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Respiratory Disease

Respiratory Disease

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Published by: Clarence Buenaventura on Jul 07, 2013
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Respiratory Diseases

Legionnaires' disease
A disease due to the bacteria Legionella pneumophila found in plumbing, shower heads and water-storage tanks. Outbreaks of Legionella pneumonia have been attributed to evaporative condensers and cooling towers. The bacteria thrives in the mist sprayed from air-conditioning ducts and so it can infest an entire building or airplane. Travelers are especially vulnerable in the closed space within a plane. Disease Agent:  Legionella pneumophila bacteria high temperature, feverishness and chills; cough; nausea and vomiting abdominal pain muscle pains; excessive sweating headache; and leading on to pneumonia, very occasionally diarrhoea and signs of mental confusion Symptoms:

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Treatment:

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You will normally be admitted to hospital Antibiotics are started as soon as possible Oxygen is commonly given IV fluids are often given to keep you well-hydrated Intensive care with supportive treatments, such as assisted ventilation, may be needed if the pneumonia is severe. Intensive care admission - dependant upon severity of illness Ventilatory support - dependant upon severity of illness

Prevention:

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Avoiding smoking Practice good hygiene Practice good preventive measures by eating a proper diet, getting regular exercise and plenty of sleep Stay away from people who have colds, the flu, or other respiratory tract infections

Not smoking Avoid exposure to secondary smoke Wearing a seatbelt when in a motor vehicle to help prevent accident-related chest trauma Being aware of the symptoms associated with pneumothorax if you have another lung disease If you have a history of pneumothorax.Pneumothorax Pneumothorax (pl. it is often recommended that you avoid SCUBA diving  Pneumococcal Streptococcal . and that may interfere with normal breathing. sharp chest pain on the same side as the affected lung — this pain doesn't occur in the center of your chest under the breast bone  Shortness of breath. depending on how much of your lung is collapsed  A feeling of tightness in your chest  A rapid heart rate  Nasal flaring  Low blood pressure (hypotension) Treatment:  Enough rest  Oxygen therapy  Intravenous fluids  Chest tube for pneumothorax: A small tube is inserted through the chest wall The tube is placed between the lung and the inside of the chest wall Air is removed from the space by the tube  Lung surgery may be needed to treat your pneumothorax or to prevent future episodes Prevention       Avoid exposure to high altitudes. which may be more or less severe. pneumothoraces) is an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space that separates the lung from the chest wall. Disease Agent:   Symptoms: Sudden.

. like tonsils. attached to the entrance of the larynx. pointing dorsally.Epiglottitis The epiglottis is a flap that is made of elastic cartilage tissue covered with a mucous membrane. rapid shallow breathing. and stridor (highpitched sound when breathing in) Treatment:  Breathing tube (intubation)  Moistened (humidified) oxygen  Antibiotics to treat the infection  Anti-inflammatory medicines called corticosteroids to decrease throat swelling  Fluids given through a vein (by IV) Prevention:  Vaccinating a child against Hib is the best way of protecting him/her and other people in a community. The term. very illlooking appearance. It projects obliquely upwards behind the tongue and the hyoid bone. There are taste buds on the epiglottis Disease Agent:     Haemophilus influenzae type B Influenza virus type A Para influenza virus type 1 Staphylococcus aureus Symptoms:        Muffled voice Fever Inability to swallow Fast heartbeat Irritability Drooling Respiratory distress characterized by shortness of breath. upright posturing with tendency to lean forward. is often incorrectly used to refer to the uvula.

Call your doctor or go to your hospital's emergency department if you can't breathe deeply or cough because of severe pain Surgery may be needed to drain infected fluid from the lungs. Among other things. especially if you are elderly. You may have less pain if you lie on the side that hurts. Prevention    Seek early medical attention for conditions that can cause pleurisy. Early treatment of bacterial respiratory infections can prevent pleurisy. or weakened immunity. Avoid exerting yourself or doing anything that would cause you to breathe hard. infections are the most common cause of pleurisy. Consider getting vaccinated for pneumonia. to reduce the pain and inflammation. the lining of the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs. .Pleurisy Pleurisy (also known as pleuritis) is an inflammation of the pleura. have a chronic illness. such as ibuprofen (Motrin) or aspirin. sharp chest pain that gets worse when you breathe in deeply or cough Shortness of breath Chest tightness Fatigue (tiredness) that comes on easily A rapid heart rate A bluish tint to the skin (caused by lack of oxygen) Cough Fever Treatment:      Use an anti-inflammatory medicine. Adenovirus Epstain-Barr virus Symptoms:         Sudden. Disease Agent    Respiratory syncytial virus.

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