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Buddhist Publication Society Kandy •Sri Lanka
The Wheel Publication No. 217
First BPS edition 1975 Second BPS edition 1991 Third BPS edition 2008 Copyright © 1991 by Russell Webb ISBN 955–24–0048–1 BPS Online Edition © (2008) Digital Transcription Source: BPS Transcription Project For free distribution. This work may be republished, reformatted, reprinted and redistributed in any medium. However, any such republication and redistribution is to be made available to the public on a free and unrestricted basis, and translations and other derivative works are to be clearly marked as such.
Preface ........................................................................................................................... 3 I. Textual Analysis .......................................................................................................... 4 A. Vinaya Pi aka—the Collection of Disciplinary Rules........................................ 4 1. Sutta Vibha ga..................................................................................................... 4 2. Khandhaka, subdivided into Mahāvagga and Cū avagga........................... 4 3. Parivāra................................................................................................................. 5 B. Sutta Pi aka— the Collection of the Buddha’s Discourses ................................ 5 1. Dīgha Nikāya ....................................................................................................... 5 2. Majjhima Nikāya ................................................................................................. 7 3. Sa yutta Nikāya ............................................................................................... 15 4. A guttara Nikāya.............................................................................................. 18 5. Khuddaka Nikāya ............................................................................................. 20 C. Abhidhamma Pi aka— the Collection of PhilosopHical Treatises................. 26 II. Index to the Canon................................................................................................... 28 III. Bibliography............................................................................................................ 41 1. Translated Texts..................................................................................................... 41 A. Vinaya Pi aka .................................................................................................... 41 B. Sutta Pitaka ........................................................................................................ 42 C. Abhidhamma Pitaka ........................................................................................ 51 2. Anthologies............................................................................................................. 51 3. Devotional Manuals (Romanised Pali texts and translations) ....................... 54 4. Post-Canonical and Commentarial Literature................................................... 55 A. The Commentaries (in English translation).................................................. 55 B. Pali Exegeses (in English translation) ............................................................ 56 C. Non-Indian Pali Literature.............................................................................. 57 5. Studies from Pali Sources ..................................................................................... 59 A. General Studies................................................................................................. 59 B. Vinaya Studies................................................................................................... 65 C. Sutta Studies...................................................................................................... 66 D. Abhidhamma Studies ...................................................................................... 67 6. Journals ................................................................................................................... 67 7. Pali Grammars and Dictionaries ......................................................................... 68 Appendix: Some On-line Refences............................................................................ 72
An Analysis of the Pali Canon was originally the work of A.C. March, the founder-editor of Buddhism in England (from 1943, The Middle Way), the quarterly journal of The Buddhist Lodge (now The Buddhist Society, London). It appeared in the issues for Volume 3 and was later offprinted as a pamphlet. Finally, after extensive revision by I.B. Horner (the late President of the Pali Text Society) and Jack Austin, it appeared as an integral part of A Buddhist Student’s Manual, published in 1956 by The Buddhist Society to commemorate the thirtieth anniversary of its founding. The basic analysis of the Tipi aka appeared in The Mahā Bodhi, 37:19–42 (Calcutta 1929), and was reprinted in K.D.P. Wickremesinghe’s Biography of the Buddha (Colombo 1972). In the present edition, the basic analysis of the Canon has been left in its original state although some minor corrections had to be made. However, it has been found possible to fully explore the Sa yutta and A guttara Nikāyas together with three important texts from the Khuddaka Nikāya: Udāna, Itivuttaka, and Suttanipāta. It was deemed unnecessary to give similar treatment to the Dhammapada, as this popular anthology is much more readily accessible. The Pa isambhidāmagga has also been analysed. The index (except for minor amendments) was originally prepared by G.F. Allen and first appeared in his book The Buddha’s Philosophy. In this edition it has been simplified by extensive substitution of Arabic for Roman numerals. The Bibliography, a necessary adjunct in view of the reference nature of the whole work, has, however, been completely revised as a consequence of the vast output of books on the subject that have come on to the market over the past few decades. Indeed, it was originally intended to make this an exhaustive section of Pali works in the English language, past and present. A number of anthologies, however, include both suttas in their entirety and short extracts from the texts. In such cases the compiler has, where the works in question appear, only indicated the complete suttas, as it is hardly likely that brief passages in such (possibly out-of-print) books will be referred to by the student who can now so easily turn to complete texts. Moreover, to keep the Bibliography to a manageable size, it was also necessary to omit a number of anthologies which include selected translations available from other, more primary sources. It is thus hoped that this short work will awaken in the reader a desire to study the original texts themselves, the most authoritative Buddhist documents extant. Space has precluded a detailed study of the Tipi aka from the standpoints of language and chronology, but the source books mentioned in the Bibliography will more than compensate for this omission. Russell Webb Bloomsbury, London March 1991
The ceremony concluding the retreat (pavāra a). 7. (g) Seventy-five rules are concerned with etiquette and decorum (sekhiya). The Uposatha meeting and recital of the Pātimokkha (code of rules). theft.I. Rules for admission to the Order. if infringed. 6. Textual Analysis The Pali Canon. 4 . Medicine and food. entail expulsion from the Order (pārājika). Sutta Vibha ga There are 220 rules and 7 legal procedures for monks consisting of eight classes: (a) Four rules. sleeping. Vinaya Pi aka: The Collection of Disciplinary Rules. Abhidhamma Pi aka: The Collection of Philosophical Treatises. A. 2. (h) Seven procedures are for the settlement of legal processes (adhikara asamatha) This section is followed by another called the Bhikkhunīvibha ga. Residence during the rainy season (vassa). (e) Ninety-two rules entail expiation (pācittiya). B. Vinaya Pi aka—the Collection of Disciplinary Rules 1. 4. The mode of executing proceedings by the Order. (d) Thirty rules entail expiation with forfeiture (nissaggiya pācittiya). taking a human life or inciting another to commit suicide. 2. (f) Four rules require confession (pā idesanīya). 8. 5. The annual distribution of robes (ka hina). Khandhaka. Rules for articles of dress and furniture. and robe-material. is divided into three major parts: A. 3. also called the Tipi aka or “Three Baskets” (of doctrine). providing similar guidance for nuns. subdivided into Mahāvagga and Cū avagga (a) Mahāvagga: 1. (b) Thirteen rules entailing initial and subsequent meetings of the Sangha (sa ghādisesa). (c) Two rules are indefinite (aniyata). 9. and falsely boasting of supernormal attainments. Rules for sick Bhikkhus. C. Sutta Pi aka: The Collection of the Buddha’s Discourses. These are sexual intercourse.
7. Procedures for putting a Bhikkhu on probation. Account of the First Council.10. 10. 1. 2. Miscellaneous rules for bathing. and duties of teachers and novices (Sāma era). 3. (b) Cū avagga (or Cullavagga): 1. 6. etc. 1. Dīgha Nikāya The Collection of Long Discourses is arranged in three vaggas or sections: (a) Sīlakkhanda Vagga 1. 4. Rules for schisms. dress. 9. is divided into five sections or collections (Nikāyas) of discourses (suttas). Dīgha Nikāya. 3. Rules for dealing with offences that come before the Order. 4. Account of the Second Council. 5. Khuddaka Nikāya. Proceedings in cases of schism. the second main division of the Tipi aka. etc. 8. 12. 5. 5 . Parivāra Summaries and classification of the rules of the Vinaya arranged as a kind of catechism for instruction and examination purposes. B. 11. at Vesālī. Procedures for dealing with accumulation of offences by a Bhikkhu. 2. Rules for dwellings. furniture. 3. Rules for exclusion from the Pātimokkha. Sa yutta Nikāya. Rules for settling legal procedures in the Order. Brahmajāla Sutta: “The Net of Brahma” or the Perfect Net. Classes of Bhikkhus. A guttara Nikāya. at Rājagaha. in which are caught all the 62 heretical forms of speculation concerning the world and the self taught by the Buddha’s contemporaries. Sutta Pi aka— the Collection of the Buddha’s Discourses The Sutta Pi aka. Rules for the ordination and instruction of Bhikkhunīs. Majjhima Nikāya. lodging.
Jāliya Sutta: On the nature of the life-principle as compared with the body. 12. who states that he himself was Mahāgovinda. Kū adanta Sutta: Dialogue with the brahmin Kū adanta condemning animal sacrifice. 6. Tevijja Sutta: On the futility of a knowledge of the Vedas as means to attaining companionship with Brahma. 4. the Discourse on the Buddha Vipassi. 7. Mahānidāna Sutta: On the “chain of causation” and theories of the soul. 3. a on the characteristics of the 5. Mahāparinibbāna Sutta: The Great Discourse that records the passing of the Tathāgata into Parinibbāna. Mahāsudassana Sutta: The Great King of Glory. 19. A dialogue with Amba ha on caste. 16. Keva ha Sutta: The Buddha refuses to allow a Bhikkhu to perform a miracle. So ada a Sutta: Dialogue with the. Mahāgovinda Sutta: The heavenly musician Pañcasikha relates the story of Mahāgovinda to the Buddha. the traditional founder of the Sakya clan. Contains reference to the legend of King Okkāka. brahmin So ada true brahmin. 17. 9. Subha Sutta: A discourse. The story of a previous existence of the Buddha. Sāmaññaphala Sutta: “The Fruits of the Homeless Life. Lohicca Sutta: Dialogue with the brahmin Lohicca on the ethics of teaching. on conduct. describing his descent from the Tusita heaven to the commencement of his mission. in which the Buddha states the enquiry to be irrelevant and not conducive to enlightenment.2. 11. 6 . (b) Mahā Vagga 14. Amba ha Sutta: Pride of birth and its fall. Janāvāsabha Sutta: The Buddha relates the story of the yakkha (demon) Janāvāsabha to the people of Nādikā. Po hapāda Sutta: A discussion with Po hapāda on the nature of the soul. 8. Story of the monk who visited the devas (deities) to question them. 15. Kassapasīhanāda Sutta: A dialogue with the naked ascetic Kassapa against selfmortification. 10. and the attainment of full enlightenment. as King Sudassana.” The Buddha explains to King Ajātasattu the advantages of joining the Buddhist Order and renouncing the life of the world. 13. 18. concentration. and wisdom. told by the Buddha on his death-bed. Also. Mahāpadāna Sutta: The Sublime Story of the Buddha Gotama and his six predecessors. attributed to Ānanda. Mahāli Sutta: Dialogue with Mahāli on deva-like vision and hearing.
and an exposition on the origin of things (as in No. With a commentary on the Four Noble Truths. 7 . 33. 32. Cakkavattisīhanāda Sutta: Story of the universal king. roughly classified according to subject matter. Majjhima Nikāya This division consists of 152 suttas of medium length arranged in 15 vaggas. Sigālovāda Sutta: The Sigāla homily on the duties of the householder to the six classes of persons. who describes the teaching of the Buddha and asserts his faith in him. Sakkapañha Sutta: Sakka. Sampasādanīya Sutta: A dialogue between the Buddha and Sāriputta. Udumbarikasīhanāda Sutta: The Buddha discusses asceticism with the ascetic Nigrodha. visits the Buddha. the lord of devas. and learns from him that everything that originates is also subject to dissolution. 26. Pāsādika Sutta: The Delectable Discourse. 25. Aggañña Sutta: A discussion on caste. thoughts. 34. Sabbāsavā Sutta: On the elimination of the cankers. Ā ānā iya Sutta: On the Four Great Kings and their spell for protection against evil. 23. 31. Discourse of the Buddha on the perfect and the imperfect teacher. Mūlapariyāya Sutta: How states of consciousness originate. Lakkha a Sutta: The 32 marks of a Great Man. 29.20. feelings. (a) Mūlapariyāya Vagga 1. Sa gīti Sutta: Sāriputta outlines the principles of the teaching in ten numerical groups. 2. 2. Mahāsatipa hāna Sutta: Discourse on the Foundations of Mindfulness on the body. and the coming of the future Buddha Metteyya. (c) Pā ika Vagga 24. Pā ika Sutta: Story of the disciple who follows other teachers because the Buddha does not work miracles or teach the origin of things. 22. 27. Payāsi Sutta: Kumārakassapa converts Payāsi from the heresy that there is no future life or reward of actions. 30. 21. Mahāsamaya Sutta: The devas of the Pure Abode and their evolution. and states of mind. 28.24) down to the origin of the four castes. the corruption of morals and their restoration. Dasuttara Sutta: Sāriputta outlines the doctrine in tenfold series.
How to efface defilements. Cū asīhanāda Sutta: See No. Also the Buddha’s account of his enlightenment. Satipa hāna Sutta: The same as DN 22. 12. 14 below.3. (c) Tatiya Vagga 21. Ana ga a Sutta: A dialogue between Sāriputta and Moggallāna on the attainment of freedom from depravity. Cetokhila Sutta: On the five mental bondages. Vanapattha Sutta: On the advantages and disadvantages of the forest life. Dvedhāvitakka Sutta: The parable of the lure of sensuality. 4. Sammādi hi Sutta: A discourse by Sāriputta on right views. Vatthūpama Sutta: The parable of the soiled cloth and the defiled mind. 7. On the control of the feelings and the mind under the most severe provocation. which Kaccāna amplifies. on the value of introspection (There is no reference to the Buddha throughout). Bhayabherava Sutta: On braving the fears and terrors of the forest. 18. Mahādukkhakkhandha Sutta: See No. Cū adukkhakkhandha Sutta: The long and the short discourses on the suffering inherent in sensual pleasures. 8 . Kakacūpama Sutta: The simile of the saw. Madhupi ika Sutta: The Buddha gives a brief outline of his teaching. 17. 6. 4. Anumāna Sutta: By Moggallāna. Vitakkasa hāna Sutta: Methods of meditation to dispel undesirable thoughts. but without the detailed explanation of the Four Noble Truths. 13. The futility of ascetic practices. 19. Repetition of the Enlightenment as in No. 9. 8. Āka kheyya Sutta: On those things for which a Bhikkhu may wish. Mahāsīhanāda Sutta: The short and the long “challenge” suttas. 14. Dhammadāyāda Sutta: Exhorting the Bhikkhus to realise the importance of the Dhamma and the unimportance of their physical wants. 20. 16. 5. (b) Sīhanāda Vagga 11. 10. 15. 12 below. Sallekha Sutta: On the elimination of self and false views.
34. (d) Mahāyamaka Vagga 31. On attaining the essence of the Dhamma. 26. Ariyapariyesana Sutta: The Noble Quest. Rathavinīta Sutta: Pu a explains the purpose of the holy life to Sāriputta. 24. Mahā-assapura Sutta: See No. 37. 29. Alagaddūpama Sutta: Simile of the water-snake. Cū agopālaka Sutta: Simile of the foolish and wise herdsman crossing the river. who speak on harmonious living and relate their attainments to him. 23. Holding wrong views of the Dhamma is like seizing a snake by the tail. 39. 30. honour and fame. Cū asaccaka Sutta: A discussion between the Buddha and the debater Saccaka on the nature of the five aggregates and other topics. Cū agosi ga Sutta: A conversation of the Buddha with three Bhikkhus. 40. Said to have been delivered when Devadatta left the Order. Vammika Sutta: The simile of the smouldering ant-hill as the human body. Cū ahatthipadopama Sutta: The short “elephant’s footprint” simile. Cū ata hāsa khaya Sutta: Sakka asks the Buddha about freedom from craving and satisfactorily repeats his reply to Moggallāna. 28. Mahāgosi ga Sutta: A conversation between six Bhikkhus who discuss what kind of monk makes the forest beautiful. 25. with instructions on right meditation.22. 40 below. on the Bhikkhu’s training. Cū asāropama Sutta: Development of the preceding sutta. 35. 27. Mahāsāropama Sutta: On the dangers of gain. and attainment of enlightenment. Mahāta hāsa khaya Sutta: Refutation of the wrong view of a Bhikkhu who thinks that it is consciousness that transmigrates. 33. 9 . Mahāhatthipadopama Sutta: The long “elephant’s footprint” simile. on the Four Noble Truths. 36. Cū a-assapura Sutta: The great and the small discourses given at Assapura on the duties of an ascetic. The Buddha’s account of his renunciation. Mahāsaccaka Sutta: The account of the Buddha’s asceticism and enlightenment. 32. search. Mahāgopālaka Sutta: On the eleven bad and good qualities of a herdsman and a monk. 38. Nivāpa Sutta: Parable of Māra as a sower or hunter laying baits for the deer.
Potaliya Sutta: The Buddha explains to Potaliya the real significance of the abandonment of worldliness. 54. 53. Cū adhammasamādāna Sutta: See No. 10 . Abhayarājakumāra Sutta: The Jain Nātaputta sends Prince Abhaya to question the Buddha on the condemnation of Devadatta. Bahuvedanīya Sutta: On different classifications of feelings and the gradation of pleasure. 47. Upāli Sutta: The conversion of Upāli the Jain. Mahādhammasamādāna Sutta: The short and long discourses on the results of good and bad conduct. 55. 59. 46. 60. 58. Sāleyyaka Sutta: A discourse to the brahmins of Sālā. Māratajjanīya Sutta: Moggallāna admonishes Māra. 48. 56. A hakanāgara Sutta: A discourse by Ananda on the ways of attainment of Nibbāna. Kandaraka Sutta: Discourse on the four kinds of personalities. Kosambiya Sutta: A discourse to the Bhikkhus of Kosambi on the evil of quarrelling. 49. and the steps to liberation. 45. 43. Brahmanimantanika Sutta: The Buddha converts Baka the Brahma from the heresy of permanency. Apa aka Sutta: On the “Certain Doctrine. Why some beings go to heaven and some to hell. (f) Gahapati Vagga 51. Mahāvedalla Sutta: A psychological discourse by Sāriputta to Mahāko hita. 46 below. Kukkuravatika Sutta: A dialogue on kamma between the Buddha and two ascetics.” against various heresies. and Ananda discourses on the training of the disciple. Jīvaka Sutta: The Buddha explains the ethics of meat-eating. Sekha Sutta: The Buddha opens a new meeting hall at Kapilavatthu. Verañjaka Sutta: The same discourse repeated to the householders of Verañjā. Cū avedalla Sutta: A psychological discourse by the Bhikkhunī Dhammadinnā to the lay-devotee Visākha. 50. 44.(e) Cū ayamaka Vagga 41. 52. 57. 42. Vīma saka Sutta: On the right methods of investigation of the Buddha.
11 . (h) Paribbājaka Vagga 71. Mahāmālu kya Sutta: On the five lower fetters. 67. Māgandiya Sutta: The Buddha relates his renunciation of the life of the senses. 70. 63. 64. and the way to true happiness. La ukikopama Sutta: Advice on renunciation of the world. Sāriputta attains Arahatship. Dīghanakha Sutta: The Buddha refutes the ascetic Dīghanakha. Mahāvacchagotta Sutta: Further explanation to Vacchagotta on the conduct of lay disciples and Bhikkhus. and knowledge of the way to the elimination of the taints (āsava). like Gulissāni. 65. Sandaka Sutta: Ānanda refutes various wrong views in discussion with the ascetic Sandaka. Māhasakuludāyi Sutta: On the five reasons why the Buddha is honoured. and the Buddha’s counsel. 76. etc. 69. 72. 74. 77. Aggivacchagotta Sutta: The danger of theorising about the world. Bhaddāli Sutta: The confession of Bhaddāli.(g) Bhikkhu Vagga 61. Tevijjavacchagotta Sutta: The Buddha visits the ascetic Vacchagotta and claims that he is called tevijja (possessing the three-fold knowledge) because he has recollection of his previous lives. Kī āgiri Sutta: The conduct to be followed by various classes of Bhikkhus. Cū asakuludāyi Sutta: The Jain leader Nātaputta. 66. 73. Ambala hikarāhulovāda Sutta: The discourse on falsehood given by the Buddha to Rāhula. Gulissāni Sutta: Rules for those who. Cātuma Sutta: Advice to boisterous Bhikkhus at Cātuma. Cū amālu kya Sutta: Why the Buddha does not answer certain types of speculative questions. 75. 79. 78. live in the forest. 68. stressing mindfulness of breathing. 62. and speaks on the abandonment of sensual desires. Sama ama ika Sutta: On the qualities of perfect virtue. Mahārāhulovāda Sutta: Advice to Rāhula on contemplation. Nālakapāna Sutta: The Buddha questions Anuruddha concerning certain points of the Dhamma. supernormal vision.
89. 85.80. 90. 93. and the dispute between King Pasenadi and his wife thereon. with additional matter on the five senses. 83. Gho amukha Sutta: The brahmin Gho amukha questions the monk Udena on the value of the life of renunciation. 96. 87. Bodhirājakumāra Sutta: The Buddha tells the story of his renunciation and enlightenment as in nos. Gha īkāra Sutta: The Buddha tells Ānanda of his previous existence as Jotipāla. and Brahma. the Buddha’s daily routine. whose parents endeavoured in vain to dissuade him. 86. 92. Brahmāyu Sutta: On the thirty-two marks of a Great Man. 97. Ca kī Sutta: Discourse on brahmin doctrines. 94. Dhānañjāni Sutta: Sāriputta tells the brahmin Dhānañjāni that family duties are no excuse for wrongdoing. the devas. Esukāri Sutta: Discourse on caste and its functions. 88. An important presentation of the Buddha’s teaching on this subject. Ra hapāla Sutta: The story of Ra hapāla. Piyajātikā Sutta: The Buddha’s counsel to a man who has just lost a son. Dhammacetiya Sutta: Pasenadi visits the Buddha and extols the holy life. 12 . and builds an assembly hall for the Sangha. 82. 26 and 36 above. and the Buddha’s way to realisation of ultimate truth. and the conversion of the brahmin Brahmāyu. Sela Sutta: The brahmin Sela sees the thirty-two marks of a Buddha and is converted (The same story is related in Suttanipāta 3:7). Assalāyana Sutta: The brahmin Assalāyana discusses caste with the Buddha. Bāhitika Sutta: Ānanda answers a question on conduct put by Pasenadi who presents him with his cloak. Vekhanassa Sutta: A repetition of part of the preceding sutta. A gulimāla Sutta: Story of the conversion of A gulimāla. the robber chief. (j) Brāhma a Vagga 91. (i) Rāja Vagga 81. from entering the Sangha. Makhādeva Sutta: The story of the Buddha’s previous life as King Makhādeva. Madhurā Sutta: A discourse given after the Buddha’s decease by Kaccāna to King Avantiputta on the real meaning of caste. Ka akatthala Sutta: A conversation between the Buddha and Pasenadi on caste. 84. 95.
Anupada Sutta: The Buddha praises Sāriputta and his analysis of mind. Isigili Sutta: The Buddha on Paccekabuddhas. 110. Ga akamoggallāna Sutta: A discourse to Ga akamoggallāna on the training of disciples. (k) Devadaha Vagga 101. Cū apu ama Sutta: A discourse on the untrue and true man. 105. 116. and true release. 24 and 34 above. 99. 100. Sappurisa Sutta: On the good and bad qualities of a Bhikkhu. and that the way of release (Nibbāna) does not depend on any of them. 104. Devadaha Sutta: The Buddha discourses on the attainment of the goal by the living of a skilful life. Sa gārava Sutta: The brahmin woman who accepted the Dhamma. 109. 106. 113. 108. Kinti Sutta: Rules for Bhikkhus who dispute about the Dhamma and who commit transgressions. 114. Vāse ha Sutta: A discourse. 115. Samāgama Sutta: After the death of Nātaputta. Sunakkhatta Sutta: The simile of extracting the arrow of craving. Āneñjasappāya Sutta (or: Ānañjasappāya Sutta): Meditations on impassibility. Pañcattaya Sutta: On five theories of the soul. Mahāpu ama Sutta: The Buddha answers the questions of a Bhikkhu concerning the khandhas. (l) Amupada Vagga 111. Bahudhātuka Sutta: Lists of elements and principles in a dialogue between the Buddha and Ananda. 102. 103. the attainments. and a discourse on the holy life. 13 .98. Ānanda explains to Vassakāra that the Dhamma is now the only guide. Sevitabbāsevitabba Sutta: Sāriputta expounds the right way to live the holy life. Subha Sutta: On whether a man should remain a householder or leave the world. Also repetition of parts of nos. Chabbisodhana Sutta: On the questions to ask a Bhikkhu who declares he has attained Arahantship. Gopakamoggalāna Sutta: After the decease of the Buddha. the Buddha’s discourse on dispute and harmony. mostly in verse. on the nature of the true brahmin (This recurs in Suttanipāta 3:9). 107. 112.
137. (n) Vibha ga Vagga 131. Bakkula Sutta: Bakkula converts his friend Acelakassapa. Kāyagatāsati Sutta: Meditation on the body. 135. 136. 134. 129. 14 . Sa āyatanavibha ga Sutta: The analysis of the six senses. Ānāpānasati Sutta: Mindfulness of breathing. 118. Mahācattārīsaka Sutta: Exposition of the Noble Eightfold Path.117. 125. 122. Bālapa ita Sutta: On rewards and punishments after death. Ānandabhaddekaratta Sutta: Ānanda’s exposition of the same poem. 126. 132. 119. Bhaddekaratta Sutta: A poem of four verses. 123. Sa khārupapatti Sutta: On the development of the five qualities enabling a Bhikkhu to determine the conditions of his rebirth. Dantabhūmi Sutta: By the simile of elephant training. but applied to the Buddha himself. Devadūta Sutta: On the fate of those who neglect the messengers of death. Lomasaka giyabhaddekaratta Sutta: The Buddha expounds the same poem to Lomasaka giya. 124. Cū akammavibha ga Sutta: The Buddha explains the various results of different kinds of kamma. 120. Anuruddha Sutta: Anuruddha explains emancipation of mind to the householder Pañcaka ga. Cū asuññata Sutta: Meditation on emptiness. with a commentary on striving. Mahākaccanabhaddekaratta Sutta: Mahākaccāna expounds the same poem. 130. Mahāsuññata Sutta: Instruction to Ānanda on the practice of meditation on emptiness. Upakkilesa Sutta: The Buddha appeases the quarrels of the Bhikkhus of Kosambi and discourses on right meditation. 133. the Buddha shows how one should instruct another in the Dhamma. Bhūmija Sutta: Bhūmija answers the questions of Prince Jayasena. 127. Acchariyabbhūtadhamma Sutta: On the marvellous life of a Bodhisatta. A repetition of part of DN 14. (m) Suññata Vagga 121. 128. Mahākammavibha ga Sutta: The Buddha refutes those who deny the operation of kamma.
138.889 suttas. A commentary thereon by Sāriputta. 150. (o) Sa āyatana Vagga 143. was instructed by Sāriputta. Nagaravindeyya Sutta: The Buddha’s instruction on the kinds of ascetics and brahmins who are to be honoured. The analysis of the elements. 15 . 142. his rebirth in the Tusita heaven. 146. ika. There are fifty-six sa yuttas divided into five vaggas containing 2. 144. and expounds his own method. Devaputta Sa yutta: Questions of the sons of devas. Indriyabhāvanā Sutta: The Buddha rejects the methods of the brahmin Pārāsariya for subduing the senses. Chachakka Sutta: On the Six Sixes (of the senses). and the opposite courses that lead to conflicts and to their cessation. 147. when sick. Uddesavibha ga Sutta: Mahākaccāna speaks on an aspect of consciousness. Cū arāhulovāda Sutta: The Buddha takes Rāhula to the forest and questions him on impermanence. (a) Sagātha Vagga 1. 145. 141. Sa yutta Nikāya This is the “grouped” or “connected” series of suttas which either deal with a specific doctrine or devolve on a particular personality. Dakkhi avibha ga Sutta: On gifts and givers. Dhātuvibha ga Sutta: The story of Pukkusāti who recognises the Master by his teaching. Channovāda Sutta: Story of the Thera Channa who. 148. 3. 152. 139. but finally committed suicide. Devata Sa yutta: Questions of devas. The devas come to listen to the discourse. Pu ovāda Sutta: The Buddha’s instruction to Pu a on bearing pleasure and pain. Nandakovāda Sutta: Nandaka catechises Mahāpajāpatī and 500 Bhikkhunīs on impermanence. Mahāsa āyatanika Sutta: On the right knowledge of the senses. 140. Pi apātapārisuddhi Sutta: Instruction to Sāriputta on the training of the disciple. 2. 149. Anāthapi ikovāda Sutta: The death of Anāthapi and his appearance to the Buddha. Saccavibha ga Sutta: Statement of the Four Noble Truths. Ara avibha ga Sutta: The middle path between two extremes. 151.
20. Va gīsa Sa yutta: Va gīsa. (b) Nidāna Vagga 12. Kassapa Sa yutta: Exhortation of Kassapa. 6. Bhikkhu Sa yutta: Admonitions of the Buddha and Moggallāna to the Bhikkhus. and abstract elements. King of the Gods.” 23. mental. Lābhasakkāra Sa yutta: “Gains. Brāhma a Sa yutta: Bhāradvāja brahmin’s encounter with the Buddha and his conversion. tells of his eradication of lust. Anamatagga Sa yutta: On the “incalculable beginning” (of sa sāra). 15. 7. Khandha Sa yutta: The aggregates. Brahma Sa yutta: Brahma Sahampati requests the Buddha to preach the Dhamma to the world. the foremost poet among the Bhikkhus. Vana Sa yutta: Forest deities direct undeveloped Bhikkhus on the right path. that constitute the “individual. 14. 19. 13. Nidāna Sa yutta: The explanation of Pa iccasamuppāda (the doctrine of dependent origination). 10. favours and flattery. 5. Bhikkhunī Sa yutta: Māra’s unsuccessful seduction of nuns and his arguments with them. Rāhula Sa yutta: The instructing of Rāhula. 8. Yakkha Sa yutta: Demons’ encounters with the Buddha and with nuns.” 18.3. 16 . 24. 17. Māra Sa yutta: Māra’s hostile acts against the Buddha and disciples. 9. Opamma Sa yutta: Various points of Dhamma illustrated by similes. Dhātu Sa yutta: The description of physical. 11. Sakka Sa yutta: The Buddha enumerates the qualities of Sakka. (c) Khandha Vagga 22. Rādha Sa yutta: Questions of Rādha. Lakkha a Sa yutta: Questions of Lakkha a on petas (ghosts). 21. Kosala Sa yutta: Anecdotes of King Pasenadi of Kosala. Abhisamaya Sa yutta: The encouragement to attain penetration of the Dhamma. Di hi Sa yutta: Delusive views arise from clinging to the aggregates. physical and mental. 16. 4.
energy. calm. Nāga Sa yutta: Enumeration of four kinds of nāga (serpents). Sāma aka Sa yutta: Questions of the wanderer Sāma aka to Sāriputta. only the unwholesome desires that arise through contact with them. Bojjha ga Sa yutta: The seven factors of enlightenment (mindfulness. Moggallāna Sa yutta: Moggallāna explains the jhānas to the Bhikkhus. Valāhaka Sa yutta: Description of the cloud spirits. Sāriputta. Magga Sa yutta: The Noble Eightfold Path. 44. 26. 33. 30. Okkantika Sa yutta: Entering the Path through confidence (saddhā) and through wisdom (paññā). concentration. Anuruddha. 17 . 39. Vacchagotta Sa yutta: Vacchagotta’s metaphysical questions. happiness.25. 42. Jambukhādaka Sa yutta: Questions of the wanderer Jambukhādaka to Sāriputta. Mātugāma Sa yutta: The destinies of women according to their qualities. 40. (c) Mahā Vagga 45. 46. 32. Avyākata Sa yutta: Speculative questions put by King Pasenadi to Khema. 37. Sāriputta Sa yutta: Sāriputta answers Ānanda’s question concerning the calming of the senses. 27. Kilesa Sa yutta: Defilements arise from the sixfold sense base and sense-consciousness. investigation. 31. Citta Sa yutta: Senses and sense-objects are not intrinsically evil. 36. 34. and Moggallāna. Samādhi Sa yutta: Enumeration of the four types of practisers of the jhānas (meditative absorptions). 38. and equanimity). Asa khata Sa yutta: The Unconditioned (Nibbāna). Sa āyatana Sa yutta: The sixfold sense base and the correct attitude towards it. Supa a Sa yutta: Enumeration of four kinds of garuda (magical birds). 41. Gandhabbakāya Sa yutta: Description of the gandhabbas (celestial musicians). Uppāda Sa yutta: Arising of the aggregates leads to dukkha. Vedanā Sa yutta: The three kinds of feeling and the correct attitude towards them.” 43. Gāma i Sa yutta: The definitions of “wrathful” and “kindly. (d) Sa āyatana Vagga 35. 28. 29.
maintenance of parents. Tika Nipāta: Three offences of body. diligence. the ignorant increase demerit by praising the unworthy. the Buddha. 1. insight. three praiseworthy acts: Generosity. each of which contains ten or more suttas. Bhikkhus should remain content with their robes. Sacca Sa yutta: The Four Noble Truths. views: Right/wrong. two kinds of gifts (that of material things and that of Dhamma). Jhāna Sa yutta: The four jhānas. exertion. Anuruddha Sa yutta: Supernormal powers mindfulness. not wise but pious. speech. exertion of checking growth of unarisen evil states. alms. gain and longevity. that these experiences are causeless. trained/untrained. Indriya Sa yutta: The five faculties (confidence. emancipation. Each nipāta is divided into vaggas. 48. both wise and pious. Moggallāna. Sotāpatti Sa yutta: Description of a “Stream-Enterer. there being 2. renunciation. 4. the subject of the first being single items. removing arisen evil states. 55. attained by Anuruddha through 4. 54. and wisdom). Sāriputta. heretical views: That pleasant and painful and neither-pleasant-nor-painful experiences are caused by previous actions. Bala Sa yutta: The five powers (as for the faculties above). mindfulness. 50. and investigation). energy. Duka Nipāta: Two kinds of kamma (either producing results in this life or leading to rebirth). Satipa hāna Sa yutta: The four foundations of mindfulness. cultivated/uncultivated. the division is a purely numerical one. 53. Ekaka Nipāta: The mind: Concentrated/unconcentrated. 51. developing unarisen good states. 3. dwelling- 18 . concentration: Right/wrong. energy. 52. rejoicing when one should not rejoice. four kinds of persons: Neither wise nor pious. that these experiences are providential. Catukka Nipāta: Undisciplined persons lack conduct. Iddhipāda Sa yutta: The four psychic powers (will. followed by groups of two items. Ānāpāna Sa yutta: Mindfulness of breathing.47. hopes and desires.” 56. two assemblies of Bhikkhus: Those who have realised/not realised the Four Noble Truths. to the final group of eleven items. A guttara Nikāya In the A guttara Nikāya. blaming the worthy. wise but impious. and so on. There are eleven classified groups (nipātas). Mahākassapa. 2. not rejoicing when one should rejoice. cause of origin of good and evil. and those who live/do not live in harmony. Sammappadhāna Sa yutta: The four right efforts. and mind.308 suttas in all. 49. concentration. concentration. thought.
the disciples as being free from impurities. good friendship. A haka Nipāta: Eight causes of mindfulness/almsgiving/earthquakes. concentration. sympathetic joy and equanimity. observance of virtue. seven kinds of attachment: Requesting favours. equanimity. the four elements. Pañcaka Nipāta: Five good characteristics of a disciple: Reverence. malice. non-self. for knowledge and insight. death. the jhānas. good conduct. five evil qualities: Not free from passion. mistaken confidence. offering food gives the recipient: Long life. non-backbiting/backbiting. Chakka Nipāta: Sixfold duty of a Bhikkhu: Abstaining from distracting work. death. kamma and result. accepting money. modesty. 6. five objects of meditation: The impure. hypocrisy. disagreeableness of food. hatred. sloth. four conditions for worldly prosperity: Persistent effort. or lacking commonsense. humility. indifference to the world. hypocrisy. energy. association with the wise. four unthinkables: The sphere of a Buddha. the good with the good. wisdom. speech and mind. addiction to sense pleasures. four kinds of beneficial/nonbeneficial speech: Truthfulness/lying. speculating over the origin of the world. compassion. concentration. ignorance. ill will. 7. disagreeableness of food. protecting one’s earnings. wisdom. four faculties: Confidence. four families of snakes to whom one should extend loving-kindness. mindfulness. modesty. association with a well-developed man. doubt. arguments. Sattaka Nipāta: Seven kinds of wealth: Reverence. four ways of selfconcentration: For a happy condition in this life. non-self for self. gains and honours other than connected with the Dhamma. four persons fostering hatred. charity. impermanence. 19 . beauty. delusion. restlessness and worry. not finding delight in the world. nine kinds of persons: Those who have trod the four paths to Nibbāna and experience the “fruits” together with the worldling. earning their livelihood by unethical means. four mistaken views: Impermanence for permanence. hatred. sleep and company. four fields of merit-bringing happiness: Rightly believing the Buddha as fully enlightened. constant mindfulness. “Wheel-turning” kings. energy. abstinence from unskilful acts. nonself. Navaka Nipāta: Nine contemplations: Impurity. first sermon and decease. sceptical doubt. four kinds of happiness: Living in a suitable environment. abstinence from unskilful acts. for mindfulness and self-possession. impurity for purity. pride. wisdom. the four “divine abodes”: Loving-kindness. renunciation. Arahants. 5. malice. suffering resulting from impermanence. and holding to right views.places and medicines. for destruction of the defilements. the Sangha as well-established. four conditions for spiritual prosperity: Confidence. wisdom and emancipation. 9. envy. four essential qualities: Morality. balanced livelihood. renunciation. happiness. the vile with the good. control of the sense-doors. four pilgrimages: To the sites of the Buddha’s birth. four faults of ascetics and brahmins: Drinking fermented liquor. thoughtful/frivolous. four right efforts. physical strength. enlightenment. morality. Bhikkhus should not retire to the forest if given to: Lust. the good with the vile. Paccekabuddhas. moderation in eating. accumulated merit in the past. four persons worthy of monuments: The Buddha. pain for pleasure. five good acts: Loving actions of body. five mental hindrances: Sensual lust. self-realisation. four qualities guarding a Bhikkhu against lapsing: Observation of sīla. gentle/harsh. worldly existence. etc. the Dhamma as well expounded. 8. learning. four ways of living together: The vile with the vile.
in eight vaggas. 1. and Sangha. Bodhi Vagga: Describes certain events following the Buddha’s enlightenment. 20 .6.” as Buddhaghosa called it. the “Division of Small Books.3. of eighty udānas or “Solemn Utterances” of the Buddha. 1.4. bone.10. non-self. 3. Nidhika a Sutta: A poem on the storing up of true treasure. It consists of 423 verses arranged in 26 vaggas. and four stages of a decomposing corpse: Worminfested. indifference to the world. 3.1. There are fifteen main divisions: 1. Dasaka Nipāta: Ten contemplations: Impermanence. Mucalinda Vagga: This vagga is named after the Nāga king who shielded the Buddha with his (cobra) hood. Ekadasaka Nipāta: Eleven kinds of happiness/ways to Nibbāna/good and bad characteristics of a herdsman and a Bhikkhu. Dhammapada: The Dhamma Path. 11.7. disagreeableness of food. 1. Also contains admonitions to the Sangha. Metta Sutta: A poem on loving-kindness. 1. Khuddakapā ha: The “Text of Small Passages” contains: 1. 1.2.2. Udāna: A collection.1. death. A big part of this is known by heart by every Buddhist. fissured through decay.3. 5. including the famous discourse to Bāhiya which stresses living in the present moment. Tiroku a Sutta (or: Tiroku a Sutta): A poem on the offerings to be made to the ghosts of departed relatives. 2. 3. Ratana Sutta: A poem on the Three Jewels: Buddha. Dhamma. right liberation. This Nikāya appears to have grown up generally after the older Nikāyas were closed and probably was incorporated into the Canon later. They are mostly in verse and each is accompanied by a prose account of the circumstances which called it forth: 3. and the eight steps of the Noble Eightfold Path. Khuddaka Nikāya This is the division of the shorter books of the Sutta Pi aka. Kumārapañhā: Catechism of ten questions for Sāma eras. Sara attaya: The thrice-repeated “Refuge Formula” for all Buddhists.9. Ma gala Sutta: A poem on the “greatest blessings” (ma gala). black with decay.8.5. 1. Dvatti sakāra: List of the 32 constituents of the body. of the hollowness of worldly existence. Dasasikkhāpada: The Ten Precepts binding on Sāma eras (novices). Nanda. bloated. Nanda Vagga: The Buddha convinces his half-brother. 1. ten kinds of purification through right knowledge. 1.
Uraga Sutta: The Bhikkhu who discards all human passions (anger. etc. 5.6. etc. the Buddha’s last meal and his admonition to Ānanda over Cunda.5.1. wrath.1. Lust. and the story of the king who caused men.2. craving. cankers. Dhaniya Sutta: The complacent “security” of a worldling is contrasted with the genuine security of the Buddha. Elucidates guarding of the sense-doors and moderation in eating. 3.7. mental peace. is compared to a snake which has shed its skin. 3. 21 . Uragavagga: 5. Pasenadi’s dialogue. Also contains the stories of Sundari and the assault on Sāriputta by a yakkha. serenity and seclusion. happiness. thirsts. and emphasises purity of mind for a Bhikkhu.3. stinginess. lying. Catukka Nipāta: Categorises factors which are fourfold: Bhikkhus’ necessities. unmade.2.3. the discourse to the leper Suppabuddha.4. to each feel and describe an elephant (illustrative of partial realisation of truth). feelings. Meghiya Vagga: Ignoring the advice of the Buddha. ill will. hatred. elements. Tika Nipāta: Five vaggas. and insight. association with the wise. 5. Meghiya retires to a mango grove to practise meditation but his mind is soon assailed with unhealthy thoughts. So athera Vagga: Contains a visit of King Pasenadi to the Buddha. Noble Truths. Cū a Vagga: Contains minor episodes. Pā aligāma Vagga: Contains the famous definition of Nibbāna as being unborn.1. and proclaims the ideal life of a Bhikkhu. “thus it is said.” The work comprises the ethical teachings of the Buddha: 4.. unbecome. 4. Jaccandha Vagga: Contains the Buddha’s hint at his passing away. profitable conversation.1. are condemned. 4. are in verse with introductions in either verse or prose. On returning to the Buddha he is told that five factors should be cultivated by one with an undeveloped mind: good friendship. etc. The suttas. Suttanipāta: “Collection of Suttas. pride.8. 3. the elucidation of the eight characteristics of the Sāsana. diligence. and the visit to Pā aligāma where the Buddha enunciated the five advantages of leading a pure life and the five disadvantages of not doing so. determination. healthy habits and correct views. schism. spite. 4. Categorises factors which are threefold: evil roots. generosity and loving-kindness are praised.4. blind from birth. ignorance.” This comprises five vaggas containing 71 suttas in all. Duka Nipāta: Two vaggas. 4. mainly concerning individual Bhikkhus. mindfulness.) and is free from delusion and fear. and the first year of the Bhikkhu-life of Sona. 3. 5.. delusion. skilful actions. the two kinds of Nibbāna. morality. concord. and the virtues of leading an energetic ascetic life. Itivuttaka: A collection of 112 short suttas in four nipātas. each accompanied with verses. uncompounded. shame and dread. The collection takes its name from the words usually introducing each set of verses: iti vuccati. Ekaka Nipāta: Three vaggas. craving.1. each containing from eight to fifty verses.
5. the Buddha states that passion.5. originate with the body. Ā avaka Sutta: The Buddha answers the questions of the yakkha Ā avaka concerning happiness.2. 5. 5. Āmagandha Sutta: Kassapa Buddha refutes the Brahmanic view of defilement through eating meat and states that this can only come about through an evil mind and corresponding actions.4.2. excepting the “good friend” (kalyā amitta). Cunda Sutta: The Buddha enumerates four kinds of samanas: A Buddha. The Buddha continues by describing the path of deliverance from death.1.1.2. hatred. Muni Sutta: The idealistic conception of a muni or sage who leads a solitary life freed from the passions. 5. U hāna Sutta: An attack on idleness and laziness.” the Buddha explains that it is by actions. Nava Sutta: Taking heed of the quality of the teacher.1. 5.3. Metta Sutta: The constituents of the practice of loving-kindness towards all beings.6.1. 22 .11. 5. 5. 5. Dhamma and Sangha. 5.7. one should go to a learned and intelligent man in order to acquire a thorough knowledge of Dhamma. As a result they induced the king to offer animal sacrifice. 5. Hiri Sutta: A dissertation on the nature of true friendship. Brāhma adhammika Sutta: The Buddha explains to some old and wealthy brahmins the high moral standards of their ancestors and how they declined. Family and social ties are to be avoided in view of their sa sāric attachments.2.9. 5.2. Pierced by the arrow of suffering. etc. Parābhava Sutta: The “causes of personal downfall” in the moral and spiritual domains are enumerated. Dhamma being one’s first and last concern. Mahāma gala Sutta: Thirty-eight blessings are enumerated in leading a pure life. Hemavata Sutta: Two yakkhas have their doubts about the qualities of the Buddha resolved by him. in order to acquire wealth and thus lost knowledge of the Dhamma. 5. Ki sīla Sutta: The path of a conscientious lay disciple. an Arahant.8. desire and the concept of self.1.1. Kasībhāradvāja Sutta: Socially useful or mundane labour is contrasted with the no less important efforts of the Buddha striving for Nibbāna. 5. Khaggavisā a Sutta: The wandering life of a Bhikkhu is praised.1.6.2..7.2. one should not rest until all desire is eliminated.5.10. 5. and the mention of the Bhikkhu who attains Nibbāna through understanding the body’s true nature.3. not lineage. Sūciloma Sutta: In reply to the threatening attitude of the yakkha Sūciloma.10. Dhammacariya Sutta: A Bhikkhu should lead a just and pure life and avoid those of a quarrelsome nature and those who are slaves of desire. Vasala or Aggika Bhāradvāja Sutta: In refutation of the charge “outcast. understanding. that one becomes an outcast or a brahmin.1.2. 18.104.22.168. doubt.8.9.1. a conscientious Bhikkhu. 5. starting with basic ethical injunctions and culminating in the realisation of Nibbāna.2.4. etc. following greed for the king’s wealth. Ratana Sutta: A hymn to the Three Jewels: Buddha.2. Cū avagga: 5. 5. Vijaya Sutta: An analysis of the body into its (impure) constituent parts. 5.1. and the path to Nibbāna. a fraudulent Bhikkhu. 5.5.2..
5.2.11. Rāhula Sutta: The Buddha advises his son, the novice Rāhula, to respect the wise man, associate with him, and live up to the principles of a recluse. 5.2.12. Va gīsa Sutta: The Buddha assures Va gīsa that his late teacher, Nigrodhakappa, attained Nibbāna. 5.2.13. Sammāparibbājanīya Sutta: The path of a conscientious Bhikkhu disciple: Nonattachment, eradication of the passions, and understanding the nature of sa sāra. 5.2.14. Dhammika Sutta: The Buddha explains to Dhammika the respective duties of a Bhikkhu and layman, the latter being expected to keep the five precepts and observe uposatha days. 5.3. Mahāvagga: 5.3.1. Pabbajjā Sutta: King Bimbisāra of Magadha tempts the Buddha with his material resources and asks after his lineage. The Buddha states the fact of his birth amongst the Sakyans of Kosala and that he has seen through the illusive nature of sensual pleasures. 5.3.2. Padhāna Sutta: The graphic description of Māra’s temptations immediately prior to the Buddha’s Enlightenment. 5.3.3. Subhāsita Sutta: The language of Bhikkhus should be well-spoken, pleasing, correct, and true. 5.3.4. Sundarikabhāradvāja Sutta: The Buddha explains to the brahmin Sundarika, how one becomes worthy of the honour of receiving an offering. 5.3.5. Māgha Sutta: The Buddha explains the above to the layman Māgha, and elucidates the various kinds of blessings from offerings. 5.3.6. Sabhiya Sutta: Sabhiya, a wandering ascetic, could not obtain answers to his questions from the six famous teachers of the time. Hence he approaches the Buddha and becomes a disciple after obtaining satisfactory answers to his questions. 5.3.7. Sela Sutta: A brahmin, Sela, converses with the Buddha and is converted with his three hundred followers. 5.3.8. Salla Sutta: Life is short and all are subject to death, but the wise, who understand the nature of life, have no fears. 5.3.9. Vāse ha Sutta: Two young men, Bhāradvāja and Vāse ha, discuss a question regarding brahmins: The former states that one is a brahmin by birth, the latter that one becomes one only through actions. The Buddha subsequently confirms the latter view as being correct. 5.3.10. Kokāliya Sutta: Kokāliya falsely ascribes evil desires to Sāriputta and Moggallāna and subsequently comes to a painful end, through death and rebirth in one of the hells. The Buddha then enumerates the different hells and describes the punishment for slandering and back-biting. 5.3.11. Nālaka Sutta: The sage Asita’s prophecy concerning the future Buddha Gotama. His sister’s son, Nālaka, has the highest state of wisdom explained to him by the Buddha. 5.3.12. Dvayatānupassana Sutta: Suffering arises from substance, ignorance, the five aggregates, desire, attachment, effort, food, etc. 5.4. A hakavagga: 5.4.1. Kāma Sutta: To avoid the unpleasant effects, sensual pleasures should be avoided. 5.4.2. Gūha haka Sutta: In addition to the above, physical existence also should not be clung to if one is keen on attaining deliverance from sa sāra.
5.4.3. Du ha haka Sutta: One who praises his own virtue and is tied to dogmatic views (that differ from man to man and sect to sect) lives a restricted life. The sage, however, remains self-effacing and independent of philosophical systems. 5.4.4. Suddha haka Sutta: Knowledge of philosophical systems cannot purify one and there is the tendency to chop and change, never attaining inward peace. The wise, however, are not misled by passion and do not cling to anything in sa sāra. 5.4.5. Parama haka Sutta: One should not engage in philosophical disputations. A true brahmin does not and thereby attains Nibbāna. 5.4.6. Jara Sutta: From selfishness come greed and regrets. The ideal Bhikkhu, a “homeless one,” is independent and does not seek purification through others. 5.4.7. Tissa Metteyya Sutta: The Buddha elucidates the kinds of undesirable effects that follow from sensual contacts. 5.4.8. Pasura Sutta: The folly of debates where both sides insult or deride each other. If defeated they become discontented. Therefore purification cannot result. 5.4.9. Māgandiya Sutta: Again, the Buddha emphasises to Māgandiya, a believer in purity through philosophy that purity can result only from inward peace. 5.4.10. Purābheda Sutta: The conduct and characteristics of a true sage: Freedom from craving, anger, desire, passion, and attachment; and he is always calm, thoughtful, and mentally equipoised. 5.4.11. Kalahavivāda Sutta: Arguments and disputes arise from deeply felt objects, etc. 5.4.12. Cū aviyūha Sutta: A description of the different schools of philosophy, all contradicting one another without realising that Truth is one. 5.4.13. Mahāviyūha Sutta: Philosophers only praise themselves and criticise others but a true brahmin remains indifferent to such dubious intellectual attainment and is thus calm and peaceful. 5.4.14. Tuva aka Sutta: The Bhikkhu should sever the root of evil and cravings, learn the Dhamma, be calm and meditative, avoid talking, indolence, etc., and strictly follow his prescribed duties. 5.4.15. Attada a Sutta: The sage should be truthful, undeceitful, sober, free from greed and slander, energetic, and without desire for name and fame. 5.4.16. Sāriputta Sutta: Again, this time in answer to Sāriputta’s enquiry, the Buddha lays down the principles that should govern the life of a Bhikkhu. 5.5. Pārāyanavagga: This section consists of sixteen dialogues (puccha) between the Buddha and sixteen brahmins. They all stress the necessity of eradicating desire, greed, attachment, philosophical views, sensual pleasures, indolence, and of remaining aloof, independent, calm, mindful, and firm in the Dhamma in order to attain Nibbāna: Ajita. Tissa Metteyya. Pu aka. Mettagū. Dhotaka. Upasīva. Nanda. Hemaka. Todeyya. Kappa. Jatuka ī. Bhadrāvudha. Udaya. Posāla. 24
Mogharāja. Pi giya. 6. Vimānavatthu: The “Stories of Celestial Mansions,” being 85 poems in seven vaggas on merit and rebirth in the heavenly worlds. 7. Petavatthu: This comprises 51 poems in four vaggas on rebirth as wandering ghosts (petas) through demeritorious actions. 8. Theragātha: “Verses of the Elders” (theras), containing 107 poems (1,279 gāthas). 9. Therīgāthā: “Verses of the Elder Nuns” (therīs), containing 75 poems (522 gāthas). 10. Jātaka: The Jātaka or Birth Stories is a collection of 547 stories purporting to be accounts of former lives of the Buddha Gotama. The Nidānakathā, or “Story of the Lineage,” is an introductory commentary which details the life of the Buddha up to the opening of the Jetavana monastery at Sāvatthī, and also his former lives under preceding Buddhas. 11. Niddesa: 11.1. Mahāniddesa: A commentary on the A hakavagga of the Suttanipāta; and 11.2. Cū aniddesa: A commentary on the Pārāyanavagga and the Khaggavisā a Sutta, also of the Suttanipāta. The Niddesa is itself commented on in the Saddhammapajjotikā of Upasena and is there attributed to Sāriputta. 12. Pa isambhidāmagga: A detailed analysis of concepts and practices already mentioned in the Vinaya Pi aka and Dīgha, Sa yutta and A guttara Nikāyas. It is divided into three vaggas, each containing ten topics (katha): 12.1. Mahā Vagga: Knowledge of impermanence and dukkha of compounded things, the Four Noble Truths, dependent origination, four planes of existence, false views, the five faculties, three aspects of Nibbāna, kamma-vipāka, the four paths to Nibbāna. 12.2. Yuganaddha Vagga: The seven factors of enlightenment, four foundations of mindfulness, four right efforts; four powers (will, energy, thought, investigation), the Noble Eightfold Path, four fruits of the monk’s life (patticariyā) and Nibbāna; 68 potentialities. 12.3. Paññā Vagga: Eight kinds of conduct (cariya); postures (walking, sitting, standing, lying down), sense organs, mindfulness; concentration (the jhānas), the Four Noble Truths, the four paths to Nibbāna, the four fruits of a monk’s life, and for the promotion of the world’s welfare. 13. Apadāna: Tales in verse of the former lives of 550 Bhikkhus and 40 Bhikkhunīs. 14. Buddhavamsa: “The History of the Buddhas,” in which the Buddha relates the account of his forming the resolve to become a Buddha and gives the history of the twenty-four Buddhas who preceded him. 15. Cariyāpi aka: Thirty-five tales from the Jātakas in verse illustrating seven out of the Ten Perfections (pāramīs): generosity, morality, renunciation, wisdom, energy, patience, truthfulness, determination, loving-kindness, and equanimity.
Dhammasa ga ī: Enumeration of the dhammas or factors of existence. a “matrix” or schedule of categories which classifies the totality of phenomena into a scheme of twenty-two triads (tika). sense bases and elements. and whether they are associated with them or dissociated from them. The mātikā also includes a Suttanta matrix.4. Kathāvatthu: Discussion of the points of controversy between the early “Hīnayāna” sects. For example.” which enumerates and classifies the various types of material phenomena. kinds of knowledge. and to what extent. the president of the 3rd council. supreme efforts. the second with pairs.” This book discusses all phenomena with reference to the three schemes of aggregates. sets of two terms.C.1. 1. each of which is elaborately defined. and “the heart of the doctrine” (a concise overview of the Buddhist universe). “The Summary. training rules. faculties. Vibha ga: “Distinction or Determination. 3. analytical knowledges. The mātikā serves as a framework for the entire Abhidhamma. etc. The body of the Dhammasa ga ī consists of four parts: 1. foundations of mindfulness. “Matter.” Continued analysis of the foregoing. the third with groups of three. elements. It has ten chapters: The first deals with single types of individuals. Yamaka: This book has the purpose of resolving ambiguities and defining the precise usage of technical terms. illimitables (or Brahma-vihāras). Puggalapaññatti: The body of this work provides formal definitions of different types of individuals. It consists of seven works which are systematic expositions of the doctrine from a strict philosophical point of view. defilements. 1. They deal especially with the psychological analysis of phenomenal existence. The work opens with a mātikā. Abhidhamma Pi aka— the Collection of PhilosopHical Treatises The Abhidhamma Pi aka is the third main division of the Pali Canon. means to accomplishment.2. a schedule of forty-two dyads taken from the suttas. 6. “States of Consciousness. 1. 5. and a hundred dyads (duka). sense bases.3. which was convened at Patna by the Emperor Asoka in the middle of the 3rd century BCE. and the defence of the Theravada viewpoint.” which analyses all states of consciousness into their constituent factors. introducing the diverse perspectives from which all phenomena are to be classified. sets of three terms. dealing in turn with the following: Aggregates. It is called the “Book of Pairs” because it employs throughout pairs of questions which approach the subject under investigation from converse points of view. dependent arising. 4. Dhātukathā: “Discussion of Elements. the eightfold path. jhānas. factors of enlightenment. 1. truths. Attributed to Moggaliputta Tissa. “The Synopsis.” offering more condensed explanations of the Abhidhamma matrix but not the Suttanta matrix. they are included or not included in them. It attempts to determine whether. the first pair of questions runs thus: “Are all wholesome phenomena wholesome roots? And are all wholesome roots wholesome phenomena?” The book contains ten 26 . 2. The Vibha ga contains eighteen chapters.” offering concise explanations of all the terms in both the Abhidhamma and Suttanta matrixes.
and dyads and dyads combined. and faculties.” Causation and the mutual relationship of phenomena are examined. triads and triads combined. origination according to the negative method. the Pa hāna comprises five volumes totalling 2500 pages. truths. dyads. The special contribution of the Pa hāna is the elaboration of a scheme of twentyfour conditional relations (paccaya) for plotting the causal connections between different types of phenomena. In the Burmese-script Sixth Council edition of the Pali Canon. Pa hāna: The “Book of Relations. Each of these in turn has six subdivisions: Origination of triads.” 27 . The body of the work applies these conditional relations to all the phenomena included in the Abhidhamma matrix. The book has four great divisions: Origination according to the positive method. elements. and origination according to the negative-positive method. latent dispositions.chapters: Roots. 7. triads and dyads combined. aggregates. “the Great Treatise. dyads and triads combined. origination according to the positive-negative method. Because of its great size as well as its philosophical importance. formations. it is also known as the Mahāpakara a. consciousness. phenomena. sense bases.
Thus Khandha Sa yutta SP S 22 refers to the Sutta Pi aka. Abhayarājakumāra Sutta Abhidhamma Pi aka Abhisamaya Sa yutta Acchariya-abbhūtadhamma Sutta Adhikara asamatha Aggañña Sutta Aggi(ka) Bhāradvāja Sutta Aggivacchagotta Sutta Ajitamā ava Pucchā Āka kheyya Sutta Alagaddūpama Sutta Ā avaka Sutta Āmagandha Sutta SP 3 of the 3 Pi akas SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP 28 SN MN SV DN KN MN KN MN MN KN KN 13 123 group of rules 27 Sn 7 72 Sn 55 6 22 Sn 10 Sn 14 rd MN 58 . the first figure refers to the larger unit (vagga or sa yutta). Vagga No.II. 22. Sa yutta No. When the number in the fourth column contains two parts separated by a colon. Sa yutta Nikāya. while Khandha Vagga SP S 3 refers to the Sutta Pi aka. The following are the abbreviations used: AN AP DN Dhp It KN Kha Khp MN Nidd Pa is SN Sn SP SV Ud VP A guttara Nikāya Abhidhamma Pi aka Dīgha Nikāya Dhammapada Itivuttaka Khuddaka Nikāya Khandhaka Khuddakapā ha Majjhima Nikāya Niddesa Pa isambhidāmagga Sa yutta Nikāya Suttanipāta Sutta Pi aka Suttavibha ga Udāna Vinaya Pi aka The number in the fourth column refers to the unit of analysis mentioned in the first column. 3. the second figure to the sutta within that unit. Sa yutta Nikāya. Index to the Canon This Index lists the principal sections and suttas of the Pali Canon.
Ambala hikarāhulovāda Sutta Amba ha Sutta Anupada Vagga Anamatagga Sa yutta Ānandabhaddekaratta Sutta Ana ga a Sutta Āneñjasappāya Sutta Ānāpāna Sa yutta Ānāpānasati Sutta Anāthapi ikovāda Sutta Anattalakkha a Sutta A gulimāla Sutta A guttara Nikāya Anumāna Sutta Anupada Sutta Anupada Vagga Anuruddha Sa yutta Anuruddha Sutta Apadāna Apa aka Sutta Appamāda Vagga Arahanta Vagga Ara avibha ga Sutta Ariyapariyesana Sutta Asa khata Sa yutta Assalāyana Sutta Ā ānā iya Sutta Atta Vagga Attada a Sutta A hakanāgara Sutta A haka Nipāta A hakavagga Avyākata Sa yutta Bāhitika Sutta Bahudhātuka Sutta Bahuvedanīya Sutta Bakkula Sutta Bala Sa yutta SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP MN DN MN SN MN MN MN SN MN MN SN MN 4 Nikāya MN MN MN SN MN KN MN KN KN MN MN SN MN DN KN KN MN AN KN SN MN MN MN MN SN th 61 3 15 132 5 106 54 118 143 22:59 86 15 111 12 52 127 60 Dhp 2 Dhp 7 139 26 43 93 32 Dhp 12 Sn 53 52 8 Sn 44 88 115 59 124 50 29 .
Bala Vagga Bālapa ita Sutta Bhaddāli Sutta Bhaddekaratta Sutta Bhadrāvudhamā ava Pucchā Bhayabherava Sutta Bhikkhu Sa yutta Bhikkhu Suttavibha ga Bhikkhu Vagga Bhikkhu Vagga Bhikkhunī Sa yutta Bhikkhunī Suttavibha ga Bhūmija Sutta Bodhi Vagga Bodhirājakumāra Sutta Bojjha ga Sa yutta Brahma Sa yutta Brahmajāla Sutta Brāhma a Vagga Brāhma a Sa yutta Brāhma a Vagga Brāhma adhammika Sutta Brahmanimantanika Sutta Brahmāyu Sutta Buddha Vagga Buddhavamsa Cakkavattisīhanāda Sutta Ca kī Sutta Cariyāpi aka Catukka Nipāta Catukka Nipāta Cātuma Sutta Cetokhila Sutta Chabbisodhana Sutta Chachakka Sutta Chakka Nipāta Channovāda Sutta Citta Sa yutta Citta Vagga SP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP KN MN MN MN KN MN SN SV MN KN SN SV MN KN MN SN SN DN MN SN KN KN MN MN KN KN DN MN KN AN KN SP MN MN MN AN MN SN KN Dhp 5 129 65 131 Sn 66 4 21 1 Dhp 25 5 2 126 Ud 85 46 6 1 7 Dhp 26 Sn 19 49 91 Dhp14 26 95 4 It MN 16 112 148 6 144 41 Dhp 3 30 .
Cū a-assapura Sutta Cū adhammasamādāna Sutta Cū adukkhakkhandha Sutta Cū agopālaka Sutta Cū agosi ga Sutta Cū ahatthipadopama Sutta Cū akammavibha ga Sutta Cū amālu kya Sutta Cū aniddesa Cū apu ama Sutta Cū arāhulovāda Sutta Cū asaccaka Sutta Cū asakuludāyi Sutta Cū asāropama Sutta Cū asīhanāda Sutta Cū asuññata Sutta Cū ata hāsa khaya Sutta Cū avagga Cū avagga Cū avagga Cū avedalla Sutta Cū aviyūha Sutta Cālayamāna Vagga Cunda Sutta Dakkhi avibha ga Sutta Da a Vagga Dantabhūmi Sutta Dasaka Nipāta Dasasikkhāpadā Dasuttara Sutta Devadaha Sutta Devadaha Vagga Devadūta Sutta Devaputta Sa yutta Devata Sa yutta Dhamma Sutta 1 SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN KN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN MN Kha KN KN MN KN MN KN MN KN MN AN KN DN MN MN MN SN SN KN SN 40 45 14 34 31 27 135 63 Nidd 110 147 35 79 30 11 121 37 2 Ud Sn 44 Sn 50 Sn 5 142 Dhp 10 125 10 Khp 34 101 130 2 1 Sn 18 56:11 Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta 1 This is an alternate title for the Nava Sutta. 31 .
Dhammacariya Sutta Dhammacetiya Sutta Dhammadāyāda Sutta Dhammapada Dhammasa ga i Dhamma ha Vagga Dhammika Sutta Dhanañjāni Sutta Dhaniya Sutta Dhātukathā Dhātu Sa yutta Dhātuvibha ga Sutta Dhotakamā ava Pucchā Dīgha Nikāya Dīghanakha Sutta Di hi Sa yutta Duka Nipāta Duka Nipāta Du ha haka Sutta Dvatti sakāra Dvayatānupassana Sutta Dvedhavitakka Sutta Ekaka Nipāta Ekaka Nipāta Ekadasaka Nipāta Esukāri Sutta Gahapati Vagga Gāma i Sa yutta Ga akamoggallāna Sutta Gandhabbakāya Sa yutta Gha īkāra Sutta Gho amukha Sutta Gopakamoggalāna Sutta Gūha haka Sutta Gulissāni Sutta Hemakamā ava Pucchā Hemavata Sutta Hiri Sutta Iddhipāda Sa yutta SP SP SP SP AP SP SP SP SP AP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP KN MN MN KN 1st book of AP KN KN MN KN 3 book of AP SN MN KN 1 Nikāya MN SN AN KN KN KN KN MN AN KN AN MN MN SN MN SN MN MN MN KN MN KN KN KN SN st rd Sn 18 89 3 Dhp 19 Sn 26 97 Sn 2 14 140 Sn 59 74 24 2 It Sn 41 Khp Sn 38 19 1 It 11 96 42 107 31 81 94 108 Sn 40 69 Sn 62 Sn 9 Sn 15 51 32 .
33 .Indriya Sa yutta Indriyabhāvanā Sutta Isigili Sutta Itivuttaka Jaccandha Vagga Jāliya Sutta Jambukhādaka Sa yutta Janāvāsabha Sutta Jara Sutta Jara Vagga Jātaka Jatuka imā ava Pucchā Jhāna Sa yutta Jīvaka Sutta Kakacūpama Sutta Kalahavivāda Sutta Kāma Sutta Kandaraka Sutta Ka akatthala Sutta Kapila Sutta Kappamā ava Pucchā Kasībhāradvāja Sutta Kassapa Sa yutta Kassapasīhanāda Sutta Kathāvatthu Kāyagatāsati Sutta Kāyavicchandanika Sutta Keva ha Sutta Khaggavisā a Sutta Khandha Sa yutta Khandha Vagga Khandhaka Khuddaka Nikāya Khuddakapā ha Kilesa Sa yutta Ki sīla Sutta Kinti Sutta 2 SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP AP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SN MN MN KN KN DN SN DN KN KN KN KN SN MN MN KN KN MN MN KN KN KN SN DN 5 book of AP MN KN DN KN SN SN 5th Nikāya KN SN KN MN th 48 152 116 Ud 7 38 18 Sn 44 Dhp 11 Sn 65 53 55 21 Sn 49 Sn 39 51 90 Sn 18 Sn 64 Sn 4 16 8 119 Sn 11 11 Sn 3 22 6 Sn 21 103 2 This is an alternate title for the Dhammacariya Sutta.
Kī āgiri Sutta Kodha Vagga Kokāliya Sutta Kosala Sa yutta Kosambiya Sutta Kukkuravatika Sutta Kumārapañhā Kū adanta Sutta Lābhasakkāra Sa yutta Lakkha a Sa yutta Lakkha a Sutta La ukikopama Sutta Lohicca Sutta Loka Vagga Lomasaka giyabhaddekaratta Sutta Madhupi ika Sutta Madhura Sutta Māgandiya Sutta Māgandiya Sutta Magga Sa yutta Magga Vagga Māgha Sutta Mahā-assapura Sutta Mahācattārīsaka Sutta Mahādhammasamādāna Sutta Mahādukkhakkhandha Sutta Mahāgopālaka Sutta Mahāgosi ga Sutta Mahāgovinda Sutta Mahāhatthipadopama Sutta Mahākaccānabhaddekaratta Sutta Mahākammavibha ga Sutta Mahāli Sutta Mahāmālu kya Sutta Mahāma gala Sutta Mahānidāna Sutta Mahāniddesa SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP MN KN KN SN MN MN KN DN SN SN DN MN DN KN MN MN MN MN KN SN KN KN MN MN MN MN MN MN DN MN MN MN DN MN KN DN KN 70 Dhp 17 Sn 36 3 48 57 Khp 5 17 19 30 66 12 Dhp13 134 18 84 75 Sn 47 45 Dhp 20 Sn 31 39 117 46 13 33 32 19 28 133 136 6 64 Khp 15 Nidd 34 .
5 This is an alternate title for the Mahāma gala Sutta.Mahāpadāna Sutta Mahāparinibbāna Sutta Mahāpu ama Sutta Mahārāhulovāda Sutta Mahāsaccaka Sutta Mahāsakuludāyi Sutta Mahāsa āyatanika Sutta Mahāsamāya Sutta Mahāsamāya Sutta 3 SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP DN DN MN MN MN MN MN DN KN MN DN MN DN MN MN MN Kha DN SN KN KN MN KN MN 2nd Nikāya MN KN KN KN SN MN SN KN KN KN KN 14 16 109 62 36 77 149 20 Sn 25 29 22 12 17 122 38 73 Mahāsāropama Sutta Mahāsatipa hāna Sutta Mahāsīhanāda Sutta Mahāsudassana Sutta Mahāsuññata Sutta Mahāta hāsa khaya Sutta Mahāvacchagotta Sutta Mahāvagga Mahāvagga Mahāvagga Mahāvagga Mahāvagga Mahāvedalla Sutta Mahāviyūha Sutta Mahāyamaka Vagga Majjhima Nikāya Makhādeva Sutta Mala Vagga Ma gala Sutta Ma gala Sutta 4 5 Sn Pa is 43 Sn 51 83 Dhp 18 Khp Sn 16 4 50 37 Ud Khp Sn 8 Sn 58 Māra Sa yutta Māratajjanīya Sutta Mātugāma Sa yutta Meghiya Vagga Metta Sutta Metta Sutta Mettagūmā ava Pucchā 3 4 This is an alternate title for the Vijaya Sutta. This is an alternate title for the Sammāparibbājanīya Sutta. 35 .
Moggallāna Sa yutta Mogharājamā ava Pucchā Moneyya Sutta 6 SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SN KN KN KN MN MN KN MN SN KN KN MN KN MN KN KN AN SN SN KN KN KN KN SV MN SN SN MN KN SV KN KN AN MN KN KN KN 40 Sn 69 Sn 37 Ud 1 Sn 12 150 29 Dhp 23 Sn 37 68 Ud 146 Sn 61 Sn 20 9 12 Mucalinda Vagga Mūlapariyāya Sutta Mūlapariyāya Vagga Muni Sutta Nagaravindeyya Sutta Nāga Sa yutta Nāga Vagga Nālaka Sutta Nālakapāna Sutta Nanda Vagga Nandakovāda Sutta Nandamā ava Pucchā Nava Sutta Navaka Nipāta Nidāna Sa yutta Nidāna Vagga Niddesa Nidhika a Sutta Nigrodhakappa Sutta7 Niraya Vagga Nissaggiya Pācittiya Nivāpa Sutta Okkantika Sa yutta Opamma Sa yutta Opamma Vagga Pabbajjā Sutta Pācittiya Padhāna Sutta Paki aka Vagga Pañcaka Nipāta Pañcattaya Sutta Paññā Vagga Pa ita Vagga Pāpa Vagga 6 7 Khp Sn 24 Dhp 22 Group of Rules 25 25 20 3 Sn 27 Group of Rules Sn 28 Dhp 21 5 102 Pa is Dhp 6 Dhp 9 This is an alternate title for the Nālaka Sutta. This is an alternate title for the Va gīsa Sutta. 36 .
Pārājika Parama haka Sutta Parābhava Sutta Pārāyanavagga Paribbājaka Vagga Parivāra Pāsādika Sutta Pasūra Sutta Pā aligāma Vagga Pā idesanīya Pā ika Sutta Pā ika Vagga Pā ika Vagga Pa isambhidāmagga Pa hāna Pāyāsi Sutta Petavatthu Pi apātapārisuddhi Sutta Pi giyamā ava Pucchā Piya Vagga Piyajātika Sutta Posālamā ava Pucchā Potaliya Sutta Po hapāda Sutta Puggalapaññatti Pu Pu akamā ava Pucchā ovāda Sutta VP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP AP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP AP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SV KN KN KN MN DN KN KN SV DN DN M KN 7th book of AP DN KN MN KN KN MN KN MN DN 4 book of AP KN MN KN KN KN SN SN KN MN KN KN MN th Group of Rules Sn 43 Sn 6 Sn 29 Sn 46 Ud Group of Rules 24 3 23 151 Sn 70 Dhp 16 87 Sn 68 54 9 Sn 57 145 Dhp 4 Sn 4:10 Sn 30 23 18 Sn 23 Khp Sn 13 24 Puppha Vagga Purābheda Sutta Pūra āsa Sutta 8 Rādha Sa yutta Rāhula Sa yutta Rāhula Sutta Raja Vagga Ratana Sutta Ratana Sutta Rathavinīta Sutta 8 This is an alternate title for the Sundarikabhāradvāja Sutta. 37 .
38 .Ra hapāla Sutta Sabbāsava Sutta Sabhiya Sutta Sacca Sa yutta Saccavibha ga Sutta Sagātha Vagga Sahassa Vagga Sakkapañha Sutta Sakka Sa yutta Sa āyatana Sa yutta Sa āyatana Vagga Sa āyatana Vagga Sa āyatana-vibha ga Sutta Sāleyyaka Sutta Salla Sutta Sallekha Sutta Samādhi Sa yutta Samāgama Sutta Sama ama Sāma ika Sutta aka Sa yutta SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP MN MN KN SN MN SN KN DN SN SN MN SN MN MN KN MN SN MN MN SN DN MN KN SN DN 3rd Nikāya MN MN SV DN MN MN KN SN KN KN SN 82 2 Sn 32 56 141 Dhp 8 21 11 35 137 41 Sn 34 8 34 104 78 39 2 9 Sn 25 49 28 76 100 Group of Rules 33 120 113 Khp 1 28 Sn 54 Sn 9 47 Sāmaññaphala Sutta Sammādi hi Sutta Sammāparibbājanīya Sutta Sammappadhāna Sa yutta Sampasādanīya Sutta Sa yutta Nikāya Sandaka Sutta Sa gārava Sutta Sa ghādisesa Sa gīti Sutta Sa khārupapatti Sutta Sappurisa Sutta Sara attaya Sāriputta Sa yutta Sāriputta Sutta Sātāgira Sutta 9 Satipa hāna Sa yutta 9 This is an alternate title for the Hemavata Sutta.
Satipa hāna Sutta Sattaka Nipāta Sekha Sutta Sekhiya Sela Sutta Sela Sutta Sevitabbāsevitabba Sutta Sigālovāda Sutta Sīhanāda Vagga Sīlakkhandha Vagga So ada a Sutta So athera Vagga Sotāpatti Sa yutta Subha Sutta Subha Sutta Subhāsita Sutta Sūciloma Sutta Suddha haka Sutta Sukha Vagga Sunakkhatta Sutta Sundarikabhāradvāja Sutta Suññata Vagga Supa a Sa yutta Suttanipāta Sutta Pi aka Suttavibha ga Ta hā Vagga Tatiya Vagga Tevijja Sutta Tevijjāvacchagotta Sutta Theragāthā Therapañha Sutta Therīgāthā Tika Nipāta Tika Nipāta Tiroku a Sutta Tissametteyya Sutta 10 SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP MN AN MN SV MN KN MN DN MN DN DN KN SN DN MN KN KN KN KN MN KN MN SN KN 2nd of the 3 Pi akas KN M DN MN KN KN KN AN KN KN KN 10 7 53 Group of Rules 92 Sn 33 114 31 4 Ud 55 10 99 Sn 29 Sn 17 Sn 42 Dhp 15 105 Sn 30 30 Dhp 24 13 71 Sn 54 3 It 3 Khp 7 Sn 45 10 This is an alternate title for the Sāriputta Sutta. 39 .
Tissametteyyamā ava Pucchā Todeyyamā ava Pucchā Tuva aka Sutta Udāna Udayamā ava Pucchā Uddesavibha ga Sutta Udumbarikasīhanāda Sutta Upakkilesa Sutta Upāli Sutta Upasīvamā ava Pucchā Uppāda Sa yutta Uraga Sutta Uraga Vagga U hāna Sutta Vacchagotta Sa yutta Valāhaka Sa yutta Vammika Sutta Vanapattha Sutta Vana Sa yutta Va gīsa Sa yutta Va gīsa Sutta Vasala Sutta Vāse ha Sutta Vāse ha Sutta Vatthūpama Sutta Vedanā Sa yutta Vekhanassa Sutta Verañjaka Sutta Vibha ga Vibha ga Vagga Vijaya Sutta Vīma sakā Sutta Vimānavatthu Vinaya Pi aka Vitakkasa hāna Sutta Yakkha Sa yutta Yamaka Yamaka Vagga Yuganaddha Vagga SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP SP AP SP SP SP SP VP SP SP AP SP SP KN KN KN KN KN MN DN MN MN KN SN KN KN KN SN SN MN MN SN SN KN KN MN KN MN SN MN MN 2 book of AP MN KN MN KN 1st of the 3 Pi akas MN SN 6 book of AP KN KN th nd Sn 56 Sn 63 Sn 52 Sn 67 138 25 128 56 Sn 60 26 Sn 1 Sn Sn 22 33 32 23 17 9 8 Sn 24 Sn 7 98 Sn 35 7 36 80 42 Sn 11 47 20 10 Dhp 1 Pa is 2 40 .
Mahāvagga. Burmese. The Wheel and Bodhi Leaf series of the Buddhist Publication Society (BPS). Suttavibha ga. Apart from their own series (PTS. III. 1881. 1875. Mahāvagga. Pātimokkha Oxford. there are five others of note: Sacred Books of the East (SBE—reprinted from the 1960s by UNESCO via Motilal Banarsidass. V. William Pruitt and K. VII. Vinaya Pi aka I. “The Patimokkha. only the year of initial publication is shown). 1993. Parivāra. PTS 2001.B. T. and tr. Dickson (tr. only the years of the first and latest editions have been shown. The Pātimokkha. 1969. Delhi). VIII. The Mahā Bodhi Society in either India or Sri Lanka (MBS). Bangkok 1966. Suttavibha ga. 1975. and SBB—Sacred Books of the Buddhists). 1993.” JRAS N. 1952. Bibliography 1. being the Buddhist Office of the Confession of Priests. Harvard 1896. “The Upasampadā Kammavācā. 1876. and Piyadassi Ordination in Theravada Buddhism.III. 1993. Buddhism in Translations. 1938. 1940.). Cullavagga. and American publishers.” JRAS N.S.). Vinaya Texts SBE: I. III. Horner (tr. The Book of the Discipline. II. Cullavagga. 1942. Delhi 1975. 1951. English.S. Oldenberg (tr. being the Buddhist Manual of the Form and Manner of Ordering Priests and Deacons. 1975. reprinted in Warren. PTS: I. The Pātimokkha.). however. (To avoid the tedium of indicating the years of reprints of those works that have run into several editions. reprinted ibid. In the case of BPS publications. In addition. because these are normally kept in print. Thai. To date (2006) only the Niddesa and Apadāna from the Khuddaka Nikāya and Yamaka from the Abhidhamma Pi aka remain untranslated out of the entire Canon. Indian. and the Buddhist Missionary Society (BMS) of Kuala Lumpur. 1993. 1993 VI.W. and tr.). J. BPS 1963. 1885. the (now defunct) Bauddha Sahitya Sabha (Buddhist Literature Society—BSS). 41 .R.). 1966. IV. Ñā amoli (ed. 1882. II. Translated Texts The Pali Text Society (founded in 1881) has published English translations of the Pali texts from 1909. A. a few individual texts have appeared from Sinhalese. Suttavibha ga. 1992. Rhys Davids and H. Norman (ed.F.
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). II. Delhi 2006. Jātaka Stories. and tr.B. rev. Bollee (ed.W. Jātaka Tales. Nine Jātakas. Cowell (tr. verses of Tālapu a Thera). Thomas (tr. Fausböll (tr. New Delhi 1986. PTS 1997. 50 . A free adaptation of the last ten Jātakas. PTS 1913.).): Five Jātakas. New York 1976. Rhys Davids (tr. Horner (ed. 3 volumes.). V.H. Psalms of the Sisters. London 1929.T.). Poems of Cloister and Jungle.T. C. R. Rhys Davids (tr. Oxford 1977. ‘’The Vedabbha Jātaka.).C. 1994. Two Jātakas.).A.). Ethel Beswick Jātaka Tales.1871. Jātaka Tales from the Pali. JRAS NS V. 1925 and Leiden and Delhi 1973. Soma (tr. being the Buddhist story of King Rāma. London 1956. C. PTS 1972. SBB 1970. Cambridge 1895–1905. Ib. Sarah Shaw (tr. Vessantara Jātaka). Comprises the Nidāna-Kathā and the first 40 Jātakas. Copenhagen and London 1861. Ten Jātakas. The Dasaratha-jātaka. Piyasīlo. New York 1989. Francis (tr. Bombay 1970.A.F. His Last Performance. Rhys Davids (tr. Cambridge 1884. Delhi 1990. and tr. London 1880. Stories of Buddha’s Births: A Jātaka Reader.F. A free retelling of selected Jātakas and other Buddhist stories. L.J. Petaling Jaya. ed.S.): I.A.B. Folklore Journal II-IV. by C. Jātaka Stories. Bangkok 1974. PTS 1909. Cambridge 1916. Comprises 114 tales.A.). selection). Boston 1996. London 1887. Francis and E. London 1957. Rhys Davids (tr. selection). Berkeley 1990. Elwell (tr. reprinted in 3 volumes. Kandy 1943.). C. 1871. Kunala Jātaka. 6 volumes. H. I. Ten Jātaka Stories. The Hungry Tigress: Buddhist Legends and Jātaka Tales. 35 tales based on Cowell’s tr. Rhys Davids. Ib. Selangor 1983. Morris (tr. Josson. T. London 1941. PTS 1980 and Sacred Writings of the Buddhists. Psalms of the Brethren. Richard Gombrich and Margaret Cone (tr. The Jātakas: Birth Stories of the Bodhisatta.B.). 1872. Andrew Schelling and Anne Waldman (tr. 1981. Rafe Martin. Songs of the Sons and Daughters of Buddha. Both Rhys Davids volumes reprinted as Psalms of the Early Buddhists. Stories of the Buddha. W. Comprises 26 tales. The Perfect Generosity of Prince Vessantara. H. Buddhist Birth Stories.F. Boston 1886. reprinted with Norman II as Poems of Early Buddhist Nuns. Comprises 47 tales. Jātaka E. Designed to illustrate each of the Ten Perfections.F.
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Singapore 1993. London 1943. 15. E. S. Oxford. Includes D 13. Sermons and Sayings of the Buddha. New York 1957. Sayings of the Buddha. 2. A Buddhist Bible. I. Milindapanha and Visuddhimagga.B. M 118. A. 13. and Milindapañhā. The Gospel of Buddha. Singapore 1989—(ed. Dhp (Max Muller). Dhammika (comp. Coomaraswamy and I. Khantipālo. Weeraratna and Dhanapala Samarasekara.). Dhp Commentaries. Indianapolis 2006. 1954. Early Buddhist Discourses. all of Nyanatiloka’s Word of the Buddha. Burlingame (tr. Gemstones of the Good Dhamma BPS 1987. 52 .). Theravada: 1. Dwight Goddard (ed.B.) Buddhist Texts through the Ages.) Buddhist Scriptures. BPS 1964. New York 1964. BPS 1990. Includes selections from Mahāvagga and Thera-Therigāthā (Rhys Davids).Kerry Brown and Joanne O’Brien (eds. Thailand—daily readings from SP compiled by Ajahn Tiradhammo. C. LaSalle (Illinois) 1894. A. Horner (tr. Rangoon 1978.H.). London 1948. Leeds 2004. A selection from VP and SP. including the Patimokkha. 58. New York 1952. Delhi 2004. John J. Includes I. New Delhi 1982. Colombo 1963 from SP. Horner (tr. Texts on the Buddha from SP.).). Sri Lanka—same. Edward Conze: (tr. S. Kālāma Sutta and extracts from S. The Teachings of the Compassionate Buddha New York 1955. The Essential Teachings of Buddhism. Published privately. Burtt (ed. Sn (Chalmers). Buddhism. Comprises over 200 allegories.B.). David Evans: The Buddha Digest: Modern Transcriptions of Pali Texts. Paul Carus. numerous . 63. The Five Nikāyas: Discourses of the Buddha I. 26. Tucson (Arizona) 1972. G.). E. anecdotes. 22.). A short selection of verses from SP and Milindapanha. Early Buddhist Poetry. Includes selections from SP in standard early translations. 1971. Milindapanha and Visuddhimagga. SP. Horner (tr. 22.A. 1974. Offprints from The Light of the Dhamma. 72. New Haven 1922. Includes extracts from VP and SP (and Commentaries). 1963. selection mainly from VP and SP. Daily Readings from Sacred Literature of Buddhism. arranged by way of the nine Buddha-virtues. 93. 38. Hamilton.): Buddha Vacana. Buddhist Parables. Holder (tr. Bombay 1956. 31. (ed. Includes I. Comprises new translations of D 9. Harmondsworth 1959. Bombay 1958. Illustrated from M. The Way of Wisdom: The Five Faculties. M 18. The Living Thoughts of Gotama the Buddha. London 1989. a Religion of Infinite Compassion.K. selection from Vibha ga. Sudhakar Dikshit. etc. 26. New York 1932. Pali and English on facing pages. 1977.W. My Refuge: Contemplation of the Buddha based on the Pali Suttas. Boston 1970. Selection off printed as Sayings of Buddha.). New Delhi 1981. Buddha. and tr. fables and parables from VP. by W.
M 10. 16th English ed. Anthology mostly from SP. Thomas (tr. Ñā amoli (tr. BPS 1998. Includes M 141 (Chalmers). New York 1974. A 8:54. Word of the Buddha. The Buddha Speaks Here and Now. Rangoon 1907. Moore (ed. Madras 1908. 131. S. 17. Includes M 118 and related passages. BPS 1959. Buddhist Suttas. Comprises D 13. Delhi 1997. Rhys Davids (tr. ‘’The Five Mental Hindrances. 2:4. New York 1968. The Sayings of the Buddha. BPS 1978. includes Pātimokkha. Sn 1:6. BSS 1952. 1982.). Buddhist Meditation. Geoffrey Parrinder. BPS 1959. New Delhi 1996. T. Nyanatiloka: (tr. Selected texts. The Roots of Good and Evil. Bangkok 1976.The Splendour of Enlightenment. London 1962. extracts from the Udāna and Itivuttaka (Woodward). New York 1969. Mss and commentaries on the Lokadhamma Sutta and related texts. in its Threefold Division and Seven Stages of Purity. The Buddha’s Path to Deliverance. Radhakrishnan and Charles A. 53 .). Peter Skilling (ed. M 2. J. PrincetonOxford 1957. SBE 1881. Lucien Stryk (ed. The Wisdom of the Early Buddhists. Nyanaponika (tr. A Source Book in Indian Philosophy. London 1991. The first really systematic exposition of the entire teachings of the Buddha presented in the Master’s own words as found in the Sutta Pi aka … in the form of the Four Noble Truths.): The Life of the Buddha.) World of the Buddha. BPS 1980. Dhp (Radhakrishnan). 16. Richmond (Surrey) 2006. Contains a wide selection from SP. several other suttas from S. Comprises D 31 and A 8:54. The Road to Nirvana. and Sn. BPS 1967. 22.). BPS 1961. BPS 1982. Partial offprint as The Buddha’s Teaching in His Own Words. Compiled from SP. J. Early Buddhist Scriptures. A life of the Buddha extracted from Pali (PTS Translation Series and early Buddhist Sanskrit texts. Stanley Rice.). Beyond Worldly Conditions. Susan Shaw. Milindapanha and Visuddhimagga (Warren). Includes extracts from SP.).). 43.). Comprises the Kara īyamettā Sutta and short extracts from the texts on this subject. BPS 1972. Reformulations of D 2. etc. The Lion’s Roar. Comprises D 31. Fundamental Buddhist Scriptures interpreted in Contemporary Idiom. BSS 1947.. 6. New York 1967. A selection mainly from S and its Commentary. London 1950. BPS 1981. Everyman’s Ethics. 16.W. Selected passages from the Canon and Commentaries. London 1977. Bangkok 1999. Buddhist Rules for the Laity. 20. S 56:11. Extracts mainly from A. David Maurice (tr. Nārada (tr. 108 extracts mainly from D (Rhys Davids) and M (Horner). 2 volumes. Delhi 1980. London 1935. BPS 1964.). Subasinha. Mindfulness of Breathing. Compiled from the VP and SP. A. The Practice of Loving kindness. The Four Nutriments of Life.
Namo. Milindapanha and Visuddhimagga. Rangoon 1981. Suma galavilasini. Pesala. and Rites of Passage. Mahā Paritta Pali. Revised edition. Buddhist Chanting. Pemaratana. Ariyapala Perera. Sri Dhammananda. L. The Great Protection. Saddhatissa and Ven. Buddhist Manual for Everyday Practice. Singapore 1979. H. A Buddhist’s Manual. Pe Maung Tin. Bangkok 1957. D. H. New York 1968. Buddhist Devotion and Meditation. Bangalore 1986. New York 1972. Buddhism in Translations. Dehiwela 2003.G.Vajirananavarorasa Dhammavibhaga: Numerical Sayings of Dhamma. BPS 1975. Way to the Buddha. Saddhatissa. MBS. H. BMS 1991. Colombo. The Life of the Buddha. Reprinted as The Wisdom of Buddha. Bangkok 1968–70. 1926. Sarnath 1956. Sao Htun Hmat Win: Eleven Holy Discourses of Protection. Wolverhampton Buddha Vihara 1987. Wisemans Ferry. 1970. The first complete translation of the paritta book. B. The Mirror of the Dhamma. 4 volumes. Compiled from relevant sections of the above work. K. Delhi 1980. Petaling Jaya 1990–92. A further selection appeared as The Wisdom of Buddha. Birmingham Buddhist Vihara 1996. Woodward (tr.). Rewata Dhamma. Short passages from VP and SP. K. Devotional Manuals (Romanised Pali texts and translations) Acharya Buddharakkhita. Mahā Paritta. Delhi 2005. Rangoon 1985. Handbook of Buddhists. Nārada and Kassapa. Romanization of the Pali Chanting Book. London 1976. Piyadassi. Dehiwela 2005. Dehiwela 2000. Conesville 1968. ed. 1974. Mahāmakuta Educational Council. Buddhist Paritta Chanting Ritual. 2 volumes. Wimalajothi. Harvard 1896. 54 . Khantipālo. NSW (Australia) 1988. Handbook of Buddhists. London 1925..). Some Sayings of the Buddha. BPS 1963. The Book of Protection. including the apocryphal Pubbanha Sutta. Bangkok 1985. Dhammaratana: Aura of the Dhamma. Chanting Book. Henry Clarke Warren (tr. Penang 1964. 3. The Puja Book: Paritta. Harvard 1923. 1993 B. Jātakas. Somboon Siddhinyano. 1973. Plainchant. Delhi 1987. Also reprinted as Buddhist Discourses. Everyman’s Life of the Buddha. London 1964. 1990. Basic Principles of Burmese Buddhism. Excerpts from the Book of Recitations. SPCK. 2nd rev. Piyasīlo. BMS 1965 – Daily Buddhist Devotions. Saddhatissa and Russell Webb. Comprises selections from VP and SP. MBS. New York 1973.
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Kyoto 1968. This appeared in ten issues during 1925 and contained. 68 . de Silva and K. Russell Webb for the Pali Buddhist Union. A. A Brief Vocabulary to the Pali Text of Jātakas I–XL. A dictionary of Buddhist and Jaina texts. 1949. W. board of Secondary Education. 2000. Nyanaponika. American. 1901. English and Sinhalese interpretations by W. and revived in 1981).T. David Maurice for the Union Buddha Sasana Council. This appeared thrice yearly and included translations and exegeses. Medagama Nandawansa. Apart from containing (on average) two suttas in each issue.L. Subhuti. Sri Lankan and Thai university Oriental faculties and learned societies. D. English-Pali Dictionary. PTS 1995. almost exclusively. New Delhi 1996 Dhammakitti.C. Delhi 1989. Cassius A. Pali Grammar and Composition. Bapat and R. Pegu 1915. three journals should be singled out for special mention: The Blessing. Kandy. A Companion to Middle Indo-Aryan Literature. Rangoon 1952–63. H. Glossary. 7. 1938. lessons 1–29 out of 34 serialised in Pali Buddhist Review 2–6. reprinted 1978. Pune 2001. Indian. The Light of the Dhamma.L. Lee. A. tr. 1950. Royal Asiatic Society. The Orientalist II. Introduction to Pali. Pali Grammars and Dictionaries Abhidhānappadipikā. Delhi 1997 (but reprinted by another Delhi publisher as Pāli-English Dictionary. Bambalapitiya. A Practical Pali Dictionary for the use of students in High Schools and Colleges. Vara asi 1965. Vadekar. Pāli terms in Devanāgarī script. S. Concise Pali-English Dictionary. Dines Andersen. 1955. ed.V. Rangoon 1895. Bālāvatāra. Abhidhānappadipikā: A Study of the Text and Its Commentary. Ānanda Maitreya. Bengal. Essex (later London) 1976–82. ed. Reprinted as A Pāli Reader and Pāli Glossary. Buddhadatta—all Colombo otherwise indicated: Aids to Pali Conversation and Translation. A Pāli Reader. 1904–1907. (Dictionary of the Pali Language by Moggāllana.D. Shizuoka 1993. London 1977–82. Pāli terms in Sinhala script.studies are recorded in the journals of the Pali Text Society (1882–1927. New Delhi 1979. Nyanasatta. Sri Lanka. Woodward. Barua: Pali Grammar. Barua. Calcutta 1977. Dehiwela 1997. Francis Story and other leading Theravādins. Poona 1940. Pali Made Easy. translations from the SP (notably M 51–70) by Nārada and Mahinda. L. Colombo 1865. However. F. a grammar. Many of their translations and essays subsequently appeared in The Wheel series of the Buddhist Publication Society. Delhi 1977. rev. Ilford. published by the Servants of the Buddha. PaIi Buddhist Review. this quarterly provided the first popular outlet for the writings of Ledi Sayādaw. European. B. Banerji. Copenhagen and Leipzig: Part I. Calcutta 1956.P. Upatissa. tr. Nyanatiloka. ed. Perera (later Kassapa Thera). Kandy 1892. Ñā amoli. P.
First Lessons in Pāli.School Pali Series – I. 1977. Delhi 1998. The Pali Language. Norman as Pāli Grammar. Rangoon 1907–8. A vocabulary to aid to speak the Hindu and Pali languages. Andersen.Y. Reader. Ghose. 2006. Copenhagen: I. An elementary grammar. A Compendious Pali Grammar with a copious vocabulary in the same language. Elizarenkova and V. 1937. 1832. 1938. Toporov. Andersen. A-Kh. II. Smith et al. Chandaburinarunath. Wilhelm Geiger Pāli Literature and Language.C. A Dictionary of Pāli Part I. London 1872–75. Reprinted as A New Course in Reading Pali.S. II. including translations of stories 13–31 in D. Pāli Courses. reprinted Delhi 1983. Moscow 1976. Tribhasharatnakara. Bālāvatāra). K. Rangoon 1883.. Childers. New Delhi 1981.K. Pāli terms in Burmese script. Pali Primer. Cakravarti and M. A Dictionary of the Pali Language. Rangoon 1974. A handbook of Pali conversation. V. James D’Alwis. Moulmein 1879.The Higher Pali Course for Advanced Students. New Pali Course I. Critical Pāli Dictionary. Trenckner. Colombo 1824. 69 . Bangkok 1969. 1951.C. Ib. D. A Pali Grammar for Students. Cornell University 1975. reprinted as New Pali Course III. Rangoon 1882. PTS 2001. Margaret Cone. R. 1924–48. Delhi 1968.1960. Pali-Thai-Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Colombo 1950.A.. An Introduction to Kaccāyana’s Grammar of the Pali Language. James Gray: Elements of Pāli Grammar. Pāli Poetry. Steven Collins.N. Pāli Reader. by K. combined ed. de Silva. Rangoon 1907. 3rd ed. PTS 1994. Calcutta 1943. Dehiwela 2006. Ed. Karunatilaka. Delhi 2005. Oscar Frankfurter. 2005. London-Edinburgh 1883. First Pāli Delectus. Colombo 1903. Palipāthāvalī. Chiang Mai. A Practical Grammar of the Pali Language. Clough (tr. Calcutta 1904. Gair and W. Calcutta 1909. Language rev. (2nd Pāli course). James W. K. Dehiwela 2005. Pāli terms in Sinhala script. Colombo 1863. A Student’s Pali-English Dictionary. with Sinhalese and English versions. T. Igatpuri 1994. Lily de Silva. (a supplementary reader to the New Pali Course) Dehiwela 2003. N. Pāli Primer. II. H. Calcutta 1905. Fernando. Charles Duroiselle. Pali Grammar. 3 parts. Introduction to Reading Pali. 1974. (companion reader to his Pāli course). Adapted for schools in Burma. 1962. First Pāli Course. 1921. Handbook of Pali. Calcutta 1913. Elementary Pāli Grammar. W.K. Vocabulary. Ambalangoda 1928. Kyoto 1976. B.R. .
Topics in Pāli Historical Phonology. Johansson. PTS 1997. 1963.P. A Grammar of the Pali Language. Introduction to Pali. Pāli and Sanskrit.K. 2006. Pali Buddhist Texts. Toungoo-London 1866. Nyanatiloka: Buddha-Vacanam.). Warder. Delhi 2005. Rajwade. A Topic Index of the Sutta Pi aka. 3 volumes. Delhi 1979. I. Müller: A Glossary of Pali Proper Names. and N. Delhi 1986. Woodward. Delhi 1989. a phonetic and morphological sketch of Pali Language. Delhi 1984. Buddhist Dictionary. Pali Grammar. V.M. P. Norman. 1953. Fisher. 1952–1955. Jackson. Nārada. Pune 1985. I. London 1884. Rajahmundri 1901. K. Ed. 2 parts.L. F. Island Hermitage Publications. Lim Teong Aik.V. Rev. 70 . Junghare. T. E. Moulmein 1882. 2 volumes. Colombo 1958. Minayeff (I. H. I: A-Akkhabhañjana. (Texts for the Word of the Buddha) BPS 1968. Higashimoto. An Elementary Pali Course. London 1976. A. with introductory essay on its form and character. PTS and New Delhi 1997. D. offprint from JPTS 1888 (reprinted 1978).R. Peter A. Tokyo 1965. 1964. Minaev).Y. Widurupola Piyatissa. Colombo 1941. Rune E. E. Pali Grammar on the Basis of Kaccāyana.R. Andersen. A Grammar of the Pali Language. 1966–1975. III. An Elementary Grammar of the Pali Language. Pali-Reader. New Delhi 1990. Chinese. New York 1972. BPS 1994. Tha Do Oung.A. New Delhi 1986. (Pāli terms in Devanāgari) Poona 1916. "The English-Pali Dictionary. Joshi. A Simplified Grammar of the Pali Language. II. Calcutta 1905. Bangkok 1986. Dodanduwa 1950. K. London 1937. Hare. C. J. Penang 1960. Joshi. Madihe Paññāsīha (ed. J. 2 parts. Copenhagen 1973. Colombo 1972. I. Francis Mason. Perniola. including translations of portions of D. Kosambi and C. explained to beginners. Pāli Reader. Holler. Mahārāgama 1975.V. Ñā amoli A Pali-English Glossary of Buddhist Technical Terms. The Student’s Manual of Indian Vedic-Sanskrit-Prakrit-Pali Literature. A Glossary of Buddhist Terms in Four Languages—English. Saddhatissa.O. Pāli Tipi akam Concordance. Poona 1914–16. 4 volumes. as Pāli Grammar. Dictionary of Pāli Proper Names." Colombo 1949. Madhusudan Mishra. A Manual of Pali. Akyab 1899–1902. Pāli in Sinhala and Roman scripts with Sinhalese and English translations. Ling. Malalasekera. BPS 1988. 2003.Pāli Prose. Pāli technical terms in Roman and Thai scripts with brief English and Thai translations cross-referred to the books/sections of SP. Comparative and Historical Pali Grammar. Pāli terms in Sinhala script. Pali Dictionary I. A Dictionary of Buddhism. PTS. G.P.
Devarakkhita (alias Don A. de S. 1963. A Graduated Pali Course. Calcutta University 1916. Udornganādhikāra (Javinda Sragam). 1969. H. 1976.C. Sīlava sa. Moulmein 1862. A New Elementary Pali Grammar. Rangoon n.G. O. Postgraduate Institute of Pali and Buddhist Studies Publications.H. Selections from Pali. Pe Maung Tin: A Pali Primer. A.O’C. 1970. A Dictionary of Boodhism and Burman Literature. Pali Grammar. Stede Pali-English Dictionary. S. Bangkok 1962.H. Dehiwela 1994. Rangoon 1899. S. 1984.C.).W. Bangkok 1963. de A. 3rd ed. Wijesekera.Araya khura Prayuddha. Rhys Davids and W. Colombo 1913. 1935. Pali-Thai-English Dictionary. PTS 1963. Colombo 1993. Thai-Pali-English Dictionary of Buddhism. Suma gala. Edited with Sinhalese and English translations by B. Calcutta 1901. 71 . (Pāli terms in Thai script). Rangoon 1914. 1986. Introduction to Pali. T. 1985. Vidyabhūsan and Swami Punnanand (ed. Rangoon 1902. U Wimala. Warder. Rangoon 1920. Tokyo 1900.C. J. M.K. A. Bālāvatāra: An Elementary Pali Grammar. English Sangha Trust. Vidyabhūsan. Batuwantudawe). Pali and the Pali Canon. PTS 1921–1925. J.d. Pali-English Dictionary of Buddhist Terms. Kaccāyana’s Dhātumañjūsā Colombo 1872. reprinted Delhi 2007. and tr. Calcutta 1911. Walshe. Syntax of Cases in the Pāli Nikāyas. The Student’s Pali-English Dictionary.. S. all Bangkok: A Dictionary of Buddhism. Wade. London 1968. Students Thai-Pali-English Dictionary of Buddhist Terms. Takakusu. A Pali Chrestomathy. Vidyabhūsan. Rajavaramuni. Rangoon 1911. Tilbe: Pali First Lessons. Kaccāyana’s Pali Grammar. 8 volumes.
edu/cgi-bin/DBscripts/metainfo. Secretary and Librarian of the Royal Asiatic Society.3.questia. Professor of Pali and Buddhist Literature at University College.cgi?id=35454 Buddhism. by T. Rhys Davids: Chairman of the Pali Text Society.W. for download: http://www.aseaninfonet.washington. its History and Literature.org/myanmar 72 .php?cid=41 A History of Pali Literature by Bimala Churn Law: http://tera-3. London http://www.dhamma.html#5.edu/cgi-bin/DBscripts/metainfo.ru/sadhu/modules/mylinks/viewcat.ul.php?cid=22 http://www.edu/kpotter/xtxt1.org/buddrel/5thru5.Appendix: Some On-line Refences Internet references: http://faculty.cgi?id=35453 http://tera-3.cmu.cs.cs.htm http://here-and-now.cmu.3 Other links: http://www.com/read/1401252 Burmese Grammars etc.dhamma.ru/sadhu/modules/mylinks/viewcat.ul.
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