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Ecosystem

Ecosystem

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06/10/2010

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Gyan Ganga Institute Of Technology And Management Gyan Ganga Institute Of Technology And Management

A Presentation On Biodiversity

Presentation On BIODIVERSITY

What is Biodiversity? 
Biodiversity is short for biological diversity. It describes the variety of all the genes, species and natural communities that exist within a particular place. The species and ecosystems that make up earth's biodiversity are incredible. Estimates of the number of species currently living on Earth range widely, but most fall between 5 million and 30 million species.It may not be obvious, but we depend on biodiversity every day. Earth's biodiversity includes forests, prairies, plains, deserts, savannas, wetlands, lakes, streams, oceans and many other ecosystems. These ecosystems, when healthy, provide something scientists have dubbed "ecosystem services." Ecosystem services describe the benefits we receive from natural systems, such as clean air, clean drinking water, pollination, breakdown of waste, food and many other necessities. Without biodiversity, without healthy ecosystems and the services they provide, life on Earth would not be possible.

Why Is Biodiversity Important????

"Our Living Bank Balance"
Although we may not readily appreciate it, biodiversity provides us with many of the things that sustain our lives. It is essential for our well being that we protect biodiversity - the variations in species, their lives and their habitats - because biodiversity is necessary for our quality of life and our standard of living. Every living thing has a place in what we call the "balance of nature", and upsetting that balance can have untold effects, from which, more often than not, we are the losers

“Biodiversity is an essential part of our cultural heritage” (Scottish
Reference) Plants and animals are part of traditions and culture in Scotland. The thistle is the national emblem, proudly emblazoned on the jerseys of rugby players. The "bonnie purple Heather" and the aptly named Scots Pine are special parts of Scotland's countryside. Scotland's wild landscapes, plants and animals are also key assets for the tourist industry. People come from far field to admire the colors and patterns of the Scottish countryside - features which are themselves produced by biodiversity - or to see rare species like red squirrels, golden eagles and ospreys, or the teeming seabird cliffs of the coasts.

“Biodiversity is a hidden treasure that enriches all our lives.”
Few of us will ever see a giant panda, a pine marten or a whale in the wild, but most of us would like to know that we might have a chance to see them one day. And biodiversity is not just about rarities. The skylark, the primrose and the garden spider are equally important parts of Scotland's biodiversity.

“Biodiversity is essential because of its economic importance”
All farm crops and animals are descendents of wild organisms, and they are also a component of biodiversity. Some old crop varieties have more taste or disease resistance, and they may be better suited to future changes in the climate. Fruit crops rely on the many insects that pollinate their flowers. We also take food from the wild, like venison or salmon. Fisherman, with their nets and rods, are simply harvesting the natural biodiversity of the oceans or rivers.

“Biodiversity is an essential part of sustainable development”
Growth today that does not deprive the quality of life of future generations. Sustainable development is regarded as a major target for industry and the planning system, and measuring biodiversity is the only way to be sure that this target is being achieved.

“Biodiversity is essential as a provider of natural services”
The natural world also provides many services, which we may not always readily recognize. Peat bogs, for example, have an important role in purifying water and in locking up carbon dioxide, one of the gases produced from the burning of fossil fuels that are causing "global warming". The tiny plants that float in the top few meters of the sea also absorb huge amounts of this carbon dioxide, as long as the sea remains healthy.

“Biodiversity is essential as a source of natural products”
Although we are able to produce more and more drugs synthetically, we still rely on plants for many of our medicines. Medicines for heart disease, for example, are still produced today from wild foxgloves. Wild plants are constantly being screened in search of cures for cancer, AIDS and other diseases. We can never tell which species might prove useful: chemicals extracted from jellyfish, for example, are now being used by medical researchers studying the development of cancers.

!!!Latest Biodiversity News!!!!
No Species Loss - A Nature Conservation Strategy for South Australia 2007-2017
No Species Loss - A Nature Conservation Strategy for South Australia was released by the Minister for Environment and Conservation on 10 July 2007. No Species Loss is the first statewide nature conservation strategy for South Australia. As its name suggests, the aim of the No Species Loss Strategy is to lose no more species in South Australia, whether they be on land, in rivers, creeks, lakes and estuaries or the sea. No Species Loss defines what is required within the next ten years to protect the State's wide array of ecosystems - the native plants and animals, and the environments in which they live. The Strategy also recognizes that some of the damage we have done to our ecosystems may take hundreds of years to repair. Please see the Nature Conservation Strategy web page for further information

River Murray Forest
The River Murray Forest (RMF) project is a large-scale habitat establishment. The project aims to establish an additional 2.5 million trees in the River Murray corridor and northern Murray Mallee environments of South Australia, and in doing so provide long-term biodiversity benefits, carbon sequestration benefits and diversification potential.

Koreans don't want GM crops
Friends of the Earth International and the Korean Federation of Environmental Movements issued today May 1st an urgent call for the South Korean government and food companies to respect the wish of the Korean people by keeping the country´s food supply free of Genetically Modified (GM) foods.

Biodiversity Plan of Inaction Condemned
BONN (GERMANY), May 30, 2008 -- Friends of the Earth International expressed its alarm at the failure of the latest United Nations Convention of Biological Diversity talks to take any meaningful steps against the dangerous loss of biological diversity.

Biodiversity Conservation Programs of the Northern and Yorke Region
As part of our commitment to protecting the environment of the Northern and Yorke Region, the Department for Environment and Heritage runs a number of programs designed to conserve biodiversity on both public and private lands.

Personally, I’ll say, do the deed you want to be enacted on you!

And for some natural inspiration, listen Pure Country Music from Keith Urban, Billy Ray Cyrus. Dave Matthews, etc….. Yes! Music can inspire you to do wonders. Help, save and rescue vanishing biodiversity in either this or, that way. Whatever it takes should be done to save our habitat!

References: 3. Classroom notes by Vibha Madam. 4. Internet and 5. Southern Australian Mass Biodiversity Plan

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Submitted By – Anshuman Singh, EX02 +919826398235

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