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Dr.

Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

‫ﺗﻘﻮﯾﻢ اﻟﻄﻼب‬
‫ﻋﻔﺎف اﻟﺸﺎﻓﻌﻰ‬.‫د‬

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

‫§ﻣﺎ ھﻮ اﻟﺘﻔﻮﯾﻢ‬

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫ﻣﻔﮭﻮم اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‬
‫ﻋﻨﺼﺮ ﻣﮭﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﯿﻤﯿﺔ‬

‫ﻣﺘﺎﺑﻌﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﯿﺬ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻄﯿﻂ‬


‫ھﻮ اﻟﻤﺪﺧﻞ ﻷي إﺻﻼح ﻓﻲ ﺗﻠﻚ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‪.‬‬

‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬


‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫ﻋﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬
‫ﺗﺸﺨﯿﺼﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻋﻼﺟﯿﺔ‬
‫وﻗﺎﺋﯿﺔ‬

‫ﺗﺮﻣﻲ ﻟﻠﻜﺸﻒ ﻋﻦ ﺟﻮاﻧﺐ اﻟﻘﻮة واﻟﻀﻌﻒ ﻓﻲ‬


‫اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﯿﻤﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫ﺑﻮاﺳﻄﺘﺔ‬

‫ﯾﺘﻢ إﺻﺪار‬
‫ﺣﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻣﺪي وﺻﻮل اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﯿﻤﯿﺔ‬
‫ﻷھﺪاﻓﮭﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫أھﺪاف اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﯿﻢ اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻲ‬

‫•ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة ﻛﻞ ﻣﻦ اﻟﻄﺎﻟﺐ واﻟﻤﻌﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺪى ﺗﻘﺪﻣﮭﻢ‬


‫ﻧﺤﻮ ﺑﻠﻮغ أھﺪاﻓﮭﻢ‪.‬‬

‫•ﻣﻌﺮﻓﺔ ﻣﺪى ﻓﮭﻢ واﺳﺘﯿﻌﺎب اﻟﻄﻼب ﻟﻤﺎ درﺳﻮه‪.‬‬

‫•ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ ﺟﻮاﻧﺐ اﻟﻘﻮة واﻟﻀﻌﻒ ﻟﺪى اﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻢ وﺗﻘﺪﯾﻢ اﻟﻤﻌﺎﻟﺠﺔ‬


‫اﻟﻀﺮورﯾﺔ ﻓﻰ ﺣﯿﻨﮭﺎ ‪.‬‬

‫‪2009‬‬
‫•ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ ﻗﺪرات اﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻤﯿﻦ وإﺑﺪاﻋﺎﺗﮭﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫أھﻤﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‬
‫ﻟﻠﻤﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬ ‫ﻟﻠﻤﻌﻠﻢ‬
‫•ﯾﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮاه اﻟﻤﺒﺪﺋﻲ‬
‫ﻓﻲ ﺑﺪاﯾﺔ اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﯿﻤﯿﺔ ‪.‬‬ ‫•اﻟﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﻠﻲ اﻟﻤﺸﻜﻼت اﻟﺘﻲ‬
‫ﺗﻮاﺟﮫ اﻟﻄﻼب وﺗﺆﺛﺮ ﻓﻲ‬
‫•ﯾﺘﻌﺮف ﻋﻠﻰ ﻣﺴﺘﻮاه ﺑﺎﻟﻨﺴﺒﺔ‬ ‫دراﺳﺘﮭﻢ ‪.‬‬
‫ﻷﻗﺮاﻧﮫ ‪.‬‬
‫•ﻣﺴﺎﻋﺪة اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ اﻟﺤﻜﻢ ﻋﻠﻲ‬
‫•أداة ﻟﺘﺤﻔﯿﺰ اﻟﻄﻼب ﻟﻼھﺘﻤﺎم‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﯿﺔ ﻃﺮق ﺗﺪرﯾﺴﮫ وأﺳﺎﻟﯿﺐ‬
‫ﺑﺪروﺳﮭﻢ ‪.‬‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻮﯾﻤﮫ‪.‬‬

‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

‫أدوات وأﺳﺎﻟﯿﺐ ﺗﻘﻮﯾﻢ اﻟﻄﻼب‬

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

‫اﻹﻣﺘﺤﺎن اﻟﺘﺤﺮﯾﺮى‬
pencil-paper tests ‫اﻹﺧﺘﺒﺎرات اﻟﻜﺘﺎﺑﯿﺔ‬

Essay ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎل‬

Multiple choice questions (MCQ) ‫إﺧﺘﯿﺎر ﻣﻦ‬


‫ﻋﺪة ﺑﺪاﺋﻞ‬
Complete questions ‫اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻟﺘﻜﻤﯿﻠﯿﺔ‬
2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library
Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

Match questions ‫ﻣﺰاوﺟﺔ‬

False-true ‫ﺧﻄﺄ‬-‫ﺻﻮاب‬

Short answer ‫اﻻﺟﺎﺑﺎت اﻟﻘﺼﯿﺮة‬

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫ﺧﺼﺎﺋﺺ أﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻹﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺠﯿﺪة‬

‫‪ -‬اﻟﻜﺘﺎب اﻟﺠﺎﻣﻌﻰ ھﻮ اﻟﻤﺼﺪر اﻟﺮﺋﯿﺴﻰ ﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮى‬


‫اﻹﺧﺘﺒﺎر‬
‫‪ -‬ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ ﻣﻌﺎﯾﯿﺮ اﻟﺘﻘﯿﯿﻢ‬
‫‪ -‬ﺣﺪد اﻟﺪرﺟﺎت اﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﺔ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺳﺆال‬
‫‪ -‬ﯾﻔﻀﻞ أن ﯾﺸﻤﻞ اﻹﺧﺘﺒﺎر ﻋﻠﻰ ﺳﺆال واﺣﺪ ﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫اﻷﻗﻞ إﺟﺎﺑﺎﺗﮫ ﺧﺎرج اﻟﻤﻘﺮر‬
‫‪ -‬ﻣﺎذا ﺗﺮﯾﺪ ﻓﻌﻼ ﻣﻦ اﻹﺧﺘﺒﺎر‬
‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫‪-‬ﻻ ﺗﻤﺘﺤﻦ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺔ أﻛﺜﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻣﺮة‬


‫‪-‬إﺟﻌﻞ اﻹﻣﺘﺤﺎن ﺷﺎﻣﻼ ﻟﻤﻌﻈﻢ أﺟﺰاء اﻟﻤﻨﮭﺞ‬
‫‪-‬إﺟﻌﻞ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺳﮭﻠﺔ اﻟﻔﮭﻢ و ﻣﺤﺪدة‬
‫‪-‬ﯾﺠﺐ أن ﺗﻮازن ﺑﯿﻦ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ اﻹﺧﺘﯿﺎرﯾﺔ‬
‫واﻹﺟﺒﺎرﯾﺔ‬
‫‪-‬اﻹﺧﺘﺒﺎر اﻟﺠﯿﺪ ھﻮ اﻟﺬى ﯾﺠﻤﻊ ﺑﯿﻦ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻤﻘﺎﻟﯿﺔ واﻟﻤﻮﺿﻮﻋﯿﺔ‬
‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫اﻹﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﺸﻔﮭﯿﺔ‬

‫‪-‬ﺗﻘﯿﺲ ﻣﮭﺎرات اﻟﺘﻔﺎﻋﻞ و اﻹﺗﺼﺎل‬


‫‪-‬ﺗﻐﻄﻰ ﻣﺴﺎﺣﺔ ﻛﺒﯿﺮة ﻣﻦ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت‬
‫‪-‬اﻟﻤﻤﺘﺤﻦ ﻟﮫ ﺣﺮﯾﺔ اﻹﺧﺘﯿﺎر ﺑﯿﻦ اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ‬
‫‪-‬اﻷﺳﺌﻠﺔ ﺗﺨﺘﻠﻒ ﺑﯿﻦ اﻟﻄﻼب‬

‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬


‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫اﻹﻣﺘﺤﺎﻧﺎت اﻟﻌﻤﻠﯿﺔ‬
‫§ ﺗﻘﯿﺲ ﻃﺮﯾﻘﺔ أداء اﻟﻤﮭﺎرة‬
‫§ ﺗﻘﯿﺲ ﻧﺘﯿﺠﺔ اﻷداء اﻟﻤﮭﺎرى‬
‫§ ﺗﻘﯿﺲ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﺎت و اﻟﺴﻠﻮك ﻟﻠﻄﺎﻟﺐ‬
‫§ ﺗﺼﻌﺐ إﺟﺮاﺋﮭﺎ ﻓﻰ اﻷﻋﺪاد اﻟﻜﺒﯿﺮة ﻣﻦ‬
‫اﻟﻄﻠﺒﺔ‬

‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

‫ﻃﺮق اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‬
‫§اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ اﻟﻤﺴﺘﻤﺮ ﻃﻮال اﻟﻌﺎم‬
‫§اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ ﻓﻰ آﺧﺮ اﻟﻌﺎم‬

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫ﺧﻄﻮات اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‬
‫§ ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ أھﺪاف اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫§ ﺗﺮﺟﻤﺔ اﻷھﺪاف إﻟﻲ أﻧﻤﺎط ﺳﻠﻮﻛﯿﺔ‪.‬‬
‫§ ﺗﺤﺪﯾﺪ وﺳﺎﺋﻞ )أدوات( اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫§ ﺗﻨﻔﯿﺬ اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‪.‬‬
‫§ ﺗﺤﻠﯿﻞ ﻧﺘﺎﺋﺞ اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ وﺗﻔﺴﯿﺮھﺎ‪.‬‬
‫‪2009‬‬
‫§ ﺗﻘﺪﯾﻢ اﻟﺘﻐﺬﯾﺔ اﻟﺮاﺟﻌﺔ‪.‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬
‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬ ‫‪2009‬‬

‫اﻟﺨﻼﺻﺔ‬
‫§ ﯾﻨﺘﺞ ﻋﻦ اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ اﻟﻔﻌﺎل اﻟﻘﺮارت اﻷﺗﯿﮫ ‪:‬‬
‫§ ﺗﻄﻮﯾﺮ اﻟﻤﺤﺘﻮى اﻟﻌﻠﻤىﻮﻃﺮق ﺗﻮﺻﯿﻞ اﻟﻤﻌﻠﻮﻣﮫ‬
‫§ ﺗﻄﻮﯾﺮ أﺳﺎﻟﯿﺐ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ واﻟﺒﺤﺚ اﻟﻌﻠﻤﻰ‬
‫§ ﺗﻄﻮﯾﺮاداء اﻟﻄﻼب وھﯿﺌﺔ اﻟﺘﺪرﯾﺲ و اﻟﻌﻼﻗﮫ ﺑﯿﻨﮭﻢ‬
‫§ إﺳﺘﺨﺪام أﻣﺜﻞ ﻟﻤﺒﺎدئ أداب اﻟﻤﮭﻨﮫ‬
‫§ ﺗﻮﻇﯿﻒ اﻟﻮﻗﺖ ﺑﺪﻗﮫ ﻟﺨﺪﻣﺔ اﻟﻤﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬

‫‪2009‬‬ ‫‪Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library‬‬


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

‫ﺗﺬﻛﺮ داﺋﻤﺎ أن ﻣﺎ ﯾﺴﺘﺤﻖ اﻟﺘﻌﻠﻢ‬


‫ﯾﺴﺘﺤﻖ اﻟﺘﻘﻮﯾﻢ‬

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library 2009

Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby Elsayed Ghanem


Faculty of Law. Tanta University. Egypt
http://dr--mohamed-abd-elnaby.spaces.live.com

Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library


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2009 Dr. Mohamed AbdElnaby - Library