MORAINE VALLEY COMMUNITY COLLEGE

Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards
Mechanical Design/CAD Program
C. Bales, M. Vlamakis

Revision:May 11, 2010

9000 WEST COLLEGE PARKWAY, PALOS HILLS, ILLINOIS, 60465

Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards

2010

TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. Line Conventions................................................................................................................................................ I-4 Center lines ............................................................................................................................................................. I-4 II. Drawing Conventions ........................................................................................................................................ II-8 Auxiliary Views ....................................................................................................................................................... II-8 Partial Views .......................................................................................................................................................... II-8 Section Views ......................................................................................................................................................... II-8 Conventional Breaks .............................................................................................................................................. II-9 Developments ...................................................................................................................................................... II-10 III. Dimension Conventions ................................................................................................................................. III-10

Dimension Appearance....................................................................................................................................... III-10 Dimensioning Procedure .................................................................................................................................... III-13 Dimension Notes ................................................................................................................................................ III-13 Preferred Sizes .................................................................................................................................................... III-16 IV. V. Thread and Fastener Representation ............................................................................................................ IV-17 Tables .............................................................................................................................................................. V-22 Bill of materials .................................................................................................................................................... V-22 Revision tables ..................................................................................................................................................... V-22 VI. Drawing media ............................................................................................................................................... VI-23

9000 West College Parkway, Palos Hills, Illinois, 60465

Page I-2

38-1999 ANSI/ASME Y14.6AM-2001 (R2007) Line Conventions and Lettering Multi and Sectional View Drawing Parts Lists. Engineering Drawing.36M-1996 (R2002) ANSI/ASME Y14.6-2001 (R2007) ANSI/ASME Y14. and Index Lists Surface Texture Symbols – Metric Version Revision of Engineering Drawing and Associated Documents Abbreviations and Acronyms Dimensioning and Tolerancing Screw Thread Representation. Palos Hills. Illinois. Data Lists. and Related Documentation Practice Screw Thread Representations (Metric Supplement) 9000 West College Parkway.35M-1997 (R2003) ANSI/ASME Y14.3-2003 ANSI/ASME Y14.5-2009 ANSI/ASME Y14.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 The information contained in this departmental standard supersedes the ASME standards listed below: ANSI/ASME Y14.34M-1996 ANSI/ASME Y14.2M-1992 (R2003) ANSI/ASME Y14. 60465 Page I-3 .

09” (2 mm) beyond the edges of circular features (see Figure 1. E. B. 9000 West College Parkway.2). The center mark shall extend . Illinois. The AutoCAD linetype scale (LTSCALE) for mechanical drawings plotted at a scale of 1:1 shall be set according to the table shown below: System of Measurement Decimal-inch Metric LTSCALE 0.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 I.1: STANDARD LINESTYPES AND LINEWEIGHTS. the LTSCALE shall be set to 6 (=12 x ½). For example. Palos Hills.5 12 Drawing scale 1:1 1:1 C. The center mark size dimension variable in AutoCAD shall be . The linetype scale shall be modified proportionally for drawings plotted at scales other than 1:1. The lines shown in Figure 1. CENTER LINES D. 60465 Page I-4 . FIGURE 1. if the drawing scale is 1:2 for a metric drawing.1 are to be used in all mechanical drawings. LINE CONVENTIONS A.09” (2 mm). The corresponding AutoCAD linetype and lineweight are given next to each linetype.

A center line shall not be lengthened to create the small dash when the center line is too short to show a single small dash. G. FIGURE 1. 1. FIGURE 1. the center line shall end before the visible line or hidden line and there shall be a .4). A center line representing the longitudinal axis of a cylindrical or rectangular feature shall extend .2: CENTERLINE EXTENSIONS.3 and 1. Palos Hills. 9000 West College Parkway.3: CENTERLINES COINCIDENT WITH VISIBLE LINES. H. 60465 Page I-5 . When a center line and visible or hidden line are coincident.09” (2 mm) gap between the end of the center line and the beginning of the visible line (see Fig.312” (8 mm) beyond the boundary of the feature (see Figure 1. Illinois.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 F.2).

the center lines shall be oriented radially but shall not intersect at the center of the pattern (see Figure 1. Note that the centerline bolt circle may not have the small dashes oriented at the centers of the pattern of features.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 I. 60465 Page I-6 .09” (2 mm) beyond the edge of the part. Illinois. FIGURE 1.4: CENTERLINES IN RADIAL PATTERNS. Note that the center marks for the rounded corners are extended .5: CENTERLINES IN RECTANGULAR PATTERN. Palos Hills. Center lines of features arranged in a rectangular pattern shall be extended so that the pattern is continuous (see Figure 1. If center lines are required for features arranged in a radial pattern.4).5). J. 9000 West College Parkway. FIGURE 1.

6). Center lines may be used to indicate planes of symmetry. L. In such cases.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 K. FIGURE 1. Illinois. Palos Hills. Where center marks are used in semi-circular features.7). 9000 West College Parkway. FIGURE 1. the center lines shall extend .312” (8 mm) beyond the edges of the symmetrical feature (see Figure 1. the center mark shall only extend through the circular feature edge (see Figure 1. Center lines used as lines of symmetry do not require symmetry marks.7: CENTERLINES FOR SYMMETRICAL FEATURES. 60465 Page I-7 .6: CENTER MARKS THROUGH SEMI-CIRCULAR FEATURES.

25” (6 mm). 2. two times (2x) the size of the dimension arrow. F. Palos Hills. The extension line shall have a gap between the visible edge of the part and the extension line equal to . The break line on all broken-out section views shall be created with a smooth curve (See Fig. G. C. B. PARTIAL VIEWS D. 60465 Page II-8 .1: AUXILIARY VIEWS.1). The break line on all partial auxiliary views shall be smooth curve (see Figure 2. The plotted arrowhead size on the cutting-plane line shall be . 1.1).1). SECTION VIEWS E. The centerline shall go through the same feature in both views. 1.1). DRAWING CONVENTIONS AUXILIARY VIEWS A. FIGURE 2. The break line on all partial views shall be created with a smooth curve (see Fig.09” (2 mm) (see Figure 2.1). 9000 West College Parkway. Illinois. Auxiliary views shall be connected to the adjacent view from which they are developed by a single center line or an extension line connecting identical external edges of the part.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 II. Cutting-plane lines shall be drawn with thick phantom lines (lineweight = 0. Hidden lines shall be omitted on features when they appear foreshortened in orthographic views.6 mm) (See Fig.

Palos Hills. The dimension for the overall length of the broken cylinder shall be underlined to clearly indicate that it is not drawn to scale. When a cutting-plane line is coincident with a visible. hidden.2: CUTTING PLANE LINES. Solid cylinders may be broken into shorter segments in a drawing. Illinois. When the solid cylinder is broken. the ends shall be shown with a conventional shaft break. 2. CONVENTIONAL BREAKS J.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 H. the cutting-plane line shall take precedence. 9000 West College Parkway. The dimensions for drawing the shaft break are shown in Fig.50” (12 mm) from the extension (see Fig. J.3.50” (12 mm) from the edge of the object and extend at right angles . I. The cutting-plane line shall extend .3: SHAFT BREAK CONSTRUCTION.2). FIGURE 2. FIGURE 2. 60465 Page II-9 . or center line. 2.

Palos Hills. When more than one diameter is dimensioned in a single note always point to the outside (larger) circle.312” (8 mm). D. 60465 Page III-10 . Developed views shall show quadrants with thin solid lines. All tolerances shall be drawn at full text height. The leader line shall be oriented close to 45°. F. H. and not horizontal or vertical. DIMENSION CONVENTIONS DIMENSION APPEARANCE A. When millimeter dimensions are shown in an inch drawing the abbreviation “mm” shall follow the millimeter value. When inch dimensions are shown in a millimeter drawing the abbreviation “IN” shall follow the inch value. I. III. but between 30° and 60°. C. square brackets shall be used around the second unit value. Illinois. Dimensions and drawing notes shall specify decimal numbers and not fractions. All fractions shall be converted to decimals with the appropriate decimal places according to the tolerance specifications. K. All drawing text shall have a thin lineweight (lineweight = 0. Drawings in decimal-inch units shall use the ROMANS AutoCAD font for all drawing text. 9000 West College Parkway. If an extension line crosses an arrowhead the extension line shall be broken around the arrowhead. There shall be no gap between extension lines and center lines.3 mm). The plotted size of text (including dimensions) shall be . Metric drawings shall use the ISOCP AutoCAD font. A leader line shall end with the same style and size arrowhead as used with dimension lines.125” (3 mm). Sheet metal developments shall show the center line of the bends with centerlines which extend beyond the edges of the object . J. E. G. When dimensioning with dual dimensions.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 DEVELOPMENTS J. B.

3.09” (2 mm). The dimension variable. 60465 Page III-11 . M. FIGURE 3. and for metric drawings h=3 mm. Illinois. L.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 K. Palos Hills. Symbols are preferred over the corresponding complete word or abbreviation in dimensions and drawing notes.125”.2. extension lines are drawn in the profile view as shown in Fig. Dimensions for symbols shown are as plotted. Symbols shall be selected from the GDT font in AutoCAD. The extended intersection lines are drawn on a thin layer. 3. 2. standard abbreviations are preferred over complete words.3. N. When a dimension needs to locate an intersection or bend.1: EXTENDED INTERSECTIONS.2 does not exist in the GDT font. then it shall be created according to the dimensions given in Fig. Where no symbol exists. For decimal-inch drawings h=. h. If the standard symbol shown in Fig.09” (2 mm) and cross by .2. 9000 West College Parkway. represents the plotted dimension text height. The symbols are shown in Figure 3. The lines shall be offset from the object lines by .

Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 Figure 3. Illinois.2: DIMENSION SYMBOLS. 60465 Page III-12 . Palos Hills. 9000 West College Parkway.

001 Converted dimension: 3.4 to find the corresponding value in millimeters. V. R. Conversion from fractional-inch to decimal-inch units shall take into account the full number of decimal places. Q. A surface texture symbol with text or numbers shall be oriented horizontally. 60465 Page III-13 .001 DIMENSION NOTES S. U. Illinois.015±.015625” Dimension tolerance: ±. The following are drawing notes which shall be shown on all mechanical drawings: DRAWING IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASME Y14. ALL DIMENSIONS IN INCHES (or MILLIMETERS). Palos Hills. SECOND NOTE 3. To convert from millimeters to inches multiply the inch value by .03937 to find the corresponding value in inches. T.5-2009. The format for general notes shall be as shown below. The number of decimal places shown in the dimension shall be truncated according to the required tolerance level. General drawing notes shall be placed to the left of the title block. 9000 West College Parkway. To convert from inches to millimeters multiply the inch value by 25. Surface texture symbols shall be placed on the outside of the part geometry. Drawing text shall be displayed in all capital letters. NOTES: 1. Example: Original dimension: 3-1/64” Convert to decimal format: 3. FIRST NOTE 2. All drawing text shall be placed in Paper Space.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 O. THIRD NOTE P. All drawing notes shall be placed on the NOTES layer. DIMENSIONING PROCEDURE P. Surface texture symbols without text or numbers shall be oriented at any angle. The number for each line shall be aligned under the heading.

(modify roughness value as needed) SURFACES MARKED needed).Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 Q.1-2003. ALL THREADS IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASME B1. The following are examples of drawing notes which are to be included in the drawing according to need. Illinois. ALL FILLETS AND ROUNDS R(x) UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED.36-1996 (R2002). REMOVE ALL BURRS AND SHARP EDGES. SURFACE TEXTURE UNITS IN µM (or µIN). ALL SURFACES TO BE UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED. (for Unified inch screw threads only). 60465 Page III-14 . (for Metric M profile threads only). Palos Hills. TO BE UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED. Notes must be modified according to the specification of the drawing. (modify roughness value as 9000 West College Parkway. ALL UNTOLERANCED DIMENSIONS ±(x) ALL THREADS IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASME B1. FINISH ALL OVER. SURFACE TEXTURE IN ACCORDANCE WITH ASME Y14. CHAMFER BOTH ENDS (x) X (x)° ALL DIMENSIONS BASIC UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED.13M-2001.

Illinois. Palos Hills.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 W. Assembly Auxiliary Backface Bearing Between centers Bolt circle Both faces Both sides Brass Bronze Cap screw Cast iron Cast steel Casting Center Center line Center to center Chamfer Circular Clearance Clockwise Counterbore Countersink Counterclockwise Decimal Deep/Depth Dimension Distance Double Equal Equally spaced Fastener Fillet ASSY AUX BF BRG BC BC BF BS BRS BRZ CAP SCR CI CS CSTG CTR CL C TO C CHAM CIR CL CW CBORE CSK CCW DEC DP DIM DIST DBL EQL EQLSP FSTNR FIL Fillister Finish all over Flat head Flat point Gage Head Headless Hexagonal Inch Inside diameter Keyseat Keyway Left hand Length Lockwasher Long Machine screw Malleable iron Material Maximum Micrometer Millimeter Minimum Multiple Number On center Outside diameter Outside face Overall Part Perpendicular Pitch FIL FAO FLH FP GA HD HDLS HEX IN ID KST KWY LH LG LKWASH LG MSCR MI MATL MAX µm mm MIN MULT NO OC OD OF OA PT PERP P Pitch circle Pitch diameter Point Pratt & Whitney Quadrant Quarter Radial Radius Rectangle Reference line Relief Required Right hand Root mean square Round Screw Section Set screw Sheet Single Slotted Socket Socket head Square Standard Steel Surface Thick Thread Through Washer Woodruff Worm gear PC PD PT PW QDRNT QTR RDL R RECT REFL RLF REQD RH RMS RND SCR SECT SSCR SH SGL SLTD SKT SCH SQ STD STL SURF THK THD THRU WSHR WDF WMGR 9000 West College Parkway. Common standard abbreviations are shown in the following table. 60465 Page III-15 .

00 7.00 5.00 3.80 3.60 2.40 3.50 18.00 4.8 2 2.00 17.00 2.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 PREFERRED SIZES K.00 18.50 10.40 8.50 . 60465 Page III-16 .2 2.40 .00 11.00 12.5 4 4.50 11. The preferred basic sizes for computing tolerances in decimal-inch units are given in two tables below.50 15.40 1.60 1.12 .05 .80 5.60 5. Decimal Series (in.032 .80 6.20 3.040 .80 2.5 5 5.50 13.06 .00 9.6 1.012 .20 7.4 1.16 . Illinois.50 9.00 14.60 3.50 14.50 20.20 1.1 12 14 160 180 First Choice 10 Second Choice 11 120 140 First Choice 100 Second Choice 110 L.020 .30 . When specifying fits.) 2.50 19.00 4.08 .016 .20 5.60 .50 4.010 . the basic size of mating parts shall be chosen from the decimal series or the fractional series.50 16.00 10.40 5.00 15.10 .025 .80 1.00 13.00 .24 . The preferred basic sizes for computing tolerances in metric units are given in table below.5 2. First Choice 1 1.8 3 3.80 8.20 .50 4. Palos Hills.50 17.2 1.60 6.00 19.5 6 7 8 9 80 90 1000 60 70 800 900 50 55 600 700 40 45 500 550 30 35 400 450 25 28 300 350 20 22 250 280 16 18 200 220 Second Choice 1. All sizes are in millimeters.00 16.00 1.00 9000 West College Parkway.50 12.20 4.

Unless specified otherwise.5000 13. D.0000 13. The radial distance.2500 1. Threads drawn with the schematic representation shall show the crest and root lines with a thin lineweight.5000 1.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 Fractional Series (in.0000 18.015625 . THREAD AND FASTENER REPRESENTATION A.0000 16.7500 9. The drill number shall be converted to the corresponding decimal size.5000 10. F.4375 . The arrowhead from the leader of a thread note shall be attached to the outer (hidden line) circle of a tapped (threaded) hole (see Figure 4.2500 5.5000 16.2.6250 .2500 .7500 7. E. 4.5000 19.1250 . shall be drawn according to the tables shown below.15625 .8750 1.1: THREAD NOTATION LEADER.0000 3. B. 4.5000 5.0000 IV.0000 4.7500 5. The end of the threads shall be drawn with a thick lineweight. referred to as the depth. 9000 West College Parkway.2500 10.1875 .0000 3.2500 6.5000 4. Fractional values shall be converted decimals with the appropriate number of decimal places based on tolerance requirements.5000 3. between the major and minor diameters in a thread drawing.5000 6.0000 1.0000 19. FIGURE 4.5000 . 60465 Page IV-17 . Palos Hills.0000 15.0000 11.3125 .5000 4.7500 2.5000 18.5625 .0000 2. Decimal values shall be used in all thread notation. D (as shown in Fig.5000 17.5000 .7500 .5000 20.0625 .5000 2. Drill numbers shall not be specified in the thread notation.0000 14.03125 . in inches and millimeters. Illinois.7500 11.6875 .5000 8.0000 9.) 2.3750 .0000 12.0000 17.5000 3. C. as shown in Fig.09375 .0000 5.2).5000 12.5000 14.0000 15.0000 4.2500 8.0000 7.1). threads shall be drawn with the simplified representation.

08 .125) to #12 (.04 .4 20 2 2.06 . 9000 West College Parkway.8125 .09 .4 2.06 . 60465 Page IV-18 . 4.6 FIGURE 4.04 Thread Depth and Pitch Tables (millimeters) Major Diameter DEPTH.03 .4 18 1.6875 .4 2. Thread Depth and Pitch Tables (inches) Major Diameter DEPTH.216) .06 .09 .625 .Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 G.3.03 .6 2.06 . referred to as the pitch.03 . shall be drawn according to the tables shown below. P #5 (.375 .4 16 1.2).6 10 1.6 2. Palos Hills. D PITCH.06 .12 . in inches and millimeters.09 .09 .06 .09 . between the major and minor diameters in a thread drawing.12 .9375 . Illinois.04 .75 .12 . D PITCH.8 1.09 .5 .12 1 .2 2 14 1. as shown in Fig.2: THREAD DEPTH AND PITCH.5625 .12 .09 .4 22 2.06 .6 2. P (as shown in Fig. External threads drawn in simplified representation shall extend to the end of the chamfer.25 .3125 .2 2 12 1.4 0.4375 .8 1.06 . The axial distance. P 6 8 0.09 . 4.4 24 2.875 . H.

L. 9000 West College Parkway. as shown in Fig.3: THREAD CHAMFER. N. 4.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 FIGURE 4.50” (or 12 mm) K. Palos Hills. Tapped holes shown in section shall be drawn such that the line dividing the threads from the hole is a thick (0. Illinois.4. I. as shown in Fig. 60465 Page IV-19 . Thread lengths for bolts or screws up to 6” (150 mm) long shall be calculated using the following formula THREAD LENGTH = 2D + .4. the lines representing the minor diameter shall not be shown after the end of the fastener. 4.25” (or 6 mm) J. Machine screws shall not have a chamfer drawn at the end of the fastener. M. Fasteners too short for the above formulas shall be threaded 3 pitches from the head. Thread lengths for bolts over 6” (150 mm) long shall be calculated using the following formula THREAD LENGTH = 2D + . When threaded fasteners are shown in assembly.6 mm) solid line.

All orthographic views of hex head bolts. Palos Hills.6.5. O. 60465 Page IV-20 . as shown in Fig. FIGURE 4.4: HIDDEN LINES VISIBLE IN THREADED ASSEMBLY. The construction of hex head bolts and nuts is shown in Fig. 9000 West College Parkway. Illinois. 4.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 FIGURE 4. and hex nuts in profile shall show three faces.5: THREE FACES OF HEX HEAD IN PROFILE. 4. P. screws.

Palos Hills.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 FIGURE 4. 9000 West College Parkway.6: HEX HEAD BOLT AND NUT CONSTRUCTION. 60465 Page IV-21 . Illinois.

Balloons shall not have landings. F. and all related text shall be placed in Paper Space. 9000 West College Parkway. quantity. balloons. REVISION TABLES J. B. Standard parts shall be described with a manufacturer name and catalog number or common description. Balloons shall be attached to leaders radially. part description. The parts called out in an assembly drawing with balloons shall be identified with numbers. The bill of material table shall show part numbers in increasing order from bottom to top. The description in the bill of material for a non-standard part shall be the drawing number corresponding to the detail drawing of the part. I.50”) Text Size 3 mm (. Paper Size Inch ISO A A4 B A3 C A2 and larger and larger Balloon Diameter 11 mm (. The revision table shall be fixed in the top right corner of the drawing border.44”) 13 mm (. The bill of material table shall be attached to the top of the title block. The bill of material table format shall consist of. D. C. part name. The part numbers shall be centered horizontally and vertically in the balloons. Illinois. 60465 Page V-22 . The revision table shall show revision numbers in increasing order from top to bottom.125”) 5 mm (.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 V. leaders. H. Palos Hills. from left to right: item number. It shall be visible at all times. The font shall be the same as used in the dimension text. E. and part numbers in the balloons shall be placed on a layer with thin continuous lines. TABLES BILL OF MATERIALS A.19”) G. The balloons. Text in the bill of material shall be placed on a layer with thin continuous lines. The plotted text size and balloon diameter shall vary according to the drawing paper size (see table below). The bill of material. leaders. K.

HP 8100N HP 8100 N HP 1055CM. Drawings larger than 8. If applicable. Q. R. Revision identifiers shall be placed adjacent to the feature or dimension being revised. Illinois. letter (A size) 11” x 17” (B size) 17” x 22” (C size) 22” x 34” (D size) Plotter Any room printer. In all cases. P. Revisions will be identified on the drawing with an equilateral triangle with 13 mm (. All mechanical drawings shall be plotted using the ANSI (inch) paper sizes. date. O. T915 T915 T915 T915 B. printers.Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 L. VI. HP 4500 Room All rooms. description. M. Revision identifiers shall be drawn in Paper Space. approved. 60465 Page VI-23 . The description of the revision shall include the previous value and the new value. The paper conversion table is shown below.50”) sides. Palos Hills. revision. The letter shall be middle-center justified in the triangle. revision identifiers may be connected at their base vertex. Revision identifiers and associated text shall be placed on a layer with thin continuous lines. HP 4500 HP 1055CM. 9000 West College Parkway.5” x 11” (A-size) must be folded to a final size of 8. ISO (metric) paper sizes will not print on the CAD Dept. Each revision triangle will have a capital letter corresponding to the specific revision identified in the revision table.125”). N. The height of the revision letter in the triangle revision letter shall be 3 mm (. from left to right: zone. All metric drawings shall be printed on the equivalent ANSIsize paper. DRAWING MEDIA A.5” x 11”. The revision table format shall consist of. Folding instructions are shown in the figures on the following page. the title block with student name must be visible. ISO Paper Size A4 A3 A2 A1 Equivalent ANSI Paper Size 8½” x 11”.

60465 Page VI-24 .Engineering Drawing & CAD Standards 2010 9000 West College Parkway. Illinois. Palos Hills.

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