LM117/217 LM317

1.2V TO 37V VOLTAGE REGULATOR
s s s s

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OUTPUT VOLTAGE RANGE: 1.2 TO 37V OUTPUT CURRENT IN EXCESS OF 1.5A 0.1% LINE AND LOAD REGULATION FLOATING OPERATION FOR HIGH VOLTAGES COMPLETE SERIES OF PROTECTIONS: CURRENT LIMITING, THERMAL SHUTDOWN AND SOA CONTROL
TO-220 TO-220FP

DESCRIPTION The LM117/LM217/LM317 are monolithic integrated circuit in TO-220, TO-220FP, TO-3 and D2PAK packages intended for use as positive adjustable voltage regulators. They are designed to supply more than 1.5A of load current with an output voltage adjustable over a 1.2 to 37V range. The nominal output voltage is selected by means of only a resistive divider, making the device exceptionally easy to use and eliminating the stocking of many fixed regulators.

D2PAK

TO-3

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM

February 2003

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LM117/217/317
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
Symbol VI-O IO Top Ptot Tstg Power Dissipation Storage Temperature Output Current Operating Junction Temperature for: LM117 LM217 LM317 Parameter² Input-output Differential Voltage Value 40 Internally Limited -55 to 150 -25 to 150 0 to 125 Internally Limited -65 to 150 °C °C Unit V

Absolute Maximum Ratings are those values beyond which damage to the device may occur. Functional operation under these condition is not implied.

THERMAL DATA
Symbol Rthj-case Rthj-amb Parameter Thermal Resistance Junction-case Thermal Resistance Junction-ambient Max Max D2PAK 3 62.5 TO-220 3 50 TO-220FP 5 60 TO-3 4 35 Unit °C/W °C/W

CONNECTION DIAGRAM (top view)

TO-220

TO-220FP

D2PAK

TO-3

ORDERING CODES
TYPE LM117 LM217 LM317 TO-220 LM217T LM317T D2PAK LM217D2T LM317D2T TO-220FP TO-3 LM117K LM217K LM317K

LM317P

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BASIC ADJUSTABLE REGULATOR

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR LM117/LM217 (VI - VO = 5 V, IO = 500 mA, IMAX = 1.5 A and PMAX = 20 W, TJ = -55 to 150°C for LM117, TJ = -25 to 150°C for LM217, unless otherwise specified).
Symbol ∆VO ∆VO Parameter Line Regulation Load Regulation Test Conditions VI - VO = 3 to 40 V VO ≤ 5 V IO = 10 mA to IMAX VO ≥ 5 V IO = 10 mA to IMAX IADJ ∆IADJ VREF Adjustment Pin Current Adjustment Pin Current Reference Voltage (between pin 3 and pin 1) VI - VO = 2.5 to 40 V VI - VO = 2.5 to 40 V PD ≤ PMAX IO = 10 mA to IMAX IO = 10 mA to IMAX 1.2 TJ = 25°C TJ = 25°C TJ = 25°C Min. Typ. 0.01 0.02 5 20 0.1 0.3 50 0.2 1.25 1 VI - VO = 40 V VI - VO ≤ 15 V VI - VO = 40 V eN SVR Output Noise Voltage (percentage of VO) PD < PMAX 1.5 PD < PMAX TJ = 25°C B = 10Hz to 100KHz TJ = 25°C f = 120Hz CADJ=0 CADJ=10µF
(*) CADJ is connected between pin 1 and ground.

Max. 0.02 0.05 15 50 0.3 1 100 5 1.3

Unit %/V mV % µA µA V %

∆VO/VO Output Voltage Temperature Stability IO(min) Minimum Load Current IO(max) Maximum Load Current

3.5 2.2 0.4 0.003 65 66 80

5

mA A % dB

Supply Voltage Rejection (*) TJ = 25°C

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ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS FOR LM317 (VI - VO = 5 V, IO = 500 mA, IMAX = 1.5 A and PMAX = 20 W, TJ = 0 to 125°C, unless otherwise specified).
Symbol ∆VO ∆VO Parameter Line Regulation Load Regulation Test Conditions VI - VO = 3 to 40 V VO ≤ 5 V IO = 10 mA to IMAX VO ≥ 5 V IO = 10 mA to IMAX IADJ ∆IADJ VREF Adjustment Pin Current Adjustment Pin Current Reference Voltage (between pin 3 and pin 1) VI - VO = 2.5 to 40 V VI - VO = 2.5 to 40 V PD ≤ PMAX IO = 10 mA to IMAX IO = 10 mA to IMAX 1.2 TJ = 25°C TJ = 25°C TJ = 25°C Min. Typ. 0.01 0.02 5 20 0.1 0.3 50 0.2 1.25 1 VI - VO = 40 V VI - VO ≤ 15 V VI - VO = 40 V eN SVR Output Noise Voltage (percentage of VO) PD < PMAX 1.5 PD < PMAX TJ = 25°C B = 10Hz to 100KHz TJ = 25°C f = 120Hz CADJ=0 CADJ=10µF
(*) CADJ is connected between pin 1 and ground.

Max. 0.04 0.07 25 70 0.5 1.5 100 5 1.3

Unit %/V mV % µA µA V %

∆VO/VO Output Voltage Temperature Stability IO(min) Minimum Load Current IO(max) Maximum Load Current

3.5 2.2 0.4 0.003 65 66 80

10

mA A % dB

Supply Voltage Rejection (*) TJ = 25°C

Figure 1 : Output Current vs Input-output Differential Voltage

Figure 2 : Dropout Voltage vs Junction Temperature

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Figure 3 : Reference Voltage vs Junction

Figure 4 : Basic Adjustable Regulator

APPLICATION INFORMATION The LM117/217/317 provides an internal reference voltage of 1.25V between the output and adjustments terminals. This is used to set a constant current flow across an external resistor divider (see fig. 4), giving an output voltage VO of: VO = VREF (1 + R2/R1) + IADJ R2 The device was designed to minimize the term IADJ (100µA max) and to maintain it very constant with line and load changes. Usually, the error term IADJ × R2 can be neglected. To obtain the previous requirement, all the regulator quiescent current is returned to the output terminal, imposing a minimum load current condition. If the load is insufficient, the output voltage will rise. Since the LM117/217317 is a floating regulator and "sees" only the input-to-output differential voltage, supplies of very high voltage with respect to ground can be regulated as long as the maximum input-to-output differential is not exceeded. Furthermore, programmable regulator are easily obtainable and, by connecting a fixed resistor between the adjustment and output, the device can be used as a precision current regulator. In order to optimize the load regulation, the current set resistor R1 (see fig. 4) should be tied as close as possible to the regulator, while the ground terminal of R2 should be near the ground of the load to provide remote ground sensing. Performance may be improved with added capacitance as follow: An input bypass capacitor of 0.1µF An adjustment terminal to ground 10µF capacitor to improve the ripple rejection of about 15 dB (CADJ). An 1µF tantalum (or 25µFAluminium electrolytic) capacitor on the output to improve transient response. In additional to external capacitors, it is good practice to add protection diodes, as shown in fig.5. D1 protect the device against input short circuit, while D2 protect against output short circuit for capacitance discharging.
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Table 5 : Voltage Regulator with Protection Diodes

D1 protect the device against input short circuit, while D2 protects against output short circuit for capacitors discharging.

Figure 6 : Slow Turn-on 15V Regulator

Figure 7 : Current Regulator

Vref 1.25V IO =  + IADJ ≈  R1 R1

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Figure 8 : 5V Electronic Shut-down Regulator

Figure 9 : Digitally Selected Outputs

(R2 sets maximum VO)

Figure 10 : Battery Charger (12V)

* RS sets output impedance of charger ZO = RS (1 + R2/R1). Use of RS allows low charging rates whit fully charged battery.

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Figure 11 : Current Limited 6V Charger

* R3 sets peak current (0.6A for 1 0). ** C1 recommended to filter out input transients

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TO-3 MECHANICAL DATA
DIM. A B C D E G N P R U V 30.10 3.88 10.9 16.9 26.2 4.09 39.5 1.185 0.152 0.96 mm. MIN. TYP 11.85 1.05 1.10 1.70 8.7 20.0 0.429 0.665 1.031 0.161 1.555 0.037 MAX. MIN. inch TYP. 0.466 0.041 0.043 0.066 0.342 0.787 MAX.

P G

A

D C

U

V

O

N

R
P003C/C
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B

E

LM117/217/317

TO-220 MECHANICAL DATA
DIM. A C D D1 E F F1 F2 G G1 H2 L2 L4 L5 L6 L7 L9 DIA. 13.0 2.65 15.25 6.2 3.5 3.75 0.49 0.61 1.14 1.14 4.95 2.4 10.0 16.4 14.0 2.95 15.75 6.6 3.93 3.85 0.511 0.104 0.600 0.244 0.137 0.147 mm. MIN. 4.40 1.23 2.40 1.27 0.70 0.88 1.70 1.70 5.15 2.7 10.40 0.019 0.024 0.044 0.044 0.194 0.094 0.393 0.645 0.551 0.116 0.620 0.260 0.154 0.151 TYP MAX. 4.60 1.32 2.72 MIN. 0.173 0.048 0.094 0.050 0.027 0.034 0.067 0.067 0.203 0.106 0.409 inch TYP. MAX. 0.181 0.051 0.107

P011C
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TO-220FP MECHANICAL DATA
DIM. A B D E F F1 F2 G G1 H L2 L3 L4 L6 L7 DIA. 28.6 9.8 15.9 9 3 mm. MIN. 4.40 2.5 2.5 0.45 0.75 1.15 1.15 4.95 2.4 10.0 16 30.6 10.6 16.4 9.3 3.2 1.126 0.385 0.626 0.354 0.118 TYP MAX. 4.60 2.7 2.75 0.70 1 1.50 1.50 5.2 2.7 10.40 MIN. 0.173 0.098 0.098 0.017 0.030 0.045 0.045 0.194 0.094 0.393 0.630 1.204 0.417 0.645 0.366 0.126 inch TYP. MAX. 0.181 0.106 0.108 0.027 0.039 0.059 0.059 0.204 0.106 0.409

A

B

L3 L6 L7

F1

D

¯

F

G1

E H F2
1 2 3 L2 L4
7012510/F

G
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LM117/217/317

D2PAK MECHANICAL DATA
mm. DIM. MIN. A A1 A2 B B2 C C2 D D1 E E1 G L L2 L3 M R V2 0˚ 4.88 15 1.27 1.4 2.4 0.4 8˚ 0˚ 10 8.5 5.28 15.85 1.4 1.75 3.2 0.192 0.590 0.050 0.055 0.094 0.016 8˚ 4.4 2.49 0.03 0.7 1.14 0.45 1.23 8.95 8 10.4 0.393 0.335 0.208 0.624 0.055 0.068 0.126 TYP MAX. 4.6 2.69 0.23 0.93 1.7 0.6 1.36 9.35 MIN. 0.173 0.098 0.001 0.027 0.044 0.017 0.048 0.352 0.315 0.409 TYP. MAX. 0.181 0.106 0.009 0.036 0.067 0.023 0.053 0.368 inch

P011P6G
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Tape & Reel D2PAK-P 2PAK-D 2PAK/A-P 2PAK/A MECHANICAL DATA
mm. DIM. MIN. A C D N T Ao Bo Ko Po P 10.50 15.70 4.80 3.9 11.9 10.6 15.80 4.90 4.0 12.0 12.8 20.2 60 14.4 10.70 15.90 5.00 4.1 12.1 0.413 0.618 0.189 0.153 0.468 0.417 0.622 0.193 0.157 0.472 13.0 TYP MAX. 180 13.2 0.504 0.795 2.362 0.567 0.421 0.626 0.197 0.161 0.476 0.512 MIN. TYP. MAX. 7.086 0.519 inch

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Information furnished is believed to be accurate and reliable. However, STMicroelectronics assumes no responsibility for the consequences of use of such information nor for any infringement of patents or other rights of third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under any patent or patent rights of STMicroelectronics. Specifications mentioned in this publication are subject to change without notice. This publication supersedes and replaces all information previously supplied. STMicroelectronics products are not authorized for use as critical components in life support devices or systems without express written approval of STMicroelectronics. © The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics © 2003 STMicroelectronics - Printed in Italy - All Rights Reserved STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES Australia - Brazil - Canada - China - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Israel - Italy - Japan - Malaysia - Malta - Morocco Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - United States. © http://www.st.com

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