STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGN

MANUAL ON TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS
PREFACE The purpose of this manual is to establish uniformity in design and application of all traffic signs and crntrol divices in Malaysia for the benefit of road users, road and tragic authorities, and manufac-turers of traffic signs. This manual supersedes and forms part of the revised version of JKR/J(Rb) 0001/80, Manual on Traffic Control Devices-Traffic Signs. The Manual is now divided into the following parts:1. Arahan Teknik(Jalan) 2A/85 - Standard Traffic Signs. Standard traffic signs drawings for Regulatgry, Warning and Guide signs are illustrated complete with dimensions. A colored chart for all the traffic signs indicated acceptable colors for each sign. 2. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85 - Traffic Sign Applications.It consists of, with the exception of Temporary signs, design cri teria and location requirements for all traffic signs. 3. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2C/85 Temporary Signs and Work Zones Control.It consists of standard temporary sign drawings and their application in the work zones. 4. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2D/85 - Road Markings and Delineation. Standard road line paints, road markings and delineators are identified together with guides on their applications. The specifications in this manual are recommended to be used for all new signs and for all replacements of existing signs which have outlived their usefulness. ies. Traffic signs are essential where special regulations apply at specific places or at specific times only, or where hazards are not self-evident. They also give information as to highway routes, directions, destinations and points of interest. Traffic signs ordinarilu are not needed to confirm rules of the road. Functionally, traffic signs are classified as follows: (a) Regualtory signs give notice of traffic laws and regulations (Refer to Section 2A of Arahan Tek.nik 2B/85). (b) Warning signs call attention to condi tions on, or adjacent to, a highway that are potentially hazardous to traffic oper ations. (Refer to Section 2B of Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85). (c) Guide signs show route designations, destinations, directions, distances, serv ices, points of interest, and other geo graphical, recreational, or cultural infor mation. (Refer to Section 2C of Arahan Tekni.k 2B/85). 2. Scope of This Manual This manual prescribes standards for the signing within the right-of-way of all classes of public highways. Detailed standards for Regulatory signs, which are divided into Prohibitive and Mandatory signs, are given in Part 1 and Warning Signs in Part 2.. The requirements and standards for Guide signs will depend on the functions they are to perform.For this purpose Guide signs are divided into the following types:(a) Destination signs * (b) Distance signs * (c) Information signs * (d) Route markers * *All examples and standards are illustrated in Part 3. The specification set forth in this manual applies to the range of traffic signs provided for
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1. Function Of Traffic Signs Traffic signs are used to regulate, warn; or guide road users. Signs should be used only where necessary and justified by facts and stud

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STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGN Note: The colors coded below are used for read fur nitures, other than traffic sign faces, such as road markings, traffic signal and traffic sign posts, guardrails, curbs and so on, paid should be of gloss finish paint or, of higher quality material. Yellow - No. 356 British Standard 381C (Golden Yellow) White - Part 1 clause 1.3.2 and 1.3.3 British Standard 873 Black - Part 1 clause 1.3.2 and 1.3.3 British Standard 873 Orange - British Standard 0.004 Note: The colors used for all traffic sign faces should be comparable to that formed by the chromaticity coo.rdi--rates below, and should be of retro-reflective material.

in Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85 (Traffic sign Applications), and Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2C/85 (Temporary Signs and Work Zone Control) All the standard drawings in this manual are identified by a two-letter and numeral reference, e.g. RP1 - Regulatory Prohibitive sign number 1 - refers to the standard BERHENTI sign, and except for Guide signs that include place Lames, all the standard traffic signs in this country shal conform to the relevant drawings illustrated here in. Other standard requirements such as symbol templates and lettering series for the traffic signs are given in Appendix 1 through Appendix 4. 3. Color Code for Traffic Signs The following color code has been established and identified by JKR as being appropriate foruse in conveying traffic control information.

Chromaticity Coordinates.

1 Color x 0.690 0.610 y 0.310 0.390

2 x 0.595 0.535 y 0.315 0.375

3 x 0.569 0.516 y 0.341 0.394

4 x 0.655 0.581 y 0.345 0.418

Red Orange

Yellow

0.504

0.458

0.525

0.473

0.493

0.507

0.474

0.488

Green Dark Green Blue White

0.140 0.040 0.134 0.350

0.380 0.460 0.043 0.360

0.135 0.100 0.169 0.300

0.440 0.460 0.097 0.310

0.110 0.100 0.154 0.285

0.438 0.380 0.125 0.325

0.115 0.030 0.114 0.335

0.378 0.380 0.007 0.375

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4. List of Acceptable Abbreviation for Traffic Sign IMPORTANT NOTE: All messages on signs should be spelled out in full. This is especially so for place .lames.However, when space are limited, abbreviations are allowed but not encourage. Names of Places Batu Pahat Bukit Mertajam Johore Bahru Kuala Lumpur Lapangan Terbang Subang Parit Buntar Sungai Peta.ni Other Names Jalan Mahameru Sungai Gombak Kilometre Jln. Mahameru Sg. Gombak Km. Abbreviations Bt.Pahat Bkt. Mertajam J. Bahru K. Lumpur Lpg.Terbang Subang (Subang) Pt. Buntar Sg, Petani

PART REGULATORY SIGNS

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PART 2 WARNING SIGNS

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PART 3 GUIDE SIGNS

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APPENDIX 1 SYMBOL TEMPLATES

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APPENDIX 2 LETTERING SERIES SERIES 1 TABLE-1 UNIT LETTER HEIGHT/ LETTER WIDTH, SPACING CONSTANTS, MOSAIC SIZE. H = I Alphabet k1 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z k2 w1 W1 Alphabet k1 k2 w1 W1

0.0438 0.0438 1.000 1.088 a 0.1314 0.1139 0.7975 1.043 b 0.1139 0.0788 0.7975 0.990 c 0.1314 0.1139 0.7975 1.043 d 0.1314 0.0788 0.7350 0.945 e 0.1314 0.0788 0.7350 0.945 f 0.1139 0.1139 0.7975 1.025 g 0.1314 0.1314 0.7975 1.060 h 0.1314 0.1314 0.1728 0.436 i 0.0438 0.1314 0.7500 0.925 j 0.1314 0.0788 0.8125 1.023 k 0.1314 0.0438 0.7350 0.910 l 0.1314 0.1314 0.9225 1.185 m 0.1314 0.1314 0.7975 1.060 n 0.1139 0.1139 0.7975 1.025 o 0.1314 0.1139 0.7975 1.043 p 0.1139 0.1139 0.8275 1.055 q 0.1314 0.1139 0.7975 1.043 r 0.1139 0.1139 0.7975 1.025 s 0.0438 0.0438 0.7350 0.823 t 0.1314 0.1314 0.7975 1.060 u 0.0438 0.0438 0.9050 0.993 v 0.0438 0.0438 1.0475 1.135 w 0.0788 0.0788 0.8600 1.018 x 0.0438 0.0438 1.000 1.088 y 0.1314 0.1139 0.7975 1.043 z

0.150 0.250 0.625 1.025 0.250 0.150 0.625 1.025 0.150 0.163 0.625 0.936 0.150 0.250 0.625 1.025 0.150 0.163 0.625 0.936 0.105 0.150 0.4125 0.668 0.150 0.250 0.625 1.025 0.250 0.250 0.625 1.125 0.250 0.250 0.1875 0.688 0.050 0.250 0.3750 0.675 0.250 0.100 0.6250 0.975 0.250 0.250 0.1850 0.685 0.250 0.250 1.050 1.550 0.250 0.250 0.6250 1.125 0.150 0.150 0.6250 0.925 0.250 0.150 0.6250 1.025 0.150 0.250 0.6250 1.025 0.250 0.100 0.4750 0.825 0.125 0.125 0.6250 0.875 0.125 0.150 0.4875 0.763 0.250 0.250 0.6250 1.125 0.113 0.113 0.7500 0.976

0.105 0.125 0.9375 1.168 0.150 0.113 0.150 0.113 0.7500 1.013 0.8125 1.039

0.163 0.163 0.6250 0.951
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UNIT NUMERAL HEIGHT/NUMERAL WIDTH, SPACING CONSTANTS MOSAIC SIZES

Letter

k1

k2

w1

W1

1

0.1314

0.1314

0.2975

0.5603

2

0.1051

0.1051

0.7975

1.0077

3

0.1051

0.1051

0.7975

1.0077

4

0.0138

0.0138

0.9225

1.010

5

0.1051

0.1051

0.7975

1.0077

6

0.1051

0.1051

0.7975

1.0077

7

0.0438

0.0438

0.7975

0.8851

8

0.1051

0.1051

0.7975

1.0077

9

0.1051

0.1051

0.7975

1.0077

0

0.1051

0.1051

0.8275

1.0377

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k1 and k2 are unit spacing constants defined as fig. W1 = k1+k2+w1 W1 = unit letter width W1 = unit mosaic size To obtain the required size of the alphabet multiply the values from the table by the desired size. e.g for 200 mm letter height for number '3' H200 1 x 200mm = 200mm W200 0.7975 x 200 = 159.5mm

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The mosaic height Hm is obtained the same way as above.

For letter 'U' k from. table I = 0,1314 (for unit height W) K I for 250mm letter height of`U' = 0.1314 x 250 = 32.85MIM k 2 from table I = 0.1314 (for unit height A') k 2 for 250mm letter height of `U' = 0.1314 x 250 = 32.85MM WI from table 1 = 0.7975 (for unit height V) j . W I for 250mm letter height of 'U` - 0.7975 x 250 = 199.37mm. Width of letter mosaic W, = k I + k 2 + W *91 = 32.85 + 32.85 + 99.37 = 265.07nmn CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height 'H' = I (for letter 'U') W k +k2{-w1 'i 0.1314 + 0.1314 + 0.7975 1.0603 For 'H'250, W 1.0603 x 250 2 5 6mm

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To obtain the actual size of the Alphabet, multiply the values from the Table by the desired size. eg.

Size of letter required = 250mm ... H = 250mm Height of Mosaic = Hm = Hu + H + Hb = 1/4H + H +1/2H = 1 1/2H = 1 1/2 x 250 = 437.5mm For letter 'K’ k1 from table 1 = 0.1314 (for unit letter height ‘H’) .’.k1 for 250mm letter height of K = 0,9314 x 250 = 32.85mm k2 from table 1 = 0.0788 (for unit letter height°H) .', k2 for 250mm letter height of K = 0.0788 x 250 = 19.7mm w1 from table 1= 0.8125 (for unit height H) .’. w1 for 250mm letter height K = 0.8125 x 250 = 203.13mm

CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height H = 1(for letter'K') w1 = k1 + k2 + w1 =0.1.34 + 0.0788 + 0.8125 = 1.0227 For H = 250, W1 = 1.0227 x 250 = 255,67mm . . Size of mosaic for letter ‘K' = 438 x 256 For letter ‘e’ k1 from table 1 = 0.150 (for unit height 'H) .’. k1 for 250mm letter height of e = 0.150 x 250 = 37.5mm k2 from table 1 = 0.163 (for unit height "H) . . k2 for 250mm letter height of e = 0.163 x 250 = 40.75mm w1 from table 1 = 0.625 (for unit height’H) .'. w1 for 250mm letter height e = 0.625 x 250 =156.25mm .`. Width of letter mosaic = k1 + k2 + W1 = 37.5 + 40.75 + 156.25 = 234mm CHECK: Width of letter mosaic. for unit. height 'H' = 1 (for letter .'e') w1 = k1 +k2 +w1 = 0.15 + 0.163 + 0.625

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=0.938 For 'H' = 250, W1 = =

0.938 x 25+0 234mm

.’. Size of mosaic for letter ‘e’ = 438 x 234 Repeat for letters ‘l’ ‘a’ ‘n’ and ‘g’ To obtain the actual size of the nudber and alphabet, multiply the values from the Tables by the desired size. e.g

Size of lettet required = 250mm, H = 250mm. Height of Mosaic = Hm = Hu + H + Hb = 1/4H + H + 1/2H = 1 1/2 x 250 = 437.5mm For number. '1' k 1 from table 2 = 0.1314 (for unit numeral height'H') .*.k 1 for 250mm numeral height of ‘1’ = 0.1314 x 250 = 32.85mm k 2 from table 2 = 0.1314 (for unit numeral height 'H') .*.k 2 for 250mm numeral height of ‘1’= 0.1314 x 250 = 32.85mm w 1 from table 2 = 0.2975 (for unit numeral height 'H') .*.w 1 for 250mm numeral height of ‘1’ = 0.2975 x 250 = 74.38mm

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Width of numeral mosaic W, = l c1 + k 2 + W 1 = 32.85 1 32.85 + 74,38 = 140,08mm CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height `1' = 1 (for number '1') W 1= k1 +k2 + w 1 = 0.1314 + 0.1314 + 0.2975 = 0.5603 For 'H' = 250, W = 250 x 0.5603 = 140.08mm .*. Size of mosaic for letter '1' = 438 x 140 Repeat for number '5' and '0' For letter 'k' k1 from table '1' = 0.250 (for unit height 'H') .'. k1 for 250mm letter height of 'k' = 0.250 x 250 = 62.5mm k2 from table '1' = 0.1 (for unit height 'H') .'. k2 for 250mm letter height of 'k' = 0.1 x 250 = 25mm w1 from table '1' = 0.6250 (for unit height 'H') . ' , w1 for 250mm letter height of 'k' = 0.6250 x 250 = 156.25mm .*. Width of letter mosaic W1 = k1 + k2 + w1 = 62.5 + 25 + 156.25 = 243.75mm CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height 'H' = 1 (for letter 'K') w1 = k1 + k2 + w1 = 0.250 + 0.1 + 0.6250 = 0.975 For `H' = 250, W1= 250 x 0.975 = 243.75mm .*. Size of mosaic for leccer ' k’ = 438 x 244 Repeat for letter ‘m’

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TABLE 3

SERIES 2 LETTER AND NUMERIAL DIMENSIONS

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Letter and numerial height A B C D E F G H I J

Letter and numerial width K L M

N

O

P

Q

40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 240 280 320 340 400 250 300 350 400 306 350 263 219 219 263 306 350 213 186 186 200 175 175 175 153 153 153 175 186 219 263 306 350 150 131 131 131 125 109 109 109 100 120 140 160 170 200 240 280 320 113 98 98 98 90 100 88 88 88 80 80 90 100 120 140 160 170 200 240 280 320 88 77 77 77 70 70 75 66 66 66 60 60 63 55 55 55 50 50 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350 50 44 44 44 40 40 44 38 33 33 33 30 30 33 33 44 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350

25

22

22

22

20

20

22

22

6 8 11 14 17 20 23 25 28 34 39 45 48 56 68 79 90

20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 160 170 200 240 280 320

22 33 44 65 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350

20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 120 140 160 170 200 240 280 320

26 39 52 65 78 91 104 117 130 156 182 208 220 259 311 363 415

22

23

22

23

33

35

33

35

44

48

44

48

55

58

55

58

66

69

66

69

77

81

77

81

88

93

88

93

98

104

98

104

109

118

109

116

131

139

131

139

153

162

153

162

186

197

186

197

219

231

219

231

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480 560 640

263

278

263

278

306

324

306

324

350

370

350

370

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185

175

185

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R

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

0

Letter numerial stroke width 22 24 22 22 22 22

22 33 44 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 219 263 306 350 320 280 240 263 306 350 200 219 186 170 186 207 244 293 341 390 175 160 175 195 153 140 153 171 210 240 255 300 360 420 480 131 120 131 146 180 109 100 109 122 150 110 141 165 188 200 235 282 329 376 98 90 98 110 135 106 88 80 88 98 120 94 100 113 125 150 175 200 213 250 300 350 400 77 70 77 85 105 82 88 66 60 66 73 90 71 75 66 77 88 99 110 132 154 176 186 219 263 306 350 55 50 55 61 75 59 63 55 44 40 44 49 60 47 50 44 16 20 24 28 33 37 41 49 57 65 69 81 98 114 130 33 30 33 37 45 35 38 33 12 33 44 55 66 77 88 99

22

20

22

24

30

24

25

22

8

22

22 33 44 55 66 77 88 99 110 132 154 176 186 219 263 306 350 110 132 154 176 186 219 263 306 350 37 49 61 73 86 98 110 122 147 171 196 208 244 293 341 390 33 44 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350 33 44 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350 33 44 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350 33 44 55 66 77 88 98 109 131 153 175 186 219 263 306 350

23

6

33

35

8

44

46

11

55

58

14

66

69

17

77

81

20

88

93

23

98

104

25

109

116

28

131

139

34

153

162

39

186

197

48

219

231

56

263 306 350

263

278

68

306

324

79

350

370

90

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185

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SERIES 2 LETTER AND NUMERIAL SPACING 3.1 Spacing between Letters millimetres Initial or preceding letter Followed by AVW X 5 165 185 180 175 180 150 130 245 245 245 145 145 245 245 175 175 175 175 160 150 245 165 165 165 160 230 245 160 185 225 165 165 150 175 175 175 BDEFHIK LMNPRU 245 165 260 150 260 230 260 325 325 325 225 225 325 325 250 250 250 250 240 230 325 245 245 245 240 310 CGOQ S24890 175 185 185 180 185 160 185 250 250 250 150 150 250 250 180 180 180 180 165 160 250 175 175 175 165 240 250 165 195 230 175 175 160 180 180 180 J T7 Y Z1 3,6

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

145 165 160 150 160 130 160 225 225 225 120 120 225 225 150 150 150 150 135 130 225 145 145 145 135 210

150 175 165 160 165 135 165 230 230 230 130 130 230 230 160 160 160 160 145 135 230 150 150 150 145 215 230 145 175 210 150 150 135 160 160 160

160 180 175 165 175 145 175 240 240 240 135 135 240 240 165 165 165 165 150 145 240 160 160 160 150 225

230 250 145 240 245 215 245 310 310 310 210 210 310 310 240 240 240 240 225 215 310 230 230 230 225 295 310 225 250 290 230 230 215 240 240 140 260 175 200 240 180 180 165 185 185 185

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3.2 Spacing Factors

Capital letter and number height 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 240 280 320 340 400 480 560 640

SIRIES 2 SPACING Wide 0.051 0.077 0.102 0.128 0.153 0.179 0.205 0.230 0.256 0.307 0.358 0.409 0.435 0.511 0.614 0.716 0.818 Medium 0.038 0.058 0.077 0.096 0.115 0.134 0.153 0.173 0.192 0.230 0.269 0.307 0.326 0.384 0.461 0.537 0.614 Narrow 0.026 0.038 0.051 0.064 0.077 0.089 0.102 0.115 0.128 0.153 0.179 0.205 0.217 0.256 0.307 0.358 0.409

Example : to determine spacing between 120mm E followed by R in series 2 with spacing:

From Table 3.1, spacing for E followed by R Series 2 medium spacing factor Required spacing

= 260 = 0.115 = 260 x 0.115

= 30 mm approx

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3.2 Lower Case to Lower Case Initial or preceding letter A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Followed by st 180 125 135 180 135 125 180 180 180 180 125 180 180 180 125 125 180 80 125 130 180 110 115 120 110 130

acde goq 195 140 150 195 150 140 195 195 195 195 140 195 195 195 140 140 195 95 140 145 195 125 130 135 125 145

bhikl mnpru 245 195 200 245 200 195 245 245 245 245 195 245 245 245 195 195 245 150 195 200 145 180 180 185 180 200

fw 185 130 140 185 140 130 185 185 185 185 130 185 185 185 130 130 185 90 130 135 185 115 120 125 115 135

j

vy 180 125 135 180 135 125 180 180 180 180 125 180 180 180 125 125 180 80 125 130 180 110 115 120 110 130

x 190 135 145 190 145 135 190 190 190 190 135 190 190 190 135 135 190 90 135 140 190 120 125 130 120 140

z 200 145 155 200 155 145 200 200 200 200 145 200 200 200 145 145 200 100 145 150 200 130 135 140 120 150

140 85 95 140 95 85 140 140 140 140 85 140 140 140 85 85 140 40 85 90 140 70 75 80 70 90

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3.4

Spacing Factors millimetres

Letter height, mm Lower case 90 105 120 135 150 180 210 240 255 300 360 420 480 Capitals 120 140 160 180 100 240 280 320 340 400 480 560 640 Factor 0.188 0.219 0.250 0.281 0.313 0.375 0.438 0.500 0.531 0.625 0.750 0.875 1.000

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APPENDEX 5 STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS IN COLORS

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SIGN TYPES, COLOR AND SHAPES

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REGULATORY PROHIBITIVE SIGNS

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REGULATORY PROHIBITIVE SIGNS

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REGULATORY PROHIBITIVE I REGULATORY MANDATORY

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WARNING DANGER SIGNS

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WARNING DANGER SIGNS

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WARNING DANGER SIGNS

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WARNING DANGER SIGNS

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WARNING DANGER SIGNS

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TEMPORARY SIGNS

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GUIDE INFORMATION SIGNS

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GUIDE DESTINATION/ GUIDE DISTANCE SIGNS AND GUIDE ROUTE MARKER

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TEMPORARY SIGNS

NOTES: (1) LETTERS, SYMBOLS, PLATE SIZES AND COLOR CODES FOR TRAFFIC SIGNS ARE DEFINED IN JKR ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2A/85-STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS (2) APPLICATION PRINCIPLES OF TRAFFIC SIGNS ARE DEFINED IN JKR ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 213/85 (3) ALL DIMENSIONS AND COLORS FOR TEMPORARY SIGNS AND THEIR APPLICATION PRINCIPLES ARE DEFINED IN JKR ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2C/85 (4) THIS CHART DOES NOT SHOW A COMPLETE LIST OF ALL STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS ABBREVIATION: RP - Regulatory Prohibitive Signs RM - Regulatory Mandatory Signs WD - Warning Danger Signs T - Temporary Signs GI - Guide Information Signs GD - Guide Destination Signs GX - Guide Distance Signs GR - Guide Route Marker

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