You are on page 1of 2

The Three Most Common Prisms

Rectangular Prism

Lets Start with the Cuboid or rectangular prism. We can see from its net in Fig.1 that when this prism is opened flat (the grey tabs are simply for construction purposes) it is composed of two identical rectangles - these are the front and back faces of the prism and four other rectangles, which connect the front and back face. Be careful with these other four rectangles, they may be the same size (if the front and back faces are squeares) or they may come as two pairs of the same sized rectangles, such as in the image bellow. So the surface area here will be

Fig.1

Triangular Prism

The Triangular Prism From the net in Fig.2 we can see that this shape is composed of two triangles which are the front and back face, and three rectangles which connect the triangular faces. The surface area of this shape will be: 2 times the area of the triangle + 3 times the area of the rectangles whose dimensions will always be the length of the prism and the length of one side of the triangle. Fig.2

Two pentagons.3 we can see that this prism is composed of seven faces.3 . have five equal sides and five equal angles) then the surface area of this shape will be: Two times the area of the pentagon plus five times the area of a rectangle with dimensions the length of the prism and the side length of the pentagon. Fig.e. and five rectangles. If the pentagons are regular (i.Pentagonal Prism The Pentagonal Prism From the net in Fig.