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Iso1940 Calculations

Iso1940 Calculations

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CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE

:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
INPUT DATA
X - Axis is horizontal, parallel to longitudinal equipment centerline. Rotation about this axis is Pitching, f.
Y - Axis is horizontal, perpendicular to X - Axis. Rotation about this axis is Rocking, y.
Z - Axis is vertical, through combined c.g. of equipment. Rotation about this axis is Torsion, q.
Location of origin for load inputs: center of baseplate
Equipment Data
Weights Point of Application
W x y z W * x W * y W * z
lbf ft ft ft ft - lbf ft - lbf ft - lbf
Compressor 28115 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0 65601.7
Coolers 4350 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0 10150.0
Snubbers 7010 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0 16356.7
Motor 18000 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0 42000.0
Motor Shaft Weight
Compressor Shaft Weight
Turbine Rotor Weight
Total 57475 0 0 134108
Resultant Weight, Point of Application X
bar equip
Y
bar equip
Z
bar equip
W
equip
= 57475 0.00 0.00 2.33
Concrete Data Dynamic Forces
Primary Secondary
f'
c
= 4000 psi Compressor w = 585.00 1170.00 rpm Point of application (referenced to
f
y
= 60000 psi g
concrete
= 150 pcf Vertical F
z
= 1329.00 553.00 lbf previously selected location of 0,0,0)
Horizontal F
x
= 725.00 lbf
Soil Data Horizontal F
y
= lbf X Compressor = -2.75 ft
Rocking M
y
= 1000.00 ft-lbf Y Compressor = 0.00 ft
Soil Description Sand Pitching M
x
= 34000.00 12350.00 ft-lbf Z Compressor = 3.00 ft
Torsional M
z
= ft-lbf
Density g
soil
= 117 pcf
Shear Modulus G = 14000 psi Motor w = 360.00 720.00 rpm Point of application (referenced to
Poisson's ratio n = 0.35 Vertical F
z
= 877.14 364.98 lbf previously selected location of 0,0,0)
Internal Damping D
yi
= 0.05 Horizontal F
x
= 362.50 lbf
Allowable bearing q
all
= 2.50 ksf Horizontal F
y
= lbf X Motor = 4.79 ft
Rocking M
y
= 250.00 ft-lbf Y Motor = 0.00 ft
Pitching M
x
= 8500.00 3087.50 ft-lbf Z Motor = 3.00 ft
g = 32.20 ft/sec^2 Torsional M
z
= ft-lbf
3rd unit N/A w = rpm Point of application (referenced to
Vertical F
z
= lbf previously selected location of 0,0,0)
Horizontal F
x
= lbf
Horizontal F
y
= lbf X 3rd unit N/A = ft
Rocking M
y
= ft-lbf Y 3rd unit N/A = ft
Pitching M
x
= ft-lbf Z 3rd unit N/A = ft
Torsional M
z
= ft-lbf
restricted frequency range (X w
p
or w
s
) 0.50 1.50
Trial Foundation Define concrete dimensions, referencing the same zero point used on the previous page.
Location of origin for block and mat inputs: center of baseplate
Pedestals and Blocks Embedment = 4.00 ft h
e
= 3.00 ft
X L
x
Y L
y
Z L
z
Volume Weight x
bar
y
bar
z
bar
Vol * x
bar
Vol * y
bar
Vol * z
bar
Start Length Start Length Start Length
ft ft ft ft ft ft ft^3 lbf ft ft ft ft^4 ft^4 ft^4
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Mat -13.75 27.50 -7.88 15.75 0.00 -5.00 2165.625 324843.8 0.00 0.00 -2.50 0.00 0.00 -5414.06
Total for all blocks 2165.625 324843.8 0 0 -5414.06
Total for Foundation Complete (X
bar
)
fndn
(Y
bar
)
fndn
(Z
bar
)
fndn
( references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis) W
foundation
= 324843.8 0.00 0.00 -2.50
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Item
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 1 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Output
Static Analysis
Check static Bearing pressure under footing
x
barmat
= 0.00 ft references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis:
y
barmat
= 0.00 ft
z
bottmat
= -5.00 ft
Reference cg of mat at bottom of mat for this calculation so make a transformation
M
x
= W* M
y
= W* M
z
= W*
W x y z (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
) (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
)
lbf ft ft ft ft ft ft ft-lbf ft-lbf ft-lbf
Equipment weights 57475 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 0.00 7.33 0 0 421483.3
Total Foundation weight 324843.8 0.00 0.00 -2.50 0.00 0.00 2.50 0 0 812109.4
S Equipment + Total Foundation 382318.8 0 0 1233593
W
total
X
bar total
Y
bar total
Z
bar total
lbf ft ft ft
Resultant line of action 382318.8 0.00 0.00 3.23 relative to cg mat at bottom of mat
Mat Properties A = L
x
* L
y
= 433.125 ft
2
S
xx
= 1/6* L
x
* L
y
2
= 1136.953 ft
3
S
yy
= 1/6 * L
y
* L
x
2
= 1985.156 ft
3
Vibration Results
S(P/A) = 882.70 psf
[S(M
x
)| / S
yy =
0.00 psf Vibration X-Direction 0.00017 in = 0.16966 mils
[S(M
y
)| / S
xx =
0.00 psf Vibration Y-Direction 0.00052 in = 0.52392 mils
Vibration Z-Direction 0.00090 in = 0.89946 mils
q
max
= S(P/A)+|S(M
x
)| / S
yy
+|S(M
y
)| / S
xx
= 882.70 psf
0.88 ksf qmax < 0.5 * qall, so mat size is okay.
q
all
= 2.50 ksf
0.5 * q
all
= 1.25 ksf
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 2 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Dynamic Analysis
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitation Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia
Spring constant
r
0
L/B
embedment factor h
b from spreadsheet b
Equivalent spring constant k
equiv
lbf /ft
Damping Ratio
embedment factor a
Mass or Inertia Ratio B
n
y
1.60 1.58
Geometric Damping D
g
Internal damping D
i
Total Damping Ratio D
t
=

D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd
resonance not
possible due to
damping
resonance not
possible due to
damping
resonance not
possible due to
damping
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1211.57 1211.57 1211.57 1041.91 1376.75 1154.21
Dynamic forces Compressor
Primary Force (lb, ft-lbf) 725.00 0.00 1329.00 10454.75 34000.00 0.00
w (rpm) 585.00 585.00 585.00 585.00 585.00 585.00
k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lbf) 0.00 0.00 553.00 1520.75 12350.00 0.00
w (rpm) 1170.00 1170.00 1170.00 1170.00 1170.00 1170.00
k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k &D vary with w k & D const. with w k &D vary with w
Magnification Factor
Primary w
p
/w
n
0.57 0.57 0.54 0.35 0.35 1.05
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is within
restricted range
M
r
0.89 0.89 0.79 1.10 1.12 1.96
Secondary w
s
/w
n
1.15 1.15 1.08 0.70 0.70 2.09
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
0.55 0.55 0.47 1.41 1.63 0.28
Displacement Response
Primary (ft, rad) 4.7806E-06 0.0000E+00 6.8066E-06 4.5563E-07 3.2038E-06 0.0000E+00
Secondary (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 1.7001E-06 8.5084E-08 1.6943E-06 0.0000E+00
Total Primary + Secondary (ft) 4.7806E-06 0.0000E+00 8.5068E-06 5.4071E-07 4.8981E-06 0.0000E+00
Total Primary + Secondary (in) 5.7368E-05 0.0000E+00 1.0208E-04
X/2 (ft) 13.75 13.75
12*Y/2* y excitation (in) 8.9218E-05
Y/2 (ft) 7.875 7.875
12*Y/2*f excitation (in) 4.6287E-04
H
cg equip
(ft) 7.33 7.33
12*H
cg equp
* y excitation (in) 4.7583E-05
12*H
cg equp
* f excitation (in) 4.3104E-04
Torsional component (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total disp response (in) 1.0495E-04 4.3104E-04 6.5417E-04
Transmissibility Factor
Primary 1.20 1.20 1.14 1.13 1.14 2.19
Secondary 1.13 1.13 1.10 1.57 1.72 0.40
Transmitted Force (lbf, ft-lbf)
Primary (lb, ft-lbf) 869.45 0.00 1518.97 11804.22 38595.67 0.00
Secondary (lb, ft-lbf) 0.00 0.00 609.88 2384.99 21271.94 0.00
Total Force Transmitted (lb, ft-lbf) 869.45 0.00 2128.86 14189.22 59867.61 0.00
0.41
0.73
0.05
0.78
2535495.46
0.58
11.74
0.57
1.10
2.16
844318.42
1454.41 1565.57 526.38
0.82
0.19
0.05
0.24
98946827.99
2,898,928,444
1.04
0.22
13.65
1.75
1.17 none available

10.33
0.57
1.23
0.45
559.55
0.88
11.74
0.57
1.23
0.97
135,361,749
1.62
1019.61
-0.22
1085.13
-0.92
1676.97
0.75
1.02 1.25
11,872,763,531 25,159,822,241
0.05
0.25
135849910.90
0.12
0.30
0.05
0.35
286539500.05
0.93
0.05
0.98
2698421.72
0.20
815833.32 388603.68
12.33

-0.22
1.62
0.41
0.73
0.05
0.78
2535495.46
1019.61
153,316,865
1669.14
0.88
0.33
0.97
135,361,749
11873.25 11873.25 11873.25
11.74
1.75
1.23
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 3 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Dynamic forces Motor Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitation Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) 362.50 0.00 877.14 7352.96 8500.00 0.00
w (rpm) 360.00 360.00 360.00 360.00 360.00 360.00
k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 364.98 1748.86 3087.50 0.00
w (rpm) 720.00 720.00 720.00 720.00 720.00 720.00
k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w
Magnification Factor
Primary w
p
/w
n
0.35 0.35 0.33 0.21 0.22 0.64
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is within
restricted range
M
r
0.97 0.97 0.91 1.04 1.04 1.51
Secondary w
s
/w
n
0.71 0.71 0.66 0.43 0.43 1.29
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is within
restricted range
M
r
0.82 0.82 0.71 1.15 1.19 1.11
Displacement Response
Primary (ft, rad) 2.5875E-06 0.0000E+00 5.1890E-06 3.0259E-07 7.4627E-07 0.0000E+00
Secondary (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 1.6800E-06 7.9909E-08 3.0922E-07 0.0000E+00
Total Primary + Secondary (ft) 2.5875E-06 0.0000E+00 6.8690E-06 3.8250E-07 1.0555E-06 0.0000E+00
Total Primary + Secondary (in) 3.1051E-05 0.0000E+00 8.2428E-05
X/2 (ft) 13.75 13.75
12*Y/2* y excitation (in) 6.3113E-05
Y/2 (ft) 7.875 7.875
12*Y/2*f excitation (in) 9.9745E-05
H
cg equip
(ft) 7.33 7.33
12*H
cg equp
* y excitation (in) 3.3660E-05
12*H
cg equp
* f excitation (in) 9.2884E-05
Torsional component (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total disp response (in) 6.4711E-05 9.2884E-05 2.4529E-04
Transmissibility Factor
Primary 1.10 1.10 1.08 1.05 1.05 1.58
Secondary 1.23 1.23 1.16 1.20 1.22 1.30
Transmitted Force (lbf, ft-lb)
Primary (lb, ft-lb) 400.11 0.00 949.22 7699.69 8909.76 0.00
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 422.81 2100.33 3752.60 0.00
Total Force Transmitted (lb, ft-lb) 400.11 0.00 1372.04 9800.02 12662.37 0.00
Dynamic forces 3rd unit N/A
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
w (rpm) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
w (rpm) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w k & D const. with w
Magnification Factor
Primary w
p
/w
n
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Secondary w
s
/w
n
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Displacement Response
Primary (ft, rad) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Secondary (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total Primary + Secondary (ft) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total Primary + Secondary (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
X/2 (ft) 13.75 13.75
12*Y/2* y excitation (in) 0.0000E+00
Y/2 (ft) 7.875 7.875
12*Y/2*f excitation (in) 0.0000E+00
H
cg equip
(ft) 7.33 7.33
12*H
cg equp
* y excitation (in) 0.0000E+00
12*H
cg equp
* f excitation (in) 0.0000E+00
Torsional component (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total disp response (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Transmissibility Factor
Primary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Secondary 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Transmitted Force (lbf, ft-lb)
Primary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 4 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Total Force Transmitted (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Response Summary
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitation Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
Displacement Response (in)
Compressor 1.0495E-04 4.3104E-04 6.5417E-04
Motor 6.4711E-05 9.2884E-05 2.4529E-04
3rd unit N/A 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total 1.6966E-04 5.2392E-04 8.9946E-04
Transmitted Force (lbf, ft-lb)
Compressor 869.45 0.00 2128.86 14189.22 59867.61 0.00
Motor 400.11 0.00 1372.04 9800.02 12662.37 0.00
3rd unit N/A 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 1269.56 0.00 3500.89 23989.24 72529.97 0.00
Find resultant dynamic loads X Y Z
point of applications: ft ft ft
Compressor Loads -2.75 0.00 3.00
Motor Loads 4.79 0.00 3.00
3rd unit N/A Loads 0.00 0.00 0.00
centroid of bottom of mat 0.00 0.00 -5.00
moment about Y rocking motion, y
Primary Secondary
P
x h P
z X M
y
P
x h P
z X M
y
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf
Compressor X 725.00 8.00 5800.00 0.00 8.00 0.00
Compressor My 1000.00 0.00
Compressor Z 1329.00 -2.75 3654.75 553.00 -2.75 1520.75
Compressor Total 725.00 1329.00 10454.75 0.00 553.00 1520.75
Motor X 362.50 8.00 2900.00 0.00 8.00 0.00
Motor My 250.00 0.00
Motor Z 877.14 4.79 4202.96 364.98 4.79 1748.86
Motor Total 362.50 877.14 7352.96 0.00 364.98 1748.86
3rd unit N/A X 0.00 5.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A My 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Z 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 1087.50 2206.14 17807.71 0.00 917.98 3269.61
moment about X pitching motion, f
Primary Secondary
P
y h P
z Y M
x
P
y h P
z Y M
x
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf
Compressor Y 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.00
Compressor Mx 34000.00 12350.00
Compressor Z 1329.00 0.00 0.00 553.00 0.00 0.00
Compressor Total 0.00 1329.00 34000.00 0.00 553.00 12350.00
Motor Y 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 8.00 0.00
Motor Mx 8500.00 3087.50
Motor Z 877.14 0.00 0.00 364.98 0.00 0.00
Motor Total 0.00 877.14 8500.00 0.00 364.98 3087.50
3rd unit N/A Y 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 5.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Mx 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Z 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 2206.14 42500.00 0.00 917.98 15437.50
moment about Z torsional motion, q
Primary Secondary
P
x Y P
y X M
z
P
x Y P
y X M
z
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf
Compressor X 725.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Compressor Y 0.00 -2.75 0.00 0.00 -2.75 0.00
Compressor Torsion 0.00 0.00
Compressor Total 725.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor X 362.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Y 0.00 4.79 0.00 0.00 4.79 0.00
Motor Torsion 0.00 0.00
Motor Total 362.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A X 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Y 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Torsion 0.00 0.00
3rd unit N/A Total 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 5 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Total 1087.50 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mass and mass moment factors for dynamic analysis
For rocking motion, Iy
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation S
ki dist m*dist
2
dist m*dist
2
lbf lbf-sec
2
/ft ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 57475 1784.938 0.00 0 7.33 95990 95990
Foundation
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Mat 324843.8 10088.32 656791 0 0 2.5 63052 719843
Total 382318.8 11873.25 815833
For pitching motion, If
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation S
k
i dist m*dist
2
dist m*dist
2
lof lbf-sec
2
/ft ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 57475 1784.938 0.00 0 7.33 95990 95990
Foundation
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Mat 324843.8 10088.32 229562 0 0 2.5 63052 292614
Total 382318.8 11873.25 388604
For torsional motion, I
q
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation S
ki dist m*dist
2
dist m*dist
2
lof lbf-sec
2
/ft ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 57475 1784.938 0.00 0 0.00 0 0
Foundation
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Mat 324843.8 10088.32 844318 0 0 0 0 844318
Total 382318.8 11873.25 844318
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 6 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Table 4.5
Table of n
y
or n
f
values
n
y
or n
p
values for Geometric Damping Coefficient
B
y
(B
f
) n
y
(n
f
) B
y
n
y
B
f
n
f
5 1.079 lower lim 0.00001 1.600 0.2 1.600
3 1.110 interpolate 0.12 1.600 0.22 1.584
2 1.143 upper lim 0.2 1.600 0.5 1.378
1 1.219
0.8 1.251
0.5 1.378
0.2 1.600
0.05 1.600
0.246032 0.072727 0.072727 0.246032 0.072727
b factors for Dynamic Spring Constant
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitation Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
y/x b
x
x/y b
y
x/y b
z
y/x b
y
x/y b
f
lower lim 1.5 0.97 0.5 0.97 0.5 2.16 1.5 0.56 0.5 0.44
interpolate 1.746032 0.97 0.572727 0.97 0.572727 2.16 1.746032 0.579683 0.572727 0.454545 not applicable
upper lim 2 0.97 0.6 0.97 0.6 2.16 2 0.6 0.6 0.46
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
0.1 1 10
b
y
,

b
z

o
r

b
p
h
i

Y/X
Figure 4.1 Embedment Factors (b) for Spring Constant
bz
by
bphi
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 7 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitation Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
Spring constant
r
0 sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) {X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*p)}
1/4
L/B
embedment factor h 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ none available
b from spreadsheet b see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
Equivalent spring constant k
equiv
2*(1-n)*G*b
x
* 2*(1-n)*G*b
y
* G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
G/(1-n)*b
y
* G/(1-n)*b
f
* 16*G*r
0
3
/3
sqrt(X*Y)*h
x
sqrt(X*Y)*h
y
X
2
*Y*h
y
X*Y
2
*h
f

Damping Ratio
embedment factor a 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) / 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ none
sqrt(h
x
) sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
z
) 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/ 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
f
)
Mass or Inertia Ratio B (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
n
y
none none none See table 4-5 See table 4-5 none
Geometric Damping D
g
0.288*a
x
/sqrt(B
x
) 0.288*a
y
/sqrt(B
y
) 0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
) 0.15*a
y
/ 0.15*a
f
/ 0.5/(1+2*B
q
)
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
) (1+n
f
*B
f
)*sqrt(n
f
*B
f
)
75 Internal damping D
i input value input value input value input value input value input value
Total Damping Ratio D
t
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m)
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
primary
secondary
Dynamic forces
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value input value input value
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value input value input value
Magnification factor
Primary r
p
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
M
r 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary r
s
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
M
r 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) X
p
M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k
Secondary (ft,rad) X
s
M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k
Total (ft,rad) X
total
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
Total (in, rad) 12*X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total
X/2 (ft) X/2
z rocking Zy (in) 12*Y/2* y excitation
Y/2 (ft) Y/2
z pitching Zf (in) 12*Y/2*f excitation
H
cg equip
(ft) H
cg equip
H
cg equip
x rocking Xy (in) 12*H
cg equp
* y excitat
y pitching Xf (in) 12*H
cg equp
* f excitat
Torsional component (in) 12*Y/2*q 12*X/2*q
Total disp response (in) X
total
+ X
y
+ X
q
Y
total
+ Y
f +
Y
q
Z
total
+ Z
y
+ Z
f

Transmissibility Factor
Primary T
p
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary T
s
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 8 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
PROJECT NO./NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
07/13/13
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Example Problem
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
filename: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Recip Page 9 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
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INPUT DATA
X - Axis is horizontal, paralell to longitudinal equipment centerline. Rotation about this axis is Pitching, f.
Y - Axis is horizontal, perpendicular to X - Axis. Rotation about this axis is Rocking, y.
Z - Axis is vertical, through combined c.g. of equipment. Rotation about this axis is Torsion, q.
Location of origin for load inputs: center of baseplate
Equipment Data
Weights Point of Application
Item W x y z W * x W * y W * z
lb ft ft ft ft - lb ft - lb ft - lb
Compressor 158700 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.0 0.0 476100.0
Turbine with Baseplate 143300 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.0 0.0 429900.0
Gearbox + Lube Oil Console 83758 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.0 0.0 251275.0
Total 385758 0 0 1157275
Resultant Weight, Point of Application X
bar equip
Y
bar equip
Z
bar equip
W
equip
= 385758 0.00 0.00 3.00
Concrete Data 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Dynamic Forces
f'
c
= 4000 psi g
concrete
= 150 pcf first second `
f
y
= 60000 psi Turbine crit speed crit speed
W
r
(lbf) = 25000.00 25000.00 lbf X
turbine
= 0.00 ft
f
ci
(rpm) = 2571.50 7714.50 rpm Y
turbine
= 0.00 ft
Soil Data e
bar
(in) = 0.0015 0.0015 in Z
turbine
= 3.00 ft
f
r
(rpm) = 5143.00 5143.00 rpm
Soil Description Sand e
dyn
(in) = 0.0005 0.0027 in
P
dyn y
= W/g*e*w
2
= 9383.46 50670.70 lbf
Density g
soil
= 125 pcf P
dyn x
= W/g*e*w
2
= 0.00 0.00 lbf
Shear Modulus G = 6500 psi P
dyn z
= W/g*e*w
2
= 9383.46 50670.70 lbf
Poisson's ratio n = 0.45 first second
Internal Damping D
yi
= 0.00 Generator crit speed crit speed ft
Allowable bearing q
all
= 1.50 ksf W
r
(lbf) = 42770.00 42770.00 lbf X
generator
= 0.00 ft
f
ci
(rpm) = 900.00 2700.00 rpm Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft
e
bar
(in) = 0.0015 0.0015 in Z
generator
= 3.00
g = 32.20 ft/sec^2 fr (rpm) = 1800.00 1800.00 rpm
e
dyn
(in) = 0.0005 0.0027 in
P
dyn y
= W/g*e*w
2
= 1966.41 10618.62 lbf
P
dyn x
= W/g*e*w
2
= 0.00 0.00 lbf
P
dyn z
= W/g*e*w
2
= 1966.41 10618.62 lbf
Trial Foundation
Define concrete dimensions, referencing restricted frequency range (X w
p
or w
s
) 0.50 1.50
the same zero point used on the previoius table
Location of origin for block and mat inputs: center of baseplate
Pedestals and Blocks Embedment = 0.00 ft h
e
= 0.00 ft
X L
x Y L
y Z L
z Volume Weight x
bar
y
bar
z
bar
Vol * x
bar
Vol * y
bar
Vol * z
bar
Start Length Start Length Start Length
ft ft ft ft ft ft ft^3 lbf ft ft ft ft^4 ft^4 ft^4
1 -10.00 20.00 -4.25 8.50 0.00 -1.00 170 25500 0.00 0.00 -0.50 0.00 0.00 -85.00
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Mat -28.65 57.30 -15.09 30.18 0.00 4.00 6916.532 1037480 0.00 0.00 2.00 0.00 0.00 13833.06
Total for all blocks 7086.532 1062980 0 0 13748.06
Total for Foundation Complete (X
bar
)
fndn
(Y
bar
)
fndn
(Z
bar
)
fndn
references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis W
foundation
= 1062980 0.00 0.00 1.94
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 10 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Static Analysis
Check static Bearing pressure under footing
x
barmat
= 0.00 ft references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis:
y
barmat
= 0.00 ft this is the location of the cg of the bearing area under the footing
z
bottmat
= 4.00 ft
Reference cg of mat at bottom of mat for this calculation so make a transformation
M
x
= W* M
y
= W* M
z
= W*
W x y z (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
) (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
)
lbf ft ft ft ft ft ft ft-lbf ft-lbf ft-lbf
Equipment weights 385758.3 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 0.00 -1.00 0 0 -385758
Total Foundation weight 1062980 0.00 0.00 1.94 0.00 0.00 -2.06 0 0 -2189710
S Equipment + Total Foundation 1448738 0 0 -2575468
W
total
X
bar total
Y
bar total
Z
bar total
lbf ft ft ft
Resultant line of action 1448738 0.00 0.00 -1.78 relative to cg mat at bottom of mat
Mat Properties A = L
x
* L
y
= 1729.133 ft
2
S
xx
= 1/6* L
x
* L
y
2
= 8696.387 ft
3
S
yy
= 1/6 * L
y
* L
x
2
= 16513.68 ft
3
Vibration Results
S(P/A) = 837.84 psf
[S(M
x
)| / S
yy =
0.00 psf Vibration X-Direction 0.00000 in
[S(M
y
)| / S
xx =
0.00 psf Vibration Y-Direction 0.00034 in
Vibration Z-Direction 0.00412 in
q
max
= S(P/A)+|S(M
x
)| / S
yy
+|S(M
y
)| / S
xx
= 837.84 psf
0.84 ksf qmax > one-half of qall, try a larger mat size.
q
all
= 1.50 ksf
0.5 * q
all
= 0.75 ksf
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 11 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Dynamic Analysis
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia
Spring constant
r
0
L/B
embedment factor h
b from spreadsheet b
Equivalent spring constant lbf / ft
Damping Ratio
embedment factor a
Mass or Inertia Ratio B
n
y
1.60 1.60
Geometric Damping D
g
Internal damping D
i
Total Damping Ratio D
t
=

D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd
2264.438287 2264.438287
resonance not
possible due to
damping
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 399.74 399.74 399.74 336.62 463.87 376.55
operating frequency
k and D not
frequency
independent
k and D not
frequency
independent
k and D not
frequency
independent
k and D not
frequency
independent
k and D not
frequency
independent
k and D not
frequency
independent
Dynamic forces
m*e
dyn
*w
2
(lb, ft-lb) 0.00 11349.88 11349.88 0.00 45399.50 0.00
f
r
(rpm) 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
f
cr1
(rpm
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 61289.33 61289.33 0.00 245157.30 0.00
f
r
(rpm) 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
Magnification factor f
cr2
(rpm 7714.50 7714.50 7714.50 7714.50 7714.50 7714.50
Primary f
p
/f
n 10.92 10.92 9.24 5.13 4.41 17.17
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
1.00 1.00 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.00
Secondary w
s
/w
n
10.92 10.92 9.24 5.13 4.41 17.17
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
1.00 1.00 0.98 1.00 1.02 1.00
0.008392 0.008392 0.011456 0.038173 0.052492 0.0034
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) 0.0000E+00 8.6998E-07 8.5065E-07 0.0000E+00 3.5491E-06 0.0000E+00
Secondary (ft,rad) . Secondary (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 4.6979E-06 4.5935E-06 0.0000E+00 1.9165E-05 0.0000E+00
Total Prim + Second (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 5.5679E-06 5.4442E-06 0.0000E+00 2.2714E-05 0.0000E+00
Total Prim + Second (in, rad) 0.0000E+00 6.6814E-05 1.0038E-05
X/2 (ft) 28.6508 28.6508
12*Y/2* y excitation (in) 0.0000E+00
Y/2 (ft) 15.088 15.088
12*Y/2*f excitation (in) 4.1125E-03
H
cg equip
(ft) 1.00 1.00
12*H
cg equp
* y excitation (in) 0.0000E+00
12*H
cg equp
* f excitation (in) 2.7257E-04
Torsional component (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total disp response (in) 0.0000E+00 3.3938E-04 4.1226E-03
Transmissibility Factor
Primary 15.14 15.14 21.89 6.97 5.00 10.76
Secondary 15.14 15.14 21.89 6.97 5.00 10.76
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 171839.94 248437.23 0.00 227155.17 0.00
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 927935.67 1341561.06 0.00 1226637.91 0.00
2571.50 2571.50 2571.50 2571.50 2571.50 2571.50
3146.34 1828.74 333.47
0.04 0.04 -1.93 0.10 0.41 0.81
299
4,438,916 4,438,916 5,244,904 1,900,007,058 647,382,459 708,228,474
471 471 557 1003 1167
0.31
0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
0.69 0.69 1.21 0.67 0.54
0.311
0.17 0.17 0.12 0.03 0.042 0.30
0.692 0.692 1.210 0.670 0.545

109,486,303 109,486,303 152,855,518 99,808,203,357 39,543,834,290 11,104,751,836
1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00

1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00 none available
0.97 0.97 2.16 0.59 0.45

23.46 23.46 23.46 27.86 20.22 24.91
1.90 0.53 0.53 1.90 0.53
11,292,183 44,992 44,992 44,992 9,042,410 2,649,617
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 12 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Find resultant dynamic loads
X Y Z
point of applications: ft ft ft
compressor loads 0.00 0.00 0.00
motor loads 0.00 0.00 0.00
centroid of bottom of mat 0.00 0.00 4.00
moment about Y rocking motion, y
Primary Secondary
P
x h P
z X M
y
P
x h P
z X M
y
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf
Turbine X 0.00 -4.00 0.00 0.00 -4.00 0.00
Turbine MY 0.00 0.00 n/a
Turbine Z 9383.46 0.00 0.00 50670.70 0.00 0.00
Generator X 0.00 -4.00 0.00 0.00 -4.00 0.00
Generator MY 0.00 0.00 n/a
Generator Z 1966.41 0.00 0.00 10618.62 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 11349.88 0.00 0.00 61289.33 0.00
moment about X pitching motion, f
Primary Secondary
P
y h P
z Y M
x
P
y h P
z Y M
x
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf
Turbine Y 9383.46 -4.00 37533.85 50670.70 -4.00 ########
Turbine MX 0.00 0.00 n/a
Turbine Z 9383.46 0.00 0.00 50670.70 0.00 0.00
Generator Y 1966.41 -4.00 7865.65 10618.62 -4.00 42474.49
Generator MX 0.00 0.00 n/a
Generator Z 1966.41 0.00 0.00 10618.62 0.00 0.00
Total 11349.88 11349.88 45399.50 61289.33 61289.33 ########
moment about Z torsional motion, q
Primary Secondary
P
x Y P
y X M
z
P
x Y P
y X M
z
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf
Turbine X 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Turbine Y 9383.46 0.00 0.00 50670.70 0.00 0.00
Turbine Torsion 0.00 0.00 n/a
Generator X 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Generator Y 1966.41 0.00 0.00 10618.62 0.00 0.00
Generator Torsion 0.00 0.00 n/a
Total 0.00 11349.88 0.00 0.00 61289.33 0.00
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 13 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Mass and mass moment factors for dynamic analysis
For rocking motion, Iy
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation S
ki dist m*dist
2
dist m*dist
2
lof lbf-sec
2
/ft ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 385758.3 11980.07 0.00 0 -1.00 11980 11980
Foundation
Block 1 25500 791.9255 26464 0 0 -4.5 16036 42500
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 1037480 32219.87 8859051 0 0 -2 128879 8987930
Total 1448738 44991.87 9042410
For pitching motion, If
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation S
k
i dist m*dist
2
dist m*dist
2
lof lbf-sec
2
/ft ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 385758.3 11980.07 0.00 0 -1.00 11980 11980
Foundation
Block 1 25500 791.9255 4834 0 0 -4.5 16036 20871
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 1037480 32219.87 2487887 0 0 -2 128879 2616766
Total 1448738 44991.87 2649617
For torsional motion, I
q
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation S
ki dist m*dist
2
dist m*dist
2
lof lbf-sec
2
/ft ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
ft lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 385758.3 11980.07 0.00 0 0.00 0 0
Foundation
Block 1 25500 791.9255 31166 0 0 0 0 31166
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 1037480 32219.87 11261018 0 0 0 0 11261018
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 14 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Total 1448738 44991.87 11292183
0.03
Table 4.5 0.59
Table of n
y
or n
f
values
n
y
or n
p
values for Geometric Damping Coefficient
B
y
(B
f
) n
y
(n
f
) B
y
n
y
B
f
n
f
5 1.079 lower lim 0.00001 1.6 0.00001 1.6
3 1.110 interpolate 0.03 1.6 0.04 1.6
2 1.143 upper lim 0.2 1.6 0.2 1.6
1 1.219
0.8 1.251
0.5 1.378
0.2 1.600
0.398913 0.026617 0.026617 0.398913 0.026617
b facctors for Dynamic Spring Constant
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
y/x b
x
x/y b
y
x/y b
z
y/x b
y
x/y b
f
lower lim 1.5 0.97 0.5 0.97 0.5 2.16 1.5 0.56 0.5 0.44
interpolate 1.898913043 0.97 0.526617 0.97 0.526617 2.16 1.898913 0.591913 0.526617 0.445323 not applicable
upper lim 2 0.97 0.6 0.97 0.6 2.16 2 0.6 0.6 0.46
='Rotating'!$y$457:INDEX('Rotating'!$y$457:$y$574,MATCH(100000,'Rotating'!$y$457:$y$574))
=IFERROR(INDEX(nn,MATCH(0,COUNTIF(nn,"<"&nn)-SUM(COUNTIF(nn,z$456:z456)),0)),"")
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
0.1 1 10
b
y
,

b
z

o
r

b
p
h
i

Y/X
Figure 4.1 Embedment Factors (b) for Spring
Constant
bz
by
bphi
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
0.1 1 10
b
y
,

b
z

o
r

b
p
h
i

Y/X
Figure 4.1 Embedment Factors (b) for Spring
Constant
bz
by
bphi
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 15 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
Spring constant
r
0 sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) {X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*p)}
1/4
L/B
embedment factor h 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ none available
b from spreadsheet b see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
Equivalent spring constant k
equiv
2*(1-n)*G*b
x
* 2*(1-n)*G*b
y
* G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
G/(1-n)*b
y
* G/(1-n)*b
f
* 16*G*r
0
3
/3
sqrt(X*Y)*h
x
sqrt(X*Y)*h
y
X
2
*Y*h
y
X*Y
2
*h
f

Damping Ratio
embedment factor a 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) / 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ none
sqrt(h
x
) sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
z
) 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/ 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
f
)
Mass or Inertia Ratio B (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
n
y
none none none See table 4-5 See table 4-5 none
Geometric Damping D
g
0.288*a
x
/sqrt(B
x
) 0.288*a
y
/sqrt(B
y
) 0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
) 0.15*a
y
/ 0.15*a
f
/ 0.5/(1+2*B
q
)
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
) (1+n
f
*B
f
)*sqrt(n
f
*B
f
)
75 Internal damping D
i input value input value input value input value input value input value
Total Damping Ratio D
t
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m)
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
primary
secondary
Dynamic forces
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value input value input value
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value input value input value
Magnification factor
Primary r
p
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
M
r r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary r
s
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
M
r 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) X
p
M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k
Secondary (ft,rad) X
s
M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k
Total (ft,rad) X
total
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
Total (in, rad) 12*X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total
X/2 (ft) X/2 X/2
z rocking (in) z rocking Zy (in) 12*Y/2* y excitation
Y/2 (ft) Y/2 Y/2
z pitching (in) z pitching Zf (in) 12*Y/2*f excitation
H
cg equip
(ft) H
cg equip
H
cg equip
x rocking Xy (in) 12*H
cg equp
* y excitat
y pitching Xf (in) 12*H
cg equp
* f excitat
Torsional copmpnent (in) 12*Y/2*q 12*X/2*q
Total disp response (in) X
total
+ X
y
+ X
q
Y
total
+ Y
f +
Y
q
Z
total
+ Z
y
+ Z
f

Transmissibility Factor
Primary T
p
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary T
s
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 - r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 16 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER: DATE:
THH
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO: REV:
TITLE:
Alliant Energy 07/13/13
014540 Prairie Creek Unit 6
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
file: 157644303.xlsx.ms_office Tab: Rotating - critical speed Page 17 of 198 7/13/2013 8:27 AM
CLIENT NAME:
PROJECT NO/NAME:
TITLE:
INPUT DATA
X - Axis is horizontal, paralell to longitudinal equipment centerline. Rotation about this axis is Pitching, f.
Y - Axis is horizontal, perpendicular to X - Axis. Rotation about this axis is Rocking, y.
Z - Axis is vertical, through combined c.g. of equipment. Rotation about this axis is Torsion, q.
Location of origin for load inputs: center of baseplate
Equipment Data
Weights Point of Application
Item W x y z W * x
lb ft ft ft ft - lb
Generator 143300 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.0
Turbine 158700 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.0
Baseplate 5000 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.0
Total 307000 0
Resultant Weight, Point of Application X
bar equip
W
equip
= 307000 0.00
Concrete Data
1 2 3
f'
c
= 4000 psi g
concrete
= 150 pcf Dynamic Forces
f
y
= 60000 psi Primary
Turbine w
p
= 5143.00
Soil Data Vertical F
zp
= 37533.85
Horizontal F
xp
= 0.00
Soil Description Sand Horizontal F
yp
= 37533.85
Rocking M
y
= 0.00
Density g
soil
= 125 pcf Pitching M
x
= 0.00
Shear Modulus G = 6500 psi Torsional M
z
= 0.00
Poisson's ratio n = 0.45
Internal Damping D
yi
= 0.00 Generator w
p
= 1800.00
Allowable bearing q
all
= 1.50 ksf Vertical F
zp
= 31462.58
Horizontal F
xp
= 0.00
Horizontal F
yp
= 31462.58
g = 32.20 ft/sec^2 Rocking M
y
= 0.00
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Centrifugal Machine
Exmple Problem
Pitching M
x
= 0.00
Torsional M
z
= 0.00
restricted frequency range (X w
p
or w
s
) 0.50
Trial Foundation Define concrete dimensions, referencing the same zero point used on the previous page.
Location of origin for block and mat inputs: center of baseplate
Pedestals and Blocks Embedment = 0.00
X L
x
Y L
y
Z L
z
Volume Weight
Start Length Start Length Start Length
ft ft ft ft ft ft ft^3 lbf
1 -10.00 20.00 -4.25 8.50 0.00 -1.00 170 25500
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Mat -10.00 20.00 -6.25 12.50 -1.00 -2.00 500 75000
Total for all blocks 670 100500
Total for Foundation Complete
references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis W
foundation
= 100500
Static Analysis
Check static Bearing pressure under footing
x
barmat
= 0.00 ft references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis:
y
barmat
= 0.00 ft this is the location of the cg of the bearing area under the footing
z
bottmat
= -3.00 ft
Reference cg of mat at bottom of mat for this calculation so make a transformation
W x y z (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
)
lbf ft ft ft ft ft
Equipment weights 307000 0.00 0.00 3.00 0.00 0.00
Total Foundation weight 100500 0.00 0.00 -1.62 0.00 0.00
S Equipment + Total Foundation 407500
W
total
X
bar total
Y
bar total
Z
bar total
lbf ft ft ft
Resultant line of action 407500 0.00 0.00 4.86 relative to cg mat at bottom of mat
Mat Properties A = L
x
* L
y
= 250
ft
2
S
xx
= 1/6* L
x
* L
y
2
= 520.8333
ft
3
S
yy
= 1/6 * L
y
* L
x
2
= 833.3333
ft
3
Vibration Results
S(P/A) = 1630.00 psf
[S(M
x
)| / S
yy =
0.00 psf
[S(M
y
)| / S
xx =
0.00 psf
q
max
= S(P/A)+|S(M
x
)| / S
yy
+|S(M
y
)| / S
xx
= 1630.00 psf
1.63 ksf
q
all
= 1.50 ksf
0.5 * q
all
= 0.75 ksf qmax > one-half of qall, try a larger mat size.
Dynamic Analysis
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia
Spring constant
r
0
L/B
embedment factor h
b from spreadsheet b
Equivalent spring constant lbf / ft
Damping Ratio
embedment factor a
Mass or Inertia Ratio B
n
y
Geometric Damping D
g
Internal damping D
i
Total Damping Ratio D
t
=

D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd
607.4284427 607.4284427
989.3122107
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1051.28 1051.28 1051.28
operating frequency
k and D not frequency
independent
k and D not frequency
independent
k and D not frequency
independent
12,655 12,655 12,655
8.92 8.92 8.92
1.60 0.63 0.63
1.00 1.00 1.00
0.97 0.97 2.16
41,630,879 41,630,879 58,121,513
1.00 1.00 1.00
0.89 0.89 0.63
0.306 0.306 0.535
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.31 0.31 0.53
1,451,689 1,451,689 1,715,277
548 548 647
0.81 0.81 0.43
Dynamic forces
m*e
dyn
*w
2
(lb, ft-lb) 0.00 68996.44 68996.44
f
r
(rpm) 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
f
cr1
(rpm
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00
f
r
(rpm) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Magnification factor f
cr2
(rpm
Primary f
p
/f
n
9.39 9.39 7.95
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
1.01 1.01 1.01
Secondary w
s
/w
n
0.00 0.00 0.00
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
0.00 0.00 0.00
0.011446 0.011446 0.01594
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) 0.0000E+00 1.8970E-05 1.8922E-05
Secondary (ft,rad) . Secondary (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total Prim + Second (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 1.8970E-05 1.8922E-05
Total Prim + Second (in, rad) 0.0000E+00 2.2765E-04 1.8922E-05
X/2 (ft) 10 10
12*Y/2* y excitation (in) 1.1188E-02
Y/2 (ft) 6.25 6.25
12*Y/2*f excitation (in) 8.6667E-03
H
cg equip
(ft) 5.00 5.00
12*H
cg equp
* y excitation (in) 5.5939E-03


12*H
cg equp
* f excitation (in) 6.9334E-03
Torsional component (in) 5.7001E-04 9.1201E-04
Total disp response (in) 6.1639E-03 8.0730E-03 2.0785E-02
Transmissibility Factor
Primary 5.88 5.88 8.62
Secondary 0.00 0.00 0.00
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 405904.21 594541.54
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 0.00
Find resultant dynamic loads
X
point of applications: ft
compressor loads 4.79
motor loads 4.79
centroid of bottom of mat 0.00
moment about Y rocking motion, y
Primary Secondary
P
x
h P
z
X M
y
P
x
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf
Turbine X 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.00
Turbine MY 0.00
Turbine Z 37533.85 4.79 179849.72
Generator X 0.00 6.00 0.00 0.00
Generator MY 0.00
Generator Z 31462.58 4.79 150758.21
Total 0.00 68996.44 330607.93 0.00
moment about X pitching motion, f
Primary Secondary
P
y
h P
z
Y M
x
P
y
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf
Turbine Y 37533.85 6.00 225203.13 0.00
Turbine MX 0.00
Turbine Z 37533.85 0.00 0.00
Generator Y 31462.58 6.00 188775.49 0.00
Generator MX 0.00
Generator Z 31462.58 0.03 1006.80
Total 68996.44 68996.44 414985.43 0.00
moment about Z torsional motion, q
Primary Secondary
P
x
Y P
y
X M
z
P
x
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf
Turbine X 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Turbine Y 37533.85 4.79 179849.72
Turbine Torsion 0.00
Generator X 0.00 0.03 0.00 0.00
Generator Y 31462.58 4.79 150758.21
Generator Torsion 0.00
Total 0.00 68996.44 330607.93 0.00
Mass and mass moment factors for dynamic analysis
For rocking motion, Iy
W m about cg block hor translation
ki dist
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
Machinery 307000 9534.161 0.00
Foundation
Block 1 25500 791.9255 26464 0
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 75000 2329.193 78416 0
Total 407500 12655.28
For pitching motion, If
W m about cg block hor translation
k
i
dist
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
Machinery 307000 9534.161 0.00
Foundation
Block 1 25500 791.9255 4834 0
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 75000 2329.193 31104 0
Total 407500 12655.28
For torsional motion, I
q
W m about cg block hor translation
ki dist
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
Machinery 307000 9534.161 0.00
Foundation
Block 1 25500 791.9255 31166 0
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 75000 2329.193 107968 0
Total 407500 12655.28
0.22
Table 4.5 0.57
Table of n
y
or n
f
values
n
y
or n
p
values for Geometric Damping Coefficient
B
y
(B
f
) n
y
(n
f
) B
y
n
y
5 1.079 lower lim 0.2 1.6
3 1.110 interpolate 0.22 1.581738
2 1.143 upper lim 0.5 1.378
1 1.219
0.8 1.251
0.5 1.378
0.2 1.600
0.1 0.025 0.025
b facctors for Dynamic Spring Constant
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction)
y/x b
x
x/y b
y
x/y b
z
y/x
lower lim 1.5 0.97 0.6 0.97 0.6 2.16 1.5
interpolate 1.6 0.97 0.625 0.97 0.625 2.16 1.6
upper lim 2 0.97 0.7 0.97 0.7 2.16 2
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
0.1 1
b
y
,

b
z

o
r

b
p
h
i

Y/X
Figure 4.1 Embedment Factors (b) for Spring
Constant
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
0.1 1
b
y
,

b
z

o
r

b
p
h
i

Y/X
Figure 4.1 Embedment Factors (b) for Spring
Constant
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy /
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3
Spring constant
r
0 sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) {X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
L/B
embedment factor h 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+
b from spreadsheet b see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
Equivalent spring constant k
equiv
2*(1-n)*G*b
x
* 2*(1-n)*G*b
y
* G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
G/(1-n)*b
y
*
sqrt(X*Y)*h
x
sqrt(X*Y)*h
y

Damping Ratio
embedment factor a 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) / 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+
sqrt(h
x
) sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
z
) 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
)
Mass or Inertia Ratio B (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy /
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3
n
y
none none none See table 4-5
Geometric Damping D
g
0.288*a
x
/sqrt(B
x
) 0.288*a
y
/sqrt(B
y
) 0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
) 0.15*a
y
/
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
)
75 Internal damping D
i
input value input value input value input value
Total Damping Ratio D
t
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m)
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd
w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
primary
secondary
Dynamic forces
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value
Magnification factor
Primary r
p
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
M
r
r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary r
s
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
M
r
1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) X
p
M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k
Secondary (ft,rad) X
s
M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k
Total (ft,rad) X
total
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
Total (in, rad) 12*X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total

X/2 (ft) X/2 X/2
z rocking (in) z rocking Zy (in) 12*Y/2* y excitation
Y/2 (ft) Y/2 Y/2
z pitching (in) z pitching Zf (in) 12*Y/2*f excitation
H
cg equip
(ft) H
cg equip
H
cg equip

x rocking Xy (in) 12*H
cg equp
* y excitat
y pitching Xf (in) 12*H
cg equp
* f excitat
Torsional copmpnent (in) 12*Y/2*q 12*X/2*q
Total disp response (in) X
total
+ X
y
+ X
q
Y
total
+ Y
f +
Y
q
Z
total
+ Z
y
+ Z
f

Transmissibility Factor
Primary T
p
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary T
s
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
amplitudes using rotating mass
Force 0.00 68996.44 68996.44
mtotal 12655.28 12655.28 12655.28
w 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
Force/(w2*m) = 0 1.88E-05 1.88E-05
Mr 1.01 1.01 1.01
ft Y = Mr*Force/(w^2*m) 0 1.9E-05 1.89E-05
in 0 0.000228 0.000227
amplitudes using constant force equivalent
w 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
wn 548 548 647
Force 0.00 -68996.44 -68996.44
k 41,630,879 41,630,879 58,121,513
F/k 0 -0.00166 -0.00119
Mr 0.011446 0.011446 0.01594
Y= Mr*F/k 0 -1.9E-05 -1.9E-05
-1 -1
copuling of modes
using Arya, Pincus & O'neill
shaft above base shaft above base vert not coupled
damped fx 607.4284427
damped fy 607.4284
damped ff
damped fy
sqrt/product 0.001916321 0.002096557
primary 5143.00 5143.00
2/(3*fp) 0.000129626 0.000129626
consider coupling consider coupling
secondary 0.00 0.00
2/(3*fs) #DIV/0! #DIV/0!
#DIV/0! #DIV/0!
using Reichert Hall & Woods
undamped fx 548
undamped fy 548
undamped ff
undamped fy
using the unknown ref source
fr 5143.00 5143.00
undamped fx 548
undamped fy 548
undamped ff
undamped fy
I
0
142845.4969 73904.30901
I
q
386447
I
y
455388
b = I
o
/ I
y
0.313678521 0.191240473
(f
nx
2
+ f
ny
2
)
2
1.60729E+12 7.80597E+11
4*bf
nx
2
*f
ny
2
3.6427E+11 1.33905E+11
f
1
2
f
1
f
2
2
243691 207441
f
2
494 455
horizontal fy 493.6507
rocking/pitching ff
horizontal fx 455.4566
rocking/pitching fy
<.40 FALSE FALSE FALSE
>1.40 TRUE TRUE TRUE
Include coupling Include coupling Include coupling
NOTE THAT IF YOU CANNOT IGNORE COUPLING, THERE IS NO GUIDANCE ABOUT WHAT TO DO
probably you should use the coupled frequencies to calculate the various ampitudes.
but are these amplitudes half amplitudes or full amplitutdes?
but should I make the same aditions of rocking components to figure the total amplitudes of vibration?
I guess you should use the modified coupled frequencies in the four modes to figure all the magnification factors and other dynamic properties
DESIGNER: DATE: 14.25
13.5
CALC. NO: REV: 14.25
13.5
14.25
13.5
12.75
12.75
12.75
X - Axis is horizontal, paralell to longitudinal equipment centerline. Rotation about this axis is Pitching, f. 12.75
12.75
Follows the 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
14.25
12.75
W * y W * z 12.75
ft - lb ft - lb 12.75
0.0 429900.0 12.75
0.0 476100.0 12.75
0.0 15000.0 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
0 921000 12.75
12.75
Y
bar equip
Z
bar equip 15.75
0.00 3.00
15.75
12.75
4 5 6 7 8 9
12.75
15.75
Secondary 8.43
15.75
12.75
0.00 rpm Point of application (referenced to
15.75
0.00 lb previously selected location of 0,0,0)
15.75
0.00 lb W
r
= 25000.00 lbf
15.75
0.00 lb X
comp
= 4.79 ft
15.75
0.00 ft-lb Y
comp
= 0.00 ft
15.75
0.00 ft-lb Z
comp
= 3.00 ft
15.75
0.00 ft-lb
15.75
12.75
0.00 rpm Point of application (referenced to
15.75
0.00 lb previously selected location of 0,0,0)
15.75
0.00 lb W
r
= 42770.00 lbf
15.75
0.00 lb X
motor
= 4.79 ft
15.75
0.00 ft-lb Y
motor
= 0.03 ft
15.75
Exmple Problem
07/13/13
0.00 ft-lb Z
motor
= 3.00 ft
15.75
0.00 ft-lb
15.75
12.75
1.50
15.75
12.75
Define concrete dimensions, referencing the same zero point used on the previous page. 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
ft h
e
= 0.00 ft
15.75
12.75
x
bar
y
bar
z
bar
Vol * x
bar
Vol * y
bar
Vol * z
bar 15.75
12.75
ft ft ft ft^4 ft^4 ft^4 12.75
0.00 0.00 -0.50 0.00 0.00 -85.00 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
0.00 0.00 -2.00 0.00 0.00 -1000.00 12.75
0 0 -1085 12.75
12.75
(X
bar
)
fndn
(Y
bar
)
fndn
(Z
bar
)
fndn 15.75
0.00 0.00 -1.62
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis:
15.75
this is the location of the cg of the bearing area under the footing
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
M
x
= W* M
y
= W* M
z
= W*
15.75
(z-z
bottmat
) (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
)
15.75
ft ft-lbf ft-lbf ft-lbf 12.75
6.00 0 0 1842000
12.75
1.38 0 0 138750 12.75
0 0 1980750 12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
12.75
relative to cg mat at bottom of mat 12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
Vibration Results 12.75
12.75
Vibration X-Direction 0.00616 in
15.75
Vibration Y-Direction 0.00807 in
15.75
Vibration Z-Direction 0.02079 in 12.75
15.75
12.75
15.75
qmax > one-half of qall, try a larger mat size.
15.75
q
max
< one-half of q
all
, so mat size is okay. 15.75
q
max
> one-half of q
all
, try a larger mat size. 15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation 12.75
(y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction) 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
from Table 4-2 15.75
12.75
from Table 4-2 12.75
12.75
12.75
from table 4.1 12.75
12.75
12.75
from Table 4-4 12.75
from Table 4-3 12.75
1.58 1.33 from Table 4-5 14.25
from Table 4-3 15.25
15.25
15.25
15.25
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
38.25
12.75
924.02 1168.80 1011.89 12.75
k and D not frequency
independent
k and D not frequency
independent
k and D not frequency
independent
38.25
12.75
9.27
455,388 386,447 139,133
10.15 8.02
none available
1.60 0.63
1.00 1.00
572,227,534
0.57 0.47
4,833,163,636 2,472,954,545
0.52
1.00 1.00
0.22 0.617
0.00
0.186 0.091 0.244
0.00 0.00
17,845,552
0.19 0.09 0.24
93,828,901 61,827,693
0.88
984 764 612
0.93 0.98
1019.54 770.30 652.52
38.25
12.75
12.75
330607.93 414985.43 330607.93
first critical speed 12.75
5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
12.75
12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00
12.75
12.75
5.23 6.73 8.40
15.75
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range 25.5
1.04 1.02 1.01
12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00
15.75
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range 25.5
0.00 0.00 0.00
12.75
0.037877 0.022551 0.014358 12.75
12.75
9.3232E-05 1.1556E-04 9.1201E-05 12.75
0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 12.75
9.3232E-05 1.1556E-04 9.1201E-05 12.75
12.75
12.75
17.25
12.75
12.75
12.75

15.75

15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
2.26 1.62 4.27 12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00 12.75
12.75
12.75
747265.56 670909.80 1412782.70 12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
Y Z 15.75
ft ft 15.75
0.00 3.00 15.75
0.03 3.00 15.75
0.00 -3.00 15.75
15.75
Secondary 15.75
h P
z
X M
y 15.75
ft lbf ft ft-lbf 15.75
6.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 n/a 12.75
0.00 4.79 0.00 12.75
6.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 n/a 12.75
0.00 4.79 0.00 12.75
0.00 0.00 12.75
15.75
I should put abs value for all the lengths in these tables 15.75
15.75
Secondary 15.75
h P
z
Y M
x 15.75
ft lbf ft ft-lbf 12.75
6.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 n/a 12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00 12.75
6.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 n/a 12.75
0.00 0.03 0.00 12.75
0.00 0.00 12.75
15.75
I should put abs value for all the lengths in these tables 15.75
15.75
Secondary 15.75
Y P
y
X M
z 15.75
ft lbf ft ft-lbf 12.75
0.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 4.79 0.00 12.75
0.00 n/a 12.75
0.03 0.00 12.75
0.00 4.79 0.00 12.75
0.00 n/a 12.75
0.00 0.00 15.75
15.75
I should put abs value for all the lengths in these tables 15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
about cg of machine/foundation system
hor translation vert translation S W m
m*dist
2
dist
m*dist
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
0 6.00 343230 343230 307000 9534.161
0 2.5 4950 31413 25500 791.9255
0 1 2329 80745 75000 2329.193
455388 407500 12655.28
hor translation vert translation S W m
m*dist
2
dist
m*dist
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
0 6.00 343230 343230 307000 9534.161
0 2.5 4950 9784 25500 791.9255
0 1 2329 33434 75000 2329.193
386447 407500 12655.28
hor translation vert translation S
m*dist
2
dist
m*dist
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
0 0.00 0 0
0 0 0 31166
0 0 0 107968
139133
n
y
or n
p
values for Geometric Damping Coefficient
B
f
n
f
0.5 1.378
0.62 1.328299
0.8 1.251
0.1 0.025
b facctors for Dynamic Spring Constant
Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
b
y
x/y b
f
0.56 0.6 0.46
0.568 0.625 0.465 not applicable
0.6 0.7 0.48
dynamic range name definition for nn
='Rotating'!$y$457:INDEX('Rotating'!$y$457:$y$574,MATCH(100000,'Rotating'!$y$457:$y$574))
10
b) for Spring
bz
by
bphi
10
b) for Spring
bz
by
bphi
=IFERROR(INDEX(nn,MATCH(0,COUNTIF(nn,"<"&nn)-SUM(COUNTIF(nn,z$456:z456)),0)),"")
700
98
9700
12.75
Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation 12.75
(y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction) 15.75
15.75
3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
15.75
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
15.75
15.75
{X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*p)}
1/4
15.75
15.75
1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ none available
15.75
see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 14.25
15.75
G/(1-n)*b
y
* G/(1-n)*b
f
* 16*G*r
0
3
/3 15.75
X
2
*Y*h
y
X*Y
2
*h
f

15.75
15.75
1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ none
15.75
6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/ 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
15.75
sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
f
)
14.252
3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
15.75
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
15.75
See table 4-5 See table 4-5 none
15.75
0.15*a
y
/ 0.15*a
f
/ 0.5/(1+2*B
q
)
15.75
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
) (1+n
f
*B
f
)*sqrt(n
f
*B
f
) 15.75
input value input value input value
15.75
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i 15.75
15.75
2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 12.75
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
15.75
15.75
w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
/sqrt(1-2*D
2
) 15.75
12.75
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
12.75
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n 15.75
r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] r
2
/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
15.75
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n 15.75
1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
15.75
12.75
12.75
M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k
15.75
M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k
15.75
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s 15.75

15.75
12.75
12.75
14.25
12.75
14.25
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
51.5
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
51.5
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
r
2
*sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
12.75
12.75
15.75
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
15.75
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
T
s
*F
0
12.75
330607.93 414985.43 330607.93
12655.28 12655.28 12655.28
5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
9.01E-05 0.000113 9.01E-05
1.04 1.02 1.01
9.32E-05 0.000116 9.12E-05
0.001119 0.001387 0.001094
5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
984 764 612
######## ######## ########
4,833,163,636 2,472,954,545 572,227,534
-6.8E-05 -0.00017 -0.00058
0.037877 0.022551 0.014358
-2.6E-06 -3.8E-06 -8.3E-06
-0.02779 -0.03275 -0.09096
770.30
1019.54
764
984
5143.00 5143.00 here, should I used damped frequencies or undamped frequencies
based on the definitions I need to use the undamped
764
984
3044945 2.40E+06
1745 1550
1549.997
1744.977
FALSE FALSE
TRUE TRUE
Include coupling Include coupling
NOTE THAT IF YOU CANNOT IGNORE COUPLING, THERE IS NO GUIDANCE ABOUT WHAT TO DO
probably you should use the coupled frequencies to calculate the various ampitudes.
but should I make the same aditions of rocking components to figure the total amplitudes of vibration?
I guess you should use the modified coupled frequencies in the four modes to figure all the magnification factors and other dynamic properties
Units English E
The harmonic loads may be in phase or out of phase- how do I handle the phase difference
there really is a horizontal load + a vertical load that is 90 degrees out of phase with the horizontal load
I could make a graph of the dynamic force vs frequency for both turbine and generator, but I don't need it for calculation
What to do if you don't get a critical frequency for the rotor from the vendor?
1 2 3 4
Critical speed input
1
first
2 Rotor weight
W
r
(lbf) = 25000.00
3 critical speed
f
ci
(rpm) = 2571.50
4 static e
e
bar
(in) = 0.0015
5 operationg freq
f
r
(rpm) = 5143.00
6 dynamic eccen
e
dyn
(in) =
7 P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
=
8
9
first
10 Rotor weight
W
r
(lbf) = 42770.00
11 critical speed
f
ci
(rpm) = 900.00
12 static e
e
bar
(in) = 0.0015
13 operationg freq
fr (rpm) = 1800.00
14 dynamic eccen
e
dyn
(in) =
15 P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
=
16
17
==================================================================================================
1 Centrifugal machines
f min max
750 0.014 0.032 These must be dynamic eccentricities
1500 0.008 0.008
3000 0.002 0.002
Turbine
min max
5143 0.002 0.002
Ref: A. Major, Vibration Analysis and Design of Foundations for Machines and Turbines
Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, Collet's Hoildings Limiteed, London, 1962.
Turbine Generator
W
rotor
= 25000.00 42770.00
lbf
f = 5143 1800
rpm
e max = 0.002 0.008
P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
= 37533.85 31462.58
lbf
==================================================================================================
Centrigugal machines
e = a*sqrt(12,000/foper) < .001 in These must be dynamic eccentricities
Turbine
a = 0.5 at installation time
1 after several years of operation
a = 1.00
fr = 5143 rpm
e = a*sqrt(12000/fr) = 1.527504016
mil e = a*sqrt(12000/fr) =
e = 1.00
mil
0.001 in
Ref American Petroleum Institute Standard for Centrifugal Comprressors #617, Section 2.18.4 s modified by '.
(these must be dynamic eccentricities)
Turbine Generator
W
rotor
= 25000 42770
lbf
f = 5143 1800
rpm
e = 1 1
mil
P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
= 18766.93 3932.82
lbf
0.5 0.125
==================================================================================================
For gear unit
e
shop test
e
shop test
speed uloaded loaded
rpm mil mil
0 2 1.5 These must be dynamic eccentricities
7999 2 1.5
8000 1.5 1
11999 1.5 1
12000 1.4 0.9
100000 1.4 0.9
Gear unit
W
rotor
= 2100
lbf
f = 6949
rpm
e = 2.00
mil
0.002 in
P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
= 5755.91
lbf
Ref. American Petroleum Institute Standard High-Speed Special Purpose Gear Unites for Refinery Service, API Standard 613, August 1968
==================================================================================================
For Motors
Integral Horsepower Electric Motors
speed e
rpm in
0 0.0025
999 0.0025
These must be dynamic eccentricities
1000 0.002
1499 0.002
1500 0.0015
2999 0.0015
3000 0.001
4000 0.001
4001 0.001
Motor
W
rotor
= 2100
lbf
f = 6949
rpm
e = 0.001
in
P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
= 2877.96
lbf
Ref National Electrical Manufacturers' Association Standard, MGI-12.05 Dynamic Balance of Motor, December 1971
- for AC motors, use highest synchronous speed
for DC motors, use highest rated speed
for series motors and universal motors, use operating speed
==================================================================================================
Large Induction Motors
speed e
rpm in
0 0.003
999 0.003 These must be dynamic eccentricities
1000 0.003
1499 0.0025
1500 0.0025
2999 0.002
3000 0.002
4000 0.001
4001 0.001
Motor
W
rotor
= 2100
lbf
f = 6949
rpm
e = 0.001
in
P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
= 2877.96
lbf
Ref National Elecxtgrical Manufacturers' Association Standard, MGI-20.52 Balance of Machines, July, 1969.
==================================================================================================
Form-wound squirrel-cage Induction Motors
speed e
elastic mount
e
rigid mount
rpm in in
0 0.002 0.0025
720 0.002 0.0025 These must be dynamic eccentricities
1499 0.002 0.0025
1500 0.0015 0.002
2999 0.0015 0.002
3000 0.001 0.001
3001 0.001 0.001
Motor
W
rotor
= 2100
lbf
f = 6949
rpm
e = 0.001
in
P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
= 2877.96
lbf
don't use force, use mew^2 Ref American Petroleum Institute Standare Recommended Practice for Form-wound Squirrel-cage Inductin Motors, API Standard 541.
==================================================================================================
dyn force 0.00 68996.44 68996.44 330607.93
total weight 407500 407500 407500 407500
total mass 12,655 12,655 12,655 455,388
me/m 0 5.451988 5.451988421 0.725991
D 0.31 0.31 0.53 0.19
f 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00 5143.00
fn 548 548 647 984
r = f/fn = 9.390164931 9.390165 7.947170959 5.227816
denominator 87.36412679 87.36413 62.73613828 26.40151
Mr 1.009283795 1.009284 1.00671683 1.03517
vibration 0 5.502604 5.4886085 0.751525
0.016 0.022
0.087232 0.119943745
0.011341058 0.011341 0.015833426 0.03659
For the rotating mass exctation,
I may want to account for the fact that I know
horizontal force is 90 degrees out of phase with the vertical force
W y W*y
machine 307000 3.00 921000
foundation 100500 -1.62 -162750
407500 758250
Ybar = 1.860736 ft
ycg =
about cg of machine/foundation system
about cg block hor translation vert translation S
ki dist
m*dist
2
dist
m*dist
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
4.14 39464.40956 39464
26464 0.64 506.2492855 26970
78416 -0.86 -2004.82033 76411
3.917791 37965.83851 142845.5
about cg block hor translation vert translation S
ki dist
m*dist
2
dist
m*dist
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
4.14 39464.40956 39464
4834 0.64 506.2492855 5340
31104 -0.86 -2004.82033 29100
3.917791 37965.83851 73904.31
Table 4-5 n vlaues for different values of B
B lower lim Bupper lim n
0.00001 1.6
0.00001 0.2 1.6
0.2 0.5 1.378
0.5 0.8 1.251
0.8 1 1.219
1 2 1.143
2 3 1.11
3 5 1.079
5 100 1.079
100 1.079
upper lower hor hor
by bphi bx bxsi
Bx
X/Y Y/X X X/Y Y
L/B b
y
b
f
B/L b
x
b
y
0 0.1 0.1 0.97 0.37 0.1 0.97 0.37
0.1 0.15 0.15 0.97 0.38 0.15 0.97 0.38
0.15 0.2 0.2 0.97 0.39 0.2 0.97 0.39
0.2 0.3 0.3 0.97 0.41 0.3 0.97 0.41
0.3 0.4 0.4 0.97 0.425 0.4 0.97 0.425
0.4 0.5 0.5 0.97 0.44 0.5 0.97 0.44
0.5 0.6 0.6 0.97 0.46 0.6 0.97 0.46
0.6 0.7 0.7 0.97 0.48 0.7 0.97 0.48
0.7 0.8 0.8 0.97 0.49 0.8 0.97 0.49
0.8 0.9 0.9 0.97 0.5 0.9 0.97 0.5
0.9 1 1 0.97 0.52 1 0.97 0.52
1 1.5 1.5 0.97 0.56 1.5 0.97 0.56
1.5 2 2 0.97 0.6 2 0.97 0.6
2 3 3 0.98 0.69 3 0.98 0.69
3 4 4 1 0.78 4 1 0.78
4 5 5 1.036 0.86 5 1.036 0.86
5 6 6 1.07 0.95 6 1.07 0.95
6 7 7 1.096 1.05 7 1.096 1.05
7 8 8 1.15 1.12 8 1.15 1.12
8 9 9 1.185 1.2 9 1.185 1.2
9 10 10 1.205 1.26 10 1.205 1.26
10 10
=IFERROR(INDEX(nn,MATCH(0,COUNTIF(nn,"<"&nn)-SUM(COUNTIF(nn,Z$456:Z456)),0)),"")
Turbine Generator
Wfotor 25000.00 42770.00 min 0
wr 5143.00 1800.00 max 9700
wcr1 2571.50 900.00
wcr2 7714.50 2700.00 step 100
estatic 0.0015 0.0015 index 98
edyn
unique list
dynamic range name definition for nn 1 0.00 0 0 0 0.0015
2 100.00 100 100 100 0.001502
='Rotating'!$y$457:INDEX('Rotating'!$y$457:$y$574,MATCH(100000,'Rotating'!$y$457:$y$574)) 3 200.00 200 200 200 0.001509
4 300.00 300 300 300 0.001521
=IFERROR(INDEX(nn,MATCH(0,COUNTIF(nn,"<"&nn)-SUM(COUNTIF(nn,z$456:z456)),0)),"") 5 400.00 400 400 400 0.001537
6 500.00 500 500 500 0.001559
7 600.00 600 600 600 0.001586
8 700.00 700 700 700 0.00162
9 800.00 800 800 800 0.001661
10 900.00 900 900 900 0.001709
11 1000.00 1000 1000 1000 0.001767
12 1100.00 1100 1100 1100 0.001836
13 1200.00 1200 1200 1200 0.001918
14 1300.00 1300 1300 1300 0.002015
15 1400.00 1400 1400 1400 0.002132
16 1500.00 1500 1500 1500 0.002274
17 1600.00 1600 1600 1600 0.002448
18 1700.00 1700 1700 1700 0.002665
19 1800.00 1800 1800 1800 0.002941
20 1900.00 1900 1900 1900 0.003303
21 2000.00 2000 2000 2000 0.003797
22 2100.00 2100 2100 2100 0.004503
23 2200.00 2200 2200 2200 0.005596
24 2300.00 2300 2300 2300 0.007499
25 2400.00 2400 2400 2400 0.011634
26 2500.00 2500 2500 2500 0.027354
27 2600.00 2700 0.014643
28 2700.00 2700 2700 2800 0.008081
29 2800.00 2800 2800 2900 0.005519
30 2900.00 2900 2900 3000 0.004155
31 3000.00 3000 3000 3100 0.003309
32 3100.00 3100 3100 3200 0.002734
33 3200.00 3200 3200 3300 0.002319
34 3300.00 3300 3300 3400 0.002005
35 3400.00 3400 3400 3500 0.001759
36 3500.00 3500 3500 3600 0.001563
37 3600.00 3600 3600 3700 0.001401
38 3700.00 3700 3700 3800 0.001267
39 3800.00 3800 3800 3900 0.001154
40 3900.00 3900 3900 4000 0.001057
41 4000.00 4000 4000 4100 0.000973
42 4100.00 4100 4100 4200 0.000899
43 4200.00 4200 4200 4300 0.000835
44 4300.00 4300 4300 4400 0.000778
45 4400.00 4400 4400 4500 0.000727
46 4500.00 4500 4500 4600 0.000682
47 4600.00 4600 4600 4700 0.000641
48 4700.00 4700 4700 4800 0.000604
49 4800.00 4800 4800 4900 0.00057
50 4900.00 4900 4900 5000 0.000539
51 5000.00 5000 5000 5100 0.000511
52 5100.00 5100 5100 5200 0.000486
53 5200.00 5200 5200 5300 0.000462
54 5300.00 5300 5300 5400 0.00044
55 5400.00 5400 5400 5500 0.00042
56 5500.00 5500 5500 5600 0.000401
57 5600.00 5600 5600 5700 0.000383
58 5700.00 5700 5700 5800 0.000367
59 5800.00 5800 5800 5900 0.000352
60 5900.00 5900 5900 6000 0.000338
61 6000.00 6000 6000 6100 0.000324
62 6100.00 6100 6100 6200 0.000312
63 6200.00 6200 6200 6300 0.0003
64 6300.00 6300 6300 6400 0.000289
65 6400.00 6400 6400 6500 0.000278
66 6500.00 6500 6500 6600 0.000268
67 6600.00 6600 6600 6700 0.000259
68 6700.00 6700 6700 6800 0.00025
69 6800.00 6800 6800 6900 0.000242
70 6900.00 6900 6900 7000 0.000234
71 7000.00 7000 7000 7100 0.000226
72 7100.00 7100 7100 7200 0.000219
73 7200.00 7200 7200 7300 0.000212
74 7300.00 7300 7300 7400 0.000206
75 7400.00 7400 7400 7500 0.0002
76 7500.00 7500 7500 8000 0.000173
77 7600.00 8100 0.000168
78 7700.00 8200 0.000164
79 7800.00 8300 0.000159
80 7900.00 8400 0.000155
81 8000.00 8000 8000 8500 0.000151
82 8100.00 8100 8100 8600 0.000147
83 8200.00 8200 8200 8700 0.000144
84 8300.00 8300 8300 8800 0.00014
85 8400.00 8400 8400 8900 0.000137
86 8500.00 8500 8500 9000 0.000133
87 8600.00 8600 8600 9100 0.00013
88 8700.00 8700 8700 9200 0.000127
89 8800.00 8800 8800 9300 0.000124
90 8900.00 8900 8900 9400 0.000121
91 9000.00 9000 9000 9500 0.000119
92 9100.00 9100 9100 9600 0.000116
93 9200.00 9200 9200 9700 0.000113
94 9300.00 9300 9300
95 9400.00 9400 9400
96 9500.00 9500 9500
97 9600.00 9600 9600
98 9700.00 9700 9700
99 9800.00 9800
100 9900.00 9900
101 10000.00 10000
102 10100.00 10100
103 10200.00 10200
104 10300.00 10300
105 10400.00 10400
106 10500.00 10500
107 10600.00 10600
108 10700.00 10700
109 10800.00 10800
110 10900.00 10900
111 11000.00 11000
112 11100.00 11100
113 11200.00 11200
114 11300.00 11300
115 11400.00 11400
116 11500.00 11500
117 11600.00 11600
118 11700.00 11700
9700
93
93
here, should I used damped frequencies or undamped frequencies
based on the definitions I need to use the undamped
200000
400000
600000
800000
1000000
1200000
0
200000
0 10 20
for vert & hor forces assume they are in phase
The harmonic loads may be in phase or out of phase- how do I handle the phase difference for moments, assume that they are out of phase so oments are max
there really is a horizontal load + a vertical load that is 90 degrees out of phase with the horizontal load
I could make a graph of the dynamic force vs frequency for both turbine and generator, but I don't need it for calculation
What to do if you don't get a critical frequency for the rotor from the vendor?
5 6 7 8 9
second
25000.00 lbf X
turbine
= ft
7714.50 rpm Y
turbine
= ft
0.0015 in Z
turbine
= ft
5143.00 rpm
in
I've corrected the equation for edyn to match the ones in my references
lbf
Prim+Sec
second
42770.00 lbf X
generator
= ft
2700.00 rpm Y
genertor
= ft
0.0015 in Z
generator
= ft
1800.00 rpm
in
lbf
`
==================================================================================================
These must be dynamic eccentricities
Generator
min max
1800 0.008 0.008
Ref: A. Major, Vibration Analysis and Design of Foundations for Machines and Turbines
Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, Collet's Hoildings Limiteed, London, 1962.
Turbine Generator
X
generator
= 4.79 ft X
generator
= 4.79 ft
Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft Y
genertor
= 0.03 ft
Z
generator
= 3.00 ft Z
generator
= 3.00 ft
==================================================================================================
These must be dynamic eccentricities
Generator
a = 0.5 at installation time
1 after several years of operation
a = 1.00
fr = 1800
e = a*sqrt(12000/fr) = 2.581989
mil
e = 1.00
mil
0.001 in
Ref American Petroleum Institute Standard for Centrifugal Comprressors #617, Section 2.18.4 s modified by '.
Turbine Generator
X
generator
= 4.79 ft X
generator
= 4.79 ft
Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft
Z
generator
= 3.00 ft Z
generator
= 3.00 ft
==================================================================================================
These must be dynamic eccentricities
X
generator
= 4.79 ft
Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft
Z
generator
= 3.00 ft
Ref. American Petroleum Institute Standard High-Speed Special Purpose Gear Unites for Refinery Service, API Standard 613, August 1968
==================================================================================================
These must be dynamic eccentricities
X
generator
= 4.79 ft
Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft
Z
generator
= 3.00 ft
Ref National Electrical Manufacturers' Association Standard, MGI-12.05 Dynamic Balance of Motor, December 1971
for series motors and universal motors, use operating speed
==================================================================================================
These must be dynamic eccentricities
X
generator
= 4.79 ft
Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft
Z
generator
= 3.00 ft
Ref National Elecxtgrical Manufacturers' Association Standard, MGI-20.52 Balance of Machines, July, 1969.
==================================================================================================
These must be dynamic eccentricities
X
generator
= 4.79 ft
Y
genertor
= 0.00 ft
Z
generator
= 3.00 ft
Ref American Petroleum Institute Standare Recommended Practice for Form-wound Squirrel-cage Inductin Motors, API Standard 541.
==================================================================================================
414985.43 330607.93
407500 407500
386,447 139,133
1.073848 2.376195
0.09 0.24
5143.00 5143.00
764 612
6.732588 8.39801
44.34468 69.64734
1.022169 1.012624
1.097654 2.406192
0.045
0.048323
0.022062 0.014179
Table 4-5 n vlaues for different values of B
vertical
bz
B/L b
z
0.1 2.16
0.15 2.16
0.2 2.16
0.3 2.16
0.4 2.16
0.5 2.16
0.6 2.16
0.7 2.16
0.8 2.16
0.9 2.16
1 2.16
1.5 2.176
2 2.22
3 2.34
4 2.435
5 2.53
6 2.6
7 2.67
8 2.73
9 2.78
10 2.82
=IFERROR(INDEX(nn,MATCH(0,COUNTIF(nn,"<"&nn)-SUM(COUNTIF(nn,Z$456:Z456)),0)),"")
excluded range
turbine
0.025
0.975 .975 *wr1 2507.213 min 0
1.25 1.025 1.025 *wr1 2635.788 max 1099678
0.975 .975 *wr2 7521.638
1.025 1.025 *wr2 7907.363
Pdyn deyn Pdyn
0
0 0.0015 0 0 5143.00 10996.78
10.65881 0.0015 10.64448 21.30329 5143.00 21993.56
42.82984 0.001501 42.59939 85.42923 5143.00 32990.34
97.10585 0.001502 95.92927 193.0351 5143.00 43987.12
174.5054 0.001504 170.7421 345.2475 5143.00 54983.91
276.5216 0.001506 267.1896 543.7112 5143.00 65980.69
405.1963 0.001509 385.4685 790.6648 5143.00 76977.47
563.2274 0.001512 525.8211 1089.048 5143.00 87974.25
754.1194 0.001516 688.5365 1442.656 5143.00 98971.03
982.3945 0.001521 873.9526 1856.347 5143.00 109967.8
1253.89 0.001526 1082.457 2336.347 5143.00 120964.6
1576.181 0.001531 1314.491 2890.672 5143.00 131961.4
1959.192 0.001537 1570.549 3529.741 5143.00 142958.2
2416.103 0.001544 1851.182 4267.286 5143.00 153954.9
2964.72 0.001551 2157.005 5121.725 5143.00 164951.7
3629.613 0.001559 2488.694 6118.307 5143.00 175948.5
4445.589 0.001567 2846.993 7292.583 5143.00 186945.3
5463.544 0.001577 3232.719 8696.264 5143.00 197942.1
6760.877 0.001586 3646.766 10407.64 5143.00 208938.8
8461.208 0.001597 4090.111 12551.32 5143.00 219935.6
10774.81 0.001608 4563.817 15338.62 5143.00 230932.4
14090.45 0.00162 5069.047 19159.5 5143.00 241929.2
19215.69 0.001633 5607.062 24822.76 5143.00 252926
28148 0.001646 6179.239 34327.24 5143.00 263922.7
47543.96 0.001661 6787.074 54331.04 5143.00 274919.5
121300.3 0.001676 7432.197 128732.5 5143.00 285916.3
75738.14 0.001709 8841.55 84579.69 5143.00 296913.1
44953 0.001728 9609.816 54562.82 5143.00 307909.9
32929.01 0.001747 10423.47 43352.48 5143.00 318906.7
26530.41 0.001767 11285.01 37815.42 5143.00 329903.4
22563.42 0.001789 12197.17 34760.59 5143.00 340900.2
19866.91 0.001812 13162.96 33029.87 5143.00 351897
17917.35 0.001836 14185.63 32102.97 5143.00 362893.8
16443.96 0.001862 15268.78 31712.74 5143.00 373890.6
15292.65 0.001889 16416.37 31709.01 5143.00 384887.3
14369.26 0.001918 17632.73 32001.99 5143.00 395884.1
13613.03 0.001948 18922.65 32535.69 5143.00 406880.9
12982.99 0.001981 20291.44 33274.43 5143.00 417877.7
12450.51 0.002015 21744.93 34195.44 5143.00 428874.5
11994.98 0.002052 23289.64 35284.63 5143.00 439871.2
11601.21 0.00209 24932.8 36534.01 5143.00 450868
11257.72 0.002132 26682.48 37940.2 5143.00 461864.8
10955.71 0.002176 28547.69 39503.4 5143.00 472861.6
10688.3 0.002223 30538.58 41226.88 5143.00 483858.4
10450.05 0.002274 32666.52 43116.57 5143.00 494855.2
10236.58 0.002328 34944.39 45180.98 5143.00 505851.9
10044.37 0.002385 37386.79 47431.15 5143.00 516848.7
9870.483 0.002448 40010.31 49880.79 5143.00 527845.5
9712.534 0.002514 42833.92 52546.45 5143.00 538842.3
9568.512 0.002587 45879.41 55447.92 5143.00 549839.1
9436.73 0.002665 49171.9 58608.63 5143.00 560835.8
9315.76 0.002749 52740.52 62056.28 5143.00 571832.6
9204.384 0.002841 56619.23 65823.62 5143.00 582829.4
9101.558 0.002941 60847.89 69949.45 5143.00 593826.2
9006.382 0.003051 65473.55 74479.93 5143.00 604823
8918.075 0.003171 70552.18 79470.26 5143.00 615819.7
8835.96 0.003303 76150.88 84986.84 5143.00 626816.5
8759.44 0.00345 82350.76 91110.2 5143.00 637813.3
8687.996 0.003614 89250.84 97938.83 5143.00 648810.1
8621.165 0.003797 96973.26 105594.4 5143.00 659806.9
8558.542 0.004003 105670.4 114229 5143.00 670803.7
8499.763 0.004236 115535 124034.7 5143.00 681800.4
8444.508 0.004503 126814.1 135258.6 5143.00 692797.2
8392.487 0.004812 139830.1 148222.6 5143.00 703794
8343.443 0.005171 155011.7 163355.2 5143.00 714790.8
8297.143 0.005596 172941.2 181238.4 5143.00 725787.6
8253.378 0.006105 194430.7 202684.1 5143.00 736784.3
8211.96 0.006725 220647.5 228859.4 5143.00 747781.1
8172.717 0.007499 253332 261504.7 5143.00 758777.9
8135.493 0.008491 295199.3 303334.8 5143.00 769774.7
8100.148 0.009806 350731.5 358831.6 5143.00 780771.5
8066.552 0.011634 427895.6 435962.2 5143.00 791768.2
8034.588 0.014344 542347 550381.6 5143.00 802765
8004.149 0.01878 729652.3 737656.5 5143.00 813761.8
7975.135 0.027354 1091703 1099678 5143.00 824758.6
7848.523 0.019898 903525.2 911373.7 5143.00 835755.4
7826.394 0.014643 681643.3 689469.7 5143.00 846752.2
7805.187 0.011554 551204.1 559009.3 5143.00 857748.9
7784.85 0.009521 465353.4 473138.2 5143.00 868745.7
7765.335 0.008081 404577 412342.4 5143.00 879742.5
7746.598 0.007009 359298.2 367044.8 5143.00 890739.3
7728.596 0.006179 324266.1 331994.7 5143.00 901736.1
7711.29 0.005519 296361.1 304072.4 5143.00 912732.8
7694.645 0.00498 273613.2 281307.8 5143.00 923729.6
7678.625 0.004532 254717.1 262395.7 5143.00 934726.4
7663.2 0.004155 238773.7 246436.9 5143.00 945723.2
7648.339 0.003832 225143.4 232791.8 5143.00 956720
7634.015 0.003553 213358.9 220992.9 5143.00 967716.7
7620.202 0.003309 203070.8 210691 5143.00 978713.5
7606.875 0.003095 194012.5 201619.4 5143.00 989710.3
7594.011 0.002904 185977.3 193571.3 5143.00 1000707
7581.588 0.002734 178802.2 186383.8 5143.00 1011704
7569.586 0.002582 172357.2 179926.8 5143.00 1022701
5143.00 1033697
5143.00 1044694
5143.00 1055691
5143.00 1066688
5143.00 1077685
5143.00 1088681
5143.00 1099678
179926.8
59
Total Force
Total Force
20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
for vert & hor forces assume they are in phase
for moments, assume that they are out of phase so oments are max
1 2 3 4 5
centrifugal machines centrifugal machines gear units integral horsepower motors large induction motors
1
1 0 0 0 0
2
Turbine Turbine Gear unit Motor Motor
3
Rotor weight 25000.00 25000 2100 2100 2100
4
primary fcr
5
estatic
I've corrected the equation for edyn to match the ones in my references 6
fr 5143 5143 6949 6949 6949
7
edyn 0.002 0.001 0 0.001 0.001
8
Primary F0 37533.85 18766.93 5756 2877.955 2877.955
9
Rotor weight
10
fr
11
estatic
12
secondary fcr
13
edyn
14
Secondary F0
15
x 4.79 4.79 4.79 4.79 4.79
16
y 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
17
z 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00
18
Generator Generator
19
Rotor weight 42770.00 42770
20
primary fcr
21 estatic
22
fr 1800 1800
23 edyn 0.008 0.0001
24 Primary F0 31463 3932.82
25 Rotor weight
26 secondary fcr
27 estatic
28
fr
29 edyn
30
Secondary F0
31 x 4.79 4.79
32 y 0.03 0.00
33 z 3.00 3.00
How do I handle the different input formate and different input values?
For motors, and some other equipment, I don't think you will get critical speeds and a static eccentricity
I have the several different input schemes shown at left, but how do I get the spreadsheet to
choose the correct one for callculating
1 2 3 4
The input numbers based on the selected type of machine and available data
1
Dynamic Forces
2 first second
3
x 4
Turbine f
r
= 5143.00 0.00
x 5
critical speed f
ci
= 0.00 0.00
6
static e e
bar
= 0.00000 0.00000
7 dynamic eccen e
dyn
= 0.00200 0.00000
8 P
dyn hor y
= W/g*e*w
2
= 37533.85 0.00
9 P
dyn vert
= W/g*e*w
2
= 37533.85 0.00
10 P
dyn hor x
= W/g*e*w
2
= 0.00 0.00
11
12
Generator f
r
= 1800.00 0.00
13
critical speed f
ci
= 0.00 0.00
14
static e e
bar
= 0.00000 0.00000
15
dynamic eccen e
dyn
= 0.00800 0.00000
16 P
dyn hor y
= W/g*e*w
2
= 31462.58 0.00
17 P
dyn vert
= W/g*e*w
2
= 31462.58 0.00
18 P
dyn hor x
= W/g*e*w
2
= 0.00 0.00
x 19
x 20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
0.0015 0 0.0015 0 0
0.001502 10.65881 0.0015 10.64448 21.30329
0.001509 42.82984 0.001501 42.59939 85.42923
0.001521 97.10585 0.001502 95.92927 193.0351
0.001537 174.5054 0.001504 170.7421 345.2475
0.001559 276.5216 0.001506 267.1896 543.7112
0.001586 405.1963 0.001509 385.4685 790.6648
0.00162 563.2274 0.001512 525.8211 1089.048
0.001661 754.1194 0.001516 688.5365 1442.656
0.001709 982.3945 0.001521 873.9526 1856.347
0.001767 1253.89 0.001526 1082.457 2336.347
0.001836 1576.181 0.001531 1314.491 2890.672
0.001918 1959.192 0.001537 1570.549 3529.741
0.002015 2416.103 0.001544 1851.182 4267.286
0.002132 2964.72 0.001551 2157.005 5121.725
0.002274 3629.613 0.001559 2488.694 6118.307
0.002448 4445.589 0.001567 2846.993 7292.583
0.002665 5463.544 0.001577 3232.719 8696.264
0.002941 6760.877 0.001586 3646.766 10407.64
0.003303 8461.208 0.001597 4090.111 12551.32
0.003797 10774.81 0.001608 4563.817 15338.62
0.004503 14090.45 0.00162 5069.047 19159.5
0.005596 19215.69 0.001633 5607.062 24822.76
0.007499 28148 0.001646 6179.239 34327.24
0.011634 47543.96 0.001661 6787.074 54331.04
0.027354 121300.3 0.001676 7432.197 128732.5
0.014643 75738.14 0.001709 8841.55 84579.69
0.008081 44953 0.001728 9609.816 54562.82
0.005519 32929.01 0.001747 10423.47 43352.48
0.004155 26530.41 0.001767 11285.01 37815.42
0.003309 22563.42 0.001789 12197.17 34760.59
0.002734 19866.91 0.001812 13162.96 33029.87
0.002319 17917.35 0.001836 14185.63 32102.97
0.002005 16443.96 0.001862 15268.78 31712.74
0.001759 15292.65 0.001889 16416.37 31709.01
0.001563 14369.26 0.001918 17632.73 32001.99
0.001401 13613.03 0.001948 18922.65 32535.69
0.001267 12982.99 0.001981 20291.44 33274.43
0.001154 12450.51 0.002015 21744.93 34195.44
0.001057 11994.98 0.002052 23289.64 35284.63
0.000973 11601.21 0.00209 24932.8 36534.01
0.000899 11257.72 0.002132 26682.48 37940.2
0.000835 10955.71 0.002176 28547.69 39503.4
0.000778 10688.3 0.002223 30538.58 41226.88
0.000727 10450.05 0.002274 32666.52 43116.57
0.000682 10236.58 0.002328 34944.39 45180.98
0.000641 10044.37 0.002385 37386.79 47431.15
0.000604 9870.483 0.002448 40010.31 49880.79
0.00057 9712.534 0.002514 42833.92 52546.45
0.000539 9568.512 0.002587 45879.41 55447.92
0.000511 9436.73 0.002665 49171.9 58608.63
0.000486 9315.76 0.002749 52740.52 62056.28
0.000462 9204.384 0.002841 56619.23 65823.62
0.00044 9101.558 0.002941 60847.89 69949.45
0.00042 9006.382 0.003051 65473.55 74479.93
0.000401 8918.075 0.003171 70552.18 79470.26
0.000383 8835.96 0.003303 76150.88 84986.84
0.000367 8759.44 0.00345 82350.76 91110.2
0.000352 8687.996 0.003614 89250.84 97938.83
0.000338 8621.165 0.003797 96973.26 105594.4
0.000324 8558.542 0.004003 105670.4 114229
0.000312 8499.763 0.004236 115535 124034.7
0.0003 8444.508 0.004503 126814.1 135258.6
0.000289 8392.487 0.004812 139830.1 148222.6
0.000278 8343.443 0.005171 155011.7 163355.2
0.000268 8297.143 0.005596 172941.2 181238.4
0.000259 8253.378 0.006105 194430.7 202684.1
0.00025 8211.96 0.006725 220647.5 228859.4
0.000242 8172.717 0.007499 253332 261504.7
0.000234 8135.493 0.008491 295199.3 303334.8
0.000226 8100.148 0.009806 350731.5 358831.6
0.000219 8066.552 0.011634 427895.6 435962.2
0.000212 8034.588 0.014344 542347 550381.6
0.000206 8004.149 0.01878 729652.3 737656.5
0.0002 7975.135 0.027354 1091703 1099678
0.000173 7848.523 0.019898 903525.2 911373.7
0.000168 7826.394 0.014643 681643.3 689469.7
0.000164 7805.187 0.011554 551204.1 559009.3
0.000159 7784.85 0.009521 465353.4 473138.2
0.000155 7765.335 0.008081 404577 412342.4
0.000151 7746.598 0.007009 359298.2 367044.8
0.000147 7728.596 0.006179 324266.1 331994.7
0.000144 7711.29 0.005519 296361.1 304072.4
0.00014 7694.645 0.00498 273613.2 281307.8
0.000137 7678.625 0.004532 254717.1 262395.7
0.000133 7663.2 0.004155 238773.7 246436.9
0.00013 7648.339 0.003832 225143.4 232791.8
0.000127 7634.015 0.003553 213358.9 220992.9
0.000124 7620.202 0.003309 203070.8 210691
0.000121 7606.875 0.003095 194012.5 201619.4
0.000119 7594.011 0.002904 185977.3 193571.3
0.000116 7581.588 0.002734 178802.2 186383.8
0.000113 7569.586 0.002582 172357.2 179926.8
0.000111 7557.985 0.002444 166537.2 174095.2
0.000109 7546.769 0.002319 161256.1 168802.9
0.000106 7535.919 0.002205 156443.2 163979.2
0.000104 7525.419 0.002101 152039.6 159565
0.000102 7515.255 0.002005 147995.6 155510.9
9.97E-05 7505.412 0.001917 144269.5 151775
9.77E-05 7495.876 0.001835 140825.8 148321.6
9.57E-05 7486.634 0.001759 137633.8 145120.4
9.38E-05 7477.674 0.001689 134667.4 142145.1
9.19E-05 7468.985 0.001624 131903.9 139372.8
9.01E-05 7460.555 0.001563 129323.3 136783.9
8.84E-05 7452.375 0.001505 126908.6 134360.9
8.67E-05 7444.434 0.001452 124644.4 132088.8
8.51E-05 7436.723 0.001401 122517.3 129954
8.35E-05 7429.232 0.001354 120515.5 127944.8
8.19E-05 7421.955 0.001309 118628.5 126050.5
8.04E-05 7414.881 0.001267 116846.9 124261.8
7.89E-05 7408.004 0.001227 115162.3 122570.3
7.75E-05 7401.317 0.00119 113567.1 120968.4
7.61E-05 7394.812 0.001154 112054.6 119449.4
1099678
549839.1
200000
400000
600000
800000
1000000
1200000
Total Dynamic Force
0
200000
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 10000 12000 14000
6 7
form wound squirrel cage induction motors critical speed input
Turbine
0 0
1 Rotor weight
W
r
(lbf) =
Motor
critical speed
f
ci
(rpm) =
2100
static e
e
bar
(in) =
operationg freq
fr (rpm) =
dynamic eccen
e
dyn
(in) =
6949 P
dyn vert
= W/g*e*w
2
=
0.001 P
dyn hor x
= W/g*e*w
2
=
2877.955 P
dyn hjor y
= W/g*e*w
2
=
x Generator
Rotor weight
W
r
(lbf) =
critical speed
f
ci
(rpm) =
static e
e
bar
(in) =
operationg freq
fr (rpm) =
dynamic eccen
e
dyn
(in) =
4.79 P
dyn
= W/g*e*w
2
=
0.00 P
dyn hor x
= W/g*e*w
2
=
3.00 P
dyn hjor y
= W/g*e*w
2
=
x
5 6 7 8 9
The input numbers based on the selected type of machine and available data
critical speed input
2
3 9
rpm Point of application (referenced to
4 10
rpm previously selected location of 0,0,0)
5 11
in W
r
= 25000.00
6 12
in X
comp
= 4.79 7 13
lbf Y
comp
= 0.00 8 14
lbf Z
comp
= 3.00
90 deg out of phase with hor force
lbf
x-force always = 0
moment always = 0
rpm Point of application (referenced to
moment always = 0
rpm previously selected location of 0,0,0)
moment always = 0
in W
r
= 42770.00
15
in X
comp
= 4.79
16
lbf Y
comp
= 0.03
17
lbf Z
comp
= 3.00
18
lbf
19 25
20 26
21 27
22 28
23 29
24 30
x-force always = 0
moment always = 0
moment always = 0
moment always = 0
31
32
33
Defining equations for Dnamic Analysis:
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction)
Spring constants
equivalent radius r
0
sqrt(X*Y/pi) sqrt(X*Y/pi) sqrt(X*Y/pi)
{X
3
*Y/(3*pi)}
1/4
embedment factor h 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+
Spring constant coeff b see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
Equivalent spring const k 2*(1-n)*G*b
x
* 2*(1-n)*G*b
y
* G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
G/(1-n)*b
y
*
sqrt(X*Y)
2
*h
x
sqrt(X*Y)
2
*h
y
X
2
*Y*h
y
Damping Ratios
Depth factor a 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) / 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+
sqrt(h
x
) sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
z
) 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
)
Mass or Inertia Ratio B (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy /
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3
n
y
none none none See table 4-5
Geometrical Damping D
i
0.288*a
x
/sqrt(B
x
) 0.288*a
y
/sqrt(B
y
) 0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
) 0.15*a
y
/
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
)
critical damping D
cr
2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m)
undamped natural freq w
n
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
damped natural freq w
nr
w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
upper limit on w for low frequency 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g)
Magnificaiton factor M
1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
Displacement Response M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k
Transmimssibility factor T
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]

Total Dynamic Force
E M
A A a a
B B b b
C C c c
D D d d
E E e e ft m
F F f f in mm
G G g g lb N
H H h h kip ton
I I i i psi
J J j j psf
K K k k ksf
L L l l ft-lb
M M m m ft-k
N N n n pcf
O O o o
P P p p
Q Q q q
R R r r
S S s s
T T t t
U U u u
V V v v
W W w w
X X x x
Y Y y y
Z Z z z
Turbine w
p
=
Vertical F
zp
=
Horizontal F
xp
=
Horizontal F
yp
=
Rocking M
y
=
Pitching M
x
=
Torsional M
z
=
Generator w
p
=
Vertical F
zp
=
Horizontal F
xp
=
Horizontal F
yp
=
Rocking M
y
=
Pitching M
x
=
Torsional M
z
=
90 deg out of phase with hor force
Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
{X
3
*Y/(3*pi)}
1/4
{X*Y
3
/(3*pi)}
1/4
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*pi)}
1/4
1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ none available
see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
G/(1-n)*b
y
* G/(1-n)*b
f
*
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*pi)}
1/4
X
2
*Y*h
y
X*Y
2
*h
f

1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ none
6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/ 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
f
)
3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
See table 4-5 See table 4-5 none
0.15*a
y
/ 0.15*a
f
/ 0.5/(1+2*B
q
)
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
) (1+n
f
*B
f
)*sqrt(n
f
*B
f
)
2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m)
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g)
1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k
sqrt[[1+(2
Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(
1 -
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
CLIENT NAME: DESIGNER:
PROJECT NO/NAME: CALC. NO:
TITLE:
INPUT DATA
X - Axis is horizontal, paralell to longitudinal equipment centerline. Rotation about this axis is Pitching, f.
Y - Axis is horizontal, perpendicular to X - Axis. Rotation about this axis is Rocking, y.
Z - Axis is vertical, through combined c.g. of equipment. Rotation about this axis is Torsion, q.
Location of origin for load inputs: center of baseplate
Equipment Data
Weights Point of Application
Item W x y z W * x W * y
lb ft ft ft ft - lb ft - lb
Compressor 28115 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0
Coolers 4350 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0
Snubbers 7010 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0
Motor 18000 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.0 0.0
Motor Shaft Weight
Compressor Shaft Weight
Turbine Rotor Weight
Total 57475 0 0
Resultant Weight, Point of Application X
bar equip
Y
bar equip
W
equip
= 57475 0.00 0.00
Concrete Data
f'
c
= 4000 psi g
concrete
= 150 pcf Dynamic Forces
f
y
= 60000 psi Primary Secondary
Compressor w
p
= 585.00 1170.00
Soil Data Vertical F
zp
= 1329.00 553.00
Horizontal F
xp
= 725.00
Soil Description Sand Horizontal F
yp
= 0.00 0.00
Rocking M
y
= 11304.00
Density g
soil
= 117 pcf Pitching M
x
= 34000.00 12350.00
Shear Modulus G = 14000 psi Torsional M
z
=
Poisson's ratio n = 0.35
Internal Damping D
yi
= 0.05 Motor w
p
= 585.00 1170.00
Allowable bearing q
all
= 2.50 ksf Vertical F
zp
= 0.00
Horizontal F
xp
=
Horizontal F
yp
= 0.00 0.00
g = 32.20 ft/sec^2 Rocking M
y
=
Pitching M
x
=
Rigid Analysis of Machine Foundation
Reciprocating Machine
Exmple Problem
Torsional M
z
=
restricted frequency range (X w
p
or w
s
) 0.50 1.50
Trial Foundation Define concrete dimensions, referencing the same zero point used on the previous page.
Location of origin for block and mat inputs: center of baseplate
Pedestals and Blocks Embedment = 4.00 ft
X L
x
Y L
y
Z L
z
Volume Weight x
bar
Start Length Start Length Start Length
ft ft ft ft ft ft ft^3 lbf ft
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Mat -13.75 27.50 -7.88 15.75 0.00 -5.00 2165.625 324843.8 0.00
Total for all blocks 2165.625 324843.8
Total for Foundation Complete (X
bar
)
fndn
references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis W
foundation
= 324843.8 0.00
Static Analysis
Check static Bearing pressure under footing
x
barmat
= 0.00 ft references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis:
y
barmat
= 0.00 ft
z
bottmat
= -5.00 ft
Reference cg of mat at bottom of mat for this calculation so make a transformation
W x y z (x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
)
lbf ft ft ft ft ft ft
Equipment weights 57475 0.00 0.00 2.33 0.00 0.00 7.33
Total Foundation weight 324843.8 0.00 0.00 -2.50 0.00 0.00 2.50
S Equipment + Total Foundation 382318.8
W
total
X
bar total
Y
bar total
Z
bar total
lbf ft ft ft
Resultant line of action 382318.8 0.00 0.00 3.23 relative to cg mat at bottom of mat
Mat Properties A = L
x
* L
y
= 433.125
ft
2
S
xx
= 1/6* L
x
* L
y
2
= 1136.953
ft
3
S
yy
= 1/6 * L
y
* L
x
2
= 1985.156
ft
3
Vibration Results
S(P/A) = 882.70 psf
[S(M
x
)| / S
yy =
0.00 psf Vibration X-Direction
[S(M
y
)| / S
xx =
0.00 psf Vibration Y-Direction
Vibration Z-Direction
q
max
= S(P/A)+|S(M
x
)| / S
yy
+|S(M
y
)| / S
xx
= 882.70 psf
0.88 ksf
q
all
= 2.50 ksf
0.5 * q
all
= 1.25 ksf qmax < one-half of qall, so mat size is okay.
Dynamic Analysis
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia
Spring constant
r
0
L/B
embedment factor h
b from spreadsheet b
Equivalent spring constant k
equiv
lbf /ft
Damping Ratio
embedment factor a
Mass or Inertia Ratio B
n
y
1.60
Geometric Damping D
g
Internal damping D
i
Total Damping Ratio D
t
=

D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd
resonance not
possible due to
damping
resonance not
possible due to
damping
resonance not
possible due to
damping
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1211.57 1211.57 1211.57 1041.91
primary
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
secondary
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D not frequency
independent
Dynamic forces
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) 725.00 0.00 1329.00 20758.75
w (rpm) 585.00 585.00 585.00 585.00
1454.41
-0.22 -0.22 -0.92 0.75
2535495.46 2535495.46 2698421.72 286539500.05
1019.61 1019.61 1085.13 1676.97
0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
0.78 0.78 0.98 0.35
0.41 0.41 0.33 0.12
0.73 0.73 0.93 0.30
135,361,749 135,361,749 153,316,865 25,159,822,241
1.62 1.62 1.25 1.02
1.23 1.23 1.10 1.17
0.97 0.97 2.16 0.58
11.74 11.74 11.74 13.65
1.75 0.57 0.57 1.75
11873.25 11873.25 11873.25 815833.32
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 553.00 1520.75
w (rpm) 1170.00 1170.00 1170.00 1170.00
Magnification factor
Primary w
p
/w
n
0.57 0.57 0.54 0.35
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
M
r
0.89 0.89 0.79 1.10
Secondary w
s
/w
n
1.15 1.15 1.08 0.70
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
M
r
0.55 0.55 0.47 1.41
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) 4.7806E-06 0.0000E+00 6.8066E-06 9.0469E-07
Secondary (ft,rad) . Secondary (ft,rad) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00 1.7001E-06 8.5084E-08
Total Primary + Secondary (ft) 4.7806E-06 0.0000E+00 8.5068E-06 9.8977E-07
Total Primary + Secondary (in) 5.7368E-05 0.0000E+00 1.0208E-04
X/2 (ft) 13.75 13.75
12*Y/2* y excitation (in) 1.6331E-04
Y/2 (ft) 7.875 7.875
12*Y/2*f excitation (in) 4.6287E-04
H
cg equip
(ft) 7.33 7.33
12*H
cg equp
* y excitation (in) 8.7100E-05


12*H
cg equp
* f excitation (in) 4.3104E-04
Torsional component (in) 0.0000E+00 0.0000E+00
Total disp response (in) 1.4447E-04 4.3104E-04 7.2827E-04
Transmissibility Factor
Primary 1.20 1.20 1.14 1.13
Secondary 1.13 1.13 1.10 1.57
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) 869.45 0.00 1518.97 23438.24
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) 0.00 0.00 609.88 2384.99
Find resultant dynamic loads
X Y
point of applications: ft ft
compressor loads -2.75 0.00
motor loads 4.79 0.00
centroid of bottom of mat 0.00 0.00
moment about Y rocking motion, y
Primary Secondary
P
x
h P
z
X M
y
P
x
h
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft
Compressor X 725.00 8.00 5800.00 0.00 8.00
Compressor My 11304.00
Compressor Z 1329.00 -2.75 3654.75
Motor X 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 8.00
Motor My 0.00
Motor Z 0.00 4.79 0.00
Total 725.00 1329.00 20758.75 0.00
moment about X pitching motion, f
Primary Secondary
P
y
h P
z
Y M
x
P
y
h
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft
Compressor Y 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 8.00
Compressor Mx 34000.00
Compressor Z 1329.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Y 0.00 8.00 0.00 0.00 8.00
Motor Mx 0.00
Motor Z 0.00 0.00 0.00
Total 0.00 1329.00 34000.00 0.00
moment about Z torsional motion, q
Primary Secondary
P
x
Y P
y
X M
z
P
x
Y
lbf ft lbf ft ft-lbf lbf ft
Compressor X 725.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Compressor Y 0.00 -2.75 0.00
Compressor Torsion 0.00
Motor X 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Motor Y 0.00 4.79 0.00
Motor Torsion 0.00
Total 725.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Mass and mass moment factors for dynamic analysis
For rocking motion, Iy
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation
ki dist
m*dist
2
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 57475 1784.938 0.00 0
Foundation
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 324843.8 10088.32 656791 0 0
Total 382318.8 11873.25
For pitching motion, If
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation
k
i
dist
m*dist
2
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 57475 1784.938 0.00 0
Foundation
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 324843.8 10088.32 229562 0 0
Total 382318.8 11873.25
For torsional motion, I
q
W m about cg block hor translation vert translation
ki dist
m*dist
2
lof
lbf-sec
2
/ft
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
Machinery 57475 1784.938 0.00 0
Foundation
Block 1
Block 2
Block 3
Block 4
Block 5
Block 6
Block 7
Block 8
Block 9
Block 10
Block 11
Block 12
Block 13
Block 14
Block 15
Mat 324843.8 10088.32 844318 0 0
Total 382318.8 11873.25
Table 4.5
Table of n
y
or n
f
values
n
y
or n
p
values for Geometric Damping Coefficient
B
y
(B
f
) n
y
(n
f
) B
y
n
y
B
f
5 1.079 lower lim 0.00001 1.6 0.2
3 1.110 interpolate 0.12 1.6 0.22
2 1.143 upper lim 0.2 1.6 0.5
1 1.219
0.8 1.251
0.5 1.378
0.2 1.600
3
Figure 4.1 Embedment Factors (b) for Spring
Constant
0.246032 0.072727 0.072727 0.246032
b facctors for Dynamic Spring Constant
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction)
y/x b
x
x/y b
y
x/y b
z
y/x b
y
lower lim 1.5 0.97 0.5 0.97 0.5 2.16 1.5 0.56
interpolate 1.746032 0.97 0.572727 0.97 0.572727 2.16 1.746032 0.579683
upper lim 2 0.97 0.6 0.97 0.6 2.16 2 0.6
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
0.1 1
b
y
,

b
z

o
r

b
p
h
i

Y/X
Parameter Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction) (y-direction)
Mas or mass moment of inertia (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy /
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3
Spring constant
r
0 sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) sqrt(X*Y/p) {X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
L/B
embedment factor h 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+
b from spreadsheet b see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
Equivalent spring constant k
equiv
2*(1-n)*G*b
x
* 2*(1-n)*G*b
y
* G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
G/(1-n)*b
y
*
sqrt(X*Y)*h
x
sqrt(X*Y)*h
y
X
2
*Y*h
y
Damping Ratio
embedment factor a 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) / 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+
sqrt(h
x
) sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
z
) 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
)
Mass or Inertia Ratio B (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy /
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3
n
y
none none none See table 4-5
Geometric Damping D
g
0.288*a
x
/sqrt(B
x
) 0.288*a
y
/sqrt(B
y
) 0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
) 0.15*a
y
/
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
)
75 Internal damping D
i
input value input value input value input value
Total Damping Ratio D
t
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
Critical Damping 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m)
Undamped Natural freq. w
n
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
1 - 2*D
t

2
Damped Natural Freq. w
nd
w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
primary
secondary
Dynamic forces
Primary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value
Secondary Force (lb, ft-lb) input value input value input value input value
w (rpm) input value input value input value input value
Magnification factor
Primary r
p
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
M
r 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary r
s
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
M
r 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
displacement response
Primary (ft, rad) X
p
M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k
Secondary (ft,rad) X
s
M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k
Total (ft,rad) X
total
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
Total (in, rad) 12*X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total
12 * X
total

X/2 (ft) X/2
z rocking Zy (in) 12*Y/2* y excitation
Y/2 (ft) Y/2
z pitching Zf (in) 12*Y/2*f excitation
H
cg equip
(ft) H
cg equip
H
cg equip

x rocking Xy (in) 12*H
cg equp
* y excitat
y pitching Xf (in) 12*H
cg equp
* f excitat
Torsional copmpnent (in) 12*Y/2*q 12*X/2*q
Total disp response (in) X
total
+ X
y
+ X
q
Y
total
+ Y
f +
Y
q
Z
total
+ Z
y
+ Z
f

Transmissibility Factor
Primary T
p
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
Secondary T
s
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
Transmitted Force
Primary (lb, ft-lb) T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
Secondary (lb, ft-lb) T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
copuled modes
X- and Rocking Y- and Pitching
flat 1019.61 1019.61
frot 1676.97 1669.14
f 585.00 585.00
ratio 0.002655 0.001443
upper limit 0.00114 0.00114
modes are coupled modes are coupled
I0
Irot
B = Irot/Irot =
DESIGNER: DATE: 14.25
13.5
CALC. NO: REV: 14.25
13.5
14.25
13.5
12.75
12.75
12.75
X - Axis is horizontal, paralell to longitudinal equipment centerline. Rotation about this axis is Pitching, f. 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
14.25
12.75
W * z 12.75
ft - lb 12.75
65601.7 12.75
10150.0 12.75
16356.7 12.75
42000.0 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
134108 12.75
12.75
Z
bar equip 15.75
2.33
15.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
rpm Point of application (referenced to
15.75
lb previously selected location of 0,0,0)
15.75
lb
15.75
lb X
comp
= -2.75 ft
15.75
ft-lb Y
comp
= 0.00 ft
15.75
ft-lb Z
comp
= 3.00 ft
why is there a force in the x direction? 15.75
ft-lb
15.75
12.75
rpm Point of application (referenced to
15.75
lb previously selected location of 0,0,0)
15.75
lb
15.75
lb X
motor
= 4.79 ft
15.75
ft-lb Y
motor
= 0.00 ft
15.75
ft-lb Z
motor
= 3.00 ft
15.75
07/13/13
Exmple Problem
ft-lb
15.75
12.75
0 15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
h
e
= 3.00 ft
15.75
12.75
y
bar
z
bar
Vol * x
bar
Vol * y
bar
Vol * z
bar 15.75
12.75
ft ft ft^4 ft^4 ft^4 12.75
12.75
12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0 12.75
0.00 -2.50 0.00 0.00 -5414.06 0 12.75
0 0 -5414.06 0 12.75
12.75
(Y
bar
)
fndn
(Z
bar
)
fndn 15.75
0.00 -2.50
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
references the same 0, 0, 0 point selected at start of analysis:
15.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
M
x
= W* M
y
= W* M
z
= W*
15.75
(x-x
barmat
) (y-y
barmat
) (z-z
bottmat
)
15.75
ft-lbf ft-lbf ft-lbf 12.75
0 0 421483.3 12.75
0 0 812109.4 12.75
0 0 1233593 12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
12.75
relative to cg mat at bottom of mat 12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
Vibration Results 12.75
12.75
Vibration X-Direction 0.00014 in
15.75
Vibration Y-Direction 0.00043 in
15.75
Vibration Z-Direction 0.00073 in 12.75
15.75
12.75
15.75
qmax < one-half of qall, so mat size is okay.
15.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation 12.75
(y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction) 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
from Table 4-2 15.75
12.75
from Table 4-2 12.75
12.75
12.75
from table 4.1 12.75
12.75
12.75
from Table 4-4 12.75
from Table 4-3 12.75
1.60 1.58 from Table 4-5 14.25
from Table 4-3 15.25
15.25
15.25
15.25
12.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
38.25
12.75
1041.91 1376.75 1154.21 12.75
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
38.25
12.75
k and D not frequency
independent
k and D are frequency
independent
k and D not frequency
independent
38.25
12.75
12.75
20758.75 34000.00 0.00 12.75
585.00 585.00 585.00 12.75
12.75
1454.41 1565.57 526.38
0.75 0.88 0.88
559.55
286539500.05 135849910.90 98946827.99
1676.97 1669.14
0.24
0.05 0.05 0.05
0.35 0.25
0.19
0.12 0.22 0.82
0.30 0.20

25,159,822,241 11,872,763,531 2,898,928,444
1.02 1.04

1.17 1.23 none available
0.58 0.45

13.65 10.33 12.33
1.75 0.57
844318.42 815833.32 388603.68
1520.75 12350.00 0.00 12.75
1170.00 1170.00 1170.00 12.75
12.75
0.35 0.35 1.05
15.75
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is outside
restircted range
frequency is within
restricted range 25.5
1.10 1.12 1.96
12.75
0.70 0.70 2.09
15.75
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is within
restricted range
frequency is outside
restircted range 25.5
1.41 1.63 0.28
12.75
12.75
12.75
9.0469E-07 3.2038E-06 0.0000E+00 12.75
8.5084E-08 1.6943E-06 0.0000E+00 12.75
9.8977E-07 4.8981E-06 0.0000E+00 12.75
12.75
12.75
17.25
12.75
12.75
12.75

15.75

15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
1.13 1.14 2.19 12.75
1.57 1.72 0.40 12.75
12.75
12.75
23438.24 38595.67 0.00 12.75
2384.99 21271.94 0.00 12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
Z 15.75
ft 15.75
3.00 15.75
3.00 15.75
-5.00 15.75
15.75
Secondary 15.75
P
z
X M
y 15.75
lbf ft ft-lbf 15.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
553.00 -2.75 1520.75 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 4.79 0.00 12.75
553.00 1520.75 12.75
I have put abs values for all the moments in these tables 15.75
I should put abs value for all the lengths in these tables 15.75
15.75
Secondary 15.75
P
z
Y M
x 15.75
lbf ft ft-lbf 12.75
0.00 12.75
12350.00 12.75
553.00 0.00 0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 0.00 0.00 12.75
553.00 12350.00 12.75
I have put abs values for all the moments in these tables 15.75
I should put abs value for all the lengths in these tables 15.75
15.75
Secondary 15.75
P
y
X M
z 15.75
lbf ft ft-lbf 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 -2.75 0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 4.79 0.00 12.75
0.00 12.75
0.00 0.00 15.75
I have put abs values for all the moments in these tables 15.75
I should put abs value for all the lengths in these tables 15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
vert translation S
dist
m*dist
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
7.33 95990 95990
2.5 63052 719843
815833
vert translation S
dist
m*dist
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
7.33 95990 95990
2.5 63052 292614
388604
vert translation S
dist
m*dist
2
ft
lbf-ft-sec
2
lbf-ft-sec
2
0.00 0 0
0 0 844318
844318
n
y
or n
p
values for Geometric Damping Coefficient
n
f
1.6
1.584234
1.378
upper lower
) for Spring
X/Y
0 0.1
0.1 0.15
0.15 0.2
0.2 0.3
0.3 0.4
0.4 0.5
0.5 0.6
0.6 0.7
0.7 0.8
0.8 0.9
0.9 1
1 1.5
1.5 2
0.072727 2 3
3 4
4 5
5 6
6 7
7 8
8 9
9 10
10 10
b facctors for Dynamic Spring Constant
Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(f-direction) (q-direction)
x/y b
f
0.5 0.44
0.572727 0.454545 not applicable
0.6 0.46
10
bz
by
bphi
12.75
Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation 12.75
(y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction) 15.75
15.75
3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
15.75
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
15.75
15.75
{X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X
3
*Y/(3*p)}
1/4
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*p)}
1/4
15.75
15.75
1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ none available
15.75
see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 14.25
15.75
G/(1-n)*b
y
* G/(1-n)*b
f
* 16*G*r
0
3
/3 15.75
X
2
*Y*h
y
X*Y
2
*h
f

15.75
15.75
1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ none
15.75
6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/ 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
15.75
sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
f
) 14.252
3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
15.75
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
15.75
See table 4-5 See table 4-5 none
15.75
0.15*a
y
/ 0.15*a
f
/ 0.5/(1+2*B
q
)
15.75
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
) (1+n
f
*B
f
)*sqrt(n
f
*B
f
)
15.75
input value input value input value
15.75
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i
D
g
+ D
i 15.75
15.75
2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 2*sqrt(k*m) 12.75
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
15.75
15.75
w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) 15.75
12.75
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
15.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
input value input value input value 12.75
12.75
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n
w
p
/w
n 15.75
1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
] 15.75
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n
w
s
/w
n 15.75
1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
] 15.75
12.75
12.75
M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k M
p
*F
0
/ k
15.75
M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k M
s
*F
0
/ k
15.75
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s
X
p
+X
s 15.75

15.75
12.75
12.75
14.25
12.75
14.25
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
12.75
12.75
51.5
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
p
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
p
2
)+(2*Dr
p
)
2
]
51.5
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr
s
)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
s
2
)+(2*Dr
s
)
2
]
12.75
12.75
15.75
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
15.75
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
T
p
*F
0
12.75
Units English E
a a
b b
w 585 rpm c c
61.26106 rad/sec d d
e e
f f
g g
h h
i i
j j
k k
l l
m m
n n
o o
p p
q q
r r
s s
t t
u u
v v
w w
x x
y y
z z
Motor wp = 585 1170 rpm
Vertical Fzp= 0 lb
Horizontal Fxp= lb
Horizontal Fyp= 0 0 lb
Rocking My = ft-lb
Pitching Mx = ft-lb
Torsional Mz = ft-lb
For this sheet, I want to add a third set of inputs for a gearbox
I want to reduce the numbe rof blocks input, 15 is too many, I think no more than 10 is enough
I also want to figure out the best way to add up all three inputs:
q
max
< one-half of q
all
, so mat size is okay.
q
max
> one-half of q
all
, try a larger mat size.
copuling of rocking & horizontal
fr = 585.00
fx = 1019.61
ff = 1669.14
sqrt(fnx2+fnf2) / (fnx*fnf = 0.001149276
2/(3*f) = 0.001139601
root sum square < 2/3f -9.67451E-06 should be coupled
-0.00848938 borderline case
copuling of pitching and horizontal
fr = 585.00
fy = 1019.61
fy = 1676.97
sqrt(fny2+fny2) / (fny*fny = 0.001147821
2/(3*f) = 0.001139601
root sum square < 2/3f -8.22013E-06 should be coupled
-0.007213167 borderline case
are vertical + rocking ever coupled?
fr = 585.00
fz = 1085.13
fy = 1676.97
sqrt(fny2+fny2) / (fny*fny = 0.001097654
2/(3*f) = 0.001139601
root sum square < 2/3f 4.19472E-05 need not be coupled
0.036808669 borderline case
are vertical and pitching ever coupled?
fr = 585.00
fz = 1085.13
fy = 1669.14
sqrt(fny2+fny2) / (fny*fny = 0.001099175
2/(3*f) = 0.001139601
root sum square < 2/3f 4.04264E-05 need not be coupled
0.035474207 borderline case
are X and torsion coupled?
fr = 585.00
fx = 1019.61
fq = 559.55
sqrt(fny2+fny2) / (fny*fny = 0.002038587
2/(3*f) = 0.001139601
root sum square < 2/3f -0.000898986 should be coupled
-0.78886008
are Y and torsion coupled?
fr = 585.00
fy = 1019.61
fq = 559.55
sqrt(fny2+fny2) / (fny*fny = 0.002038587
2/(3*f) = 0.001139601
root sum square < 2/3f -0.000898986 should be coupled
-0.78886008
12.75
12.75
15.75
12.75
15.75
12.75
15.75
14.25
15.75
14.25
15.75
14.25
15.75
12.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
30
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
15.75
14.25
12.75
12.75
12.75
15.75
14.25
12.75
12.75
12.75
14.25
12.75
14.25
12.75
12.75
12.75
Table 4-5 n vlaues for different values of B
B lower lim Bupper lim n
0.00001 1.6
0.00001 0.2 1.6
0.2 0.5 1.378
0.5 0.8 1.251
0.8 1 1.219
1 2 1.143
2 3 1.11
3 5 1.079
5 100 1.079
100 1.079
hor hor vertical
by bphi bx bxsi bz
Bx
Y/X X X/Y Y
L/B b
y
b
f
B/L b
x
b
y
B/L b
z
0.1 0.97 0.37 0.1 0.97 0.37 0.1 2.16
0.15 0.97 0.38 0.15 0.97 0.38 0.15 2.16
0.2 0.97 0.39 0.2 0.97 0.39 0.2 2.16
0.3 0.97 0.41 0.3 0.97 0.41 0.3 2.16
0.4 0.97 0.425 0.4 0.97 0.425 0.4 2.16
0.5 0.97 0.44 0.5 0.97 0.44 0.5 2.16
0.6 0.97 0.46 0.6 0.97 0.46 0.6 2.16
0.7 0.97 0.48 0.7 0.97 0.48 0.7 2.16
0.8 0.97 0.49 0.8 0.97 0.49 0.8 2.16
0.9 0.97 0.5 0.9 0.97 0.5 0.9 2.16
1 0.97 0.52 1 0.97 0.52 1 2.16
1.5 0.97 0.56 1.5 0.97 0.56 1.5 2.176
2 0.97 0.6 2 0.97 0.6 2 2.22
3 0.98 0.69 3 0.98 0.69 3 2.34
4 1 0.78 4 1 0.78 4 2.435
5 1.036 0.86 5 1.036 0.86 5 2.53
6 1.07 0.95 6 1.07 0.95 6 2.6
7 1.096 1.05 7 1.096 1.05 7 2.67
8 1.15 1.12 8 1.15 1.12 8 2.73
9 1.185 1.2 9 1.185 1.2 9 2.78
10 1.205 1.26 10 1.205 1.26 10 2.82
Defining equations for Dnamic Analysis:
Horizontal Vibration Horizontal Vibration Vertical Vibration
(X-direction) (Y-direction) (Z-direction)
Spring constants
equivalent radius r
0
sqrt(X*Y/pi) sqrt(X*Y/pi) sqrt(X*Y/pi)
embedment factor h 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.55*(2-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
)
Spring constant coeff b see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
Equivalent spring const k 2*(1-n)*G*b
x
* 2*(1-n)*G*b
y
* G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
sqrt(X*Y)
2
*h
x
sqrt(X*Y)
2
*h
y

Damping Ratios
Depth factor a 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(2-n)*(h/r0) / 1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) /
sqrt(h
x
) sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
z
)
Mass or Inertia Ratio B (7-8n)*W/ (7-8n)*W/ (1-n)*W/
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
32*(1-n)*g*r
0
3
4*g*r
0
3
n
y
none none none
Geometrical Damping D
i
0.288*a
x
/sqrt(B
x
) 0.288*a
y
/sqrt(B
y
) 0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
)
critical damping D
cr
2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m)
undamped natural freq w
n
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
damped natural freq w
nr
w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
upper limit on w for "low frequency" 1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
upper limit on w for low frequency 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g)
Magnificaiton factor M
1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
Displacement Response M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k
Transmimssibility factor T
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
E M
A A
B B
C C
D D
E E ft m
F F in mm
G G lb N
H H kip ton
I I psi
J J psf
K K ksf
L L ft-lb
M M ft-k
N N pcf
O O
P P
Q Q
R R
S S
T T
U U
V V
W W
X X
Y Y
Z Z
Vertical
Here I will try to graph the primary and secondary forces from the compressor
r = 585.00 rpm = 61.26106 rad/sec T =
T Delta T =
F0 = 1329.00 lbf Phase angle =
F0 = 553.00 lbf
Primary SecondaryP+S
1329.00 553.00 1882.00
61.26106 122.5221 61.26106
1.570796 1.570796 1.570796
0 0 1329 553 1882 1882
1 0.002051 1318.52 535.6265 1854.147 1867.16
2 0.004103 1287.247 484.5976 1771.845 1822.874
3 0.006154 1235.673 403.1197 1638.793 1749.839
4 0.008205 1164.612 296.3122 1460.924 1649.209
5 0.010256 1075.184 170.8864 1246.07 1522.57
6 0.012308 968.7993 34.72316 1003.522 1371.919
7 0.014359 847.1365 -103.622 743.5146 1199.632
8 0.01641 712.1138 -235.456 476.6579 1008.426
9 0.018462 565.8607 -352.495 213.3652 801.3166
10 0.020513 410.6836 -447.386 -36.7028 581.57
11 0.022564 249.0298 -514.166 -265.137 352.6516
12 0.024615 83.4486 -548.639 -465.191 118.1718
13 0.026667 -83.4486 -548.639 -632.088 -118.172
14 0.028718 -249.03 -514.166 -763.196 -352.652
15 0.030769 -410.684 -447.386 -858.07 -581.57
16 0.032821 -565.861 -352.495 -918.356 -801.317
17 0.034872 -712.114 -235.456 -947.57 -1008.43
18 0.036923 -847.136 -103.622 -950.758 -1199.63
19 0.038974 -968.799 34.72316 -934.076 -1371.92
20 0.041026 -1075.18 170.8864 -904.297 -1522.57
21 0.043077 -1164.61 296.3122 -868.299 -1649.21
22 0.045128 -1235.67 403.1197 -832.553 -1749.84
23 0.047179 -1287.25 484.5976 -802.649 -1822.87
24 0.049231 -1318.52 535.6265 -782.894 -1867.16
25 0.051282 -1329 553 -776 -1882
26 0.053333 -1318.52 535.6265 -782.894 -1867.16
27 0.055385 -1287.25 484.5976 -802.649 -1822.87
28 0.057436 -1235.67 403.1197 -832.553 -1749.84
29 0.059487 -1164.61 296.3122 -868.299 -1649.21
30 0.061538 -1075.18 170.8864 -904.297 -1522.57
31 0.06359 -968.799 34.72316 -934.076 -1371.92
32 0.065641 -847.136 -103.622 -950.758 -1199.63
33 0.067692 -712.114 -235.456 -947.57 -1008.43
34 0.069744 -565.861 -352.495 -918.356 -801.317
35 0.071795 -410.684 -447.386 -858.07 -581.57
36 0.073846 -249.03 -514.166 -763.196 -352.652
37 0.075897 -83.4486 -548.639 -632.088 -118.172
38 0.077949 83.4486 -548.639 -465.191 118.1718
39 0.08 249.0298 -514.166 -265.137 352.6516
40 0.082051 410.6836 -447.386 -36.7028 581.57
41 0.084103 565.8607 -352.495 213.3652 801.3166
42 0.086154 712.1138 -235.456 476.6579 1008.426
43 0.088205 847.1365 -103.622 743.5146 1199.632
44 0.090256 968.7993 34.72316 1003.522 1371.919
45 0.092308 1075.184 170.8864 1246.07 1522.57
46 0.094359 1164.612 296.3122 1460.924 1649.209
47 0.09641 1235.673 403.1197 1638.793 1749.839
48 0.098462 1287.247 484.5976 1771.845 1822.874
49 0.100513 1318.52 535.6265 1854.147 1867.16
50 0.102564 1329 553 1882 1882
51 0.104615 1318.52 535.6265 1854.147 1867.16
52 0.106667 1287.247 484.5976 1771.845 1822.874
53 0.108718 1235.673 403.1197 1638.793 1749.839
54 0.110769 1164.612 296.3122 1460.924 1649.209
55 0.112821 1075.184 170.8864 1246.07 1522.57
56 0.114872 968.7993 34.72316 1003.522 1371.919
57 0.116923 847.1365 -103.622 743.5146 1199.632
58 0.118974 712.1138 -235.456 476.6579 1008.426
59 0.121026 565.8607 -352.495 213.3652 801.3166
60 0.123077 410.6836 -447.386 -36.7028 581.57
61 0.125128 249.0298 -514.166 -265.137 352.6516
62 0.127179 83.4486 -548.639 -465.191 118.1718
63 0.129231 -83.4486 -548.639 -632.088 -118.172
64 0.131282 -249.03 -514.166 -763.196 -352.652
65 0.133333 -410.684 -447.386 -858.07 -581.57
66 0.135385 -565.861 -352.495 -918.356 -801.317
67 0.137436 -712.114 -235.456 -947.57 -1008.43
68 0.139487 -847.136 -103.622 -950.758 -1199.63
69 0.141538 -968.799 34.72316 -934.076 -1371.92
70 0.14359 -1075.18 170.8864 -904.297 -1522.57
71 0.145641 -1164.61 296.3122 -868.299 -1649.21
72 0.147692 -1235.67 403.1197 -832.553 -1749.84
73 0.149744 -1287.25 484.5976 -802.649 -1822.87
74 0.151795 -1318.52 535.6265 -782.894 -1867.16
75 0.153846 -1329 553 -776 -1882
76 0.155897 -1318.52 535.6265 -782.894 -1867.16
77 0.157949 -1287.25 484.5976 -802.649 -1822.87
78 0.16 -1235.67 403.1197 -832.553 -1749.84
79 0.162051 -1164.61 296.3122 -868.299 -1649.21
80 0.164103 -1075.18 170.8864 -904.297 -1522.57
81 0.166154 -968.799 34.72316 -934.076 -1371.92
82 0.168205 -847.136 -103.622 -950.758 -1199.63
83 0.170256 -712.114 -235.456 -947.57 -1008.43
84 0.172308 -565.861 -352.495 -918.356 -801.317
85 0.174359 -410.684 -447.386 -858.07 -581.57
86 0.17641 -249.03 -514.166 -763.196 -352.652
87 0.178462 -83.4486 -548.639 -632.088 -118.172
88 0.180513 83.4486 -548.639 -465.191 118.1718
89 0.182564 249.0298 -514.166 -265.137 352.6516
90 0.184615 410.6836 -447.386 -36.7028 581.57
91 0.186667 565.8607 -352.495 213.3652 801.3166
92 0.188718 712.1138 -235.456 476.6579 1008.426
93 0.190769 847.1365 -103.622 743.5146 1199.632
94 0.192821 968.7993 34.72316 1003.522 1371.919
95 0.194872 1075.184 170.8864 1246.07 1522.57
96 0.196923 1164.612 296.3122 1460.924 1649.209
97 0.198974 1235.673 403.1197 1638.793 1749.839
98 0.201026 1287.247 484.5976 1771.845 1822.874
99 0.203077 1318.52 535.6265 1854.147 1867.16
100 0.205128 1329 553 1882 1882
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
-2500
-2000
-1500
-1000
-500
0
500
1000
1500
2000
2500
0 0.05 0.1
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
Vertical Vibration Rocking Excitatioin Pitching Excitation Torsional Excitation
(Z-direction) (y-direction) (f-direction) (q-direction)
sqrt(X*Y/pi)
{X
3
*Y/(3*pi)}
1/4
{X*Y
3
/(3*pi)}
1/4
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*pi)}
1/4
1+.6*(1-n)*(h/r
0
) 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ 1+1.2*(1-n)*h-r
0
)+ none available
see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1 see figure 4-1
G/(1-n)b
z
*sqrt(X*Y)*h
z
G/(1-n)*b
y
* G/(1-n)*b
f
*
{X*Y*(X
2
+Y
2
)/(6*pi)}
1/4
X
2
*Y*h
y
X*Y
2
*h
f

1+1.9(1-n)*(h/r0) / 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ 1+.7(1-n)*(h/r
0
)+ none
sqrt(h
z
) 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/ 6(2-n)*(h/r
0
)
3
/
sqrt(h
y
) sqrt(h
f
)
(1-n)*W/ 3*(1-n) * Iy / 3*(1-n) * If / I
q
/ (r * r
0
3)
4*g*r
0
3
8 * r * r
0
3 8 * r * r
0
3
none See table 4-5 See table 4-5 none
0.288*a
z
/sqrt(B
z
) 0.15*a
y
/ 0.15*a
f
/ 0.5/(1+2*B
q
)
(1+n
y
*B
y
)*sqrt(n
y
*B
y
) (1+n
f
*B
f
)*sqrt(n
f
*B
f
)
2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m) 2*sqrt(k/m)
sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m) sqrt(k/m)
w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
) w
n
*sqrt(1-2*D
2
)
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0
)*(G*g/g)
0.5
1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g) 1/(p*r
0)
*sqrt(G*g/g)
1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
] 1/sqrt[(1-r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k M*F
0
/ k
sqrt[[1+(2
Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1 -
r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
sqrt[[1+(2Dr)
2
]/sqrt[(1
- r
2
)+(2*Dr)
2
]
Vertical
Now combine the compressor and motor vibrations
0.102564 sec compressor
0.002051 sec r = 585.00 rpm
1.570796 rad 61.26106 rad/sec
T = 0.102564 sec
Delta T 0.002051
Phase Angle = 1.570796
F = 1329.00 lbf
0 0 1329
1 0.002051 1318.52
2 0.004103 1287.247
3 0.006154 1235.673
4 0.008205 1164.612
5 0.010256 1075.184
6 0.012308 968.7993
7 0.014359 847.1365
8 0.01641 712.1138
9 0.018462 565.8607
10 0.020513 410.6836
11 0.022564 249.0298
12 0.024615 83.4486
13 0.026667 -83.4486
14 0.028718 -249.03
15 0.030769 -410.684
16 0.032821 -565.861
17 0.034872 -712.114
18 0.036923 -847.136
19 0.038974 -968.799
20 0.041026 -1075.18
21 0.043077 -1164.61
22 0.045128 -1235.67
23 0.047179 -1287.25
24 0.049231 -1318.52
25 0.051282 -1329
26 0.053333 -1318.52
27 0.055385 -1287.25
28 0.057436 -1235.67
29 0.059487 -1164.61
30 0.061538 -1075.18
31 0.06359 -968.799
32 0.065641 -847.136
33 0.067692 -712.114
34 0.069744 -565.861
35 0.071795 -410.684
36 0.073846 -249.03
37 0.075897 -83.4486
38 0.077949 83.4486
39 0.08 249.0298
40 0.082051 410.6836
41 0.084103 565.8607
42 0.086154 712.1138
43 0.088205 847.1365
44 0.090256 968.7993
45 0.092308 1075.184
46 0.094359 1164.612
47 0.09641 1235.673
48 0.098462 1287.247
49 0.100513 1318.52
50 0.102564 1329
51 0.104615 1318.52
52 0.106667 1287.247
53 0.108718 1235.673
54 0.110769 1164.612
55 0.112821 1075.184
56 0.114872 968.7993
57 0.116923 847.1365
58 0.118974 712.1138
59 0.121026 565.8607
60 0.123077 410.6836
61 0.125128 249.0298
62 0.127179 83.4486
63 0.129231 -83.4486
64 0.131282 -249.03
65 0.133333 -410.684
66 0.135385 -565.861
67 0.137436 -712.114
68 0.139487 -847.136
69 0.141538 -968.799
70 0.14359 -1075.18
71 0.145641 -1164.61
72 0.147692 -1235.67
73 0.149744 -1287.25
74 0.151795 -1318.52
75 0.153846 -1329
76 0.155897 -1318.52
77 0.157949 -1287.25
78 0.16 -1235.67
79 0.162051 -1164.61
80 0.164103 -1075.18
81 0.166154 -968.799
82 0.168205 -847.136
83 0.170256 -712.114
84 0.172308 -565.861
85 0.174359 -410.684
86 0.17641 -249.03
87 0.178462 -83.4486
88 0.180513 83.4486
89 0.182564 249.0298
90 0.184615 410.6836
91 0.186667 565.8607
92 0.188718 712.1138
93 0.190769 847.1365
94 0.192821 968.7993
95 0.194872 1075.184
96 0.196923 1164.612
97 0.198974 1235.673
98 0.201026 1287.247
99 0.203077 1318.52
100 0.205128 1329
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25
Primary
Secondary
P+S
Now combine the compressor and motor vibrations For this calc, hand-input a different frequency for the motor
motor Total forced total
r = 900.00 rpm r = 585.00 rpm
94.24778 rad/sec 61.26106 rad/sec
T = 0.066667 sec T = 0.102564 sec
Delta T 0.001333 Delta T 0.002051
Phase Angle = 2.748894 1.75 Phase Angle = 1.570796
F = 450.00 lbf F = 1779.00 lbf
Delta T = 0.002051 sec
172.2075 1501.208 1779
89.12347 1407.644 1764.972
2.718669 1289.966 1723.109
-83.7874 1151.886 1654.072
-167.172 997.44 1558.95
-244.327 830.8565 1439.241
-312.379 656.4204 1296.835
-368.792 478.3449 1133.977
-411.463 300.6506 953.2359
-438.804 127.0569 757.4614
-449.795 -39.1111 549.7412
-444.026 -194.997 333.3514
-421.714 -338.265 111.7043
-383.688 -467.137 -111.704
-331.366 -580.396 -333.351
-266.698 -677.382 -549.741
-192.093 -757.953 -757.461
-110.33 -822.444 -953.236
-24.4561 -871.593 -1133.98
62.32874 -906.471 -1296.84
146.7913 -928.392 -1439.24
225.7844 -938.827 -1558.95
296.3648 -939.308 -1654.07
355.9028 -931.344 -1723.11
402.1799 -916.341 -1764.97
433.4719 -895.528 -1779
448.6128 -869.908 -1764.97
447.0385 -840.208 -1723.11
428.8077 -806.865 -1654.07
394.5997 -770.012 -1558.95
345.6889 -729.495 -1439.24
283.8979 -684.901 -1296.84
211.5289 -635.608 -1133.98
131.2784 -580.835 -953.236
46.13645 -519.724 -757.461
-40.7245 -451.408 -549.741
-126.068 -375.098 -333.351
-206.714 -290.163 -111.704
-279.659 -196.21 111.7043
-342.183 -93.1529 333.3514
-391.957 18.72638 549.7412
-427.128 138.7332 757.4614
-446.383 265.7307 953.2359
-449.007 398.1298 1133.977
-434.9 533.899 1296.835
-404.59 670.5939 1439.241
-359.204 805.4075 1558.95
-300.435 935.2382 1654.072
-230.471 1056.776 1723.109
-151.92 1166.6 1764.972
-67.709 1261.291 1779
19.02513 1337.546 1764.972
105.0504 1392.297 1723.109
187.1615 1422.834 1654.072
262.2991 1426.911 1558.95
327.6634 1402.847 1439.241
380.8191 1349.618 1296.835
419.7856 1266.922 1133.977
443.1109 1155.225 953.2359
449.9261 1015.787 757.4614
439.9771 850.6607 549.7412
413.6347 662.6645 333.3514
371.8804 455.329 111.7043
316.2699 232.8213 -111.704
248.8752 -0.15455 -333.351
172.2075 -238.476 -549.741
89.12347 -476.737 -757.461
2.718669 -709.395 -953.236
-83.7874 -930.924 -1133.98
-167.172 -1135.97 -1296.84
-244.327 -1319.51 -1439.24
-312.379 -1476.99 -1558.95
-368.792 -1604.46 -1654.07
-411.463 -1698.71 -1723.11
-438.804 -1757.32 -1764.97
-449.795 -1778.79 -1779
-444.026 -1762.55 -1764.97
-421.714 -1708.96 -1723.11
-383.688 -1619.36 -1654.07
-331.366 -1495.98 -1558.95
-266.698 -1341.88 -1439.24
-192.093 -1160.89 -1296.84
-110.33 -957.466 -1133.98
-24.4561 -736.57 -953.236
62.32874 -503.532 -757.461
146.7913 -263.892 -549.741
225.7844 -23.2454 -333.351
296.3648 212.9162 -111.704
355.9028 439.3514 111.7043
402.1799 651.2096 333.3514
433.4719 844.1554 549.7412
448.6128 1014.473 757.4614
447.0385 1159.152 953.2359
428.8077 1275.944 1133.977
394.5997 1363.399 1296.835
345.6889 1420.872 1439.241
283.8979 1448.509 1558.95
211.5289 1447.202 1654.072
131.2784 1418.525 1723.109
46.13645 1364.657 1764.972
-40.7245 1288.276 1779
-2000
-1500
-1000
-500
0
500
1000
1500
2000
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25
compressor
motor
Total
forced total
compressor
motor
Total
forced total
fo 3600 rpm
fcr1 1440 rpm
fcr2 4680 rpm
0.769231
f0/fcr2 0.769230769 W/wn^2 = 0.591716
(1-ss^2)^2 0.166696
x = 0.000001
Mr = 8.75
4*x^2*()^2 = 2.37E-12
sqrt(()^2+b^2) = 0.408284
Mr = 1.449275
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Here are the calculations for the unbalanced eccentricity according to ISO 1940-1
Balance Class G 2.5
e
per
* W = 2.5 mm/sec e
per
= e
per
* W / W = 0.006631
W
oper
= 3600 rpm = 376.9911 rad/sec
W
rotor
= 50000 lbf
m = 22675.74 kg
U
per
= 1000 * (e
per
*W)*m / W = 150373.15 g-mm
e
per
= U
per
/ m = 6.631456 g-mm/kg
0.006631 g-mm/g = mm
0.00026 g-in/g = in after balancing, the "residual unbalance" of the rotor
the mass of the rotor is located at this radial distance from the center of the shaft.
(This is true at 3600 rpm, at other speeds the value will be different.)
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
calculation for plotting the graphs of the table values
Balance Class G 2.5 2.5 this value used for the table calculations
e
per
* W = 2.5 mm/sec
W
oper
= 3600 rpm 376.9911 0.10472
W
rotor
= 50000 lbf
m = 22675.74 kg
U
per
= 1000 * (e
per
*W)*m / W = 150373.15 g-mm 74.83238
e
per
= U
per
/ m = 6.631456 g-mm/kg
0.006631 g-mm/g mm
0.00026 g-in/g in
6.63 20.00 100.00 200.00 500.00 1000.00
0.16 76.39 15.28 7.64 3.06 1.53
0.40 190.99 38.20 19.10 7.64 3.82
1.00 477.46 95.49 47.75 19.10 9.55
2.50 1193.66 238.73 119.37 47.75 23.87
6.30 3008.03 601.61 300.80 120.32 60.16
16.00 7639.44 1527.89 763.94 305.58 152.79
40.00 19098.59 3819.72 1909.86 763.94 381.97
100.00 47746.48 9549.30 4774.65 1909.86 954.93
250.00 119366.21 23873.24 11936.62 4774.65 2387.32
630.00 300802.84 60160.57 30080.28 12032.11 6016.06
1600.00 763943.73 152788.75 76394.37 30557.75 15278.87
4000.00 1909859.32 381971.86 190985.93 76394.37 38197.19
e per
Rigid rotors don't have the peaks from resonance that you have with non-rigid rotorsl
This value is tied directly to an operating frequency
If you put a very low frequency into this equation, the eccen value blows up.
I don't know what happens if operating W is close to critical speed. I think that doesn't happen because if it did, they would be giving us a rotor that resonates.
I do know that fcrit1 = 0.4 * W oper and fcrit2 = 1.3 * W oper, so in this case that doesn't happen.
100000
This applies to rigid rotors only
Note that at the two critical frequencies, there is no spike in the eccentricity.
Why does this happen?
This is an ALLOWABLE eccentricity
What is the limit on static balance eccentricity for a rotor meeting this standard?
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
10
100
1000
10000
10
P
e
r
m
i
s
s
i
b
e

r
e
s
i
d
i
d
u
a
l

s
p
e
c
i
f
i
c

u
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a
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e

(
g
*
m
m

/

k
g
)

Rigid rotor
Shock & Vibration Handbook 5th Ed It can be balanced in any two planes, and unbalance does
Chapter 39, Part 1 not change with speed
Lifetime Reliability Solutions Rptor that operates within 70-75% of critical
ISO 1940-1 It can be balanced in any two planes, and unbalance does
not change with speed
Forced Vibrations by Kamoji & Belgaum critical speed is above the operating speed
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Use this calculation to figure out an equivalent balance for a different size/speed of rotor.
Original Rotor Design
e
per
* W = 2.5 mm/sec iput number
W
oper
= 3600 rpm 376.9911 0.10472
W
rotor
= 50000 lbf
m = 22675.74 kg
U
per
= 1000 * (e
per
*W)*m / W = 150373.15 g-mm
e
per
= U
per
/ m = 6.631456 g-mm/kg
0.006631 g-mm/g mm
0.00026 g-in/g in
Balance Class G 2.5
quality
grade
G.16
G 0.4
G 1
G 2.5
G 6.3
G 16
G 40
G100
G 250
G 630
G 4000
G 1600
epermiss 2.5 mm/sec
n = 3600 rpm
e = epermiss*9.55/n = 0.006632 mm
<==
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
mm/rad This is the simple way to calculate the vibration (= eccentricity)
This does vary with operating speed, contrary to the definition below.
after balancing, the "residual unbalance" of the rotor
the mass of the rotor is located at this radial distance from the center of the shaft.
(This is true at 3600 rpm, at other speeds the value will be different.)
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
quality
this value used for the table calculations grade mm/sec
G 4000 4000 0.4
G 1600 16000 1
G 630 630 2.5
G 250 250 6.3
G100 100 16
G 40 40 40
G 16 16 100
G 6.3 6.3 250
G 2.5 2.5 630
G 1 1 4000
G 0.4 0.4 16000
G.16 0.16
2000.00 3000.00 3600.00 8000.00 10000.00 20000.00 50000.00 200000.00
0.76 0.51 0.42 0.19 0.15 0.08 0.03 0.01
1.91 1.27 1.06 0.48 0.38 0.19 0.08 0.02
4.77 3.18 2.65 1.19 0.95 0.48 0.19 0.05
11.94 7.96 6.63 2.98 2.39 1.19 0.48 0.12
30.08 20.05 16.71 7.52 6.02 3.01 1.20 0.30
76.39 50.93 42.44 19.10 15.28 7.64 3.06 0.76
190.99 127.32 106.10 47.75 38.20 19.10 7.64 1.91
477.46 318.31 265.26 119.37 95.49 47.75 19.10 4.77
1193.66 795.77 663.15 298.42 238.73 119.37 47.75 11.94
3008.03 2005.35 1671.13 752.01 601.61 300.80 120.32 30.08
7639.44 5092.96 4244.13 1909.86 1527.89 763.94 305.58 76.39
19098.59 12732.40 10610.33 4774.65 3819.72 1909.86 763.94 190.99
Rigid rotors don't have the peaks from resonance that you have with non-rigid rotorsl
If you put a very low frequency into this equation, the eccen value blows up. W = 20 rpm
eccen = 0.04699 in this might be equivalent to static balancing, but I think it is a rather large value.
I don't know what happens if operating W is close to critical speed. I think that doesn't happen because if it did, they would be giving us a rotor that resonates.
I do know that fcrit1 = 0.4 * W oper and fcrit2 = 1.3 * W oper, so in this case that doesn't happen.
100000
Residual specific unbalance
vs Operating frequency
This applies to rigid rotors only
Note that at the two critical frequencies, there is no spike in the eccentricity.
Why does this happen? for a rigid rotor, that spike does not happen
This is an ALLOWABLE eccentricity
What is the limit on static balance eccentricity for a rotor meeting this standard?
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
0
0
1
10
100
1000
10000
10 100 1000 10000 100000
Operating Frequency (rpm)
G.16
G 0.4
G 1
G 2.5
G 6.3
G 16
G 40
G100
G 250
G 630
G 1600
G 4000
Flexible rotor
It can be balanced in any two planes, and unbalance does any rotor that is not rigid
not change with speed
Rptor that operates within 70-75% of critical Rotor that operates at below 70-75% of its critical speed
It can be balanced in any two planes, and unbalance does any rotor that is not rigid
not change with speed
critical speed is above the operating speed
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
Use this calculation to figure out an equivalent balance for a different size/speed of rotor.
Second Rotor Design
e
per
* W = 5 mm/sec
W
oper
= 3600 rpm
W
rotor
= 25000 lbf
m = 11337.87 kg
U
per
= 1000 * (e
per
*W)*m / W = 150373.15 g-mm
e
per
= U
per
/ m = 13.262912 g-mm/kg
0.013263 g-mm/g
0.00052 g-in/g
Balance Class G 2.5
goal seek to make the value in Q161 = the value in T161 by varying the input number in Cell Q156
After this is done, then the balance of the second rotor design is the same as the balance of the original rotor design
quality
grade mm/sec
G.16 0.16 G.16
G 0.4 0.4 G 0.4
G 1 1 G 1
G 2.5 2.5 G 2.5
G 6.3 6.3 G 6.3
G 16 16 G 16
G 40 40 G 40
G100 100 G100
G 250 250 G 250
G 630 630 G 630
G 4000 4000 G 4000
G 1600 16000 G 1600
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
0.000261 20.00 100.00 200.00 500.00 1000.00 3000.00
10000.00 0.04699 0.00940 0.00470 0.00188 0.00094 0.00031
12000.00 0.04699 0.00940 0.00470 0.00188 0.00094 0.00031
20000.00 0.04699 0.00940 0.00470 0.00188 0.00094 0.00031
25000.00 0.04699 0.00940 0.00470 0.00188 0.00094 0.00031
30000.00 0.04699 0.00940 0.00470 0.00188 0.00094 0.00031
50000.00 0.04699 0.00940 0.00470 0.00188 0.00094 0.00031
this might be equivalent to static balancing, but I think it is a rather large value.
0.100000
1.000000
A
l
l
o
w
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e

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Allowable eccentricity vs Operating frequency
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
G.16
G 0.4
G 1
G 2.5
G 6.3
G 16
G 40
G100
G 250
G 630
G 1600
G 4000
0.000001
0.000010
0.000100
0.001000
0.010000
0.100000
10 100
A
l
l
o
w
a
b
l
e

r
e
s
i
d
u
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l

e
c
c
e
n
t
r
i
c
i
t
y

(
i
n
)

0.000001
0.005001
0.010001
0.015001
0.020001
0.025001
0.030001
0.035001
0.040001
0.045001
0.050001
10 100
A
l
l
o
w
a
b
l
e

r
e
s
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(
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Allowable eccentricity vs Operating frequency
most rotors are rigid
Rotor that operates at below 70-75% of its critical speed
==================================================================================================================================================================================================================
input number and goal seek
376.9911 0.10472
= 150373.15
mm
in
goal seek to make the value in Q161 = the value in T161 by varying the input number in Cell Q156
After this is done, then the balance of the second rotor design is the same as the balance of the original rotor design
0.000001
10 100
Operating Frequency (rpm)
3600.00 5000.00 8000.00 10000.00 20000.00 50000.00 200000.00
0.00026 0.00019 0.00012 0.00009 0.00005 0.00002 0.00000
0.00026 0.00019 0.00012 0.00009 0.00005 0.00002 0.00000
0.00026 0.00019 0.00012 0.00009 0.00005 0.00002 0.00000
0.00026 0.00019 0.00012 0.00009 0.00005 0.00002 0.00000
0.00026 0.00019 0.00012 0.00009 0.00005 0.00002 0.00000
0.00026 0.00019 0.00012 0.00009 0.00005 0.00002 0.00000
Allowable eccentricity vs Operating frequency
1000 10000 100000
Operating Frequency (rpm)
eccentricity
1000 10000 100000
Allowable eccentricity vs Operating frequency
eccentricity
1000 10000 100000
Operating Frequency (rpm)
fo 3600 rpm
fcr1 1440 rpm
fcr2 4680 rpm
0.769231
f0/fcr2 0.769231 W/wn^2 = 0.591716
(1-ss^2)^2 0.166696
x = 0.000001
Mr = 8.75
4*x^2*()^2 = 2.37E-12
sqrt(()^2+b^2) = 0.408284
Mr = 1.449275
eper * W 2.5
W 10 rpm 1.047198
W rotor = 50000 lbf
m = 22675.74 kg
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0.093989 1200 1500 2000 2500 3000 3600
10000 0.000783 0.000627 0.00047 0.000376 0.000313 0.000261
12000 0.000783 0.000627 0.00047 0.000376 0.000313 0.000261
20000 0.000783 0.000627 0.00047 0.000376 0.000313 0.000261
25000 0.000783 0.000627 0.00047 0.000376 0.000313 0.000261
30000 0.000783 0.000627 0.00047 0.000376 0.000313 0.000261
50000 0.000783 0.000627 0.00047 0.000376 0.000313 0.000261
This value may have all the effects of any and all critical frequencies, so it does not have to be amplified
This value is tied directly to an operating frequency
If you put a very low frequency into this equation, the eccen value blows up.
I don't know what happens if operating W is close to critical speed. I think that doesn't happen because if it did, they would be giving us a rotor that resonates.
I do know that fcrit1 = 0.4 * W oper and fcrit2 = 1.3 * W oper, so in this case that doesn't happen.
epermiss 2.5 mm/sec
n = 3600 rpm
e = epermiss*9.55/n = 0.006632 mm
<==
0
0
0
0
0
0
4500 5000
0.000209 0.000188
0.000209 0.000188
0.000209 0.000188
0.000209 0.000188
0.000209 0.000188
0.000209 0.000188
This value may have all the effects of any and all critical frequencies, so it does not have to be amplified
W = 10 rpm
eccen = 0.093989 in
I don't know what happens if operating W is close to critical speed. I think that doesn't happen because if it did, they would be giving us a rotor that resonates.
I do know that fcrit1 = 0.4 * W oper and fcrit2 = 1.3 * W oper, so in this case that doesn't happen.

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