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Bell Method Example 7.5

# Bell Method Example 7.5

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Bell Delawre Method in Heat Exchanger Design
Bell Delawre Method in Heat Exchanger Design

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12/30/2015

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# This worksheet allows calculation of the Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient and pressure drops in a TEMA type E shell

and tubes hea Data input corresponds to yellow cells and the tube array must be selected in the list box. Results are shown in cells K48 to K50 Process Data tube side shell side Flowrate (kg/s) Inlet Temp. (°C) Outlet Temp. (°C) Inlet Pressure (bar abs) Q= Heat Duty (W) Thermal Balance check Density (kg/m3) Viscosity (cp) Specific Heat. (J/kg.K) Thermal Conduct. (W/m.K) Visc at wall temperature (cp) Pr Tube side Calculations at= Flow Area 0.0401 Gt= mass velocity 970.2 Ret= Reynolds Number 24568 hi= internal coeff. 1327 hio= 1096 friction factor 0.00758 Pressure drop 16099 Shell side calculations- Bell method effective number of tubes rows Total number of tubes rows correction Sm=Cross flow area Gm= Mass velocity Rem j=Colburn Coefficient FBP=By pass fraction alfa by pass correction for h r Sw window correction factor STB=tube-baffle leakage area SSB=shell baffle leakage area SL= total leakage area SL/Sm= (1-hL/hNL)o 1-hL/hNL hL/hNL ho shell side friction factor m2 kg/m2/s W/m2K W/m2K N/m2 334 1 0.0491 678.3 80544 3.76E-03 0.390 1.35 0.8426 0.1812 0.0356 1.1251 0.0083 0.0030 0.0112 0.2288 0.2029 0.2567 0.7433 1714.8 0.0908 Internal fouling ressistance(m2.K/W) External fouling ressistance Select the tubes array m2 kg/s.m2 38.88 40 60 4 1664064 OK- error <2% 716 0.62 2140 0.129 0.59 10.29 578 0.16 2640 0.0917 0.16 4.61 33.33 AUX 104 85 3 1671833 (see drawing at right) N= Number of tubes per shell Ntw= Number of tubes in window NCL=Number of tubes in central row NBT= Number of tubes crossing the baffle NC= Number of tubes rows between consecutives baffles edges sigma=separation between rows DS= Shell Diameter DB=Baffle Diameter BC= Baffle cut A= Baffle central angle in degrees Do= Tubes external diameter Di= Tubes internal diameter DBT=Baffle holes diameter Pt= Tubes separation (Pitch) c= clearance between tubes n= number of tube passes NB= Number of baffles NS= Number of sealing strips pairs L= tubes length B= Baffles spacing

44 45

Ns/0.5*Nc 0.307692 m2 m2 m2 m2

U= Overall heat transfer coefficient calculated Tubeside pressure drop per shell Shellside pressure drop per shell Wall temperature calculation

W/m2K 1/(1/hio+Rfi)=

602 1131.5 1894475 14% .3 1.497 36886 1/(1/ho+Rfo)= N/m2 m/s N/m2 Wall mean temp Number of shells in series Heat transfer Total area LMTD Q % Overdesign 1 N/m2 105.54 2921 0.4 44.38 5.398 0.alfa2 by pass correction for deltap (deltap)BP vZ Nw (deltap)w (1-deltapL/deltapNL)o (1-deltapL/deltapNL) deltapL/deltapNL deltap shell 4 0.503 0.

Results are shown in cells K48 to K50 GEOMETRIC DATA (see drawing at right) = Number of tubes per shell w= Number of tubes in window CL=Number of tubes in central row BT= Number of tubes crossing 414 75 21 339 13 0.0157 0.0005 0. list box.609 0.5 °C .234 C= Number of tubes rows between consecutives baffles edges gma=separation between rows m m m m m m m m = Baffle central angle in degrees o= Tubes external diameter de tubos BT=Baffle holes diameter = Tubes separation (Pitch) = clearance between tubes = number of tube passes S= Number of sealing strips pairs m m ternal fouling ressistance(m2.267 0.0198 0. 94.0254 0.essure drops in a TEMA type E shell and tubes heat exchanger using Bell-Delaware method.5 W/m2K 16099 N/m2 36886 N/m2 all temperature calculation 708 W/m2K Ts=shell side fluid mean temp.15225 120 0.0064 2 17 2 4.6043 0.022 0.0004 = Overall heat transfer coefficient calculated ubeside pressure drop per shell hellside pressure drop per shell 417.K/W) xternal fouling ressistance 0.019 0.

217 m2 ºC W Ft 0. 50 °C 76.97 DPt DPc 16099 Pa 36886 Pa MTD 43.1017 W/m2K Tt=Tubeside fluid mean temp.0 ºC .24 °C 0.

196 3.88 1.5 Arreglo seleccionado Coefficients for Rem 4.0 0.25 Rotated Square Pt/D=1.25 Cuadro rotado Pt/D=1.31 Number Numero of de shells carcasas Tube passes FT 1 2 0.25 triángulo (60°) Pt/D= 1.5 Square Pt/D=1.LMTD Correction factor Ft Ft T1 T2 t1 t2 R S 104 85.97 1.81 j = Coefficients for f calculation .5 Selected array For Rem = 80544.25 Square Pt/D=1.0 1.ln(f)=a+blnRem+c*(lnRem)^2+ a 1 2 3 4 5 3 arreglo triángulo (60°) Pt/D= 1.376 3.34 0.923 3.5 Cuadrado Pt/D=1.81 1.11 .81 0.0 40 60.04 3.967152 Rem<100 j=a*Rem^b a 1 2 3 4 5 3 array triangle (30°) Pt/D= 1.25 triangle (30°) Pt/D= 1.11 1.25 Cuadrado Pt/D=1.923 3.923 80544.

.

226 d -0.403 0.547 1.32 0.121 0.025 Rem>3000 j=aRem^b a b 0.38 -0.25 -1.3 1300<Rem<3000 b -1.403 -1.ln(f)=a+blnRem+c*(lnRem)^2+d*(lnRem)^3 Rem<100 b -1.472 -8.666 6.38 -0.72 3.472 -6.275 0.13 -0.0221 -0.29 0.403 c 0.38 -0.3 -2.32 -1.0087 0.864 -0.Calculation of friction factor and J factor coefficients for J calculation 100<Rem<3000 j=a*Rem^b lnj=a+b*lnRem+c(lnRem)^2 b a b c -0.082 0.00721 -0.1584 -0.176 -1.00454 0.38 -0.871 6.984 -0.403 f = 0.9 -0.34 -0.226 0.38 for f calculation .090804 .76 -0.37 1.00472 0.275 0.7 3.031 0 a = b= c= d= d 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.61 0.166 0.3 3.015 6.275 0.275 0.025 0.152 -2.025 -0.065 0.62 -0.3 100<Rem<1300 b -1.76E-03 1.293 3.547 5.275 -0.1425 -1.0771 -0.864 -0.64 -0.2052 0.3 3.38 -0.0557 0.68 -0.72 -0.403 -1.226 -0.871 6.293 3.00721 a 5.275 0.72 -0.152 -2.76 0.00721 a 5.984 c 0 0 0 0.498 -2.984 -1.56 -1.498 -2.

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1425 -0.00721 -0.152 -2.00237 -0.2052 0.1584 -0.1584 -0.293 -7.00407 -0.547 1.16 0.666 6.00221 -0.00721 -0.907 6.472 -6.1425 -0.774 -2.00454 0.00472 0.3 Rem>3000 b -1.226 0.864 1.0981 0.0981 0.403 c 0.00454 0.00721 .403 -1.00237 -0.1300<Rem<3000 c 0.226 d -0.3 3.00721 a 5.226 0.226 d -0.00472 0.

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