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Dragoš Kalajić - Ispit katastrofe

Dragoš Kalajić - Ispit katastrofe

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Hcuum Kawacuipo(fie

Aparoui KajiaJnfi

AnoHannnca Teo/iora JoBaHa m Bejiycna, H1430M noopeAHHx m jim Henocpefl)HWx H3pa3a, 0 4 praiBajy Ha c/imhh npM30ipa KaiacTpocjae 4>nrypy /by/i,c?Hor eJieM©HTa nao 6mtho OApeAHUJTe o6etiaH>a v\ pm saAaTana rfoje caApwn niin n3ncKyje npe/ioMHn Aoraljaj ncTopnje. OcBeTJiMBLun Te t|3 fMrype mm trewio

K/ia nojeAMHMx, hohctm TyrM bhwx eji©MeHa-

Ta 0MM60/iM3Ma

JarHbera, Aaw/ie npMpoAe

MaTepMjaira y n o T p e 6/benor 3a 0 5 p a30BaH>e Te n c eyAo-TpaAM umoh a/ine, cMHHpeTMHHe 4>virype AnoHa/iMnce, Mome ocBeuiMTM ca-

mo

napaMOTpe

OApet>eiwa 0TynH>eBa/ a/iM-

noKasaTn H>nxo»a ocHO&Ha cBojcTBa,

Te

jeHau,Mje mjim A 6 rpaAau,wje HOBe TBopeBMne cnpaM Mc^oAMUJTa, ajiM we M om e o 6ja c -

OMoryhnTM nopetjehbe m car/ieAaBaH>e cyujtmhckhx pas/inna M3Metjy cnenncj3M4HHx M3Hn4>ecTau,nja xpm utiaHOKe m naraHCHo-e sponC K e fo rm a m e n tis n p e A vi3a3 0 BHwa mjiih krcnnTMMa KaTacTpocjDe.*
1 / 1 603 n o M o tin ynyliiHBia)H>a K o jy M om e n p y w n T H x p n u jtia H C K a A OHTpM Ha, n p e r/ ie A BM3M O HapcKe n p 0 M3 B0 AH>e T e o /io ra Jo B a H a /laKO y o 4 aBa A a c y 6mthm n p o 4 )vi/in n A e a jiHOr <mjim BO/iyHTapMCTMM'H0r Jb yA C-

H’MTM H>eiH CneUMCjjMHHM CIMHCaO M 4jyHKU,Mjy y KOHTeHCTy HaTacTpo4>MHHe BM3Mje.

Hor ejt&MeHTa caApmanM y u©HTpa/iHOj 4>mr y p n n a c u e n n K a T a c T p o 4 >e, Aan/ie y no/iH-

MOp4>HOM H

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OMM0O;iM3My

JarH>eTa. y K0 HTeKCTy xpmuhaHCKe H yjiType AnoHaJiM nca jeAMHCTBeHo ncno/baBa ApaM'aTMHHy ko h n e HTpa hm jy p a 3/iMMMTnx 3HaMeH.a 4>Mrype Jarh b e ia . y TM o a « ,,ApaMaTMMtHOCTM CTMH&MO nO Gpe& CTBO M yBM A3

Hania eiHcere3a w3Jiow©He „eHMrMe" c/ieAM ynpaBO WHAM'KaMiwjy K0jy npyma cbojcTBo ci4M&0JiM3au,wje JbyACKor e/ieMeHTa nocpeACTBtoiM 4wrype JarH»eTa; y nwTaH>y je bma MAea/iM3auMje u c io r eJieMema ho* jM ce ABOCTpyK0 MaHM4>©CTyje, npeBacxoAho npMMepoM Mcyca XpMCTa m CTaTyooM „Bom jer >CTčwa“ . Ha ije^HOj CTpaHM, nojaM Jarn>eTa, im 3 c 4>epe opAMHap»or MCHycTBa, npOH3BeA&H je y eMiMiHeHTHM cmmSoji wpTBe Mcyca XpMCTa, Te kpotkoctm ,,CTaAa“ , «ojy iM 3MiCHyje xpnujtiiaiHOHa KOH^enuMja
AyajiM3Ma 6owaiHCKor im JbyAOHOr e/ie,MeH-

y

Heyo6wHajeHe rTO /lM M O p 4 >HOCTM

yc/ioBe
M

MaHMcJjecTau.Mje
CM M -

B M tU e 3 H 34 HOCTM

6o/iM3Ma cj> M rype JarH*eTa. M3 BecHO je Aa cy o o h o b h m t p a A m h m o h ajih m o m m 6 o/im 0&MHH0 AB03HaHHM M JIM BMUJe3HaHHM, y 3abm choctm o a TaMKe r/ieAMUJTa cno3Haje m 0 3 HaHaBaiH>a, o a h o c h o cc jje p e v\m psbhm MiaiHMt^ecrauMje CMM6 o#M3 0 B&Hor acne'H Ta C B e Ta cTBiapM im n o ja a a mjim M A eja. A a n / ie , T y c e BMiue3 HaHHOCT oMMSo/ia OTKpMBa c a MO A^HaMMKIOlM, HpOM eHOM TaHHM T/ieAMUJTa c y 6 j© K Ta c n o 3H a je , y 3 O A ro B a p a jyt\ e n-poMeHe oSje K Ta n c i e o n o 3 Hiaije. P lpeA M3/lomeHVfM npaBM/iOM CMiMSo/iornje, aiHOMa/iHa cnenM tjiM HHOCT A nO K a /iM nce Mcno/baBa c e HMH>6 HM4 0 M A a Ce T y H& CaMO p a 3/lMHMTa, Beifi im n p o TM B y p e H H a /iMU,a v\ 3HaneH>a 4>Mryp© J a r H je ia MaHM4 > e c T y jy « a jeA M H C TBeHOM m CTaTMH HOM n o r/ ie A y c y 6je K T a b h 3 Mje, Ha je A M H C TB e H o j paBHM H»eHMx c a A P w a )a .

Ta. Ha Apyroj CTpaHM to 4>wrypef vrcno/baBajy oe CBOjCTBa m hmhoibh H O j*M nornyHO npoTMBypeHe „npMpoAM" JarH»eTa. Ty ce McnoJbaBa ,,rHeB S®rH>em, jep Aouiao je Be/iMHM Aa« fHeBa hberoBOr! Ko MOwe oncTaTM?l“ (VI, 16). Jarn>e o TB apa ,,neHarre“ u ocjioGatia CM/ie yHMuiTeH>a, noiHpefie ,JaxaMe“ KaTacTpo4>e; AaK/ie, Jarn>e noceAyje „Moti Aa y 3Me MMp ca 3eM/be m Aa ^hmhm Aa ce /byAM Metiyco6Ho y S n ja jV ‘ (VI, 4), woti noM opa „MaMeM, KyroM, cM p fiy m 3BepMMa 3e-

Ma/bCHMiM" (VI, 8). npeA Jiwi;eM To r ,,rHeBa JarH>eTa“ KOjM npM pet}yje nnaH erapnn cneKTaKJi yiHMuiTeH»a — 4 M/b n n je to jim'ko noiMop mviBOTa, sefi M3a3MBan>e c a -

AMCTMHHOr yWMTKa yHMUITOH>a ROOpeACTBOM
OMCTeMa MCTpajHMx TO p Typ a m AyrOTpajHMX ✓

MyneiH>a —

/byAC»M poa mojim JeAMHo 3a

Tp e H yTH y cm pt: „Kpa/beBM 3©Mjbe m bcjim-

KaUJM, XM/lMapC<M M 6oraTaUIM, MOtlHMUM, CBM
P o 5obm m cjioiSoAHM jbyA'M. caHpMUje ce y nefiMHe m Met)y ropcito CTeH>e m MO/ba-iue rope m CTeH>e: .naAHM Te na Hac n o a H p M jTe « a c o a JiMi^a oH or rn io coam n a o p e d o Jiy m O A m e B a JarH>e.Ta‘ “ (V I, 15— 16). C ynpO TH O CT M3Met>y npB or, ,,jarH>efier“ ,

y

nMTan>y je (IeHMrMiai“ n p e A KojOM

je

H e M O f iH a M 'CTO pM UM CTM H H a M/DM cj>M/lOJl OUJKa

n©pcn©KTMBa e H ce re 3e : yTBptjMBaH>e n o p e -

mpTBeHMH'Kor Te KpoTHor

im

Apyror,

„JiaB-

[ 21 ]

Ajer“ , ooBeTHHHKor, Te HipBonoM'Hor Jinu.a Ja^ rHbeTa mm AecfjMHmueiMO nao no/iciBe jeflHOr KOHTViHynTeTa, «a o KpaijHOCTn jeAHor npou,eca, npeo Jinu,e je noHeTaK a A pyro je Kipaj npoueca, na je npeo Jinue y cj}yHKu,njn ocTBapeihta A p yro r jinu,a Koje aHTyejin3yje OHeiMorytleHy mjim 3aTOMJb©Hy Bn.pTyejiH0CT. fliaiHjie, JairH>e ce jkptbobojio Aa CTeHJio Mohn BejimKor yHMUJTMTe7ba GBeTa: „BpeftaH cm fl,a npnMniu KH>kiry m a ^ OfTBopmu Hjene nenaTe, jep on 6mo saKJiaH n cbojom KpBJby cn OTKynno 3a Bora (/byAe) ^3 cBanor KOjieHa jesMiKa, HatpoAa u nJieMena, m yqnHMO IM X KpaJb e BCT BOM M CBeUJTeHMU,MMa Haujer B o ra ; m oh m h e BJiaAaTn 3©M/bOM . . . BpeAHO je Jarw>e noje je saiKJiaHO A a npnMM Moh m 6oraTCTBO, M yA p o c T, OHiary, MacT, cJiaBy m xiBauiy." (B , 9— 12).

ho HaTajiiMSOBana m noflCTMuajia McnojbaBaH>e aKTyeJiiHOCTM
mjtm

BV*pTyejiHOCTM caAP-

ma}a CBOjCTB©HMX ,,XTOHCHOj“ , oahocho xpMuifiaHCKoj forma mentis. y MCTOpnjn hoBe^aMCTBa — ca cTaHOBMiuTa BpeAHOBa«»a ApyiUTB©He m npaBHe tojiepaHTHOCTM cnpaM

pa-CHMX, eTHMHKMX Te MAe0J10LU'H'MX M pejiMrM03HMx pa3JiMKa — pMMCHa MMnepMja je eiMMH'©HTHM npMMep cjiioSoAHor m njiypajiMCTMHiKor A P V ^ T B a , npMMep p e ajin e , mmpo-

Jby6MBe, K0er3MCTeHU,Mje pa3JlMMMT0CTM. C T o ra yapoKe Ma30XMCTM4KMX h g3iamctmhkmx c Tp a c TM , OBanjiot1eHMX 4w ryipaM ^ ar_ hbera, n e mow6mo HabM y ycTpojcTBy pMM-

cwe MMnepMje, Beti

ynpaBO y ,p XTOHCKOj"

forma mentis Kojy xpMiuhaiHCHM HOBen MaHM 4)ecTyje Ha hob m peBOJiyuMOHapaH HaHMH, nOACTaHHyT aVTOpMTOTOM A P ^ S B H e opraHM3amMije A a CBOje y H y Tp a u iw e T©H3vije Aom HBJbasa neo An p e K TH e nocjieA-Mue cn o jbHioir ycTpoijcTBiai, i e flfi mx ycM epaBa « a n yTeBMMa cy6Bep3M je m ocBajaH>a c4 »e pe ay-

Mow©mo 3aKjbyMM™ a& „ewMrMy“ AnonafiMnce pa3pemaBa ynpa>BO ncnxa^ouj«m yBMA y npoTMBypeHja Hen0TnyH0CTM mjim h eocT ba p ©hoct m JbyACHor ejieMeHTa OBanjiofieHor mjim CMM6ojiMcaiH>or 4 > M ryp o M J a n-beTa. HaMMe, y okojimhm bmsmohapCTBa AnOHaJiHnce cj)nrypa JarhbeTa M3pawaBa/ia j e bima xpMiuftaiHCKe caMOCBecTM: ocefiaj MapTnpoHe yrpowenocTM m ApyLUTBeHe HeMotiiM, nai AHy 3BaHMMHe xMjepapxnje BpeAhoctm MMnepMjajiHor mjim nceyAO-MMnepMjariHor nopeTKa, Te oneKHBaHja BeJiMKor, o c BeTHMMKor peBaHUja, kojmm h e ce KOHanHO cTeftM CBe oho ujto je xpMLufiaHMiMa Ty ycKpailie'HO, AaKJie „moM m 6oraTCTBo, MyAP0CT, CHarai, hoct, cjiaBa m XBaina“ . y M3Jio>«eHOM KOHTeKCTy npBO Jitme J&nbeTa M3pawaBaJio j e caAa^JHbOGT m MeMopMjy xpMLutia«cmor norjiema Ha CBeT, a A p yro 4 )y T y p M C T M H ' Ky m yTon'MjcHy npojeKUMjy naAa mctot noMeAa. npeBeAeHo TepMMHMMa ncvixoaHajiMtmhkmx OApet)ei-ba — HMje Teopnje noHMBaj y npeBacxoAHO na npo6/ieMaTMu,M ,,xtohcCKe“ mjim xpMUjhaHCKe form a m entis — JarH>e }e auieropMjOKn M3pa3 0MMnT0Ma caA0-Ma3oxM3Ma (M OAroBapaijyhMx nporMeypen}a.
H e o n x0 A H 0 je MCTafiM Aa A p ylu tb € h o -m cTOpMjcKa oKDJiMHa pa3B0ja m iuwpeH>a xpM -

TOpMTeTa im 0Ar0Bapajyfie BJiacrn.
AHajiM3a neKe HMHMM'He, cno3Ha}He, d ćsinvo lture , Morjia 6m yTĐpAMT,M AMpeHTHy

y3pOMHy Be3y W3Mefiy pMMcne rrpaiHce MAe0J10UJK& mjim pejiMrM03He TOJiepaHUMje cnpaM

pa3Jimh mtoctm m eKcnaH3M}e xpMujMaHCKOr cyjeBeipja. MaBecHO je #a cy nponecM AeBa/iBau,Mje 4>M fl0co4>0HMX HayHa m AerenepanMje mjim AerpaAauvtje Te pacyjia Tpa^Mu;MOHaJiHMX AOKTpMHa m pe/iMrMja nocpeAHO

HeoMeTaHor yTMq,aja xpMuifia!H'OKe nponaraHAe na one HajnoeoAJbMBMje m He6paH»eHe c4>epe jbyAOKor ejieMeHTa. PacnaA MAeojioujiHMX, ynyTpaujH>Mx CTpyKTypa mMBOTa m333MBao je oHTomoujKy cjia6ocT m anapxMjy hoJm <ry OiMoryfiaBa/iM M3BaHpeAHy ecjjMKacHOCT cyrecTMja npeth>m m o6efiahba xpMUjtiaHCKe AOKTfHiHe. Ca
APyre ctpaH e, y oAHOcy na onojbHy, ApyiuTBeHy, cTpyKTypy, HajBeftM 6ec xpMUjfiaHa

oTBapajiM npocTOpe

M3*a3MiBajia je ynpaB0 njiypariMCTM4Ka npMpoAa pMMCKe MMnepMje, t© OAra&aipa;yfiM cmcTesMM m MiHCTMTynMje OA^paHe cjio6oAe 3a

paajiMH mtoctm ; xpMiufiaHM cy TewMJi!M ^hmujTeH>y Te c/io6oAe 3a pa3/iM4MTOCTM m ycnocTaBjbaH>y TOTanMTapHor oncT©Ma, y 3HaKy TpMjy!M4ja ,rHOBe Bepe" m 3a6paHe mjim M3rHaHCTBa cbmx ocTajiMx ,,CTapMx Bepa". CHopo no npaBMJiy, caHHUMje pMMcne aA-

ujfiaHCKe opraHM3auMje
CeA'MUJTe

m

airMTanMje

HMje

6 mTHMX 4>OpMaTMBHMX

M MHC|)Op-

MaTMBHMx npMHL^Mna cTBapaH>a 4>nrype J a rrt>eTa, Beft je MCTa onojiMHa caMO nocpeA*

MM+MJCTpaUMje -M /IVI

npaBHHX

MHCTMTyUMja

anpaM xipMwfi8Ha 6 m e c y MOTwavioaHe HaHejrnMa OASpane cjio6 oAa BepoincnoBecTM
ofl aTana xpm uf«aHCHe noH/byM m ocTH m neTpne/bMBOCTM. Beti je Th 6 o h jacHO o c B e m n o MCTWHM;Ty lMCTOpMjy xpm u fia H 0 K 0 r „M apTH pCTBa" Te je Ha obom M ecTy yn yTH O noflceTMTM MMTaoua Ha HapaiHTeipM'CTvi'+He acneK -

npOTMB c/ioSoAe iBepoMcnoBecTM. y cTBapM, pMMCHM cyAO&M c y 6mjim nyHO cpemcTBO peainiM3ai;Mje xpm utiaHOKOr Ma30XM3Ma u jto je Hac/iytVM'Bao m no h©hm /iyuMAHM c b b a o h

BpeMena, nonyT npOHOH3y/ia AHTOHMHa

ho-

Te HserOBe AeMO'HCTpaufcMje: M y c/iyHajeBMMa Kafla cy opnaiHM pmmCKor npaBocyfta OflCTynann oa aaKOHCMe rrpoueAVpe, npMMen>yjytin cmy, h*mxob u,wb Hi4je 6mjio ,,M3HyfjMBaH>e npmHatba, sef) Heraunja AejMHTai KojM je opeA'Mer Mcrpare. MoHaoM HapeflHnx CTo/iefia, KOjM cy ce, y HjMXOBdj cnoKojHOj yeaMfl>eHOCTM paaoHOAMJiM BapMpajytiM npnnoiBecTM cmptm m My« a npBMX MapTMpa, MecTO c y mMvuujbanM MHOTO patJjMHMipaHMje M npOHMHJbMBlMje TopT y p e . . . rioTnyHM npeauip mctmhb m BepoAOCTOjiHOCTM y rTpMKaaMMa tmx MyMen»a M3 npBMX epeMeHa 6mo je M3a3BaH joahom BeoMa npMpCHDjHOM rpeiUKOM. EK/ie3MjaCTWMHW n-MCUM IV m V CTOJiefia nipMntMcmbajiM c y MaTMCTpMMa Pmms MCTy fl,03y «enonycT/bMBOCTM M H©yMOJbMB& CTpOrOCTM Hoja je MCnyH>aBaina H>MxoBa cpna cnpaM MAO/iaTpa m jepeTMHa HsiMXOBor BipeMeHa"1. Ajim, no CBeflOHeH>y caMMX xpMLutiaHa npBMx BpeMeHa, orpp>Mwa BefiHHa pmmckmx MarMCTepa ,,nouiT0Ba/ia je op-aBHe HopMe", Te je HecTo ,,,M36eraBa/ia MpcKy cjiym 5y nporoHMTe/ba, npeapMBO 3aHeMaipMBana o n Tym 6e mjim jei onTyw©hmm xpMLutiaHMMa cyrepMcana HfOHaB npabhm iM3/ia3 aa M36eraBaH>e CTporocTM 3a koHa"z. y3auiyfl: „noHeHaA, HOAocTaTaH Tym nTe/bsa HaflOMeLUTaBajiM cy caMM xpMiuftaHM CBOjMM A05pOBO/bHMM MOHa3MMa, 6yMHO y3HeMMpaBajytiM jaBHe <j>yHH4 Mje nara,H CTBa m MacoBHOi xp/ieftn Ha cyAHM4aMa r^e cy ofl ManMCTapa TpawM/iM p& jaBHO 06jaBe m M3Bpiue 3aKOHOM npefl&nfjeHe Ha3He‘‘8. HeonxoAHo je MCTatiiM ^a je Pmmcko cyACTBo oA'6autMBa/io anoHMMHe npMjaBe a y3MMano y paaMaTpaH>e oaiMo onTyw6e noTnncaHe nyHMiM mmohom m npe3Mmohom yr/ieftHMjMx rpat)a>Ha Te je TaHBa npanca oaofliM/ia nepcn©HTMBe mapTMpcTba na nyHy TeopMjcHy M0rytrH0CT, M 3MCHyjytiM OA HaHflMAaTa 3a y/iory MapTMpa jaBHe caM0 0 nTym 6e m jaBHe, ApacTMHHe, npecTyne

jn oe obmm peHMMa oS p a tia o xpMiutiaHMMa A »M je : „HecpetiHMHM! A k o CTe Beti tojimho yMopHM OA mMBOTai, 3ap BaM je raHO Teluko fla npO H atjeTe HOHonu,e n npoBa/iMje ? “ 4. KOHaHHO, 6pOj XpMLUtiaHCK<MX MapTMpa je HeynopeflMBO MawM H ero u jto ra mcnM<cyje 3 BaHMHHa ,,Mapmpojimin]a“ Upnb&; yocTa/ioM , m Te n'Mcfrpe xpMLuhatHCHe nponaraHA'e 3anpaBO c y HoanaTHe cnpaM m m/imohchmx m pTaBa xpMiufiaHCHor Te p o p a HOJM je CTO/l-etiMMa, CMCTSMaTOHM, 33TOMjbatBao maraHCHe O Tn o p e mjim jepecM Eb-

pone.
AaH/ie, y 0HBMpy n p o c To p a n a u je r pa3MaipaH>a SHaHajHO je vtbpam tm naTO/ioUfHe acneH Te 4 >Mrype JarH>eTa M3 A n o « a jiMiice He MomeMO ty m 3hmtm Kao nyKy, na MaHap u n p e ie p a H y f peaHU,njy crnpaiM ,,nporo H a " xpMLutiaHa y pMMCHOj nMriepMjM. M 3aetcHO )e # a 6mthm 4>opMaTMBHM m mhcJjopMaTMBiHM npMHHiin cTBapaH>a 4 >^rype J a rH>eTa, nao CMM6o/iMMKor 0 Teji 0 TB 0 pehba MAea/iHor HOĐeHa, noHMBa y anrojiarHMjcHOj npMpOAM xpMUjfiaHOHe fo rm a m e n tis Koja je njiOA 0MM6M03e n0 A-pai|M 0 HajiHMX bmpTyeAHocTM m/im aHTyejiHOCTM jbVAOHor ejieMeHTa M DAroBapajytiM x noACTMnaja xpMiutiaHCHe A'OHTpMHe. XpMUitiaHCHa n ponaraH A-a npBMx BpeM ena HOHU,empn€ajia je cb o je ane/ie yntpaBO na najHMMMM c4)epaM a /byACHor ejieM eHTa, AaHJie « a ,,aiH’ MMa/iHMM" mjim „BereTaTMBHMM" HOMriOHeHtaMa „M euiaBMHe" 3BaH e a n im a l ra tio n a le , KopucretiM m n o cn e ujyjytiM p a cn a A nocJieAH»MX o c Ta Ta na HoeTMHHe imjim pauMOHanne C Tp yK Typ e, T e er3MCTe>Hi4Mja/iHM H epeA m OMJie aM0p4>hmx noMXM3aMa. TaKO ,^c/io6ot)eHMiM“ m p e-

xa6M/iMTOBaHMM caApmajMMa MH4>epMOpHMx
c4>epa HOBOKa xpMUjfVatHCHa AOHTpMHa n p y m ana je Miny3Mje B peA H o cH e otOHOBaHOCTM m ^^H TacTM M H or 4>wHajiMTeTa: o a ocetiaH>a HpMBiMue, iHOje je Ty M3r y 6 MJio HopMaflHy eTMHHy 4 >yHKUMjy nonpnMMBUJM naionoujHM CMMcao dMTHor oA P o tje m a jbyACwotr 6Mtia, A o C T p a x a n peA CMptiy m npo/ia3HOUjtiy, ho-

[ 23 ]

Me je npyi+ieHa y To n n ja ecxaT0Ji0iU'Ke 6eCMpTHOCTM. npitKa3yjylinT Ha BauiaipvtMa jbyACKe JiaKOBepHOCTM m nOBOA/bHBOCTM, o n ce H ap cK y KOHCTpy)MHnjy yHHBep3ai/iH© HpMBMU.e Šnfia

jbaH»a APVLUTBa oApet)enor AorMaMa mohoTencTM'+Hor TOTauiMTapnsMa — 6wo je je AWHa MorytiHOCT ocTBapeifea xpi4iutrawcH0r TpM jyM 4)a6. C T o ra je HeTpne/bHBOCT cnpaM jbyACHiix pasjiMKa, HOjy McnojbaBa A n o n a jiMnca, v»3pa3 ne caiwo mohot©mctmhkot npMHL^nna AOKTpnHe, Beti m npaHTMHHe noTpe6e y c^hku.mjm npojetKTa Haon'jiHor npeBJiaAaBan>a. naThbe, ocetiahba MHTejieHTyanHe, eMOTMBHe m c o u ,n ja ji«e i4H4iepM0pH0ctm, b I43MOh apcKe n&pcn&HTMBe An oH a jn in ce MOKynjbyjy npei4HaHeH>eM MaH>HaeocTM y BpjiMHe, Te o6etia«>©M ynm uTeH ja cbmx Apyrwx MJiM t)cTapnx“ KOMnoHeHTM njiypaJIMCTM’HKOT APyUUTBa HMje nOCTOjaHj©. M393M* B <a n a m e xpMuitiafHa. A o H Tp n H a p H a c jia 6o cT xpMiUjfia!HCKe wA©je 6w ia je aanpaB o ochob» a oHara ec|)MnacHocTM H>eHor yTMitaja y c4>epaMa u n d erg n o un d a pMiMiciHor APyiuTBa, n p ym ajytiM , o 6 ptom CKane BpeAHOCTM, cna-

xpmiihaHCHa nponaraHfla npBnx apeMe-

Ha npnKpMBana je OHy peauiHy HpviBMU,y hoBeHa KOjn M3Aaje pa3yM , Te c »o jy y jio ry y noACTM4aH>y npoueca amnJeHauMje o a hoeTMHKnx m paujMOHajiHMx c T p y »T y p a . y nn-

Tart>y je ynpaiBO ona cneiiMt^MHHO JbyACHa HpwBMU,a KOjy je Beti Uvtu.epOH yo 4 n o pa3MaT,pajyhn aHamornje „ŠojiecTn Tejia v \ AYiiie“ , onamajytiM A a c© ,,cBe fjojiecTn A Y lue ;n H>nxoBe cTpacTM paT)ajy vi3 n peanpa cnpaM paayMa (aspernatione ra tio n is )"5. V\3.nomeiHH acnejHT xpniiitiiaHCHe eKcnaH3Mje 'OtGBeTJbaBa 6hthm y3poK c t aTi/rcTmhks hmH»eHMne Aa j e ecjDMKaiOHOOT xpMiiitiatHCKMX

anejva 6mia nponopu,noHajiHa cTynhby o 6pa30BaH>a npeAMeTa KOHBepsiM'je mjim yTMi;aja; 3aT0 c y xpMUjti'aiHCKM arMTaTOpM oMcreMaTchm M 36eraiBajiM jaBHa cyoHaBaH>a ca o6pai30B3HMM 6paHMOu,MMa naraHCKe HyjiType, Te cy m xpMiutiaHCKe nomeMKHe npoTMB aHTM-XpMUJ'tiaHC'HMX CT3BOBa naraHOKMX cj)MJ10co4)a MonncMBaHe, cn opo no npa'BMJiy post-festum , waAa c y KdMXObh rjiacoBin 6mjim Beti
noy3A3HO ytiyrHaHM TepopOM m A e HPe_

cohochm ajin6n

MacaMa

Heo6 pai30BaHnx,

HMLUH'Mxt H©noTnyHMX m y6orM x. yM e c TO ojiom eH e ApyLUTBene C Tp yK Typ e 6oraTC TB a AyxoBHMX pa3Jii*Ha v\ M0ryfiH0CTM

caMOOCTBaipeH>a AnoHajiMnca Hajiame moabji
KOJie'KTMiBMCTMHKOr, MMtBeJlMpaHOr APYLUTBa
no y 3 o p y « a c to h h o cTaAO). ripMnaAHOCT crraAy o6e jie m aB a nenaT BJiacwMUJTBap nao y CTOHapcHOj npaKCM; nenaT 03HaHaBa ,,M3a6paH e“ , cnac& He H aTacTpo4)e, je p fie oe y fbOj 3J10 HaHOCMTM ,,C3MO JbyAM-Ma HOjM Ha cBOjwM nejiMMa H&Majy nenaT &ora“ (IX, 4— 5 ). Ancm ajiM nca McnojbaBa Tp n ocnoBHa,

TMiMa ApmaBHor cTaTyca ,,HOBe &epe“ . A a jbe, xpMiu1iaiHCKa npanoa peBH0CH0r yhmluTaBaHsa TparoiBa paganitas OHeMorytiaBa H3M nom yH vbma y apryMOHTa4M'je npOTMBHMKB xpM'iutiaiHCTBa Koje cy Haj4eiutie ca4yBaHe y cj>opMn 4>par MeHTapHMx naeoAa, y TpaKTaTMMa xpMiuhaHCKe caMo-oA&pane. M3JI omeHOM nepcneKTMBOM Ha3MpeM0 m
jeAaH 'OA JiorMCTM4Knx pasjiora cfraHaiHHHe

paa/iMHMTa, Te

m

npoTMByp©HHa npMHnnna

HeTpnejbMBocTM cnpaM ,,CTape Bepe“ Hojy

AnoKannnca 3aoAeBa y ,lnporpecMBHy“ peTopnHy: ,,3aTMM BMAex h o b o He6o n ho-

By 3eMJby, jep npBO
'OfrMAOLue . . . “ (X X I,

He6 o 'M
1— 2 ).

npaa 3eMJba
flOHTpm hapHa

MonpaaHOCT m necyBncjiooT xpMtutiaHCKor cyj©B©pja Morjia je MHTeji©KTyajiHO TpMjyM4)OBarrn caMo noA vcjiobom ytiyTKMBa4ja

CBii4X A p yrn x macoBa HOBena, cbmx pa3JiMmmtmx ynehba 0 nyTeBMMa meTa4>msmmke peajiii43auMje HOBeHa. flaKJie, npojeHT ^hmluTeH>a njiypajiwcTi4HHor ApyiiJTBa m aaTOMjbaBatta OArOBapajytiMX c/io6oAa, Te ycnocTaB-

cejienuttje ,,CTaAa“ . y cencyo4)o6H O M oapef}ehby — ,,to c y ohm HojM ce HMicy y n pjbajiM oa m&HaMa, jep c y ocTajiM AeBMHaHckm. Ohm mpare Jarhbe rAeroA o h o MAe. Ohm c y OTHynjb©HM Kao npBMHa cbmx JbyAM 3a Bora m 3a JarH>e . . . B&cnpeHopnM c y “ (XIV, A— 5 ) — mm npenosH ajeM O vt3pa3 cneuMcJ)Mhh& ncnxo-naTOJiorM je T e o n o ra JoBaHa, anM m TM,nwHHy MaHn4>ecTai4Mjy ,,XTOHCKe“ form a m e n tis , y 3HaKy nojiapHMX ApaMaTM3aUMja c© KcyajiHe npo6jieMaTMKe, AomMB/baBaHe nao n e n Ta p 6Mtia. y oApet)©H>y Hajiom enoM npMHUMnoM nanMOHajiHe m /mjim paoHe a m c k p mm mh a u,mj e

(VII, 4— 8) m m npen03Haij©M0 pejiMHT npolu jio ctm

xpMmfiaHCKe ©Ronaw3Mj© Ha n yTe -

BMMa

frpeo6pamaja y

yKWBep3ajiMCTMHKy,

UdA-HaipiOH&j\Hy m HaA-paoHy, sepy. KoHa4H0, TpefiM npwHu,nn OApef]eH>ai je cneu,n4)mmho xpmufiaHCHn, vi3paweiH ajieropnjoM CTafl&, mmHy]yftv\ oco6MHe hpothoctm, n o HM3HOCTM v\ HyH&Bmj\ym mp&A „nocnoflaP©m“ . KaHO y ApyrOM xopvi30HTy paaMaTpaH>a yoMaiBa OpaiHHo Hapflmw „HyHamHnyn je ocefiaiH Hao 4)yHHu,M0HanHa HapaHTepMCTMHai c iiyry, Te cxBaTaiH Hao npvipoAHa oiooSMHa a He Hao npeAMeT npe3npa“ 7 CTora je anojiorMja poncHnx ocoSnHa y An o n a jw n cn BMfl ecxaTO/iOLUKe npoj©K4wje owpef)eHMx ApyujTBeHMX ct)yHHUMjai m moKycTaBap HacynpoT npeanpa m flpynnx nopeAaHa 4)yHKMinja ethosa nojn ce Ty AomnBitaBa Kaio Henp^poAHa m He-cf)yHH4MOHanHa cawoorroeHa MOBena. AnoKfluinnca hbm nocpe^HO npyma npaBHJIMH yBMA y nCMXOflOUJHy OCHOBy MMHOBa Ao6poBO/bHor, a/iro/iarHMjOKor M apTnpcrBa Kojn H;ncy 6n^n M3pa3 xepojoKe HeycTpallimboctm, KaiKO je to HacHnje MapTnponornja MipKBe HacTojana cyr&pwcaTM, y kohT e H C T y OBpOnCHMX peBM 3 Mja OpMfMH a/iHor xpmuhaHCTBa, Befi cy 6mam ocBeAoneHbe p ,jarH>efiMX< ‘ oco6MHa woB6HcHC7iyre, oco6mHO KpOTKOCTM, nOCJiyLUHOCTM, Te cnpeMHOctm 3a yJiory mpTBe, y3AMTHyTMx Ha m ijeAecrain cynpeMHMX BpJiMHa. yocTanoM , MapTMpony y/iory cyrepMcana je m aJiTepHaTMša o6efia;H>a 6acHOCJiOBHMx narpaAa, mjim, y fi potm(bhom , 3acTpaujMBahbe Heynope am bo rposHMjiMM MyKaMa: P IBnfie MyHeHM BarpOM m cyMnopoM npeA CBenMM aHt)ejiMiMa m npeA JarH>eTOM. A a^m H>MxoBor My4eit.a lie ce y3AM3aTM BeHHo m Hetie 6mtm npeKMAa (-MyHeH>a) HM Aan>y hm Hotiy 3a oho ko}m ce H/iaHjajy 3BepM m hbenoj cjimum'* {XIV, 10— 11). Mjim: ,p y OHe AaHe tie jbyAM TpamnTM cmpt m Hefie Motin Aa je npOHafiy. Hie/iefie &a yMpy, a cm pt tie 6emarM oa h>mx (IX, 6— 7). n p eA HM30M TMX HpM30pa CMCT©MaTOKor 3aCTpauJMBaH>a hmuihmx jbyACHor ciama mrjieAa M3Ji MLuaH AMAaKTMMKM 3aHJbyMaH Teojio ra JoBaH a: ,P K o fla T e c e He ynjiaujM, f o c n o A e , M He npocjiaBM TBoje MMe?! J e p tm om jeA^HM OBeT“ (XV , 4).
CnMnTOMarrMHHy «BaJiMc})MKau1 'Mjy MAeajiHa n c n a c e H , HacejbaĐajyfiM ,p He6ecKM J e HOr MOBOKa — k o J m tie 6 mtm noLUTet t )eH My-

oneKTaKjia MyHeH>a; y riMTaH>y je orpOMHM peKBM3MTaipMjyM cpeACTaBa BpmeH>a c|>M3Mcwioluhmx naTH»M m TopType, nAe onamaMo
n 0 Tn yH 0 O A cycTB O i MiHCTpym ©h aTa AyxoBH e npMpoAe, Te 0Ar0BapajytiiMX 4>opMM naT4>M,

u jto n©TBpfjyje MMUjJbeHbe naraHOHMX c[)mjiooo4>a Aa je xpMUifiaHCHa AOHTpMHa ,r arreMCTMHHa", OAHOCHO ByJirapHCHMaTepMjaJlMCTM4-

«a .
riOHMBaljytiM Ha p ,XT0HCHi1M“ MCXOAMUITMwa, By/irapHM MaTepMjajiM3aM AnoHannnce penpe3eHTyje oHy P ,acH©TCHy“ aniepHaTMBy npoTMBypeHja „xTOHCHe“ forma mentis y 3HaKy ocBeTouby6MBe MpwH>e vi saTOMjbMBaHHMX CTpaCTM CnpaM VI3pa3a BMTa/IHOCTM m odMJba, pafloCTM m c ji& c m mMBOTa. y nMTaH>y je »m ncMxo/iouiHa ocHOBa 'HeTpnejbMbocto cnpaM MMnepMjajiHor PwM*ai m H>erobmx p ,on©KTaKJia“ c jia rm tie mtfBorra, HOMe

AnoHajiHnca ynopHO ynyfiyje caAMCTMHKe nopyHe: ,,M Hefie ce bmlu© y TeiSM qyTM
3Byn KHTapaiiua, neBana, cfrP^anua m Tpy{jflna . . (XVIII, 22). TaHBe nopyK© cy HMane HenocpeAHy 4>yHKU^ijy 3acTpauiMBaH>a r,A p yrM x", ajiM m 3aAOBOJbaBahba xpMuifiiaiHCHMX OMeHMBan>a, oahocho y6namaeaH>a jaAa HenorrnyHOCTM, Te 3aaMCTM onpaM cneHTa'Kjia 6oraTCTaBa m BMTanHOCTM jbyA* OH« nornyHOCTM, OTejiOTBOpe«e pacHOUJHMM oneKTaKJioM pMMCHe cJiaTKofie mMBOTa. A h TM-pvnMCKa TeMaTMKa AnoHa/iMnce M 3pamaea 3anpaB0 oinujTe mocto xpwujtiaHCKe forma mentis, no6yHy hmlummx m ManbH3BMX
onpaiM pa3HOBpcHMx paAOCTM mMBOTa Te jia

m Ayxa, iwajy Hajpejbe4>HMje McnoBeAa Te p TyjiiwjaH, „BejiMHM y4MTejb'' m „nacT acj^pMHKe U,pKBe“ , o6patiajyfiM ce PMM/baiHMMa: „Bojimt© cneHTa+iJie? CaMeHajTe najBefiM cneHTa/HJi CyAH>er A a «a , noc/ieAH>M m BeMhm C yA yHMBep3yMa. O x ! naHo f»y T-aiAa ymMBaTM, KaKO fiy ce cMejaTM, 'Kano tiy ce paAoiBaTM, HaKo fiy JiMKOBaTM naAa 6yAeM nocMarrpao h&ho tojimko mhopo cyBep©Ha m jiamHMX GoroBa ym acH0 j©4e y HajAy6jb©M aM6Micy! Toji'^ho MyApMx 4>nJioco4>a Hano ce npeBpfiy y mMBMM BaTpaMa, ca h>mxobmm y4©HM4MMa! Tcjim'KO c/iaiBHMX necHMKa nako ApxTe npeA cyaom, h© MMHoca, Beti H cyca XpMCTa! Tojimko rnyMau,a Tpam napa nako MHoro r/iacHMje M3pama«ajy CBoj 6oji!
Tojimko iMrpana . . “ 8

pyoanMM“ —

AnoHannnca oAaje npMjX)AOM

O u iT p n u .a M3A0weHe MpmHie Hnje tohmko ycMepeHa » a npeAMeTHMa w h b o th o t y w w BaH>a, B e h n a yH 4M Đ a o u n M a ( K a c y B e p e H M Mai, 4>MJiooo4)MMa m h>mxobmm yHeHkmwMa, n e c H n u n M a , m y M 4 WM'a mjm nrpaM-MMa, n oc p e flH O . n o n o A » a B a jy tiM M e H T a jiH e m c©H 3 M6miHe HetM ohvi mjim M'HBa/iMAHOCTM c y 6 je K3Ta M fpw H .e, j e p j e ,,H e 6 ©OKM J© p y c a jiM M “ , KaiKO cmo Beh noKa3aJiM, nyHa cy&/iMiMauMja

6ecMpTHM BpaxMaH“ (M undaka-upanisad, II, 311); ,,cyHU,e ra He ooBeT/baBa, hmtm Mece.u, m BaTpa; to je MOje cynp©MHO CTaHMuiTe; ohm koJm ra AOcenHy — ne Bpaliajy ce “ (Bhagavad-gita, XV, 6).

onjbaiHKaH mx 6oraTCTaBa PM M a, HeHa BpCTa

6 e c ru ia T H e c a M o y c f ly r e ,,C T a A a ‘ ‘ , r^ e Bor o p ra H M 3y j e ,,KaHM 6 a j ic K y “ , HarpaAHy, Tp n e 3y B e jiM K e o c B e i e himiummx: P IXajAe, c a n y nMTe ce na BejiMHy B©Mepy BomMjy aa jeAeTe Meco Kpan>eBa m Metco XMJiMjapxa m moCO M O fH M K a , 'M Meco KOH>a M h>mxobmx jaxaM a, m M e c o cbmx cjio6oahiMX /byflM m cbmx p o 60 Ba, M CBMX M B'0 J1 MKMX M M aJlM X "

(XIX, 18).
flatKJie, y nMTaH»y je nynM KBaHTMTaTMBhm a ne KBajiMTaiTMB'HM np e oS p a m a j nocTO je tie r cBeTa. OBa peBOJiyuMja BM3M0HapcKor BonyHTapM3Ma AnoK ajiM nce n c u ,p tm y je ce MCKJbyM)Mbo y AOMeiHy ByjirapH e eKOHOMMje C B e Ta MaTepMjajihmx n o ce A a , OAroBapa'jytiMX c©h3m6mjihoctm MOBeHa, Te MotiM, MMn/iMUMpajytiM n p e o H p e j aKTyejiHe xMjepapxMje, oahocho n p e n o c 6oraTCTBa m motVM y noce A we/bHMx, oMpoMauiHMx m neM o fi’HMX. CnMpMTyaJiHa o 6 e jie w |a ,,H e6ecH or JepycajiW Ma“ c y nyKa, AeKOpaTMBHO-peTOpMMKa ,,4)acaAa“ caMMH»©Ha o a M3o6jiMHe-

y cBeTy „nocjie KaTacTpo4)e“ , y cBeTy TpMjyM4)a eraJiMTapMCTMMHor npajeHTa AnoHajiMnce, 113a ,,4>acaAe“ caHMH>eHe oa npatja m jim npeHpat)a — BeMHO ywMBajy ,,ma6paiHM" MJiaHOBM napTMje ,p cTaAa“ nojM cy ,,BMiLiig jeAwaHM“ oa 0CTa/iMx, oa npewMseJior ocTaTKa ho be*i3h ctb a. Hcnaa AnoHajiM* nce j© HeABOCMMCJieH: ,,ncM, BpaiH.M, KypBapM, y6M4ei, MA’ OUionoHJiOHMU.M m OBaHO ho bojim Jiam m ho Jiame, obm ohm cy m3B3h“ (XXII, 15). T y ce cyoMaBaiMo ca jeAHMM oa HM3a napaAOHca m /im npoTMBypenja AnoHajiHfice HOja He npyma o6jaiuH»eH»e HaMMHa m pa3Jiora npemMBJbaBa«»a HaeeAeHnx KaTeropMja JbyAM, m3ABoJ©hmx m 3 ,,He6ecKor JepycajiMMa“ . McTMHa, oa paAMOHMua 4>awT0CTMHHOr BM3M0HapCTBa HiMje yM©ClHO M3MCKMBaTM nourroBaHbe p eaji mctmmkc ApawaTyprMje, ta o cneKTaKJiy cBeonuJTe ©naTOM6 e Heo6ejiem eHM x neHaroM Bcnmjer ,,cTaAa“ He wory M3MatiM, Te npemMBeTM „hcm, epann; iHypBapM, y6Mue, MAOJionoKJionMUM . . m jim c/iMHHM. H n a «, Morytie je nocTai&MTM nMTa4»e pa3Jiora wMxoBor cnaca m H©noTnyHocTM TpMjyM4)a ,,He6eonor Jepycajm Ma“ , jep nocTOjaH»e ohmx ,,M3BaH“ mm-

hmx m noKpaAeHMX ejieMenaiTa, M3 pM3HMU,a HeynopeAMBO ApeBHMjMX m ayT&HTMMHMX
ipaAMUMja. V npMJior M3JiowenoM A0B0JbH0 je yrropeAMTM TBpAH»y A n o K a jiu n c e A a ,,ne6ecKOM JeipycajiMMy‘‘ ,,H>Mcy noTpeSHM cyH ue ’ M M&cem A a M y CBeTJie, je p o6acja/ia ra je cnatBa BowMija“ (XXI, 23 ), a ..To o n o A 5 o r BJiaAatie sa BeH BeKOBa“ (XXII, 5 ), ca y n a HMUjaiACHMM M MHA y MCTMMKMM 4lOpMy>naMa cTaTyca o0jeHTMBHOir nojia crBapHOCTM Bpa-

njiMUMpa m nocTOjaH>e Apyre, HecaBJiaAaHe TepMTopMje, neKe Bpcre TpajHe awTMTe3e ,,'He6ecKor JepycajiMMa“ . riepcneHTMBa Haiue eHcereae OAroBop na M3Jiom©HO nMTaH»e OTHpMBa y riCMxojiorM;j)M xpMUjfiaHCKe for*

m a m entis, y fbe«oj ajiroJiarHM}cHoj npMpoA'M. ^KpaTKo, 3a Gpetiy cTaHOBHMKa f/He6ecHor JepycajiMMa“ HeonxoAaH je TpajHM cneKTaK/i Hecpehe ohmx ,,M3BaH“ Kano 6m bchho

xMaHa: ,,y H»eMy He CMja cyHue, hmtm Mecei; ihmtm 3Be3Ae . . . (Befi) OBe OApamaBa hbera ujto 6jiMCTa, mmtqb OBaj cb©mmp o a pamaiBa H»er0By CBeTji<0CT“ (Katha-upanisad, V, 15); ,,y H»eMy He SjiMCTa cyHue, hm Meceu, hmtm 3Be3Ae. Oh (je ) cBeTJiocT m cBe M3 H»era npey3MMa cBeTJiocT, y H»eroBOj CBeTJlOCTM Cja CBe LLfTO nOCTOjM. To je

3aAOBOJbaBaO H»MXOBe CaAMCTMMHe CTpaCTM. He3ajamjbMBa TeH3Mja ocBeiojby6jbai hmiuHMX TemM BeMHOM TpMjyM4»y, BeM’HOM MmMBjbaBaH»y not6eAe HaA no6etjeHMM, Te TaKBa ncMxojioiuKa noTpe6a ynpaBo cnacaBa m npoAvma'Ba mnBOT ohmx ,,M3BaH“ , m no ueHy OACTynaH»a o a ecxaTOjiouiHe AonMe.

y 4>nrypM MAeajiHor HOBena AnonajiMnce Te
h »@himm

A6JiOBaH»MM<a, nocei&Ho je M3-

pam ajH a ceH3MŠMJiH0CT cn pa M MopajiMCTMH-

khx yM©Ha. y r>nta'i-by je ceH3M6wjiH0iCT kojy cmo, na noneTKy n a u ie r w3/iaraiH>a, ocaeTJin/tn M3 nepcneKTMBe carjieftaBahba hb33m-TproBam Kor MexaHM3Ma OflHOca MOBCKa w 60 ra. O b a o je » e 0 nx 0 A H 0 c a r/ie A a ™ m opajin CTvtHKO^n c nxo/i OUJ He nocneAWM,e hohca K p a u n je m AorM aTi 43au1 Mje n c i o r MexaHM3Ma. OApetjeH>e cyiUTHwe MOBena KaTeropnjom anpMopHor HpMBua m A Y WH^Kai yHOcn y MOBeHa xpwLutiaHCHe 3ajeA’HMU1 e TpajHM o c e tiaj <KpMBMLi,e vi Ayra. V nviTaH>y je cyrecTMja Koja je 6mtho AonpnneAa TpajaiH>y xpn-

AnoH anM iica m3 Pmhmto 3 aro©a'pa 'HpajH>e h@r3TMBHy 4>yHHUMjy MHCTKTyU,Mje B/iaCTM HMJM je 4 M/b yHMLUTeH>e „H a p o A a ": ,,B/iaAafie HaA H>MMa rB03A®HOM na/wmoM m pa 3 6 ntie ce

(»a p o A n ) Hao KepaMMHHe nocyAe“ (II, 27— 28). T y c e h eA bocmimc/i eHO Mcno/baaa noA-/bVACHM bha libido dom inanti HOBena A n o H anHnce hmj'm ApyLUTBeHM MAea/i vtcnyH>aBa

npoJeiKT yHMUJTeH>a njiypajiMCTHHh0r a p y w tBa m 3aj©AHMU,e HapoAa, Te neraTMBHa ajiTepHaTWBa npM3MBa«>a 6 omaHCHe, n a Ta cTp o 4>MHHe MHTepBeHu.Mje, y UMJby 3aTOMjbaBa-

uitiaHCHor yTHLAaja, o6aBe3yjytiM, yHanpeA, «M3 6yAyti‘Mx reHepauMja BepHMna n a hoiu©H>e TepeTa HencKyn/bHBe HpMBHU,e m HeoTn/iaTMBOr Ayra. Mmtbb Taj ckct6m n o nnBa Ha iHenoBpaTHOM HpeAM ry caMO3BaH0r

H>a AMHaMM'Ha

JbyACHMX nm ApyiuTBeHMX

mjim caMOBOi/bHor KpeAHTopa, I4cyca XpM CTa, „KojM nac je cbojom HpB/by ocao6oamo Halumx rpexa m vmmhmo iHac Kpa/beecTBOM,
cBeLUT©HnuMMa H>erx>Bor B ora m OM,a" (1,

c jio 6 oAa. KonaHHM, MAeaJiHM mcxoa Te 60 maHCKe 'MHTepB©h 14M j e je o 6 pTaH>e nocTOjetie XMjepapxMje, T e ycnocTaBJbaH»e BeHHe npeMofiM HMuiH'MX, 6e3 KOHHypeH 4 Mje. y ranepnjM penpeaeHTaTMBHMx 4>nrypa n c To p n je pe/iMrMja HOBeH AnoHa/innce ce

5— 6). l4naK, c m c t &m ne 6 m 6 mo AOBO/bHO e<j>MKacaiH Aai nopeA n p e c yA »o r, 3aA yw yjytier Aorat^aja ..npoiiiJiocTM" He caApWH m MaMau ,,6yAyfiHOCTM“ , y 3H&Hy 6a0H0CJi0Bh m x , ecxaTO/ioujKMX o6etiaH>a. flpMpOAa ecxa/ro/ioiuKvix o6ehah>a OApamaea no ip e 6 e MHcf)epMopHvix ccfjepa A>yACKe ..MeajaBn-He" 3Baue zoon noetikon m n ani* mal ratlonaie; y nMTaH>y je nyKM, 6mo/ioujHii cTpax o a cmptm iM Hepa3yMHa jep noA-pauMOHajiHa mjim noA-yMHa, Te noA-JbyACKa
TemH>a 3a npeMMBJbaBaH*e<M, sa oApmaH>eM

4>M3MO/iOiUKor MexaHW3M-a HOBena no CBany U&Hy, Te m no u en y HanMTyjiau,Mje jbyAcnor npeA 6eAHMM yuenaMa w o6efiaH>;MMa HOje AnoHa/iMnca je3rp0BMT0 cf>opMy/inuje nopyhom: ,,ByAM mm BepaH a o cmptm m A atiy tm
eeHau, miMBOTa" (11, 1 0 ). ,,BeHau, mniBOTa" —

MCTMHe GBojCTBMMa 'M3BaHpefliHMx pa3Mepa er3MCTeHu,MjajiHe hecmryphoctm vi jia6MJiHOCTM Koja ce Mory cBecTvi na U.MuepOHO« ay Ae4>MHMu,Mjy anxietas. Katto cmo Befi Ha noneTKy Hamer M3Jiara«>a npeAOHMJiM, Taj cmmhtom anxietas, h eoMryp hoctm m jia6M/ihoctm, caiBpujeHO Mcno/baBa m cynpeMHa 4>nrypa AnoHa/iMnce, M3MCHyjytivi o a BepHMiKa, c a mohotohom ynopHOujfiy, HM3oee aTpK6yra m noxBa/ia concTBene BejiuHMHe m MOfiM. riMTaH»e vtcxoAMiuTa 4>eHOMeHa anxietas y HoeeKy AnoiianMnce OBfle npeea3M/iai3M OKBMpe H aujer 3aAaTKa, na fi©MO naujMM OAroBopoM npymiMTM caMO jianMAapHe Ha3HaKe. HeonxoAHo je, npe cBera, paOnpUiMTM VtJlM MJiy3Mje 6aHaJ1HOr MCTOpMli,M3-

MeTa4>opa 6ecMpTHor mwBOTa Tejia, o6efiaH>e Koje pa36JiamaBa cTpax npeA cMptiy m onc©H>yje npocTOTy rnycHMM nyAOM omMB/baB<aiH>a /leiuMHa.

Taj hm3 „k to h c h v u ", Byj!rapHO-MaTepMjaJ1MCTMHKMX 4>OpMM HOpynUMje MH^iepMOphmx c4>epa ^>yACHor ejieMOHTa npOAyma-

Ba o 6etiaH>e CBeMofiM y

AOM©Hy n0TnyH0

3eMajbCKe, TMpaHCKe npMpoAe b/ibctm: ,,oho* Me ho no 6 et)yje m HyBa Moja Ae-na A o Kpar ja, Aafiy B/iacT waA HapoAMMa, Kao ujto caM je m )a a o 6 mo o a cbot 0 4 a" (II, 26— 27).

Ma m /im couMoinorM3Ma KOjvi fie y cmmhtoMMMa anxietas m3b&cho „npenosHa™*1 oapa3e mjim M3pa3e onei;ii4>HMHMX ApyuiTBeHo“eKOHOMCiKMX ycj!OB/baBaH>a; mctmim yc/i0B/baBa«>MiMa 6mjim c y M3/iom©HM m npOTarohmctm m npMn£WHM4M mhopmx A p y ™ x nyTeBa pe/iMnMot3He peanMsaiUMje y n/iypa/iMCTMMitoM A p y ^ T B y pMMCHe MMnepMje, a/iM 6e3 mcttmx M/iM c/imhhmx nocjieAM na y c4>epM MMm/beH>a 14 /iM Ae/iaH>a. A n xietas HOBena A n o Ka/innce, Te MOBena opMfMHa/iHe xpMujfiaHone 3ajeAHMue je , no cbo/mm pa3MepaMa m MHTeH3MTeTMMa, nojaBa 6ea npeceAaHa y
n p o c T o p y m BpeM eHy. A a K Jie , y rtMTan>y je

Ay6/be yap0HH0 tjio , Aa/>eHO McnoA noBp-

LUMHe flpyujTBeHO-eKOHOMCHMX cjiojeBa, 4)eHOMeH TeMe/bHe: OHTOJl'OUJKe HpM3e. y nnTaH>y je, sanpaBO, namiHHM ocetiaj n aowmBA>aj anxietas y ToraflMTeTy CBeTa, a He oaMO y pe/iaTHBHOM, BpeMeHCKo-npocrophom OKBmpy Hpaja PnMOKe MMnepnje, o MeMy cBeAOMM m HMKbeHMU.a Aa ce ocBeTO/by6nBa Mpmhba HOBeKa AnoKannnce o6pyLuaBa « e caiMO na A>yAe n HapoAe, oĐnHaj© m MHCTMTyM/Mje MMnepnje, Beti m na HMfae cbot 4xnope m <j>ayHe, MOpa m 3©M/be, 3eiMJbe m
3Be3Aa. PlpMM©Ha MCHycTBa m yHe4>a KTiacMHHe 4>MJiooo4>Mje o c B e T ^ a B a Ty a n x ie ta s Hao H e n ocpe A H y nocjieAMii4y a s p e rn a tio n e ratio n is m a g n o ia , Hao AaineKy nocjieAM Uy noMpaneH>a cynpeM H e cBeTJiocTH 6Mfta, oahooho 3aTBapaH>a n o u s , T e yTMXHytia oapoBapajytiMX MotiM n o u s hojm je 4>opm3tmbHM M 'MH4>OpMaTMBHM fipMHLlMn CTpyKTypM pa,H»a ncMxe m o m o p a oonMjajmoj, er3ncTeHUMjaJlHOj MJIM nCMXMHKOj aHapKMjM. Ca cTaHOBiMLUTai nepcneHTM Be Haiue MHTyMLi,Mje mjim npeTnocTaBHe aP&m^tmhhm bmaobm m pa3Mepe MaHM4>ecTau,Mje a n x ie ta s Hoeena A n o K a n n n ce m opMrMHaui'He xpMiutiaiHCKe 3ajeAHMu,e c y H e nocpeAH a nocjieA'MUa ycB a jaiHaa cneujM4>MHHor bmab MOHOTeMSMa hojm je paAMKajiM30Bao m n p 0A y 6 M 0 mjiw n p o 6 y Amo m pa3BMo A&reHepaTMBHe n p o u e c e anapxnje cm ctem aTchom penpecM'jOM yMa vt pa3yMa, er3ajiTau,MjoM a g n o ia , He3Hah>a, A e h p eTM3aunJom tO Tajim t apHe CBecTM, Te y c nocTaBJbaH>eM AyaflM3Ma jbyACKe m 6 o w aH C«e c4>epe.

peKTHa noMM3H>a m oAroBapajyfie, HOHTaMM»auMOHe npojeKUMje JbyACKor emeMeHTa. T y c y HsyAH>e Ka KOHT©MnjiamMjw 6owaHCwor ynytieHe nocpeAHM>M MaHmJjeoTaunjaMa GomaHCKor, 3eMajbCKMM 3HauMMa Teo4>aHMja, ujto M3MCHyje pexa6miMTauMjy MotiM yMa m pa3yMa -m ujto je y3poKOBajio M 3aBHpeAHM pa3Boj npnpoAH'MX HayHa, y oHBMpy MCJiaMCHe HyjiType, Te OTKpMtie BaHpeflHor 3Hanaja ©Kon epMiMeHTain h m x weTOAa onoanaje. Ca A p yre CTpaHe, mcji3mchm norJieA na cb€t e4>MHacHo cy36wja cm ie aHapxvtje, ycnocTaB/bajytVM TewwiuTe pejiMrM03HOCTM y MAeajihom 4eHTpy paBHOTeHte 'HOMnjieMehtapho ctm ,t oBor ‘ m ,,0H0r“ CBeTa.

y A o w e H y pa3Boja xpw uitiaH C H w x peJiMrw ja, CMine aHTyejiHOCTM mjim BMpTyeJiHOCTM aHapxiHje cy36njajiM c y 6pojHM eJieMeHTM naraHCHM X peBM3Mja m O A c ryn a H > a o a opMnMHajiHor nyTa xpM iutiaHCK© 3ajeAHMU,e. y nMTaH>y je uimpohm x o p w 3 0 HT, C B e c H o r mjim HecB&OHOT, n a ra H C H o r om opa xpMiutiaHCTBy « a TJiy EBpone, o a >ckoji acTMHMe pecTaypauM je a y T O p M T e ia pa3yM a m pexa6MJiMTau,nje nacjietia KjiacMHHe 4»*Jiooo4>Mje — hoja je npymMJia, a ° caA, HeinpeBaaMtieHe 4>opMyjie c y B e p e H M T e ia Hafl CMJiaMa coum ja JiH e , e r3 M CTeHUM jajiH e mjim noMKMHKe anapXMje — ao mmctmhhmx y 3Jie T a n p e p y u ie H e

3aLUT0 MCTe cnMnTOMe anxietas,

m/ im

y

cn'MHHoj MepM, He Mcnojba&ajy m o c Ta jie m o HOTeMicTMHHe pejiMrMje? 3 a T o u jto c y c n e u,h 4>m hhoctm h > mxobm x ocHOBa m n yTeB a pa-

3B0ja orpaiHMHMJie mjim oy36MJie neraTMBHa ycjioBJbaBaH>a m o h o t e m ctm h h o r 4>opMaTMBHor m MH4>opMaTMBHor npMHUktna. y AOMewy jeBpejoHe pejiMrMje T y cnemM4>MHHocT hhhm cf)Jie;KCM6MJiH0CT H>eHMX aotm-m, r e Hy^ A a cyoHaBaH>a npo6jreM a MHAMBMAyajiHOr m jiim APyuiTBeHOr praxisa. y AOMeny ncjiaMa AorM a Hajiam e m JierMTMMiime a 6 Jio tb o p h o c t 4>qpmm ino3MTMBHMx HQHB6p3ifja eHeprMja AyaJiM3Mai Koje OM OryhaBa ynpaBO eKCTpemho ompeAMUJTe, &MCMH& 6ow aH CK or noJiow a ja ( HMja ancojiyTH O C T o «e M o ry tia B a am-

naraiHCKe rH03e, nonyT 'naTeApe M ajcTep EHxapTa, kojm cy cjiaManM A<>rMy AyaJiM3Ma vi o 6 HaB/bajiM cjaj c n O H a mjim ma6 htm T e ra JbyAcnor m 6 om a H O H O r. y mctopmjm pa3B0j>a xpMiufiaHCTBa anxietas ce MaHM(j>ed y j e c B y A a r ^ e ce T e m M iu Te pe Jin rM 0 3 H0 ctm npeno3Haje y anoKajiMnTMHHOM, ecxaT0JIOUJKOM M MMJ1eHapMCTMHKOM acneKTy, CByA a rA e c e H acTojM oGhobmtm KOHTMHyMTeT opMrM'Hajihor xpwujhaiH'CTBa. KoHaHHO, HMje cjiyHajHO Aa 4>eHOMeH anxietas nonpviMa M a co B H e pa3M©pe ynpaB0 y MOAepHOM ao6y Kao j&AHO oa 6 mthmx o 6ejiemja MOAepHOr HOB&Ka KOj'M ca CJiyTHiOM ,^CMpTM &0ra‘* ma30XMctmhhm TpamM yT&xy y A&rpaAMpaHMM 4>opMaMa> 0 6 H0 Be AyaJiM3Ma, y ceKyjlapM30B3HMM AOpHBaTMMa XpMUitiaHCKOr M0H0TeM3Ma vi TorajiM3Ma.
□ □ □

Ca

c t aHOBMUJTa

Hauier MCKycTBa, Kafla Ha

CTOJiy jieHTMpe AnOKanM ncy Te o jio ra JoBa-

Ha cm©h>h Be/iycna, yTnca>K C B e d n je cjimnaH o c e tia «»y Hoje ftow n i B JbaBaMo y M y3eJvtMa, M3jia3etiM 'M3 M p a w m x ABOpaHa, n c n y rt>ertnx cj3aHTa3MaropM4HWMf xh6pmahmm Ma-

BaMa reHeamorMje npeHOca 6omaiHCKe npMp oA e y A o c To jn e npeACTaBHMHe jbyACH0r po A a . Ć T o ra MecTa nojaBa, y HCTOpMjM narancHor ceBepa EB pone, Aa cyBepewM eBO-

CTOflOHTMMa 3acTpaiun&aiHba nonnmeHor moBeKa Mecon0TaMMj0KMX K yjiTyp a n y/ia3efiw y oBeTiie A B o p a n e 6jiM ciaBnx C Ta Tya « p n pTanM3aUMija cynpeM H e jienO Te n o n p e Ta cjio S o A e HOBOHa kji aoMM h e X e jia A e . T y cM eH y MomeMO ynopeAMTM m c a opAMHapHHM MOKyCTBOM 6yfieH>a M3 mymhmx, cymaH>cKnx ch o b s M3MeTa n p o u e c a obcctm y cja j 3ope

UMpajy

60maH0H0

McxoAMLure cboj‘mx re-

oSHOBJtenor cyBepeHMTeia m A°CTOjaHCTBa
JIM'MHOCTH.

H3Jiow©ho mck^ctbo pa3JHiHa AnoKa/iMnce m Bejiynce nonnBa na &mthom KBajiMxeTy opMrM'H'aJiHOCTM eACHe, Te whao-&bponone TpaAMUMje, y 3HaKy opraHCKe cnpere jbyACKe m 6owaHCKe c4)e p e ( mmjm cjaj OHeMoryfiaBa cno3HajM yoMaBaH»& Met)yco6HMx rp&HM^a ayTopMTeia. y niiTaHby je cjaj m OHOf MOCTa ca3AaHor o a CBeTJioc™ Ayre , 3Bawor &m4>poct, KojM noBe3yje jbyACHy m GowaHCKy ccj3epy eAcne 3ajeAHMu1 e. np eA n,MTaH>eM ,,KojM je nyT ujto oa 3eMJbe boam He6y?“ Oamh oAroBopa: ,,To HMje BeoMa MyAPO rifMTaH>e. 3 a p tm hmho HMKaA HMje penao Aa c y 6oroBM carpaAMJiM m oct M3Mefyy He6a m aeMjbe m a 3 ce oh aoae Bm4)pocT? HnaH, tm om rai m3b&cho bhaoo; moWAa ra aoBem ,Ayra‘ . Ca3Aa)H je oa TpM 6oje m aeoMa Je OTnopaH, M3rpaf}©H ca BetiOM B6LUTMH0M m yMeh&M Hero Apyra AeJia"®. 3aTo je jeAHO o a ochobhmx o6eJiemja PamapeKa, TparMMHor MCxoAa JbyACwmx m 6owaHCHMx MotiM, ynpaBo npojiOM ,,'He6a“ , cjiom BMcjDpocTa10, AanJie cm pt CBetjioctm Koja nOBe3yje ,,3eMJby“ m ,,He6o“ , JbyAe m 6oroBe. 3h&kb noBe3aiH0CTM jbyAOHd m 6owaHCne ccjjepe y eACHoj TpaAMUMjM M om e yoMMtm m Hena 'MCTaHMaHMja cj>MJioJioiiJKa onTMKa. T a n o A c e , CKynMHy eACK'MX 6oroBa, Chopm ajiTepHarrMBHO o6e/iewaBa repMHHOM diar (6otobm) m TepMMHOM drotnar (npMHMeBM, npeABOAHM4M, rocnoAapM), »hoJm MH&Me 03HanaBa &MMHeHTHe JbyAC»e c|)yHH4Mje. y mctom o n y c y TepMMH yn g lin g r o6ejiemaBa npMnaAHMKa 6omaHCKor njieMena m Mjia^or
MOBena tKOMe c y MMaHeHTHiM 'HBajiMTeiM

HeajioiiiKiMX C Ta 6 a n a HMje Ten nyitM M3pa3 yH pacH e peTOpMHe, Beti je MCHa3 T©MejbHor, oHTO jiouiKor ocefiaH>a c n p e re SomaHCHe m jbyAOHe ccjjepe; BMTa/inocT MeMOpMje, Te c n p e re , '&MJia je y AemoTBopHoj c^yHKUMj<M TpajHor ynytiMBaH»a A,yAOHMx mmcjim m mmHOBa 'Ha CaBpUieiHOM, HaAHICTOpMjCHOM MOA eJiy 6omaHCKor rrpeTKa, AaKJie y c ^ h k u m -jM me r a<j>M3MMk o r noACTM 4 aH>a jbyACHOr eJieMeHTa na bmookmim nyTeBMMa y3AM3ahba AeoHTOJi 0 Lii k 0 m MAeaJi^ . 11

y norj»eAy na MMetHMMa npmmopaMj ajihor napa JbyACKor poAa, A c n p m EM6jia1 2 eTMM0jioiu>Ka nepcneKTMBa noApwa®a MHTyMMiMjy oSejiem ja h 0 c mouohtpmm h or mcxoamluTa MOBena; Mwie AoKp ynytiyje Ha Apao jaoeH y KOMe hopamJckm w anoaeHOKM naraHMH npeno3Haje cj)Mrypai;wjy „KOCMMMKOr CTa6jia“ f „ocoBMHe CBeTa“ , MrApacMJi. ^ a H jie, npMMopAMjajiHM mobok je ca3AaH o a MaTepMje CTy6a kocm MMKe tcTpyKType KOjy a «Ltntja TpaHcno3MUMje 6oimaHCKMx KBajiMTeTa y H a n p e t)yje y aom^ih eMMHeHTHor mMBOTa, BOJbe m cjio6oAe: ,,Bexy 6es A'yxa, 6e3 bojbe, KpBM m 6oje 3ApaBJba; ^ y x A a ^e Oamh,

aojby Aaw© Xchmp, HpB A aAe /l0Ayp, m 6ojy
3ApaBJba“ 13. MMe A p y ro r, m eHCKor, CTa6jia MaTepMje npMMopAwjanHor napa jb yA cn e B pcTe, Em6jia, eTMMOJiOLUKa ocBeTJbaaaH»a He ycn eB a jy npoapeTM. A k o ycB0jMM0 cj)OHeTCKy opMjeH TauM jy rpMKor a m p e lo s , Ta cj>MrypauMja BMHOBe Jiose, u jto c e o6aBMja m ycnMH»e oho c ra S jia jaceH a (a s k r ), cMM 6ojinuie, BereTajiHOM ajieropM joM , TeM ejbHo 0Apet)eH>e MeTat|)M3MMHor OMMCJia m 4>MHaJiMTeTa c n p e re KOMnJieMeHTapHOCTM M yujKor m meHCKOr ejieM eH Ta KOje c y yoMaiBajie CBe pa3BMjeHM'je m o 3 e TpaAMi4MOHan«MX H yjiTypa. Ma®jy eMMHeHTHor 3HaMaja o n p e re OBOjcTaBa M yiUKor m m eHCKor ejieM eHTa 3 a OApmaH»e BpeAHOCTM CBeMMpCKor PeAa, eAOHa TpaAMUMja CMHTeTMiuei m pa3BMja y MMeHMMa je AMHor napa koJm npemwBJbaBa -HaracTpocJ>y, ParHapeH, Te y hobom 4 M «jrycy o6Hasjba Jby-

60-

maHCKe bmpmjihoctm npMMopAMjajiHor ochm-

Acny BpCTy: Lif (H^ m b o t ) b o c t ).1 4

m

Leifthrasir
npe

H e n o rn y H O C T n>yACHor e/ieMeHTa,

HMt+a yHanpet)ehba bp/imhom AapnBatba 6 owaHCHntx KBa^MTOTa, B e n y c n a n 3p a w a B a onawaH»eM p,a c y A ck p m Em6ji8 6mjim „ 6 e 3 CHare, 603 o 6 e jie m ja c v flG n H e ". C H ara m c y A 6 viHa c y ABa ocHOBHa OBOjcTBa eneMeHTa KOjjn 0M 0ryhyjy n 0CMmujfc*aiBajy ono6 o,o,y MM'uiJbetba m fle/iaH»a MOBena Ha n yTeBM'Ma ocTBap©H>a H>eroBe HOCMiMMKe mmcn je ; c/io 6o A a 6 ea yK a 3 a c y A 6 n « e je mnv\lUHa a 6 e3 CHare je h emocrBap/bn b a. y eAckoJ JiMTepaTypM ochobhm aTpn6yT ©MMHeHTHor wMBOTa MOBena rnacM: „ m š tt r ok m e g in ” „ m a t tr ” 03»HaMaBa Mofi m ro cn ofta p C Tbo MOBena, a „ m e g in ” , n o CTpoiM y 3 HaMn ,,WMaHeHTHy c n a r y KOja 6 opaBM y kocmmmkhm e/ieMeHTMMa, A>yAMMa m 6oroBMMa, AapyjytiM mm cneu,Mct>MMHe MotVn m Moryfihoctm ocTBap©H>a H>nxoBe c yA 6 n H e "15. 0 6 a TepMMiHa n 0TMMy oa niaro/ia m e g a kojm, y ujmp©M CMM'C/iy, M3 pam aBa /byACKy c n o c o 6 H 0 CT 3a AeuiOBaH>e. Beti hbm M3/io>KeHa o c B e m e H>a npnpoAe /byACKe ,,CHare‘‘ jacHo npeAOH3Bajy OMMcao ,,cyA6MHe“ y AeoHTo/iorMjM eACKor ethosa: y c n p e s n ca „m attr ok m egin” , Ta „c^A ^M H a " n n je neKH „cJjaTajmcTMmkm“ T e p e T KojMM 6 oroBiM mjim H o p H e ( C y t)a je ) n o p o 6 /baBajy m 3arroM/baBajy MOBeHa, Befi je ynpaBo 06paT.H0, Be/immanct b enm Aap, HeonxoAaH MHTerp mte Ty jimmhoctm, KOjM je y3AM w e, pa3BMja m yrryfiyje Ka nyTeBMu a cncmM^MMHe y/iore y O B O j apeHM kocMMMKe 6 o p 6 e PeAa m Xaoica. fl,aK/ie, ,p cyA6 MHa“ — Kojy eACKa TpaAM^Mja 03HaMaBa m TepMMHOM gaefa [o a r/iano/ia gefa, pM®aTM“ ) — HMje HaMBT KOjM M3MCKyje Tpn/beH>e, Befi je npojeKT 'KojM TpamM oa moBena Ae/io&aiH>e; y eACKOM ethosu nojaM ,,cyA6niHe“ He eBou,Mpa ceeT nacMBHor Tp n/beH>a, Befi cBeT aKTMBHor yM©uifia y k o c mmmkoj 6op6M, rA e BpeAHocTM PeAa mo6mm iu y e H e p riije JbyAM m 6o ro B a . y n p a B o to

BHe Hero kBajimtbtmbhe npMpOAe, ucno/baBajyfiM ce Mepawa MofiM, CHare m c y a 6mh6 — nocpeAHO o 6jaiUH>aBa M30CTaHa:H cBeiuTeHMMKe KacTe y eACKOj KyjiTypM, Te ocTaJlVfM OpMfMH3JlHMM M3p33MMa M J1M MHCTMTy-

UMjaMa MHflO-eBponcHe religio. HanMe, y nMTan>y je AnpeKTHa cnpera, r^ e cy nocpeAHMLUTBa M3JlWUJHa. yOCTajlOM, OCHOBHe neponeKT-MBe 60waH0KMX AeJiaTBopHOCTM HMcy ynyfieHe /byACHoj ccfjepM, Kao ujto hm nepcneKT«Be jbyACKMx MMMOBa HMcy npeBacxoaho ycMepet+e m SomancHoj ccfjepM: o 6e
nepcneHTM Be TeMe/bHMX aHUMja ynyfi(eHe c y Ha )jeAMiHCTBGHOM UMA)y, y 3H3Hy BeMHOr cTBapaH>a KocMCvca, BSMHor ypef)MBahba CBe-

Ta m 6op6e npoTMB xaoca m aHapxMje. y Toj bcmhoj 6op6M H>eHM mcxoam npeo6pamaBajy m JbyAe m 6 oroBe, jep c y ohm MHTerpajiHM Aeo CB©MMpa KOijm je, no eAcnoj 'KocMorohmjm, 6e3 noMe,THa m 6e3 Hpaja, b eMa h m 6eOHpajaH.

y 4)yHHUMjM SajeAHMMHe, KOOM'MMHe 6o p 6 e — noMMBajytiM Ha npn<HLj,M'ny c/io6oAe 3 a — cj>opMe c n p e re m naiHTOBM co/iHAapHOctm JbyAM m 6 o ro a a 3aBMce m o a npoueH a H>MXOBe ©4)MKaCHOCTM, T6 BaJbSHOCTM. KaAa MOBeK eAOHe Hy/iType onama Aa y npoCTopy-Bp©MeHy 6op6e M30€Taje e<j)MKacHocT mjim ce ry6M MarMjCHa Mofi H>er0B0r 6omaHCKor caBeaHMHa — oh pacKMAa cnpery, TpaHfM noAo6HMjer caAPyra y eA'OHOM naHTeOHy, M Ji'M cbo y3Aan>e ynyfiyje concTBeHMM CHaraMa, MCTpajaBajyhM ycaMJbeHO Ha nyTeBMMa 6MTHe. C a APyre CTpaHe, Haua moBen HanymTa nonpMuiTe 6op6e m M3Aaje HaMe/ia b&phoctm ce6M m cbom 3aAaTHy — 6or ra HanyiuTa, y3 nocjieAHM no3ApaB, npom eT ceTOM pa30MapeH>a m ApyrapcK0M 6pMrx>M, HaKo cBeAOMe peHM nocjieAH>er jaB/baH>a 6ora Topa, ynyheHe Kpajby Ojra4>y, xpMlufiahchom KOHsepTMTy m pe4>opMaTopy, Ha 6poAy H>eroBe MVfCMje: ,,4yjeuj, npa/by Ojiacfje, HaHO je cBe to Jieno na CyHMeBoj CBeTjiocTM ,OBAe, 3ejieH0( hjioaho, aomctb AMBaH 3aBMMaj 3a1Te6e; a To p je mmao mhoro Teui!KMx AaHa, mhoto AMBJbMx 6op6M ca CTeHOBMTMM gMHOBMMa, A°K je TO TaKO MOrao HaMMHMTM. \A tm c a ^ Kao Aa HaMepatBauj Aa 0A 6 anMLu To p a . H pajby OjiacJje, MyBaj c e !“ 1 7

ocefiaH>e 3ApymeHocTM /byAM m 6oroBa Ha nyTeBM,Ma cyA6MHe, Ha mctom c})pOHTy 6op6e, Kpo3 nopase m no6eAe — noMMBa y je 3 rp y MCKa3a eACKor ethosa: „TeiUHa je ceHTeH^a HopHM*'16.
OpraHMMHa C Tp yK Typ a c n p e re JbyAM m 6orofia — rA e c y paajiMK© n pe KBaHTMTaTM-

y i!-ioHT©HCTy eACKor e th o s a cM ncao To r ,,MyBaij c e “ je KpMCTa/iHO jaoaiH: y nnTan>y J© 6 pnmHH no 3 MB 6y1ie(H>a o n p e a a MOBena npefl hberoB A y rn n y T OKeaHOM ycaMJbeHOctw , 6 e 3 6oroBa. Mpajhbn, MeTa-c|)M3HHKii a o MeT mjim m cxoa 6 o p 6 e v\ymnMU,vtpa 0A r 0 Bap a jvtie , MAeairiHO y n o p m u T e afKUnja Koje c y y n o p e rK y ca&piueHMX M aHncj^ecTaunja jt y A CKe m 6 omaHCKe AejiOTBOpHOCTn H aA^H AM BHAyaJiHe n p n p o A e . y KpMCTajiviMa tmx MaH nc^ecTannja Hewa c©hkh c ip a c T n MpmH>e mjim npM CTpacHOCTn A>y6 aBM. Vl3JiomeHM ojaj xepo|OKOr p©ajm3Ma m HeyMoybMBe 06 jeHTMBHOCTM jacHO npocMjaBa oHaj a cneK T bm3 mj e B e n y c n e kojm npmKa3 y je 0AJiywy 60 roBa 0 xMjepapxMjcKOM M cxoAy npBor CBeTCKor paira M3Met)y 6 oro/iMKMX A c a m H'OBeKOJiM'KMx BaHa: ,,TaA cbm 60 r 0 BM 3 ay3etue OBOje cyA n jC K e n p e c m n e , xe MyAPH TaAa OAJiyHMBaxy: p,a jim Aa A c n nJiaTe AaHaiK mjim h e cbm, 6oroBMMa cbmm, n oAjeAH aKo npMHOCMTM m p T B e “ . Plopaa A c a y p a Ty ca BaHMMa nocTaBMO je, n peA cyAM je, nMTan>e HOBor ycTp ojC TB a xM'jepapxiije: npnMaT BaHa HaA AcMMa, o a h o c h o , c/ieAetiM yneHba Aw M & cnjioBe K aTeApe: npnM aT Tp e fie cj3yHku,mJe Tpnn a p T m th e c Tp y K Ty p e mhao-©BponcHe 3aj©AHMue, c|DyHKHMje h jio a h o ctm , HaA npĐMM ABeM a (JjyHKi4MjaMa, y 3HaKy c«are vi cyfiepeHM TeTa, wjim — ycnocTa!BjbaH>e jeAHaKOCTM 3Hanaja, yHMAaH>© xM jepapxnje. BoroBM ce npMKJiaibajy A p yro M mcxoA y , BepoiBaTHO mhcnnpmcahm MHTepecMMa MMpa. HnaiK, 0 6 a pasMaTpaHa McxoAa nanoce iU Te Ty AcMMa, n ocp eA H o O 0BeAOHaiB-ajytiM

cnpaM cBeTa peajiHocTvi, HOja npM3Haje nopa3 6 om aHCKor ejieM eHTa, Te c e y 3A p w a « a o a apdvjTpapHe mhtepBeHu,Mije y npMJior ^ C To r eineMeHTa. y nMTan>y je m bma npoOMjaBahba e A c n o r ethosa: Bpx XMjepapxnje BpeAHOCTM MOpa c e 3acjiymMTVi Ha ny* T©BMMa na cH © m OTBopeHe 6 o p 6 e, Te Tp a jh o noTBptjMBaTM BpjiMHaiMa O AroBapajytie MotiM m CHare. C a cTaHOBMiuTa nepcneHTMBa Hauje MHTyMu,Mje, OAJiyHa 0 M cxoAy 6op6 e A c a m Bana MOmAa caApm vi v» 4 >yHKMMjy M3a3 0 Ba, t© nocjieAHbe n p o B e pe BpeAHOCTM A c a . H 3awcTa, Oam h noHOCHO OA^Mja mmp ocTBap©H yKMAaH>©M xMjepapxMje: ,,TaAa 3aBMTJia O am h Konjbe m xMTHy ra M et}y BOjcn e . .

y noceAy MHTerpajiHe MeMOpMje, AaH-06
n o Tn y H o r ca3HaH*a npoLUJiocTM, caAaujH.oCTM M 6yAyhHOCTM, OCBOj©HOr mpTBOM conCTB6H0T OKa y MMMMpOBOM M3BOpy, M3B0py M eM opM je18 — Oamh 3Ha Aa xMTHyTo 'Mon-

Jbe OTBapa nyT KOjM boam na K.eroBoj CMptm, TparMHHoj nom6wjM owna My BajiApa, Te bojimkom cJiOMy 6omawcK<wx onana m MarM4hmx MofiM ParHapeHa. MnaiK, oh He OACTyna OA n yTa CBoje cyA6M He, oa np e y3e Te yjiore y ap©HM KOCMMHHe 6op6e. T y MarwCTpajiHo npocnjaiBa xepojcHM e th o s eAcnor HOBena «ojvi H©noHone6jbM-Bo M3BpLuasa
CBojy MMcvijy, o c TB a p y je 3aAaTne Hacjiet)a, aHTyejiM3yje BMpTyejihoctm CBOje cyuiTMHe, HeycjiOBJb©H onjiaM a cnojbH O r cBeTa. C To ra Hai JiiMUMMa ©ackmx xepoja H©Ma ceHHM yue-

H>MsaHHMX 3acTpaujMBaH>a mjim noAMMtiyjyfiMX o6etiaH>a; Ha n y Ty ko}mm CTynajy eMMH©HTHe <|)Mrype e A c n o r ethosa TaiHBe 4iopMe MCKyiuaBaH>a mjim McrrMTa c y noTnyHo M3-

cyBep©Hy y3BMiueH0CT 6omaHCKMX

cyAMja

HaA MCKyiueibMMa npMCTpacHOCTM, jep cy mm Acm M 3 B6 CIH0 cpu,y 6 jiMmn OA BaHa. Ocmm To ra , TpMnapTMTHa C Tp y K Ty p a je Te -

jinLUHe. Ha ApyroM xoipM30HTy MHAO-©Bponcne BMpMJiHe cnMpMTyajiHOicTM 4jM rypy hoBena, ca6opL;a 6 o roB a, ocseTJiMJia je cojiapHa cno3Haja XopauM ja 4 > 0 pM yji0M HeHaAMaLUHor cjaija: ,,Si fra c tu s itla b a tu r o rb is , im p a v id u m f e rie n t ru in a e ” 19. CyUiTMHCHM U,MJbeBM AeJlOTBOpHOCTM eACHor HOBSKa He noMMBajy vt3BaH H>era, y pemMMy n o ce A a caAaiuH>ocTM mjim 6yAytiH Octm, Beti y «>©My caMOM, ocTBapyjytiM ce ynpa<Bo victom Ae-noTBopHoiutiy HOija- Mann4)© CTyje SMtie y ap©HM CTsapaihba m 6op6e. M3/iomeiHy MCTMHy TeMeJbHOr MCHycTea mn-

MejbHM ApyiuTBeHM MAeaji KojM eACKM naH'
t© oh 3 a cTyn a hm3om o6 ja B a m Ae-na lu to Ha

OAJiyKy yHiMAaH>a H>©He xMjepapxMje 6aua cb© tjioct AP&MaTMHHor m Tp a m H H o r 3Hanaja m 3HaneH>a.

MomeMO 3aKJbyHMTM Aa TeujHa oAJiyna
6omaHCKMX cyAMja — npoTMBHa MMTepecMMa A p yu iTB e H o r MAeajia, t© h^mxobmm npMPOAHMM CHJlOHOCTMMa (c a CT3HOBMIUTa Camo m jeAMHO jbyAOKe M epe) — jacH o mcm -

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BOia eftOKor MOBe«a HaijjearpOBmkfje n c n o -

/baiBa ynpa'BO cMvicao ParH apena: y n m a ib y
je c/iom CHara m Motivi caMOOCTBaipeKba /byfl'ii n Gorosa. flaK/ie, Te m m u Te CMncjia ParHapeHa (aocaobho: ,,cy,oj6MHa Moftn"] ne noHMBa y on©HTaH/iy KocMMMHe KaTacTpoct»ep y n/iaHeTapHOiM n p n 3 o p y oc/io6of)eHMx cmjia 3jiai, aH apxnje mjim X a o c a — eefi y noMpaH6H>y cyn pe M H e CBeTJiocTn, yHyTpaiuH>e CBeTJi0CTM 6vitia, y ncu;pnAiMBaH.y CTBapa/iamkmx m y p e f) mb aH'Kvi x e H e prn ja n Moftn hocnoL^a BpeAHOCTM Pefla: T y noHHBajy 6mt-

Jiy, jep je caMO je^H a CTapMna ofl0MJia moji6e Aa 3a Hj MM npojiMje cy3y, OAroBopMBiUM: ,,0 a cktHa CTapHHe (OAMHa), hm o a WMBor
HM OA M p TB O r, HMC3M MMaJia KOpMCTM; HeK Xejl 3aAP>KM OHO UJTO MMa“ 21. CjiMHHe npMMepe 3jioynoTpe6e MofiM c/io&OAe OAJiyniMBai-ba m AejioBaita, Ha eACHOj cueHM, npyma m o.ncemHvi ciricuium vitae npGBpTJbMBor /loKMja, yBeH cnpeiMHor 3a vi3AaJy eTMKe A c a , 3a HajrHycHMje m HajnoAJiMje 3/iOHVKHe cnpaM ca 6p a fie . C a Apyre crpaHe, y TOj M3ABoJeHOCTM /loHMja i43 nopeiKa hopmm A o a Haiiia MHTyMUMja Hac jiy fiy je npocMjaBart«© MAeje pejiaTMBKOCTM 0Ape1iie'H>a ,,3Jia“ m ,,A o6 p a “ ca craH O B m uTa K0Ha4HMx McxoAa, je p je MCTa M3AB0jeh o ct MO'tHAa y 4)yHHUMjM cTpOTerMje c y n poTCTaBjbahba ,,x a o c y “ 0 A r0 B a p a jy h e r, BaH-peA'Hor TMfia 6 o p u a : /lOKMjeBa ,,3Jia“ qy

HH yapOHM OHMX CnOJbHI4X, BMyyfaVI'BMX MaHMcjDecTau,wja ParHapeKa. C a CTaHOBviLUTa mhao-eBponcKor norflefla Ha cb& t, cj>eHOMeHM 3BBHM ,,3jio“ , ,,aH apxnja“ v \ m ,,x a o c ” He n o -

ceAyjy ayTOHOMHM reHepaTMBHM, cf)opMaTMBHM M MHtj)OpMBTMBHM npMHHMn, HMTH c y ayTOMHe aHTMTe3e, Beh c y ca>MO vi3pa3'M cjia6octm, AerpaAauM je v\Av\ cnoMa flofipa, apxnje m PeAa.

kl3^0W6H0 Hanejio HaM nocpeAHO o6jaLUhbaBa 4MH>eHMuy p,a eflCHa cu,e>Ha He caApmn npM30pe npeo6paw aja TeMejbHwx, MAea^HMx cTpyHTypa H>eHMx npoTaroiHMCTa nofl yTMuajvtMa cmia floraf)aija y KOjMMa yneCTByjy; hmtm T y nocTojM A paM aTypiuK a TeH3Mja OMeKMBavba ,,yHyTpaiuH3iMX,‘ nocJieAMua

HymHvi oSo/i ©cjDMtKacHOCTM Ao6poHMHcraBa, 3a HOje je oh Tanofie cnpeMaH, npymajyfiM 3ajeAHMUM A c a n p e cy A H y noMofl y kpmtmhhmm, r e m 6e3HaAewHVfM CMTyauMjaMa pemMMai onacHCCTM. npVtMepH pa3JlMHMTMX, Te M aHTMTCTMHkmx cj)yHKUMja cJiodoAe eACKor MOBena hmHe a&o BaHpeAHO OoraTor yHitBep3yMa jbyACkmx pa3JiMKa Ha cueHM eACHMx npeAavba; pasjinHe yjiora m TnnoBa, aiHi^ija m MCxoAa, cHara m MofiM — noopeAHO ocaeTJbaBajy npMipoAV ohmx 6omaHCHMx AapOBa (Benycna, 18) HOjMMa je M3BpmeH 'kBajimtbtmbhm npeo6pama|i JbyACHe e p c ie , nao no xejieH CHOj cfDopMy/iM zoon noetikon. Tm AapOBM « e ycjiOBJbaBajy cMMcao m npaBue JbyACkmx aK4wja, Befi <nonyT TexwMHHMx cpeACraBa 0M0ryfiaBajy aojio tb o p ho ct cjio6oAe M CJ1060Ay A eJJOT B0 P HOCT M. BpXOBHM UMJb anuMje ho no^MBa y tbeHOM n/iOAy aefi y caMoj aKnnjM, y mahMc|)ecTai^Mjm jimhhoctm, oahocho MaHM^ecTauMj'M cne ljm4)MNHor acneiKTa CBOTa; 3aT0 Hac ApaMaTypuiHe nepcneKTMBe Bejiycne ne yn yfiyjy h&kom ,,MAea/iHOM“ TMny HoiBena KOjM yMHomaBa 6e3o6jimhhm HOJieKTMB, nonyT kojieHTMBa ,,He6eCHor JepycajiMMa“ Befi Haw MCTpajho npeAOHaBajy AHHaMM3aM pa3JiMHa jbyACHo-6omaHCKMX TMnOBa nao ycjioB m M3pas mMBOTa M mM'B'OCTM (/Im^i m JlM^lTpaCMp) y osoj

,C>nojbHMx“ ycjioBJbaBavbai; mm, CKopo yHanpefl, 3H8M0 kbho tie, npefl 0Apef)eH0 M
HOH4)nrypaM,MjOM ApaM©, Ae/ioBaTM eACKM

mob0k: yBeK m CByAa, caoSpaaHO GBOjoj yjio314, CBOM 6 n fiy. C b 8KV! M3pa3 TMnOBa JbyAchmx MOryfi'HOtCTM Ty AeJiyje AOCJieAHO c e 6vi, HeaaBMCHo o a MCX0Aa aHu,Mja, M3HaA
6pwre 3a nopa3 m/ik n o 6 e A y , o a nyTeBa A e -

jiOTBOpHor necMMM3M& OA'MHa, a o nyTeBa npebpTJbmboctm ZloHMja. EACKa cueHa npywa BanpeAHH npM30p MaHMcfcecTauMja nOTnyHe cjio6oAe 3a A o 6po, Hao m 3a 3Jio. 0
MofiM Te eACHe cjio 6 o A e Hajpe/becjDHMje cBe-

AOHI4 HeraTMBaH npMMep M3 enM30Ae on/iaKHBaHia norM6Mje BajiApai; peneHO je.: ,,Aho ra CBe >KMBe m MpTBe CTBapn Ha CBeTy onjiaKyjy, oHAa fie ce BpaTMTM (M3 npocTOpa CMpTM, Xejia) AcnMa-, amvi fie ocTaTM y Xejiy aiKO hoho OA6 Mje Aa to yHMHM . . “ 20. M npeMAa Cy CBIM TO yM1 4 'HMJlM, ,,JbyA'M M C B a n o
A pyro witBO 6i4fie, m 3eM/ba, m 6MJbHe, m c ra 6jia, M MeTa/iM*' — Ba/iAP je o c ia o y X e -

apeHn yHMBep3yMa. Y npvma3WMa ParHapeK

H&Ma naT6TM4Hi4x MCKa3a iMpWH>e cnpaM hoonou a y n o ra ,,3na“ y Be/mHoj n rp n , /imia, CB&Mnpa: ohm n p y w a jy A p a ro u e n e , H eo nxoAHe, AonpM Hoce pa3BOjy AHHaMnne w BMTajihoctm C B e ja Kojn 3aBncn ynpaB0i oa pa3Boja 6 o raTC T& a A>yACH0- 60 maHCHnx pa3/iMKa. KOH3HHO, y cMHTeTHHHOj ncTopnjvi BpeMe;Ha-np0CT0pa paaBOja /byACH0H6omaHCHe ap cTe, 'KOjy npym a B e iiy cn a , nojaBa ,,3Jia“ yn»paBo o6ejiewaiBa KBajiMTaTMBHn c k o k bpCTe: HaiHOH o n n ca dpym nv\]a H opHH, cjieAetia, A B a A e ce T npaa CTpo(t)a, o c B e m a B a y 3 p o « .jip B o r paTa HapOAa y c B e T y “ , dpvtry p y c^aTajiiHe ry jiB e jr Mnje MMe M3pamaBa ,,3 shoc ('MaTepnjajiHHM aonetKTOM) 3/iaTa“ , T© Tp a nc4)nryp M pa noAJiomHOCT jbyACKor ejieMeHTa 4)acunHai4wjaMa ca A pm a ja p e m n Ma M aTepnje. Y nnTaH>y je c/ia6ocT mmsH©HTHa JbyACKOM eJieMeHTy, CBOjCTBeHa mh4>epMOpHOj c4)epM jbyACK or ejieiMeHTa, Te je t o „ajiof* HeyHMiuTMBM cacTojaH „M eiuaBMHe“ 3 BaHe zo o n n o e tik o n : ,,y X a p 0 B0 j (OAM HOBoj) ABopaHM TpM nyT cnanH iue TpMn y T pat)aHy (T y ji B e jr)T necTO m yn o p H Q ; MnaH, OHa jOlll yB6H HfMBM".

cboam H-a reoMeipn3aM Kpyra. y nMTaiby je, 39rtpaB0, cTpyKTypa cnMpa/iHor hm33 umkjiyca: cBeT noc/ie ParHapeKa je HBaJiMTaTMB'Ho paajiMMMT oa ,,3JiaTHor Ao6a“ . n p e cbora, Ty je 3HaTH0 noTenunpaH 3HaHaJ 4>3htopa MeMopMje hojm oy, y npeTXOAHOM i;mh/iycy, MaHH^iecTOBanM penM m Ae/ia OAMHa, AOK c y iipoTaroHMCTM ,,3JiaTHor Ao6a“ 6mjim jiMiueHM MHTerpajine MeMOpMje, M3JiMUJHe y cTaHjy mjim CTaHMiuTy M3&sm BpeMena-npoCTOpa KOCMMHHor aroHa. riocjieAH>vi jbyAckm nap npeTXOAHor m npBM nap iHoeor 14MHJiyca, /Im4) m /lM4)TpaoMp, npemMBeo je KaTacTpo4>y, ParHapeit, »auiaBiiiM 3auiTMTy y 36ery myMe 3BaHe Xoammmmp, ,,UJyMa M eM opM je", rAe noiHMBajy ocHOBe reHepau,Mje

HOBOf noKOJieH>a jbyACKor pOAa. ripemMBe-

m Acm onynjbajy oe Ha no/by klAaBOjip m ,,Ty ce cefiajy BejinHiMx cTBapM m iy ce ceh a jy <3>vtM6yjiTMpOBMX (Oamhobmx) ap©bhmx pyHa“ (Bejiycna, 59). T o je oho mcto no/be, HAaBo/ip, Ha KOMe c y Acm „3/iarHor Ao6a“ noAM3a/iM „cBeTM/iMLUTa m BMCOKe xpawoBe“ , a/iM hobo oKyn/ban>e r y aohocm m H ose caApm aje: He, caMo MeMOpkfjy „3/iaTHor ao6 a “ , MarMH(HMx pyHa, seh u M©Mopnjy ParHapeKa, HanM Tan«o m ckvctbo n p e A bmujmm X0pM30HTMMa 6yAyfiHOCTM KOOMMMHe 6op6e, Ka BMLUMM CTaHMLiJTMMa ibyAM-6oroBa, y ,,H86eoKMM ,np0CTpaHCTBMMa“ .

npoAymaBajyfiM nepcneHTWBy pasM aTpaH>a 4>YHHujMje ,,3Jia“ h b r>orrpMiUTy 6 op6e eAOHor e tfiosa M omeMo ocbbtjim tm m no3Mtm bhv 4^yHK4Mjy uejiMHe P a m a p e K a : jimmmtwa 4>opMa noACTMLjatba aiuyejiM 3auM je bmpTyejiHMX BpeAHOCTM, OHara m MofVn; BpxyHckm McrrnT KBa/iMTeTa JbyACKO-6om aHCKor eJieMeHTa, Ha Hpajy je A H o r oa UMKjiyca CBeM npcHor B p e M e n a -n p o cTo p a : McnnT o a kora, MomAa, 33Bmom OTBapaHbe hobmx, bmlumx nyT6B a 3aAaTaHa jbyACKo-6om aH CKor caMo-ocTBapeHba, Te ca M o-ocTB a p en ja PeAa.
C a CTaHOBMiUTa nepcneKTMBai 'KocMMMHor aroHa, ParHap&K je Heyn0peAM B0 BMiua u 3HaHajHMja CTaHMi^a pa3Boja jbyACHO-6om aHCKor ejieM eHTa o a CTaHMue 3BaHe „3JiaTHO A0i6a“ , ta & je n0TnyH 0 C T cpefie o A roB apaJia Hen0TnyH0CTM m otot ejieMe,HTa. CaM O noBpLiiH'MM, npeM Aa u y anaAeM-

oHitM aM6wjeHTHMa pacnpocrpah>ehmm, MeTOA»Ma JieKTMpe, CBeT nocuie KaTacTpo4)e, noc/ie PamapeHa, M3r/ieAa nao r>yKa o6hoBa, 'peHOfHCTpyHL4Mja m pexa6njiMTaL;Mja n p n MopAM'jajiHor „3JiaTHor A o 6 a “ , lu to c Tp y K Ty p y eAOKor npeAaH»a KocMMHKe MCTOpMje

Pa3JiiMKe noHeTana mvtHjiyca ocBeAOHaBa m apxmteHTypa: yMecTO He 6ojbe onncaHMX „CBeTM/lMlUTa M BMCOHMX XpaMOBa“ M3 ,,3/iaTHor Ao6a“ , y 0 BeTy noc/ie ParHapeHa y3AMme ce „ABopaHa €jiMOT<aiBMja oa C yH u a t nepHpMBeHa 3/iaTOM, n a (Bpxy 6pera?) Tmm/ie“ . JacHo je , Ha 0CH0By M3/iomeHMX mhamKau;Vfja Be/iycne, fi,a no/be MAaBOJip oaApmM 4 yyHHL4Mjy 6 yt)eH»a, MyBaH>a w pa3BMjaH»a MeMopMje, je p je Ha H>eMy 6mjio cTaHimjTe 6aroBa ,,3JiaTH0r Ao6a“ , a/iM ueHTap HOBor OHyn/baH>a JbyACH 0- 60 maH 0 HMx OHara m mofiM je f'MMJie, r ^ e fie ,,6opaBMTM rrpoflepeHM 6opu,M ymM&ajyfiM BeMHy paAOCT“ . /lanMAapHOCT nocjieAH»er MCHaaa — cbojCTBeHa oxo/ioj peTopMu.M ripopoM'Mue y HMTaBoj Be/iycnM — oTBapa npocTop cyMH>M Aa je y nMTan>y MHTepno/iauMja mjim npeo6pam aj HeKor xpMLutiaHCKor cwpM6a KojM je m yA e o Aa ycMepM BM3Mjy naraHCKe rip o p o HMU,e na MOAe/iy AnoKanMnce Teo/iora Jo-

BaHa22. Hnan, MaBecHO je caMyBa«a opnrnHEuiiHOCT BM3nje ABOpaHe Ha ruMJiey, HacejbeHe Sopumvia, flaK/ie BM3nja H-oee koh4 eHTpanMje A»yAM-6oroBa npefl hobmm x o pn 30 HTMMa 6op6e. Mm© MecTa Ha kom e ce y 3A H w e .^ B o p a H a 6/iMCTaBMja oa C y n u a ‘\
rnMJie, npocnjaiBa bmujm paHr cH ara mjih

Mofin, Te 6op6n, o a OHor ocBeA04eH0r npn30pwMa PamapeHa: y raiTaH>y je cjiome-HMna gim, ,,BaTpa“ n hle, ,,3aH/iOH“ ; 4 » « y p e hoBe reHepau1 i4je xepoja KOCMiMHKe H/iHjaAe HeAOCTyiniHe cy BaTpeHOM eJieMeHTy KOjn yHHLUTaBa 4>opMe CBeia nyKe Miaireipnje: koCMMHKa OAHceja ;by ackoh6 o>ka.HCKor ejieMeHTa Ty TpaHCu.eHAMpa MaTepnjajiHM pevwnM npnpOAe. flpeAOM 0 Hy nHTyMu,Mjy nepcneKTHBe pa3Boja JbyAC Ho^damaHCko r ejieMeHTa noTBpt)yje, mmtuihl^mtho, m y3pOK noneTKa 6op6M A c a m BaHa, y npeTXOAHOiM UMKJiycyr M3330B 4>acuMHauMja cBeTa MaTepmje, oji'MHohmx 4>MrypoM ryjiBejr, a/ieropMjOM ,,3 &HOCa 3JiaTOM‘‘ . KOHaMHO, H3HOH n p e cvA e 6owaiH.CHor c yA a , Oam h o 6 Hasjba 6o p 6y c a BaHMMa, GpaHeli'M o y io p M Te T ,,AyxoBHe“ a He ,,M aTepw jajiHe“ xMjepapxMje BpeAHOCTM TpMnapTMTHe C Tp yK Typ e A p y ujTBa, je p c y y mctoJ CTpyKTypM BaHM « 3eecHO MaTepMjajiHo 6 oraTnjM o a A c a , n p o M 3B0A e h n , yMHOwaBa|jytiM m Te 3 aypMiiuyfiM MaiepMfjajiHa Ao6pa, c x o a h o npnpoAM Tpefie 4>yHHmwje; PyjiBejr AOJiaaM M et)y A c e M3 peAOBa B aua, OTKpMBajytiM m «m MarMje m KyjiTOBe cBojcTBeH e „XTOHCHoj“ HyjiTypM m rp e tlOj 4>yHHUMj.M. OoBeTJbeKba BepTMHajie AM'HaMM3Ma jbyACKO-6ow aHCKor ejieM eHTa n o TB p f)yje , nocpeAHO, jeAaH o a MoryfiMX O AroBo pa Ha nMTaw>e cno3Haije npMHHMna „pacnOAejre yjio ra“ Ha cu,eHM eACKMx eM3Mja. kl3BeiCH0 je A& Ty „pacinoAejia y jio ra “ ne noHMBa Ha He-

MejbHMx cpeACTaBa cawo-ocTBapeH>a, hoajiowHa npoBepM praxisa m a& eACKy 3ajeAHMuy ycTpojaBa AMHaMMHHa xMjepapxMja, y 3Jia3a -m jim naAOBa. C a Apyre cTpaHe, npe-MAa c y §MTHe cTpyKType XMjepapxmje mcTpajHe HBpcTMHe, oHa ce cnpaM oneun4>MMHOCTH OKOJlHOCTM HJIM CTynHj6Ba HOCMMMHe 6op6 e noHaiua n o n yr h©hot opraHMHHor fe Jia, riOKa3yjytiM woti npMjiarot>aBaHsa nOTpe6aMa concTBeHor OApwaH»a. „PacnoAejiM yjio ra “ , HOjy ocBeAonaBa naMa no3HaT,ai cjjopMa eAcnor npeAaH>a, npeTXOAHO je AyrM nepnoA a®Jiotbophoctm npoTaroHMCTa eACKe aajeAHHue; AaHJie, Ta „pacnoAejia yjiora“ je m hjioa MCTopnje wmxobmx AeJia, Te MHTyMU-Mija npMHUMna „paonoAejie" oboumipa HapMMHHy AOKTpMHy, ca Apyro r Hpaja mhAO-eBponcHor KOHTMHeHTa BMpMjme cnMpMTyaJlHOCTM.

HOM ©raJl’MTapMCTMHHOM MJIM A®M0Kp3TCkom, Beti n a XMjepapxMjcKOM npM.HUMny, je p
cy y riMTaH»y y jio re H ejeAH anor SHaHaja, M3MCHyjyfiM 0 A r0 B a p a jy h e n0Ao6H0CTM CHara m Moh'M, 0A r 0 B a pa jyhe cTynH »eB e m a ttr ok m e g in . BoroBM, npe obmx O a ^ h , Te H opH e, 0 A p e t)y]y nepcneHTM Be najeAHHvrx cyA6viHa, n p ym ajy mjim 0fly3MMajy m š ttr o k m e g in , mhTejiMreH4Mjy m BiMAOBMTOCT, CHary m Moh. Ha o c H o a y HW3a MHAM«anMja MorjiM 6mcmo 3aKJbyHMTM A a je „pa cn oA e Jia y jio ra “ , Te Te -

y TOj AajieiHoj MCTopMjiM HOjy n-pocMjasa ejACHO npeAaH»e ‘HeHM 6oroBM cy hocmjiM HeynopeAMBo 3HaMajHwje, necTO cynpemh©, yjK>re o a ohmx npey3€TMX npeA ParHapeK. Timp ije HenaA 6mo MOWAa bpxobhm 6or, 6 o r inpaBAe m 6op6e, a m v\ Ha cughm Pamap e «a oh hocm enM30AHy yjiory o6m ai-bMbana ByHa cPeiHpMpa y HMjy HejbycT 3ajiawe m wpTByje CBOjy AecHMuy, AaHJie CBOjy Moti tbop6e im OHyaaiH>a npaBAe23. Cmh OAM «a m PmHApe, BajiM, HeHaA BejiMMaHCTBeHM cojiapHM xepoj, y cpeAMUJTy eACKor naHTeoiHa — npeA PamapeH raBOpM na MaprvtHaMa aorafjaja, nao 6jieAa ceHHa HerAaiuH>er cjaja, M3pamaBajytYw ynpaBO tmim yAajba8aH»eM oa ueHTpa ApaMe cyMpaH 6owaHCHe cBeTJiocTM, KOCMMMHe AMMeH3Mje 3MMCKOf COJICTMUMja. UnaH, HOBa „pacnoAeJia yjiora“ m cyA6mh3 npyma My MOrytiHOCT o6HOBe ApeBHOr 6jbecHa xepojCTBa, aaAaraH BejiMKor redressem ent co/iapHor cjaja; yjiory ocBeTHMna OMpTM 6parra BajiApa: „ A m 3ai 0CBeTy pat)a ce ©paT, OAiMna cm'h, Ten jeAHy Hofi CTap u cnpeMaH 3a 6op6y. PyHe He nepe m HOcy He neujjba aok BajiApOBOr nenpMjaTejba we ornpeMM Ha /i0M.aiHy“ 24.
rip e A xopw30HTMMa n p e cyA H e 6 op6e,
P a rH a p e H , eftCKa XMjeipapxvtja M3Be/ia je Ha

caM Bpx naiHTeoHa

4>wrypy

TajancTB B H or

Oawh3, fipom eTor o a furo r divinis nojn n o n p e tie n »e ro B 4>peHeiTMHHiM BKTMBMsaM to -

Ta/me tMo6MJiM3au,Mje

CHara m e/ieMeHaia

P e A a O a h h o b o nopeHJio je HejacH o; oh a o -

y c©hu,i4 KanyjbatHe chtpnBahba o6e/iewja cnara m Mohn noje i43MOHyje pemnM /mMMTHe onacHocTM, C Tpaiernja OMyBa>H>a 3a OAJiyHHM 6oj; C Ty n a jy h n Ha nonpm iiTe 6 n Tn e , Oam h OA'6auyje Kany/b3Hy n OTHpi4Ba cBoj /iwH, noA 3/iarHMM lu/ismom, o6einemjeM cyBepeHcne c^H K U M je .25 y/iory cyB©peHCHe tj)yHK4Mje, y/iory Bpxo&Hor 6otra eACKor naH Teoua O aw h je 3aanymvio cBOjvtM p e m Ma na AyrwM nyTeBMMa yonoHa BepTHKa/ioM e A cn e xi4jepapx>i4je, Ha nyTeBWMa ycnoHa
CHare m mofim , 3HaH>a 1 4 dOKycTBa. OAMHOBe

fla zu n3 M arjin n p a n cTO p n je , ca jimmom

,rM 3a6paH0 CTMM m/m/im M3BptuaiBahba neraTWBHMX OApeA^M JKMBOTa, Te BehMHy, T8K0fje nacMBHMX, noAHOCM/iau,a 6omaHCHMx To p T y p a m MyKa — BManja P a rn a p e iia hsm ocBeT/baBa A'MHaMMKy ycnomaBaH>a m ycaBpiuaeaH>a opraHMHHO-xMjepapxMijcKe cTpyKType /by-

ACH0-6omaHCKe 3ajeAHMU,e y noHpeTy hocMMMHor caMOOCTBapeiba, ta© c y paAOCTM m naThbe caMO acneHTM jeAMHCTBOHOr aohhmb/baja CBera cBaKOr npOTaroHMCTe 6 op6e. C/M Hy c B e ia M cn o B e c™ Teonora JoBaHa HapaHTepMme im HenpeMOCTMBM ja3 M3Met)y /byACHor pOAa m ocTa/ior CBeTa, mMBe re

penn m Ae/ia npeAOHaBajy na>M yH(MlBep3a/iho pa3H0BpCHa MCKycTBa Hoija ce ry cTnny y (|)Mrypy opraHMHHe c^HTese. Oamh MHKapHMpa MOAe/i MAea/iHor necHHHa, 6apAa nopAvrjCHe aipMCTOH paTMj e , MOAe/i caBpineHor luaMaHa, anco/iyTHMx A o ce ra MarMjcKe moftn, a/in m MOAeai Be/iMKor eot)e ApymwHa M/iaAMX 6opaua na HOhbMMai, npay30pa B'MTemkmx ipeAOBa, ca eBpo-a3wjcKwix nyTeaa roTCH0-xyH0HiMX nOKpeTa. Cea Ta MOHycTBa, hoja M9MCKyjy cn e 4Mc|)MHHMf kpmtmhhm nepMOA mMBOTa eACKe 3ajeAHiMue, «pMCTa/]Miny ce OKO TpajHe cymTMHe cyBepenoKe cj3yHHu,nje TpMiji aipTMth e cTpyKType, Te hbm cTora mhotm Oamihobm MM'HOBM eBOU}Mpajy aHajnom e MOAe/ie wa nyTe'BMMa mHAO-eaponc'ne AMjacjTOpe, MOAe/ie pmmckot JynMTepa v\m B©ACHOr Bapvne26.
H a uje ocBeT/bett.e p a c n p iu y je npvtBMA na-

HemMBe itpMpoAe, hojm c/iymM w3«ptuaBaH>y Ha/iora MyneH>a m /im ymvtBa«>a MOBena, Ha
pacno/iaraH>y xMpoBMTor G ora , n/ieHa con cTb©hmx xMCTepMja m n a ctije ; o a T o r cBeTa, Aya/iM3Ma MOB©Ha m 6 o fa, HOBeH OMeHyje

m /im Ka3He, m /im 6/iameHCTBa. Y bm3mJm eflCKe 'Ky/iType /byAM m GoroBM c y MHTerpa/ihm A e o cBeMMpa,
C TpyK M x

HpncTa/iM3auMje BMrne-

aoneKaTa HOOMMHHor opraHOHa. Ty

paAOHca, CBcjcTBeHOr eAonoj /iMTepaTypn, rAe C6 O am h onM cyje a T p w 6yTMiMa m M /iaAOCTM M CTapOCTM . M e p e H O AyW M H O M BpujeH>a noc/ieA^be, cyBepeH CKe, cj3yHHu,< M je1 oh je . B e o iM a M/iaA. a/iM H>eroBO 06 jeHTMBH 0 wmboTHO MCHyCTBO je n/TOA CTapO'CTM . y OrpOMhom T p e 30 p y Oamhobmx MMeHa, HecTO nej a c H e e T M M O /io rM je, M o m A a noHMBaijy m M e M o p M je vtM eH a A p y r«x m H B o ra m/im y/iora c a

Tem M iuTe oAHOca /byAM-6oroBa onpaM CBeTa CTBapM, nojaBa m CM/ia He nOHMB# y n c n x o ziorMjM onem iBafba h83hm m/im HarpaAa, seti y AeoHTo/iorMjM Ae/iOTBopHocTM, HMje n/ioAOBe ynpaBO hocm oc „OMeM^je" m .jp a m M " OA CBO}MX HeOnXOAHMX KOMnOHeHTM, OA /byAM m 6 oroB a. HMnepaTMB caMoocTBdpeH>a KOOMOca M3i4CKyje TpajiHy npOM3BOAH>y 4> oPMM mMBOTa, cf>opMvi CTBapahba n 6 o p 6 e , mmjM mcxoam O A p e t)y jy Ba/baHOCT m/im H enoA o6HOCT MCTMX (j)OpMM. EaCH44 MOB6H 3Ha Aa Camo c a o p ym je M 3HaH>a m xpa6pocTM , y n opeTK y 6 o p 6 e , Mome ce©M OTBapaT-M n y T yn e Liiha y iBeMHOM mi4BOTy K O O M O ca.-CB eA eH a Ha Hajje3rpOBMTMjy nopw y/iy e th o s a , Hane/io mMBOTa m eAGKor npvtMepa viHAO-eBponCK or h u m a n ita s rnacM: mMBern — Hao Aa HMK3A iHeheiMO yMpeTM, MWC/1MT44 — HaO A9 heM o GBor naca y M p e ™ .

A yro r nyTa Hber0B0r ycnoHa Bpxy naHTeoHa. Ha ccHOBy M3/iomeHMx m HM3a APyrMX npMMepa m MHAMHauMja MOimeMO 3an/byHMTM Aa ..pacnoAe/Ta y/iora“ , cyA&MHa, Te kb3hTyMa cnara m moIik HMje apSMTpapHa, npoM3BO/bHa, Beti 06jeKTMBHa H 4)yHKL|M0Ha/IHa. 3 a pa3/iMHy oa AnoKa/iMnce Teo/iora JoBaHa, rAe je /byACKM pOA noAe/ben Ha Maw>MHy nacMBHMX ymMBa/iau,a 6oma«OKe HarpaAe

BejieuiKe
* Pa* HojiM oafle npeAonaB&Mo m+TaonnMa p,eo je o6nwHor eceja Anonaflnnca m PvHapeH. HaeoAe M 3 AnoitanMnce reoMDra JosaHa OMoryhi4^a ham je n>y6a3HOCT npeBOAMOua C^o6oAaHa G.narx>jeBnha. flpeBOAetin Haaofle M 3 eACKe flMieparype hopmctm/im cmo Bep3Mrje m npeBOAe B. Simo«$e m H. Geringa,

T© R. Boyem, 0 . G. Leesthai, Gabnielte m Dolffenlia.
I Edvvard Gilbbom: History of the Declin and FaJI of the Boman Empire, XVI, M3AaH>e Newton Compton ed, 1973.

„euhemerlsme” , Oono, 1964.

y

Studier

I

Snorres Mytok>g!e,

1 8 Benycnat 17; Snorrt: op. clt. 9. 19 MimIr=MeMopwJa. y BenycnH (28), Hpopo4HMua

* Edwaird Gilbbon: op. cit. * Edward GtBbbon: op. cit.
4 Cfr. TepTyflnjaH: A. Scapuia, V 6 U,MM,epoH: Tusculanarum di&putaftionum, !V, 13.

1 4 Vaftiirudhnlsmđl, 47; Snonrj: op. clt. 53. 1 9 Folke Strocn: Nordtsk Hedendom. Tro och Sed 1 fdrkristen fld , reie6opr, 1961. 1 0 Hiodskvldha, 31

* McTopnja paHor eeponcKor cpeAH.eBeHOBA>a npywa hbm CTpaBMMa« npn3op npoueca Hacwimr nOHptuTaBaH>a. Tbho Je Hapno Bejiuuu no6eljeHWM sajeAttM-

1 7 Cfr. Thomnas CaHyle: O n Heroes (npesoA B. H«ew©BMha).

i;aua eBponcKor pagamPtas Ha/iarao cawpeny a/iTepHaTMBy: noKipujTaBaH>e m j m c m p t. yocTaflOM, m y rahbmm npouiecMMa eHcnaH&Mje xpmiihancTBa jeaaH1)e/bc«a yMeH>a HMcy MMafla H©Hy 3HaHajHMjy y;iory HHAOKTpvnHaujMje, Beti npeBacx0AH0 ohm ejieMeHTM AOHTpMHe HOj*i cy nofl ycjioBMMa BeiUTe TpaBecrnje Morm eBOLt^aTn eBponcKHM naraHWMa cbot h>hxo-

1 8 Minrtr=MeMopMja. y BeflycnM (28), ripopoMM^a a/iyfl?fpa na enM3ojny Oamhobot oc&a}aH>a MeMOpwje, mpTBOM OHa, obmm peHMMa: ,,3aujTo « e MCKyujaBom (OAJwe}7 fto6po 3HaM rAe noHMBa TBoje oho: y M wmwpobom M3BOpy“ .
1 9 ,,M awo 3,npo6/beH nponaAHe c b o t — oh he «enoHOjie6jhH®o crajarM Mefly pyuieBvmaMa“ (Oanrrtlno (li, 3, 7— 8). w Sporr!: op clt., 49.

B M X OpWMHaJlHMX HBM e/ia H BH3Mje WHBOTa, y 3HSHV
enpM/iHe cro^>MTya/iHOCTM. 7 Franco Ganđifri: ANe radici della cavalleria medievale, d>npeHua 1982. norjiefl MOBe«a eflcne Hy/iType Ha npo6/ieMaTMKy poncne npnpOfle Hajpe/becf)HMje M3paw&Ba recT Xom a: npefl npnaopoM HyHaBMMHe cm ptm c/iyre XJa/iea, („K^KaaMna"), He moraBiun Aa noAHCoi H>eroBe npwne n 3anoMarahbe, o* h ce nyflM Aa 3aweHM c/iyry na cTpaTMiUTy (Volsunga Saga ok Ragnors Saga Lodbrćkar). 8 TepTyjiMjaH: Đ e spectaculus, XXX. 6 Snonrl: Gylfaginning, 13. 1 0 Snoml: op. cit., 13 m 51.
II TeMe/bHy ttHAMHannjy r©H©pwMHe onpere 6oma*H-

2 1 Snonri: idwn.
” C/M^ba HajMeiuhe nonpMMa 4>opMy nom ynor vaepeH»a npeA c/ieAehoM, me3A6cer neTOM, CTpocpoM Beflycne, r^e ce HajaBJbyje „ae/iMHM cyA“ m AO/ia3aK ,,M3 BMCMHa, cMamnor fonOAapa hoJm cshm M aAs’V 3aro MHore sep3Mje m npeBOAM Benycne Ty cTpo$y MCH/bynyjy Kao nyHH tJjanoMtfmHaT. Htmh, ycsajaH>e apryM6HaTa T63e o ()>ancH4>MHaTy He peuiaBa npo6/ieM BepoAocrofHocTM. yKpaTHo, nMTaH>e r/iacM: Aa /im caApmaj Te crpo<i>e noTnyHo OAyAapa oa mkao-eeponcHe TpaAnnnje? y MHAP-eBponoHoJ TpaAMLyijvi nocTOjM c/TMHaH motmb: cTapo-npaj+cttn mmt o aojiacHy Be/iMHor CnacMO^a (Saožyairrt) m tberoBOM
Be/inKOM cyAy, Ha Hpajy MuneHapMCTMHnor UMH/iyca MCTopnje, npeMAa Je Sao®yarrt, MnaH, osmo „nocnahmik Eora“ (Yiasna, 49:8). Ms/imuiho je OBAe mctmh*tm a® Je MOAe/i To r CrracMona Msepujno npecyAHM

CHor h /byflCKor e/ieM«HTa npywa

Rigsthula;

ny-

Tyjyfin CBeTOM hoa mmohom Pnr, Oamhob omh XenMAanp („OHaj ko]h CBet/iM h ^a CBeTOM*'} oanotjasa

w&He pa3fljHMMTMx 6M O-Ky/iTypH«x npo<t»MJia, Te no-

cpeACTBOM OM M OBa ycnocTaB/ba 0AT0eapajyhe CTa/ie>«e, TpMinapTMTHy cTpyKTypy 3ajeAHMue. HHane, Befi npBe, xpMUjt\awcHe, MHTopnperau^je npMpo^e

yTMuaj Ha pejivtrMje m sepoBaH>a E/iflCHor McTOHa,
nao npa-y30p cbmx o6/iwna ,,MecMjaHM3Ma" m ,,mm-

eACHor naHTeoHa npeHeCperaBane cy cyiuTMHy cnpere /byACKor m SofHaHCHor e/ieMeHTa, Te M3BanpeAHy c/ioweHOcr h bmllie3hshhoct KpMCTartM3aMwje
6omaHCKMX ct>jirypa, npn6 erqeajyhM MaTepnjanucTM-

mkoJ, oahocho eBeMepMCTMMKoj, eHcere3M. Tano Uphaf allra frasagna (noMeTaK cbmx npnnoBeAaiba), m X5V CTonehe npyma iukoachm npnMep eB6MepM3Ma: „Oamh h H>eroBH cmhobh 6exy seoMa m^aph m 06AapeHH no3HaaaH>eM Manije, nenor HsrneAa h nyHM HpenocTH. M mhoix Apyrn n>yAH hs H>M X0B0 r n/ieMena pacnonaraiiH cy pasHHM caBpuieHCTBMMa Te cy (ocranM) JbyAM noiaiiM Aa mm npMHOce mpTee, a » Bepyjy y H6He oa h>hx, Ha3MBajynH hx 6oroBHMa“ (A M 764,4° Kalund Katai. 2,184). HujpnHVtje MHTepecoaaH>e sa MSJromeHM acneHT npBMx MHTepnpeTau,Mja ynyhyjewo na cTyAMjy Anne Holtjsmairtk: Snorres

/ieHapn3Ma", hoJm cy nyHM, h Baa M-ceHy/japM30BaHM, AepMBaTM wpawc«or yneHia. Ranne, m y nor/ieAy crpod)e 65. Be/iycfie, Mcnpaetfo je npemocTaenTM a& je Ha H^enoM Mecry nocrojao caftpmaj hojvi je aHOhmmhot, xpMu/haHCHOr, cnpiiSa „MHontipMcao' fl/a ra „nonpaBM1 1 . 28 CnopM aaH/bynyje npMTioBecT mmtb o mpTBM TmpoBe AecHMue: ,.Bor MMa caMO JeAHy pyKy m M3&ecHO HQ MOJHe HOCMTM MMe HOMMpMTe/ba JbyAM“ (op. cit. 24). HcnpnHy aHanvi3y CMM6o/iM3Ma TnpoBe mpTB6 npyma HHopm Ammc3m/i y Les dleux des Germains (!lapiM3, 1959), /iyaMAHO yoMMajytln napanennaM6 eAcne Tp^MUMje m pmmchmx Jierenjvi, Tupoee m MynwycoBe mpTee. O CMM6o/W3anK}M npaBAe no-

cpeA dB O M AecHHu,e CBeAone m mhotm MHflo-eBpon-

ckh nflnoMn rfle ce m a^hsc nojaM .^npaBfla" m nojaM „flecHO" 03HanaBaJy wa©htmhhmm m jim TOMOJiorhmm M3pa3MiMa. M«aHe, ca cTanoBViujTa pa3MaTpahba nojiapH*ix pa3JinKa M 3Met)y xpmutiaHCHor m naraHCHO-eBponcHor estbasa 3asHHMJhvtBo je ynope,nwTvi oflroBepajyfte dHHoce cnpaM XpncTOBe n Tnpose mprBe: oko XpwcTOBe mpTBe, «ao oko ueHTpa, o«ynJb©Hfl je cBa xpMLufiaHCKa AOKTpnna, Kopncrefin je nao ocHOBHO CpeflCTBO MOpajlMCTMHK© yU6He HHTa&Or 40 BeHSHCTća, obmx noToitnx BpeMeHa, aok TnpoBa mpTBa HMHor ne o6 aBe3yje, Te y H>oj hob©k naraHCHe Eepone BHfln, cnopo ca CTMfl0M , 3HaHCJia6jbeH»a60waHCKMx cHara n moIim. Ajim hh eBeHTyajnHM yonex TnpOBe mpTBe, Tpajno 3aT0MJbaBflH>e omia CTHXMje n xaoca, Hoje wHKapHHpa Byn (DeHpHp, ne 6m morao vt3HCHWBaTM ofl HOBeKa eflOHe KyjiType HmiiTa Bnuie flo flocTojHOr noLuioBanja ti yrjiefla. 3 a BepOflocTo)Hor HOBeKa MHflO-eBponcHe Bktpnrme cnnpMTyanHOCTM nornyHo je HenojMJbMBa n Ma« ancypflHa xpMwtYaiHCKa wHCTHTyu,nja HOJieKTVt&Hor wcHynjbeH>a m HOJieKTMBHOT 3aflymnBan.a nojy « 3tH 0 Hyje XpncroBa mpTBa. M Bejiycna, 32— 33. C^M6oJin3aM 3WMOHOr cojictmunja npooMijaiBa M 3pa3: .je n jeflHy Hoh CTap ih cnpem3h 3a 6op6y“ . Ha To j paBHM nojiMMop4>Hor cwm6ojiM3Ma efl€KHX 4)nrypa BanflepoB 4iopMajiHH m h6 bmhm, jep HecBecHM, y 6M L 4a. cjienn Xoflyp, nora y6wja Bajin, CMM6ojiMuie, ynpaBo cboJmm CJienmioM, Hajflymy Hoh, woh 3MMCHor cojtCTMU,wJa y Kojoj ce pafja Bajin, nepooH*i4)MuvipajyhH o6noBy cojiapne cbstjioctm, noneTaK hobot nMHJiyca, nOHeTaH noepaTHa CyHu,a. y mctom KOHTeKCTy &aflflp, Henafl 6o r CBeTJi0CTM, CMM6ojiMayje, CBOjOM HeflHOLufiy m paH»M'Đouihy, umKJiyc cjia6jbeH*a cojiapne bmpmjihoctm.

8 5 Snonii: op. cit. 51. 2 t Cfr. G-eorges Dumšzil: op. clt.

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