Learn to Crochet

For hundreds of free patterns, visit our website www.LionBrand.com

Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Learn to Crochet
For hundreds of free crochet patterns, visit our website www.lionbrand.com

Table of Contents
Table of Contents ...................................................................................... 2 1. Before You Start ................................................................................... 3 2. Getting a Grip ....................................................................................... 4 3. Let's start at the beginning .................................................................. 6 4. Making a chain stitch (abbreviated as ch) .......................................... 7 5. All About Stitches ................................................................................. 9 6. Turning Chains .....................................................................................10 7. Turning Your Work...............................................................................12 8. Making a Single Crochet (abbreviated sc) .........................................13 9. Making a half double crochet (abbreviated hdc) ...............................16 10. Making a double crochet (abbreviated dc) .......................................19 11. Making a triple crochet (abbreviated trc) ........................................22 12. Making a slip stitch (abbreviated sl st) ............................................26 13. Fastening Off .....................................................................................29 14. Seaming techniques ..........................................................................30 15. Invisible sewn seam ..........................................................................31 16. Slip stitch seam .................................................................................32 17. Single crochet seam ..........................................................................33 18. Gauge .................................................................................................34 19. Joining a new ball of yarn .................................................................35

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

Learn to Crochet
For hundreds of free crochet patterns, visit our website www.lionbrand.com

1. Before You Start
Find a comfortable chair in good light. Read through the steps before you begin. As with any new skill, learning to crochet requires equal measures of patience and perseverance. Remember, crocheting should be a fun experience. If you get stuck, take a deep breath to relax, but keep at it.

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Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company, all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -- mechanically, electronically, or by any other means, including photocopying -- without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

lionbrand. all rights reserved.com 2. The hook is generally held in the right hand as shown. electronically. The left hand is used to control the yarn and to hold the stitches as they are created. Page 4 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. by using a hook and a ball of yarn.mechanically. . There are two basic "holds". visit our website www. place your right hand over the hook and grasp it between your thumb and index finger to begin.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. In the knife method. Even lefties can learn to crochet this way or they can reverse the instructions. Getting a Grip Crochet is a method of creating fabric from yarn or thread.

Use whichever method feels more comfortable to you. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com In this method. grasping the hook between your thumb and index finger. all rights reserved.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns.mechanically. you hold the hook as you would a pencil. Page 5 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. visit our website www. including photocopying -.

Page 6 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. a slip knot. visit our website www. Make a loop shape 5" or 6" from the end (the tail) by placing the tail in front of the ball yarn. Pull through the front of the loop. electronically. In crocheting. Gently pull the tail yarn to tighten loop around the hook.lionbrand.mechanically. Scoop up the yarn in the back of the loop with the hook. Insert your hook into the loop. the slip knot does not count as a stitch. Pull the yarn strand from the center of the ball.com 3. then letting the rest of the tail yarn fall slightly behind the loop. Let's start at the beginning To begin. including photocopying -. . you'll need to make the first loop on your hook.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Making a chain stitch (abbreviated as ch) Hold the hook in you right hand and loop the yarn from the ball over your left index finger.lionbrand. Page 7 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Use the hook to draw the yarn through the loop on the hook – one chain is now made.com 4.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. Hold the end of the slip knot between the thumb and middle finger of your left hand. visit our website www. . With your left index finger.mechanically. or by any other means. all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. electronically. wrap the yarn from back to front around the shaft of the hook.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. The chain stitch is also used to produce spaces and loops in your fabric Page 8 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. . including photocopying -.com Make as many chains as your pattern calls for. or by any other means. all rights reserved.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns.mechanically.lionbrand. Do not count the slip knot or the loop currently on your hook as chain stitches. You will build the crocheted fabric off of this foundation. visit our website www. The resulting row of chains is called the foundation chain.

When counting chains. to create a decorative effect. The illustration above identifies these loops. .Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns.lionbrand.com 5. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. all rights reserved. visit our website www. Each crochet stitch has 2 loops on the top of the stitch. do not include the slip knot at the end or the loop on your hook as a stitch.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Sometimes. All About Stitches The illustration above shows how to count the chain stitches you have worked. you will insert your hook under both loops of the stitch in the previous row. Page 9 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.mechanically. a pattern will indicate to work in either the front loop or back loop of a stitch. Usually. or by any other means.

lionbrand. Turning Chains Stitches in crochet come in varying heights. This chain is called the turning chain.mechanically. visit our website www. When you begin a row of any stitch. . electronically. including photocopying -. you must start with a chain that is the same height as the stitches in the row you are working. all rights reserved. In order to come up to the height of the stitch you will be working. Single crochet: one chain Half double crochet: two chains Double crochet: three chains Triple crochet: four chains Page 10 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. you will be starting at the base of the row. It can be worked before or after turning your work. or by any other means.com 6. The illustration above shows the most common stitches and the length of the turning chain for each stitch. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.

com Usually. the turning chain at the beginning of the row.mechanically. takes the place of the first stitch of the row. the rules change. After working the turning chain. The turning chain worked at the beginning of a single crochet row does not count as a stitch. after working the turning chain. You will not work in the turning chain on the return row. visit our website www. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.lionbrand.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. . you will not work another stitch in the first stitch.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. you will treat the turning chain as a stitch and work in it. For the single crochet. all rights reserved. So. Page 11 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. electronically. you will also work a single crochet in the stitch below the turning chain. And when you come to the end of the row.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Simply rotate your crochet piece. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Turning Your Work When you come to the end of a row. visit our website www. clockwise halfway around so that the last stitch you worked now becomes the first stitch in the row below. including photocopying -.lionbrand. all rights reserved.com 7. . Page 12 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. the instructions will tell you to turn (your work).Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. Refer to the illustration above.mechanically. electronically. or by any other means.

or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Page 13 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.com 8. Wrap the yarn. all rights reserved. Insert hook from front to back in the center of the second chain from the hook. Making a Single Crochet (abbreviated sc) The single crochet is the most basic crochet stitch for making fabric.mechanically. from back to front. draw the yarn through the chain (2 loops on hook).lionbrand. Make a foundation chain one chain more than the number of single crochet stitches called for. visit our website www. including photocopying -. electronically.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. All the other stitches are variations on this one. . around the hook (this is called yarn over and is abbreviated yo).

com Yarn over. yarn over. draw yarn through stitch.lionbrand.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. turn your work. all rights reserved. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook. Insert hook in the center of next chain. To begin the second row. draw through 2 loops on hook (one single crochet complete). electronically. Chain one for the turning chain (does not Page 14 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Repeat across to end of foundation chain. including photocopying -. visit our website www. yarn over.

draw yarn through stitch. Repeat this step in each single crochet across. all rights reserved. yarn over. Insert hook from front to back under the top 2 loops of the first single crochet in the row below. .without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Page 15 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook (first single crochet complete).mechanically. visit our website www. electronically.com count as a stitch). or by any other means. yarn over.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.

Skip first 2 chain stitches (will count as the turning chain).without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. insert hook from front to back in the center of the third chain from the hook. Make a foundation chain one chain more than the number of half double crochet stitches called for. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. .com 9. including photocopying -.lionbrand. or by any other means. Page 16 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. visit our website www. Yarn over. all rights reserved. Yarn over hook once. Making a half double crochet (abbreviated hdc) The half double crochet comes halfway between a single crochet and a double crochet in height.mechanically. draw the yarn through the chain (3 loops on hook).Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. electronically.

com Yarn over. yarn over.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Repeat across to end of foundation chain. yarn over.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. draw yarn through stitch. draw through 3 loops on hook (one half double crochet complete). insert hook in the center of next chain.mechanically. visit our website www.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. electronically. draw yarn through 3 loops on hook. or by any other means. . Page 17 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -. Yarn over.

electronically. insert hook from front to back under the top 2 loops of the next half double crochet in the row below. visit our website www. turn your work.com To begin the second row. Page 18 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Yarn over.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. all rights reserved. Chain two for the turning chain. . including photocopying -. yarn over. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. Repeat this step in each half double crochet across and in the top of the turning chain at the end of the row. Skip the first half double crochet below the turning chain. draw yarn through 3 loops on hook (first half double crochet complete). yarn over.mechanically. draw yarn through stitch.

Yarn over hook once. all rights reserved. Page 19 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. visit our website www.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Make foundation chain 2 chains more than the number of double crochet stitches called for. or by any other means. It is a very popular stitch producing a looser fabric than single crochet. Skip first 3 chain stitches (will count as the turning chain). Making a double crochet (abbreviated dc) The double crochet is about twice the height of a single crochet. draw the yarn through the chain (3 loops on hook). electronically. insert hook from front to back in the center of the fourth chain from the hook.lionbrand. . including photocopying -.com 10. Yarn over.mechanically.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Yarn over. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook (2 loops remain on hook). all rights reserved. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically.lionbrand. visit our website www.com Yarn over. Page 20 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. electronically.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. draw through 2 loops on hook (one double crochet complete). including photocopying -. .

Repeat across to end of foundation chain. turn your work.com Yarn over. draw yarn through stitch. all rights reserved. Repeat this step in each double crochet across and in the top of the turning chain at the end of the row. including photocopying -.lionbrand. visit our website www. Yarn over.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. insert hook from front to back under the top 2 loops of the next double crochet in the row below. or by any other means. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook. yarn over.mechanically. draw yarn through stitch. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook. Skip the first double crochet below the turning chain. insert hook in the center of next chain. yarn over. To begin the second row. Page 21 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. yarn over. yarn over. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook. yarn over.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. Chain three for the turning chain. . draw yarn through 2 loops on hook (first double crochet complete). No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. yarn over yarn over.

including photocopying -. Yarn over hook (twice). . Page 22 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Yarn over.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. draw the yarn through the chain (3 loops on hook). electronically. visit our website www.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. all rights reserved. Make foundation chain 3 chains more than the number of triple crochet stitches called for.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. insert hook from front to back in the center of the fifth chain from the hook.com 11. or by any other means.mechanically. Making a triple crochet (abbreviated trc) The triple crochet is a little taller than a double crochet. Skip first 4 chain stitches (will count as the turning chain).

all rights reserved. draw through 2 loops on hook (one triple crochet complete).lionbrand. . Yarn over. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. including photocopying -.mechanically.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook (3 loops remain on hook). electronically. visit our website www. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook (2 loops remain on hook).com Yarn over. Yarn over. or by any other means. Page 23 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. visit our website www. [yarn over. including photocopying -. . draw yarn through stitch. Page 24 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. draw yarn through 2 loops on hook] 3 times.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. electronically. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com Yarn over (twice). all rights reserved. yarn over. or by any other means.lionbrand. insert hook in the center of next chain.mechanically. Repeat across to end of foundation chain.

Page 25 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. all rights reserved. Chain four for the turning chain.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns.mechanically. electronically. . turn your work. Skip the first triple crochet below the turning chain.com To begin the second row. insert hook from front to back under the top 2 loops of the next triple crochet in the row below. including photocopying -.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. Yarn over (twice). [yarn over.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. Repeat this step in each triple crochet across and in the top of the turning chain at the end of the row. draw yarn through 2 loops on] 3 times (first triple crochet complete). visit our website www.

Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. or by any other means.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. To work a slip stitch into a chain stitch.com 12. including photocopying -. It is used to join stitches that are worked in rounds such as a granny square. insert hook in last chain of foundation chain. Page 26 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand. first make a foundation chain of desired length. all rights reserved. electronically. It is also used to travel to another part of a row without producing any visible stitches (such as indenting an armhole on a sweater).mechanically. visit our website www. . Making a slip stitch (abbreviated sl st) A slip stitch has very little height.

electronically. or by any other means.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. all rights reserved. visit our website www. Page 27 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. .mechanically. including photocopying -.com Yarn over. draw yarn through chain and the loop on your hook in one motion (slip stitch made).

Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns.com To work a slip stitch in a row stitches (single crochet stitches pictured). including photocopying -. draw yarn through stitch and the loop on your hook in one motion (slip stitch made).without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved. . Page 28 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. yarn over.lionbrand. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. insert hook under the top 2 loops of the next stitch. or by any other means.mechanically. electronically. visit our website www.

with your hook. electronically. Remove hook and pull on tail to tighten.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. .com 13.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. Simply cut the yarn leaving a few inches of tail. visit our website www. With a yarn needle. or by any other means. weave the tail through the stitches of the fabric to hide it.mechanically. Fastening Off When you finish a piece of crocheted fabric.lionbrand. you'll need to fasten off the yarn and secure it so the stitch will not unravel. Page 29 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. including photocopying -. all rights reserved. Then. draw the tail through the loop on your hook.

No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.mechanically. The simplest method to join two pieces is to sew them. or by any other means. including photocopying -. no seaming is required. visit our website www.com 14. some projects are made of several pieces that need to be joined together to form the finished piece. Worked on the right side.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company.lionbrand.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. . Working a row of slip stitches or single crochet produces a sturdy seam suitable for joining afghan squares. Seaming techniques When you crochet a project in one piece such as a scarf. these two methods produce a decorative ridge that can be a nice addition. all rights reserved. suitable for garments. But. This produces a non-bulky seam. Page 30 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically.

Leave a few inches of yarn woven through fabric to secure. visit our website www. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. next to each other. Continue to sew up the seam. Page 31 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. all rights reserved.lionbrand. Do not make a knot. then cut tail.com 15. . Thread needle with a length of yarn. working in a zig zag pattern for the length of the seam. Weave yarn through several stitches to anchor it. Insert needle through the corner of opposite piece and draw yarn through. matching stitches across the side edges. weave the yarn though the stitches on one piece.mechanically. or by any other means. bringing needle out at the corner to begin sewing. including photocopying -. Invisible sewn seam Place the 2 pieces right sides facing up (that's the side you want to show). Insert needle through next row-end stitch on the first piece and draw yarn through. electronically.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. With the needle.

. or by any other means. all rights reserved. draw through slip stitch.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. electronically. insert hook through next stitch of both pieces. including photocopying -. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.com 16. with right sides facing each other. Slip stitch seam Align two pieces.mechanically. yarn over. Insert hook through first stitch of both pieces.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. in one motion. Fasten off. matching stitches to be joined. Page 32 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. visit our website www. draw yarn through both stitches and loop on hook.lionbrand. Continue across edge to complete seam. Make a slip knot on your yarn.

. by substituting single crochet stitches for the slip stitches. or by any other means. all rights reserved.mechanically.com 17. Single crochet seam A single crochet seam is worked in the same manner as the slip stitch seam. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. including photocopying -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. visit our website www.lionbrand.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. Page 33 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company.

You may need to change hook size in order to work at the given gauge. visit our website www. including photocopying -. or by any other means. No pattern or other material may be reproduced -.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. If you find that your swatch has more stitches and rows than the gauge.com 18.mechanically.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. Gauge Gauge is the term that is used to define the proper tension you should work to insure that the crocheted piece you make will be the right size when it's completed. Then count the number of stitches and rows in the measurement designated by the gauge given in the pattern. all rights reserved. If you have fewer stitches and rows in the area. Keep changing hook size until you arrive at the proper gauge. you are working too loosely and should try a smaller hook. . The hook size listed in the pattern is just the size used by the designer to work at the proper gauge. Gauge is usually defined in the pattern by a ratio of stitches and rows to a given measurement such as 16 stitches and 14 rows in single crochet = 4". you are working too tightly so change to a larger hook and try again. You should always work a swatch of fabric (approximately 4" x 4") in the stitch pattern of the piece you are making.lionbrand. Page 34 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. electronically. It is especially important to work to the proper gauge when making garments – anything that you want to fit properly.

weave in the tails of both balls of yarn to secure. work your last stitch until there are 2 loops left on your hook. Joining a new ball of yarn Sooner or later you are going to run out of yarn. With a large-eyed needle.com 19. It's best to join the new ball at the end of a row for a neater appearance.mechanically.without written permission of Lion Brand Yarn Company. or by any other means. . No pattern or other material may be reproduced -. electronically. visit our website www. all rights reserved.lionbrand. When you're about to run out of yarn. including photocopying -. Page 35 Copyright ©1998-2005 Lion Brand Yarn Company. Leaving a tail. Then continue working with the new ball of yarn. draw the end of the new yarn through the 2 loops on your hook.Learn to Crochet For hundreds of free crochet patterns. This method is also used when joining a new color of yarn.

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