Midori Yama Budokai: Hanshi’s Corner

Written by Ron Rogers Hanshi Meiyo Kyoju January 2010
Ichi go, ichi e: One life, one meeting Traditional Jujutsu Ryu (Updated)
There were 725 officially documented systems of unarmed combat.

Other Names for Jujutsu: Cho-gusoku, Gojutsu, Hade (wing or feather hand) was technically a system for attacking the vital points, *Hakuda (strike-arrest); an old name for kempo, *Kempo, Kogusoku (arm grasping, or arresting techniques), Koppo, Koshi no Mawari, Kowami, Kumiuchi (close combat), *Shubaku, Taijutsu, Tebaku (pugilism taught by Chen Tsu U), Tode, Torite, Wajutsu, Yawara (another pronunciation of Jujutsu) and Yoroi Kumiuchi (*emphasized atemiwaza) It is believed that atemi originated in the reign of the 11th Emperor Suinin, about 50 B.C. Atemi was taught by about 106 schools of jujutsu, each in a slightly different way. When these methods are classified into similar groups, there remain a total of eighty. 1. Abe Ryu was the name of an early school of kenjutsu and jujutsu, circa 1700; primarily known for kenjutsu. 2. Aioi Ryu, an offshoot of the Sekiguchi Ryu, was studied by Ueshiba Morihei. Ueshiba used this name to refer to aikido from 1928-1936. In 1936 he changed the name to aiki-budo. Finally, in 1942, he settled with the name aikido. 3. Aizu (Aisu) Kage Ryu was founded by Aisu Iso (Aizu Ikousai) Hisatada in the 16 th century. He taught Kamiizumi Ise-no-kami Hidetsuna, the founder of Shinkage Ryu, Yagyu Sekishusai (Shinkage Ryu) and Marume Kurando (Taisha Ryu soke). 4. Aizu (Aisu) Kage Ryu; also known as Kage no Ryu and Kage Ryu. Founded by Yamamoto Hisaya Masakatsu of the Akizuki Han; also attributed to Aizu Iko. This style influenced the Shinkage Ryu, Yagyu Shin Kage Ryu, Yagyu Ryu, Taisha Ryu, Shinkan Ryu, Hikita Kage Ryu, Okuyama Ryu and Kashima Shinto Ryu. 5. Akishima Ryu (founder: Professor T. Akishima; taught jiu jitsu, kuatsu and kiaijutsu; 144 techniques taught only by kata); the second school studied by Koizumi Gunji. 6. Araki Ryu was founded in the early 1570’s. It was also known as, Mujinsai-Ryu), and later as Moro Budo Araki Ryu Kempo Its founder was Araki Mujinsai (sometimes given as Muninsai) Mataemon Miyamoto no Hidetsuna (sometimes written as Hidenawa), formerly, Mataemon Miyamoto. It was derived from Takeuchi Ryu and weapons of the ji samurai, or farmer warriors. He also studied Yagyu Shinkage Ryu and Takenouchi Ryu. He became the headmaster of Muso Jikiden Ryu. It is a sogo bujutsu, or comprehensive martial arts system. Torite and kenpo (atemi) are also included. 7. Arata Ryu was an old jujutsu ryu. 8. Arima Shinto Ryu was primarily a school of kenjutsu, founded by Arima Motomobu. Some sources refer to this as a ninjutsu ryu of the Iga region of Japan.

Consequently. Bartitsu was founded by W. Also included were the naginata and honmon suemonogiri. A unique feature of the school(s) in general was the method of toshi hade. 10. from Takeuchi Ryu) 17. a master of the oshikiuchi of Daito ryu. The third Headmaster. or kenpo techniques of cutting objects with the sword. The curriculum was almost identical with the parent school. Barton-Wright. the tournament actually showed the superiority of aikijujutsu over the other classic ryu. This was atemi to kyusho for an opponent wearing armor. jujutsu and taiho jutsu. Yagyu Toshiyoshi took over the Owari Yagyu Shinkage Ryu. his technique was referred to as chie-no-ken. and the staff arts of bo jutsu and jo jutsu. The following arts were taught: kenjutsu. but the order was changed slightly. taught: yawara-ge. Daitokan a school of aikijutsu founded in the late 19th century by Takeda Sokaku. Niten Ryu.9. It was an eclectic system derived from Tenjin Shin’yo Ryu French savate and cane techniques.” Finally. The system consists of 56 techniques divided into five sections. As Saigo was not originally a judo practitioner at all. Emmei Ryu also know as: Enmei Ryu. Donteki Ryu (founder: Nobutake Yoshizato. Hyoho Niten Ichi Ryu and Niten Ichi Ryu. bojutsu. 1640. 13. 16. with kakushijutsu. Bichu Den Ryu was derived from Takenouchi Ryu. founded in the late Muromachi period or early Edo period by Asayama Ichidensai Shigetatsu. yawara (jujutsu). Yagyu Munenori. 15. but a student of an older jujutsu style. (founder: Musashi Miyamoto. Muneyoshi’s son. to be his champion in the now famous challenge match of “judo” versus jujutsu. iaijutsu. Asayama Ichiden Ryu. Munemori was a master of jujutsu (yawara) and added ninjutsu. The system included kenjutsu.” and referring to spontaneous creation of techniques. This was similar to the Ri of Shu-ha-ri. Daito-ryu Aikijujutsu (the Great Eastern Style of Aiki Jujutsu) was based on jujutsu and founded byYoshimitsu Shinra Saburo (Yoshimitsu Minamoto) in the 13th century. 19. kempo and the study of stragegy to the system. known collectively as Chi no Maki. The omote waza were divided into Shin. He was so good. Literally. the Sword of Transcendent Wisdom. This was the system from which Aikido was derived. Edo Yagyu Shinkage Ryu was the result of a split when Yagyu Muneyoshi died in 1606. It was a split from the Muso Jikiden Ryu. was Gyo. Cho-gusoku was an ancient art of grappling in armor while using a dagger. headed this ryu. Nio Ryu. Koden iai was done with the odachi. 11. Takenouchi Kaganosuke Hisayoshi. the word means “going. This roughly corresponded to Shu of Shu-ha-ri. was head of the Edo (Tokyo) Yagyu Shinkage Ryu. analogous to Ha. E. 12. Kano enlisted Saigo Shiro. 32nd in the Takeda line from Daito-ryu aiki-jutsu. or flowing techniques. Asayama was a peasant warrior and did not consider himself an appropriate instructor. kama jutsu (huge kama). Eishin Ryu was founded in the 17th century and was one of the original schools of iaijutsu. or hidden weapons. of which this was the third. The son went on a musha shugyo (pilgrimage) to test his art. As gusoku was worn by foot soldiers. or pacifier. Second. There were three branches from Takeno uchi. studied by Musashi Miyamoto) . Yagyu’s grandson. there was So. which was a fusion of kenjutsu and jujutsu. or direct formal and precise techniques. meaning “grass. 18. he prayed to Fudo Myo and gained enlightenment. the name implies jujutsu for low-ranking samurai. Chokushin Ryu Judo (from Ryoi Shinto Ryu-Jikkishin Ryu) 14. kumiuchi hyogo. Kenpo in this instance means sword methods.

Teruyoshi added sutemi waza and the unusual weapon of nagenawa or lasso. As Teruyoshi was soke of Gyokko Ryu at the time. Emmeri Ryu (?) (taught: yawara-ge. from Takeuchi Ryu). was created by Sakagami Taro Kunishige. Origin of the Kito Ryu 24. Techniques from both the Gyokko Ryu and Koto Ryu became the foundations for the techniques of Togakure Ryu. Loyalty and Justice. Tomita. This was the first real loss Kodokan had in eight years. Enshin Ryu. Maeda and his instructor. the ne waza syllabus from the schools head master. Tanaba Mataemon. who was trying to get the secret service to study judo (jujutsu). and the only one from which he received a full teaching license. Fukuno Ryu (founder: Fukuno Shichiroemon. 31. did a demonstration for Theodore Roosevelt. disgusted with the loss. unarmed against the katana. classical jujutsu and kenjutsu school. founded in the Edo period. or Coumt Combat) went to Brazil and taught the Gracie family. It was during this period that judoka Maeda Esai (aka Conde Koma. Goto Ryu Yagyu Jujutsu. or grappling in armor) 27. Fusen Ryu (founder: Takeda Butsugai (Takeda Motsuge). 2nd Headmaster of Kito Ryu). Fukan Ryu (founder: Masahige Kegawa. The style uses the thumb and fingers for striking. It is a school of kosshijutsu. a modern style founded by Okuyama Yoshiji. from Namba Itto Ryu). There are basically three methods of unarmed combat taught: Unarmed against unarmed. 30. the source for Shorinji Kempo. the schools are very similar. ne waza was stressed. derived from Daito Ryu. In addition to kosshijutsu. Hatsumi is also Headmaster of this style. Hatsumi Masaaki is the present Headmaster. or attacks to the muscles and nerve points.” as opposed to kosshijutsu. a technician. was the first system studied by Ueshiba Morihei. This type of strike is clled shitojutsu. the generally accepted Headmaster at the present is Hatsumi Masaaki. Sasaki Goeman Teruyoshi founded this system in the mid 16th century. the skills of which attack the muscles and nerve points. Consequently. Although in dispute. Its sister school. Gikan Ryu Koppojutsu or Attacks Against the Bones School of Truth. and later Conte Comte. Genkai Ryu (taught: yoroi kumichi. 26. from Muhan [Mukan] Ryu) 23. or pacifier) [This may be a misspelling of Emmei Ryu] 21. . Also included in the system are kenjutsu and bojutsu. This school defeated the Kodokan in 1900 with ne-waza. founded around 1650. Uryu Hangan Gikanbo established this school in the 16th century. promised that no one he trained would ever lose a fight.20. unarmed against the kodachi (short sword). 25. Cho Gyokko brought the art from China to Japan. Koppojutsu is considered a “hard art. Hakko Ryu (Eight Light System). 22. and received. and suffered losses to the much larger American agent. Gyokko Ryu was founded by Toda Sakyo Isshinsai in 1532. much as the rank in sumo. Consequently. It is also referred to as Gyokko Ryu Ninpo as Iga Ryu ninjutsu components are included in the style. at which point ne-waza was added to Kodokan Judo. not a competitor. 28. Also. was challenged rather than the fighter Maeda. Futagami Ryu (founder: Futagami Hannojo (Futagami Hanosuke Masanori). the Koto Ryu. Kano requested. Tomita Tsunajiro. Gyokushin Ryu Ninpo or the Jeweled Heart School of Espionage. 29. Fukuno studied with Chin Gempin. Maeda. rank in Gracie Jujitsu is based on wins in tournament. old Kempo school. Teruyoshi promoted the study of espionage of Ninpo.

39. sojutsu. kusarifundo and kusari gama are among the weapons taught. This is an alternate spelling of chin-na. ancient martial arts school. 37. he was the 5th headmaster of Takeuchi Ryu). Hontai Ryu (founder: Kuro’emon Inoyen. tessen. and hibuki. 36. or the three tools of the early Japanese police. 34. Setsuemon) Shigenobu. kodachi. Hoten Ryu was founded in the 17th century by Takizawa Minokami Hoten. classical jujutsu school founded by Ebata Mokuemon Michizane. 48. Weapons taught are divided into kobuki. This was originally called Hontai Yoshin Ryu Takagi Ryu. or hidden weapons. In addition. Ito-ha Shinyo Ryu was a classical jujutsu and kenjutsu school. specialized with the lance and hand-tohand combat. or old weapons. from Ryoi Shinto Ryu) 43. who was one of three samurai to have studied with Chen Yuan-ping (see Kakuto jutsu). Hogu jutsu. from Takeuchi Ryu. Also taught were tanto dori. named by Emperor Gomizumo) 33. tekken (“brass knuckles”) and nagehari (throwing spikes). similar to Hokusai Ryu. from Takeuchi Ryu. Isogai Ryu was founded by Isogai Dzirodzaemon. an ancient school of hand-to-hand combat. Hoko In Ryu. Jikkishin Ryu and Tenshin Ryu Yawara) 38. A unique system is also included: Sanki (Sandogu). 49. primarily a system of the spear. founded circa 1560 by Hozoin Kakuzenbo In-ei. Kito Ryu. It was descended from Akiyama Yoshin Ryu. circa 1660. 40. from Ryoi Shinto Ryu. 35. the arts of shimewaza and toritsuke (binding techniques) were taught. 44. Kenjutsu. Ippo Ryu (founder: Namba Ippo. nage waza and ne waza (osae waza) were taught. jojusu. Chen Yuan-ping was a master of Tsinna or Shino-on. made famous by Takeda Sokaku Minamoto Masayoshi. It is primarily known for iaijutsu but originally included kogusoku koshi no mawari from Takenouchi Ryu. Hoki Ryu was founded by Katayama Hoki no Kami Hisayasu. Hozoin Ryu Takeda Ha. or cord tying) 50. Strongly influenced by Tenjin Shinyo Ryu. 45. Isshin Ryu. Prince Takeuchi’s son. Itatsu Ryu (noted for hojo-jutsu. Ichi Ryu (founder: Kasaharu Shirozaemon. Finally. 47. Also taught are the jutte. not to be confused with Isshin Ryu karate. sojutsu. It was the forerunner of Keibo Jutsu. Iga Ryuha Katsushin Ryu. Isei Jitoku Tenshin Ryu is mentioned only by name in Canon of Judo. Edo period jujutsu school. bojutsu and hanbojutsu. 46. Taijutsu is taught as part of this ryu’s curriculum. iaijutsu. tachidori and kumitachi. Hontai Yoshin Ryu (founder: Takagi Oriuemon (also. Jujutsu was comprised of atemi waza. kusari.32. Katayama was the younger brother of Takenouchi Hisamori. which was studied by Ueshiba Morihei. This included trapping. 42. kansetsu waza. Hozoin Ryu (founder: Hozoin In-ei). sasumata (two-pronged polearm). Weapons taught were kenjutsu (with kodachi). . Hokusai Ryu. Hinoshito Torido Kaizan Ryu (founder: Hisakatsu Takeuchi. constrictions and painful throws. It was also known as Ikkan Ryu and—within the family —as Katayama Ryu. a school of close-quarter combat. 41. grappling. Ikkaku Ryu Jutte Jutsu was derived from Shindo Muso Ryu.

Jik[k]ishin Ryu (founder: Terada Kan’emon Masahige. Kaise Ryu (from Seigo Ryu) 56. Kanshin Ryu (founder: Kasuminosuke Mori. jojutsu. Jikishin Kage Ryu. shuriken jutsu. The system consisted of ninety-seven techniques. 67. naginata jutsu. Kazei Ryu. Kito Ryu and Tenshin Ryu. 61. and moto tori. 68. Takenouchi Ryu and Muteki Ryu. the sword techniques were the basis for Aiki Ken. It should not be confused with Kashima Shinto Ryu. Jiuki Jutsu Ryu. Katori Ryu. shuriken jutsu. Kakuto jutsu. Its full name was Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto ryu. from Araki Kempi Ryu) 59.” This same method. focusing on the use of the short sword or dagger. tasuki dori or hobaku jutsu (arresting arts using the cord to tie up kimono sleeves). Kasahara Ryu. founded by Kasahara Shirozaemon. composite martial arts school. . 52. Kashima Shinto Ryu (Bokuden Ryu). 1882. or the kiai jutsu of jujutsu (founder: Sawa Doshi. Its teachings include kenjutsu. a classical jujutsu school. The arts taught were kenjutsu (odachi and kodachi). jujutsu. a complete martial arts style founded by Bizen no kami Masamoto (Togo Bizen no Kami Jui). composite (sogo) martial arts school. Katayama Shindo Ryu 65. sojutsu. Isogai Ryu. yari jutsu (sojutsu). kenpo. 5th Headmaster of Kito Ryu. Kashin Ryu. also known as. created by Yamada Heizaman. developed ran no tori and taught kumiuchi. Kanshin Ryu (founder: Isogai Jiroemon). ken jutsu tachi ai. Kugosoku was an early form of jujutsu. The name means the Divine School of Kashima Shrine. developed by Saka no Ueutamoro. from Kito Ryu and Tenshin Ryu) 58. primarily kendo and naginata. Katori Shinto Ryu. founded by Mori Kanosuke Katsuhige from the Araki Ryu. jojutsu. later named Kodokan Judo. from the Ryoi Shinto Ryu. Kano Ryu (founder: Jigoro Kano. bojutsu . Chin Gen Pin [also. bojutsu. studied by Bushi Matsumura. kaiken. coined by Inoue Seijun IV). The position of soke is honorary and the actual teaching is done by shihanke or “instructor’s house. was what happened with Judo. Its mokuroku include techniques for kogusoku. co-founded circa 1450 by Kunii Kagetsugu and Matsumoto Bizen-no-kami. using elements of the Koden Ryu. This was one of the ryu Kano Jigoro used in 1906 in the establishment of the Kodokan Judo syllabus. 64. student of Genji Nomura. naginata and “grappling. Jigen Ryu (Tenshinsho Jigen Ryu). Kyo Ryu. a form of kempo. iai. Similar to Katori Shinto Ryu. 54. 53. or atemi) 57. battojutsu. 62. kusarigama and jujutsu. held an honorary position at Kodokan. which has roots in Toda Ryu. This style taught a kugosoku system. 63. Taught to Uyeshiba Morihei by Masahige Aoki in 1937. the first jujutsu school to use only empty hand methods. the first to formalize kiai jutsu) 55. who was a student of Hitotsubashi Jokensai. Its influence was mostly in eastern Japan.” 66. batto jutsu. school for iaido. the Japanese name for Chinese jujutsu called Chiao-Ti-Shu [also called Chinete] (brought to Japan by Chen Tsu U (Japanese. without the name. founded circa 1530 by Tsukahara Bokuden. The actual classes were taught by judoka trained by Kano. 60. or tanto jutsu. from Ryoi Shinto Ryu. primarily a kenjutsu system studied by Ueshiba Morihei. Kano Risei.51. Kano Jigoro’s son. the first ryu to use the term judo. Ch’en Yuan Yun or Chen Yuan-ping]). Kashima Shin Ryu. naginata jutsu. Kiraku Ryu.

or unarmed defense against a sword. It is supposed to be an older Chinese based-kanji meaning "Kami" or god but it is now-long obsolete because over the years the older character became lost due to the need to simplify/unify the Chinese characters used in Japanese writing. it has been customarily pronounced as "Kuki" since the Edo period It was a secret martial art practiced by ascetic monks. taught ken jutsu. Mataemon Ibaragi. Some historians contend that this ryu actually developed the concept of kuzushi. Ueshiba Morihei studied this style. iai jutsu." yet in fact the character was originally pronounced as "Oni-gami"(holy spirit) as opposed to "Oni" (evil spirits). Included were bojutsu. 71. The methods of the sword are unique in that they are designed to confuse the opponent by convincing him that the Koto Ryu swordsman is a mere amateur. shaken jutsu and ken jutsu. Kuki Shin Ryu is translated as Nine Demons God School. but should be Nine Gods Spirit School. [Nippon Den] Kodokan Judo (founder: Jigoro Kano. Kito [Jujutsu] Ryu (founder: Sadayashi Hirozaemon Terada. or pressure point striking. also influenced by Fukuno Ryu. Koppojutsu is divided into kurai dori. 70. Sakagami Taro Kunishige codified it in 1542. or postures. or beginning forms. Koden Ryu. Kito Ryu was derived from Ryoi Shinto Ryu. or demon. hanbo and sojutsu. taijutsu and kempo were taught. Its unarmed techniques are similar to . nage waza. Its syllabus contains atemi waza. or small weapons). chigiriki and kusarigama. naginata. Koto Ryu is a school of koppojutsu. or mid-level forms. who rightly believe that it reads "Nine Demons. Suzuki Kuninori changed the name from Kitokumiuchi to Kito Ryu. from Kito Ryu and Tenshin Ryu 72. This is one of the ryu that assisted Kano in establishing the syllabus for Kodokan Judo in 1906. Some techniques are thought to be from Korea. 73. Both Kano Jigoro and Ueshiba Morihei studied this system. This was a 14th century school founded by Kuki Yakushimaru Ryushin (Yakushimaru Kurando). yoroi kumiuchi and kobudo. and kusarigama. Koshi mawari an ancient form of combat resembling jujutsu. of Tenshin Ryu (also credited to Ibaragi Sensai. The arts of bojutsu. shoden gata. tachi. 75. is used in its stead. This last includes fundo-gusari.The system also includes jujutsu. original name for taijutsu. “Ki" is actually an incorrect kanji for the name. This inadvertently changes the meaning of the name to modern readers. a kind of pickaxe and kamayari or hooked spear. original character of oni. from the Yagyu Shinkage Ryu). In 1714. better known today as kyusho jutsu. bo. as well as heiho. It includes the following special weapons: Ippon sugi noburi. The name "Ku-ki" is therefore actually "Ku-kami" yet. Chan Busho brought the original school from China. although some contend from Yagyu Shingan Ryu. Its esoteric elements are similar to aiki jujutsu. Heinaizaemon Ienaga Iga founded it in the 16th century. or master forms and hekito gata. okuden gata. chuden gata. Kumogakure Ryu Ninpo is the Hidden in the Clouds School. jujutsu and jojutsu were taught as well as ninja methods. 74. or advanced forms. kaiden gata. kansetsu waza and shime waza. tessen. for which Kano Jogoro Shihan receives credit. It is considered a sogo bujutsu (complete martial art) due to its teaching of weapons. The similar. 69. in 1882. the pupil of Fukuno. bo jutsu. Also included is kosshijutsu. style of jujutsu founded in the seventh century by Fujiwara Kamatori. Kito means to fall and rise. is also credited with founding Kito Ryu. In addition.

Mondaiyu Ryu (founder: Ichikawa Mondaiyu. This was one of the ryu in 1906 that Kano utilized to finalize the Kodokan syllabus. Its name means the Core Collection of a First Class School. also studied this style. aka Yoshin Miura Ryu). or tough physical exercise. circa 19th century) 81. then Kito Ryu). draw in or gather. Together. Shin is the center or the heart and Do is the Way or path. 83. 88. Niwa is garden and nen is thought or idea. Muhan [Mukan] Ryu (founder: Umanosuke Takagi. designed for the body type of the Occidental. From these. The First Class referred to the aristocracy who practiced it. Mizuno Shinto Ryu. Kano Jigoro utilized this ryu to finalize the Kodokan syllabus in 1912. 85. founder of Bartitsu. Katsu waza (kappo) was also stressed. There are. this style specialized in atemi waza. or arrow deflection art) and kama. In addition to throwing and grappling. Kyushin [Ichi] Ryu founded circa 1558 by Nagakatsu Inouye (Inugami) Sakon-no-shokan. under the direction of Master Eguchi.” 78.those of Togakure Ryu. who was believed to have perfected Muso Jikiden Ryu. at least in part. 82. from Takeuchi Ryu) 87. founded by Kobayashi Koemon Toshinari in the late 16th century. however. Muso Ryu. from Kito Ryu. 79. Kyushin Ryu (founder: Nagakatsu Inouye (Inogami). Hatsumi Masaaki is current Headmaster. Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu was founded circa 1590 by Hayashisaki Jinsuke Minamoto-noShigenobu. Abbe held dan ranks in Judo. He was also known as Hojo Jinsuke Shigenobu. . Karate and Roshin Ryu Jujutsu. 80. known as yadomejutsu. Kyu means to seek. Shin referred to the core or soul (also. Edward William Barton-Wright. Ichi Ryu meant First Class School. rather than designating the school itself. Ma means horse. This was no as pretentious as it seems. from Yamaguchi Ryu kenjutsu) 86. Mito Kodokan Ryu (founder: Tokugawa Nariaki. An esoteric way to teach single-mindedness (as that of a horse in a garden) in combat. It is derived from Yagyu Shinkage Ryu and Muso Jikiden Ryu. the School of the Thought of a Horse in a Garden. The school teaches jujutsu. he developed Kyushindo. from Ryoi Shinto Ryu and Yoshin Ryu. Kyushindo means “To seek the perfect way in all that you do. Maniwa Nen Ryu was founded in 1591 by Higuchi Matashichiro. 84. Kyushindo was the name of an early school of jujutsu. Muso Jikiden Ryu and Muso Shinden Ryu. no students and the system is in danger of extinction. heavily influenced by sumo. It is also the name of an eclectic system devised by Kenshiro Abbe. The name means Peerless. Literally. heart). Aikido. Inouye’s grandson and is very similar to Kito Ryu. iaijutsu and jujutsu. taught: kowami. from Yoshin Ryu to Yagyu Shingan Ryu. 76. 1694. the precursor of Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu. Miura Ryu (founder: Miura Yojiuemon (Yoshitatsu). a method which relied on brute strength). or striking techniques. Maniwa Nen Ryu is one of the oldest surviving battlefield traditions. this ryu was instrumental in helping Kano establish the Kodokan syllabus. Mugai Ryu (founder: Tsuji Gettan Sukemochi. Moro Budo Araki Ryu Kempo was founded in ?1753 by Araki Mujinsai Hidetsuna. It was perfected around 1720 by Inugami Nagayasu (Inugamai Gubei). This similarity leads some scholars to believe it was derived. The use of the naginata and sojutsu are also taught. taught torite. Kyu meant to collect. This style emphasizes resolving problems without fighting. kenjutsu with the odachi (especially against archery. Directly Transmitted School of Eishin. 77. In 1912.

90. etc. As with its parent ryu. taught kakuto-jutsu. Ryushin Katchu Ryu. 99. jujutsu school. 97. This was primarily a kenjutsu school that influenced many other ryu. Namba Ippo Shintoku Ryu (founder: Kiyotada Yano. This style consisted of 100 techniques. . from Ippo Ryu) 96. and also a portion of Shinkage Ryu kenjutsu. classical jujutsu school. 105. also know as. jujutsu. Muso Shinden Ryu (Nakayama Ryu) was founded by Nakayama Hakudo in the 18th century. Jion. Nihon Ryu. Owari Yagyu Shinkage Ryu. founded by Nagao Kemmotsu Tameaki. founded in the 15th century by Hojo Hayashizaki Jinsuke Shigenobu. from Takeuchi Ryu). Hyoho Niten Ichi Ryu. Ono ha Hoki Ryu was derived from the Hoki Ryu style by Ono Kumao. taught a blend of force (go) and initiative (sen). also known as: Fukuno Ryu. Yoshimoto took the name of Nen Ami Jion. 107. founder: Jirouemon Tadaaki who inherited Itto Ryu from Ito Ittosai Kagehisa. taught: wa-jutsu. This school also included the Itabashi Ryu Bojutsu and Natsubara Ryu Yawara. Shinto Wa-jutsu and Ryoi Shinto Yawara. Nen Ryu was founded in 1368 by Yoshimoto Soma Shiro. a form of atemi waza) 108. founder: Musashi Miyamoto. including Shinkage Ryu. a branch of the Yagyu Shinkage Ryu. Muso Jikiden Ryu. Ono Ha Itto Ryu (primarily kenjutsu). circa 1640. from Itto Ryu and Yagyu Shinkage Ryu. Niten Ichi Ryu and Niten Ryu. The Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu was the most famous and influential iaido school. or body arts. founded toward the middle of the Edo period in the 17th century. Nito Ryu (primarily kenjutsu). Owari Kan Ryu (Kan Ryu) primarily taught sojutsu (kuda yari and su yari). the first Kyujutsu School. taught yawara gi. It was derived from Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu when the Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu split into two factions. Okuda Ryu 102. or concealed weapons) 93. is named after him. Eishin Ryu also included Natsubara Ryu Yawara. Prior to traveling to Okinawa to teach. Oie Ryu (founder: Todayu Takeuchi. from Ippo Ryu) 95. during the Sengoku period (17th century). Shin Ryu Wa-jutsu. kenjutsu (odachi and kodachi). Ryoi Shinto Ryu (founder: Fukuno Shichirouemon Masakatsu. founded in the 15th century. Oguri Ryu (founder: Oguri Niemon in 1616. Nagao Ryu. 106. The traditional karate kata. taught tai jutsu. this style was primarily kenjutsu and iaijutsu with the kogusoku koshi no mawari from Tennouchi Ryu. 92. The yawara system was composed of six sets with 63 kata. or pliancy in strength (yawari-riki). complete system of martial arts founded during the Edo period. traces its founding to Iso Mataemon Ryukansai. or meekness. the soft or passive art) 100. Namba Itto Ryu (founder: Namba Ittosai. which had five bo versus bo kata and eight bo versus ken kata. 104. 94. from behind. 98. which emphasized grappling from any position: Standing.This consisted primarily of iaido. but also included Itabashi Ryu Bojutsu. 89. Rikishin Ryu (founder: Miyabe Saganyudo Iemitsu. from Yagyu Shinkage Ryu. from Takeuchi Ryu) 101. Nanba Ippo Ryu (founder: Nanba Ipposai Hisanaga). also the founder of Tenjin Shinyo Ryu. Muteki Ryu. 1660. and kakushi. 91. Chujo Ryu and Itto Ryu. kneeling. Emmei Ryu. 103. Enmei Ryu.

from Sumo. or Advanced Forms are included in the postures. At this time. from the Kage Ryu. which is based on Goho no Kamae. 118. founder of Wado Ryu. Jikishinkage Ryu. Shindo (Shinto) Yoshin Ryu. It is noted for developing batto jutsu. an old jujutsu school. taught: ken jutsu. 115. ken jutsu). (founder: Kamiizumi Ise no Fujiwara no Hidetsuna (later. also credited to Sekiguchi Hachirozaemon. Sekiguchi [Shinshin] Ryu was founded by Sekiguchi Yarokuemon Ujimune Jiushin Hachirouemon Minamoto no Sanechika. Hokushin Itto Ryu. taught jojutsu) 121. Chi no Kata or Forms of the Earth and Shizen Chigoku no Kata or the Ultimate Natural Pattern. 117. Shinden Fudo Ryu [Immovable Teachings Transmitted by the Gods]. based on Yoshin Ryu. It was studied by a master of Kukishin Ryu. a senior student of Kano Jigoro. Shoden Gata. Otsuka Hidenori. 124. 123. Shinden Isshin Ryu 119. or Basic Forms. from Sekiguchi Ryu in the 17th century). Tsumizu Mogichi and Sekiguchi Jushin represented Sekiguchi Ryu. today. founded 1868 by Matsuoka Katsunosuke. Shimmei Sakkatsu Ryu. received a menkyo kaiden certificate in this style. Sanshin Araki Ryu was founded by either Yamamoto Kasuke Katsuyuki or Tokuda Shirobei. primarily kenjutsu. 116. Seigo Ryu (founder: Jirouemon Isogai. or Intermediate Forms and Okuden Gata. a ronin. taught batto jutsu) . 111. circa 1640. the son of Sekiguchi Jushin. batto jutsu. Sekiouchi Ryu (founder Sekiguchi Jushin Hachiroemon Minamoto no Sanechika. or New Kage Ryu. Its kenjutsu is wild and violent. 113. 110. was once a student of this ryu. primarily an iaijutsu ryu. 16th century. The name may be translated as the Barrier Gate School. Other sources give Yoshiteru Izumo Kansa as the founder. It is very different from other Araki Ryu. circa 16th century. Chuden Gata. and Takenaka Tetsunoke. Shibukawa Ryu (founder: Shibukawa Bangoro Yoshikata. Shindo (Shinto) Muso Ryu (Heavenly Way of Muso’s School). Shimmei Muso Ryu. so jutsu and yawara) 114. by the Muso Shinden Ryu (founder: Hayashizaki Jinsuke in the late 16th century. Hatsumi Masaaki holds Menkyo Kaiden from this school. Shinkan Ryu. founded by Okuyama Tadenobu. or underwater grappling techniques) 120. This is one of the 1912 ryu Kano used to finalize his Kodokan syllabus. from Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu and Kage Ryu.109. Its jujutsu is famous for yama arashi (mountain storm throw). 112. Shinden Ryu (taught: ashi garami. This was also used in Takenouchi Ryu. from Ryoi Shinto Ryu) This style taught kumiuchi and hade. taught: sen. Nobutsuna). founded by Mizuhaya Chozaemon Nobumasa from a priest named Seigo. There is also Jutaijutsu (Jujutsu). subsumed. Shin Muso Hayashizaki Ryu. Sekiguchi Ryu included the art of kyusho jutsu. or striking methods. These consist of Ten no Kata or Heavenly Forms. a system for attacking vital points. Tenjin Shinyo Ryu jujutsu and Hozoin Ryu. Legend has it that this ryu was founded in the 12th century by Temeyoshi Genpachiiro. founded circa 1640by Muso Gonosuke Katsuyoshi. It was derived from Shinnoshindo Ryu and sumo. 122. Its techniques are comprised of Dakentaijutsu. Seigo Ryu. Shinkage Ryu. or Five Postures.

He was also known as Futagami Hannosuke Masaaki. 139. Hozoin Ryu. Kashima Shinden Jikishinkage Ryu. kansetsu waza and nage waza. Shin Muso Hayashizaki Ryu. Shinshindo is the Way of New Thought. and ultimately from Take(no)uchi Ryu). in 1650. which came from Namba Itto Ryu. Kano assimilated this ryu into Kodokan Judo to finalize his syllabus. Fugatami was also a student of Daito Ryu. It is a derivation of the Yoshin Ryu. the original form of the Muso Shinden Ryu. classical jujutsu school. 127. 137. The syllabus included atemi waza. Sho Sho Ryu. and Takenouchi Ryu. from Futagami Ryu) 134. This last consisted of koppojutsu. founder of modern-day Wado Ryu Karate. Another descendent was Shinto Yoshin Ryu. The other two were Yoshitatsu Miura and Jirozaemon Isokai 130. ukemi. kosshijutsu and aikinojutsu. Shin no Shindo Ryu]. Its specialty was atemi. which was a family art. iaijutsu. 132. It was derived from a number of other ryu: Hokushin Itto Ryu. Shin no Shinto Ryu [also. This is translated as New Mind Yawara in Canon of Judo. kyujutsu and taijutsu. He believed this was the way martial should be – effortless. Reputedly founded by Hannosuke Fugatami in 1650. Shinto Ryu (primarily kenjutsu of the Shindo Muso Ryu) 129. sojutsu. modified Yoshin Ryu. founded during the Tokugawa era. Created in 1864 by Matsuoka Katsunosuke Naokane. Kogusoku was a semi-armored system of . taught kumi uchi and torae [katame waza]). The headmaster at this time was Master Hoshino. Sosuishi Ryu (School of Pure Water) was founded by Fugatami Misanori Hannosuke. 126. The school taught iaijutsu. Studied by Koizumi Gunji. or arts). The name derives from a vision in which Kagenobu saw water gulls floating effortlessly and without conscious thought on the water. Kenjutsu was also taught. Shinyo Ryu 133. Named for “pure flowing waters” of the Yoshino River in the mountain area where Hannosuke trained. Shinto Ryu Wajutsu was developed by Masakatsu Fukuno. it was composed of 166 techniques. hyoto jutsu (nito jutsu. Eventually this school joined Kano’s synthetic jujutsu. or both swords used). tai-sabaki. one of the three disciples of Chen Gin Pen). Shin no Shindo is one of two arts combined to form the Tenjin-Shinyo Ryu. 136. This style was the one studied by Otsuka Hironori. The headmaster at this time was Aoyagi. 135. 128. it was one of the last schools of the Edo period. Tenjin Shin’yo Ryu and Yoshin Ryu (Yoshin Koryu). Shitami Ryu (founder: Shitami Munetsuna. In 1912. 131. The style claims lineage from Futagami Ryu. called judo. developed from the teachings of the Koden Ryu. Shin Shin Ryu [Yawara] taught Jujutsu and katsu. 138. He was a student of Fusen Ryu. which came from Ippo Ryu. Shinto [Shindo] Yoshin Ryu was a development of Yoshin Ryu and one of the major jujutsu ryu. kenpo (sword methods. Sosuishitsu Ryu was a variation of Takenouchi Ryu Jujutsu. Its curriculum included kenjutsu (o dachi and kodachi). jojutsu.125. Shiten Ryu was one of the ryu Kano Jigoro used in the development of Kodokan Judo in 1912. (founder: Yamamoto Tamizaemon. naginata jutsu and kusarigama. Suio Ryu (Water Gull School) was founded in 1615 by Mima Yoichizaemon Kagenobu. Suihasu Ryu or Water Lotus School was founded in 1562 by Shindou Hiroshi.

This style comes from two family lines: Toichiro and Tojuru. founded by Takemitsu Ryufuken Nobushige (Heitazaemon) 145. 142. 26 June 1532 (the 1st year of the Tenmon era). kenjutsu (odachi. ura gokui gokajo and hioku no hioku nanakajo. aikuchi/ kaiken). it was founded circa 1610 by MarumeKurandonosuke Nagayasu. Erijime no kata were the forms of strangulation. Mogun no kata were “diving under” forms. He systematized all known techniques of unarmed fighting to develop his own style. Studied by both Kano Jigoro and Ueshiba Morihei. 140. Okuden no kata were the advanced forms. 144. Masters of this school were Yano Takano. Toichiro Takeuchi. 141. also called Shin Yoshin Ryu. Taisha Ryu was a derivative of Kage Ryu. The only ones it did not teach were kyujutsu (archery). Also taught were bojutsu (rokushaku bo and jo). Muto dori no kata were unarmed defenses against the sword. sakkatsuho (kappo) and tessen jutsu (iron fan). Ju Tai Jutsu. The main teachings were Daken Tai Jutsu. and koshi no mawari. It did include methods for using a wooden pot lid. Chuden no kata were intermediate forms. It originally had 630 techniques in its syllabus. Omote waza consisted of 25 techniques. The system covered almost all weapons and related arts. to kogusoku. It stressed immobilization techniques and close combat with daggers. containing 53 techniques. Taihen Jutsu. iaijutsu (using all weapons taught in kenjutsu). which altogether consist of 135 techniques. In 1912. this was one of the remaining ryu from which Kano Jigoro finalized his Kodokan syllabus. or hand-tohand combat. kodachi. Daisho sabaki no kata were unarmed forms while wearing the long sword and short sword at the side. This was followed by urakata. Hontai Yoshin Takagi Ryu and Hontai Takagi Yoshin Ryu. Legend has it that a yamabushi appeared to Hisamori on Mount Sannomiya extolling the use of short weapons over long ones. bajutsu (horsemanship) and hojojutsu (gunnery. to encircle the hips. This school influenced most of the ryu in western Japan. Takagi Yoshin Ryu (High Tree Raised Heart School) was founded by Takagi Oriemon Shigetoshi. gokui hakkajo. notably jujutsu. This style was the first to teach hojo-jutsu or restraining with ropes. or release from being held. It was originally a school for bodyguards. Also included were torite. or atemi. metal chopsticks and umbrella. Also taught was hade a method of attacking vital points of the body. Takenouchi Ryu is the oldest jujutsu ryu still in existence and was known as yawara. or osae waza based on gokyu or five keys. Tai no kata were body forms.grappling. It is also connected to Kukishin Ryu. Also taught was the art of tehodoki. naginata jutsu. the techniques were to be performed very fast to prevent the opponent from escaping or rolling out. (founder: Prince Chumutaku Diasuke Hisamori Take[no]uchi Tochiro. from Muhan Ryu) 143. Branches of the ryu include Hontai Yoshin Ryu. These have reduced to 150. Teaching was divided into eight parts: Shoden no kata were the beginning forms. Takagi Ryu (founder: Takagi (Gennoshin) Oriemon Shigetoshi. Consequently. The master swordsman of the Lone Wolf and Cub is supposedly a proponent of this ryu. tanto. falling and using Sutemi. came from this style. Imai Kotaro and Oshima Hikasuburo. Takemitsu Ryu. the art of self-defense which protects one to the same extent as armor. Tai jutsu is the most ancient of fighting arts. Koshi no mawari was changed in 1940 by the 14th Headmaster. or the art of moving silently. . old jujutsu school. All others. There were 15 henka waza.

taught wa jutsu (ju jutsu). jujutsu. from ?Takeuchi Ryu) 147. kodachi. Teiho-san Ryu. torae (immobilization methods). Tenshin [Shoden] Katori Shinto Ryu (founder: Izasa Choiisai Ienao. or strangulation methods (the three for which it was famous). Its curriculum included kenjutsu (odachi. Tenshin Ryu (taught wa jutsu). The Tatsumi Shin Ryu branched from this school. from Takeuchi Ryu) 149. ryoto). This style was derived from Yoshin Ryu and Shin no Shindo Ryu. nito. 153. Bartitsu. or School of the Hidden Door. classical jujutsu school. hanbo). yawara (against armed and unarmed opponents). a Japanese straight. Takeuchi Santo Ryu (founder: Yukiharu Nakamura. This was a unique blade with a handle attached to a rope. sojutsu. It is particularly suited to group fighting techniques. shudan sentoho (esoteric charms and tactics) and monomi (scouting. founded by Terama Heizaemon. double-edged. shuriken jutsu. Tenjin Shin’yo Ryu (Tenshin Shinyo Ryu). from Takeuchi Ryu) 148. at the end of which was a round disc. and shime waza. fukuro shinai). hojojutsu. peacemaker or pacifier. Takeuchi Une Ryu (founder: Hisaharu Takeuchi. mastered all the techniques of the school and was awarded menkyo kaiden at the age of 18! 155. (founder: Sekizai Minamoto-neMasatari Yanagi (aka: Iso Mataemon). kodachi. . aka katame waza). No other information is available. kempo (atemi) and ran o toru) 152. bojutsu and jujutsu. and was a classical Japanese martial arts school (sogo bujutsu). Kano’s chief assistant. merged both the Yoshin Ryu and Ryoi Shinto Ryu. was a master of this system. was founded in the 13th century by Daisuke Nishina (Togakure). The esoteric in-yo kigaku was also part of the curriculum. Tennen Rishin Ryu was founded circa 1789 by Kondo Kuranosuke Nagahiro. Yamashita Yoshitaka. iai jutsu (odachi). 151. ken jutsu (odachi. Teaching consisted of yon-po hidden or the four secrets. Okita Soji. taught atemi waza. 157. The style consisted of kenjutsu. shuko and ashiko climbing spikes for the hands and feet. from Kito Ryu. bo jutsu (rokushaku bo). 154. spear above 15” in length. Also. shuriken jutsu and nin jutsu). Kano Jigoro began his study of martial arts with this system in 1877. taught yawara-ge. Tatsumi Ryu [Hyoho] was founded circa 1550 by Tatsumi Sankyo. in 1830. Tenjin Myoshin Ryu. Teishin Ryu (founder: Terada Heizaemon. iai with odachi. Tanabe Ryu (founder: Nagatsune Tanabe. or the art of constructions or fortifications and gunbaiho (non-folding war fan) for troop deployment. bojutsu (rokushaku bo.146. senban shuriken. manriki gusari and katsu. another school mentioned in Canon of Judo. Kodokan Judo and Shindo Yoshin Ryu. or breathing tube. Also included were chikujojutsu. for thrusting only). so jutsu (su yari. Descendants of the system are Aikido (Ueshiba Morihei also studied this system). Also included were the jutte. 150. or four-pointed throwing star. and the kyokitsu shoge. naginata jutsu (onaginata). This style was studied by Ueshiba Morihei 156. 15th century. This was a derivative of the Kumiuchi Ryu. claims descent from Katayama Shindo Ryu. The prodigy. also studied the Shinnoshindo Ryu and Miura Ryu. reconnaissance and observation tactics). Togakure Ryu. Also included were the shinodake. Taijutsu was also taught. 3rd Headmaster of Kito Ryu.

although Hayato had also studied Shinkage Ryu. K. 167. This consisted of suhada jujutsu. Yamaga Ryu (aka Sekitokudo) was founded in the 1600’s by Yamage Soko. although Araki Mataemon and Ushu Tatewaki are also credited with its founding. ken jutsu (odachi. the first to do so. Nakai Masakatsu taught this style to Ueshiba Morihei. 164. Yawara was the forerunner of jujutsu. Shuza Ryu and Toda Ryu . Higashi. Tsutsumi Masao. believed to be the same as Yagyu Shingan Ryu. studied with the Saito brothers (Saito. from Huei-to (Nagasaki). This style taught: kenden kumichi. circa 1568. shuriken jutsu and ju jutsu. and K. or armored grappling. Yagyu Shingan Ryu was founded circa 1600 by Takenaga Hayato. From 1903 to 1908. Tsutsumi Hozan Ryu was founded in 1658 (one source states 1335!) by Hozan Tsutsumi Yamashiro no Kama (other sources cite as founder: Eishiu inugani. Yano Ryu was founded by Yano Hikozaemon Hirohide in the 19 th century. founded in the 16th century by Yagyu Muneyoshiiake Sekishusai Tajimi no Kami. who was awarded a mid-level license in Gotoha Yagyu Shingan Ryu Taijutsu. The last Tsutsumi Granmaster. It was derived from Kage Ryu (Aizu) of Kamiizumi (Hidetsuna) Ise No Kami. The name means Yagyu’s School of the Mind’s Eye. Jan de Jong Shihan. aka Yagyu Tajima no Kamitaira no Muneyoshi. and Saito S. and Katchu Yawara. Other sources credit this school with the first use of yawara. The style concentrated on ken jutsu and jujutsu. The founder was Akiyama Shirobei Yoshitoki. If the 1335 date is correct. This style taught kumiuchi. This was the official kenjutsu style of the Tokugawa Shogunate. of which there were twentyeight methods. later increased to 103 techniques. Yagyu Seigo Ryu. Miura Yoshin Ryu and Yoshin Koryu. the same as Yanagi Ryu. 162. 15th century). 160. or arresting (capturing) methods and kappo. Its curriculum included naginata jutsu. The school also included ken jutsu. Tsutsumi Hozan broke away from the Takenouchi Ryu in order to use the reflex method of training. or grappling [previously known as yawara-gi]. this is the oldest kumiuchi ryu in the history of Japan. It was derived from Yagyu Shinkage Ryu and Yoshin Ryu of Akiyama). 2nd Headmaster of Shinkage Ryu [?aka Ushu Tatewaki]. The name meant the New Shadow School of Yagyu. there exists a school of this name in Germany. who died in 1898. Also a part of the curriculum was torite. iai jutsu. jujutsu style with 16th century roots. now combined with karate. Washin Ryu. 165. 166. Also taught were sen. or grappling while possessing arms. Yagyu Shinkage Ryu was founded by Yagyu Sekishusai Muneyoshi. Yagyu Ryu (primarily kenjutsu). who taught shuhaku-jutsu [also called Byakuda and Hakuda]. kodachi and nito).158. batto jutsu ryu (odachi) founded circa 1690-1700 by Nagaoka Torei Fusashige. also referred to as yoroi kumi-uchi. Long thought to be extant. He also taught kumi uchi and kassei-ho [kappo]. circa 1632. famous for iai jutsu. bo jutsu and naginata jutsu. 163. and believed to be the earliest native barehanded fighting art. Its curriculum included kenjutsu and jujutsu. 161. whose headmaster. a physician. an atemi style. respectively). Yoshin Ryu (Willow Heart School) was also called Akiyama Yoshin Ryu. or unarmed grappling. sojutsu . taught the Saito brothers. Nen Ryu and Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu. This referred to the principle of reading the intentions of the opponent. – 7th and 8th dan. A direct descendant of this style was Yagyu Shingan Ryu. 159. jojutsu. originally consisting of three techniques.

mentioned by name in Canon of Judo. Kurama Yoshin Ryu and Kodokan Judo. its founder went to the Yoshino mountains to study. Yamashita was President Theodore Roosevelt’s instructor. bojutsu (hanbo). Yoshin Shindo Ryu.(nagayari. Yoshin Ryu (a misnomer. Kano’s chief assistant. from where the confusion began) 169. Nothing else is known about this style. Yugyo Ryu (founder: Takino Yugyo. Any or all of this information may be copied for students if desired. (founder: Tabizaemon Yamamoto. Shin Shin Ryu. known more commonly. . was a master of this style. Sakkatsu Yoshin Ryu. as Shin Shin Ryu. 168. from Yoshin Ryu) 170. Tenjin Shin’Yo Ryu. This may well be the most influential style of jujutsu in Japan. noted also. At its peak. the style was Sosuishi Ryu. from Hontei Ryu and Kyushin Ryu) 171. it consisted of over 300 techniques. Takamuri Hashindo Yoshin Ryu. Yamashita Yokiashi. Ryushin Katchu Ryu. kusarigama jutsu and jujutsu. Shin Yoshin Ryu. Shin no Shindo ryu. Shinnoshindo Ryu or Shinnoshinto Ryu. for its training in Ki. tanso). as well as Tenshin Shinyo Ryu. This style greatly influenced Kodokan Judo. Yuiga Ryu. Branch schools include Danzan Ryu. All that’s asked is that acknowledgment of authorship be given. Itto Ha Shinyo Ryu. one of the first schools to inaugurate a grading system.

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