0

Introduction to UMTS Radio KPI
3G network planning introduce
www.huawei.com

Huawei Northwest Africa Region RNP Solution Manage: William.chen William.chen@huawei.com
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

Agenda
n

UMTS Radio KPI overview n 3G

Network Optimization n Case
Study of KPI Optimization

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

Page 2

3G KPIs Principle: S.M.A.R.T
formula, include check point and procedure. KPIs are

Specific

the KPI has clear and complete definition and

measurable by given condition,

Measurable

measurement equipment and procedure. all the KPIs should be reachable, it is refer to the Attainable commercial network.

Relevant Time-bound

the KPI can show the subscriber experience the KPI target should be on the base of time-bound

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com

Page 3

The example: RRC Connection Successful Rate n formula RRCConnect ionSuccessservice RRCS_SRService = RRCConnect ×100% ionAttempt service n Check point The number of “RRC Connection Attempt” is A1 or A2? A2 represent the effective number of “RRC Connection Attempt”.3G KPIs : Specific Complete KPI definition include the formula combine with the check point or procedure. LTD.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 4 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.

. LTD.3G KPIs : Measurable . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. usually on the network pre-launch phase and initial stage of commercial launch.Drive Test n Field Test -> Drive Test Evaluate the overall network performance.pdffactory. Data analysis Probe & Assistant is used for analyzing test data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. it is involved about 20 sites in one cluster usually.com Page 5 . Test platform Multiple test model UEs can perform different tests. Driver test route is based on cluster.

Radio Network KPI test is suggested to be test by drive test n Call drop rate n Handover successful rate RNC NodeB System performance Radio Network performance nEquipment ability nTransmission nNetwork construct n …. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. and usually used in indoor test scenario. System KPI is suggested to be test by stationary: n Throughput KPI n Delay KPI n Quality KPI Core Network NodeB Stationary test condition is fixed.com Page 6 . LTD. nRadio network planning nSpecial environment condition HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Stationary test n Field Test ->stationary Test Evaluate the system / equipment performance.3G KPIs : Measurable ..

3G KPIs : Measurable .pdffactory..Statistic test n Statistic Test Nastar server Monitoring & analysis center Recommended for security Essential Optimization team OM system Pre-Condition for Statistic Test Subscriber care center Local networks There must be enough statistic sample. LTD.com Page 7 . no distance mean network traffic should be reach high limitation level. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. Any corresponding dept. that Terminal: ordinary PC or laptop.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. configuration. LTD.Huawei KPI test platform comprehensive analysis of the performance.pdffactory. alarm GENEX Nastar 3G iManagerTM M2000 obtaining test data sharing of analysis results Node B v GENEX Probe v AGILENT v QUALCOMM v HUAWEI RNC multiple test data RNC GENEX Assistant 3G Node B HLR/AC Node B RNS GENEX Probe WCDMA Node B wireless test data MSC/SSP/ VLR RNC PSTN PLMN ISDN GMSC/SSP CN GENEX UNet Node B Node B RNS network pre-planning/planning HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 8 ..

HSDPA/HSUPA Accessibility Retainability Integrity Mobility Utilization Availability Statistic / Measurement data HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. HTTP… Service Performance Radio Network KPI AMR12..PS64k/128k/384k.3G KPIs: Relevant Examples of User Experience (QoE) completion of a download file End-to-end response is fast The voice and video is Clare Voice.2. LTD. CS64k.com Page 9 . WAP.pdffactory. Video Phone. FTP. MMS. Email.

Huawei 3G KPIs Architecture 3G KPIs Accessability Retainability Service Integrity Mobility Delay/Latency Availability • Call Setup Success Rate (Voice/VP) • PDP Context Activation Success Rate • SMS/MMS Success Rate • Call Drop Rate (Voice/VP) • PDP Context Drop Rate • PS Throughput • SHO Success Rate • Hard Handover Success Rate • Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate • Call Setup Delay (Voice/VP) • PDP Context Activation Time • RTT • Worst Cell Rate HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 10 . LTD..pdffactory.

28% 11. but a system.02% 7. LTD.94% cause HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.3G KPIs: It is not only a value 3G KPI is not only a value..56% 0.29% 4.68% 0.45% 10.pdffactory.68% 3% 2. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. for example of CDR (Call Drop Rate) Network Planning Network Construct Transmission optimization Root cause drop-call 59.com Page 11 .

n Use the experience from other commercial network. HR.com Page 12 . competition strategy etc. cost. t AttainableCommon target for Mobilis and Huawei Technical HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. le n Cooperate with Mobilis to work out a Competitive KPI.3G KPIs: Attainable 3G KPI is output of combination with investment include technology.. Cost Huawei KPI comply principle: n Huawei will be responsibility for every complied KPI. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. LTD.

com Page 13 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..pdffactory.3G KPIs: Time-bound nMature Network  Drive Test KPIs  Stationary test KPIs  Network Statistics nOngoing Optimization 10 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 Number of Sites Number of Sites nCommercial Launch Nastar Probe & Assistant  Network Statistics  Benchmark test Probe & Assistant n Pre-Launch KPI Acceptance Probe & Assistant  Drive Test KPIs  Stationary test KPIs nNetwork construct  Site verification HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.

com Page 14 .Recommend test methodology Test Methodology RRC connection success rate Call setup success rate PDP activation success rate CS Call drop rate PS Call drop rate CS Call complete rate PS Call Complete rate HSPA Call drop rate R99 PS Throughput HSPA Throughput Soft handover success rate Pre-launch Acceptance Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Drive Test Stationary Stationary Stationary Drive Test On-going Optimization Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Statistic Test Stationary Stationary Stationary Statistic Test Inter-RAT handover success rate Drive Test Statistic Test HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD..

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. LTD.Contents • UMTS Radio KPI overview •3G Radio Network Optimization • Case Study of KPI Optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 15 ..

com . adjustment •Maintenance and upgrade •Contingency planning •Network expansion •……. LTD..Optimization throughout Life Cycle Drop call Congestion Poor quality Access failure Pre-launch optimization •RF adjustment •Para. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. …… Customized and differentiated services Single site verification Billing strategies Investment RF plan review DT & CQT KPI analysis Complaints Return Construction phase Troubleshooting Commercia l launch Booming phase Optimizing Page 16 Mature phase Balancing Time HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

com Page 17 .Network Optimization Phases Optimization preparation RF optimization New site integrated Service test and parameter optimization Routine drive test and stats. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..pdffactory. LTD. analysis Single site verification 80% sites in the Y N Acceptance criteria satisfied? N cluster ready? Y Acceptance HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. LTD..RF Optimization Target n To optimize coverage n To minimize pilot pollution n To optimize cell dominance n To optimize neighbor cell list n To resolve RF-related drop calls HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 18 .

LTD.pdffactory.RF Parameters Optimization n Engineering parameters adjustment To adjust antenna down tilt To adjust antenna azimuth To adjust antenna location To adjust antenna height To replace antenna To replace site To add new cell n Radio part parameters adjustment To optimize neighbor cell list HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..com Page 19 .

com .Pilot Pollution Minimization Pilot pollution definition: n SHO candidates (A) n Active set size (B) n If A>B. pilot pollution exists -60 -65 -70 -75 -80 -85 -90 SC1 SC2 SC3 SC4 SC5 SC6 Not Pilot Pollution Page 20 Pilot pollution will result in: (1) low signal quality (2) decreased system capacity (3) Call drops easier Margin -62 -64 -66 -68 -69 -81 Ways to optimize: (1) Antenna adjustment (e.pdffactory. azimuth or down tilt) (2) Pilot power optimization Active Set Pilot Pollution HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.g. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.. LTD.

pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. LTD.Pilot Pollution: Example HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..com Page 21 .

g. e. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.com Page 22 ..RF-related Drop Calls Problems n Poor coverage n High interference n Poor UL coverage n Poor dominance n Pilot pollution n Missing neighbors Appearance Poor RSCP & Ec/Io Poor Ec/Io or RTWP UE max Tx power many SHO events many cells present Fast change of RF conditions usually causes drop calls. LTD. turning a corner. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.Para. LTD.com Page 23 .. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. optimization is an important step after RF optimization Service quality and network resources utilization will be improved after para.pdffactory. Optimization Target n To reduce access failures n To reduce drop calls n To enhance service quality Para.

n Cell re-selection para. An effective way to reduce drop calls Seldom adjusted HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. n Inter-RAT handover para.pdffactory. The influence caused by the cell parameters adjustment should be analyzed carefully. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Parameters to be Optimized n CCCH power allocation para. n Power control para. n Other related para.com Page 24 . n Access power para. n Intra-freq. n RL maximum power para. handover para.. LTD.

Qhyst2. Qqualmin Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Treselection Time Treselection. Qhysts and Sintrasearch so as to have minimum ping-pong and minimum camped onto wrong cell The black dotted line is the serving cells. Qhyst2.Intra-freq.. LTD. Optimize Treselection. Qhyst2 Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io Qhyst2 Qhyst2 Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io UE doesn’t camp onto the best cells.pdffactory. Re-selection Para. Qqualmin The black dotted line is the serving cells. Sintrasearch UE doesn’t camp onto the best cells. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www. Sintrasearch != 0 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 25 . Sintrasearch = 0 Treselection.

PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 26 ..Contents • UMTS Radio KPI overview •3G Radio Network Optimization • Case Study of KPI Optimization HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.pdffactory.

pdffactory.Case study from commercial projects • Example of Accessibility KPI analysis • Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution • Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. LTD.com Page 27 .. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.

FailEstabCS.Rej.FailEstabCS. RIPFail Breakdown of CS RRC failure (Counters) VS.FailEstPS.Band VS.Other..IUB. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.I UB.RRC. LTD.Cell VS. • VS.Cell: Pre-admission control module reports a resource congestion.Rej.Cong RRC.RRC.RAB.RAB. • VS.Band: The number of RABs unsuccessfully established in a cell due to IUB resource congestion causes.Cod VS.RAB. Other.R Breakdown of CS RAB failure (Counters) VS.CE.UL.pdffactory.C E.Cong: RRC setup failure due to lack of UL CE resources HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.FailEstCS.RAB.RRC.RRC.RAB.Cong l VS.Rej.FailEstPs.Example of accessibility KPIs issue Trouble-shooting of RRC setup and RAB assignment problems: • STEP1: Identify the counter with the highest number • STEP2: Identify the Top 10 cells with the same problem VS.Rej.FailConnEstab.UL. NoReply Definition of Counters L.com Page 28 .Fail e.

pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.00% 132.21% 148.33% UL CE Occupation Rate 2007-02-20 132.83% 142. LTD.Analysis The “worst” sites (cells) that have been found to have both IUB and CE congestion issues: n0109TO (cell id 578/579/580) n0111TO (3882/3883/3884) n0070TO (18641/18642/18643) NodeB Name 0070TO 2007-02-19 120.96% 0109TO 0111TO HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..29% 175.29% 2007-02-22 171.00% 132.29% 2007-02-21 132.88% 180.71% 158.29% 175.com Page 29 .

the KPI would improve substantially.31%(3314/3371) 98. if excluding the problematic sites. say. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.79%(294499/301169) 98.67%(2891/2930) Rate(>97%) PS128 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) 84.53%(58114/59584) 97.com Page 30 . LTD.81%(48854/49946) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..80%(13638/13803) PS384 RAB Assignment Success Rate(>97%) 97.79% to 98.09%: KPIs (including IUB Congestion sites) RRC Connection Setup Success Rate (CS)(>98%) AMR RAB Assignment Success Rate(>98%) Video Call RAB Assignment 99.09%(241127/245815) Suggested action plan: • CE/IUB expansion • Perform regular neighbour list check to further tune the performance Success Rate(>98%) PS64 RAB Assignment Success 98.pdffactory.17%(313992/316615) KPIs (without IUB Congestion sites) 99.93%(2462/2899) 83.10%(1981/2384) 98. AMR RAB assignment success rate from 97.35%(256449/258126) 97.48%(16674/16932) 98.Suggested solution A comparative analysis shows that.

.Case study from commercial projects • Example of Accessibility KPI analysis • Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution • Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com Page 31 . LTD.

0% 2. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.5% 2.0% 1. LTD.0% Drop Call Rate Voice(3G) Drop Call Rate Video(3G) Drop Call Rate (2G) Voice call drop rate changes over a threemonth optimization period Zone1 Solving Voice call drop rate problems in Top 3 zones Zone2 Zone3 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.pdffactory.Example of Call drop rate issues AMR12..0% 0.2 Call Drop Rate 3.5% 1.5% 0.com Page 32 .5% 3.

38%->1. 14-17 Feb.2-6 1.27% 1.21% Optimization measures  Scrambling code planning adjustment  System/handover parameter tuning  Neighbour list optimization  RF optimization.10% HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO. Zone 3 Mar. LTD.What measures were taken to solve the call drop problems? Zone Zone 1 Zone 2 Action time Feb.com Page 33 .34%->1.. 23-25 Call drop rate reduction 1.57%->1. etc. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory.

LTD..pdffactory.com Page 34 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.Case study from commercial projects • Example of Accessibility KPI analysis • Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution • Example of Throughput issue analysis HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

pdffactory.Analysis: coverage problems RNC 123 RNC 122 Areas that lack dominant pilot Drive test route involves 3 Huawei RNCs and 1 Nortel RNC RNC 121 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.com Page 36 . LTD. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www..

LTD.com Page 37 . PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.The impact of missing neighbours • DL R99 throughput has been impacted by the interference generated by missing neighbors..pdffactory. mostly concerning the new sites that had been recently put on air • Areas with low throughput corresponds to bad Ec/Io figures and HHO to 2G Low throughput UE handover to GSM HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO.

com Page 38 . LTD.Other causes In addition to coverage and missing neighbour causes. PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.pdffactory. the HSDPA minimum throughput problem is due to: • DT route crosses the IUR area where HSDPA calls are reconfigured to DCH (H2D) • UE moves from a non-hotspot to a hotspot site in HSDPA connected mode RNC 122 RNC 123 RNC 123 RNC 122 RNC 121 RNC 121 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO..

0 Thank You www.com PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version www.com .pdffactory.huawei.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful