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What is Securities • Shares,Stocks,Debentures • Bonds,Marketable Securities • Interest or dividend from securities • Issued by Body Corporate • Government
FI • Unorganised Money Lenders Indigenous Bankers .Securities .Types • Organised • Unorganised • Organised Securities Loans from Banks.
Securities .Actors • • • • Regulators Department of Company Affairs Stock Exchanges SEBI Merchant Bankers .
Commodities Financial Assets Shares.Interest on securities etc .Silver.Debentures.Gold.Assets Types of Assets: Physical Assets Real Estate.Securities .Mutual Funds.Bonds.
Represents the Owners Funds .Equity Shares .Preference Shares • What is Equity Share .Shares • What is a Share -Share Represents Ownership Capital • Types of Shares .
Preference Share • What is a Preference Share Represents owners with priority to get Dividend and Repayment of Capital Types of Preference Shares. a) Cumulative b) Non Cumulative c) Participating Preference Shares d) Redeemable Preference Shares .
. – Secondary Market Where the existing securities are actively bought and sold.Markets • Primary Market Where the securities are issued for the first time by company.Govt etc.
private placement • Secondary Market Buying and selling of shares. Rights Issue.Bonds.Markets Primary Market • Public Issue.Debentures. .
Listing • What is Listing . It helps the company shares to be bought and sold • How to Buy Shares & Sell Shares . A Broker can be an individual person of firm .Listing is putting the Company Name in the Stock Exchange.Shares can be bought and sold through an intermediary or a person called Broker.
The object is to make profit on selling.A person who buys shares and keeps it with him to sell after a certain period.Shares can be held in the form of a physical certificate called Share Certificate or in an electronic form called as Demat. • How shares are held by an Investor . .Investors • Who is an Investor .
Key Ratios .Dividend payment for the last 3 years .Sensitive Market News (Subjective) .Know the Company and its promoters .Key Investor Points • Points to be taken care of by an Investor .Profitability for the Last 3 Years . .Know the related Companies.
c) PE Ratio= Market price of the share/EPS . EPS. b) Earning per Share(EPS)= Net profit/Total number of shares in the company. PE a) Book Profit Ratio= Share Capital +Reserves/Total number of shares in the company.BP.