select the point and the sketch datum axis. Click Inferred Dimensions . Select the point and the centerline. 33.SKETCHING 31. Right-click the sketch datum axis and choose Point On Curve . 36. This point is used to keep the sketch centerline positioned at the desired vertical distance from the top face of the part. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

38. select Point. Hold the cursor over the point until it changes to the QuickPick cursor. Press Enter.SKETCHING 37. . Select the base line. From the Dimensions Drop-down list select Perpendicular Dimension 40. then click. In the OuickPick dialog box. 39. . 18 Select the two lines. Type 2 in the on-screen input box. Click to place the dimension.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

Select the top line. then click. 19 Click to place the dimension.5 in the on-screen input box. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 41. In the OuickPick dialog box.[NX8 HELP] . 44. Press Enter. Press Enter. Hold the cursor over the point until it changes to the QuickPick 1 cursor. Select the reference line along the face of the solid. 43. 42. Type 1 in the on-screen input box. Click to place the dimension. Select the center line. Type 1. select Point.

. . Click to place the dimension. Press Enter. 48.[NX8 HELP] . Click Inferred Constraints and Dimensions .SKETCHING 45. 50. Type 2 in the on-screen input box. 46. Select the top line. 20 Click to place the dimension. From the Dimensions Drop-down list select Parallel Dimension 47. 49. Press Enter. and click OK. The status line says: Sketch is fully constrained. Select the Tangent check box. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Type 2 in the on-screen input box.

Click Trim. Click Fillet.[NX8 HELP] . . 53. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the first curve to fillet. Select the second curve to fillet. 54. 55. 52. 21 Make sure Delete Third Curve is not selected. Select the top line. This line defines the tangency as well as the fillet radius.SKETCHING 51. Press Esc to exit the Fillet command.

Choose Insert→Sweep→Variational Sweep . 58. Right-click in the background of the graphics window and choose Finish Sketch . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 57. 22 Right-click the top line and choose Convert to Reference. 59.SKETCHING 56.[NX8 HELP] . Select the sketch.

d) Create a dome-shaped part This tutorial shows you how to create a dome-shaped part with a notch. Click the middle mouse button to create the sweep.SKETCHING 23 The sweep path was defined when you selected the sketch path. From the Boolean list. You can use a Sketch on Path and the Variational Sweep command to construct the part. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . . 60. select Unite 61.

Define the sketch plane:   24 . . Click Insert→Sweep→Variational Sweep. 3. Click anywhere on the lower spline. Select the Z-axis of the Datum CSYS. from the Orientation list.[NX8 HELP] . . In the Section group. Click here to download the part. click Specify Vector . Click Open Open dome. from the Method list. 6. . select Use Curve Parameters. In the Plane Orientation group. choose Intersection Point Select the upper spline.     5. To create the sketch. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 2. In the Sketch Orientation group.prt. Create an intersection point on the upper spline:  is From the Offset Curve drop-down list. choose Through Axis In the Plane Orientation group. Make sure Continuous Auto Dimensioning disabled.  NX creates a point where the spline intersects the sketch plane. click the middle mouse button. click Sketch Section 4.SKETCHING 1.

[NX8 HELP] . 25 Create the line:  On the Sketch Tools toolbar. Click the Arc by Center and Endpoints method.  9. Select the Vertex of Datum On Path. Select the upper Intersection Point.SKETCHING 7. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .   8. Right-click the datum axis and choose Point on Curve . Select the arc center and the Z-axis of the Datum CSYS. Click as shown to create the arc center point and end points. Create the arc:   Click Arc . click Line . Constrain the arc center to the Z-axis:    Click Constraints .

Select the two line ends as shown and place the dimension. Create the notch:  On the Sketch Tools toolbar.1 in the on-screen input box and press Enter. 11. 12.SKETCHING 10. Create the dimensions that will control the sweep:    Click Inferred Dimensions . Construct a vertical line and horizontal line similar to the lines shown.   Select the Point on Curve Snap Point option. 26 Constrain the right end of the arc to the Z-axis:    Select the right end of the arc. click Profile . Type 4. Select the datum axis. Right-click the datum axis and choose Point on Curve .[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

[NX8 HELP] . Type 8. 16.0 in the on-screen input box and press Enter.   Select the Normal datum axis of the sketch CSYS and the end of the arc and place the dimension. Type 33. choose Connected Curves. From the Curve Rule list.1 in the on-screen input box and press Enter. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . From the Selection bar. 14. choose Stop at Intersection . Right-click in the graphics window and choose Finish Sketch. 15. 27   Select the two line ends as shown and place the dimension.SKETCHING 13.

Enter base support as the part name. When you click OK.SKETCHING 17. 1. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 28 Select the sketch geometry that you want to sweep. Click New 2. being sure to define the notch correctly.[NX8 HELP] . Create a new Millimeters part based on the Model template. e) Create a base support This tutorial shows you how to create a base support using fully-constrained loops. NX starts the Modeling application.

is and ensure that Draw a 100 mm horizontal line from left to right below the XC axis. 4.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 6. and click OK. Click a screen position to the left and below the CSYS to define the first point of the profile and the sketch:    Plane Orientation Origin 5. Click Profile . Click Show All Constraints Ensure that Create Inferred Constraints active. Click Inferred Constraints and Dimensions . select all the Constraints to Infer and Apply check boxes.SKETCHING 29 3. Click Show All Constraints Create Inferred Constraints.

[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 10. click. Click Constraints . 30 Drag to the right of the line to switch from line to arc creation mode. Move your mouse above the line. Continue drawing the sketch until it looks like a closed loop with two arcs at either end. This will create a 180 degree arc that is tangent to the horizontal line. 8.SKETCHING 7. When you see a dotted help line to the center point of the arc. 9.

SKETCHING 11. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 13. Right-click on an arc and choose Equal Radius . 12. Select the two lines.[NX8 HELP] . 31 Select the two arcs.

rightclick on a line and choose Horizontal . 16. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the bottom line near its middle.SKETCHING 14.[NX8 HELP] . and then select the Point of the Datum Coordinate System. 32 Right-click on a line and choose Equal Length 15. If the lines are not horizontal select them.

18. Right-click in the datum axis and choose Point On Curve . Select either arc near its center. Click Inferred Dimensions .[NX8 HELP] . and then select the Datum Axis. 19. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 17. 33 Right-click on the point and choose Midpoint . 20.

[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 21. In the on-screen input box. and clear the Symmetric Offset check box. In the on-screen input box. type 225 and press Enter. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . select Create Dimension check box. In the Distance on-screen input box. If necessary. 34 Select the top and bottom lines. . select Connected Curves. type 14 and press Enter. Click Offset Curve 24. 26. type 125 and press Enter. In the Offset group. Place the dimension to the left of the part. double–click the direction vector to reverse the offset direction toward the inside of the original profile. 25. Place the dimension below the part. Select both arcs. Select any curve in the profile. type. From the Curve Rule list. 23. 22. The status line says: Sketch is fully constrained.

add points at each end of the reference arcs . To position counterbored holes. and choose Convert To Reference. Choose Insert→Sketch Curve→Point . 28. Use the same steps to create two additional inner loops at offsets 30 mm and 40 mm.[NX8 HELP] . 29.SKETCHING 27. 35 Click Apply to create the loop. Right–click the loop. Select all the curves in the loop. The first offset loop provides reference geometry to position counterbored holes. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 30.

32.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 31. Click Extrude From the Curve Rule list. Right-click in the background of the graphics window and choose Finish Sketch . select Connected Curves. 36 Select the ends of each reference arc to create 4 Points. Place a point on the midpoint of each arc. You need to create two more points to position two more counterbored holes. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 34. 33.

switch to wireframe display. double–click the direction vector to reverse the extrude direction downward. Select the first loop inside of the reference loop. type 20 and press Enter. 39.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 35. If necessary. Inferred should be the default selection. type 36 and press Enter. select Subtract. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . In the Boolean group. 36. In the End on-screen input box. Select the outermost loop. from the Boolean list. In the End on-screen input box. 38. In the Boolean group. type 60 and press Enter. If necessary. from the Boolean list. Click Apply. 37. Click the sphere that represent the Start Distance In the Start on-screen input box. because you are extruding away from the existing solid. The status line says: Boolean will be Unite. double–click the direction vector to reverse the extrude direction upward. Click Apply. 37 If necessary. Select inner most loop.

Click Hole 41.[NX8 HELP] . choose Counterbored. NX places a counterbored hole at each sketch point.SKETCHING 38 40. In the Dimensions sub-group type:     C-Bore Diameter = 15 C-Bore Depth = 3 Diameter = 10 Depth Limit list→Through Body 42. from the Form list. Click the middle mouse button to create the holes. In the Form and Dimensions group. Select one of sketch reference curves. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 43.

or Sheet Metal applications.SKETCHING 39 4. and edit sketch objects Sketch On Plane and Sketch On Path Types of constraints Sketching in an assembly context Controlling the display of constraints Internal and External sketches Lock inferred constraints Open a sketch for edit Constraint tips Make a sketch internal or external Degree-of-freedom arrows Sketches and Layers Short List Sketch curve dynamic preview Viewing and editing multiple sketch expressions Sketch help lines a) Direct Sketch and the Sketch task environment The Direct Sketch toolbar and the Sketch task environment offer two modes you can use to create and edit sketches. See the effect of sketch changes on the model in real-time. Siemens PLM Software recommends that you: Use the Direct Sketch toolbar when you want to:   Create or edit a sketch in the Modeling.[NX8 HELP] . Shape Studio. Sketch basics View a topic Direct Sketch and the Sketch task environment Sketch on-screen input boxes The sketch process Copy. move. Use the Sketch task environment when you want to: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

c) Sketch On Plane and Sketch On Path  Sketch On Plane Create a Sketch On Plane when you want to associate the sketch feature to a planar object such as a datum plane or a face.SKETCHING    40 Edit an internal sketch. the sketch creates many constraints automatically. 5. Select a sketch plane or path. Sketch on a face of the extruded sketch. Finish the sketch. 1. Add. 4. Choose your constraint recognition and creation options. Sketch on the plane of a Datum CSYS 2.  Sketch On Path Create a Sketch On Path when you are building an input profile for features like Variational Sweep. modify. Create the sketch geometry. 6. Create a sketch in other applications. but retain the option to discard all the changes.[NX8 HELP] . b) The sketch process Typical steps involved in creating sketches: 1. Modify dimension parameters to meet your design intent. 3. or delete constraints. This example shows a fully constrained Sketch On Path and the resulting variational sweep. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 2. Depending on your settings. Experiment with sketch changes.

Sketch 3.SKETCHING 41 1. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Path 2. The Selection Scope (1) and Create Interpart Link (2) options on the Selection bar help you work with sketches in the context of an assembly. Variational Sweep d) Sketching in an assembly context You can create and edit sketches while working in the context of an assembly.[NX8 HELP] .

When you change work parts in the assembly. For example. This can be the top-level assembly or any component (part or subassembly). The Create Interpart Link option is available in these commands to create associative links. because a copy of this face is created in the work part. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .  Using geometry from other parts Some sketch commands allow you to select geometry from any component in the assembly. first project the desired edges or points into the sketch using one of the commands Project Curve.  Selecting the sketch placement face You can select the placement face for the sketch from any part in the assembly using the Selection Scope option Entire Assembly. This depends on the reference set for each component being displayed in the assembly. to constrain a circle in your sketch to align with an edge from another part in the assembly. Arc. the Entire Assembly option is not available. For example. You can select this reference only from within the work part. You can create normal sketch constraints between the projected objects and other sketch curves. select this reference from any edge of the placement face even if it is from another part in the assembly. Intersection Point. You cannot change the current work part in the sketch. With these commands. and want to edit a different sketch in your assembly. and some allow you to create associative interpart links. Circle. or Intersection Curve. turn on the Create Interpart Link option before you make a selection. You can however. a sketch may be hidden. use the Selection Scope option Entire Assembly when you want the sketch to snap to existing geometry on other parts in the assembly. If you are in a sketch. when using the Profile. exit the sketch. or from Within Work Part and Components if it is a subassembly. When selecting the horizontal or vertical reference for the sketch orientation.  Editing sketches in an assembly context Sketches are created as a feature in the work part of the assembly. These options are only available for commands that support these functions. then constrain the circle to the projected curve. and make the part that contains the sketch you want to edit the work part. You can select objects from the Entire Assembly.SKETCHING 42 Use the Selection Scope option to indicate the selection range you want. For a sketch to be displayed in the assembly context.[NX8 HELP] . from Within Work Part Only. or Derived Lines sketch commands. the Create Interpart Link option is not available and permanent constraints are not created.  Constraining sketches to other parts If you want to create permanent associative constraints between sketch curves and other geometry in the assembly. Line. You can also optionally create an associative interpart link to the selected sketch face using the Create Interpart Link option. You can only edit existing sketches when the part that contains it is the work part. When you want to create a permanent associative link for the selection. first project the edge into the sketch using the Create Interpart Link option.

and are visible and accessible from anywhere within a part. NX adds any geometry you create to that sketch. o Right-click a sketch and choose Edit. Extrude. double-click the owning feature. you can double-click a sketch in the Part Navigator or select another sketch name from the Sketch toolbar.SKETCHING 43 make sure that the desired sketch is included in the reference set used in the assembly and that it is on a visible layer. or Revolve are internal sketches. Use an internal sketch when you want to associate the sketch with only one feature. You cannot use an internal sketch with any feature other than its owner unless you externalize the sketch. To edit subsequent sketches. . right-click the owning feature and choose Edit Sketch. How you activate a sketch depends on whether the sketch is internal or external. External sketches are accessible from the Part Navigator and the graphics window.  Edit Multiple Sketches You can edit multiple sketches when you require just one model update.[NX8 HELP] . While a sketch is active. Use an external sketch to keep the sketch visible and make it available for use in more than one feature. the former owner has no control over the sketch. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . In the Part Navigator or the graphics window.  Differences between Internal and External sketches    Internal sketches are accessible only from the owning feature. On the feature dialog box. Choose Edit→Sketch.  Internal Sketches   In the Part Navigator.  External Sketches From Modeling you can open external sketches in a number of ways. click the Sketch Section step to activate the Sketch task environment. f) Open a sketch for edit Only one sketch can be active at a time. depending on your work preference:    Double-click a sketch curve in the graphics window. Sketches you create independently using the Sketch command are external sketches. e) Internal and External sketches Sketches that you create from within commands like Variational Sweep. To edit multiple sketches you must:   Choose Insert →Sketch task environment Select a sketch name from the Sketch toolbar. Once you make a sketch external. From the Part Navigator: o Double-click a sketch feature.

SKETCHING g) Make a sketch internal or external Consider this example of a Variational Sweep that is based on an internal sketch. right–click the Variational Sweep in the Part Navigator and choose Make Sketch External. When you exit a sketch. it no longer appears in the Part Navigator. When you open a sketch. h) Sketches and Layers    You can Hide and Show sketches from the Part Navigator. the sketch layer and work layer are returned to the status they had before you activated the sketch. You do not need to put each sketch on a different layer to control its visibility. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . the layer that the sketch resides on becomes the work layer. o If you select the check box. in the Variational Sweep dialog box. right–click the former owner and choose Make Sketch Internal. click Sketch Section.[NX8 HELP] . o Double-click Variational Sweep and. the sketch layer continues to be the work layer. NX places the sketch before its former owner in Timestamp order. o If you clear the check box. Spline (1) Spline (2) Spline (3) Sketch (4) ‖SKETCH_000‖ Variational Sweep (5) ii) To reverse this operation. 44 i) To externalize the internal sketch. When you internalize SKETCH_000. Datum Coordinate System (0) SKETCH_000 now appears before the Variational Sweep. do one of the following: o Right-click Variational Sweep in the Part Navigator and choose Edit Sketch. Datum Coordinate System (0) Spline (1) Spline (2) Spline (3) Variational Sweep (4) iii) To edit the internal sketch. the layer settings depend on whether you selected the Maintain Layer Status check box in the Preferences→Sketch→Session Settings dialog box.

Depending on the type of curve you create. including line endpoints and midpoints. vertical. Line. j) Sketch help lines Help lines indicate alignment to control points of curves. 2. such as horizontal.[NX8 HELP] . one or more on-screen input boxes display in the graphics window and move with the cursor. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 45 Preview of an Arc Until you click the point that completely defines the curve. A dashed help line indicates an inferred constraint with other objects.SKETCHING i) Sketch curve dynamic preview As you create curves. a dynamic preview of the curve displays with related possible constraints and alignment indicators. Arc. values in the on-screen input boxes update as you move the cursor. Dotted help line aligned with midpoint. and arc and circle centerpoints. 1. This display shows what the object looks like if you click at the current cursor position. perpendicular and tangent. Dashed help line with vertical constraint. arc endpoints. Two types of help lines can display during curve creation:   A dotted help line indicates alignment with other objects. k) Sketch on-screen input boxes On-screen input boxes accept XC/YC values or object parameter values. Two sets of boxes can display for the Profile. and Circle commands:  XC and YC coordinate values: This is the default for the first point.

move. or dimensions Move curves or points vertically or horizontally with snapping Move curves or points vertically or horizontally without snapping Copy curves or points Copy curves or points vertically or horizontally with snapping Copy curves or points vertically or horizontally without snapping Do This Drag the curves. click here. As you move the cursor. points. to lock the XC-coordinate value. To unlock a value.[NX8 HELP] . the YC value continuously updates to reflect the cursor position.SKETCHING XC 23.85 YC 48. Length 0. Smart Rounding For a description of smart rounding and its dependency on the view scale. press Tab or Enter. l) Copy.09 The first column displays the name of a parameter and the second column contains parameter values. To move between on-screen input boxes. Locking and Unlocking Values You can lock the parameter value of an on-screen input box. The XC value updates with the locked value. double-click the box and press Backspace. clear the on-screen input box. or dimensions Hold Shift and drag the curves or points Hold Shift+Alt and drag the curves or points Hold Ctrl and drag the curves or points Hold Ctrl+Shift and drag the curves or points Hold Ctrl+Shift+Alt and drag the curves or points drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . To specify a value. points. Here is an example of the Line input parameters. type it in the appropriate box and press Enter.05 Angle 12. For example. and edit sketch objects To Move curves. enter a value and press Tab. Clearing Input Box Values To clear a value.65  46 Object Parameter values that are specific to the type of curve.

1. 4. you must exit the command before you perform these actions. To exit a command.SKETCHING Edit objects Choose a command Double–click the objects Right–click the objects 47 Note If you are in another command that requires a selection. 6. for example. establish   The size of a sketch object such as the radius of an arc or length of a curve. requiring that two lines be perpendicular or parallel. or that several arcs have the same radius. m) Types of constraints Use constraints to precisely control the objects in a sketch and to express the design intent for a feature. Geometric Constraints A geometric constraint establishes a relationship between two or more sketch objects. 5. 3. There are two types of constraints: geometric constraints and dimensional constraints.[NX8 HELP] . also called driving dimensions. such as the distance between two points. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Tangent Vertical Horizontal Offset Perpendicular Coincident Dimensional Constraints Dimensional constraints. press Esc. A relationship between two objects. 2.

To see all constraints. This option is particularly useful when complex sketch geometry makes it difficult to pick the location you want AND retain the desired constraints. clear the Dynamic Constraint Display option under Preferences→Sketch→Session Settings. dimensional constraints dictate the size of sketch objects. o) Lock inferred constraints You can lock inferred constraints when you see a preview of a curve direction. n) Controlling the display of constraints Unless Show No Constraints is enabled.SKETCHING 48 Dimensional constraints display like drafting dimensions in that they have dimension text. the software always displays these constraints: Coincident Point on Curve Midpoint Tangent Concentric You can control the display of other constraints with the Show All Constraints and Show No Constraints commands. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . and arrows. extension lines. constraints do not display if the associated geometry is very small.[NX8 HELP] . However. By default.

the curve previews only in a perpendicular direction as you move the cursor. you should resolve the situation immediately by deleting some dimensions or constraints. Although they appear to be the same geometrically. Use lines rather than linear splines to model linear sketch segments. Whenever you encounter an overconstrained or a conflicting constraint status. rotational. When you see an inferred constraint. Avoid zero dimensions for other dimension types. lines and linear splines behave differently during sketch evaluation. Note the following tips on how to constrain a sketch and what to do when a sketch is over constrained:      You can use a combination of Automatic and Driving Dimensions. Horizontal. and Vertical dimensions maintain their direction when the expression value is set to zero. You create reference curves from sketch curves with the Convert To/From Reference command. click the middle mouse button again. This example shows positional constraints: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . For example. and Constraints to fully constrain a sketch. Using zero dimensions leads to problems with ambiguous relative positioning to other curves. the best practice is to fully constrain sketches. You can also enter negative values for these three dimension types to achieve the same results as using the Alternate Solution command.[NX8 HELP] . and radial. Use the Inferred Constraints and Dimensions command to control the types of constraints that NX infers. A fully constrained sketch ensures that a solution can be consistently found during design change.SKETCHING 49 Constraint symbols display in the graphics window as you move the cursor. To unlock the constraint. Perpendicular. You can also use reference curves to assist in constraining objects. There are three types of degree-of-freedom: positional. q) Degree-of-freedom arrows Degree-of-freedom (DOF) arrows mark points on a sketch that are free to move. you can lock that constraint by clicking the middle mouse button. p) Constraint tips Although you do not need to fully constrain a sketch to use it for downstream feature creation. This can cause unexpected results when changing the dimension back to a nonzero value. if you lock in a perpendicular constraint.

Curves are added to the list as you create them or when you pass your cursor over a curve. When you constrain a point from moving in a given direction. You can use an under-constrained sketch to define a feature. When all the arrows are gone. 2. This point is free to move in the X direction only. This point is free to move in both the X and Y directions. the sketch is fully constrained. r) Short List NX maintains a memory of five objects called the short list to check for inferred constraints. the short list object highlights and you see a preview of the constraint. This point is free to move in the Y direction only.[NX8 HELP] . the curve at the bottom is removed before adding a new curve at the top. When the list is full. When curves are created or passed over with the cursor. NX removes the DOF arrow. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Note that constraining a sketch is optional. When NX infers a constraint between an object on the short list and the curve being created. Tip  The short list is structured from top to bottom. NX uses the short list to avoid testing against every curve in the current sketch when inferring constraints.SKETCHING 50 1. they are placed on top of the short list. 3. Fully constrain a sketch when you need complete control of the design. Applying one constraint can remove several DOF arrows.

SKETCHING  51 NX clears the short list when you leave a curve command. The first point you specify defines the sketch plane. and Sketch task environment) Edit→Sketch Parameters (Modeling. and origin. Use the Expression tool to create and edit expressions anywhere in the current part. Where do I find it? Menu (Modeling. Use the commands on this toolbar to create a sketch on a plane without entering the Sketch task environment. and Sketch task environment) Tools→Expression 5. s) Viewing and editing multiple sketch expressions You can view and edit multiple sketch expressions in either of the following ways:   Use the Sketch Parameters command to edit or delete expressions for driving dimensions in the current sketch. orientation.[NX8 HELP] . Creating and managing sketches View a topic Direct sketching Evaluate Sketch Create and Reattach Sketch Update Model Sketch groups Replace with Independent Sketch Orient View to Sketch Rename a sketch Orient View to Model Finish Sketch Delaying Sketch updates Exit Sketch Delay Evaluation a) Direct sketching A Direct Sketch toolbar is available in Modeling. Drafting. The new sketch is listed in the model history in the Part Navigator. a sketch is created and is active. Expression changes you make while Sketching will cause downstream features to update according to the current configuration of the sketch. You can define the first point on the following:   Screen position Point drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX updates the entire model whenever you change an expression. Drafting. When you create a point or curve using the commands on this toolbar.

SKETCHING       52 Curve Face Plane Edge Specified Plane Specified Datum CSYS Why should I use it? Direct sketching requires fewer mouse clicks. Shape Studio. Click Rectangle . trim them to each other. 1. For the second rectangle point. which makes creating and editing sketches faster and easier. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 3. Sheet Metal Direct Sketch  Create a sketch directly in Modeling This example shows how to create a sketch using the Direct Sketch toolbar with a part containing a Datum CSYS. You create two rectangles. and finally extrude the sketch. select the Datum CSYS point.[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Application Toolbar Modeling. 2. Click above the X-Axis and to the right of the Y-Axis.

6. Click the second rectangle point. 5. 4. Continuous Auto Dimensioning is turned off by the customer default setting. Turn on Continuous Auto Dimension .[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 53 The sketch is dimensioned and fully constrained. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The sketch is fully constrained with auto dimensions. While Rectangle is still selected. Optional step: If the sketch was not automatically dimensioned. click the first point for the next rectangle inside the first rectangle.

The first curve is trimmed. 54 8. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 7. Drag your mouse over the curves to trim them. The second curve is trimmed. The third curve is trimmed. Select Quick Trim.[NX8 HELP] .

SKETCHING 55 The fourth curve is deleted. For this example. 11. 9. 140 is entered for the End Distance.[NX8 HELP] . Enter the limit values. select Extrude. While the Direct Sketch toolbar is still active. Note If Finish Sketch is available. The active sketch is selected. the sketch is active. 10. Click the middle mouse button to create the extrusion. The sketch is not active. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

SKETCHING  Direct sketch and feature edit preferences 56 Set the following in the Modeling Preferences dialog box for the actions available when you doubleclick sketches and features. Edit Enters the feature edit mode without changing the current feature. To edit sketches directly in Modeling. Where do I find it? Application Menu Location in dialog box Modeling Preferences→Modeling Edit tab drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Edit tab Direct Edit Lets you edit the sketch directly in Modeling. you should:    Double-click Action (Sketches) Double-click Action (Features) Set Double-click Action (Sketches) to Edit with Rollback. Edit Sketch Action Caution Direct Edit updates the model immediately.[NX8 HELP] . Select Task Environment if you have sketches with many dependent features. Set Edit Sketch Action to Direct Edit. Edit with Rollback Makes the selected sketch the current feature and enters the Sketch task environment. Edit with Rollback Makes the selected feature the current feature and enters the edit mode. Edit Enters the sketch without changing the current feature. Task Environment Enters the Sketch task environment. Right click the sketch and choose Edit.

[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Switch a Sketch in Place to a Sketch on Path and vice versa. face. The commands to create and reattach a sketch use the same dialog box and options.SKETCHING b) Create and Reattach Sketch 57 Use the Sketch command when you need to define the sketch plane. Use the Sketch   command to create sketches on the following: On Path On Plane using the following methods: o Inferred Plane o Existing Plane o Create Plane o Create Datum CSYS command to: Use the Reattach    Move a sketch to a different plane. Where do I find it? Create a sketch Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Sketch (NX Sheet Metal and Shape Studio) Insert→Sketch in Task Environment Menu Insert→Sketch Reattach a sketch Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Reattach (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Reattach Menu (Modeling and Sketch task environment) Tools→Reattach  Reattach a Sketch in Place This example shows you how to reattach the rib at the upper left to the interior face on the lower right. or path. Change the location of a sketch on path along the path to which it is attached. orientation. or origin. These Help topics will discuss both commands. in a manner not available using the inferred plane method.

Double-click any curve in the sketch to open it for edit. 2. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the target face.[NX8 HELP] . 3.SKETCHING 58 1. Click Reattach .

59 5.[NX8 HELP] . Select the new origin. 7. In the Sketch Orientation group. click Select Reference . 6. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 4. click Specify Point . In the Sketch Origin group. Select the new reference object.

plane. 3. Extrude. you must externalize the sketch before you can reattach it. face. 2.  Reattach a Sketch on Path 1. Select the target path.[NX8 HELP] . or choose On Plane if you are moving the sketch to a planar face or a datum plane. or path appears before the sketch in Timestamp Order. right–click the target entity in the Part Navigator and use Reorder Before or Reorder After to change the Timestamp sequence. Open the sketch and.  Copy a sketch to a new location This example shows you how to copy a sketch and all its dependent features to a new location. If the target sketch is internal to a Variational Sweep. or datum plane. 4.SKETCHING 8. 5. Keep the On Path option if you are moving the sketch to another path. 6. Right–click the parent feature in the Part Navigator and choose Make Sketch External. 60 To reattach the sketch. shift–click the current sketch curve to deselect it. 7. If you are moving the sketch to another path. on the Sketch toolbar. or Revolve feature. Ensure that the target face. click the middle mouse button. Redefine the sketch location as necessary for your part. Note Use Reattach to change the location of a Sketch on Path along the path to which it is attached. If necessary. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . choose Reattach .

select the features to copy: Select Sketch (11) “SKETCH_001”. Click Open .SKETCHING 1. the list will display (+). The two references in the List display (-) to indicate that they have not been satisfied.[NX8 HELP] . Press Ctrl+V. The edge that the original sketch Datum Coordinate System is attached to now highlights. In the Part Navigator. Select a new sketch reference: Place your cursor over the edge so that the preview arrow displays in the same direction as shown. to start the Paste Feature command. The Paste Feature dialog box displays a List of the references required to complete the Paste operation. 3.prt. Hold the Shift key and select Edge Blend (15). to copy the highlighted features. Click here to download the part. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . As you select new references. 2. 61 Open copy_sketch. Press Ctrl+C. Select the edge.

double-click the direction vector to reverse it. Select the edge. If the direction is wrong. The first reference in the List displays (+) to indicate that it has been satisfied. 4.SKETCHING 62 The next edge that the original Sketch External Reference is attached to now highlights. choose Link to Original. 5. Both references in the List display (+) to indicate that they have been satisfied. Associate the feature parameters of the copy to the original feature parameters: In the Settings group. Select a new sketch reference: Place your cursor over the edge so that the preview arrow displays in the same direction as shown. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click OK to copy the features.[NX8 HELP] . from the Expressions list. The edge highlights and displays a direction vector.

7. 8. Click Reattach Sketch . click Specify Point . In the Sketch Origin group. Select the End Point of the edge as shown.  Create and Reattach sketch dialog box Type drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 6. 63 Double-click the sketch to edit the Sketch Origin. 9. Right-click in the graphics window and choose Finish Sketch .[NX8 HELP] .

[NX8 HELP] . Create Plane Lets you specify a plane using either the Plane Dialog or the Inferred list. constructing input for commands like Variational Sweep. and origin. or face. On Plane options Sketch Plane Plane Method Inferred Lets you select a plane or planar face that appears before the sketch in Timestamp order. or use it in a UDF. Note A reference direction is required for a Sketch in Place. or on a new plane or CSYS. Any horizontal or vertical constraints you add to the sketch are relative to this reference direction. and origin. This options infers the sketch orientation. NX infers a reference direction from your face or plane selection. Specifies the horizontal or vertical reference for the sketch. Sketch Origin Specify Point Specifies where to locate the origin of a new sketch. datum plane. This options requires you to select the sketch orientation. Settings Create Intermediate Automatically creates an intermediate Datum CSYS when you create or reattach a sketch. Existing Plane Lets you select a plane or planar face that appears before the sketch in Timestamp order. Sketch Orientation Reference Select Reference Sets the reference direction for the sketch to either horizontal or vertical. NX uses the reference direction to orient a sketch when you copy or reattach it. either on an existing plane or face. Create Datum CSYS Lets you create a new Datum CSYS. NX infers the sketch origin point from the nearest control end point of the plane or planar face you select. To change the inferred direction. Select this option to associate the intermediate Datum CSYS to the base drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 64 On Plane Lets you sketch in place. If you do not specify a point. datum axis. Whenever possible. select an appropriate edge. On Path Lets you sketch on a path.

Through Point Lets you pick the plane location using the cursor (with or without snap point options) or by specifying X and Y coordinates. Use this option to sketch in absolute world coordinates. Available only when Create Intermediate Datum CSYS is selected. Valid input types are:   Curves. this option lets you cycle through alternate solutions.[NX8 HELP] . Edges of sheets or solid bodies.SKETCHING Datum CSYS Associative Origin Project Work Part Origin 65 feature used to create the sketch. % Arc Length Lets you specify the plane location as a percentage from the path's start point. Infers the sketch origin point from the origin point of the work part. Associates the sketch origin to the selected object. Plane Location Location Specifies how you want to define the location of the sketch plane along the path. A path can contain multiple. Alternate When you set the plane location to Through Point and select an external point. This option also gives the sketch independence so that if you delete the base feature the sketch remains. Arc Length Lets you specify the plane location as a number of units from the path's start point. Note   The current sketch plane must be parallel to one of the three principle planes. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . tangent-continuous segments. On Path options Path Select Path Selects the target path. The Sketch Origin setting does not apply to a Sketch on Path.

Normal to Vector Sets the sketch plane normal to a specified vector using the Vector dialog. Select a face. NX points the reference axis toward the closest end point. that owns the edge. the Intermediate Datum CSYS is internal to the sketch. If you select a curve.  Intermediate Datum CSYS NX can automatically create an Intermediate Datum CSYS when you create or reattach a sketch. even if the path is an edge. Also note that NX uses the reference direction to orient a sketch when you copy or reattach it. It is not visible outside the sketch or in the model history in the Part Navigator. Use Curve Parameters Ensures that NX orients the sketch using curve parameters. Automatic Preserves the default Sketch on Path orientation behavior from NX 5. When you select an edge. Any horizontal or vertical constraints you add to the sketch are relative to this reference direction. Sketch Horizontal Reference Specifies the horizontal reference for the sketch.[NX8 HELP] . Through Axis Aligns the sketch plane to a specified axis using the Vector dialog. Sketch Orientation Method Relative to Face Ensures that NX orients the sketch to a face. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX orients the sketch axes relative to the face. edge. By default. If you select an edge.SKETCHING Solution 66 Plane Orientation Orientation Specifies the direction of the sketch plane: Normal to the Path Sets the sketch plane normal to the path on which you are sketching. The path location you select determines the direction of the sketch plane normal. or is part of a feature that lies on a face. either inferred or explicitly selected. NX orients sketch axes using curve parameters. datum axis. Parallel to Vector Sets the sketch plane parallel to a specified vector using the Vector dialog. or one of the faces. or datum plane.

NX continues adding objects to an active group until you turn its active status off. Active and inactive groups Create an Active group when you want to add new objects to a group. Internal to the sketch when you right-click the sketch in the Part Navigator and choose Make Datums Internal. Groups an be especially useful in large or complex sketches. Turn the visibility of the group on/off. For example. Create an inactive ( ) group when you want to add a set of existing objects to a group and then stop collecting in that group.[NX8 HELP] . you can:    Insert→Sketch task environment Settings group→Create Intermediate Datum CSYS Set a group to actively collect new geometry and dimensions as you create them. Here is a view of one active group and one inactive group as they appear in the Part Navigator: Groups Group ‖OUTER_PROFILE‖ Arc ―Arc3‖ Line ―Line1‖ Line ―Line2‖ Group ―INNER_PROFILE‖ Arc ―Arc1‖ Arc ―Arc2‖ drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . You can make this Datum CSYS:   External from the sketch when you right-click the sketch in the Part Navigator and choose Make Datums External. Assign an Object Color to all the group members in one step.SKETCHING Why should I use it? 67 Select this option to associate theIntermediate Datum CSYS to the base feature used to create the sketch. Where do I find it? Direct Sketch→Sketch Toolbar Feature→Sketch Insert→Sketch Menu Location in dialog box c) Sketch groups You can create groups in a sketch to organize geometry and dimensions. This option also gives the sketch independence so that if you delete the base feature the sketch remains.

3. clear the Active check box. 5. 1.[NX8 HELP] . Click OK. Select the curves and dimensions you want to add. If you do not want to continue adding curves and dimensions to this group. 4. Choose Format→Group→New Active Sketch Group. Double-click a sketch curve. 6. Groups Group ‖OUTER_PROFILE‖ Automatic Parallel Dimension Line ―Line1‖ Line ―Line2‖ Line ―Line3‖ Line ―Line4‖ Model History Datum Coordinate System (0) Sketch (1) ―SKETCH_000‖ drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . (Optional) Enter a name for the new group that you want to create. In the Part Navigator. 2.SKETCHING Model History Datum Coordinate System (0) Sketch (1) ―SKETCH_000‖ Group ―OUTER_PROFILE‖ Group ―INNER_PROFILE‖ Where do I find it? Menu Format→Group→New Sketch Group (creates a sketch group) Format→Group→New Active Sketch Group (creates a new empty active sketch group)  Add sketch geometry and dimensions to a group 68 This example shows how to add geometry and dimensions from the following sketch to a sketch group. NX updates the Sketch and Groups nodes.

or from a group to the Curves and Dimensions node. Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch→Orient View to Model View→Orient View to Model f) Delaying Sketch updates Use the Delay Update During Edit of Sketch to delay updating the model from the sketch while sketching directly in Modeling. Shape Studio. Drag and drop objects to move them from one group to another group. The sketch removes the group. Right–click on a group and select Ungroup to delete the group. Right–click and choose Delete to remove both a group and all its members. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .         Right–click on a group and select Active to make the group active. d) Orient View to Sketch Use Orient View to Sketch to orient the view so that you are looking directly down the Z axis on the sketch plane. Drag and drop a group icon to nest the group in another group. or Sheet Metal. Select/clear the group box to turn the visibility of all curves/points in the group on or off. Right–click on a group and select Edit Display to set the Object Color for all the group members. but not the group members. You can then use the Update Model from Sketch command to update the model to reflect all the changes you made to the sketch. New geometry that you add to the sketch will belong to the active group.[NX8 HELP] . Add and manage sketch dimensions within Groups. Where do I find it? (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Orient View to Sketch Toolbar (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Orient View to Sketch Menu (Modeling and Sketch task environment) View→Orient View to Sketch e) Orient View to Model Use the Orient View to Model command to orient the sketch to the view of the part that applied when you started Sketch task environment.SKETCHING Group ―OUTER_PROFILE‖  Manage sketch groups with the Part Navigator 69 Part Navigator displays groups under the respective Sketch node and in the Groups node.

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING Video

70

This video demonstrates how Delay Update During Edit of Sketch and Update Model from Sketch work with each other. Why should I use it? When you edit a sketch directly in an application, the dependent features are updated for every sketch modification you make. You can use these commands to streamline the editing of a sketch that has many dependant features. You can first implement a series of sketch edits and then see the results of the edits. This creates a streamlined workflow because you update the model when you are ready. Where do I find it? Application Modeling, Shape Studio, Sheet Metal Direct Sketch→Delay Update During Edit of Sketch Toolbar Direct Sketch→Update Model from Sketch Tools→Update→Delay Update During Edit of Sketch Menu Tools→Update→Update Model from Sketch

g) Delay Evaluation Use the Delay Evaluation option to delay the update of sketch constraints until the Evaluate Sketch option is chosen.
 

When you create curves, NX does not show constraints. When you assign constraints, NX does not update the geometry until you select the Evaluate Sketch option.

Note This command does not delay evaluation when you drag curves, or when you use the Quick Trim or Quick Extend commands. Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch→Delay Evaluation Tools→Update→Delay Sketch Evaluation

h) Evaluate Sketch Use the Evaluate Sketch option to update the current sketch with the constraints applied, modified, or deleted while the Delay Evaluation option was selected. This option is only active when Delay Evaluation is selected. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch→Evaluate Sketch Tools→Update→Evaluate Sketch

71

i) Update Model Use the Update Model command to update the model with changes you have made to your sketch. The model updates automatically when you exit the Sketch task environment. When you edit a sketch with Rollback, there are no later features to update so this command is not available. Why should I use it? Update Model is useful in the Sketch task environment because it lets you see the effect sketch changes have on later features. Prerequisites Set the following in the Modeling Preferences dialog box to make the Update Model command available. Edit tab Edit Double-click Action (Sketches) Enters the sketch without changing the current feature. Task Environment Edit Sketch Action Enters the Sketch task environment. Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Sketch Sketch→Update Model

j) Replace with Independent Sketch Use the Replace with Independent Sketch command to replace a linked curve feature with an independent sketch. This command will replace a WAVE linked sketch or a two-dimensional linked composite curve with an identical sketch that is completely independent of the parent. Use this command when you no longer want a design to be controlled by its master layout. Example During the design and development of a product, you may have a master layout to control the design of many component parts. When the designs are released for manufacturing, you do not drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

72

want the components to change if the master layout is changed. To do this, you can break the link and replace the linked sketch with an independent sketch. An additional advantage is that the replaced independent sketch has its own constraints that you can modify. Where do I find it? Application Toolbar Menu Part Navigator Modeling Edit Feature→Replace with Independent Sketch Edit→Feature→Replace with Independent Sketch Right-click a Linked feature→Replace with Independent Sketch

k) Rename a sketch From the Sketch task environment 1. On the Sketch toolbar, from the Sketch Name list, select the sketch. 2. Type a new name and press Enter. From the Part Navigator 1. 2. 3. 4. Right–click a sketch feature and choose Properties. Click the General tab. Type a new name in the Name box. Click OK.

l) Finish Sketch Use the Finish Sketch command to exit a sketch and return to the application or command you started sketching from. Where do I find it? (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Finish Sketch Toolbar Menu (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Finish Sketch (Modeling) File→Finish Sketch (Sketch task environment) Task→Finish Sketch Keyboard Ctrl+Q

m) Exit Sketch Use the Exit Sketch command to exit the Sketch task environment without doing the following:
 

Saving the modified sketch. Updating the model.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING The Exit Sketch command restores the part to the state it was prior to entering the Sketch task environment while avoiding the unnecessary step of updating all features downstream of the sketch. Why should I use it? Use this command when you want to do the following:
 

73

Explore and edit sketch curves and constraints without changing sketches and the model permanently. Discard sketch edits made since you entered the Sketch task environment.

Where do I find it? Task environment Menu Sketch Task→Exit Sketch

6. Creating and editing geometry View a topic
Profile Line Derived Lines Arc Circle Fillet Chamfer Rectangle Polygon Studio Spline Fit Spline Ellipse Conic Sketch Point Offset Curve Pattern Curve Mirror Curve Intersection Point Add Existing Curves Intersection Curve Project Curve Quick Trim Quick Extend Make Corner Trim Recipe Curve Edit Defining Section

a) Profile Use the Profile command to create a series of connected lines and/or arcs in string mode. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] . you can create this pipe vise profile in one series of mouse clicks: 74 Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Profile (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Profile Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Profile (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Profile  Create a profile This example shows you how to create a pipe vise profile like this. For example. click Profile .SKETCHING In string mode. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . the end of the last curve becomes the beginning of the next curve. 1. On the Direct Sketch toolbar.

[NX8 HELP] . 75 Move the cursor over the Datum CSYS origin and. click to start the first line. 5. 3. turn off Continuous Auto Dimensioning . Move the cursor to the right and click to complete the second line. when you see the Snap to Point icon.SKETCHING 2. Move the cursor up so that you see the vertical constraint help line and click to complete the first line. 4. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

When you see the horizontal help line indicating that the arc ends are collinear. 76 Click twice more to complete the angled and vertical lines.SKETCHING 6. click to complete the arc. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 8. When the arc is complete. and move the cursor in the direction of the arc. press and hold the left mouse button. Click in three locations to create the following lines. To switch to arc mode. 7.[NX8 HELP] . Profile switches back to line mode. 9.

12.  The arc quadrant with Profile When you transition from a line to an arc or from one arc to another arc.[NX8 HELP] . Move the cursor down until you see the horizontal help line. move the cursor over the first line in the profile. NX adds that line to the Short List. the quadrant zone symbol displays: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 13. 11.SKETCHING 10. Esc Press Esc to stop the Profile string mode. and click to complete the line. Click the start of the first line to close the profile. making it available for constraint inferencing. 77 Before completing the vertical line.

Points selected off of the sketch plane are projected onto the sketch plane. you create a two point arc. To create a series of drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . By default. Tangent Quadrant Perpendicular Quadrant  Profile dialog box Object Type Line Creates a line. place the cursor inside of one of the quadrants and then move the cursor out of the quadrant in either a clockwise or counterclockwise direction. Arc Creates an arc. You can create a three point arc if the first object drawn in string mode is an arc. Profile switches to line mode after you create an arc.[NX8 HELP] . This is the default mode when you choose Profile. Quadrants 3 and 4 are perpendicular quadrants.SKETCHING 78 The quadrant that contains the curve and its opposite vertex are tangent quadrants (quadrants 1 and 2). While stringing from line to arc. To control the direction of the arc.

Lines Arcs Length and Angle parameters.[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Line (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Line Sketch Tools→ Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Line (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Line drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . This example shows the first line point at XC-YC 90 and 70 .SKETCHING chained arcs. double-click the Arc option. Input Mode Coordinate Mode Creates curve points using X and Y coordinate values. and the second line point at length 45 and angle 300 degrees . b) Line Use the Line command to create lines with constraint inferencing. Radius and Sweep Angle parameters. 79 Parameter Mode Creates curve points using parameters that are appropriate to a line or arc curve type.

Click the end of the upper curve. or collinear constraint. 3. 2.[NX8 HELP] . 1. Click Line . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . This example shows how to create lines relative to the reference curve below in clockwise and counter-clockwise directions. Move the mouse until you see the parallel constraint indicator. perpendicular.SKETCHING  Create a line at a relative angle 80 You can create a line at a relative angle to another line by first locking a parallel.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX locks the parallel constraint and switches the input box to Relative Angle.  To finish the line. Create a line at an angle that is counter-clockwise from parallel. 5. click an end point.[NX8 HELP] . 81 Click the middle mouse button.SKETCHING 4. NX previews the relative line. Type 2 and press Enter.   Press Tab to move to the Relative Angle input box.

click an end point. 82 Create a line at an angle that is clockwise from parallel.SKETCHING 6. A line midway between parallel lines. NX switches to this mode for the line's end point. c) Derived Lines Use the Derived Lines command to create new lines from existing lines. You can create any of the following:    Any number of offset lines from a base line. In the Relative Angle input box. Click the middle mouse button. A bisector line between non-parallel lines. Where do I find it? drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Parameter Mode Creates a line start or end point using Length and Angle parameters. This is the default mode for a line's start point. To finish the line. type –2 and press Enter. Move the mouse until you see the parallel constraint indicator.      Click the lower end of the original curve.  Line dialog box Input Mode Coordinate Mode Creates a line start or end point using XC and YC coordinates.[NX8 HELP] .

select two parallel lines. Then click again to place each new line.SKETCHING Toolbar 83 (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Derived Lines (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Derived Lines Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Derived Lines (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Derived Lines  Create Derived Lines To offset a line from a base line. To create a line at the intervening midpoint. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . hold Ctrl and click the base line.[NX8 HELP] . and click again to place the new line. To offset multiple lines from the same base line. click the base. You can set the line length by dragging the mouse or by entering a value in the Length input box.

Bisector Point on Curve constraint at the intersection point of the lines and the bisector line d) Arc Use the Arc command to create an arc with either of two methods:   Specify the arc start and end points. Length of line created. You can place the line end graphically or enter a value in the Length input box. You can also place the bisector in any quadrant of the angled lines.  Constraints with Derived Lines The sketch automatically creates appropriate constraints and dimensions for derived lines if the Parallel. Specify the arc center and the start and end points. if you type the Offset value and press Enter. and the radius. and Create Dimensions for Typed Values check boxes are selected in the Inferred Constraints and Dimensions dialog box. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . select two nonparallel lines. if you type the Length value and press Enter. Length of line created.SKETCHING 84 To construct a bisector line.[NX8 HELP] . Coincident. if you type the Length value and press Enter. Derived Line Parallel at a Parallel Distance Midway line Parallel Constraint Dimension Distance between parallel lines.

85 Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Arc (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Arc Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Arc (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Arc  Create sketch arcs This example shows how to create arcs at the top and bottom of this profile using the Arc by 3 Points method and the Arc by Center and Endpoints method.[NX8 HELP] . click Arc 2. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click the left end point of the top line. . 1. On the Direct Sketch toolbar.SKETCHING This example shows the arc start/end points and radius method.

SKETCHING 86 3. NX completes the arc. Under Arc Method. . When you select the third point. 5.[NX8 HELP] . 4. Select a point on the arc. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . You can optionally enter a Radius value in the on-screen input box. Click the right end point of the top line. click Arc by Center and Endpoints 6. Select the center point of the circle.

[NX8 HELP] . 8.SKETCHING 87 7. Select a point on the line at the bottom of the profile. Select a second point on the line at the bottom of the profile. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

and choose another command or click Apply. 10. click Extrude . 9. On the Feature toolbar. NX completes the arc. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Type a start and end Distance.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 88 When you select the third point.

and a point on the arc. and then the start and end points. Arc by Center and Endpoints Lets you create an arc by defining the center. Input Mode drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . You can change the third point to an endpoint instead of a point on the arc if you move the cursor through one of the circular markers.SKETCHING 89  Arc dialog box Arc Method Arc by Three Points Lets you create an arc that passes through three points: the start point. the end point.[NX8 HELP] . The third point can snap tangent to all types of curves.

if the Tangent constraint is on in Inferred Constraints and Dimensions. For an Arc by Center and Endpoints. While you are rubberbanding a circle. 90 Parameters Lets you specify the Radius parameter for an Arc by Three Points. e) Circle Use the Circle command to create circles with one of two methods:   A center point and a diameter Two points on the circle. you can snap tangent to all types of curves or edges.SKETCHING Coordinate Mode Lets you use coordinate values to specify points for the arc. To make multiple circles: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . you specify the Radius and Sweep Angle parameters.[NX8 HELP] . Making multiple copies of circles is also called stamping. You can use either coordinate values or parameters for both methods. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Circle (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Circle Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Circle (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Circle  Circle stamping You can copy multiple circles with the same diameter. and a diameter This example shows the center point and diameter method.

Place as many copies as you need. 4. Creates a Diameter constraint for the first circle and an Equal Radius constraint for each circle.[NX8 HELP] . you can enter the diameter before you select the circle center point. You can:  Trim all input curves or leave them untrimmed. Input Mode Coordinate Mode Lets you use coordinate values to specify points for the circle. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 91 You can enter the diameter before you select the center point by selecting Parameter Mode  Constraints for multiple copies of circles The Create Dimensions for Typed Values and Equal Radius check boxes on the Inferred Constraints and Dimensions dialog box affect circle stamping as follows: Equal Radius On On Off Off  Circle dialog box Dimensional Constraints Off On On Off Description Creates an Equal Radius constraint for each circle. f) Fillet Use the Fillet command to create a fillet between two or three curves. Circle by 3 Points Creates a circle by specifying three points. . Click the middle mouse button to exit copy mode. When this option is selected. 2. Enter a diameter value and press Tab or Enter. 3. Circle Method Circle by Center and Diameter Creates a circle by specifying its center and diameter. Choose the Circle by Center and Diameter method. Does not create Equal Radius or Dimension constraints. Place the center of the circle by screen pick or enter coordinate values. NX remembers the diameter. Parameter Mode Lets you specify the circle's diameter.SKETCHING 1. Creates a diameter constraint for each circle. 5.

Fillet preview and final output Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Fillet (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Fillet Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Fillet (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Fillet  Fillet two curves 1. Select the Trim or Untrim method as appropriate for your part.SKETCHING    92 Delete the third curve of a three-curve fillet. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. Hold the left mouse button and drag over curves to create a fillet. NX previews the fillet when you select the second curve. 3. You can: o Move the cursor to adjust the fillet size and location. o Change the value in the Radius input box.[NX8 HELP] . 2. 4. click Fillet . Specify a value for the fillet radius. or preview the fillet and determine its size and location by moving the cursor. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the curves to fillet.

Additional Notes A complementary fillet solution also switches the trim direction. This example trims the input curves. 2.[NX8 HELP] . Use the Page Up key to cycle the preview between the complementary fillets. If you enter a value in the Radius input box. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. click Fillet . NX creates a fillet after you select the second input curve. the fillet is created with that radius. left-click. To complete the fillet. If you enter a valid radius. and click the mouse to create the one you want. 5. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . You can fillet using the crayon tool by pressing the left mouse button and dragging the cursor over two curves. NX previews the fillet. If you select more than two curves. If you leave the radius field blank. Select the Trim or Untrim method as appropriate for your part. NX approximates the radius by using the points at which the crayon passed over the first curve. Note If there is a possible complement to the fillet. NX fillets the curves when you release the mouse button.SKETCHING o 93 Press Page Up or Page Down to preview the complementary fillet. Filleting with the crayon tool  Fillet three curves 1. only the first two are inputs for the fillet option.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX also constrains the curve to be tangent to the fillet. move the cursor over the third curve. o If you do not delete the third curve. To preview the fillet. 6. Select or clear Delete Third Curve 4.SKETCHING 3. 94 5. To create the fillet.[NX8 HELP] . NX creates tangent constraints between the curves. as appropriate for your part. Select curves one and two. o If you delete the third curve. left-click.

the sketch creates a Point on Curve constraint. use this option to fillet the three curves on the left. Options Delete Third Deletes the third curve you select.   Filleting extracted curves with the trim option causes them to lose their associativity. Curve For example. If Trim Inputs is off. Untrim Leaves the input curves untrimmed. and delete the red curve: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING  Constraints with Fillets 95 Note these constraint behaviors when you create a fillet:  If you create a fillet that trims dimensioned input curves. That is. Filleting Defining Points Splines with the trim option converts them into End Point Splines. The sketch infers Coincident and Tangent constraints when these constraints are on in Inferred Constraints and Dimensions.[NX8 HELP] . NX automatically adds a vertex point and uses that point to retain the curve dimensions (1). the constraint to the internal defining points is lost.  Fillet dialog box Method Trim Trims the input curves.

You can create the following chamfer types:    Symmetric Asymmetric Offset and Angle You can also hold the left mouse button and drag over curves to create a chamfer. You can also preview the complement by pressing the Page Up or Page Down key. g) Chamfer Use the Chamfer command to bevel a sharp corner between two sketch lines.SKETCHING 96 Create Alternate Fillet Previews the complementary fillet. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Chamfer (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Chamfer Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Chamfer (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Chamfer drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] .

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 Lets you select lines by dragging the cursor over the intersecting lines or by selecting the lines one at a time. . Double-click a sketch to edit it. Click Chamfer 3. Specifies both distance values measured along the selected lines.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING  Create a chamfer in a sketch 97 This example shows how to create a chamfer in a sketch. 1. Select the intersection to create the chamfer. Specify the Chamfer Location.  Chamfer dialog box Curves to Chamfer Select Lines Offsets Symmetric Chamfer Asymmetric Specifies a chamfer that is perpendicular to the bisector of the intersection at a distance from the intersection. 4. 2.

height. Distance 2 The check box locks this value.[NX8 HELP] . and angle. Available when Chamfer is set to Asymmetric. Available when Chamfer is set to Offset and Angle. Distance 1 Sets the distance from the intersection to the chamfer of the first line. h) Rectangle Use the Rectangle command to create a rectangle using one of three methods: By 2 Points Creates a rectangle from 2 points in diagonal corners. and Offset and Angle.SKETCHING Offset and Angle Specifies the angle and the distance values of the chamfer. Chamfer Location Specify Point Lets you specify the location for the chamfer. From Center Creates a rectangle from a center point. The rectangle is parallel to the XC and YC sketch axes. 98 Available when Chamfer is set to Symmetric. The check box locks this value. The rectangle can be at any angle to the XC and YC axes. The check box locks this value. Sets the distance from the intersection to the chamfer of the second line. By 3 Points Creates a rectangle from a start point and two points that determine width. a second point that determines angle and width. and a third point that determines height. The rectangle can be at any angle to the XC and YC axes. Angle The angle measured from the first line to the chamfer. The check box locks this value. Distance The distance from the intersection to the chamfer of the first line. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Rectangle drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

Move the cursor to define point 2 for the rectangle. 5. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . click . To define first point of the rectangle. 2. left-click. either: o Click in the graphics window. This example begins with a picked point. A preview of a rectangle displays and dynamically updates as you move the cursor towards point 2. 4. Under Rectangle Method. o Enter XC and YC values in the on-screen input boxes.SKETCHING 99 (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Rectangle Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Rectangle (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Rectangle  Create a Rectangle By 2 Points 1. click By 2 Points. To complete the rectangle. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. 3.

move the cursor and click. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. To define the second point of the rectangle. 4. and before you select a second point.  Create a Rectangle By 3 Points 1. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . This example begins with a picked point. 2. To define the third point of the rectangle.SKETCHING 100 Note Note that you can toggle between the By 2 Points and By 3 Points methods by dragging the left mouse button after you select the first point. either: o Click in the graphics window. click .[NX8 HELP] . To define the first point of the rectangle. click By 3 Points. Under Rectangle Method. 5. o Enter XC and YC values in the on-screen input boxes. 3. move the cursor and click.

[NX8 HELP] . click . Under Rectangle Method. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . and angle on-screen input boxes.  Create a Rectangle From Center 1. o Enter XC and YC values in the on-screen input boxes. and before you select a second point. Note You can toggle between the By 2 Points and By 3 Points methods by dragging the left mouse button after you select the first point. 6. To create the rectangle. either: o Click in the graphics window. left-click.SKETCHING 101 Note You can still change the parameter values in the width. 3. height. click By 3 Points. To define the center point of the rectangle. This example begins with a picked point. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. 2.

left-click. A preview rectangle displays and sizes along the height line in opposite directions from the midpoint.[NX8 HELP] . To specify point 3. To complete the rectangle. move the cursor. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . You can also change its angle by rotating it around point 1. left-click. When the width line length and angle are as desired. 5.SKETCHING 102 4. move the cursor to size the length of the width line. 6. To specify point 2. Note The width line defines the midpoint position of the rectangle height line.

The rectangle is parallel to the XC and YC sketch axes. i) Polygon Use the Polygon command to create polygons by specifying:     Center point Number of sides Radius Rotation angle drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . a second point to indicate the angle and width.SKETCHING 103  Rectangle dialog box Rectangle Method By 2 Points Creates a rectangle from 2 points in diagonal corners. Note You can toggle between the By 2 Points and By 3 Points methods by dragging the left mouse button after you select the first point. By 3 Points Lets you create a rectangle at an angle to the XC and YC axes. Input Mode Coordinate Mode Lets you specify points for the rectangle as XC and YC coordinates. From Center Lets you create a rectangle by first specifying a center point. Clearing this option selects Coordinate Mode.[NX8 HELP] . and a third point to indicate the height. The first two points you select indicate the width and angle of the rectangle. and before you select a second point. Clearing this option selects Parameter Mode. You can specify coordinates using the on-screen input boxes or by clicking the left mouse button in the graphics window. The third point indicates the height. Parameter Mode Lets you specify points for the rectangle as relative parameter values.

The check box locks this value. Specifies the length of the sides of the polygon. Inscribed Radius Size Circumscribed Radius Side Length Specifies the distance from the center point to the middle of the sides of the polygon.[NX8 HELP] . Available when Size is set to Inscribed Radius or Circumscribed Radius.SKETCHING Polygons can be created using the following methods:    104 Inscribed Radius Circumscribed Radius Side of Polygon For this example. the following values are used:  Number of Sides = 8  Size = Inscribed Radius  Radius = 10. Radius Sets the size for inscribed and circumscribed radius polygons. Available when Size is set to Side Length.0  Rotation = 0° Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Polygon (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Polygon (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Polygon Menu (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Polygon  Polygon dialog box Size Specify Point Lets you select a point to define the radius of a polygon. Length Sets the length for side length of polygons. The check box locks this value. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Specifies the distance from the center point to the corners of the polygon.

j) Studio Spline Use the Studio Spline command to dynamically create splines using either points or poles. Studio Splines Using Through Points and By Poles Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Studio Spline (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Studio Spline Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Studio Spline (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Studio Spline k) Fit Spline Use the Fit Spline command to create a spline by fitting it to specified data points. with the following exceptions:   105 There is no Associative option. Rotation The check box locks this value.[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Toolbar Menu (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Fit Spline (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Fit Spline (Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Fit Spline drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING Controls the rotation angle measured from the horizontal axis of the sketch. The default number of degrees is 3. The functionality is the same as the Modeling Studio Spline.

[NX8 HELP] . 4. Semimajor axis is free to move in the X direction.SKETCHING l) Ellipse Use the Ellipse command to create a curve that represents the intersection of a plane and a cone by specifying: 106 1. Center point is free to move in the X direction. 2. The following example shows you how to constrain an ellipse using a datum CSYS and reference lines along the semimajor and semiminor axes. Semiminor axis is free to move in the Y direction. You can fully constrain an ellipse in a variety of ways depending on the geometry in your part and your design intent. 1. Major Radius Center point Minor Radius Rotation Angle Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Ellipse (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Ellipse Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Ellipse (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Ellipse  Fully constrain an ellipse An unconstrained ellipse has five degreesof-freedom:      Center point is free to rotate. Choose Insert→Sketch Curve→Ellipse . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Center point is free to move in the Y direction. 3.

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

107

2.

Select the plane for the sketch.

3.

Select the Point of Datum Coordinate System for the ellipse center point.

4. Make sure Continuous Auto Dimensioning turned off. 5. is

Click OK.

6. Specify initial values for the Major Radius and Minor Radius.

7.

Click OK to create the ellipse.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

108

8.

Create a line from the center to the edge of the ellipse. Be sure the end of the line is coincident with the ellipse.

9.

Create a second line perpendicular to the first line.

10.

Trim the second line to the ellipse.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING 11.

109

Dimension the lines with two parallel and an angular dimension.

12.

Create a Parallel constraint between ellipse and the first line.

13.

Convert the two lines to reference curves.

14.

You can now edit the semi major and semi minor dimension to edit the ellipse.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

110

m) Conic Use the Conic command to create a curve that represents the intersection of a plane and a cone by specifying:

1. Start point 2. Rho value less than 1.0 and greater than 0.0, which is the sharpness of the curve. You can edit the Rho value of an existing conic from within an active sketch by double-clicking the conic. 3. End point 4. Control point

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Conic (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Conic Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Conic (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve→Conic

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

NX projects the point onto the sketch plane. and anchor point to lie on a straight line. do not apply a combination of geometric or dimensional constraints that would cause the start point. n) Sketch Point Use the Sketch Point command to create points in a sketch. Control point.[NX8 HELP] . Start point 2. end point. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Point (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Point Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Point (Sketch task environment) Insert→Datum/Point→Point  Create a circular hole pattern This example shows you how to create and edit a hole pattern on the following part. End point 3. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING  Constraints with Conic 111 You can constrain a conic by constraining its: 1. which is the vertex for the conic Note When applying constraints to a conic. Note If you create a point off of the sketch plane.

NX creates the point and two Automatic dimensions. 4. click Hole . Select the target face and click the middle mouse button. 112 2. 5.[NX8 HELP] . Click Constraints . To create a point. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . . click Sketch Section Click Reset . 3.SKETCHING 1. click on the face. On the Feature toolbar. In the Position group.

9. choose Circular. Select the point and click the middle mouse button to advance.[NX8 HELP] . NX converts the dimension to a Driving dimension. and press Enter. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 113 Select the point and the X-axis of the datum CSYS. and click Point on Curve . press Esc.SKETCHING 6. 7. To exit Constraints. From the Layout list. type a value in the on-screen box. This example uses 50mm. NX constrains the point to the X-axis and deletes an Automatic dimension. Double-click the second Automatic dimension. 8. 10. From the Offset Curve list. choose Pattern Curve .

In the Angular Direction group:     From the Spacing list. set an appropriate value for the hole diameter. To create the pattern of holes. In the Pitch Angle input box. In the Dimensions group. Right-click in the graphics window and click Finish Sketch. Ensure that the Span Angle is 360. To complete the pattern.SKETCHING 11. This example uses 15mm. click the middle mouse button. 12. type 40. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 14. Ensure that the Create Pitch Expressions check box is selected.[NX8 HELP] . click OK. 13. 114 Click the arc center of the Revolve feature. choose Pitch and Span.

5. or fix them to the inputs with an End Constraint. change its Formula to 6. 3. You can leave the chain ends free.[NX8 HELP] . Input curves Offset preview Base chain graphics symbol End Constraint symbol Offset chain graphics symbol Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Offset Curve (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Offset Curve drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . To modify the pattern:     115 From the Tools menu. The sketch identifies the base and offset chains with graphics window symbols. 2. Click OK. or curves/edges in the current assembly. projected curves. and press Enter. choose Expression. You can also break and combine base chains.SKETCHING 15. Click Pattern_pxxx. change its Formula to 40. and constrain the geometry using an Offset constraint. o) Offset Curve Use the Offset Curve command to offset a chain of curves. 1. and optionally creates an offset dimension between the base and chain. and press Enter. Click Pattern_pxxx. 4.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . . Offset direction 2. 4. click Create Inferred Constraints 3. click Offset Curve . Click any curve in the base chain. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. 1.[NX8 HELP] . On the Direct Sketch toolbar. Double-click any sketch curve. End Constraint symbol 7. From the Curve Rule list. Click OK. Type an appropriate value in the Distance box. choose Connected Curves. 6. 2. NX previews the offset. 5.SKETCHING Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Offset Curve (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve from Curves→Offset Curve  Create Offset Curves 116 This example shows how to create and edit the following basic offset: 1.

13. click Show/Remove Constraints. Trim or extending the end of an offset chain deletes an End Constraint. NX automatically fillets the offset chain (6). Base chain symbol 5. 11. NX displays explicit constraints for the current sketch. but it does allow you to move the corresponding end of the offset chain independent of the base chain. double-click the handle again. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. To recreate the constraint. To edit the offset. Offset chain symbol 8. Click All in Active Sketch. To remove an End Constraint.[NX8 HELP] . 10. or by deleting an offset curve. double-click the handle . or by deleting a base curve. Next. 12. Thickness Dimension 4. From the Direct Sketch toolbar. Show Constraints Line2 Horizontal drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 9. NX does not update the base chain when you edit the offset chain by filleting. choose Fillet and select the curves at the upper right corner of the sketch. suppose you want to delete the Offset constraint. Adding a fillet to the base chain automatically updates the offset chain. Note NX updates the offset chain when you edit the base chain by filleting. trimming or extending an offset curve.SKETCHING 117 3. trimming or extending a base curve. double-click any curve in the offset chain. Removing an End Constraint does not delete the offset constraint.

if you offset three connected curves using the Connected Curves Curve Rule. 118 7.[NX8 HELP] . Create independent offsets from the same chain using different Distance values. 3. NX creates a corresponding fillet in the offset chain (1). you should avoid option 3 because:   If you fillet a corner of the base chain. click Remove Highlighted. NX does not update the offset if you later add a fourth line coincident to the start or the end of the base chain. Create an original offset from the chain. For example. Select Offset. Offset the chain using the Number of Copies option. However. If you offset a chain by a distance that produces a zero-length curve. and then create independent offsets from each offset. NX may produce unpredictable results for subsequent offsets of the offset chain that contains the zero length curve.SKETCHING Line3 Vertical Offset 14. 2. Unconstrained curves after deleting Offset constraint  Multiple Offset Curves: considerations You can create multiple offsets of a base chain in three ways: 1. and click OK. Selection Intent does not recognize zero-length curves. Siemens PLM Software encourages you to use options 1 or 2 as appropriate for a given part. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .  Offset sketch curves: special cases Selection Intent at creation time only In general. Selection Intent rules apply only when you create an offset. Note these common scenarios in which Offset Curve does preserve your design intent when you edit a base chain: If you fillet a corner in the base chain. NX cannot propagate the fillet beyond the first offset chain.

Base curves and zero length drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 119 If you extend or trim a curve a curve in the base chain. you cannot trim the portion of the offset chain between the vertical curves below (4). However. trimming or extending an end of an offset chain removes the end constraint. Therefore.[NX8 HELP] . you can trim the base chain between the vertical curves (5).SKETCHING If you delete a curve in the base chain. Middle portion of an offset chain You cannot trim the middle portion of an offset chain. NX extends or trims the corresponding curve in the offset chain (3). changes you make to the offset chain do not affect the base chain. Note For the three examples above. For example. NX deletes the corresponding curve in the offset chain (2).

SKETCHING NX will not reduce the base curve of an offset to a length of zero. If you edit the offset distance. For example.  Offset Curve dialog box Curves to Offset Select Curve Selects the curve or chain of curves you want to offset. For example. you cannot offset this curve because the input spline has sharp corners. if you drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX returns a conflicting constraint condition. Edit the offset and reverse the direction so that the base chain is to the inside of the offset chain. NX can move only the base chain since the position of the offset chain is fixed. this sketch includes a chain offset by 10 mm. if you project a face of a block onto the sketch plane as a single spline. Next. The curve chain can be open. 120 For example. closed. If you increase the distance so that the middle curve in the base chain would go to a zero length. and can contain these geometry types:        Lines Arcs Circles Conics Offset chains Ellipses Splines – note that you cannot offset G1 discontinuous curves. Note Selection Intent rules apply only when you create an offset. or mixed.[NX8 HELP] . use the Fully Fixed constraint to fix the position of the offset chain.

if you offset two independent rectangles in one operation. Caution You cannot select more than 200 curves to offset.[NX8 HELP] . Create Dimension Creates a Thickness Dimension between the base and offset curve chains. Note that creating an offset with Create Dimension turned off is not the same as drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX does not update the offset if you later add a fourth line coincident to the start or the end of the base chain. Reverses the direction of offset chains. and then click NX reverses both offset chains.SKETCHING 121 offset three connected curves using the Connected Curves option. You cannot create a Thickness Dimension from the dimension dialog box. NX displays sub-chains in the List window. Add new set Creates a new sub-chain within the current offset chain.   Deleting this dimension does not delete the offset constraint. click the corresponding direction handle. To flip only one chain. example. Only positive values are valid. Offset Distance Reverse Direction Specifies the offset distance. For . Note that the dialog box button and graphics window direction handles behave differently under certain circumstances. Clicking reverses the direction of all chains associated with the current operation. To recreate a Thickness Dimension. edit the offset and select the Create Dimension option.

To make the offsets truly independent. Note The Symmetric Offset and Number of Copies options apply only when you create an offset. Cap Options Extension Cap – Closes the offset chain by extending curves in their natural direction to a physical intersection point. Specifies how many copies of the offset chain to make. Open corner handle 2. NX offsets each copy from its predecessor by the Distance parameter.SKETCHING 122 creating a non-associative offset. note that NX does not update the second offset chain until you click OK.    1. Arc Cap – Closes the offset chain by filleting the offset chain curves. To open a closed corner. NX creates independent offsets tied together only by the dimension expression. NX previews the open corner and changes the handle to Close Corner. creating a symmetric offset is the same as creating two independent offsets from the same base chain in different directions and setting the second expression value equal to the first.[NX8 HELP] . you can break the expression link. Output open corner drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . For example. Symmetric Offset Number of Copies Creates offset chains on both sides of the base chain. but dimensionless. Chain Continuity and End Constraints Show Corners Displays Show Corners handles at each corner in the chain. Clearing this option creates an associative. double-click the handle. Close corner handle 3. If you modify the offset value. For closed and partially-closed profiles. offset. NX creates an internal chain only if the Distance value is small enough for the chain to fit. The fillet radius is equal to the offset Distance.

this value matches the Modeling Distance preference in Customer Defaults. Circular Pattern with 5 Instances Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Pattern Curve drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . To delete the end constraint of an existing offset. Note that this does not delete the offset constraint. Specifies the tolerance when you offset a Studio Spline. Click OK to remove the existing constraint(s) and add the end constraint. Note that you can add or remove constraints independently for each copy of an offset chain. By default. curves. Settings Convert Input Converts the input curves to reference curves. The available types are:    Linear Pattern Circular Pattern General Pattern that can be modified when you double-click one of This command also creates a pattern constraint the patterned curves. a conic. p) Pattern Curve Use the Pattern Curve command to pattern edges. or an ellipse. If the end of an offset has constraints to other curves. NX displays a message. Curves to Reference Degree Tolerance Specifies the degree when you offset a Studio Spline. Double-click the handle to add or remove an End constraint.[NX8 HELP] . The default is 3. right-click the end constraint symbol and choose Delete. It allows you to move the offset end independently of the base. and points that are parallel to the sketch plane. The input curves must reside in the active sketch.SKETCHING Show Ends 123 Displays End Constraint handles at each end of the chain.

From the Layout list. 1. Select a curve.SKETCHING 124 (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Pattern Curve Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Pattern Curve (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve from Curves→Pattern Curve  Create an associative pattern of curves This example shows how to create a pattern of curves in both the X and Y directions. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click the middle mouse button to advance. Double–click a sketch to edit it. 2. Click Pattern Curve .[NX8 HELP] . 3. 5. select Linear. 4.

select Count and Pitch. type 3. From the Spacing list.SKETCHING 6. In the Count box. In the Direction 2 group. 125 Select the X datum axis to define Direction 1. select the Use Direction 2 check box.[NX8 HELP] . 8. 7. In the Pitch Distance box. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . type 25.

In the Count box. 10. 126 Select the Y datum axis to define Direction 2. select Count and Pitch.[NX8 HELP] . type 2. In the Pitch Distance box. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 9. From the Spacing list. type 28. 11. Choose another command or click Apply to create the pattern.

1. Stagger the pattern. Double–click a sketch to edit it.[NX8 HELP] . Click Pattern Curve . 2.SKETCHING  Create a circular pattern of curves within a boundary 127 This example shows how to:   Pattern the circle below within the boundaries of the face. is drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Make sure that Create Inferred Constraints disabled. 3.

NX selects the face edges as the boundary. select the boundary face.[NX8 HELP] . select Circular. select Face. Click the middle mouse button to advance. In the Pattern Definition group. from the Boundary list. type –10. 6.SKETCHING 4. 5. under Boundary Definition. 8. In the Margin Distance box. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . In the graphics window. 7. From the Layout list. 128 Select the circle. Click the middle mouse button to advance to Specify Center Point.

10. type 5. Select the Include First Circle check box. In the Count box. select Count and Pitch. 129 Select the point at the center of the face. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . choose Angle. from the Stagger list.SKETCHING 9. select Angle. From the Spacing list. type 360. From the Define Pitch As list. 11.[NX8 HELP] . choose Pitch and Span. type 45. In the Span Angle box. type 12. In the Pattern Settings group. In the Pitch Distance box. In the Radial Direction group:      Select the Create Concentric Members check box. In the Pitch Angle box. 12. In the Angular Direction group:     From the Spacing list.

Count = 3. Linear Create Inferred Sets the number of objects in the pattern in direction 1.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 130 NX creates only those pattern instances whose control points lie more than 10 mm from the edge of the face. Pattern Definition Selected curve for pattern. 13. Direction 1. click Apply or choose another command. To create the pattern.  Pattern Curve Linear and Circular options These Pattern Curve options can be associative and edited if you enable Constraints. Pitch Distance drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

These Pattern Curve options can be associative and edited if you enable Constraints.SKETCHING 131 Sets the distance between each copy of the selected curves. Selected From Coordinate System From a point or CSYS. Span Distance Sets the distance from the selected curve to the last curve in the pattern.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Sets the number of objects in the pattern in direction 2. Selected To Coordinate Systems To a point or coordinate system or many points or coordinate systems. Sets the number of objects in the pattern. Count = 2. The expressions are named Pattern_p#. Span Angle Count = 5. Create Pitch Expressions  Pattern Curve General options Creates expressions for the pattern count and pitch. Circular Selected curve for pattern Sets the angle from the selected curve to the last curve in the pattern. Pitch Angle Sets the angle between each copy of the selected curves. Pattern Definition General Pattern Create Inferred Selected curve for pattern. Direction 2.

SKETCHING Orientation = Follow Pattern Lock Orientation  Pattern Curve non-associative options 132 Locks the rotational angle constraint to follow the original curves. These additional Pattern Curve options only available if you disable Create Inferred Constraints. and a radial component defined by the object to pattern on the corner. defined by an origin.[NX8 HELP] . The object to pattern will always be at the origin of the spiral. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .      Direction = Left Hand Spiral Size By = Number of Turns Turns = 2 Radial Pitch = 30 Span = 30 Along – A pattern whose direction is defined by a continuous chain of curves or edges. You can specify the distance between the coils. Pattern Definition Layout list Polygon — Creates an equilateral polygon. and a rotation angle. These options are useful when you add sketch curves to a drawing. If you do not select the option. you can change the rotation angle of the entire pattern. left or right handedness. and the number of sides. with instances distributed along the chain according to the spacing parameters.     Number of Sides = 6 Spacing = Count per Side Count = 4 Span = 360 Spiral — Creates an Along pattern where simplified control of the spiral is provided. the total number of turns.

Boundary Definition Available for Linear. or General pattern from the current sketch or another sketch on the same plane. and Spiral layouts. The pattern referenced must be an associative Linear. or if they are inside the boundary. in Direction 1 and Direction 2 with the Symmetric check box selected.[NX8 HELP] . This example shows the pattern.    Layout = Linear Count = 5 and Pitch = 12 in two directions Boundary = None drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . You can also reference a patterned feature which is two-dimensional and is in a plane parallel to current sketch plane. This example shows the pattern. Lets you specify a curve or face as a Boundary that will clip pattern instances whose control points reach the boundary. Polygon. and a negative margin is to the outside of the boundary. Circular.SKETCHING 133     Count = 6 Location = % Arc Length % Pitch Distance = 20 Orientation = Normal to Path Reference – A pattern based on another pattern. Symmetric Creates symmetric instances of the pattern using the Linear pattern type. in Direction 1 with the Symmetric check box selected. You can also specify a Margin Distance that determines how close instances can get to the boundary. Circular. A positive margin is to the inside of the boundary.

and set the spacing. Radiate Available for Circular. NX clips pattern instances inside the boundary.    Pitch Angle = 45 Span Angle = 360 Create Concentric Members = off drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . and Polygon layouts.  Boundary Curve = None   Boundary Curve = Exclude Circle selected as the boundary.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 134    Boundary = Face Margin Distance = 4 All four face edges selected. Lets you add concentric members to a pattern.

General. Controls whether instances maintain a constant orientation. or follow an orientation based on either the pattern definition or the path.[NX8 HELP] . and Reference layouts. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 135     Create Concentric Members = on Include First Circle = on Count = 3 Pitch = 3  Include First Circle = off Orientation Available for Circular. Along. Spiral.   Layout = Circular Orientation = Same As Input   Layout = Circular Orientation = Follow Pattern   Layout = Along Orientation = Normal to Path Pattern Increment Increases or decreases the distance between each pattern instance by the value specified. Polygon.

NX applies mirror geometric constraints to all the geometry. The distance is a preset 1/2 pitch. removed with the Suppress option. Suppress Lets you remove any instance(s) in a pattern. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX creates only the outermost instances of a pattern. This example shows one instance. This example shows a row stagger. When Frame Only is enabled. and an angle for a Circular layout. Lets you vary the locations of adjacent rows or columns for a Linear layout. Frame Only 136 Available for Linear layouts. This example shows one instance. on the right side of the pattern. Stagger Available for Linear and Circular layouts.[NX8 HELP] . Clocking Lets you offset any instance(s) in a pattern. on the right side of the pattern. moved in the X-direction with the Clocking option. q) Mirror Curve Use the Mirror Curve command to make a mirrored copy of sketch geometry through a specified sketch line.SKETCHING Pattern Settings These options are only available with a linear pattern that has two directions.

click Mirror Curve . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 3. 2. 1. 4. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. Double-click any sketch curve to edit the sketch. Select the line to mirror around.[NX8 HELP] . Select the curves to mirror and click the middle mouse button.SKETCHING 137 Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Mirror Curve (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Mirror Curve Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Mirror Curve (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve from Curves→Mirror Curve  Mirror sketch geometry This example shows how to mirror the top four curves around the bottom line.

NX creates a reference line along the axis.SKETCHING 138 5. NX creates a mirror constraint.[NX8 HELP] . to Reference Show Ends Displays End Constraints so that you can remove or add them. NX applies mirror geometric constraints reference curve. to all the geometry and converts the centerline to a  Mirror Curve dialog box Select Object Select Curve Specifies one or more sketch curves to mirror. If the centerline is a datum axis. edge. If you remove end constraints and then edit the original curves. Click Apply or select another command. Settings Convert Centerline Converts an active centerline to reference. the unconstrained mirrored curves will not update. Centerline Select Centerline Specifies the mirror centerline. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . or outside of. or datum axis within. the current sketch. You can select a line.

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Intersection Point (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Intersection Point Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Intersection Point (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve from Curves→Intersection Point drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING r) Intersection Point 139 Use Intersection Point to create an associative point and datum axes at the location where specified geometry crosses the sketch plane.   Sketch on Path Intersection point Intersection Point captures coincident constraints from existing 3D curves/edges as well as tangent and normal directions of adjoining faces. The example below shows a Sketch on Path and intersection point where the lower surface edge intersects the sketch plane.

3. Create a Sketch on Path on the edge of the uppermost sheet body. 2. 1.[NX8 HELP] . Click Intersection Point .SKETCHING  Create Intersection Points for a Variational Sweep 140 This example shows how to create intersection points for a Variational Sweep. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The sweep runs along a sheet body edge and two rails. Choose Tangent Curves.

Select the second rail and click OK. and End of Line Select the appropriate curve commands to create your profile.SKETCHING 4.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Ensure that Existing Point are enabled. constrained with two angular dimensions. 6. 7. and ensure that you fully constrain the sketch. 141 Select the first rail and click Apply. This example shows a simple profile. 5.

10. The sketch identifies possible solutions from the beginning of the path. Adding Ellipses. Select the profile and click OK. parabolas and hyperbolas. NX does not apply constraints to the added curves or close gaps between geometry. you can extend one or both ends to intersect the sketch plane. Note the following considerations:     The curves and points must be coplanar with the sketch. to your active sketch. Use the Project Curve command instead. You cannot add extruded curves to a sketch that was created after the extrusion.[NX8 HELP] . If a path is open. You cannot add "developed. as well as conic curves such as ellipses. right-click in the graphics window and choose Finish Sketch. s) Add Existing Curves Use the Add Existing Curves command to add existing curves and points. These include curves created using the Law Subfunction (splines and helixes) and those created using Project Points/Curves." or "associative. use the Auto Constrain command. Parabolas and Hyperbolas drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 142 To exit the sketch. Cycle Solutions Cycles through alternate solutions if:   A path intersects the sketch plane at more than one point." curves to a sketch with this option.SKETCHING 8. To apply geometric constraints.  Intersection Point dialog box Curve to Intersect Select Curve Selects the rail (or path) on which you want to create an intersection point. 9. A path is open and does not intersect the sketch plane. Choose Insert→Sweep→Variational Sweep.

You can:      Cycle through multiple intersection solutions. NX adds it as an ellipse. If you choose a partial ellipse of less than 180 degrees. Refit the output curve. If you choose a full ellipse.SKETCHING Note the following considerations:    143 If you choose a parabola or hyperbola to add to a sketch. Where do I find it? drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX adds it as a general conic curve. or one that is equal to or greater than 180 degrees. Specify maximum deviation between the input faces and the swept faces. Join multiple output curves into a single curve. Suppress interior trimming holes in the input faces. you must specify whether you want the curve to be an ellipse or a general conic curve.[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Add Existing Curves (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Add Existing Curves Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Add Existing Curves (Sketch task environment) Insert→Curve from Curves→Add Existing Curves t) Intersection Curve Use the Intersection Curve command to create a smooth chain of curves where a set of tangent continuous faces intersects the sketch plane.

Select a sketch plane that intersects the target faces. click Intersection Curve . Select any face in the set of tangent faces. or Advanced as appropriate. 5. 6. 4. On the Feature toolbar.[NX8 HELP] . Under Settings. 2. click Sketch . On the Sketch Tools toolbar. From the Curve Fit list. or choose Insert→Recipe Curve→Intersection Curve. 7. choose Cubic. select or clear the Ignore Holes and Join Curves options as appropriate for your part. NX automatically selects a horizontal reference. 3. Quintic.SKETCHING Toolbar 144 (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Intersection Curve (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Intersection Curve Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Intersection Curve (Sketch task environment) Insert→Recipe Curve→Intersection Curve  Create an Intersection Curve through multiple faces 1. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click OK to create the new sketch.

To display alternate curves in relation to any holes in your part. In the dialog box. Click OK. . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . click Cycle Solution 10.[NX8 HELP] . clear the Ignore Hole option. NX limits the curve to one side of the hole.SKETCHING 145 8. 9.

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

146

Final part with the Ignore Hole option cleared.

 Intersection Curve dialog box

Faces to Intersect Select Face Selects the face(s) on which to create an intersection curve. If you select multiple faces, they must be tangent-continuous.

Cycle Solution

Displays alternate solutions when you select the Ignore Holes option. In this example, NX can create an intersection curve on either side of the hole. Use Cycle Solution to view your options and make a selection.

Settings Ignore Holes Creates the intersection curve through any trimming holes in the face. If you clear this check box, NX stops the intersection curve at the first hole the curve encounters.

Join Curves Merges curves on multiple faces into a single spline curve. If you clear this option, NX creates individual sketch curves on each face. Curve Fit Method Cubic – creates a degree-3 curve. If you need to transfer your data to another system that supports only degree-3 curves, you must use this option.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

147

Quintic – creates a degree-5 curve. Curves created with the Quintic fit method have a smaller number of segments than those created with the Cubic fit method, and are therefore easier to edit. The curvature distributions are smoother, and better replicate the curvature properties of the true curve. Advanced – enables the Maximum Degree and Maximum Segments options in the dialog box. Specify a maximum number of degrees and a maximum number of segments. NX tries to build the curve without adding segments, up to the maximum degrees. If the curve is out of tolerance at the degrees maximum, NX adds segments up to the maximum number you specify. If the curve is still out of tolerance at the segments maximum, NX creates the curve and displays an error message. Maximum Degrees Maximum Segments Distance Tolerance Angle Tolerance For Advanced only – specifies the maximum number of degrees for the new curve(s). For Advanced only – specifies the maximum number of segments for the new curve(s). All techniques using approximation require a Distance Tolerance. The distance tolerance is the maximum allowable distance between the true theoretical sheet and the resulting body that the system creates to approximate it. Some techniques that approximate curves also require an Angle Tolerance to define the maximum allowable angle between the body normals at corresponding points. Curve approximation can be adversely affected by the angle tolerance. Even when the distance tolerance has been met, it is possible that more segments would have to be added to meet the angle tolerance. If you find that a body has an excessive amount of data, or that body creation is taking too long, you may want to increase the angle tolerance, or possibly make the angle tolerance very large to, in effect, remove that tolerance from consideration.

u) Project Curve Use the Project Curve command to project curves, edges, or points that are external to the sketch, onto the sketch along the normal of the sketch plane. You can:
   

Project a curve associatively or non-associatively onto a sketch. Project curves or edges non-associatively from a different part in your assembly. Create constraints between projected curves and non-projected curves. The non-projected curves can move based on sketch constraints but the projected curves are always fixed. Edit, remove, or replace curves projected onto a sketch

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

148

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Project Curve (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Project Curve Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Curve→Project Curve (Sketch task environment) Insert→Recipe Curve→Project Curve
 Project curves to a sketch

This example shows how to project curves from a solid body into a sketch and create a feature from the new curves.

1. Choose Insert→Sketch in Task Environment. 2. Select the datum plane on the left and click OK.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

149

3. On the Sketch Tools toolbar, click Project Curve 4. From the Curve Rule list, select Tangent Curves. 5. Select any edge on the inner slot and click OK. NX projects the curves onto the sketch plane.

.

6. On the Sketch Tools toolbar, click Arc

and create an arc that closes the profile.

7. Constrain the arc center to be coincident with the Y-axis of the sketch. a. On the Sketch Tools toolbar, click Constraints b. Select the arc center. c. Select the Y-axis. .

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

When the Associative check box is selected. Tip To find the preferences. Set the End limit to Until Selected and choose the second datum plane. You cannot add associativity to any non-associative projected curve in a sketch. it is treated like any other curve in the sketch. To exit the Sketch task environment. Project non-associative curves onto a sketch with Positioning Dimensions. NX updates the projected curves in the sketch. c. If the number of projected curves decreases. NX displays a warning in the Edit During Update dialog box. from the Start list. Click the first datum plane. Note If the Associative option is unavailable. you can:    Select objects from a different part in your assembly. You can remove the associativity of a projected curve. the sketch contains positioning dimensions. The projected curves have a different color from normal sketch curves. Create an extrude feature between the two datum planes on the solid body.[NX8 HELP] . Click Point on Curve . 9. When the Associative check box is not selected. If the original geometry changes. e. On the Feature toolbar. a. choose Preferences→Sketch. d. b. 8. and click the Part Settings tab.SKETCHING d. After the curve becomes nonassociative. even if you suppress the original geometry. click Extrude .   Changes in the number of edges are reflected in the projected string. The projected strings remain visible in the sketch. choose Until Selected. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . click OK. Select any curve in the sketch. press Ctrl-Q. f. You can customize this color be changing the Recipe Curves sketch preferences. 150  Project Curve dialog box Settings Associative Links projected curves to the original geometry. To complete the extruded feature. Select objects with an earlier time stamp than the sketch. In the Limits group.

Single Spline v) Quick Trim Use the Quick Trim command to trim a curve to the closest physical or virtual intersection in either direction. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Quick Trim (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Quick Trim Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Edit→Sketch Curve→Quick Trim drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Note Trimming a curve that has no intersection deletes the curve.  Hold the left mouse button and drag across multiple curves to trim them all at the same time. Original Creates the extracted curves using their original geometry types. Preview the trim by passing the cursor over the curve.SKETCHING 151 You cannot project associative curves onto a sketch that has positioning dimensions. Output Curve Type The following options are available only when you project curves. not when you edit them. You can:   Connects and represents extracted curves using a single spline. Spline Segment Represents the extracted curves using individual splines.[NX8 HELP] . Select individual curves to trim.

ensure that the Trim to Extension option is enabled. To preview the trim.[NX8 HELP] . In the Settings group. or select Edit→Quick Trim.SKETCHING (Sketch task environment) Edit→Curve→Quick Trim  Trim single or multiple objects 152 1. 3. click Quick Trim 2. move the cursor over a curve. click Quick Trim . 4. drag the cursor over the target curves. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . To complete the trim.  Trim to a virtual intersection 1. To trim multiple curves. NX trims each curve as the cursor passes over it. On the Sketch Tools toolbar. . click the left mouse button. you would need to press Ctrl+Z twice to undo both trims. On the Sketch Tools toolbar. 2. For this example. Note that each trim is a separate operation. or select Edit→Quick Trim.

[NX8 HELP] . 4. Select a boundary curve in the graphics window and click the middle mouse button. NX previews the trim. 6.SKETCHING 3. drag the cursor over the target curves. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Move the cursor over the curve you want to trim. click Select Curve. To complete the trim. To trim multiple curves. click the curve region you want to delete. Under Boundary Curve. 153 5. NX trims each curve as the cursor passes over it. 7.

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING Note that each trim is a separate operation. For this example, you would need to press Ctrl+Z twice to undo both trims.
 Constraints with Quick Trim

154

When the Create Inferred Constraints option is on, the sketch infers appropriate constraints after a trim operation. Trim operation Trim an arc in the middle. Trim intersecting lines to an intersection point. Trim a curve to a boundary curve. When you trim a line in the middle. When you trim a curve at the tangent point of a boundary curve.
 Quick Trim dialog box

Constraint Inferred Concentric and Equal Radius Coincident Point on Curve Collinear Tangent

Boundary Curve Select Curve Selects the boundary curve for the trim. You can select any curve, edge, point, datum plane, or axis that is in the current sketch or appears before this sketch in timestamp order. Curve to Trim Select Curve Selects the curve or curves you want to trim.

Settings Trim to Extension Specifies whether to trim to the virtual extension of one or more boundary curves. If this option is enabled and the curve you are trimming intersects multiple virtual boundaries, the sketch honors all boundaries. In the following example, all sides of the rectangle are boundary curves. When you trim the leftmost curve, the sketch honors the vertical and horizontal boundaries, and keeps a portion of the diagonal line (1).

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

155

To completely trim the diagonal line, either clear the Trim to Extension option before trimming, or continue trimming the extra piece. w) Quick Extend Use the Quick Extend command to extend a curve to a physical or virtual intersection with another curve. You can:
 

Preview the extension by passing the cursor over the curve. Select individual curves to extend.

Hold the left mouse button and drag across multiple curves to extend them all at the same time.

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Quick Extend (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Quick Extend

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING Menu (Modeling and Drafting) Edit→Sketch Curve→Quick Extend (Sketch task environment) Edit→Curve→Quick Extend
 Extend single or multiple curves

156

1. On the Sketch Tools toolbar, click Quick Extend , or select Edit→Quick Extend. 2. To preview the extension, move the cursor over the curve toward the end you want to extend.

3. To complete the extension, click the left mouse button.

4. To extend multiple objects, drag the cursor over the objects you want to extend. NX extends each curve as the cursor passes over it.

Note that each extension is a separate operation. For this example, you would need to press Ctrl+Z twice to undo both extensions.
 Extend to a virtual intersection

1. On the Sketch Tools toolbar, click Quick Extend , or select Edit→Quick Extend. 2. Under Boundary Curve, click Select Curve. 3. Select a boundary curve in the graphics window and click the middle mouse button.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] - SKETCHING

157

4. Move the cursor over the curve you want to extend. NX previews the extension.

5. To complete the extension, click the left mouse button.

 Constraints with Quick Extend

Extend operation When you extend a curve to the endpoint of Coincident another curve. When you extend a curve to a boundary curve. Point on Curve When you extend a curve to a tangent point of a Tangent boundary curve.
 Quick Extend dialog box

Constraint

Boundary Curve Select Curve Selects the boundary curve for the extension. Note that NX finds and previews virtual intersections. You can select any curve, edge, point, datum plane, or axis that is in the current sketch or appears before this sketch in timestamp order. To extend to a virtual intersection, you must select the boundary curve before the curve to extend. Curve to Extend Select Curve Selects the curve you want to extend. Note that NX finds and previews virtual intersections. Note You cannot use Quick Extend to extend splines. Settings drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日

[NX8 HELP] . the target curve bypasses the virtual extension and stops at the second boundary curve (3).SKETCHING Extend to Extension 158 Specifies whether to extend to the virtual extensions of boundary curves. With the Extend to Extension option cleared. With the Extend to Extension option checked. both green curves are boundary objects and you want to extend the blue curves. In the example below. the target curve (1) stops at the virtual extension of the first boundary curve (2). Use this option to prevent the software from stopping at virtual extensions when you select multiple boundary curves. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

Make Corner works with:     Lines Arcs Open conics Open splines (trimming only) You can also hold the left mouse button and drag over curves create a corner. . NX extends non-overlapping curves to a common intersection. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Make Corner (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Make Corner (Modeling and Drafting) Edit→Sketch Curve→Make Corner (Sketch task environment) Edit→Curve→Make Corner  Make typical corners Menu 1.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The examples below show typical combinations of curves. click 2. On the Sketch Tools toolbar. If the Create Inferred Constraints option is on. or choose Edit→Make Corner. a coincident constraint is created at the intersection. where you click determines how NX extends or trims the input curves. In some cases.SKETCHING x) Make Corner 159 Use the Make Corner command to create a corner by extending and/or trimming two input curves to a common intersection. Select two target curves.

SKETCHING 160 Extending two curves In this case. you can click the curve at any location. retaining the segments you click. Extending one curve and trimming the other When curves intersect. When you extend arcs or conics that can produce multiple intersection points with other curves. click the portion of both curves that you want to retain. For example. be sure to select the target geometry carefully. retaining the curve segment you click. given a vertical line and an arc as input geometry: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . If NX must trim both curves to form a corner. Trimming two curves  Make Corner dialog box Curve Select Object Selects the input curves for the new corner. Note the following considerations:    If NX must extend the first curve to form a corner. NX trims both curves. click the portion of the curve that you want to retain. consider the following Make Corner options. If NX must trim the second curve to form a corner. NX trims the second curve.[NX8 HELP] .

SKETCHING 161 Select line at top end.[NX8 HELP] . Select arc at bottom end. The curves you project or intersect into a sketch are called the recipe chain. Select line at top end. y) Trim Recipe Curve Use the Trim Recipe Curve command to associatively trim curves that you associatively project or intersect into a sketch. The software drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select line at bottom end. Select line at bottom end. Select arc at top end.

Trimmed portions of the recipe chain become reference curves ( ). drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .   The blue curves are projected to a sketch. The red arcs are sketch curves that serve as boundary objects for the trim. In the following example.[NX8 HELP] . The red arcs are sketch curves that serve as boundary objects for the trim. Displays Trim constraint symbols ( ) where the bounding objects intersect the trim curves. Where do I find it? Prerequisite Menu You must create a recipe chain in a sketch using either the Project Curve or Intersection Curve command. Updates the recipe chain when you edit the parent curves. (Modeling and Drafting) Edit→Sketch Curve→Trim Recipe Curve (Sketch task environment) Edit→Curve→Trim Recipe Curve  Trim recipe curves associatively This example shows how to associatively trim curves projected to a sketch.SKETCHING    162 Creates a Trim constraint on the set of trim curves and bounding objects. the blue curves are projected to a sketch.

or choose Edit→Curve→Trim Recipe Curve.[NX8 HELP] . In the Trim Recipe Curve dialog box. in the Region group. ensure that the Select Region option is set appropriately for your part. This example uses the Keep option. Select the recipe chain at a location you want to keep. The software highlights the recipe chain. 3. 4. On the Sketch Tools toolbar. Select each sketch arc in turn to define the boundary objects for the trim.SKETCHING 163 1. The software highlights the part of the recipe chain that remains ( ). click Trim Recipe Curve . 2. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

7. 8. and 6. Click OK. Click Discard. ). double-click the trimmed curve or the constraint symbol. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . For this example. or right-click a trimmed curve and choose Edit.SKETCHING 164 5. Edit the trim as appropriate. The software converts the trimmed portions of the recipe chain to reference curves ( displays Trim constraint symbols ( ) at the trim boundaries. To edit a trim. in the Trim Recipe Curve dialog box. select Select Region.[NX8 HELP] .

Vertical.[NX8 HELP] . Boundary Objects Specifies one or more sets of boundary curves that intersect the recipe chain. The chain Select Recipe Chain   Can contain any number of curves associatively projected or intersected into the sketch. Must be continuous. Parallel). Tangent. You cannot apply the following constraints to a trimmed chain:            Equal Length Constant Length Mirror when Create Inferred Constraints is enabled Midpoint where a vertex is being made midpoint to a trimmed output curve Horizontal. NX alternately keeps and discards regions. Valid boundary objects are: Select Curve    Sketch curves Curves projected or intersected into the sketch External curves If you specify more than two boundary objects. 165  Constraints with Trim Recipe Curve You can apply constraints to a trimmed chain only if those constraints do not limit the length of the trimmed curve (for example. Add New Set Creates a new set of boundary objects. and Parallel dimensions between two trimmed curve vertices Slope of Curve where the curve is the spline Scale Uniform and Scale Non-Uniform Point on String Offset Perimeter Fixed and Fixed All  Trim Recipe Curve dialog box Curves to Trim Specifies a single chain of recipe curves to trim. You must use this option to specify a boundary object if that object intersects another drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING The software discards the selected portion of the recipe chain.

To trim the red chain using both blue curves.[NX8 HELP] . use the Replacement Assistant to remap original curves to new curves. you can start Edit Defining Section before exiting a sketch if you know that a section needs to be remapped. Workflow When you exit the Sketch task environment. Alternatively.SKETCHING 166 boundary object. The Replacement Assistant shows side-by-side views of the original sketch and the updated sketch. you must add a New Set and use the set to specify the second curve. and lets you remap by clicking corresponding curves. and lets you start Edit Defining Section. From Edit Defining Section. z) Edit Defining Section Use the Edit Defining Section command. NX notifies you that an edited feature section may need to be remapped. Region Select Region Specifies whether to keep or discard the region or regions in the current recipe chain. as necessary. In the example below. to edit and map sections that affect downstream features. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The command is available in the Sketch task environment. the blue curves are boundary objects that intersect (1).

[NX8 HELP] . 2. In the Part Navigator. replace the three upper curves with an arc so that your sketch looks like the following graphic: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . To satisfy a design change. you need to replace the three sketch curves at the top of this model with a different profile. 1.SKETCHING 167 Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch Tools→Edit Defining Section Edit→Edit Defining Section  Remap a sketch-based feature section This example shows how to remap an extruded section that has a dependent edge blend. right-click the sketch and choose Edit with Rollback. In the Sketch task environment.

6. NX displays a message that asks if you want to remap the curves. b. 5. click the arc. To exit the Sketch task environment. a. In the Current Section pane on the left. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . press Ctrl-Q. Remap the original and replacement curves. Click Replacement Assistant . On the Edit Sketch dialog box. In the Replacement Section pane on the right. NX marks the extruded section with a that it may need to be remapped. In the Edit Defining Section dialog box. NX adds the curve to the Correspondencies list. click the uppermost line. icon to show In the Replacement Assistant dialog box. click Yes. 4.SKETCHING 168 3.[NX8 HELP] .

 Edit Defining Section dialog box Section Specify Origin Curve Replacement Assistant Lets you respecify an origin curve for features like Through Curve Mesh. In the Edit Defining Section dialog box. To exit the Sketch task environment. Questionable The section may need to be remapped. 8.SKETCHING 169 NX marks the curve with a icon to show that it is successfully remapped. based on the feature's selection intent. Opens the Replacement Assistant. click OK. displays one of the following statuses: Good List The section does not need to be remapped. Lists features that depend on the edited sketch and. click Ctrl-Q. 7.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . click OK. In the Replacement Assistant dialog box. 9.

and shows the section status. Problem 170 The section has a problem such as a self-intersection or a missing string. Applies view changes like zoom and pan to both the Current Section and Replacement Section views.[NX8 HELP] . 7.  Edit Defining Section – Replacement Assistant Options Correspondencies Lists curves in the section as you select them. Show Context Synchronize Views Replaces the split screen view with the view you were in before you entered the Replacement Assistant. and may have a problem.SKETCHING Questionable The section refers to non-sketch objects with timestamps later than the sketch. Creating dimensions View a topic Sketch dimensions Dimensions: right mouse button options Inferred Dimensions Dimensions options Create and edit inferred dimensions Edit Dimension Associativity Create a Horizontal dimension Sketch Parameters Create a Vertical dimension Animate Dimension Create a Parallel dimension Auto Dimension Create a Perpendicular dimension Continuous Auto Dimensioning Create a Diameter dimension Inferred Constraints and Dimensions Create a Radius dimension Convert To/From Reference Create an Angular dimension Alternate Solution Perimeter Dimension Sketch positioning dimensions Display as PMI overview drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling. You can also enter negative values for these dimension types to achieve the same results as using the Alternate Solution command. Shape Studio. and Angular dimensions maintain their direction when the expression value is set to zero. Sheet Metal) Insert→Sketch Constraint→Dimension→Inferred Dimensions (Sketch task environment) Insert→Dimensions→Inferred Dimensions drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Relationship between two objects in a sketch. This lets you control a feature derived from a sketch. Vertical. Sketch dimensions are displayed like drafting dimensions: they have dimension text. Perpendicular. However.[NX8 HELP] . Sketch dimensions also create an expression you can edit in the Expressions dialog box. Shape Studio. Relationship between a sketch and another feature. sketch dimensions differ from drafting dimensions because you can change the dimension value. extension lines. Relationship between two sketches. and arrows.SKETCHING a) Sketch dimensions Use sketch dimensions to establish the following:     171 Size of a sketch object. Horizontal. Sheet Metal) Direct Sketch→Inferred Dimensions ( Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Inferred Dimensions Menu (Modeling.

On the Direct Sketch toolbar. you can easily add dimensions using the Inferred Dimensions command. click Inferred Dimensions . This example shows you how to add dimensions to this pipe vise profile.[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Inferred Dimensions ( Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Inferred Dimensions Menu (Modeling) Insert→Sketch Constraint→Dimension→Inferred Dimensions (Sketch task environment) Insert→Dimensions→Inferred Dimensions c) Create and edit inferred dimensions In many cases.SKETCHING b) Inferred Dimensions 172 Use the Inferred Dimensions command to create a dimensional constraint. NX infers the dimension type based on the objects you select and the location of the cursor. 1. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX infers suitable constraints based on the geometry you select and where you select it.

[NX8 HELP] . and the status line identifies the number of constraints necessary to fully constrain the sketch. Click the bottom line (1). 3. and place the dimension (3). and click again to place the dimension. 4. A vertical dimension is created.SKETCHING 173 NX displays degree-of-freedom arrows. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . the top line to the left (2). move the cursor down. 2. Click the bottom line of the profile. Type 110 and press Enter.

Click the arc and place the dimension. At the upper right of the part. To change the value of a dimension. At the upper left of the part. click the horizontal line and the angled line. for example). or right-click and choose Edit Value. The sketch is now fully constrained. 9. 6. Click either of the top horizontal lines and place the dimensions. 10. 12. type the expression name from the last angular dimension (p153. You can edit the constraint in the on-screen input box. 7. right-click the dimension and choose Style. or make other stylistic changes. NX switches sketch curves to the fully constrained color and the Status bar notes that the sketch is fully constrained. and place the dimension.[NX8 HELP] . and place another angled dimension. 8. Click the center reference line to create a vertical dimension. click the horizontal line and the angled line. To change the number of nominal digits. either double-click the dimension. Be sure to click in the middle of each curve. For the angle value. 11. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . away from the line end (1). add text to the dimension.SKETCHING 174 5.

[NX8 HELP] . right line. choose Horizontal Dimension . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the left vertical edge. 175 Note You cannot create dimensional constraints to external geometry if the sketch contains positioning dimensions. On the Direct Sketch toolbar.SKETCHING The Drafting Annotation Style dialog box opens. Select the arc center in the left. choose Vertical Dimension . On the Direct Sketch toolbar. 3. Drag the cursor down to position the dimension and left-click. lower corner. from the Dimensions Drop-down list. from the Dimensions Drop-down list. d) Create a Horizontal dimension 1. 2. Select the upper. 4. e) Create a Vertical dimension 1. 2.

To change the placement. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . f) Create a Parallel dimension 1. below). Drag the cursor to the right and click the left mouse button (on the left. 2. click and drag the dimension to a new location (on the right. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. from the Dimensions Drop-down list. Select the small arc at the upper left.[NX8 HELP] . below). select Parallel Dimension .SKETCHING 176 3.

On the Direct Sketch toolbar. 4.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 177 3. g) Create a Perpendicular dimension 1. select Perpendicular Dimension . from the Dimensions Drop-down list. Left-click to place the parallel dimension. 2. Select the line at the upper right. Select the small arc at the lower right.

Select the arc at the lower left. 4. Left-click to place the Perpendicular dimension.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 178 3.

select Manual Placement. Left-click to place the diameter dimension. 3. select Diameter Dimension . Select the circle at the lower left. Left-click the circle. 5. From the Placement list. 2.[NX8 HELP] . select Arrows Out. from the Placement list.SKETCHING h) Create a Diameter dimension 179 1. and left-click to place the diameter dimension. Arrows In. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 Manual Placement. On the Dimensions dialog bar. . 4. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. On the Dimensions dialog box. click Sketch Dimensions Dialog . from the Dimensions Drop-down list. 6.

click Sketch Dimensions Dialog . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . from the Dimensions Drop-down list. 4. Left-click to place the diameter dimension. select Manual Placement. Arrows In . Select the arc at the upper left and left-click to place the radius dimension. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. select Radius Dimension . 2. Select the arc at the upper right and left-click to place the radius dimension.[NX8 HELP] . From the Placement list. 5. Select the arc at the right. 180 i) Create a Radius dimension 1.SKETCHING 7. 3. On the Dimensions dialog bar.

Drag the cursor upward and left-click to place the angle dimension.SKETCHING 181 j) Create an Angular dimension 1. 2. from the Dimensions Drop-down list. select Angular Dimension . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Select the line at the lower left. 4. Select the line at the lower right. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. 3.[NX8 HELP] .

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Dimensions Drop-down list →Perimeter Dimension (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Dimensions Drop-down list →Perimeter Dimension (Drafting) Dimension→Dimensions Drop-down list →Perimeter Dimension Menu (Modeling) Insert→Sketch Constraint→Dimensions→Perimeter (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Insert→Dimensions→Perimeter  Create a Perimeter dimension This example uses a closed profile.[NX8 HELP] . You can not select ellipses. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Note    Make sure that all curve end points are coincident and tangent so that changes to the perimeter dimension can update the geometry predictably. conics or splines.SKETCHING 182 k) Perimeter Dimension Use the Perimeter command to constrain the total lengths of selected lines and arcs in an open or closed profile. You cannot convert a perimeter dimension to a reference object. The perimeter dimension creates an expression and is not displayed in the graphics window.

2. 3. select the perimeter dimension. Perimeter_pxx. Note The perimeter dimension is not displayed in the graphics window. 5. Ellipses. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . conics and splines are not selectable. In the list. the perimeter dimension is also deleted. To change the value for the perimeter dimension. 4. Select all the curves in the profile and click OK.SKETCHING 183 Make sure that all curve end points are coincident and tangent so that changes to the perimeter dimension can update the geometry predictably.  Perimeter Dimension dialog box Curves Select Object Selects lines or arcs for the perimeter dimension. 6. Move the slider to adjust the value. The perimeter expression is created in the format. choose Edit→Sketch Parameters. from the Dimensions Drop-down list. 1. select Perimeter Dimension . On the Direct Sketch toolbar. Expression Expression box Specifies the total length of the perimeter dimension as you select lines or arcs. highlight the expression in the Dimension list and click Remove . To delete a perimeter dimension. Note If you delete one or more of the curves used to define a perimeter dimension.[NX8 HELP] .

Sketch Tools→Display as PMI (Sketch task environment only) Tools→ Display as PMI (Sketch task environment only) Right-click a sketch dimension in the graphics window and choose Display as PMI. Double click a sketch. Allow viewing and editing of their dimension values in other commands and applications. Sketch dimensions converted to PMI dimensions:   Remain visible after exiting the Sketch task environment and continue to display even when the screen is refreshed.SKETCHING l) Display as PMI overview 184 Use the Display as PMI command in the Sketch task environment or in a Direct Sketch to select and convert sketch dimensions to PMI dimensions.[NX8 HELP] . The sketch opens as a Direct Sketch or in the Sketch task environment. and sketch auto dimensions appear. Select the dimensions you want to convert to PMI.  Convert dimensions to PMI using the context menu 1. 2. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . such as Feature Dimension and Drafting. Where do I find it? Application Toolbar Menu Graphics window Sketch task environment and in a Direct Sketch.

Double click a sketch.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The dimensions are converted to PMI dimensions. Click Finish Sketch . 4.  Convert dimensions to PMI using the Display as PMI dialog box 1.SKETCHING 3. 185 Right-click and choose Display as PMI. The PMI dimensions remain visible outside the Direct Sketch.

The dimensions remain visible. skip this step. Select the sketch dimensions you want to display as PMI. Click OK 6. Note If the Sketch task environment is already open by default. 5.SKETCHING 2. 186 On the Direct Sketch toolbar. Right-click in the graphics window and choose Finish Sketch. 4.[NX8 HELP] .  Display as PMI dialog box Dimensions drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 3. click Open in Sketch task environment . Click Display as PMI .

NX remembers the setting during the current session and applies it to subsequent dimensions you create. Opens the on-screen input box and displays the options bar in the upper left corner of the graphics window. Select dimensions by clicking or by dragging a rectangle. You can use the Drafting Feature Parameters command to inherit tolerances and text notes. Edit Opens Drafting's dimension editing function. Note Not all Drafting Annotation Style settings are available in Modeling. See Feature Parameters in Drafting Help for more information. letting you add tolerance information and text to a sketch dimension. Creates a new group in the current sketch and adds the dimension to it. Create Reference Dimension Activate this option to create reference dimensions. Create Activate this option when you want NX to calculate the maximum dimension between drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Dimensions that are already PMI dimensions are pre-selected when you open the dialog box. See Edit Dimensions Overview in Drafting Help for more information. New Group Edit Value Convert to Reference/to Driving Edit Associativity Detaches a dimension from the geometry it references and attaches it to other geometry that you specify. Character Size is unavailable because the Modeling and Drafting scales can be different.SKETCHING Lets you select individual sketch dimensions to convert and display as PMI dimensions. For example. n) Dimensions options Dialog bar options Dimensions Opens the Dimensions dialog box. letting you add tolerance information and text to a sketch dimension. NX dims unavailable options. and any styling with the exception of text height. from the sketch onto a drawing. Switches the current dimension from Driving to Reference and vice versa. Note that you can use Annotation Style to edit multiple dimensions at one time. See Annotation Preferences in Drafting Help for more information. m) Dimensions: right mouse button options Right mouse button options Style 187 Select Dimension Opens the Drafting Annotation Style dialog box.[NX8 HELP] .

Lists the names and values of all dimensions in the current sketch. Lets you delete the selected dimension. Dimension Placement Lets you specify how NX places dimensions:    Auto Placement Manual Placement. o) Edit Dimension Associativity Use the Edit Dimension Associativity command to attach an existing dimension to different objects. Arrows Out Leader Direction Specifies the direction in which the leader extends from the dimension text.SKETCHING Alternate Angle 188 sketch curves. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . When you attach a dimension you can:   Retain the expression value and resize the target geometry to match it. Lets you edit the name and value of a selected dimension. Options are   Leader From Left Leader From Right Fixed Text Height Maintains the text of dimensions at a constant size when you zoom a sketch in or out. Arrows In Manual Placement. Change the expression value to match the target geometry. Value Lets you change the value of the selected dimensional constraint by dragging the slider. The figure below shows the same dimension with this option off (left) and on (right): Dimensions options Dimensions commands Expressions List Current Expression Remove Highlighted Lets you specify commands for creating inferred or explicit dimensions.

Note that you can optionally measure the target geometry and assign its geometric value to the dimension variable. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . Horizontal. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Edit Dimension Associativity (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Edit Dimension Associativity Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Edit Dimension Associativity (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Edit Dimension Associativity Shortcut Menu Right-click a dimension and choose Edit Associativity  Attach a Dimension to different geometry This example shows you how to attach a dimension to a different curve.SKETCHING 189 Perpendicular. and Vertical dimensions will maintain their creation direction so that the dimension will not flip to a different correct result.

Left–click the new curve.  Edit Dimension Associativity dialog box Dimension to Edit drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 3. Measure Geometry.SKETCHING 190 1.[NX8 HELP] . 2. In the Settings group. Right–click the dimension leader line you want to attach and choose Edit Associativity. set the Expression Mode to Remove Expression.

regardless of the order in which it was selected. Settings Expression Mode Keep Expression. if either of the selected objects is a datum the software automatically makes it Object 1. points. or one end point of a horizontal or vertical dimension. points. Note Normally. For example. Valid targets are curves. Where do I find it? Menu Edit→Sketch Parameters  Sketch Parameters dialog box Dimension Select Dimension Selects the driving dimension you want to edit or remove. For more information. datum axes. Edit the expression using either the box or the slider. or datum planes in the current part or assembly. Note You cannot reattach a Perimeter dimension or a dimension associated with an Offset constraint. Object 2 Select Object Specifies the second target when a dimension refers to two objects. However. For example.[NX8 HELP] . As you move the slider. and it is always Object 1. Current Expression Displays the value of the expression you select. the software dynamically updates the part. edges. The dimension must reside in the active sketch. Remove Expression. datum axes. see Offset Curves. Object 1 Select Object 191 Specifies the first target when a dimension refers to either one or two objects. Object 1 might be the radius of a circle. Object 2 might be the second end point of a horizontal or vertical dimension. Valid targets are curves.SKETCHING Select Dimension Specifies the dimension you want to reattach. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . edges. or datum planes in the current part or assembly. pick order at the time a dimension is created determines which sketch object is object 1 and which is object 2. p) Sketch Parameters Use the Sketch Parameters command to edit or delete expressions for driving dimensions in the current sketch. Adjust Geometry – keeps the value of the current expression and resizes the target geometry to match it. Measure Geometry – changes the expression value to match the target geometry. There can be only one datum associated with a dimension.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 4.  Animate Dimension dialog box Options Dimensions list box Lists the dimensions that you can animate. 192 q) Animate Dimension Use the Animate Dimension command to dynamically display the effect of varying a given dimension over a specified range. Double-click a sketch curve. 7. 6. Click OK or Apply. either choose its name from the dialog box or click the dimensional constraint in the graphics window. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Animate Dimension (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Animate Dimension Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Animate Dimension (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Animate Dimension  Animate a dimension 1. Animate does not change the sketch dimensions. Enter the number of steps in the cycle. or choose Tools→Constraints→Animate Dimension. Any geometry affected by the selected dimension is also animated. To end the animation. 2. To select the dimension you want to animate.[NX8 HELP] . To display the original sketch dimensions during the animation. On the Direct Sketch toolbar. the sketch returns to its original state. select the Display Dimensions check box. NX varies the dimension between these two values during the animation. When the animation is finished. Note Unlike Drag. click Stop . 8. 3. Enter the Lower and Upper Limits.SKETCHING Remove Deletes the selected expression from the part file. 5. choose Animate .

All dimensions are displayed in the Part Navigator when Timestamp Order is turned off in the Unused Items→Sketch→Curves and Dimensions→Dimensions folder. Lets you display the original sketch dimensions during the animation. The smallest dimension value during the animation.      Create Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions on Lines Create Dimensions to Reference Axes Create Symmetric Dimensions Create Length Dimensions Create Adjacent Angles Driving and Automatic Dimensions You can create two types of dimensions.[NX8 HELP] . After the drag. the automatic dimension is deleted. You can convert automatic dimensions into driving or reference dimensions. 193 The number of times that the dimension value changes (equal size increments) when it moves from the upper limit to the lower limit (or vice versa). automatic dimensions are relaxed. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . r) Auto Dimension Use the Auto Dimension command to create dimensions on selected curves and points according to a set of rules.    When you drag sketch curves. the new shape will be constrained by the automatic dimensions again. If you add a constraint that conflicts with an automatic dimension. and act like a constant length or angle constraint with a value. Automatic dimensions remove degrees of freedom from the sketch. Driving Creates a dimension based on an expression. use this command to assist in creating a fully constrained sketch by removing all degrees of freedom from the selected curves. Automatic This type of dimensional constraint can only be created by auto dimensioning.SKETCHING Value Lower Limit Upper Limit Steps/Cycle Display Dimensions The value of the currently selected dimension (it does not change during the animation). You can convert driving dimensions to reference dimensions. allowing you to shape the sketch. You can apply the following rules in any order. Why should I use it? In Modeling. The largest value during the animation.

3. Double–click a sketch to edit it.[NX8 HELP] . 1.SKETCHING In Drafting. use this command to fully dimension selected sketch curves in a drawing. Click Auto Dimension . Sort the Auto Dimensioning Rules in the following order: Create Dimensions to Reference Axes Create Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions on Lines Create Length Dimensions Create Adjacent Angles Create Symmetric Dimensions drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 4. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Auto Dimension (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Auto Dimension Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Auto Dimension (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Auto Dimension  Create Dimensions on curves automatically 194 This example shows how to automatically create dimensions on all the curves in a sketch by sorting the auto dimension rules. Select all the curves to create dimensions. 2.

Choose another command or click Apply to create the dimensions. Click Show Result. 7. Sort the Auto Dimensioning Rules into the following order: Create Symmetric Dimensions Create Length Dimensions Create Dimensions to Reference Axes Create Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions on Lines Create Adjacent Angles 9. 8. In Dimension Type. 10. Click Show Result. Click Undo Result. select Automatic. 195 6. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 5.

SKETCHING 196  Auto Dimension dialog box Curves to Dimension Select Object Auto Dimensioning Rules Lets you select curves and points. Create Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions on Lines Create Dimensions to Reference Axes drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . You can apply the rules in any order. Specify the rules for fully constraining the curves selected in the sketch.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 197 Create Length Dimensions Create Adjacent Angles Creates angular dimensions between adjacent objects.

Automatic This type of dimensional constraint that can only be created by auto dimensioning. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The dimensions are created between these objects across the symmetry centerline Dimension Type Driving Creates a dimension based on an expression.SKETCHING 198 Create Symmetric Dimensions Creates symmetric dimensions if there are any symmetric constraints or mirrored curves. You can convert driving dimensions to reference dimensions.[NX8 HELP] .

use this command to automatically create dimensions for all the curves that you create in a drawing. s) Continuous Auto Dimensioning Use the Continuous Auto Dimensioning command to automatically dimension sketch curves after each operation. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Continuous Auto Dimensioning Inferred Constraints and Dimensions (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Continuous Auto Dimensioning / / drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . The dimensions are updated as you drag the sketch curves.SKETCHING 199 Automatic dimensions fully constrain a sketch or selected curves. You can convert automatic dimensions into driving dimensions. Note See Common dialog box options for common options not discussed here. In Drafting. If you add a constraint that conflicts with an automatic dimension. the automatic dimension is deleted. You can convert automatic dimensions into driving dimensions. This command uses auto dimensioning rules to fully constrain the active sketch. They remove degrees of freedom from the sketch but do not lock the values permanently. the automatic dimension is deleted. They remove degrees of freedom from the sketch but do not lock the values permanently. If you add a constraint that conflicts with an automatic dimension. Automatic dimensions fully constrain a sketch. use this command to ensure you are always working with a fully constrained sketch which will be updated predictably. The automatic dimensions are not permanent. The dimensions are updated as you drag the sketch curves. including positioning dimensions to the parent Datum CSYS. You can set auto dimensioning rules from the following:   Inferred Constraints and Dimensions File→Utilities→Customer Defaults→Sketch→Inferred Constraints and Dimensions→Dimensions The Continuous Auto Dimensioning command creates the automatic dimension type of sketch dimension. Why should I use it? In Modeling.[NX8 HELP] .

Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch Tools→Inferred Constraints Tools→Constraints→Inferred Constraints  Inferred Constraints and Dimensions dialog box Dimensions Inferred while Sketching Create Dimensions for Typed Values Auto Dimensioning Rules The following are the rules for creating automatic dimensions.SKETCHING 200 Inferred Constraints and Dimensions Menu (Modeling. Drafting. You can apply these rules in any order. Create Horizontal and Vertical Dimensions on Lines Creates a driving dimension for any geometry created by typing a value in an on-screen input box. You can set inferred constraints for geometric constraints. Note You can temporarily disable all of the infer constraint settings during curve construction by pressing and holding the Alt key on Windows or the Ctrl+Alt keys on non-Windows platforms. and Sketch task environment) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Continuous Auto Dimensioning / Inferred Constraints and Dimensions t) Inferred Constraints and Dimensions Use the Inferred Constraints and Dimensions command to control which constraints or dimensions are automatically inferred during curve construction. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . and constraints recognized when using snap point options. Note Inferred constraints behave like normally applied geometric constraints and can be seen and deleted using the Show/Remove Constraints dialog or when you right-click an object and choose Remove All Constraints.[NX8 HELP] . dimensional constraints.

SKETCHING 201 Create Dimensions to Reference Axes Create Length Dimensions drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] .

[NX8 HELP] . Create Symmetric Dimensions Creates symmetric dimensions if there are any symmetric constraints or mirrored curves.SKETCHING 202 Create Adjacent Angles Creates angular dimensions between adjacent objects. The dimensions will be created between these objects across the symmetry line drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

By default NX displays reference curves in Phantom line font: 1. Downstream commands do not use reference curves and reference dimensions do not control sketch geometry. or dimensions from driving to reference. Active curves Reference curve Reference dimension Driving dimensions Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Convert To/From Reference (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Convert To/From Reference Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Convert To/From Reference drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 2.[NX8 HELP] . 3. 4.SKETCHING 203 u) Convert To/From Reference Use the Convert To/From Reference command to convert sketch curves from active to reference.

drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . v) Alternate Solution Use the Alternate Solution command to display alternate solutions for both dimensional and geometric constraints. Converts all the output curves of a sketch curve projection. and select a result. If the number of projected curves increases.[NX8 HELP] . or vice versa:     Right click an active curve and choose Convert to Reference Right click an active dimension and choose Convert to Reference Right click an reference curve and choose Convert to Active Right click an active dimension and choose Convert to Driving .  Convert To/From Reference dialog box Object to Convert Select Projected Curve Convert To Reference Curve or Dimension Active Curve or Driving Dimension Converts curves and dimensions to reference.SKETCHING (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Convert To/From Reference Shortcut Menu Right-click a dimension →Convert to Reference or Convert to Driving Right-click a curve →Convert to Reference or Convert to Active  Convert curves and dimensions to reference 204 To convert sketch curves or sketch dimensions from active to reference. . The example below shows how the geometry changes when you choose Alternate Solution and select a dimension. Converts reference curves to active. Converts reference and Automatic dimensions to Driving dimensions. . NX adds the new curves to the sketch in the same Active or Reference state. .

Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Alternate Solution (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Alternate Solution Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Alternate Solution (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Alternate Solution  Test alternate solutions for dimensions and constraints Dimension Example The figure below shows how you can use Alternate Solution with a dimensional constraint to select a solution. Target Dimension Constraint (2) Choose Alternate Solution and click the p11 dimension: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . In this sketch. You can also enter negative values for these three dimension types to achieve the same results as using the Alternate Solution command.SKETCHING 205 Perpendicular. p11 can be a valid constraint for two solutions.[NX8 HELP] . and Vertical dimensions maintain their direction when the expression value is set to zero. Horizontal.

If only one alternate solution is possible. Tangent Constraint (1) Choose Alternate Solution on the Sketch Tools toolbar and click each circle. When you select the second circle. NX activates the Select Tangent Geometry option. Click OK to accept the tangent constraint you want. NX displays the alternate solution: Alternate Solution While the Alternate Solution dialog box is open. Click OK to accept the dimension you want.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING Alternate Solution with a Dimension Constraint 206 NX updates the sketch to reflect the alternate solution. You can reselect the dimension to review possible solutions. If more than one object is tangent to the target object. you can reselect the target geometry to review possible solutions.  Alternate Solution dialog box Object 1 Select Linear Dimension or Geometry Selects the linear dimension or the geometry for which you want to see an alternate solution. Tangent Constraint Example The figure below shows how the same selections could produce two different solutions when two circles are tangent constrained. Object 2 drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX displays the alternate immediately.

Note You cannot create Positioning Dimensions:   For a Sketch on a Path In a sketch that contains any dimensional or geometric constraints to external objects or extracted objects (dimensional/geometric constraints between sketch curves are okay). When you choose this option. Note For information on positioning methods see the Modeling Online Help. Use this option to make a selection when multiple objects are tangent to Object 1. w) Sketch positioning dimensions Positioning dimensions let you position a sketch as a rigid body relative to existing external geometry. Edit Positioning Dimensions Lets you select and edit with the Edit Expression dialog. NX displays the Positioning Methods dialog. Options Create Positioning Dimensions Lets you create positioning dimensions that locate your sketch as a rigid body relative to existing geometry (edges. Refer to the Modeling Positioning Methods online help for a description of dialog options. When you choose this icon. datum planes. Where do I find it? Task environment Menu Sketch Tools→Positioning Dimensions drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Depending on which dimension you select. and datum axes).[NX8 HELP] . the appropriate dialog displays and prompts you to re-select the positioning geometry. any existing positioning dimensions are displayed and selectable.SKETCHING Select Tangent Geometry 207 Selects geometry that is tangent to the target geometry. The value of the positioning dimension remains the same. Redefine Positioning Dimensions Lets you change the geometry used by a positioning dimension. Delete Positioning Dimensions Lets you delete positioning dimensions with the Edit Positioning dialog.

Tangent Vertical Horizontal Offset Perpendicular Coincident Where do I find it? drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 2. 3. Creating constraints View a topic Constraints Make Symmetric Create constraints Create Inferred Constraints Constraints quick reference Auto Constrain Show / Remove Constraints Show All Constraints Alternate Solution Show No Constraints Constraint conditions Delay Evaluation Evaluate Sketch Convert To/From Reference a) Constraints Use the Constraints command to add geometric constraints to sketch geometry.SKETCHING 208 8. Ensure that multiple lines remain parallel to each other. Position your sketch in space or relative to outside objects. These specify and maintain conditions for or between sketch geometry. 4. 1. 5.[NX8 HELP] . Constraints can:     Define a line as being horizontal or vertical. 6. Require that several arcs have the same radius.

SKETCHING Toolbar 209 (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Constraints (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Constraints (Modeling) Insert→Sketch Constraint→Constraints Menu (Sketch task environment) Insert→Constraints b) Create constraints This example shows you how to add constraints to a pipe vise profile. A vertical constraint on one inner wall is missing. Note   The profile already includes vertical. Click Constraints . horizontal. 1.[NX8 HELP] . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 2. Ensure that Show All Constraints is active. and tangent constraints which the software inferred during curve creation.

3. Select the right inner wall of the profile. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 210 The degree-of-freedom arrows are displayed and a status message identifies the number of constraints necessary to fully constrain the sketch. A vertical constraint is added and the sketch continues to operate in constraint mode. Click Vertical from the list of suitable constraints based on the geometry you selected. 4.[NX8 HELP] .

right-click and choose Midpoint .[NX8 HELP] . 6. you can right-click and choose a constraint from the list. . Select the horizontal curves at the top of the profile. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Note After you select the last curve to constrain.SKETCHING 211 Select the outer vertical walls and click Equal Length 5. right-click and choose Equal Length . Select the arc center point and the bottom curve. 7.

To fully constrain this profile. The sketch now contains a set of geometric constraints that capture the design intent.SKETCHING 212 8. you would add dimensional constraints. right-click and choose Collinear . Select the bottom curve and the Y-axis of the Datum CSYS. 9. Click Finish Sketch . 17. right-click and choose Collinear .[NX8 HELP] . Select the vertical curve on the left and the Z-axis of the Datum CSYS. Note You cannot create geometric constraints to external objects in a sketch that contains any positioning drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

Defines two or more points as having the same location. Arc center. elliptical arc center.[NX8 HELP] . depending on the type of geometry as follows: Point Fixes the location. Defines two or more circular and elliptical arcs as having the same center drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 Coincident Concentric . Arc or elliptical arc endpoint Fixes the location of the endpoint. or ellipse center Fixes the location of the center. Arc or circle Fixes the radius and the location of the center. Elliptical arc or Ellipse Fixes the radii and the location of the center. Spline control point Fixes the location of the control point. Fully Fixed Creates sufficient fixed constraints to completely define the position and orientation of sketch geometry in one step. Line.SKETCHING dimensions. circle center. Line Fixes the angle. c) Constraints quick reference Constraint Type Command icon Icon in graphics window Description 213 Fixed Defines fixed characteristics for geometry.

Note This is the only valid constraint that should be applied to a projected curve. Perpendicular Tangent Equal Length Equal Radius Constant Length Constant Angle Mirror Curve Defines a line as having a constant angle. You must select the point first. Defines a line as having a constant length. Defines two or more lines as having the same length. Defines two or more lines or ellipses as being parallel to each other. Defines two objects as being mirror images of each other. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 Make Symmetric . 214 Point On Curve Point on String Defines the location of a point as lying on a curve. Midpoint Defines the location of a point as equidistant from the two end points of a line or a circular arc.SKETCHING Collinear Defines two or more lines as lying on or passing through the same straight line. Defines the location of a point as lying on a projected curve. then select the curve. Defines two objects as being symmetric with each other. Horizontal Vertical Parallel Defines a line as horizontal.[NX8 HELP] . Defines a line as vertical. Defines two or more arcs as having the same radius. Note For the Midpoint constraint. select the curve anywhere other than at its endpoints. Defines two lines or ellipses as being perpendicular to each other. Defines two objects as being tangent to each other.

This is a constraint on a spline that has been trimmed using the associative output option from the Edit Curve→Trim Curve dialog. Defines a linear pattern in one direction. A spline will scale proportionally to keep its original shape when both of its endpoints are moved (that is. when you change the value of a horizontal constraint created between the endpoints). Scale. Associative Trim Associative Offset (legacy) - drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . but keeps its original dimensions in the vertical direction. This is a constraint on an extracted curve that has been offset using the legacy Offset Curves option. The Offset Curve command offsets a chain of curves. when you change the value of a horizontal constraint created between the endpoints). selected at a defining point. The spline appears to stretch. and creates a Trim constraint. projected curves. and constrains the geometry using an Offset constraint. Defines a linear pattern in two directions. and another object as being tangent to each other at the selected point.[NX8 HELP] . NonUniform Trim The Trim Recipe Curve command associatively trims curves that you associatively project or intersect into a sketch. When both of its endpoints are moved (that is.SKETCHING Pattern Curve Pattern Curve Pattern Curve Pattern Curve Offset Curve Defines a circular pattern of curves. 215 Slope of Curve Defines a spline. Defines a general pattern of curves. Uniform Scale. Note You cannot apply a Scale constraint to a spline if any of its interior defining points are constrained. or curves/edges in the current assembly. a spline will scale in the horizontal direction.

List information about all geometric constraints. but fall within the current Distance Tolerance. particularly if that geometry was imported from a different CAD system. where possible. e) Show / Remove Constraints Use the Show / Remove Constraints command to display the geometric constraints that are associated with sketch geometry. Turns all the constraint types on or off. Specifies the type(s) of geometric constraints that NX should apply automatically. Controls how close lines must be for NX to apply Horizontal. to the target geometry. NX analyzes the geometry in the active sketch and applies the selected constraints where possible.[NX8 HELP] . Use Show / Remove Constraints to:     Remove specified constraints. Maintain design intent by checking for existing relationships to outside features or objects. Parallel or Perpendicular constraints. Why would I use it? 216 Auto Constrain can be especially useful when you add geometry to the active sketch. Interrogate and resolve over-constrained or conflicting conditions. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Auto Constrain (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Auto Constrain Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Auto Constrain (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Auto Constrain  Auto Constrain dialog box Constraints to Apply Constraint Types Set All and Clear All Settings Apply Remote Constraints Angle Tolerance Specifies that NX automatically create constraints between two curves that do not touch.SKETCHING d) Auto Constrain Use the Auto Constrain command to select the types of geometric constraints that NX applies automatically to a sketch. Distance Tolerance Controls how close object endpoints must be in order to be coincident. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Show / Remove Constraints drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Vertical.

Displays both Explicit and Inferred types of constraints.Displays all inferred coincident constraints that are automatically created by the system during curve creation. Inferred or Both setting. including all non-inferred coincident constraints. but excluding all inferred coincident constraints created by the system during curve creation. Constraint Type Include or Exclude Show Constraints Lets you filter constraints by type. This is the default setting. Determines whether the specified Constraint Type is the only type displayed in the list box (Include.[NX8 HELP] .Shows all of the constraints in the active sketch.Lists the geometric constraints of the selected sketch geometry.SKETCHING (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Show / Remove Constraints Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Show / Remove Constraints (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Show / Remove Constraints  Show / Remove Constraints dialog box 217 Options List Constraints for Controls which constraints are listed in the Show Constraints list window. Lets you control the display of constraints in the list window. All in Active Sketch . Inferred . Options are: Explicit . which is the default) or the only type not displayed (Exclude). Show Constraints list window .Lets you display constraints for multiple objects. Selected Object . The list is subject to the Explicit. Selected Objects . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Both .Displays all constraints created explicitly or implicitly by the user.Lets you display constraints for the object selected.

an asterisk ("*") also displays at the end point or arc center location. Depending on which constraint you select. This option is useful if you want to save or print out the constraint information. and if it is an end point or an arc center.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 218 (I) . but you usually have a number of options. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . or for a dimension you could reassociate it to a different edge. you could delete the feature or reorder it to a position after the sketch. The object(s) associated with the currently selected constraint highlight in the graphics window. coincident geometric constraints. Displays information about all geometric constraints in the active sketch in the Information window. located to the right of the list box. This can happen if an object referenced by the constraint has been changed or removed since the constraint was created. Remove Highlighted Lets you remove one or more constraints by selecting them in the constraints list window and then choosing this option. (!) . Note You can tell which of these three entries applies to the curve and which to its endpoints by selecting each in the list window and then checking what is highlighted in the graphics window. You could delete an out-of-date dimension or constraint and recreate it. f) Show All Constraints Use the Show All Constraints command to show all geometric constraints applied to the sketch. (created automatically by the system during curve creation) are appended with an "I" symbol in parenthesis.The Step arrows. If an out-of-date condition is due to a feature. List Box Step Arrows . Resolving an out-of-date condition depends on its cause. let you move up or down the list from the highlighted constraint by one item at a time. as in (I). Remove Listed Information Removes all of the listed constraints displayed in the Show Constraints list window.Constraints that are inferred. the curve is highlighted.Constraints that are preceded with an exclamation mark enclosed in parenthesis are out of date.

SKETCHING 219 Direct Sketch→Show All Constraints (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Show All Constraints Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Show All Constraints (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Show All Constraints g) Show No Constraints Use the Show No Constraints command to hide all geometric constraints applied to the sketch.[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Show No Constraints (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Show No Constraints Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Show No Constraints (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Show No Constraints h) Make Symmetric Use the Make Symmetric command to constrain two points or curves to be symmetric about a centerline in a sketch. You can apply the symmetry constraint between two objects of the same type:  Lines drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .

For example. the Sketch Style command.[NX8 HELP] . Note To create a Symmetric constraint with Make Symmetric.SKETCHING   220 Arcs Circles You can also make different point types symmetric. Where do I find it? (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Make Symmetric Toolbar (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Make Symmetric (Modeling and Drafting) Insert→Sketch Constraint→Make Symmetric Menu (Sketch task environment) Insert→Make Symmetric  Constrain curves to be symmetric 1. you make the end of a line and the center of an arc symmetric about a line. Why should I use it? Use this command when you create or edit a sketch and you want to control the position of existing sketch geometry to be symmetric to a centerline. Create Inferred Constraints option must first be selected. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Double-click a sketch to edit.

and the Symmetry Centerline remains selected. 221 3. Select another secondary sketch object.SKETCHING 2. A symmetric constraint is added. Select the secondary sketch object. Select another primary sketch object.[NX8 HELP] . Select the primary sketch object. 7. Click Make Symmetric . 4. The Symmetry Centerline remains selected so that more symmetric constraints can be selected. Select the Symmetry Centerline. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 5. 6.

the Create Inferred Constraints button is turned off. The tangent and horizontal constraints are available during curve creation (1 and 2). By default this option is turned on and creates the constraints defined in the Inferred Constraints dialog box. i) Create Inferred Constraints Use the Create Inferred Constraints command to enable inferred constraints during curve construction.SKETCHING 222  Make Symmetric dialog box Primary Object Select Object Lets you select the first point or sketch curve to be constrained and made symmetric about a centerline. but the actual constraints are not stored in your file. Converts the selected centerline to a reference curve. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Symmetry Centerline Select Centerline Make Reference Lets you select a line or plane to define the centerline of symmetry. This settings is saved for each sketch in the part file. you can take advantage of the constraints as you work. But the constraints are deleted when the profile is completed. If you disable Inferred Constraints. In the following example.[NX8 HELP] . Secondary Object Select Object Lets you select the second point or sketch curve to be constrained and made symmetric about a centerline. click the middle mouse button to lock the constraint and prevent the sketch curve from moving in any other direction. When you preview a constraint.

NX evaluates the sketch whenever you apply a constraint to identify: Underconstrained geometry During constraint creation. hold Alt key.SKETCHING Note To temporarily disable. The geometry changes to light green by default. Overconstrained geometry Conflicting constraints A curve or vertex is overconstrained when you apply more constraints than are needed to control it. In the Sketch task environment you can use the Delay Evaluation command to delay sketch evaluation until you do one of the following:    Turn off the Delay Evaluation option. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Create Inferred Constraints (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Create Inferred Constraints Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Create Inferred Constraints (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Create Inferred Constraints j) Constraint conditions 223 If you enable the Create Inferred Constraints option. NX displays degree-of-freedom arrows for curves or points that are underconstrained. NX does not update the geometry until you select the Evaluate Sketch option. NX does not show constraints. When you assign constraints. k) Delay Evaluation Use the Delay Evaluation option to delay the update of sketch constraints until the Evaluate Sketch option is chosen. Conflicting constraints and the associated geometry in conflict change to magenta by default. A Status message tells you that the sketch is fully constrained. Choose Evaluate Sketch on the Sketch toolbar. When you fully constrain a sketch:    No degree-of-freedom arrows appear. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Geometry and any dimensions associated with it change to red by default.   When you create curves. Constraints can also conflict with each other. NX displays the sketch in the last solved condition. Create Inferred Constraints when you create geometry. Exit the Sketch task environment.[NX8 HELP] .

Active curves Reference curve Reference dimension Driving dimensions Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . 3. By default NX displays reference curves in Phantom line font: 1. Downstream commands do not use reference curves and reference dimensions do not control sketch geometry. Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch→Evaluate Sketch Tools→Update→Evaluate Sketch m) Convert To/From Reference Use the Convert To/From Reference command to convert sketch curves from active to reference. 2. This option is only active when Delay Evaluation is selected. modified. or deleted while the Delay Evaluation option was selected. 4.SKETCHING 224 Note This command does not delay evaluation when you drag curves. Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbar Menu Sketch Sketch→Delay Evaluation Tools→Update→Delay Sketch Evaluation l) Evaluate Sketch Use the Evaluate Sketch option to update the current sketch with the constraints applied. or when you use the Quick Trim or Quick Extend commands. or dimensions from driving to reference.[NX8 HELP] .

or vice versa:     Right click an active curve and choose Convert to Reference Right click an active dimension and choose Convert to Reference Right click an reference curve and choose Convert to Active Right click an active dimension and choose Convert to Driving . . Converts all the output curves of a sketch curve projection.  Convert To/From Reference dialog box Object to Convert Select Projected Curve Convert To Reference Curve or Dimension Active Curve or Driving Dimension Converts curves and dimensions to reference. n) Alternate Solution Use the Alternate Solution command to display alternate solutions for both dimensional and geometric constraints. The example below shows how the geometry changes when you choose Alternate Solution and select a dimension.[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 225 Direct Sketch→Convert To/From Reference (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Convert To/From Reference Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Convert To/From Reference (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Convert To/From Reference Shortcut Menu Right-click a dimension →Convert to Reference or Convert to Driving Right-click a curve →Convert to Reference or Convert to Active  Convert curves and dimensions to reference To convert sketch curves or sketch dimensions from active to reference. . If the number of projected curves increases. Converts reference curves to active. . drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . NX adds the new curves to the sketch in the same Active or Reference state. Converts reference and Automatic dimensions to Driving dimensions. and select a result.

p11 can be a valid constraint for two solutions.SKETCHING 226 Perpendicular. In this sketch. and Vertical dimensions maintain their direction when the expression value is set to zero. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .[NX8 HELP] . You can also enter negative values for these three dimension types to achieve the same results as using the Alternate Solution command. Where do I find it? Toolbar (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Alternate Solution (Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Alternate Solution Menu (Modeling) Tools→Sketch Constraints→Alternate Solution (Sketch task environment) Tools→Constraints→Alternate Solution  Test alternate solutions for dimensions and constraints Dimension Example The figure below shows how you can use Alternate Solution with a dimensional constraint to select a solution. Horizontal.

[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING Target Dimension Constraint (2) Choose Alternate Solution and click the p11 dimension: 227 Alternate Solution with a Dimension Constraint NX updates the sketch to reflect the alternate solution. Tangent Constraint (1) Choose Alternate Solution on the Sketch Tools toolbar and click each circle. NX displays the alternate solution: drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click OK to accept the dimension you want. Tangent Constraint Example The figure below shows how the same selections could produce two different solutions when two circles are tangent constrained. When you select the second circle. You can reselect the dimension to review possible solutions.

NX displays the alternate immediately. Object 2 Select Tangent Geometry Selects geometry that is tangent to the target geometry. including the display of sketch dimension labels. If more than one object is tangent to the target object. fixed text height. you can reselect the target geometry to review possible solutions. and Object Color display. Click OK to accept the tangent constraint you want. as well as settings for the current NX session and the current part.[NX8 HELP] . Use this option to make a selection when multiple objects are tangent to Object 1. Customizing the Sketch task environment You can use the following commands and preferences to customize the Sketch task environment:    Use the Sketch Style command to control settings for the active sketch. If only one alternate solution is possible. Use Sketch Preferences to control style settings for future sketches. as well as settings for inferred constraints. Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbars Sketch Utility→Show Grid drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .  Alternate Solution dialog box Object 1 Select Linear Dimension or Geometry Selects the linear dimension or the geometry for which you want to see an alternate solution. NX activates the Select Tangent Geometry option.SKETCHING 228 Alternate Solution While the Alternate Solution dialog box is open. Use grid and work plane commands on the Utility toolbar to control settings for all sketches in the current part. 9.

[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING 229 Utility→Select Work Plane Objects Only Utility→Dim Objects Off Work Plane Utility→Snap to Grid Menus Sketch→Style Preferences→Sketch→Sketch Style Preferences→Sketch→Session Settings Preferences→Sketch→Part Settings a) Sketch Colors Use the Colors sketch preference to customize the colors that are available in a sketch. Differentiate constraint conditions in a sketch. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Choose File→ Utilities→ Customer Defaults. The color sets can help you:   Differentiate objects in a sketch. Sketch Colors A default set of Colors identifies: Curves Driving Dimensions Automatic Dimensions Overconstrained Objects Conflicting Constraints Reference Dimensions Reference Curves Partially Constrained Curves Fully Constrained Curves Out-of-date Objects Degree-of-Freedom Arrows Recipe Curves Inactive Sketches Customizing Sketch Colors You can customize Colors using both the Customer Defaults utility and Sketch Preferences: Customer 1.

select Colors. 2. Note Changes you make to Customer Defaults take effect the next time you start NX. When you switch to Display Object Color. and click on any swatch to change the color. 4. Click OK. The sketch geometry initially appears in the default green. the color of the geometry changes. and the object color for lines is set to blue. Click the Part Settings tab. Where do I find it? Application Modeling and Drafting (Modeling) Direct Sketch→Display Object Color Toolbar (Drafting and Sketch task environment) Sketch Tools→Display Object Color drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Click on any swatch to change the color. b) Display Object Color Use the Display Object Color command to switch the display of sketch objects between the colors specified in Object Preferences and the sketch preference colors. 3. the object color for arcs is set to red. Choose Preferences→ Sketch. and apply to new part files only. NX retains the color settings in existing files unless you explicitly change them. Expand the Sketch group.SKETCHING Defaults 230 2. Object Colors In this example.[NX8 HELP] . Sketch Preferences 1. Note NX immediately applies your Sketch Preferences color changes to all sketches in the current part file.

such as p2=p5*4. Drafting sketches use the appropriate Drafting Preference when you create a dimension. right-click the dimension and choose Style. Note The Text Height input field is not visible for sketches that you create on a drawing view. Settings Dimension Label Controls how expressions in sketch dimensions are displayed. Internal sketches do not appear in the Part Navigator. You can still externalize sketches using the Make Sketch External command from the Part Navigator. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . such as p2. such as p2=150. The settings will not cause sketches to be internalized again when you edit the feature.750. Fixed Text Height on Screen Text Height Keeps the text of dimensions at a constant size when you zoom a sketch in or out. NX scales dimension text as well as sketch geometry. Displays complex expressions entirely. To edit the dimension style. If you clear this option and zoom. such as 25. Value displays only the numeric value of the expression. so you can use these settings to shorten the Model history for a part. Where do I find it? Modeling preference Application Menu Location in dialog box Modeling Preferences→Modeling Modeling Preferences→General tab→Automatically Make Sketch Internal to Child Feature Customer Default Menu Location in dialog box File→Utilities→Customer Defaults Automatically Make Sketch Internal to Child Feature d) Sketch Preferences: Sketch Style dialog box Sketch Preferences→Sketch Style controls style settings for future sketches.SKETCHING c) Automatically make sketches internal 231 You can set a Modeling preference or a customer default that automatically make sketches internal to their child features.    The software automatically internalizes sketches only when you create a child feature. Specifies the size of text displayed in sketch dimensions.[NX8 HELP] .    Expression – displays the expression name and value. Name displays only the name of the expression.

and perpendicular lines. NX displays sketch objects using the colors in Part Settings. Displays sketch curves and dimensions using their Object Display colors. Display Degree Controls the display of the degree-of-freedom arrows. NX hides the arrows. constraint symbols do not display if the associated geometry is very small. together with the Hide command. e) Sketch Preferences: Session Settings Sketch Preferences→Session Settings controls settings for the current NX session. When this option is off. of Freedom Arrows Dynamic Constraint Display Change View Orientation When this option is selected. If you do not want lines to automatically snap to the horizontal or vertical position.SKETCHING Create Inferred Constraints Continuous Auto Dimensioning Display Object Color 232 Enables the Create Inferred Constraints option for all new sketches you create. Click the Display Object Color button on the Sketch toolbar to switch between the two sets of colors. clear this check box. When this option is on. When this option is off. To see constraints regardless of associated geometry size. For example. horizontal. set Snap Angle to zero degrees. if the angle of a line in relationship to the horizontal or vertical reference is less than or equal to Snap Angle. parallel. Controls whether the view orientation changes when you create or deactivate a sketch.[NX8 HELP] . the view zooms out to the model view scale with no rotation. the line is automatically snapped to the vertical or horizontal position. the view orients to the sketch plane on activation and orients back to the Model view orientation on deactivation. Settings Snap Angle Lets you specify the snap angle tolerance for vertical. Maintain Hide Use this preference. The default Snap Angle is 3 degrees. The maximum value you can specify is 20 degrees. Note that if the Snap Angle is zero. horizontal and vertical constraints are still applied if they are enabled in the Inferred Constraints and Dimensions dialog box. Enables auto dimensioning during curve construction. When you change from one sketch to another. to control the display of sketch drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 Task Environment . and then scales and rotates to the sketch view orientation and scale.

the layer settings depend on the whether you select the Maintain Layer Status check box. Choose Plain to use the monochrome color you set in Preferences→Background.SKETCHING Status objects:   233 Enabled . the objects return to their original Hide status. regardless of their Hide status. When you exit the sketch. Part Settings provides many of the same color options as Sketch Colors in Customer Defaults.Sketch displays all curves and dimensions. Note that:   Changing colors in Part Settings does not alter the sketch Colors settings in Customer Defaults. Name Prefixes Lets you modify the prefixes that NX adds to the names of sketches. NX immediately applies your changes to all sketches in the current part. f) Sketch Preferences: Part Settings Use Part Settings to control color settings for curves. Warning Background Use this option to specify the background color for a sketch session. dimensions. lines. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . If you clear the check box. Previously created names are not changed. Maintain Layer Status Controls whether the work layer remains the same or returns to its previous value when you deactivate a sketch. Inherit from Customer Defaults updates all sketches in the current part to the Customer Defaults color settings. degree-of-freedom arrows. arcs. The sketch displays Mapping the warning when you finish the sketch. the sketch layer and work layer are returned to the status they had before you activated the sketch.   Choose Inherit Color to use the same background as the calling application.any sketch curves or dimensions that you hide remain hidden the next time you edit the sketch. Modified prefixes apply to new objects that you create. the sketch layer continues to be the work layer. and other sketch objects.[NX8 HELP] . and other sketch objects in the current part. the layer that the sketch resides on automatically becomes the work layer. when you edit the sketch. Display Section Controls whether sketch warns you that one or more sketch sections may need to be remapped because of changes you made during the current session. However. Disabled .   If you select the check box. When you open a sketch. when you modify colors in Part Settings. When you exit a sketch.

Turn on labels that show the grid line offset from either the WCS or the sketch origin. Turn on the grid display. The software dims objects that are unselectable. and grid preferences You can customize the sketch to display commonly used 2D visual conventions:       Set the sketch background to a plain color rather than a gradient. This example shows the sketch background set to plain. background. and deemphasize non-work planes.SKETCHING Where do I find it? Task environment Menu Sketch Preferences→Sketch→Part Settings 234 g) Work plane. Make objects off the work plane selectable or unselectable. Turn on work plane emphasis. In the lower image.[NX8 HELP] . This example shows the grid and grid labels turned on. drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 . Enable a Snap to Grid option. the Dim Objects Off Work Plane option is on.

[NX8 HELP] . Where do I find it? Task environment Toolbars Sketch Utility→Show Grid Utility→Select Work Plane Objects Only Utility→Dim Objects Off Work Plane Utility→Snap to Grid 10. Sketch menus quick reference This table compares the menu locations for commands that are available when you sketch directly in Modeling and when you are working in the Sketch task environment. Sketching in Modeling File Finish Sketch Sketch task environment Task New Sketch Sketch Properties Sketch Style Finish Sketch Exit Sketch drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING 235 Note Grid labels are visible only in orthographic views.

[NX8 HELP] .SKETCHING Sketching in Modeling File Edit Sketch Parameters Sketch Curve→Quick Trim Sketch Curve→Quick Extend Sketch Curve→Make Corner Sketch task environment Task Edit Style Curve→Trim Recipe Curve Curve→Quick Trim Curve→Quick Extend Curve→Make Corner Edit Defining Section Sketch Parameters View Orient View to Sketch View Orient View to Sketch Orient View to Model Insert Sketch Sketch in Task Environment Sketch Curve Sketch Constraint→Dimension Sketch Constraint→Constraints Sketch Constraint→Make Symmetric Insert Datum/Point→Point Curve Curve from Curves→Offset Curve Curve from Curves→Pattern Curve Curve from Curves→Mirror Curve Curve from Curves→Intersection Point Curve from Curves→Derived Lines Curve from Curves→Existing Curves Recipe Curve→Intersection Curve Recipe Curve→Project Curve Dimensions Constraints Make Symmetric Format Format drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 236 .

[NX8 HELP] . Sketch video examples How do I?  > Quickly sketch and revolve a gasket  > Sketch and revolve a gasket using NX shortcuts  > Delay part updates when I edit a sketch directly drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .SKETCHING Sketching in Modeling File Layer Settings Group→New Active Sketch Group Sketch task environment Task Layer Settings Group→New Group Group→New Active Sketch Group Tools Expression Sketch Constraints Reattach Sketch Tools Expression Update→Update Model Update→Delay Sketch Evaluation Update→Evaluate Sketch Constraints Reattach Positioning Dimensions Preferences Sketch Annotation Preferences Grid and Work Plane Sketch Annotation 237 11.

..... 39 The sketch process ............. 3 a) b) c) d) e) 4......................................................................................................................................................... 23 Create a base support ..................................................................................................................................................................... 49 Short List .......................... 1 View a topic ............................................................. 1 Sketch tutorials ..... 45 Copy......................................................................................SKETCHING 238 Contents Sketching ........................................................................................................................................................... 1 Sketch overview ........................................................ 3.................................... 40 Sketching in an assembly context .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Create a sketch and solid model quickly ..................... What are you looking for in Sketching? ...................................... 44 Sketches and Layers ............................................................................. 28 Sketch basics.................................................................................................................................... 49 Degree-of-freedom arrows ............................................................................. 3 View a topic ......................................... 51 View a topic .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 1 Browse Categories .......................................................................................................................... 43 Make a sketch internal or external .................................................................. 40 Sketch On Plane and Sketch On Path .............................................................................. 2........................................................... 43 Open a sketch for edit .................................................. and edit sketch objects....................................................................................... 48 Lock inferred constraints .................................................. 50 Viewing and editing multiple sketch expressions ...................................... 45 Sketch help lines .........................................[NX8 HELP] ........... 47 Controlling the display of constraints ......................................................................................................................... 44 Sketch curve dynamic preview ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 7 Create tongue and groove type parts .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 48 Constraint tips ....................................... 46 Types of constraints ............................................................................................................................. 41 Internal and External sketches .................................................................................................................... Direct Sketch and the Sketch task environment ...................................................... 3 Sketch on a planar face ....................................................... 51 Creating and managing sketches......................... 39 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) s) 5..................................................................................................... move........................................................................................................................................................................................... 51 drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 ..... 10 Create a dome-shaped part ..................................................................... 45 Sketch on-screen input boxes ........................................................ 1 1............................................ 39 View a topic ..............................................................

........... 142 Intersection Curve ........................................ 71 Replace with Independent Sketch................................................................................................................................ 57 Sketch groups ............................................................................... 91 Chamfer ..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 72 Creating and editing geometry. 79 Derived Lines ................... 105 Ellipse..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 239 Direct sketching ........................................................................................................................................................... 147 drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 98 Polygon ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 70 Evaluate Sketch ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 111 Offset Curve..................................................................................................................................... 82 Arc ............................................................. 73 View a topic .............................................................................................[NX8 HELP] ...................................................... 115 Pattern Curve ............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 69 Orient View to Model .................. 70 Update Model ............................... 72 Finish Sketch ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 96 Rectangle .............................................................................. 123 Mirror Curve .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 136 Intersection Point ............................................................... 73 Line .................................................................................................. 143 Project Curve .... 73 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) s) t) u) Profile ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 105 Fit Spline ........ 51 Create and Reattach Sketch .......................................................................................................... 139 Add Existing Curves ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 69 Delaying Sketch updates ................................................................. 90 Fillet .............................................................................................................................SKETCHING a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) 6................................................................................................................................................................ 110 Sketch Point ....................................................... 84 Circle ............................................... 69 Delay Evaluation ....... 72 Exit Sketch ................................ 103 Studio Spline ........................................................................................................................... 71 Rename a sketch ........................................................................................................................ 67 Orient View to Sketch................. 106 Conic .................................

........................... 184 Dimensions: right mouse button options.......................... 172 Create a Horizontal dimension ............................................................................ 177 Create a Diameter dimension ........................................................................................................................ Sketch dimensions .................................[NX8 HELP] ...... 179 Create a Radius dimension .............................. 187 Edit Dimension Associativity ............................ 191 Animate Dimension ............................................................................................................................................................................................... 171 Inferred Dimensions ...........SKETCHING v) w) x) y) z) 7....................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 240 Quick Trim ....................................................................................................................................................................... 187 Dimensions options ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 166 Creating dimensions ......................................................... 199 Inferred Constraints and Dimensions ....................................................................................................... 200 Convert To/From Reference .................................... 170 View a topic .................................................................................... 180 Create an Angular dimension ..................................................................................................................... 176 Create a Perpendicular dimension .......................................................................... 172 Create and edit inferred dimensions............................................................................................................................................................................................ 182 Display as PMI overview ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 159 Trim Recipe Curve ........................................................................... 188 Sketch Parameters........................................................................ 216 drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 .................................................................................................... 193 Continuous Auto Dimensioning............................................................ 207 Creating constraints ..... 181 Perimeter Dimension .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 209 Constraints quick reference ............................................................................................................................................................................ 192 Auto Dimension ........................................ 175 Create a Vertical dimension ........................................................... 170 a) b) c) d) e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) o) p) q) r) s) t) u) v) w) 8......................................................................................................................................... 203 Alternate Solution ................................................................................................................. 208 View a topic ................................................................. 175 Create a Parallel dimension................................................................................................ 208 Create constraints .......... 213 Auto Constrain................................................................ 161 Edit Defining Section .............................................. 151 Quick Extend............................................................................................................................................................. 155 Make Corner ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 204 Sketch positioning dimensions .............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 208 a) b) c) d) Constraints .....

........................................................................ 232 Sketch Preferences: Part Settings ................................................................................................................ 241 Show / Remove Constraints ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 11........................................................................................................................................................................................................... 237 Contents ......... 234 Sketch menus quick reference ....................................................................... 230 Automatically make sketches internal ............................................................................................................................................................... 222 Constraint conditions ..................................................................... a) b) c) d) e) f) g) 10.......................................... 228 Sketch Colors ...... 231 Sketch Preferences: Session Settings .......... 238 drive24ward NX-PLM 2011 年 11 月 5 日 ................. 216 Show All Constraints................................................................................................................................................................... 224 Convert To/From Reference ...... 229 Display Object Color .............................................................. 231 Sketch Preferences: Sketch Style dialog box ............................................[NX8 HELP] ................................................................................................................................................................................. background...................................... 223 Evaluate Sketch ........................................................... 224 Alternate Solution ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 218 Show No Constraints .................................. 219 Make Symmetric................................................................................SKETCHING e) f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) 9.................................................................. 225 Customizing the Sketch task environment .................................. 233 Work plane...................................... 219 Create Inferred Constraints ....................... 223 Delay Evaluation .......................................................................................................................................... 235 Sketch video examples ....................................................................... and grid preferences...................................................................

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful