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Exercise 1

Exercise 1

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Published by Liviu Leonte

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Published by: Liviu Leonte on Jul 13, 2013
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Exercise 1 - Exploring Spatial Data

This exercise will introduce you to using ArcGIS for spatial data. You will examine vector and raster data sets in ArcMap and identify some of the features of the data sets.

1.1 Start ArcMap
- If ArcMap is not already running, Click on ArcMap. Programs ArcGIS

1.2 Open Example 1
- In ArcMap click on File Open.

- Click on the arrow for the drop down menu next to Look In at the top of the open window and select c. - Double click on the temp folder. - Double click on the workshop folder. - Double click on example1.mxd. - ArcMap opens with the Massachusetts counties in the display window.

1.3 View Contents of Project
The left hand portion of the ArcMap window is the table of contents. Here you will see the layers associated with this project. The four layers are: EPA TRI (point), roads (line), counties (polygon) and airphoto which is a raster data set.

1.4 Turn On/Off Layers
- Click in the open square next to the roads layer in the ArcMap Table of Contents. A check mark should appear in the box and the road lines should appear over the counties. - Repeat to turn on the EPA TRI layer.

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A second way to change the visual scene of the layer is to adjust the properties of the layer.5 Change Color Scheme of Layers The display colors selected for the features in the map are not very visually pleasing. click on properties.Use the down arrow to select COUNTY in the Value Field drop down menu.Click on the point symbol for the EPA TRI theme in the table of contents. roads & EPA TRI). This opens the Layer Properties window. . .Click on OK in the Symbol Selector window to see your changes.Use the drop Color scheme down menu to change the display colors of the counties.1. size and color of the EPA TRI symbols. This should open a pop-up window. .From the Symbol Selector window you can change the shape.Right click on the counties layer name in the ArcMap Table of Contents. . . . . In this step you will adjust the symbol properties to make a better looking map.Click on Add all Values. -2- .Turn on the three vector layers (counties.In the pop-up window. .Click on the Symbology tab along the top of the Layer Properties window.Click on Categories Unique values in the window on the left under Show: .Once you have found a color scheme you like. You will use this method to display each county in a different color. You should now see the counties listed along with a color box to the left of each county name. .Repeat this process for the roads layer. click OK to apply your changes. . This will open the Symbol Selector window. Try changing the symbol to one more pleasing to your tastes. Here you will try two of them. . There are different ways to change the appearance of the layers in the display window. .

1. .Continue to zoom in until you can see individual pixels in the air photo. Here you will take a closer look at this image. there is one raster data set or image in this example.Click on the Full Extent button to display the entire extent of the layers. Try this to zoom into the airphoto.Check the box next to airphoto in the ArcMap Table of Contents to make the image visible.Click on the zoom tool .6 Examine Raster Image Along with the three vector data sets you have been working with so far.Make sure the roads layer is on. Can you identify any features? . -3- . You should now see the airphoto in the display window. . Drag the mouse to create a zoom window and release the mouse button.To zoom in to a specific area. . Do they align with the roads in the airphoto? . click and hold the left mouse button on the upper left corner of the area. . .Right click on airphoto in the ArcMap Table of Contents and select Zoom To Layer.

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