# 1.

Data and Specification Clear Span = Clear width = Live loading = Wearing Surface = Concrete Strength, f'c = Grade 40 reinforcement, fy = 6.25 8 HS20 1.44 21 276 m m kPa MPa MPa

By AASHTO Specifications, an allowable concrete stress of fc = 0.4 f'c = and the allowable steel stress is fs = 0.5 fy = 138.000 MPa 8.400 MPa

2. Slab Design Consider a 1 meter strip of slab parallel to traffic:

0.6

m

8

m

0.6

m

1 m strip Cross section of slab Bridge

1

m strip

Effective span = 6.55 m

Unit Wt of Concrete =

23.5 m

kN/m3

6.55 m 1.259 ft 0.4 m 9.400 kN/m 1.440 kN/m 10.840 kN/m 58.133 kN-m Width of slab over which load is distributed= 1.613 m E = 4 + 0.06 S where E and S in feet E = 1.22 + 0.06 S where E and S in m

Effective span of slab, S = Minimum Slab Thickness = Trial Slab Thickness, t = Weight of slab = Weight of wearing surface = Total deadload/m of Span = Deadload Moment is =

0.384

The load on each rear wheel is (16.00 lb) 71.168 kN and the load on a width of slab is therefore Rear wheel = 71.168 kN PRear = 44.122 kN Position of live load for maximum moment: and that in the front wheel is Rear wheel = 26.51 kN PFront = 16.435 kN
R= 16.435 kN 4.268 m 44.122 kN 1.067 1.067 2.134 m 88.243 kN 44.122 kN

3.275 m 29.747 kN CASE 1

3.275 m 58.496 kN

and the liveload moment is (with one wheel on the load span) ML = The impact coefficient is: 72.249 kN-m

I=

50  0.30 L + 125

L

in feet 
> kN-m 0.3 use I = 0.3

I= The impact moment is therefore: MI =

0.341 21.675

The total moment due to dead, live and impact effects is MT = 152.057 kN-m Consistent with the AASHTO specification, the elastic design equations will be used. EC = 21538.106 MPa n= 9.286 say 9 k= 0.354 j= 0.882 R= 1.311 MPa

dreq'd = dfurn =

340.548 mm 362.500 mm

400

mm

Comment: OK

The actual effect depth is sufficiently close to the computed requirement and a 300 mm thick slab will

be used. The required main reinforcement is 2 As = 3446.184 mm mm Ø bars using 25 2 Ab = 490.874 mm Required Spacing, s = 142 mm Therfore use 25
mm Ø bars

@

120

mm

o.c main bars.

The amount of transverse reinforcement required for proper distribution of concentrated loads (also provide for shrinkage) is 100/√S = 21.575 < 50% 2 Atr = 743.500 mm (controls) 2 2 Ast = 800.000 mm Use A = 800.000 mm mm Ø bars 16 2 Ab = 201.062 mm Required Spacing, s = 251 mm using Therfore use 16
mm Ø bars

@

250

mm o.c

transverse bars.

To facilitate screeding off the slab, the required curbs will not be monolithic. Required edge beams will

consist of an edge slab section additionally reinforced. Thickness of the curb = Width of the curb =

0.25 0.6 9.165

m m kN/m

49.150

kN-m

ML = 0.10 P20 S = The impact load moment is MI =

46.615

kN-m

13.985

kN-m

The total moment due to dead, live and impact effects is MT = 109.750 kN-m

The resisting moment of the given section is MR = Rbd2= 103.364 kN-m Comment: NOT OK

Comment: Since the curb is connected to the concrete slab by dowel bars, this will create a composite action between the slab and the curb. (It is left for the student to verify the adequacy of the trial design taking advantage of composite action).

The steel required is
2 As = 2487.349 mm

using

mm Ø bars 25 2 Ab = 490.874 mm n= 5.067 say 6 25 mm Ø bars

6

Using

Case 1
3.201 4.268 Two Wheels Right One Wheel Left

Case 2
One Wheel One Wheel

16.435 kN 4.268 m

44.122 kN 4.268 m

44.122

kN

3.275 m CASE 2

3.275 m

From Case 1: MMax = 65.681 kN-m

From Case 2: MMax = 72.249 kN-m

1 m strip

say

#REF!

#REF!

Therfore use

#REF!

#REF!

@

250

mm o.c

transverse bars.