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Published by Nick Numlk
Radar band usage
Radar band usage

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Published by: Nick Numlk on Jul 09, 2013
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07/04/2014

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Radars typically operate in radio frequency bands of
the electromagnetic spectrum that are allocated for the
radiodetermination, Earth exploration-satellite, and the
meteorological aids radio services. Since radars became

operational over 60 years ago, the need for management
of spectrum for their use became apparent and scores of
frequency bands have been allocated for their use. These
allocations are contained in the U.S. National Table of
Frequency Allocations.

11

In spectrum management, the term radiodetermination
is defined as: “The determination of the position, velocity
and/or other characteristics of an object, or the obtaining
of information relating to these parameters, by means of
the propagation properties of radio waves.” In the U.S.
National Table of Frequency Allocations, no allocation
is listed for the radiodetermination service per se because,
in practice, radiodetermination operations are allocated
either as the radionavigation service or the radiolocation
service, with the radionavigation service also subdivided
as aeronautical radionavigation service and maritime
radionavigation service.

These radio services are just part of the 34 radio services
defined in the NTIA Manual.7

These six radio services
are defined below and are treated as distinct radio services
in subsequent sections of this report when considering radar.

a. The radionavigation service is defined as
“radiodetermination used for the purpose of navigation,
including obstruction warning.”8

The radionavigation service
is unique in that it is referred to as a safety service—any
radiocommunication service that is used permanently or
temporarily in the safeguarding of human life and property.9

(1) A subset of the radionavigation service intended
for the benefit and for the safe operation of aircraft is defined
as the aeronautical radionavigation service10

and is considered

a safety service.

(2) The maritime radionavigation service is a subset
of the radionavigation service intended for the benefit and
for the safe operation of ships11

and is also considered a

safety service.

b. The radiolocation service is defined as “a
radiodetermination service used for the purposes other than
those of radionavigation.”12

c. The meteorological aids service is a
radiocommunication service used for meteorological, including
hydrological, observations and exploration.13

d. The Earth exploration-satellite service is a
radiocommunications service between earth stations and
one or more space stations, which may include one or more
space stations, in which:

(1) Similar information is collected from airborne

or earth-based platforms;

(2) Such information may be distributed to earth
stations within the system concerned;
(3) Platform interrogation may be included.
This service may also include feeder links necessary

for its operation.14

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