P. 1
Eu 1990- 2012 - Final Outline

Eu 1990- 2012 - Final Outline

|Views: 1|Likes:
European Union: Historical Outline
European Union: Historical Outline

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Xelina Diane Luzaran on Jul 11, 2013
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOCX, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/11/2013

pdf

text

original

E. 1990 – 1999: Europe without Frontiers a. 1992 1. The Treaty on European Union was signed in Maastricht. i.

Three pillars of EU: the European Community pillar, the Common Foreign and Security Policy, and the Justice and Home Affairs pillar ii. European Community  European Union iii. single market and major trading bloc iv. coordinated national economic policies iii. initiates a 3-stage process to culminate in the economic and monetary union: eurozone o Principal features: - Single currency - Coordination of members’ fiscal policies on the magnitudes of public debt and budget deficits - Common monetary policy under a single central bank o 3 major objectives of the proposed monetary union: - Microeconomic efficiency - Macroeconomic stability - Equity o Entry criteria for membership: - Inflation rate not exceeding by more than 1.5% that of the 3 best-performing member states - Budget deficit not exceeding 3% of GDP and public debt of less than 60% of GDP - Long-term interest rate not exceeding by more than 2% of the 3 best performing member states - Stable exchange rate iv. common foreign and security policy v. closer cooperation in justice and home affairs b. 1993 1. Copenhagen European Council i. provided criteria for membership - presupposes the candidate’s ability to take on the obligations of membership including adherence to the aims of political, economic, and monetary union. ii. existence of a functioning market economy as well as the capacity to cope with competitive pressure and market forces within the union

Slovakia and Slovenia. people iv. reformed the common foreign and security policy (CFSP) iii. Finland and Sweden joined the EU. e. goods ii. 1997 1. and Portugal. 1951 (1) Germany January 1. created a community employment policy ii. 1981 January 1. i. the Czech Republic. Romania. Germany. France. took effect in seven countries: Belgium. The single market (internal market) and its four freedoms were established. Lithuania. 1986 2. extended qualified-majority voting 2. d. Latvia. Poland. Luxembourg. Treaty of Amsterdam i. The Schengen Agreement i.2. services iii. Hungary. Travelers of any nationality can travel between all these countries without any passport control at the frontiers. 1997-1999 . Austria. 1995 (13) Austria (2) France (14) Finland (3) Italy (15) Sweden (4) The Netherlands (5) Belgium (6) Luxembourg January 1. 1973 (7) Denmark (8) Ireland (9) United Kingdom (10) Greece (11) Spain (12) Portugal January 1. ii. processed membership negotiations with 10 countries of central and eastern Europe: Bulgaria. the Netherlands. 1995 1. Estonia. Date Joined Current EU Date Joined New EU Member States Member States April 18. money c. Spain.

Azerbaijan. Moldovis. Date Joined Current States in the Eurozone January 1.1999 (1) Belgium (2) Germany (3) Greece (4) Spain (5) France (6) Ireland (7) Italy (8) Luxembourg (9) The Netherlands (10) Austria (11) Portugal (12) Finland 2. Eurozone (founder members). Greece joined the Eurozone. Kazakhstan. Ukraine. 2000-2009: Further Expansion a. 2001 1. Kyrgyz Republic. Partnership and Cooperation Agreements with Newly Independent States: Armenia. 1999 1. The Charter of Human Rights was agreed. and Uzbekistan. 1999 (1) Belgium (2) Germany (3) Greece (4) Spain (5) France (6) Ireland (7) Italy (8) Luxembourg (9) The Netherlands (10) Austria (11) Portugal (12) Finland Date Joined 2001 New States in the Eurozone (13) Greece . F. f.1. as of January 1. Georgia. Euro is introduced in 12 countries for commercial and financial transactions only.

peace-keeping operations in the Balkans 3. The Söderköping Process was launched to promote better cooperation on asylum and migration related issues among the countries situated along the future eastern border of EU. Estonia. 2002 1. 2004 (16) Czech Republic (2) France (17) Estonia (3) Italy (18) Latvia (4) The Netherlands (19) Lithuania (5) Belgium (20) Hungary (6) Luxembourg (21) Poland (22) Slovenia January 1. More than 80 billion coins were involved. c. Czech Republic. 1995 (10) Greece (11) Spain (12) Portugal (13) Austria (14) Finland (15) Sweden 2. 2002 Euro notes and coins arrived. 1981 January 1. 2004 1. Treaty of Nice – on EU membership and rights 2. Hungary. b. 1973 (7) Denmark (23) Slovakia (8) Ireland (24) Cyprus (9) United Kingdom (25) Malta January 1. Cyprus and Malta joined the EU Date Joined Current EU Member Date Joined New EU Member States States April 18. and justice (by 2010) d. Notes were the same for all countries. Printing. division of Europe ended .2. security. Poland. In January 1. Latvia. 2003 1. All circulated freely. minting. while the other carried a national emblem. EU agreed to create an area of freedom. and Slovakia. Lithuania. Slovenia. giving the value. Coins had one common face. 1951 (1) Germany May 1. and distributing them in 12 countries was a major logistical operation. 1986 January 1.

. Date Joined Current EU Member Date Joined New EU Member States States April 18. 1995 May 1. 2008 1. Kyoto Protocol . 1981 January 1. 1951 (1) Germany January 1. 2004 2. 1973 (7) Denmark (8) Ireland (9) United Kingdom (10) Greece (11) Spain (12) Portugal (13) Austria (14) Finland (15) Sweden (16) Czech Republic (17) Estonia (18) Latvia (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) (24) (25) Lithuania Hungary Poland Slovenia Slovakia Cyprus Malta January 1. 1995 January 1. The Hague Programme –on freedom.3.EU efforts in reducing the impact of climate change e. Bulgaria and Romania joined EU. 1986 January 1. 2007 (26) Bulgaria (2) France (27) Romania (3) Italy (4) The Netherlands (5) Belgium (6) Luxembourg January 1. security and justice 5. 2007 1. 4. Cyprus and Malta joined the Eurozone.designed to streamline democratic decisionmaking and management in an EU of 25 and more countries. European Constitution . Treaty of Lisbon – amended the previous Treaties f.

2009 1. Slovakia joined the Eurozone. Catherine Ashton – High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy 3. European Pact on Immigration and Asylum. Date Joined Current States in Date Joined New States in the Eurozone the Eurozone January 1. Several European banks experienced difficulties. 1999 (1) Belgium 2009 (16) Slovakia (2) Germany (3) Greece (4) Spain (5) France (6) Ireland (7) Italy (8) Luxembourg (9) The Netherlands (10) Austria (11) Portugal (12) Finland 2001 (13) Greece .Date Joined January 1. 1999 Current States in the Eurozone (1) Belgium (2) Germany (3) Greece (4) Spain (5) France (6) Ireland (7) Italy (8) Luxembourg (9) The Netherlands (10) Austria (11) Portugal (12) Finland (13) Greece Date Joined 2008 New States in the Eurozone (14) Cyprus (15) Malta 2001 2. g. 3. Herman Van Rompuy – President of the European Council 2. A major financial crisis hit the world economy. The crisis led to closer economic cooperation between EU countries.

1999 (1) Belgium 2010 (16) Estonia (2) Germany (3) Greece (4) Spain (5) France (6) Ireland (7) Italy (8) Luxembourg (9) The Netherlands (10) Austria (11) Portugal (12) Finland 2001 2008 2009 (13) Greece (14) Cyprus (15) Malta (16) Slovakia . Eurozone crisis 2. Ireland.2008 (14) Cyprus (15) Malta h. signs of contagion of market fears by the governments of other eurozone countries iv. Fiscal sustainability of the economies of the PIIGS countries (Portugal. Italy. eurozone fund was set up to assist members in difficulty ii. 2010 1. Date Joined Current States in Date Joined New States in the Eurozone the Eurozone January 1. launch of the European Financial Stability Facility 2. Greece and Spain) i. Loans are provided to Greece and Ireland iii. Estonia joined the Eurozone.

citizendium. Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union) 2. 2011 1. 25 out of the 27 EU governments (excluding Britain and Czech Republic) signed the Fiscal Compact (Treaty on Stability. European Central Bank offered to lend unlimited amounts to eurozone banks at an interest rate of 1% b.G.eu/about-eu/eu-history/2000-2009/index_en. 2012 1. EU Commission proposed new European Central Bank powers for banking supervision as part of a banking union. A Decade of Opportunities and Challenges a. SOURCES: http://europa.org/wiki/European_Union/Timelines .htm http://en. EU and Ukraine agreed on the final wording of a free trade and political association treaty 2.

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->