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2d Hv Generators Megger Test Procedure 5

2d Hv Generators Megger Test Procedure 5

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Published by Mertoiu Gabriel
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Published by: Mertoiu Gabriel on Jul 10, 2013
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01/08/2014

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HIGH VOLTAGE 6,6 KV GENERATORS INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST PROCEDURE
IT IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT OF FOLLOWING CORRECT PROCEDURES WHILE WORKING WITH HIGH VOLTAGE. AN ERROR WOULD MOST PROBABLY BE FATAL WORKING ON A HIGH VOLTAGE SWITCHBOARD. LIKE ALL THE OTHER WORKS WITH HIGH VOLTAGE, TWO PERSONS ARE ALWAYS REQUIRED, WITH AT LEAST ONE ELECTRICIAN WITH A HIGH VOLTAGE TRAINING COURSE. THE INSULATION RESISTANCE TEST OF ALTERNATORS CAN BE DONE FROM HV SWITCHBOARDS OR LOCALLY FROM GENERATOR SIDE BY REMOVING HV TERMINAL CONNECTION COVER AT PORT SIDE OF ALTERNATORS. WITH A VALID MEGGER TESTER, 1000 VOLTS MUST BE APPLIED AND INSULATION READING MUST BE AT LEAST 5 Mohms IN ORDER TO SAFELY CONNECT THE GENERATOR AS PER MAKER’S INSTRUCTIONS. IT IS PREFERABLE IF 2500 VOLTS CAN BE APPLIED FROM THE MEGGER TESTER TO THE GENERATOR AND THIS TIME AN ACCEPTABLE RESULT HAS TO BE AT LEAST 100 Mohms. TURBINE GENERATOR 1. PRIOR TO ANY MOVEMENT THE GENERATOR TURBINE MUST BE SECURED AS IN COLD STATE. THE STEAM VALVES FOR TURBO GENERATORS AND THE AIR VALVE FOR DIESEL GENERATOR MUST BE CLOSED AND SECURED. PRE-LUBE OIL PUMP MAY OPERATE IN MANUAL WHILE TURNING GEAR OF GENERATOR TO BE STOPPED AND SWITCHED OFF FROM THE LOCAL PANEL PROVIDING THAT THE VACUUM IN THE TURBINE CASING IS ZERO. FINALLY TURN OFF SUPERVISORY PANEL OF GENERATOR. IT IS A GOOD PRACTICE THAT A WARNING SIGN SUCH AS “DO NOT OPERATE – HIGH VOLTAGE WORK IN PROGRESS” TO BE PLACED IN THE GENERATOR’S SIDE AND IN THE ECR WORK STATIONS PICTURE-1

6 KV SWITCHBOARDS TECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION CERTIFICATES. VOLUME 2 of 3. ACCORDING TO THE ABB INSTRUCTION MANUAL THE VCB MUST BE TOTALLY REMOVED BY USING THE SPECIAL TOOL. THE FUSES SHOULD BE PULLED OUT OR AT LEAST BE TAGGED OUT WITH A NOTICE “DO NOT OPERATE” OR SIMILAR.6 KV SWITCHBOARD MANUAL.PA GE 2 of 5 AVR 2. AVR TO BE SWITCHED FROM “AUTO” TO “OFF” PICTURE-2 VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER 3. THE PROCEDURE OF THE WITHDRAWAL AND INSERTION MUST ALWAYS BE CARRIED OUT WITH THE CIRCUIT BREAKER OPENED AND THE SPRING MECHANISM DISCHARGED. PROVIDING THAT VCB WILL BE PULLED AT THE FULL OUT POSITION. BOOK 1 of 8. BOOK 6 of 8. PICTURE-3 IMPORTANT REMARK: TO MEASURE THE INSULATION RESISTANCE FROM HV SWITCHBOARD SIDE. PLACE THE HANDLE TOOL AND ROTATE COUNTER-CLOCKWISE TO ROLL OUT THE ALTERNATOR BREAKER IN TEST POSITION. 6. EM-04 VOL 2 BOOK 1 . EM-04 VOL 2 BOOK 6 VOLUME 2 of 3. TURN OFF AVR POWER SUPPLY FOR THE CORRECT GENERATOR. THE PROCEDURE FOR THE VCB REMOVAL IS DESCRIBED IN THE ABB MANUALS. 6.

TO ACTIVATE THE EARTH INTERLOCK COIL PRESS ENTER ON THE REM UNTIL TO HIGHLIGHT “ES” THEN PRESS “I”. THE GROUNDING SWITCH MECHANISM IS NOW FREE TO BE ENGAGED. ENSURE THAT ON THE REM GROUNDING INDICATION IS ON. A SHORT CLICK IN THE EARTH SWITCH INTERLOCK COIL WILL BE HEARD AND WILL CHANGE TO “CLOSE”.“No1 T G GROUNDING” REMOVE HANDLE TOOL. ROTATE CLOCKWISE 180 DEGREES.PAGE 3 of 5 EARTH INTERLOCK 4. PICTURE-4 GROUNDING MECHANISM 5. ALSO A WARNING ALARM WILL BE ACTIVATED IN THE IAS MONITORS E. DELAY TO ENGAGE GROUNDING SWITCH MECHANISM WILL CAUSE THE “ES” EARTH INTERLOCK COIL TO RETURN TO OPEN STATE. A HEAVY CLACK SOUND IS ALWAYS COMING DUE TO THE ENGAGEMENT. PICTURE-5 .G. LOCK WITH THE KEY AND KEEP IT INSIDE YOUR POCKET. UN-LOCK WITH THE KEY AND INSERT THE HANDLE TOOL INTO THE SLOT.

UN-LOCK WITH THE KEY AND INSERT-ROTATE HANDLE TOOL COUNTER-CLOCKWISE 180 DEGREES PLACING GROUND SWITCH BACK TO THE ORIGINAL POSITION. GO BACK TO MAIN SWITCHBOARD AND DO THE ABOVE STEPS REVERSELY. GENERATOR WILL BE UN-GROUNDED AND PHASE IS READY FOR MEGGER TESTING PICTURE-7 . DO A VOLTAGE TEST WITH THE HIGH VOLTAGE TESTER. REMEMBER TO DO A FUNCTION TEST OF THE TESTER BOTH TIMES BEFORE AND AFTER THE ACTUAL TEST CONNECT MEGGER TESTER TERMINALS ONE ON THE SHIP’S METALLIC STRUCTURE AND THE OTHER TO ONE PHASE U PICTURE-6 7. SELECT “ES” ON THE REM AND PRESS “CLOSE” IN ORDER TO OPEN EARTH INTERLOCK COIL. AS A RULE REMEMBER THAT HIGH VOLTAGE EQUIPMENT SHOULD BE CONSIDERED ALIVE UNTIL TO ESTABLISH VISIBLE EARTH OF THE WORK PLACE.PAGE 4 of 5 VOLTAGE AND MEGGER TESTING 6. REMOVE HV SIDE TERMINAL CONNECTION BOX COVER OF THE GENERATOR TO BE TESTED.

CT5. U3. IF IT IS NECESSARY TO TAKE MORE PRECAUTIONS THEN DO IT……………………………………………………………. N12. U23. CT8. W2. CT6. FOR THE DIESEL GENERATOR: CABLES AT TERMINALS U12. C5A. FOR THE TURBO GENERATORS: CABLES AT TERMINALS U2. REPEAT STEPS FROM [4 – 8] TO MEGGER TEST THE SECOND PHASE V AND SO ON.PAGE 5 of 5 8. W13. N2. CT4. V12. C6. IF EVER NEEDED A MEGGER TEST TO BE DONE USING MORE THAN 6000 VOLTS THEN FOLLOWING PROCEDURE MUST ALSO BE FOLLOWED. ………………………NEVER GET CLOSE TO HIGH VOLTAGE……………………… . C5. C6A. V23. W12. CT6. V22. U13. C6B. TO BE DISCONNECTED. W22. CT5. (DWG N-530069E2B-11) SEE DRAWING 02. CT7. SEE DRAWING 01. CT9. W23. (DWG N-530069E1B-11). U22.. CT4. CT7. AFTER DISENGAGEMENT OF THE GROUND APPARATUS REMEMBER THAT ALL TERMINALS SHOULD BE NOW CONSIDERED “ALIVE” SINCE THEY ARE NO LONGER GROUNDED. V13. C5B. CT8. N22. W3. IMPORTANT REMARKS: STAY AWAY FROM THE SWITCHBOARD ROOM FIRST TIME CONNECTING THE BREAKER AGAIN IN AN UNLIKELY EVENT OF FORGOTTEN TOOLS THAT WILL LAST OF MAKING A SHORT CIRCUIT. V3. THIS IS NOT AN OFFICIAL DOCUMENT THEREFORE EVALUATE ACCORDING TO YOUR KNOWLEDGE AND EXPERIENCE. V2. TAKE MEGGER TEST READING FROM THE CONNECTED PHASE U ONLY PICTURE-8 9. . KEEP A SAFE DISTANCE FROM THOSE TERMINALS AS A PRECAUTION. CT9 TO BE DISCONNECTED.

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