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Regional Human Development Report on social inclusion

Regional Human Development Report on social inclusion

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2011 - Through the findings from surveys in six countries, this report looks at the vicious cycle of poverty from the perspective of those who experience it firsthand, and provides an overview of social exclusion in the region and recommended actions. The report also introduces a way to measure the extent to which people are excluded from economic life, social services, and social networks and civic participation.
2011 - Through the findings from surveys in six countries, this report looks at the vicious cycle of poverty from the perspective of those who experience it firsthand, and provides an overview of social exclusion in the region and recommended actions. The report also introduces a way to measure the extent to which people are excluded from economic life, social services, and social networks and civic participation.

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Published by: UNDP in Europe and Central Asia on Jul 11, 2013
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09/16/2015

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Local experts also collected additional data on the external attributes of individual sam-
pling clusters, which comprised the source of the ‘secondary source contextualization’. The
frst area of interest was the economic area. Each location was assessed from the perspec-
tive of the general economic profle (major sectors of the economy), both before transi-
tion (prior to 1989) as well as from 2005 to 2009. Changes in the economic environment
were addressed through the question ‘How has the local economy changed in the past fve
years?’ and ‘How did the current crisis afect the local economy?’ In both cases the options
for this parameter were ‘experienced decline (many industries closed)’, ‘no major changes’
and ‘economy growing (new employment opportunities, increased production)’. The third
economic parameter was employment supply—to determine whether employment over
the preceding fve years had been provided by a single enterprise or multiple frms in the
given locality.

Given the importance of academic institutions and R&D centres, information was collected
on this aspect by noting whether there was a university or other academic centre in the
sampling cluster, in close proximity or not. Finally, each sampling cluster was tagged ac-
cording to environmental criteria. (Is the cluster in an area afected by a major man-made
environmental disaster, by natural disaster, or by neither of these?) The quality of local
transportation infrastructure in the sampling cluster was assessed as ‘Bad’ when there was
only one road in poor condition, ‘Poor’ when there was only one road but in good condi-
tion, ‘Average’ when there was a good road but no railway station or airport at e reasonable
distance, and as ‘Excellent’ when the there was a main road as well as a railway station or
airport at e reasonable distance.

The characteristics of the sampling clusters were encoded and added as additional vari-
ables to the dataset of individual household status. This was done not only to expand the
individual profles but also to go beyond country analyses and build typologies of chal-
lenges that are relevant from a social exclusion perspective. The six countries covered
by the survey (and the big sample sizes in each of them) to a large extent represent the
major development and transformational patterns of the region. Given the similarity of
challenges across areas (be they environmental disasters, history of confict, or dominance
by a single enterprise), conclusions can be drawn for areas with similar characteristics in
countries not covered by the survey. This approach enables the methodology to be open-
ended: local characteristics do not change overnight, and additional parameters can be
added in the future, serving to enrich the database with new dimensions.

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