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lpncicociç AutoCAD 2004
yio H·ck:ooviko l,/oio I










Eain/·cio : X. KAMHOYPHl

Ko0pyp:pç : K. BATABAAHl


Hcpic¿oµcvu AutoCAD2004

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HEPIEXOMENA

1. Ervóyqoq oto HrpìþóKKov tou AutoCAD....................... 10

1.1 H o0ovq cp¸uoiuç tou AutoCAD.............................................................. 10
1.2 Oi ¸puµµcç cp¸uìciev kui q acpio¿q cvtoìev .............................................. 12
H cvtoìq Customize ........................................................................................ 12
1.3 Oi auìctcç cp¸uìciev ................................................................................... 14
Eµçuvioq tev auìctev cp¸uìciev : H cvtoìq toolpalettes .............................. 14
Ioiotqtcç tou aìuioiou tev auìctev cp¸uìciev............................................... 15
1.4 Ipuµµq cp¸uìciev o¿coiuoqç (Draw) .......................................................... 18


2. Oì Booìkíç Ap¿íç Z¿röíooqç µr to AutoCAD............... 19

2.1 1vociçq ouvtctu¸µcvev................................................................................ 19
H cvtoìq Coords ............................................................................................. 19
2.2 Tu µoq0qµutu o¿coiuoqç tou AutoCAD ...................................................... 20
Bqµutikq kivqoq tou otuupovqµutoç kutu X kui Y (Snap) ............................ 20
Boq0qtikoç kuvvuµoç o¿coiuoqç (Grid) .......................................................... 21
L¿coiuoq µovo oc opi¸ovtiu kui kutukopuçq oicu0uvoq (Ortho)..................... 21


3. Opyóvmoq tqç Epyooíoç µoç oto AutoCAD................. 22

3.1 Oi otpeociç tou o¿coiou............................................................................... 22
H cvtoìq Layer............................................................................................... 22
Ioiotqtcç kui kutuotuociç otpeocev .............................................................. 22
Aqµioup¸iu vcuç otpeoqç (layer) .................................................................... 24
Eaiìo¸q otpeocev .......................................................................................... 24
Mctovoµuoiu uaup¿ououç otpeoqç ................................................................ 24
Heç ¸ivctui tpc¿ouou µiu otpeoq (current layer)............................................ 25
Aiu¸puçq µiuç q acpioootcpev otpeocev ...................................................... 25
Opioµoç ¿peµutev oc µiu q acpioootcpcç otpeociç....................................... 25
Opioµoç tuaou ¸puµµqç oc µiu q acpioootcpcç otpeociç ............................... 25
Opioµoç au¿ouç ¸puµµqç oc µiu q acpioootcpcç otpeociç.............................. 26
Opioµoç otuì cktuaeoqç oc µiu q acpioootcpcç otpeociç.............................. 26
Aììu¸q kutuotuoqç oc µiu q acpioootcpcç otpeociç ..................................... 27
Eµçuvciç otpeociç oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç Layer -Kpitqpiu cµçuvev
otpeocev........................................................................................................ 28
Aao0qkcuoq pu0µiocev otpeocev ................................................................. 29
Eauvuçopu pu0µiocev otpeocev ................................................................... 30
Avuipcoq pu0µiocev otpeocev - H cvtoìq Layerp........................................ 31
Avtiotoi¿ioq otpeocev ouo o¿coiev - H cvtoìq Laytrans .............................. 32
3.2 Eukoìq oiu¿cipioq tev otpeocev .............................................................. 34
Aiu¿cipioq tev pu0µiocev tev otpeocev : H cvtoìq Lman...................... 34
Oµuoikq uaoµoveoq otpeocev : H cvtoìq Layiso ..................................... 34
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Oµuoikq cauvuçopu uaoµoveµcvev otpeocev: H cvtoìq Layuniso............. 35
Oµuoiko au¸eµu otpeocev : H cvtoìq Layfrz............................................ 35
Oµuoikq µctutpoaq otpeocev oc uoputcç : H cvtoìq Layoff ................... 35
Eukoìo kìcioeµu otpeociç : H cvtoìq Laylck............................................ 36
Eukoìo çckìcioeµu otpeoqç : H cvtoìq Layulk ......................................... 36
Oµuoikq µctutpoaq oìev tev otpeocev oc oputcç : H cvtoìq Layon.... 36
Oµuoiko çcau¸eµu oìev tev otpeocev : H cvtoìq Laythw..................... 37
Aiu¸puçq otpeocev : H cvtoìq Laydel......................................................... 37
Luvcveoq otpeocev : H cvtoìq Laymrg...................................................... 37
Eaiokoaqoq uvtikciµcvev oc otpeociç : H cvtoìq Laywalk ...................... 38


4. Booìkíç EvtoKíç Aìo¿rípìoqç O0óvqç koì Z¿röíooqç........ 39

H cvtoìq Zoom............................................................................................... 39
H cvtoìq Pan................................................................................................... 42
4.1 Aiu¿cipioq tqç o0ovqç µc ucpoçeto¸puçiu (Aerial View)............................ 43
Oi cvtoìcç Point kui Ddptype .......................................................................... 44
H cvtoìq Line.................................................................................................. 45
H cvtoìq Circle ............................................................................................... 45
H cvtoìq Arc................................................................................................... 47
H cvtoìq Multilines........................................................................................ 48


5. Oì Booìkíç EvtoKíç Enr{rpyooíoç................................... 51

5.1 Avti¸puçq o¿coiuoµcvev uvtikciµcvev........................................................ 51
H cvtoìq Copy ................................................................................................ 51
H cvtoìq Copytolayer...................................................................................... 52
H cvtoìq Ncopy .............................................................................................. 54
5.2 Avuaupu¸e¸q oµoiev uvtikciµcvev oc apoku0opioµcvq uaootuoq........... 54
H cvtoìq Offset ............................................................................................... 54
Avuaìqpeoq kcvev kutu tqv uvuaupu¸e¸q: H cvtoìq Offsetgaptype ............ 57
5.3 Aqµioup¸iu uktivuç kuµauìotqtuç oc toµq uvtikciµcvev ............................ 58
H cvtoìq Fillet ................................................................................................ 58
5.4 Hìu¸iotµqoq cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev ......................................................... 61
H cvtoìq Chamfer. .......................................................................................... 61
5.5 Mctutoaioq uvtikciµcvev ............................................................................ 67
H cvtoìq Move................................................................................................ 67
5.6 Aaokoaq uvtikciµcvev................................................................................. 69
H cvtoìq Trim............................................................................................... 69
H cvtoìq Extrim.............................................................................................. 71
5.7 Hpocktuoq uvtikciµcvev.............................................................................. 73
H cvtoìq Extend.............................................................................................. 73
5.8 Aììu¸q ioiotqtev uvtikciµcvev ................................................................... 75
H cvtoìq Chprop............................................................................................. 75
H cvtoìq Matchprop........................................................................................ 77
5.9 Aiop0eoq ioiotqtev kui o¿coiuotikev otoi¿ciev tev uvtikciµcvev............. 79
H cvtoìq Change............................................................................................. 79
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H cvtoìq Properties......................................................................................... 79


6. Fpoçq koì Aìóp0moq Krìµívou ........................................ 84

6.1 Eµçuvioq tou kciµcvou oto o¿coio............................................................... 84
H cvtoìq Qtext ................................................................................................ 84
H cvtoìq Matchprop........................................................................................ 84
H cvtoìq Change............................................................................................. 85
H cvtoìq Ddedit .............................................................................................. 85
H cvtoìq Scaletext .......................................................................................... 86
6.2 Aiop0eoq kciµcvou aupu¸puçev.................................................................. 88
Oi cvtoìcç Chprop kui Change ........................................................................ 88
H cvtoìq Matchprop........................................................................................ 88
H cvtoìq Mtprop............................................................................................. 88
H cvtoìq Ddedit .............................................................................................. 88
H cvtoìq Scaletext .......................................................................................... 88
H cvtoìq Justifytext......................................................................................... 88
Multiline Text (MTEXT)................................................................................. 89


7. MnKok, Ap¿río E{mtrpìkqç Avoçopóç Koì Eìkóvrç.......... 91

7.1 Opioµoç µaìok............................................................................................. 91
H cvtoìq Block ............................................................................................... 91
H cvtoìq –Block ............................................................................................. 94
7.2 Aao0qkcuoq µaìok eç uvcçuptqto o¿coio ................................................... 95
H cvtoìq –Wblock .......................................................................................... 96
H cvtoìq Wblock ............................................................................................ 97
H cvtoìq Export .............................................................................................. 98
7.3 Eiou¸e¸q µaìok oto o¿coio ......................................................................... 99
H cvtoìq –Insert .............................................................................................. 99
7.4 Eauvuku0opioµoç µaìok (Block Redefinition) ............................................100
H cvtoìq Base ................................................................................................101


8. Aìoypoµµíorìç..................................................................... 102

H cvtoìq Hatch ............................................................................................102
H cvtoìq Bhatch...........................................................................................105
8.1 Aiop0eoq oiu¸puµµiocev...........................................................................114
Aììu¸q ioiotqtev tev oiu¸puµµiocev ...........................................................114
H cvtoìq Hatchedit.........................................................................................114





Hcpic¿oµcvu AutoCAD2004

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9. AìootooìoKóyqoq............................................................... 116

9.1 Eioq oiuotuocev .........................................................................................116
9.2 Tpoaoç oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç tou AutoCAD....................................................117
9.3 Ltuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç...............................................................................117
H cvtoìq Dimstyle .........................................................................................117
Pu0µioq ioiotqtev otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç....................................................120
9.4 Eçu¸e¸q kui ciou¸e¸q otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç...........................................134
H cvtoìq Dimex kui Dimim...........................................................................134
9.5 Ipuµµikcç oiuotuociç ..................................................................................135
H cvtoìq Dimlinear ........................................................................................135
H cvtoìq Dimaligned .....................................................................................137
9.6 Ieviukcç oiuotuociç....................................................................................138
H cvtoìq Dimangular .....................................................................................138
9.7 Luvc¿oµcvq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq .....................................................................139
H cvtoìq Dimcontinue ...................................................................................139
9.8 Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq µuoikqç ¸puµµqç.............................................................140
H cvtoìq Dimbaseline ....................................................................................140
9.9 Ipq¸opq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq ..........................................................................140
H cvtoìq Qdim...............................................................................................140
9.10 Avo¿cç eç apoç tqv kutcp¸uoiu.................................................................141
H cvtoìq Tolerance ........................................................................................141
9.11 Xpqoq ooq¸ev...........................................................................................142
H cvtoìq Leader.............................................................................................142
H cvtoìq Qleader ...........................................................................................142
9.12 Luvocoq kui uaoouvocoq ooq¸ev µc kciµcvo.............................................144
9.13 Aiop0eoq oiuotuocev...............................................................................145
H cvtoìq Chprop............................................................................................145
H cvtoìq Change............................................................................................145
H cvtoìq Ddedit .............................................................................................145
H cvtoìq Properties........................................................................................146
H cvtoìq Dimedit ...........................................................................................149
H cvtoìq Dimtedit ..........................................................................................150
H cvtoìq Dimoverride....................................................................................151
9.14 Oi cvtoìcç Trim kui Extend otiç oiuotuociç ..............................................152


10. Oì unóKoìnrç EvtoKíç Enr{rpyooíoç............................. 153

10.1 Eaiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev µc kpitqpiu (çiìtpu)...............................................153
H cvtoìq Filter ...............................................................................................153
H cvtoìq Qselect ............................................................................................157
10.2 Luµµctpiu eç apoç uçovu..........................................................................161
H cvtoìq Mirror .............................................................................................161
H cvtoìq Scale ...............................................................................................162
10.4 Hcpiotpoçq uvtikciµcvev..........................................................................164
H cvtoìq Rotate..............................................................................................164
10.5 Aiop0eoq kuµauìev spline .......................................................................165
H cvtoìq Splinedit..........................................................................................165
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10.6 Aiop0eoq ioiotqtev kui o¿coiuotikev otoi¿ciev tev uvtikciµcvev..........169
H cvtoìq Properties........................................................................................169
Lqµcio (Point) ................................................................................................171
Eu0u¸puµµo tµqµu (line) ...............................................................................171
Toço (arc) .........................................................................................................172
Kukìoç (circle) ...............................................................................................172
1ììci¡q (ellipse) kui cììciatiko toço (elliptical arc)......................................173
Hìutiu ¸puµµq (Trace) kui Luµau¸qç acpio¿q (solid) ....................................174
Hµicu0ciu (ray) kui Eu0ciu uacipou µqkouç (xline) ........................................174
Hoìu¸puµµo (polyline)...................................................................................175
Kuµauìq spline ..............................................................................................176
L¿coiuotikq cvotqtu (block) kui Ap¿cio cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç (xref) ............177
1v0ctq cikovu (image) ...................................................................................178
10.7 Eacçcp¸uoiu uvtikciµcvev µc ¿pqoq ìuµev (Grips) ..................................179
Ti civui oi ìuµcç .................................................................................................179
10.8 Pu0µioq tev ìuµev .................................................................................182
Acitoup¸iu Scale ............................................................................................182
Acitoup¸iu Mirror ..........................................................................................183


11. Eìooymyq otqv Tpìoöìóototq Z¿röíooq...................... 185

11.1 Açovoµctpikq uacikovioq.........................................................................185
H cvtoìq Vpoint ...........................................................................................185
H cvtoìq Ddvpoint .......................................................................................187
11.2 L¿coiuoq uvtikciµcvev µc u¡oç kutu tov uçovu Z kui oc oiuçopu u¡q Z
- Oi µctuµìqtcç Thickness kui Elevation . .....................................................188
11.3 Aaokpu¡q uoputev ¸puµµev....................................................................190
H cvtoìq Hide ................................................................................................190
11.4 L¿coiuoq caiçuvciuç oto ¿epo ..................................................................191
H cvtoìq 3dface .............................................................................................191
11.5 Luotqµutu ouvtctu¸µcvev ¿pqotq (User Coordinate System)................193
H cvtoìq Ucs..................................................................................................193
11.6 Ep¸uoiu µc uao0qkcuµcvcç uao¡ciç tou o¿coiou.......................................194
H cvtoìq –View.............................................................................................194
H cvtoìq View...............................................................................................195
11.7 Eµçuvioq aoììev aupu0upev uao¡cev tou o¿coiou.................................196
otqv o0ovq........................................................................................................196
H cvtoìq –Vports ...........................................................................................196


12. Ztrpró Zmµoto .................................................................. 198

12.1 Op0o¸evio aupuììqìcaiacoo ....................................................................198
H cvtoìq Box .................................................................................................198
12.2 Lçuipu.......................................................................................................199
H cvtoìq Sphere.............................................................................................199
12.3 Kuìivopoç..................................................................................................200
H cvtoìq Cylinder ..........................................................................................200
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12.4 Kevoç........................................................................................................201
H cvtoìq Cone ...............................................................................................201
12.5 Kuìivopikoç ouktuìioç ..............................................................................202
H cvtoìq Torus...............................................................................................202
12.6 Op0o¸eviu oçqvu......................................................................................203
H cvtoìq Wedge.............................................................................................203
12.7 Ltcpcu ck acpiotpoçqç ..............................................................................203
H cvtoìq Revolve...........................................................................................203
12.8 Ltcpcu uao cçe0qoq – cçcìuoq.................................................................204
H cvtoìq Extrude ...........................................................................................204
12.9 Luv0ctu otcpcu oeµutu ............................................................................205
H cvtoìq Subtract...........................................................................................205
H cvtoìq Union..............................................................................................205
H cvtoìq Intersect ..........................................................................................206
H cvtoìq Interfere ..........................................................................................206
H cvtoìq Slice................................................................................................207
12.10 Toµq otcpcou oeµutoç uao caiacoo........................................................209
H cvtoìq Section............................................................................................209
12.11 Hìqpoçopicç ¸iu otcpco ..........................................................................210
H cvtoìq Massrop ..........................................................................................210


13. Enr{rpyooío Tpìoöìóototmv Avtìkrìµívmv................. 212

H cvtoìq Trim....................................................................................212
H cvtoìq Extend ................................................................................212
13.3 Ltpo¸¸uìcµu kui aìu¸iotµqoq ukµev otcpcou......................................213
H cvtoìq Fillet..............................................................................................213
13.4 3D Aiutuçciç uvtikciµcvev ......................................................................213
H cvtoìq 3darray..........................................................................................213
13.5 Luµµctpiu eç apoç caiacoo.....................................................................214
H cvtoìq Mirror3d........................................................................................214
13.6 Hcpiotpoçq uvtikciµcvev oto ¿epo.......................................................214
H cvtoìq Rotate3d........................................................................................214
13.7 Eu0u¸puµµioq otcpcev ............................................................................215
H cvtoìq Align.............................................................................................215
13.8 Aiop0eoq aoìu¸puµµev kui aoìucopikev caiçuvciev ..........................216
oto ¿epo ...........................................................................................................216
H cvtoìq Pedit..............................................................................................216


14. Hopouoíooq tqç Epyooíoç µoç..................................... 217

14.1 3A uao¡ciç tou o¿coiou.............................................................................217
H cvtoìq Dview.............................................................................................217
H cvtoìq 3dorbit ............................................................................................218


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15. Aqµìoupyío 2A ógrmv o¿röíou yìo rktúnmoq, onó tìç
3A ovtíotoì¿rç ógrìç tou otrproú. .................................... 221

H cvtoìq Solview.........................................................................................221
H cvtoìq Soldraw.........................................................................................221
H cvtoìq Solprof ..........................................................................................222

16. To AutoCAD otqv Hpó{q .............................................. 223

16.1 Icvikcç Pu0µiociç oto o¿coio µuç ..........................................................223
Pu0µioq µovuoev (units) ...............................................................................223
16.2 Pu0µioq µqµutoç otuupovqµutoç (snap) kui µoq0qtikou kuvvuµou
(Grid) .................................................................................................................224
16.3 Pu0µioq tev opiev (Limits)....................................................................225
16.4 Aqµioup¸iu otuì ¸puçqç Eììqvikou kciµcvou...........................................226
16.5 Ipuçq kciµcvou.........................................................................................226


17. Oì Pu0µíorìç koì q Aìru0ítqoq tou Autocad............. 228

17.1 Kuptcìu Plotting (Ektuaeoq-L¿coio¸puçqoq)..........................................228

AutoCAD2004

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E5OHAILMOL

Yìtkóç Eçonìtoµóç (HARDWARE)

Yao¿pcetikoç :


Eacçcp¸uotqç Pentium III kui uve.
Eìu¿iotq µvqµq RAM 128MB.
Kuptu o0ovqç ¸puçikev ouµµutq µc SVGA kui o0ovq SVGA µc
uvuìuoq 1024 x 768.
Ooq¸oç CD-ROM
Lkìqpoç oiokoç µc cìcu0cpo ¿epo 300MB (¸iu aìqpq c¸kutuotuoq).
Xepoç cìcu0cpoç oto oioko ¸iu cvuììu¸q (SWAP) touìu¿iotov 64 MB
(µctu tqv c¸kutuotuoq).
Hovtiki




Aoytoµtkó (SOFTWARE)

Acitoup¸iko ouotqµu Windows ME, 2000 q XP, q NT (ckoooq 4.0 SP 6.a q
vcetcpq).

Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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1. Scvóyqoq oto HcpvpóAAov too AutoCAD
1.1 H o6òvq cpyoo¡og too AutoCAD

To ìo¸ioµiko AutoCAD® 2004 apooçcpci vcu kui cvio¿uµcvq ìcitoup¸iu aou ouç
caitpcaci vu oqµioup¸citc µc tu¿utqtu, vu µoipu¸cotc µc cukoìiu, kui vu
oiu¿cipi¸cotc µc uaoootikotqtu. Hopouózo euçovíçezoi q o0óvq ep,ooíoç zoo
AutoCAD 2004 (ôeíze zqv eiuóvo 1.1).Av é¿eze ¿pqoiuonoiqoei zqv enizo,q Open a
Drawing, ozqv o0óvq ep,ooíoç zoo AutoCAD 0o euçoviozeí zo o¿éôio ooç.



Eìkóvo 1.1: H o0óvq spydoidç ¡ou AutoCAD


H o0ovq cp¸uoiuç tou AutoCAD uaotcìcitui uao tu cçqç otoi¿ciu:

Tu aupu0upu tev uvoi¿tev o¿coiev. Aao to AutoCAD 2000 kui µctu
µaopcitc vu uvoiçctc aoììu o¿coiu tuuto¿povu.
Ku0c o¿coio oc qìcktpovikq µopçq uaotcìcitui uao to ¿epo o¿coiuoqç, oaou
to o¿coiu¸ctc oaeç 0u kutuokcuuotci otqv apu¸µutikotqtu otiç tpciç
oiuotuociç, uv apokcitui ¸iu o¿coio 3D kutuokcuqç, q otiç ouo oiuotuociç, uv
apokcitui ¸iu 2D uacikoviociç. Ltq ouvc¿ciu, uao to o¿coiuoµcvo uvtikciµcvo
µaopcitc vu aupctc oocç oiutuçciç cktuaeoqç cai0uµcitc.

Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Mcou otqv acpio¿q o¿coiuoqç uaup¿ci to otuupovqµu ,to oaoio kivcitui,
ku0eç kivcitui to aovtiki kui ouç µoq0uci otq o¿coiuoq, ‘‘oqµuocuovtuç’’ to
oqµcio µc tiç cai0uµqtcç ouvtctu¸µcvcç.

Tiç auìctcç cp¸uìciev (tool palettes),oi oaoicç civui vco otoi¿cio ¸iu to
AutoCAD 2004,kui µc tiç oaoicç 0u uo¿oìq0ouµc cktcveç aupukute.

Tqv acpio¿q tev cvtoìev kui tev apotpcatikev µqvuµutev (command
area),kute uao tqv acpio¿q o¿coiuoqç, otqv oaoiu aìqktpoìo¸ouvtui oi
cvtoìcç q cµçuvi¸ovtui oi uaocaiìo¸cç kui tu apotpcatiku µqvuµutu ku0c
cvtoìqç.


Eìkóvo 1.2: H ¬spio¿q sv¡o/ov (COMMAND AREA) ¡qç o0óvqç spydoidç ¡ou AutoCAD.

Tq ¸puµµq kutuotuoqç (status line) kute uao tqv acpio¿q cvtoìev, oaou
cµçuvi¸ovtui oi uaupuitqtcç aìqpoçopicç, oaeç oi ouvtctu¸µcvcç (X, Y, Z),
uv ¿pqoiµoaoicitc snap,grid,ortho,osnap, k.ì.a (0u oouµc oc uììq cvotqtu),
kui uv o¿coiu¸ctc oc ¿epo µovtcìou q ¿uptiou

Tqv acpio¿q µc tq ¸puµµq tou titìou (title bar) tou apo¸puµµutoç, tq
¸puµµq tou atuoooµcvou µcvou (pull down menu), tqv tuaikq ¸puµµq
cp¸uìciev (standard toolbar) tou AutoCAD kui tiç ¸puµµcç cp¸uìciev:
¿cipioµou tev otpeocev (Layers), opioµou kui pu0µiocev tev otuì ¸puçqç
kciµcvou kui oiuotuocev (Styles), kui pu0µioqç tev ioiotqtev tev otoi¿ciev
kui tev uvtikciµcvev tou o¿coiou (Properties),oto cauve µcpoç tqç o0ovqç
(cik.1.3)




Eìkóvo 1.3: H ypdµµq ¡i¡/ou ¡ou AutoCAD, ¡o ¬¡uooóµsvo µsvoú, q ¡u¬ikq ypdµµq spyd/siov kdi oi
ypdµµéç spyd/siov Styles,Layers kdi Properties.








Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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1.2 Ov ypoµµcg cpyoAc¡mv xov q ncpvo×q cvtoAmv

H cvxoìq Customize

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu apooupµooctc to acpiµuììov cp¸uoiuç tou
AutoCAD.Miu uao tiç apooupµo¸cç tou acpiµuììovtoç civui kui q uaokpu¡q kui
cµçuvioq tev ¸puµµev cp¸uìciev. Ektoç uutou, µaopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc oikcç
ouç ¸puµµcç cp¸uìciev q vu tpoaoaoiqoctc tiç uaup¿ouocç (cik.1.4)

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Tools Customize Entìoyq ooç…

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç toolbar cµçuvi¸ctui cacitu to aupukute aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou:



Eìkóvo 1.4: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç toolbar.



Huputqpouµc oti uaup¿ouv cvcp¸oaoiqµcvcç kui uacvcp¸oaoiqµcvcç ¸puµµcç
cp¸uìciev. Av 0cìctc vu cµçuvioctc µiu kpuµµcvq cvtoìq cp¸uìciev q vu
uaokpu¡ctc µiu cµçuvq, kuvtc kìik oto uvtiotoi¿o tctpu¸evuki. Ou auputqpqoctc
oti, uutoµutu q ¸puµµq cp¸uìciev cµçuvi¸ctui otqv o0ovq cp¸uoiuç tou AutoCAD
q uvti0ctu kpuµctui.


Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Hupukute ukoìou0ouv kuaoicç uao tiç µuoikcç ¸puµµcç cp¸uìciev:

Standard Toolbar: Hcpic¿ci µuoiku cp¸uìciu ¸iu tov cìc¸¿o tqç uacikovioqç, tq
oiu¿cipioq kui tqv cacçcp¸uoiu up¿ciev.


3D Orbit: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu ¸iu tov cìc¸¿o tev tpiooiuotutev uao¡cev tev
o¿coiev ouç.


Dimension: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu tu oaoiu ouç µoq0ouv vu oiuotuoioìo¸qoctc tu
o¿coiu ouç.


Inquiry: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu ¸iu tqv cupcoq uaootuocev, ouvtctu¸µcvev oqµciev,
ioiotqtev uvtikciµcvev, ioiotqtev µu¸uç kui cµµuoev.


Insert: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu ¸iu tqv ciou¸e¸q oiuçopev µaìok q uììev o¿coiev
,bitmap cikovev kui uvtikciµcvev OLE oto tpc¿ov o¿coio.


Layouts: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu ¸iu tq oqµioup¸iu oiutuçcev, oi oaoicç
¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui ¸iu aupouoiuoq kui cktuaeoq.


Modify II: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu ¸iu tqv cacçcp¸uoiu cioikev, aoìuaìokev
uvtikciµcvev, oaeç oi ¸puµµcç polyline kui multiline, oi oiu¸puµµiociç kui tu
tpiooiuotutu uvtikciµcvu.


Object Properties: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu ¸iu tq oiu¿cipioq tev ioiotqtev tev
uvtikciµcvev.
Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Object Snap: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu µcoe tev oaoiev caiìc¸ctc ou¸kckpiµcvu
¸ceµctpiku oqµciu auve oc uvtikciµcvu.


Refedit: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu µcoe tev oaoiev µaopcitc vu kuvctc uììu¸cç otu
o¿coiu q otu ouµµoìu aou ciou¸ctc ouv cçetcpikcç uvuçopcç µcou oc uììu o¿coiu.


Solids: Hcpic¿ci cp¸uìciu o¿coiuoqç tpiooiuotutev uvtikciµcvev.


Solids Editing: Ep¸uìciu ¸iu tqv cacçcp¸uoiu tpiooiuotutev otcpcev.


Surfaces: Ep¸uìciu ¸iu tq oqµioup¸iu tpiooiuotutev caiçuvciev.


1.3 Ov noActcg cpyoAc¡mv

Oi auìctcç cp¸uìciev civui µiu vcu cukoìiu tou AutoCAD 2004 ¸iu tq ¸pq¸opq
uìoaoiqoq kuaoiev cvcp¸ciev, oaeç q oiu¸puµµioq kui q ciou¸e¸q µaìok.
Hcpiìuµµuvci oiuçopcç kuptcìcç µc apotuau oiu¸puµµiocev kui o¿coiuotikcç
cvotqtcç – µaìok.


Eµçóvtoq xev noìcxev cµyoìcíev : H cvxoìq toolpalettes

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Tools Tool Palettes Window

q µc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç toolpalettes cµçuvi¸ovtui oi aupukute auìctcç
cp¸uìciev.
Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Eìkóvo 1.5: Oi ¬d/é¡sç spyd/siov


Iótóxqxcç xov nìotoíov xev noìcxev cµyoìcíev

Ku0c auìctu cp¸uìciev uaotcìci çc¿epiotq kuptcìu kui oìcç µu¸i oi kuptcìcç civui
oc koivo aìuioio, to oaoio c¿ci µiu ¸puµµq titìou µc tov titìo TOOL PALETTES
(cik.1.5).
Mc ocçi kìik tou aovtikiou auve otq ¸puµµq titìou tev auìctev cp¸uìciev
cµçuvi¸ctui to uvuouoµcvou µcvou aou ukoìou0ci (cik.1.6).



Eìkóvo 1.6: Oi ¬d/é¡sç spyd/siov (MENOY)





Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Oi µuoikotcpcç cvcp¸cicç tev aupuauve ioiotqtev civui:




New Tool Palette: Mc uutq tqv caiìo¸q oqµioup¸ouµc µiu vcu auìctu
cp¸uìciev µc ouvutotqtu vu tqç oeoouµc to ovoµu aou 0cìouµc.
Customize…: Mc tqv cktcìcoq uutqç tqç cvtoìqç µc cµçuvq tqv tctuptq
kuptcìu tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou, aou civui q Tool Palettes (cik.1.7),µaopouµc
vu oqµioup¸qoouµc vcu auìctu cp¸uìciev (autevtuç oto New…),vu
µctovoµuoouµc (Rename…) ,q vu oiu¸pu¡ouµc (Delete…) µiu uaup¿ouou.










Eìkóvo 1.7: H kdp¡é/d Tool Palettes ¡qç sv¡o/qç customize.









Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Transparency…: Mc uutq tqv caiìo¸q ,0u cµçuvioctc to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou
µc to oaoio pu0µi¸ctc to aooooto oiuçuvciuç tev auìctev cp¸uìciev ,oaeç
çuivctui otqv cikovu 1.8.1toi to aìuioio tev auìctev cp¸uìciev ocv kpuµci
to o¿coio aou civui kute ua’ uuto, uììu to uçqvci kui çuivctui u¿vu,
uvuìo¸u µc to aooo oiuçuvcç c¿ouµc opioci to aìuioio.



Eìkóvo1.8:To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou yid pú0µioq¡qç ôid¢óvsidç ¡ov ¬d/s¡ov spyd/siov.










Eìkóvo 1.9:H ypdµµq ¡ov sv¡o/ov ¡ou AutoCAD2004 µs ¡qv s¬i/oyq Transparency svspyo¬oiqµévq
(transparency turned on)










Ecvu¸qoq oto Hcpiµuììov tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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1.4 Fpoµµq cpyoAc¡mv o×cô¡ooqg (Draw)

Ipuµµq (Line)
Boq0qtikq ¸puµµq (Construction Line)
Hoìuµopçikq ¸puµµq (Polyline)
Hoìu¸evo (Polygon)
Op0o¸evio (Rectangle)
Toço (Arc)
Kukìoç (Circle)
Kuµauìq (Spline)
1ììci¡q (Ellipse)
Eiou¸e¸q µaìok (Insert Block)
Aqµioup¸iu µaìok (Make Block)
Lqµcio (Point)
Aiu¸puµµioq (Hatch)
Hcpio¿q (Region)
Kciµcvo aoììuaìev ¸puµµev (Multiline Text)











Oi Buoikcç Ap¿cç L¿coiuoqç µc to AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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2. Ov Boovxcg Ap×cg L×cô¡ooqg µc to AutoCAD

2.1 Tvôcv§q oovtctoyµcvmv

H cvxoìq Coords

H cvociçq ouvtctu¸µcvev µaopci vu civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq (oqìuoq otuv oupctc to
aovtiki v’ uììu¸ouv oi cvociçciç tev ouvtctu¸µcvev otq ¸puµµq kutuotuoqç), vu
civui uacvcp¸oaoiqµcvq, q otuv o¿coiu¸ctc vu oci¿vci tiç o¿ctikcç kuìivopikcç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç. H uììu¸q tqç cvociçqç tev ouvtctu¸µcvev ¸ivctui µc tqv cvtoìq
coords.

To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

New value for COORDS <2> : aìqktpoìo¸qotc 0 q 1 q 2 oaou:

0 1
q
uozóozooq: Aacvcp¸oaoiqoq tqç cµçuvioqç ouvtctu¸µcvev.
1 2
q
uozóozooq: Eµçuvioq uaoìutev kuptcoiuvev ouvtctu¸µcvev
2 3
q
uozóozooq: Eµçuvioq o¿ctikev kuìivopikev ouvtctu¸µcvev oaeç
çuivovtui otqv cik.2.1.



Eìkóvo2.1:Eµ¢óvioq o¿s¡ikov ku/ivôpikov ouv¡s¡dyµévov (svspyo¬oiqoq µs ¡o ¬/qk¡po /si¡oupyiov
F6).



Oi Buoikcç Ap¿cç L¿coiuoqç µc to AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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2.2 To poq6qµoto o×cô¡ooqg too AutoCAD

To AutoCAD oivci upkctcç cukoìicç ¸iu vu o¿coiuoctc µc ukpiµciu kui tu¿utqtu
¿pqoiµoaoievtuç to aovtiki. Tu µoq0qµutu o¿coiuoqç pu0µi¸ovtui uao tiç kuptcìcç
tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç dsettings.

Bqµoxtkq kívqoq xov oxovµovqµoxoç koxó X kot Y (Snap)

Otuv apetocµçuvi¸ctui q o0ovq o¿coiuoqç tou AutoCAD, q kivqoq tou
otuupovqµutoç ouvq0eç civui ouvc¿qç. Auto uvti vu µoq0uci tq o¿coiuoq µc tq
¿pqoq tou aovtikiou, ouokoìcuci uçuvtuotu ¸iuti ooq¸ci oc uvukpiµq o¿coiuoq, kui
q µovq µc0oooç ukpiµouç o¿coiuoqç civui q ciou¸e¸q tev ouvtctu¸µcvev (uaoìutev
q o¿ctikev) uao to aìqktpoìo¸io. Avti0ctu, uv to otuupovqµu kivcitui µqµutiku q
cp¸uoiu ouç ¸ivctui aoìu aio cukoìu.
Tu acpioootcpu µoq0qµutu ¸iu tq o¿coiuoq pu0µi¸ovtui µc tqv cvtoìq dsettings.

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Tools Drafting Settings

q µc ocçi kìik tou aovtikiou oc cvu uao tu kouµaiu SNAP,GRID,POLAR k.o.k kui
caiìc¸ovtuç µctu Settings.



Eìkóvo 2.2: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç dsettings.

Oi Buoikcç Ap¿cç L¿coiuoqç µc to AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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Iiu vu civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q µqµutikq kivqoq tou otuupovqµutoç kutu tiç
oicu0uvociç X kui Y, apcaci vu civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvcç oi caiìo¸cç Grid snap kui
Rectangular snap, otqv cvotqtu Snap type & Style.

Snap On (F9): cvcp¸oaoiouµc q uacvcp¸oaoiouµc tq µqµutikq kivqoq tou
otuupovqµutoç.

Boq0qxtkóç kóvvoþoç o¿cóíooqç (Grid)

O µoq0qtikoç kuvvuµoç o¿coiuoqç civui to aìc¸µu ckcivo tqç o0ovqç to oaoio ouç
µoq0uci oatiku, ¿epiç oµeç vu ouµµctc¿ci otq o¿coiuoq (ocv tuaevctui).Oi
pu0µiociç tou µoq0qtikou kuvvuµou o¿coiuoqç ¸ivovtui µc tiç caiìo¸cç tqç cvotqtuç
Grid tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç dsettings.

Oi ,opo:cç :oc AutoCAD aoc civoi cçoikcicn/voi nc :pv cv:o·p grid naoooív vo :p ,opoinoaoioív nc
ck:/·cop oao :p yoonnp :cv cv:o·cv.

Grid On (F7): Eµçuvi¸ci q uaokpuatci to µoq0qtiko kuvvuµo o¿coiuoqç.


L¿cóíooq µóvo oc oµt¸óvxto kot koxokóµvçq ótcú0vvoq (Ortho)

Lc aoììcç acpiateociç, to o¿coio ouç uaotcìcitui µovov uao opi¸ovticç kui
kutukopuçcç ¸puµµcç. O ku0opioµoç µovov opi¸ovtiuç q kutukopuçqç o¿coiuoqç
¸ivctui µc tqv cvtoìq ortho, q oaoiu cktcìcitui eç cçqç:

Aao tq ¸puµµq tev cvtoìev oivovtuç ortho, kui ukoìou0ci q apotpoaq:
Enter mode [on/off] <:µsyouoo xo:óo:ooµ>: ¬/qk¡po/oyoúµs On

Mc ON cvcoyoaoici :pv ooi¸ov:io p ko:okoocçp o,coioop. E,ci :o ioio oao:/·cono nc :o a·pk:oo
·ci:ocoyicv F8.

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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3. Opyóvmoq tqg Epyoo¡og µog oto AutoCAD
3.1 Ov otpmocvg too o×cô¡oo
H cvxoìq Layer

1vu oìokìqpeµcvo o¿coio uaotcìcitui uao cvotqtcç otoi¿ciev µc oµoicç
ioiotqtcç, oaeç civui tu cioq tev ¸puµµev (ouvc¿qç, oiukckoµµcvq, uçovikq, k.u.)
kui tu au¿q touç. Aiuçuvqç o¿coiuotikq otpeoq q uaìeç otpeoq (layer ) oto
AutoCAD civui µiu cvotqtu oµocioev otoi¿ciev. Otuv toao0ctqoctc oìcç tiç
otpeociç tq µiu auve otqv uììq. oqµioup¸citc to oìokìqpeµcvo o¿coio.

Iótóxqxcç kot koxooxóoctç oxµeocev
Miu otpeoq ¿upuktqpi¸ctui uao tiç ioiotqtcç kui tqv kutuotuoq tqç.
Ot tótóxqxcç µtoç oxµeoqç cívot:
to ovoµu tqç
to ¿peµu tev uvtikciµcvev tqç
o tuaoç ¸puµµqç tev uvtikciµcvev tqç
to au¿oç ¸puµµqç tev uvtikciµcvev tqç kui
to otuì cktuaeoqç tev uvtikciµcvev tqç

H koxóoxooq µtoç oxµeoqç cívot:
Av civui tpc¿ouou (current) q o¿i. Maopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc µovo oc
tpc¿ouou otpeoq
Av civui oputq q o¿i (On q Off)
Av ouµµctc¿ci q o¿i otq o¿coiuoq (Ecau¸eµcvq q au¸eµcvq Thawed q
Frozen).

H oioçooo nc:oçí nioç oooo:pç (OFF) koi nioç aoycn/vpç (FROZEN) o:ocopç civoi o:i, aooo·o aoc
koi oi oío oc çoivov:oi, p oooo:p o:ocop ocnnc:/,ci o:o o,/oio cvc p aoycn/vp oc ocnnc:/,ci. Iio vo
yivci ko:ovop:o oc:o. ,opoinoaoic /vo aoooociyno oao :pv :oiooioo:o:p o,coioop. Av op·oop /vo
ov:ikcincvo ßoiokc:oi oc nio oooo:p o:ocop koi civoi :oao0c:pn/vo naooo:o oao /vo o··o, :o ocí:coo
ov:ikcincvo koíßc:oi oao :o aoc:o, :o oaoio oncç oc çoivc:oi. Av:i0c:o, ov :o aoc:o ov:ikcincvo
ßoiokc:oi oc nio aoycn/vp o:ocop, ocv koíßci :o ocí:coo ov:ikcincvo.


Av civui kìcioeµcvq q o¿i (Locked q Unlocked). Lc µiu kìcioeµcvq
otpeoq, oc µaopcitc vu tpoaoaoiqoctc tu uvtikciµcvu tqç, oaeç vu tu
oiu¸pu¡ctc, vu tu µctukivqoctc. vu tu acpiotpc¡ctc, k.ìa. Avti0ctu, oc µiu
çckìcioetq otpeoq tu acpic¿oµcvu uvtikciµcvu µaopouv vu tpoaoaoiq0ouv.
Av civui cktuaeoiµq q o¿i (Plot q No plot). Miu otpeoq, q oaoiu ocv
civui cktuaeoiµq oc ouµµctc¿ci kutu tqv tcìikq cktuaeoq q
o¿coio¸puçqoq tou o¿coiou.

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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H oqµioup¸iu kui o opioµoç tev ioiotqtev kui tqç kutuotuoqç µiuç otpeoqç ¸ivctui
µc tqv cvtoìq layer, q oaoiu cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç tpoaouç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Layers.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Format Layer...

Layer
La


To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer çuivctui otqv Eikovu 3.1


Eìkóvo 3.1: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç Layer.





Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

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To µc¸uìutcpo µcpoç tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou to kutuìuµµuvci q acpio¿q tev otpeocev.
H acpio¿q tev otpeocev acpic¿ci, oc otqìcç, tu ¿upuktqpiotiku tev otpeocev
(ovoµu, ¿peµu, tuao ¸puµµqç, au¿oç ¸puµµqç, otuì cktuaeoqç) kui tqv kutuotuoq
touç (On-Off, Freeze-Thaw, Lock-Unlock, Plot-No plot). Tu cikovioiu kui
oi acpi¸puçcç tqç acpio¿qç tev otpeocev, uv autq0ouv, cktcìouv kuaoiu
pu0µioq, oaeç opioµo ¿peµutoç, opioµo tuaou ¸puµµqç, µctuµoìq otpeoqç oc
oputq q putq (On q Off), oiu¸puçq otpeoqç (Delete), k.ìa.

Aqµtovµyío vcoç oxµeoqç (layer)

Iiu vu oqµioup¸qoctc µiu vcu otpeoq (layer) autqotc oto kouµai New.
Evuììuktiku, toao0ctqotc to ociktq tou aovtikiou otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev kui
µc autqµu tou ocçiou aìqktpou tou aovtikiou cµçuvi¸ctc uvuouoµcvo µcvou
caiìo¸ev uao to oaoio µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q New Layer, ¸iu
oqµioup¸iu vcuç otpeoqç. Autoµutu otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev (oaou uaup¿ci
µovo q otpeoq 0) apooti0ctui vcu otpeoq, µc cç opioµou ovoµu Layer1, kui
ouvutotqtu uììu¸qç tou ovoµutoç tqç. Hìqktpoìo¸qotc to ovoµu tqç oto aìuioio
tou ovoµutoç kui µctu autqotc q autqotc µc to aovtiki oc kuaoio uììo oqµcio
tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer.

Entìoyq oxµeocev

Iiu vu caiìcçctc µiu otpeoq autqotc µc to aovtiki oto ovoµu tqç. H caiìo¸q civui
cµçuvqç, ¸iuti q otpeoq uììu¸ci ¿peµu. Av 0cìctc vu caiìcçctc aoììcç otpeociç
µu¸i, apcaci vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc kui tu aìqktpu Shift q Ctrl. Mc autqµcvo to
aìqktpo Shift kui µc to upiotcpo aìqktpo tou aovtikiou caiìc¸ctc aoììcç
ouvc¿oµcvcç otpeociç, cve µc autqµcvo to aìqktpo Ctrl caiìc¸ctc q uaocaiìc¸ctc
kuaoicç µcµoveµcvcç otpeociç. H uaocaiìo¸q oìev tev otpeocev ¸ivctui µc
autqµu tou upiotcpou aìqktpou tou aovtikiou oc kcvo ¿epo tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou.
Mc autqµu tou ocçiou aìqktpou tou aovtikiou cµçuvi¸ctc uvuouoµcvo µcvou
caiìo¸ev. uao to oaoio µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tiç caiìo¸cç Select All (¸iu
caiìo¸q oìev tev otpeocev), Clear All (¸iu uaocaiìo¸q oìev tev otpeocev),
Select all but current (¸iu caiìo¸q oìev tev uììev otpeocev cktoç tqç tpc¿ououç)
kui Invert selection (¸iu vu uaocaiìcçctc tiç qoq caiìc¸µcvcç otpeociç kui vu
caiìcçctc tiç µq caiìc¸µcvcç).

Mcxovoµooío vnóµ¿ovooç oxµeoqç

Iiu vu µctovoµuoctc µiu uaup¿ouou otpeoq tqv caiìc¸ctc kui acpiµcvctc ìi¸u
ocutcpoìcatu (µc autqµcvo to upiotcpo aìqktpo tou aovtikiou) auve oto ovoµu
tqç. Lto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç aou oqµioup¸citui , aìqktpoìo¸citc µc to aovtiki
oc kuaoio uììo oqµcio tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç to vco ovoµu tqç otpeoqç kui
µctu aututc Enter q oci¿vctc cvtoìqç layer. 1vuç uììoç tpoaoç civui, vu caiìcçctc tq
otpeoq kui vu autqoctc to aìqktpo F2, oaotc c¿ctc to ioio uaotcìcoµu..
Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 25 / 232
Heç yívcxot xµc¿ovoo µto oxµeoq (current layer)

Iiu vu µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc oc µiu otpeoq, uutq apcaci vu civui tpc¿ouou, oaeç
¸iu vu o¿coiuoctc o' cvu ¿upti aou µpiokctui oc µiu otoiµu, uuto apcaci vu civui
auve-auve. Iiu vu kuvctc µiu otpeoq tpc¿ouou, apcaci vu caiìcçctc µovov uutq kui
kuµiu uììq. Kutoaiv, aututc oto kouµai Current. Evuììuktiku µaopcitc vu tqv
caiìcçctc kui vu caiìcçctc tqv caiìo¸q Make Current tou uvuouoµcvou µcvou tou
ocçiou aìqktpou tou aovtikiou.

Atoyµoçq µíoç q ncµtoooxcµev oxµeocev

Açou caiìcçctc, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer, tiç otpeociç aou
0cìctc vu oiu¸pu¡ctc, aututc oto kouµai Delete kui oi caiìc¸µcvcç otpeociç
oiu¸puçovtui, upkci vu µq ¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui oto o¿coio (vu µqv c¿ctc, oqìuoq,
o¿coiuoci o' uutcç tiç otpeociç kuaoiu uvtikciµcvu). To ioio uaotcìcoµu c¿ctc ki
uv autqoctc to aìqktpo Delete.

Acv oioyooçov:oi oocç o:ocociç /,ocv o,coioon/vo ov:ikcincvo koi p o:ocop 0.
Oµtoµóç ¿µeµóxev oc µío q ncµtooóxcµcç oxµeoctç

Açou caiìcçctc, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer, tiç otpeociç otiç oaoicç
0cìctc vu opioctc to ioio ¿peµu, aututc oto cikovioio (q oto ovoµu) tou
¿peµutoç otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev. Eµçuvi¸ctc to µcvou cikovioiev ¿peµutoç.
Ekci aututc oto tctpu¸evioio - kouµai µc to cai0uµqto ¿peµu, q aìqktpoìo¸citc
tov keoiko tou ¿peµutoç oto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç oiaìu otqv cvociçq
Color: kui µctu aututc oto OK. Aµcoeç, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç
layer uììu¸ouv tu ¿peµutu tev caiìc¸µcvev otpeocev.

Oµtoµóç xúnov yµoµµqç oc µío q ncµtooóxcµcç oxµeoctç

Açou caiìcçctc, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer, tiç otpeociç otiç oaoicç
0cìctc vu opioctc tov ioio tuao ¸puµµqç, aututc otqv ovoµuoiu tou tuaou ¸puµµqç
otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev (Continuous). Huputqpcitc oti, uaup¿ci çopteµcvq
µovov q ouvc¿qç ¸puµµq (continuous). Iiu vu caiìc¸ci kuaoioç uììoç tuaoç
¸puµµqç, apcaci apetu vu çopte0ci. Iiu to okoao uuto, autqotc oto kouµai
Load... Aao to aìuioio uuto, caiìc¸ctc µc autqµu tou upiotcpou aìqktpou tou
aovtikiou tov cai0uµqto tuao ¸puµµqç. Maopcitc, uv 0cìctc, vu caiìcçctc
acpioootcpouç ua' ooouç tuaouç ¸puµµev ¿pciu¸cotc (µc tq ¿pqoq tou aìqktpou
Ctrl q tou aìqktpou Shift, uv uutoi civui ouvc¿oµcvoi) ¸iu vu çopte0ouv,
apu¸µu oµeç to oaoio kutuìuµµuvci µvqµq kui oc ouviotutui.

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 26 / 232

Oµtoµóç nó¿ovç yµoµµqç oc µío q ncµtooóxcµcç oxµeoctç

Açou caiìcçctc, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer, tiç otpeociç otiç oaoicç
0cìctc vu opioctc to ioio au¿oç ¸puµµqç, aututc otqv ovoµuoiu tou au¿ouç ¸puµµqç
otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev (Lineweight - Default). Aao uuto to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou,
caiìc¸ctc to au¿oç ¸puµµqç, aou 0cìctc vu c¿ouv oi ¸puµµcç tev o¿coiuoµcvev
uvtikciµcvev otiç caiìc¸µcvcç otpeociç, kui aututc oto kouµai OK. H cktuaeoq
tev o¿coiev otqpi¸ctui, eç apoç to au¿oç tev ¸puµµev tou cktuaeµcvou o¿coiou,
citc otq oiuçopu tev ¿peµutev tev otpeocev, citc otq oiuçopu tou au¿ouç
¸puµµev tev otpeocev. Maopcitc, vu o¿coiuoctc otqv o0ovq to o¿coio ouç,
ukpiµeç oaeç 0u cktuae0ci, ukoµq kui oc uoapoµuupo cktuaetq. Iiu to
okoao uuto opi¸ctc oiuçopctiko au¿oç ¸puµµqç otiç uvtiotoi¿cç otpeociç.




Iio vo civoi cnçov/ç :o ao,oç yoonnpç o:pv o0ovp yio :iç oioçoocç o:ocociç, ao/aci, o:p yoonnp
ko:oo:oopç vo /,c:c cvcoyoaoipoci :pv cai·oyp LWT. Av p cai·oyp oc:p civoi oacvcoyoaoipn/vp,
o:p o,coioo:ikp o0ovp o·cç oi yoonn/ç 0o çoivov:oi nc cvioio ao,oç yoonnpç.



Oµtoµóç oxvì ckxúneoqç oc µío q ncµtooóxcµcç oxµeoctç

Açou caiìcçctc, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer, tiç otpeociç otiç
oaoicç 0cìctc vu opioctc to ioio au¿oç ¸puµµqç, aututc otqv ovoµuoiu tou otuì
cktuaeoqç otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev (Normal q Color_7). Aao uuto to aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou, caiìc¸ctc to otuì cktuaeoqç, aou 0cìctc vu c¿ouv tu uvtikciµcvu otiç
caiìc¸µcvcç otpeociç kui aututc oto kouµai OK. Aao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o
caiìo¸ev kute uao tqv cvociçq Active plot style table, caiìc¸ctc tov
cvcp¸o aivuku tev otuì cktuaeoqç, µc µuoq tov oaoio µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc cvu
oiuçopctiko otuì cktuaeoqç.
Iio vo civoi cai·/çino :o o:c· ck:íacopç, ao/aci vo /,c:c çckivpoci :o o,/oio ooç nc koaoio aoo:cao
(,dwt) :o oaoio vo caoo:poi¸ci cacvcno o:c· ck:íacopç.


Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 27 / 232

Aììoyq koxóoxooqç oc µío q ncµtooóxcµcç oxµeoctç

Iiu v' uììuçctc kutuotuoq oc µiu q acpioootcpcç otpeociç, apcaci apetu vu tiç
caiìcçctc kui µctu vu autqoctc oc kuaoio cikovioio otqv acpio¿q tev otpeocev, aou
pu0µi¸ci tqv kutuotuoq tev otpeocev. Tu cikovioiu ìcitoup¸ouv eç oiukoatcç
ON/OFF, kui cvuììuooouv tqv kutuotuoq tev otpeocev. Tuuto¿povu q µopçq tev
cikovioiev oci¿vci kui tqv tpc¿ouou kutuotuoq tev otpeocev. Oi µopçq tev
cikovioiev kui oi uvtiotoi¿cç kutuotuociç c¿ouv eç cçqç:

Kitpivoç (çetcivoç -uvuµµcvoç) ìuµatqpuç. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui oputq
(ON],
Maìc (oµqotoç) ìuµatqpuç. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui uoputq (OFF).

Aaoçcíyc:c vo kovc:c oooo:p (off) :pv :o/,ocoo o:ocop (current layer), yio:i 0o o,coio¸c:c ,coiç vo
ß·/ac:c :i o,coio¸c:c. Eaiopç, oc naooci:c vo aoycoc:c :pv :o/,ocoo o:ocop.

Kíxµtvoç (çexctvóç) qìtoç. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui çcau¸etq (Thawed).
Mnìc ¿tovooxtþóóo. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui au¸eµcvq (Frozen).
Moúµo-kíxµtvo ovot¿xó ìovkcxo. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui çckìcioetq (Unlocked).

Mnìc kìctoxó ìovkcxo. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui kìcioeµcvq (Locked).
Ekxvnexqç. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui cktuaeoiµq (Plot).
Ekxvnexqç vnó onoyóµcvoq. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui µq cktuaeoiµq
(No plot)


Ektoç tev caiìo¸ev aou uvuatu¿0qkuv aio auve, otqv uvuatuçq tev ìcatoµcpciev (
show details)0u µpcitc kui tiç cçqç caiìo¸cç, oi oaoicç oµeç uvuçcpovtui
uaokìciotiku otiç oiutuçciç cktuaeoqç :

Freeze in Active Viewport: Av cvcp¸oaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, q
caiìc¸µcvq otpeoq au¸evci µovo oto tpc¿ov aupu0upo uao¡qç. 1¿ci cvvoiu, µovo
uv ciotc oc oiutuçq cktuaeoqç (layout).
Freeze in New Viewports: Av cvcp¸oaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, q caiìc¸µcvq
otpeoq 0u civui au¸eµcvq o' oìcç tiç vccç uao¡ciç, aou 0u oqµioup¸q0ouv uao tepu
kui oto cçqç 1¿ci cvvoiu, µovo uv ciotc oc oiutuçq cktuaeoqç (layout).

Av ciotc oc oiutuçq cktuaeoqç (layout), cµçuvi¸ovtui oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç
cvtoìqç layer kui ouo vcu cikovioiu, µctu tq otqìq tqç kutuotuoqç cktuaeoqç. Tu
vcu cikovioiu civui tu cçqç:

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 28 / 232
Kíxµtvoç (çexctvóç) qìtoç µc ótoçovcç nìoíoto. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui
çcau¸etq oto tpc¿ov kivqto aupu0upo uao¡qç.
Mnìc ¿tovovtçóóo µc ótoçovcç nìoíoto. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq civui au¸eµcvq
oto tpc¿ov kivqto aupu0upo uao¡qç.
Kíxµtvoç (çexctvóç) qìtoç µc oótoçovcç nìoíoto. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq 0u civui
çcau¸etq oc oìu tu vcu kivqtu aupu0upu uao¡qç aou 0u oqµioup¸q0ouv uao tepu
kui oto cçqç.

Mnìc ¿tovovtçóóo µc oótoçovcç nìoíoto. Aci¿vci oti q otpeoq 0u civui
au¸eµcvq oc oìu tu vcu kivqtu aupu0upu uao¡qç aou 0u oqµioup¸q0ouv uao tepu
kui oto cçqç.

Av 0cìctc vu µqv cµçuvi¸ovtui oi ìcatoµcpcicç tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç,
autevtuç oto kouµai Hide details, cauvuçcpctc tqv up¿ikq µopçq tou aìuioiou
oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer, uaokpuatovtuç tiç ìcatoµcpcicç.

Oi pu0µiociç tqç kutuotuoqç tev otpeocev kui q caiìo¸q tqç tpc¿ououç otpeoqç
µaopci vu ¸ivouv kui aio cukoìu. Av autqoctc oto cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev
Properties uvuatuooctc cvuv kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev - aìuioio, otov oaoio µaopcitc µc
tu cikovioiu vu pu0µioctc tiç ioiotqtcç tev otpeocev. Miu otpeoq ¸ivctui tpc¿ouou
uv autqoctc oto ovoµu tqç.
Eµçovcíç oxµeoctç oxo nìoíoto ótoìóyov xqç cvxoìqç Layer -Kµtxqµto cµçovev
oxµeocev
Hutevtuç to aìuioio kute uao tqv cvociçq Named layer filters, uvuatuooctui
kutuìo¸oç caiìo¸ev µc caiìo¸cç ¸iu to aoicç otpeociç 0cìctc vu civui cµçuvciç oto
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer. Maopcitc, ìoiaov, vu cµçuvioctc oìcç tiç
otpeociç (Show all layers - uvcçuptqtq uv ¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui q o¿i), µovo uutcç
aou ¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui (Show all used layers), q µovo tiç cçuptqµcvcç uao
up¿ciu cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç (Show all Xref dependent l ayers) .

Oaoiooqaotc kpitqpio ki uv caiìcçctc, µaopcitc vu to uvtiotpc¡ctc kui vu oiuìcçctc
to ouµaìqpeµutiko tou, cvcp¸oaoievtuç tqv caiìo¸q Invert Filter.

Av 0cìctc vu opioctc vcu kpitqpiu cµçuvioqç otpeocev, autqotc oto kouµai -
cikovioio aou çuivctui oiaìu uao to aìuioio uvuatuçqç kutuìo¸ou kpitqpiev oto
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer. Tu kpitqpiu µaopouv vu civui eç apoç to uv oi
otpeociç civui au¸eµcvcç q µq (oto tpc¿ov aupu0upo uao¡qç, oc oìu tu aupu0upu
uao¡qç q otu vcu aupu0upu uao¡qç, aou 0u oqµioup¸q0ouv), cktuaeoiµcç q µq,
kìcioeµcvcç q µq, oputcç q uoputcç, to ovoµu, to ¿peµu. to au¿oç ¸puµµqç, to otuì
cktuaeoqç, q tov tuao ¸puµµqç. Eaioqç, tu ioiu kpitqpiu caqpcu¸ouv tiç cµçuvciç
otpeociç oto cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Properties, uv civui
cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q caiìo¸q Apply to layers toolbar.



Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 29 / 232

Ano0qkcvoq µv0µíocev oxµeocev

Aao to AutoCAD 2002 kui µctu µaopouµc vu uao0qkcuoouµc tiç pu0µiociç tev
otpeocev aou c¿ouµc kuvci µc¿pi tepu, autevtuç oto kouµai Save State. . . tou
aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç layer. Ou cµçuviotci cvu vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou,





Eìkóvo 3.2: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou save state …


oto oaoio uçou aìqktpoìo¸qoctc to ovoµu µc to oaoio 0cìctc vu uao0qkcutci to oct
pu0µiocev tev otpeocev, cvcp¸oaoicitc aoicç uao tiç kutuotuociç ku0cµiuç
otpeoqç 0cìctc vu uao0qkcutouv, ku0eç kui aoicç ioiotqtcç tev otpeocev 0u
uao0qkcutouv. Açou pu0µioctc tiç aupuauve aupuµctpouç, aututc oto OK. To
uao0qkcuµcvo oct pu0µiocev, µaopcitc vu to ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc up¸otcpu q vu to
uao0qkcuoctc oc kuaoio cçetcpiko up¿cio, µc okoao vu to uvuktqoctc uao kuaoio
vco o¿coio, cçoikovoµevtuç ctoi to ¿povo aou 0u uauitcito vu kuvctc tiç pu0µiociç
tev otpeocev oto vco o¿coio. Eaiaìcov, cçuoçuìi¸ctc kui oµoioµopçiu otqv
ovoµuoiu kui tiç pu0µiociç tev otpeocev, oc oìu tu oµocioq o¿coiu (a.¿., ktipiuku,
toao¸puçiku, k.ìa.).
Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 30 / 232




Enovoçoµó µv0µíocev oxµeocev

Iiu vu cauvuçcpctc kuaoio uao0qkcuµcvo oct pu0µiocev tev otpeocev, autqotc
oto kouµai . Ou cµçuviotci cvu aìuioio oiuìo¸ou. L' uuto to
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou çuivovtui oìu tu uao0qkcuµcvu oct pu0µiocev tev otpeocev. Av
caiìcçctc kuaoio caevuµo oct pu0µiocev, cvcp¸oaoiouvtui oìcç oi caiìo¸cç, oi oaoicç
civui oi cçqç:
Restore: Hutevtuç o' uuto to kouµai, cauvuçcpctc tiç pu0µiociç otiç
otpeociç, oaeç uutcç qtuv otuv oqµioup¸qoutc to caevuµo oct
pu0µiocev µc tqv caiìo¸q Save State
Edit...: Hutevtuç o' uuto to kouµai, cµçuvi¸ctc to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou aou
¿pqoiµoaoiqoutc ¸iu tqv uao0qkcuoq tou oct tev pu0µiocev, oto oaoio
tpoaoaoicitc tiç ioiotqtcç kui tiç kutuotuociç tev otpeocev oto caiìc¸µcvo
oct pu0µiocev.
Rename: Mc, uuto to kouµai µctovoµu¸ctc to caiìc¸µcvo oct pu0µiocev tev
otpeocev.
Delete: Mc autqµu oc uuto to kouµai oiu¸puçctc cvu caiìc¸µcvo oct
pu0µiocev. Eµçuvi¸ctui cvu vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou, ¸iu caiµcµuieoq tqç
oiu¸puçqç tou caiìc¸µcvou oct pu0µiocev.
Export...: Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, uao0qkcuctc cvu caiìc¸µcvo oct
pu0µiocev oc kuaoio cçetcpiko up¿cio, to oaoio otq ouvc¿ciu µaopcitc vu to
uvukuìcoctc uao oaoiooqaotc vco o¿coio. Kutuìuµuivctc ìoiaov, ti
oikovoµiu ¿povou 0u c¿ctc, otu vcu ouç o¿coiu, uvuçopiku µc tq oqµioup¸iu
kui tiç pu0µiociç tev otpeocev. Hutevtuç o' uuto to
kouµai, cµçuvi¸ctui aìuioio oiuìo¸ou, oto oaoio oqìevctc to
ovoµu tou up¿ciou tev pu0µiocev tev otpeocev.
Import. . .: Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, ciou¸ctc cvu oct pu0µiocev, to oaoio
apoq¸ouµcveç c¿ci uao0qkcutci oc kuaoio cçetcpiko up¿cio, µc tqv caiìo¸q
Export. Hutevtuç o' uuto to kouµai, cµçuvi¸ctui aìuioio oiuìo¸ou oaeç
kui otqv caiìo¸q Export oaou caiìc¸ctc to up¿cio tev pu0µiocev tev
otpeocev.
Close: Hutevtuç oto kouµai uuto cauvcp¿cotc oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç
cvtoìqç l ayer.


Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 31 / 232


Avoíµcoq µv0µíocev oxµeocev - H cvxoìq Layerp

Av 0cìouµc vu uvuipcoouµc tiç pu0µiociç aou c¿ouµc kuvci aio apooçutu otiç
otpeociç ¿pqoiµoaoiouµc tqv cvtoìq layerp, q oaoiu cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç
tpoaouç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Layers

Layerp



Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç uvuipouvtui oi aio apooçutcç pu0µiociç, oaeç civui : o
opioµoç. tpc¿ououç otpeoqç, oi pu0µiociç tou ¿peµutoç, tou tuaou ¸puµµqç, tou au¿ouç
o¿coiuoqç ¸puµµev, tou otuì cktuaeoqç kui tqç uììu¸qç kutuotuoqç tev otpeocev.

Ao¿ctu uv cvoiuµcou c¿ctc cktcìcoci ki uììcç cvtoìcç (aìqv tqç layer), uv cktcìcoctc
µiu çopu tqv cvtoìq layerp, uvuipcitc tiç aio apooçutcç pu0µiociç. Av tqv cktcìcoctc
kui ocutcpq çopu 0u uvuipc0ouv oi aio apoq¸ouµcvcç pu0µiociç, k.o.k.
Ko0c çooo aoc ck:c·ci:c :pv cv:o·p, cnçovi¸c:oi :o caoncvo npvcno :
Restored previous layer status.
Avdk¡q0qks q ¬poqyoúµsvq kd¡óo¡doq o¡poosov.

Av c¿ctc uvuipcoci oìcç tiç pu0µiociç tev otpeocev, :o:c :o npvcno aoc
cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç :

*No previous layer status*
*Asv u¬óp¿si ¬poqyoúµsvq kd¡óo¡doq o¡poosov*

H cv:o·p layerp ocv ovoioci :p oioyooçp koi nc:ovonooio :cv o:ococcv p :pv aooo0pkp v/cv
o:ococcv. Iio vo civoi ck:c·/oinp p cv:o·p layerp, ao/aci p ovi,vccop :cv ko:oo:ooccv :cv
o:ococcv vo civoi cvcoyp. H cvcoyoaoipop :pç ovi,vccopç :cv ko:oo:ooccv :cv o:ococcv
cvcoyoaoici:oi koi oacvcoyoaoici:oi nc :pv cv:o·p layerpmode.




Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 32 / 232

Avxtoxoí¿toq oxµeocev óúo o¿cóíev - H cvxoìq Laytrans

Otuv ouvcp¸u¸cotc µc uììouç ouvuocìçouç, aoììcç çopcç ìuµµuvctc o¿coiu tev
oaoiev q op¸uveoq tev otpeocev oc ouµµuoi¸ci µc tq oikq ouç op¸uveoq kui
ovoµutoìo¸iu. Maopcitc ìoiaov, vu "µctuçpuoctc" tu ovoµutu tev otpeocev tou
"çcvou" o¿coiou, uçou to uvoiçctc, ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç tqv cvtoìq laytrans, p
oaoio ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev CAD Standrads.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Tools CAD Standards Layer
Trans l at or. . .

Laytrans





Lto aìuioio Translate From, Eµçuvi¸ovtui oi otpeociç tou o¿coiou aou µuç c¿ouv
oeoci oi ouvcp¸utcç.



Eìkóvo 3.3: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç Laytrans




Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 33 / 232
Ap¿iku, to aìuioio Translate To civui kcvo Hpcaci q vu opioouµc vccç
otpeociç (¿pqoiµoaoievtuç to kouµai New. . .). q vu "çopteoouµc" to o¿coio
oto oaoio uaup¿ouv oi tuaikcç otpeociç aou 0cìouµc (¿pqoiµoaoievtuç to kouµai
Load. . .).Hutevtuç oto kouµai New. . . cµçuvi¸ctc vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou oto
oaoio opi¸ctc to ovoµu tqç otpeoqç kui pu0µi¸ctc kui tiç ioiotqtcç tqç (¿peµu,
tuao ¸puµµqç, au¿oç ¸puµµqç kui otuì cktuaeoqç).



Eìkóvo 3.4: Hd¡ov¡dç o¡o kouµ¬i New sµ¢dviçs¡di To ¬dpd¬óvo ¬/dioio ôid/óyou




Hutevtuç oto kouµai Load. . . cµçuvi¸ctc vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou oto oaoio
opi¸ctc to up¿cio aou acpic¿ci tiç otpeociç aou 0cìctc vu uvtiotoi¿ioctc. Açou
"çopteoctc" to up¿cio, oto aìuioio Translate To 0u cµçuviotouv oi otpeociç
tou up¿ciou oto oaoio c¿ctc ouvq0ioci vu cp¸u¸cotc.

Hutevtuç oto kouµai Map same ¸ivctui q uvtiotoi¿ioq tev oµevuµev
otpeocev. Iiu otpeociç µc oiuçopctiku ovoµutu caiìc¸ouµc tq otpeoq aou
0cìouµc uao to aìuioio Translate From tqv uvtiotoi¿q tqç uao to aìuioio
Translate To kui autuµc oto kouµai Map. Oi caiìc¸µcvcç otpeociç
uvtiotoi¿i¸ovtui kui µctuçcpovtui oto aìuioio Layer Translation
Mappings.

Av 0cìqoctc vu tpoaoaoiqoctc q vu oiu¸pu¡ctc µiu uvtiotoi¿qoq otpeocev tqv
caiìc¸ctc uao to aìuioio Layer Translation Mappings kui aututc oto
kouµai Edit. . . q Remove, uvtiotoi¿u.

Tqv uvtiotoi¿ioq ovoµutev tev otpeocev µaopcitc vu tqv uao0qkcuoctc, ¸iu
µcììovtikq ¿pqoq, citc oc up¿cio tuaikev otoi¿ciev o¿coiou - drawing standards µc
apocktuoq dws, citc eç up¿cio o¿coiou, autevtuç oto kouµai Save. . .

H uvtiotoi¿ioq tev otpeocev tou tpc¿ovtoç o¿coiou (kui kutu ouvcaciu kui q
µctovoµuoiu touç) µc tiç otpeociç cvoç tuaikou - apotuaou o¿coiou oìokìqpevctui
autevtuç oto kouµai Translate.

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 34 / 232
Iiu tq µctuçopu :cv o¿coiuoµcvev uvtikciµcvev otiç vccç otpeociç apcaci vu
ìqç0ci uao¡q to ¿peµu, o tuaoç ¸puµµqç, to uv tu uvtikciµcvu uvqkouv oc µaìok
kui uv 0u tqpq0ci up¿cio iotopikou ¸iu tqv uvtiotoi¿ioq tev otpeocev. Autcç tiç
aupuµctpouç µaopouµc vu tiç pu0µioouµc µc to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou aou 0u
cµçuviotci autevtuç oto Settings . . . .
3.2 EóxoAq ôvo×c¡pvoq tmv otpmocmv

*Oi cv:o·/ç :pç aoooyooçoc oc:pç io,íocv novo ov /,c:c kovci cyko:oo:oop
:cv coyo·cicv Express Tools :oc AutoCAD.

Lc uutqv tqv aupu¸puço 0u cçctuotouv kuaoicç cvtoìcç, oi oaoicç cktcìouvtui
µc µoq0qtiku apo¸puµµutu AutoLISP (ocv civui oqìuoq, cvoeµuteµcvcç oto
kupieç apo¸puµµu tou AutoCAD) kui oivouv ìuociç otu aio koivu
apoµìqµutu oiu¿cipioqç tev otpeocev.

Ato¿cíµtoq xev µv0µíocev xev oxµeocev : H cvxoìq Lman
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu uao0qkcuoctc µiu q acpioootcpcç
kutuotuociç tev otpeocev , tiç oaoicç up¸otcpu µaopcitc vu tiç uvukuìcoctc
cukoìu , citc µc to ioio , citc oc uììo o¿coio .

H cv:o·p Lman ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Manager...

Lman



Oµoótkq onoµóveoq oxµeocev : H cvxoìq Layiso
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu kputqoctc oputcç (On) tiç otpeociç cvoç q
acpioootcpev uvtikciµcvev (aou 0u caiìcçctc), cve oìcç oi uaoìoiacç 0u
¸ivouv uoputcç (off) .

H cv:o·p Layiso ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Layiso

Layiso


Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 35 / 232
Oµoótkq cnovoçoµó onoµoveµcvev oxµeocev: H cvxoìq Layuniso

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq cauvuçcpctc tiç otpeociç aou uaoµove0qkuv µc tqv
cvtoìq Layiso kui cktcìcitc eç cçqç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Unisolate Layers

Layuniso



Mctu tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç cauvcp¿ovtui oìcç oi otpeociç aou
uaoµove0qkuv µc tqv cvtoìq Layiso kui cµçuvi¸ctui to kutuììqìo
aìqpoçopiuko µqvuµu.


Oµoótkó nóyeµo oxµeocev : H cvxoìq Layfrz
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu au¸eoctc (freeze) tiç otpeociç cvoç q
acpioootcpev uvtikciµcvev (aou 0u caiìcçctc) .

H cv:o·p Layfrz ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Freeze

Layfrz



Oµoótkq µcxoxµonq oxµeocev oc oóµoxcç : H cvxoìq Layoff
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu kuvctc uoputcç (off) tiç otpeociç cvoç q
acpioootcpev uvtikciµcvev (aou 0u caiìcçctc).

H cv:o·p Layoff ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers off

Layoff

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 36 / 232
Eúkoìo kìcíóeµo oxµeoctç : H cvxoìq Laylck
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu kìcioeoctc tq otpeoq cvoç uvtikciµcvou
(aou 0u caiìcçctc ).

H cv:o·p Laylck ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Lock

Laylck



Eúkoìo çckìcíóeµo oxµeoqç : H cvxoìq Layulk

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu çckìcioeoctc tq otpeoq cvoç uvtikciµcvou
(aou 0u caiìcçctc ).

H cv:o·p Layulk ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Unlock

Layulk



Oµoótkq µcxoxµonq óìev xev oxµeocev oc oµoxcç : H cvxoìq Layon

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu kuvctc oputcç oìcç tiç otpeociç tou
o¿coiou ouç .

H cv:o·p Layon ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Turn All Layers On

Layon

Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 37 / 232

Oµoótkó çcnóyeµo óìev xev oxµeocev : H cvxoìq Laythw
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu çcau¸eoctc oìcç tiç otpeociç tou o¿coiou
ouç .

H cv:o·p Laythw ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Thaw All Layers On

Laythw




Atoyµoçq oxµeocev : H cvxoìq Laydel
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu oiu¸pu¡ctc cukoìu µiu q acpioootcpcç
otpeociç , µu¸i µc oìu tu uvtikciµcvu aou uvqkouv o’ uutcç.

H cv:o·p Laydel ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Delete

Laydel

Lvvcveoq oxµeocev : H cvxoìq Laymrg
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu oiu¸pu¡ctc cukoìu µiu q acpioootcpcç
otpeociç, kui tu uvtikciµcvu aou uvqkouv o’ uutcç 0u toao0ctq0ouv oc uììq
otpeoq .

H cv:o·p Laymrg ck:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Merge

Laymrg



Op¸uveoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç oto AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 38 / 232

Entokónqoq ovxtkctµcvev oc oxµeoctç : H cvxoìq Laywalk
Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu ocitc tu uvtikciµcvu aou µpiokovtui otiç
otpeociç aou 0u caiìcçctc .

Ek:c·ci:c nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Express Layers Layers Walk ...

Laywalk



Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 39 / 232
4. Boovxcg EvtoAcg Avo×c¡pvoqg O6òvqg xov L×cô¡ooqg

H cvxoìq Zoom

H cvtoìq zoom civui oiuçuvqç cvtoìq kui civui uutq µc tqv oaoiu cìc¸¿ctc to tµqµu
tou o¿coiou aou acpic¿ctui otqv o0ovq tou uaoìo¸iotq ouç.

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View Zoom Entìoyq

Aao tu uvtiotoi¿u cikovioiu tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev kui tqç ¸puµµqç
cp¸uìciev Zoom.

Mc cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç uao to aìqktpoìo¸io c¿ouµc tqv cµçuvioq caiìo¸ev otqv
acpio¿q cvtoìev, oi oaoicç civui oi cçqç:

Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX
or nXP), or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window]
<real time>:
Ku0opi¸ctc µiu ¸eviu acpio¿qç µc to aovtiki, q aìqktpoìo¸citc cvu ouvtcìcotq
µc¸c0uvoqç q oµikpuvoqç tqç uao¡qç tou o¿coiou, q oivctc µiu caiìo¸q uao to
aìqktpoìo¸io, µc to kcçuìuio ¸puµµu ku0c caiìo¸qç kui cktcìcoq.
1toi µc tqv caiìo¸q All q uacikovioq aou apokuatci ua’ uutq tqv caiìo¸q
cçuptutui uao to µc¸c0oç tev o¿coiuoµcvev uvtikciµcvev.
Av tu o¿coiuoµcvu uvtikciµcvu acpic¿ovtui otu opiu tou o¿coiou, totc tqv
o0ovq kutuìuµµuvouv tu opiu tou o¿coiou, ciouììeç tqv o0ovq
kutuìuµµuvouv tu o¿coiuoµcvu uvtikciµcvu.

Mc tqv Extents auipvouµc µiu oìokìqpq uao¡q tou o¿coiou.

Mc tqv caiìo¸q Window µc¸c0uvctui µiu acpio¿q tou o¿coiou, q oaoiu
acpic¿ctui oc cvu voqto op0o¸evio aupuììqìo¸puµµo tqç o0ovqç, uçou
µc¸c0uvouµc apetu tqv acpio¿q aou µuç cvoiuçcpci µcoe tev µqvuµutev
Specify first corner: kui Specify opposite corner:
Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 40 / 232

Av:io:oi,o cikovioio:

Mc tqv Previous cµçuvi¸ctui otqv o0ovq q apoq¸ouµcvq uao¡q tou o¿coiou.
Av:io:oi,o cikovioio:


Mc tqv Center apetu ku0opi¸ouµc to oqµcio kcvtpou, aou 0cìouµc vu civui
oto kcvtpo tqç o0ovqç (specify center point:) kui cacitu µc tqv cµçuvioq tou
µqvuµutoç Enter magnification or height <xµc¿ovoo xtµq>: oivouµc
µc¸c0uvoq q u¡oç µc tqv tpc¿ouou tiµq.
1toi ìoiaov cµçuvi¸ctui cvu µcpoç tou o¿coiou to oaoio ku0opi¸ctui uao cvu
oqµcio aou cµciç opi¸ouµc kui to oaoio 0u toao0ctq0ci oto kcvtpo tqç
o0ovqç.

Mc tqv caiìo¸q Dynamic cµçuvi¸ovtui tpiu aìuioiu. To apeto civui µc
oiukckoµµcvq µaìc ¸puµµq kui uaooqìevci tu opiu (limits) tou o¿coiou. To
ocutcpo civui µiu apuoivq oiukckoµµcvq ¸puµµq kui oci¿vci tqv tpc¿ouou
uao¡q tou o¿coiou (apiv cktcìcotci q zoom dynamic) kui to tpito aìuioio
aou ukoìou0ci tqv kivqoq tou aovtikiou ki c¿ci cvu “X” oto kcvtpo kui
ku0opi¸ci tq vcu uao¡q tou o¿coiou oqìuoq tqv acpio¿q aou 0u cµçuviotci
otqv o0ovq uv cktcìcoouµc tqv cvtoìq.

Mc tqv caiìo¸q Scale kui µc tqv cµçuvioq tou µqvuµutoç Enter a scale
factor (nX or Nxp): oivouµc cvuv ku0upo upi0µo , µc µuoq tov oaoio
µc¸c0uvctui (uv o upi0µoç civui µc¸uìutcpoç uao tq µovuou) q oµikpuvctui
(uv o upi0µoç civui µikpotcpoç uao tq µovuou) tu acpic¿oµcvu tqç o0ovqç .H
uììu¸q tou µc¸c0ouç tou o¿coiou ¸ivctui eç apoç tqv acpio¿q aou opi¸ouv tu
opiu (limits).

Tcìoç µc tqv Realtime pu0µi¸ouµc uììcìcaiopuotiku tq µcììovtikq uao¡q
tou o¿coiou µuç. Ektcìevtuç tqv caiìo¸q cçuçuvi¸ctui to cikovioio tou
ouotqµutoç ouvtctu¸µcvev ¿pqotq kui cµçuvi¸ctui to uvtiotoi¿o cikovioio
(cik.5.1):

Av :o ooio:coo a·pk:oo :oc aov:ikioí ocv civoi ao:pn/vo ocvc,oncvo, :o:c konio nc:oßo·p oc çoivc:oi
o:pv o0ovp ooç ,oc oc:p :pv :c·cc:oio cai·oyp.

Hutevtuç tepu to ocçio aìqktpo tou aovtikiou cµçuvi¸ctui cvu uvuouoµcvo µcvou,
µc tiç caiìo¸cç tou oaoiou µaopcitc vu pu0µi¸ctc tqv tcìikq uao¡q tou o¿coiou ouç,
aou 0u cµçuviotci.
Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 41 / 232

Oi ßooiko:cocç oc:cv civoi:

Pan: Evuììuooci tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç zoom µc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç pan
(µìcac aupukute).
3D Orbit: Evuììuooci tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç zoom µc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç
3D Orbit, q oaoiu oiu¿cipi¸ctui caoatiku 3A uao¡ciç.



Zoom original: Hutevtuç otqv caiìo¸q uutq cauvcp¿ctui otqv o0ovq ouç q uao¡q
aou ci¿utc apiv cktcìcoctc tqv oaoiuoqaotc ìcitoup¸iu tqç caiìo¸qç realtime tqç
zoom.

Ektoç tev aupuauve caiìo¸ev, q cvtoìq zoom oiu0ctci kui tiç caiìo¸cç zoom in &
zoom out.

Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 42 / 232
H cvxoìq Pan

Kui q cvtoìq uutq civui oiuçuvqç kui oiu¿cipi¸ctui uao¡q tou o¿coiou q oaoiu
uacikovi¸ctui otqv o0ovq.

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View Pan Entìoyq
Aao to cikovioio tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç c¿ouµc:

Command: PAN
Press ESC or ENTER to exit, or right-click to
display shortcut menu.

Mc autqµcvo to upiotcpo aìqktpo tou aovtikiou, oupovtuç to aovtiki µctuti0ctui q
uao¡q tou o¿coiou, aou µìcautc apiv cktcìcotci q cvtoìq pan, kui çuivctui cvu
uììo µcpoç aou µc¿pi ckcivq tq oti¸µq ocv qtuv oputo.

Av :o ooio:coo a·pk:oo :oc aov:ikioí ocv civoi ao:pn/vo, :o:c konio nc:oßo·p oc çoivc:oi o:pv o0ovp
ooç.

Mc tqv cvtoìq pan, µctuti0ctui to oputo tµqµu tqç o0ovqç eotc vu çuvci cvu uììo
tµqµu aou µc¿pi ckcivq tq oti¸µq oc çuivctui.
Hutevtuç to ocçio aìqktpo tou aovtikiou cµçuvi¸ctui cvu uvuouoµcvo µcvou, µc tiç
caiìo¸cç tou oaoiou pu0µi¸ouµc tqv tcìikq uao¡q tou o¿coiou µuç, aou 0u
cµçuviotci.

Oi ßooiko:cocç cai·oy/ç :oc ovooconcvoc ncvoí civoi oi cçpç:

Zoom: Evuììuooci tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç pan µc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç
zoom.

3D Orbit: Evuììuooci tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç pan µc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç
3dorbit.

Zoom Original: Hutevtuç otqv caiìo¸q uutq, cauvcp¿ctui otqv o0ovq ouç q uao¡q
aou ci¿utc apiv cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq pan.

Zoom Extents: Hutevtuç otqv caiìo¸q uutq , otqv o0ovq ouç cµçuvi¸ctui q uao¡q,
aou uvtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q extents tqç cvtoìqç zoom.

Ektoç uao tq µuoikq ìcitoup¸iu tqç cvtoìqç pan, uaup¿ouv kui kuaoicç uutoµutcç
caiìo¸cç, oi oaoicç ocv uauitouv ku0opioµo ouo oqµciev uììu µctutoai¸ouv
uutoµutu tqv o0ovq oc ou¸kckpiµcvcç oicu0uvociç.




Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 43 / 232
Oi caiìo¸cç aou cktcìouvtui µovo uao to atuoooµcvou µcvou civui oi cçqç:

Left Mctukivci tqv uao¡q tou o¿coiou apoç tu upiotcpu

Right Mctukivci tqv uao¡q tou o¿coiou apoç tu ocçiu.

Up Mctukivci tqv uao¡q tou o¿coiou apoç tu auve.

Down Mctukivci tqv uao¡q tou o¿coiou apoç tu kute.


4.1 Avo×c¡pvoq tqg o6òvqg µc ocpoqmtoypoq¡o (AerIaI VIew)

1vuç uììoç aio cu¿pqotoç kui caoatikoç tpoaoç oiu¿cipioqç tqç o0ovqç civui µc tq
µc0ooo tqç ucpoçeto¸puçiuç. Ektoç oqìuoq uao tqv o0ovq o¿coiuoqç, uaup¿ci ki
cvu µikpo aupu0upo oto oaoio çuivctui oìo to o¿coio kui oqµcievctui to oputo
µcpoç tqç o0ovqç.
H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi oao :o a:coooncvo ncvoí: View Aerial View



Eìkóvo 4.1: H o0óvq o¿sôidoqç µs ¡o ¬dpó0upo ¡qç dspo¢o¡oypd¢idç





Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 44 / 232
Ot cvxoìcç Point kot Ddptype

Mc tqv cvtoìq point, o¿coiu¸ouµc cvu oqµcio. H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç
:ooaocç:
Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: DRAW Point (Single q Multiple)
Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io uçou cktcìcotci q cvtoìq, cµçuvi¸ovtui tu cçqç µqvuµutu:

Current point modes: PDMODE=0 PDSIZE=0.0000
Tpé¿ouosç kd¡do¡óosiç oqµsiou: PDMODE=0 PDSIZE=0.0000

Specify a point:
Kd0opio¡s évd oqµsio:

oao:c, ooi¸c:c :o opncio aoc 0/·c:c, ci:c nc ocv:c:oyn/vcç oao :o a·pk:oo·oyio ci:c nc
:o ooio:coo a·pk:oo :oc aov:ikioí.

Av p cv:o·p ck:c·co:ci oao :o cikovioio p oao :o a:coooncvo ncvoí nc :pv cai·oyp Multiple Point ,
oçoí o,coioo:ci :o aoc:o opncio p cv:o·p caovo·onßovc:oi oc:ono:o, n/,oi vo :p oioko,c:c (nc Esc).

Hoììcç çopcç, oi o¿coiuotikcç uvu¸kcç uauitouv tu oqµciu vu civui aio cuoiukpitu.
Oi cvtoìcç aou ¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui ¸iu to ìo¸o uuto civui oi Pdmode kui Pdsize, oµeç
cacioq civui upkctu aoìuaìokcç ouvq0eç ¿pqoiµoaoiouµc tqv Ddptype. H cvtoìq
uutq cktcìcitui kui uao to atuoooµcvo µcvou eç cçqç: Format Point Style…
Açou cktcìcotci q cvtoìq, cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou aou çuivctui aupukute:



Eìkóvo 4.2: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou point style




Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 45 / 232

H cvxoìq Line

H cvtoìq line o¿coiu¸ci uaìu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu , citc µcµoveµcvu citc µiu ocipu
ouvc¿oµcvev cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev.

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvou µcvou: Draw Line

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç uao to aìqktpoìo¸io c¿ouµc tu cçqç µqvuµutu:

Specify first point:
Kd0opiçouµs /oi¬óv ¡o oqµsio dp¿qç, si¡s µs ¡iç ouv¡s¡dyµévsç ¡ou d¬ó ¡o ¬/qk¡po/óyio si¡s
µs ¡q µoq0sid ¡ou ¬ov¡ikioú.

Specify next point or [Undo]:
Ms ¡ov iôio ¡pó¬o ó¬oç kdi yid ¡qv dp¿q, kd0opiçouµs ¡o ¡é/oç ¡ou su0uypóµµou ¡µqµd¡oç.
Ako/ou0si o¡q ouvé¿sid ¡o s¬óµsvo ¬po¡ps¬¡ikó µqvuµd.

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Kd0opiçouµs ¡o s¬óµsvo oqµsio q [Avdipsoq / K/sioiµo]

H cvxoìq Circle

Mc tqv cvtoìq circle µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc kukìouç.

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Circle Entìoyq

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç.

Mc touç tpciç apetouç tpoaouç, q cvtoìq cktcìcitui cç opioµou µc tqv caiìo¸q
(Cen,Rad), kui tuuto¿povu otqv acpio¿q cvtoìev cµçuvi¸ovtui kui oi uaoìoiacç
caiìo¸cç. H o¿coiuoq cvoç kukìou µaopci vu ¸ivci, otuv civui ¸veotq µiu oµuou uao
tu aupukute otoi¿ciu:

Center, Radius To kcvtpo kui q uktivu tou. Autq civui kui q cç’ opioµou
µc0oooç.

Center, Diameter To kcvtpo kui q oiuµctpoç tou.
Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 46 / 232

2 Points Auo uvtioiuµctpiku oqµciu tou.

3 Points Tpiu oqµciu otqv acpiçcpciu tou.

Tan, Tan, Radius H uktivu tou kui ouo uaup¿ovtu ¸ceµctpiku o¿qµutu otu
oaoiu o kukìoç civui cçuatoµcvoç.

Tan, Tan, Tan Tpiu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, toçu, kukìoi, q ouvouuoµoç uutev
tev tpiev otoi¿ciev, otu oaoiu o kukìoç civui cçuatoµcvoç.

Aç oouµc tepu cvu aupuoci¸µu oaou c¿ouµc tq o¿coiuoq cvoç kukìou µc ¸veotu 3
oqµciu tqç acpiçcpciuç tou.

Command: c
CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan
tan radius)]: 3p
E¬i/oyq ¡piov oqµsiov
Specify first point on circle:
Hd¡qo¡s µs ¡o ¬ov¡iki o¡o 1
o
oqµsio
Specify second point on circle:
Hd¡qo¡s µs ¡o ¬ov¡iki o¡o 2
o
oqµsio
Specify third point on circle:
Hd¡qo¡s µs ¡o ¬ov¡iki o¡o 3
o
oqµsio
Command:
Avdµovq védç sv¡o/qç

Aç oouµc tepu uììo cvu aupuoci¸µu, oaou o¿coiu¸ouµc kukìo cçuatoµcvo
cçuatoµcvo oc cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu kui toço µc ou¸kckpiµcvq uktivu (tan tan radius).




Eìkóvo 4.3: Kúk/oç s¢d¬¡óµsvoç os su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd kdi ¡óÇo µs ouykskpiµévq dk¡ivd

Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 47 / 232
Icviku µc tqv caiìo¸q TTR o kukìoç µaopci, cktoç uao cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, vu
cçuatctui kui oc uììouç kukìouç q toçu.



H cvxoìq Arc

Mc tqv cvtoìq arc µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc toçu kukìou.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Arc Entìoyq

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç.

Mc touç tpciç apetouç tpoaouç, q cvtoìq cktcìcitui cç’ opioµou µc tqv caiìo¸q (3
Points, q o¿coiuoq ¸ivctui cç’ opioµou uao 3 oqµciu).

1vu toço µaopci vu o¿coiuotci otuv civui ¸veotq µiu oµuou uao tu aupukute
otoi¿ciu:

3-Points Tpiu oqµciu tou. Ltqv acpiateoq uutq oivctc tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç tqç up¿qç, tou tcìouç ki cvoç ukoµq
oqµciou tou toçou, q ku0opi¸ctc µc to aovtiki tpiu
oqµciu tou.

Start, Center, End H up¿q, to kcvtpo tou kukìou, otov oaoio uvqkci kui
to tcìoç tou.

Start, Center, Angle H up¿q, to kcvtpo, kui q caikcvtpq ¸eviu tou.

Start, Center, Length H up¿q, to kcvtpo, kui to µqkoç tqç ¿opoqç tou

Start, End, Angle H up¿q, to tcìoç, kui q caikcvtpq ¸eviu tou. Ltqv
acpiateoq uutq, ku0opi¸ctc apetu tqv up¿q, kutoaiv
to kcvtpo, kui µctu aìqktpoìo¸citc tq ¸eviu( c¿ci
oqµuoiu uv q ¸eviu civui 0ctikq q upvqtikq, ¸iuti
caqpcu¸ci tov tpoao aou 0u o¿coiuotci to toço.

Start, End, Radius H up¿q, to tcìoç, kui q uktivu tou.

Start, End, Direction H up¿q, to tcìoç, kui q kutcu0uvoq otqv oaoiu civui
cçuatoµcvo to toço otqv up¿q tou.

Center, Start, End To kcvtpo, q up¿q, kui to tcìoç tou toçou.

Center, Start, Angle To kcvtpo, q up¿q, kui q caikcvtpq ¸eviu tou.

Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 48 / 232
Center, Start, Length To kcvtpo, q up¿q, kui to µqkoç tqç ¿opoqç tou toçou

Continue Miu ¸puµµq q cvu toço qoq o¿coiuoµcvo, otqv oaoiu
to toço civui cçuatoµcvo.
The Ellipse Command


H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou eç cçqç: Draw Ellipse Axis, End

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç Ellipse.


H cvxoìq Multilines

Oi Multilines civui ouv0ctcç ¸puµµcç aou uaotcìouvtui µctuçu 1 µc¿pi 16
aupuììqìev ¸puµµev, ¸veotev eç otoi¿ciu. To uçoç apocaiìo¸qç tev aoììuaìev
¸puµµev c¿ci ukpiµeç ouo otoi¿ciu uììu µaopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc tiç apoo0ctcç
µopçcç uao µiu o¿coov utcìcietqç aoikiìiu. H aoììuaìev ¸puµµev cvtoìq uçouç
ouç caitpcaci vu oqµioup¸qoctc vco otuì aoììuaìev ¸puµµev µc tqv apoo0qkq tev
otoi¿ciev ¸puµµev, uììu¸q ¿peµutoç kui tuaou tqç ¸puµµqç tev otoi¿ciev,
apoo0ctovtuç end caps kui tqv caiìo¸q cµçuvioqç ouv otcpco ¿peµu.
The Multiline Command

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou eç cçqç: Draw Multiline.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç Mline q tqç ml.

H cvtoìq Multiline ¿pqoiµoaoicitui ¸iu vu o¿coiu¸ouµc aoììuaìcç ¸puµµcç. Autq q
oiuoikuoiu o¿coiuoqç civui ìi¸o aoìu q ioiu, ouv ki uutq tqç o¿coiuoqç tev
polylines, µc tu apoo0ctu tµqµutu ¸puµµev vu apooti0cvtui oc aoììuaìq ¸puµµq
ku0eç tu oqµciu caiìc¸ovtui. Oaeç µc tiç polylines, tu oqµciu aou c¿ouv caiìc¿0ci
µaopouv v’ uvuipc0ouv µc tqv Undo caiìo¸q kui oi aoììuaìcç ctoi ¸puµµcç µaopouv
vu kìcioouv.

Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 49 / 232
The Multiline Style Command

H cv:o·p oc:p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou eç cçqç: Format Multiline Style…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç Mlstyle

Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç /,ocnc :o aoooko:c a·oioio oio·oyoc:



Etkóvo 4.4: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç Multiline Style Command.


Etkóvo 4.5: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡ov iôio¡q¡ov ¡qç multiline.
Buoikcç Evtoìcç Aiu¿cipqoqç O0ovqç kui L¿coiuoqç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 50 / 232








Oi Buoikcç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 51 / 232
S. Ov Boovxcg EvtoAcg Enc§cpyoo¡og

S.1 Avtvypoqq o×côvooµcvmv ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq Copy
* H cv:o·p copy o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv.

Mc tqv cvtoìq copy, µaopcitc vu uvti¸pu¡ctc cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu
aou c¿ctc o¿coiuoci.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvu µcvou: Modify Copy
copy
co
cp

Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç, cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno :
Select Objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :

Açou oìokìqpe0ci q caiìo¸q tqç oµuouç tev uvtikciµcvev (µc ), cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç
npvcno:
Specify base point or displacement,
or [Multiple]:
Kd0opio¡s µdoikó oqµsio q µs¡d¡ó¬ioq, q [Ho//d¬/q (dv¡iypd¢q)]:

Iiu vu ¸ivci q uvti¸puçq, ¿pciu¸ctui vu opioctc ouo oqµciu tu oaoiu opi¸ouv tqv uaootuoq
µqkoç kui tqv kutcu0uvoq tqç uvti¸puçqç (aou opi¸ci oiuvuoµu uvti¸puçqç) q vu
ku0opioctc to oiuvuoµu tqç uvti¸puçqç µc tqv cvtoìq cal . To apeto oqµcio
(µuoiko oqµcio q oqµcio uvuçopuç) oci¿vci tqv up¿q tqç uaootuoqç uvti¸puçqç kui to
ocutcpo to tcìoç tqç. Tu oqµciu uutu µaopci vu uvqkouv otu uvtikciµcvu aou qoq c¿ctc
caiìcçci q vu civoi tu¿uiu. Ku0opi¸ctc to apeto oqµcio tqç uaootuoqç uvti¸puçqç (citc
µc: to aovtiki, citc: uao to aìqktpoìo¸io).

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:
Specify second point of displacement or
<use first point as displacement>:

Oi Buoikcç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 52 / 232
Kd0opio¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo oqµsio µs¡d¡ó¬ioqç q < ¿pqoiµo¬oiqo¡s ¡o ¬po¡o oqµsio yio
¡q µs¡d¡ó¬ioq>

Ku0opi¸ctc to ocutcpo oqµcio tqç uaootuoqç uvti¸puçqç.

Av ov:i vo ko0ooioc:c :o ocí:coo opncio ao:poc:c , cç oaoo:oop ov:iyooçpç ck·onßovc:oi :o oiovcono
aoc ooi¸c:oi oao :o opncio (0,0,0) koi :o ßooiko opncio ov:iyooçpç (aoc:o opncio). l:pv acoia:cop oc:p,
naooci :o cai·cyn/vo ov:ikcincvo vo ov:iyooçoív ovcç/·cyk:o /çc oao :pv ooo:p o0ovp. l:pv acoia:cop
oc:p, ao/aci vo ovoio/oc:c :pv cv:o·p copy nc :pv cv:o·p u.

Otuv 0cìctc aoììuaìq uvti¸puçq tev caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev, otqv apotpoaq
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]:
Kd0opio¡s µdoikó oqµsio q µs¡d¡ó¬ioq, q Ho//d¬/q (dv¡iypd¢q).
aìqktpoìo¸ciotc m kui aututc .

oao:c p v/o aoo:ooap civoi p cçpç:
Specify base point:
Kd0opio¡s µdoikó oqµsio (oqµsio dvd¢opóç) :
Açou ku0opioctc to oqµcio uvuçopuç, cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:
Specify second point of displacement or <use first
point as displacement >:

Kd0opio¡s TO ôsú¡spo oqµsio µs¡d¡ó¬ioqç q <¿pqoiµo¬oiqo¡s ¡o ¬po¡o oqµsio yid
¡q µs¡d¡ó¬ioq> :
aou cauvuìuµµuvctui ku0c çopu aou ku0opi¸ctc to ocutcpo oqµcio tqç uaootuoqç
uvti¸puçqç, µc¿pi vu autqoctc q Esc.

H cvxoìq Copytolayer

* H cv:o·p io,íci novo ov /,c:c cyko:oo:poci :o Express Tools :oc AutoCAD .
* H cv:o·p o/,c:oi ao··oa·p cai·oyp koi aoocai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv .

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç copy, tu vcu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u apoku¡ouv
toao0ctouvtui otqv ioiu otpeoq µc to up¿iko uvtikciµcvo. Av 0cìqoouµc tu
vcu uvtikciµcvu vu toao0ctq0ouv oc vcu otpeoq, apcaci vu
¿pqoiµoaoiqoouµc tqv cvtoìq copytolayer, q oaoiu cktcìcitui µc. touç cçqç
tpoaouç :






Oi Buoikcç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 53 / 232
Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Layers.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Express Layers Copy Objects to New Layer

Copytolayer



Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç aoo:oca:iko npvcno :
Select Objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Açou oìokìqpe0ci q caiìo¸q tqç oµuouç tev uvtikciµcvev (µc ), cµçuvi¸ctui
to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ocitc tqv Eikovu 5.1 µc tq µoq0ciu tou oaoiou µaopcitc vu
caiìcçctc tq otpeoq (layer) otqv oaoiu 0u toao0ctq0ouv tu vcu uvtikciµcvu.















Eìkóvo 5.1: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç copytolayer.

Açou caiìcçctc uao tov kutuìo¸o tev otpeocev uutq otqv oaoiu 0cìctc vu
toao0ctq0ouv tu vcu uvtikciµcvu, aututc oto OK, oaotc cçuçuvi¸ctui to
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu vu ouvc¿iotci q cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç . Av oc 0uµuotc to
ovoµu tqç otpeoqç otqv oaoiu 0cìctc vu toao0ctq0ouv tu auvoµoiotuau
uvtikciµcvu aou 0u oqµioup¸q0ouv kui 0cìctc vu caiìcçctc kuaoio
uvtikciµcvo µc µuoq to oaoio 0u opiotci q vcu otpeoq, µaopcitc vu
autqoctc oto kouµai pick, oaotc cçuçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu vu
caiìcçctc (µc cµçuvioq tou kutuììqìou apotpcatikou µqvuµutoç) to
uvtikciµcvo aou 0u opioci tq otpeoq toao0ctqoqç tev vcev uvtikciµcvev.
Açou caiìcçctc tqv cai0uµqtq otpeoq, q uaoìoiaq oiuoikuoiu cktcìcoqç tqç
cvtoìqç copytolayer civui ioiu µc uutq tqç cvtoìqç copy.

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H cvxoìq Ncopy

* H cv:o·p io,íci novo ov /,c:c cyko:oo:poci :o Express Tools :oc AutoCAD .
Ltqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç copy, tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u uvti¸puçouv ocv apcaci
vu ouµµctc¿ouv oc µaìok q oc up¿ciu cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç . Av oµeç, tu
uvtikciµcvu aou 0cìctc vu uvti¸puçouv, uvqkouv oc µaìok q oc up¿ciu cçetcpikqç
uvuçopuç (oaotc 0u oiuaioteoctc, oti q µcµoveµcvq caiìo¸q touç civui ouokoìq),
uvti tqç copy ¿pqoiµoaoicitui q cvtoìq ncopy.

H ncopy ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:
Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Express Tools Blocks.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Express Blocks Copy Nested Obj ect s

ncopy



Kutu tqv cktcìcoq tqç q cvtoìq ncopy µoiu¸ci µc tqv copy, µc uvtiotoi¿cç
oiuoikuoicç kui apotpcatiku µqvuµutu.

S.2 Avonopoymyq òµovmv ovtvxcvµcvmv oc npoxo6opvoµcvq
onòotooq
H cvxoìq Offset

Mc tqv cvtoìq offset, µaopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc cvu vco uvtikciµcvo,
aupuììqìu kui oc ou¸kckpiµcvq uaootuoq uao kuaoio uììo o¿coiuoµcvo, to
oaoio ¿pqoiµoaoicitui eç apotuao tou.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Offset

Offset
o


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Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno :
Specify offset distance or [Through] <Through µ
onóo:ooµ>:
Kd0opio¡s d¬óo¡doq dvd¬dpdyoyqç q [Aidµéoou] <Through q d¬óo¡doq>:




Oi cai·oy/ç :pç cv:o·pç civoi oi cçpç:
Aaooc¿cotc tqv apotpoaq tou apo¸puµµutoç, citc uutq civui q through, citc
kuaoiu uaootuoq. Aaootuoq apotcivctui, uv c¿ci çuvucktcìcotci q cvtoìq offset
µc ou¸kckpiµcvq uaootuoq uvuaupu¸e¸qç.
t M' uutq tqv caiìo¸q, µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc oiuçopctikq uaootuoq
uvuaupu¸e¸qç ¸iu ku0c uvtikciµcvo çc¿epiotu (ocitc tov tpoao cktcìcoqç tqç
cvtoìqç). Açou uaooc¿tcitc tqv caiìo¸q through kui caiìcçctc kui to
uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc, ku0opi¸ctc to oqµcio (µc to aovtiki q uao to
aìqktpoìo¸io) oto oaoio 0cìctc vu oqµioup¸q0ci to vco uvtikciµcvo. Ltqv uµcoeç
caoµcvq uvuaupu¸e¸q, q uaootuoq uvuaupu¸e¸qç µaopci vu civui oiuçopctikq uao
tqv apoq¸ouµcvq, ¸iuti to vco oqµcio aou 0u ku0opioctc µaopci vu uac¿ci
oiuçopctikq uaootuoq.

x ' Oaou x aìqktpoìo¸citc tqv uaootuoq uvuaupu¸e¸qç aou 0cìctc. i
Oaoiuoqaotc caiìo¸q ki uv cktcìcoctc, cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:
Select object to offset or <exit>:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo ¬poç dvd¬dpdyoyq q <enter yid éÇoôo>:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu uvuaupu¿0ci, to oaoio µctu
cµçuvi¸ctui coti¸µcvo otqv o0ovq.
Av c¿ctc ou¸kckpiµcvq uaootuoq uvuaupu¸e¸qç, :o caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:
Specify point on side to offset:
Kd0opio¡s oqµsio ¬poç ¡qv ¬/supó ¡qç dvd¬dpdyoyqç:
l:p ocv/,cio cnçovi¸c:oi ao·i :o npvcno
Select object to offset or <exit>:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo ¬poç dvd¬dpdyoyq q < yid éÇoôo>:
Iiu vu ouvc¿ioctc kui vu caiìcçctc to caoµcvo uvtikciµcvo, aou 0cìctc vu
uvuaupu¿0ci. H cvtoìq oìokìqpevctui uv autqoctc q Esc.
Nu oqµcie0ci oti tu kuµauìu uvtikciµcvu, aou oqµioup¸ouvtui µc tqv offset,
oiutqpouv oµokcvtpotqtu µc uutu, uao tu oaoiu apoqì0uv, cktoç ki uv uuto civui
uvcçikto, oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui otq ¸puµµq cvtoìev kui to kutuììqìo apociooaoiqtiko
µqvuµu.
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Eìkóvo 5.2: Ek¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç offset.















Etkóvo 5.3: O/ok/qpooq ¡qç dvd¬dpdyoyqç ¡ov ¬/supov ¡ou ¬spiypóµµd¡oç.

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Av q caiìo¸q tqç cvtoìqç civui q through, to caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:
Specify through point:
Kd0opio¡s oqµsio dvd¬dpdyoyqç:
Ku0opi¸ctc cvu oqµcio, oto oaoio 0u ¸ivci q uvuaupu¸e¸q tou uvtikciµcvou.


Avonìqµeoq kcvev koxó xqv ovonoµoyeyq: H cvxoìq Offsetgaptype

Mc tqv cvtoìq offsetgaptype, pu0µi¸ctc uv otuv uvuaupu¸ctc oc aupuììqìq
uaootuoq cvu ouv0cto o¿qµu (oaeç uuto otqv Eikovu 5.3), to oaoio oµeç c¿ci
o¿coiuotci µc tqv cvtoìq pline, tu kcvu aou 0u o¿qµutiotouv 0u uvuaìqpe0ouv µc
apocktuoq tev uaup¿ovtev kuµauìev q cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev, µc apoo0qkq
toçou uktivuç kuµauìotqtuç q µc apoo0qkq cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev uao kìioq.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Of f set gapt ype


To npvcno aoc oko·oc0ci civoi :o cçpç:
Enter new value for OFFSETGAPTYPE <0>:
Aoo¡s véd ¡iµq yid ¡q µs¡dµ/q¡q OFFSETGAPTYPE <0>:
Avuìo¸u µc to aeç 0cìctc vu uvuaupu¸ovtui tu tµqµutu tev aoìu¸puµµev aou
uvuaupu¸oµcvu ocv cvevovtui, aìqktpoìo¸citc tqv kutuììqìq tiµq kui .




Mc tiµq 0 otq µctuµìqtq OFFSETGAPTYPE, tu tµqµutu tou aoìu¸puµµou aou ocv
cvevovtui kutu tqv uvuaupu¸e¸q apocktcivovtui uµoiµuiu µc¿pi vu ouvuvtq0ouv . Mc
tiµq 1 otq µctuµìqtq OFFSETGAPTYPE, tu tµqµutu tou aoìu¸puµµou aou ocv
tcµvovtui kutu tqv uvuaupu¸e¸q cvevovtui µc toço uktivuç kuµauìotqtuç ioqç µc tqv
uaootuoq uvuaupu¸e¸qç, ouv vu ci¿c cktcìcotci q cvtoìq fillet . Mc tiµq 2 otq
µctuµìqtq OFFSETGAPTYPE, tu tµqµutu tou aoìu¸puµµou aou ocv tcµvovtui kutu
tqv uvuaupu¸e¸q cvevovtui µc aìu¸io cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu (çuìtookoµµu), ouv vu ci¿c
cktcìcotci q cvtoìq chamfer tµqµutu aou qoq cvevovtui, ocv uììoievovtui kutu
tqv cktcìcoq tqç offset .



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S.3 Aqµvoopy¡o oxt¡vog xoµnoAòtqtog oc toµq ovtvxcvµcvmv
H cvxoìq Fillet

Mc tqv cvtoìq fillet µaopcitc vu ouvococtc µctuçu touç µ' cvu toço ou¸kckpiµcvq
uktivuç ouo cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu (aupuììqìu q tu¿uiu), ouo toçu, q cvu cu0u¸puµµo
tµqµu ki cvu toço (upkci vu tcµvovtui, citc otqv apu¸µutikotqtu, citc otqv
apocktuoq touç). H uktivu tou toçou uutou µaopci vu c¿ci oaoiuoqaotc tiµq, upkci vu
cçupµo¸ci otu cu0u¸puµµu q kuµauìu uvtikciµcvu. Ltqv acpiateoq aou q uktivu c¿ci
tiµq µqocv, uaìeç tu uvtikciµcvu citc apocktcivovtui µc¿pi vu ouvuvtq0ouv (otuv ocv
tcµvovtui), citc uaokoatovtui tµqµutu aou apocçc¿ouv. Eaioqç, uaup¿ci kui q
ouvutotqtu µq uaokoaqç tev tµqµutev aou apocçc¿ouv.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Fillet

Fillet

F

Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.5000
Tpé¿ouosç pu0µiosiç: Kd¡óo¡doq = A¬oko¬qç, Tpé¿ouod dk¡ivd ¡óÇou ouvdpµoyqç =
0.5000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o dv¡iksiµsvo q [Ho/úypdµµo /Ak¡ivd / A¬oko¬q / Ho//d¬/q]:

Oi cai·oy/ç :pç cv:o·pç civoi oi cçpç:
r (Radius.) Av 0cìctc vu uììuçctc tqv tiµq tqç uktivuç tou toçou ouvupµo¸qç,
aìqktpoìo¸citc r kui aututc , oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:
specify fillet radius <0.5000>:
Kd0opio¡s dk¡ivd ¡óÇou ouvdpµoyqç <0.5000>
Hìqktpoìo¸citc tqv uktivu tou toçou ouvupµo¸qç (a.¿. 2) kui aututc , oaotc
cµçuvi¸ctui to apoq¸ouµcvo apotpcatiko µqvuµu:
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o dv¡iksiµsvo q [Ho/úypdµµo / Ak¡ivd / A¬oko¬q / Ho//d¬/q]:

Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to apeto uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu ouvoc0ci µc toço
(q tiµq tqç uktivuç tou c¿ci qoq ku0opiotci apoq¸ouµcveç), oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o
npvcno:


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Select second object :
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo dv¡iksiµsvo:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to ocutcpo uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu ouvoc0ci µc
toço, oaotc o¿coiu¸ctui to toço (uv µaopci ìo¸e ¸ceµctpiuç vu o¿coiuotci) kui
oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.
Av tu uvtikciµcvu tcµvovtui, tu tµqµutu aou acpioocuouv uaokoatovtui . Av ocv
tcµvovtui, tu uvtikciµcvu apocktcivovtui µc¿pi vu ouvoc0ouv.














Eìkóvo 5.4: Ek¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç Fillet

p (Polyline.) Mc tqv cvtoìq fillet µaopcitc vu cveoctc µctuçu touç µc
toço ¸veotqç uktivuç kuµauìotqtuç tu tµqµutu cvoç aoìu¸puµµou.

Av o:pv aoo:ooap
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.5000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple] :
aìqktpoìo¸qoctc p kui , cnçovi¸c:oi p aoo:ooap
Select 2D polyline:

E¬i/éÇ¡s ôiôióo¡d¡o ¬o/úypdµµo:
oaotc caiìc¸ctc cvu oioiuotuto aoìu¸puµµo. Oìu tu tµqµutu tou aoìu¸puµµou
ouvocovtui µctuçu touç µc toço (¿epiç ocutcpq kutuociçq) kui oìokìqpevctui q
cvtoìq cve cµçuvi¸ctui kui aìqpoçopiuko µqvuµu, ¸iu to aoou tµqµutu tou
aoìu¸puµµou ouvoc0qkuv µc toço.

t (Trim.) Ltqv acpiateoq aou 0cìctc vu c¿ctc kutuotuoq µq uaokoaqç, µc tqv
cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç otqv apotpoaq
Current settings : Mode = TRIM,Radius = 0.5000
Select first object or [ Polyline/Radius/Trim /
mUltiple]:
aìqktpoìo¸citc t kui aututc .

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Ençovi¸c:oi p aoo:ooap

Enter Trim mode option [Trim/No trim]
<Trim>:
Aoo¡s s¬i/oyq kd¡óo¡doqç d¬oko¬qç [A¬oko¬q /Mq d¬oko¬q] <A¬oko¬q>:
oaotc aìqktpoìo¸citc n, aututc kui p v/o aoo:ooap civoi


Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/multiple]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o dv¡iksiµsvo q [Ho/úypdµµo/Ak¡ivd/A¬oko¬q/Ho//d¬/q]:

Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to apeto uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu ouvoc0ci µc toço
(aou q tiµq tqç uktivuç tou c¿ci qoq ku0opiotci apoq¸ouµcveç) koi cnçovi¸c:oi :o
npvcno:
Select second object:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo dv¡iksiµsvo:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to ocutcpo uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu ouvoc0ci µc toço,
oaotc kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq, uììu ¿epiç vu uaoko¡ci tu tµqµutu tev ¸puµµev
aou acpioocuouv. Av tu uvtikciµcvu ocv tcµvovtui, totc oqµioup¸citui to toço ¿epiç vu
apocktcivovtui tu uvtikciµcvu .




Oocç çoo/ç ck:c·co:ci p cv:o·p fillet (p p cv:o·p chamfer) oao :coo koi o:o cçpç, o:o o,/oio aoc
cacçcoyo¸co:c, o··o koi oc o·cç :iç caoncvcç ck:c·/ociç :oc AutoCAD, 0o civoi oc ko:oo:oop np
oaokoapç (notrim mode), ck:oç ki ov :pv o··oçc:c ao·i nc ov:io:oi,o :ooao.


u (multiple.) Av 0cìctc vu cktcìcoctc aoììcç ouvocociç µc toçu ouvupµo¸qç, µc tqv
cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç otqv apotpoaq
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.5000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple] :
aìqktpoìo¸citc u kui aututc . Eµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/multiple] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o dv¡iksiµsvo q [Ho/úypdµµo / Ak¡ivd / A¬oko¬q / ¬o//d¬/q]:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to apeto uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu ouvoc0ci µc toço (aou q
tiµq tqç uktivuç tou c¿ci qoq ku0opiotci apoq¸ouµcveç) koi cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Select second object:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo dv¡iksiµsvo:


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Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to ocutcpo uvtikciµcvo aou 0cìctc vu ouvoc0ci µc toço, oaoio
¸ivctui q ouvocoq kui cauvuìuµµuvctui :o oo,iko aoo:oca:iko npvcno
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/multiple]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o dv¡iksiµsvo q [Ho/úypdµµo / Ak¡ivd / A¬oko¬q /Ho//d¬/q]:
¸iu vu caiìcçctc vco ¸cu¸oç uvtikciµcvev aou 0u ouvoc0ouv µc toço ouvupµo¸qç (to
oaoio µaopci vu uììuçci cvoiuµcoeç µc tqv caiìo¸q r - radius). To ioio apotpcatiko
µqvuµu cauvuìuµµuvctui µc¿pi vu autqoctc to

S.4 HAoyvòtµqoq co6oypóµµmv tµqµótmv

H cvxoìq Chamfer.

Mc tqv cvtoìq chamfer, µaopcitc vu ouvococtc ouo µq aupuììqìu cu0u¸puµµu
tµqµutu (tcµvoµcvu q µq), ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç cvu cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu to oaoio civui
uao kìioq oc o¿coq µc tu up¿iku cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu. M' uììu ìo¸iu, q cvtoìq
chamfer ¿pqoiµoaoicitui ¸iu uutoµutq aìu¸iotµqoq (çuìtoo) ouo cu0u¸puµµev
tµqµutev. To cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu aìu¸iotµqoqç µaopci vu opiotci citc µc 2
uaootuociç uao tqv toµq tev 2 cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev, citc µc µiu uaootuoq uao
tqv toµq kui tqv kìioq tou eç apoç to cvu cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu . Ltqv acpiateoq aou
to µqkoç tou tµqµutoç cveoqç c¿ci tiµq µqocv, uaìeç tu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu citc
apocktcivovtui µc¿pi vu ouvuvtq0ouv (otuv ocv tcµvovtui), citc uaokoatovtui tu
tµqµutu aou apocçc¿ouv (iooouvuµq ìcitoup¸iu µc tq fillet ¸iu toço uktivuç
kuµauìotqtuç µqocv).Yaup¿ci kui ouvutotqtu µq uaokoaqç tev tµqµutev aou
apocçc¿ouv.


H cv:o·p chamfer ck:c·ci:oi novo nc:oçí cc0cyoonncv, cvc p fillet naooci vo ck:c·co:ci koi
nc:oçí :oçcv.



H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:
Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Chamfer

chamfer
cha



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Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist1 = 0.5000,Dist2=0.5000
(Kd¡óo¡doq d¬oko¬qç) Tpé¿ouod ¬/dyió¡µqoq 1q d¬óo¡doq= 0.5000, 2q
d¬óo¡doq=0.5000

Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/
Trim/Method/mUltiple]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd q
[Ho/úypdµµo/A¬óo¡doq/Fovid/A¬oko¡¡q/Mé0oôoç/Ho//d¬/q]


H cv:o·p chamfer cnçovi¸ci :o aoc:o a·pooçooioko npvcno nc :pv aooiao0cop on ocv /,c:c
o··oçci :pv ko:oo:oop oaokoapç nc :pv ioio cv:o·p p nc :pv cv:o·p fillet o:o :o/,ov o,/oio p oc
aoopyoíncvcç ck:c·/ociç :oc AutoCAD.Eaiopç, yio :o :o/,ov o,/oio aooiao:i0c:oi o:i, ocv /,c:c o··oçci
:iç oaoo:oociç a·oyio:npopç, ,opoinoaoicv:oç :pv cv:o·p chamfer.


d (Distance.) Av 0cìctc, vu uììuçctc tiç uaootuociç tou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç aìu¸io-
tµqoqç uao tqv toµq tev cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev, aìqktpoìo¸citc d kui aututc ,

oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Specify first chamfer distance <0.5000>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡qv 1q d¬óo¡doq ¬/dyió¡µqoqç <0.5000>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc tqv 1q uaootuoq (a.¿., 1.2) kui aututc , oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Specify second chamfer distance <1.2000>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡q 2q d¬óo¡doq ¬/dyió¡µqoqç <1.2000>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc tq 2q uaootuoq (a.¿., 0.6) kui aututc , oaotc cauvuìuµµuvctui to
ioio up¿iko µqvuµu.
Select first line or
[Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]:

Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to apeto uao tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0cìctc vu aìu¸iotµq0ouv µc
cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu (kui tou oaoiou oi uaootuociç tev ukpev uao tqv toµq c¿ouv qoq ku0opiotci
apoq¸ouµcveç),

oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Select second line:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to ocutcpo tµqµu aou 0cìctc vu aìu¸iotµq0ci,
oaotc kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq . Av tu uvtikciµcvu tcµvovtui, tu
tµqµutu aou apocçc¿ouv koµovtui .




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HAPAAEIIMA 1










Command: chamfer
(NOTRIM mode) Current chamfer Length = 0.0000, Angle = 0
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: d
Specify first chamfer distance <0.0000>: 10
Specify second chamfer distance <10.0000>: 15
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]:
(caiìo¸q apetou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç)
Select second line: (caiìo¸q ocutcpou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç)



a (Angle.) Lc acpiateoq aou 0cìctc vu opioctc to tµqµu aìu¸iotµqoqç µc
tqv uaootuoq kui tq ¸eviu, ukoìou0citc tqv aupukute oiuoikuoiu:
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 0.5000, Dist2
=0.50 Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/
Trim/Me thod/mUltiple]

Hìqktpoìo¸citc a kui aututc , oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Specify chamfer length on the first line <1.0000>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡qv d¬óo¡doq ¬/dyió¡µqoqç o¡o ¬po¡o su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd <1.0000>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc tqv 1q uaootuoq (a.¿., 1.2) kui aututc , oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno
Specify chamfer angle from the first line <0>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡qv k/ioq ¬/dyió¡µqoqç d¬ó ¡o ¬po¡o su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd <0>:

Hìqktpoìo¸citc tqv kìioq tou tµqµutoç aìu¸iotµqoqç uao to apeto cu0u¸puµµo
tµqµu (a.¿., 30) kui aututc , oaotc ouvc¿i¸ctui q cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç kui
cauvuìuµµuvctui to apotcìcutuio µqvuµu. 1toi, c¿ci opiotci to cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu
aìu¸iotµqoqç uao µiu uaootuoq (uao to oqµcio toµqç tev apoç aìu¸iotµqoq
tµqµutev) kui tqv kìioq tou. Av, oto µcììov, cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq chamfer, to
up¿iko aìqpoçopiuko µqvuµu 0u civui to cçqç:



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(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Length = 1.2000,Angle= 30
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/
Trim/Method/mUltiple]


HAPAAEIIMA 2









Command: chamfer
(NOTRIM mode) Current chamfer Length = 0.0000, Angle = 0
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: a
Specify chamfer length on the first line <0.0000>: 20
Specify chamfer angle from the first line <0>: 30
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: t
Enter Trim mode option [Trim/No trim] <No trim>: n
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]:
(caiìo¸q apetou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç)
Select second line: (caiìo¸q ocutcpou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç)
















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HAPAAEIIMA 2 (Lc koxóoxooq onokonqç)











Command: chamfer
(NOTRIM mode) Current chamfer Length = 0.0000, Angle = 0
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: a
Specify chamfer length on the first line <0.0000>: 20
Specify chamfer angle from the first line <0>: 30
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: t
Enter Trim mode option [Trim/No trim] <No trim>: t
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]:
(caiìo¸q apetou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç)
Select second line: (caiìo¸q ocutcpou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç)


m (method). H caiìo¸q uutq ku0opi¸ci aoiu 0u civui q io¿uouou
µc0oooç opioµou tou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç aìu¸iotµqoqç otqv tpc¿ouou
cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç . Iiu aupuoci¸µu 0u µaopci vu c¿ctc opioci
cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu aìu¸iotµqoqç kui µc touç ouo tpoaouç. Eivui cuvoqto
oti ku0c tpoaoç opioµou oqµioup¸ci kui oiuçopctiko cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu
aìu¸iotµqoqç . Iiu tqv caiìo¸q tqç µc0ooou opioµou , otqv apotpoaq
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 1.2000, Dist2 =
0.6000
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/
Trim/Method/mUltiple]
aìqktpoìo¸citc m kui aututc enter, oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Enter trim method [Distance/Angle] <Current>:
Aoo¡s µé0oôo d¬oko¬qç [A¬óo¡doq / Fovid] <Tpé¿ouod µé0oôoç>:
Eaiìc¸ctc tqv cai0uµqtq µc0ooo (µc d q a) kui oaotc cµçuvi¸ovtui çuvu
oi caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç , ¸iu ouvc¿ciu tqç cvtoìqç . Oaoiuooqaotc aìu¸iotµqoq
¸ivci uao tepu kui oto cçqç , 0u ¸ivci µc tq vcu µc0ooo aou opioutc .

P (Polyline). Mc tqv cvtoìq chamfer µaopcitc vu aìu¸iotµqoctc µctuçu touç
kui tu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu cvoç aoìu¸puµµou . Av o:pv aoo:ooap

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(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl=0.5000,
Dist2=0.5000 Select first line
or[Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUlti
ple]
aìqktpoìo¸qoctc p kui , cnçovi¸c:oi p aoo:ooap
Select 2D polyline
E¬i/éÇ¡s ôiôióo¡d¡o ¬o/úypdµµo :
Oaotc caiìc¸ctc cvu oioiuotuto aoìu¸puµµo. Oìu tu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu tou
aoìu¸puµµou aìu¸iotcµvovtui µctuçu touç (µc cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu ¿epiç
ocutcpq kutuociçq) kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq µc cµçuvioq aìqpoçopiukou
µqvuµutoç ¸iu to aoou cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu tou aoìu¸puµµou c¿ouv
aìu¸iotµq0ci .

lc acoia:cop aoc :o ao·íyoonno /,ci konaí·o :npno:o , oc:o oioyooçov:oi koi :p 0/op :ocç
aoiovocv :o cc0íyoonno :npno:o aoc o,coio¸ov:oi ko:o :pv a·oyio:npop.

t (Trim.) Ltqv acpiateoq aou 0cìctc vu c¿ctc kutuotuoq µq uaokoaqç, µc tqv
cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç otqv apotpoaq
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 0.5000, Dist2 =
0.5000 Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/
Trim/Method/mUltiple]
aìqktpoìo¸citc t kui aututc . Ençovi¸c:oi p aoo:ooap
Enter Trim mode option [Trim/No trim] <Trim>:
Aoo¡s s¬i/oyq kd¡óo¡doqç d¬oko¬qç [A¬oko¬q/Mq d¬oko¬q] A¬oko¬q>:
oaotc aìqktpoìo¸citc n kui aututc .H v/o aoo:ooap civoi:
Select first line or [Poly-
line/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd q
[Ho/úypdµµo/A¬óo¡doq/Fovid/A¬oko¬q/Mé0oôoç]:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to apeto cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu aou 0cìctc vu
aìu¸iotµq0ci cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Select second line:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to ocutcpo cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu aou 0cìctc vu
aìu¸iotµq0ci oaotc oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq, uììu ¿epiç vu uaoko¡ci tu tµqµutu
tev ¸puµµev acpioocuouv.

Oocç çoo/ç ck:c·co:ci p cv:o·p chamfer oao :coo koi o:o cçpç , o:o o,/oio aoc
cacçcoyo¸co:c o··o koi :pç caoncvcç ck:c·/ociç :oc Autocad, 0o civoi oc ko:oo:oop np
oaokoapç (notrin mode) ck:oç ki ov :pv o··oçc:c ao·i nc ov:io:oi,o :ooao .


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u (multiple.) Ltqv acpiateoq aou 0cìctc vu kuvctc aoììuaìq aìu¸iotµqoq
kutu tqv cktcìcoq tqç ioiuç cvtoìqç chamfer, oto apotpcatiko µqvuµu

(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl =0.5000,
Dist2 = 0.5000 Select first line or
[Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/multi
ple]

aìqktpoìo¸citc u kui aututc . Ençovi¸c:oi p aoo:ooap
Select first line or
[Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltip
le] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd q
[Ho/úypdµµo/ A¬óo¡doq/ Fovid/ A¬oko¬q/ Mé0oôoç/ Ho//d¬/q]:

Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to apeto cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu aou 0cìctc vu
aìu¸iotµq0ci cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Select second line:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd:
Mc tov caiìo¸cu caiìc¸ctc to ocutcpo cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu aou 0cìctc vu aìu¸iotµq0ci.
Tu ouo tcìcutuiu apotpcatiku µqvuµutu cauvuìuµµuvovtui µc¿pi vu autqoctc .


S.S Mctotònvoq ovtvxcvµcvmv
H cvxoìq Move
* H cv:o·p move o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv.
Mc tqv cvtoìq move, µaopcitc vu µctutoaioctc (µctukivqoctc) cvu q acpioootcpu
o¿coiuoµcvu uvtikciµcvu.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Move

Move
m


Mctu tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç cµçuvi¸ctui to cçqç µqvuµu :

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Select Objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Açou oìokìqpe0ci q caiìo¸q tqç oµuouç tev uvtikciµcvev ,cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
Specify base point or displacement:
Kd0opio¡s µdoikó oqµsio q µs¡d¡ó¬ioq:


Iiu vu ¸ivci q µctutoaioq, ¿pciu¸ctui vu opioctc ouo oqµciu aou ku0opi¸ouv tqv
uaootuoq (µqkoç kui kutcu0uvoq) tqç µctutoaioqç. To apeto oqµcio (µuoiko oqµcio
q oqµcio uvuçopuç) oci¿vci tqv up¿q tqç uaootuoqç µctutoaioqç kui to ocutcpo to
tcìoç tqç. Tu oqµciu uutu µaopci vu uvqkouv otu uvtikciµcvu aou qoq c¿ctc caiìcçci
q vu civui tu¿uiu. Ku0opi¸ctc to apeto oqµcio tqç uaootuoqç µctutoaioqç q
aìqktpoìo¸citc tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou.
Specify second point of displacement or <use first point a
displacement:
Kd0opio¡s ¡o ôsú¡spo oqµsio µs¡d¡ó¬ioqç q <¿pqoiµo¬oiqo¡s ¡o ¬po¡o oqµsio yid ¡q
µs¡d¡ó¬ioq:
Ku0opi¸ctc to ocutcpo oqµcio tqç uaootuoqç µctutoaioqç. Otuv oìokìqpeoctc tqv
cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç, tu up¿iku uvtikciµcvu oiu¸puçovtui.
Av ov:i vo ko0ooioc:c :o ocí:coo opncio ao:poc:c , cç oaoo:oop nc:o:oaiopç ck·onßovc:oi :o oiovcono
aoc ooi¸c:oi oao :o opncio (0,0,0) koi :o ßooiko opncio ov:iyooçpç (aoc:o opncio). l:pv acoia:cop
oc:p, naooci :o cai·cyn/vo ov:ikcincvo vo nc:o:oaio:oív ovcç/·cyk:o /çc oao :pv ooo:p o0ovp. l:pv
acoia:cop oc:p, ao/aci vo ovoio/oc:c :pv cv:o·p move nc :pv cv:o·p u.
Ltqv Eikovu, çuivctui q µctutoaioq cvoç aupuììqìo¸puµµou uao tq 0coq A otq
0coq B.













Eìkóvo 5.5: Ms¡d¡ó¬ioq ¬dpd//q/óypdµµou o¿qµd¡oç d¬ó ¡q 0éoq A o¡q B.


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S.6 Anoxonq ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq Trim
* H cv:o·p trim o/,c:oi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv o··o o,i aoocai·oyp.
Mc tqv cvtoìq trim, µaopcitc vu uaoko¡ctc (vu uçuipcoctc) µcpq cu0u¸puµµev
tµqµutev, cu0ciev, toçev, kukìev, kui aoìu¸puµµev (polylines), acpu uao q µctuçu
oqµciev, aou opi¸ovtui uao cvu q acpioootcpu opiu uaokoaqç. Oç opiu uaokoaqç,
µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc ¸puµµcç, toçu, kukìouç, kui aoìu¸puµµu. 1vu
uvtikciµcvo µaopci vu ouµacpiçcpctui kui ouv opio uaokoaqç kui ouv uvtikciµcvo aou
0u uaokoaci.
To uvtikciµcvo aou 0u uaokoaci ocv civui uvu¸kuio vu tcµvctui µc tu opiu uaokoaqç.
Eaioqç, µaopcitc vu uaoko¡ctc uvtikciµcvu oto ¿epo (µq oµocaiacou) citc otqv
apu¸µutikotqtu, uv tcµvovtui, citc eç apoç tqv apoµoìq touç (project) oc kuaoio
caiacoo, uv ocv tcµvovtui .
H cv:o·p naooci vo ck:c·co:ci cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Trim

trim
t r


Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç, cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:

Current settings: Projection=UCS Edge=None
Tpé¿ouosç pu0µiosiç: Hpoµo/q=o¡o DCS, Toµq=Y¬dpk¡q
Select cutting edges ...
E¬i/éÇ¡s ópid d¬oko¬qç ...
Select Objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Açou oìokìqpe0ci q caiìo¸q tev uvtikciµcvev aou 0u uaotcìcoouv tu opiu
uaokoaqç , cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:

Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Pro-
ject/Edge/Undo] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid d¬oko¬q q µs ¡o shift yid ¬poék¡doq q [Hpoµo/q/Toµq/Avdipsoq]:



Hututc o' cvu oqµcio oto tµqµu tou uvtikciµcvou aou 0cìctc vu uaokoaci. To ioio
apotpcatiko µqvuµu cauvuìuµµuvctui ouvc¿eç kui uçou oìokìqpeoctc tqv
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uaokoaq tev tµqµutev tev uvtikciµcvev aou 0cìctc, oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq
autevtuç .














Eìkóvo 5.6: Ek¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç Trim

Mc tqv ioiu cvtoìq, cktoç uao to vu uaoko¡ctc, µaopcitc kui vu apocktcivctc
uvtikciµcvu, ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç eç opiu apocktuoqç tu qoq caiìc¸µcvu opiu uaokoaqç.
Auto ¸ivctui, uv kutu tqv caiìo¸q tou uvtikciµcvou kpututc tuuto¿povu autqµcvo kui
to aìqktpo Shift.
Lc acpiateoq aou c¿ctc ouo µq tcµvoµcvu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, ¸iu uaokoaq tou
cvoç oc o¿coq µc to voqto oqµcio toµqç, otqv apotpoaq
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Pro-&ect/Edge/Undo]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid d¬oko¬q q µs ¡o shift yid ¬poék¡doq q Hpoµo/q/Toµq/Avdipsoq]:
aìqktpoìo¸citc e kui aututc , ¸iu vu uììuçctc tqv kutuotuoq voqtqç toµqç
(toµq oc apocktuoq).
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Extend/No extend]
<No extend>:
Aoo¡s µid kd¡óo¡doq ouvs¬dyóµsvqç ¡oµqç os ¬poék¡doq [Noq¡q/Y¬dpk¡q] <Y¬dpk¡q>:
Euvuaìqktpoìo¸citc e kui aututc , ¸iu vu oqìeoctc kutuotuoq voqtqç toµqç
(toµq oc apocktuoq). To µqvuµu aou cµçuvi¸ctui civui to cçqç:
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or
[Project/Edge/Undo] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid d¬oko¬q q µs ¡o shift yid ¬poék¡doq q [Hpoµo/q/Toµq/Avdipsoq]:
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Ku0opi¸ctc cvu oqµcio oto tµqµu tou uvtikciµcvou aou 0cìctc vu uaokoaci. Açou
oìokìqpeoctc tqv uaokoaq tev tµqµutev tev uvtikciµcvev, oìokìqpevctc tqv
cvtoìq µc .










Eìkóvo 5.7: A¬oko¬q su0uypóµµou ¡µqµd¡oç d¬ó oqµsio ¬ou opiçs¡di d¬ó ó//o su0úypdµµo
Tµqµd ¡o o¬oio ôsv ¡éµvs¡di µs ¡o ¬po¡o

Av 0cìctc vu uvuipcoctc tqv aio apooçutq uaokoaq aìqktpoìo¸citc u kui
(undo).

H cvxoìq Extrim
* H cv:o·p io,íci novo ov /,c:c kovci cyko:oo:oop :cv Express Tools :oc AutoCAD.
Av 0cìctc vu uaoko¡ctc aoììu uvtikciµcvu, tu oaoiu oµeç c¿ouv µovo cvu opio
uaokoaqç, ¿pqoiµoaoicitc tqv cvtoìq extrim, q oaoiu cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç
tpoaouç:

Extrim


Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:
Pick a POLYLINE, LINE, CIRCLE, ARC, ELLIPSE, IMAGE
or TEXT for cutting edge...
E¬i/éÇ¡s évd ¬o/úypdµµo, su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd, kúk/o, ¡óÇo, é//siµq, sikóvd q ksiµsvo oç
ópio d¬oko¬qç...
Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Hupoìo aou q ocutcpq apotpoaq civui "Eaiìcçtc uvtikciµcvu:", µc tqv caiìo¸q cvoç
uao tu apotcivoµcvu uvtikciµcvu, oìokìqpevctui q caiìo¸q koi cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç
npvcno:
Pick the side to trim on:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡qv ¬/supó d¬oko¬qç:
Oi Buoikcç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

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Ku0opi¸ctc cvu oqµcio apoç tqv aìcupu aou 0cìctc tqv oµuoikq uaokoaq tev
uvtikciµcvev (µc to aovtiki q to aìqktpoìo¸io) kui q cvtoìq oìokìqpevctui.


Ap¿ìkó Avtìkríµrvo Kotóörì{q oto oqµrío 1






















Kotóörì{q oto oqµrío 2


EIKONA 5.8: Oµdôikq d¬oko¬q ¡µqµó¡ov µs ¡qv sv¡o/q extrim






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S.? Hpocxtooq ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq Extend

* H cv:o·p extend o/,c:oi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv o··o o,i aoocai·oyp.
Mc tqv cvtoìq extend, µaopcitc vu apocktcivctc (vu caiµqkuvctc) ¸puµµcç, toçu,
aoìu¸puµµu, k.u. µc¿pi vu ouvuvtqoouv cvu uììo uvtikciµcvo, to oaoio ¿pqoiµoaoicitui
eç opio apocktuoqç. Oç opiu apocktuoqç µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc ¸puµµcç, toçu,
kukìouç, kui aoìu¸puµµu. 1vu uvtikciµcvo µaopci vu civui kui opio apocktuoqç kui
uvtikciµcvo aou 0u apocktu0ci. To uvtikciµcvo aou 0u apocktu0ci ocv civui uvu¸kuio vu
ouvuvtuci otqv apu¸µutikotqtu tu opiu apocktuoqç.



H cv:o·p naooci vo ck:c·co:ci cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Extend

Extend
Ex


Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç, cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:

Current settings: Projection=UCS Edge=None
Tpé¿ouosç pu0µiosiç: Hpoµo/q= o¡o UCS, Toµq= Y¬dpk¡q
Select boundary edges ...
E¬i/éÇ¡s ópid ¬poék¡doqç...
Select Objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

H cv:o·p extend o/,c:oi cç ooio aoo/k:oopç koi ncnovcn/vo ov:ikcincvo aoc ovpkocv oc na·ok .

Açou oìokìqpe0ci q caiìo¸q tev uvtikciµcvev aou 0u uaotcìcoouv tu opiu apocktuoqç
(µc ), cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno:
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Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
[Project/Edge/Undo] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid ¬poék¡doq q µs ¡o shift yid d¬oko¬q q [Hpoµo/q /Toµq /
Avdipsoq]:

Ku0opi¸ctc cvu oqµcio oto tµqµu tou uvtikciµcvou aou 0cìctc vu apocktu0ci. Açou
oìokìqpeoctc tqv apocktuoq tev tµqµutev tev uvtikciµcvev aou 0cìctc,
oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq µc . Mc tqv ioiu cvtoìq, cktoç uao to vu apocktcivctc,
µaopcitc kui vu uaoko¡ctc uvtikciµcvu, ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç eç opiu uaokoaqç tu qoq
caiìc¸µcvu opiu apocktuoqç. Auto ¸ivctui, uv kutu tqv caiìo¸q tou uvtikciµcvou
kpututc tuuto¿povu autqµcvo kui to aìqktpo Shift. Mc uììu ìo¸iu q cvtoìq
extend ouvouu¸ctui µc tqv cvtoìq trim.
Lc acpiateoq aou to apocktcivoµcvo tµqµu oc ouvuvtuci to opio apocktuoqç kui
0cìctc oaeooqaotc vu ¸ivci q apocktuoq, o:pv aoo:ooap
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
[Project/Edge/Undo] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid ¬poék¡doq q µs ¡o shift yid d¬oko¬q q [Hpoµo/q /Toµq /
Avdipsoq]:
aìqktpoìo¸citc e kui aututc , ¸iu vu uììuçctc tqv kutuotuoq voqtqç toµqç (toµq
oc apocktuoq).
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Enter an implied edge extension mode [Extend/No extend]
<No extend>:
Aoo¡s µid kd¡óo¡doq ouvs¬dyóµsvqç ¡oµqç os ¬poék¡doq [Noq¡q/Y¬dpk¡q] <Y¬dpk¡q>:
Euvuaìqktpoìo¸citc e kui aututc , ¸iu vu oqìeoctc kutuotuoq voqtqç toµqç
(toµq oc apocktuoq).
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
[Project/Edge/Undo] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid ¬poék¡doq q µs ¡o shift yid d¬oko¬q q [Hpoµo/q/ Toµq /
Avdipsoq]:
Ku0opi¸ctc cvu oqµcio oto tµqµu tou uvtikciµcvou aou 0cìctc vu apocktu0ci. Açou
oìokìqpeoctc tqv apocktuoq tev tµqµutev tev uvtikciµcvev aou 0cìctc,
oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq µc .

Oocç çoo/ç ck:c·/oc:c oao :coo koi o:o cçpç :pv cv:o·p extend (p :pv cv:o·p trim ), :ooo o:o
o,/oio aoc cacçcoyo¸co:c, ooo koi oc o·cç :iç caoncvcç ck:c·/ociç :oc AutoCAD, 0o ·onßovc:oi cao,p
o,i p caook:p :onp, o··o p :onp oc aoo/k:oop (vop:p), ck:oç ki ov o··oçc:c oc:p :pv ko:oo:oop nc :ov
ioio :ooao.
Av 0cìctc v' uvuipcoctc tqv aio apooçutq apocktuoq aìqktpoìo¸citc u kui
(undo).

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EIKONA 5.9: Ek¡é/soq sv¡o/qç Extend.



Av c¿ctc vu apocktcivctc aoììu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, otqv apotpoaq (uvtiotoi¿u
oaeç kui otqv cvtoìq trim)
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim
or [Project/Edge/Undo]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvo yid ¬poék¡doq q µs ¡o shift yid d¬oko¬q q
[Hpoµo/q/Toµq/Avdipsoq
µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc oµuoikq caiìo¸q tµqµutev ¸iu apocktuoq. H µovq
oµuoikq caiìo¸q coe civui q fence.
Oaoiuoqaotc uììq µc0oooç oµuoikqç caiìo¸qç ¸iu tµqµutu aou 0u apocktu0ouv oc µao-
pci vu ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ci. Av, ¸iu aupuoci¸µu, ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tq µc0ooo window, to
apo¸puµµu oc 0u çcpci oc aoiu kutcu0uvoq vu apocktcivci tu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu.
S.S AAAoyq vôvotqtmv ovtvxcvµcvmv

Iiu tqv uììu¸q tev ioiotqtev tev uvtikciµcvev ¿pqoiµoaoicitc tiç cvtoìcç chprop
kui matchprop. Mc tiç cvtoìcç uutcç, µaopcitc vu uììuçctc MONO tiç ioiotqtcç tou
uvtikciµcvou, oaeç otpeoq (Layer), ¿peµu (Color), u¡oç ¸puµµqç kutu Z
(Thickness), tuao ¸puµµqç (Ltype), au¿oç ¸puµµqç (Lweight) kui ouvtcìcotq
tuaou ¸puµµqç (ItScale).

H cvxoìq Chprop
* H cv:o·p chprop o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv.
H cvtoìq chprop cµçuvi¸ci caiìo¸cç otqv acpio¿q tev cvtoìev kui cktcìcitui µc tov
cçqç tpoao :

Chprop


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To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:
Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Açou caiìcçctc cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu µc tov caiìo¸cu (µcµoveµcvu q oµuoiku )
kui oìokìqpeoctc tqv caiìo¸q µc , q caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:
Enter property to change
[Color/LAyer/LType/ltScale/LWeight/Thickness]:
Aoo¡s iôió¡q¡d yid d//dyq [Xpoµd /Z¡pooq /Tú¬o ypdµµqç /Zuv¡s/so¡q ¡ú¬ou
ypdµµqç /Hó¿oç ypdµµqç /¨µoç kd¡ó Z]:



Aivctc tqv caiìo¸q kui kutoaiv opi¸ctc tqv uììu¸q.

Oi cai·oy/ç :pç cv:o·pç civoi oi cçpç :

Oìokìqpevci tqv cvtoìq.
c Aiop0evci to ¿peµu tou uvtikciµcvou.


To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:

Enter new color <current>:
Aoo¡s véo ¿poµd <¡pé¿ov>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc to vco ¿peµu (citc ouv kciµcvo, a.¿. red, citc µc tov keoiko tou, a.¿. 1)
kui aututc . Eaiotpcçctc oto apoq¸ouµcvo apotpcatiko µqvuµu.
La Toao0ctci to uvtikciµcvo oc vcu otpeoq.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Enter new layer name <current>:
Aoo¡s véd o¡pooq <¡pé¿ouod>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc tq vcu otpeoq kui aututc . Eaiotpcçctc oto apoq¸ouµcvo apotpc-
atiko µqvuµu.
Lt Aììu¸ci tov tuao ¸puµµqç tou uvtikciµcvou.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Enter new linetype name <current>:
Aoo¡s ¡o óvoµd ¡ou véou ¡ú¬ou ypdµµqç <¡pé¿ov>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc to ovoµu tou vcou tuaou ¸puµµqç kui aututc . Eaiotpcçctc oto
apoq¸ouµcvo apotpcatiko µqvuµu.
Lw Aììu¸ci to au¿oç tqç ¸puµµqç o¿coiuoqç tou uvtikciµcvou.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Enter new lineweight <current> :
Aoo¡s véo ¬ó¿oç ypdµµqç <¡pé¿ov>:
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Hìqktpoìo¸citc to vco au¿oç ¸puµµqç kui aututc . Eaiotpcçctc oto apoq¸ouµcvo
apotpcatiko µqvuµu.
S Aììu¸ci to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç tou tuaou ¸puµµqç tou uvtikciµcvou, uv to uvtikci-
µcvo civui o¿coiuoµcvo µc oaoiovoqaotc uììo tuao ¸puµµqç cktoç tqç ouvc¿ouç
¸puµµqç.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Specify new linetype scale <current>:
Kd0opio¡s véo ouv¡s/so¡q k/iµdkdç ¡ú¬ou ypdµµqç <¡pé¿ov>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc to vco ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç kui aututc . Eaiotpcçctc oto apoq-
¸ouµcvo apotpcatiko µqvuµu.

t Aììu¸ci to u¡oç kutu Z tou uvtikciµcvou.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
Specify new thickness <current>:
Kd0opio¡s véoç úµoç kd¡ó Z <¡pé¿ov>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc to vco u¡oç kutu Z tou uvtikciµcvou kui aututc . Eaiotpcçctc
oto apoq¸ouµcvo apotpcatiko µqvuµu.

H cvxoìq Matchprop

* H cv:o·p matchprop o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp, o··o o,i koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv.
Eivui µiu cvtoìq, q oaoiu µaopci vu caitu¿uvci tqv uììu¸q ioiotqtev tev uvtikciµcvev
kutu aoìu. H cvtoìq matchprop cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç tpoaouç:
Aao to cikovioio tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify Match Properties

Matchprop
Ma


Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu uaooeoctc tiç ioiotqtcç cvoç uvtikciµcvou o' cvu q
acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu.

To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Select source object:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o dv¡iksiµsvo µs ¡iç s¬i0uµq¡éç iôió¡q¡sç:
Eaiìc¸ctc to uvtikciµcvo µc tiç cai0uµqtcç ioiotqtcç.
To caoncvo npvíno:o civoi :o cçpç:
Current active settings: Color Layer Ltype
Ltscale Lineweight Thickness Text Dim Hatch
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Tpé¿ouosç svspyéç pu0piosiç = gpopd, otpooq, túnoç ypdppqç, k/ipdkd túnov
ypdppqç, ndgoç ogsôidoqç ypdµµqç, úµoç kd¡ó Z, ksiµsvo, ôióo¡doq, ôidypóµµioq
Select destination object(s) or [Settings]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o(d) ¬poç d//dyq dv¡iksiµsvo(d) q [Pu0µiosiç]:

Av ouµçevcitc µc tiç tpc¿ouocç pu0µiociç, caiìc¸ctc cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu.
Lc ku0c caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvou cauvuìuµµuvctui to tcìcutuio apotpcatiko µqvuµu
(Select destination object (s) or [Settings] :). Açou oìokìqpeoctc tqv
caiìo¸q, µc , auputqpcitc oti, tu caiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu uaoktouv tiç ioiotqtcç
tou up¿iku caiìc¸µcvou uvtikciµcvou.
Av 0cìctc vu uììuçouµc tiç pu0µiociç otqv apotpoaq
Select destination object(s) or [Settings]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o(d) ¬poç d//dyq dv¡iksiµsvo(d) q [Pu0µiosiç]:

aìqktpoìo¸citc s kui . Eµçuvi¸ctui aìuioio oiuìo¸ou (ocitc tqv aupukute cikovu ),
oto oaoio µaopcitc vu pu0µioctc tiç ioiotqtcç aou 0cìctc vu io¿uouv. Autcç tiç
ioiotqtcç tou up¿ikou uvtikciµcvou 0u uaoktouv tu uvtikciµcvu aou caiìc¸ovtui otq
ouvc¿ciu.
























EIKONA 5.10: To
¬/dioio ôid/óyou pu0µiosov ¡qç sv¡o/qç matchprop

Oi ioiotqtcç uutcç civui to ¿peµu (Color, µovo uv uuto ocv ukoìou0ci to ¿peµu
tqç otpeoqç), q otpeoq (Layer), o tuaoç ¸puµµqç (Linetype, µovo uv uutoç
ocv ukoìou0ci tov tuao ¸puµµqç tqç otpeoqç), q kìiµuku tou tuaou
¸puµµqç (Linetype scale), to au¿oç tqç ¸puµµqç o¿coiuoqç (Lineweight,
µovo uv uuto ocv ukoìou0ci to au¿oç ¸puµµqç tqç otpeoqç), to u¡oç kutu
Z (Thickness) kui to otuì cktuaeoqç (PlotStyle, µovo uv uuto ocv
ukoìou0ci to otuì cktuaeoqç µuoci otpeoqç).
Av to up¿iku caiìc¸µcvo uvtikciµcvo civui oiuotuoq (Dimension), kciµcvo
(Text) q oiu¸puµµioq (Hatch), tu caiìc¸oµcvu otq ouvc¿ciu uvtikciµcvu, cktoç
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uao tiç µuoikcç, uaoktouv kui tiç caiµcpouç ioiotqtcç, uv uvqkouv otqv ioiu
kutq¸opiu uvtikciµcvev (µc tqv apoüao0coq oti uutcç civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvcç).
S.9 Avòp6moq vôvotqtmv xov o×côvootvxmv otov×c¡mv tmv
ovtvxcvµcvmv
H cvxoìq Change
* H cvtoìq change oc¿ctui apocaiìo¸q kui oµuoikq caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev.
H cvtoìq uutq civui io¿upotcpq uao tqv cvtoìq chprop, kui kuvci oìcç tiç
oiop0eociç aou kuvci q chprop, ouv kuaoicç caiaìcov uììu oc ou¸kckpiµcvu cioq
uvtikciµcvev, oaeç tu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, oi kukìoi, tu µaìok, tu kciµcvu kui tu
¿upuktqpiotiku tev µaìok. H cvtoìq change cµçuvi¸ci caiìo¸cç otqv acpio¿q
cvtoìev kui cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç tpoaouç:


Change
-ch (apooo¿q oto apooqµo - )

To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:
Select, objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Açou caiìcçctc cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu µc tov caiìo¸cu (µcµoveµcvu q oµuoiku)
kui oìokìqpeoctc tqv caiìo¸q µc , q caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:
Specify change point or [Properties]:
Kd0opio¡s d//dyq oqµsiou q [Ìôió¡q¡sç]:

Av caiìcçctc p kui autqoctc , oqìevctc oti 0cìctc vu oiop0eoctc kuaoiu uao tiç
ioiotqtcç kui q oiop0eoq uutq ¸ivctui µc tov ioio tpoao kui tiç ioicç caiìo¸cç aou
uvuatu¿0qkuv otqv cvtoìq chprop. Av uaìeç autqoctc , µauivctc otq oiuoikuoiu
oiop0eoqç tev uaoìoiaev otoi¿ciev ¸iu tu acvtc cioq tev uvtikciµcvev aou
uvuçcpuµc aupuauve (cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, kukìouç, µaìok, kciµcvu kui
¿upuktqpiotiku tev µaìok).

H cvxoìq Properties

* H cv:o·p properties o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv.

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, cktoç uao tq pu0µioq tev ioiotqtev o¿coiuoqç, µaopcitc vu
uììuçctc otioqaotc civui tpoaoaoiqoiµo oc cvu uvtikciµcvo, tooo uao tu
¸ceµctpiku tou otoi¿ciu, ooo kui uao tiç ioiotqtcç tou. Eivui cvtoìq, q oaoiu, oaeç
0u oouµc kui otq ouvc¿ciu, civui uììqìcaiopuotikq (interactive). Mc uììu ìo¸iu,
caiçcpci uµcocç uììu¸cç otu caiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu (q otiç ioiotqtcç o¿coiuoqç),
uvuìo¸u µc to aoiu ioiotqtu 0u pu0µioctc. Acitoup¸ci ¿epiç apotpcatiku µqvuµutu
q ioiuitcpu aìuioiu oiuìo¸ou, uììu µovo µc aìuioiu aìqktpoìo¸qoqç, kouµaiu
pu0µioqç, atuoooµcvouç kutuìo¸ouç, k.ìa.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:
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Aao to cikovioio tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev .
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify Properties

Properties
Ctrl + 1
Ch
mo

Ektcìevtuç uutq tqv cvtoìq, otqv upiotcpq aìcupu tqç o0ovqç cp¸uoiuç tou
AutoCAD (kui auve uao to aupu0upo tou apo¸puµµutoç) cµçuvi¸ctui cvu
aupu0upo - aìuioio oiuìo¸ou To up¿iko acpic¿oµcvo tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou,
cçuptutui uao to uv c¿ctc apocaiìcçci uvtikciµcvu kui uao to uv tu apocaiìc¸µcvu
uvtikciµcvu civui ioiou tuaou q o¿i. Ltiç aupukute cikovcç çuivctui to aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç properties ¿epiç apocaiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu, kui µc
apocaiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu.

























EIKONA 5.11: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç properties ¿opiç ¬pos¬i/oyq dv¡iksiµévov
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EIKONA 5.12: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç properties µs s¬i/oyq dv¡iksiµévov


Av ocv c¿ctc apocaiìcçci uvtikciµcvu µaopcitc vu tu caiìcçctc otq ouvc¿ciu. Auto
µaopci vu ¸ivci citc µc to otuupovqµu (:o oaoio aoi¸ci koi :o oo·o cai·oy/o), citc µc
autqµu oto kouµai tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç properties, oaotc
cµçuvi¸ctc tov kìuoiko caiìo¸cu. Mc uutov tov tpoao caiìo¸qç tev uvtikciµcvev,
µaopcitc vu cçupµooctc kui oìcç tiç µc0ooouç aoììuaìqç caiìo¸qç .

Mc tqv caiìo¸q tev uvtikciµcvev, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç properties
apooti0cvtui tu caiìc¸oµcvu uvtikciµcvu kui tuçivoµouvtui kutu kutq¸opicç.

Av 0cìctc vu µq oqµioup¸citui oct caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev, µaopcitc vu autqoctc
oto kouµai tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç properties, oaotc q caiìo¸q
vcev uvtikciµcvev, ooq¸ci oc uaocaiìo¸q tev apoq¸ouµcvev. Iiu vu cauvcì0ctc
otqv apoq¸ouµcvq kutuotuoq, çuvuautqotc oto ioio kouµai .
Oi Buoikcç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

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Av oìu tu caiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu ocv civui ioiou tuaou, a.¿., cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu
(line — ocitc Eikovu 5.12 ), totc tu acpic¿oµcvu tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç
cvtoìqç properties uììu¸ouv kui cµçuvi¸ovtui kutu kutq¸opicç. Ltqv auve aìcupu
tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou çuivctui to ciooç kui to aìq0oç tev caiìc¸µcvev
uvtikciµcvev.
Eacioq oi cioikcç ioiotqtcç ku0c uvtikciµcvou, aou µaopcitc vu uììuçctc, cçuptevtui
uao to ciooç tou caiìc¸µcvou uvtikciµcvou, 0cepe okoaiµo q uvuçopu otqv uììu¸q
tou uvtikciµcvou vu ¸ivctui kutu acpiateoq kui µuìiotu otqv uvtiotoi¿q aupu¸puço
q oto uvtiotoi¿o kcçuìuio, oto oaoio uvuçcpctui q cvtoìq oqµioup¸iuç tou
uvtikciµcvou.
L¿ctiku µc tiç ¸cvikcç ioiotqtcç tev uvtikciµcvev, apcaci vu uvutpcçctc otqv
kutq¸opiu General, kui vu caiìcçctc q vu aìqktpoìo¸qoctc tq vcu ioiotqtu tev
caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev.
Oaoiooqaotc otoi¿cio ki uv tpoaoaoiqoctc (tooo otiç ioiotqtcç, ooo kui otu ioiuitcpu
otoi¿ciu), q tpoaoaoiqoq cçupµo¸ctui oc oìu tu caiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu kutu tq
oti¸µq aou:
0u autqoctc oc kuaoiu uììq ioiotqtu ¸iu tpoaoaoiqoq, q
0u caiìcçctc kuaoiu caiìo¸q uao kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (¸iu tu otoi¿ciu aou
uvuatuooouv kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev µc autqµu oto kouµai otq ocçiu aìcupu)
0u ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc kuaoio aìuioio oiuìo¸ou (¸iu tu otoi¿ciu aou cµçuvi¸ouv
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou µc autqµu oto kouµai otq ocçiu aìcupu), q
0u autqoctc (¸iu tu otoi¿ciu aou ìcitoup¸ouv µc aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç), q
0u kutuociçctc kuaoio vco oqµcio otqv o0ovq (¸iu tu otoi¿ciu aou ìcitoup¸ouv µc
kutuociçq kui cµçuvi¸ouv, otuv caiìc¸ouv, to cikovioio otq ocçiu aìcupu
touç).
















Oi Buoikcç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 83 / 232
Oi ioiotqtcç aou µaopcitc vu uììuçctc kui o tpoaoç µc tov oaoio µaopcitc vu tiç
uììuçctc civui oi cçqç:

Color (¿peµu):Aììu¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev .
Layer (otpeoq): Aììu¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev, o oaoioç
cµçuvi¸ci tiç oqµioup¸qµcvcç otpeociç.
Linetype (tuao ¸puµµqç): Aììu¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev, o
oaoioç cµçuvi¸ci touç çopteµcvouç tuaouç ¸puµµqç.
Linetype scale (kìiµuku tuaou ¸puµµqç): Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq oto
aupuaìcupo aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç.
Lineweight (au¿oç ¸puµµqç o¿coiuoqç): Aììu¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o
caiìo¸ev,o oaoioç cµçuvi¸ci tu tuaiku au¿q ¸puµµqç o¿coiuoqç.
Plot style (otuì cktuaeoqç): Aììu¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev, o
oaoioç cµçuvi¸ci tu oqµioup¸qµcvu otuì cktuaeoqç.
Hyperlink (uacp-ouvocoµo): Aììu¸ci µc ¿pqoq tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç
cvtoìqç hyperlink .
Thickness (u¡oç kutu Z): Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq oto aupuaìcupo
aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç.

Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 84 / 232
6. Fpoqq xov Avòp6moq Kcvµcvoo
6.1 Eµqóvvoq too xcvµcvoo oto o×côvo

H cvxoìq Qtext

Lc o¿coiu aou acpic¿ouv aoììu kciµcvu, otuv cktcìouvtui oi cvtoìcç redraw kui
regen 0u oiuaioteoctc oti caiµpuouvctc q o¿coiuoq. Iiu vu caitu¿uvctc tqv
cktcìcoq tev cvtoìev uutev, civui ¿pqoiµq q ¿pqoq tqç µctuµìqtqç ouotqµutoç
qtextmode, q oaoiu pu0µi¸ctui µc tqv cvtoìq qtext.

H oí0niop :pç qtextmode yivc:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç

To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Command: qtextmode
Enter new value for QTEXTMODE <1> : 0
oaou aìqktpoìo¸ouµc 1, uv 0cìouµc vu çuivctui µovo to acpi¸puµµu tou kciµcvou,
kui 0, uv 0cìctc tqv cµçuvioq tou aìqpouç kciµcvou.

Aao to aìqkpoìo¸io µc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç qtext c¿ouµc:

Mc tqv cµçuvioq tou µqvuµutoç
Enter mode [ON/OFF] <OFF>:
oaou aìqktpoìo¸ouµc ON, uv 0cìouµc vu çuivctui µovo to acpi¸puµµu tou
kciµcvou, kui OFF,uv 0cìctc tqv cµçuvioq tou aìqpouç kciµcvou.

H cvxoìq Chprop

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu uììuçctc MONO tq otpeoq (Layer), to au¿oç
¸puµµqç o¿coiuoqç (Lineweight) kui to ¿peµu (Color) cvoç kciµcvou.

H cvxoìq Matchprop

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, uaooioctc tiç ioiotqtcç cvoç kciµcvou (otpeoq, ¿peµu, u¡oç,
kìioq ¿upuktqpev, k.ì.a.) oc cvu q acpioootcpu uaìu kciµcvu, upkci vu civui
cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q caiìo¸q Text oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou Property Settings.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Match Properties

Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

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Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç

H cvxoìq Change

Autq q cvtoìq civui io¿upotcpq uao tqv cvtoìq chprop.Mc uutq, µaopcitc v’
uììuçctc cktoç uao tiç ioiotqtcç kui tu uaoìoiau otoi¿ciu tou kciµcvou, oaeç, to
oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç, tqv kìioq, to u¡oç, to otuì ¸puçqç, ku0eç kui to ioio to kciµcvo.

H cv:o·p change ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:
Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd
Specify change point or [Properties] :
Kd0opiots d//dyq oqpsiou q [Iôiótqtsç]

Av caiìcçouµc p , oqìevouµc oti 0cìouµc vu tpoaoaoiqoouµc kuaoiu uao tiç
ioiotqtcç.
Eiouììeç, µauivouµc otq oiuoikuoiu oiop0eoqç tev uaoìoiaev otoi¿ciev tou
kciµcvou, kui to caoµcvo µqvuµu tqç cvtoìqç civui:

Specify new text insertion point <no change>:
Kd0opio¡s véo oqµsio siodyoyqç ksiµévou <kdµid d//dyq>
Enter new text style <current>:
Kd0opio¡s véo o¡u/ ksiµévou <Tpé¿ov>
Specify new height<current>:
Kd0opio¡s véo úµoç <Tpé¿ov>
Specify new rotation angle <current>:
Kd0opio¡s véd yovid k/ioqç <¡pé¿ouod>
Enter new text <nµo:s:vóµsvo :o nok:ó xs:µsvo>:
Aoo¡s véo ksiµsvo <¬po¡sivóµsvo ¡o ¬d/ió ksiµsvo>:

H cvxoìq Ddedit

H cvtoìq cµçuvi¸ci aìuioio oiuìo¸ou, kui cktcìcitui ouvc¿eç µc¿pi vu oìokìqpe0ci.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Text.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Object Text Edit…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:
Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s évd dv¡iksiµsvo ksiµévou q [Avdipsoq]:

Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 86 / 232
Mc u uvuipcitc tqv tcìcutuiu oiop0eoq kciµcvou.

Av caiìcçctc cvu uao kciµcvo, cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou aou çuivctui
otqv aupukute cikovu.


Eìkóvo 6.1: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç ddedit.

H·pk:oo·oyoínc :o v/o kcincvo p oioo0cvocnc :o ao·io.


H cvxoìq Scaletext

Mc tqv cvtoìq scaletext µaopcitc vu uììuçctc oµuoiku to µc¸c0oç oc cvu aìq0oç
uaìev kciµcvev aou c¿ctc ¸pu¡ci. 1¿ci uµcoq apuktikq cçupµo¸q otuv oc cvu
o¿coio 0cìctc vu uììuçctc oµuoiku to u¡oç q tq otoi¿ioq aoììev kciµcvev µu¸i.

H cv:o·p scaletext ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Text.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Object Text Scale

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:
Command: scaletext
Select objects:



Eìkóvo 6.2: Méys0oç ¡ov ksiµévov ¬piv ¡qv sk¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç scaletext.

Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 87 / 232




Açou caiìcçctc ìoiaov cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu µc tov caiìo¸cu kui oto
ou¸kckpiµcvo aupuoci¸µu, q caoµcvq apotpoaq civui:

Enter a base point option for scaling
[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR
/BL/BC/BR] <Existing>: e
Specify new height or [Match object/Scale factor]
<30>: 30



Eìkóvo 6.3: Méys0oç ¡ov ksiµévov µs¡ó ¡qv sk¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç scaletext.

Ltqv aupuauve cikovu µìcaouµc tu µc¸c0uoµcvu kciµcvu µuoq tev caiìc¸µcvev
kciµcvev oaou oivovtuç tqv caiìo¸q e <existing> oc¿oµuotc eç µuoiko oqµcio
uvuçopuç to oqµcio otoi¿ioqç tou ku0c kciµcvou.






Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

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6.2 Avòp6moq xcvµcvoo nopoypóqmv

Lto oqµcio uuto, 0u aupouoiuotouv oi tpoaoi µc touç oaoiouç µaopcitc vu
oiop0eoctc µiu aupu¸puço kciµcvou (mtext).


Ot cvxoìcç Chprop kot Change

Mc tiç cvtoìcç uutcç, µaopcitc vu uììuçctc MONO tq otpeoq (Layer), to au¿oç
¸puµµqç o¿coiuoqç (Lineweight) kui to ¿peµu (Color) tou kciµcvou aupu¸puçev.




H cvxoìq Matchprop

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, uaooioctc tiç ioiotqtcç cvoç kciµcvou oc cvu q acpioootcpu
kciµcvu aupu¸puçev, upkci vu civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q caiìo¸q Text oto aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou Property Settings.

H cvxoìq Mtprop

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu uììuçctc kui tiç ioiotqtcç tqç aupu¸puçou
kciµcvou. H cvtoìq uutq cktcìcitui uao to aìqktpoìo¸io.


H cvxoìq Ddedit

Ektcìcitui oaeç uvuatu¿0qkc aupuauve. Mc caiìo¸q tou kciµcvou aupu¸puçev
cµçuvi¸ctui to acpiµuììov tou coetcpikou cacçcp¸uotq kciµcvou tqç cvtoìqç mtext.

H cvxoìq Scaletext

Mc tqv cvtoìq scaletext µaopcitc v’ uììuçctc oµuoiku to µc¸c0oç oc cvu aìq0oç
aupu¸puçev kciµcvou, oaeç kui otu uaìu kciµcvu. H µovq oiuçopu civui oto oqµcio
µc µuoq to oaoio ¸ivctui q µc¸c0uvoq q q oµikpuvoq tev aupu¸puçev kciµcvou.

H cvxoìq Justifytext

Mc tqv cvtoìq justifytext µaopcitc vu uììuçctc oµuoiku tq otoi¿ioq oc cvu aìq0oç
aupu¸puçev kciµcvou, oaeç kui otu uaìu kciµcvu.


Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 89 / 232
Multiline Text (MTEXT)

Oi aoìutiµcç uuçqociç aou ¸ivovtui µcoe tou ouvtuktq aoììuaìev ¸puµµev
kciµcvev apooçcpouv tq ìcitoup¸iu cukoìqç, ¿povikqç uaotuµicuoqç ¸iu tq
oqµioup¸iu kui tqv tpoaoaoiqoq kciµcvev oc o¿coiu.




H ßooikp ·ci:ocoyio acoi·onßovci:

1. Tvoç vco frameless ovvxókxq.
2. Nccç cntìoycç nìotoíov.
3. Ynooxqµtçq yto xtç cxtkcxcç kot xtç ncµtc¿óµcvo.
4. Hìqµqç cµçóvtoq kctµcvev.


H oqµioup¸iu cvoç vcou kciµcvou aoììuaìev ¸puµµev q caiìo¸q tou µc oiaìo kìik
oc cvu qoq uaup¿ov mtext uvtikciµcvo caiocikvuci to vco
frameless ouvtuktq µc kuvovcç oaeç caioqç kui tev cp¸uìciev cµçuvioqç kciµcvev.
Euv kuvctc zoom out uao to kciµcvo ctoi eotc vu civui aupu aoìu µikpo ¸iu vu
oiuµuotci, o ouvtuktqç aoììuaìev ¸puµµev kciµcvev 0u to cµçuvioci kutu µiu
oicupuµcvq uao¡q. Euv µc¸c0uvctc aoìu kovtu oto kciµcvo, o ouvtuktqç 0u to
cµçuvioci kutu µiu acpiopioµcvq uao¡q.
Euv q tpc¿ouou cµçuvioq tou kciµcvou civui oatiku kutuììqìq, o ouvtuktqç
aoììuaìev ¸puµµev kciµcvev, 0u oiutqpqoci to qoq uaup¿ov oatiko µc¸c0oç tou
kciµcvou.



Eìkóvo 6.4: O Multiline Text Editor kdi q ypdµµq spyd/siov sµ¢óvioqç ksiµévov.

Xpqoiµoaoievtuç tqv caiìo¸q Indents and Tabs… tou µcvou tev acpic¿oµcvev tou
Multiline Text Editor c¿ouµc to aupukute aìuioio oiuìo¸ou µcoe tou oaoiou
µaopouµc vu oqµioup¸qoouµc ¸pq¸opu kui vu tpoaoaoiqoouµc ctikctcç aupu¸puçev
kui acpic¿oµcvu:

Ipuçq kui Aiop0eoq Kciµcvou AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 90 / 232


Eìkóvo 6.5:To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç Indents and Tabs.

Maìok, Ap¿ciu Eçetcpikqç Avuçopuç kui Eikovcç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 91 / 232
?. MnAox, Ap×c¡o E§mtcpvxqg Avoqopóg Kov Evxòvcg
?.1 Opvoµòg µnAox
H cvxoìq Block

Miu o¿coiuotikq cvotqtu (block) uaotcìcitui uao aoììu o¿coiuoµcvu uvtikciµcvu,
tu oaoiu oµeç ouµacpiçcpovtui ouv cvu uvtikciµcvo.
L¿coiuotikcç cvotqtcç oqµioup¸ouµc µc tqv cvtoìq block, q oaoiu cktcìcitui µc touç
cçqç tpoaouç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Block Make…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç block, q µc cktcìcoq tqç
cvtoìqç bmake.
Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç, cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç (ocitc
tqv cikovu 7.1):


Eìkóvo 7.1: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç block.

Maìok, Ap¿ciu Eçetcpikqç Avuçopuç kui Eikovcç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 92 / 232
Lto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç oiaìu uao tqv cvociçq Name, aìqktpoìo¸citc t’ ovoµu
tou µaìok (µc¿pi 255 ¿upuktqpcç) kui civui apotiµotcpo q ovoµuoiu vu ¸ivctui µc
ìutivikouç ¿upuktqpcç.


Ho/aci vo aooo/çc:c , /:oi co:c :o ovono :oc na·ok vo civoi novooiko o:o :o/,ov o,/oio. Ko·o civoi
vo ooaovpoc:c ·iyo ,oovo, yio vo ooyovcoc:c :pv ovono:o·oyio :cv na·ok ooç, :o oaoio 0o oao:c·oív
o:o n/··ov koi :p o,coioo:ikp ooç ßiß·io0pkp.

Ltu aìuioiu aìqktpoìo¸qoqç X,Y kui Z aìqktpoìo¸citc tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou
oqµciou ciou¸e¸qç q oqµciou µuoqç (Base point) tou µaìok. To oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç
o¿cti¸ctui µc tq µcììovtikq ¿pqoq tou µaìok, oqìuoq civui to oqµcio, to oaoio otqv
ouoiu ku0opi¸ci tq µctcacitu ciou¸e¸q tou µaìok. Iiu aupuoci¸µu, eç oqµcio
ciou¸e¸qç o’ cvu auçiµuoi µoìcuci vu civui to ¸ceµctpiko kcvtpo.
Eacioq civui ouokoìo vu 0uµuotc tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou oqµciou ciou¸e¸qç tou
µaìok, µaopouµc vu tiç opioouµc µc to aovtiki, autevtuç oto kouµai ,oiaìu uao
tqv cvociçq Pick Point, oaou µctcacitu 0u oouµc otq ¸puµµq cvtoìev to aupukute
µqvuµu.
Specify insertion base point:

Iiu vu caiìcçctc tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u ouµµctuo¿ouv otq o¿coiuotikq cvotqtu
(block) ,aututc oto kouµai , upiotcpu uao tqv cvociçq Select
Objects.Eçuçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou kui cµçuvi¸ctui q o0ovq o¿coiuoqç kui o
caiìo¸cuç. Mc tov caiìo¸cu, caiìc¸ctc tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0cìctc vu ouµµctc¿ouv
oto µaìok. Açou oìokìqpeoctc µc tqv caiìo¸q, cµçuvi¸ctui to aìq0oç tev
uvtikciµcvev aou caiìc¿0qkuv, uao µopçq 6 objects selected. Av ocv c¿ctc caiìcçci
uvtikciµcvu, q cvociçq uutq uvuçcpci No object selected!



Eìkóvo 7.2: Zqµsio siodyoyqç µ¬/ok.
Maìok, Ap¿ciu Eçetcpikqç Avuçopuç kui Eikovcç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 93 / 232


Eìkóvo 7.3: Opioµóç ¡ou µ¬/ok ¡qç dpio¡spqç ¬óp¡dç

Lto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç Description: µaopcitc vu oivctc µiu ouvtoµq
acpi¸puçq ¸iu tu otoi¿ciu tou ku0c µaìok
1¿ctc tq ouvutotqtu vu µctutpc¡ctc tu caiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu oc oµevuµo µaìok
(Convert to block), vu tu oiu¸pu¡ctc (Delete), q vu tu oiutqpqoctc otqv uaup¿ouou
µopçq o¿coiuoqç (Retain) kui oìu uutu otqv cvotqtu objects. Eaioqç uao to
AutoCAD 2000 kui µctu ku0c µaìok µaopci vu c¿ci kui cikovioio apocaiokoaqoqç
uv civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q caiìo¸q Create icon from geometry.

O:ov opniocoypoc:c /vo na·ok, oioyooçov:oç :oc:o,oovo :o ov:ikcincvo aoc :o oaoo:i¸ocv, naooci:c
vo aooooiooioc:c koi :o oío:pno :cv novoocv n/:opopç :cv ov:ikcin/vcv aoc ocnnc:/,ocv o’ oc:o.


Eìkóvo 7.4: Kd¡ó/oyoç s¬i/oyov µs ¡iç µovóôsç µé¡pqoqç
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Av 0cìctc to µaìok aou 0u oqµioup¸qoctc vu uaotcìci uacp-ouvocoq (hyperlink)
totc uuto to opi¸ctc autevtuç to kouµai Hyperlink…, oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou ciou¸e¸qç uacp-ouvocoqç.



Eìkóvo 7.5: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou siodyoyqç u¬sp-oúvôsoqç


H cvxoìq –Block

L¿coiuotikcç cvotqtcç µaopouµc vu oqµioup¸qoouµc kui µc tqv cvtoìq -block, q
oaoiu cµçuvi¸ci apotpcatiku µqvuµutu otq ¸puµµq cvtoìev kui cktcìcitui eç cçqç:

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç –block q –b.




To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Enter block name or [?] :
Aoo¡s óvoµd µ¬/ok q [?]:

Specify insertion base point:
Kd0opio¡s µdoikó oqµsio siodyoyqç:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

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Açou caiìcçctc tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0cìctc tcpµuti¸ctui q cvtoìq kui, tuuto¿povu,
oiu¸puçovtui kui tu uvtikciµcvu aou caiìcçutc.

Av otqv up¿ikq apotpoaq
Enter block name or [?]: , oeoouµc ? ,
totc to caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Enter block(s) to list <*>:
Aoo¡s µ¬/ok yid sµ¢óvioq os /io¡d <*>:

Av autqoctc uaìu , cµçuvi¸ctc o0ovq aìqpoçopiev (µìcac cikovu 7.6), oaou
çuivovtui tu ovoµutu tev µaìok aou uaup¿ouv oto o¿coio. Av tu uaup¿ovtu µaìok
civui aoììu , µaopcitc vu uvu¸qtqoctc µcpiku uao ckcivu ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç touç
¿upuktqpcç µauìuvtcp.



Eìkóvo 7.6: H/qpo¢opisç yid ¡d u¬óp¿ov¡d µ¬/ok o¡o o¿éôio.


?.2 Ano6qxcooq µnAox mg ovc§óptqto o×côvo

To µaìok aou µoìiç oqµioup¸qoutc µc tqv cvtoìq block, µaopci vu ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ci
kutoaiv, uììu µovo µcou oto o¿coio oto oaoio oqµioup¸q0qkc. Iiu vu µaopcitc vu
to ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc kui oc uììu o¿coiu, q apcaci vu kuvctc ¿pqoq tqç cvtoìqç
adcenter, q apcaci vu to uao0qkcuoctc oto oioko ouç ouv uvcçuptqto o¿coio. Ltqv
aupu¸puço uutq 0u uvuatu¿0ouv oi cvtoìcç aou ¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui ¸iu tqv
uao0qkcuoq cvoç µaìok ouv uvcçuptqto o¿coio.

Eivoi aoo:ino:coo, :o na·ok aoc ,opoinoaoioív:oi :ok:iko (oao:c·oív, op·oop, :p ßiß·io0pkp
ov:ikcin/vcv yio :p ooc·cio ooç) vo ßoiokov:oi oc /vo ocykckoin/vo çokc·o. Apniocoyoínc ·oiaov
ko:c oao :o çokc·o Drawings, /vo v/o caoçokc·o nc :o ovono Library.

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H cvxoìq –Wblock

1vuç tpoaoç ¸iu vu oqµioup¸qoctc uvcçuptqto o¿coio uao uaup¿ov µaìok, civui vu
¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tqv cvtoìq –wblock, aou cktcìcitui µc uaìq cktcìcoq uao to
aìqktpoìo¸io tqç -wblock q –w.
Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç cµçuvi¸ctui to aupukute aìuioio oiuìo¸ou:



Eìkóvo 7.7: H/dioio ôid/óyou yid ¡qv d¬o0qksuoq µ¬/ok odv dvsÇóp¡q¡o o¿éôio.

Lto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç aìqktpoìo¸citc to ovoµu tou up¿ciou, oto oaoio
0u uao0qkcutci to µaìok eç uvcçuptqto o¿coio.

To caoµcvo µqvuµu aou ukoìou0ci ¸iu tqv oìokìqpeoq tqç cvtoìqç civui:
Enter name of existing block or
[=(block=output file)/*(whole drawing)]<define new
drawing>:
Aoots óvopd undpgovtoç pn/ok q [=(óvopd pn/ok = óvopd dpgsiou
sçóôou)]/*(o/ók/qpo ogsôio)

Av aìqktpoìo¸qoouµc * kui , oto vco up¿cio ¸puçovtui oìu tu uvtikciµcvu tou
o¿coiou(oto oaoio cp¸u¸cotc) kui oiu¸puçovtui oìu tu uììu otoi¿ciu.
Aivouµc oqìuoq to ovoµu tou µaìok aou 0cìouµc vu uao0qkcutci ouv uvcçuptqto
o¿coio.

Av o:pv aoooaovc aoo:ooap ao:poocnc oa·o Enter, ooç oivc:c p ocvo:o:p:o vo opniocoypoc:c oc:p :p
o:iynp /vo v/o na·ok, oacç ovoa:íçonc aoooaovc, :o oaoio 0o oao0pkcc:ci oacc0cioç o:o oioko o··o
o,i koi o:o o,/oio ooç oacç oo,iko cai0cnoínc.
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H cvxoìq Wblock

H cvtoìq wblock cktcìcitui uao to aìqktpoìo¸io eç wblock q w.
Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cµçuvi¸ctui to aupukute aìuioio oiuìo¸ou:


Eìkóvo 7.8: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç block.

Huputqpouµc oti to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç wblock µoiu¸ci upkctu µc uuto
tqç cvtoìqç block.
Ltqv cvotqtu source uaup¿ouv oi cçqç caiìo¸cç:

Block: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq tqv caiìo¸q uutq, autevtuç oto aìuioio aou civui oiaìu
tqç, uvuatuooctc kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev µc tu oqµioup¸qµcvu µaìok oto tpc¿ov o¿coio,
uao tov oaoio caiìc¸ctc to µaìok aou 0cìctc vu uao0qkcutci eç uvcçuptqto o¿coio.



Entire drawing: Mc uutqv tqv caiìo¸q tepu, oto vco up¿cio ¸puçovtui oìu tu
uvtikciµcvu tou tpc¿ovtoç o¿coiou, cve ocv c¸¸puçovtui oìu tu u¿pqoiµoaoiqtu
otoi¿ciu, oaeç otpeociç(layers), tuaoi ¸puµµev, otuì ¸puçqç kciµcvou, k.ì.a.
Objects: Aqµioup¸citc cvu vco µaìok, µc tov ioio tpoao ukpiµeç, oaeç uvuatu¿0qkc
otqv cvtoìq block. H µovq oiuçopu civui oti coe oc oqµioup¸citui cikovioio
apocaiokoaqoqç, outc to µaìok aou oqµioup¸citui uao0qkcuctui oto tpc¿ov o¿coio.
Ltqv cvotqtu Destination, c¿ctc tiç cçqç caiìo¸cç:

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File name and path: Lto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç aou civui oiaìu tqç ,
aìqktpoìo¸citc to ovoµu tou up¿ciou, oto oaoio 0u uao0qkcuoctc to µaìok tou
tpc¿ovtoç o¿coiou ouv uvcçuptqto o¿coio, opi¸ovtuç to µc tqv aìqpq oiuopoµq tou
çukcìou otov oaoio 0u toao0ctq0ci to vco up¿cio.
Insert Units: Eaiìc¸ctc, uao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o aou uvuatuooctc, tiç
µovuocç µctpqoqç, otiç oaoicç uvtiotoi¿ci µiu o¿coiuotikq µovuou tou AutoCAD.
Auto, 0u ouç ¿pciuotci oto µcììov, otuv to uvukuìcoctc up¸otcpu uao uììo o¿coio
(µc tqv cvtoìq adcenter)













H cvxoìq Export

H cvtoìq export, civui µiu cvtoìq ukoµq, µc tqv oaoiu µaopcitc vu ¸pu¡ctc kuaoio
µaìok ouv uvcçuptqto o¿coio kui cktcìcitui eç cçqç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: File Export…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç export q exp.

Eµçuvi¸ctui to aupukute aìuioio oiuìo¸ou:
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Eìkóvo 7.9: H/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç export.


H cvtoìq uutq ¿pqoiµoaoicitui ¸iu vu cçu¿0ouv kui uììu otoi¿ciu tou o¿coiou. Iiu
vu civui iooouvuµq q cvtoìq export µc tqv cvtoìq –wblock, apcaci vu autqoctc oto
aìuioio Files of type: , oaotc uvuatuooctc ìiotu µc oìouç touç tuaouç up¿ciev aou
uaootqpi¸ci to AutoCAD (Acitc cikovu). Aao tq ìiotu uutq caiìc¸ctc tov tuao
up¿ciev “Block (*.dwg) kui otq ouvc¿ciu kuvouµc save.

?.3 Evooymyq µnAox oto o×côvo

Iiu vu ¸ivci ciou¸e¸q kui toao0ctqoq cvoç µaìok oto o¿coio ouç, apcaci uuto vu
c¿ci oqµioup¸q0ci apoq¸ouµcveç µc tqv cvtoìq block, q vu uaup¿ci ouv uvcçuptqto
o¿coio oto oioko ouç (vu c¿ci apoq¸q0ci oqìuoq q wblock). H ciou¸e¸q µaìok oto
o¿coio ¸ivctui µc tiç cvtoìcç -insert q insert q ¸iu µc¸uìutcpq cukoìiu µc tq
µoq0ciu tev auìctev cp¸uìciev aou uvuatu¿0qkuv oc uììq aupu¸puço.


H cvxoìq –Insert

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç eç –insert q –i.
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Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Enter block name or [?]:
Aoo¡s óvoµd µ¬/ok q [?]:

Eoe uaup¿ouv ouo ai0uvotqtcç: to µaìok, aou 0cìctc vu ciou¸ctc oto o¿coio ouç, vu
civui citc coetcpiko (vu c¿ci oqìuoq oqµioup¸q0ci apoq¸ouµcveç µc tqv cvtoìq
block) citc uvcçuptqto o¿coio.
Mc ? cµçuvi¸ctui cvuç kutuìo¸oç µc tu uaup¿ovtu µaìok, oaeç uutoç aou ciouµc
aupuauve otqv –block.
Lc acpiateoq aou 0cìctc vu uvu¸qtqoctc oto oioko ¸iu to ovoµu tou uvcçuptqtou
o¿coiou, µaopcitc vu oeoctc ~ kui , oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu
caiìo¸q up¿ciou, kui kutoaiv kuvouµc open to up¿cio aou 0cìouµc vu ciou¸ouµc ouv
vco µaìok oto tpc¿ov o¿coio.

To caoncvo npvíno:o civoi :o cçpç:

Specify insertion point or
[Scale/X/Y/Z/Rotate/PScale/PX/PY/PZ/PRotate]: 3,3,5
Eivdi ¡o oqµsio ¡ou o¿sôiou odç, o¡o o¬oio 0d ¡o¬o0s¡q0si ¡o µ¬/ok kdi o¿s¡içs¡di
µs ¡o oqµsio siodyoyqç ¬ou ôq/ood¡s ó¡dv ôqµioupyqod¡s ¡o µ¬/ok, q ¡o oqµsio
0,0,0 dv ¬póksi¡di yid sÇo¡spikó dp¿sio.

Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or
[Corner/XYZ] <1>:
Kd0opiçs¡s ¡qv k/iµdkd ¡ou µ¬/ok kd¡ó ¡q ôisú0uvoq ¡ou óÇovd X (¬/qk¡po/oyov¡dç
évdv dpi0µó).

Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>:
Kd0opiçs¡s µs¡é¬si¡d ¡qv k/iµdkd ¡ou µ¬/ok kd¡ó ¡q ôisú0uvoq ¡ou óÇovd Y
(¬/qk¡po/oyov¡dç ¬ó/i évdv dpi0µó q enter dv d¬oôé¿so¡s k/iµdkd kd¡ó ¡ov óÇovd
Y ioq µs ¡qv k/iµdkd kd¡ó ¡q ôisú0uvoq ¡ou óÇovd X.





?.4 Enovoxo6opvoµòg µnAox (BIock RedeIInItIon)

Lc aoììcç cçupµo¸cç, uçou c¿ctc ¿pqoiµoaoiqoci kui toao0ctqoci cvu µaìok oc
aoììcç 0cociç, oiuaiotevctc oti ìciaci kuti ua’ uuto.
H oiop0eoq aìcov civui caiµovq, uv oiop0eoctc oìu tu µaìok cvu-cvu q uv ciou¸ctc
to otoi¿cio aou ìciaci eç uììo uvcçuptqto µaìok oc oìu tu qoq toao0ctqµcvu
µaìok. H tu¿utcpq ìuoq civui vu çuvuo¿coiuoctc to µaìok µc to aìqpcç o¿coio kui
vu cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq block (µcoe tqç ¸veotqç oiuoikuoiuç).Otuv autqoctc oto
OK, ¸iu vu oìokìqpeoctc tqv cvtoìq block, 0u cµçuviotci apociooaoiqtiko µqvuµu
¸iu tov cauvuku0opioµo tou µaìok oto oaoio, 0u uauvtqoouµc NAI, kui ctoi to
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µaìok 0u cauvuku0opiotci kui oìu tu qoq toao0ctqµcvu µaìok 0u o¿coiuotouv µc
tq vcu µopçq.


H cvxoìq Base

1vu up¿cio o¿coiou, otuv kuìcitui uao cvu uììo o¿coio ouv µaìok, ¿pqoiµoaoici ¸iu
oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç to (0,0,0). Av 0cìctc to o¿coio vu ciou¸ctui uao uììo oqµcio,
µaopcitc vu uììuçctc to oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç tou µc tqv cvtoìq base, p oaoio
ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Block Base

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç.

To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Enter base point <0, 0, 0>:
Aoo¡s µdoikó oqµsio siodyoyqç:

Ku0opi¸ctc to vco oqµcio (uao to aìqktpoìo¸io q to aovtiki), µc µuoq to oaoio to
up¿cio o¿coiou 0u ciou¸ctui uao tepu kui oto cçqç, otuv kuìcitui uao uììu o¿coiu.




Aiu¸puµµiociç AutoCAD2004

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S. Avoypoµµ¡ocvg

Lto kcçuìuio uuto, 0u uvuçcp0ouv oi cvtoìcç aou o¿cti¸ovtui µc tq
oiu¸puµµioq caiçuvciev.

H cvxoìq Hatch

Aqµioup¸ci oiu¸puµµioq oc kìciotq q uvoi¿tq caiçuvciu ouv cviuio uvtikciµcvo.

Mc tqv cvtoìq hatch µaopcitc vu oiu¸puµµioctc caiacocç caiçuvcicç, aou
acpikìciovtui uao aoìu¸puµµu, cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, toçu, q kukìouç. H cvtoìq
uutq oc kuaoicç acpiateociç civui upkctu ouo¿pqotq, oaotc µaopcitc vu
¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tqv cvtoìq bhatch. To aìcovcktqµu tqç hatch uacvuvti otqv
bhatch civui oti q ocutcpq, ¸iu vu ìcitoup¸qoci, ¿pciu¸ctui oaeooqaotc µiu
o¿coiuoµcvq kìciotq ¸puµµq eç opio tqç caiçuvciuç aou 0cìctc vu oiu¸puµµioctc,
cve q hatch ocv uauitci tqv uaupçq o¿coiuoµcvev kui kìciotev opiev,

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

hatch
-h



Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Enter a pattern name or [?/Solid/User defined]
<ANGLE>:
Aoo¡s évd óvoµd µop¢qç q [?/Zuµ¬dyq ç/ Mop¢q ¿pqo¡q] <¬po¡sivóµsvo ¡o ANGLE, µs
kdvovikó o¡u/>:

Hìqktpoìo¸citc to ovoµu tqç µopçqç tqç oiu¸puµµiociç .

Mc ? kui . cµçuvi¸ctui q ìiotu µc tiç µopçcç oiu¸puµµioqç µc ouvtoµq acpi¸puçq
tqç ku0c µiuç .
Av oeoctc s kui . totc q caiçuvciu aou 0u opioctc ¸iu oiu¸puµµioq, 0u ¸ivci
ouµau¸qç kui 0u ¸cµioci µc ¿peµu, ovo·oyo µc ro ¿peµu tqç tpc¿ououç otpeoqç.

Yaup¿ouv tpiu otuì oiu¸puµµioqç : Normal, Outer, kui Ignore. Tu otuì uutu
cçupµo¸ovtui, otuv c¿ctc vu oiu¸puµµioctc aoììcç caiçuvcicç aou acpic¿ovtui q
µiu µcou otqv uììq, kui cvoc¿oµcveç uaup¿ouv kui kciµcvu.

Normal: Eivui o otu0cpoç q kuvovikoç tuaoç oiu¸puµµioqç . Aiu¸puµµi¸ovtui
cvuììuç oi kìciotcç caiçuvcicç ua' cçe apoç tu µcou, kui cçuipouvtui tu kciµcvu. M'
uììu ìo¸iu, oiu¸puµµi¸ctui q 1q cçetcpikq cviuiu caiçuvciu (aou opi¸ctui uao
cçetcpiku kui coetcpiku opiu), oc oiu¸puµµi¸ctui q 2q (q uµcoeç caoµcvq),
oiu¸puµµi¸ctui q 3q, k.o.k.

Aiu¸puµµiociç AutoCAD2004

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Outer: Aiu¸puµµi¸ctui µovov q 1q cçetcpikq cviuiu caiçuvciu (aou opi¸ctui uao
cçetcpiku kui coetcpiku opiu) kui oc oiu¸puµµi¸ovtui oi uaoìoiacç.
Ignore: Aiu¸puµµi¸ctui oìq q caiçuvciu aou opi¸ctui uao tu cçetcpiku opiu uììu ki
oìcç oi uaoìoiacç aou acpic¿ovtui, ouµacpiìuµµuvoµcvev kui tu¿ov kciµcvev.


Av, ìoiaov, 0cìctc vu opioctc µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç net, µc otuì oiu¸puµµioqç
Outer, otqv apotpoaq: Enter pattern name or [ ?/Solid/User defined)
<ANGLE>: aìqktpoìo¸citc :

net, o kui aututc .

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify a scale for the pattern <1.0000>:
Kd0opio¡s ouv¡s/so¡q k/iµdkdç yid ¡q µop¢q ôidypóµµioqç <¬po¡sivóµsvq ¡iµq>:

Aivctc to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç tqç µopçqç oiu¸puµµioqç uvuìo¸u µc tiç oiuotuociç
(oc o¿coiuotikcç µovuocç) tqç caiçuvciuç, aou c¿ctc vu oiu¸puµµioctc.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:
Specify an angle for the pattern <0>:
Kd0opio¡s k/ioq µop¢qç ôidypóµµioqç <¬po¡sivóµsvq ¡iµq>:

Aivctc tqv kìioq aou 0cìctc (oc µoipcç) otq µopçq tqç oiu¸puµµioqç.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:
Select objects to define hatch boundary or <direct
hatch>,
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd ¬ou kd0opiçouv ¡d ópid ôidypóµµioqç q <d¬su0sidç opioµóç
ôidypóµµioqç>,
Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Eµçuvi¸ctui o caiìo¸cuç kui µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc to uvtikciµcvu (cu0u¸puµµu
tµqµutu, toçu, cììci¡ciç, k.ìa.), aou uaotcìouv tu opiu tqç oiu¸puµµi¸oµcvqç
caiçuvciuç. Ou c¿ctc caitu¿iu, uv q oiutuçq tev o¿qµutev oc oqµioup¸ci ou¸¿uoq.


Av oµeç otqv apotpoaq Select objects to define hatch boundary
or <direct hatch>, Select objects:, uvti ¸iu caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev
autqoctc ,µaopcitc vu opioctc tqv caiçuvciu uao tiç kopuçcç tqç. To
µqvuµu aou cµçuvi¸ctui civui to cçqç :

Retain polyline boundary? [Yes/No] <N>:
Aid¡qpqoq ¡ou ¬o/uypóµµou ¡ov opiov? [Ndi/O¿i] <N (No=O¿i)>:

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Av uauvtqoctc Y (Yes=Nui), uao tu oqµciu aou 0u ku0opioctc otq ouvc¿ciu 0u
oqµioup¸q0ci uutoµutu kui to aoìu¸puµµo. To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Specify start point:
Kd0opio¡s oqµsio dp¿qç:

Ku0opi¸ctc to apeto oqµcio tqç caiçuvciuç, aou 0cìctc vu opioctc, uao tiç
kopuçcç tqç .To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo]:
Kd0opio¡s s¬óµsvo oqµsio q [TóÇo/ K/sioiµo /Mqkoç / Avdipsoq]:

H cç opioµou caiìo¸q civui o ku0opioµoç oiuoo¿ikev oqµciev, ctoi eotc vu
ku0opiotci aìqpeç q caiçuvciu aou 0u oiu¸puµµiotci. Oi uaoìoiacç caiìo¸cç aou
c¿ctc civui oi cçqç:

a Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q arc. Maopcitc vu opioctc kui caiçuvciu, q oaoiu eç
opio vu c¿ci cvu toço. To µqvuµu aou cµçuvi¸ctui civui to cçqç:
Enter an arc boundary option
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/ Lina/Radius/Second
pt/Undo/Endpoint of arc] <Endpoint>:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq kdµ¬ú/ou opiou [Fovid /Kév¡po /K/sioiµo/ Kd¡sú0uvoq /Fpdµµq
/Ak¡ivd /Asú¡spo oqµsio /Avdipsoq /Akpo ¡óÇou] <Akpo ¡óÇou>:

Avuìutiku oi uaocaiìo¸cç tou toçou civui oi cçqç:

a Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Angle. Aivctc tqv caikcvtpq ¸eviu tou toçou. Tu
toçu o¿coiu¸ovtui auvtu upiotcpootpoçu. Aqìuoq, upvqtikq tiµq tqç ¸eviuç
o¿coiu¸ci to toço ocçiootpoçu.
ce Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Center. Opi¸ctc to kcvtpo tou toçou.
cl Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Close. Kìcivci tq ocipu tev cu0u¸puµµev
tµqµutev kui tev toçev, ouvocovtuç µc toço to aupov µc to up¿iko oqµcio, kui
oìokìqpevci tov opioµo tqç caiçuvciuç.
d Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Direction. Opi¸ctc µiu cçuatoµcvikq
kutcu0uvoq ¸iu to toço.
L Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Line. Luç cauvuçcpci oc kutuotuoq opioµou
cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev (aìcupev) tqç caiçuvciuç kui ouç cµçuvi¸ci to
apoq¸ouµcvo apotpcatiko µqvuµu.
r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Radius. Opi¸ctc tqv uktivu tou toçou.
s Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Second pt. Opi¸ctc cvu ocutcpo oqµcio tou toçou,
kui µctu to tcìoç tou toçou eç tpito oqµcio.
u Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Undo. Avuipci tqv uµcoeç apoq¸ouµcvq kutuociçq
q caiìo¸q.

<Endpoint of arc> Ku0opi¸ctc to tcìoç (ocutcpo ukpo) tou toçou.

c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Close. Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq "kìcivctc" tqv caiçuvciu
aou 0cìutc, ouvocovtuç µc cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu to aupov µc to up¿iko oqµcio.
Aauitci vu c¿ouv ku0opiotci touìu¿iotov tpiu oqµciu.
l Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Length. Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq. opi¸ctc tqv caoµcvq
kopuçq uao to µqkoç tqç aìcupuç.
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u Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Undo. Avuipci tqv tcìcutuiu kutuociçq q caiìo¸q.


H cvxoìq Bhatch

Aqµioup¸ci oiu¸puµµioq oc kìciotcç caiçuvcicç, ouv cviuio uvtikciµcvo.

H cvtoìq bhatch (boundary hatch), cktoç tou oti civui aio uaotcìcoµutikq uao tq
hatch, c¿ci to µuoiko aìcovcktqµu oti oqµioup¸ci oiu¸puµµioq ouo¿ctioµcvq µc tu
opiu (associative hatching). Auto oqµuivci, oti uììu¸q tev opiev tqç oiu¸puµµioqç
ouvcau¸ctui kui uutoµutq oiop0eoq tqç ioiuç tqç oiu¸puµµioqç.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Draw.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Hatch. . .

Bhatch

Bh


Eµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç


Eìkóvo 8.1: H/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç Bhatch.
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Frvìkíç rnìKoyíç

Oi ¸cvikcç caiìo¸cç tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatch µc tu uvtiotoi¿u
kouµaiu -cikovioiu, civui oi cçqç:

Pick Points (Eaiìo¸q Lqµciev.) Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, cçuçuvi¸ctui
apooepivu to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatch kui ¸ivctui o ku0opioµoç tev
oqµciev oto coetcpiko µcpoç tqç caiçuvciuç aou 0cìctc vu oiu¸puµµiotci.
Açou ku0opioctc cvu oqµcio, to AutoCAD uvuìuci kui uaoìo¸i¸ci tu cçetcpiku opiu
tqç oiu¸puµµi¸oµcvqç caiçuvciuç, uììu tuuto¿povu kui oìu tu coetcpiku uvtikciµc-
vu. Luv coetcpiku uvtikciµcvu (islands) 0cepouvtui oìcç oi kìciotcç acpio¿cç kui tu
kciµcvu aou acpic¿ovtui ot« cçetcpiku opiu.
Açou ku0opioctc µiu caiçuvciu, µaopcitc vo ku0opioctc kui ocutcpq kui tpitq k.ìa.
O ku0opioµoç tev oqµciev ¸iu tqv uvi¿vcuoq tev opiev tqç oiu¸puµµioqç oìokìq-
pevctui µc .
Select Objects (Eaiìo¸q Avtikciµcvev.) Mc tqv ciiìo¸q uutq caiìc¸ctc
uvtikciµcvu, oaeç kukìoi, aoìu¸puµµu (polylines), kciµcvu, k.ìa. tu oaoiu 0u
ìqç0ouv uao¡q kutu tq oiu¸puµµioq.
Remove Islands (Açuipcoq coetcpikev kìciotev caiçuvciev kui
uvtikciµcvev.) Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq cçuçuvi¸ctui apooepivu to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou
tqç cvtoìqç, cµçuvi¸ctui q o¿coiuotikq acpio¿q tou AutoCAD kui o caiìo¸cuç kui
µaopcitc vu uçuipcoctc kuaoiu uao tu coetcpiku uvtikciµcvu (islands), aou
acpic¿ovtui otu cçetcpiku opiu, ¸iu vu µq ìqç0ouv uao¡q kutu tq oiu¸puµµioq.
Evcp¸oaoicitui, µovov otuv c¿ctc ku0opioci opiu oiu¸puµµioqç, ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç µiu
uao tiç ouo apoq¸ouµcvcç caiìo¸cç.
View Selections (Eµçuvioq Eaiìo¸ev.) Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, µaopcitc vu
ocitc tu opiu tev acpio¿ev, aou qoq c¿ctc opioci µc kutuociçq q µc caiìo¸q
uvtikciµcvev. Evcp¸oaoicitui, µovov otuv c¿ctc ku0opioci opiu oiu¸puµµioqç.
Inherit Properties (Mctuµiµu¸oµcvcç Ioiotqtcç.) Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq,
µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc µiu uaup¿ouou oiu¸puµµioq kui uutoµutu vu pu0µiotouv oìcç
oi aupuµctpoi tqç vcuç oiu¸puµµioqç, ioicç µc uutcç tqç auìiuç. Hutevtuç otqv
caiìo¸q uutq, cçuçuvi¸ctui apooepivu to ouvuµiko aìuioio oiuìo¸ou kui
aupouoiu¸ctui o caiìo¸cuç (ouvoocuoµcvoç uao cvu aivcìo , ¸iu vu oqìevci oti
caiìc¸ctc uvtikciµcvo tou oaoiou oi ioiotqtcç 0u ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ouv pu0µiotiku), ¸iu vu
caiìcçctc uao to o¿coio ouç tqv uaup¿ouou oiu¸puµµioq. Auto civui µc¸uìq
cukoìiu, ¸iuti oc ¿pciu¸ctui vu 0uµuotc tiç aupuµctpouç µiuç uaup¿ououç
oiu¸puµµioqç, eotc q vcu oiu¸puµµioq vu ¸ivci ioiu µc tqv auìiu.

Double (Aiuotuupouµcvq.) H caiìo¸q uutq civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq, otuv ¿pqoiµo-
aoicitc µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç opioµcvq uao to ¿pqotq, cktoç uao tqv kuvovikq
oiu¸puµµioq o¿coiu¸ctui kui q oiµµctpikq tqç eç apoç tov kutukopuço uçovu
ouµµctpiuç (o¿qµuti¸ctc, oqìuoq, oiuotuupouµcvq oiu¸puµµioq).

Composition (Luv0coq.) Ltqv cvotqtu uutq µaopcitc vu cvcp¸oaoiqoctc µiu uao
tiç ouo caiìo¸cç, aou acpiìuµµuvci. Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq tqv caiìo¸q Associative
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(Luo¿ciioµcvq oiu¸puµµioq), oqµioup¸citc oiu¸puµµioq ouo¿ctioµcvq µc tu opiu
(associative). Auto oqµuivci oti. ov uììuçouv tu opiu, q oiu¸puµµioq uììu¸ci
kui "aupukoìou0ci" tiç uììu¸cç tev opiev. Avti0ctu, uv cvcp¸oaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q
Nonassociative (µq ouo¿ctioµcvq), q oiu¸puµµioq aou oqµioup¸citc, ocv civui
ouo¿ctioµcvq µc tu opiu tqç, oaotc ocv ukoìou0ci tiç µctuµoìcç tev opiev tqç.

Preview (Hpocaiokoaqoq.) Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, cçuçuvi¸ctui apooepivu to
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç kui o¿qµuti¸ctui µiu apooepivq oiu¸puµµioq, eotc
vu c¿ctc tq ouvutotqtu vu cìc¸çctc uv civui oeotq q uv apcaci vu uììuçctc kuaoicç
uao tiç pu0µiociç tqç. Mc , caiotpcçctc oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç .


KoptíKo Hatch

Oi caiìo¸cç tqç kuptcìuç Hatch tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatch µc tu
uvtiotoi¿u kouµaiu - cikovioiu civui oi cçqç:

Type (Tuaoç.). Ku0opi¸ctc, uv q µopçq tqç oiu¸puµµioqç civui µiu ua' uutcç aou
acpic¿ci to AutoCAD (Predefined), uv tqv c¿ci apooupµooci o ¿pqotqç
(Custom), q uv tqv ku0opi¸ci o ¿pqotqç (User-defined). Iiu vu opioctc µiu uao
tiç aupuauve caiìo¸cç, aututc oto aìuioio Predefined, oaotc uvuatuooctc cvu
µcvou tpiev caiìo¸ev.

Predefined: Iiu vu uììuçctc tqv apotcivoµcvq µopçq (tqv ANGLE),
aututc oto aìuioio µc tq µopçq tqç oiu¸puµµioqç (oiaìu uao tqv cvociçq
Pattern), oaotc uvuatuooctui kutuìo¸oç µc tiç apoku0opioµcvcç µopçcç
oiu¸puµµioqç.
User defined: Maopcitc vu opioctc oiu¸puµµioq µc aupuììqìu
cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu oc opioµcvq uaootuoq kui µc opioµcvq kìioq. Otuv
autqoctc otqv caiìo¸q User defined, auputqpcitc oti, cvcp¸oaoiouvtui
kui oi cvociçciç Spacing kui Double, aou µc¿pi tepu qtuv uµuopcç
(uacvcp¸oaoiqµcvcç - µq caiìcçiµcç).
Custom: Eaiìc¸ctc µiu oiu¸puµµioq apooupµooµcvq otiç uvu¸kcç tou
¿pqotq. Maopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc aio aoìuaìokcç oiu¸puµµiociç, oi
oaoicç, oµeç. apcaci vu opiotouv oc kuaoio up¿cio µc apocktuoq ".pat",
cktoç tou up¿ciou "acad. pat".

O ooionoç :pç nooçpç :pç oioyoonniopç (hatch pattern) civoi yio aoo,copn/vocç ,opo:cç, koi
yivc:oi ci:c nc ca/nßoop o:o oo,cio "acad.pat", p o:o oo,cio "acadiso.pat" :o oaoio
ßoiokov:oi o:o çokc·o "C:\WINDOWS\Application Data\ Autodesk\AutoCAD
2004\R16.0\enu\Support", ci:c nc :p opniocoyio oaoiocopao:c o··oc oo,cioc nc
aoo/k:oop " .pat". H cai·oyp custom ooi¸ci nooçp oioyoonniopç aoc ßoiokc:oi oc o··o
oo,cio, ck:oç :cv oo,cicv "acad.pat" koi "acadiso.pat". Av p ca/nßoop ooç /,ci
yivci o:o oo,cio "acad.pat" koi "acadiso.pat", o ooionoç :pç aooooonoon/vpç (custom)
oioyoonniopç 0o yivci n/oo oao :pv cai·oyp pr e de f i ne d.

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Pattern (Mopçq Aiu¸puµµioqç.) H caiìo¸q uutq civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq, µovo uv
c¿ctc caiìcçci apoku0opioµcvq µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç (Predefined)

Hutevtuç oc uutq tqv caiìo¸q, uvuatuooctc kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (ocitc tqv Eikovu
10.7), uao tov oaoio caiìc¸ctc tq µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç aou 0cìctc .

Av autqoctc oto kouµai, oiaìu uao to aìuioio uvuatuçqç caiìo¸ev, cµçuvi¸ctui vco
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou µc tu ovoµutu kui tu uvtiotoi¿u cikovioiu tev µopçev oiu¸puµµi-
oqç (ocitc tqv Eikovu 8.2), oaou µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc tqv cai0uµqtq µopçq. . Ltqv
kuptcìu ANSI uaup¿ouv oi µopçcç oiu¸puµµioqç aou cçupµo¸ovtui µc µuoq tu
Aµcpikuviku apotuau. otqv ISO oi µopçcç aou cçupµo¸ovtui kupieç oto
µq¿uvoìo¸iko o¿coio, otqv Other Predefined oìcç oi uaoìoiacç µopçcç cktoç tev
ANSI kui ISO aou acpic¿ovtui oto up¿cio "acad.pat" q oto "acadiso.pat" kui
otqv Custom oìcç oi apooupµooµcvcç uao to ¿pqotq µopçcç oiu¸puµµioqç.





Eìkóvo 8.2: E¬i/oyq µop¢qç ôidypóµµioqç

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Eìkóvo 8.3: H/dioio ôid/óyou µs ¡d ovóµd¡d kdi ¡o sikoviôid ¡ov µop¢ov ôidypóµµioqç.


Swatch (Aci¸µu µopçqç oiu¸puµµioqç.) Eµçuvi¸ci oci¸µu tqç caiìc¸µcvqç µopçqç
oiu¸puµµioqç. Av autqoctc oto cikovioio, aou cµçuvi¸ci to oci¸µu tqç µopçqç oiu-
¸puµµioqç, cµçuvi¸ctc to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou aou çuivctui otqv Eikovu 8.3.



Custom Pattern (Hpooupµooµcvq µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç.) Eivui caiìcçiµq,
µovov uv otov tuao tqç µopçqç oiu¸puµµioqç c¿ctc opioci tuao custom. Av
autqoctc oto kouµai, oiaìu uao to aìuioio uvuatuçqç caiìo¸ev, cµçuvi¸ctui vco
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou µc tu ovoµutu kui tu uvtiotoi¿u cikovioiu tev µopçev
oiu¸puµµioqç aou uaup¿ouv otqv kuptcìu Custom (ocitc tqv Eikovu 8.3), oaou
µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc tqv cai0uµqtq µopçq.

Angle (Kìioq.) Aivctc tqv kìioq (¸eviu) µc tqv oaoiu 0cìctc vu ¸ivci q oiu¸puµµioq.
Tqv kìioq tqç oiu¸puµµioqç µaopcitc, citc vu tqv aìqktpoìo¸qoctc oto aìuioio
aìqktpoìo¸qoqç, citc vu tqv caiìcçctc uao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev aou
uvuatuooctui, uv autqoctc oto oiaìuvo kute µcìoç. H ¸eviu µqocv (0) civui uutq, µc
tqv oaoiu çuivctui q µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç oto cikovioio oci¸µutoç (swatch) q otu
cikovioiu tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou .


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Scale (Kìiµuku.) Hìqktpoìo¸citc to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç, aou 0cìctc ¸iu µc¸c0uv-
oq (upuieoq) q oµikpuvoq (aukveoq) tqç oiu¸puµµioqç q tov caiìc¸ctc uao tov
atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev aou uvuatuooctui, uv autqoctc oto oiaìuvo kute
µcìoç. Lto oqµcio uuto, aoììcç çopcç civui uvu¸kuio vu acipuµutiotcitc µc oiuçopcç
tiµcç tou ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç tqç oiu¸puµµioqç, µc¿pi vu çtuoctc oto cai0uµqto
uaotcìcoµu.

Relative to paper space (L¿ctikoç µc to ¿epo ¿uptiou.) Autq q caiìo¸q civui
oiu0coiµq µovo uao µiu oiutuçq (layout), kui ku0opi¸ci to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç tqç
oiu¸puµµioqç ctoi eotc vu uvuçcpctui otiç µovuocç tqç oiutuçqç cktuaeoqç (oq-
ìuoq, otiç µovuocç tou ¿epou ¿uptiou).

Spacing (Aaootuoq.) Hìqktpoìo¸citc tqv uaootuoq µctuçu tev aupuììqìev
¸puµµev tqç oiu¸puµµioqç (oc o¿coiuotikcç µovuocç), otuv ¿pqoiµoaoicitc tuao
µopçqç oiu¸puµµioqç opioµcvq uao to ¿pqotq (User defined).

ISO pen width (Hu¿oç acvuç ¸iu oiu¸puµµioq kutu ISO.) H caiìo¸q uutq civui
oiu0coiµq µovov uv c¿ci caiìc¸ci µiu uao tiç 14 tcìcutuicç µopçcç oiu¸puµµioqç
(uao 1SO02W100 ceç ISO15W100). Hìqktpoìo¸citc to au¿oç acvuç, aou 0cìctc q
to caiìc¸ctc uao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev aou uvuatuooctui, uv
autqoctc oto oiaìuvo kute µcìoç.




















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KoptíKo Advanced

Ltqv kuptcìu Advanced (ocitc tqv Eikovu 8.4), µaopcitc vu pu0µioctc kuaoicç
caiìo¸cç ¸iu apo¿epqµcvouç.



Eìkóvo 8.4: H kdp¡é/d Advanced, µs s¬i/oyéç yid ¬po¿opqµévouç.


Oi caiìo¸cç tqç kuptcìuç Advanced tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatcb µc
tu uvtiotoi¿u kouµaiu - cikovioiu, civui oi cçqç:

Island detection style (Ltuì uvi¿vcuoqç oaev.) Aao tqv cvotqtu uutq, ku-
0opi¸ctc to otuì µc to oaoio q cvtoìq bhatch 0u uvi¿vcuoci tiç coetcpikcç kìciotcç
acpio¿cç kui, tcìiku, 0u oiu¸puµµioci.
Yaup¿ouv tpiu otuì oiu¸puµµioqç: Normal, Outer, kui Ignore. Tu otuì uutu
cçupµo¸ovtui, otuv c¿ctc vu oiu¸puµµioctc aoììcç caiçuvcicç, oi oaoicç acpic¿ovtui
q µiu µcou otqv uììq, kui cvoc¿oµcveç uaup¿ouv kui kciµcvu.

Object type (Tuaoç uvtikciµcvou.) Ltqv cvotqtu uutq, pu0µi¸ctc uv tuuto¿povu
µc tq oiu¸puµµioq 0u o¿coiu¸ovtui kui tu uvtikciµcvu, aou opi¸ovtui uao tu opiu
tev caiçuvciev kui tev uvtikciµcvev aou caiìc¸ovtui. Av 0cìctc vu ¸ivctui kuti
tctoio, cvcp¸oaoiqotc tqv caiìo¸q Retain boundaries (Aiutqpqoq opiev).
L¿ctiku µc tov tuao uvtikciµcvou, aou 0cìctc vu o¿coiuotci, tov caiìc¸ctc uao tov
atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev, aou uvuatuooctui uv autqoctc oto aìuioio
ukpiµeç kute uao tqv cvociçq Object Type.

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Boundary set (Luvoìo opiev.) H pu0µioq uutq ¸ivctui, otuv oc 0cìctc vu
¿pqoiµoaoiq0ouv oìu tu uvtikciµcvu aou uaup¿ouv otqv o0ovq. Av autqoctc oto
kouµai New , cçuçuvi¸ctui apooepivu to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç, kui
cµçuvi¸ctui to o¿coio ouç µc tov caiìo¸cu.
Eaiìc¸ctc tu uvtikciµcvu (µcµoveµcvu q oµuoiku, ), aou 0cìctc vu uaotcìcoouv tu
vcu opiu tqç oiu¸puµµioqç. Ltq ouvc¿ciu, oìokìqpevctc tqv caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev
µc , oaotc caiotpcçctc oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç.

Island Detection Method (Mc0oooç cvtoaioµou oaev.) Ltqv cvotqtu uutq
opi¸ctc tq µc0ooo, µc tqv oaoiu 0u uvi¿vcutouv tu coetcpiko kìciotu opiu (oacç -
islands).
1¿ctc tq ouvutotqtu vu ku0opioctc tu coetcpiku kui cçetcpiku opiu µc µiu µovo
kutuociçq, uv cvcp¸oaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q Flood.

Av 0cìctc vu opioctc cìc¸¿oµcvq uvi¿vcuoq tev opiev cvu apoç cvu, apcaci vu cvcp-
¸oaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q Ray casting. Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq, 0u
apcaci vu kutuociçctc toou oqµciu, oou kui tu kìciotu opiu aou 0cìctc vu oqµioup-
¸qoctc. Hpcaci vu apoocçctc, eotc to oqµcio aou 0u opioctc vu µpiokctui kovtu oc
cçetcpiku kìciotu opiu kui o¿i kovtu oc coetcpiku opiu (oacç).



KoptíKo Gradient

Mc tqv kuptcìu Gradient (ocitc tqv Eikovu 8.5), µaopcitc vu opioctc
oiuµu0µioµcvq ¿peµutikq oiu¸puµµioq (vtc¸kpuvtc) citc µc cvu citc µc ouo
¿peµutu.
Oi caiìo¸cç tqç kuptcìuç Gradient tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatch µc
tu uvtiotoi¿u kouµaiu - cikovioiu, civui oi cçqç:
One color (1vu ¿peµu.) Av cvcp¸oaoiqoctc uutq tqv caiìo¸q, q
oiuµu0µioµcvq ¿peµutikq oiu¸puµµioq 0u ¸ivctui µc cvu ¿peµu kui 0u
"oµqvci" citc oto ìcuko citc oto µuupo. Lc aoio ¿peµu 0u "oµqvci" q
oiu¸puµµioq cçuptutui uao tq 0coq tou poootutq ukpiµeç kute uao to
aìuioio aou oci¿vci to ¿peµu oiu¸puµµioqç. Av o poootutqç civui otq 0coq
Tint, to ¿peµu kutuìqçqç tqç oiu¸puµµioqç 0u civui to ìcuko. Av civui otq
0coq Shade, to ¿peµu kutuìqçqç 0u civui to µuupo. Otuv o poootutqç civui
otq µcouiu 0coq apokuatci µovo¿peµq oiu¸puµµioq kui civui iooouvuµq µc tq
µopçq oiu¸puµµioqç Solid.
Iiu vu opioctc to ¿peµu oiu¸puµµioqç citc aututc oto kouµai aou çuivctui
oiaìu citc oiaìoaututc oto cikovioio cvociçqç ¿peµutoç, 0u cµçuvioctc vco
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou (ocitc tqv Eikovu 8.6) to oaoio civui ioio µ' uuto tqç cvtoìqç
color kui µc to oaoio opi¸ctc to ¿peµu tqç oiuµu0µioµcvqç oiu¸puµµioqç.
Two color (Auo ¿peµutu.) Av cvcp¸oaoiqoctc uutq tqv caiìo¸q, q
oiuµu0µioµcvq ¿peµutikq oiu¸puµµioq 0u ¸ivctui µc ouo oiuçopctiku
¿peµutu.




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Eìkóvo 8.5: H kdp¡é/d Gradient ¡ou ¬/dioiou ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç bhatch





Eìkóvo 8.6: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou yid ¡ov opioµó ¿poµd¡oç.
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Tuaoç ótoþó0µtoqç: Iiu vu opioouµ£ tov tuao tqç oiuµu0µioqç,
¿pqoiµoaoiouµc cvu uao tu cvvcu cikovioiu aou çuivovtui otqv Eikovu 8.5,
Auto 0u opioci aou kui aeç 0u çckivu to cvu ¿peµu kui aeç kui aou 0u kutuìq¸ci
oiuµu0µioµcvo.
Centered (Kcvtpupioµcvoç.) Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, o tuaoç
oiuµu0µioqç 0u çckivu (oaeç çuivctui oto cikovioio apocaiokoaqoqç) uao to
kcvtpo tqç oiu¸puµµioµcvqç acpio¿qç koi 0« kutuìq¸ci otu ukpu tqç. Avti0ctu,
uv uacvcp¸oaoiqoctc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, o tuaoç oiu¸puµµioqç 0u toao0ctq0ci otq
oiu¸puµµi¸oµcvq acpio¿q ckkcvtpu.
Angle (Kìioq.) Aao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev ku0opi¸ctc tqv kìioq
aou 0u c¿ci o tuaoç oiuµu0µioqç eç apoç tqv opi¸ovtiu oicu0uvoq.

Mctu tov ku0opioµo tev opiev oiu¸puµµioqç kui tev ìoiaev aupuµctpev tou
aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatch, aututc oto kouµai OK, kui oìokìqpevctc
tqv Evtoìq, oqµioup¸evtuç tuuto¿povu tqv cai0uµqtq oiu¸puµµioq.


S.1 Avòp6moq ôvoypoµµ¡ocmv

Ltiç oiu¸puµµiociç µaopcitc v' uììuçctc tooo tiç ioiotqtcç, ooo kui tu ioiu :o
otoi¿ciu tqç oiu¸puµµioqç.

Aììoyq tótoxqxev xev ótoyµoµµíocev

l:iç oioyoonniociç ocv naooci:c vo o··oçc:c :o í,oç ko:o Z (thickness).


H cvxoìq Hatchedit

H cvtoìq hatchedit oiop0evci oìu tu cacçcp¸uoiµu otoi¿ciu µiuç oiu¸puµµioqç. H
cvtoìq cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç tpoaouç:


Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify II.
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Object Hatch . . .


Hatchedit
He





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Otuv cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq hatchedit, cµçuvi¸ctui to cçqç µqvuµu :

Select associative hatch object:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ôidypóµµioq :

Açou caiìcçctc tq oiu¸puµµioq aou 0cìctc vu oiop0eoctc, cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç (ocitc tqv Eikovu 10.14*-*******). To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç
cvtoìqç civui aupoµoio µc uuto tqç cvtoìqç bhatch.
Açi¸ci vu oqµcie0ci oti oìcç oi caiìo¸cç tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç bhatch
ocv civui caiìcçiµcç otuv cktcìcitc tqv cvtoìq hatchedit.
To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç hatchedit µaopcitc vu to cµçuvioctc kui uv oiaìo-
autqoctc auve oc µiu oiu¸puµµioq.





























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9. AvootoovoAòyqoq

L’ uutqv tqv cvotqtu 0u uvuçcp0ouv oi cvtoìcç aou uçopouv tqv
toao0ctqoq, tq pu0µioq, kui tq oiop0eoq tev oiuotuocev.

9.1 E¡ôq ôvootóocmv
Iiu to AutoCAD uaup¿ouv tu cçqç cioq oiuotuocev:
oi oiuotuociç aou uvuçcpovtui oc cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu,
oi oiuotuociç aou uvuçcpovtui oc toçu kui kukìouç, kui
oi oiuotuociç aou uvuçcpovtui oc ¸evicç.

Iµoµµtkcç ótooxóoctç cívot ot cçqç:

Opi¸ovtiu oiuotuoq (Dim Horizontal)
Kutukopuçq oiuotuoq (Dim Vertical)
Ltoi¿qµcvq oiuotuoq (Dim Aligned)

Atooxóoctç koµnúìev yµoµµev cívot ot cçqç:
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq oiuµctpou (Dim Diameter)
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq uktivuç (Dim Radium)

Ievtokcç ótooxóoctç cívot ot cçqç:
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq ¸eviuç (Dim Angular)



Avoçoµtkó µc xov xµóno ótooxootoìóyqoqç o’ cvo ovxtkcíµcvo µnoµoúv vo
vnóµ¿ovv:

Luvc¿oµcvcç oiuotuociç (Dim Continue)
Avuçcpctui oc ouvc¿oµcvu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu
Aiuotuociç µuoikqç ¸puµµqç (Dim Baseline)
Autq q oiuotuoioìo¸qoq uvuçcpctui oc ouvc¿oµcvu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu q
oc ouvc¿oµcvcç ¸evicç , aou oiuotuoioìo¸ouvtui oc o¿coq µc to ukpo tou
apetou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç q tqv aìcupu tqç apetqç ¸eviuç.
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq µc ooq¸o (Dim Leader)
Autq q oiuotuoioìo¸qoq ¿pqoiµoaoicitui, ouvq0eç, otuv ocv uaup¿ci
uauitouµcvoç ¿epoç ¸iu vu ¸puçouv oi uauitouµcvcç oiuotuociç q vu
oqìe0ouv kuaoiu kutuokcuuotiku otoi¿ciu tou o¿coiou aou uauitouv
kciµcvo.
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq tuaou ouotqµutoç ouvtctu¸µcvev q oiuotuoioìo¸qoq
uvuçopuç (Dim Ordinate)
Eivui cvuç tpoaoç oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç µc aupouoiuoq tev ouvtctu¸µcvev (X
kui Y) tev oqµciev , aou ouç cvoiuçcpouv.

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9.2 Tpònog ôvootoovoAòyqoqg too AutoCAD

Kutu tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq, to AutoCAD cç opioµou oqµioup¸ci ouo¿ctioµcvcç µc to
uvtikciµcvo oiuotuociç (associative dimensions). Auto oqµuivci ¸iu to AutoCAD oti,
ku0c oiuotuoq civui cvu cviuio uvtikciµcvo kui uaotcìcitui uao tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç
oiuotuoqç (Dimension lines), tiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç (Extension lines), tu ouµµoìu tqç
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç (Arrowheads), kui to kciµcvo tqç oiuotuoqç (Dimension text).
Bcµuiu, uuto µoq0uci aupu aoìu, uv 0cìctc kutoaiv vu oiop0eoctc kuaoio tµqµu
tou o¿coiou, ¸iuti cvqµcpevovtui kui oi oiuotuociç aou uvuçcpovtui oto tµqµu aou
oiop0evctc.



Maoivov:oç o:p oiooikooio :pç oioo:ooio·oypopç, :o AutoCAD ooç ¸p:oci :o oaoi:oíncvo o:oi,cio,
aoc ooi¸ocv :p oioo:oop koi ko:oaiv cao·oyi¸ci :o oioo:ooio·oyoíncvo ncy/0p koi :o :oao0c:ci
oc:ono:o, ck:oç ov cociç :oc ooioc:c ko:i o··o. Eivoi ·oiaov opnov:iko vo /,c:c o,coiooci oco:o :o
o,/oio ooç, yio:i oiccko·ívc:c n’ oc:ov :ov :ooao :p oioo:ooio·oypop.

Ku0c oiuotuoq c¿ci kuaoiu oqµciu opioµou (DEFintition POINTS), aou çuivovtui
oto o¿coio ouç ouv µikpcç koukkiocç. Tu oqµciu uutu civui toao0ctqµcvu otq
otpeoq (layer) Defpoints.
lpncicop: Ltq otpeoq Defpoints (kui ¸cviku oc otpeociç aou oqµioup¸q0qkuv
uutoµutu uao to AutoCAD) µq o¿coiu¸ctc, µqv tiç µctovoµu¸ctc kui µqv tiç
oiu¸puçctc.

9.3 LtoA ôvootoovoAòyqoqg

H cvxoìq Dimstyle

Hoììcç çopcç, oiuaiotevctc oti oi oiuotuociç aou toao0ctouvtui, ocv kuìuatouv tiç
uauitqociç ouç. Maopcitc, oµeç, vu pu0µioctc oìcç tiç aupuµctpouç tev
oiuotuocev, eotc vu apooupµootouv otiç uvu¸kcç ouç. Auto ¸ivctui µc tqv cvtoìq
dimstyle, q oaoiu cktcìcitui µc touç cçqç tpoaouç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension kui Styles.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Format Dimension Style…

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Dimension Style…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimstyle q ddim q d.

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç c¿ouµc to aupukute aìuioio oiuìo¸ou:
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Eìkóvo 9.1: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç Dimstyle.

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç oiu¿cipi¸ctui tu otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.

Oi cai·oy/ç :oc a·oioioc oio·oyoc civoi oi cçpç:

Current Dimstyle (Tpc¿ov otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.) Eivui aìqpoçopiukq cvociçq
kui cµçuvi¸ctui to tpc¿ov otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.
Styles: Eµçuvi¸ovtui tu oqµioup¸qµcvu otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç, oaou µaopcitc vu
caiìcçctc kuaoio otuì ¸iu acpuitcpe pu0µioq.
Preview of: Eµçuvi¸ci cikovioio apocaiokoaqoqç, µc (o¿coov) oìu tu cioq
oiuotuocev, aou uacikovi¸ouv tu kupiu ¿upuktqpiotiku otoi¿ciu tou otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.
List: Pu0µi¸ci to aoiu otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç 0u cµçuvi¸ovtui oto aìuioio
caiìo¸qç.
Don’t list styles in Xrefs: (Aaokpu¡q tev otuì oc up¿ciu cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç:) H
caiìo¸q uutq civui caiìcçiµq, µovo uv oto tpc¿ov o¿coio c¿ctc apoouptqoci kuaoio
o¿coio cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç.
Set current: Av autqoctc o’ uuto to kouµai, to otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç aou c¿ctc
caiìcçci , opi¸ctui eç tpc¿ov otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.
New…: Hutevtuç o’ uuto to kouµai, cµçuvi¸ctui vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou, oto oaoio
µaopcitc vu aìqktpoìo¸qoctc to ovoµu tou vcou otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç (oto
aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç oiaìu uao tqv cvociçq New Style Name:).
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Tu cioq tev oiuotuocev aou µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc ¸iu to v/o o:c· oioo:ooio·oypopç
ouµçevu µc to aupuauve aìuioio oiuìo¸ou kui to atuoooµcvo µcvou Use for: civui
¸iu: oìcç tiç oiuotuociç (all dimensions), tiç uktivikcç (Radial dimensions), tiç
¸eviukcç (Angular dimensions), tiç oiuµctpikcç (Diameter dimensions), tiç
ouotqµutoç ouvtctu¸µcvev q tiç oiuotuociç uvuçopuç (Ordinate dimensions), kui
tiç oiuotuociç ooq¸ou kui tiç uvo¿cç (Leaders and Tolerances).



Modify…: Hutevtuç o’ uuto to kouµai, cµçuvi¸ctui vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou aou 0u
oouµc aio kute, oto oaoio µaopcitc vu tpoaoaoiqoctc tu ¿upuktqpiotiku kui tiç
pu0µiociç tou caiìc¸µcvou otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.
Override…: Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, cµçuvi¸ctui vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ioio µc tqv
aupuauve caiìo¸q, oto oaoio µaopouµc auìi vu tpoaoaoiqoouµc tu ¿upuktqpiotiku
kui tiç pu0µiociç tou caiìc¸µcvou otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç, tu oaoiu ¿upuktqpiotiku
oµeç, 0u ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ouv otiç oiuotuociç , aou 0u oqµioup¸qoouµc uao tepu kui
oto cçqç, ¿epiç vu caqpcuoouv tiç qoq o¿coiuoµcvcç oiuotuociç.
Compare…: Hutevtuç o’ uuto to kouµai, cµçuvi¸ctc vco aìuioio oiuìo¸ou, µc tq
µoq0ciu tou oaoiou µaopcitc vu ou¸kpivctc tiç oiuçopcç ouo oiuçopctikev otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç, uvuçopiku µc tiç pu0µiociç touç.

Aao touç atuoooµcvouç kutuìo¸ouç caiìo¸ev Compare: kui With:, caiìc¸ctc tu
otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç, aou 0cìctc vu tu ou¸kpivctc µctuçu touç. Tu otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç µaopci citc vu ouµaiatouv, citc vu oiuçcpouv, oaotc otqv apetq
acpiateoq oto aìuioio cµçuvioqç tev pu0µiocev tev µctuµìqtev ouotqµutoç
çuivovtui oi tpc¿ouocç pu0µiociç, ciouììeç cµçuvi¸ovtui oi oiuçopcç otiç pu0µiociç
tev ouo otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç (Eikovu 9.2).

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Eìkóvo 9.2: H/dioio ôid/óyou yid oúykpioq o¡u/ ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.

Hooo:popop: Av uaup¿ouv oiuçopcç to AutoCAD ouç aìqpoçopci ¸iu to aìq0oç
tev oiuçopev aou µpqkc kutu tq ou¸kpioq tev ouo otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.





Pú0µtoq tótoxqxev oxvì ótooxootoìóyqoqç

H pu0µioq tev ioiotqtev tev otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç ( kui kut’ cacktuoq tev
µctuµìqtev ouotqµutoç oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç) ¸ivctui µc tq oqµioup¸iu (New…), tqv
tpoaoaoiqoq (Modify…) q tqv uacpµuoq (Override…) tev otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç, uao to up¿iko aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç dimstyle. Av
autqoctc o’ cvu uao tu aupuauve kouµaiu, cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou, aou
çuivctui aupukute.











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Koµxcìo Lines and Arrows (Iµoµµcç kot Lúµþoìo ótooxootoìóyqoqç)

Oi caiìo¸cç o’ uutqv tqv kuptcìu civui kutu cvotqtu:

Evóxqxo Dimension Line (Kúµto yµoµµq ótóoxooqç)



Eìkóvo 9.3: To H/dioio ôid/óyou yid ôqµioupyid, ¡po¬o¬oiqoq, kdi u¬épµdoq o¡u/
ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.

Color: Ku0opi¸ci to ¿peµu, aou 0u c¿ouv oi kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMCLRD.

Lineweight: Ku0opi¸ci to au¿oç ¸puµµqç, aou 0u c¿ouv oi kupicç ¸puµµcç
oiuotuoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMLWD.

Extend Beyond Ticks: Ku0opi¸ci tqv uaootuoq aou 0u apocçc¿ouv oi
kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç uao tiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç.

Baseline Spacing: 1¿ci cvvoiu otq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq µuoikqç ¸puµµqç (baseline) kui
ku0opi¸ci tqv uaootuoq aou 0u uac¿ouv oi kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç
µctuçu touç. H uaootuoq aìqktpoìo¸citui oto aìuioio
aìqktpoìo¸qoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMDLI.

Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 122 / 232
Suppress: Acv cµçuvi¸ci µiu uao tiç ouo (q kui tiç ouo) kupicç ¸puµµcç
oiuotuoqç, uvuìo¸u µc to aoiu uao tiç ouo civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq
(ocitc tqv aupuauve cikovu). Evcp¸oaoiouvtui kui uacvcp¸oaoiouvtui
µc autqµu otu tctpu¸evioiu Dim Line 1 kui Dim Line 2.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tiç µctuµìqtcç DIMSD1 kui
DIMSD2.




Evóxqxo Extension Line (Oµtokq yµoµµq q yµoµµq nµockxooqç)

Color: Ku0opi¸ci to ¿peµu aou 0u c¿ouv oi opiukcç ¸puµµcç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMCLRE.

Lineweight: Ku0opi¸ci to au¿oç ¸puµµqç aou 0u c¿ouv oi opiukcç ¸puµµcç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMLWE.

Extend Beyond Dim Lines: Ku0opi¸ci tqv uaootuoq aou 0u apocçc¿ouv oi opiukcç
¸puµµcç uao tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç. Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui
caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMEXE.

Offset From Origin: Ku0opi¸ci tqv uaootuoq, aou 0u uac¿ouv oi opiukcç ¸puµµcç
uao to uvtikciµcvo aou oiuotuoioìo¸citc. H uaootuoq
aìqktpoìo¸citui oto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMEXO.

Suppress: Acv cµçuvi¸ci µiu uao tiç ouo (q kui tiç ouo) opiukcç ¸puµµcç,
uvuìo¸u µc to aoiu uao tiç ouo civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq.
Evcp¸oaoiouvtui kui uacvcp¸oaoiouvtui µc autqµu otu tctpu¸evioiu
Ext Line 1 kui Ext Line 2.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tiç µctuµìqtcç DIMSE1 kui
DIMSE2.



Evóxqxo Arrowheads (Lúµþoìo ótooxootoìóyqoqç)

1st: Pu0µi¸ci tq µopçq tou apetou ouµµoìou tqç oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç. Hpeto
ouµµoìo oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç 0cepcitui uuto aou uvtiotoi¿ci oto apeto oqµcio , aou
ku0opioutc ¸iu oiuotuoioìo¸qoq.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMBLK1.


Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 123 / 232
2nd: Pu0µi¸ci tq µopçq tou ocutcpou ouµµoìou tqç oiuotuoqç
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMBLK2.

Leader: Pu0µi¸ci tq µopçq tou ouµµoìou oiuotuoqç, aou 0u ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ci ¸iu tq
o¿coiuoq ooq¸ou ¸puµµqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMLDBLK.

H caiìo¸q tev ouµµoìev oiuotuoqç ¸ivctui µc autqµu oto aìuioio aou µpiokctui
oiaìu otqv uvtiotoi¿q cvociçq (1st, 2nd q Leader).

Arrow size: Ku0opi¸ci to µc¸c0oç tev ouµµoìev oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç. To µc¸c0oç
aìqktpoìo¸citui oto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMASZ.



Eìkóvo 9.4: Xpqoq ôid¢ops¡ikov ouµµó/ov ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.





Evóxqxo Center Marks for Circles (Lqµovoq kcvxµov kúkìov q xóçov)

Type: Ku0opi¸ci µc ti tuao 0u oqµuivctc to kcvtpo kukìou q toçou. Avuatuooci
kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev, uao tov oaoio µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc tov tuao oqµuvoqç, aou
cai0uµcitc. H caiìo¸q Mark, oqµcievci to kcvtpo kukìou q toçou µ’ cvu µikpo
otuupo. H caiìo¸q Line, oqµcievci to kcvtpo kukìou q toçou µ’ cvu µikpo otuupo
oto kcvtpo, kui tcoocpu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu aou cktcivovtui kui apocçc¿ouv uao
tqv acpiçcpciu kui caioqµuivouv tu tcoocpu tctuptqµopiu tou kukìou. H caiìo¸q
None, uacvcp¸oaoici tq oqµuvoq tou kcvtpou kukìou q toçou.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMCEN.
Size: Ku0opi¸ci to µc¸c0oç tou µikpou otuupou (mark) q tev cu0u¸puµµev
tµqµutev (lines) aou caioqµuivouv to kcvtpo tou kukìou. To µc¸c0oç
aìqktpoìo¸citui oto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMCEN.
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 124 / 232
Koµxcìo Text (Kcíµcvo)

Tu acpic¿oµcvu uutqç tqç kuptcìuç çuivovtui otqv cikovu 9.6:



Eìkóvo 9.5: H kdp¡é/d Text yid ôqµioupyid, ¡po¬o¬oiqoq q u¬épµdoq o¡u/ ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.


Evóxqxo Text Appearance (Moµçq kctµcvov)

Ku0opi¸ci tq µopçq kui to µc¸c0oç kciµcvou.


Text Style: Ku0opi¸ci to otuì kciµcvou, µc to oaoio 0u ¸puçovtui oi
oiuotuociç. Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq
DIMTXSTY.

Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 125 / 232
Text color: Ku0opi¸ci to ¿peµu tou kciµcvou tev oiuotuocev.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMCLRT.

Text height: Ku0opi¸ci to u¡oç tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMTXT.

Fraction height scale: Eivui pu0µi¸oµcvq, µovo uv c¿ctc ku0opioci µopçq µovuoev
kìuoµutikq. Ku0opi¸ci to ìo¸o tqç kìuoµutikqç oiuotuoqç oc
o¿coq µc to u¡oç tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMTFAC.

Draw frame around text: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, ¸upe uao to
kciµcvo tev oiuotuocev o¿coiu¸ctui cvu aìuioio. Eaqpcu¸ctui
uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMGAP.



Evóxqxo Text Placement (Tono0cxqoq kctµcvov)

Ku0opi¸ci tooo tqv opi¸ovtiu ooo kui tqv kutukopuçq toao0ctqoq tou
kciµcvou, oc o¿coq µc tiç kupicç kui opiukcç ¸puµµcç tev oiuotuocev.

Vertical: Ku0opi¸ci tqv kutukopuçq toao0ctqoq tou kciµcvou tev
oiuotuocev. Oìcç oi ouvutcç kutukopuçcç toao0ctqociç
kciµcvou çuivovtui otqv aupukute cikovu.









Outside Centered

Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 126 / 232


Above

Eìkóvo 9.6: Kd¡dkópu¢q ¡o¬o0é¡qoq ksiµévou ôióo¡doqç (Vertical).


Oi cai·oy/ç :pç ko:okoocçpç o:oi,iopç civoi oi cçpç:

Centered: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo oto kcvtpo tev kupiev ¸puµµev
oiuotuoqç, tiç oaoicç oiukoatci.

Above: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo auve uao tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

Outside: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo cçe uao tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

JIS: Luvouuoµoç tev Above kui Outside, aou ¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui otqv
Iuaevikq µioµq¿uviu.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMTAD.

Horizontal: Ku0opi¸ci tqv opi¸ovtiu toao0ctqoq tou kciµcvou tev
oiuotuocev.



Oi cai·oy/ç :pç ooi¸ov:ioç :oao0/:popç kcin/voc civoi oi cçpç:

Centered: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo oto µcoo tqç uaootuoqç tev opiukev
¸puµµev kui aupuììqìu µc tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

At Ext Line 1: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo kovtu otqv apetq opiukq ¸puµµq kui
aupuììqìu µc tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

At Ext Line 2: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo kovtu otq ocutcpq opiukq ¸puµµq kui
aupuììqìu µc tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

Over Ext Line 1: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo auve uao tqv apetq opiukq ¸puµµq kui
ku0ctu apoç otiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

Over Ext Line 2: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo auve uao tq ocutcpq opiukq ¸puµµq kui
ku0ctu apoç otiç kupicç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç.

Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 127 / 232
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMJUST.

Offset from dim line: Ku0opi¸ci to kcvo µctuçu tou kciµcvou oiuotuoqç kui tqç
kupiuç ¸puµµqç q tev kupiev ¸puµµev tqç oiuotuoqç.

Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMGAP.




Evóxqxo Text Alignment (Ev0vyµóµµtoq kctµcvov)

Ku0opi¸ci tqv cu0u¸puµµioq tou kciµcvou oiuotuoqç, oc o¿coq µc tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç
tev oiuotuocev. Oi caiìo¸cç tqç cu0u¸puµµioqç kciµcvou civui oi cçqç:

Horizontal: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo oiuotuoqç, auvtu oc opi¸ovtiu 0coq, uo¿ctu µc tov
apoouvutoìioµo tqç oiuotuoqç.

Aligned with dimension line: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo oiuotuoqç, auvtu aupuììqìu µc
tqv kupiu ¸puµµq (q tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç) tqç oiuotuoqç.

ISQ Standard: Otuv to kciµcvo oiuotuoqç civui coetcpiko tev opiukev ¸puµµev, to
toao0ctci aupuììqìu µc tqv kupiu ¸puµµq (q tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç) tqç oiuotuoqç. Otuv
to kciµcvo oiuotuoqç civui cçetcpiko tev opiukev ¸puµµev, to toao0ctci auvtu otqv
opi¸ovtiu 0coq.

























Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 128 / 232

Koµxcìo Fit (Hµoooµµoyq)

Tu acpic¿oµcvu uutqç tqç kuptcìuç çuivovtui otqv aupukute cikovu:



Eìkóvo 9.7: H kdp¡é/d Fit yid ôqµioupyid, ¡po¬o¬oiqoq q u¬épµdoq o¡u/ ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.


Oi µuoikcç caiìo¸cç tqç kuptcìuç civui oi cçqç:

Evóxqxo Fit Options (Entìoycç nµoooµµoyqç)

Ku0opi¸ci tq 0coq tou kciµcvou kui tev ouµµoìev oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç oc o¿coq µc
tiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç oiuotuoqç, otuv o ¿epoç µctuçu tev opiukev ¸puµµev ocv civui
caupkqç, ctoi eotc vu toao0ctq0ouv µcou otiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç kui to kciµcvo kui
tu µcìq oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.

Either the text or the arrows, whichever fits best: Toao0ctci citc to kciµcvo citc
tu µcìq tqç oiuotuoqç µcou otiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç, uvuìo¸u µc to aoio
apooupµo¸ctui kuìutcpu.

Arrows: Toao0ctci tu µcìq tqç oiuotuoqç oaeooqaotc cçe uao tiç opiukcç
¸puµµcç, ki uv to kciµcvo ¿epuci µcou otiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç, to toao0ctci µcou,
oiuçopctiku toao0ctci kui to kciµcvo cçe uao tiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç.

Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 129 / 232
Text: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo tqç oiuotuoqç oaeooqaotc cçe uao tiç opiukcç
¸puµµcç, kui tu µcìq µcou otiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç, uv ckcivu ¿epuvc.

Both text and arrows: Toao0ctci kui to kciµcvo kui tu µcìq tqç oiuotuoqç cçe
uao tiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç, uv oc ¿epuvc kui tu ouo µcou.

Always keep text between ext lines: Toao0ctci auvtotc to kciµcvo µcou otiç
opiukcç ¸puµµcç, ki uv ¿epuvc kui tu µcìq, tu toao0ctci ki ckcivu coetcpiku tev
opiukev ¸puµµev, oiuçopctiku tu toao0ctci cçe.

Suppress arrows if they don’t fit inside the extension lines: Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq
cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq, otuv tu µcìq ocv civui toao0ctqµcvu µcou otiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç,
uaokpuatovtui.


Evóxqxo Text Placement (Tono0cxqoq kctµcvov)

Ku0opi¸ci tq 0coq tou kciµcvou oc o¿coq µc tqv kupiu ¸puµµq oiuotuoqç, o:ov :o
kcincvo :oao0c:ci:oi ck:oç :pç kovovikpç :oc 0/opç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tiç µctuµìqtcç DIMTMOVE.

Beside the dimension line: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo cçe uao tiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç, kui
oiaìu otqv kupiu ¸puµµq oiuotuoqç.

Over the dimension line, with a leader: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo auve uao tqv kupiu
¸puµµq oiuotuoqç, ouvocovtuç tq µ’ uuto µc cvuv ooq¸o.

Over the dimension line, without a leader: Toao0ctci to kciµcvo auve uao tqv
kupiu ¸puµµq oiuotuoqç, ¿epiç vu tq ouvocci µc uuto µc ooq¸o.




Evóxqxo Scale for Dimension Features (Kìíµoko yto ¿oµokxqµtoxtkó
ótooxootoìóyqoqç)

Ku0opi¸ci to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç ¸iu tu pu0µi¸oµcvu ¿upuktqpiotiku tou otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç. Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMSCALE.

Use overall scale of: Ku0opi¸ci cvu ¸cviko ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç, µc tov oaoio
aoììuaìuoiu¸ovtui oìu tu µc¸c0q kui oi uaootuociç.
Iio aoooociyno, ov /,c:c ooioci n/yc0oç ocnßo·oc oioo:ooio·oypopç 0.18
o,coioo:ik/ç novoocç nc ocv:c·co:p k·inokoç 2, :o ß/·oç 0o o,coioo:ci nc n/yc0oç
0.36 l.M.

Scale dimensions to layout (Paperspace): Eçupµo¸ci cvu ¸cviko ouvtcìcotq
kìiµukuç otiç oiutuçciç cktuaeoqç.



Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 130 / 232
Koµxcìo Primary Units (Kúµtcç µovóócç)

Avuçcpctui otov tpoao ¸puçqç tev kupiev µovuoev.
Tu acpic¿oµcvu uutqç tqç kuptcìuç çuivovtui otqv aupukute cikovu:



Eìkóvo 9.8: H kdp¡é/d Primary Units yid ôqµioupyid, ¡po¬o¬oiqoq q u¬épµdoq o¡u/ ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.



Evóxqxo Linear Dimensions (Iµoµµtkcç ótooxóoctç)

Maopcitc vu pu0µioctc tov tpoao ¸puçqç tou kciµcvou oiuotuoqç, oaeç apo0cµu kui
cai0cµu, ouotqµu µovuoev (µctpiko q u¸¸ìoouçoviko), aìq0oç ockuoikev, k.ì.a., ¸iu
tiç ¸puµµikcç oiuotuociç.

Unit format: Pu0µi¸ci tq µopçq tev µovuoev aou 0u ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ouv kutu tq
oiuotuoioìo¸qoq. Oi caiìo¸cç civui oi cçqç: scientific (caiotqµovikq), decimal
(ockuoikq) ,engineering (tc¿vikq), architectural (up¿itcktovikq), fractional
(kìuoµutikq), windows desktop (Buoci toaikev pu0µiocev tev Windows).

Precision: Pu0µi¸ci to aìq0oç tev ockuoikev ¡qçiev aou 0u c¿ci to kciµcvo
oiuotuoqç.
Fraction format: Io¿uci ¸iu tiç µopçcç µovuoev Architectural kui Fractional (uao tqv
caiìo¸q Units format). Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, uvuatuooctui kutuìo¸oç µc tiç
oiu0coiµcç µopçcç kìuoµutev , uao tiç oaoicç caiìc¸ctc uutq aou 0cìctc.
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 131 / 232
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMFRAC.

Decimal separator: Ku0opi¸ci tq µopçq tqç uaooiuotoìqç ¸iu tq µopçq µovuoev
Decimal. Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMDSEP.

Round off: Oi oiuotuociç cµçuvi¸ovtui otpo¸¸uìoaoiqµcvcç otiç aìqoicotcpcç
oìokìqpcç tiµcç. Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMRND.

Prefix: Ku0opi¸ci to apo0cµu tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMPOST.

Suffix: Ku0opi¸ci to cai0cµu tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMPOST.


Evóxqxo Measurement Scale (Kìíµoko µcxµqoqç)

Pu0µi¸ci touç ouvtcìcotcç ouo¿ctioµou µctuçu tev L¿coiuotikev Movuoev (L.M. –
d.u.), aou µctpq0qkuv kutu tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq, kui tev apu¸µutikev oiuotuocev.

Scale factor: Eivui o ku0oìikoç ouvtcìcotqç ouo¿ctioµou µc tov oaoio to AutoCAD
aoììuaìuoiu¸ci tiç o¿coiuotikcç µovuocç aou µctpuci kutu tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq, ¸iu
vu apotcivci tq oeotq ¸puµµikq oiuotuoq.

H oo,ikp oínßoop aoc /,ocnc kovci, civoi yio ncv :o np,ovo·oyiko o,/oio nio o,coioo:ikp novooo vo
ov:io:oi,ci oc /vo ,i·ioo:o (1l.M.=1mm), yio oc :o oikoooniko o,/oio nio o,coioo:ikp novooo vo
ov:io:oi,ci oc /vo n/:oo (1l.M.=1m), caon/vcç o yoonnikoç ko0o·ikoç ocv:c·co:pç k·inokoç civoi 1.

Apply to layout dimensions only: Av cvcp¸oaoiqoctc uutqv tqv caiìo¸q, o
ouvtcìcotqç kìiµukuç µctpqocev, cçupµo¸ctui µovo otiç oiutuçciç cktuaeoqç (¿epo
¿uptiou). Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMFLAC.





Evóxqxo Zero Suppresion (Anókµvçq µqócvóç)

Hcpic¿ci tiç caiìo¸cç Leading, Trailing, 0 Feet, kui 0 Inches, oi oaoicç ouvouu¸ovtui
cìcu0cpu µctuçu touç µc oaoiovoqaotc tpoao kui cìc¸¿ouv tqv cµçuvioq q o¿i tqç
aoootqtuç Ø.
Leading: Eµçuvi¸ci q u¸voci to Ø apiv tqv uaooiuotoìq.

Trailing: Eµçuvi¸ci q u¸voci to Ø (q tu Ø) oto tcìoç ockuoikou upi0µou.

0 Feet: Eµçuvi¸ci q u¸voci to Ø uv uuto uvuçcpctui oc aooiu.

0 Inches: Eµçuvi¸ci q u¸voci to Ø uv uuto uvuçcpctui oc ivtocç.

Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

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Evóxqxo Angular Dimensions (Ievtokcç ótooxóoctç)

Maopcitc vu pu0µioctc tov tpoao ¸puçqç tou kciµcvou oiuotuoqç, ¸iu tiç ¸eviukcç
oiuotuociç.

Unit format: Pu0µi¸ci tq µopçq tev µovuoev aou 0u ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ouv kutu tq
oiuotuoioìo¸qoq. Oi caiìo¸cç µuç civui oi cçqç: Decimal degree (Ackuoikcç µoipcç),
Degrees/minutes/seconds(Moipcç/apetu/ocutcpu), Gradians(Bu0µoi),
Radians(Aktiviu).

Precision: Pu0µi¸ci to aìq0oç tev ockuoikev ¡qçiev aou 0u c¿ci to kciµcvo
oiuotuoqç. Pu0µi¸ci to aìq0oç tev ockuoikev ¡qçiev otiç ¸eviukcç oiuotuociç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMADEC.


Evóxqxo Zero Suppresion (Anókµvçq µqócvóç)

Hcpic¿ci tiç caiìo¸cç Leading kui Trailing, oi oaoicç ouvouu¸ovtui cìcu0cpu µctuçu
touç µc oaoiovoqaotc tpoao kui cìc¸¿ouv oaeç uvuçcpuµc kui aupuauve tqv
cµçuvioq q o¿i tqç aoootqtuç Ø otiç ¸eviukcç oiuotuociç.
Eaqpcu¸ctui uao kui caqpcu¸ci tq µctuµìqtq DIMAZIN.


Koµxcìo Alternate Units (Eµçóvtoq µovóóev µcxoxµonqç)

Avuçcpctui otov tpoao ¸puçqç tev µovuoev µctutpoaqç. Mc tqv caiìo¸q Display
Alternate Units (Ençoviop novoocv nc:o:ooapç), cvcp¸oaoicitc tqv uvu¸puçq tou
kciµcvou oiuotuoqç µc tuuto¿povq µctutpoaq tou µqkouç kui cµçuvioq kui oc uììo
ouotqµu (caqpcu¸ctui uao tq DIMALT).


Evóxqxo Alternate Units (Movóócç µcxoxµonqç)

Autq civui kui q µuoikq cvotqtu uutqç tqç kuptcìuç, otqv oaoiu µaopcitc vu
pu0µioctc tov tpoao ¸puçqç tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç, oaeç apo0cµu kui cai0cµu,
ouotqµu µovuoev (µctpiko q u¸¸ìoouçeviko), aìq0oç ockuoikev, k.ì.a., ¸iu tiç
µovuocç µctutpoaqç.












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Koµxcìo Tolerances (Avo¿cç)

Autq q kuptcìu civui o¿coov uaokìciotiku µq¿uvoìo¸ikou cvoiuçcpovtoç kui
uvuçcpctui otov tpoao ¸puçqç kui cµçuvioqç tev uvo¿ev.
Tu acpic¿oµcvu uutqç tqç kuptcìuç çuivovtui otqv aupukute cikovu:



Eìkóvo 9.9: H kdp¡é/d Tolerances yid ôqµioupyid , ¡po¬o¬oiqoq q u¬épµdoq o¡u/ ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.


Evóxqxo Tolerance Format (Moµçq ovo¿ev)

Pu0µi¸ci tq µopçq tev uvo¿ev otiç kupicç µovuocç:

Method: Pu0µi¸ci tq µc0ooo cµçuvioqç tev uvo¿ev, aou 0u ¿pqoiµoaoiq0ouv kutu tq
oiuotuoioìo¸qoq. Oi caiìo¸cç civui oi cçqç:

None: Ku0opi¸ci oti q oiuotuoq 0u ¸puçctui ¿epiç uvo¿cç.
Symmetrical: Ku0opi¸ci oti q oiuotuoq 0u uvu¸puçctui µc ouµµctpikq uvo¿q eç apoç
tqv ovoµuotikq tiµq tqç, µc apotcivoµcvo to ouµµoìo (±).
Deviation (Aaokìioq.): Ku0opi¸ci oti q oiuotuoq 0u uvu¸puçctui µc uvo¿q otqv
oaoiu 0u oqìevctui q µc¸iotq 0ctikq kui q µc¸iotq upvqtikq uaokìioq uao tqv
ovoµuotikq tiµq. To AutoCAD apoo0ctci (+) otq 0ctikq kui (-) otqv upvqtikq.
Limits (Opiu): Ku0opi¸ci oti q oiuotuoq 0u uvu¸puçctui µc tq µc¸iotq kui tqv
cìu¿iotq tiµq tqç (¿epiç kciµcvo), oqìevovtuç ctoi tiç uvo¿cç.
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Base: Ku0opi¸ci oti to kciµcvo tqç oiuotuoqç 0u ¸puçctui µcou o’ cvu op0o¸evio,
oqìevovtuç ctoi tqv ovoµuotikq (µuoikq) oiuotuoq.
Precision: Pu0µi¸ci to aìq0oç tev ockuoikev ¡qçiev aou 0u c¿ci to kciµcvo tev
uvo¿ev.
Upper value: Ku0opi¸ci tq µc¸iotq tiµq tqç caitpcatqç uvo¿qç q, µc uììu ìo¸iu, tqv
uve uaokìioq uao tqv ovoµuotikq tiµq.
Lower value: Ku0opi¸ci tqv cìu¿iotq tiµq tqç caitpcatqç uvo¿qç q, µc uììu ìo¸iu,
tqv kute uaokìioq uao tqv ovoµuotikq oiuotuoq.
Scaling for height: Ku0opi¸ci to u¡oç tou kciµcvou tev uvo¿ev.
Vertical position: Pu0µi¸ci tqv kutukopuçq otoi¿ioq tev kciµcvev tev uvo¿ev otiç
acpiateociç symmetrical kui deviation, oc o¿coq µc to kciµcvo kui tiç kupicç ¸puµµcç
tqç oiuotuoqç.


Evóxqxo Zero Suppresion (Anókµvçq µqócvóç)

Hcpic¿ci tiç caiìo¸cç Leading kui Trailing, oi oaoicç ouvouu¸ovtui cìcu0cpu µctuçu
touç µc oaoiovoqaotc tpoao kui cìc¸¿ouv tqv cµçuvioq q o¿i tqç aoootqtuç Ø ¸iu to
kciµcvo tev uvo¿ev.

Evóxqxo Alternate Unit Tolerance (Movóócç µcxoxµonqç ovo¿ev)

Lc uutqv tqv cvotqtu µaopcitc vu pu0µioctc tov tpoao ¸puçqç µovuoev µctutpoaqç,
¸iu tiç uvo¿cç.

Evózqzo Zero Suppresion (Anóupoyq uqôevóç)

Hcpic¿ci tiç caiìo¸cç Leading kui Trailing, oi oaoicç ouvouu¸ovtui cìcu0cpu µctuçu
touç µc oaoiovoqaotc tpoao kui cìc¸¿ouv tqv cµçuvioq q o¿i tqç aoootqtuç Ø ¸iu tiç
µovuocç µctutpoaqç tev uvo¿ev.


9.4 E§oymyq xov cvooymyq otoA ôvootoovoAòyqoqg
H cvxoìq Dimex kot Dimim

Iiu vu cçu¸ctc cvu otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç oc cçetcpiko up¿cio, ¿pqoiµoaoicitc tqv
cvtoìq dimex. H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Express Dimension Dimstyle Export…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimex, oaou cµçuvi¸ctui uvuìo¸o
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou.

Iiu vu ciou¸ctc cvu otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç oto o¿coio ouç uao cçetcpiko up¿cio,
¿pqoiµoaoicitc tqv cvtoìq dimim. H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Express Dimension Dimstyle Import…
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Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimim, oaou cµçuvi¸ctui uvuìo¸o
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou.



9.S Fpoµµvxcg ôvootóocvg

H cvxoìq Dimlinear

Mc tqv cvtoìq dimlinear, oiuotuoioìo¸citc opi¸ovtiu q kutukopuçu cu0u¸puµµu
tµqµutu q uaootuociç oc cu0ciu ¸puµµq.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Linear

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimlinear,tqç dimlin q tqç dli.

To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Specify first extension line origin or <select
object>:
Kd0opiçouµs /oi¬óv ¡o ¬po¡o oqµsio ¡qç d¬óo¡doqç q ¡ou dv¡iksiµévou, d¬ó ¡o o¬oio
0d Çskivqosi q ¬po¡q opidkq ypdµµq. To s¬óµsvo µqvuµd sivdi:

Specify second extension line origin:
Kd0opiçouµs /oi¬óv ¡o ôsú¡spo oqµsio ¡qç d¬óo¡doqç q ¡ou dv¡iksiµévou, d¬ó ¡o
o¬oio 0d Çskivqosi q ôsú¡spq opidkq ypdµµq. To s¬óµsvo µqvuµd sivdi:

Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:
Kd0opiçouµs /oi¬óv ¡o oqµsio, o¡o o¬oio 0é/ouµs vd ¡o¬o0s¡q0si q kúpid ypdµµq
ôióo¡doqç, o¬ó¡s o¿sôióçs¡di q ôióo¡doq oúµ¢ovd µs ¡o ¡pé¿ov o¡u/
ôido¡doio/óyqoqç kdi o/ok/qpovs¡di é¡oi q sv¡o/q.

Mc tqv oìokìqpeoq tqç cvtoìqç, cµçuvi¸ctui aìqpoçopiuko µqvuµu ¸iu to µqkoç tqç
oiuotuoioìo¸ouµcvqç uaootuoqç, aou µctpq0qkc uao to AutoCAD, kui civui to cçqç:

Dimension text = (µqkoç nov µcxµq0qkc)
Auto civui kui to kciµcvo aou uvu¸puçctui otqv oiuotuoq.

Hopozqpqoq:
Av otqv apotpoaq
Specify first extension line origin or <select
object>:
Hutqoouµc , to otuupovqµu ¸ivctui caiìo¸cuç kui cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

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Select object to dimension:
O¬ou µs s¬i/oyq ¡ou dv¡iksiµévou, opiçov¡di du¡óµd¡d ¡d oqµsid skkivqoqç ¡ov
opidkov ypdµµov ¡qç ôióo¡doqç d¬ó ¡d ókpd ¡ou dv¡iksiµévou, kdi dko/ou0si ¬ó/i ¡o
µqvuµd:

Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:

Oi caiìo¸cç tqç aupuauve cvtoìqç civui oi cçqç:

h Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Horizontal kui o¿coiu¸ci opi¸ovticç oiuotuociç.
Akoìou0ci to µqvuµu:

Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Kd0opiçouµs 0éoq kúpidç ypdµµqç ôióo¡doqç q [HKsiµévou/Ksiµsvo/Fovid]:

v Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Vertical kui o¿coiu¸ci kutukopuçcç oiuotuociç.
Akoìou0ci auìi to µqvuµu:

Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Kd0opiçouµs 0éoq kúpidç ypdµµqç ôióo¡doqç q [HKsiµévou/Ksiµsvo/Fovid]:

r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Rotated kui o¿coiu¸ci oiuotuociç, tev oaoiev q kupiu
¸puµµq oiuotuoqç toao0ctcitui uao kìioq. To µqvuµu aou ukoìou0ci civui:
Specify angle of dimension line <current>:
Kd0opiçouµs k/ioq kúpidç ypdµµqç ôióo¡doqç <¡pé¿ouod>:
H kìioq µaopci vu ku0opiotci citc uao to aìqktpoìo¸io citc µc ouo oqµciu.

Ako·oc0ci :o npvcno:

Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Kd0opiçouµs 0éoq kúpidç ypdµµqç ôióo¡doqç q [HKsiµévou/Ksiµsvo/Fovid]:

t Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Text kui ku0opi¸ci kciµcvo oiuotuoqç oiuçopctiko ua’
uuto aou c¿ci µctpq0ci (kui apotcivctui). 1¿ouµc tqv cµçuvioq tou µqvuµutoç:
Enter dimension text <µµxoç nou µs:µµ0µxs>:
Aoo¡s ksiµsvo ôióo¡doqç <µqkoç ¬ou µs¡pq0qks>:

Hìqktpoìo¸ouµc ctoi to vco kciµcvo, oaotc çuvucµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:

m Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Mtext. Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq (oaeç kui µc tqv text),
uììu¸ctc to kciµcvo tqç oiuotuoqç, µc tq ¿pqoq tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç
mtext. To kciµcvo ¬ou apotcivctui otov cacçcp¸uotq tqç cvtoìqç mtext, civui to < >,
kui uvtiotoi¿ci oto µqkoç aou µctpq0qkc.

a Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Angle kui ku0opi¸ci kìioq tou kciµcvou oiuotuoqç
oiuçopctikq ua’ uutq aou c¿ci ku0opiotci oto otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç. Eµçuvi¸ci to
µqvuµu:
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Specify angle of dimension text:
H/qk¡po/oyoúµs ¡qv k/ioq ¡ou ksiµévou ôióo¡doqç, o¬ó¡s Çdvdsµ¢dviçs¡di ¡o µqvuµd:

Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:
Aido¡óosiç o¡oi¿qµévsç µs dv¡iksiµsvd:


H cvxoìq Dimaligned

Mc tqv cvtoìq dimaligned oiuotuoioìo¸citc cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu q uaootuociç oc
cu0ciu ¸puµµq kui q oiuotuoq toao0ctcitui aupuììqìu µc tqv uaootuoq q to
uvtikciµcvo aou oiuotuoioìo¸citc.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Aligned

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimaligned q tqç dimali q tqç dal.

To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Specify first extension line origin or <select
object>:

Specify second extension line origin:

Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle]:

Av otqv apotpoaq

Specify first extension line origin or <select
object>:
autqoouµc , to otuupovqµu ¸ivctui caiìo¸cuç kui cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Select object to dimension:
kui ukoìou0ci to µqvuµu:

Specify first extension line origin or <select
object>:





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9.6 Fmvvoxcg ôvootóocvg

H cvxoìq Dimangular

Mc tqv cvtoìq dimangular, oiuotuoioìo¸citc ¸evicç aou µaopci vu opi¸ovtui uao
tpiu oqµciu, uao ouo cu0cicç, uao toço (ouv caikcvtpq ¸eviu toçou), q auve oc kukìo
ouv caikcvtpcç.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Angular

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimangular, q tqç dimang q tqç dan.

H up¿ikq apotpoaq tqç cvtoìqç civui q cçqç:

Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡óÇo, kúk/o, su0úypdµµo ¡µqµd q <kd0opio¡s kopu¢q>:

l:o opncio oc:o, naooci:c vo oioo:ooio·oypoc:c :p ycvio aoc o,pno:i¸c:oi oao :oio opncio p oao oío
cc0íyoonno :npno:o, p :pv caikcv:op ycvio o,coioon/voc :oçoc p :oçoc aovc oc kík·o.



Atooxootoìóyqoq yevíoç onó xµío oqµcío: Ltqv up¿ikq apotpoaq aututc uaìeç
enter, oaotc to caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Specify angle vertex:
Ku0opi¸ouµc tqv kopuçq tqç ¸eviuç. To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Specify first angle endpoint:
Ku0opi¸ouµc cvu oqµcio otqv apetq aìcupu tqç ¸eviuç. To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to
cçqç:

Specify second angle endpoint:
Ku0opiotc oqµcio otq ocutcpq aìcupu tqç ¸eviuç. To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui:

Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Ku0opiotc tq 0coq tou toçou tqç kupiuç ¸puµµqç oiuotuoqç
[Hkciµcvou/Kciµcvo/Ieviu]:
Ku0opi¸ouµc ìoiaov to oqµcio aou 0cìouµc vu toao0ctq0ci q kupiu ¸puµµq
oiuotuoqç, oaotc o¿coiu¸ctui q oiuotuoq ouµçevu µc to tpc¿ov otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.


Av otqv up¿ikq apotpoaq, caiìc¸uµc cvu cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu totc 0u ci¿uµc ôioozooiozó,qoq ,ovíoç
onó ziç nzeopéç zqç kui 0u ukoìou0ououµc tu uvuìo¸u µqµutu.
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9.? Lovc×òµcvq ôvootoovoAòyqoq

H cvxoìq Dimcontinue

Mc tqv cvtoìq dimcontinue, µaopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc ouvc¿oµcvq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq
oc ¸puµµikcç, otoi¿qµcvcç, ¸eviukcç, kui oiuotuociç uvuçopuç. Ltov tuao uuto tqç
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç, to tcìoç tqç µiuç oiuotuoqç civui up¿q ¸iu tqv caoµcvq.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Continue

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimcontinue, q tqç dimcont q tqç dco.

To µqvuµu tqç cvtoìqç cçuptutui uao to ciooç tqç aio apooçutu o¿coiuoµcvqç
oiuotuoqç. Av q tcìcutuiu oiuotuoq aou o¿coiuoutc civui ¸puµµikq, otoi¿qµcvq, q
¸eviukq, to up¿iko apotpcatiko µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Specify a second extension line origin or
[Undo/Select] <Select>:

Av 0cìctc vu ouvc¿ioctc tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq uao to tcìcutuio oqµcio, ku0opi¸ctc to
oqµcio uao to oaoio 0u çckivqoci q ocutcpq opiukq ¸puµµq (extension) tqç uµcoeç
caoµcvqç ¸puµµikqç oiuotuoqç, oaotc o¿coiu¸ctui q oiuotuoq (ioiou tuaou) kui
çuvucµçuvi¸ctui to ioio µqvuµu.

Av oto oqµcio uuto autqoctc uaìu , cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Select continued dimension:

Eaiìc¸ctc uììq oiuotuoq, µc tqv oaoiu 0cìctc vu ouvc¿ioctc tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq, aou
µaopci vu civui, citc ¸eviukq, citc otoi¿qµcvq, citc uvuçopuç. To µqvuµu aou
cµçuvi¸ctui civui uvuìo¸u µc tov tuao tqç oiuotuoqç aou caiìcçutc kui ouç apotpcaci
vu ouvc¿ioctc tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq.

Ko0c çooo aoc o,coio¸c:c nio oioo:oop ko:o :p ocvc,oncvp oioo:ooio·oypop, cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç
a·pooçooioko npvcno:
Dimension text = µcyc0oç nov µcxµq0qkc (ovóìoyo µc xov xúno xqç ótóoxooqç)





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9.S AvootoovoAòyqoq poovxqg ypoµµqg

H cvxoìq Dimbaseline

Mc tqv cvtoìq dimbaseline, µaopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc oiuotuoioìo¸qoq µuoikqç
¸puµµqç, oc ¸puµµikcç, otoi¿qµcvcç, ¸eviukcç, kui oiuotuociç uvuçopuç. Ltov tuao
uuto tqç oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç uaup¿ci koivp oo,p – oìcç oqìuoq oi oiuotuociç c¿ouv
koivq tqv apetq opiukq ¸puµµq. H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Baseline.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimbaseline, q tqç dimbase, q tqç dba.

To µqvuµu tqç cvtoìqç cçuptutui uao to ciooç tqç aio apooçutu o¿coiuoµcvqç
oiuotuoqç. Av q tcìcutuiu oiuotuoq aou o¿coiuoutc civui ¸puµµikq, otoi¿qµcvq, q
¸eviukq, to up¿iko apotpcatiko µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Specify a second extension line origin or
[Undo/Select] <Select>:
Av 0cìctc vu ouvc¿ioctc tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq uao to tcìcutuio oqµcio, ku0opi¸ctc to
oqµcio uao to oaoio 0u çckivqoci q ocutcpq opiukq ¸puµµq (extension) tqç uµcoeç
caoµcvqç ¸puµµikqç oiuotuoqç, oaotc o¿coiu¸ctui q oiuotuoq (ioiou tuaou) kui
çuvucµçuvi¸ctui to ioio µqvuµu. Av oto oqµcio uuto autqoctc uaìu , cµçuvi¸ctui
to µqvuµu:

Select base dimension:
E¬i/éÇ¡s µdoikq ôióo¡doq:

Eaiìc¸ctc uììq oiuotuoq, µc tqv oaoiu 0cìctc vu ouvc¿ioctc tq oiuotuoioìo¸qoq
koivqç up¿qç, aou µaopci vu civui, citc ¸eviukq, citc otoi¿qµcvq, citc uvuçopuç.


9.9 Fpqyopq ôvootoovoAòyqoq

H cvxoìq Qdim

Mc tqv cvtoìq qdim, µaopcitc vu oiuotuoioìo¸qoctc ¸pq¸opu cvu q acpioootcpu
uvtikciµcvu .

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension QDIM
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Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç qdim.

To µqvuµu tqç cvtoìqç civui to cçqç:

Select geometry to dimension:
E¬i/éys¡s é¡oi, évd q ¬spiooó¡spd dv¡iksiµsvd, ¬ou 0é/ouµs vd ôido¡doio/oyqos¡s.

Açou oìokìqpeoctc µc tqv caiìo¸q tev uvtikciµcvev, cµçuvi¸ctui to cçqç µqvuµu:

Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Staggered/Baseline/Ordinate/Radiouw/Diameter/datumPoint/
Edit] <current>:

Kd0opiçs¡s ¡q 0éoq ¡qç kúpidç ypdµµqç ¡qç ôióo¡doqç, o¬ó¡s ôido¡doio/oyoúv¡di ¡d
s¬i/syµévd dv¡iksiµsvd kdi o/ok/qpovs¡di q sv¡o/q, q ôivs¡s ,µid d¬ó ¡iç s¬i/oyéç ¡qç
sv¡o/qç, yid vd kd0opios¡s ó//o ¡ú¬o ôido¡doio/óyqoqç.

H cv:o·p qdim opniocoyci novo ooi¸ov:icç p ko:okoocçcç yoonnik/ç oioo:oociç koi o,i o:oi,pn/vcç.


9.10 Avo×cg mg npog tqv xotcpyoo¡o
H cvxoìq Tolerance

Mc tqv cvtoìq tolerance, ¸puçctc ¸ceµctpikcç uvo¿cç, oaeç aupuììqìiu, oµokcvtpiu,
ku0ctotqtu, k.u., oi oaoicç uvuçcpovtui oc o¿coiuoµcvu uvtikciµcvu, kui o¿i oc
kuaoiu uao tiç oiuotuociç. Av 0cìctc vu ku0opioctc kuaoiu oiuotuoq µc uvo¿q, ocv
c¿ctc aupu vu to opioctc oto otuì oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.


Eìkóvo 9.10: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡ov dvo¿ov




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9.11 Xpqoq oôqymv

Oi ooq¸oi civui cu0u¸puµµu q kuµauìu tµqµutu aou ouvocouv cvu uvtikciµcvo µc
kuaoio kciµcvo, oiuotuoq, uvo¿q, q µaìok.

H cvxoìq Leader

Mc tqv cvtoìq leader, oqµioup¸citc ooq¸ouç.
H cvtoìq cktcìcitui uao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç leader q tqç lead.
H up¿ikq apotpoaq tqç cvtoìqç civui q cçqç:

Specify leader start point:
Kd0opio¡s ¡o oqµsio dp¿qç oôqyoú:

Specify next point:
Kd0opio¡s s¬óµsvo oqµsio:

Opi¸ctc to caoµcvo oqµcio tqç ¸puµµqç ooq¸ou, oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:
Specify next point or [Annotation / Format / Undo]
<Annotation>:
Kd0opio¡s s¬óµsvo oqµsio q [Z¿ó/io / Mop¢q / Avdipsoq] <Z¿ó/io>:

Ooi¸c:c :o caoncvo opncio :pç yoonnpç oopyoí koi çovocnçovi¸c:oi :o ioio npvcno
n/,oi vo oio·/çc:c nio oao :iç cai·oy/ç :pç cv:o·pç.

H cvxoìq Qleader

H cvtoìq qleader kuvci oti ukpiµeç kui q cvtoìq leader, uììu µc aio cukoìo tpoao.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Leader

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç qleader q tqç le.

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç, cµçuvi¸ctui to cçqç µqvuµu:
Specify first leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>:
Kd0opio¡s ¬po¡o oqµsio ¡ou oôqyoú, q [Pu0µiosiç] <Pu0µiosiç>:

To µqvuµu aou ukoìou0ci civui to cçqç:
Specify next point:
Kd0opio¡s ¡o s¬óµsvo oqµsio ¡ou oôqyoú.

Eauvuìuµµuvctui to ioio µqvuµu ¸iu µiu ukoµq çopu, oaotc to caoµcvo µqvuµu civui
to cçqç:
Specify text width <0>:
Kd0opio¡s ¬/ó¡oç ksiµévou <0>:
Aiuotuoioìo¸qoq AutoCAD2004

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Açou ku0opioctc oc to aìutoç tou kciµcvou aupu¸puçev, to caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to
cçqç:
Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>:
H/qk¡po/oysi¡s ¡o ksiµsvo ¬ou 0é/s¡s vd dvd¢éps¡di o¡o dv¡iksiµsvo ¬ou opiçsi o
oôqyóç kdi ¬d¡ó¡s .

Eauvuìuµµuvctui to ioio µqvuµu, µc¿pi vu autqoctc enter, oaotc oìokìqpevctui q
cvtoìq.
Av otqv up¿ikq apotpoaq Specify first leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>:
autqoctc , cµçuvi¸ctui aìuioio oiuìo¸ou µc tpciç kuptcìcç, oto oaoio µaopcitc vu
pu0µioctc tiç aupuµctpouç tou ooq¸ou.



KoptcAo AnnotatIonJFormat
L’ uutq tqv kuptcìu opi¸ctc tiç aupuµctpouç aou uçopouv to kciµcvo kui tq µopçq
tou ooq¸ou. 1¿ouµc ouo cvotqtcç, tqv cvotqtu Annotation kui tqv cvotqtu MText
Options, otqv oaoiu pu0µi¸ouµc tiç caiìo¸cç ¸iu to kciµcvo aupu¸puçev:




Eìkóvo 9.11: H kdp¡é/d Annotation/Format yid ¡q pú0µioq ¡ov ¬dpdµé¡pov ¡ov ypdµµov oôqyov.










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KoptcAo Leader LIne & Arrow
L’ uutq tqv kuptcìu opi¸ctc aupuµctpouç aou uçopouv otq ¸puµµq kui to µcìoç tqç
¸puµµqç tou ooq¸ou. Ltqv cvotqtu Leader Line, ku0opi¸ouµc tq µopçq tou ooq¸ou
(spline q straight), otq oc cvotqtu Number of points, opi¸ouµc to aìq0oç tev oqµciev
tou ooq¸ou:



Eìkóvo 9.12: H kdp¡é/d Leader Line & Arrow.


Hopozqpqoq: Oi pu0µiociç tqç cvotqtuç Angle Constraints, c¿ouv apuktikq
oqµuoiu, otuv o ooq¸oç uaotcìcitui uao cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu, ki o¿i uao splines.
Av q ¸puµµq ooq¸oç c¿ci acpioootcpu uao ouo tµqµutu, totc tu tµqµutu µc uuçovtu
upi0µo uao tpiu kui auve, c¿ouv oicu0uvoq aou opi¸ctui uao tu oqµciu tou ooq¸ou.

Ltqv caiìo¸q Arrowhead ku0opi¸ouµc tq µopçq tou ouµµoìou, aou 0u
¿pqoiµoaoiq0ci eç µcìoç otqv ukpq tqç ¸puµµqç tou ooq¸ou.


Koµxcìo Attachment

L’ uutq tqv kuptcìu opi¸ctc tq otoi¿ioq tou kciµcvou oc o¿coq µc tqv apetq q tqv
tcìcutuiu ¸puµµq tou ooq¸ou. Opi¸ctc tq otoi¿ioq tou kciµcvou, citc uuto
toao0ctq0ci upiotcpu uao to tcìcutuio cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu (Text on left side), citc
uuto toao0ctq0ci ocçiu uao to tcìcutuio cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu (Text on right side).

9.12 Lóvôcoq xov onooóvôcoq oôqymv µc xc¡µcvo

Oaeç 0u oiuaioteoctc, o ooq¸oç µc to kciµcvo civui ouo uvuaooauotu otoi¿ciu. Av
µctukivqoctc to kciµcvo µc tqv cvtoìq move, ukoìou0ci kui o ooq¸oç (to uvti0cto oc
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ouµµuivci). Mc tqv cvtoìq qldetachset uaoouvocctc to kciµcvo uao tov ooq¸o tou. H
cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Express Dimension Leader Tools > Detach
Leader from Annotation

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç qldetachset.

9.13 Avòp6moq ôvootóocmv
H aupu¸puçoç uutq uvuçcpctui otiç cvtoìcç µc tiç oaoicç µaopcitc vu oiop0eoctc
o¿coiuoµcvcç oiuotuociç.

H cvxoìq Chprop

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq µaopcitc vu uììuçctc MONO tiç ioiotqtcç tqç oiuotuoqç, oaeç
otpeoq(Layer), ¿peµu(Color), tuao ¸puµµqç(Ltype), au¿oç ¸puµµqç(Lineweight),
otuì cktuaeoqç (Plotstyle) kui ouvtcìcotq tuaou ¸puµµqç(ltScale).


Iio :iç oioo:oociç, oc naooci:c vo o··oçc:c í,oç ko:o Z (thickness).
H cv:o·p chprop ck:c·ci:oi novo oao :o a·pk:oo·oyio nc oa·p ck:/·cop :pç chprop.




H cvxoìq Change

H cvtoìq change cµçuvi¸ci caiìo¸cç otqv acpio¿q cvtoìev kui cktcìcitui uao to
aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç change q tqç –ch.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:
Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify change point or [Properties]:
Kd0opio¡s d//dyq oqµsiou q [Ìôió¡q¡sç]:
Av caiìcçctc p kui autqoctc , q cvtoìq change kuvci o,ti ukpiµeç kui q chprop.


H cvxoìq Ddedit

H cvtoìq ocv caioc¿ctui aoììuaìq caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev kui cktcìcitui ouvc¿eç µc¿pi
vu oìokìqpe0ci.

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Ek:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaoíç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify II.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Text…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç ddedit q tqç ed.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Select an annotation object or [Undo]:
E¬i/éÇ¡s évd dv¡iksiµsvo ksiµévou q [Avdipsoq]:

Mc u uvuipcitc tqv tcìcutuiu oiop0eoq kciµcvou. Mc oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq.




H cvxoìq Properties

H cvtoìq properties oc¿ctui apocaiìo¸q kui oµuoikq caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev.
Autq q cvtoìq civui io¿upotcpq uao tiç chprop kui change, ¸iuti µaopci vu oiop0eoci
kui caiaìcov otoi¿ciu tou kciµcvou, oaeç q otoi¿ioq tou, q ¸eviu kìioqç tev
¿upuktqpev, k.ì.a.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Properties.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç properties, µc Ctrl + 1, q µc cktcìcoq
tqç ch q mo.

H cvtoìq ocv cµçuvi¸ci kuaoio apotpcatiko µqvuµu, uììu cµçuvi¸ci to aupukute
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tiç µctuµoìcç tev uvtikciµcvev otqv upiotcpq aìcupu tou
tpc¿ovtoç o¿coiou. Av c¿ctc apocaiìcçci µiu q acpioootcpcç oiuotuociç, oto aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou cµçuvi¸ovtui tu acpic¿oµcvu ¸iu uììu¸q tev otoi¿ciev tev oiuotuocev, cve
otqv kopuçq tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou cµçuvi¸ctui to ciooç kui to aìq0oç tev
uvtikciµcvev aou apocaiìcçutc.

Av ocv c¿ctc apocaiìcçci kuti, otqv kopuçq cµçuvi¸ctui q cvociçq No selection.
Ltqv acpiateoq uutq, µaopcitc µc to otuupovqµu , vu kutuociçctc kui vu caiìcçctc
kuaoio uvtikciµcvo.

Açou caiìcçctc µiu q acpioootcpcç oiuotuociç, to acpic¿oµcvo tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou
tqç cvtoìqç properties civui oaeç uuto, aou çuivctui otqv cikovu 9.13.

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Eìkóvo 9.13: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç Properties yid ¡po¬o¬oiqoq ôióo¡doqç.


Eaciop :o o:oi,cio aoc naooci:c vo o··oçc:c oc nio oioo:oop civoi aooo ao··o, oi cvo:p:cç :cv
ioio:p:cv, aoc naoooív vo o··oçocv yio :iç oioo:oociç cnçovi¸ov:oi ocna:cyn/vcç o:o a·oioio oio·oyoc.

Ev ouvtoµiu, oi cvotqtcç tev ioiotqtev civui oi cçqç:


General
Maopcitc vu oiop0eoctc oaoiooqaotc uao tu ¸cviku otoi¿ciu tqç oiuotuoqç 0cìctc. H
cvotqtu General uvtiotoi¿ci otiç ioiotqtcç tou uvtikciµcvou – oiuotuoqç kui io¿uci oti
uvuatu¿0qkc oc uììq aupu¸puço.

Misc
Açopu otiç oiuçopcç ioiotqtcç tqç oiuotuoqç, kui cioikotcpu oto otuì
oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.

Lines & Arrows
Aao tqv cvotqtu uutq µaopcitc vu tpoaoaoiqoctc oaoiooqaotc uao tu otoi¿ciu
uvuçcpctui otiç kupicç kui otiç opiukcç ¸puµµcç tqç oiuotuoqç, ku0eç kui otu
ouµµoìu oiuotuoioìo¸qoqç.

Text
Aao tqv cvotqtu uutq, µaopcitc vu tpoaoaoiqoctc oaoiooqaotc uao tu otoi¿ciu
uvuçcpctui oto kciµcvo tev oiuotuocev.

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Fit
Tpoaoaoicitc otioqaotc o¿cti¸ctui µc tqv apooupµo¸q tou kciµcvou tev oiuotuocev.

Primary Units
Tpoaoaoicitc otioqaotc o¿cti¸ctui µc tiç kupicç µovuocç tev oiuotuocev.

Alternate Units
Tpoaoaoicitc otioqaotc o¿cti¸ctui µc tiç µovuocç µctutpoaqç tev oiuotuocev.

Tolerances
Tpoaoaoicitc otioqaotc o¿cti¸ctui µc tiç uvo¿cç.







Av :o ov:ikcincvo aoc cai·/ço:c civoi oopyoç (leader), koi p cai·oyp /,ci yivci oao :c,oio opncio :oc
oopyoí, cnçovi¸c:oi ovo·oyo a·oioio oio·oyoc, o:o oaoio naooci:c v’ o··oçc:c ck:oç oao :iç ioio:p:cç :oc
oopyoí koi oaoioopao:c o··o o:oi,cio. Av oncç :o ov:ikcincvo aoc cai·/ço:c civoi kcincvo oopyoí, :o
a·oioio oio·oyoc aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi oioçooc:iko koi iooocvonci nc oioo0cop kcin/voc aoooyooçcv.


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H cvxoìq Dimedit

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc v’ uììuçctc kuaoiu uao tu ¸ceµctpiku ¿upuktqpiotiku
µiuç q acpioootcpev oiuotuocev.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Align Text Home q Dimension
Oblique

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimedit q tqç ded.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Enter type of dimension editing
[Home/New/Rotate/Oblique] <Home>:
Aoo¡s ¡ú¬o ôióp0ooqç ôióo¡doqç [Ap¿ikq 0éoq / Néo ksiµsvo / Hspio¡po¢q ksiµévou /
K/ioq ôióo¡doqç] <Ap¿ikq 0éoq>:

Aqìevctc µiu uao tiç caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç oi oaoicç civui oi cçqç:

n Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q New kui uììu¸ci to kciµcvo µiuç oiuotuoqç. Eµçuvi¸ci
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou µc tov cacçcp¸uotq kciµcvou tqç cvtoìqç mtext.
Ltq ouvc¿ciu cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Eaiìc¸ctc ctoi µiu q acpioootcpcç oiuotuociç kui aututc .

r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Rotate kui uììu¸ci tqv kìioq tou kciµcvou µiuç
oiuotuoqç.
Eµçuvi¸ci to cçqç µqvuµu:
Specify angle for dimension text:
Kd0opio¡s k/ioq ksiµévou ôióo¡doqç.

Ltq ouvc¿ciu cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Eaiìc¸ctc ctoi µiu q acpioootcpcç oiuotuociç kui aututc .

o Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Oblique kui uììu¸ci tqv kìioq oìokìqpqç tqç
oiuotuoqç. H caiìo¸q uutq civui ¿pqoiµq, otuv c¿ctc vu o¿coiuoctc aoììcç oiuotuociç
oc µikpo ¿epo, kui cvoc¿oµcveç oqµioup¸ouvtui uouçcicç kui caikuìu¡ciç.
1¿ci tq ouvutotqtu vu cktcìcotci kui uacu0ciuç uao to atuoooµcvo µcvou.
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Eµçuvi¸ctui to cçqç µqvuµu:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Eaiìc¸ctc ctoi µiu q acpioootcpcç oiuotuociç kui aututc .

Ltq ouvc¿ciu cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Enter obliquing angle (press enter for none):
Aoo¡s k/ioq ôióo¡doqç (¬d¡qo¡s enter yid kdµid k/ioq):

To AutoCAD cvqµcpevci oocç oiuotuociç caiìcçutc, o¿coiu¸ovtuç tiç µc tq vcu kìioq,
kui oìokìqpevci tqv cvtoìq.

Av o:pv oo,ikp aoo:ooap :pç cv:o·pç dimedit ao:poocnc oa·o :o:c oc:ono:o ov:io:oi,ci o:pv
cai·oyp Home, koi caovoç/oocnc /:oi :iç oioo:oociç o:pv oo,ikp :ocç 0/op, oacç o,coioo:pkov.

Eµçuvi¸ctui kui auìi to µqvuµu:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Eaiìc¸ctc ctoi µiu q acpioootcpcç oiuotuociç kui aututc .




H cvxoìq Dimtedit

H cvtoìq dimedit oc oc¿ctui apocaiìo¸q kui oµuoikq caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev kui
oioo0cvci novo oco,c:ion/vcç nc :o ov:ikcincvo (associative) oioo:oociç. Mc tqv
cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc v’ uììuçctc otoi¿ciu µovo tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Dimension.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Align Text Left q Center q Right

Mc uaìq cktcìcoq uao to aìqktpoìo¸io tqç dimtedit.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Select dimension:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ôióo¡doq:


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Eaiìc¸ctc µiu oiuotuoq, oaotc cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Specify new location for dimension text or [Left /
Right / Center / Home / Angle]:
Kd0opio¡s véd 0éoq ksiµévou ôióo¡doqç q [Apio¡spó / AsÇió / Kév¡po / Ap¿ikq / Fovid]:

Maopcitc vu opioctc vco oqµcio toao0ctqoqç tou kciµcvou tqç oiuotuoqç, oaotc kui
oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq, q vu oeoctc µiu uao tiç caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç, oi oaoicç civui
oi cçqç:

l Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q left. Toao0ctci to kciµcvo otqv upiotcpq aìcupu tqç
kupiuç ¸puµµqç oiuotuoqç.

r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q right. Toao0ctci to kciµcvo otq ocçiu aìcupu tqç kupiuç
¸puµµqç oiuotuoqç.

c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q center. Toao0ctci to kciµcvo oto kcvtpo tqç kupiuç
¸puµµqç oiuotuoqç.

a Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q angle kui uììu¸ci tqv kìioq tou kciµcvou tqç
oiuotuoqç.

h Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Home kui cauvuçcpci tiç oiuotuociç otqv up¿ikq touç
0coq.


Eµçuvi¸ci to µqvuµu:

Specify angle for dimension text:
Aoo¡s k/ioq ksiµévou ôióo¡doqç:

Eivui iooouvuµq µc tqv caiìo¸q rotate tqç cvtoìqç dimedit.



H cvxoìq Dimoverride

H cvtoìq dimoverride tpoaoaoici oaoiooqaotc otoi¿cio µiuç oiuotuoqç, upkci vu
¸vepi¸ctc to ovoµu tqç µctuµìqtqç aou caqpcu¸ci to otoi¿cio uuto.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Dimension Override

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç dimoverride q tqç dov.




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To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Enter dimension variable name to override or [Clear
overrides]:
Aoo¡s óvoµd µs¡dµ/q¡qç ôido¡doio/óyqoqç yid u¬épµdoq q [Clear yid kd¡ópyqoq
u¬spµóosov]:

Ltq ouvc¿ciu cµçuvi¸ctui to µqvuµu:

Enter new value for dimension variable <:µsyouoo>:
Aoo¡s véd ¡iµq yid ¡q µs¡dµ/q¡q ôido¡doio/óyqoqç <¡pé¿ouod ¡iµq ¡qç µs¡dµ/q¡qç>:

Kui oto tcìoç:

Enter dimension variable name to override:
Aoo¡s óvoµd µs¡dµ/q¡qç ôido¡doio/óyqoqç yid u¬épµdoq:


9.14 Ov cvtoAcg TrIm xov Extend otvg ôvootóocvg

Mc tiç cvtoìcç uutcç, cktoç uao uaìu uvtikciµcvu, µaopcitc vu cacçcp¸uotcitc kui
¸puµµikcç oiuotuociç q oiuotuociç tuaou ouvtctu¸µcvev.










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10. Ov onòAovncg EvtoAcg Enc§cpyoo¡og
10.1 EnvAoyq ovtvxcvµcvmv µc xpvtqpvo (q¡Atpo)

Hoììcç çopcç kutu tqv caiìo¸q tev uvtikciµcvev 0cìctc vu 0coaioctc kpitqpiu, tu
oaoiu vu otqpi¸ovtui oc kuaoiu koivu ¿upuktqpiotiku kuaoiev uvtikciµcvev, ctoi
eotc uao cvu cuputcpo ouvoìo caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev, kuaoiu uaoppiatovtui
uao to ouvoìo caiìo¸qç kui kuaoiu vu aupuµcvouv µuoci tev kpitqpiev caiìo¸qç.

H cvxoìq Filter

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu oµuooaoiqoctc uvtikciµcvu uvuìo¸u µc
oaoiooqaotc uao tu ¿upuktqpiotiku touç, oaeç civui to o¿qµu touç, q otpeoq
(layer) aou uvqkouv, q toao0ctqoq touç oto o¿coio, k.ì.a.

H cv:o·p civoi oioçovpç (transparent) koi ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç filter q fi.

Eµçuvi¸ctui µctcacitu to aupukute aìuioio oiuìo¸ou:



Eìkóvo 10.1: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç filter.

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Evóxqxo Object Selection Filters (díìxµo-kµtxqµto cntìoyqç ovxtkctµcvev)

Ltqv kopuçq tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou, uaup¿ci to aìuioio µc tiç tpc¿ouocç ouv0qkcç
caiìo¸qç (çiìtpu). Miu ouv0qkq caiìo¸qç µaopci vu uaotcìcitui uao to ciooç tou
uvtikciµcvou aou 0cìctc vu caiìc¸ci ki uao touç acpiopioµouç.



Evóxqxo Select Filter (Entìoyq çíìxµov)

Select: Hutevtuç oto aìuioio oiaìu otqv cvociçq Select, uvuatuooctui cvu µcvou
caiìo¸ev oto oaoio uvuçcpovtui tu cioq tev uvtikciµcvev q ¿upuktqpiotiku touç
oqµciu.



Eìkóvo 10.2: Msvoú s¬i/oyov Select Filter


X,Y,Z: (Luv0qkcç ouvtctu¸µcvev.)
Aqµioup¸citc acpiopioµouç ¸iu tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tev uvtikciµcvev. Aiaìu otqv
cvociçq ouvtctu¸µcvev, µaopcitc vu toao0ctqoctc touç tcìcotcç ou¸kpioqç –
ìo¸ikev apuçcev (relational operators), aou civui oi cçqç:
< , <= , > , >= , = , != , * .

Yaup¿ouv kui oi oµuoikoi tcìcotcç, aou ouvtuooovtui eç cçqç:
Begin AND - End AND
Begin OR - End OR
Begin XOR - End XOR
Begin NOT - End NOT.

Iiu aupuoci¸µu, uv oiutuaeoctc touç cçqç acpiopioµouç:
Object = Circle
**Begin NOT
Circle Radius=1.00
**End NOT



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0u caiìc¸ouv oìoi oi kukìoi µc uktivu oiuçopq tou 1. Oi tpciç tcìcutuicç ¸puµµcç 0u
µaopououv vu ci¿uv uvtikutuotu0ci uao tq ouv0qkq Circle Radius!=1.00.

Add to List: Hutevtuç o’ uuto to kouµai, oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou Object Selection
Filters apoo0ctctc tu uvtikciµcvu kui tiç ouv0qkcç (acpiopioµouç) aou
oqµioup¸qoutc.

Substitute: Av autqoctc oto kouµai uuto, uvtiku0iotutui to çiìtpo aou c¿ctc
caiìcçci oto aìuioio Object Selection Filters µc tu vcu uvtikciµcvu kui tiç vccç
ouv0qkcç (acpiopioµouç) aou oqµioup¸qoutc.

Add Selected Object: Av autqoctc oto kouµai uuto, cçuçuvi¸ctui apooepivu to
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç filter kui cµçuvi¸ctui o caiìo¸cuç, ¸iu vu caiìcçctc
kuaoio uvtikciµcvo, tou oaoiou oi ioiotqtcç 0u apootc0ouv oto aìuioio kutuìo¸ou
Object Selection Filters.




Entìoyq Edit Item (Atóµ0eoq cntìcyµcvov çíìxµov)

Av autqoctc oto kouµai uuto, to çiìtpo aou c¿ctc caiìcçci oto aìuioio Object
Selection Filters µctukivcitui otqv acpio¿q Select Filter, oaou µaopcitc vu
tpoaoaoiqoctc tu uvtikciµcvu q tiç ouv0qkcç kui kutoaiv vu autqoctc oto
Substitute, ¸iu vu uvtikutuotu0ouv oi auìicç ouv0qkcç µc tiç vccç.

Entìoyq Delete (Atoyµoçq cntìcyµcvov çíìxµov)

Av autqoctc oto kouµai uuto, oiu¸puçctui to çiìtpo aou c¿ctc caiìcçci oto aìuioio
kutuìo¸ou Object Selection Filters.

Entìoyq Clear List (Atoyµoçq ìíoxoç çíìxµev)

Av autqoctc oto kouµai uuto, oiu¸puçovtui oìu tu çiìtpu aou acpic¿ovtui oto
aìuioio kutuìo¸ou Object Selection Filters.


Evóxqxo Named Filters (Enevvµo díìxµo)

Entìoyq Apply (Eçoµµoyq)
Av autqoctc oto kouµai uuto, cçuçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç kui
caiotpcçctc oto acpiµuììov o¿coiuoqç , oaou ciotc ctoiµoi vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tqv
oµuou tev tev çiìtpev aou c¿ctc caiìcçci (tpc¿ouou oµuou).
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Eìkóvo 10.3


Iiu vu ¸ivci kutuvoqtq q ìcitoup¸iu tev kpitqpiev, cote oti c¿ctc to o¿qµu aou
çuivctui otqv cikovu 10.3, oto oaoio 0cìctc vu oiu¸pu¡ctc µovo touç kukìouç.
Oaoiuoqaotc oµuoikq caiìo¸q, oaeç tq µu0uµc oc µoìcuci, ki uv caiìcçctc touç
kukìouç cvuv-cvuv 0u ¿uoctc aoìu ¿povo. Ektcìcitc ìoiaov tqv cvtoìq erase, kui 0u
oouµc oto aupukute aupuoci¸µu aeç µaopcitc vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tqv cvtoìq
filter, ¸iu vu caiìcçctc oµuoiku µovo touç kukìouç.

Command: Ektcìcitc tqv cvtoìq erase.
ERASE
Select objects: 'filter Ektcìcitc oiuçuveç tqv cvtoìq filter kui
cµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç.

Hututc otqv cvociçq Circle
Kui cacitu oto kouµai µc
tqv cvociçq
Add to List.
Tcìoç oto kouµai
µc tqv cvociçq
Apply.

Applying filter to selection.
>>Select objects: All
Kuvctc oµuoikq caiìo¸q µc tqv all, ¸iu vu
caiìc¸ouv oìu tu uvtikciµcvu kui vu
çiìtpupiotouv µc µuoq touç acpiopioµouç
aou 0coutc.
28 found Hìqpoçopciotc oti µpc0qkuv 28, uao tu oaoiu
20 were filtered out. 20 cçuipc0qkuv.
Select objects: Mc enter oìokìqpevctc tqv cçupµo¸q tev
kpitqpiev (çiìtpou), uììu o¿i kui tqv caiìo¸q
uvtikciµcvev ¸iu tqv cvtoìq erase.
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Exiting filtered selection.
Resuming ERASE command.
Select objects: 8 found Hìqpoçopciotc oti tcìiku caiìcçutc 8 (28-20)
uvtikciµcvu.
Select objects: Mc oiu¸puçctc touç kukìouç kui
oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq erase.
Command: Avuµovq vcuç cvtoìqç.



Eìkóvo 10.4: Hdpóôsiyµd ¿pqoqç kpi¡qpiov s¬i/oyqç dv¡iksiµévov.





H cvxoìq Qselect

Mc tqv cvtoìq qselect, oqµioup¸citc ouvoìu caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev µuoci
kpitqpiev, tu oaoiu tu 0coai¸ctc µc cukoìo tpoao. Ouµq0citc, oti q cvtoìq uutq
µaopci vu caitu¿uvci tqv caiìo¸q uvtikciµcvev, cve cktcìcitc tqv cvtoìq properties.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Tools Quick Select…

Aao to uvuouoµcvo µcvou tou ocçiou aìqktpou tou aovtikiou: Quick Select…

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç qselect.

Aao to cikovioio aou µpiokctui oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç properties.
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Iio vo ck:c·co:ci p cv:o·p qselect, ao/aci aoopyocn/vcç vo /,c:c o,coiooci ko:i o:o :o/,ov o,/oio,
oioçooc:iko cnçovi¸c:oi ovo·oyo a·oioio oio·oyoc.

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç qselect civui:



Eìkóvo 10.5: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç qselect.

Oi caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç civui oi cçqç:

Apply to: Av autqoctc oto aìuioio uuto uvuatuooctc kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev, µc tiç
caiìo¸cç Entire drawing (uv ocv c¿ctc caiìcçci kuti) kui Current selection (uv
c¿ctc qoq caiìcçci kuaoiu uvtikciµcvu).

Select objects: Eivui to kouµai – cikovioio , oto oaoio uv autqoctc, cçuçuvi¸ctui
apooepivu to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç, ¸iu vu caiìcçctc tu uvtikciµcvu, otu
oaoiu 0u cçupµoo0ouv tu 0coµo0ctqµcvu kpitqpiu.

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Object type: Av autqoctc oto aìuioio oiaìu ua’ uutq tqv caiìo¸q, uvuatuooctui
kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev µc touç uaup¿ovtcç tuaouç tev o¿coiuoµcvev uvtikciµcvev oto
o¿coio ouç. To acpic¿oµcvo uutou tou atuoooµcvou kutuìo¸ou, cçuptutui uao tu
uvtikciµcvu aou c¿ctc o¿coiuoci. Iiu aupuoci¸µu oto o¿coio aou ciouµc aupuauve
tu acpic¿oµcvu uutou tou kutuìo¸ou 0u civui Line (cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu) kui Arc
(toçu).

Properties: L’ uuto to aìuioio caiìo¸ev cµçuvi¸ovtui oi ioiotqtcç tou caiìc¸µcvou
tuaou uvtikciµcvev (uao tqv caiìo¸q Object type).

Operator: (Tcìcotqç.) Av autqoctc oto aìuioio oiaìu ua’ uutq tqv caiìo¸q ,
uvuatuooctui kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev µc oìouç touç tcìcotcç, oi oaoioi µaopouv vu
0coaioouv kpitqpiu. Oi tcìcotcç uutoi civui oi: = Equals (ioov), <> Not equal To
(oiuçopo), > Greater Than, kui < Less Than.

Value: Av autqoctc oto aìuioio oiaìu ua’ uutq tqv caiìo¸q, uvuatuooctc
kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev µc oìcç tiç ouvutcç tiµcç aou uvtiotoi¿ouv otqv caiìo¸q aou
c¿ctc caiìcçci uao to Properties.

Append to current selection selection set: (Hpoo0qkq oto tpc¿ov ouvoìo caiìo¸qç.)
Av cvcp¸oaoaoiqoctc uutq tqv caiìo¸q, tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u caiìcçctc otq
ouvc¿ciu, 0u apootc0ouv oto uaup¿ov ouvoìo caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev. Ltqv
uvti0ctq acpiateoq , tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u caiìc¸ouv, 0u uvtikutuotqoouv tu qoq
caiìc¸µcvu.

How to apply: (Tpoaoç cçupµo¸qç.) Ltqv cvotqtu uutq ku0opi¸ctc tov tpoao µc tov
oaoio 0u cçupµootouv tu 0coaioµcvu kpitqpiu. Mc tqv caiìo¸q Choose include in
new selection set, totc tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u caiìcçctc otq ouvc¿ciu, 0u apootc0ouv
otu caiìc¸µcvu uvtikciµcvu q 0u oqµioup¸qoouv vcu oµuou caiìc¸µcvev
uvtikciµcvev. Mc tq ocutcpq tqv caiìo¸q Choose exclude from new selection set,
tu uvtikciµcvu aou 0u caiìcçctc otq ouvc¿ciu, 0u uçuipc0ouv uao to uaup¿ov
ouvoìo tev caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev.

Oo naoooíoonc yio :o aoooaovc aoooociyno ov:i :pç cv:o·pç filter vo ,opoinoaoipoocnc :pv cv:o·p
qselect.





Tu µqµutu civui tu cçqç:

1. Ektcìcotc tqv cvtoìq properties.
2. Ltq ouvc¿ciu cktcìcotc tqv cvtoìq qselect.
3. Ltqv caiìo¸q Object type:,caiìcçtc tqv caiìo¸q circle, ¸iu vu caiìcçctc µovo
touç kukìouç
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4. Aao tiç caiìo¸cç Properties, Operator kui Value, caiìcçtc µiu caiìo¸q, q
oaoiu oµeç vu tuipiu¸ci otu o¿coiuoµcvu uvtikciµcvu.
5. Hutqotc oto cikovioio caiìo¸qç uvtikciµcvev .
6. Ltq ¸puµµq cvtoìev 0u cµçuviotci to apotpcatiko µqvuµu Select objects:.
7. Hìqktpoìo¸qotc all kui çuvu .
8. Ou cµçuviotci auìi to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç qselect. Hutqotc oto
OK.



Eìkóvo 10.6: Hdpóôsiyµd ¿pqoqç ¡qç sv¡o/qç Qselect.



Eìkóvo 10.7: Xpqoq kpi¡qpiov s¬i/oyqç dv¡iksiµévov µéoo ¡qç sv¡o/qç qselect.

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10.2 Loµµctp¡o mg npog ó§ovo


H cvxoìq Mirror

Mc tqv cvtoìq mirror, oqµioup¸citc to ouµµctpiko cvoç q acpioootcpev
uvtikciµcvev eç apoç uçovu.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Mirror.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç mirror q tqç mi.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd (o/ok/qpovs¡s ¡qv s¬i/oyq µs enter):

To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç:

Specify first point of mirror line:
Kd0opio¡s ¬po¡o oqµsio ¡ou óÇovd ouµµs¡pidç:

Oµoiu c¿ouµc to µqvuµu:

Specify second point of mirror line:
Kd0opio¡s ôsú¡spo oqµsio ¡ou óÇovd ouµµs¡pidç:

To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui tcìoç:

Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>:
Nd ôidypd¢oúv ¡d dv¡iksiµsvd ¬poé/suoqç [Ndi / O¿i] <N(No=O¿i)>:

Eaiìc¸ovtuç tqv apotpoaq N, tu up¿iku uvtikciµcvu aou caiìcçutc 0u aupuµcivouv
kui oc 0u oiu¸puçouv eç apoç tov uçovu ouµµctpiuç.

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Eìkóvo 10.8: Zuµµs¡pikó dv¡iksiµsvd oç ¬poç óÇovd.



10.3 Mcyc6ovoq q oµ¡xpovoq ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq Scale

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu µc¸c0uvctc q vu oµikpuvctc cvu q acpioootcpu
uvtikciµcvu eç apoç cvu oqµcio uvuçopuç (aou ìc¸ctui µuoiko oqµcio q oqµcio
µuoqç).

H cv:o·p oc:p scale ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Scale

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç scale q tqç sc.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:





Oi Yaoìoiacç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

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H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify base point:
Ku0opiotc µuoiko oqµcio(oqµcio uvuçopuç), µuoq tou oaoiou µc¸c0uvctc q
oµikpuvctui to uvtikciµcvo q tu uvtikciµcvu aou caiìcçutc.

H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify scale factor or [Reference]:
Kd0opio¡s ouv¡s/so¡q k/iµdkdç q [Avd¢opó]:

Hìqktpoìo¸citc to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç kui aututc .

H uììq caiìo¸q tqç cvtoìqç civui q cçqç:
r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Reference. Ooi¸ci :o ocv:c·co:p k·inokoç, ci:c nc
ko0ooiono oío opncicv, ci:c oc o,/op nc koaoio npkoç.

H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify reference length <l>:
Kd0opio¡s µqkoç dvd¢opóç <l>:

Av autqoouµc uaìeç uaooc¿oµuotc eç µqkoç uvuçopuç tq µovuou.

Tcìoç c¿ouµc tqv apotpoaq:

Specify new length:
Kd0opio¡s véo µqkoç dvd¢opóç:

Av o:o ov:ikcincvo aoc cai·/ço:c caoo,ci koi oioo:oop oco,c:ion/vp nc koaoio ov:ikcincvo
(associative), ENHMEPONETAI oc:ono:o koi :o kcincvo :pç oioo:oopç nc :o v/o npkoç.





Eìkóvo 10.9: Ms¡ó ¡qv sk¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç scale ps ouvts/sotq k/ipdkdç 2.
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10.4 Hcpvotpoqq ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq Rotate

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu acpiotpc¡ctc cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu acpi
kuaoio kcvtpo (oqµcio).

H cv:o·p rotate ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Rotate.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç rotate q tqç ro.

Tu µqvuµutu tqç cvtoìqç civui tu cçqç:

Current positive angle in UCS:
ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
Tpé¿ouod 0s¡ikq yovid o¡o ZZX: ANGDIR=dpio¡spóo¡po¢d angbase=0

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify base point:
Kd0opio¡s µdoikó oqµsio ¬spio¡po¢qç:



Eìkóvo 10.10: Asi¡oupyid ¡qç sv¡o/qç rotate oç ¬poç µdoikó oqµsio ¬spio¡po¢qç.




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H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify rotation angle or [Reference]:
Kd0opio¡s yovid ¬spio¡po¢qç q [Avd¢opó]:

Açou aìqktpoìo¸qoouµc tq ¸eviu acpiotpoçqç , acpiotpcçovtui tu uvtikciµcvu
aou caiìcçutc(oaeç cikovu 10.10) kui oìokìqpevouµc tqv cvtoìq.

H uììq caiìo¸q tqç cvtoìqç civui q cçqç:
r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q reference. Ku0opi¸ci tq ¸eviu acpiotpoçqç oc o¿coq
µc kuaoiu ¸eviu uvuçopuç. H caoµcvq apotpoaq civui q cçqç:

Specify the new angle:
Kd0opio¡s véd yovid:

Ku0opi¸ouµc tq vcu ¸eviu, oaotc acpiotpcçctui to uvtikciµcvo kui oìokìqpevctui q
cvtoìq.

Iiu aupuoci¸µu, uv q ¸eviu uvuçopuç civui 50º kui q vcu ¸eviu 90º, q acpiotpoçq 0u
c¿ci µc¸c0oç 40. Eivui iooouvuµo µc ¸eviu acpiotpoçqç 40º.


10.S Avòp6moq xoµnóAmv spIIne

H cvxoìq Splinedit

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopouµc vu oiop0eoouµc µiu kuµauìq spline aou citc c¿ci
o¿coiuotci µc tqv cvtoìq spline citc c¿ci apoku¡ci uao aoìu¸puµµo µc tq ¿pqoq tqç
caiìo¸qç spline tqç cvtoìqç pedit.
Oi kuµauìcç spline c¿ouv ouo cioev oqµciu. Tu oqµciu opioµou kui tu oqµciu
cìc¸¿ou. To opncio c·/y,oc civoi oc:o oao :o oaoio acovoci p oo,iko o,coioon/vp
konaí·p spline. lpncio ooionoí civoi o·cç oi koocç/ç :oc ao·cyoonnoc, o:o :npno:o
:oc oaoioc p konaí·p civoi cçoa:on/vp, ocv :o oío opncio aoc ooi¸ocv :iç oicc0ívociç
:cv cçoa:on/vcv oo,pç koi :/·ocç :pç konaí·pç spline.

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Eìkóvo 10.11: Zqµsid opioµoú µidç kdµ¬ú/qç spline.

H cv:o·p splinedit ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify II.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Object Spline

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç splinedit q tqç spe.


To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:

Select spline:
E¬i/éÇ¡s kdµ¬ú/q spline:

Açou caiìcçctc µiu kuµauìq spline, oqµcievovtui (µc tctpu¸evukiu) oaeç otqv
cikovu 10.11 , tu oqµciu opioµou tqç kui cµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq:

Enter an option [Fit data/Close/Move
vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq [Asôoµévd ¬poodpµoyqç / K/sioiµo / Ms¡dkivqoq kopu¢ov /
EÇoµó/uvoq / Av¡io¡po¢q / Avdipsoq]:

Av q spline aou c¿ctc caiìcçci civui kìciotq, uvti ¸iu close uaup¿ci q open.

Aivctc µiu uao tiç caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç, oi oaoicç civui oi cçqç:

Mc oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq.

f Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Fit Data. Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, µaopcitc vu
tpoaoaoiqoctc tu oqµciu cìc¸¿ou tqç spline (oqµciu kutuokcuqç tqç kuµauìqç
spline). Av cktcìcoctc uutq tqv caiìo¸q tepu, cçuçuvi¸ovtui tu oqµciu opioµou,
Oi Yaoìoiacç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

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cve oqµcievovtui tu oqµciu cìc¸¿ou tqç spline, kui aupouoiu¸ovtui oi cçqç
uaocaiìo¸cç:

Enter a fit data option
[Add/Close/Delete/Move/Purge/Tangents/toLerance/eXit
]<eXit>:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq ¬poodpµoyqç ôsôoµévov [Hpóo0soq / K/sioiµo /Aidypd¢q /
Ms¡dkivqoq / A¬óppiµq / E¢d¬¡óµsvsç / Avo¿q / EÇoôoç] <EÇoôoç>:

c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q close kui cµçuvi¸ctui uv q spline aou caiìcçutc civui
uvoiktq. Evevci tqv up¿q kui to tcìoç tqç spline kuµauìqç µc toço,
¿pqoiµoaoievtuç tepu tu oqµciu opioµou kui o¿i tu oqµciu cìc¸¿ou tqç. Kutu to
kìcioiµo tqç spline apooti0cvtui kui caiaìcov oqµciu opioµou(ocitc tqv cikovu
10.12).

Eìkóvo 10.12


o Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q open kui cµçuvi¸ctui uv q spline aou caiìcçutc civui
kìciotq q c¿ci apoq¸ouµcveç cktcìcotci q caiìo¸q close.
Açuipci to toço aou cvevci tqv up¿q kui to tcìoç tqç kuµauìqç (otuv ci¿c
cktcìcotci q close).

m Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q move vertex. Mctukivci cvu oqµcio opioµou tqç
spline. Av cktcìcoctc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, ¸ivctui cvtovo to apeto oqµcio opioµou kui
cµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq:

Specify new location or [Next/Previous/Select
point/eXit] <N>:
Kd0opio¡s véd 0éoq q [E¬óµsvo / Hpoqyoúµsvo / E¬i/oyq oqµsiou / EÇoôoç]
<E¬óµsvo>:

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Eìkóvo 10.13




Eoc /,c:c :iç cçpç caocai·oy/ç:

Nu autqoctc µc tov cursor tou aovtikiou oc vco oqµcio ¸iu v’ uììuçci 0coq
to cvtovo oqµcio opioµou tqç spline.
n Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q next. Kuvci cvtovo to caoµcvo oqµcio
opioµou tqç spline.
p Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q previous. Kuvci cvtovo to apoq¸ouµcvo
oqµcio opioµou tqç spline.
s Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q select point. Eaiìc¸ctc (µc autqµu)
oaoiooqaotc oqµcio opioµou tqç spline 0cìctc.
x Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q exit. Tcpµuti¸ci tqv cvtoìq move kui
cµçuvi¸ci çuvu tiç caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç splinedit. Enter an option [Fit
data/Close/Move vertex/Refine/rEverse/Undo]:

r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q refine. Bcìtievci tq o¿coiuoq tqç spline, nc ßoop :o
opncio ooionoí :pç. Av cktcìcoctc tqv caiìo¸q uutq cµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq:

Enter a refine option [Add control point/Elevate
order/Weight/eXit] <eXit>:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq µs/¡iooqç [Hpoo0qkq oqµsiou opioµoú / AúÇqoq ¡óÇqç
¬pooéyyioqç / Bópoç / EÇoôoç ] <EÇoôoç>:

Eoe c¿ouµc tiç cçqç uaocaiìo¸cç:

a Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q add control point. Hpoo0ctci cvu oqµcio
opioµou tqç spline.
e Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q elevate order. Auçuvci tqv tuçq
apooc¸¸ioqç tqç spline µc apoo0qkq oqµciev opioµou. Eµçuvi¸ci tqv
apotpoaq:
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Enter new order <current>:
Aeotc vcu tuçq <tpc¿ouou>:
w Avtiotoi¿ci otqv uaocaiìo¸q weight. Aivci µc¸uìutcpo µupoç o’ cvu
oqµcio opioµou tqç spline. M’ uììu ìo¸iu, uuçuvci tqv cìçq tou oqµciou
opioµou. Eµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq:

Enter new weight (current = 1.0000) or
[Next/Previous/Select point/eXit] <N>:
Kd0opio¡s véo µópoç oqµsiou (¡pé¿ov = 1.0000) q [E¬óµsvo / Hpoqyoúµsvo / E¬i/oyq
oqµsiou / EÇoôoç] <E¬óµsvo>:

Iio vo ocoocnc /vov ooi0no aoc 0o oao:c·/oci :o ßoooç :oc opncioc ooionoí 0o ao/aci vo yvcoi¸ocnc
o:i, ooo ncyo·í:coo ßoooç /,ci /vo opncio ooionoí :ooo acoiooo:coo /·kci :pv spline. To cç’ ooionoí
ßoooç :cv opncicv ooionoí civoi p novooo.

e Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q reverse. H caiìo¸q uutq ocv cµçuvi¸ci kuaoiu
uaocaiìo¸q. Aaìu uvtiotpcçci tq çopu o¿coiuoqç tqç spline. M’ uììu ìo¸iu,
uvtiotpcçci tq ocipu tev oqµciev opioµou tqç spline kui kuvci to tcìoç up¿q kui
tqv up¿q tcìoç.

u Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q undo.Avuipci tqv tcìcutuiu µuç cvcp¸ciu.






10.6 Avòp6moq vôvotqtmv xov o×côvootvxmv otov×c¡mv tmv
ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq Properties

* H cv:o·p properties o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq, µaopcitc vu uììuçctc otioqaotc civui tpoaoaoiqoiµo oc cvu
uvtikciµcvo, tooo uao tu ¸ceµctpiku tou otoi¿ciu, ooo kui uao tiç ioiotqtcç tou. H
cvtoìq uutq civui io¿upotcpq uao tiç chprop kot change. Eivui µiu vcu cvtoìq, q
oaoiu c¿ci uvtikutuotqoci tqv cvtoìq ddmodify. Eivui uììqìcaiopuotikq
(interactive) cvtoìq kui ìcitoup¸ci ¿epiç apotpcatiku µqvuµutu q ioiuitcpu aìuioiu
oiuìo¸ou.

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H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi nc :ocç cçpç :ooaocç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç tuaikqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Properties

Properties

Ctrl + 1

Ch

mo

Ektcìevtuç uutq tqv cvtoìq , cµçuvi¸ctui cvu aìuioio oiuìo¸ou. Ku0c çopu aou
caiìc¸ctc q uaocaiìc¸ctc cvu uvtikciµcvo, to acpic¿oµcvo tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç
cvtoìqç uììu¸ci uvuìo¸u µc tov tuao tou caiìc¸µcvou uvtikciµcvou. Yaup¿ci oµeç
cvu tµqµu tou aou civui koivo oc oìu tu uvtikciµcvu. Eivui uuto aou c¿ci o¿coq µc
tiç ioiotqtcç tou uvtikciµcvou, oaeç çuivctui otqv Eikovu 10.14, kute uao tqv
cvotqtu General.



Eìkóvo 10.14: Tµqµd ¡ou ¬/dioiou ôid/óyou yid ¡q pú0µioq ¡ov iôio¡q¡ov ¡ou dv¡iksiµévou.

Ot tótóxqxcç nov oììó¸ovv µc nxvooóµcvo koxóìoyo cívot ot cçqç:
Color: Aììu¸ci to ¿peµu tou uvtikciµcvou, µc tq µoq0ciu atuoooµcvou
kutuìo¸ou caiìo¸ev (q µc aìuioio oiuìo¸ou uv caiìcçctc tqv caiìo¸q Other.
. .).
Layer: Toao0ctci to uvtikciµcvo, µc tq µoq0ciu atuoooµcvou kutuìo¸ou
caiìo¸ev, oc uììq otpeoq ua' uutq aou o¿coiuotqkc up¿iku.
Linetype: Aììu¸ci tov tuao ¸puµµqç tou uvtikciµcvou, µc tq µoq0ciu
atuoooµcvou kutuìo¸ou caiìo¸ev.
Plot style: Aììu¸ci to otuì cktuaeoqç tou uvtikciµcvou, µc tq µoq0ciu
atuoooµcvou kutuìo¸ou caiìo¸ev (q µc aìuioio oiuìo¸ou uv caiìcçctc tqv
caiìo¸q Other. . .).
Line weight: Aììu¸ci to au¿oç tqç ¸puµµqç tou uvtikciµcvou, µc tq
µoq0ciu atuoooµcvou kutuìo¸ou caiìo¸ev.

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Ot tótóxqxcç nov oììó¸ovv µc nìqkxµoìóyqoq cívot ot cçqç:

Thickness: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to u¡oç tou uvtikciµcvou kutu tov
uçovu tev Z .
Linetype Scale: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç
tou tuaou ¸puµµqç tou uvtikciµcvou.

H tótóxqxo nov oììó¸ct µc vco nìoíoto ótoìóyov cívot q cçqç:
Hyperlink: Aììu¸e to ocoµo tou uvtikciµcvou µc ¿pqoq aìuioiou
oiuìo¸ou, autevtuç oto kouµai ( ku0c uvtikciµcvo µaopci vu uaoktqoci
ocoµo µc kuaoiu ocìiou tou internet q µc kuaoio up¿cio tou oiokou ouç ).

Lc oìu tu aìuioiu oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç properties uaup¿ouv kui cvotqtcç otoi¿ciev
µc aìqpoçopicç, oi oaoicç oµeç oc µctuµuììovtui.
Iiu ku0c uvtikciµcvo, µaopcitc vu tpoaoaoiqoctc oiuçopctiku otoi¿ciu. Oou
otoi¿ciu ocv µaopouv vu µctuµìq0ouv oto aìuioio oiuìo¸ou civui uµuopu kui ocv
caioc¿ovtui caiìo¸q q aìqktpoìo¸qoq. Iiu ìo¸ouç aìqpotqtuç, 0u uvuçcp0ouv
uvuìutiku tu µctuµìqtu otoi¿ciu ¸iu ku0c uvtikciµcvo.

Lqµcío (Point)

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tu oqµciu civui to cçqç:
Evóxqxo Geometry
Position X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to
aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui µc tu
kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui ouvcaeç tq 0coq) tou oqµciou.
Ev0úyµoµµo xµqµo (line)
To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tu cu0u¸puµµu tµqµutu civui to cçqç:

Evóxqxo Geometry

Start X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to
aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui µc tu
kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui ouvcaeç tq 0coq) tqç up¿qç tou
cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç.
End X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki
autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui µc tu
kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui ouvcaeç tq 0coq) tou tcìouç tou
cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç.
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Delta X/Y/Z; Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku qç o¿ctikcç kuptcoiuvcç ouvtctu¸µcvcç
µctuçu tcìouç kui up¿qç (Ax, Ay, Az) tou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç.
Length: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to µqkoç tou Eu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç.
Angle: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tq ¸eviu aou o¿qµuti¸ci to cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu µc
tqv kutcu0uvoq 0°.

Tóço (arc)
To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tu toçu civui to cçqç:
Evóxqxo Geometry

Start X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç tqç up¿qç tou toçou.
Center X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to
aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui
µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev)
tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui ouvcaeç tq 0coq) tou kcvtpou
tou toçou.
End X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou tcìouç tou toço».
Radius: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tqv uktivu tou
toçou.
Start angle: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq ¸eviu
up¿qç tou toçou.
End angle: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq ¸eviu
tcìouç tou toçou.
Total angle: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tq ouvoìikq
¸eviu tou toçou.
Arc length: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to µqkoç tou toçou.
Area: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to cµµuoov tou toçou (uv uuto kìcioci µc µiu voqtq
cu0ciu).
Normal X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç ouviotuµcvcç tou µovuoiuiou
oiuvuoµutoç kutcu0uvoqç aou civui ku0cto oto caiacoo tou toçou.



Kúkìoç (circle)

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu touç kukìouç civui to cçqç:

Evóxqxo Geometry

Center X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc
to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio
kui µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq
cvtoìev) tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui ouvcaeç tq
0coq) tou kcvtpou tou kukìou.
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Radius: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tqv uktivu tou kukìou.
Diameter: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq oiuµctpo tou kukìou.
Circumference: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tqv acpiçcpciu tou kukìou (uao tqv
oaoiu uaoìo¸i¸ctui uutoµutu q uktivu tou).
Area: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to cµµuoov tou kukìou (uao to oaoio
uaoìo¸i¸ctui uutoµutu q uktivu tou).
Normal X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç ouviotuµcvcç tou µovuoiuiou
oiuvuoµutoç kutcu0uvoqç aou civui ku0cto oto caiacoo tou kukìou.

Tììctçq (ellipse) kot cììctnxtkó xóço (elliptical arc)

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tiç cììci¡ciç kui tu cììciatiku toçu civui to cçqç:


Evóxqxo Geometry

Start X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku
tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tqç up¿qç tqç cììci¡qç
q tou toçou.
Center X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc
aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki
autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio
kui µc :o kutuììqìu, µqvuµutu uao tq
¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui
ouvcaeç tq 0coq) tou kcvtpou tqç
cììci¡qç q tou toçou.
End X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou tcìouç tqç cììci¡qç q
tou toçou. Hpokciµcvou ¸iu cììci¡q oi
ouvtctu¸µcvcç uutcç ouµaiatouv µc tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvc; tqç up¿qç tou toçou.
Major radius: Aììu¸ci µc
aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq µc¸uìq uktivu tqç
cììci¡qç q tou toçou.
Minor radius: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq µikpq uktivu tqç cììci¡qç q tou
toçou.
Start angle: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq ¸eviu up¿qç tqç cììci¡qç q tou
toçou. Ltqv aìqpq cììci¡q q ¸eviu uutq civui 0 ki uv uììuçci, q cììci¡q ¸ivctui
cììciatiko toço.
End angle: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq ¸eviu tcìouç tqç cììci¡qç q tou toçou.
Ltqv aìqpq cììci¡q q ¸eviu uutq civui 360 ki uv uììuçci, q cììci¡q ¸ivctui
cììciatiko toço.
Major axis vector X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç ouviotuµcvcç tou
µovuoiuiou oiuvuoµutoç kutcu0uvoqç tou µc¸uìou uçovu tqç cììci¡qç q tou toçou.
Mi nor axi s vector X/ Y/ Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopi uku ti ç ouviotuµcvcç tou
µovuoiuiou oiuvuoµutoç kutcu0uvoqç tou µikpou uçovu tqç cììci¡qç q tou toçou.
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Area: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to cµµuoov tqç cììci¡qç q tou toçou (uv uuto
kìcioci µc µiu voqtq cu0ciu).

Hìoxtó yµoµµq (Trace) kot Lvµnoyqç ncµto¿q (solid)

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tiç aìuticç ¸puµµcç (trace) kui tiç ouµau¸ciç acpio¿cç
(solid) civui :o cçqç:
Evóxqxo Geometry

Vertex: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc
to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo
cikovioio ) tov uuçovtu upi0µo tqç
kopuçqç tqç aìutiuç ¸puµµqç q tqç
ouµau¸ouç acpio¿qç, tqç oaoiuç apokcitui vu uììuçouv tu otoi¿ciu.
Vertex X/Y: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo
cikovioio kui µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç (kui ouvcaeç tq 0coq) tqç 0coqç tqç tpc¿ououç kopuçqç tqç aìutiuç
¸puµµqç q tqç ouµau¸ouç acpio¿qç.
Elevation: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq otu0µq o¿coiuoqç oìokìqpqç tqç aìutiuç
¸puµµqç q tqç ouµau¸ouç acpio¿qç.


Hµtcv0cío (ray) kot Ev0cío oncíµov µqkovç (xline)

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tiç qµicu0cicç civui to cçqç:

Evóxqxo Geometry

Basepoint X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc
aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki autevtuç
oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui µc tu
kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq
cvtoìev) tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tqç up¿qç tqç
qµicu0ciuç q tou apetou oqµciou opioµou
tqç cu0ciuç.
Second point X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc
aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui µc tu
kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou ocutcpou
oqµciou tqç qµicu0ciuç q tqç cu0ciuç.
Direction vector X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku tiç ouviotuµcvcç tou
µovuoiuiou oiuvuoµutoç kutcu0uvoqç tqç qµicu0ciuç q tqç cu0ciuç.




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Hoìúyµoµµo (polyline)

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tu aoìu¸puµµu civui to cçqç:

Evóxqxo Geometry

Vertex: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq
(q µc to aovtiki autevtuç oto
aupuaìcupo cikovioio ) tov
uuçovtu upi0µo tqç kopuçqç tou
aoìu¸puµµou, tqç oaoiuç apokcitui vu
uììuçouv tu otoi¿ciu .
Vertex X/Y: Aììu¸ci µc
aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki
autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio
kui µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq
¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç
tqç tpc¿ououç kopuçqç tou aoìu¸puµµou.
Start/End segment width: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to aìutoç up¿qç kui
tcìouç tou tµqµutoç tou aoìu¸puµµou, aou cactui tqç tpc¿ououç kopuçqç.
Global width: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to aìutoç oìokìqpou tou aoìu¸puµµou.
Elevation: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq otu0µq o¿coiuoqç oìokìqpou tou
aoìu¸puµµou.
Area: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to cµµuoov tou aoìu¸puµµou.

Evóxqxo Misc
Closed: Ku0opi¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo
cikovioio , uv to caiìc¸µcvo aoìu¸puµµo 0u civui kìcioto q uvoi¿to).
Linetype generation: Ku0opi¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (autevtuç
oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio ), uv to caiìc¸µcvo aoìu¸puµµo 0u civui o¿coiuoµcvo
µc cviuio tuao ¸puµµqç (Enabled) q µc µq cviuio (Disabled), apokciµcvou ¸iu
aoìu¸puµµu µc µq ouvc¿oµcvo tuao ¸puµµqç.










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Koµnúìq spline

To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tiç kuµauìcç spline civui to cçqç:

Evóxqxo Data Poi nt s

Number of control poi nts:
Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to
aìq0oç tev oqµciev cìc¸¿ou tqç
kuµauìqç spline.
Control points: Aììu¸ci µc
aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki
autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo
cikovioio ) tov uuçovtu
upi0µo tou oqµciou cìc¸¿ou tqç
kuµauìqç spline, tou oaoiou
apokcitui vu uììuçouv tu
otoi¿ciu.
Control point X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci
µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to
aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo
cikovioio kui µc tu
kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq
¸puµµq cvtoìev) tiç ou-
vtctu¸µcvcç tou tpc¿ovtoç
oqµciou cìc¸¿ou tqç kuµauìqç
spline.
Weight: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq µuputqtu tou tpc¿ovtoç oqµciou cìc¸¿ou
tqç kuµauìqç spline.
Number of fit poi nts: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to aìq0oç tev oqµciev opioµou
tqç kuµauìqç spline.
Fit points: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo
cikovioio ) tov uuçovtu upi0µo tou oqµciou opioµou tqç kuµauìqç spline, tou
oaoiou apokcitui vu uììuçouv tu otoi¿ciu.
Fit point X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc to aovtiki autevtuç oto
aupuaìcupo cikovioio kui µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq cvtoìev)
tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou tpc¿ovtoç oqµciou opioµou tqç kuµauìqç spline.

Evóxqxo Mi s c

Degree: Eµçuvi¸ci, aìqpoçopiuku, to µu0µo apooc¸¸ioqç tqç kuµauìqç spfine.
Closed: Eµçuvi¸ci, aìqpoçopiuku, uv q kuµauìq spline civui kìciotq q o¿i.
Planar: Eµçuvi¸ci, aìqpoçopiuku, uv q kuµauìq spline civui caiacoq q o¿i.
Start tangent vector X/ Y/ Z: Eµçuvi¸ci, aìqpoçopiuku, tiç ouvioteocç tou
µovuoiuiou oiuvuoµutoç otqv up¿q tqç kuµauìqç spline.
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End tangent vector X/Y/Z: Eµçuvi¸ci, aìqpoçopiuku, tiç ouvioteocç tou
µovuoiuiou oiuvuoµutoç oto tcìoç tqç kuµauìqç spline.
Fit tolerance: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tqv uvo¿q apooupµo¸qç tqç kuµauìqç
spline.
Area: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to cµµuoov tqç kuµauìqç spline.
L¿cótooxtkq cvóxqxo (block) kot Aµ¿cío cçexcµtkqç ovoçoµóç (xref)

Tpoaoaoici cvu µaìok aou c¿ci ciou¿0ci µc tiç cvtoìcç insert q minsert, q cvu
up¿cio cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç aou apoouptq0qkc µc tiç cvtoìcç xattach q xref. To
aìuioio oiuìo¸ou ¸iu tu µaìok kui tu up¿ciu cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç civui to cçqç :

Evóxqxo Geometry

Insertion point X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq
(q µc to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio
kui, µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq
cvtoìev) tiç
ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou oqµciou ciou¸e¸qç tou µaìok q
tou up¿ciou cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç.
Scale X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to
ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç tou µaìok q tou up¿ciou
cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç kutu X, Y q Z.

Evóxqxo Misc

Name: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to ovoµu tou µaìok q tou up¿ciou cçetcpikqç
uvuçopuç.
Path: Yaup¿ci µovo ¸iu tu up¿ciu cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç kui cµçuvi¸ci tqv aìqpq
oiuopoµq tou up¿ciou.
Rotation: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq ¸eviu acpiotpoçqç tou µaìok q tou
up¿ciou cçetcpikqç uvuçopuç.
Columns: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to aìq0oç tev otqìev, oc acpiateoq aou
c¿ctc caiìcçci oiutuçq µaìok.
Column spacing: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tqv uaootuoq µctuçu tev otqìev,
oc acpiateoq aou c¿ctc caiìcçci oiutuçq µaìok .
Rows: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to aìq0oç tev ocipev, oc acpiateoq aou c¿ctc
caiìcçci oiutuçq µaìok.
Row spacing: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tqv uaootuoq µctuçu tev ocipev, oc
acpiateoq aou c¿ctc caiìcçci oiutuçq µaìok .









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Tv0cxq ctkóvo (image)

Tpoaoaoici µiu cikovu aou c¿ci ciou¿0ci µc tiç cvtoìcç imageattach q image .
To aìuioio oiuìo¸ou civui to cçqç :

Evóxqxo Image Adjust

Brightness/Contrast/Fade: Aììu¸ci µc aìuioio
oiuìo¸ou (autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio )
tq çetcivotqtu, uvti0coq kui oµqoiµo tqç cikovuç
(ocitc tqv cvtoìq i mageadjust).

Evóxqxo Geometry

Position X/Y/Z: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq (q µc
to aovtiki autevtuç oto aupuaìcupo cikovioio
kui µc tu kutuììqìu µqvuµutu uao tq ¸puµµq
cvtoìev) tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou oqµciou toao0ctqoqç
tqç cikovuç.
Rotation: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tq ¸eviu
acpiotpoçqç tqç cikovuç.
Width: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to aìutoç tqç
cikovuç.
Height: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to u¡oç
tqç cikovuç.
Scale: Aììu¸ci µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç tqç cikovuç.

Evóxqxo Misc

Name: Eµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopiuku to ovoµu tou up¿ciou tqç cikovuç.
Path: Eµçuvi¸ci tqv aìqpq oiuopoµq tou up¿ciou tqç cikovuç.
Show image: Ku0opi¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (autevtuç oto
aupuaìcupo cikovioio ), uv q caiìc¸µcvq cikovu 0u civui cµçuvqç q o¿i.
Show clipped: Ku0opi¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (autevtuç oto
aupuaìcupo cikovioio ). uv 0u civui oputq oìokìqpq µiu cikovu aou c¿ci uaootci
acpikoaq, q µovo to tµqµu aou apcaci vu civui oputo (ocitc tqv cvtoìq imageclip).
Transparency: Ku0opi¸ci µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev (autevtuç oto
aupuaìcupo cikovioio ), uv µiu cikovu 0u civui oiuçuvqç q uoiuçuvqç (ocitc tqv
oµevuµq cvtoìq).

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10.? Enc§cpyoo¡o ovtvxcvµcvmv µc ×pqoq Aopmv (GrIps)

1vuç tpoaoç ¸iu vu cacçcp¸uotcitc uvtikciµcvu, civui vu ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tiç
ìuµcç (grips) aou oiu0ctci ku0c uvtikciµcvo.

Tt cívot ot ìoþcç

Auµcç (grips) civui kuaoiu ¿upuktqpiotiku oqµciu cvoç uvtikciµcvou aou civui kui
oqµu cìçqç tou. Oìu tu oqµciu cìçqç tev uvtikciµcvev, oµeç, ocv civui kui ìuµcç.
Iiu vu cµçuviotouv oi ìuµcç, apcaci vu caiìc¸ci to uvtikciµcvo (q tu uvtikciµcvu),
¿epiç oµeç vu cktcìcitui kuaoiu cvtoìq. Nu uaup¿ci oqìuoq otqv acpio¿q cvtoìev
{command area) q apotpoaq Command :.

Otuv uaup¿ci otqv acpio¿q cvtoìev q apotpoaq Command, to otuupovqµu tqç
o0ovqç c¿ci cvu tctpu¸evioio ¸upe tou (aperture). Av toao0ctqoctc to otuupovqµu
µc to tctpu¸evioio auve oto uvtikciµcvo kui autqoctc to upiotcpo aìqktpo tou
aovtikiou, to uvtikciµcvo caiìc¸ctui. Av autqoctc oc oqµcio aou ocv uaup¿ouv
uvtikciµcvu, otq ¸puµµq cvtoìev cµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq Specify opposite
corner:. To AutoCAD 0cepci, oti µauivctc oc oiuoikuoiu aoììuaìqç
apocaiìo¸qç uvtikciµcvev, citc µc tq µc0ooo Crossing (oupoiµo tou aovtikiou
apoç tu upiotcpu), citc µc tq µc0ooo Window (oupoiµo tou aovtikiou apoç tu ocçiu).
To uvtikciµcvo, ìoiaov, aou c¿ci caiìc¸ci. ¸ivctui coti¸µcvo µc oputcç tiç ìuµcç tou
(µikpu tctpu¸evioiu aou, uv ocv c¿ouv pu0µiotci oiuçopctiku, c¿ouv ¿peµu µaìc).
Av tepu autqoctc oc µiu ìuµq. uutq ¸cµi¸ci kui uììu¸ci ¿peµu, ki uao µaìc ¸ivctui
kokkivq.


















Eìkóvo 10.15: Adµq.


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Tuuto¿povu, otqv acpio¿q cvtoìev cµçuvi¸ctui q apotpoaq:
**STRETCH**
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/exit]:
Auto oci¿vci oti, aupoìo aou ocv cktcìcoutc tqv cvtoìq stretch µc touç
ouµµutikouç tpoaouç cktcìcoqç aou µu0uµc, uutq c¿ci cktcìcotci.

Av 0/·c:c vo cai·/çc:c (cvcoyoaoipoc:c) acoiooo:cocç oao nio ·oß/ç, nc ao:pn/vo :o a·pk:oo Shift,
ao:o:c nc :o ooio:coo a·pk:oo :oc aov:ikioí o:iç ·oß/ç aoc 0/·c:c. Oo aooo:popoc:c o:i oi ·oß/ç (o:iç
oaoicç kovo:c k·ik) cai·/yov:oi koi :o ,ocno :ocç yivc:oi kokkivo, cvc o:pv acoio,p :cv cv:o·cv ocv
cnçovi¸c:oi koaoio npvcno . Iio vo ck:c·/oc:c koaoio cv:o·p - ·ci:ocoyio, ao/aci vo oçpoc:c :o
a·pk:oo Shift, koi vo cai·/çc:c nio caia·/ov ·oßp. Eai·/yov:oç :pv :c·cc:oio ·oßp, oc:p 0o
cvcoyoaoip0ci koi :oc:o,oovo o:pv acoio,p :cv cv:o·cv 0o cnçovio:ci p aoo:ooap :
**STRETCH**
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/exit]:
H :c·cc:oio cai·cyn/vp ·oßp 0o civoi koi :o ßooiko opncio yio :iç cv:o·/ç – ·ci:ocoyioç, aoc
naooci:c vo ck:c·/oc:c nc :p ßop0cio :cv ·oßcv.

Av autqoctc . µauivctc otqv cktcìcoq uììqç cvtoìqç – ìcitoup¸iuç . Oi cvtoìcç –
ìcitoup¸icç aou µaopouv vu cktcìcotouv µ' uuto tov tpoao civui oi Stretch,
Move, Rotate, Scale, kui Mirror. Mc cvuììuooovtui oi aupuauve cvtoìcç
kukìiku. Av 0cìctc vu cktcìcotci µiu cvtoìq uacu0ciuç (kui o¿i kukìiku µc ),
µaopcitc vu autqoctc tu ouo apetu ¸puµµutu tqç kui (a.¿., sc ¸iu tq
scale).
Av autqoctc to ocçio aìqktpo tou aovtikiou (to oaoio otqv acpiateoq uutq oc
ìcitoup¸ci ouv ). cµçuvi¸ctui cvu uvuouoµcvo µcvou (ocitc tqv Eikovu 10.16), uao
to oaoio µaopcitc vu caiìcçctc (µc to upiotcpo aìqktpo tou aovtikiou) uacu0ciuç
tqv cvtoìq - ìcitoup¸iu q kuaoiu caiìo¸q tqç.


















Eìkóvo 10.16: To dvdôuóµsvo µsvoú ¡ou ôsÇioú ¬/qk¡pou ¡ou ¬ov¡ikioú yid ¡iç Asi¡oupyisç ¡ov /dµov.
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Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 181 / 232

Oi ìuµcç civui oiuçopctikcç otu oiuçopu uvtikciµcvu . Oi ¿upuktqpiotikcç
0cociç tev ìuµev ¸iu ku0c uvtikciµcvo civui oi cçqç :

Point Lto oqµcio.
Line Ltq µcoq kui otu ouo ukpu tou cu0u¸puµµou tµqµutoç.
Arc Ltq µcoq kui otu ouo ukpu tou toçou.
Ci rcle Lto kcvtpo kui otu tctuptqµopiu tou kukìou.
Pol yl i ne Ltu ukpu tev cu0u¸puµµev tµqµutev kui tev toçev kui otu
µcou tev toçev.

Spline Ltu oqµciu kutuokcuqç tqç spline.
Mul ti l i ne Ltu oqµciu kutuokcuqç tqç aoììuaìqç ¸puµµqç (oqìuoq otu
oqµciu aou opiotqkuv ¸iu vu o¿coiuotci uutq).
Solid Ltiç kopuçcç tqç ouµau¸ouç ¸cµioµcvqç caiçuvciuç (solid).
Trace Ltiç kopuçcç.
Dimlinear Ltu oqµciu up¿qç tev opiukev ¸puµµev (extension lines), otu
ukpu tev kupiev ¸puµµev oiuotuoqç (dimension lines), kui oto
kciµcvo tqç oiuotuoqç.
Dimangular Ltu oqµciu up¿qç tev opiukev ¸puµµev, otu ukpu tqç kupiuç
¸puµµqç oiuotuoqç (aou otqv acpiateoq uutq civui toço), kui
oto kciµcvo tqç oiuotuoqç.
Dimradius-diameter Ltu ukpu tev kupiev ¸puµµev oiuotuoqç kui oto kciµcvo
tqç oiuotuoqç
Ordi nate Ltu oqµciu aou oiuotuoioìo¸ouvtui µc oiuotuoioìo¸qoq tuaou
ouvtctu¸µcvev, otu oqµciu kutuokcuqç tou ooq¸ou, kui oto kci-
µcvo tqç oiuotuoqç.

Leader Ltu oqµciu kutuokcuqç tou ooq¸ou.

Block Lto oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç tou µaìok.

Text Lto oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç tou kciµcvou. Av to kciµcvo c¿ci ¸puçci µc
oaoiuoqaotc uììq caiìo¸q cktoç tqç Start Point, eç ìuµq
cµçuvi¸ctui kui to 2° oqµcio opioµou tou.

Attribute Lto oqµcio ciou¸e¸qç tou ¿upuktqpiotikou (attribute). Av to ¿u-
puktqpiotiko c¿ci ¸puçci µc oaoiuoqaotc uììq caiìo¸q cktoç tqç
Start Point, eç ìuµq cµçuvi¸ctui kui to 2° oqµcio opioµou
tou.

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Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 182 / 232
10.S Pó6µvoq tmv Aopmv

Actxovµyío Scale

H ìcitoup¸iu ouç caitpcaci vu µc¸c0uvctc q vu oµikpuvctc tu caiìc¸µcvu
uvtikciµcvu.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:

**SCALE**
Specify scale factor or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]:
Kd0opio¡s ouv¡s/so¡q k/iµdkdç q [Bdoikó oqµsio / Av¡iypd¢q /Avdipsoq /Avd¢opó /
EÇoôoç]:


Oi cai·oy/ç :pç ·ci:ocoyioç civoi oi cçpç:


Specify scale factor: Ku0opi¸ctc µc ocutcpo oqµcio, oc o¿coq µc tq ìuµq, tq
µc¸c0uvoq q tq oµikpuvoq tev uvtikciµcvev aou c¿ouv caiìc¸ci q aìqktpoìo¸citc
to ouvtcìcotq kìiµukuç kui . Ltqv Eikovu 10.17, çuivctui q caiìo¸q Specify scale
factor oc µiu oiuotuoq.

Eìkóvo 10.17: Asitoupyid scale ps /dþsç os pid ôidotdoq.
b Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Base point. Luç caitpcaci vu ku0opioctc uììo
µuoiko oqµcio ¸iu tq µc¸c0uvoq q tq oµikpuvoq tou uvtikciµcvou.
c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Copy. Mc tqv caiìo¸q uutq, ouç caitpcactui q
aoììuaìq cktcìcoq tqç ìcitoup¸iuç, µc tuuto¿povq oqµioup¸iu vcev uvtikciµcvev
(uvti¸puçq) oc 0cociç kui µc¸c0q uvuìo¸u µc tu ku0opioµcvu oqµciu.
u Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Undo. Avuipci tqv aio apooçutq cvcp¸ciu.
r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Reference. Luç caitpcaci vu opioctc tq µc¸c0uvoq
q tq oµikpuvoq, ouv o¿coq ouo uììev µqkev.
Oi Yaoìoiacç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 183 / 232
x Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q eXit. Oìokìqpevci tq ìcitoup¸iu kui uaocaiìc¸ci tqv
caiìc¸µcvq ìuµq. To uvtikciµcvo {q :o uvtikciµcvu), oµeç, aupuµcvci caiìc¸µcvo kui
oi ìuµcç oputcç. .
Luç µctuçcpci otqv caoµcvq ìcitoup¸iu, aou civui q mirror .


Actxovµyío Mirror
H ìcitoup¸iu ouç caitpcaci vu o¿coiuoctc tu ouµµctpiku eç apoç uçovu uvtikciµcvu
tev caiìc¸µcvev uvtikciµcvev.
To npvcno aoc cnçovi¸c:oi civoi :o cçpç:
**MIRROR**
Specify second point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:
Kd0opio¡s ôsú¡spo oqµsio q [Bdoikó oqµsio /Av¡iypd¢q /Avdipsoq /EÇoôoç]

Oi cai·oy/ç :pç ·ci:ocoyioç civoi oi cçpç:

Specify second point: Ku0opi¸ctc ocutcpo oqµcio, to oaoio oc o¿coq µc tq ìuµq
opi¸ci tov uçovu ouµµctpiuç ¸iu tq oqµioup¸iu tev ouµµctpikev tev uvtikciµcvev
aou c¿ouv caiìc¸ci.

Mc :pv cai·oyp oc:p, :o oo,iko ov:ikcincvo oßpvov:oi. Iio vo oio:pop0oív, ao/aci vo
,opoinoaoip0ci p cai·oyp copy.

b Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Base point. Luç caitpcaci vu ku0opioctc uììo
µuoiko oqµcio cktoç tqç ìuµqç, to oaoio 0u uaotcìci to apeto oqµcio opioµou tou
uçovu ouµµctpiuç tev uvtikciµcvev.

c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Copy. Luç caitpcaci tqv aoììuaìq cktcìcoq tqç
ìcitoup¸iuç, µc tuuto¿povq oqµioup¸iu vcev uvtikciµcvev (uvti¸puçq), oc 0cociç
uvuìo¸u µc tu ku0opioµcvu oqµciu. Ltqv Eikovu **12.55**, çuivctui o
ouvouuoµoç tev caiìo¸ev Base point kui Copy, ¸iu tq oqµioup¸iu aoììuaìev
ouµµctpikev cvoç aoìu¸puµµou, µc oiuçopouç uçovcç ouµµctpiuç.

u Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q Undo. Avuipci tqv aio apooçutq cvcp¸ciu.

x Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q exit. Oìokìqpevci tq ìcitoup¸iu kui uaocaiìc¸ci tqv
caiìc¸µcvq ìuµq. To uvtikciµcvo (q tu uvtikciµcvu), oµeç, aupuµcvci caiìc¸µcvo
kuv oi ìuµcç oputcç.

Luç µctuçcpci otqv caoµcvq ìcitoup¸iu, aou civui q stretch.




Oi Yaoìoiacç Evtoìcç Eacçcp¸uoiuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 184 / 232



Eìkóvo10.18: Asi¡oupyid minor µs /dµéç, kdi µs s¬i/oyéç Base point kdi Copy ¡du¡d¿povd o' évd
¬o/úypdµµo.



Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 185 / 232
11. Evooymyq otqv Tpvoôvóototq L×cô¡ooq

11.1 A§ovoµctpvxq oncvxòvvoq


H cvxoìq Vpoint

Autq q cvtoìq ouç aupc¿ci uçovoµctpikq uao¡q tou o¿coiou ouç, citc uuto c¿ci
o¿coiuotci tpiooiuotutu, citc oioiuotutu. Kutu tqv uçovoµctpikq uacikovioq tou
o¿coiou ouç, to µìcactc o¿i oaeç µìcactc otqv apu¸µutikotqtu cvu tpiooiuotuto
uvtikciµcvo . Eoe tqpcitui aìqpeç q aupuììqìiu tev ¸puµµev.
Kutu tqv uçovoµctpikq uacikovioq, civui ouv vu toao0ctcitui to µuti ouç oc uacipq
uaootuoq uao to o¿coio (up¿q tev uçovev oqµcio 0,0,0) kui auve oc µiu cu0ciu
(cu0ciu auputqpqoqç) q oaoiu opi¸ctui µc oiuçopouç tpoaouç, oaeç 0u oouµc kui otiç
caiìo¸cç tqç cvtoìqç Vpoint.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View 3D Views
Vpoint
-Vp


To npvíno:o :pç cv:o·pç civoi :o cçpç:
Current view direction: VIEWDIR=0.0000,0.0000,1.0000
Tpé¿ouod kd¡sú0uvoq ¬dpd¡qpqoqç VIEWDIR=0.0000,0.0000,1.0000
Specify a view point or Rotate] <display compass and tripod
Kd0opio¡s évd oqµsio ¬dpd¡qpqoqç q [Hspio¡po¢q! <sµ¢óvioq ¬uÇiôdç kdi ¡pi¬oôd>:

Ku0opi¸ctc cvu oqµcio, to oaoio kcitui auve otqv cu0ciu auputqpqoqç q oivctc
kuaoiu uììq caiìo¸q. H cç opioµou cu0ciu auputqpqoqç tou o¿coiou uao to
AutoCAD civui o uçovuç Z uao tu 0ctiku tou (oqµcio opioµou 0.00,0.00,1.00). Av
c¿ctc uììuçci 0coq auputqpqoqç, otqv tpc¿ouou kutcu0uvoq auputqpqoqç
cµçuvi¸ovtui oi ouvioteocç tou µovuoiuiou oiuvuoµutoç kutcu0uvoqç. Oi caiìo¸cç
tqç cvtoìqç civui oi cçqç:


Hutevtuç enter, cµçuvi¸ctui cvuç tpiaoouç (tripod) kui µiu auçiou, µc tq
µoq0ciu tev oaoiev opi¸ctc tqv cu0ciu auputqpqoqç (ocitc tqv Eikovu 11.1). H ioiu
o0ovq cµçuvi¸ctui, uv cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq uao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View
3D Views VPOINT
Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 186 / 232

Eìkóvo 11.1 : Tpinoôdç kdi nuçiôd opiopoú su0sidç ndpdtqpqoqç


Av Ocìctc vu auputqpqoctc to o¿coio ouç uao upvqtikcç ¸evicç eç apoç to caiacoo
XY, kivciotc µc to µikpo otuupovqµu µctuçu tou coetcpikou kui tou cçetcpikou
kukìou (oto ouktuìio). H toao0ctqoq tou otuupovqµutoç oto uvtiotoi¿o
tctuptqµopio opi¸ci tq ¸eviu tqç apoµoìqç tqç cu0ciuç auputqpqoqç oto caiacoo XY
µc tov uçovu X. Icviku, q auputqpqoq uao upvqtikcç eç apoç to caiacoo XY ¸evicç
(upvqtikcç tiµcç Z) µaopci vu ouç oqµioup¸qoci ¡cutikcç cvtuaeociç. Mc¿pi vu
cçoikcie0citc µc tqv auputqpqoq uao upvqtikcç tiµcç Z, ¿pqoiµoaoiqotc tqv
auputqpqoq uao 0ctikcç tiµcç Z.


X,Y,Z (a.¿.. 25,-17, 15.) Aivctc tiç ouvtctu¸µcvcç tou oqµciou aou opi¸ci tqv
cu0ciu auputqpqoqç (oqµcio A otqv Eikovu 11.2)

Eìkóvo 11.2 : Opioµóç ¡qç su0sidç ¬dpd¡qpqoqç.
r Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q rotate. Opi¸ci tqv cu0ciu auputqpqoqç uao tq ¸eviu
aou o¿qµuti¸ci q apoµoìq tqç oto caiacoo X Y µc tov uçovu X (¸eviu 0 otqv
Eikovu ) kui uao tq ¸eviu aou o¿qµuti¸ci q cu0ciu µc to caiacoo X Y (¸eviu ç
otqv Eikovu 11.2).
Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 187 / 232
To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:
Enter angle in XY plane from X axis <current>:
Aoo¡s ¡q yovid o¡o s¬i¬sôo XY d¬ó ¡ov óÇovd X <¡pé¿ouod>
Hututc ¸iu vu uaooc¿0citc tqv apotcivoµcvq ¸eviu, q oivctc tiµq ¸eviuç kui
aututc ¸iu vu opioctc tq ¸eviu aou o¿qµuti¸ci q apoµoìq tqç cu0ciuç oto
caiacoo XY µc ti uçovu X (¸eviu 0 otqv Eikovu 11.2).
To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:
Enter angle from XY plane <current>:
Aoo¡s ¡q yovid o¬ó ¡o s¬i¬sôo XY <¡pé¿ouod>:
Hututc ¸iu vu oc¿0citc tqv apotcivoµcvq ¸eviu, q oivctc tiµq ¸eviuç kui
aututc ¸iu vu opioctc tq ¸eviu aou o¿qµuti¸ci q cu0ciu uao to caiacoo XY
(¸eviu ç otqv Eikovu 11.2).


H cvxoìq Ddvpoint

H cvtoìq uutq, ouç aupc¿ci uçovoµctpikq uao¡q tou o¿coiou ouç. pu0µi¸ovtuç tiç
¸evicç opioµou tqç cu0ciuç auputqpqoqç µc tq µoq0ciu aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:
Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View 3D Views Viewpoint Presets. . .
dvpoint
vp

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç cµçuvi¸ctui aìuioio oiuìo¸ou {ocitc tqv Eikovu 11.3 ).

Eìkóvo 11.3: To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç ddvpoint.
Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 188 / 232
Oi caiìo¸cç tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç civui oi cçqç:

Absolute to WCS: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, o opioµoç tqç cu0ciuç
auputqpqoqç ¸ivctui oto Hu¸kooµio Luotqµu Luvtctu¸µcvev (World Coordinate
System), to oaoio civui to cç opioµou ouotqµu tou AutoCAD.
Relative to UCS: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q o opioµoç tqç cu0ciuç au-
putqpqoqç ¸ivctui oc ouotqµu ouvtctu¸µcvev aou c¿ci opioci o ¿pqotqç
(User Coordinate System).
X Axis: Lto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç, aìqktpoìo¸citc tq ¸eviu aou o¿qµuti¸ci q
apoµoìq tqç cu0ciuç auputqpqoqç oto caiacoo XY µc tov uçovu X (¸eviu 0 otqv
Eikovu 11.2).
XY Plane: Lto aìuioio aìqktpoìo¸qoqç, aìqktpoìo¸citc tq ¸eviu aou
o¿qµuti¸ci q cu0ciu auputqpqoqç uao to caiacoo XY (¸eviu ç otqv Eikovu 11.2).
Maopcitc vu pu0µioctc tiç ¸evicç aou opi¸ouv tqv cu0ciu auputqpqoqç autevtuç otu
cikovioiu tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou. To upiotcpo cikovioio pu0µi¸ci tq ¸eviu aou
o¿qµuti¸ci q apoµoìq tqç cu0ciuç oto caiacoo XY µc tov uçovu X, cve to ocçio tq
¸eviu aou o¿qµuti¸ci q cu0ciu auputqpqoqç µc to caiacoo XY.
Lto upiotcpo cikovioio, uv autqoctc otov coetcpiko kukìo, µaopcitc vu actu¿ctc
µikpoµctpikq pu0µioq. Av autqoutc µctuçu tou kukìou kui tou tctpu¸evou, oi
¸evicç oto caiacoo XY c¿ouv apoku0opioµcvcç otu0cpcç tiµcç (ocitc tqv Eikovu
11.3).
Lto ocçio cikovioio, uv autqoctc oto coetcpiko qµikukìio, µaopcitc vu actu¿ctc
µikpoµctpikq pu0µioq. Av autqoctc µctuçu tou qµikukìiou ku[ tou cçetcpikou
aìuioiou, oi ¸evicç uao to caiacoo XY c¿ouv apoku0opioµcvcç otu0cpcç tiµcç (ocitc
tqv Eikovu 11.3).

11.2 L×cô¡ooq ovtvxcvµcvmv µc óqog xotó tov ó§ovo 2 xov oc
ôvóqopo óqq 2 - Ov µctopAqtcg TbIckness xov EIevatIon .

Pu0µi¸ovtuç tq µctuµìqtq thickness kui oivovtuç tqç tiµq oiuçopq tou µqocvoç,
ku0opi¸ctc to u¡oç tev uvtikciµcvev kutu tov uçovu Z (tpitq oiuotuoq). Aqìuoq,
q thickness uao¿pcevci µiu ¸puµµq q oaoiu o¿coiu¸ctui oto caiacoo XY vu
uaoktqoci u¡oç (HPOLOXH! ó¿t nìóxoç) kui vu ¸ivci caiçuvciu ku0ctq apoç uuto
(a.¿. to cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu ¸ivctui caiacoq op0o¸eviu aupuììqìo¸puµµq caiçuvciu, o
kukìoç kuìivopoç, k.ì.a.).

To au¿oç tev uvtikciµcvev oqµioup¸citui µc µiu oiuoikuoiu uvtiotoi¿q µ' uutq aou
0u cçupµo¸utc oc oioiuotutu uvtikciµcvu uao cìuotiko uìiko aou tu "tcvtevctc",
ku0ctu apoç to caiacoo aou uvqkouv, apoç tq µiu q tqv uììq kutcu0uvoq (0ctiku q
upvqtiku otov uçovu Z). H oiuoikuoiu uutq ìc¸ctui cçcìuoq q cçe0qoq (extrusion)
kui q kutcu0uvoq apoç tqv oaoiu 0u "tcvte0ouv" ìc¸ctui oicu0uvoq cçcìuoqç q
oicu0uvoq cçe0qoqç (extrusion direction).
Mc tq µctuµìqtq elevation ku0opi¸ctc tq otu0µq o¿coiuoqç. M’ uììu ìo¸iu, otuv q
µctuµìqtq elevation c¿ci tiµq oiuçopq tou µqocvoç, o¿coiu¸ovtuç citc µc to aovtiki
(¿epiç ¿pqoq tev oqµciev cìçqç tev uvtikciµcvev) citc µc aìqktpoìo¸qoq tev
ouvtctu¸µcvev (X,Y) aupuìciaovtuç to Z, uutoµutu uao¿pcevctc to Autocad vu
o¿coiuoci oc oiuçopctiko caiacoo aupuììqìo apoç to up¿iko (q ouvtctu¸µcvq Z
Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 189 / 232
auipvci tqv tiµq aou c¿ci q µctuµìqtq elevation). Oi µctuµìqtcç thickness kui
elevation pu0µi¸ovtui eç cçqç :

elev



Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:
Specify new default elevation <current>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡q véd sÇ opioµoú o¡ó0µq o¿sôidoqç <¡pé¿ouod>.
Hìqktpoìo¸citc tq vcu otu0µq o¿coiuoqç kui aututc , q uaìeç aututc , ¸iu vu
oc¿0citc tqv uaup¿ouou otu0µq o¿coiuoqç. Auto 0u civui kui to Z aou 0u
cµçuvi¸ctui otq ¸puµµq kutuotuoqç uao tepu kui oto cçqç. To caoµcvo µqvuµu
civui to cçqç :

Specify new default thickness <current>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡o véo sÇ opioµoú úµoç kó¡d Z ¡ov dv¡iksiµévov <¡pé¿ov>:
Hìqktpoìo¸citc to vco u¡oç kutu Z tev uvtikciµcvev kui aututc , q uaìeç aututc
, ¸iu vu oc¿0citc to uaup¿ov u¡oç kutu Z uvtikciµcvev.


Xocio¸c:oi ioioi:cop aoooo,p o:ov o,coio¸c:oi nc :p ßop0cio :cv opncicv /·çpç :cv
ov:ikcin/vcv oc ov:ikcincvo nc í,oç ko:o Z (thickness) , ov p 0/op aooo:popopç :oc o,coioc
ooç civoi p cç ooionoí :oc AutoCAD (0/op top op·oop ycvio oao :o caiacoo X Y=90°.

Hupuoci¸µu 1


















Eìkóvo 11.4 : To o¿qµd o¡d dpio¡spó d¬ok¡ó úµoç (sikóvd o¡d ôsÇió).


Specify new default elevation
<0,0000>: “enter”
Specify new default thickness
<0,0000>: 6

Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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Hupuoci¸µu 2




Eìkóvo 11.5: Z¡qv Eikóvd 11.4 ¬poo0é¡ouµs évdv kú/ivôpo µs ¡iç ¬dpdµé¡pouç
(elevation =5 kdi thickness =8) .



11.3 Anòxpoqq oopótmv ypoµµmv

H cvxoìq Hide

To AutoCAD cµçuvi¸ci oto o¿coio µovo tiç ukµcç tev tpiooiuotutev
uvtikciµcvev. Tu 0cepci oqìuoq ouv oiktueµutu (wireframes). Auto, oµeç, oc
oqµuivci oti tu uvtikciµcvu ocv c¿ouv kui tpiooiuotutcç uoiuçuvciç caiçuvcicç q
otcpcu µcpq aou 0u ckpuµuv kuaoicç ukµcç. Iiu vu cvcp¸oaoiqoctc tq oiuoikuoiu
uaokpu¡qç tev uoputev ukµev cktcìcitc tqv cvtoìq hide. To AutoCAD uaoìo¸i¸ci
uutoµutu aoicç ukµcç µpiokovtui aioe uao caiçuvcicç q otcpcu oeµutu (auvtu oc
o¿coq µc tq 0coq auputqpqoqç) kui tiç kpuµci apooepivu, µc¿pi vu cktcìcotci q
cvtoìq regen.

Specify new default elevation <0,0000>: 5
Specify new default thickness <0,0000>: 8

H cktcìcoq tqç elev oto o¿qµu aou
µpiokctui otu upiotcpu µc tiç
aupuauve aupuµctpouç c¿ci eç
uaotcìcoµu to o¿qµu aou µpiokctui
kute upiotcpu & ocçiu uao
oiuçopctikq oatikq ¸eviu .
Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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H cv:o·p hide ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Render.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : View Hide

Hide

Hi


Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç, to AutoCAD uaoìo¸i¸ci tiç uoputcç ukµcç tou
o¿coiou ouç kui ouç to aupouoiu¸ci, oaeç 0u to µìcautc otqv apu¸µutikotqtu uao
tqv tpc¿ouou 0coq auputqpqoqç . To uaotcìcoµu tqç cvtoìqç hide çuivctui
otqv Eikovu 11.6. Iiu vu cµçuviotouv auìi oi uoputcç ukµcç tou o¿coiou
ouç , apcaci vu cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq Regen .




Eìkóvo 11.6 : Hpiv kdi µs¡ó ¡qv sv¡o/q hide




11.4 L×cô¡ooq cnvqovc¡og oto ×mpo

H cvxoìq 3dface

Mc tqv cvtoìq 3dface, o¿coiu¸ctc tpiooiuotutcç caiçuvcicç oto ¿epo, uao tiç
kopuçcç touç. Oi caiçuvcicç uutcç µaopci vu c¿ouv 3 q 4 ukµcç. Oi caiçuvcicç µc 4
ukµcç µaopci civui citc oµocaiacocç (uv oi tcoocpiç kopuçcç touç uvqkouv oto ioio
caiacoo), citc otpcµìcç (uv oi tcoocpiç kopuçcç touç uvqkouv uvu tpciç oc
oiuçopctiku caiacou).

Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Surfaces.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Draw Surfaces 3dface

3dface

3f

Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :

Specify first point or [Invisible]:
Kd0opio¡s ¬po¡o oqµsio q [Aópd¡q (dkµq)]:

Ku0opi¸ctc tqv apetq kopuçq tqç caiçuvciuç q oivctc tqv caiìo¸q i kui ¸iu
uoputq ukµq tqç caiçuvciuç .

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç :
Specify second point or [Invisible]:
Kd0opio¡s ôsú¡spo oqµsio q [Aópd¡q (dkµq)]:
Ku0opi¸ctc tq ocutcpq kopuçq tqç caiçuvciuç q oivctc tqv caiìo¸q i kui ¸iu
uoputq ukµq tqç caiçuvciuç.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit>:
Kd0dpio¡s ¡pi¡o oqµsio q [Aópd¡q (dkµq)] <éÇoôoç>:
Ku0opi¸ctc tqv tpitq kopuçq tqç caiçuvciuç q oivctc tqv caiìo¸q i kui ¸iu uoputq
ukµq tqç caiçuvciuç. Av autqoctc , q cvtoìq oiukoatctui, ¿epiç vu o¿coiuotci q
3A caiçuvciu .(H caiìo¸q uutq, c¿ci cvvoiu uv c¿ctc o¿coiuoci qoq µiu 3A caiçuvciu.)
To caoµcvo µqvuµu civui to cçqç :

Specify fourth point or [Invisible] <create three-
sided face>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡é¡dp¡o oqµsio q [Aópd¡q (dkµq)] «ôqµioupyid ¡piyovikqç 3A s¬i¢óvsidç>;
Ku0opi¸ctc tqv tctuptq kopuçq tqç caiçuvciuç q oivctc tqv caiìo¸q i kui , ¸iu
uoputq ukµq tqç caiçuvciuç q aututc . Av autqoctc oqìevctc oti q caiçuvciu
aou o¿coiu¸ctc c¿ci tpciç ukµcç. Lc oaoiuoqaotc cvcp¸ciu ouç kutoaiv,
cauvuìuµµuvctui to cçqç µqvuµu :



Specify third point or [Invisible] <exit> :
Kd0opio¡s ¡pi¡o oqµsio q [Aópd¡q (dkµq)] <éÇoôoç>:

Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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Av autqoctc oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq. Av ku0opioutc ki uììo oqµcio, o¿coiu¸ctui
v/o caiçuvciu q oaoiu c¿ci koivq tqv apetq ukµq tqç µc tqv tpitq q tqv tctuptq ukµq
tqç apoq¸ouµcvqç 3A caiçuvciuç (uv uutq c¿ci 3 q 4 ukµcç, uvtiotoi¿u).


11.S Lootqµoto oovtctoyµcvmv ×pqotq (User CoordInate
System)

H cvxoìq Ucs

Hoììcç çopcç, apcaci vu o¿coiu¸ctc uvtikciµcvu aou ocv civui aupuììqìu µc to
up¿iko (au¸kooµio) ouotqµu ouvtctu¸µcvev - wor|o 0ooro|nare $,srem.
Ltqv acpiateoq uutq, o ¿pqotqç µaopci vu opioci to oiko tou ouotqµu
ouvtctu¸µcvev, to oaoio ovoµu¸ctui Luotqµu Luvtctu¸µcvev Xpqotq (user
Coord|rale 3ysler - uC3).

O opioµoç vcou ouotqµutoç ouvtctu¸µcvev ¿pqotq ¸ivctui µc tqv cvtoìq ucs, p
oaoio ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev ucs.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç ucs.


Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸ov:oi :o cçpç npvíno:o:

Current ucs name:WORLD
Tpé¿ov óvoµd ZZX(ouo¡qµd¡oç ouv¡s¡dyµévov ¿pqo¡q): HAFKOZMÌO

Enter an option
[New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/Apply/?
/World] <World>:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq
[Néo/Ms¡dkivqoq/op0oFovio/Hpoqyoúµsvo/E¬dvd¢op’d/A¬o0qksuoq/Aidypd¢q/E¢d
pµoyq/?/Hdykóoµio] <Hdykóoµio>:




Hoµoxqµqoq: Av autqoouµc enter ìoiaov c¿ouµc tqv default caiìo¸q World. Kuvci tpc¿ov to
au¸kooµio ouotqµu ouvtctu¸µcvev (WCS) kui oìokìqpevci tqv cvtoìq (uvtiotoi¿o cikovioio tqç
¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev UCS . Mc¿pi vu cçoikcie0citc oc µc tq oqµioup¸iu vcou ouotqµutoç
ouvtctu¸µcvev, apiv opioctc vco LLX



Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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11.6 Epyoo¡o µc ono6qxcoµcvcg onòqcvg too o×cô¡oo

H cvxoìq –View

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq µaopcitc vu uao0qkcuoctc, µc kuaoio ovoµu, tqv uao¡q tou
o¿coiou ouç aou µìcactc otqv o0ovq (oìokìqpq q µcpoç tqç) kui vu cauvuçcpctc
µiu uììq uao¡q aou c¿ci uao0qkcutci apoq¸ouµcveç.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

–view

–v .

Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Enter an option
[?/Orthographic/Delete/Restore/Save/Ucs/Window]:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq [?/Op0oyovid /Aidypd¢q / E¬dvd¢opó / A¬o0qksuoq/ ZZX /
Hdpó0upo]:

Mc ? kui cµçuvi¸ci aìqpoçopicç ¸iu tiç uao0qkcuµcvcç uao¡ciç.

To npvcno aoc oko·oc0ci civoi :o cçpç:

Enter view name(s) to list <*>:
Aoo¡s óvoµd(¡d) ó¬oµqç(sov) yid sµ¢óvioq os /io¡d<*>:


Mc µaopcitc vu ocitc oìu tu ovoµutu tev qoq uao0qkcuµcvev uao¡cev:


Eìkóvo 11.7

Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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o Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q orthographic. Kuvci tpc¿ouou µiu uao tiç
op0o¸evicç uao¡ciç tou o¿coiou ouç. To npvcno aoc oko·oc0ci civoi :o cçpç:

Enter an
option[Top/Bottom/Front/BAck/Left/Right]<Top>:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq [Kó¡oµq / Avoµq / Hpóoµq / Hioo óµq / H/óyid dpio¡spq /
H/óyid ôsÇió] <Kó¡oµq>:

S Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q save. Aao0qkcuci tqv uao¡q tou o¿coiou aou µìcactc
otqv o0ovq ouç.


To npvcno aoc oko·oc0ci civoi :o cçpç:

Enter view name to save:
Aoo¡s óvoµd ó¬oµqç yid d¬o0qksuoq:

r : Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q restore. Eauvuçcpci otqv o0ovq ouç kuaoiu uao¡q
tou o¿coiou aou c¿ci uao0qkcutci µc kuaoio ovoµu.

To npvcno aoc oko·oc0ci civoi :o cçpç:

Enter view name to restore:
Aoo¡s óvoµd ó¬oµqç yid s¬dvd¢opó:

w : Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q window. Aao0qkcuci to tµqµu tqç uao¡qç tou
o¿coiou aou µìcactc otqv o0ovq ouç aou opi¸ctui uao cvu op0o¸evio
aupuììqìo¸puµµo (aupu0upo).

To npvcno aoc oko·oc0ci civoi :o cçpç:

Enter view name to save:
Aoo¡s óvoµd ó¬oµqç yid d¬o0qksuoq:




H cvxoìq View

Kuvci acpiaou tu ioiu apu¸µutu µc tqv cvtoìq –view, uììu µc aìuioio oiuìo¸ou.
1¿ci uvtikutuotqoci tqv cvtoìq ddview tev apoq¸ouµcvev tqç 2000 ckooocev tou
AutoCAD.

H cv:o·p view ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev View.

Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 196 / 232




Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View Named Views…

view

v .



Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o aoooko:c a·oioio oio·oyoc:



Eìkóvo 11.8: H kdp¡é/d Named Views ¡ou ¬/dioiou ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç view.



11.? Eµqóvvoq noAAmv nopo6ópmv onòqcmv too o×cô¡oo
otqv o6òvq

H cvxoìq –Vports

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu ¿epioctc tqv o0ovq ouç oc aoììu tµqµutu kui oc
ku0c tµqµu vu uaup¿ci kui µiu çc¿epiotq uao¡q tou o¿coiou ouç. Ku0c tµqµu
ìc¸ctui aupu0upo uao¡qç (viewport). Maopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc oc oaoiooqaotc
Eiou¸e¸q otqv Tpiooiuotutq L¿coiuoq AutoCAD2004

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aupu0upo uao¡qç, upkci vu to kuvctc cvcp¸o. Auto ¸ivctui µc autqµu tou upiotcpou
aìqktpou tou aovtikiou o’ uuto.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

-ports



Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç cµçuvi¸ctui to cçqç µqvuµu:

Enter an option
[Save/Restore/Delete/Join/Single/?/2/3/4] <3>:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq [A¬o0qksuoq/E¬dvd¢opó/Aidypd¢q/Evooq/Evo¬oiqoq/?/2/3/4]
<3>:




























Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

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12. Ltcpcó Lmµoto
12.1 Op6oymvvo nopoAAqAcn¡ncôo
H cvxoìq Box

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc cvu op0o¸evio aupuììqìcaiacoo q cvuv
kuµo.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Box.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç box .

Ençovi¸ci :pv cçpç aoo:ooap:

Specify corner of box or [Center] <0,0,0>:
Kd0opio¡s kopu¢q ¡ou op0oyoviou ¬dpd//q/s¬i¬éôou q [Kév¡po] <0,0,0>:

Lc acpiateoq aou opioctc µiu uao tiç kopuçcç tqç µuoqç tou op0o¸eviou
aupuììqìcaiacoou, :o caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify corner or [Cube/Length]:
Kd0opio¡s kopu¢q q [Kúµoç / Mqkoç]:

Aivctc µiu uao tiç caiìo¸cç, oi oaoicç civui oi cçqç:
Ku0opioµoç oqµciou - Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q specify corner.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify height:
Kd0opio¡s úµoç:

L Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q length, µc tqv oaoiu ku0opi¸ctc tiç oiuotuociç tou
op0o¸eviou aupuììqìcaiacoou. To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify length:
Kd0opio¡s µqkoç (¡ou op0oyoviou ¬dpd//q/s¬i¬éôou):

Ako·oc0ci :o cçpç npvcno:

Specify width:
Kd0opio¡s ¬/ó¡oç(¡ou op0oyoviou ¬dpd//q/s¬i¬éôou):

Ako·oc0ci :/·oç :o cçpç npvcno:

Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 199 / 232
Specify height:
Kd0opio¡s úµoç(¡ou op0oyoviou ¬dpd//q/s¬i¬éôou):

Oaotc o¿coiu¸ctc cukoìu to op0o¸evio aupuììqìcaiacoo kui oìokìqpevctui ctoi q
cvtoìq.

c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q cube, µc tqv oaoiu o¿coiu¸ctc cvuv kuµo.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify length:
Kd0opio¡s µqkoç:

Ku0opi¸ctc ìoiaov to µqkoç tqç ukµqç tou kuµou, oaotc o¿coiu¸ctc o kuµoç kui
oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.


12.2 Lqo¡po

H cvxoìq Sphere

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc oçuipcç.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Sphere.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç sphere .

Ençovi¸c:oi ·oiaov :o cçpç npvcno:

Specify center of sphere <0,0,0>:
Kd0opio¡s kév¡po ¡qç o¢dipdç <0, 0, 0>:

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify radius of sphere or [Diameter]:
Kd0opio¡s dk¡ivd ¡qç o¢dipdç q [Aióµs¡poç]:

Eoe, citc ku0opi¸ctc tqv uktivu tqç oçuipuç, citc aìqktpoìo¸evtuçdkui , ¸iu vu
oqìeoctc oti 0cìctc vu ku0opioctc tq oiuµctpo tqç oçuipuç. l’ oc:p :pv acoia:cop,
oko·oc0ci :o npvcno
Specify diameter :, oaou ku0opi¸ctc tq oiuµctpo tqç oçuipuç.


Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

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12.3 KóAvvôpog

H cvxoìq Cylinder

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc cvuv kuìivopo aou c¿ci ¸cvctcipu citc
kukìo citc cììci¡q.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Cylinder.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cylinder .

Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Specify center point for base of cylinder or
[Elliptical] <0,0,0>:
Kd0opio¡s oqµsio kév¡pou µóoqç ku/ivôpou q [E//si¬¡ikóç] <0 ,0 ,0>:

Ku0opi¸ctc ìoiaov to kcvtpo µuoqç tou kuìivopou, q aìqktpoìo¸citc ekui aututc
, ¸iu oqìeoctc oti 0cìctc vu o¿coiuoctc cììciatiko kuìivopo.

Lc acpiateoq aou ku0opioctc to kcvtpo tqç µuoqç tou kuìivopou, :o caoncvo
npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify radius for base of cylinder or [Diameter]:
Kd0opio¡s dk¡ivd yid ¡q µóoq ¡ou ku/ivôpou q [Aióµs¡poç]:

Ku0opi¸ctc tqv uktivu tqç µuoqç tou kuìivopou (µc to aovtiki q uao to
aìqktpoìo¸io) q, µc d kui , opi¸ctc, otqv apotpoaq Specify diameter: aou
ukoìou0ci, tq oiuµctpo tqç µuoqç tou kuìivopou. To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify height of cylinder or [Center of other end]:
Kd0opio¡s úµoç ku/ivôpou q [Kév¡po ó//qç µóoqç]:

Ku0opi¸ctc to u¡oç tou kuìivopou (uao to aìqktpoìo¸io q µc to aovtiki), oaotc
o¿coiu¸ctui o kuìivopoç kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.

c Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q center of other end, µc tqv oaoiu ku0opi¸ctc to
kcvtpo tqç uììqç µuoqç tou kuìivopou.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify center of other end of cylinder:
Kd0opio¡s kév¡po ¡qç ó//qç µóoqç ¡ou ku/ivôpou:
Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

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Ku0opi¸ctc to kcvtpo tqç uììqç µuoqç tou kuìivopou, oaotc o¿coiu¸ctui o
kuìivopoç kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.




12.4 Kmvog

H cvxoìq Cone

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc cvuv kevo µc µuoq citc kukìo, citc
cììci¡q.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Cone.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç cone .

Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Specify center point for base of cone or
[Elliptical] <0 ,0,0>:
Kd0opio¡s kév¡po yid ¡q µóoq ¡ou kovou q [E//si¬¡ikóç]:


Eìkóvo 12.1 : kovoç

Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

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Ku0opi¸ctc ìoiaov to kcvtpo µuoqç tou kevou, q aìqktpoìo¸citc ekui aututc ,
¸iu oqìeoctc oti 0cìctc vu o¿coiuoctc cììciatiko kevo.

Lc acpiateoq aou ku0opi¸ctc to kcvtpo tqç µuoqç tou kevou, :o caoncvo npvcno
civoi :o cçpç:
Specify radius for base of cone or [Diameter]:
Kd0opio¡s dk¡ivd yid ¡q µóoq ¡ou kovou q [Aióµs¡poç]:

Ku0opi¸ctc tqv uktivu tqç µuoqç tou kevou (µc to aovtiki q uao to aìqktpoìo¸io)
q, µc d kui opi¸ctc, otqv apotpoaq Specify diameter: aou ukoìou0ci, tq oiuµctpo
tqç µuoqç tou kevou.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify height of cone or [Apex]:
Kd0opio¡s úµoç kovou q [Kopu¢q]:

Ku0opi¸ctc to u¡oç tou kevou (uao to aìqktpoìo¸io q µc to aovtiki), oaotc
o¿coiu¸ctui o kevoç kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.

a Avtiotoi¿ci otqv caiìo¸q apex, µc tqv oaoiu ku0opi¸ctc tqv kopuçq tou kevou.

To caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Specify apex point:
Kd0opio¡s oqµsio kopu¢qç:

12.S KoAvvôpvxòg ôoxtóAvog

H cvxoìq Torus

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc cvuv kuìivopiko ouktuìio.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Torus.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç torus q tqç tor .

Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸ov:oi :o cçpç npvíno:o:

Specify center of torus <0,0,0>:
Kd0opio¡s ¡o kév¡po ¡ou ku/ivôpikoú ôdk¡u/iou <0 ,0 ,0>:

Specify radius of torus or [Diameter]:
Kd0opio¡s dk¡ivd ¡ou ku/ivôpikoú ôdk¡u/iou q [Aióµs¡poç]:
Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 203 / 232

Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]:
Kd0opiçs¡s dk¡ivd ¡ou ku/ivôpou q [Aióµs¡poç]:

12.6 Op6oymvvo oqqvo

H cvxoìq Wedge

M’ uutqv tqv cvtoìq µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc µiu op0o¸eviu oçqvu.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Wedge.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç wedge q tqç we .

H oiuoikuoiu o¿coiuoqç civui ukpiµeç q ioiu µc tqv cvtoìq box. H oiuçopu civui
µovo oto o¿coiuotiko uaotcìcoµu. Mc tqv cvtoìq box o¿coiu¸ctui cvu op0o¸evio
aupuììqìcaiacoo, cve µc tqv cvtoìq wedge o¿coiu¸ctui :o nioo oo0oycvio
aooo··p·caiacoo «koµµcvo» kutu to cvu oiu¸evio caiacoo.
12.? Ltcpcó cx ncpvotpoqqg

H cvxoìq Revolve

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq µaopcitc vu o¿coiuoctc otcpcu oeµutu µc acpiotpoçq µiuç
kuµauìqç q tc0ìuoµcvqç ¸puµµqç (¸cvctcipu, apoçiì) ¸upe uao cvuv uçovu. H
¸cvctcipu µaopci vu civui cu0u¸puµµo tµqµu, toço, kukìoç, kui aoìu¸puµµo 2D q
3d.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Revolve.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç revolve q tqç rev .


Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 204 / 232

Eaiìc¸ctc ìoiaov to uvtikciµcvo (q tu uvtikciµcvu) to oaoio acpiotpcçoµcvo ¸upe
uao uçovu oqµioup¸ci to otcpco oeµu aou 0cìctc. Ako·oc0ci :o cçpç npvcno:

Specify start point for axis of resolution or define
axis by [Object /X(axis) /Y(axis)]:
Kd0opio¡s oqµsio dp¿qç óÇovd ¬spio¡po¢qç q opiod¡s óÇovd ¬spio¡po¢qç µs µóoq
[Av¡iksiµsvo/(óÇovd) X / (óÇovd) Y]:



12.S Ltcpcó onò c§m6qoq - c§cAooq

H cvxoìq Extrude

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu oqµioup¸qoctc otcpcu oeµutu tu oaoiu
apokuatouv uao kuaoiu caiacoq kuµauìq q tc0ìuoµcvq ¸puµµq (¸puµµq ooq¸oç), q
oaoiu uaoktuci u¡oç apoç tqv tpitq oicu0uvoq. H ¸puµµq ooq¸oç µaopci vu civui
toço, kukìoç, 2D q 3D aoìu¸puµµo, aoìu¸evo, cììci¡q, ouktuìioç, kìciotq spline,
kui caiacoq µq ¸puµµikq caiçuvciu(region).

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Draw Solids Extrude.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç extrude q tqç ext .


Mc :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:





Eaiìc¸ctc ìoiaov cvu q acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu tu oaoiu otuv cçcìu0ouv
(cçe0q0ouv – «tpuµq¿touv») cçe uao to caiacoo o¿coiuoqç (XY), oqµioup¸ouv tu
otcpcu oeµutu aou 0cìctc.

Ako·oc0ci :o cçpç npvcno:

Specify height of extrusion or [Path]:
Kd0opio¡s úµoç sÇo0qoqç q [Ms oôqyó]:

Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 205 / 232
12.9 Lóv6cto otcpcó omµoto

Tu acpioootcpu otcpcu oeµutu µaopouv v’ uvuìu0ouv oc caiµcpouç otcpcu
oeµutu, tu oaoiu otqv kutuokcuq touç civui uaìu kui oqµioup¸ouvtui µc kuaoiu
uao tiç cvtoìcç aou c¿ouv uvuatu¿0ci aupuauve.

H cvxoìq Subtract

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, oqµioup¸citc cvu otcpco oeµu, to oaoio uaoµcvci, uv uao cvu q
acpioootcpu otcpcu oeµutu uçuipcoctc to koivo tµqµu touç µc kuaoio uììo
otcpco.
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids Editing.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Solids Editing Subtract.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç subtract q tqç su .

Ençovi¸ci :o cçpç npvcno:

Select solids and regions to subtract from ..
E¬i/éÇ¡s o¡spsó kdi ¬spio¿éç d¬ó ¡d o¬oid 0d yivsi d¢dipsoq ..

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Koi :/·oç oko·oc0ci :o npvcno:
Select solids and regions to subtract ..
E¬i/éÇ¡s o¡spsó kdi ¬spio¿éç yid d¢dipsoq ..


H cvxoìq Union

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq oqµioup¸citc cvu ouv0cto otcpco oeµu ouv cveoq ouo q
acpioootcpev caiµcpouç oeµutev.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids Editing.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Solids Editing Union.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç union q tqç uni .

Ençovi¸ci :o cçpç npvcno:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:
Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 206 / 232

Eaiìc¸ctc ìoiaov to otcpco q tu otcpcu tev oaoiev q cveoq 0u oqµioup¸qoci to
ouv0cto otcpco. Oìokìqpevctc tqv cvtoìq µc , oaotc oqµioup¸citc to otcpco aou
0cìctc.


H cvxoìq Intersect

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq , oqµioup¸citc cvu ouv0cto otcpco oeµu ouv toµq ouo q
acpioootcpev caiµcpouç oeµutev.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids Editing.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Solids Editing Intersect.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç intersect q tqç in .

Ençovi¸ci :o cçpç npvcno:


Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Eaiìc¸ctc ìoiaov to otcpco q tu otcpcu tev oaoiev q toµq 0u oqµioup¸qoci to
otcpco aou 0cìctc. Oìokìqpevctui tqv caiìo¸q µc , oaotc oqµioup¸citc to otcpco
kui oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq.


H cvxoìq Interfere

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, oqµioup¸citc cvu q acpioootcpu ouv0ctu otcpcu oeµutu eç
toµq ouo oµuoev otcpcev oeµutev, ¿epiç oµeç vu oiu¸puçovtui tu up¿iku oaeç
ouµµuivci µc tqv cvtoìq intersect.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Solids Editing Interference.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç interfere q tqç inf .

Ençovi¸ov:oi oi cçpç aoo:ooa/ç:

Select first set of solids:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¬po¡o oúvo/o o¡spsov:
Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 207 / 232

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Koi onoicç /,ocnc :o npvíno:o:
Select second set of solids:
E¬i/éÇ¡s ôsú¡spo oúvo/o o¡spsov:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:


H cvxoìq Slice

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq «koµctc» (kutukcpµuti¸ctc-kututcµvctc) µc cvu caiacoo, cvu q
acpioootcpu otcpcu oc ouo µcpq, uao tu oaoiu µaopcitc vu oiutqpqoctc to cvu q kui
tu ouo.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Solids Editing Slice.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç slice q tqç sl .

Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:

Eaiìc¸ctc ìoiaov to otcpco q tu otcpcu aou 0cìctc vu tµq0ouv. Oìokìqpevctc tqv
caiìo¸q µc , oao:c cnçovi¸c:oi :o caoncvo npvcno:

Specify first point on slicing plane by
[Object/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points]
<3points>:
Kd0opio¡s ¬po¡o oqµsio ¡ou s¬i¬éôou kd¡ó¡µqoqç µs µóoq [Av¡iksiµsvo / óÇovd Z /
Oéoq ¬dpd¡qpqoqç / XY / YZ /ZX / 3oqµsid] < 3 oqµsid >:


Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 208 / 232


Eìkóvo 12.2: Kd¡ó¡µqoq ¡ou o¡spsoú


Ltqv Eikovu 12.2 auputqpouµc µctu tqv cktcìcoq tqç slice cvuv kevo
kututµqµcvo eç apoç tov uçovu Z kui eç apoç tu tpiu oqµciu aou opi¸ouv to
caiacoo kututµqoqç tou otcpcou, /aci:o ki oao :pv cnçoviop :cv npvcno:cv:

Specify first point on plane:

Specify second point on plane:
kui
Specify third point on plane:

Iiu tov ku0opioµo tpiev oqµciev aou opi¸ouv to caiacoo kututµqoqç tou otcpcou.








Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 209 / 232
12.10 Toµq otcpcoó omµotog onò cn¡ncôo

H cvxoìq Section

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq, o¿coiu¸ctc to acpi¸puµµu tqç toµqç cvoç q acpioootcpev
otcpcev µc cvu caiacoo.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Modify Solids Editing Section.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç section q tqç sec .

Eµçuvi¸ctui tu ioiu µqvuµutu oaeç kui otqv cktcìcoq tqç cvtoìqç slice:

Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd(s¬i/éys¡s ¡o o¡spsó q ¡d o¡spsó ¬ou 0é/s¡s vd ¡µq0oúv µs
s¬i¬sôo):

Specify first point on slicing plane by
[Object/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points]
<3points>:
Kd0opio¡s ¬po¡o oqµsio ¡ou s¬i¬éôou kd¡ó¡µqoqç µs µóoq [Av¡iksiµsvo / óÇovd Z /
Oéoq ¬dpd¡qpqoqç / XY / YZ /ZX / 3oqµsid] < 3 oqµsid >:




Eìkóvo 12.3 : Kd¡ó¡µqoq kovou µs ¡qv sµ¢óvioq kdi ¡ou s¬i¬éôou ¡oµqç

Opi¸ctc to caiacoo toµqç µc µiu uao tiç aupuauve caiìo¸cç:





Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 210 / 232
Mc c¿ouµc tqv caiìo¸q 3points, oaou ku0opi¸ouµc tu tpiu oqµciu aou opi¸ouv to
caiacoo toµqç tou otcpcou (ocitc aupuauve cikovu)









12.11 HAqpoqop¡cg yvo otcpcò

H cvxoìq Massrop

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq ouç aupc¿ovtui aìqpoçopicç ¸iu otcpcu, oaeç civui to kcvtpo
µupouç, o o¸koç, q caiçuvciu, q µu¸u tou oeµutoç, k.ì.a..

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç aìcupiku atuoooµcvqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Inquiry.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: Tools Inquiry Mass Properties.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç massprop .

Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:


Select objects:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd:



Ltcpcu Leµutu AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 211 / 232
Eaiìc¸ctc to otcpco q tu otcpcu ¸iu tu oaoiu 0cìctc aìqpoçopicç. Mctu cµçuvi¸ctui
q o0ovq kciµcvou µc tiç o¿ctikcç aìqpoçopicç.
Otuv tcìcieoouv oi aìqpoçopicç, cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno:

Write analysis to a file?[Yes/No] <N>:
A¬o0qksuoq ¡qç dvó/uoqç os dp¿sio; [Ndi / O¿i] <O>:



Eìkóvo 12.4 : H/qpo¢opisç ¬ou d¢opoúv ¡ov kovo µs¡ó ¡qv sk¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç massprop



Eacçcp¸uoiu Tpiooiuotutev Avtikciµcvev AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 212 / 232
13. Enc§cpyoo¡o Tpvoôvóototmv Avtvxcvµcvmv

13.1 H cvxoìq Trim

Mc tqv cvtoìq trim µaopcitc vu uaoko¡ctc tµqµutu uao uvtikciµcvu oto
¿epo ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç eç opiu uaokoaqç uvtikciµcvu aou civui µq oµocaiacou
µc tu apetu, kui citc tu tcµvouv otqv apu¸µutikotqtu, citc tcµvouv tqv
apoµoìq touç oc kuaoio caiacoo.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify Trim

Trim

Tr

Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :

Current settings : Projection=UCS Edge=none
Tpé¿ouosç pu0µiosiç : Hpoµo/q= o¡o UCS, Toµq= Y¬dpk¡q
Select cutting edges ...
E¬i/éÇ¡s ópid d¬oko¬qç…
Select Objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :


13.2 H cvxoìq Extend

Mc tqv cvtoìq extend, µaopcitc vu apocktcivctc uvtikciµcvu oto ¿epo
¿pqoiµoaoievtuç eç opiu apocktuoqç µq oµocaiacou .H apocktuoq µaopci vu
¸ivci eç apoç tqv apoµoìq tev uvtikciµcvev oc kuaoio caiacoo.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify Extend

Extend

Ex

Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :

Eacçcp¸uoiu Tpiooiuotutev Avtikciµcvev AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 213 / 232

Current settings : Projection=UCS Edge=none
Tpé¿ouosç pu0µiosiç : Hpoµo/q= o¡o UCS, Toµq= Y¬dpk¡q
Select boundary edges ...
E¬i/éÇ¡s ópid ¬poék¡doqç…
Select Objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :



13.3 LtpoyyóAcµo xov nAoyvòtµqoq oxµmv otcpcoó

H cvxoìq Fillet

Mc tqv cvtoìq fillet, µaopcitc vu cçoµuìuvctc ukµcç otcpcev kui vu
oqµioup¸qoctc koiìcç q kuptcç caiçuvcicç o´ uutu .

H cv:o·p naooci vo ck:c·co:ci cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify Fillet

Fillet

F

Mc:o :pv ck:/·cop :pç cv:o·pç cnçovi¸c:oi :o npvcno :

Current settings :Mode = Trim,Radius = 0.5000
Tpé¿ouosç pu0µiosiç :Kd¡óo¡doq = A¬oko¬qç, Tpé¿ouod dk¡ivd ¡óÇou
ouvdpµoyqç = 0.5000
Sellect first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim] :
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¡o ¬po¡o dv¡iksiµsvo q [¬o/úypdµµo / Ak¡ivd /A¬oko¬q] :


13.4 3D Avotó§cvg ovtvxcvµcvmv

H cvxoìq 3darray

Mc tqv cvtoìq 3darray oqµioup¸citc op0o¸evikcç (rectangular) q kukìikcç
(polar) oiutuçciç (arrays) cvoç q acpioootcpev uvtikciµcvev oto ¿epo.
Oµ0oyevtkq ótóxoçq (rectangular array) : Miu op0o¸evikq oiutuçq
uaotcìcitui uao uvtikciµcvu oc ¸puµµcç, oc otqìcç kui oc caiacou .
Eacçcp¸uoiu Tpiooiuotutev Avtikciµcvev AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 214 / 232
Kvkìtkq ótóxoçq (polar array) : Miu kukìikq oiutuçq uaotcìcitui uao
uvtikciµcvu oiutctu¸µcvu acpiµctpiku eç apoç uçovu, o oaoioç opi¸ci kui to
caiacoo tqç oiutuçqç .
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify 3D operation 3D Array

3darray

3a

To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :

Select objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :



13.S Loµµctp¡o mg npog cn¡ncôo

H cvxoìq Mirror3d

Mc tqv cvtoìq mirror3d oqµioup¸citui to ouµµctpiko cvoç q acpioootcpev
uvtikciµcvev eç apoç caiacoo .

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify 3D Operation Mirror 3D

Mirror3d



To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :

Select objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :



13.6 Hcpvotpoqq ovtvxcvµcvmv oto ×mpo

H cvxoìq Rotate3d

*H cv:o·p rotate3d o/,c:oi aoocai·oyp koi onooikp cai·oyp ov:ikcin/vcv

Eacçcp¸uoiu Tpiooiuotutev Avtikciµcvev AutoCAD2004

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M’ uutqv tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu acpiotpc¡ctc eç apoç uçovu cvu q
acpioootcpu uvtikciµcvu.

H cv:o·p rotate3d ck:c·ci:c cç cçpç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify 3D Operation Rotate 3D

Rotate3d


To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :

Select objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :



13.? Eo6oypóµµvoq otcpcmv

H cvxoìq Align

M’ uutqv tqv cvtoìq, µaopcitc vu cu0u¸puµµioctc cvu q acpioootcpu
uvtikciµcvu oc o¿coq µc kuaoio uììo uvtikciµcvo . Aqìuoq, iooouvuµci µc
tuuto¿povq µctukivqoq kui acpiotpoçq.

H cv:o·p align ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify 3D Operation Align

Align

Al

To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :

Select objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :









Eacçcp¸uoiu Tpiooiuotutev Avtikciµcvev AutoCAD2004

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13.S Avòp6moq noAoypóµµmv xov noAocôpvxmv cnvqovcvmv
oto ×mpo

H cvxoìq Pedit

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq , µaopcitc vu oiop0eoctc cvu tpiooiuotuto aoìu¸puµµo
(3D polyline) q µiu tpiooiuotutq aoìucopikq caiçuvciu .

H cv:o·p pedit ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Modify II.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Modify Polyline

Pedit

Pe



To npvcno :pç cv:o·pç civoi :

Select polyline :
E¬i/éÇ¡s ¬o/úypdµµo :
















Hupouoiuoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç AutoCAD2004

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14. Hopooo¡ooq tqg Epyoo¡og µog

14.1 3A onòqcvg too o×cô¡oo

H cvxoìq Dview

M’ uutq tqv cvtoìq (Dynamic VIEW), µaopcitc vu aupctc µiu uçovoµctpikq q
apooatikq uao¡q tou o¿coiou ouç. H oiuçopu, ¸iu tqv uçovoµctpikq uao¡q, uao tq
vpoint, civui oti q dview aupc¿ci ouvc¿q apocaiokoaqoq tqç µcììovtikqç uao¡qç,
ku0eç oupctc to aovtiki. H cvtoìq dview 0cepci oti uaup¿ci µiu çeto¸puçikq
µq¿uvq (camera), q oaoiu oto¿cuci oc cvu oqµcio oqµcio-oto¿o (target).

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

dview

dv .
.

O:ov ck:c·co:ci p cv:o·p oko·oc0ci :o cçpç npvcno:

Select objects or <use DVIEWBLOCK>:
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd q <¿pqoq ¡ou DVIEWBLOCK>:


Oaoiu µc0ooo ki uv ¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc, :o caoncvo npvcno civoi :o cçpç:

Enter
option[CAmera/TArget/Distance/POints/PAn/Zoom/TWist/
CLip/Hide/Off/Undo]: CA ( ocitc aupukute cikovu)
Aoo¡s s¬i/oyq [4o¡. Mq¿dvq / Z¡ó¿oç / A¬óo¡doq / Zqµsid / Ms¡d¡ó¬ioq / Zouµ /
Z¡po¢q ó¬oµqç / Hspiko¬q / A¬ókpuµq dópd¡ov dkµov / AÇovoµs¡pikq ó¬oµq /
Avdipsoq]:

Specify camera location, or enter angle from XY
plane,
or [Toggle (angle in)] <35.2644>:

Hupouoiuoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç AutoCAD2004

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Eìkóvo 14.1 : Hpoo¬¡ikq ó¬oµq ¡ou 3A o¿sôiou µdç (kovou) µs /qµq d¬ó ¢o¡.µq¿dvq.



H cvxoìq 3dorbit

Autq q cvtoìq io¿uci uao to AutoCAD 2000, kui µaopci vu kuvci acpiaou tiç ioicç
cp¸uoicç µc tqv cvtoìq dview µc aio cukoìo kui caoatiko tpoao.
H cvtoìq 3dorbit (oaeç uììeotc kui q cvtoìq dview) 0cepci oti uaup¿ci µiu
çeto¸puçikq µq¿uvq (camera), q oaoiu oto¿cuci oc cvu oqµcio-oto¿o (target), tev
oaoiev tq 0coq µaopcitc vu tq µctuµuìctc caoatiku, ¿pqoiµoaoievtuç uaokìciotiku
to aovtiki kui ¿epiç caiìo¸cç uao to aìqktpoìo¸io.

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç:

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev 3D Orbit.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou: View 3D Orbit.

Aao to aìqktpoìo¸io µc uaìq cktcìcoq tqç 3dorbit q tqç 3do .

Mc tqv cktcìcoq tqç aupuauve cvtoìqç cµçuvi¸ctui oìokìqpo to o¿coio, µc cvuv
kukìo µc oqµcieµcvu tu tcoocpu tctuptokukìiu tou koi :o cçpç aoo:oca:iko
npvcno:

Press ESC or ENTER to exit, or right-click to
display
Hd¡qo¡s ESC or ENTER yid éÇoôo, q ¬d¡qo¡s ¡o ôsÇi ¬/qk¡po ¡ou ¬ov¡ikioú yid
dvdôuóµsvo µsvoú (¬dpdkó¡o sikóvd).

Hupouoiuoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 219 / 232


Eìkóvo 14.2 : A¬oµq ¡ou dv¡iksiµévou µdç µs¡ó ¡qv sk¡é/soq ¡qç sv¡o/qç 3dorbit



Oi cai·oy/ç :oc aoooaovc ovooconcvoc ncvoí civoi oi cçpç:

Exit. Oìokìqpevci tqv cvtoìq 3dorbit kui cµçuvi¸ci otqv o0ovq ouç tqv uao¡q aou
c¿ctc caitu¿ci. Kuvci tqv ioiu cp¸uoiu µc to aìqktpo Esc.

Pan. Ektcìci cµµoìiµu tqv cvtoìq 3dpan, uao tqv oaoiu up¸otcpu µaopcitc vu
çuvu¸upioctc otqv 3dorbit.

Zoom. Ektcìci cµµoìiµu tqv cvtoìq 3dzoom, uao tqv oaoiu up¸otcpu µaopcitc vu
çuvu¸upioctc otqv 3dorbit.

More. Oi caiìo¸cç uutou tou µcvou uaotcìouv uutovoµcç cvtoìcç, oi oaoicç oivouv
ki uììcç ouvutotqtcç otqv cvtoìq 3dorbit.

Projection. Ku0opi¸ci tov tuao tqç uao¡qç tou o¿coiou. Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq ¸iu
aupuoci¸µu tqv caiìo¸q Perspective caitu¸¿uvctc apooatikq uao¡q tou o¿coiou ouç
(µìcac cikovu).

Shading Modes. Av cvcp¸oaoiqoctc µiu ua’ uutcç tiç caiìo¸cç, to o¿coio ouç
çuivctui okiuoµcvo, uvuìo¸u µc tov tuao okiuoqç aou 0u caiìcçctc (µìcactc cikovu
14.3).

Visual Aids. Mc to µcvou uuto µaopcitc vu opioctc kuaoiu oatiku µoq0qµutu (UCS
Icon , Compass , Grid).

Reset View. Av autqoctc otqv caiìo¸q uutq, cauvuçcpctc tqv uao¡q q oaoiu
uaqp¿c otqv o0ovq ouç, otuv cktcìcoutc tqv cvtoìq 3dorbit. Eivui aoìu µoq0qtikq,
otuv uio0uvcotc oti « ¿u0qkutc ».
Hupouoiuoq tqç Ep¸uoiuç µuç AutoCAD2004

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Eìkóvo 14.3 : Zkidoµévq kdi ¬poo¬¡ikq ó¬oµq kovou, µs ouykskpiµévo ¡ú¬o okidoqç.























Aqµioup¸iu 2A O¡cev L¿coiou ¸iu Ektuaeoq uao 3A AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 221 / 232
1S. Aqµvoopy¡o 2A òqcmv o×cô¡oo yvo cxtónmoq,
onò tvg 3A ovt¡otov×cg òqcvg too otcpcoó.

Oaeç 0u oiuaioteoctc q oqµioup¸iu oiuçopctikev o¡cev oc ¿epo ¿uptiou
civui upkctu ouo¿pqotq kui caiaovq eç apoç to tcìiko uaotcìcoµu
(oqµioup¸iu o¡cev, cu0u¸puµµioq touç, pu0µioq kìiµukuç ). 1toi c¿ouv
apootc0ci oi cvtoìcç solview, soldraw kui solprof.



H cvxoìq Solview

Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq oqµioup¸citc oaoiuoqaotc cai0uµqtq o¡q q ìcatoµcpciu
tou otcpcou aou c¿ctc o¿coiuoci .

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids.

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Draw Solids Setup View

Solview


Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :

Enter an option [ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]:
Aoo¡s µid s¬i/oyq [Zo¿ / Op0q ¬poµo/q / Boq0q¡ikq / Toµq]:


H cvxoìq Soldraw

Iio vo ck:c·co:ci oc:p p cv:o·p ao/aci aoopyocn/vcç vo /,ci ck:c·co:ci p cv:o·p Solview.





Mc tqv cvtoìq uutq oqµioup¸citc tqv apu¸µutikq uao¡q q toµq tou otcpcou ,
aou uacikovi¸ctui o’ cvu kivqto aupu0upo uao¡qç, to oaoio c¿ci oqµioup¸q0ci
µc tqv cvtoìq solview.





Aqµioup¸iu 2A O¡cev L¿coiou ¸iu Ektuaeoq uao 3A AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 222 / 232
H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids .

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Draw Solids Setup Drawing

Soldraw



Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :

Select objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :



H cvxoìq Solprof

Av ¸iu tq oqµioup¸iu o¡cev kui kuto¡cev 0cìctc vu uaoçu¸ctc tiç ouo
apoq¸ouµcvcç cvtoìcç, uììu vu c¿ctc to ioio uaotcìcoµu, µaopcitc vu
¿pqoiµoaoiqoctc tqv cvtoìq uutq .M’ uutqv tqv cvtoìq o¿coiu¸ctc tiç oputcç
kui uoputcç ukµcç tou otcpcou . Hpoq¸ouµcveç, oµeç, apcaci vu c¿ctc
¿pqoiµoaoiqoci tqv cvtoìq mvsetup kui vu c¿ctc pu0µioci oìcç tiç
uaupuitqtcç aupuµctpouç (0coq kivqtev aupu0upev uao¡qç, kìiµukuç, k.ì.a.).

Iiu vu cktcìcoctc tqv cvtoìq uutq apcaci vu ciotc oc ¿epo µovtcìou (model
space).

H cv:o·p ck:c·ci:oi cç cçpç :

Aao to cikovioio tqç ¸puµµqç cp¸uìciev Solids

Aao to atuoooµcvo µcvou : Draw Solids Setup Profile

Solprof



Ençovi¸c:oi :o cçpç npvcno :

Select objects :
E¬i/éÇ¡s dv¡iksiµsvd :



To AutoCAD otqv Hpuçq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 223 / 232

16. To AutoCAD otqv Hpó§q

16.1 Fcvvxcg Po6µ¡ocvg oto o×côvò µog

Pú0µtoq µovóóev (units)

Aao tiç apetcç pu0µiociç aou apcaci vu kuvouµc civui to aìq0oç tev
ockuoikev ¡qçiev tev µovuoev, ¸iu vu oicukoìuv0ouµc up¸otcpu otq
oiuotuoioìo¸qoq . H pu0µioq ¸ivctui µc tqv cvtoìq units . Tqv cktcìouµc
aìqktpoìo¸evtuç un kui .

Ençovi¸c:oi :o a·oioio oio·oyoc :pç cv:o·pç :



Eìkóvo 16.1 : To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç units, kdi dvó¬¡uÇq ¡qç s¬i/oyqç Precision.

Iiu tq pu0µioq tou aìq0ouç tev ockuoikev ¡qçiev, autuµc oto aìuioio kute
uao tqv cvociçq Precision, uvuatuooctui o kutuìo¸oç caiìo¸ev uao tov oaoio
caiìc¸ouµc tq µopçq upi0µev aou ocv c¿ci kuvcvu ockuoiko ¡qçio .



To AutoCAD otqv Hpuçq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 224 / 232
16.2 Pó6µvoq pqµotog otoopovqµotog (snap) xov poq6qtvxoó
xovvópoo (GrId)

`otcpu apcaci vu pu0µioouµc to µqµu ¸iu µqµutikq kivqoq tou
otuupovqµutoç (snap) µc µuoq tq µikpotcpq o¿coiuotikq uaootuoq , q oaoiu
civui 1mm (aou uvtiotoi¿ci oc 1 L¿coiuotikq Movuou – Drawing Unit).



Pú0µtoq þqµoxoç xov kovvóþov cìçqç xqç o0óvqç oxq 1 L .M
(ovxtoxot¿cí oc 1 mm)

Evcµycto Anoxcìcoµo
Command: snap Ek:c·ci:oi p cv:o·p snap

Specify snap spacing or [ON/ Pc0ni¸ocnc :o ßpno :oc kovvoßoc
OFF/Aspect/Rotate/Style/Type] /·çpç :pç o0ovpç oc 1 l.M
<10.0000>: 1

command : Avonovp v/oç cv:o·pç



Ltq ouvc¿ciu pu0µi¸ouµc to µoq0qtiko kuvvuµo tqç o0ovqç (grid) ¸iu vu
c¿ouµc µoq0qtiku oqµuoiu uvu ocku (10) o¿coiuotikcç µovuocç (L.M.)


Pú0µtoq þqµoxoç xov þoq0qxtkoú kovvóþov xqç o0óvqç oxtç 10 L .M

Evcµycto Anoxcìcoµo
Command: grid Ek:c·ci:oi p cv:o·p grid

Specify grid spacing (x) or Ac,onoo:c :o aoo:civoncvo ßpno :oc
[ON/OFF/snap/Aspect]<10>: ßop0p:ikoí kovvoßoc :pç o0ovpç o:iç
10 l.M. koi cnçovi¸c:oi o:pv o0ovp
o ßop0p:ikoç kovvoßoç

H ioio cv/oycio 0o naoooíoc vo ci,c
yivci ao:cv:oç nio çooo :o a·pk:oo
·ci:ocoyicv F7.

command : Avonovp v/oç cv:o·pç



Maopouµc vu pu0µioouµc to µqµu tqç µqµutikqç kivqoqç tou otuupovqµutoç
kui vu cvcp¸oaoiqoouµc to µoq0qtiko kuvvuµo ki uao tqv kuptcìu snap and
grid tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç dsettings.

To AutoCAD otqv Hpuçq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 225 / 232




Eìkóvo 16.2 : H kdp¡é/d Snap and Grid ¡ou ¬/dioiou ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç dsettings.
16.3 Pó6µvoq tmv op¡mv (LImIts)

H pu0µioq tev opiev tou o¿coiou ¸ivctui µc tqv cvtoìq limits .


Pú0µtoq xev oµíev xov o¿cóíov

Evcµycto Anoxcìcoµo
Command: limits Ek:c·ci:oi p cv:o·p limits

Specify lower left corner or Aaooc,onoo:c :iç ocv:c:oyn/vcç :pç
[ON/OFF] <0,0>: ko:c ooio:copç ycvioç :oc o,coioc.

Specify upper right corner Pc0ni¸ocnc :iç ocv:c:oyn/vcç :pç
<420,297>: 140,150 ovc ocçioç ycvioç.

command : Avonovp v/oç cv:o·pç


To AutoCAD otqv Hpuçq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 226 / 232
16.4 Aqµvoopy¡o otoA ypoqqg EAAqvvxoó xcvµcvoo

Iiu vu ¸pu¡ouµc Eììqviko kciµcvo , apcaci apoq¸ouµcveç vu c¿ouµc oqµioup¸qoci
kui to kutuììqìo otuì ¸puçqç kciµcvou. Ou apcaci apoq¸ouµcveç vu c¿ctc
uvti¸pu¡ci oto çukcìo ‘‘C: \Program Files\AutoCAD 2004\Fonts’’ to up¿cio
‘‘ugsimpl.shx’’.
Iiu tq oqµioup¸iu tou otuì ¸puçqç kciµcvou, ¿pqoiµoaoiouµc tqv cvtoìq style.
Eµçuvi¸ctui to aìuioio oiuìo¸ou tqç cvtoìqç, oto oaoio oqµioup¸ouµc vco otuì
¸puçqç kui ku0opi¸ouµc cç oo,cio yoonno:oociooç to ugsimpl.shx (ocitc aupukute
cikovu).



Eìkóvo 16.3:To ¬/dioio ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç style ¿opiç ¡ov kd0opioµó ¡ou ugsimpl.shx odv dp¿sio
ypdµµd¡oosipóç.


16.S Fpoqq xcvµcvoo

Kuvouµc tpc¿ouou tq otpeoq Kcíµcvo kui ¸puçouµc tu kciµcvu aou 0cìouµc. Eoe
uaìeç 0u ¸pu¡ouµc cvu cvociktiko kciµcvo aou 0u civui to ‘‘HMITOMH
LOMATOL ANTAIAL ’’ µc kcvtpikq otoi¿ioq µc kcvtpo to oqµcio (90, -10), to
oaoio µpiokctui kute uao cvu oqµcio. To oc u¡oç tou 0u civui 5 L.M.

Command: dtext
Ektcìcitui ìoiaov q cvtoìq dtext, ¸iu ¸puçq kciµcvou µc tuuto¿povq cµçuvioq otqv
o0ovq (ouvuµiko kciµcvo).

Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2.5000
Eµçuvi¸ovtui aìqpoçopiuku to otuì kciµcvou kui to u¡oç tou.

Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: c
To AutoCAD otqv Hpuçq AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 227 / 232
Opi¸ouµc oti to kciµcvo aou 0u ¸puçci 0u otoi¿q0ci eç apoç to kcvtpo.



Specify center point of text: 90,-10
Opi¸ouµc ouv kcvtpiko oqµcio otoi¿ioqç tou kciµcvou to oqµcio µc tiç aupuauve
ouvtctu¸µcvcç (90,-10), aou µpiokctui kute uao to oqµcio µuç.

Specify height <2.5000>: 5
Opi¸ouµc u¡oç kciµcvou otu 5mm (5 L.M.).

Specify rotation angle of text <0>:
Aaooc¿oµuotc kìioq tou kciµcvou 0º.

Enter text: HMITOMH LOMATOL ANTAIAL
Ipuçouµc to kciµcvo aou 0cìouµc.

Enter text: Oìokìqpevctui q cvtoìq dtext kui otoi¿i¸ctui to kciµcvo eç apoç to
kcvtpo tou.

Command: Avuµovq vcuç cvtoìqç.























Oi Pu0µiociç tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 228 / 232
1?. Ov Po6µ¡ocvg xov q Avco6ctqoq too Autocad

1?.1 KoptcAo PIottIng (Extónmoq-L×côvoypóqqoq)

Ltqv kuptcìu uutq pu0µi¸ouµc tiç aupuµctpouç aou o¿cti¸ovtui µc tqv cktuaeoq
tou o¿coiou µuç, oc kuaoiu cktuaetikq ouokcuq.



Eìkóvo 17.1: H kdp¡é/d Plotting ¡ou ¬/dioiou ôid/óyou ¡qç sv¡o/qç Options.


Oi caiìo¸cç tqç kuptcìuç uutqç, kutu cvotqtcç civui oi cçqç:

Evótqto Default plot settings for new drawings

Use as default output device: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, uao tov
atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o, ukpiµeç uao kute, caiìc¸ouµc tov tuao tqç cktuaetikqç
ouokcuqç, q oaoiu 0u ¿pqoiµoaoicitui ¸iu oìu tu vcu o¿coiu aou 0u oqµioup¸qoouµc
uao tepu kui oto cçqç.

Use last successful plot settings: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, ¸iu tqv
cktuaeoq oìev tev vcev o¿coiev aou 0u oqµioup¸qoouµc uao tepu kui oto cçqç,
¿pqoiµoaoiouvtui oi aupuµctpoi aou ¿pqoiµoaoiq0qkuv kutu tqv ckuototc
tcìcutuiu caitu¿q o¿coio¸puçqoq cvoç oaoiouoqaotc o¿coiou.
Oi Pu0µiociç tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 229 / 232

Add or Configure Plotters…: Hutevtuç o’ uuto to kouµai, cktcìouµc otqv ouoiu
tqv cvtoìq plottermanager, ¸iu vu oiu¿cipiotouµc tiç cktuaetikcç ouokcucç
(apoo0qkq q pu0µioq).

Evótqto Default plot style behavior for new drawings

Use color dependent plot styles: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q , ¸iu oìu tu
vcu o¿coiu 0u ¿pqoiµoaoicitui otuì cktuaeoqç µc µuoq to ¿peµu tev o¿coiuoµcvev
uvtikciµcvev.

Use named plot styles: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, ¸iu oìu tu vcu o¿coiu
0u ¿pqoiµoaoicitui caevuµo otuì cktuaeoqç.

Default plot style table: Aao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev caiìc¸ouµc to
up¿cio oto oaoio c¿ouv opiotci oi aupuµctpoi cktuaeoqç tou aivuku otuì
cktuaeoqç. Av civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q caiìo¸q Use color dependent plot styles, o
tuaoç up¿ciou civui ctb, cve uv civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q caiìo¸q Use named plot
styles, o toaoç up¿ciou civui stb.

Default plot style for layer 0: Eivui caiìcçiµq, µovov uv civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q
caiìo¸q Use named plot styles, kui opi¸ci (µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev) to cç
opioµou otuì cktuaeoqç ¸iu tq otpeoq 0 tou o¿coiou. Pu0µi¸ctui kui µc tq
µctuµìqtq deflplstyle.

Default plot style for objects: Eivui caiìcçiµq, µovov uv civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq q
caiìo¸q Use named plot styles, kui opi¸ci (µc atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev) to cç
opioµou otuì cktuaeoqç ¸iu tu uvtikciµcvu tou o¿coiou. Pu0µi¸ctui kui µc tq
µctuµìqtq defplstyle.

Add or Edit Plot Style Tables…: Hutevtuç o’ uuto to kouµai, cktcìouµc otqv
ouoiu tqv cvtoìq stylesmanager , ¸iu vu oiu¿cipiotouµc kuaoio uao tu otuì
cktuaeoqç (apoo0qkq q pu0µioq).


Evótqto General plot options

Keep the layout paper size if possible: Av civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq q caiìo¸q,
otuv uììu¸ouµc cktuaetikq ouokcuq, oiutqpcitui to µc¸c0oç aou c¿ouµc pu0µioci
otq oiutuçq cktuaeoqç kui u¸vocitui to µc¸c0oç ¿uptiou tqç cktuaetikqç ouokcuqç,
aou acpi¸puçctui oto up¿cio pc3 aou uvtiotoi¿ci otqv cktuaetikq ouokcuq
(cçooov uuto civui cçikto). Pu0µi¸ctui kui µc tq µctuµìqtq paperupdate.

Use the plot device paper size: Av civui cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq q caiìo¸q, otuv
uììu¸ouµc cktuaetikq ouokcuq, ¿pqoiµoaoicitui to µc¸c0oç ¿uptiou tqç
cktuaetikqç ouokcuqç, aou acpi¸puçctui oto up¿cio pc3 aou uvtiotoi¿ci otqv
cktuaetikq ouokcuq.

System printer spool alert: Aao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev caiìc¸ouµc to
uv 0u uaupçci q o¿i apociooaoiqtiko µqvuµu uao to AutoCAD otqv acpiateoq aou
Oi Pu0µiociç tou AutoCAD AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 230 / 232
aupouoiuotci kuaoio oçuìµu, otuv cktuaevouµc otqv cktuaetikq ouokcuq aou
civui oqìeµcvq kui oicu0ctqµcvq oto ìcitoup¸iko ouotqµu (Windows), ku0eç ki uv
0u apootc0ouv oto up¿cio iotopikou tev oçuìµutev tu apociooaoiqtiku µqvuµutu
kui aoiu ua’ uutu.

OLE plot quality: Aao tov atuoooµcvo kutuìo¸o caiìo¸ev , caiìc¸ouµc tqv
aoiotqtu cktuaeoqç tev ouvococµcvev kui cvoeµuteµcvev uvtikciµcvev (LEA-
OLE) aou µpiokovtui oto o¿coio µuç kui apocp¿ovtui uao uììcç aupu0upikcç
cçupµo¸cç. Pu0µi¸ctui kui µc tq µctuµìqtq olequality.

Use OLE application when plotting OLE objects: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv
caiìo¸q, otuv cktuaevouµc o¿coio µc ouvococµcvu kui cvoeµuteµcvu uvtikciµcvu
(LEA-OLE) aou µpiokovtui oto o¿coio µuç kui apocp¿ovtui uao uììcç aupu0upikcç
cçupµo¸cç, uvti q cktuaeoq uutev tev uvtikciµcvev vu ¸ivci µcoe tou AutoCAD,
¸ivctui µc uvoi¸µu tqç cçupµo¸qç apocìcuoqç tev uvtikciµcvev OLE. Pu0µi¸ctui
kui µc tq µctuµìqtq olestartup.

Hide system printers: Mc cvcp¸oaoiqµcvq uutq tqv caiìo¸q, otqv kuptcìu Plot
Device tou aìuioiou oiuìo¸ou tev cvtoìev plot kui pagesetup uaokpuatovtui oi
cktuaetcç aou c¿ouv oicu0ctq0ci µcoe tou ìcitoup¸ikou ouotqµutoç tev Windows
kui cµçuvi¸ovtui µovo oi cktuaetikcç ouokcucç aou c¿ouv apootc0ci µc tq ¿pqoq
ooq¸ou Add-A-Plotter Wizard, ku0eç kui oi cikovikcç ouokcucç aou oqµioup¸ouv
up¿ciu µc cacktuoq dwf kui pc3.


















AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 231 / 232
BIBAIOFPA4IA

[1] ‘Aouìc¡tc µc to AutoCAD 2004 (Mc uvuçopu otu µoq0qµutu Express
Tools).’ Ieuvvqç O. Kuaaoç














































AutoCAD2004

Ep¸uotqpio Lu¸¿povqç L¿coiuoqç I Lcìiç 232 / 232
EYXAPIZTIEZ


Eu¿dpio¡oúµs 0spµó yid ¡qv ouµ¬dpóo¡doq kdi ¡qv ¬o/ú¡iµq
µoq0sid ¡ou ¡ov ék¡dk¡o kd0qyq¡q ¡ou T.E.Ì. HEÌPAÌA k. Kdµ¬oúpq
Xpqo¡o

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