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Uploaded by Keith Burnett

A handout aimed at Level 2 Access Maths students in the UK. Just one side on how to collect terms, multiply terms, cancel down algebraic fractions and multiply out brackets.

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You are on page 1of 1

Remember Remember BODMAS says

• Y × X = YX • You can divide powers of • 3 47=3×11=33

3x the same number by

• P × P = P2 You can also do the sum like this

subtracting the powers, so

• –4 × 5 = –20 58 2 • 3 47=3×43×7=33

Remember that a 'term' has a 6

=5

• –7 × –9 = +63 5 So, look at the lines...

sign, a number and a letter. The

sign stays 'glued' onto the number So −12 −3 3 2 x4=3×2 x3×4=6 x12

• = The rules are

and letter so you can move them 8 2

around... 3x × 2y = –6xy the same as for multiplying

Try to follow these examples (and

E.G. 1. So 5x3y−3x2y is the remember your directed numbers)

The steps The steps

same as 5x−3x3y2y

1. Sort out the signs

because I just moved the -3x. This 1. Sort out the signs

2. Multiply the numbers 1. 23x −5=6x −10

works out to be 2x5y

3. Multiply the letters 2. Cancel the numbers

2. −32x −1=−6x 3

E.G. 2. Sometimes you have to 3. Work out the powers of the

Some examples 3. −5 3−2x =−1510x

think about the directed numbers, letters

so 7x−4y−3x−6y is the same 4. −2y 3x4 =−6xy−8y

1. −4r×3q=−12rq A few examples

as 7x−3x−4y−6y=4x−10y

2. −6x×8y=−48xy 15xy

1. =3y Xs cancelled

A minus sign outside the bracket

E.G. 3. Powers must be treated 5x

3. x× x×x× x=x 4 simply switches all the signs in

as different symbols, so in the 12x2 y 2 4

expression 5p2 −3p−2p2 7p , 4. 3×r×r×h=3 r h 2 2. = xy the bracket.

9xy 3

you treat p2 as different to p, 5. 2x×−3y×12x=−72 x 2 y If there are two brackets, just

giving 21 p q3 3

3. = 1. Multiply out the first

2 2

5p −2p 7p−3p=3p −4p

2 Make sure you know how the 2 3

14 p q 2 p

examples work, and then try the 2. Multiply out the second

ones on the practice sheet before Your turn, try cancelling the

Try the ones on the practice sheet algebraic fractions on the practice 3. Collect the terms!

now before moving on... moving on...

sheet... Your turn...

KPB 2009

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