Chapter 1, part 2

The Job of Systems Analyst Primary Role: to study the problems and needs of an organization in order to determine how people, methods, and information technology can best be combined to bring about organizational improvement. Placement in the Organization: see figure 1-10 Systems Development is a Team Effort: 1. 2. 3. Diversity in perspective supports better problem solution Diversity in skills supports better solution implementation Diversity in organizational representation supports better user acceptance of organizational change

A good systems analyst must be able to manage change successfully. Skills Requirements: 1. 2. 3. 4. Analytical skills to identify and solve problems Technical skills to understand how technology can be used effectively Management skills to be able to manage people and projects Interpersonal skills to be able to work with diversity

Note: most IT people are not systems analysts Types of Systems: figure 1-12 and table 1-3 The SDLC: 1. 2. The SDLC is an iterative process The SDLC is an ongoing process

See figure 1-13

3. reports Phase 4 – System Implementation and Operation 1. 2. entry forms d) specific output data elements and structures. 2. 3. 4. Create a logical design of the system (what the system does) Create a physical design of the system (how the system does it) a) specific hardware b) specific software (operating system.SDLC Phases: Phase 1 . 2. 2. and install the hardware and the software Test the entire system Documentation and user training On-going system improvements (system maintenance) Prototyping: 1. test. 4.Systems Planning and Selection: 1. 2. programming languages. 3. Analyze the current processes and systems within the scope Determine the requirements to satisfy the change Determine alternative designs to satisfy the requirements Choose the best alternative with regard to cost/benefit Phase 3 – Systems Design 1. read chapter 5 . software packages) c) specific input data elements and structures. Code. As a RAD methodology (rapid application development) As a requirements tool See figure 1-17 Assignment – Discussion Question 1 on page 29. 4. Identify a need for change or an opportunity for improvement Determine the feasibility of the change in the organization Determine the scope of the change Determine a project plan Phase 2 – Systems Analysis 1.

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