2009 Metrobank-MTAP-DepEd Math Challenge National Finals, Fourth-Year Level 4 April 2009 Questions, Answers

, and Solutions Questions
Team Oral Competition 15-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. If 361−x = 6x , find x. 2. The larger angles of a rhombus are double the smaller angles. The length of the shorter diagonal is 10 cm. What is the perimeter of the rhombus? 3. If the price of a diamond varies as the square of its weight, and a diamond weighing 2 grams is worth P10,000, what is the value of a 10-gram diamond? 4. A bottle of Refreshing Monster Crush (RMC) makes enough drink to fill sixty glasses when it is diluted in the ratio 1 part RMC to 4 parts water. How many glasses of drink would a bottle of RMC make if they are diluted in the ratio 1 part RMC to 6 parts water? 5. If |x − 2| = a and x < 2, what is x − a? 6. Two circles lying in the same plane have the same center. The radius of the larger circle is twice the radius of the smaller. The area of the region between the circles is 7 cm2 . What is the area of the larger circle? 7. The angles of a triangle are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3. The shortest side is 6 cm long. Find the area (in terms of π ) of the circle that circumscribes this triangle. 8. What is the sum of the digits of the decimal expansion of the product 22009 · 52013 ? 9. A boys’ club decides to build a cabin. The job can be done by 3 skilled workmen in 4 days or by 5 of the boys in 6 days. How long will it take if all work together? 10. The sides of one triangle have lengths 3, 8, and x, while the sides of a second triangle have lengths 3, 8, and y . What is the smallest positive number that can not be a value of |x − y |? 30-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. Define an operation “ ” as follows: a b =
ab+2a+b+2 . 2a

What is 29 288?

Her total pay that day is equivalent to 12 hours at her regular hourly salary. 2009. how many bars does she get through in xy weeks? 6. A fair die is tossed three times. If ∠DAC = 90◦ . What is her required number of working hours each day? √ 5. The ratio of the areas of two similar right triangles is 4 : 5. If 322a = 2 . Lee borrowed P25. let D be a point on side BC such that AD = BD. How long is AC ? 60-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. Find the amount he paid. If sin θ = 3 . Let DP cut AC at point Q. Maintaining this rate. 12x. If AQ = 6 cm. If f (x) = (x + 3)x+2 (x + 1)x . and DB = 40 cm.2. each at 150% of her regular hourly pay. what is ∠BAD? 3. In ABC . Compute the length of a side of the rhombus. The area of a rhombus is 300 in2 . For |x| ≥ 2. and paid it back with interest at 5% on March 10. and the lengths of its diagonals are in the ratio of 2 : 3. and P be a point on segment AB such that AP : P B = 2 : 3. what is AC ? 4. and 2x3 − 2x2 ? 4. What is the distance between these two points? 2. Individual Oral Competition 15-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. CB = CD = 10 13 cm. with AB = AC . 2008. After working for the required number of hours. Melanie eats x bars of chocolate every y days. Let ABCD be a parallelogram. what is the maximum value of y in y = 3x − x2 ? 5.000 on March 10. The parabola whose equation is 8y = x2 meets the parabola whose equation is x = y 2 at two points. what is the probability that at least one “1” is tossed? 5. Mr. how long is the hypotenuse of the larger triangle? . If the legs of the smaller triangle are 3 cm and 4 cm long. Mary Lou works 4 hours overtime. what is | cot θ|? 4. what is a? 2 3. what is the average of 2x2 − 11x. Let ABCD be a convex quadrilateral with AB = AD = 25 cm. If x = 3. Given that the sum of the first two tosses equals the third. 1 2. then what is f (0) + f (1) + f (2)? 3.

If they met one Tuesday afternoon. Let E and F be points on sides AB and AC . 4. Find the larger number. 3. What should the correct answer be? 30-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. Find the second term of the geometric progression. Find DC . the sum of their ages was 44. Instead. and then divide the sum by 5. An arithmetic progression and a geometric progression have the same first term. Did she lose or gain? By how much? 2. He came up with the wrong answer of 9. of ABC such that EF is parallel to BC . Ten years ago. respectively. 5. Solve for x: log 6 + x log 4 = log 4 + log(32 + 4x ). Two negative numbers differ by 3 and their squares differ by 63. but the second term of the arithmetic progression exceeds the second term of the geometric progression by 2. Aling Rosa bought 12 dozen oranges at P45 per dozen. In ABC . If 4 ≤ x ≤ 6 and 2 ≤ y ≤ 3. and the ratio of the lengths of the internal segment AB to the external segment P A is 3 : 1. If EF = 4 in. She found 18 bad oranges. he first added 5. How old is his son now? 3. and then divided the sum by 4. AC = 20 cm. . The tangent is 14 cm long. what is the area of the quadrilateral BEF C ? 60-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. AB = 18 cm. which is 4. on what day will they possibly meet again? 8. what is the minimum value of (x − y )(x + y )? 10. and BC = 9 cm. Find all real numbers a such that a4 − 15a2 − 16 = 0 and a3 + 4a2 − 25a − 100 = 0. BC = 6 in. Ricky was told to add 4 to a certain number. 4. Let D be a point on side BC such that AD bisects ∠A. T P A B 2. while Chris after every 6 days. Bill goes to this barbershop after every 8 days. Tangent P T and secant P AB are drawn to a circle from an external point P .7. and the area of AEF is 10 in2 . what is the smaller angle between the segments joining the center to the 2 o’clock and to the 7 o’clock marks? 9. Their third terms are also equal. Two times the father’s age is 8 more than six times his son’s age. Find P B . Bill and Chris have the same favorite barbershop. and she sold the rest of them at 6 oranges for P25. On the clock’s face.

2. Solve for x: xx x = (x x) . find the value of k . and 6 is a factor of 30. Write your answer on the space before the corresponding number. and P (4) = 5. he must travel at an average rate of 10 kph faster. A line x = k intersect both the graphs of y = log5 x and y = log5 (x +4). A man calculates that if he continues at the present speed. to drive the remaining 100 km of his trip. Each correct answer earns 2 points. Find the value of P (6). then Jake will have P1 less than Ella. If log2 x = a. 7. 8. 12. A bag contains 3 white and 5 black balls. In rectangle ABCD. 14. Through the points of division. Solve for a: 41+a = ( 3 ) . Ella has three-fourths as much money as Jake.5. AD = 1. The area of a right triangle and the length of its hypotenuse are both numerically equal to 5. and DB and DP trisect ∠ADC . 4. 1. P (3) = 3. What was his score on the second test? 5. The word “thirty” has six letters. If the distance 1 between these points of intersection is 2 . what is log4 2x + log8 x2 in terms of a? 9. Solve the equation 3x3 + x2 − 15x − 5 = 0. 13. A diameter of a circle is 24 cm long and is divided into parts that are in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3. 6. His score on the third test was 4 marks higher than his score on the second test. If two balls are drawn in succession without replacement. Mark’s average score on three tests was 84. Find the lengths of the chords. What is his present speed? . His score on the first test was 90. If Jake gives one-half of his money to Ella. Simplify: 2 3 1 +3 · 3 4 1 ÷ 84 . he will arrive 30 minutes late. How much had each at first? Individual Written Competition PART I. Determine the perimeter of BDP . What are the lengths of its legs? √ √ x 11. How many of the numbers from one up to twenty have this curious property? 1 1−a 3. P (2) = 2. A cubic polynomial P is such that P (1) = 1. P is on side AB . what is the probability that both balls are black? 10. and Ella gives Jake one-fifth of what she has then. chords are drawn perpendicular to the diameter. In order to arrive on time.

AB = 30. Each correct and complete solution earns 5 points. The sum of the lengths of the three sides of a right triangle is 18. If E is the midpoint of BC . Suppose that the roots of x3 + 3x2 + 4x − 11 = 0 are a. 4. Determine the value(s) of k such that the system of equations   x+y =1 x2 + y 2 = 2  3 x + y3 = k has at least one solution. Give a complete and neat solution. find x and y . Alex says Barbara broke it. determine the solutions. If x2 − y 2 = 495. Let D be a point such that the segment AD bisects side BC and that ∠ADB is right. Who broke the toy? PART II. and BC = 15. . Find the value of t. and c + a. BE = 6. ∠C is trisected by segments CF and CE . √ √ √ 3. In rectangle ABCD. where E is on AB . Find the area of the triangle. Find the area of the rectangle. Only the guilty child was lying. b. For such k . Claire and David say they do not know who broke it. 1. Barbara says Claire broke it. 1. The sum of the squares of the lengths of the three sides is 128. Each correct and complete solution earns 3 points.15. AC = 6. determine the ratio AE : AD. where y is the number obtained by reversing the digits of x. and AF = 2. PART III. Four children are arguing over a broken toy. and c. F on AD. 2. Express P Q in terms of AB and CD. 3. The median M N cuts the diagonal AC at P and the diagonal BD at Q. b + c. and that the roots of x3 + rx2 + sx + t = 0 are a + b. Give a complete and neat solution. where CD > AB . 2. Let ABCD be a trapezoid with bases AB and CD. 5. Let x and y be two 2-digit integers. In ABC . Solve the equation 1 + 68x−4 = 21x−2 .

6 30-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. 5762 3. 150 2. 2 30-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. Friday cm 8. 5 13 in Individual Oral Competition 15-SECOND QUESTIONS √ 1.000 4.Answers and Solutions Team Oral Competition 15-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. 21 cm 4. −4 2. 2 5 2.250 1 2. 7x2 6. 12. cm 4. 12 5 days 2. 84 5. 36π cm2 8. 90 19 60-SECOND QUESTIONS 1. 6 5. P250. 40 cm cm2 10. 30◦ 3. 15 years old 3. 19 4. 7 10. 28 3 7. 5 2 5. 3 4. 45 cm 60-SECOND QUESTIONS √ 1. 150◦ 9. 7 4. 2 3 3. 13 9. 3 5 √ 5. √ 5 5 2 7. 8 5. − 10 3. Jake has P4. while Ella has P3. 28 cm 3. P26. −9 5.5 in2 . Aling Rosa lost P15. 2. 2 − 2a 6.

− 5 PART II √ 1. A 2 F E 6 B D C . ln 4+ln 3 ln 3−ln 4 √ 6. 108 3 − 36 Since ∠BCE = 30◦ . b ∈ {1. 1 9 2. 79 √ √ 1 5. and − 17. . . where a. the roots of the original equation are which has roots 1 4 √ √ 2. Then the given equation is equivalent to 1 + 68a2 = 21a. Thus. x = 32 and y = 23 Let x = 10a + b and y = 10b + a. 1 + 5 8. =⇒ a = 3 and b = 2 Thus. Thus. we also get √ √ √ √ CD = 6 3 − 2 cot 30◦ = 6 3 − 2 3 = 18 − 2 3. ± 17 5 14 14. 2. √ It follows that F D = 6 3 − 2. 2. Since ∠DCF = 30◦ . 5 and 2 5 Let a = x−2 . 2 + +7 a 6 4. . 9. −2. since a = x−2 . x = ±2. using right triangle BCE . 9}. 40 kph 15. Then x2 − y 2 = (x − y )(x + y ) = 495 implies that 9(a − b) · 11(a + b) = 495 It follows that a−b=1 a+b=5 =⇒ (a − b)(a + b) = 5. 9 4 and 1 √ 4 3 3 12. we have x = 32 and y = 23. 3 3. the area of ABCD is √ √ √ BC · CD = 6 3 · 18 − 2 3 = 108 3 − 36. 8 5 cm and 24 cm √ 7.Individual Written Competition PART I 1. . 1 and 17 . − 3 . Barbara √ √ 10. 16 13. 5. 1 2 11. √ 3. 17. we get √ BC = 6 cot 30◦ = 6 3. using right triangle DCF .

4. that 1 AB . we know that M N = 1 (AB + CD). P Q = 1 2 By the Midsegment Theorem for Trapezoids. Thus. we must also have k = x3 + y 3 = (x + y )(x2 − xy + y 2 ) = (1)(2 − xy ). 1 To solve for the solutions of the system. since M N AB . 2 − 2 3 . we get MQ = NP = 2 A O M Q P N B D C 1 1 1 P Q = M N − M Q − N P = (AB + CD) − 2 · AB = (CD − AB ). 5 + 7) and ( a. Thus. 5 − 7). y ) = + 3. In √ √ 5 + 7 5 − 7 = 9 square units. both solutions. solutions: 2 1 2 − 1 2 √ 1 1√ 3. b) = 5 − 7. the area of the right triangle is 1 2 (CD − AB ) 5. 9 square units Let a and b be the lengths of the legs and c the length of the hypotenuse of the right triangle. k = 5 . 2 2 2 PART III 1. 2 + 2 3 and 1 2 + 1 2 √ 1 1√ 3. we get (x. + 3 and ( x. respectively. 2 − 2 3 From the first two equations. x(1 − x) = − Thus. (5) √ √ √ √ which has two solutions: (a. and so xy = 2 − k . P 2 and Q are the midpoints of AC and BD. in order that the system admits at least one solution. Then  (1)  a + b + c = 18 a2 + b2 + c2 = 128 (2)  2 2 2 a +b =c . the above system of equations reduces to a + b = 10 (4) 2 2 a + b = 64. by the Midsegment Theorem for Triangles. we have 1 = (x + y )2 = x2 + 2xy + y 2 = 2 + 2xy. 2 On the other hand. Moreover. It follows. 1 Combining the two expressions for xy above. b ) = (5 + 7 . which implies that xy = − 1 . (3) Equations (2) and (3) give c = 8. which gives us 5 k = 2. we use the first equation and xy = − 2 . we have 2 − k = − 2 . 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 =⇒ x= . y ) = 1 2 1 1√ 1 1√ − 3 or x = + 3 2 2 2 2 √ 1 1√ √ 1 1√ 1 1 −1 3 .

2AB · BC 20 2 15 30 Again. we obtain AE : AD = 19 : 27. we also have x3 + rx2 + sx + t = [x − (a + b)][x − (b + c)][x − (a + c)]. We first note that A. and so 2 √ 57 + 30 − 15 AE 2 + AB 2 − BE 2 27 190 4 4 √ cos ∠BAE = = . E . we know that x3 + 3x2 + 4x − 11 = (x − a)(x − b)(x − c) = x3 − (a + b + c)x2 + (ab + bc + ac)x − abc. On the other hand. and D are collinear. and abc = 11. 4 √ which gives AE = 1 57. It follows that a + b + c = −3. we get AE 2 = AB 2 + BE 2 − 2AB √· BE cos √ ∠ABC √ 15 15 13 2 = 30 + − 2 30 · · 4 2 20 57 = . The main tool in the following argument is the Law of Cosines.2. 380 38 . √ = 57 2AE · AB 380 2· 2 · 30 It follows that AD = AB cos ∠BAE = Thus. It follows that t = = = = = 3. √ √ √ 27 190 27 57 30 · = . ab + bc + ac = 4. A E D B The Law of Cosines applied to ABC gives √ AB 2 + BC 2 − AC 2 30 + 15 − 6 13 2 cos ∠ABC = = √ √ = . when the Law of Cosines is applied to ABE . 23 By Factor Theorem. 19 : 27 C −(a + b)(b + c)(a + c) −[ab2 + ac2 + ba2 + bc2 + ca2 + cb2 + 2abc] −[(a + b + c)(ab + bc + ac) − 3abc + 2abc] −[(−3)(4) − 11] 23.

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