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Practical Report 2,Protection

Practical Report 2,Protection

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Protection Report 2
Protection Report 2

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Published by: Cláudio Felício Vunda on Jul 08, 2013
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05/19/2014

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TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction……………………………………….1 2. Objective ……………………………………….1 3. Practical 2A ………………………………….. 2 4. Practical2B ……………………………………….3 5. Practical 2C…………………………………….. 4 6. Conclusion …………………………………….. 5

ELECTRICAL PROTECTION III PRACTICAL REPORT II

21033151

Methodology We connected the CDG36 electromechanical Overcurrent and earth fault relay U10 to CT1 on the simulator and set it to trip after 1 second for a fault at faults point RTS5. INTRODUCTION In this modern society. After this has been done. being Electrical power engineering student.2 1.1sec Tms Psm 0. the trip times of the relays was measured for faults at other points on the simulator system and this will be compared with the trip times for a fault at the end of the system.19 1 1 1 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION III PRACTICAL REPORT II 21033151 . Protective relays play an integral part in protection scheme and have an impact on the quality and continuity of supply to the consumer.28 0. different experiments were carried out a simulator which was used to set up various faults and perform different setting on relays in order to tie up the theory acquired during class session and the practical. Findings Faults types RE SE TE ST RTS RST Transformer Fault location Yy0 Yy0 Yyo Yy0 Yy0 Dy11 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 Relays operating time 0.95sec 1sec 1. To ensure the continuity of supply.1sec 1.13 0. setting of the relays and the understanding of their operation are of great importance. They are used to detect faults and to send information to circuit breakers in order to interrupt the defective part while allowing power to flow through remaining parts of the scheme and preventing further damage to other equipment.27 0. PRACTICAL 2A a. Therefore. 2.14 0.9sec 1. the power system must be protected against any kind of disruption that can arise.14 0.2 0. a 3 three phase fault and phase to phase faults and we also checked the trip times for faults at the other points in the circuit as it be can be seen in the findings in the following point.2 0. In this practical. b. 3. OBJECTIVE The objective of this practical was to set 3 relays to operate at various times for a fault at the end of the simulator line and then to check that they are graded. we checked to see whether the relay was going to trip after one second for an earth fault on each phase.26 0. The transformer was set to YY0 then.089sec 0. electrical energy plays a very crucial role in our daily life.16 0.

This is because in a delta configuration there is no ground therefore no presence of zero phase sequence component.19 1 1 No tripping 1 1 No tripping 1 0.19 c.18 0.9sec 0. overcurrent relays disk placed into the line will turn. and a trip coil.19 0.19 1 0. 7SJ50 relay on the simulator. PRACTICAL 2B a. When the transformer is connected in star. appearing like there is not fault in the system.09 0.65 0.09 No tripping 0. Comment From the above we can see that when a transformer is connected in delta at the primary side. 4. then we repeated as for practical 2A -Element Used: U1DG36 No: 061263P.26 0.2 0.2 0. Supply 30v DC.3 RS TE TE RS RST TE RST Dy11 Dy11 Dd0 Dd0 Dd0 Yd1 Yd1 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 1.9sec No tripping 1sec 0. Probe.65 TSM PMS 0. only overcurrent relay disk spins.18 0. and zero phase sequence is not involved.2 0. for an earth faults the overcurrent relay disk doesn’t spin.7 seconds for a fault at fault point RST5 with the transformer set to YY0.2 0.2 21033151 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION III PRACTICAL REPORT II . the earth fault relay disk only spins for an earth fault.24 0. but for a line to line fault. CT8 4.2 0. Methodology We connected a 7SJ50 solid state 3 phase Overcurrent and earth fault relay to CT8 on the simulator and set it to trip after 0.6 0.05sec 0.9sec No tripping 0.19 No tripping 0. But for a phase to phase fault.06 0.17 0.2 Findings Fault types Transformer Fault connection location Yy0 Yy0 Yy0 RTS5 RTS5 RTS5 RE SE TE Relay operating time 0.16 0. CDG No: 061265P.9sec RS Yd1 RTS5 0.

5.5sec c.7 sec for:  Phase to phase fault (R-Y)  Phase to earth fault (R-E)  3 Phase fault (RST) Example PSM calculations: CT Ratio= 5/1 A Current setting = 100% Fault current = 40A (assumed) Ipu =current setting* Ict (rated secondary) =100%*1=1A If (relay coil) =If*1/5=40*0. The following fault was applied at fault point RTS5 where we have repeated practical 2A but having set the time to 0.680 0. in this circuit where a motor and generator set connected via transformer to two overhead lines.2 Yd1 RTS5 0.1 0. Comment It was noted that for different fault positions.6 0.661 0.2 0. the phase-to-earth fault the earth fault relay took a bit longer trip.2=8A PSM= = 8/1=8 then using the inverse curve for over current relays and knowing the operating time. ELECTRICAL PROTECTION III PRACTICAL REPORT II 21033151 . PRACTICAL 2C a.4 ST RST RS RE RST RS RE Yy0 RTS5 0.3sec Yellow to earth YY RST5 1.4 Yd1 RTS5 No tripping No tripping No tripping 4.3 0.3 Dd0 RTS5 No tripping No tripping No tripping Yd1 RTS5 0.3 COMMENT The relay was connected to the primary of the CT8 rated 5/1 A. Findings Fault types Transformer Fault location Tripping time Red to earth YY RST5 0.4 Dd0 RTS5 0. we can be able to determine the value of the time setting of the relay. This practical was repeated as for practical 2A b.1 0.55sec Blue to earth YY RST5 1.2 0. Methodology We did connect another 7SJ50 overcurrent and earth fault relay to CT11 and set it to trip after 0.4 Dd0 RTS5 0.3 seconds for a fault at fault RST5 with the transformer set to YY.665 0. Then the circuit was connected to the power source.633 0.

CONCLUSION The results therefore prove that the circuit breaker opening time and the relay operating time are different in regards to different fault conditions in comparison to the electromagnetic relay. It can be noted that the time taken to trip for an earth fault was longer than that of a phase-to-phase fault. The total time for the operation of a circuit breaker can be calculated for each fault: total operating time= relay operating time + circuit breaker opening time. The relays do not trip the transformer configuration has a delta in its secondary because there is no earth as commented in practical 2A. ELECTRICAL PROTECTION III PRACTICAL REPORT II 21033151 .5 6. This is a result of the fact that an earth fault may have a different magnitude in current this in combination with the relay setting may cause greater or shorter time for activation of the relay.

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