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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

I don’t have to work in the evening.

1. Meaning

Don’t have to is used to talk about something that is not necessary; that we have a choice and we can do it if we want to.

2. Conveying meaning

I would show the students the following photo which shows the hour work:

the students the following photo which shows the hour work: WORKING HOUR Monday to Friday: 02:00

WORKING HOUR Monday to Friday:

02:00 pm - 09:00 pm And then I would give them a context in which the sentence occurs:

“I work on every weekday. I work on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. I can’t see my friends on these days because I work in the evenings. But I don’t work on Saturdays and Sundays. This is why I can see my friends on weekends. Tomorrow I am going out with my friends at 5pm because it’s Saturday and I don’t have to work in the evening. I can work on Saturdays and Sundays if I want to but I prefer going out with my friends.

3. Checking understanding

Do I work on weekdays?

(yes)

Do I work on Saturdays and Sundays?

(no)

Can I go out in the evening?

(yes)

Can I work on Saturdays if I want to?

(yes)

Is it necessary to work on weekdays?

(yes)

Do I have to work on weekdays?

(yes)

Do I have to work on weekends?

(no)

4. Pronunciation

I don’t have to work in the evening.

/aɪ

doʊnt

hæf

tə

wɜːrkɪn

ðə

iːvnɪŋ/

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

5. Form

Uncontracted form:

Contracted form:

subject + do/does + not + have to + infinitive subject + don’t/doesn’t + have to + infinitive

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

They could have died in that weather.

1. Meaning

Could have is used when something was possible in the past but did not happen, also to say that somebody was able to do something, but did not try to do it.

2. Conveying Meaning

I would give the following photo to the students (or just play the clip from the movie Indiana Jones Raiders of the Lost Ark) and then explain to the students that Indiana was chased by a boulder (big ball) and that there was a chance of death in that scene but he ran very quickly so he didn’t die.

in that scene but he ran very quickly so he didn’t die. 3. Checking understanding Did

3. Checking understanding

Did he die?

(no)

Was there a chance of death?

(yes)

4. Pronunciation

You could have died in that weather.

/ jʊ

kʊd

həv

daɪdən

ðæt

5. Form

weðer /

Subject + could have + past participle

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

He’s had his car repaired.

1. Meaning

We use the causative have/had when arranging for someone to do something for us or something was arranged in the past to be done.

2. Conveying Meaning

“I called John last night and asked him to come to our party tonight. He said he couldn’t come because his car broken down and he had taken it to a mechanic. But I just saw his car in front of the house. I guess he’s had his car repaired.

of the house. I guess he’s had his car repaired . ” 3. Checking understanding Is

3. Checking understanding

Is John’s car repaired now?

(yes)

Did he repair his car himself?

(no)

Did someone repair the car?

(yes)

Did it happen in the past?

(yes)

Did he arrange for this to happen? 1

(yes)

Do we know who did it and when?

(no)

Can we still see the effect in the present?

(yes)

4. Pronunciation

■ He’s had his car repaired / hi:z hæd hɪz kɑːr rɪpeərd /

5. Form

Subject + have/has + had + object + past participle

1 Scrivener, J (2011) Learning Teaching. 3 rd Edition. p. 113. Macmillan Books.

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

1. Meaning

Stressed

Stressed is an adjective and it refers to a state of mind when one is nervous and/or is under a lot of pressure and can’t relax

2. Conveying Meaning

I didn’t slept well last night. I haven’t studied at all for my exams this afternoon. [pulling my hair, biting my nails] I’m really nervous and stressed.

I would also show this picture of a stressed person:

. I would also show this picture of a stressed person: 3. Checking understanding (no) Are

3. Checking understanding

(no)

Are you having a good time when you are stressed? (no)

Are you stressed when you are having an exam? How do you feel when you are stressed? Do you like being stressed? Are you stressed when you are at a party dancing?

Am I feeling happy?

(yes) (bad, uncomfortable, confused) (no) (no)

4. Pronunciation

Stressed

/ strest /

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

5. Form

Stressed is an adjective formed from the verb/nous stress. It is usually followed by the auxiliary verb be and feel/feeling, e.g. He is stressed; I was feeling stressed before my driving test.

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

1. Meaning

The public

The public is a group noun and refers to the ordinary people of every nation in general.

2. Conveying Meaning

I would show this picture to the students which is taken from Obama’s inauguration speech. The arrows point to the ordinary people.

speech. The arrows point to the ordinary people. 3. Checking understanding Is President Obama talking to

3. Checking understanding

Is President Obama talking to a big group of people?

(yes)

Are they specific kind of people?

(no)

Can rich people go to his speech?

(yes)

Can poor people go to his speech?

(yes)

4. Pronunciation

The public

/ ðə

pʌblɪk /

5. Form

The public can be treated as singular or plural. It can also be used as the subject of the sentence as in the public have a right to know or as the object of the sentence as in the library is open to the public.

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Assignment 2: Language-Related Task

An adjective is usually put between the and public as in the British public (“William and his wife-to-be are viewed by the British public as an attractive but sober, dutiful and down-to- earth couple”) 2 .

It can also be used to refer to a specific group of people as in the reading public (Just as the reading public judges books by their covers, we judge manuscripts by the accompanying query letters) 3 or the travelling/sporting/book-buying/etc public (“Privatizing the railways was not in the best interests of the travelling public”) 4 .

Reference

Practical English Usage 3 rd edition - Michael Swan Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary OxfordDictionaries.com Macmillan Dictionary The Corpus of Contemporary American English The British National Corpus

2 Betsey Lerner (2011) How to approach agents and editors. Writer Feb2011, Vol. 124 Issue 2, p26-55, 3p.

3 Bill Steiden (2011) The schedule Royal road to the altar. Atlanta Journal Constitution.

4 Macmillan Dictionary: http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/public_23

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