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4 sm ses ones / \~ cnotee Figure 4.3 Moses of bearing failures. (a) General shear. (b) Local shear. (©) Punching shear. [ARer Vesic(60).] Figure 4.7 Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory: 1 by superimposing an equivalent surcharge load q = yD. Otherwise, the shape of the failure surface is similar to that assumed by Prandd Figure 4.8 shows the penetzating wedge, including equilibrium, where the down: ward load is resisted by the forces of the inclined faces of the wedge. These forces consist of the cohesion and the resultant of the passive pressure. Thus, assuming sods Sas Mave, 7670100 900 2 63 tz ole i 6 148 O38 wo 10 Set 26925 MW igil 400 28 ie lee 49 Bae 20 176 Tas 497 2 235¢ 1140 Sse 2 dros taal 1138 [30 3716 2246 1973 fol te $8 Ge Re & 4) 9567 8127 10039 2 ber 198 es sol {45 tsea2 doug0 ieee $8 Be eet ra a a Froten anal eee) Figure 4.8 Tersagh’s bearing-capacity coefficiens. ALL Bea ngg Capacity thie On Standard Penetrauon Lesis 18% Table 44 Suggested Espresons for 4 Based on SPT Vales Unie Noerhol ae Tor . a he B+ N( B+ ety, ge 8(2ty pan aye d(H) p= wy = 208k ne 192m ‘I 0.05 030 : - n> 192m a-an(22e a= tesn(22 0808), 2) «1.38 sugge Meyer 4 nies: kips/f @ FPS sytem N/a SI system from SPT data, The adjusted Meyethof equations as proposed by Bowles are pre sented in Table 44 ‘The author is of the opinion that both Meyerhof's and Bowle’s equations are most viable and only reliable in formations of sand, silty sand, or mixtures of sil, sand, and fine gravel (say one-inch or less in size). Thus, careful serutiny should be used in establishing a q from SPT tests in fine-grain soils such as silt and particularly chy, since silt and clay may be softened or stiffened with an increas ‘or decrease in the moisture content. Correspondingly, the SPT results may vary Table 4.5 Allowable Bearing Capacity in KN/m® (kips/4€) for Surface-Loaded Footings for 2.51-em (L-in,) Settlement, Based on Meyerhof Equations # 6 10 2 16 as 0SAS SAGAS ANZ 45.008 (L134) (2.055) (008) (0.978) (0.957) (0.941) 10 loss 101 966 9966 MG OIE (2.268) 2.109) (2.016) 6) (1.913) (1.882) 16 16291511448 13746 135.18 (3.403) G64) (8.02 (2934) BAT) (282A) 20 27 ane 193.1 1879218328 180.24 (4597) (4220) (4032) 3.912) ART) (3.764) 715-8525 PALA 2K 229.10 225,30 (5.671) (5.040) (4.89) (4.785) (4.709) 80 525.8 289.7281 92 270.36 (6.805) (6.048) (5.868) (742) (5.646) 378.2 338 3278 99074 815.42 (7.940) (7.056) (6.846) (6.699)