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Presented by Nagaraja Kumar Pateti

CONTENTS

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS OP AMP OP-AMP APPLICATIONS ACTIVE FILTERS DATA CONVERTERS

o ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS o DIGITAL TO ANALOG CONVERTERS

DIGITAL INTEGRATED CIRCUITS LOGIC FAMILIES COMBINATIONAL CIRCUITS ICs SEQUENTIAL CIRCUIT ICs

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT (IC)

IC is a miniature, low cost, hi speed electronic device consisting of both active and passive elements joined irreparably on a single crystal of silicon

Size

Cost Power Reliability Speed Accuracy Weight

IC CLASSIFICATION BASED ON OPERATION Digital IC Analog IC BASED ON FABRICATION Monolithic IC Hybrid IC BASED ON COMPLEXITY SSI MSI LSI VLSI ULSI GSI .

Operational Amplifier (OP-AMP) Positive Power supply Non.Inverting terminal Inverting terminal Negative Power supply An operational amplifier (op-amp) is a DC-coupled highgain electronic voltage amplifier with a differential input .

LM 741 Pin Configuration .

Ideal OP-AMP Characteristics Open Loop Gain AOL Input resistance Output resistance ∞ ∞ 0 Bandwidth DC offset ∞ 0 .

Modes Of Operation Inverting Mode .

Non .Inverting Mode .

Differential Mode .

The Gain with which the Differential amplifier amplifies the difference between the two input signals is called as the differential gain .

Ideal Case If V1=V2 then the difference in input voltages is V1-V2 =0 Practical Case .

It is defined as the ratio of the differential voltage gain ‘Ad’ to the common mode voltage gain ‘Ac’. .Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR) CMRR is the ability of a differential amplifier to reject a common mode signal .

Practical Op.Amp Characteristics DC Characteristics Input Bias Current Input Offset Current Input Offset Voltage Total Output Offset Voltage Thermal drift AC Characteristics SLEW RATE Frequency Response .

It is defined as the average of the currents entering into the inverting and non inverting terminals of an OP-AMP Typical value is 500nA It is defined as the algebraic difference of the currents entering into the inverting and non inverting terminals of an OP-AMP Typical value is 200nA .

It is defined as the voltage to be applied at the input terminals of an OP-AMP to nullify the output Typical value is 6mV It is defined as the offset voltage produced at the output of an OPAMP due to the input bias current or input offset voltage .

Thermal Drift It is defined as the average rate of change of the parameter per unit change in temperature .

SLEW RATE .

OP-AMP IC 741 Features High Input Voltage range Offset voltage Nullify capability Short circuit protection Excellent temperature stability It is a Monolithic IC Useful for feedback amplifications Available in all the packages .

OP-AMP Applications ADDER SUBTRACTOR AC AMPLIFIER DIFFERENTIATOR INTEGRATOR V TO I CONVERTER I TO V CONVERTER SAMPLE AND HOLD SCHMITT TRIGGER MULTIVIBRATORS VOLTAGE REGULATORS .

OP-AMP ADDER .

OP-AMP subtractor .

OP-AMP Differentiator The output voltage of the differentiator is proportional to the derivative of the input voltage .

OP-AMP Integrator The output voltage of the Integrator is proportional to the Integral of the input voltage .

OP-AMP AC Amplifier An AC Amplifier blocks the DC signals and amplifies the AC signal Capacitor used in the input side blocks the DC signals .

OP-AMP Schmitt trigger .

OP-AMP Multivibrators .

Voltage Regulators .

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