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2.

Location Update & Equipment Check An MS performs LU on several occasions: every time it changes the location

area, periodically, when a periodic location update is active, or with IMSI attach/detach switched on at the time when it is subsequently turned on again. Khong thi gian LU theo nh k c n nh theo timer T3212. Ch idle mode MS vn monitor cng cc BCCH ca cell hin ti v neighbor list.
BTS MS Giao din v tuyn CCCH (RACH)/RR CHAN_REQ [reason, refer] Giao din Abis Giao din A BSC VLR MSC

Ch thch

I/CCM/CHAN-RQD [CHAN-REQ, TA, FN] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, BS/MS-power, DTX] I/DCM/CHAN-ACTACK [Frame Number] I/CCM/IMM-ASS-CMD [TA, channel, refer, FN]

MS yu cu knh iu khin BTS s gii m CHAN_REQ (ch nh LU) v tnh ton Time Advance ... Sau khi nhn c v x l CHAN-RQD, BSC bo cho BTS cc thng tin lin quan n knh ang c yu cu. BSC s gi cc thng tin v knh v tham chiu yu n BTS, BTS s gi n MS trn AGCH. MS s cn c vo tham chiu ca n tm ra ng IMM-ASS-CMD ca n Kt ni lp 2 LAPDm c kch hot. MS gi SABM cha LOC_UPD_REQ n BTS. BTS Confirm li MS CR ngoi vic ch cc thng tin ca CL3I, n cn yu cu thit lp kt ni SCCP. Nu MSC c th cp kt ni SCCP th CC s c gi v sau AUTH-REQ s c gi trn kt ni SCCP va c cp. MS sau khi nhn c v tnh ton da vo Ki trong SIM v RAND theo A3 s a ra SRES. VLR s so snh SRES va nhn c vi gi tr m HLR cung cp. MSC/VLR chuyn sang ch Ciphering nu kt qu nhn thc ng. MSC/VLR gi Kc v A5/X n BTS v MS. BTS s ly ra phn Kc ri gi tip phn CIPH-MOD-CMD cha A5/X n MS

CCCH (AGCH)/RR IMM-ASS-CMD [TA, channel, refer, FN] SDCCH/SABM/MM LOC_UPD_REQ [TMSI/IMSI, last CI & LAC] SDCCH/UA/MM LOC_UPD_REQ [TMSI/IMSI, last CI & LAC]

I/RLM/EST-IND LOC_UPD_REQ [TMSI/IMSI, lastest CI & LAC]

CR/BSSM/CL3I [new CI & LAC] LOC_UPD_REQ [TMSI/IMSI, last CI & LAC ]

CC [Connection Confirmed] DT1/DTAP AUTH-REQ [CKSN, RAND]

SDCCH/I/MM AUTH-REQ [CKSN, RAND] SDCCH/I/MM AUTH-RSP [SRES]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ [AUTH-REQ]

I/RLM/DATA-IND AUTH-RSP [SRES]

DT1/DTAP AUTH-RSP [SRES]

SDCCH/I/RR CIPH-MOD-CMD [A5/X] SDCCH/I/RR CIPH-MOD-COM

I/DCM//ENCR-CMD [Kc, CIPH-MOD-CMD]

DT1/BSSM CIPHER-MODECMD [Kc, A5/X]

I/DCM//ENCR-IND [CIPH-MOD-COM]

DT1/BSSM CIPHER-MODE-CMP

Hnh I.2.1.1: Th tc Location Update

BTS MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis

BSC VLR MSC Giao din A DT1/DTAP IDENT_REQ [IMEI, ...]

Ch thch

SDCCH/I/MM IDENT_REQ [IMEI, ...] SDCCH/I/MM IDENT_RSP [IMEI, ...]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ IDENT_REQ [IMEI, ...]

Nu Equipment Check c active th MSC/VLR s yu cu MS cung cp IMEI v c th c TMSI hoc IMSI

I/RLM/DATA-IND IDENT_RSP [IMEI, ...]

DT1/DTAP IDENT_RSP [IMEI, ...] DT1/BSSM TMSI_REAL_CMD [TMSI]

SDCCH/I/MM TMSI_REAL_CMD [TMSI] SDCCH/I/MM TMSI_REAL_COM

I/DCM//DATA-REQ TMSI_REAL_CMD [TMSI]

I/RLM/DATA_IND TMSI_REAL_COM

DT1/DTAP TMSI_REAL_COM DT1/DTAP LOC_UPD_ACC [e.g., TMSI]

MSC/VLR phn cng TMSI. MS Confirm nhn v lu tr TMSI mi MSC/VLR Confirm nhn v lu LAI mi.

SDCCH/I/MM LOC_UPD_ACC [e.g. TMSI]

I/RLM/DATA_IND LOC_UPD_ACC [e.g. TMSI]

SDCCH/I/RR CHAN-REL

I/RLM/DATA-REQ CHAN-REL I/DCM/DEACTSACCH

DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD [normal]

SDCCH/DISC (LAPDm) SDCCH/UA (LAPDm)

Phng thch cho knh iu khin giao din v tuyn, MSC gi CLR-CMD n BSC. MS gi DISC yu cu phng thch lp 2 LAPDm.
DT1/BSSM CLR-CMP

I/RLM/REL-IND

RLSD (Released) I/DCM/RF-CHAN-REL i/DCM/ RF-CH-REL-ACK

RLC

BSC yu cu TRX phng thch cc ti nguyn lin quan giao din v tuyn. RLSD yu cu phng thch kt ni SCCP

Hnh I.2.1.2: Th tc Location Update tip

BSC VLR MSC New Giao din A1 CR/BSSM/CL3I LOC_UPD_REQ [e.g., TMSI] Giao din D1 Giao din G UDT/BEGIN sendIdentification [e.g., TMSI] Giao din G UDT/END sendIdentification [Authentication data, IMSI] UDT/BEGIN updateLocation [IMSI,LMSI, new VLR] HLR MSC Old Giao din D2 VLR

Ch thch

VLR mi yu cu authentication data (SRES, RAND, Ki) t VLR c sau khi nhn c LOC_UPD_REQ

DT1/DTAP LOC_UPD_ACC [e.g., TMSI]

UDT/BEGIN cancelLocation [IMSI] UDT/END cancelLocation [IMSI]

UDT/CON insertSubscriberData [SS data, MSISDN, subscriber state] UDT/CON insertSubscriberData UDT/END updateLocation

Sau khi gi LOC_UPD_ACC, VLR mi ch ra cho HLR rng MS thay i vng VLR. HLR s yu cu VLR c thc hin cancelLocation, ng thi VLR mi nhn c cc thng tin ca thu bao nh bn tin insertSubscriberData. HLR confirms cho new VLR rng subscriber data update. Th tc Location Update procedure s closed c VLR v HLR

Hnh I.2.1.3: Location update on the NSS interfaces

Hnh I.2.1.4: VD kt ni SCCP cho th tc LU

Measurement in Idle Mode Whilst in idle mode an MS shall continue to monitor all BCCH carriers as indicated by the BCCH allocation. The same number of measurement samples shall be taken for all non-serving cell BCCH carriers of the BA list, and the samples allocated to each carrier shall as far as possible be uniformly distributed over each evaluation period. At least 5 received signal level measurement samples are required per received signal level (RLA_C). For the serving cell, received signal level measurement samples shall be taken at least for each paging block of the MS. The RLA_C shall be a running average determined using samples collected over a period of 5 s to Max {5s, five consecutive paging blocks of that MS}. The samples shall as far as possible be uniformly distributed over each evaluation period. At least 5 received signal level measurement samples are required per RLA_C value. The list of the 6 strongest non-serving carriers shall be updated at least as often as the duration of the running average defined for measurements on the BCCH allocation and may be updated more frequently. The MS shall attempt to decode the full BCCH data of the serving cell at least every 30 seconds or at least as often as possible in the case that system information scheduling period exceeds 30 seconds. The MS shall attempt to decode the BCCH data block that contains the parameters affecting cell reselection for each of the 6 strongest non-serving cell BCCH carriers at least every 5 minutes. When the MS recognizes that a new BCCH carrier has become one of the 6 strongest, the BCCH data shall be decoded for the new carrier within 30 seconds. The MS shall attempt to check the BSIC for each of the 6 strongest non-serving cell BCCH carriers at least every 30 seconds, to confirm that it is monitoring the same cell. If a change of BSIC is detected then the carrier shall be treated as a new carrier and the BCCH data re-determined. At least every 5 s the MS shall calculate the value of C1 and C2 for the serving cell and re-calculate C1 and C2 values for non-serving cells (if necessary). The MS shall then check whether: The path loss criterion (C1) for current serving cell falls below zero for a period of 5 seconds. This indicates that the path loss to the cell has become too high. The calculated value of C2 for a non-serving suitable cell exceeds the value of C2 for the serving cell for a period of 5 seconds, except xem thm 6.6.2 TS 05.08; Trng hp Multi-RAT MS xem chi tit ti mc 6.6.4 v 6.6.5 TS 05.08.

2.2

Mobile Originating Call


BTS MS Giao din v tuyn CCCH (RACH)/RR CHAN-REQ (reason, refer) Giao din Abis Giao din A

BSC VLR MSC

Ch thch

I/CCM/CHAN-RQD [CHAN-REQ, TA, FN] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, BS/MS-power, DTX] I/DCM/CHAN-ACTACK [Frame Number] I/CCM/IMM-ASS-CMD [TA, channel, refer, FN]

MS yu cu knh iu khin ( y l cho dch v MOC), BTS s gii m bn tin v tnh ton Time Advance Sau khi nhn c v x l CHAN-RQD, BSC bo cho BTS cc thng tin lin quan n knh ang c yu cu. BSC s gi cc thng tin v knh v tham chiu yu n BTS, BTS s gi n MS trn AGCH. MS s cn c vo tham chiu ca n tm ra ng IMM-ASS-CMD ca n
CR/BSSM/CL3I [CI, LAC, CM-SERVREQ]

CCCH (AGCH)/RR IMM-ASS-CMD [TA, channel, refer, FN] SDCCH/SABM/MM CM-SERV-REQ [MS DATA] SDCCH/UA/MM CM-SERV-REQ [MS DATA]

I/RLM/EST-IND CM-SERV-REQ [MS DATA]

Kt ni lp 2 LAPDm c kch hot. CM-SERV-REQ s mang cc thng tin v MS nh IMSI hoc TMSI CR ngoi vic ch cc thng tin ca CL3I, n cn yu cu thit lp kt ni SCCP.

CC [Connection Confirmed] DT1/DTAP AUTH-REQ [CKSN, RAND]

SDCCH/I/MM AUTH-REQ [CKSN, RAND] SDCCH/I/MM AUTH-RSP [SRES]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ [AUTH-REQ]

Nu MSC c th cp kt ni SCCP th CC s c gi v sau AUTH-REQ s c gi trn kt ni SCCP va c cp. MS sau khi nhn c v tnh ton da vo Ki trong SIM v RAND theo A3 s a ra SRES. VLR s so snh SRES va nhn c vi gi tr m HLR cung cp. Nu ng th MSC/VLR s gi xc nhn n MS Sau khi nhn thc thnh cng MSC/VLR chuyn sang ch mt m. Nu qu trnh ny c thc hin th khng cn xc nhn CM-SERV-ACC trn na

I/RLM/DATA-IND AUTH-RSP [SRES]

DT1/DTAP AUTH-RSP [SRES]

SDCCH/I/MM CM-SERV-ACC

I/RLM/DATA-REQ [CM-SERV-ACC]

DT1/DTAP CM-SERV-ACC

SDCCH/I/RR CIPH-MOD-CMD [A5/X] SDCCH/I/RR CIPH-MOD-COM

I/DCM//ENCR-CMD [Kc, CIPH-MOD-CMD]

DT1/BSSM CIPHER-MODECMD [Kc, A5/X]

I/DCM//ENCR-IND [CIPH-MOD-COM]

DT1/BSSM CIPHER-MODE-CMP

Hnh I.2.2.1: MOC. Nu nghn SDCCH. IMM-ASS-REJ s gi ti MS v sau T3122 khong 10 giy MS tip tc c php gi Channel Request

BTS BSC MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis Giao din A VLR MSC

Ch thch

SDCCH/I/MM IDENT-REQ [IMEI,] SDCCH/I/MM IDENT-RSP [IMEI,]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ IDENT-REQ [IMEI,]

DT1/DTAP IDENT-REQ [IMEI,..]

I/RLM/DATA-IND IDENT-RSP [IMEI,]

DT1/DTAP IDENT-RSP [IMEI,..] DT1/DTAP TMSI-REAL-CMD [TMSI]

Nu kim tra thit b c kch hot, MSC/VLR gi yu cu nhn dng thit b. Ch IDENT-REQ cng yu cu c TMSI hoc IMSI

SDCCH/I/MM TMSI-REAL-CMD [TMSI] SDCCH/I/MM TMSI-REAL-COM SDCCH/I/CC SETUP

I/RLM/DATA-REQ TMSI-REAlL-CMD [TMSI]

I/RLM/DATA-IND TMSI-REAlL-COM I/RLM/DATA-IND SETUP

Nu nhn dng thit b thnh cng, MSC/VLR s cp cho MS mt TMSI Sau khi nhn c TMSI th MS s gi xc minh n MSC.

DT1/DTAP TMSI-REAL-COM DT1/DTAP SETUP DT1/DTAP CALL-PROC DT1/BSSM ASS-REQ [Channel on A]

SDCCH/I/CC CALL-PROC

I/RLM/DATA-REQ CALL-PROC

SETUP mang s b gi c MS gi n MSC/VLR. Sau khi nhn c, MSC/VRL s gi IAM nu gi ra ISDN. Mng s xc nhn vic gi IAM bng CALL-PROC. MSC s gi ASS-REQ yu cu phn cng knh thoi giao din A cho lin kt ny.

I/DCM PHY-CONTEXT-REQ I/DCM PHY-CONTEXT-CONF [act, TA, MS+BS power] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, MS/BS power, DTX] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT-ACK [Frame Number] SDCCH/I/RR ASS-CMD [DATA on TCH] SDCCH/SABM SDCCH/UA SDCCH/I/RR ASS-COM I/RLM/DATA-REQ ASS-CMD [DATA on TCH]

Qu trnh phn cng knh TCH giao din v tuyn dng lm knh lu lng (knh mang thoi)

I/RLM/EST-IND

I/RLM/DATA-IND ASS-COM I/DCM/RE-CHAN-REL I/DCM/RE-CHANREL-ACK

DT1/BSSM ASS-COM

Thit lp kt ni lp 2 LAPDm i vi knh mi. ASS-COM xc nhn cho ASSREQ, lp 3 knh lu lng sn sng. BSC phng thch knh iu khin trc dng cho SETUP cuc gi.

Hnh I.2.2.2: MOC tip. Sau khi BSC gi ASS-CMD n s kch hot T10, nu qu hn T10 m cha nhn c ack t pha di (ASS-COM hoc ASS-FAI), BSC s gi ASS-FAIL ln MSC.

Ch ASS-FAIL v CRL-REQ v chc nng ging nhau (u phn nh c li hoc ack ln trn rng cn phng thch ti nguyn hoc thi khng thc hin thit lp kt ni na). Khc nhau ch ASS-FAIL c dng nu c li khi phn cng ti nguyn lc thit lp cuc gi. cn CLRREQ c thc hin khi li trong khi ang active kt ni (Xem I.3.2 vi cc Timer khc).
BTS MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis MSC Giao din A DT1/DTAP ALERT/PROGRESS

BSC

Ch thch
VLR

FACCH/I/CC ALERT/PROGRESS

I/RLM/DATA-REQ ALERT/PROGRESS

Khi MSC nhn c ACM/ ISUP th n s gi ALERT hoc PROGRESS n MS. Khi nhn c ANM t pha b gi, MSC/VRL gi CON n MS. MS s xc nhn li bng CON-ACK, khi MSC nhn c bn tin ny th qu trnh tnh cc c bt u.

FACCH/I/CC CON FACCH/I/CC CON-ACK FACCH/I/CC DISC [reason]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ CON

DT1/DTAP CON

I/RLM/DATA-IND CON-ACK I/RLM/DATA-IND DISC [reason]

DT1/DTAP CON-ACK DT1/DTAP DISC [reason] DT1/DTAP REL [reason]

FACCH/I/CC REL [reason] FACCH/I/CC REL-COM [reason]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ REL [reason]

Khi user ny nhn kt thc cuc gi, MS s gi DISC n MSC. MSC nhn c DISC, n s gi li REL.

I/RLM/DATA-IND REL-COM [reason]

DT1/DTAP REL-COM [reason]

Kt ni iu khin cuc gi c phng thch khi MSC nhn c REL-COM.

FACCH/I/RR CHAN-REL

I/RLM/DATA-REQ CHAN-REL I/DCM/DEACTSACCH

DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD [normal]

FACCH/DISC (LAPDm) FACCH/UA (LAPDm)

Phng thch cho knh lu lng giao din v tuyn, MSC gi CLR-CMD n BSC. MS gi DISC yu cu phng thch lp 2 LAPDm.
DT1/BSSM CLR-CMP

I/RLM/REL-IND

RLSD (Released) I/DCM/RF-CHAN-REL i/DCM/ RF-CH-REL-ACK

RLC

BSC yu cu TRX phng thch cc ti nguyn lin quan giao din v tuyn. RLSD yu cu phng thch kt ni SCCP

Hnh I.2.2.3: MOC tip i vi th tc phn cng ti nguyn knh trn giao din A, nu BSC nhn c ASS-REQ m nhn thy khng iu kin cp TCH giao din A, n s reject v gi ASS-FAIL ln MSC.

Nu cp c TCH, BSC s gi ASS-CMD v MS v khi to T10 i ack. Nu MS nhn c ASS-CMD nhng khng gii m ht c hoc v l do no khc m MS gi li ASS-FAI ln BSC, BSC nhn c ack ny hoc khi khng nhn c ack no khi T10 qu hn, n s gi ASSFAIL ln MSC. Trong qu trnh kt ni nu c li knh trn SDCCH hoc li trn TCH (c th do nh ngha full/half rate cha ng) BTS s gi CONN-FAIL ln BSC v phng thch lin kt v tuyn.

BSC VLR MSC Giao din A CR/BSSM/CL3I CM-SERV-REQ DT1/DTAP SETUP DT1/DTAP CALL-PROC ISUP/ACM DT1/DTAP ALERT/PROGRESS ISUP/ACM Address Complete Message ISUP/ANM Answer Message Giao din E GMSC ISDN ISDN Exchage

ISUP/IAM Initial Address Message

ISUP/IAM

ISUP/ANM DT1/DTAP CON DT1/DTAP CON-ACK

Active phase of call

DT1/DTAP DISC DT1/DTAP REL

ISUP/REL RELease

ISUP/REL ISUP/RLC Release CompLete

ISUP/RLC DT1/DTAP REL-COM

Hnh I.2.2.4: MOC ra ISDN / PSTN

Hnh I.2.2.5: Cc bc phn tch khi CLR-REQ vi ch dn Radio Interface Message Failure

Hnh I.2.2.6: Cc bc phn tch khi CLR-REQ vi ch dn Radio Interface Failure. Ch dn ny thng khi hin tng li Message xy ra nhiu trong khi setup hoc trong khi c HQ

Hnh I.2.2.7: Cc bc phn tch khi CLR-REQ vi ch dn Unavailable Equipment Failure

Hnh I.2.2.8: Cc bc phn tch khi ASS-FAIL vi cause Invalid Message-Terrestrial Circuit already allocated

Hnh I.2.2.9: Phn tch khi ASS-FAIL vi ch nh Resources unavailable Requested terrestrial resource unavailable Mt s trng hp do BSC gi nhiu CM-SERV-REQ ln MSC (cng 1 lc khi c mt CMSERV-REQ) c th s gy ra xung t, MSC s tr li CM-SERV-REJ. Mt s trng hp do li phn mm BTS, khin RE-RES-IND c gi i vi lp cch qung khc 120ms, c th xy ra 1 lot cc TRX thuc BTS, khin chng khng phc v c.

2.3

Mobile Terminating Call


BTS MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis Giao din A UDT/BSSM/PAGING [IMSI, (TMSI), CI]

BSC VLR MSC

Ch thch

CCCH (PCH)/RR PAG-REQ [TMSI/ IMSI] CCCH (RACH)/RR CHAN-REQ (reason, refer)

I/CCM/PAGING-CMD [Paging-Group, TMSI/ IMSI]

PAG-REQ s c gi cho cc cell trn vng LA ca MS b gi. MS nhn c PAG-REQ, n s yu cu phn cng knh iu khin. Sau khi nhn c v x l CHAN-RQD, BSC bo cho BTS cc thng tin lin quan n knh ang c yu cu. BSC s gi cc thng tin v knh v tham chiu yu n BTS, BTS s gi n MS trn AGCH. MS s cn c vo tham chiu ca n tm ra ng IMM-ASS-CMD ca n Kt ni lp 2 LAPDm c kch hot. CM-SERV-REQ s mang cc thng tin v MS nh IMSI hoc TMSI

I/CCM/CHAN-RQD [CHAN-REQ, TA, FN] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, BS/MS-power, DTX] I/DCM/CHAN-ACTACK [Frame Number] I/CCM/IMM-ASS-CMD [TA, channel, refer, FN]

CCCH (AGCH)/RR IMM-ASS-CMD [TA, channel, refer, FN] SDCCH/SABM/MM CM-SERV-REQ [MS DATA] SDCCH/UA/MM CM-SERV-REQ [MS DATA]

I/RLM/EST-IND CM-SERV-REQ [MS DATA]

CR/BSSM/CL3I [CI, LAC, CM-SERVREQ]

CR cn yu cu thit lp kt ni SCCP. Nu MSC c th cp kt ni SCCP th CC s c gi v sau AUTH-REQ s c gi trn kt ni SCCP va c cp. MS sau khi nhn c v tnh ton da vo Ki trong SIM v RAND theo A3 s a ra SRES. VLR s so snh SRES va nhn c vi gi tr m HLR cung cp. Nu ng th MSC/VLR s gi xc nhn n MS

CC [Connection Confirmed] DT1/DTAP AUTH-REQ [CKSN, RAND]

SDCCH/I/MM AUTH-REQ [CKSN, RAND] SDCCH/I/MM AUTH-RSP [SRES]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ [AUTH-REQ]

I/RLM/DATA-IND AUTH-RSP [SRES]

DT1/DTAP AUTH-RSP [SRES]

SDCCH/I/MM CM-SERV-ACC

I/RLM/DATA-REQ [CM-SERV-ACC]

DT1/DTAP CM-SERV-ACC

SDCCH/I/RR CIPH-MOD-CMD [A5/X] SDCCH/I/RR CIPH-MOD-COM

I/DCM//ENCR-CMD [Kc, CIPH-MOD-CMD]

DT1/BSSM CIPHER-MODECMD [Kc, A5/X]

I/DCM//ENCR-IND [CIPH-MOD-COM]

DT1/BSSM CIPHER-MODE-CMP

Sau khi nhn thc thnh cng MSC/VLR chuyn sang ch mt m. Nu qu trnh ny c thc hin th khng cn xc nhn CM-SERV-ACC trn na

Hnh I.2.3.1: MTC

BTS BSC MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis I/RLM/DATA-REQ IDENT-REQ [IMEI,] Giao din A VLR MSC

Ch thch

SDCCH/I/MM IDENT-REQ [IMEI,] SDCCH/I/MM IDENT-RSP [IMEI,]

DT1/DTAP IDENT-REQ [IMEI,..]

I/RLM/DATA-IND IDENT-RSP [IMEI,]

DT1/DTAP IDENT-RSP [IMEI,..] DT1/DTAP TMSI-REAL-CMD [TMSI]

Nu kim tra thit b c kch hot, MSC/VLR gi yu cu nhn dng thit b. Ch IDENT-REQ cng yu cu c TMSI hoc IMSI

SDCCH/I/MM TMSI-REAL-CMD [TMSI] SDCCH/I/MM TMSI-REAL-COM

I/RLM/DATA-REQ TMSI-REAlL-CMD [TMSI]

I/RLM/DATA-IND TMSI-REAlL-COM

Nu nhn dng thit b thnh cng, MSC/VLR s cp cho MS mt TMSI Sau khi nhn c TMSI th MS s gi xc minh n MSC. SETUP mang cc thng tin cho MS bit v cc iu kin k thut (nh Bearer). Sau khi nhn c SETUP, MS s tr li li bng CALL-CONF; nu MS khng th chp nhn yu cu Setup th REL-COM s c gi thay cho CALLCONF kt thc kt ni. MSC s gi ASS-REQ yu cu phn cng knh thoi giao din A cho lin kt ny.

DT1/DTAP TMSI-REAL-COM DT1/DTAP SETUP (connect detail)

SDCCH/I/CC SETUP SDCCH/I/CC CALL-CONF [OK]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ SETUP

I/RLM/DATA-IND CALL-CONF

DT1/DTAP CALL-CONF DT1/BSSM ASS-REQ [Channel on A]

I/DCM PHY-CONTEXT-REQ I/DCM PHY-CONTEXT-CONF [act, TA, MS+BS power] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, MS/BS power, DTX] I/DCM/CHAN-ACT-ACK [Frame Number] SDCCH/I/RR ASS-CMD [DATA on TCH] SDCCH/SABM SDCCH/UA SDCCH/I/RR ASS-COM I/RLM/DATA-REQ ASS-CMD [DATA on TCH]

Qu trnh phn cng knh TCH giao din v tuyn dng lm knh lu lng (knh mang thoi)

I/RLM/EST-IND

I/RLM/DATA-IND ASS-COM I/DCM/RE-CHAN-REL I/DCM/RE-CHANREL-ACK

Thit lp kt ni lp 2 LAPDm i vi knh mi. ASS-COM xc nhn cho ASSREQ, lp 3 knh lu lng sn sng.
DT1/BSSM ASS-COM

BSC phng thch knh iu khin trc dng cho SETUP cuc gi.

Hnh I.2.3.2: MTC tip. Sau khi BSC gi ASS-CMD n s kch hot T10, nu qu hn T10 m cha nhn c ack t pha di (ASS-COM hoc ASS-FAI), BSC s gi ASS-FAIL ln MSC

BTS MS

BSC VLR MSC

Ch thch

Giao din v tuyn FACCH/I/CC ALERT FACCH/I/CC CON

Giao din Abis

Giao din A

I/RLM/DATA-IND ALERT I/RLM/DATA-IND CON

DT1/DTAP ALERT DT1/DTAP CON DT1/DTAP CON-ACK

MS c chung sau khi phn cng c knh lu lng, ng thi gi ALERT ti MSC. Sau khi c chung, user nhc my, MS gi CON ln MSC; MSC gi ANM/ISUP ln ISDN ng thi gi li MS bn tin CON-ACK, qu trnh ghi cc MSC ny c bt u.

FACCH/I/CC CON-ACK

I/RLM/DATA-REQ CON-ACK

Active phase of the call DT1/DTAP DISC [reason]

FACCH/I/CC DISC [reason] FACCH/I/CC REL [reason]

I/RLM/DATA-REQ DISC [reason]

Khi user ch gi nhn kt thc cuc gi, MSC s gi DISC n MS b gi ny. MS s p tr bng REL.

I/RLM/DATA-IND REL [reason]

DT1/DTAP REL [reason] DT1/DTAP REL-COM [reason]

Kt ni iu khin cuc gi c phng thch khi MSC nhn c REL-COM.

FACCH/I/CC REL-COM [reason] SDCCH/I/RR CHAN-REL SDCCH/DISC (LAPDm) SDCCH/UA (LAPDm)

I/RLM/DATA-REQ REL-COM [reason] I/RLM/DATA-REQ CHAN-REL I/DCM/DEACTSACCH

DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD [normal]

Phng thch cho knh lu lng giao din v tuyn, MSC gi CLR-CMD n BSC. MS gi DISC yu cu phng thch lp 2 LAPDm. y thy s phng thch ring i vi t giao din mt.

I/RLM/REL-IND DT1/BSSM CLR-CMP I/DCM/RF-CHAN-REL RLSD (Released) i/DCM/ RF-CH-REL-ACK

RLC

BSC yu cu TRX phng thch cc ti nguyn lin quan giao din v tuyn. RLSD yu cu phng thch kt ni SCCP

Hnh I.2.3.3: MTC tip

BSC VLR MSC Giao din A Giao din C 1

HLR
GMSC Giao din C 2 UDT/BEGIN SendRoutingInfo

UDT/BEGIN ProvideRoamingNumber UDT/END ProvideRoamingNumber Giao din E

UDT/END SendRoutingInfo

UDT/BSSM PAGING

ISUP/IAM Initial Address Message

UDT/BSSM CIPHER-MODE-CMP DT1/DTAP SETUP DT1/DTAP CALL-CONF

DT1/DTAP ALERT DT1/DTAP CON DT1/DTAP CON-ACK

ISUP/ACM Address Complete Message ISUP/ANM Answer Message

Active phase of the call ISUP/REL Release ISUP/RLC Release Complete

DT1/DTAP DISC [reason] DT1/DTAP REL [reason] DT1/DTAP REL-COM [reason]

Hnh I.2.3.4: MTC xt ngoi NSS. Ch pha MSS ch gi sau Setup lun c qu trnh hi HLR va nh tuyn cuc gi mt khc kim tra cho php thc hin dch v

2.4

Handover HO thc hin chuyn radio channel (SDCCH or TCH) ang dng sang

another radio channel trong khi ang tn ti active connection gia MS v BTS (hiu rng kt ni lp 3, ang phc v dch v). 2.4.1. Measurement Results of BTS and MS C 2 nhm tham s: Cc kt qu MS o lng gm cc kt qu lin quan n active BTS v cc kt qu lin quan n neighbor cell. Cc kt qu o lng ca BTS. Cc gi tr mc nhn (RXLEV) v cht lng tn hiu nhn c (RXQUAL) u c cung cp c 2 trng hp trn. i vi o lng cho neighbor cell th ch mc nhn o c. Xem thm ti liu GSM 05.08.
Bng I.2.4.1.1: Input Parameters for Power Control and Handover Decision Measured Value RXLEV-FULLSERVING-CELL (6 bit 0 63dec) RXLEV-SUBSERVING-CELL (6 bit 0 63dec) RXQUAL-FULLSERVING-CELL (3 bit 0 7dec) RXQUAL-SUBSERVING-CELL (3 bit 0 7dec) Object BTS Explanation With what level does the MS receive the active BTS? This value is always provided but only relevant if no DTX is active in the downlink direction. With what level does the MS receive the active BTS? This value is always provided but only relevant if DTX is active in the downlink direction. How well (BER) does the MS receive the active BTS? The BER is determined by means of the Training Sequence Code. This value is always present but only relevant if no DTX is active in the downlink direction. How well (BER) does the MS receive the active BTS? The BER is determined by means of the Training Sequence Code. This value is always present but only relevant if DTX is active in the downlink direction With what level does the MS receive the neighbor cells (as indicated in SYS_INFO 2)? With what level does the BTS receive the MS? This value is always provided but only relevant if no DTX is active in the uplink direction. With what level does the BTS receive the MS? This value is always provided but only relevant if DTX is active in the uplink direction. How well (BER) does the BTS receive the MS? The BER is determined by means of the Training Sequence Code. This value is always present but only relevant if no DTX is active

BTS

BTS

BTS

RXLEV-NCELL 1 BTS N (6 bit 0 63dec) RXLEV-FULL-up MS (6 bit 0 63dec) RXLEV-SUB-up (6 bit 0 63dec) RXQUAL-FULL-up (3 bit 0 7dec) MS

MS

RXQUAL-SUB-up (3 bit 0 7dec)

MS

Timing Advance (6 bit 0 63dec)

MS

in the uplink direction. How well (BER) does the BTS receive the MS? The BER is determined by means of the Training Sequence Code. This value is always present but only relevant if DTX is active in the uplink direction. How far is the MS away from the BTS?

BTS BSC MS Giao din v tuyn SACCH/UI/RR MEAS_REP [DL message] SACCH [e.g., SYS_INFO 5 or 6] Giao din Abis VLR MSC Giao din A

Ch thch

UI/DCM/MEAS_RES [ UL message [MEAS_REP] I/DCM MS_POWER_CON I/DCM BS_POWER_CON 480 ms

SACCH/UI/RR MEAS_REP [DL message] SACCH [e.g., SYS_INFO 5 or 6]

C MS v BTS gi kt qu o lng ca n trong sut qu trnh cuc gi, mi 4 a khung 26 mt ln, trong MEAS_RES/ MEAS_REP n BSS

UI/DCM/MEAS_RES [ UL message [MEAS_REP]

Hnh I.2.4.1.1: MS thc hin o lng trong sut cuc gi

The MS measures the receiving level of that BTS, where an active connection exists (serving cell) plus the receiving level of the neighbor cells indicated in the SYS_INFO 2. The values of both RXLEV and RXQUAL are sent to the BSC in a MEAS_RES/MEAS_REP, as basis for a decision by the BSC on power control or handover. RXLEV values are coded the same way for uplink and downlink. A 5-bit-long, binary coded RXLEV value can directly be converted into a receiverlevel dBm. The procedure outlined in Table G.15 (RXLEV c th c gi tr t 0 n 63; 0 < 110 dBm; 63 > -48 dBm; gia -110 v -48 l cc bc nhy 1 dBm tng ng vi 1 n v gi tr RXLEV). S Neighbor Cell trong list max cho php 96 Neighbor Cell cn tn s ln cn max l 32 (TS 44.060). Ch MEAS_REP ch cha o lng cho mt list hu hn BSIC.

2.4.2. Intra-BTS Handover Thc hin HO trong BTS, MS chuyn knh TS sng TS khc thuc cng hoc TRX khc, c thc hin khi RXQUAL ti, RXLEV c th vn tt. Cc TRX phi ng b khi thc hin chuyn giao ng b ny.
BTS BSC MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis Giao din A VLR MSC

Ch thch

Active phase of the call using the old channel I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, BS/MS-Power, DTX] I/DCM/CHAN-ACTACK [Fame Number] I/RLM/DATA-REQ HND-CMD/ASS-CMD [HO Ref, TCH-data]

Cc kt qu o lng hin ti i vi knh lu lng ang dng i hi cn c Intra-BTS handover.BSC s ra quyt nh handover. BSC gi ASS-CMD hoc HND-CMD khi to IntraBTS handover. Cc bn tin ny cha 2 ni dung chnh: - TS v tn s ca knh mi - MS nhn din ra knh mi dnh cho n thng qua Ref.

FACCH/I/RR HND-CMD/ASS-CMD [HO Ref, TCH-data] HND-ACC [Handover Reference] HND-ACC [Handover Reference] HND-ACC [Handover Reference] HND-ACC [Handover Reference] FACCH/SABM

Max 4 ln khng sau ASS_CMD ch sau HND_CMD

handover ng b, ch nu MS nhn c HND-CMD th n s gi li BTS ti a l 4 bn tin HND-ACC.

I/RLM/EST-IND FACCH/UA FACCH/I/RR HND-COM/ASSCOM [HO Ref, TCH-data]

Kt ni LAPDm c thit lp

I/RLM/DATA-IND HND-COM/ASS-COM I/DCM/RE-CHAN-REL I/DCM/RE-CHANREL-ACK

DT1/BSSM HND-PERF

MS xc nhn handover thnh cng. Ch HND_COM c gi Cell c ch khng nh Intra MSC HO

BTS phng thch knh c.

Active phase of the call using the new channel

Hnh I.2.4.2.1: Synchronized Intra-BTS Handover. Sau khi gi HND-CMD, BSC kch hot T10, nu qu hn m n cha nhn c ack no th BSC s gi CLR-REQ ln MSC. Nu MS khng kt ni c vi Cell mi th n s gi HND_FAI n BTS.

2.4.3. Intra-BSC Handover Cng ging nh Intra-BSC-HO, th tc ny c RAN thc hin t ng ri bo ln Core. HO ny c th ng b hoc ko ng b. y ta xt HO khng ng b, s khc bit vi HO ng b ch PHYS_INFO s khng c BTS gi
BTS BSC MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis Active phase of the call using the old BTS To new BTS I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, BS/MS-Power, DTX] From new BTS I/DCM/CHAN-ACTACK [Fame Number] To old BTS FACCH/I/RR HND-CMD/ASS-CMD [HO Ref, TCH-data] HND-ACC [Handover Reference] PHYS-INFO [new Timing Advance] HND-ACC [Handover Reference] PHYS-INFO [new Timing Advance] I/RLM/DATA-REQ HND-CMD/ASS-CMD [HO Ref, TCH-data] Giao din A VLR MSC

Ch thch

Cc kt qu o lng hin ti i vi knh lu lng ang dng i hi cn c Intra-BSC handover.BSC s ra quyt nh handover. Kch hot knh lu lng BTS mi. BSC gi ASS-CMD hoc HND-CMD khi to IntraBTS handover. Cc bn tin ny cha 2 ni dung chnh: - TS v tn s ca knh mi - MS nhn din ra knh mi dnh cho n thng qua Ref.

i vi handover khng ng b th HND-ACC c gi n MS cho n khi ng b hoc n gii hn no .

FACCH/SABM I/RLM/EST-IND FACCH/UA FACCH/I/RR HND-COM

Kt ni LAPDm c thit lp

I/RLM/DATA-IND HND-COM/ASS-COM

DT1/BSSM HND-PERF

MS xc nhn handover thnh cng. Gi Cell c

I/DCM/RE-CHAN-REL I/DCM/RE-CHANREL-ACK Active phase of the call using the new BTS

BTS phng thch knh c.

Hnh I.2.4.3.1: Nonsynchronized Intra-BSC Handover. Sau khi gi HND-CMD, old BSC khch hot T8, nu qu hn T8 m n vn cha nhn c ack t pha MSC (bi CLR-CMD, hoc HND-FAI) th old BSC s phng thch kt ni. Nu MS khng kt ni c vi Cell mi th n s gi HND_FAI n BTS. Nu qu T3124 m MS cha nhn c Phys-Info th HO Fail.

2.4.4. Intra-MSC Handover


BTS BSC MS Giao din v tuyn Giao din Abis Active phase of call using the old BTS/BSC From old BSC DT1/BSSM HND-RQD [Target BTS, HO reason] DT1/BSSM HND-RQD [Target BTS, HO reason] DT1/BSSM HND-RQD [Target BTS, HO reason] To new BSC To new BTS I/DCM/CHAN-ACT [Type, BS/MS-Power, DTX] From new BTS I/DCM/CHAN-ACTACK [Frame Number] CR/BSSM/HND-REQ [current BTS/target BTS/channel on A] From new BSC CC (Conn. Conf.) [] DT1/BSSM HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD] To old BSC To old BTS From old BTS FACCH/I/RR HND-CMD [HO Ref, Channel-Info] To new BTS HND-ACC [handover reference] From new BTS PHYS-INFO [new timing advance] To new BTS HND-ACC [handover reference] From new BTS PHYS-INFO [new timing advance] To new BSC I/DCM/HND-DET [actual timing advance] From new BSC DT1/BSSM HND-DET [] I/RLM/DATA-REQ HND-CMD [HO Ref, Channel-Info] DT1/BSSM HND-CMD [HND-CMD for Um] Giao din A VLR MSC

Ch thch

Kt qu o lng cho thy cn handover. BSC gi yu cu handover ln MSC v cell lin quan khng thuc BSC c qun l.

MSC phn tch HND-RQD, ri gi HND-REQ n BSC mi phn cng knh Um v BTS lin quan. BTS mi xc nhn kch hot knh Um, BSC mi gi HND-CMD trong HND-REQACK.

MSC gi HND-CMD n BSC c, cha cc thng tin nhn dng HO ca MS v cc thng tin v tn s knh mi, TS, ng b ...

Khi MS nhn c HND-CMD trong trng hp handover cha ng b th HND-ACC c gi cho n khi ng b v ti a Ny1 ln. Khi BTS nhn c HND-ACC u tin, n s gi HND-DET ti MSC. Nhn c bn tin ny, MSC s kt ni vi BSC mi

Active phase of call using the new channel/BTS/BSC

Hnh I.2.4.4.1: Intra-MSC handover. Ch khong cch gia 2 ln HND-RQD cn ln hn T7. Ch lun phi tho iu kin khong cch gia 2 ln PHYS-INFO nh hn T3105.

BTS MS

BSC VLR MSC

Ch thch

Giao din v tuyn To new BTS

Giao din Abis

Giao din A

To new BSC FACCH/BSSM From new BTS FACCH/UA To new BTS FACCH/I/RR HND-COM From new BSC I/RLM/DATA-IND HND-COM DT1/BSSM HND-CMP To old BSC DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD From old BSC DT1/BSSM CLR-CMP To old BSC RLSD (Release) From old BSC RLC I/RLM/EST-IND []

Sau khi nhn c PHYSINFO, n thi gi HND-ACC v gi SABM n BTS thit lp kt ni LAPDm lp 2.

BSS mi hon thnh th tc handover

To old BTS I/DCM/RF-CHAN-REL To old BSC I/DCM/RF-CH-RELACK

MSC nhn c HND-CMP, n s gi yu cu phng thch cc ti nguyn v tuyn c c lin quan Kt ni SCCP giao din A vi BSC c c kt thc v gii phng cc ti nguyn c lin quan

Hnh I.2.4.4.1: Intra-MSC handover tip. Trong trng hp MS khng kt ni c vi Cell mi, n cng s gi HND_FAI v BTS c. Vi iu ch v qu trnh cc bn tin: MS sau khi chuyn giao hoc selection cell, n s da vo thng tin ng b Sync Info camping chnh xc vo knh. Trong qu trnh , nu idle n s gii m cc bn tin Sys Info BCCH ra c cc thng tin v serving cell, nu ang Dedicated th MS s gii m Sys Info 5 v 6 trn SACCH. Thng tin v tn s ch dng list gm c Serving v NB (nhng TS khng phi Serving s l NB). Ngoi ra MS s nhn c Sync CH Info cha thng tin ng b khung ca cc BSIC khc nhau. Cc BTS phi c ng b MS c th tnh ton chnh xc v gi HO Access khng gy xung t nu cn HO. MS s tnh ton mc thu ca 6 TS khe nht. Trn mi TS c nhng burst v MS d dng gii m c TSC. Ngha l BSIC ca NB m MS nhn c l thng tin do MS gii m, n c th khng nm trong danh sch NB list m mng khai bo. Do vy nu mng khai bo nhm BSIC nhng ng TS ca NB cng vn khin MS o nhng hon ton khng c lnh HO CMD khi cn thit. Thng tin Sync ch c ngha khi MS HO hoc Selection hoc Reselection [c kim chng trng hp HO CMP nhng cha nhn Sync. MR cha TS v BSIC khng nm trong danh sch Sys Info ca cell ngun, ch nm trong Sys Info ca cell ch].

2.4.5. Inter-MSC Handover and Subsequent Handover L handover m knh v tuyn mi thuc qun l ca MSC mi, MSC c s thng qua MAP iu khin cc knh ny cng di theo nh trng thi MS.
BSC A VLR MSC A Giao din A1 Active connection Handover required Giao din E MSC B Giao din A2 VLR BSC B

Ch thch
BSC A xc nh c MS handover n BSC MSC khc. HND-RQD cha CI, LAC ca cell HO thuc MSC mi. Sau khi nhn dng, MSC A s gi bn tin ti MSC B. VLR B s phn cng mt s HO tm thi MSC B gi HND-REQ-ACK, MSC A sau s gi IAM nhm thit lp knh lu lng gia MSC A v MSC B. S HO chnh l thng tin v a ch trong IAM. Sau khi nhn c ACM, MSC A s gi HND-CMD v pha MS Um, MS thc hin HO vi BTS mi. BSS B ch nh iu bng cch gi HND-DET khi n nhn c HND-ACC t MS Sau khi knh lu lng gia 2 MSC c kt ni th MSC B s gi ANM ng thi s HO cng c gii phng khi MSC B

DT1/BSSM HND-RQD

UDT/BEGIN prepareHandover [HND-REQ]

CR/BSSM/ HND-REQ CC (connection conf) DT1/BSSM HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD]

UDT/CON prepareHandover [HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD]] ISUP/IAM ISUP/ACM DT1/BSSM HND-CMD UDT/CON processAccSignaling [HND-DET]

DT1/BSSM HND-DET

ISUP/ANM

Active connection after Inter-MSC handover from BSS A MSC A MSC B BSS B MS

DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD [HO succ] DT1/BSSM CLR-CMP RLSD (Release)

UDT/CON sendEndSignal [HND-CMP]

DT1/BSSM HND-CMP

Nhn c HND-CMP t BSS B hoc MSC B, MSC A s gi CLR-CMD gii phng kt ni v tuyn c ca user

Gii phng kt ni SCCP


RLC

Hnh I.2.4.5.1: inter-MSC handover

BSC A VLR MSC A Giao din A1 Giao din E MSC B Giao din A2 VLR

BSC B

Ch thch
BSC B ch cho MSC B bit rng cell mi ph hp nm MSC A (s HO khng c phn cng v y khng cn thit lp knh lu lng gia 2 MSC.

Active connection after Inter-MSC handover from BSS A MSC A MSC B BSS B MS

DT1/BSSM HND-REQ CC (Conn Conf) DT1/BSSM HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD] DT1/BSSM HND-DET

UDT/CON prepareSubseqentHO [HND-REQ]

CR/BSSM HND-RQD

UDT/CON prepareSubseqentHO [HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD]]

DT1/BSSM HND-CMD

MSC A gi HND-REQ-ACK, MSC B cha HND-CMD thc hin handover tr li MSC c.

Connection is again controlled by MSC A

DT1/BSSM HND-CMP

UDT/END sendEndSignal [HND-CMP] ISUP/REL ISUP/RLC

DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD [HO succ] DT1/BSSM CLR-COM

Khi MSC A nhn c HNDCMP, n thc hin gii phng cc ti nguyn v tuyn c c lin quan.

RLSD (Release)

Gii phng kt ni SCCP


RLC

Hnh I.2.4.5.2: inter-MSC handover tip (HO tr li MSC c)

BSC A VLR MSC A Giao din A1 Giao din E1 MSC B Giao din E2 VLR MSC C Giao din A2 VLR

BSC C

Active connection after Inter-MSC handover MS BSS B MSC B MSC A

DT1/BSSM HND-RQD

UDT/BEGIN prepareHandover [HND-REQ]

UDT/BEGIN prepareHandover [HND-REQ]

CR/BSSM/ HND-REQ CC (connection conf) DT1/BSSM HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD]

UDT/CON prepareHandover [HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD]] ISUP/IAM ISUP/ACM DT1/BSSM HND-CMD UDT/CON prepareHandover [HND-REQ-ACK [HND-CMD]] UDT/CON processAccSignaling [HND-DET] ISUP/ANM

DT1/BSSM HND-DET DT1/BSSM HND-CMP

Active connection after Inter-MSC handover MS BSS C MSC C MSC A

DT1/BSSM CLR-CMD [HO succ] DT1/BSSM CLR-CMP RLSD (Release) RLC

UDT/END sendEndSignal [HND-CMP] ISUP/REL ISUP/RLC

UDT/CON sendEndSignal [HND-CMP]

Hnh I.2.4.5.2: inter-MSC handover tip (HO tip sang MSC th 3)